PIMPRI­CHINCHWAD BUS RAPID  TRANSIT SYSTEM 

       

     

0   Pimpri-Chinchwad Bus Rapid Transit System 7. Currently there are more than five lakh registered vehicles plying on the roads of PCMC. The existing road network is unable to address the expected future growth of city. A steep increase in the ownership of private vehicles has been observed over the last five years.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  7. the PimpriChinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC). which is responsible for the provisions of all municipal services to the citizens.2 Situation before Implementation of the Project  7. As the city continues to grow. 160 kms from Mumbai. The establishment of the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) in 1961-62 considerably facilitated industrial development in the area. The establishment of large-scale core industries has led to the growth of ancillary and smallscale industries in and around this industrial belt.1 Existing Transport System in the Pimpri-Chinchwad City The city has seen tremendous growth in the last few years owing to its proximity to the IT hub of Pune. Walk Figure 7.35 lakhs in Pimpri-Chinchwad. it is expected to reach about 15. It is predominantly an industrial area.1:  Model Split Share in Pimpri‐Chinchwad Modal Split 8% 6% 4% 3% 11% 68% Two Wheeler Car IPT Public Transport Cycles 109   National Institute of Urban Affairs . Industrialisation in Pimpri-Chinchwad area commenced with the establishment of Hindustan Antibiotics Limited in 1956. Many projects have been taken up towards this objective.2. the capital city of Maharashtra. has been preparing itself to provide quality services to its citizens. With a current population estimated at 13.07 lakhs by 2011.1 Context The city of Pimpri-Chinchwad is situated northeast of Pune. which has developed during the last four decades. 7.

PCU count on Old NH-4 ranges from 6. It has also been observed that some industries are moving out of the city limits leading to a change of the land-use of their estates from industrial to residential or commercial. This might change with the development of IT sector in the overall region. along with the Pune area. Presently. To address most of these urban transport problems being faced by PCMC currently and those anticipated in the future. Poor connectivity and poor frequency of public transport has also encouraged large size auto rickshaws (seven-seater) to ply along the main corridors in the city.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  According to a norm by Central Institute for Research in Transportation (CIRT). Moreover. All these factors impact the transportation profile of PCMC. poor level of service of the road network in PCMC and future traffic congestion on city roads caused by private vehicles. the current public transport (buses) is not able to address immediate as well as future demands of commuters within the city as well as those traveling to nearby Pune city.2. These factors are leading to congestion of roads in the city. This has lead to steep increase in private ownership of vehicles. In order to have an efficient public transport system. the agency responsible for public transport in Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad). 7.600 PCU’s on Old NH-4. especially motorized two wheelers. With two-wheelers having a modal share of 68%. For example.2 Problems and Needs Addressed by the Project The public transportation system in Pimpri-Chinchwad has not been able to provide the best services to its citizens. a Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP) has been 110   National Institute of Urban Affairs .000 to 10. which has lead to a thriving para-transit mode of transport. Before the formation of Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Ltd. there should be about 40 public transport buses for every one lakh population. there were about 202 buses in PCMC area catering to about 12 lakh population. (PMPML. it has become necessary to also have physical infrastructure with high levels of service. There is urgent need to address the main issues of patronage of public transport. the use of roads in PCMC is driven by the industrial clusters in the area. This is only 50% of the required norm of 480 buses. roads are congested in many important locations.

and therefore. a BRT system has been proposed in the CMP.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  undertaken. It presents the demand for a public transit system along important road corridors in PCMC area. The proposed BRT system addresses immediate needs of reduction in traffic congestion at many locations in the city.1: PPD and PHPDT at different corridor in Pimpri‐Chinchwad Corridor Peak Traffic-number of Bus-passenger Trip Corridor PPD Aundh-Ravet Road Old NH-4 Dehu Alandi NH – 50 (Nashik Phata to Moshi) Kalewadi to Delhu-Alandi Pune to Alandi Nashik Phata to Waked Kiwale to Bhakti Shakti 57381 189427 16051 40629 33219 3057 41532 10355 2008 PHPDT 3682 12156 1030 2607 2132 196 2665 664 2021 PPD 36540 101374 56112 6492 83662 23243 PHPDT 2345 6505 3601 417 5369 1492 Source:  Detailed  Project  Report  on  Improvement  of  Road  Corridor  with  Bus  Rapid  Transit  System. It also addresses long term needs of an efficient public transport system for the growing city of Pimpri-Chinchwad. 111   National Institute of Urban Affairs .  Pimpri  Chinchwad Municipal Corporation. The two main components of the CMP were – Traffic study and Land-use study. the following information was arrived at using the traffic model. which proposes a bus based rapid transit system spread across the city of PimpriChinchwad along a road network with high levels of service. Maharashtra  A bus-based rapid transit system suits the above magnitude of demand (about 2.000 PHPDT). By integrating the traffic study along with the land-use planning and undertaking a detailed analysis of demand on high-density corridors.   Table 7.

