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PPT OF CHARLES CORREA

PPT OF CHARLES CORREA

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Published by YusufCar
Its about his life and works of architect charles correa,
Its about his life and works of architect charles correa,

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Published by: YusufCar on Jan 24, 2013
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04/08/2014

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CHARLES CORREA

PRESENTED BY:FIDA ZAIN

 Education

1946-1948 inter-science. St. Xavier's college, university of Bombay 1949-1955 B.Arch., University of Michigan.

1953-1955 M.Arch., Massachusetts institute of technology..
 Professional Experience

1955-1958 partner with G.M. BHUTA associates 1958- to date in private practice. 1964-1965 prepared master plan proposing twin city across the harbor from Bombay. 1969-1971 invited by the govt. of Peru 1971-1975 chief architect to CIDCO 1975-1976 consultant to UN secretory-general for HABITAT 1975-1983 Chairman Housing Urban Renewal & Ecology Board 1985 chairman dharavavi palnning commision

 Born into a middle-class Catholic family in Bombay  Became fascinated with the principles of design as a child  At Michigan two professors who influenced him the most -

Walter Salders and Buckminister Fuller.
 Kevin lynch , then in the process of developing his themes for

image of the city triggered Correa’s interest in urban issues
 ‘India of those days was a different place, it was a brand-new

country, there was so much hope; India stimulated me.’

AWARDS
 1961 Prize for low-income housing early  1972 Correa was awarded the PadmaShri by the President of India  1980 Correa was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University 


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of Michigan 1984 He was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1985 Prize for the Improvement in the Quality of Human Settlements from the International Union of Architects. 1986 Chicago Architecture Award. 1987 the Gold Medal of the Indian Institute of Architects 1990 the Gold Medal of the UIA (International Union of Architects) 1994 the Premium Imperial from Japan society of art. 1999 Aga khan award for vidhan sabha, bhopal

Diversity  In Bombay - Salvacao Church at Dadar ; Kanchanjunga Apartments  In Goa for the Cidade de Goa Hotel and the Kala Academy,  In Ahmedabad - Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya ; Ramkrishna House  Delhi - The LIC Centre; British Council Building  Kerala - Kovalam Beach Resort Hotel  Andamans - Bay Island Hotel in Port Blair Architectural utility and grandeur spread over the subcontinent

 incrementality  pluralism  participation  income generation  equity  open-to-sky space  disaggregation.Principles  Few cardinal principles in his vast body of work. Belapur housing being the one project where he has literally used these principals .

it becomes … boring. planner." . activist and theoretician. an international lecturer and traveler  Correa's work in India shows a careful development. Correa's early works attempt to explore a local vernacular within a modern environment.  India's first man of architecture has a very simple philosophy: "Unless you believe in what you do. Architect. Correa's land-use planning and community projects continually try to go beyond typical solutions to third world problems. understanding and adaptation of Modernism to a nonwestern culture.

It was a whole new world way beyond anything being taught in America at that time . On way back to Bombay in 1955 .then I saw Chandigarh and his buildings in Ahmedabad . into mechanically heated (and cooled) interiors of the building.saw the Jaoul House (le Corbusier) in Paris under construction ‘I was absolutely knocked out .Correa and Corbusier Like most architects of his generation he has been influenced by Le Corbusier . They seemed the only way to build. but by his response to the Mediterranean sun with his grand sculptural decisions he believes that Corbusier’s influence in the colder climates has not been beneficial because these heroic gestures had to withdraw into defensible space.” .

Correa and Gandhi Gandhi's goal for an independent India had been a village model. non-industrial. its architecture simple and traditional In these early works Correa demonstrates uncompromising execution of an idea as a powerful statement of form .

Delhi Church at Parumala Belapur housing . Kerala Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya Pareek House . Ahemdabad Jeewan Bharti .Case studies…         Vidhan Sabha Bhopal Kanchanjunga Apartments Kovalam Beach Resort .

’ Charles Correa . It is a building which has got to down with the idea of governing yourself. this is your state and you must participate in it. It must not be low-key. It should have a presence.MP VIDHAN SABHA ‘Vidhan Bhavan is a public building which should say something very powerful about democracy. It has to express the role it has to play and tell people that this is your city.

deep understanding of the Vedic principles Won prestigious AGA KHAN award for this in 1999 .

