Trig Cheat Sheet

Definition of the Trig Functions
Right triangle definition For this definition we assume that 0 <θ <

π

2

or 0° < θ < 90° .

Unit circle definition For this definition θ is any angle.
y

( x, y )
hypotenuse opposite
y 1 x

θ
x

θ
adjacent sin θ = opposite hypotenuse adjacent cos θ = hypotenuse opposite tan θ = adjacent hypotenuse opposite hypotenuse sec θ = adjacent adjacent cot θ = opposite csc θ = sin θ = y =y 1 x cos θ = = x 1 y tan θ = x 1 y 1 sec θ = x x cot θ = y csc θ =

Facts and Properties
Domain The domain is all the values of θ that can be plugged into the function. sin θ , θ can be any angle cos θ , θ can be any angle 1⎞ ⎛ tan θ , θ ≠ ⎜ n + ⎟ π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… 2⎠ ⎝ csc θ , θ ≠ n π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… 1⎞ ⎛ sec θ , θ ≠ ⎜ n + ⎟ π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… 2⎠ ⎝ cot θ , θ ≠ n π , n = 0, ± 1, ± 2,… Range The range is all possible values to get out of the function. csc θ ≥ 1 and csc θ ≤ −1 −1 ≤ sin θ ≤ 1 −1 ≤ cos θ ≤ 1 sec θ ≥ 1 and sec θ ≤ −1 −∞ ≤ tan θ ≤ ∞ −∞ ≤ cot θ ≤ ∞ Period The period of a function is the number, T, such that f (θ + T ) = f (θ ) . So, if ω is a fixed number and θ is any angle we have the following periods. sin (ωθ ) →
cos (ωθ ) →

T= T T T T T

tan (ωθ ) → csc (ωθ ) →
sec (ωθ ) →

cot (ωθ ) →

ω 2π = ω π = ω 2π = ω 2π = ω π = ω