 Pimpri‐Chinchwad. The report uses a transit-oriented city development planning approach where the transportation needs of the city have been integrated with urban planning.5 10. Based on the PHPDT arrived at from the traffic study. The proposed BRT system consists of a network of corridors across PCMC area.2:  Road Network Details. continuity and topology and it was observed that the existing road network of PCMC is highly fragmented at primary and secondary levels. a bus-based public transport system has been proposed.0 61.6 12. This includes improvement of existing road network of the city.0 14.4 Preparation of Feasibility Study A detailed feasibility report was prepared which was approved by MoUD for grant of funds to the project under JNNURM.0 112   National Institute of Urban Affairs .Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  7. Through this study.0 45. PCMC is proposing to improve its existing road network and also provide a public transportation system in the form of a BRT system along its major roads. The road network from east-west corridor is given in following table: Table 7.2. hierarchy of road.4 14. 7.3 Description of the Project 7. existing bus-routes.4 45. 7.3 Project Description The project envisages improvement of the road network in the city. Road Name Length Proposed (km) Proposed RoW Level 1 Corridors (Trunk Routes) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Aundh-Ravet Road Old NH-4 Telco Road Dehu-Alandi Road Nashik Phata to Moshi Road 14. Maharashtra  S. The road structure within PCMC was also analysed as part of this study for its hierarchy.0 61. No.2.3.0 61. The corridors have been selected based on criteria such as travel demand.3 Reason for Adoption of BRTS The city is still in the growing phase and a transportation and land-use study was undertaken which recommended a well-planned public transport system.

B.0 45.0 Source: Urban Mobility Plan.0 Level 2 Corridors (Feeder Routes) A.6 8.0 45.1: Map Identified road corridors in Urban Mobility Plan for improvement  113   National Institute of Urban Affairs . These corridors will have road widths of 45 m-60 m and will comprise dedicated lanes for bus-based mass transit.3 10. Pimpri‐Chinchwad. separate lanes with grade separators for through traffic. underpasses.0 30. Maharashtra  PCMC has a road network of about 1300 kms and proposes a high quality public transport system in the form of BRTS.0 45. Map 7.0 60.4 30.3 13. D.6 7.8 11.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  6) 7) 8) 9) 10) Hinjewadi to Dehu-Alandi Road Kalewadi-KSB Chowk-Dehu Alandi Rd Vishrantwadi/Pune-Alandi Nashik Phata to Waked Kiwale to Bhakti Shakti 13. Hinjewadi to Tata motors Bhakti Shakti to Talwade Pradhikaran Road Parallel to Aundh-Ravet 10. State-of-the-art buses of international standards will ply on the dedicated bus lanes with five minute frequencies during peak hours.2 11. C. walkways for pedestrians and separate lanes for bicycles.3 11. service lanes for local traffic.8 30.0 30.0 45.

which include R b ed e w es 25% prov vision for pu ublic parking to be mana g aged by PCM In addition. The Developmen o ill ed RT nt Control Rules in this zone have been modifie to provide 100% extra parking. Kalewadi-K Chowk. nterchanges a wireless Internet con and nnectivity w be provid Work ha will ded. Figure 7. hawker zones will b MC.Urba Transport I an Initiatives in India: Best Pr ractices in PP PP  An area o 100 m on either side of the abov corridors has been designated as BRT corrido of n ve or zone.Dehu Aland Road and Nashik Phat to Waked K KSB di ta d. as been com mpleted for NH-4 Corri idor (Mumb bai–Pune hig ghway).3: After I Implementatio on of Mumbai‐Pune BRT Cor rridor on NH‐4 4 .2: : Before implementation of Mumbai‐Pune e BRT Corridor at Dapodi NH‐4 Figu ure 7. Wo is under progress fo ork r or Aundh-R Ravet Road. No street-side parking wi be allowe in the BR corridor zone. be designate transit in ed.

