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† = poetic or archaic word (e.g. †él "star", elen being the ordinary word) or a poetic or archaic meaning of an ordinary word (e.g. russë "corruscation, †swordblade"), * = unattested form, ** = wrong form, # = word that is only attested in a compound or in an inflected form (e.g. #apa, #Apanóna; see AFTER below), TLT = Tolkien's lifetime (by some called "Real Time", as opposed to:) MET = Middle-Earth Time (or rather Arda Time, since Quenya originated in the Blessed Realm), LotR = The Lord of the Rings (HarperCollinsPublishers, one-volume edition of 1991), Silm = The Silmarillion (HarperCollinsPublishers 1994), MC = The Monsters and the Critics and other Essays, MR = Morgoth's Ring, LR = The Lost Road, Etym = The Etymologies (in LR:347-400), FS = Fíriel's Song (in LR:72), RGEO = The Road Goes Ever On (Second Edition), TI = The Treason of Isengard, WJ = The War of the Jewels, PM = The Peoples of Middle-earth, Letters = The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, LT1 = The Book of Lost Tales 1, LT2 = The Book of Lost Tales 2, Nam = Namárië (in LotR:398), Arct = "Arctic" sentence (in The Father Christmas Letters), GL = Gnomish Lexicon (in Parma Eldalamberon [PE] #11 – references are selective), QL = Qenya Lexicon (in Parma Eldalamberon #12 – references are again selective), VT = Vinyar Tengwar (PE and VT being journals publishing Tolkien material edited by C. Gilson, C.F. Hostetter, A.R. Smith, W. Welden and P. Wynne; please refer to the individual journals here referenced to determine which editors are involved in any given case), vb = verb, adj = adjective, interj = interjection, pa.t. = past tense, fut = future tense, perf = perfect tense, freq = frequentative form, inf = infinitive, gen = genitive, pl = plural form, sg = singular form. The spelling used in this wordlist is regularized (c for k except in a few names, x for ks, long vowels marked with accents rather than macrons or circumflexes; the diaeresis is used as in LotR). When s in a word represents earlier Þ (th as in "thing") and it should be spelt with the letter súlë instead of silmë in Tengwar writing (though Tolkien himself sometimes ignored or forgot this), this is indicated by (Þ) immediately following the word in question (e.g. sanda, sanya-; see ABIDE, ABIDING below).
Wordlist last updated December 17, 2008
A, AN (indefinite article) – no Quenya equivalent. Elen "star" may thus also be translated "a star" (LotR:94), Elda “Elf” is also the equivalent of “an Elf” (Letters:281). Sometimes Tolkien inserts “a” before a gloss to indicate that a noun rather than a verb is intended: rista “a cut” (RIS), vanta “a walk” (BAT). The word laurë Tolkien translated as “(a) golden light”, indicating that “a” has no equivalent in Quenya (VT49:47). The absence of the definite article i "the" usually indicates that the noun is indefinite (though there are exceptions – see THE). ABANDON hehta- (pa.t. hehtanë is given) (put aside, leave out, exclude, forsake) –WJ:365 ABHOR feuya-, yelta- (loathe); THE ABHORRED Sauron (Þ) –PHEW/VT46:9, Silm:418, VT45:11 ABIDE mar- (be settled of fixed) (fut. #maruva is attested: maruvan "I will abide"); ABIDE BY himya(cleave to, stick to, adhere); ABIDING sanda (Þ) (firm, true); LAW-ABIDING sanya (Þ) (regular, normal) (variant vorosanya with a prefixed element meaning "ever"). –UT:317/LotR:1003, KHIM/VT45:22, STAN/VT46:16 ABLE, BE; see BE ABLE ABOVE: According to VT44:26, Tolkien in one text glosses apa as "above but touching", but apa is normally taken as the preposition "after" instead. For "above", the preposition or "over" may be used. ABUNDANCE úvë; ABUNDANT úvëa (in a very great number), úmëa (swarming, teaming – but elsewhere a similar word is defined as "evil", so úvëa may be preferred), alya (rich, blessed, prosperous) –UB, VT48:32, GALA ABUSE (vb, evidently meaning to abuse verbally) naitya- (put to shame) –QL:65 ABYSS undumë –MC:222 cf. 215 ACCOMODATE camta- (sic; the cluster mt seems unusual for Quenya, and while the source does not explicitly say that this word is Quenya, it is difficult to understand what other language could be intended) (to [make] fit, suit, adapt) –VT44:14 ACCOUNT (noun) quentalë (history), lúmequenta (chronological account, history); HISTORICAL ACCOUNT quentasta (any particular arrangement, by some author, of a series of reconds or evidences into a given historical account – not History as such, which is quentalë) –KWET, LU, VT39:16 ACCURSED húna (cursed). –PE17:149 ACRE resta (sown field) –VT46:11 cf. RED ACROSS arta (athwart) (Note: arta also means "fort, fortress"; the word olla may be a better word for *“across” in Tolkien’s later forms of Quenya; see OVER) –LT2:335 ACT OF WILL nirmë –VT39:30 ACTOR tyaro (agent, doer) –KYAR ACTUAL anwa (real, true), nanwa (existing, true) –ANA, VT49:30 ACUTE tereva (fine, piercing); ACUTE, ACUTENESS laicë (In the printed Etymologies, a similar word is also the adjective "keen, sharp, acute", but according to VT45:25, this is a misreading; the final vowel of the adjective should be -a, not -ë. However, the conceptual validity of the adjective laica, and therefore
also the corresponding noun laicë, is questionable; see PIERCING.) –TER, LAIK ADAPT camta- (sic; the cluster mt seems unusual for Quenya; while the source does not explicitly say that this word is Quenya, it is difficult to understand what other language could be intended) (to [make] fit, suit, accomodate) –VT44:14 ADD napan-, yantya- (augment) –PE17:146, 15:68 ADHERE himya- (abide by, cleave to, stick to) –VT45:22, cf. KHIM ADHERING himba (sticking) –KHIM ADMIRAL ciryatur (only attested as the personal name Ciryatur of an admiral, but the word means *"ship-ruler") –UT:239 ADORN netya- (trim). (Note: netya is also an adj. "pretty, dainty".) SMALL THING OF PERSONAL ADORNMENT netil –VT47:33 ADULT (adj) vëa (manly, vigorous); ADULT MAN vëaner; ADULT MALE nér (ner-, as in. pl neri) (man) –WEG, DER ADÛNAKHOR Herunúmen –UT:222, Silm:322 AEGNOR Aicanáro (so in Silm:435 and PM:345; MR:323 has Aicanár) (Sharp Flame, Fell Fire) AFFECT #ap- (given as aorist stem apë) (to concern, to touch one) –VT44:26 AFFECTIONATE méla (loving) –VT39:10 AFFLICTED – be afflicted: moia- (labour). The participle *moiala may then be used to translate "afflicted" as an adjective, describing one who is "labouring" or toiling as a thrall. –VT43:31 AFTER apa (also attested in compounds like Apanónar, see below), #ep- (used in compounds when the second part of the compound begins with a vowel, only attested in epessë "after-name" – see NICKNAME.) This ep- is a shorter form of epë, which means “before” of spatial relationships but “after” of time (since the Eldar imagined time coming after their present as being before them, VT49:12); apa and epë may be seen as variants of the same word. Other variant forms of apa "after" include opo and pó/po (VT44:36, VT49:12). According to VT44:26, the preposition apa may also appear as pa, pá (cf. yéni pa yéni "years after years" in VT44:35), but pa/pá is in other manuscripts defined as "touching, as regards, concerning". THE AFTER-BORN Apanónar (sg #Apanóna) (i.e., an Elvish name of Men, according to WJ:387 "a word of lore, not used in daily speech") –Silm:122/WJ:387, UT:266 AGAIN ata; AGAIN (prefix) en-, (prefix) at-, ata- (back-, re-) (AT[AT]) AGAINST: According to VT44:26, Tolkien in some documents glosses apa or pá as "touching, against", but apa is normally the preposition "after" instead (see AFTER). The allative case in -nna is normally sufficient to express motion towards or against something. Possibly this ending can also take on the meaning of “against” with connotations of enmity and confrontation, as when the pl. allative valannar is used in the phrase *“made war on/against the Valar” (LR:47). AGE randa (cycle) (as in “the Third Age”; not the age of a person); AGES OF AGES yénion yéni –RAD, VT44:36 AGENT tyaro (actor, doer) –KAR AGILE tyelca (swift) –KYELEK AGO yá; LONG AGO andanéya, anda né (once upon a time) –YA, VT49:31 AGONY qualmë (death), unqualë (death; according to VT45:24, Tolkien changed this word to anqualë) –KWAL, VT45:5, 24, 36 AH (interj.) ai (alas) Ai! laurië lantar lassi Ah! golden fall the leaves (Nam) AIR vista (= air as substance); vilya older [MET] wilya (sky); vilma (lower air) (perhaps changed to vista, but vilma was not struck out in Etym); lindë (tune, song, singing); PUFF OF AIR hwesta (breeze, breath); UPPER AIRS AND CLOUDS fanyarë (skies), AIRY vilin (breezy) –WIS, WIL/LT1:273, LIN, SWES/LotR:1157, MC:223, LT1:273 ALAS (interj.) ai (ah) (Etym also gives a word nai, but this clashes with nai "be it that" in Namárië.); also orro or horro as an "exclamation of horror, pain, disgust: ugh, alas! ow!" –Nam/RGEO:66, NAY, VT45:17 ALIKE véla –VT49:10 ALIVE cuina; BEING ALIVE (noun not adj) cuilë (life) (LT1:257 gives coina, coirëa; see LIVING) –KUY ALL illi (as independent noun), also ilya (all of a particular group of things, the whole, each, every) (Note: ilya normally appears as ilyë before a plural noun: ilyë tier "abll paths"); ALLNESS, THE ALL ilúvë (the whole). According to early material, ALL THE... (followed by some noun) is rendered by i quanda, e.g. *i quanda cemen "all the earth; the whole earth". ALL THAT IS WANTED fárë, farmë (plenitude, sufficiency) –VT47:30, VT39:20, VT44:9, IL, Nam cf. RGEO:67, Silm:433/WJ:402, QL:70, PHAR/VT46:9 ALLOW lav- (yield, grant); NOT ALLOW TO CONTINUE nuhta- (stunt, prevent from coming to
completion, stop short) –DAB, WJ:413 ALONE (see also LONELY, SOLE) er (one, alone, only, but, still), eressë (singly, only, also as noun: solitude) –ERE, LT1:269 ALPHABET tengwanda –TEK ALSO yando –QL:104 ALTHOUGH (or "nothwithstanding") – Christopher Gilson argues that the word ómu occurring in an untranslated "Qenya" text could have this meaning (PE15:32, 37). If this interpretation is regarded as too uncertain, the idea expressed by phrases involving "(al)though" may be rephrased using ananta "and yet" (e.g. "although the house is small, we love it" > *i coa pitya ná, ananta melilmes = "the house is small, and yet we love it"). ALWAYS illumë (earlier variants of the relevant text also have vora and vorë, forms Tolkien may or may not have abandoned) –VT44:9 ALTOGETHER aqua (fully, completely, wholly) –WJ:392 *AMANIAN (only translated "of Aman" by Tolkien) amanya (which can also mean “blessed”, VT49:41). Cf. also Úmanyar, Úamanyar, Alamanyar "those not of Aman" (the Elves who started on the march from Cuiviénen but did not reach Aman; contrast the Avamanyar, another name of the Avari.) –WJ:411, 373, 370, MR:163 AMBIDEXTROUS ataformaitë (pl. ataformaiti is attested) –VT49:10 AMEN (Hebrew: "truly, certainly, may it be so") násië (another form, násan, was apparently abandoned by Tolkien) –VT43:24, 35 AMLOTH *Ambalotsë (Tolkien asterisked the word because it was not "attested", only a possible Quenya form of Amloth. See "UPRISING-FLOWER".) –WJ:318 AMONG imíca, mici; see also BETWEEN. –VT43:30 AMRAS Telufinwë (meaning "Last Finwë", not the equivalent in sense to his Sindarin name. The short form of his name was Telvo *"Last One". His mother-name [q.v.] was Ambarussa, but this name was not used in narrative.) –PM:353 AMROD Pityafinwë (meaning "Little Finwë", not the equivalent in sense to his Sindarin name. The short form of his name was Pityo *"Little One". His mother-name [q.v.] was Ambarto, or Umbarto, but these names were not used in narrative.) –PM:353 AN see A ANCIENT yára (old, belonging to or descending from former times) –YA AND ar. In the phrase eldain a fírimoin “to Elves and Men” (FS), ar is seemingly reduced to a before f, but contrast ar formenna *“and northwards” in VT49:26. (In Sauron Defeated p. ii, the word o is translated "and", but LotR, Silm and Etym all agree that the Quenya word for "and" is ar. A longer variant arë is mentioned in VT43:31.) A suffix meaning "and", -yë, occurs in the phrase Menel Cemenyë "heaven and earth" (VT47:11); this suffix is "normally used of pairs usually associated as Sun, Moon [*Anar Isilyë]; Heaven, Earth [Menel Cemenyë], Land, Sea [*Nór Eäryë], fire, water [*úr nenyë]" (VT47:31). AND YET a-nanta/ananta (but yet) –AR/Nam/FS, VT43:31, NDAN; the etymology of ar is discussed in VT47:31 ANGBAND Angamando (Iron-gaol) (so in MR:350 and Silm:428; Etym has Angamanda, or in deleted material Angavanda). –MR:350, Silm:428, MBAD, VT45:6 ANGELIC POWER Vala (pl. Valar or Vali, gen. pl. Valion is attested in Fíriel's Song); ANGELIC SPIRIT Ainu, f. Aini (holy one, god) –LotR:1157/BAL/FS, AYAN, LT1:248 ANGELN (island in the Danish peninsula) Eriollo –LT1:252 ANGER, ANGRY, see WRATH, WRATHFUL ANGROD Angaráto –Silm:428 ANIMAL #celva (only pl. celvar is attested, translated "animals, living things that move" in Silm appendix and WJ:341); laman (pl. lamni or lamani) ("usually only applied to four-footed beasts, and never to reptiles and birds"); MALE ANIMAL hanu (male) –Silm:52/53,/405:3AN, WJ:416 ANNOUNCEMENT canwa (order) –PM:362 ANOTHER enta (one more). (Note: a homophone means "that yonder"). See also OTHER. –VT47:15 ANYBODY – if anybody: aiquen (whoever); ANYONE mo (but this is also used as an impersonal pronoun “one”) –WJ.372, VT49:32 APPLE orva –PE13:116 APPROPRIATE (to a special purpose or owner) #sat- (set aside). The verb #sat- is cited in the form "sati-", evidently including the connecting vowel of the aorist, as in *satin "I appropriate". –VT42:20 APRIL Víressë –LotR:1144/1146
Silm:324 AR-PHARAZÔN Tar-Calion (and. is also defined “as” in one text (VT49:18). production). excluding. see KINGSFOIL. but this is apparently rendered obsolete by a later word in Tolkien’s conception: In Etym.) TRUNCATED ARM. –UT:396. STUMP. troop) –LT2:340 ARNOR Arnanor. The longer variant sívë appears to introduce a comparison with something that is near to the point or thought of the speaker.AR-ADÛNAKHOR Tar-Herunúmen –UT:222.72 ARRIVE: The verb ten. Tolkien subsequently changed ten. 38. maquentë is transparently quentë "said" with the interrogative element ma [PM:357] prefixed. in Tengwar spelling the initial nasal should therefore be represented by the letter Noldo). Silm:324. Silm:322 AR-BELZAGAR Tar-Calmacil –UT:222 AR-GIMILZÔR Tar-Telemnar –UT:223 AR-INZILADÛN Tar-Palantir –UT:223. –RAK ARMY hossë (band. (The word is spelt “ñúle” in the source. 256 ASGARD Valinor. VT45:24 AR-SAKALTHÔR Tar-Falassion –UT:223 AR-ZIMRAPHEL Tar-Míriel –UT:224. VT49:22 ASCENT rosta.is used for this meaning in one source (present tense téna “is on point of arrival. THEL ASTRONOMER meneldil –Letters:386 AT sé.(gather. Other attested forms are tenë (aorist. GO ATHWART tara. 365 *ASK #maquet. The question itself is translated "What is the coimas of the Eldar?". Valinórë (Tolkien actually uses this gloss of Valinor. MC:223 ASSOCIATE (noun) otorno (sworn brother) osellë (Þ) (sworn sister) –TOR.t. as in the pl. The locative case may also express “at”. ASLEEP lorna –LOS ASSEMBLE (transitive) comya. –KU3 ARCTURUS (a star) Morwinyon (said to mean "the glint at dusk" or "glint in the dark") –LT1:260 ARE see BE ARGON Aracáno –PM:345 ARM ranco (stem *rancu-. VT43:12. as in Tolkien's translation of one line from the Lord's Prayer: cemendë tambë Erumandë "on earth as in heaven" ("heaven" being remote – we may theorize that "in heaven as [here] on earth" would translate as *Erumandë sívë cemendë. Arnanórë ("royal land") –Letters:428 ARRANGEMENT pano (plan). Tar-culu?) –UT:224. fortress"). NOTE: a homophone sívë means "peace". 34. pa.g.(gather). 67. Furthermore. AS USUAL ve senwa (also ve senya. se (the form with a long vowel may be preferred since se is apparently also a 3rd person pronoun) (in). BLACK ARTS núlë (sorcery). 347 . Note: the word also means “piece of shaped wood”. future tenuva “will arrive”. lúmissen “at the times”. but undoubtedly means "asked": 'Mana i·coimas in·Eldaron?' maquentë Elendil [PM:403]. –Nam/RGEO:66. related to the relative ya “which”. touching). as Asgard is the City of the Gods in Norse mythology) –LT1:272 ASIDE – stand aside! heca! – also with pronominal affixes: sg hecat. hosta. PE17:125 ARTIFICIAL CAVE hróta (dwelling underground. VT49:47 ATHELAS (a healing plant) asëa. perfect eténië. –VT43:30. VT44:26. but see USUAL). collect) –PE17:158. tennë “arrived. –VT49:23-24 ARROW pilin (pilind-. AS REGARDS pa. 1st person tenin). whereas tambë introduces a comparison with something remote. pl.(cross) –LT2:335. –PE148 ATHWART arta (across) (Note: arta also means "fort. Silm:324 AR-ZIMRATHÔN Tar-Hostamir –UT:222 ARCH cú (crescent).to men-. rockhewn hall) –PM:365 AS (prep) ve (like). except) –WJ:364.t. ASCENSION orosta –LT1:267. pl hecal "you stay aside!" (be gone!) LEAVING ASIDE hequa (not counting. is just coming to the end”). e.(only pa. rá is glossed "lion". but the latter is elsewhere ascribed the meaning “go”. so the rest must be "Elendil asked". reflecting the older pronunciation. pá (concerning. The word yan. pilindi) –PÍLIM ART Carmë (making. ranqui) (LT2:335 gives rá [there spelt râ]. The word is not translated. maquentë is attested. –QL. reached” (“usually used with locative not allative”: tennen sís “I arrive[d] here”). see STUB. as an experimental form. since "earth" would represent the position of the speaker).) ASK FOR – see DEMAND.
