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They can have VA, HA, holes, oblique asymptotes, and x y intercepts. There domain is never all real

1) The domain of this function is any value except for values of x that makes the function undefined. At x=0 our function is undefined so the domain should be (-infinity, 0)U(0, infinity) Remember that domain deals with what values of x that doesn’t make the function undefined and range is about what values of y can you get out of the function. () means an open interval (not included in) and [ ] means closed interval (included in) 2) To find vertical asymptotes we first set the denominator equal to 0. This gives us x=0. Now we need to plug in x=0 into our function. If we get out a then we have an asymptote at x=0. If when we plug in x=0 into our function we get we have a hole at x=0. Plugging in x=0 gives ( ) so we indeed have a VA at x=0.

3) To find horizontal asymptotes we need to look at the HIGHEST DEGREE of both the nominator and denominator. You can have 3 cases. Case 1. The Degree of the nominator is HIGHER than the degree of the denominator. Then there are no horizontal asymptotes. An example of a function like this would be

( )

. As you can see the HD of the N is 3 and the HD of the D is 1. So there will be no horizontal asymptote.

Case 2. The Degree of the nominator EQUALS the degree of the denominator. Then there will be a horizontal asymptote at the ratio of the coeffs in front of the Highest Degree of both the nominator and denominator. An example of this would be a function like

( )

. As you can see the HD of the N is 2 and the HD of D is 2. So there will be

a horizontal asymptote at y=3/10. Case 3. The Degree of the nominator is LESS than the degree of the denominator. Then there will be a horizontal asymptote at y=0. An example of this would be something like . As you can see the HD of the N is less than the HD of the D, so there will be a horizontal asymptote at y=0

Now going back to our problem we have

. We can easily see that this will have

a horizontal asymptote at y=2 since the HD of the N = HD of the D.

4) Next we need to find x and y intercepts. You need to pay attention to the math when you’re doing these if when you solve for an x or intercept and you get an imaginary number or something undefined then it’s safe to say that there will be no intercept. Pay attention to your asymptotes too. If you have an asymptote at x=0, then it’s safe to say that you won’t have a y intercept. Remember that you can cross a horizontal asymptote but NEVER a vertical asymptote. So given To find x intercepts set y=0. The x will go away and we will have 0=2x-6, solving for x gives x=3. Thus we have an x intercept at x=3, or at the point (3,0) To find y intercepts set x=0. This gives . This should scream at you that it is

undefined. Thus there will be no y intercepts for this function. We could also tell that there will be no y intercepts, since we know that we have a vertical asymptote at x=0. That means that the function will have an asymptote along the entire y axis, so it will never be able to cross. 5) Now that we know VA, HA, x intercept, y intercept we pretty much know everything about the graph. I would graph points next. Remember that if you don’t feel like you have a good idea of what the function does at an interval PICK MORE POINTS. Sometimes it’s good to pick numbers like ½ if you want to see what happens between 0 and 1. When you graph first label asymptotes and then points. Make sure to include x and y intercept points if there are any. If you want to check your work on a graph than use wolfram alpha, just type in the function and it should pop up.

GRAPHING POLYNOMIALS. This should be a lot easier. A Polynomial has a domain of (-infinity, infinity). Graphing follows the formula y=(x-k)+h, where k values shift the function left and right and k shifts functions up and down. If you have a even exponent follow the graph of x^2 if you have an odd follow the graph of x^3. Y=-(x-k)+h is a flip over the y axis. We’ve done examples before if you need to look back to see what that would look like. Use transformations whenever you are given just a polynomial. If you want to check your work though you can always graph points, and also remember that if a point is given than if must also agree with your function. What I mean is if you’re given (1, 2) then when you plug in 1 into your function you must get out 2.

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UsefulNot usefulGraphing Rational Functions

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