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Basic design data:

Design axial load: Design moment load: Base plate steel grade: S275 Foundation concrete class: C30/37 Partial factors ▪ concrete: ▪ steel: ▪ anchor bolts: Long-term effect coefficients ▪ compressive strength: ▪ tensile strength: Column section ▪ height: ▪ width: ▪ web thickness: ▪ flange thickness: HE A 400

N Ed= -820.0 kN MEd= 225.0 kNm f yp= 275 N/mm² f ck = 30.0 N/mm² γ c= 1.50 γ M0= 1.00 γ Mb= 1.25

↓ ↷
(EN 1993-1-1, Table 3.1) (EN 1992-1-1, Table 3.1)

(EN 1992-1-1, Table 2.1N) (EN 1993-1-1, § 6.1 (1)) (EN 1993-1-8, Table 2.1)

α cc = 0.85 α ct = 1.00

(EN 1992-1-1, § 3.1.6 (1)) (EN 1992-1-1, § 3.1.6 (2))

h c = 390 mm b fc = 300 mm t wc = 11.0 mm t f c = 19.0 mm

Determination of base plate dimensions, based on compression force
▴▴

NEd= -820.0 kN MEd= 225.0 kNm Column section type: h c = 390 mm Foundation concrete class: Presumed base plate thickness: Base plate steel grade: Foundation joint coefficient:

γc= 1.50 γM0= 1.00 HE A 400 b f c = 300 mm C30/37 16 < t ≤ 40 S275 β j = 2/3

α cc = 0.85

t w c = 11.0 mm fck = 30.0 N/mm² fyp= 265 N/mm²

t f c = 19.0 mm
(EN 1992-1-1, Table 3.1)

(EN 1993-1-1, Table 3.1) (EN 1993-1-8, § 6.2.5 (7))*

α = Ac1 / A c0 = 1.50 F = ∣ M Ed ∣ h c −t fc − NEd 2 = 1016.5 kN 2032.9 kN

concrete bearing strength enhancement ratio**

max C , Ed

maximum compressive force acting on the foundation assumed axial compressive load design bearing strength of the foundation joint

Nj,Ed= 2

max(FC,Ed)=

f jd= β j α f c d = 17.00 N/mm² N j, Ed 1 A c 0 = max h c b fc f cd

( [ ] )
2

;

N j ,Ed f cd

= 101647 mm²

preliminary estimate of the base plate area

Ac0= 101647 mm² < 0.95h c b fc= 111150 mm²

adopt a 'large projection' base plate

A 2

B 979.0

C -52156.3

c=

48.5 mm −B± √ B2−4AC = 2A <0

additional bearing width calculation

Check for overlapping T-stubs: 2c = 96.9 mm < hc-2tfc= 352.0 mm c= 0 (check passed)

−B± √ B2−4AC = 2A

Required minimum plan dimensions and thickness of the base plate:

) bp ≥ ( b fc + 2 t fc ) = 0

bp ≥ b fc + 2c = 396.9 mm 1

(

1

0

) hp ≥ ( h c + 2 t fc ) =
tp ≥ c

hp ≥ h c + 2c = 486.9 mm

(

('large projection' base plate)

3 f jd γM0 f yp

= 21.3 mm

Determined base plate dimensions t p = 22 mm b p = 400 mm h p = 490 mm S275

Determination of base plate thickness and anchor bolt dimensions, based on tension force
▴▴▴

N Ed= -820.0 kN M Ed= 225.0 kNm h c= 390 mm F = max T , Ed ∣ MEd ∣ hc − t fc +

γ c= 1.50 γ M0= 1.00 t fc = 19.0 mm NEd 2 = 196.5 kN S275 C30/37 1 'good' M24 A s= 353 mm² 6.8 ribbed bar L b= 900 mm = 3.04 N/mm²

γ Mb= 1.25

α ct = 1.00

maximum tensile force acting on the foundation

Base plate steel grade: Foundation concrete class: Number of bolt rows n : Estimated bond conditions: Presumed bolt diameter ϕ : Stress area of the bolt: Bolt class: Type of the bolt bar: Basic anchorage length: f bd = k η1 η2 ×

fyp= 265.0 N/mm² fck = 30.0 N/mm² η1= 1.00 η2= 1.00 fub = 600 N/mm² k= 2.25

(EN 1993-1-1, Table 3.1) (EN 1992-1-1, Table 3.1)

(EN 1992-1-1, § 8.4.1 (2)) (EN 1992-1-1, § 8.4.1 (2)) (EN ISO 898-1) (EN ISO 898-1)

α ct ×0.7×0.3 f 2 /3 ck γc

design bond strength of the concrete

Anchor bolt size (first estimate): As ≥

∣ maxF T , Ed∣

γMb 2×0.9 n f ub

= 227 mm²

required bolt stress area (first estimate) first estimate, based on the selected bolt class

Required bolt diameter: M20 Anchor bolt resistance: F t,bond,Rd= π ϕ l bf bd= 206.4 kN F t, Rd = 0.9 f ub A s γ Mb = 152.5 kN

design bond anchorage resistance of the bolt design tensile resistance of the bolt design resistance of a single anchor bolt

Ft,anchor,Rd = min (F t,bond,Rd ; Ft,Rd)= 152.5 kN Anchor bolt check: 2 n Ft,anchor,Rd = 305.0 kN
m a x FT,Ed=

196.5 kN Satisfied

2 n Ft,anchor,Rd ≥ m a x (Ft,Ed) Required minimum base plate thickness: tp ≥

F T , Ed γM0 2 n π f yp

= 10.9 mm

Determined anchor bolts and base plate thickness Anchor bolts: M24 / 6.8 t p = 22 mm S275

Notes:
* The use of the βj=2/3 coefficient value requires that the following conditions on the grout compressive strength be met: if grout thickness ≤ 50 mm if grout thickness > 50 mm maximum grout thickness: 80 mm then the minimum grout compressive strength= 4.00 MPa then the minimum grout compressive strength= 20.00 MPa
(EN 1993-1-8, § 6.2.5 (7))

** The theoretical minimum value for the α ratio is 1, but the common practice is to adopt a value of 1.5. This corresponds to having continuous foundation dimensions of b f =1.5b p and h f =1.5h p .

References:
EN 1992-1-1 --- Design of concrete structures. General rules and rules for buildings EN 1993-1-1 --- Design of steel structures. General rules and rules for buildings EN 1993-1-8 --- Design of steel structures. Design of joints EN 1090-2 --- Execution of steel structures and aluminium structures - Part 2: Technical requirements for steel structures EN ISO 898-1 --- Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel — Part 1: Bolts, screws and studs SF045a-EN-EU --- Flow chart: Fixed column bases (Access Steel) SN037a-EN-EU --- NCCI: Design model for simple column bases- axially loaded I-section columns (Access Steel) SN043a-EN-EU --- NCCI: Design of fixed column base joints (Access Steel)