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Rebar Grades

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Our products are made in accordance with Philippine National Standards for Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement, under PNS-49:2002.

Specifications and Grading

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The three grades under this specification namely, Grades PNS 230, 275, and 415 trace their roots to ASTM specifications. And the terms Structural, Intermediate, and Hightensile originated from earlier versions of ASTM-A615 but remained unchanged in deference to custom and familiarity among users. The table below provides a handy reference as to the common understanding in the market regarding these grades.
ASTM vs PNS Codes Popular Nomenclature
Grade 33 / PNS 230 Grade 40 / PNS 275 Grade 60 / PNS 415 Structural Grade Intermediate Grade High-Tensile Grade

Typical Application
Low-rise Buildings and Low Loading Conditions Medium-rise Structures / Infrastructure Work Medium & High-rise Structures / Infrastructure

The three grades are distinguished by the different color markings painted at the ends of each bar, as shown in the following table:

Weldability of a Rebar

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It must be noted that, in the current PNS 49, rebars are further categorized into weldable and non-weldable grades. The difference between the two categories is primarily rooted in their different chemical compositions and carbon equivalents (CEQ). Despite the different nomenclatures and their connotations, both Weldable and Non-weldable grades can actually be welded. However, the relatively lower carbon content and CEQ of the so-called weldable grade does make it easier to weld without having to worry about pre-heating and

post-heating requirements and procedures, that is a concern highlighted especially in temperate situations.

Rebar Sizes

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The standard sizes that the Company manufactures and sells are as follows: 10mm, 12mm, 16mm, 20mm, 25mm, 28mm, 32mm, and 36mm. For special orders, it can also make 40mm and 50mm bars.

The Nominal Size of a Rebar

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For both the plain round bar and the rebar, the word size and nominal diameter are used interchangeably. For a rebar, alternatively known as a deformed steel bar, its size specifically refers to the size of a plain round bar having the same weight per meter as the rebar. A specific size of plain round bar refers to its nominal diameter. This size also refers to the diameter of a circular plain round bar having a certain unit mass or weight per meter. A plain round bar and a rebar of the same size will have the same unit mass or weight per meter of bar.

The Proper Way of Measuring a Plain Round Bar

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For a plain round bar, determining its 'size' involves simply taking a direct physical measurement of its diameter since its circular cross section should remain quite uniform throughout its length. A plain round bar is considered to be dimensionally acceptable if its diameter, as measured, falls within the dimensional tolerances allowed by the Standard.

The Proper Way of Measuring a Rebar

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A rebar however is not measured in the same way as a plain round bar. Because of its nonuniform cross section, a rebar must comply with the allowable Variation in Mass (VIM) in lieu of measurement of its diameter. Checking for this VIM involves taking and weighing one meter of rebar and comparing the findings against the standard value.

Weight Tolerance

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Because variation in cross sectional area occurs during hot rolling, a corresponding variation in linear weight is to be expected. For this reason, PNS-49 provides for an allowable variation in mass (VIM) of 6%, measured using one meter of rebar.

Length Tolerance

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The cut length of a rebar varies as well because of shrinkage as it cools down. The standard however limits this shrinkage, and the minimum lengths of the finished rebar are shown below.
Std. Length (m)
6.0 7.5 9.0 10.5 12.0

Min. Acceptable Length (m)


5.960 7.453 8.935 10.440 11.940

Our rebar comes in these commercial lengths: 6.0, 7.5, 9.0, 10.5, and 12.0 meters. Special lengths of 13.5 and 15.0 meters are subject to special orders and negotiations.

Mechanical Property Specifications

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MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Yield Strength, MPa min. Tensile Strength, MPa min. Elongation in 200mm, % min.
18 16 10 8 8 7 20 18 16 14 14 12

Class

Grade

Specimen

Bending Angle

Diameter of Pin (d = nominal diameter of specimen)


3d 4d 4d 5d 5d 6d 3d 4d 4d 5d 5d 6d

Hot-Rolled NonWeldable Deformed Steel Bar

230 275 415 230

230 275 415 230 275 415*

390 480 620 390 480 550**

D<25mm D25mm D<25mm D25mm D<25mm D25mm D<25mm D25mm D<25mm D25mm D<25mm D25mm

180 180 180 180 180 180

Hot-Rolled Weldable Deformed Bar

275 415

* Maximum yield strength of Weldable steel bars shall not exceed ** Tensile strength shall not be less than 1.25 times the actual yield strength

540

MPa

Surface Deformations Specifications

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DEFORMATION REQUIREMENTS Nominal Diameter


10 12 16 20 25 28 32 36

Max. Average Spacing of Lugs


7.0 8.4 11.2 14.0 17.5 19.6 22.4 25.2

Height Tolerance of Lugs Minimum


0.4 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8

Maximum
0.8 1.0 1.4 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2 3.6

Max. Summation of Gaps (mm)


7.8 9.4 12.6 15.7 19.6 22.0 25.1 27.5

Table of Standard Weights

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STANDARD WEIGHT OF DEFORMED ROUND STEEL BARS Bar Diameter mm


10 12 16 20 25 28 32 36

Unit Weight Kg/m


0.616 0.888 1.578 2.466 3.853 4.834 6.313 7.990

Bar Commercial Length 6.0 m


3.696 5.328 9.468 14.796 23.118 29.004 37.878 47.940

7.5 m
4.620 6.660 11.835 18.495 28.898 36.255 47.348 59.925

9.0 m
5.544 7.992 14.202 22.194 34.677 43.506 56.817 71.910

10.5 m
6.468 9.324 16.569 25.893 40.457 50.757 66.287 83.895

12.0 m
7.392 10.656 18.936 29.592 46.236 58.008 75.756 95.880