valya "having (divine) authority or power". person. 1145/Silm:439/LT1:254.(so in LT1:257. scoop out) –KALPA BALL coron (stem #corn-. contrast PAR BARN FOWL porocë (hen) –PE16:132 BASE sundo (Þ) (root. bark. Valaraucar. mean" under SPAY in the Etymologies. VT39:6.is also a verb “thwart”. requite. See also GO AWAY. Letters:382 AVENGE ahtar. ata.AUGER teret (gimlet) –LT1:255 AUGMENT (vb. troop) –LT2:340 BANK (esp. react. BABY winë (stem *wini-. also see BACKWARDS. WJ:399/402 AUTUMN yávië (harvest – in the Calendar of Imladris. again-). . Cf. and this is equated with Q faica. it was used only of the Valar themselves (WJ:404). Compare ulca "evil". It is stated that the "Qenya" cognate of this Gnomish word occurs in the name Aikaldamor – i. back. *vincë). UT:302/470 AUTHORITY Máhan (pl Máhani is given. The Gnomish fêg is glossed "bad" in GL:34. stiff. difficult). NAR/KWAL. Note: hranga. possibly reflecting an alternative form *Valarauca) (so in the Silmarillion – in Etym the Quenya form of Sindarin balrog is malarauco. –AT(AT). Also spelt lasse-lanta with a hyphen). obsoleting the old etymology. while LT1:250 gives Malcaraucë) –Silm:35/425/439. the following:) AWAKENING (noun) cuivië (obsoleting coivië in LT1:257). narquelion ("firefading" – this word from Fíriel's Song and Etym seems to correspond to narquelië in LotR. talma (foundation. BAL. #sundar. Oar is used of movement only. glossed "contemptible. –MR:350. ground). with "book. put together".or accar. oar (viewed from the point of view of the thing.in Tolkien's later Quenya? Cf. 185 AWAY oa. see BEHIND. AWAKENING (adj) cuivëa –KUY/Silm:429 AWKWARD hranga (hard.(do back. RUK BAND nossë (army. root-word) (pl. root).(draw water. also DO BACK ahtar. 26. isolated from Tarmasundar in UT:166). AWNING teltassë –GL:70 AXE pelecco –LT2:346 <B> BABE lapsë. but the latter is the name of the month corresponding to our October. harvest". shoulders". BACK. PE17:166. writings" as the secondary meaning. also adj. requite) –PE17:166 AVENUE OF TREES aldëon –LT1:249 AWAKE coiva. cornen) (globe) –KOR BALROG Valarauco (pl. 1144. wincë (Exilic *vinicë. 137.e. as in "I went away". but Vala obviously cannot be used to translate "authority" in general. Also winimo (Exilic *vinimo) or winicë. read *cuiva. cf. used of the beginning of winter or as a synonym of quellë. –WJ:366 cf. but the word was also used without any exact definition). –PE17:154.) But this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya.or accar. VT48:7 BACK (noun) pontë (ponti-) (rear) (QL:75) LT2:338 mentions a Gnomish word alm. or place left). *vini-). VT47:10. Note: Máhan means *"Supreme One" rather than "authority" as an abstract.(prefix). These terms were also used in children's play for "little finger" or "little toe".sg. Tolkien once stated that Valar should strictly be translated "the Authorities" (MR:350).(react.) yantya.(prefix) at-.–MBAS BALE OUT calpa. DAT. 361. as in *nanquerna “turned back” –NDAN. –LotR:1142. but this word may be obsoleted by yávië. in another source defined as "child not yet fully grown". –LT2:346. talan (talam-) (floor. lasselanta ("leaf-fall". of river) ráva –RAMBÁ BARK (noun) – Tolkien originally thought that parma "book" really meant "skin.) LT1:273 has yávan "autumn. FS. cuivë.(re-. hence implying that sundo was originally Þundo). parchment". We are not told whether Máhan could or should be applied to a non-divine authority (at least it should not be capitalized if so used). yávië was a precisely defined period of 54 days.. Cf. WJ:384 BACKWARDS nan. BAKE masta. UT has Úrimë) –LotR:1144. BASE-STRUCTURE sundocarmë (Þ) –SUD (but VT46:16 indicates that Tolkien changed the root to STUD. Exilic Quenya *vinë. said to mean "the broad of the back from shoulder to shoulder. THOSE WHO GO BACK Nandor (Elves that left the March from Cuiviénen) AT BACK OF PLACE. see FADING. as in dat. –LAP. VT49:20 BAD olca (wicked) (VT43:24). avenge).(add) –PE15:68 AUGUST Urimë (so in LotR. but seems perfectly regular). these forms represent older at-kar-. #aldamo or #aldamor? (Aldama appears as a word for "shoulder" in PE13:109. Máhani was adopted from Valarin and originally probably referred to the Valar themselves. But in Etym parma is derived from a stem meaning "compose.
MAY IT BE SO. i Eru i or ilyë mahalmar ëa “the One who is above all thrones” (UT:305). first written as anáyë). falassë (shore. Present tense ná “is” (Nam). Also attested with various pronominal endings: nányë/nanyë “I am”.. though some of this was struck out.g. 10. purification) –QL:86 BATTER palpa.. According to VT49:29. pl. of this verb is engë. MC:221/222/223. The negation lá can be inflected for time “when verb is not expressed”. Tense-forms given: (aorist) lanyë “I do not. anes “(s)he/it was” (VT49:28).. lertan quetë "I can/may speak” (because I am free to do so. that it is already happening (VT49:39: nai Eru lye mánata “God bless you” or *”may God be blessing you”). LT:343 BATHING (noun) sovallë (washing. né “was” cannot receive pronominal endings (though nésë “he was” is attested elsewhere. the other forms are cited without pronominal suffixes: present laia.WJ:319. physical or other). cf. with reference to existence rather than being a mere copula. uin(yë) “I am not”.. The form na may be used as imperative (na airë "be holy". “I can do it” (it is possible for me to do it). *uis *”(s)he is not” and uilmë *”we are not” are cited in a document dating from about 1968.be to God". nar “are”). Nam/RGEO:67. This nai can be combined with a verb to express a hope that something will happen (Nam: nai hiruvalyë Valimar. nalmë “we are” (VT49:27. 30). náner/nér and dual nét “were” (VT49:6. Silm:431.Silm:21/391. hence e. Some forms listed in VT49:27 are perhaps intended as aorist forms (nain “I am”. It has a more absolute meaning than ná. imperative na is short for á na with the imperative particle included. –VT49:27-34. istan quetë “I can/know how to speak” (I have learnt language). According to PE17:58. By one interpretation. –LT1:253. VT49:27.(VT41:6). nalmë *“we are”. VT49:29. na with a short vowel represents the aorist (VT49:27). TAL.t. pa.(beat) –PALAP BAY (small and landlocked) hópa (haven. pl hecal "you be gone!" (stand aside!) – WJ:364 BEACH falas (falass-). ná “is”. The monosyllable ú is used for “was not” in one text. – Ná "is" appears with a short vowel (na) in some sources. PHAL/LT2:339. ecuva nin carë sa “I may do that” (in the future). nouns or pronouns “in statements (or wishes) asserting (or desiring) a thing to have certain quality. úmë. VT43:34/An Introduction to Elvish:5. respectively). am not" (1st pers. but its status in LotR-style Quenya is uncertain.t. or to be the same as another” (VT49:28)."to love". and what would be the subject in English appears in the dative case instead: Ecë nin carë sa. násë “(s)he is”.g. there being no obstacle of promise. alcar. VT44:34). harbour) –KHOP BE: Quenya uses forms of ná as the copula used to join adjectives. FS. UGU/UMU. past lánë. nassë *”(s)he is”. VT42:34. polin quetë “I can speak” (because mouth and tongue are free). VT46:15 BEAR (vb) #col. naityë/nailyë “you are”). pa. "exists". Another way of expressing “can” involves the verb ec-. pl. The pa. VT43:14. but writers should probably maintain the long vowel to avoid confusion with the imperative na (and with the wholly distinct preposition na "to"). this imperative na is apparently incorporated in the word nai "be it that" (misleading translation "maybe" in LotR). VT49:28-29). am not”. dual nát (VT49:30). ista. falas. as in tanomë nauvan “I will be there” (VT49:19). melindo "lover").(to be physically able). perfect alaië. alternative form uva only in VT49:30) Perfect anaië “has been” (VT49:27. secrecy. the verb lerta. 30).(know how to.(verb stem isolated from #colindo "bearer". future euva. mel. nar or nár ”are" (PE15:36.(be free to do. the gloss would suggest that návë may also be regarded as a gerund. VT49:19.may however be usual before pronominal suffixes. It may also denote a position. PE17:68 mentions návë “being” as a “general infinitive” form. fára (shore). VT49:13 BE ABLE (and the English present tense can) is expressed by various verbs: pol. 27. imperative ala. VT43:38. or duty). NOT DO: Also attested is the negative copula uin and umin "I do not. anen “I was”. “may you find Valimar”) or if the verb is in the present rather than the future tense. It may also be used (with prepositional phrases) to denote a position: i ëa han ëa “[our Father] who is beyond [the universe of] Eä” (VT43:12-14). "let it be". Pa. "it is". worn". perfect engië or rarely éyë. nás “it is”. alá.can be used in much the same sense as pol.na Erun "glory. future lauva. – The word ëa is variously translated "is". hresta (ablative hrestallo is attested). Where the absence of a physical restraint is considered. uil(yë) *“you are not”. e. forms like ui “it is not”. VT49:30 however lists aorist forms with no intruding i (nanyë *“I am”. – Fíriel's Song contains a word ye "is" (compare VT46:22). nalyë or natyë “you (sg. nalyë *”thou art”. sintë). – VT49:20. line of surf). BEAR FRUIT yavin .t.) are” (polite and familiar. see AMEN. 34 BE GONE! heca! – also with pronominal affixes: sg hecat. – NOT BE.t. nánë or né “was”. 30). lerta. the past participle colla "borne. aorist). The short form na. TALAM. #Colcan also be translated *"wear" [of clothes]. there being no restraint. Future tense nauva "will be" (VT42:34. According to VT49:31. and such endings are rather added to the form ane-. Cf. anel “you were”.
etc. Nostari was changed from ontari in Tolkien's first draft [see SD:73].g.v. STAB BEE nier (honey-bee). followed by dative.in favour of nosta-?) –SD:73. right) (nominal pl vanimar "beautiful ones" and partitive plural genitive vanimálion are attested). BEHALF – on behalf of: rá. *cennelmet nó té cenner mé “we saw them before they saw us”. so he may have scrapped ontaro. cf.) –SPÁNAG BEARER #colindo (only attested in the pl compound cormacolindor "Ring-bearers") –LotR:989. Letters:308 BEAST (wild beast) hravan –PE17:78 BEAT palpa. cf. onta. pó (VT49:12) BEGET nosta. LotR:1017 cf. the first person aorist savin is given). According to MR:49. ONO. the gloss in VT42:32). VT44:7. úvanëa –BAN. ontarë in favour of #nostar [or m. in LotR-style Quenya it would be a dative).) epë (VT44:38. Eälar are spirits whose natural state it is to exist without a physical body. ESE/ESET BEGOTTEN – see FIRST-BEGOTTEN.t. Tolkien often employs the 1st person aorist when mentioning a verb in his wordlists. LR:202. The latter may be the name used in Exilic Quenya. Dative pronouns may be directly suffixed to rá: "for us" or "on behalf of us" is also attested in the one-word form rámen. q.) (parent). 33 BEHIND ca. fernë (pl. Not used with a person as object (in the sense of believing that this person tells the truth). SLIN.(glossed "give birth" in earlier sources). ónë or ontanë) (create). caimassëa (sick). *nostaro. WITHOUT BEAUTY úvanë.Pl. Balrogs. LT1:254.(batter) –PALAP BEAUTIFUL vanya (Note: a homophone verb means "disappear"). the form nostari "begetters. Of time the word means “after” (cf. (In LotR. –MR:165 BEING ALIVE (noun) cuilë –KUY BELEGOST Túrosto (Mickleburg) –WJ:389 BELERIAND Hecelmar. Beleriand was also called Ingolondë "Land of the Gnomes [Noldor]". reports. e. cata. since the Eldar imagined future time (time that comes after the present) as being “before” them (see AFTER).(which must mean *"I bear fruit". To “believe in” someone meaning “believe that (s)he tells the truth” can . LYING IN BED (noun) caila (bedridden. caimasambi). MR:385. e. The cognate of Sindarin "Beleriand" is #Valariandë. The later word yesta would suggest that he changed the stem in question to *YES. Neo-Quenya writers should use fanga. VT39:14 BECAUSE. ?sickness). derived from a stem ESE. VT49:12). used of spatial relationships. with a noun. but this early word may be obsolete in LotR-style Quenya.) –LotR:989.) –PE17:120. Letters:308 and MEL. Letters:308. cana (also glossed "at back of place") –VT43:20 BEHOLD cen. LT1:273 BEAR (noun) morco –MORÓK BEARD fanga (obsoleting vanga in GL:21. ESET that was marked with a query by Tolkien because esse also means “name”. BEFORE of time may instead be expressed by nó (VT49:32). stem #yav-. ÑGOLOD BELIEVE sav-. IN FRONT OF (of spatial relationships) opo. This verb is used = “believe (that statements. for us". sg #nostar.) –VT43:27. LotR:1017 cf. ferni in both cases) (LT2:343 gives neldor "beech".(see) (future tense cenuva is attested) –MC:222 BEING ëala (spirit). name or pronoun as object.g. Heceldamar (lit. ontarë or ontari (f. –WJ:365. Letters:308 BEGINNING yesta (In the Etymologies there also appeared the word esse.(pa. as in the example rá men "on behalf of us. are) true. GL:34 has fangë "long beard". only the form Valarianden is attested (a genitive formation from an earlier "Qenya" variant. linda (beautiful/fair of sound. accept as fact” (VT49:27.). see SINCE BED caima. ëalar is attested. proper. *YESET.) This is said to be the name for Beleriand used "in the language of the loremasters of Aman". BEAUTY vanessë. *nostarë???] Did he also reject the verb onta. LT1:272. Maiar means "the Beautiful". BEDRIDDEN caila (lying in bed. (Note: rá is also a noun "lion". ?sickness) – KAY/VT45:19.) –PHER BEECHEN ferinya –PHÉREN BEFORE (prep. vanima (fair. also ontar with gender-specific forms ontaro (m. BEGETTER #nostar (see note below). *"home of the Eglath". For “before” as an independent adverb (= “formerly”). f. as in pl. nion –GL:60 BEECH feren. 28. VT45:27). noa (see FORMER). calwa. whereas GL:63 gives poa. parents" occurs. BEFORE. adj. sav. BEDCHAMBER caimasan (Þ) (#caimasamb-. it may be best to use yá “formerly” or derive an adverb *noavë from the adj. traditions. but in Quenya this is the name of an order of spirits and cannot be used as a general adjective.implies “I believe that he/she/it really exists/existed”. MR:49.
Elided imb' is attested in the phrase imb' illi "among all". VT49:24 BITTER sára –SAG BLACK morë (stem mori-. sara (Þ) (stiff dry grass) –MC:223. See GREAT. deprive of liberty) –VT41:5. Cf. BLACKBERRY piucca (only glossed "berry" in GL:64). as in compounds like Moriquendi). STAR BERRY piucca –GL:64 (glossed "blackberry" in LT2:347) BERYL. morqua. lindo (= "singer". (anwë >) armë *“beside us” (exclusive). not "bird" in general). BLACKNESS mórë (darkness. cúna "bent". whereas imbë is used before dual forms. cauca (crooked.v. singing bird). humped).be paraphrased as (for instance) savin Elesarno quetië “I believe in Elessar’s words” (lit. imbë met "between us". in Tengwar spelling .(does the final hyphen suggest that the latter form is used as prefix. –MEL. RAYAK. Other combinations: BIG BOY see BOY. túra (great) (PE17:115). Genuine prepositions meaning “beyond” are han. astyë *”beside you” (intimate sg. ava (outside) –Nam. In menel acúna "the heavens bending" the word is used intransitively.(see ELF-STONE) BESIDE ara. a fragrant evergreen tree brought to Númenor by the Eldar. reflecting the older pronunciation. SMAL.is glossed "beget". list. see BEND). –SD:68.) – LT1:272 BITE (vb) nac. q.as prefix. MC:222. arwë *“beside us” (inclusive). with no noun following. somewhat like *"inter-"?) –Nam/RGEO:67. GIVE BIRTH nosta. but also applied to the case of three persons" [VT47:11]. restrain. etc. (astë >) artë *”beside them”. elenillor pella "from beyond the stars").“slay”. The pluralized form imbi implies "among" of several things (ancalima imbi eleni "brightest among stars"). – VT49:27-28 BELL nyellë –NYEL BELLIED #cumba (isolated from sauricumba "foulbellied"). Also (as noun) used as the name of the healing plant called in Sindarin athelas. VT43:14.v. imbi may also be used in the sense of "between" before two singular nouns connected by "and" (as in the example imbi Menel Cemenyë "between heaven and earth"). though it is not the regular word in decimal counting: neither word must be confused with the verb nahta. VT47:11. this may or may not be a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. *elessarn. filit (pl filici) (Note: both aiwë and filit are stated to mean "small bird". speaking). –AR. BLACK FOE Moringotto (the oldest [MET] form was Moriñgotho) (Morgoth). wrong). series. cúna is also used as a verbal stem. like or unlike one another. With different prononimal suffixes in VT49:25: (anni >) arni *”beside me”. apparently implying that imbit by itself means *"between the two". in more abstract sense: avalerya.(derived from the adj. This adjective may point to *cumbo or something similar as the likely word for "belly". as in the examples imbë siryat "between two rivers". barrier. BENT cúna (curved. BITE (noun) nahta (note: a homophone means "eighteen". –AIWĒ. kindly) (so according to a late note where the word is derived from *ATHAYA). arsë *”beside him/her”. 2) enel (used for "between" = "at the central position in a row. see MC:223. cut”). BLACK ARTS núlë (sorcery). ambalë. LIN BIRTH. morna. 72 BELOVED melda (dear. night).). also ar. nessamelda. BIG DIPPER see SICKLE OF THE VALAR BIND (see TIE).). HUGE. allë *“beside you” (intimate sg. The form imbit is said to be a "dualized form" expressing "between two things" when "these are not named" (VT47:30).) –WJ:389 BIRD aiwë. "in the sense 'among' before plurals [imbë] is usually pluralized > imbi even when a plural noun follows". BLACKHANDED morimaitë. PHILIK. (anwet >) armet *“beside us” (dual exclusive). or anything intervening between two other things. possibly elessar. under) –UNU BENEFICIAL asëa (Þ) (helpful. ammalë (= yellow bird). LT1:273 also has wilin.) –MC:222/223 cf. the same verb is said to mean “hew. BIG TOE see TOE. nosta. (astë) > ardë *””beside you” (pl. This preposition refers to the position of a thing between others of the same kind). UT:456 BELT quilta (girdle) –QL:78 BELZAGAR Calmacil –UT:222 BEND #cúna. 3) mitta.). LT1:257. (The word is spelt “ñúle” in the source. As pointed out by Patrick Wynne. 215 BENEATH undu (down. *"beloved of Nessa". VT45:6 BIER tulma –LT1:270 BIG hoa (large). VT49:25 BETWEEN 1) imbi (dual imbë).(but in late material.(but in later sources. sweet).(make fast. raica (crooked. The word was used of the Petty-dwarves. q. VT43:30 BEYOND pella (a postposition in Quenya: Andúnë pella "beyond the West". space. 30. BIRTHDAY nosta. 6 BIPED #attalya (Only pl Attalyar is attested.) –NAK. This is "between" referring to a gap.