PCMC has created a new revenue stream along with dovetailing of specific incomes into an Urban Transport Fund (UTF) that is managed by PCMC Infrastructure Company Limited (PCIC). Asian Development Bank’s non sovereign funding and term loans from domestic financial institutions for funding the construction of BRTS corridors (Annexure VIII for Innovative Funding Model of PCMC). PCIC has been formed to construct BRTS corridors in a focused manner and to leverage the UTF to borrow from The World Bank – Sustainable Urban Transport Program. c) Landscaping. operate and maintain the BRTS corridors through funds generated by the UTF. and d) General Maintenance. Revenue sources accorded to the UTF from BRT Corridor Zone: 1) Revenue Ceiling FSI raised to 1.3. 3) Other incomes like advertisement.65 Crores to PCMC 7.0.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  7.80 from existing 1. 4) Total Income potential of BRT Corridors – ` 2945 Crores. incremental property tax. A zone of 100 meter on either side of the corridor designated as BRT influence zone / BRT Corridor Zone.3. lease rentals on utilities. 2) Advertising rights offered for 5 years on specific locations on Mumbai Pune road – 12 kms 3) Total benefit of ` 14. b) Public toilets. 115   National Institute of Urban Affairs . PCIC will construct.5 New Approach of Revenue Generation Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC) has developed a unique financing model for the development of BRTS corridors. 2) Allowed Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) from other zones to BRT corridor on payment of premium.4 Public Private Partnership for Road Furniture  1) Awarded contract on PPP basis for road furniture: a) Bus stops. Through this model.

Rs.3.4 4: Revenue Sources from Ind direct Beneficiaries 7. 4% Devp C Charges. s. . Rs 780 Crs. Rs.Urba Transport I an Initiatives in India: Best Pr ractices in PP PP  Figure7. 174 Crs.105 Crs s. 3) PCMC can plan highe order infra n er astructure in BRT corrid and faci n dor ilitate focuse ed service pro ovision by de ensification. 26% TDR Prem mium. 205 Crs. Adv vertiseme nt. 4) Ensures th attractiven of mass transit and protection to environmen he ness p o nt. Rs.5: Total Inco ome Potential of BRT Corrido ors  .6 M Main Featu ures of Appr roach: 1) Does not release addit r tional FSI in the city. on realigns the FSI from other zone n nly m es to BRT Co orridor. Rs. 45 59% Figure e7. 2) Will prote the valu of TDR and make it more attr ect ue i ractive henc encourage ce es implement tation of DP. 7% Incre emental C Prope erty Tax. 1 Crs. 110 4% Utility duct ts.

3) Efficient. 2) New roads to cater to missing links and developing areas and present the urban face of the city. safe and accessible mass transportation system for entire region. b) 25% to be handed over to PCMC for public parking 8) Others facilities: a) Wi-Fi connectivity b) Hawker zones 117   National Institute of Urban Affairs . 4) PCMC plans to interact with operators of intermediate public transport modes (auto-rickshaws). walk ways c) Provision for non motorized vehicles – cycle track 7) Facilities for vehicle parking in zone: a) 100% extra parking. 5) Higher order infrastructure for attracting densification in 100 meter either side of zone : a) 24/ 7 water supply b) 100% sewerage provision c) Dust Bin free zone 6) Road design in identified zone: a) Service lanes for mobility of local traffic b) Provision for pedestrians – under pass.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  i) Goals of the Project 1) To provide better public transport facilities to commuters through a BRT system 2) To improve service levels of road infrastructure in the city 3) To address requirements of next 30 years ii) Strategy Used to Achieve the Desired Goals 1) Increasing carrying capacity through widening and improve riding quality through strengthening of existing roads.

One of the project corridors has already been commissioned while the others are under implementation. vi) Role and Activities of the Partner PMPML is the agency responsible for public transport systems in Pimpri-Chinchwad. One infrastructure road corridor completed with lots of financial constraints with cost escalation. Exact Outcomes are yet to be measured. which include dedicated lanes for a BRTS. PCMC has also formulated an Urban Transport Fund (UTF) which will ensure that the ULBs contribution to capital expenditure is addressed smoothly. It was formed through the merger of PCMT (Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Transport) and PMT (Pune Municipal Transport) and is responsible for the managing facilities and services in both the cities of Pimpri-Chinchwad and Pune.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  9) Awarded contract on PPP basis for road furniture through advertising rights offered for 5 year on specific period: a) Bus stops b) Public toilets c) Landscaping d) General Maintenance iii) Activities Implemented to Achieve the Desired Goals Detailed Project Reports have been prepared for improvement of road corridors. iv) Challenges / Constraints Encountered The project is under initiation and the completed BRTS is not yet fully implemented. PMPML will start the bus operations of the BRTS after the procurement of buses in Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation. v) Expected Outcome of the Initiatives Hassle free travel on the roads and effective transportation system with easy access to everyone. 118   National Institute of Urban Affairs . A number of experts in the field were consulted before designs were finalized.

