# MATHEMATICS

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MATHEMATICS
Dr. T.K. Jain.

AFTERSCHO☺OL
Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in www.afterschool.tk, www.afterschoool.tk
LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 2

In the different permutations of the word EXAM, how many words are there alphabetically, which are before this word & start with E?
• Starting with E, there are 3! Words. • Thus we have 6 words. Before Exam, we will have words with EA, there will be 2! Or 2, we will have EM, 2! = 2, thus there will be 4 words before EXAM. Answer
LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 3

afterschoool. or 6 boys + 1 girl. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. In how many ways the committee can be formed with at most 3 girls? • We can have 7 boys.A committee of 7 persons has to be formed out of 9 boys and 4 girls. or 5 boys +2 girls. or 4 boys and 3 girls. • 9c7 + (9c6*4c1) + (9c5*4c2)+(9c4*4c3) • =36+336+756+504 = 1632 answer.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 4 .

It takes 4 leaps. Try with 15. What is the depth of the well? • Options : 12. it covers half the distance left and half the meter.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 5 . 2nd leap 4. Each time it leaps. Answer.A frog is stuck in a well. first leap: 8.afterschoool. 4th leap : 1 meters. 3rd leap : 2.20 (in meters) • Solution • It should definitely be odd number. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.18.15.

thus they have 7 such possibilities. Praachi and Ravina have 11C2 possibilities to stand = 55. So answer : 7/55 answer LET US CHANGE THE www.tk 6 WORLD AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR . What is the probability that they have exactly 3 girls between them in the queue? • There are 11 girls. There are 9 other girls with them in queue.afterschoool.Praachi & Ravina are standing in a queue. • There must be 3 girls between them.

If the gun works without interruption.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 7 . how many bullets will it fire in 3 minutes? • 450 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.A gun can fire 10 bullets in every 4 seconds.

LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. What is the ratio of weight of original contents of the two vessels? • Options : 1. 3. They are mixed and ratio of milk and water is : 1:1. 2. 5:6. 4:5. 2nd option gives you the answer. 1:3 • Try with options.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 8 . 2:3.Two vessels contain milk and water in ratio of 5:3 and 2:3. 4.

how much more water should be added so that water is 25% in the mixture? • Out of 20 kg. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. thus 4KG water should be added to this mixture.afterschoool. Answer. So total qualitity will be : 18 *100/75 = 24.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 9 . 2 kg is water and 18 kg is milk.20 KG of mixture of milk and water contains 10% water. Now milk will be 75%.

afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 10 .1 and of 3.How should salt @3.4 • Thus the ratio between the 1st and 2nd salt should be : 1:4 (this ratio is always reversed. so we have taken in reverse order).1 • Deduct 3.5 = .6 be mixed that our cost is exactly 3.1 from 3.5 per kg. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.5 from 3. ? • Deduct 3.6 = .

1/5 2.You have to sell milk at cost price. (1/6) LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 11 . 1/7 4.66% also. How much water will you add? • Options: • 1.afterschoool. You have earn 16. 1/8 • Answer 2. 1/6 3.

20 persons can do a work in 10 days.afterschoool. So number of persons required = 200 / 5 = 40 • We require 20 more persons. How many more workers are required to complete the same work in 5 days? • Total work = 20 * 10 • Work is to be done in 5 days.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 12 . Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

They consume more so they are equal to 90 persons. • 40/90 *15 = 6.40 persons consume 240 KG of rice in 15 days. If the number of persons increase to 60.66 days answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool. how long will this provision last? • Now we have 60 persons.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 13 . and their consumption also increase by 50%.

40. answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.5. But the shopkeeper also offers 25% discount. There is increase in the prices by 20%. 90.20 articles cost Rs.afterschoool. What will be the cost of 10 items? • Add 20% to 90 and then deduct 25% • 90 + 18 – 27 = 81 • The cost of 10 items will be half of it.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 14 .

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 15 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . How long will this provision last? • • • • • Total provision = 120*200 = 24000 5 day consumption = 120 * 5 = 600 Remaining provision = 23400 Remaining persons = 90 Remaining days : 23400/90 = 260 answer www.afterschoool.120 persons had a provision for 200 days. After 5 days 30 persons left.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 16 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD .What is the sum of the series: 8^3.afterschoool. 9^3. 10^3 …14^3 • • • • • • Formula : n^2 (n+1)^2 / 4 = 14^2 (15)^2/4 = 49*225 = 11025 From this deduct the series till 7^3 7^2 (7+1)^2 / 4 = 49 * 16 = 784 Answer = 11025 – 784 = 10241 answer www.

Monika drives car from Bikaner to Nokha @ 70 KM.afterschoool.40.80.50. from Nokha to Nagour @ 50. What is the average speed of Monika? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 17 . from Nagour to Merta @ 80 and from Merta to Jodhpur @ 40 KM. The distances between these stations are 70.

• Total distance = 240 • Total time = 4 hours • Average speed = 240/4 = 60 km per hour.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 18 . • Average = Total distance / Total time.Solution… • Don’t take simple arithmetic mean of these speeds.afterschoool. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

They decided to take one experienced person also in the group.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 19 .Average age of a group of 4 students who became entrepreneurs is 23 years. Now their average age has become 30. What is the age of the experienced person? • Total age of all 5 = 30*5 = 150 • Total age of 4 = 23*4 = 92 • Age of the experinced person : = 58 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 20 .afterschoool. Average for first 4 days is 32 and average for last 3 is 29.Average temperature for a week (6 days) is 30 degree. what is the temperature on 4th day (Thursday)? • Total for 6 days : 30*6 = 180 • Total for 1st four: 128. total for last 3 days 87 • Total for 7 days : 215. Temperature on 4th day is : 215180 = 35 degrees. (4th day is counted twice) Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

500 • Answer : 400 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. 1/4th of Gautam and 1/7th of Ankit’s share is equal. Gautam and Ankit in such a manner that 1/3rd of Rishi.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 21 .300.400. What is the share of Gautam? • Options: 200.afterschoool.Divide 1400 among Rishi.350.

afterschoool. • Answer = 30*40000 = 12. What will Rish get from silver alone from this machine.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 22 . The weight of machine is 180 KG and rate of Silver is 40000 per KG.Rishi goes to Alang (gujarat) and buys an old machinery from a ship. which contains copper and silver in the ratio of 5:1.000 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.00.

63 Mango trees.afterschoool. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 23 . What is the minimum number of rows? • Each row will contain 9 trees of a particular type. 12 rows of apple and 14 rows of guava trees. 108 apple trees and 126 guava trees have to be planted in such a manner that eah row contains same number of trees of one variety only. Thus answer = 33. Thus there will be 7 rows of mango trees.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 24 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . What is the new average • • • • Old total : 19*4 = 76 Add new : 76 + 14 Divide it by 20 We get : 90/20 = 4. This one is 14 KG.The average of 19 observations is 4 KG. One more value is added to this now.5 answer www.afterschoool.

What was the average age of the family just before the birth of the youngest person ? • • • • The total now = 20 * 8 = 160 Total just after birth : (20-5) * 8 = 120 Average just before birth: 120/7 = 17.The average age of a family of 8 persons is 20.afterschoool.14 Answer www. The age of the youngest person is 5 years.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 25 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD .

Average weight of Ankit and Rishi is 55. Answer www. Rishi and Gautam is 60 KG. What is the wight of Rishi? • • • • • A+R = 110 R+G = 110 A+2R+G = 220 A+R+G = 180 R = 40 KG .Average weight of Ankit.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 26 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . Average weight of Rishi and Gautam is also 55.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 27 . The average age of girls at Afterschoool is 16.afterschoool. what is the average age of the entire group of participants at Afterschoool? • (18*3 + 16*1) / (3+1) = 70/4 = 17.The average age of boys at Afterschoool is 18 years.5 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. If the ratio of boys to girls is 3:1.

answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. Goti. What is the age of Pawan? • Their present total : 19*4 = 76 • Total of KGJ = (18+2)*3 = 60 • So Age of Pawan = 16. Now Pawan has joined them and their average age is 19. afterschooolians Keshav.2 years ago. & Jitu had average age of 18.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 28 .

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 29 .afterschoool. If 2 pipes go out of order.6 pipes fill the tank in 10 hours at afterschool. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. how much time is it going to take? • Total water = 6 * 10 = 60 • Now we have 4 pipes only • 60 / 4 = 15 hours.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 30 .LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.

LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 31 .afterschoool.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 32 .afterschoool.In how many ways can I make a necklace from 9 jewels? • 8! • =40320 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

what is its perimeter? • • • • • • • Area = ½ * base * height Hypoteneuse = sqrt (base^2 + height^2) Base * height = 800 Base^2 + height ^2 = 900 (A+B)^2 = A^2 + B^2 + 2AB (B+H)^2 = 900+2*800 = 2500 Base+Height = 500. its hypoteneuse is 30. Is 30.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 33 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . so perimeter is 530 answer.afterschoool.Area of right angle triangle is 400. www. Hyp.

afterschoool.How many divisors can you find for 66150 ? • Let us undertake factorisation of 66150 • = 2 * 3* 3*3*5*5*7*7 • We have one 2.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 34 . three 3. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. two 5. two 7 • Number of divisors are : • (1+1) (3+1) (2+1) (2+1) • =2*4*3*3 = 72 72 includes one 66150 itself and 1 also.

In how many ways can we divide 9 things among 3 groups containing 2.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 35 .4 items? • = 9! / (2!* 3! * 4!) answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.3.afterschoool.

afterschoool. the principle will treble itself @ 10% per annum? • On Rs.In how many years. Thus 200 / 10 = 20 • Answer = 20 years. we have to get interest of Rs. 200 (to treble it). 100. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 36 .

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 37 . I = 1. X = 10. D = 500.afterschoool. V = 5 • SO : • 1000-400+60+14 • = 674 ANSWER LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. L = 50.These numbers are in roman notation : what will be the answer : M-CD+LX+XIV • M = 1000. C = 100.

afterschoool.66% answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. By what % is B’s salary less than that of A? • • • • Let us assume B’s salary = 100 A’s salary is : 100 + 20 = 120 B’s salary is 20 less than 120 20/120 * 100 = 16.A’s salary is 20% more than B’s salary.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 38 .

15: Wed. there is one extra day (divide 365 by 7 and you get 1 remainder). Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. 17:Sat. • Year : 11 : Fri. 18 : Sun.Today is 2/9/9 and today is Wednesday. 16:Fri (leap year). What will be the day on this date after 10 years? • We have to go to 2/9/19. Sun (being leap year). Thus 2/9/10 should be Thursday. 12.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 39 .afterschoool. • In one normal year. • Thus on 2/9/19. 14: Tue. 13 : Mon. it will be Monday. 19: Mon.

The average of two numbers is AB.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 40 . what should be the other number? • The sum of the two numbers should be 2AB • Thus the other number should be : • 2AB – A answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. one of the number is A.afterschoool.

What is the average of first 5 multiples of 899989? • The average will be 3rd multiple of this number.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 41 . so the answer is (multiply 900000 by 3 and deduct 11*3 from that number) = : 2699967 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

its formula is : 2*pi*r = 2*22/7*r = 22 or R = 7/2 • Volume = 22/7*7/2*7/2*8 = 308 cubic CM.A rectangular sheet of paper is rolled and converted into a cylinder shape.afterschoool. answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. The sheet was of 8*22 CM dimension.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 42 . (its width is the height of the cylinder) Find the volume of the cylinder so formed from this sheet? • the volume of cylinder is : pi*r*r*h • Now circumference of the circle is 22.

Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.What is the number of edges of a solid having 10 faces and 16 vertices? • Number of faces + number of vertices = number of edges + 2 • = 10 + 16 = E+ 2 • E = 24 • Thus the solid has 24 edges.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 43 .

What is the length of this arc? • Find the circumference of the circle : • 2 * pi * r = 2 * 22/ 7* 7 = 44 • Length of arc : 90/360 * 44 = 11 cm answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 44 . it has one arc ACB with angle of 90 degree (from its centre) .afterschoool.Radius of a circle is 7 cm.

what is the angle of tangent to the secant. if it is given that the secant makes an arc of measure 210 degree? c b • The angle will be of 105 degree (read theorem).tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 45 . It also intersects a secant in this circle.A line is tangent to a circle. o a LET US CHANGE THE WORLD d www.afterschoool.

What is the measure of this angle ? • = half of the arc = 60 degree answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. An angle is inscribed in the opposite side of this arc.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 46 .An arc has a measure of 120 degee.afterschoool.

What is the measure of the angle of the tangent and secant? • Angle = ½ of the difference of the two arcs • =1/2 (150-60) • = 45 degree answer www. we get two arcs.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 47 b a c LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . one of 150 degree and one of 60 degree.afterschoool. From the points of secants to the point of intersection of tangent.A tangent and a secant intersect out of a circle.

The angle will be : ½ ( 50 – 20) • = 15 degree answer www.Two secants intersects out of a circle. What is their angle. Arc between these two secants are 50 and 20 degrees.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 48 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . c a b d • Arc AB is 20 degree and arc CD is 50 deree.afterschoool.

The distance between the centres of these circles is 20.afterschoool. of radius 5 and 7. what is the length of direct common tangents and transverse common tangent? • Direct common tangent : sqrt (20^2 – (7-5)^2) • =sqrt (396) • Transverse common tangent = sqrt (20^2 – (7+5)^2) = sqrt(256) ans.There are two circles.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 49 . LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

What is the length of AD (D is on tangent and circle). Length of secant AB is 12 out of which BC is on circle of 4.A line is tangent to circle.afterschoool. It intersects a secant out of circle.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 50 c a d LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . b • AD = sqrt (AC * AB) • =sqrt (8*12) • =sqrt(96) answer www.

12.afterschoool.12.17. 13.19.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 51 . 12 has come 3 times and 13 hs come 2 times.13. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.11 • In this series.10.18. so mode is 12 answer.What is the mode out of the following 10 digits : 12.

Find the median of the series : 12.11.12.13 • Rearrange these in proper order : • 10.16 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.10.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 52 .16.14.14.11.13.afterschoool.

X+Y>0 includes (as a whole) : • • • • • • • Options: 1.The region represented by x>0. 1st quadrant 2.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 53 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . 2nd quadrant 3.afterschoool. 4th quadrant Solution : 1st quadrant. Answer www. 3rd quadrant 4.

X+ Y < 1 3. 2x+ Y > 2. X + 2Y >= 2. X – Y > 2.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 54 . X + Y < 2 4.Which equation represents the picture? 0.2 0.0 1. x – Y < 2 Solution LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.1 2. X + Y > 2. X + Y =< 2 2.

2x+y<=2 • 5. X+3Y<=3.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR . X+Y<=2.0 • 1. 2x+y>=1.Which of the equation represents the picture? 0.1 2. X>=0. Y>=0 • Solution : 5 55 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. X – Y =< 2 • 2.afterschoool. x+y <=2 • 3. 2x+y >2. x+2Y >=2. X-Y<=2 • 4. 2x+2y >=2.2 0.

its slant height will be = sqrt(15^2 + 8^2) = sqrt (225+64) • = sqrt (289) = 17 • Now we can calculate area of a triangle : • ½ * base * height = ½*16*17 = 136 • Area of 4 triangles : 136 * 4= 544 • Area of base = 16*16 = 256 • Add them = 800 sq. answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.A right pyramid 15 cm high stands on a square base of side 16 cm. find its surface area? • Height of pyramid is 15 cm.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 56 . cm.afterschoool.

it is cut into two halves. cm. Now find total surface area of each half? • Surface area of sphere = 4 pi * r * r • Surface area of one half of a sphere is : 3 * pi * r * r • Thus surface area of one half is : ¾ * 400 = 300 sq. CM. answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.The surface area of a sphere is 400 sq.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 57 .afterschoool.

afterschoool. Width of the cloth is 5 meters. The tent house should be 24 meters and its radius should be 7 meters. What should be the length of the cloth? • We have to find the total surface area of cone (excluding base) = pi *r*l • L = sqrt ( 7^2 + 24^2) = sqrt (49+576) • = sqrt (625) = 25 • Total surface area of cone = 22/7 * 7 * 25 = 550 • Length of cloth : 550/5 = 110 meters.We have to make a tent house out of a sheet of cloth.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 58 . Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

16 feet? • The three dimensions of the room are given : • Answer : sqrt (16^2 + 18^2 + 24^2) • = sqrt ( 256 + 324 + 576) • =sqrt ( 1156) = 34 feet.18.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 59 .afterschoool.What is the length of the longest pole that can be put in a rectangular room of sides 24. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

Altitude of a triangle is equal to the altitude of another triangle. The area of the two triangles are respectively 25 and 30. What is the ratio of their bases? • Area of triangle = ½ * base * height • ½ * base 1 = 25 and ½ * base2 = 30 (height is same).tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 60 .afterschoool. • So the ratio is : 50: 60 or 5:6 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

afterschoool. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. Answer • Or • Compare 1/24 to 1/22. 100)? • You get Rs 5 on 120 or Rs. 6 on 132 • Take LCM of 120 and 132 and compare the numerator. So the choise should be 2nd option.Which is better investment 5% stock @ 120 or 6% stock @ 132.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 61 . You will find that 6 on 132 is better option. (face value of share is Rs. out of these 1/22 is more.

Simple interest on a sum is 1/9th of the principal. time = X) • (9*X*X)/100 = 1 • 9X^2 = 100. or X = 10/3 = 3. rate = X. interest is 1.afterschoool. • PRT/100 = interest (principal = 9.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 62 . What is the rate? • Assume the principal to be 9. Rate of interest is equal to the number of years.33 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 63 . the principal should be 100*100 = 10000.afterschoool. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.What is the prinicipal amount. principal is 100. if the difference is 100. Compound interest in two years is 21. if the difference is 1. Simple interest in 2 years is : 20. if difference between simple interest and compound interest in two years is 100 and rate of interest is 10%? • Assume the principal to be 100. answer.

answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.Solution… • • • • Simple interest : PRT / 100 = (100 * 10 * 2)/ 100 = 20 Compound interest : Principal *( (100 +rate) / 100 )^n (n=number of years) • = 100 * 110/100 * 110/100 • = 21 • Difference is 1. so if difference is 100. principal should be 10000.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 64 .afterschoool.

afterschoool.Distance between two points A (2.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 65 .2) is ? • = sqrt ( (2-2)^2 + (2-(-3))^2) • =sqrt (0+25) • =5 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.3) and B (2.

3). LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.6). Now find our AB. C (3. AB=sqrt( (-5-0)^2 + (-3)^2) = sqrt(34) • AC = sqrt ((3)^2 + (-5)^2) • = sqrt(9+25) • =sqrt (34) • BC = sqrt ((8)^2 + (2)^2) • =sqrt (68) • Thus this is isoscales triangle (as AB and AC are equal). B(-5. This is triangle.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 66 .afterschoool.What is the shape of figure formed by A (0.1)? • There are three points.

C (5.0).-2). B(-2.5).7)? • • • • • • • AB = sqrt((0-2)^2 +(-2 -5)^2) = sqrt(53) BC =sqrt((5+2)^2 + 0-2)^2) = sqrt(53) CD=sqrt((7-5)^2 + (7-0)^2) = sqrt(53) DA = sqrt((7-0)^2 + (7-5)^2) =sqrt(53) AC=sqrt((5-0)^2 +(0-5)^2) = sqrt(50) BD = sqrt((7+2)^2+(7+2)^2)=sqrt(162) All the sides are equal. D(7.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 67 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD .afterschoool. but diagonals are not equal.What is the shape of the figure A(0. Thus it is RHOMBUS answer www.

afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 68 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD .What is the length of the perpendicular from origin to the line 3x+4y + 5 = 0 ? • • • • X=0 ( (3*0) + (4*0) + (5 ) ) / (sqrt(3^2 + 4^2) = 5/5 = 1 answer www.

then lines are coinsident.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 69 .There are 2 lines : A = 3x – 7 y + 9 = 0 and B = 9x-21y + 27= 0 what are these lines to each other? • We know that a1/a2 = b1/b2=c1/c2. • Here these lines are coinsident : • (3/9 = -7/-21 = 9/27) answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

• We know that a1/a2 = b1/b2 not equal to c1/c2. then lines are parallel • Here these lines are parallel: • (3/9 = -7/-21 not equal to 9/2) answer There are 2 lines : A = 3x – 7 y + 9 = 0 and B = 9x-21y + 2= 0 what are these lines to each other? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 70 .afterschoool.

as : (3 * -2) + (3 * 2) = 0 • So these are perpendicular lines.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 71 . then lines are perpendicular. • In this case. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool. these are perpendicular lines.There are 2 lines : A = 3x +3y + 9 = 0 and B = -2x+2y + 2= 0 what are these lines to each other? • We know that A1A2 + B1B2 = 0.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 72 .6). (4.The two points of a line are : A (2.afterschoool.0). what is the slope of this line? • Slope = ( y2 – y1) / (x2 – x1) • = (6 – 0) / (4-2) • = 6/2 = 3 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 73 . Thus these are perpendicular lines.There are two lines. What is the relation of these lines? • Multiply these and you get – 1. slope of these lines are 5 and – 1/5.afterschoool. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 74 . What is the relation of these lines? • The slopes of these lines are equal.There are two lines. slope of these lines are 5 and 5.afterschoool. So these are parallel lines. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 75 .• • • • • There are two lines.afterschoool. What is the angle between these lines? Angle = ( m1 – m2) / (1 + m1 * m2) = 7 / (1 – 10) =7/9 = 7/9 * 360 = 280 degree answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. slope of these lines are 5 and – 2.

then he looses by 80 meters.tk • 920/x= 1000/(y+2) CENTRE FOR WORLD AFTERSCHOOOL 76 . If A gives B a start of 2 minutes.A gives B 30 meters start in a race of 1 KM. still they are equal.afterschoool. Time by B = Y • 970/(x) = 1000/ (y) LET US CHANGE THE www. What will happen if A gives B a start of 100 meters? • Time by A = X .

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 77 . Thus A will loose by 72 meters. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.69 • If B is given start of 100 meters. he will actually competing on 900 meters only.afterschoool.8 • = 33 minutes approx.8 • x = 35.Solution • y = 36. • In this time time A will travel : 33/35. • Time of B for 900 meters is : 9/10*36.69 * 1000 = 928 meters.

Dhairya comes to AFTERSCHOOOL at the speed of 20 and returns back at the speed of 30, what is the average speed of Dhairya?
• ½ (1/20 + 1/30 ) (harmonic mean) = 24

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At 3/4th speed, Rishi is late by 15 minutes, what is the usual time taken by Rishi?
• 45 minutes

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Ravi leaves in a train 9 AM from Bikaner. The speed of train is 30 KM per hour. Mohan tries to catch him. He starts at 12.00 and his speed is 60 km per hour. How far will Mohan catch him?
• Mohan will have to travel : 90 / (60-30) = 3 hours. Mohan’s speed is 60. He will travel : 60 * 3 = 180 km from Bikaner . Answer
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afterschoool. X / (15-Y) = 9 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. Speed of train is 54.A train takes 9 seconds to pass a car in the same direction and 5 seconds to pass a car in opposite direction.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 81 . Both the cyclists are at same speed. What is the length of the train? • Length of train = X speed of cyclist = y • X / (15+Y) = 5.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 82 .afterschoool. X / (15-Y) = 9 • X – 5Y = 75 and X + 9Y = 135 • Y = 60/14 and x = 96.4 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.• X / (15+Y) = 5.

DATA SUFFICIENCY : Is X divisible by 24? • 1. x is divisible by 6 • 2. X is divisible by 4 • Answer : • Answer cant be drawn LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 83 .

it fulfills all your condition. x^2 has 3 factors • ANSWER : • Take X as 3. B.afterschoool.DATA SUFFICIENCY • How many factors does the number 'x' have? A. 3x has 3 factors.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 84 . • Answer can be drawn from each statement alone. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

A is an even number B. The sum of A and B is a multiple of 9.• What is the sum of 4A7 and 5B2.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 85 .afterschoool. The total in either case is 999. • A and B can be any combination : 4+5 or 6+ 3 etc. where A and B take values from 0 to 9? A. • Answer : • Answer can be drawn from 2nd statement alone. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

Speed of a train is 90 KM per hour.afterschoool. Distance to cover : 2500+1000 • = 3500 / 25 = 140 seconds answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. The length of the train is 1000 meters? • Speed of train : 90 * 5/18 = 25 meters per second.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 86 . How much time will it take to cross 2500 meters long platform.

75 km per hour.afterschoool. Answer www. What is his average speed? • • • • • Total distance travelled : (5*6 + 8 *2) = 46 Total time : ( ( 6 + 2) Average speed = total distance / total time Total time = 6 + 2 Average speed : 46/8 = 5.A person walks @ 5 km per hour for 6 hours and @ 8 Km per hour for 2 hours.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 87 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD .

A person can row upstream 10 km per hour. What is the speed of the person in still water? • Speed in still water = simple average of the speed upstream and speed downstream • = (10 + 14) / 2 = 12 km per hour. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 88 . He can row downstream 14 km per hour.

afterschoool. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. He also takes rest for 15 minutes after every 40 km.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 89 . How much time will he take in the journey? Time in journey : 320 / 8 = 40 hours Time in stoppage : (320/40 – 1) * 15 = 105 minutes.Ankit walks @ 8 Km per hour. Thus he will take 41 hours + 45 minutes. He has to cover 320 km (from Bikaner to Ramdevra).

).5 * 4 = 46 km . Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 90 . 5 (apprx. His speed is 16 km per hour. What is length of the fencing around the field ? • Area of field = ½ * diagonal * diagonal • = ½ * 16 * 16 = 128 • Sqare root of 128 is 11.afterschoool. So the fencing is : 11.Rishi crosses his field diagonically in 1 hour.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 91 . The speed of current in river is 3 km per hour. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. How much time will the boat take to take you to the destination? • Your net speed : 12 – 3 = 9 km per hour • Distance to cover = 90 • Time : 90 / 9 = 10 hours.Speed of boat in still water is 12 km per hour. You have to travel 90 km through a river upstream.afterschoool.

• 100X – (100*5) = 90 X • 100X – 500 = 90X • 10 X = 500 or X = 50 • They had planned for 50 days.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 92 . After 5 days.A garrison had a provision for some days.afterschoool. Can you guess (the days)? • No. of days = X Let us assume the number of persons to be 100. 1/10 of the persons deserted. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. It still had provision for as many days as originally planned.

afterschoool. Their speeds are: (1000/125 * 18/5) and (1000/150 * 18/5) which are : 28. we get X and Y as 125 and 150 seconds.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 93 .In 1 km race. Find their respective speeds? • Let us assume that A takes X seconds and B takes Y seconds to cover the distance. X + 19 = 960/1000 Y Y – 30 = 960/1000X Solving these. A gives B 40 m. start.8 km and 24 km per hour. If A gives B 30 seconds start then B wins by 40 meters. Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. A wins by 19 seconds.

afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 94 .LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 95 .LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.

A GROUP OF WORKERS HAD TO DO A WORK IN 10 DAYS. SO THEY COMPLETED THE WORK IN 12 DAYS. HOW MANY WORKERS WERE THERE ORIGINALLY? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool. BUT 5 OF THEM WERE ABSENT.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 96 .

SOLUTION • Let us assume that there were X persons working initilly. (10 X = 12( X – 5) • 10 X = 12X – 60 • 2X = 60 or X = 30 • So originally there were 30 workers. • Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 97 .afterschoool.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 98 .afterschoool.C CAN DO A WORK IN 5. HOW MUCH TIME WILL IT TAKE THEM NOW? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.A. 10 AND 12 DAYS.B. A AND B WORK FOR 2 DAYS AND THEN C JOINED INSTEAD OF A.

afterschoool.Solution… • • • • • • Completed so far : ( 2/5 + 2/10 = 3/5) Remaining work is 2/5 B + C = 1/10 + 1/12 = 22/120 Now divide 2/5 by 22/120. we get : 24/11 Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 99 .

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 100 . EACH NEW WORKER IS THRICE AS EFFICIENT AS PREVIOUS WORKER? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.10 PERSONS CAN DO A PIECE OF WORK IN 8 DAYS.afterschoool. IN HOW MANY DAYS CAN 4 PERSONS DO TWICE WORK.

Solution • • • • • • Total work = 10 * 8 = 80 Twice the work : 2 * 80 = 160 Number of workers : 4 Thrice efficient : 3 * 4 = 12 Now divide 160 / 12 = 13.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 101 .33 answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 102 .afterschoool.3 MEN AND 2 CHILDREN CAN DO A WORK IN 15 DAYS. IN HOW MANY DAYS WILL 5 CHILDREN DO IT ON THEIR OWN? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. 2 MEN AND 5 CHILDREN CAN DO THE SAME WORK IN 20 DAYS.

5 children will do : 5/132 or 132/5 = 26.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 103 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD . Answer www.Solution… • 3M + 2 C = 1/15 – multiply it by 2 • 2M + 5C = 1/20 – multiply it by 3 • • • • = 11 C = 3/20 – 1/15 11C = 25/300 or 1/12 A child can do it in 12*11 days.afterschoool.4 days they will finish it.

afterschoool. We have to fill the tank in 25 hours.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 104 . when should the second pipe be closed? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.Pipe A can fill a tank in 30 hours and pipe B in 50 hours. Both the pipes are started together.

SOLUTION • • • • First pipe will fill 25/30 = 5/6 The other pipe has to fill 1/6 1/6 * 50 = 8.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 105 . Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.3 hours.3 Thus the other pipe must be used for 8.afterschoool.

A 200 meter long train crosses a telephone pole in 80 seconds, but takes 10 seconds to cross another train of same length moving in opposite direction. What is the speed of the other train?

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solution
• Speed of the first train : 200/80 = 2.5 meters per second. • Speed of both the trains combined is : (400/10) = 40 meters per second • Thus the speed of the other train is : 40 – 2,5 = 37.5 meters per second. • In KM the speed is : 37.5 * 18/5= 135 KM per hour. Answer
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20 persons can complete a work in 5 days. Some of the workers left after 2 days, so the work was actually completed in 8 days. How many workers left?