The passive participle aistana "blessed" (see below) argues the existence of a verbal stem #aista. WJ:399. 27-28."bless"."say. sg.the initial nasal should therefore be represented by the letter Noldo).(so in LT1:272. luini in Nam. for "blue" Etym and LT1:262 have lúnë. since manna is apparently also the questionword "whither?". GAL. The word calambar. where this word refers to the Virgin (VT43:27-28. on the other hand. –MOR. but since this word comes from early material where it was intended to be related to Valar "Happy/Blessed Ones". manaquenta or manquenta. speak". 72. 3EL."to bless". free from evil" – Aman was "chiefly used as the name of the land where the Valar dwelt" [WJ:399]. BLISS almië. its conceptual validity may be doubted because Tolkien later reinterpreted Valar as "the Powers" and dropped the earlier etymology). where a single sound has been expanded into two different elements while maintaining a unitary effect and significance. or m being strengthened to mb. ninwa. who are "blessed" in the sense of having their holiness recognized and respected. (Cited in the form tapë. –VT39:9 BLESS manya.) The continuative form mánata (*”is blessing”) does according to Carl F. MAN/MANAD. this may be the meaning of the word in linguistic terminology only. PALE BLUE helwa. –TAP/VT46:17 BLOOD sercë (so according to Silm appendix. LT2:347. and as an adjective “blessed” the word may add an adjectival ending: amanya. it may be permissible to use it for "blend" in more general senses as well. LT1:262. rich). apparently literally *“light-fated”. is possibly incomplete: read manquenta?) (VT44:10-11) The most purely "spiritual" term is possibly the word aistana. 23 . Etym has yár [yar-]) –Silm:437. ostimi is attested). Hostetter imply an aorist stem *manta (VT49:52). these forms seemingly referring to someone who is "blessed" in the sense that people speak well of this person (a third form from the same source. LT1:271 BLEND (noun) ostimë (pl.primarily describe something free from evil: Cf. 3 pers sg aorist. also seems to mean “blessed” (VT49:41). "BLESSINGS". LT1:260. VT49:41). LotR:1015/SD:68. lugni). mána "blessed" in Fíriel's Song (referring to the Valar) and the alternative form manna in VT43:19 [cf. Aman is the apparent Quenya equivalent of “the Blessed Realm” (allative Amanna is attested. must be either *val or *valdë) (happiness. MR:194. "we shall praise [or bless] them". fate.). and herenya are adjectives that may also have worldly connontations. see BOON. LT1:258 BLOT motto –MBOTH BLUE luinë (pl. UR. a blaze”). 30).(peer) –MC:223 BLOCK #tap. "where to?") The forms manaquenta or manquenta also include the man. Alya. (verb:) urya. laita. also BLESSED BEING Manwë (name of the King of the Valar). RUS BLAZE (noun:) ruinë (“a fire. BLESSING (a boon. KHER. both luinë and lúnë would be expected to have stem-forms in –i. used for "blessed" in Tolkien's translation of the Hail Mary. LT1:272. The pa.(“sc. However.(stop). 30 BLIGHT yaru (gloom) –GL:37 BLINK tihta. BLESSED alya. However. BLESSEDNESS vald. several words that must be derived from the same stem occur in LotR. mandë (doom.being turned ito st-. the latter with pronominal endings: laituvalmet. see above concerning its precise application. VT43:19. almarë. fortune) –LotR:989 cf Letters:308. final end. fortunate. but this verb seems etymologically connected to airë "holy" and should probably only be used with reference to more or less "divine" persons (aistana refers to the Virgin Mary in the source). rich. This term refers to a kind of "strengthened" elements within a stem. a good or fortunate thing). Letters:283. BLESSEDNESS. misreading "tápe" with a long vowel in the Etymologies as printed in LR: see VT46:17). indicating that Tolkien restored it. VT45:32] (in VT45 referring to the Virgin Mary. souch as s. nom. ulban (adopted from Valarin. herenya (wealthy. abundant). VT48:18. either to afford grace or help or to wish it”.given the primitive form luini. the form mána may be preferred for clarity. LUG. but it is combined with a derivative (passive participle?) of the verbal stem quet. (sword blade:) †russë (corruscation) –LT2:342. VT49:41). Aistana is apparently not an independent adjective (like alya. so the Quenya word would have the stem-form luininci-) –VT48:24. Cf.root. manque.) BLAZING HOT úrin (Úrin also being a name of the Sun) –PE17:183. tampë is given.t. YAR BLOSSOM (white) lossë. only used in Vanyarin Quenya). almárëa. the forms derived from the root man. Nam/LT2:340. ("of flowers in bunches or clusters":) *lohtë (emended from the actual reading loktë because Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya.(praise) (Imperative a laita and future #laituva are attested. PE17:125 BLADE hyanda (share). BLUISH *luinincë (given in archaic form luininki. VT49:26). but rather the passive participle of a verb #aista. also aman ("blessed. FINAL BLISS manar. apparently often used with reference to one who is "blessed" with material possessions or simply has good luck. almárëa (prosperous.) –LOT.(The stem this verb is derived from was struck out in Etym. mána etc.
salpa. VT49:39.(pa. LT1:292. vérë (troth. unless this is the only one. see ENTRAILS BOWL tolpo. cú (also = crescent Moon). MC:223 BOSS OF SHIELD tolmen (isolated round hill) –LT1:269 BOTH yúyo (also prefix yú. LotR:1154. *canwë). –NUT. Hence the exclamation yé mána (ma) = “what a blessing. one of the other words from the same source. BODY-IMPULSE hroafelmë (impulses provided by the body. physical fear. masta "bread").or coimast-.t.BOAT luntë. though not clearly glossed by Tolkien.(past participle rácina "broken" is attested). later Tolkien apparently presupposed that older lb becomes either lv or is preserved as lb in Quenya). LT1:256. hroar is attested. #salpë (isolated from tanyasalpë "Bowl of Fire"). 72. KWIG.g. No Quenya adjectives end in –o. ríma (edge. TRUNCATED BRANCH. BREAK APART terhat. WED BONE axo (pl axor is attested) –MC:222. –VT43:18.t. oath). BIG BOY yonyo (son. Ilweran. this term is also used for "middle finger" or "middle toe" in children's play). dish) –LUT. in Tolkien's later conception it would be difficult to account for w in this position. Etym has olwa. BODILY sarcuva (corporeal – this is "Qenya"). changed from sincahondo in an earlier draft – but at that time Tolkien had already omitted quingatelco and hence did not change its ending: See SD:72. BREAK ASUNDER hat. of col.) –VT47:35. but probably this should also be *olva according to the phonology Tolkien used later (notice that the w of the Etym form is to be derived from older b.“break asunder” is uncertain. LT1:254 BODY hroa (pl. and we should perhaps read *cav. VT46:23. Read *quingatelca for "bow-legged"? Cf. dual] book”. SMALL BOAT venë (vessel. #caw. bosom of earth). Tolkien notes that hroa is "roughly but not exactly equivalent to 'body'" [as opposed to "soul"]. lúva. hem) –REG. SD 68. hantë) – but in earlier material. KAN BOLSTER nirwa (cushion) –NID BOND nútë (knot). as in yúyo má “both hand(s)” –YŪ. aorist.) BOWLEGGED quingatelco (So it is translated.) –YUL cf."twi-"). Hroa is also used = "physical matter"). KU3. VT46:13. Nam BREAD massa ( masta. LT2:347. also attested with suffixes: parmastanna “upon [-nna] your [-sta. LT1:257.(pa. hat. 47 BOON: The wod mána is said to mean “any good or fortunate thing. e. RĪ BORN #nóna (isolated from Apanónar. sexual desire) –MR:216. VT49:10 BOUND nauta (obliged) –NUT BOTTLE olpë –QL:69 BOW (vb) luhta. used of some thing/person/event that helps or amends an evil or difficulty”). she having the right to keep or give away lembas bread). BOW (noun) quinga. cf. LT1:271 BOWELS.(Note: a homophone means "enchant"). 1st pers. hunger. GÓLOB BRAND yulma (Note: a homophone means "cup". massa. DEAD BODY loico (corpse). LIFE-BREAD (= lembas) coimas (either *coimass. compact.with pa.) massánië (title of the "Lady" or the highest among the elvenwomen of any people."bear") (worn). 13 BOLD verya. but this word was obsoleted when Tolkien changed the meaning of ilu from "sky" to "universe". 15 BRANCH *olva (PM:340 actually gives olba. BREAD-GIVER (fem.t. but this must really be a noun: "bow-leg" [quinga + telco]. –PM:340.meant “fling”. 223 BOOK parma (writings). margin).(cited in source as cawin "I bow". Since the status of hat. a grace. BOLDNESS verië –BER. 460. sincahonda. –MR:385 BOSOM palúrë (surface. a boon or ‘blessing’. cúnë (crescent). MC:223. appears to be the masculine form of a word for "child". Ilweranta (LT2:348 has iluquinga "skybow". MBAS. –SEL-D-. see FAIR #2 for further discussion). VT47:10. 253 BOX colca –QL:37 BOY: the word seldo. and Tolkien may have restored that meaning (see FLING). a form that can only occur in the variant of Quenya that uses lb for lv). since the root is GÓLOB. PM:404 BREAK (vb) rac. what a good thing!” (VT49:41) BORDER réna (edge. Silm:406/429. the alternative . being esp. LT2:346. VT41:19 cf. Also used as a noun = "vestment. In MR:330. thirst. *BOOK-FAIR #parma-resta (attested with suffixes: parmarestalyanna *”upon your book-fair”. terhantë). –PAR/UT:219. fion (goblet – but this word reappears with the unrelated meaning “hawk” in later material) –PE16:142.p. STUMP. canya. Yúyo is followed by a “singular” or uninflected noun. súma (hollow cavity) –PAL. VT39:30/VT47:35. the "Afterborn") –Silm:122/381 BORNE colla (pa. cloak". RAINBOW helyanwë ("sky-bridge"). BOOK LANGUAGE (=Quenya) parmalambë. see STUB. 219.
associate". The passive participle #carna *"built. colloquial hanno (in children's play.(cited as carin "I make. puff of air). yanta (yoke) –YAT. cf. LT1:273 BRICK telar –PM13:153 BRIDE indis (wife) (This word may obsolete akairis in LT1:252. terrible.(pa. BREATHE (vb) súya. fell. Indiss. BROAD SWORD lango (also = prow of ship). wooden hall. radiance). In the Etymologies. In Fíriel's Song.“to burst” may be extrapolated. –PE16:82 BREASTPLATE ambassë (hauberk) –QL:30 BREATH (noun) hwesta (breeze. BUDDING see SPRING-TIME. *i ciryar uryar "the ships burn/are burning"). puff of air). ampano (= especially building of wood. BUILDER samno (Þ) (carpenter.form #ascat. –DUB BURLY polda (strong) –POL BURN usta.may be preferred by writers.(transitive. A different word for "brother" occurs in the Etymologies: toron (pl. UT:284/432 BROKEN rácina –MC:223 BROOCH tancil (pin) –TAK BROOD luvu. (QL:55). A verb #ruv. but the alternative form pl. aorist – according to FS and SD:246 the past tense is cárë. indissi given). BREEZY vilin (airy) –SWES. –NDIS/UT:8.g. Note: a homophone means "hair". but this is probably obsoleted by aica "sharp. BREATH FORTH see EXPIRE. The form usta.(lower) –LT1:259 BROOK nellë (GL:46 has wentë) –NEN BROTHER háno. build". tarunco (see OX) –LT2:347 BUNCH loxë (cluster). this is a preposition “after”. otorno "sworn brother. umpano in VT45:36 sems to be a variant form). BREATHER Súlimo (Þ) (a title of Manwë. In Tolkien's drafts for a Quenya version of the Lord's Prayer. this word should appear as *andumna because d was the initial sound of the original root. STAB BULL tarucco. see BLOSSOM. TAK.g. see VT46:11). but elsewhere. e. made" is attested in Vincarna *"newly-made" in MR:305.) BUILDING car (card-) (house).(pl. ominous). this is the literal meaning according to Silm:420). Combined with the superlative prefix an-. LotR:1157. urya. otornassë (the latter is evidently the "brotherhood" of otornor. LotR:1157 BRILLIANCE alcar. súlë (Þ) (spirit) (earlier [MET] form thúlë = Þúlë). hanno is also used = middle finger). we should perhaps read *urtafor usta-. ?rillë (reading of manuscript uncertain. –TUY. PAN. BRILLIANT alcarinqua (glorious) –AKLAR-/RGEO:73/UT:317/WJ:369/Silm:427. BURDEN cólo (VT39:10) BURDENSOME lumna (lying heavy. the root is given as RUVU “burst asunder” –QL:81 BUSH tussa –TUS BUT: A sting of different words for the conjunction "but" are attested. 1st pers. BROAD-BLADED SWORD ecet (short stabbing sword) – LAG. ascantë) apparently from the same root may be preferred. NŌ BROWN varnë (stem varni-) (swart. ataquë (construction). –LT1:271. e. –SWES. writers should probably use the latter form. BROTHERHOOD onóro (of bloodkinship). but since Tolkien changed the relevant stem to UR later. foa (puff of breath).(Þ). GENTLE BREEZE vílë. oppressive. alcarë (splendour. according to VT45:37 the stem could be indiss.t. not to be confused with the adjective carnë "red". 14. One text (VT49:15) uses apa for “but”. BUNCHES (of flowers). SD:310 BREAST (chest) ambos (ambost-).reflects the stem USU occurring in early material (QL:98). form inderi shows a curious shift from i to e as well as the more regular change from s (via z) to r between vowels. VT45:36. *Fëanáro usta i ciryar "Fëanor burns the ships"). VT47:35. sworn brothers) –VT47:12. vast". 36. VT45:11 for etymology) BRIDGE yanwë (joining. SKAT. wright) –KAR. THŪ/LotR:1157 BREEZE hwesta (breath. isthmus). calassë (clarity). the original entry UR "be hot" in Etym BURST (passive participle) rúvina. the short variant nan appears. he . dire" in later writings. TOR. but Etym has carnë. torni) (= natural brother). QL:98. cf. –MC:223. VT45:37 BRIDEGROOM ender –NDER (cf. tarambo –LT2:337 BUILD #car. LT1:269 BUFFET taran. the word for "but" is ná or nán. dark brown) –BARÁN BUD tuima (sprout).(intransitive.) The stem-form of indis "bride" is somewhat obscure. GL:39 BROAD – LT2:338 gives a word aica "broad.
. VT41:13. one. LT1:269. indicating that yulu. an earlier source also lists the word mëoi. onë.. FS. ARTIFICIAL CAVE hróta (dwelling underground. –MBUD. “a house by the sea”).given the primitive form mbundu. rockhewn hall) –PHÉLEG. the variant ná is probably best avoided since it can be confused with the copula "is". "the region of Eldamar. where the Light was brighter and the land more beautiful") –RGEO:70 cf. see BE ABLE CANDLE lícuma (taper) –MC:223 CANOPY (vb) telta.e. 223/LT1:273 BUTTOCKS hacca (hams) –GL:47 BY as a prep. The Lord's Prayer variants are less ambiguous. full form Calaciryandë (i.(overshadow. LT2:348 CATCH (noun) atsa (hook. –BY-mas (final element in place-names. but in the final version of the Lord's Prayer. Wilwarin means "butterfly". QL:43 CAVE felya.) –Silm:426 CASTLE OF CUSTODY – this is mentioned as the approximate meaning of Mandos (stem Mandost-) – MR:350 CAT yaulë. BY meaning “near. which is the cognate of his "mother-name" [q. CAUSE (noun "reason") casta –KYAR. Use rather #col-.+ the pronominal ending -n "I"). For the purpose of writing in Quenya. likewise. and mal (the word used in the final version) is perhaps the best alternative so far published. and shorter nó is attested in VT41:13). ono occurs also in another text in VT44:5/9. which would require an initial vowel-carrier in the Tengwar mode used for Quenya) –VT45:6 CARRY – GL:38 has yulu-. he used mal. na. alone. LT1:268 CANNIBAL-OGRES Sarquindi (sg #Sarquindë?) –LT2:347 CAPE mundo (nose. screen). stem *mundu. *Calaciryand-). see –TON) –LT1:250 <C> CALACIRIAN Calaciryan (prob. PM:365.v. LotR:252 CALL (noun) yello (shouth. ROD. claw) –GAT CAUSE (vb) tyar-. (Note: mundo also means "ox".). CANOPY (noun) telimbo (sky) –TEL. tunnel).was experimenting with many words for "but": anat. another. ono (VT43:23. nán (and nan?) may also mean *"I am" (ná. but this word looks strange within the context of LotR-style Quenya (it would be sole singular form in –oi) –PE16:132. but in WJ:416 the same stem (there spelt JULU) is said to mean "drink". still). VT47:28 CAPTAIN hesto –VT45:22 CARANTHIR Morifinwë. see SO.) –PM:353 CARCANET firinga (necklace) –LT2:346/GL:36 CAROUSAL yulmë (drinking) (Note: a homophone means "smouldering heat") –WJ:416 CARPENTER samno (Þ) (wright. VT42:24) or by the instrumental case (turún’ ambartanen “by doom mastered”. builder) –STAB ?CARPET farma (reading of gloss uncertain. introducing the agent in a passive construction may be rendered by ló (nahtana ló Turin *“slain by Túrin”. VT43:23 BUTTERFLY wilwarin (wilwarind-) –WIL/MC:222. CART norollë –GL:31 ?CASSIOPEIA Wilwarin (the identification of this constellation is not certain. LT2:347. rondo. We cannot know how many of these alternatives Tolkien would have considered conceptually valid and which were just experimental. cry of triumph) –GYEL. next to” may be rendered by ara “beside” (*coa ara ëar. short form Moryo (not equivalent in sense to his Sindarin name..) CAPE (OF LAND) nortil (stem *nortill-). said to be "only used of the ends of promontories or other seaward projections that were relatively sharp and spike-like". rotto (small grot. BUT YET a-nanta. see BEAR. UT:138). ananta (and yet) – NDAN. and as such the word may not have a distinct stem-form. snout). BY THIS MEANS. even more difficult gloss begins in "st-" and may possibly read "string" or "stray") –VT46:15 CARRIER (the sign used to "carry" short vowel-symbols in the Tengwar system) anar (the word for "sun".] Carnistir."carry" had probably been abandoned in Tolkien's later Quenya. BUT meaning "only" (as in "I am but a boy") may be rendered by er (only. VT46:12 CAVITY (hollow) súma (bosom) –MC:223 . rotelë. VT45:16 CAMEL ulumpë –QL:97 CAN (vb.in and near the entrance to the ravine [of Calacirya].
e.CEASE hauta. UT:400 CHILD hína. –samb.g. CHILDREN OF ILÚVATAR Híni Ilúvataro. see GALADRIEL. NIK-WCHILLY ringa (damp. pl. cf. read *quor-? It has also been questioned whether the combination quo. (intransitive:) #ahya. *chief bull". –Silm:429 CELEBRINDAL ("Silver-foot". Another form. VT49:41 CHILDISH winima (read *vinima in Exilic Quenya) –VT47:26 CHILL ninquë (stem *ninqui-) (pallid. see BABY. PM:352 CHIEFTAIN (or CHIEF. LT1:249 has the form Angaino) –QL:54. Alatáriel. Possibly. apparently an attempt at translating this title rather than . Silm:59 CHAIR hamma –VT45:20 CHAMBER sambë (Þ) (-san. CHOKED quorin (drowned). KYEL CELEBORN Telporno (Letters:425) or Teleporno (UT:266). CHASTISEMENT paimesta –QL:72 CHEESE tyur (tyurd-) (QL:50. BEDCHAMBER) (room) –STAB CHAMPION aráto (eminent man) –Silm:428 CHANCE (vb. "Child" as the last element in compounds: -hin (-hín-. Cf. see HAPPEN) –QL:63 CHANGE (vb) (transitive:) vista-. as in pl harni) (in Etym also = king.) –LotR:1142 CHAIN (noun) limil . VT43:16). –KYELEP CELEGORM Turcafinwë. the latter name was "never used in narrative". though long vowels in front of consonant clusters do not normally occur in Quenya). quárë "fist"). Letters:423.(stop.) marta. is used for “child” in one late text (onnalya/onnalda “your [sg.) The word onna. cánu (see COMMANDER) (ruler. BE CHILL (of weather) nicu. cáno. arani – see KING). Etym also has seldë.(cited in source as lirin "I chant". (The form endë is probably to be preferred to entë in one late source. seldë is meant to have the meaning "female child". which is a cognate of his mother-name [q. Silm:387/432. Selda was apparently introduced as a gender-neutral word for "child". elsewhere defined as “creature” and etymologically meaning *”something” begotten. cold) –LT1:265 CHIN venta –QL:101 CHOKE quoro.in compounds. Idril's epithet) Taltyelemna ("Taltelemna" in the printed Etymologies is a misreading. Also proper name Angainor (= "The Great Chain" with which Morgoth was twice bound. The latter interpretation may be more likely.) CELEBRIMBOR (= "Silver-fist") Telperinquar (possibly *Telperinquár-. GL:18 CHIEF (adj) héra (principal). VT41:16. governor. (For "child". white). VT44:35. stop). short form Turco (not equivalent in sense to his Sindarin name. -híni). VT49:41). see CHILDREN OF ILÚVATAR below. PUS. ahyanë is attested) –PE17:191. cf. CHILDREN OF ERU Eruhíni from sg. Pl. Altáriel vs.(more or less = "to happen".(take a rest. while Telporno must be the form used in Noldorin Quenya.(only pa. ÉNED.v. see VT45:25) Tolkien apparently abandoned the form Taltelepsa. Cf. but in LotR and other texts the Quenya word for "king" is aran pl.(be cold) –WJ:417 cf. Verbs in –o seem not to occur in later Quenya. hence "girl".) Early material also has tólë.] Tyelcormo "hasty-riser". middle).(suffocate).(end) –KHAW.) –MR:214 CHRIST Hristo (variant Hrísto with a long vowel. pusta. híni rather than ?hínar.v. put a stop to). tyuru. PM:395 CHANNEL celma –KEL CHANT #lir.in GL:28 is actually a verb "to 'turn' milk". QL:50. used as a vocative only). –WJ:403. Tolkien changed the meaning from "daughter". –LT1:264 CHOOSING #cilmë (isolated from Essecilmë "name-choosing". LT1:269 CENTURY haranyë (or perhaps it means the last day of a century – Tolkien's wording is not clear. (The latter is stated to be the Telerin form. see LETTER. but Turco appears as a the short name of Turcafinwë. CHILD NOT YET FULLY GROWN. #Eruhin. used when addressing a (young) child.) –PM:352. powerful (in body)" rather than referring to more "political" power) –KHER. aorist) (sing) –LIR1 CHARACTER (settled character) indómë ("also used of the 'will' of Eru [God]". –NÉD. VT45:17) haran (stem harn-. CHERRY TREE aipio (also used = "plum tree"???) –LT2:347. commander) –3AR. Celegorm's Quenya name – though that is translated "strong. SEL-D-/VT46:13.is still possible in Tolkien's later Quenya. and pl. MY CHILD hinya (short for hinanya.] child”. 1st pers. For "character" = letter. CHIEF (noun) #turco (isolated from Turcomund "chief of bulls. this may not be pure Quenya.) CHERRY pio (this word was also applied to plums). 353 CELOS Celussë (see UT:426) CENTRE endë (core.t. also vocative hina with a short vowel. q. tyel.
but in Quenya it came to denote the visible bodies in which the Valar manifested themselves to incarnates. but according to VT46:11. COAT vacco (jacket) –GL:21 COBWEB línë –SLIG COCK tocot –PE14:132 CODE OF SIGNS tengwesta (system of signs. VT47:20. a more general word for "sex" could perhaps be derived by adding an abstract or generalizing ending like -lë) –PE13:163 COLD (adj) ringa (so in MC:222 and LT1:265. SD:68. worn" used as a noun).–MC:222. UÑG. 5. mantle) –MR:385.(to veil.) –YAG/VT46:22. Cleaver of throngs" –SYAD. ungo (dark shadow). MC:222. grammar).) UPPER AIRS AND CLOUDS fanyarë (skies) –SPAN/VT46:15. Note: a homophone means "hair". #racca (isolated from raccalepta. COLD (noun?) niquë. WJ:395 COITUS puhta (specified to be "one act". this word is cited as "ringe". LT2:342. Verb "to cloak": fanta. CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE ("especially on a hill-top") corin –RIN. In LT1:259. "house") –NŌ CLARITY calassë (brilliance) –GL:39 CLASP tangwa (hasp) –TAK CLAW atsa (hook. BE COLD. GESTURE-CODE hwermë –WJ:394 cf. stem *ringi-). pl. also vb niquë. probably *hyandë given the form of the root.t. SYAD. nappa. actually a past participle "borne. STAK. WJ:417 COLLAPSE (vb) talta. Nam.t. originally probably meaning "white" or as noun "white thing". GREAT COLLECTION OR CROWD OF THINGS OF THE SAME SORT úmë (not to be confused with the pa. 18 CHRONOLOGICAL ACCOUNT lúmequenta (history). pa. latina (free. VT43:22 CLOSE holta. CLOSED pahta (NOT CLOSED – see OPEN) –PE17:98.(cited in source as hyarin "I cleave". An early version of Namárië actually had Calacilyo. When fana no longer meant "cloud". Calaciryo in Namárië] – though this clashes with cirya "ship". IT IS COLD Ringa ná (VT49:23). hyatsë (gash). (QL:55). RINGI/VT46:11. GREY-CLOAK Sindacollo. aorist). 1st pers. ciris (probably ciriss-) (crack). NAR2 CIRCLE rindë. stick to. lumbo (pl lumbor is attested."it is cold. MR:217 has Sindicollo. MC:223 CLUSTER loxë (bunch). VT45:22 CLEFT yáwë (ravine.merely adapting to Quenya phonology the word "Christ". Singollo (so in Silm:421. COLLAPSE (noun) atalantë (downfall) –MC:223 COLLECT hosta. slide down).(abide by. RGEO:70/WJ:403. but cirya in the name Calacirya "Pass of Light" [gen. The unglossed term lumenyárë appears to mean *"chronological story". CLAWFINGERED raccalepta –GAT. assemble). TEK. ringwë is the proper reading). COLD POOL OR LAKE (in mountains) ringwë (in the Etymologies as printed in LR. catch). falqua (mountain pass. RGEO:74. see An Introduction to Elvish p. was Elpino of uncertain etymology. it freezes". –LU. this meaning was evidently transferred to the derivative fanya. not Calaciryo. LT2:337. namma (talon). 72 CLEAN poica –POY CLEARED (of land) latin. (In ancient times the Elves probably also used the word fana [in Etym fána] for "cloud" or "veil". LotR:1085 cf. CHILL (of weather) nicu. of . CIRCULAR rinda. Note that colla has become #collo because –o is a masculine ending.(gather. cilya (gorge. Letters:425 CLEAVE TO himya. (damp. CLUSTERS (of flowers) see BLOSSOM.(shut).) (Thingol). KOR/LT1:257 CITY osto (town with wall round) –OS CLAD vaina –LT1:272 CLAMOUR yalmë –ÑGYAL (see ÑGAL) CLAN nossë (family. Tolkien may have abandoned this form. gulf/gully). see below). VT39:23 CLOTH lannë (tissue) –LAN CLOUD fanya (white cloud. SYAD.(slip. COLLECTION OF LEAVES olassië (foliage). LT1:260. adhere) –KHIM. pass between hills) (so in Etym. CLEAVER #hyando in Sangahyando (Þ) "Throng-cleaver. RGEO:67.) –LT1:252 CLOAK colla (vestment. yelwa (but this is glossed "loathsome" elsewhere). Etym has ringë. open) –LAT CLEAVE #hyar. fanyar is attested). 341. sanca (Þ) (split). KIL CLEVER finca (said to mean clever “in petty ways”) –PE17:119 CLIFF ollo (seaward precipice) (The alternative form oldó may be archaic Quenya. However. chilly). –VT44:15-16. it is stated that this word applies to a "dark lowering cloud"). ravine).
i. nówi). See STATE. in ordinary non-technical use tengwar [sg tengwa. (Only pl.(read perhaps *hur-).the negative verb "not be. CONCERNING pa. but seems implied by Tolkien's discussion of how this stem was used in Quenya. PM:345) (governor.(veil. náva-tengwi is attested. BE COMPELLED TO DO SOMETHING horya. Silm:229. perfect #utúlië and future #tuluva are attested (the latter with the prefix entuluva "shall come again". Not to be confused with noa = “former” or “yesterday”. návëar was also used. Communication of Thought. In early "Qenya" there is also the word fur." Cf.in . –WJ:399.in LT1:270). Tulin may obsolete tulu.(cited in source as tulin "I come". the form in hu.would be preferred in late Quenya.. TAK CONTEMPTIBLE faica (mean) –SPAY CONTINUAL vórima (changed from vorima) (enduring. –SKAL. Yet another term for "consonant" was #tapta tengwë "impeded element". The nominal pl. Letters:282.(console). CONTINUALLY voro (also voro.(have an impulse. cf. According to Tolkien’s post-LotR ideas. easement) –QL:93 COMMAND (verb) *can. VT48:32 COLOUR quilë (hue) –QL:77 COME #tul. not do").in the mode of spelling commonly used the full signs were consonantal. finish).e. COMMANDER cáno ("usually as the title of a lesser chief. ataquë (building) –TAN. COME AWAY hótuli.) For “command” as a noun. Pl. centa must be translated "enquiry" or *"essay") –MR:415. lambetengwi is attested. screen from light). especially one acting as the deputy of one higher in rank". tapta tengwi is attested. only pl. VT45:19 COMMANDMENT axan (law. –NOWO CONCERN #ap. but Fëanor replaced these terms with #pataca). SUS. construction. VT46:6) noa (pl. –KHOTH/MC:223. consolation. see LETTER] became equivalent to 'consonants'.(transitive) (wind up. VT46:10. #lambetengwë (literally "tongue-sign". only pl. CONCLUSION telma (further defined as "anything used to finish off a work or an affair") –WJ:411 CONDITION sóma (state). In other contexts. 23 COMMERSE mancalë –MBAKH COMMUNICATION centa (as in Ósanwë-centa. a consonant sign with an underposed dot to indiate that it is not followed by a vowel.) Tolkien also notes: "Since. the shorter form #návëa pl. of the adjective. also translated "to lie". VT39:23 COMPACT (noun) vérë (troth. COMFORT (noun) tiutalë (comfort. VT45:22 COMPLAINT nur (growl) –LT1:263 COMPLETELY aqua (fully. chieftain) –PM:345. as primarily proceeding from Eru). PUT (see PUS). disordered) –MC:223 CONSEQUENTLY epetai –VT49:11. thing made.(so when used of persons. easement) –QL:93 CONSOLE tiuta.(given as aorist stem apë) (to affect. VT39:16. we would rather expect *taptë tengwi with the pl. when used with things as object. axani is attested.("so as to leave a place or group and join another in the thought or place of the speaker") –TUL. nó (nów-). COMPULSION mausta –MBAW. –VT39:8. 33 CONSPICOUS minda (prominent) –MIN CONSTRUCTION tanwë (craft. see ORDER. patacar is attested).. rule. WJ:368 COMFORT (verb) tiuta. wholly) –WJ:392 CONCEAL halya. was used in the same sense as tapta tengwi.(comfort) –QL:93 CONSONANT #pataca (only pl. 1st pers. touching) –VT44:26 CONCH hyalma (shell. this refers to consonants as tengwi or phonemes). this verb means demand) –PM:361-362 (where the stem KAN is mentioned. LT2:340 CONCEALED furin or hurin (hidden). the Quenya verb is not directly cited as such. repeated). devise). 12 CONSIDERING A MATTER (with a view to decision) úvië –VT48:32 CONSOLATION (noun) tiutalë (comfort. altogether. LotR:1003. horn of Ulmo) –SYAL CONCLUDE telya. –LT2:340 CONCEPTION (= idea. 17. to touch one). bond) –WED COMPARE sesta. VT39:30. oath. also surya "spirant consonant" and punta "stopped consonant". set vigorously out to do). WJ:396. –QL:85 CONFUSED rúcina (shattered. also náva-tengwë ("ñava-") (literally "mouth-sign". pá (as regards. aorist). taptar.(liken) –QL:82 COMPEL mauya-. form of the adjective.
PE17:92 . COUNTABLE #nótima (isolated from únótimë "countless. possibly abandoned by Tolkien (VT49:18). DEFORMED/HIDEOUS CREATURE ulundo (monster). 256. cauca (bent. 3AR COOKED FOOD apsa (meat) –AP COPING-STONE see FINISH. LT1:256 gives ormë "crest. not. tompë).(cf. aorist) (pa. (An alternative form yaxi. r. not-countable. uncountable) –VT39:14. VERY TERRIBLE CREATURE rauco –ONO. R. topë) (pa. COUNT UP onot. Tolkien CORPOREAL sarcuva (bodily) –LT2:347.. but this word is probably obsolete – osto means "city" or "fortress" in Tolkien's later Quenya. CORNFLOWER menelluin (lit. "grey-country-from". construction). notcountable. "heart-vigour") –KHŌ-N COURSE tië (line. cf. pass over” –PE17:65 CROSS (noun) tarwë (crucifix).compounds) –BOR CONTINUOUS vórëa (enduring. govern).(cited in source as turin. VT39:10 CRESCENT cú (arch). "out of a grey country".can be isolated from the word for "countable". rempa (hooked). IN CONTROL OF (possessing) arwa (followed by gen. w) and continuants (l. looks like a plural in LotR-style Quenya. curwë. except) –NOT. simply glossed "cow". NOT COUNTING hequa (leaving aside. raica (bent. queletsi). family). road) –TE3. excel) –QL:89. It actually occurs in Etym. LT1:260 CROSS (vb. REP. RGEO:67. PHAL. but is glossed "reckon" instead. The earliers material has COPPER = tambë. cúnë (bow) –KU3.(cited as aorist sg. 17). unless it is a feminine form like tári "queen" and heri "lady") –GL:36 CRACK ciris (probably ciriss-) (cleft) –LT2:335 CRAFT tanwë (thing made. únótima).) langa.(lit. #nórië (only attested in a compound. VT39:14. –NŌ. –VT39:17 CONTRARY. únótimë is attested) (numberless. In the Etymologies. also vórima. LT1:271 CREST (of wave) wingë (wingi-) (foam.vb. but in Tolkien's later Quenya ormë means "wrath. lit. 1st pers. but Tolkien changed the definition to "metal" in general. sg. repeated). see below. in the ablative case: sindanóriello.t. humped) –SKWAR. surpass. see also NO CONTROL (verb) #tur. CRESTED WAVE. race. *"sky-blue") –Pictures of J. turnë) (wield. red) –VT41:10. also untúpa. Nam.) lahta.(pass over.t. 268. POLISHED COPPER calarus (calarust-). “go over. numberless". spindrift). direction. see VT45:7) (harping on one tune) –VT45:7. e.g. way. CROSS (vb. Etym has COPPER-COLOURED aira (ruddy. CORPSE-CANDLE loicolícuma –KWEL. middle). 365 COUNTLESS únótima (pl."reckon" – the perfect of both these verbs would presumably be *onótië). Read *vinca if this early “Qenya” form is to be adapted to LotR-style Third Age Quenya. LIN1 CONTINUANT – the term #mussë tengwë "soft element" (only attested in the pl.t. the word rauta was originally defined "copper". OF COPPER tambina. native land. there written ‘winka). ÉNED CORNER winca (nook) (QL:104. summit". Nam/RGEO:67 COVERING telmë (hood) –TEL COW (milch cow) yaxë. VT42:15 CROOKED hwarin. *i heru arwa i nerion "the lord in control of the men") –TUR. COPPER urus (urust-).. COUNT – the stem not. WAVE-CREST falma – WIG/LT1:273. violence. LT1:250. ontanë) –ONO CREATURE onna. ÚLUG. wrong). RÁYAK/VT39:7. device. GAY CORE endë (centre. Nam/RGEO:67 COURAGE huorë (only attested as a proper name: Huorë. CRAFTSMAN tano (smith) –KUR CREATE onta (pa.: mussë tengwi) covers vowels. rushing". CONTINUOUS REPETITION vorongandelë ("vorogandele" in the published Etymologies is a misreading. ON THE úsië (VT49:8. "down-roof") –TOP. WJ:364. haste. nation. path.control". R. Nam. excluding. variant úsir. n). this is "Qenya" CORPSE quelet (pl. RAUTĀ. loico (dead body). semi-vowels (y. MC:223 CORRUSCATION russë (†swordblade) –RUS COTTAGE – LT2:336 has os(t) "house and cottage". m. –NÉD. ónë. RGEO:67 COUNTRY nórë (land. "I. RGEO:67 COURT paca (paved floor) –GL:63 COVER top.
GL:37 DAILY ilaurëa (another form. Etym has Elerína) –RIG/VT46:11 (VT confirming that the proper reading is ríë with a long vowel. 368 CYCLE randa (age) –RAD <D> DAERON see DAIRON DADDY (affectionate form of "father"): atto. the word apparently means simply *"white-shining thing". 26. shout) –GYEL. was Atarincë. –PE17:149 CURUFIN Curufinwë. or perhaps *"[substance] apt to shine white". VT48:11).(only part. In Tengwar spelling.–LILT DANGER #raxë (pl. abl. short form Curvo. atya is a reduced form of atanya "my father".–QL:89 CRUMB mië –PE13:150 CRUMBLE #ruxa. DALE-SPRITES tavar (pl. CASTLE OF CUSTODY Mandos (Mandost-) –MR:350 CUT (vb) rista-. ilyarëa [read *ilyárëa?] and its archaic variant ilyázëa. tavar means "wood" (as material). – STAG/Silm:438. ruxala is attested) –MC:222 cf 215 CRY OF TRIUMPH (noun) yello (call. KOP CURSE (vb.CROSSBAR hwarma –SKWAR CROSSING tarna (passage. Silm:42 CRUEL nwalca (Though spelt this way also in Etym. (Note: netya. –LT1:261. atya (these words are also used in children's play for "thumb" or "big toe").) –ÑGWAL CRUCIFIX tarwë (cross). VT21:6. for the stem is ÑGWAL. 353 CURUNÍR Curumo (Saruman) –UT:393. pl. venwë (shape). it was assigned the meaning “bite” instead (NAK). nwalca must be from older *ngwalca.) húta-.) –VT47:33 DAIRON Sairon –GL:29 (called Daeron in the published Silmarillion) DALE nal. however.(Tolkien cited these verbs with what seems to be the ending -i of the aorist: auciri-. CUT OFF (and get rid of or lose a portion:) #aucir-. CUT (noun) rista.) –VT46:13. See. LT1:267 DAMP ringa (chilly. cúna is also used as a verbal stem. VT48:4. cold) –LT1:265 DANCE (verb) lilta. VT47:10. Etym has corco) –WJ:395/VT47:36. –RIS. The form tatanya in UT:191 seems to mean *"my daddy". not do"). GREAT COLLECTION OR CROWD OF THINGS OF THE SAME SORT úmë (not to be confused with the pa. STAR-CROWNED. tavarni). WJ:365-366. rimbë (host).(hang) –LING . never used in narrative. RGEO:67 CUPOLA coromindo (dome). #ford) –LT2:347 CROW quáco (so in WJ:395. VT49:24). (so as to have or or use a required portion:) #hócir. CUP yulma (pl. though in Etym. hóciri-). raxalellor) instead. (His "mother-name". venië (infinitive? stem #ven-?) (shape). RGEO:73. ablative raxellor attested). In Tolkien's later Quenya. –Nam. CRUCIFY tarwesta. –VT44:9 DANGLE linga. Etymologically. press). RIM. DAGGER sicil (knife). –ATA. CRYSTAL SUBSTANCE silima (a substance Fëanor alone knew how to make. KOR. not "rie" as in the Etymologies as printed in LR). see BEND) –MC:223 CUSHION nirwa –NID CUSTODY mando (safe keeping). cut” in late material (nacin.is defined as “hew. VT48:32 CROWN ríë. CURSED húna (accursed). EL. In another version of the text in question. DRYAD. the Silmarils were made of it. adorn". but these words may not be valid in Tolkien's later Quenya (in Etym. the letter nwalmë (< older ngwalmë) should be used to transcribe the initial nw of nwalca. VT45:16 CRYSTAL maril (glass – perhaps with stem marill-).is also a verb "trim. 10. nallë (dell). The verb nac. pa.) – PM:352.t. CROWNED WITH STARS (a name of Taniquetil) Elerrína (so in Silm.t. of the negative verb "not be. was apparently abandoned by Tolkien) –VT43:18 DAINTY netya (pretty). Tolkien used #raxalë (pl. lock of hair"). 401 CURVED cúna (bent. Silm:437 CUNNING – LT1:253 has findë. naica –SIK. tellumar is attested) –Nam/WJ:399/411. finië. CROWNED rína. telluma (altered from earlier telumë under influence of a Valarin word. yulmar is attested. LT1:254. huntë or huntanë. KORKA (see KARKA) CROWD sanga (throng. findë means "tress.
notice however that the word arya is assigned other meanings in late material). and even [in LT1:250] "free"). also yendë. DARK WEATHER lúrë. counted from sunset to sunset. –iel (suffix. melin. lucindor). LT1:250. Nam/RGEO:67. #lucië. –VT47:10. FS. –VT43:20 DECISION. MC:223 DAY aurë (sunlight. (In the entry YEN of the Etymologies as printed in LR. gloom). time"). DEAD BODY loico (corpse) –KWAL.instead). LT1:259. this suffix may obsolete the earlier [TLT] ending -wen. LotR:488 cf. LT1:255. LT1:253. this word may refer to moral rather than financial "debt". mórë (blackness. MC:223. –VT43:19 DEBTOR #rocindo. DARK ONE (=Morgoth) morion. possibly first day of year) minyen. Used in one of the draft versions of Tolkien's Quenya version of the Lord's Prayer. But . GL:23. the UT example just mentioned is from a later text. WJ:361/Silm:388. profound. also: arya (= 12 daylight hours. mentioned in LT1:271). Another source gives a word for "decimal system" as caistanótië. YŌ. hessa (withered). lómë (stem lómi-) (night. MOY. but this word is defined "lamp" in LotR.rather than c-. –AR1.(fight.) DARK ELVES Moriquendi. huinë (shadow. Etym gives arë. vanished.t. Another version of the Prayer has #lucando or #lucindo as the word for "debtor" or "one who trespasses" (attested in the plural: lucandor. DARK VALE tumbo (stem *tumbu-) (deep valley) –Letters:382. 182/469 DAWN ára (obsoleting órë in LT1:264. deep). vanwa (departed. it may also cover "trespass". 19. PHIR.) morna (gloomy. also the "suffix of endearment" -ya mentioned in UT:418: Anardilya *"dear Anardil" (UT:174). This is probably also true of variant words for "debt" occurring in other versions: #lucassë. no longer to be had). yen. older ñuru (personalized Nuru = Mandos). MC:223. LAST DAY OF YEAR quantien. indicating that Tolkien restored –iel. attested with the ending -mmo in fíriemmo.(cf. nulla (dusky. DARK OR HIDDEN tumna (low-lying. lóna (Note: a homophone means "island"). VT47:6. with tye as an intimate 2nd person pronoun reserved for relatives and close friends). yen. obscure). LT1:271. from which –iel must be derived. lúmë (Note: lúmë also means "hour. wield. Letters:308. lúrëa (overcast). urdu –KWAL/LT1:264. #fírië. – MAK/VT39:11.DARE verya. BOLD) (see MARRY regarding a homophone) –BER DARK (adj. LotR:1141. Perhaps yeldë was restored as the independent word for "daughter" at the same time and is to be preferred to yendë. DO3. 18. qualin (related to qualmë "agony. we must apparently read *quaistanótië. moina (familiar). Cf. LT2:342 DEBT #rohta (attested in pl. gloom). Silm:434. effíriemmo "of our death"). form rohtar). death" and probably has darker connotations than firin).) DAYSPRING tuilë –AR1/VT45:6. lumbor is attested). incorporating caista "10th". sana (= also 24 hours. Distinguish -riel in Altáriel (Galadriel). MOR. ÑGUR/VT46:4. PHIR. was removed from Etym. Silm:229/234/439. Uinéniel "daughter of Uinen" [UT:182]. FIRST DAY (meaning obscure. but this “Qenya” term clashes with a later demonstrative “that”). according to VT45:24. past. EARLY DAY †amaurëa (dawn). Cf. DAYTIME arië. DARKNESS mornië. low. Tolkien changed this word to anqualë). rucindollomman "from our debtors"). #effírië (basically "expiration". pa. The word aurë is defined as “a day (of light). #melya (isolated from Melyanna "dear gift". WJ:366 DEAL WITH mahta. MC:222 cf. ré (= 24 hours. but since Tolkien later decided that the initial sound of words having to do with "10" should be qu. which does not mean "daughter" and becomes -riell. manage. this word means "rising" or "heart" in LotR-style Quenya). Melian's Quenya name). The stem YEL. ari. DARK (noun) hui (fog. black). fairë (natural death [as act]) (Note: fairë also means "radiance" and "phantom". a day of special meaning or festival”. VT43:34.g. LT1:259. YEL. See also TWILIGHT. –MEL. night) mor. unqualë (agony. only "first day" is correct. handle. 215. allative aurenna “upon the day” (VT49:45). gone.before an ending. 269 DAUGHTER selyë. VT49:51 DEATH qualmë. e. nuru. (See SLAYER for DARKNESS-SLAYER. night). but according to VT46:23. NDUL. allative rénna in VT49:45). wield a weapon). DARK LOWERING CLOUD lumbo (pl. mahtanë is attested. see CONSIDERING A MATTER (with a view to decision) DECIMAL SYSTEM (in counting) maquanotië. the "debtors" denoted by this word may be sinners rather than simply people owing others money. However. †amaurëa (early day). valda (worth. minyen is seemingly glossed both "first day" and "first year". DARK. twilight. Morimor (Lómëarni in LT1:259 is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya). sombre. DEAR KINSMAN (form of address) tyenya (literally “my thou”. murk. #rucindo (isolated from rocindollomman. #luhta (all are attested with the ending -mmar to express "our debts/trespasses"). YEN DEAD firin (= dead by natural cause). Silm:431. Used in draft version of Tolkien's Quenya Lord's prayer. worthy). DAYLIGHT: LT1:254 gives calma. VT49:10 DEAR melda (beloved). lost.
–NŪ. –VT39:14 DETERMINANT VOWEL sundóma (lit. DEEP VALLEY tumbo (dark vale). WJ:415 DENTAL SERIES tincotéma (t-series) –LotR:1154 DENY lala.(to wish to go to a place. nal. VT41:8 DEFORMED CREATURE ulundo (hideous creature. VT44:9 DELL imbë (deep vale) (Note: imbë is also the preposition "between"). 14 DESCENDANT indyo (grandchild) (Indyo looks like Vanyarin Quenya. DEEP SHADOW huinë (gloom). DESIRE (noun) írë. Also vanya. DEEP POOL lón.) –ÑGYO(N) DESERT erumë (cf. DEEP VALE imbë (dell) (Note: imbë is also one form of the preposition "between"). See LAUGH. #raucar. Silm:436. ATALAT.was possibly abandoned by Tolkien. rin. the vowel was held to have disappeared or been omitted. construction).) See also ORC. VT48:11 DEED carda –PE17:51 DECLIVITY pendë (downslape. though Eruman is used in an entirely different way elsewhere. and TALAT has the sundóma repeated. In derivative forms the sundóma might be placed before the first consonant. nallë (dale) –VT45:18. VT45:18. milmë (greed). 6 DEPRIVED #racina (only pl.t. DESIREABLE írima (loveable). SKILLFUL [?DEVICE – Tolkien's handwriting was illegible] curo (curu-) –TAN. forlorn). slope) –PEN DEEP núra. the Quendian consonantal base or sundo was characterized by a 'determinant vowel' or sundóma: thus the sundo KAT has a medial sundóma 'A'. –VT43:23. but in LotR-style Quenya it simply means "son". VT45:27. LT1:265. –VT47:10. pa. past. LT1:250 gives araukë.(originate.g. Christopher Tolkien notes: "Very briefly indeed.(pa. tumna (low-lying. ambë. DESTINY maranwë –MBARAT DESTITUTE úna (deprived of. restrain) –VT41:5.t. náma (= "a desire" or "a judgement"). vanished. thing made.) MALE DESCENDANT yondo (son) (In LT2:344. also verb DESIRE TO GO IN SOME DIRECTION mína. low. the combination ndy became ny in Noldorin Quenya.) DEPART #av. Eruman a desert north-east of Valinor. monster) –ÚLUG DELIVER (= *save) etelehta. profound.–LA (Note: a homophone means "laugh". LT1:261 DEMAND can. isolated from Valaraukar (Valaraucar) "Balrogs". in effect = ask for.(the alternative verb etrúna-. invent) –GAWA DEW rossë (fine rain. (Note: írë also means "when". The stem YES yields a word yesta. LED cf. DEWY nítë (stem *níti-) (moist) –ROS/Letters:282. WJ:415 has rauco and arauco.(bind. racinë tengwi is attested). dead) –QL:33. eterúna. VT48:28. DEXTEROUS formaitë (right-handed) –VT46:10. DESIRING TO START mína (eager to go). DEPARTED (adj) vanwa (gone. YES/VT46:23. order) – PM:361-362 (where only a stem KAN is mentioned) DEMON rauco (pl. TUB. Nam DEPRIVE OF LIBERTY avalerya. lost. no longer to be had.(cited in the form avin "he departs". it is said that yondo usually meant "(great) grandson". WJ:403. make fast. WJ:366. DESIRER Irmo (name of a Vala). (The latter verb Tolkien may have been abandoned in favour of auta-. DESTITUTE OF ú (usually followed by genitive: ú calo *"destitute of light [cala]") (without). PHOR . e. see FREE [verb]).t. defined as "a powerful. –MER. VT41:10 DEVISE auta. racinë is attested) (stripped). Also translated "stripped sign". ID.(so when used with things as object. of lelya/lenna "go" is also glossed as "departed". lóni given) (river-[?feeding] well).(cited in the form merë.) –ERE DESERTED erda (solitary) –LT1:269 DESIRE (vb) #mer. otherwise command. root-vowel". VT39:11 DESPISE #nattir."desire" (which may however be confused with yesta “beginning”). but the past tense forms may differ. DEPRIVED OF úna (destitute. spray). forlorn). evidently the 3rd person aorist. pa.) See SEXUAL DESIRE for a term that possibly has this meaning. dark or hidden). hostile. – RUK. wish). lónë (pl. have some end in view). NEI DEXTER forya (right). read "I depart" in LotR-style Quenya).t. DEPRIVED SIGN #racina tengwë (only pl. The Noldor likely used the form *inyo. MIL-IK. námië (= "a (single) desire" or "a (single) judgement").") –WJ:319 DEVICE tanwë (craft. VT41:13. see PASS. make for it. this was in early Elvish analysis of Quenya the term for a consonant with no following vowel.) Lendë pa. see HEAVENS. and terrible creature". WAN. –VT39:16.–VT44:8 DESTINE martya-.maquanótië (a form requiring no changes) may be preferred. *"base-vowel. vannë). given as mernë) (want.
(abhor). it seems that ambar means "doom": . Cf. DO NOT! (imperative) vá! (also = I will not). sharp) –PM:347 DIRECTION tië (course. it is undefined but must be the corresponding past participle: *"divided in middle.(make. shattered) –MC:223 DISPLAY (verb) apanta.or sap-. the latter term was used of vocalic diphthongs and "consonantal diphthongs" (like mb) alike. faint) (Pl nécë is attested) –MC:223.t. sampë –PE16:145 DIGIT: For a common term for "finger" and "toe". fate. attested in the phrase tentanë numenna “pointed westward”). and pl. DESIRE TO GO IN SOME DIRECTION mína.DIACRITIC tehta (mark [in writing]. especially one of other equal parts.(halve) (After perya-. –PHEW/VT46:9 DISGUSTING. road). ohloni is attested). Another word for "dipthong" is given as ohlon (pl. –VT48:11 DIVIDE IN MIDDLE perya. mandë (final end. vannë. not be”.(pa. vessel) –LT1:254 DISORDERED rúcina (confused.t. pathway. apantë) (reveal). VT44:18 DIVISION asta (part. have an impulse) DO BACK ahtar. where lambë is said to mean "the language or dialect of a particular or people". awkward). LotR:1155 DIALECT – Tolkien notes that the word lambë "tongue" was originally "nearer to our 'dialect' than to 'language'. stain. estat. probably not to be used with reference to the One who is above them). obscurity. a word perina is mentioned.(cited in the form umin "I do not". Note: hranga. not to be confused with a noun meaning "collection. DIVINITY valassë –BAL. halved". VT44:8. Used transitively. – TE3/RGEO:67. Eruva (adj. the verb can also mean “go forth towards” (with the thing approached as direct object).). VT48:29 DIM TO SEE néca (vague.(umbart-) (fate). quotation. 222 DIMNESS mordo (shadow. intransitive). the word is applied to the supralinear vowelmarks of Fëanorian writing.(cited without a final hyphen in the source. see TIP. see BE concerning this and other verbs for “not do. pa. 14. PE17:166 DOER tyaro (actor. pa. NOT DO #um. transitive. also VT39:15. in the source providing this word Tolkien rejected his earlier form osamnar (pl. apantanë.or accar. have some end in view). roa –KHUG. also tenantë (perhaps in the sense “was directed toward”. referring to the divinity of Eru himself). Thus. VT47:35 DOME telluma (pl. not intelligible without study. avenge) –KAR. aorist. and presumably Quenya). lambe naturally became applied to the separate languages of any people or region" (WJ:394). VT43:34 DIFFICULT hranga (hard. avá. terrible. WJ:371. In the story of Túrin Turambar. depart) –WAN DISCOLOURED púrëa (smeared) –MC:223 DISEMBODIED SPIRIT see SPIRIT DISGUST – feel disgust at feuya. tellumar is attested) (cupola). –PE17:154. build.(react. hence "do not thou [do something]"). but this would seem to be a verb. 1st pers. fortune. lambë can hardly be used for "dialect" in Exilic Quenya. DON'T DO IT! áva carë! –WJ:371 DOOM manar. DON'T áva. KOR DON'T áva. úmë. VT39:9. equessi) (proverbial dictum. final bliss). DON'T DO IT! áva carë! SET VIGOROUSLY OUT TO DO horya. UGU/UMU. crowd"). Note: a homophone of vanya means "beautiful") (go. –VT48:11 DO #car. DICTUM eques (pl. asta is often used = "month" as a division of the year). VT39:11 DIRTY vára (soiled) –WA3 DISAPPEAR vanya.) –PER DIVINE valaina (= "of or belonging to the Valar". avá. SAM. 185 DIG sapa.t. make for it. compare the Etymologies form #samna (only pl samnar is attested.t. DIPHTHONG ocamna. LOATHSOME DISH venë (small boat.(be compelled to do something. Distinct in Tengwar spelling from samna "wooden post". This verb is also used = "not be". (noun) apantië –QL:34 DISTRIBUTE IN EVEN PORTIONS etsat-. VT45:22. requite. smear) –VT45:35. –VT49:23 DIRE aica (fell. also short uin) (pa. stiff. MOR DIRECT TOWARD (or “be directed toward”) tenta. line. see MAKE for various attested forms of this verb).(pa. saying) –WJ:392 DIE fir. that is spelt with initial súlë instead of silmë). cf. tehtar is attested.) –TEK. agent) –KYAR DOG huo. sign) (In LotR:1155. coromindo (cupola) –Nam/WJ:399. umbar.t. See below concerning *anan in Rithil-Anamo.is also a verb “thwart”.(to wish to go to a place.(fade) –MC:223. –VT44:13. but later when the Eldar became aware of other tongues. tentanë (perhaps in the sense “directed toward”. alalyë (the last form incorporates the ending -lyë "thou".
DRAW WATER calpa. RAM. Urulóci is used as a singular form in Silm:255). DRAWING #halmë (isolated from Turuhalmë "Logdrawing". fenumë. Letters:308. sungwa. tanta.e. FISH-DRAGON lingwilócë (sea-serpent) –LOK.. DOOM RING Máhanaxar (a foreign word in Quenya. snake. angulócë. ANGWA. there capitalized. DRINK OF THE VALAR limpë (so glossed under LIP. yuldar is attested). TIK/VT46:19 DOUBLE (prob. and Nienor even uses the word in the instrumental case: ambartanen "by doom". aorist). DORIATH #Lestanórë (only gen. DREAM or VISION olos (olor. amatixë (point over the line of writing. LotR:270 DREAD (verb) aista. DREAMY olosta. LT1:259.was misread as "nun-" in the Etymologies as printed in LR.) (compare the tavarni or "dale-sprites" in Tolkien's earlier material). SUK DRAW #tuc. point). But in Etym. otherwise but less likely *anama – this seems to be "doom" in the sense of judgement or juridical justice. DOWN-FALLEN atalantëa (pl atalantië is attested) (ruinous). we should perhaps read *Ando Lómio. see VT46:19) –PIK. (Note: tatya also means "second"."to judge"). cf. – TUK. KALPA. tavaron (m. LotR:1157. –MAN/MANAD. DOWN BELOW (adv. WINGED DRAGON rámalócë. "the Elf dreams") –UT:396 DRESSED LEATHER alu –QL:30 DRINK (vb) #suc. olórëa –LOS. olórë. MC:222. *DOOR OF NIGHT: the translation Ando Lómen is given in VT45:28 (citing a deleted entry in the Etymologies). declivity) –PEN/PÉNED DRAGON lócë (serpent. and LotR Appendix E confirms that "fate" is umbar. Similarly. adopted and adapted from Valarin. 1st pers. unutixë (point under the line of writing.v.) – AT(AT). since the root is NAM as in nam. MBARAT/VT45:5.t. Urulóci is attested in Silm:138. scoop out). and moreover equipped lómë "night" with the stem-form lómi-. tavaril (f. Since Tolkien later decided that the genitive ending should be -o rather than -n. VT45:5 DRYAD tavaro. LT1:258 DROWNED quorin (choked) –LT1:264 DROWSY lorda (slumbrous) –LT1:259 DRÛ rú (wose). surprisingly. variant amatexë in VT46:19).(only pa. VT43:23. name of the place where judgement was passed in Valinor (hence Anamo as genitive "of Doom". also translated as:) Rithil-Anamo "Ring of Doom". SPARK-DRAGON fëalócë. ambar means "earth". adj) atwa. aorist). lor. later olori). 223/Letters:347. FIRE-DRAGON urulócë (pl. nandin (further defined as "fay of the country") –TÁWAR. Lestanórëo is attested) –WJ:369 DORLÓMIN Lóminórë –WJ:145 DOT pica (small spot).–LT1:258 DROP (noun) limba. UR. 1st pers. "DOWN-LICK" (i.(bale out.). see VT45:24) DOWN undu (under. as in the archaic pl. saca. LT1:261 DUILIN Tulindo.for older oloz-. "ku" and "kua" instead of "kukua". DRINKING-VESSEL yulma (cup). cover completely) #undulav.(repeat). "so do the Eldar name the worms of Melko[r]". atalantië (collapse). beneath). undulávë is attested) –UNU. WJ:401 DOOR. LT2:341.(said to be "impersonal". the initial element unu. RGEO:67/Nam DOWNSLOPE pendë (slope. DRINKING yulmë (carousal) (Note: a homophone means "smouldering heat").(pull – but a homophone means "search"). UT:396 DREAM (verb) óla. PHAY. Rúatani is given but seems perfectly regular) –UT:385 DRY (prob.Turambar is said to mean "Master of Doom". VERY DRY amparca –PÁRAK.(cited as tucin "I draw". Silm:261. "drink of the fairies" in LT1:258) or míruvórë (LT1:261).) nún (underneath). LIW DRAKE (LT2:340) see DRAGON DRAUGHT #yulda (only pl. WJ:399. NŪ. nominative probably *anan with stem anam-. DOWN-FALL atalantë. see GATE. q. probably meaning that the dreamer is mentioned in the dative rather than the nominative: *Óla i Eldan. tixë (tiny mark. WJ:416/Nam DRIP lipte. olozi. TATA DOUGH maxë –MASAG DOVE cucua –KŪ (in the Etymologies as printed in LR.(cited in source as sucin "I drink". adj not vb) parca.). LotR:488 cf.–GAYAS DREAM (noun) olor. HOUSE OF DUILIN Nossë Tuilinda (Tuilinda must be an adjectival form of Tuilindo) . DRAW NEAR: see IMPEND concerning Tolkien’s translation of “winter has drawn near”. LITTLE DROP liptë –LIB. LT2:85). this noun is erroneously split into two words. suhto –Nam. DOUBLE (vb) tatya. 269. DRÚADAN Rúatan (pl. –SUK. LT2:348 gives ambar "Fate".
Letters:283 or SD:409 EASEMENT (noun) tiutalë (comfort. –VT45:33. though the wording is not quite clear. family). But ambar also seems to mean "doom". see DAWN. UT:465 EAR: The form lár in the entry LAS2 in the Etymologies appears to mean "ear".(desiring to start) –VT39:11 EAGLE soron. MC:223. rendered "earthdwellers" and said to be another word for "men". usually translated "world". as opposed to the Blessed Realm of the West. In Silm:433.) The words órë "dawn. Attalyar (lit. "Bipeds"). the whole people of the Dwarves being called Casallië. Letters:224. Norno (Naucalië. "EAGLE-HORN" (a great height in Númenor) Sorontil – THOR. PM:365. but this clashes with a word meaning "fog. Letters:427. exists" in Tolkien's later Quenya.v. consolation) –QL:93 EAST rómen (allative Rómenna as a region of Númenor and ablative Rómello in Namárië are capitalized).t. EASTERN rómenya (Entar. 46:13. *"small dwarves"). ëa means "is. LotR:505 cf. EARLY MORN tuilë (dayspring. EAST-HELPER (masc. reproducing early material. Neither can Ostar "East" be a valid word. róna. the heavens". Nornalië = the whole people of the Dwarves) Casar (pl. name) Rómestámo. he thought of cemen as the genitive of cén. rockhewn hall). EAST-VICTOR Rómendacil (one of the Kings of Gondor) EAST-LANDS Orrostar (a region in Númenor). Casar – Quenyaized form of Dwarvish Khazâd – "was the word most commonly used in Quenya for the Dwarves". 389 DWELLER mardo –LT1:251 DWELLING (noun) mar (mard-) (home). gloom. region where certain people live. soil. WJ:419) has Imbar instead of Ambar. DWELLING-PLACE nórë (land. obscure) –NDUL DUST asto –ÁS-AT DWARF Nauco (pl. DWELLING UNDERGROUND hróta (artificial cave. yet norno is stated to be "the more friendly term". LT1:251. Naucor is attested. as it had been in earlier writings [LT1:257]. but Tolkien cited the form as Róme(n)star to indicate the connection with rómen "east") –RŌ/LotR:1157. (Note: at the time Tolkien wrote Etym. probably ?Rómenstar must always become Rómestar. MR:337 (cf. HEAVEN AND EARTH Menel Cemenyë (VT47:11). Casari or Casári. a Greek word denoting "world" considered as "the inhabited world of Men". dwelling" in one source.) EARTH (= world) Ambar (world) (Tolkien equated Ambar with Oikoumene. According to WJ. LT1:257. the literal meaning of both words is said to be "habitation") EARTH-DWELLERS –LT2:343 gives indi. NDOR. see GATE. Middle-earth" is also glossed as "East" once.) PETTY-DWARVES Picinaucor. nation. East" and its corresponding adjective órëa (LT1:264) are probably not valid words in LotR-style Quenya."suffice". as well as a noun "foliage"). –KEM/Silm:433/LT1:257/VT44:34. of farya. MBAR cf. but according to VT45:19. it is said that cemen [kemen] refers to "the Earth as a flat floor beneath menel. twilight) –LT1:255 DUSKY nulla (dark. EARLY DAY †amaurëa (dawn).(part. also már. partitive plural Casalli. VT47:6. The word ambar. land" and Kémi "Mother Earth". cf. Pityanaucor (lit. Note: farnë is also the pa. but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. but later cemen evidently became the nominative form. is also associated with "home. sornë (Þ) (pl. also has cemi "earth. Letters:427 has sorno. (LR:363 gves "kemina". sorni) (So in Etym. darkness. WJ:388. Entardar "Outer Lands. UT:463. spring-time) –AR1. Sunrise. thorno. in early material also máca (a very early "Qenya" word of doubtful authority in Tolkien’s later conception) –VT39:20. Nauco "stunted one" and norno "thrawn one" are less polite words for "dwarf". LT1:261 gives nauca instead of nauco). TUY EARTH cemen (soil). EARTH-QUEEN Kementári (Yavanna's title). Róme(n)star (so in PM:384. VT46:13 DWINDLE píca. LT1:266 also has sor. this is a misreading for "kemna" in Tolkien's manuscript. Soron/sorno obsoletes ea. pícala is attested) (lessen) –MC:223. lómë (stem lómi-) (night. 391. all of a particular group of things). mist"). EARTHEN. But the Dwarves themselves would definitely prefer Casar. DWARROWVAULT Casarrondo (Khazad-dûm) – NAUK.) Locative cemendë "on earth" in VT43:17. EARLY arinya. GL:41 EAGER TO GO mína. native land. earen in LT1:251 and LT2:338 – besides. OF EARTH cemna. 222 <E> EACH ilya (every. DWELLING (adj) #farnë (a pl form? Sg farna? Only attested in the compound orofarnë "mountain-dwelling". . q.–LT2:338 DÚNEDAIN Núnatani –WJ:386 DUSK histë (also hísë.) KING OF EAGLES Sorontur.
pl Quendi is the usual form. 1081. Silm:68 EIGHT tolto (alternative form toldo). which was meant to bear the sense "Elf-friend". Fraction ONE ELEVENTH minquesta. VT48:6. hwindë (whirlpool) –SWIN EDGE réna. Silm:23/392. LAND OF ELMS Alalminórë (Warwickshire) –ÁLAM/LT1:249.) ECHOING lámina –LAM EDDY hwinya. 39. MR:170 has Ecelli. VT48:6... unorthodox spelling "minkwe" in VT48:7. and quendi f. not to all the Quendi. Alamanyar "those who did not in the event reach Aman". the word nahta occurs (Note: a homophone means "bite". the pl.given primitive form danmi) –VT48:26. Cf. there are gender-specific forms quendu m. elongated. quendir are attested). minya is basically the ordinal "1st"). WJ:363. Tolkien notes: "It is not surprising that the Edain. Eldameldor in WJ:417). LIGHT-ELVES.) –WJ:365 cf. ríma –REG. also ELVENHOME Eldamar. Elda (originally generic. An archaic variant of Elda was Eldo. some Elves” is also attested (VT49:8). in duodecimal counting. since all Elves there were Eldar.(pa. also called Avamanyar "those who did not go to Aman. –PE15:32. Úamanyar. but later [MET] used of Elves of the Three Kindreds [Noldor. “Elf-friend”) #Eldameldo (pl. VT48:32 EBB (noun) nanwë (lowtide). pl. see THREE.) Quenderin ("Elvish" referring to all the Quendi. 391) EAT mat-. the second a of the latter word has an undefined diacritic here represented by ´. future-past matumnë "was going to eat" –MAT. – MINIK-W-. lalmë. –LotR:395.Nam. EMINENT MAN aráto (champion) – . RĪ EGLATH (or EGLAIN. WJ:407 ELF-FRIEND Elendil (actually meaning *"star-friend". VT39:7. see ELF-FRIEND. PE14:17/VT47:42 EITHER…OR: Christopher Gilson interprets a phrase involving a double var…var as having this meaning in one early (untranslated) text. The partitive plural Eldali “Elves. For the syntax of numerals. Fraction ONE EIGHTH tolosta. EBB-TIDE lanwë (stem *lanwi. EGLADHRIM) Heceldi (the "Forsaken" Elves. cf. an elf-stone”). elessar or “elf-stone” may signify “beryl” (in the chapter Flight to the Ford in the LotR. 'Elf-friend' would have been more correctly represented by Quen(den)dil or Eldandil.. extended) –VT39:7 ELROS Elerossë –PM:348 EMBER yúla (smouldering wood) –YUL EMINENT minya (prominent. Elendë. Eldar has no article and is used to eman “Elves. mata. Properly in Quenya it meant 'a lover or student of the stars'.) With generic reference. This is seen in the name Elendil. LÁLAM ELONGATED taina (stretched. because they would not" (distinguish Úmanyar. tolsat. nalláma (In Etym. see THREE. but they seem to be rare. 32 ECHO láma (ringing sound – so in Etym. Avar or Avaro in Etym). See also DARK ELVES. MR:415. 897 ELM-TREE alalmë. AB/WJ:371/Silm:65/MR:163. forms quendur. 24. and quendë became a word of lore. Eldarinwë attested in VT47:14. as in the genitive Elesarno (VT49:28. i Eldar with the article means “the Elves” with reference to some particular individuals previously mentioned. VT42:25. ELVISH Eldarinwa (adj only. read *Elessarno?) The literal meaning may seem to be Star-stone rather than Elf-stone – but the Edain sometimes confused elen "star" and elda "elf". this remained a learned word) –WJ:361/KWEN(ED). ELVES WHO REFUSED TO JOIN IN THE WESTWARD MARCH (from Cuiviénen) Avari (sg Avar in WJ:371. 11 EIGHTEEN toloquë. LITTLE ELF. ELFPEOPLE Eldalië.(swirl. That was at least the proper usage: Elda was the normal word for "elf" in Valinor. see EGLATH). ELVES OF AMAN Amanyar (sg #Amanya). –VT48:21. VT47:13. see THREE.") –WJ:410 ELF-LOVER (or. EIGHTH toltëa. these words for "Elvish" apply to the Tree Kindreds only. "Quendian". Silm:424. MR:229 ELED. as noun. GREY-ELVES. 31. 459. Compare FRIEND. The Elves. stem *Elessarn-.) For the syntax of numerals. Properly.. ELF-STONE Elessar (Aragorn's royal name).t. QL:100 ELBOW ólemë –LT1:258 ELEPHANT andamunda –MBUD ELEVEN minquë. seldom used in the sg. these are also called Heceldi or Ecelli. LT1:260. mantë is given). –TOL1-OTH/OT. but "Elvish" meaning Elvish language is simply Eldarin. pl. EN. UT:165. notice that var was a conjunction “or” in Tolkien’s early “Qenya”. All Elves”. especially the Eldar left in Beleriand. HIGH-ELVES. SEA-ELVES. toldëa. PM:384. though they did join in the march from Cuiviénen. sg Hecel is given. Teleri] only.found it difficult to discern whether words and names containing the element el referred to the stars or to the Elves. Aragorn finds “a single pale-green jewel” and declares: “It is a beryl. tosta. LotR:1075.. Elendil. GREEN-ELVES. Vanyar. Cf. but see SOUND). gyrate). 11 ELF quendë (a technical. – As a common noun. generic term. For the syntax of numerals.
gen Oiolossëo is attested in Nam. 25. KYEL/VT45:25. tyeldi. CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE corin –PAD. THUS. putrid) – in one attested compound also #sauri-.VT42:24. ESCAPE (noun) uswë (issue) –LT1:251 *ESSAY see *ENQUIRY. –LT1:270 cf. west) –MC:222. VT39:20 EVIL (adj. KUM ENCHANT luhta. FREE FROM EVIL aman (see BLESSED). also Osanwecenta. EVER-SNOW-WHITE Oiolossë (a name for Taniquetil. sg. VT43:23-24. TULUK ETERNAL oira –OY EVENING sinyë. tyel. #oio-. see VT45:25). *"everlastingly". tyel (stem tyeld. VT49:19). oia (the latter is both adj. teaming"). UGU. all of a particular group of things). QL. vórima (continuous. THIN. "everlasting" and the adv. EVIL as noun: ulco (stem ulcu. probably meaning *"Enquiry into Eldarin Names". misread as "tyelde" in the printed Etymologies. "evils" presumably *ulqui. Nam/RGEO:67. GL:41 EVERYBODY ilquen. wish to go to a place. VT45:7 ENEMY cotumo –KOT ENFOLD vaita. THE ENDING OF THE WORLD Ambar-metta. úra (nasty). VT46:9 ENQUIRY centa (as in Essecenta Eldarinwa. MET. make for it) –LotR:1003/VT44:36. END (vb) tele. possibly older [MET] forms in w-).(perf. –WAY EXACT PENALTY. WJ:411. lasting). the whole. *"I escape" – 1st pers. ENOUGH farëa (sufficient). SD:68. EVERLASTINGLY oialë (evidently the noun just mentioned used as an adverb). hir (hird-) –PE13:161 ENTRANCE TO HARBOUR londë (road [in sea]. BOR. EVERYTHING ilqua. tarwa (garden). 72. the noun quilta “belt”). UT:317 EVERY ilya (each. the adj. LT1:267 gives telu-). vor-. the latter is said to mean "abundant. immoveable". vaia (both with alternative.if the verb is to be adapted to Tolkien’s later Quenya (cf. ENCHANTMENT lúcë –LUK ENCIRCLE: Early “Qenya” material has a verb qilti. read perhaps *quilta. EVILEYED henulca. steadfast.(cease). *ifírië may be the more usual form) –MR:250 ERRANT ránen –RAN ESCAPE (vb) usin (glossed "he escapes" in LT:251. LT1:271 ENGLAND – see FAËRY. –VT49:14. vórëa (continuous.–PHAY EMOTION felmë (impulse) –VT41:19 EMPTY lusta (void). also andúnë (sunset. Silm:429. mentë.as in the pl. repeated) –BORÓN. see PUNISH EXPIRE fírë. see FOUL. "Enough" as an adverb is apparently faren. where it has an ablatival meaning).) ulca (see also WICKED).(Note: a homophone means "bow"). MC:222 EVER oi.(fix. set up). PUT AN END TO metya-. translated "enquiry into the communication of thought". For "everything" there is also ilu as a word for the universe: all. KOR END (noun) metta. oialë. telu. but in LotR-style Quenya it would have to mean. swarming. cf. which are not properly included in the term Eä.(desire to go in some direction. VT39:23 ENTRAILS (bowels) hirdi. encircle” (QL:78). EVERLASTING [?AGE] (Tolkien's handwriting was illegible) oirë. cumna –LUS. according to VT46:8). –PHAR.(wrap) –VT46:21. Note: there is a homophone meaning "firm. EVERWHITE. ulca is also seemingly used as noun in a sentence apparently meaning “if one speaks evil”. VT43:23-24. strong. Silm:428 EMIT LIGHT faina. voro-). another version of the relevant text uses úro as the noun "evil". úmëa (but in a later source. vor (continually) (pref. See also GO ROUND (under entry for GO) concerning the verb pelENCLOSURE panda. tyelma. máca (a very early "Qenya" word of doubtful authority) –VT39:20. also translated "haven" or "fairway") –LOD/VT45:28 ENVELOPE (noun) vaiya. fírië ["has breathed forth"] is attested. EVIL-SMELLING saura (Þ) (foul. vorima. aorist). pl.) –MR:415. Another possible translation of centa may be *"essay". FOR EVER. IL/VT45:24. EVERSUMMER Oiolairë. ESTABLISH tulca.(intransitive) (finish – so in WJ:411. EVERLASTING oia. UT:458. HAVE SOME END IN VIEW mína.as in the ablative ulcullo. voro.87. LT1:250/273. LT1:267. of the universe also including God and all souls and spirits. ambarmetta. if anything. WJ:399 . –WJ:372. –OY.“gird. ENDURING voronwa (long-lasting). VT39:11 ENDLESS PERIOD oio –UT:317 ENDURANCE voronwië (lasting quality). as Tolkien described the work as an "Enquiry into the origins of Elvish names for Elves". tennoio.
SD:246. as in "the fall of Gondolin". Mandos. Nienna. leave out. LotR:1141 FAËRY Inwilis. Note: homophones mean "athwart" and also "fort".) THE FALLEN (= Númenor) Atalantë –DAT/DANT/MC:222. SMAL FAMILIAR moina (dear) –MOY FAMILY nossë (clan. anta.(spread. VT49:29. avahaira. open wide). see AUTUMN. fifíru.) –THIN. The Aratar are the mightiest of the Valar: Manwë. gracious). LT1:262 EYRIE sornion (Þ) (lit. FADING quellë (In the Calendar of Imladris. engë. the participal form fifírula is attested). malwa (pale) –MAD. pale).(pres. NOT FAIR úvanima (ugly) FAIRWAY (= navigable channel for ships) londë (road in sea). dwelling-place. extend.). nórë. while a lantë is a moral fall. fir.v. future lantuva and part. FAIR-MINDED faila (generous. 365 EXIST ëa (translated “is” in CO. 7. native land) –NŌ. WJ:337. excluding) –WJ:364. EXPANSIVE palla (wide) –PAL EXPIRE fírë. forsake). Aulë. while #lantë is isolated from Noldolantë "the Fall of the Noldor". the word is said to apply to the "children of the Valar"). ANA. EXCLUDING hequa (leaving aside. "house"). Ulmo. Inwinórë (another gloss. VT45:28 FAIR (2) (noun): Carl F. frequentative form of fir-. vórima (steadfast) –UT:317. though Hostetter also suggests a possible connection with ré “day” (VT49:39-40). FALL (noun) lanta or #lantë. elongated). vanë. VT45:21). FAR AWAY. was struck out) –LT1:256 FAINT néca (vague. Silm:102/414. melima. WJ:402 EXCEL lahta. right). Yavanna. SHARP-EYE hendumaica. noble). EXALTED ONES Aratar (pl. Perhaps the latter word can also be applied to a military defeat. palya. Autumn". past lantaner. FAIR FOLK Vanimo (pl. EXTENSION tailë (lengthening) –PAL. sanctuary) –YAN FANG carca (tooth. dim to see) –MC:222/223 FAIR (1) (adjective) vanima (beautiful. roomy) –PE17:43 EXTREMELY langë (surpassingly. pl. LT1:250 FALL (vb) lanta. true) –VT39:6.(die). VT39:14. but also used of the Elf Míriel when she "breathed forth" and died. LT1:254. just). though it seems perfectly regular). Nam. Varda. VT43:38. and Oromë. FAITHFUL voronda. The word is elsewhere defined as “field” (q. (The first of these words occurs in the compound lasselanta "leaf-fall. lantar. PM:352.t. #hendu would be used of a natural pair of eyes). later used of the death of mortals.(pa. eccaira. –LT1:266. EXTENDED taina (lengthened. TAY EXTENSIVE yonda (wide. nation.) –MR:250 EXTEND palu-. –nor (land. see BE). VT49:47. perfect engië or rarely éyë. Aratar is also rendered "High Ones. EXISTING nanwa (actual. *ifírië with prefix sundóma is probably also a possible form.pl "of eagles"?). Vanimor is given but seems perfectly regular.(originally used of "one sighing or releasing a deep breath". tusk) –Silm:429. FAR OFF . MC:222/223. Silm 32/381.t. –VT49:21. abandon. but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya [see EAGLE]) <F> FACE cendelë. Perf. pointing to #resta as a word for “fair” in this sense. "England".(spread. 365 EXCLUDE hehta. country. From these examples it appears that a lanta is a physical fall. VT44:35 FADE sinta.(pass over. quellë was a precisely defined period of 54 days in late autumn. surpass) –PE17:92 EXCEPT hequa (leaving aside. NOTE: A homophone means "nettled. pl. linda (the last word = fair/beautiful of sound. pa. not counting. fírië is attested. (LT1:251 gives ëaren. FAR AWAY (adj) vahaia (or (a)vaháya. open wide).(Þ) (pa. hehtanë is given but seems perfectly regular) (put aside. proper. VT45:27). SWEET-FACED raina (smiling.t. cross. TALÁT FALLOW marya (fawn. MEL. LT1:272 FANE yána (holy place. and the word may refer to a “fair” held in a field. future euva. gen. sintanë is given. hendi as well as the dual form #hendu are attested [isolated from hendumaica. #lantala are attested). not counting.("slowly fade away". LT1:272. EYES OF HEARTSEASE (a name of the pansy) Helinyetillë –KHEN-D-E. palya. enlaced". superlatively) –PE17:92 EYE hen (hend-) (normal pl.–QL:76 EXPAND palu-. SLIN. The Supreme" –PM:354. stretched. except) –WJ:364. WJ:337]. expand.EXALTED arta (lofty. Hostetter suggests that the untranslated word parma-restalyanna means *”upon your book-fair”. Also called lasselanta. LT2:344 FAR haira. 30 EXCHANGE quapta. sg #Arata). –BAN/VT39:14.
FAY OF THE MEADS Nermi (pl. the first part of the gloss is not certainly legible in Tolkien's manuscript. see EMOTION FELL (adj) aica (sharp. MBER FETCH tulta. but this word is probably obsoleted by sára "bitter" in Etym. –Silm:428. compare FAIR #2. FENCING OR DEFENSIVE HEIGHTS Pelóri (the mountain-range at the western coast of the Blessed Realm). FESTIVE merya –MBER FEATHER quessë –KWES. merendë (festival). LT1:262 FIERY uruitë. –PM:347 FELL (noun) helma (skin) –SKEL FEMALE (noun) ní. TIR. but ambar from the same source may be a valid word also in LotR-style Quenya – see DOOM). pale) –MAD FAY OF THE COUNTRY nandin (dryad).(swell).(adv. Silm:404/UT:446. WJ:415 FEAST meren (merend-). sg. to pick up/out with the fingers) –VT44:16. Another gloss of larma is "flesh". FIELD-SPIRIT Nermi (pl.) or *"feeling" may suggest a verbal stem #fel. fortune [usually = final bliss]). Nermir is attested) (fieldspirit) –LT1:261.(send for. VT49:45. FEEL FEAR OR HORROR #ruc. VT45:21). lárëa (rich). FEMALE (adj.v. VT46:13). summon) –TUL FEY marta (fated) –MBARAT FIELD (sown field) resta (acre). constructed with "from" of the object feared.(cited in source as rucin. –PEL(ES). in a later source a similar word is used for “raiment”. see STROKE FEELING. constructed with "from" of the object feared. FAR-SEER palantir. FESTIVE merya. UT:460 FAREWELL namárië –Nam FARMER nandor (perhaps obsolete in LotR-style Quenya. e. mel-. this #Átar may incorporate the vocative particle a (*a Atar "o Father" > #Átar). 229/ATA/LT1:255. *LIGHT-FATED calambar –MBARAT/LotR:1157.([to] finger. GROW FAT tiuya. to a distance". The word aurë is in one source defined as “a day (of light). aorist). However. aorist). Other senses. VT43:37 FATHOM (noun) rangwë –RAK FAWN marya (fallow. This #fel. a day of special meaning or festival”. FAR AND WIDE palan (or "wide. FENCED FIELD peler. VT49:41.(compare melmë vs. though the pl. merendë (feast). *rucin Orcollon "I fear Orcs") –LT1:257. 42 FATHER atar (pl.(listed as tacë. SD:247. cf. VT47:10. In VT48:19. 1st pers. FEAR (vb) #ruc. tancë. VT44:16. lot). inimeitë (pl. clashing with the name of the Nandor. mandë (doom. –TAK FAT (adj. HANDED. "FAR-WANDERER" (the name of a ship) Palarran –KHAYA. 13) has #Átar with a long initial vowel (Átaremma "our father"). Dative ataren is attested (VT43:36-37).) –TIW. 262 FËANOR Fëanáro (Spirit of Fire) –Silm:397/435.t.) inya. atya is explained as a contraction of at-nya "my father". final end. 25 FEEL WITH THE HAND. meren (merend-).g. marto (fortune.) –UR .) tiuca (thick). FAT (noun) lar (also used = riches). LEAPING. several words that must be derived from this stem occur in LotR. Nermir is attested) (fay of the meads) – VT46:11 cf. Forms like atar. –WJ:399. see below. 3rd pers. probably *inimeisi. úruva (The stem from which these words are derived was struck out in Etym. see VT45:33. form #atári occurs as part of the compound Atanatári). WJ:403 FESTIVAL asar (Vanyarin athar) (fixed time). indicating that Tolkien restored it. a tribe of Elves) –LT1:261 FASTEN #tac. WINDY) –INI FENCE IN – see GO ROUND (under entry for GO) regarding the verb pelFENCED FIELD peler. PEL(ES). larma (the latter possibly "pig-fat". LT1:248 also gives sára "fiery". FATED marta (which adjective also seems to be the noun "fate" in later sources. manar. LotR:1157 FEBRUARY Nénimë (Amillion in LT1:249 is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. atari in Etym. "love" as noun and verb). Silm:435. see DADDY).) háya.could then mean "to feel" in the general sense of "have an emotion". The final version of the Lord's Prayer (VT43:12. terrible. MR:217 FEAR (noun) caurë. over a wide space. VT45:33/VT46:12. VT45:26 FATE umbar (umbart-) (doom. pa.(the 1st person aorist rucin is glossed "I feel fear or horror".) –LotR:1144 FEEL: The noun felmë "emotion" (q. atarinya ("my father") as well as atya "daddy" are said to be forms a child would use in addressing his or her father (VT47:26. MANAD. –WJ:415 FEEL WITH FINGERTIPS lepta. RED. FATHER OF ALL Ilúvatar (God). dire). the form amarto in LT2:348 could be obsolete.
SD:68. 292 FIRM tulca (strong. FIERY uruvoitë. inga (this is also a noun "top"). piercing). #tuv. WJ:403. the first clan among the Elves). sure) –TULUK. also telma "conclusion. –MAK/MA3.(only perf #utúvië is attested [with pronominal endings: utúvienyes "I have found it"]). OUT) WITH THE FINGERS or FEEL WITH FINGERTIPS lepta. sanda (true. LT:271 has the following "fire"-words: FIRE uru. tulunca (steady). In an earlier source. Aegnor) (so in Silm:435. see VT45:27). Fraction ONE FIFTH lepesta. steadfast. cf.FIFTEEN lepenquë –VT48:21 (the form quailepen seems to be another. and perhaps more likely.t. MIDDLE FINGER. – Nam/RGEO:67. several words that must be derived from this stem occur in LotR. VT47:6. LT1:265. there glossed "receive". Adj. FINAL END mande.) FINGON Findecáno –PM:345 FINISH (vb) tele. For FIRSTBORN. or a topmost pinnacle. However. leperi given). the literal meaning is simply *"First One". SMALL FISH hala. BOWL OF FIRE tanyasalpë (evindently #tanya "fire" + #salpë "bowl") –PE17:183.(only fut hiruva is attested). VT48:11 FIGHT (WITH SWORD) mahta. may be a reduced form of yondo "son". Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. The term ortil (ortill-. Minyar "Firsts". nárë. pa. conclude). LEP. which would similarly become *Yestanessi. Etym has Estanessi. FIFTH lempëa. word for "15" in Quenya). 24. Minyon may be the adjective minya "first" turned into a masculine name by adding the masculine ending -on.. WJ:411 FINARFIN Arafinwë –MR:230 FIND #hir. LT1:267 FINROD Findaráto –Silm:428/PM:346 FIRE ruinë (“a [concrete] fire. manar (fortune. INDEX FINGER/FIRST FINGER. lepsat –VT42:25. "FISH- . TAK FIRST minya (cf. such as a coping-stone. not númen. and I follow the spelling of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. handle). 25 FINGOLFIN Nolofinwë –PM:344 (In the source. replacing older (MET) lemenya. Note: there is a homophone verb meaning "fix. ng.(fut #quantuva is attested in enquantuva. In that case.(transitive) (wind up. bliss. 18. FIRSTBORN (= the Elves) Minnónar. LT1:265 has sá "fire". VT47:10.is evidently the same as tuvu. immovable. and that "First-begotten" really is the literal meaning. that is.in GL:71.–VT44:16/VT45:27/VT47:10 14. LIKE FIRE urúva.) FIRST-BEGOTTEN Minyon (a personal name. VT47:10. MANAD. Special words for the various fingers. the Etymologies. is also used for "finger". anything used to finish off a work or affair". last). Letters:282 FINGER (noun) leper (pl. Nolofinwë is spelt with initial ñ. Writers should use the latter word. "up-point". 271. pl. LITTLE FINGER. PE17:120). tanca (fixed. LT1:270. a blaze”). #Minnóna. ESE. VT48:5 FISH lingwë (stem *lingwi-) (perhaps the general word. abiding). see THUMB. VT46:18 FINE FLOUR mulma –QL:63 FINE RAIN rossë (dew. cf. translated "begotten". but this word is propably obsoleted by the later [TLT] form Minnónar. set up. also úr (the stem from which this word is derived was struck out in Etym. (*Yesta is emended from the actual reading esta. manage. FOURTH FINGER. telda (last) – MC:222 cf. 215. FELL FIRE Aicanáro (Sharp Flame. "will refill") –WJ:392. indicating that Tolkien restored it). métima (ultimate. mahtanë is attested. Cf. Cf. PE17:183) is nár. 72 FINGER (vb) lepta. Tolkien gave the Quenya word for "finger" as lepsë (possibly with stem lepsi-. FINE PIERCED HOLE terra –TER. Silm:397. Nam. MR:217. It is difficult to say what distintion in meaning there may be between these words (if any at all). *yesta (but this is a noun “beginning” according to a later source. ortilli given). also tassa – MIN/Silm:434/WJ:420. A more general word for "fire" (as an element. VT45:30-32. the verb #tuv. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. sg.) FIRST FINGER lepetas (evidently lepetass-) (index finger). also FIREWOOD turu (but the word was also used of wood in general). VT39:11. KWAT FINAL tyelima. For the syntax of numerals. poetic form sai. as opposed to hala). VT49:10 FILL quat. STAN. see THREE. 270. possibly experimental. spray) –ROS cf. But it is possible that on is actually derived from the stem ONO "beget". ING.(wield a weapon. to pick up/out with the fingers) –VT44:16. 19. also sairin "fiery". "often applied to the last item in a structure.(intransitive) (end) (so in WJ:411 – LT1:267 gives telu-) telya. fate). as indicated by the deleted ancestral form lepti. establish").(feel with fingertips. MR:323 has Aicanár). But if this word is written in Tengwar. also Sáya "the fire-fay" in GL:66. FINGERED #lepta (isolated from raccalepta "clawfingered") PICK (UP. ON FIRE urwa. LotR:1008 FINE tereva (acute. see BEGINNING. UR/VT46:20. deal with. The element yon. which appear (with the masculine ending -o) in the following names:) SPIRIT OF FIRE Fëanáro (Fëanor)." FINISH (noun) telu –WJ:411. Alternatively.
–VT48:23. a distinct verb hat. aorist). FLY OR STREAM IN THE WIND hlapu.) –LT1:249 FLOCK lámárë –QL:50 FLOOD (verb) luita-. flowing). float. sírima (liquid). GL:63 FLOUR porë (stem *pori-) (meal).in these words.(emended from the actual reading lokta because Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) (sprout) –LOT(H).(establish. RED FLAME rúnya."sail. KEL/MC:223. FLOODING (adj) úlëa (flowing. "escape to") #ruc. LT1:259. KEL/MC:223. –LEP/GL:53. SHARP-FLAME Aicanáro (so in Silm:435. QL:63 FLOURISH (noun) rincë (stem *rinci-) (quick stroke) –RIK. culda (golden-red) –NAR1. (Aegnor. first person sg. (The word lótë is usually applied to a large. 24 FIX panya. though in the meantime. "Silver-Fist. ulundë. hantë (QL:39. tulca. with 5 fingers).(part. pouring). 458. e. not "quick shake" as in the Etymologies as printed in LR) FLOW (vb) sir-. kingsfisher.(cited in source as wilin "I fly". FLY TO (i. LT1:265 FLOWER (large and single) lótë (often -lot in compounds). quari. fly" in LT1:273). –DAL FLEECE uë –LT1:249 FLASHING OR [?STARRY] LIGHT élë –VT45:12 FLESH hrávë. TULUK. "Its chief use was in reference to the tightly closed hand as in using an implement or a craft-tool rather than the 'fist' as used in punching" (VT47:8). VT42:10. 72 ?FLINTSTONE #sinca (isolated from sincahonda "flinthearted") –LotR:1015 cf. also indil. LT1:249. MR:323 has Aicanár). lúto. –KWAR. For FLOOD in the sense of “tide” cf. LT1:260. PUT FORTH LEAVES OR FLOWERS *lohta. FLAT OF THE HAND. LT2:347 FLING hat. sarco.(LT1:273 has wili. velca.e. KHOR FLY (noun) pí (small insect) –VT47:35 .. talami) (ground). pa. steadfast. WJ:318.v. set up. FLINTHEARTED sincahonda –LotR:1015 cf. good). WJ:399."sail. For ordinals and fractions.(abide. constructed with "from" of the object feared). Vanyarin athar) (festival). see PALM. "lily. Cf. but see FLY. ULU.t. SEND FLYING horta. UT:317. TAK. single flower.otherwise means "fear". Note: there is a homophone adjective meaning "firm. FLOWING (noun) celumë (stream. hlápula is attested).] #lotsë can be isolated.–WIL. the first part of the gloss is not certainly legible. The apparently related noun hatal “spear” occurring in late material (VT49:14) suggests that Tolkien eventually decided to maintain this word.WATCHER" (i. accomodate. flow. also oloiya. wili. In exilic Quenya. FLYING rimpa (rushing). GROUP OF FIVE (5 similar things) maqua (basically "hand". 1st pers. see THREE. immoveable"). Fell Fire). 24. KUL FLAT lára. the verb ruc. UT:227. aorist). FINE FLOUR mulma –POR. FLUTER timpinen –LT1:266. For the syntax of numerals. PAIR OF FIVES maquat (see GROUP OF TEN). TIR FIST quár. FIXED IDEA see IDEA –PAN. the cluster mt seems unusual for Quenya. adapt) –MAG. FLOW. LT:258 FLUTE simpa. FLOWING (adj) úlëa (flooding. Silm:437. note that #larma is used = “raiment” in a later source). VT44:14 FIVE lempë (alternative form lemen in VT48:6). VT46:11 (the latter source indicating that the proper reading is "quick stroke". From *ambalotsë "uprising-flower" [q. 72 FLOAT lutu. this may be the more general word for "flower".“break asunder” had occurred in his writings. larma (the latter also = "[?pig-]fat". 268 FLUTTERING TO AND FRO wilwa –MC:223 FLY (verb) #wil.) FLOWER OF THE WEST (a floral design) Númellóte. MR:198.(inundate). In compounds –quar: Telperinquar = Sindarin Celebrimbor. simpina (pipe). Silm:429/387 FIT (adj. but while the source does not explicitly say that this word is Quenya. lutu-. fly". FLESHY sarqua –MR:349. SKAL2.for w. –SIR. a bird) halatir (halatirn-) or halatirno –LIW. willë (cf. The first version of the stem KWAR yielded quár pl. LT1:249 FLOOR talan (#talam-. FLAME-COLOURED culina.(set). GREAT FLOOD oloirë. FIXED TIME asar (-th-. VT47:7. FIXED tanca (sure. SD:68. 10. as in pl.(sic.e. *rucin i orontinnar "I fly to the mountains". quárë (often used to mean "hand").g. it is difficult to understand what other language could be intended) (suit. WJ:399 FLAG ambal (shaped stone) –MBAL FLAME nár.t. rather celumë (stream. firm).(cited as hatin “I fling”. SD:68. TO (MAKE) FIT camta.) mára (useful. MC:223. read v. LT1:270 cf. pa. BE FIXED mar. PAVED FLOOR paca (court) –TAL. pouring) –VT48:23. LR:363). VT42:10 FLOOD (noun) luimë (high tide). strong. compare the root KHAT “hurl”. see FIFTH. HEART OF FLAME Naira (a name of the Sun). lutta-. nárë (also translated "fire"). be settled). Hand of Silver". float. flood). VT44:7. RIP.(+ allative. or other large single flower". VT45:26.
epta (thereupon. LT1:273 FOG hísë (Þ) (hísi-) (mist.g. WIG. see SOW). dative pl hildin is attested. *"after-sight". yet the context and the form of the word itself clearly indicates that it is actually the pl. The exact etymology of apsene.t. farnë (archaic faznë). also.v. avaquet. from us] our debts". 9. In MR:216. AP FOOT tál (tal-) (These forms probably obsolete tala pl talwi in LT2:347. Pa. "for now. Hildi (unattested sg #Hildo. which would make this an "E-stem" verb otherwise hardly attested.occurs in certain versions of Tolkien's Quenya rendering of the Lord's Prayer. málos (the two latter may not be valid words in Tolkien's later Quenya) –TAWAR/Silm:438/MC:222 cf 215/VT39:7. FOREIGN PARTS ettelë (outer lands) (but the Quenya word is singular) –ET. VT46:9 FOLK hos –LT2:340 FOLLOW hilya.") Given as a 1st person aorist nirin. apacenyë is translated "foresight". hui (murk.t.t. –VT43:8. RUN FOR an (Nam: an sí. = pressure to do something against one's will or conscience) sahtië (Þ) (pressure) – VT43:22 FORCE (in a given direction) (vb. VT49:12 FOOD matso.t. but this verb is probably obsoleted by tamin "I tap" in Etym. see BEHALF.pa. hiswë. –VT41:17 #FORD tarna (This gloss is isolated from Taruktarna "Oxford". press). forgive" instead. falastala is attested).FOLLOWER neuro. PHAL. LT2:342. tauno. LT1:253 FOIL (plant) is translated by asëa (Þ) in the name of the plant asëa aranion “kingsfoil”. till". dark. say no) (1st pers.. The verb apsene. KWET FORCE (noun.) FOOTPRINT runya (slot) – TAL.is somewhat obscure. ("Though applicable to the pressure of a person on others.under SAY) –WJ:370. but the person forgiven now appears in the dative case. see VT45:12). "forgive us [lit...Varda.(refuse) (pa.has uplifted her hands". VT49:18 FORBID #váquet.(refuse. váquenten are given in source). This verb #avatyar. –LotR:899 FOLIAGE olassië (collection of leaves). with a slightly different syntax: the matter forgiven is still the direct object.is for many reasons less problematic and may be preferred by writers.máryat. cf. asëa is the Quenya name of the athelas plant. passage") –LT1:347 FOREHEAD timbarë –PE14:117 FOREIGN ettelëa ("ettelen" in the printed Etymologies is probably a misreading. QL:59. FOLLOWING THAT epeta. compare rer.in a meaning which Tolkien according to other sources abandoned (see VT43:18-19). LT1:267 FORGE – LT1:250 gives tamin.is just the connecting vowel of the aorist (before endings we would rather expect *apseni-) or an integral part of the verbal stem. –Letters:282... tauri is attested). LotR:1003. 1004.. rendë from RED concerning the past tense. The matter that is forgiven is the direct object. COOKED FOOD apsa –PE16:141. q.is once attested with the object ending -t "them" attached: apsenet "[as we] forgive them". destitute) –VT39:14 .(part. in the latest version he introduced the verb apsene"remit.) –MR:216 FOREST taurë ([great] wood) (pl. a vision of something that will come after the present. winga (spray). nin "for me".was originally D (the base is given as NID.is apparently derived from a root AB. night) –KHIS. of faryaas well as a word for "dwelling". According to PE17:148. As for "for" meaning "on behalf of". sg aorist and past váquetin.Varda. the prefix ap. by mind and 'will' as well as by physical strength. aorist avatyarir are attested). whereas the person that is forgiven appears in the ablative case: avatyara mello lucassemmar. –Nam.ortanë. wingë (wingi-) (crest [of wave].) English "for" meaning "for the benefit of" will often be rendered by the dative ending -n (pl -in). FORGIVE #avatyar. Note: an is also glossed "to. FOLLOWERS (an Elvish name of Men) Hildor. release. Note that farnë is also the pa. quet. Tolkien glossed tarna as "crossing. The alternative verb #avatyar. tercen "insight". Note: a homophone means "dusk"). e. thence. in an earlier source also matl (read *matil since Tolkien decided that final syllabic -l became -il in Quenya). a term related to words for “ease” or “comfort” (because of the healing properties of the plant).. q.FOAM (vb) falasta. probably *nindë since the R of nir. 18-20 FORLORN úna (deprived of. form of an adjective #apacenya "of foresight"..(thrust. cf. it is unclear whether the final –e of apsene. [this verb] could also be used of physical pressures exerted by inanimates.) nir. FOAM (noun) fallë. –MC:222/223.. is no doubt *avaquentë. so olassië is the less ambiguous term. this word may also be a noun "stranger".v. whereupon) –KHIL/Silm:116/122/403. The noun "foresight" is almost certainly *apacen.. cf also Hildinyar "my heirs" in Elendil's Oath).(imperative avatyara and the pl. VT45:12 FORESIGHT *apacen (lit. FS/WJ:387. spindrift).