7. 7. 3) PCMC’s own sources of finances. 2) Grants from Government of India and Government of Maharashtra. Multi laterals. 119   National Institute of Urban Affairs . Total Cost of the Project Total cost of Phase-I of the project is around ` 1500 crores. 3) Detailed planning and design concept / plan have been considered by Municipal Corporation.5 Budgetary Implications and Sustainability i. This is in co-ordination with Pune Municipal Corporation and PMPML.4 Factors of Success 1) Financial sustainability exists in the project. 2) Project linked with the Urban Mobility Plan and will lead to future development of the city. Banks Internal Accruals and Exploitation of Land Total Source: Pimpri‐Chinchwad Municipal Corporation.3: Funding Shares of Different Sources Funding Model JNNURM(GoI and GoM) PCMC Internal Sources Debt from DFI. 2010        Share Amount (` in Crores) 475 100 650 275 1500 ii.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  vii) Important Stakeholders Involved and Communication / Networking Procedure for the Project Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation along with various consultants have worked together to undertake the studies required to finalise the plans.     Table 7. Source of Finance for Sustainability of the Project 1) The road network designed to cater to future growth patterns of the city.

Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  4) PCMC has created Urban Transport fund – Revenues from advertisement. parking and revenue from additional development rights (TDR) are part of the urban transport fund. 5) PCMC has approached World Bank for borrowing funds and the same has been sanctioned. 6) PCMC has tied up 43. 3) Work orders have been given for Kalewadi-KSB Chowk-Dehu Alandi Road and Nashik Phata to Waked. 2) Work is under progress for Aundh-Ravet Road. 120   National Institute of Urban Affairs .703 Million US$ of borrowings from the World Bank under the Sustainable Urban Transport Program.6 Current Status of the Project (as on August 2010) 1) One corridor has been completed for NH-4 (Mumbai – Pune highway) in October 2008. 8) PCMC along with PCIC is currently constructing 60 kms of BRTS corridors. forming the first phase of urban mobility projects as per PCMC’s Comprehensive Mobility Plan. 4) The urban transport fund is operational and it is budgeted to earn an income of ` 80 crores in the current financial year 2010 – 11. 7. 7) PCMC is in an advanced dialogue with the Asian Development Bank for a line of credit aggregating to 100 Million US$ under the Non Sovereign funding route for the PCIC. About four BRTS corridors have been approved by the JNNURM. 5) PCIC is operational and it is currently augmenting its operations.

7 Summing Up In view of the inadequate public transport. separate lanes with grade separators for through traffic. operate and maintain the BRTS corridor. service lanes for local traffic. This system / project envisages road network from east –west corridors in two level corridors. viz. with lots of financial constraints with cost escalation. It is expected that the city will have hassle free travel on the BRT corridors with effective transportation system. a SPV. one corridor has been completed for NH-4 in October 2008. landscaping and general maintenance. a Comprehensive Mobility Plan was prepared. Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Ltd. public toilets. The project is PPP based in which public is represented by PCMC Infrastructure Company. i. underpasses. level 1 Corridor having 10 trunk routes and level 2 has four feeder routes. increasing number of private as well as paratransit transport modes leading to congestion on the roads of the city. These corridors will have road widths of 45 to 60 meters and will comprise dedicated lanes for bus-based mass transit. Contracts on PPP basis have been awarded for road furniture. the project is under implementation stage. bus stops. construct.e. At present. The funds are generated by the Urban Transport Funding which premium on loading of Transfer of Development Right (TDR) is a robust source of revenue.    121   National Institute of Urban Affairs . to prepare plan.Urban Transport Initiatives in India: Best Practices in PPP  7. walkways for pedestrians and separate lanes for bicycle. which proposes a bus rapid transit system along a road network with high level of services. (PMPML) is responsible for managing facilities and services (operating buses). Advertisements have been offered for 5 years on specific locations on Mumbai-Pune road (12Kms).

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful