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Chemistry Investigatory Project
AIM : To Make Liquid Soap
Made By- Harshit Pathak
Chemistry Investigatory Project ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my sincere gratitude for my Chemistry teachers Mr.Harshit Pathak . . Avadesh Sir and Ms. guidance and constant encouragement without which this project would not have been possible. I sincerely appreciate this magnanimity for which I shall remain indebted to them. Sandhya Ma’am for their vital support. Rajesh Sir for his support and constructive remarks.12TH B Page 2 . I would also like to express my gratitude to Mr.
Chemistry Investigatory Project CERTIFICATE This is to certify that Harshit Pathak of class XII-B has completed his chemistry investigatory project entitled ‘Liquid Soap’ under my guidance.Sandhya Page 3 . The progress of the project has been continuously reported and has been in my knowledge consistently. SUBJECT INCHARGES :Mr. Avadesh ____ __________________________________________________________________________________ & Ms.
Chemistry Investigatory Project Materials Required : 1. Urea 4. Empty Bottle 5. Caustic Soda (NaOH) 2. Glass Rod Page 4 . Slurry 3.
Dropper 8.Chemistry Investigatory Project 6. Beaker Page 5 . pH strip 7.
7 in numerical value) or light green in colour. Page 6 . Solution should neither be acidic nor alkaline.e.Chemistry Investigatory Project THEORY : Acidic Slurry and alkaline Caustic Soda (NaOH) are mixed in such a proportion that the pH value of the solution (liquid soap) comes to the pH level of water (i. otherwise it would be harmful for skin. Urea is added to stabilize the chemical reaction.
it means that the solution is alkaline. Again the solution is mixed properly. Pour about 2. The solution is mixed properly with the help of a glass rod. 2.5 ml (or less than it) caustic soda (NaOH) is poured into it. Take 100 ml of water in a beaker.Chemistry Investigatory Project PROCEDURE: 1. 3.5 ml of slurry into the water in the beaker. Now dip a pH strip into the obtained solution. 4. If the pH strip turns bluish in colour. Page 7 . Then 2.
To neutralize the solution and to be made ready for domestic use. 6. it means that the solution is acidic. OR If the solution is alkaline. then put a few drops of slurry. If the solution is acidic. [This stabilizes the chemical reaction] Page 8 . 5. Now. put a few drops of caustic soda (NaOH).Chemistry Investigatory Project And if the pH strip turns reddish in colour. add some amount of urea in the solution.
Now the prepared solution is kept in a clean bottle. 250 gms : NaOH : Urea 100 gms 100 gms Page 9 . The liquid soap is ready to use.Chemistry Investigatory Project 7. NOTE: The above procedure is adapted for lab demonstration. then the following ratio should be followed :- Water : Slurry 10 lit. But if this liquid soap is to be prepared for industrial use.
Chemistry Investigatory Project Application: This liquid soap can be used for cleansing purpose like washing:i) ii) iii) iv) Hands Clothes Floor Utensils WARNING: This liquid soap should not be used for cleansing face. Page 10 . It must be used for external and rough cleansing ONLY.
Page 11 . II) III) This liquid soap must be used for rough cleansing only. The apparatus must be thoroughly cleaned. Hence neutral in nature. Precautions : I) The chemicals must be handled with care.Chemistry Investigatory Project Observation : The liquid soap solution is light green in colour.