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References of this circular form are – parliament building in New Delhi. the plan of the building developed as a circle. so it could have an autonous unity and presence. Buddhist stupa near Sanchi. but swings towards the site in a rather casual manner .The building is located in the centre of bhopal. regardless of the direction from which it is approached. Since the main access road is not axial . .

. The plan is a pattern of gardens within gardens.for public. cafeterias. The Vidhan Sabha . while the 4 corner positions are occupied by specialized functions. These 3 main streams separated from each other experience the complex internal space of the building while moving along verandah and overlooking courtyards and gardens – as in traditional architecture of India. divided into 9 squares . cabinet rooms. common rooms for security staff etc. and combined hall. VP’s. The five central ones are halls and courtyards .. central library. MLA’s . It also contains a host of other facilities : offices. According to the requirements there are 3 main entrances. the Vidhan Parishad.The new Vidhan Sabha houses the many diverse functions crucial to a functioning democracy .

This is the genius of Charles Correa .The whole buildig presents as extremely pleasing vision of powerful curves and sraight vertical and horizontal lines. its pristinely simple lines raise it to an altogether different plane. Whereas the building could have fallen into the trap of being merely monumental.

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Correa has used open to sky courtyards and a labyrinthine pattern of pathways to organise the complex requirements of adminstrative and legislative functions. .

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a model of the city of Baghdad.The whole composition is enclosed by a wall that defines its exterior form like a circular inner city. the use of gateways and domes and a tower to develop the imagery of this landmark complex is very much in the tradition of the harmonic order found in the traditional architecture of islam . This approach has generated an interesting roofs cape and skylines. too often missing in contemporary architecture.

KANCHENJUNGA APARTMENTS The building had to be oriented east – west to capture prevailing sea breeze and views to the city. .

 Interlocking of these variations expressed externally by shear end walls that hold up the cantilevers  Minimalist surfaces cut away to open up double-height terrace gardens at the corners  Complex spatial organization of living spaces . But also the orientation for hot sun and heavy rains  Solution in old bungalows – wrapping a protective layer of verandahs around the main living areas  Kanchanjunga an attempt to apply these principles to a high-rise building This building has 32 different apartments with 4 types of flats varying from 3 to 6 bedrooms.

bears a strong resemblance to modern apartment buildings in the West Tower’s proportion 1:4 (21 sqm and 84 m high) . with its concrete construction and large areas of white panels. this 28-story tower.Superficially.

twostory-high garden terrace that is oriented away from the sun so as to afford protection from the elements .Garden terraces actually a modern interpretation of a feature of the traditional Indian bungalow: the verandah Each apartment provided with a deep.

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KOVALAM BEACH RESORT. KERELA .

3. The master plan there fore does not concentrate all the facilities in one area . The facilities had to be deployed in the manner which would create a critical mass for each activity and at a time open up several strategic points on the site so as to increase future growth options. but generate a large number of potential growth points. The guest rooms come in 3 configurations-: 1. centers for massages and yoga. Between these two are private detach ho units . On the edge of the beach hidden under the palm trees .. overlooking the beach there are 100 guests rooms. Construction is in traditional vernacular of Kerala-: plaster walls with red tiled roofs Other pavilion consists of little bamboo chhatries with coir matins on the floor and local Kerala handicrafts.Accommodates 300 guests . water sport etc. . 2. Here the facilities are such that every room gets its own private sundeck. They are suits for longer stay with cooking facilities etc. thus allowing a more flexible response to future demands .

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Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya Material used: Tiled roof Brick wall Stone floor Wooden floor Light and ventilation by operable wooden louvers These elements combine to form a pattern of tiled roofs which are grouped in casual meandering pattern. creating a pathway along which the visitors progresses towards the centrality of the water court .

Philosophy: Successfully shows the life of Gandhiji Minimalist architecture Material honesty Contemporary architecture Glow of spaces Gandhi ashram Water court at center .

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However the rituals themselves . . with the faithful sitting and kneeling on the floor are completely indigenous.CHURCH AT PARUMALA The church can accommodate 2000 people inside the walls and 3000 outside. The form of the church has been derived from tri-partite structure of Coptic and Syrian traditions .

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BELAPUR HOUSING .

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