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Answer www.Solution … • • • • • • Total work = 20 * 5 = 100 Work completed : 20 * 2 = 40 Work left : 60 Days left : 8 – 2 = 6 Persons : 60 / 6 = 10 So 10 persons worked.afterschoool. 10 persons had left.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 109 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD .

Goti is late by 10 minutes.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 110 .Walking at 5/6th of his speed. what is the usual time taken by him? LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

Answer LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. time is 5 and 6 (increasing).tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 111 . which is equal to 10 minutes.Solution… • There is inverse relation between speed and time. • Time now is 6/5. If speed is 6 and 5 ( reducing). • The difference in time is : 1/5.afterschoool. Thus original time (1) is equal to 10 * 5 = 50 minutes.

and returns @ 30 KM per hour.afterschoool.A person goes to his office @ 20 km per hour.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 112 . What is his average speed? • Calculate HM which is 24 so answer is 24 LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 113 . This course is also available online also. It also conducts workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help us in developing society. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.ABOUT AFTERSCHO☺OL Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after class 12th along with IAS / CA / CS) and 18 month PGPSE (Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship) along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM.

afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 114 .Why such a programme? • To promote people to take up entrepreneurship and help develop the society • To enable people to take up franchising and other such options to start a business / social development project • To enable people to take up social development as their mission • To enable people to promote spirituality and positive thinking in the world LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

Who are our supporters?
• Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs are supporting us. • You can also support us – not necessarily by money – but by being promotor of our concept and our ideas.

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About AFTERSCHO☺OL PGPSE – the best programme for developing great entrepreneurs
• • • • • Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme Available in distance learning mode Case study focused- latest cases Industry oriented practical curriculum Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just an employee • Option to take up part time job – so earn while you learn • The only absolutely free course on internet
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Workshops from AFTERSCHO☺OL
• • • • • • • • • IIF, Delhi CIPS, Jaipur ICSI Hyderabad Branch Gyan Vihar, Jaipur Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneshwar Pacific Institute, Udaipur Engineering College, Hyderabad

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Flexible Specialisations: • • • • • • • • • • Spiritualising business and society Rural development and transformation HRD and Education.microfinance and inclusion Retail sector.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 118 . KPO Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA) Hospital management and Health care Hospitality sector and culture and heritage Other sectors of high growth. BPO.afterschoool. high technology and social relevance LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. Social Development NGO and voluntary work Investment analysis.

Salient features: • The only programme of its kind (in the whole world) • No publicity and low profile course • For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a degree • Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of the education by distance mode. books and study material LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool. / you may attend weekend classes • Scholarships for those from poor economic background • Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace with the time • Placement for those who are interested • Admissions open throughout the year • Latest and most advanced technologies.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 119 .

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 120 .afterschoool. T.K. mock interviews. and self development EsGotitial softwares for business Business plan.Jain) LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. communication skill workshops Participation in conferences and seminars Group discussions. Research projects Participation in conferences / seminars Workshops on leadership. spiritualisation. writing biographies of entrepreneurs Editing of journals / newsletters Consultancy / research projects Assignments.Components • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad) Meditation. team building etc. Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers Interview of entrepreneurs. self development diaryng Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr.

Pedagogy • • • • • • • • • Case analysis.afterschoool. Articles from Harvard Business Review Quiz.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 121 . workshops. Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits PreGotitations. Latest audio-visuals Group discussions and group projects Periodic self assessment Mentoring and counselling Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India) • Rural development / Social welfare projects LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. games. seminars.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 122 . Afterschooolians will be responsible for managing and developing these branches – and for promoting social entrepreneurs. Mumbai.Branches • AFTERSCHO☺OL will shortly open its branches in important cities in India including Delhi. Kota. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www. Gurgaon and other important cities.afterschoool.

Please help us in this process. first generation entrepreneurs. Help us to be in touch with entrepreneurs.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 123 . ethical entrepreneurs. LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.afterschoool.Case Studies • We want to write case studies on social entrepreneurs. so that we may develop entrepreneurs.

when.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 124 . how & where? • Embrace change – and compete with yourself only LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.Basic values at AFTERSCHO☺OL • • • • • • Share to learn more Interact to develop yourself Fear is your worst enemy Make mistakes to learn Study & discuss in a group Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support and help • Ask fundamental questions : why.

www.tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 125 .afterschoool.afterschoool.tk social entrepreneurship for better society LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.

tk AFTERSCHOOOL CENTRE FOR 126 .afterschoool.tk social entrepreneurship for better society LET US CHANGE THE WORLD www.www.afterschoool.