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Huawei LTE Planning

Huawei LTE Planning

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Published by Believer

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Published by: Believer on Jan 23, 2013
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11/18/2014

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The key to making OFDM realizable in practice is the use of the FFT algorithm, which has low complexity. In order for

the IFFT/FFT to create an ISI-free channel, the channel must appear to provide a circular convolution. Adding cyclic

prefx to the transmitted signal to create a signal that appears to be just like circular convolution and this is done by

copying the last part of each OFDM symbol to the front of each symbol with the length of a guard interval, to form a

cyclic prefx (CP).

Also, to prevent the guard interval from destroying the inter-sub-carrier orthogonality, the delay of each path should

not exceed the guard interval where the number of waveforms within the integral time of the FFT is an integer

The cyclic prefx, although elegant and simple, is not entirely free. It comes with both a bandwidth and power penalty.

Since redundant symbols are sent, the required bandwidth for OFDM also increases. Similarly, an additional symbol

must be counted against the transmit-power budget. Hence, the cyclic prefx carries a power penalty of v dB in addition

to the bandwidth penalty. In summary, the use of the cyclic prefx entails data rate and power losses. The “wasted”

power has increased importance in an interference-limited wireless system, causing interference to neighboring users.

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Where L is the power used for non CP transmission. In the case where there is a large delay spread, e.g. due to large

cell radius, an extended CP option can be used.

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