blessed. ostirion –GARAT (see 3AR). VT49:41 FORWARD póna. LT also gives the form kektelë.as in FOULBELLIED sauricumba. a word also used for the fourth toe.FORM car. manar (final end. FORSAKEN ELVES see EGLATH. FOURTH FINGER (the digit between the long finger and the little finger) lepecan. etel or etelyë *”out of you”. WJ:399 FREE (verb) rúna. leave out. outlaw) –WJ:365 FORT arta (fortress) (Note: arta also means "across. VT48:6 FOURTEEN ?canaquë –VT48:21 (the form listed.t. we would rather expect *lehtë tengwi). abandon). –WJ:417. MY FRIEND meldonya (VT49:40). BELONGING TO OR DESCENDING FROM FORMER TIMES yára (ancient. spring). root) –TAL FOUNTAIN ehtelë (issue of water. VT45:18. THE FORMER yara (that). For the syntax of numerals. VT41:5). latina (open.(release. wealth). hehtanë is given but seems perfectly regular) (put aside. VT39:17. mirima (but a very similar word. GOOD OR FORTUNATE THING mána (see BOON). and hecilë f. MIS. –THUS.) léra. released” (perhaps applicable to persons. athwart" as well as "exalted. made fast. exclude. seems to be Common Eldarin. FOXY ruscuitë –PM:353. The latter form may indicate that this adjective also appears in an alternative form *saurë. 72 FOUNDATION talma (base. but Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya. 23 FORTRESS arta (fort) (Note: arta also means "across. putrid). FORMER DAYS yárë. but cf. lot).v. FORTUNATE herenya (wealthy. mírima.8 FRESHET celussë (water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring) –UT:42 6 FRIEND meldo (pl meldor is attested).(pa. sauri-. LT1:254 FREQUENT rimba –RIM FRESH venya. –VT42:25. but Tolkien apparently abandoned it (VT47:15). that would likewise become *cehtelë. netti-). what is in store for one or what one has in store). FRESHNESS vén. sen. whereas the following refer to inanimates: latin. "sister". FORMERLY yá (ago). greenness) –GWEN. q.g. tentanë (with the thing approached as direct object). Fraction ONE FOURTH canasta. athwart") –GARAT (see 3AR) FORTUNE (good fortune) alma (weal. The new form of the word is attested in Silm. but must probably be considered conceptually obsolete if fairë is so regarded.(make. VT43:18 FREEZE niquë. Fairië "freedom" does not clash with later words. YA FORSAKE hehta. ompa –VT49:12 FOUL saura (Þ) (evil-smelling. ONE LOST OR FORSAKEN BY FRIENDS hecil (genderspesific forms are hecilo m. VT47:10-12. fate). RADIANCE].) (waif.) –LT1:257. VT41:10 FREE (adj. the following:) FREE ELEMENT (a term for "vowel") #lehta tengwë (only pl. see THREE. "I freeze" (1st pers.) FREE FROM EVIL aman (see BLESSED) –VT41:5. –KANÁT.("it is cold. LAT. but in LotR-style Quenya this will have to mean. pa. LT2:338 FOUR canta.For the syntax of numerals. let go). if anything. VT46:10. pl. possibly experimental. VT48:5 FOWL (barn fowl) porocë (hen) –PE16:132 FOX rusco (stem ruscu-. wén (youth.(let go. lofty. (A word fairë "free" is mentioned in LT1:250. VT41:5. in compounds sauri. –ET. lehta tengwi is attested. aorist). cansat. mandë. (prefix:) can. VT48:7.) –WJ:391 FORMER noa (also used = “yesterday”. shortened from the phrase noa ré “former day”). but may be obsolete: several other meanings are attributed to this word in later writings [see DEATH. old) –VT49:34. green). casta. it freezes"). Also attested with various pronominal suffixes. LT2:348. FORMER TIMES yalúmë. reserved.(see DELIVER). see THREE.t. aranya (not to be confused with aranya *"my king". FOURTH cantëa. Apparently meldo is a . heren (governance. Lehta “free. SET FREE lerya.The actual reading in LT1 and LT2 is ektelë. the shorter form ranya also cited must not be confused with the verb "stray. word for "14" in Quenya. TI:423 FORTH et. SD:68. virya. outcast. is rather assigned the meaning “very valuable” in Tolkien’s later Quenya). noble”). the Quenya form could be either *canaquë or *canquë). in children's play also called nettë (prob. KHER. cleared [of land]). rich). MAN/MANAD. VT49:12. archaic wenya (yellow-green. GO FORTH TOWARDS tenta-. wander"). or in two-hand play for the ninth digit. let loose) –VT43:23. e. –GALA. 6. rusqui). PHANTOM. lerina ("free" of things in the sense of "not guarded. marto (fate. The word selyë "daughter" was also introduced as a name for the fourth finger/toe in childrens play (VT47:10). "kanakwe". The previous words are apparently used to describe “free” persons.(prefix) (out). or 'owned'". VT46:22. céva (new). 15. LT1:254 gives hilcin "it freezes". doom. lepentë. The form quaican seems to be another.
poto-. The preposition et "forth. FULL TO THE BRIM. Adverb FULLY aqua (completely. what is more). (LT1:264 has osto "the gates of the Sun" and Ostor "East". Valandil – sometimes translated "lover" rather than "friend". out" may also express "out" and is combined with a following noun in the ablative case to express "out from". FULL WRITING (= writing with separate symbols for vowels) quanta sarmë. endings -llo. WJ:407 GENEROUS faila (fair-minded. n. –KWAT/VT43:28. FULL STOP (in Tengwar punctuation a dot placed under a consonant to indicate that it is not followed by a vowel. weak) (Note: milya. a name he was given by people who did not know that he was actually a Maia. VT39:8. "out of". hwandi) (sponge) –SWAD FURTHER. FROST-PATTERNS niquis.(assemble). The word an may also be used = ”moreover.).). -dildo (VT46:4). SYAD GATE ando. play) –TYAL/LT1:260 GANDALF Olórin (his name in Valinor. derived from a stem meaning "dream" – not an actual translation of "Gandalf". hosta. e.) –LotR:391. RGEO:66 GALADHRIM (the “tree-people” of Lórien) Ornelië –TI:239 GAME tyalië (sport. e.). VT49:19 <G> GALADRIEL Altariel (Altariell-. VT46:10.) –Silm:433. as in quanta Eruanno "full of grace". PUS FUNGUS hwan (hwand-. Anardil. -ser (final element in compounds). English "from" will often be rendered using the ablative case. dual -lto. wholly). sermë (f. quantë tengwi is attested). MC:223. LT1:273 has yáva. –3O. as in pl. nildë (f. –VT47:15. hence a stem like mata. BEAR FRUIT yavin (which must mean *"I bear fruit". FRIENDLY nilda (lovely). LT1:273 . sermo. WJ:392. GREAT GATE andon (pl andondi). meldenya *"my friend" in the Elaine inscription. LotR:1157. assemble).?). GATHERING (of three or more coming from different directions) yomenië (meeting) –PE17:158."eat" was analyzed as two quantë tengwi: ma + ta). to proceed”. IN FRONT OF (of spatial relationships) opo. 33) pusta (stop). GENTLE BREEZE vílë –VT45:34. meaning "Elf of the Wand". introducing the reason for what has already been said. MEL. corresponding to feminine #meldë (cf. VT45:34. the true Quenya equivalent of the Telerin form would have been Ñaltariel. – MR:350 GAP fásë (gulf) –GL:36 GARDEN tarwa (enclosure) –QL:87 GARLAND ría (wreathe). just) –PM:352 GENTLE milya (soft. In early Elvish analysis of Quenya. Galadriel's own mother-tongue. niquessë (the latter by association with quessë "feather") –WJ:417. VT43:20. ringwë (rime). Silm:439. Tolkien here referring to Elaine Griffiths). pó (VT49:12. altogether. VT49:32) FROST nixë. WITH MOUTH FULL penquanta ("peñ-).masculine form. or r. UT:396 cf. VT43:28). According to PM:347. Altariello is attested. SER. seron (m. VT44:35 FRONT – BEFORE.g. –(n)dil (final element in compounds.) entë (moreover. Elendil. but an would often imply “for”. FULL SIGN #quanta tengwë (only pl. gen. and so – for. mando is also defined as "safe keeping"). furthermore.g. pl -llon or -llor.). the Telerin form is Alatáriel [UT:266]. LT1:273 FULL quanta (+ genitive to express "full of". the n of -ndil is left out). However. FURTHERMORE (adv. LotR:1003. moica (soft). this was the term for a consonant + a vowel (this was analyzed as a kind of unitary phoneme rather than two phonemes. LT1:265 FROZEN halcin –LT1:254 FRUIT yávë (so in Etym. but this form was apparently not used. NIL. Other words for "friend": nildo (m.The final element -ndil also appears in the variant form -nil and with the longer forms -nildo. hyatsë (cleft) –KIRIS. stem #yav-.) –YAB. Letters:386 FROG quácë –VT47:36 FROM: Independent Quenya prepositons for "from" include ho and va. also pono. FRIENDSHIP nilmë –WJ:412 cf. GL:58. 24. whereas yava appears in VT43:31). var. málo (m. MAIDEN CROWNED WITH A FESTIVAL GARLAND riellë –PM:347 GASH cirissë (slash). VT39:11.is also a verb "long for").) –AD. Tolkien often employs the 1st person aorist when mentioning a verb in his wordlists. LT1:264 GATHER comya.(collect. but in Tolkien's later Quenya osto means "town" or "fortress". and VT43:31. 391 GAOL #mando (isolated from Angamando "Iron-Gaol". When the first part of the compound ends in l. Altariel is the form used in Noldorin Quenya. Eärello *"from the Sea".
alcarë is an adjective "glorious" rather than a .t. as in the pl. This word encompasses both "after-names" and "mother-names".(pa.t. not númen. or water) nalta (radiance – alata in Silm:433 is the Telerin form. Another fem. but this was apparently an ephemeral form. BELT quilta. VT46:13.sg. see INSTRUCT. twilight. as in dat. dusk). isolated from massánië (see BREAD-GIVER). darkness. WJ:412. –ANA. lumbë (shadow). cornen) (ball). GLOBED corna (round) –KOR GLOOM ungwë. dark. alcarë is rather a longer form of the noun alcar "glory". nosta. ng. GIVE INSTRUCTIONS TO. a name of Jupiter. and again it is possible that this is actually Common Eldarin for Quenya *wencë. also Alcarinquë. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. LITTLE GLASS lipil.(pa. but appears to mean "female child". Silm:55 GLORUND. sombre). The form wendi "young or small woman. But if this word is written in Tengwar. –LT1:271. “gave” was ánë in early "Qenya". VT45:21 GIFT anna.) GIRDLE. this gloss properly refers to another word). –ANA. LT1:261 GLITTER (vb) mirilya-. PM:347 GLOBE coron (#corn-. hence "girl". –WJ:369. CHILD OF GLOOM lómëar (probably not a valid word in LotR-style Quenya) –UÑG. Note: a homophone means "person". anto (m) (the latter word from Etym is probably obsoleted by anto "mouth" in LotR:1157 – an alternative word for "[male] giver" might be *antando). girl" in VT48:18 is perhaps intended as the older form of wendë ("maiden") rather than a "contemporary" Quenya word. maril (crystal – perhaps with stem marill-). #antanë is attested in VT49:14 [antanen “I gave”]. alcarë (splendour. Read *Laurungo. wendi) (maid). "a magic glassy substance of great lucency used in fashioning the Moon" –VT47:35. VT48:18 GIVE anta.) –ERÉD GESTURE-CODE hwermë –WJ:395. The form "wenki" from the same source may have a similar meaning. The word seldë was not clearly glossed by Tolkien. Silm:390. see GRACE.) –MR:217 GLAMHOTH Sancossi (see GOBLIN) –LT2:341 GLASS calca. the noun quilta “belt. hyellë.GET net.if the verb is to be adapted to Tolkien’s later Quenya (cf. GLITTERING rilya (in the Etymologies as printed in LR. Undolaurë (Tolkien later changed Glorund to Glaurung. Silm:431 GLORIOUS alcarinqua (radiant) (The shorter form alcarin is attested in VT44:10 and also as a title of king Atanatar II. nalta is spelt with initial ñ. girdle”). LT1:255. QL:78 GIRL wen (stem wend-. LAND OF GIFT (a name of Númenor) Andor (haplology of *Annandor). brilliance) In VT44:10. GLITTERING REFLECTION (from jewels. GLITTERING LIGHT rilma. huinë (darkness. Another word for "giant" (hanaco) was struck out by Tolkien. GL:37. GIVER antë (f). VT46:13. polished metals. *Ungolaurë in Quenya?) –LT2:341 GLORY alcar. GLOOMY morna (black. lómë (stem lómi-) (night. Silm:313.) –LT1:272 GIVEN (OR ADDED) NAME anessë (pl anessi is attested. encircle” (QL:78). that is. VT41:8. GIRDLE #lesta (isolated from #Lestanórë. yaru. LT1:258. númenda. In PM:347. also vírin. possibly both forms are valid in later Quenya as well). PM:404 GIVE BIRTH nosta. DEAR GIFT (the meaning of Melian's name) Melyanna. glass. this word also seemed to be glossed "brilliance". hyelma (the latter perhaps = "a glass". wenci-. GLINT (noun) tindë. –NOROTH. RIL/VT46:11. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly.(but in later sources. LUM. nentë given) – QL:66 GET LOW (of the Sun) númeta-. GLINTING tinda (silver) –TIN. and the Etymologies. RGEO:73/LotR:1075/VT44:10. q. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. GIFT OF GOD. whereas hyellë could be glass as a substance).t.is glossed "beget".) The form alcarë appears as an adjective "glorious" in VT44:10. ilcala is attested) –MC:223 GLINT (vb) tinë (pres 3rd pers sg). –AKLA-R-. but the text was rewritten and this may have been an ephemeral form (VT44:13). In one text. word for "giver" is #ánië.(part. 434 GIMILZÔR Telemnar –UT:223 GIMLET teret (auger) –LT1:255 GIRD: Early “Qenya” material has a verb qilti. LT2:339 GLAURUNG see GLORUND GLEAM (WHITE) ilca. read perhaps *quilta. wintil. Note: #lesta also means "measure".“gird. VT39:5 GIANT (noun) norsa (Þ) (see also MONSTER). see DORIATH. #Lesta is the cognate of Sindarin lest as in Lest [or List] Melian "the Girdle of Melian" [WJ:228]. Tolkien apparently used ana as the imperative "give!". Cf. though the pa.) –MBIRIL. shadow). GLORUNN Laurundo. QL:31.–LT1:263 GERM erdë (seed. VT44:13. but according to VT46:11.v. Cf. KHYEL/VT45:23.
but also used mythically as a name of all red and yellow metals). “golden light”.t. avánië (pl. GO ROUND pel. GO ATHWART tara(cross). VT41:5. WAN.t. VT49:47. Genitive Eruo. never used for the metal". Silm:61. "the One God". tenantë). 18 34 GODWINE (name. GOD (in general. PAGAN GOD ainu. pellë given. but this was apparently an ephemeral form. "not a metallic word. perf. Letters:308/RGEO:70/LAWAR.(let loose. or stem *orco-.t. PEL. tentanë (the verb can also mean “direct toward” or “be directed toward”. vanya. Noldo) Noldo (spelt Ngoldo [Ñoldo] in Tengwar writing. the word means “hearty” (QL:57). Letters:308. "light of the golden Tree Laurelin". pl urqui) or orco (stem *orcu-.(pa. fion (but in later material. Letters:387.(send). a "mystic name" of gold. "a god") aino (this word from PE15:72 is the equivalent of ainu within Tolkien's mythos. the printed Etymologies gives "linna" instad of lenna-. VT44:32). Ainu/Aini is capitalized. vannë) (depart. VT49:23.(release. pa.(attested in the aorist: menë "goes"). dative Erun. in Tolkien's Quenya renderings of Catholic prayers) Eruamillë (also Eruontari. a word of similar shape is assigned the meaning “hawk” instead) –SUG (see SUK). LR:368. pl.(pa. LT1:253 GOBLIN (Orc) urco (stem *urcu-. vánë ("the most frequently used past [tense]" – less "physical" than oantë.) SON OF GOD (Jesus) Eruion. pen in”. In Etym and Silm. cf.(revolve. VT44:16-17. 30. see CROSS.t. a proper name that can hardly be used as a common noun meaning "god" in general. LT2:202/MR:74/WJ:390. LT1:255 [possibly a notion Tolkien later abandoned]. MOTHER OF GOD (Mary. RGEO:70. perf. but since aino could be interpreted as simply a personalized form of aina "holy". holy one). fence in. VT44:34. LED/VT45:27. the Silmarillion Appendix also mentions “encircle” as a meaning of the root PEL. 415. orqui. VT43:37. disappear – it may be that Tolkien abandoned the verb vanya-. pl. GO OVER. VT41:5. LT1:248 cf. VT39:16 GO lelya. said to be the Quenya equivalent of Sindarin Glamhoth) -ÓROK. Ainatar *"Holy-Father".'golden-red' in Culúrien") –LotR:1157/SMAL. orcor). WJ:364. no longer to be had) BE GONE! heca! – also with pronominal affixes: sg hecat. He that is Alone". Note: used of people. VT43:32. GO AWAY auta. GOLDEN laurëa (pl laurië is attested. PAGAN GODDESS aini (angelic spirit. but cf. in the intransitive tense apparently with the pa. VT43:32. Silm:429 GONDOLIN Ondolindë ("Stone Song". PM:353. Other names/titles: Ilúvatar "Father of All". "God-friend") Valandil (sc. Silm:433. vánië with no augment may occur in verse. pl.or lenna. travel). GOLD laurë (= "not the metal but the colour. avánier is attested). the Ainur are of course not "pagan" to the people of Middle-earth.t. lendë in both cases. “glowing” (of things). WJ:366. LotR:1157. the archaic form smalta mentioned under LAWAR). past and over. VT47:13 GLOWING lúsina adj.t. (Gnomish language:) Noldorin. so in Silm:149. RGEO:70/Nam. sen. pl hecal "you be gone!" (stand aside!) LET GO lerya. If this early Qenya term is to be used in LotR-style Quenya. perf. It was applied to those things which we often call 'golden' though they do not much resemble metallic gold: golden light. oantë. free) –WJ:363. LT2:341 GOD Eru ("The One. especially sunlight". LT2:347. one would have to assyme that it represents earlier lúÞina (root *LUTH) and spell it accordingly in Tengwar. LT1:258 has laurina). oantië (in the physical sense "went away [to another place]". –AKLA-R-/RGEO:73/UT:317/WJ:369/Silm:427. Noldor is attested. "of light and colour. GNOME (only = wise one. changed from Ondolin) –LT1:254 . Appendix: "cul. GNOME-LAND Noldomar –LT1:262. what we should call golden light". KUL. pass). *"Vala-friend") –VT46:4 GOLD (the metal) malta (so in LotR – Etym has malda [stem SMAL]. set free). The form Eru corresponds to Enu in early “Qenya” material. QL:73). not of the metal". GONE vanwa (departed. if it is regarded as the conceptual predecessor of auta-. 16-17. also anwë (this pa. culina (flame-coloured). AYAN and Silm:426. LT2:343. (As Christopher Tolkien notes. 34. #men.(leave. VT47:11. GO FORTH TOWARDS (with the thing approached as direct object) tenta-. return. (cf. GOLDEN-RED culda. Eruontarië *"God-begetter") –Silm:15/396/431. vanished. pa. VT44:7. dead. THE GOBLINS Sancossi (sancë "hateful" + hossi "armies".) RED GOLD †cullo (obsoleting culu in LT2:341? In LT1:255 culu is said to be a poetic word for "gold". see GO AWAY below). was "only found in archaic language"). but according to VT45:27 this is a misreading) (proceed. GNOMISH (general adjective:) Noldorinwa.noun "glory". Nam. also “Qenya” pele. Silm. CAUSE TO GO (in a desired direction) menta. it can perhaps be adapted as a general word for "god" or "holy one").t. reflecting the earlier pronounciation). VT43:18 GOAT – she-goat: nyéni –LT1:262 GOBLET súlo (stem *súlu-). LT1:254 gives Ondolinda. "a word for golden light or colour. rather meaning to be lost or to disappear). pa. lost.“surround. in LT1:258 and LT2:341 the gloss is simply "gold".
VT49:27). is possibly obsolete in LotR-style Quenya: In LT1:254 velicë is said to correspond to Gnomish beleg. Adjective HAVING GRACE. govern". the combination ndy became ny in Noldorin Quenya [see MIDDLE]. Silm:428. triangle). The meaning of the Quenya word cannot differ too widely from it. LT1:254 GREAT BEAR see SICKLE OF THE VALAR. not Calaciryo. but according to LR:352 the stem from which beleg is derived is "not found in Q[uenya]". váni is given. VT49:41. wedge. control). but cf. commander. nampë. but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. VT46:19 GRANT lav. GOOD OR FORTUNATE THING.(seize). QL:59 GRASS salquë. In early material occurs map.(yield. gift of God"). big”. 29. LT1:260. velcë briefly turned up. An early version of Namárië actually had Calacilyo. Nam GONG tombo –LT1:269 GOOD (of things) mára (fit. aorist). as in Alatairë. 1st pers. also attested in longer form Ondonórë (VT42:17) GONE vanwa (departed.(representing the . GOODBYE mára mesta –MAG (see MA3). WJ:394 GRANDCHILD indyo (descendant) (Indyo looks like Vanyarin Quenya. THUS GOSPEL evandilyon –QL:36 GOTHMOG Cosomot (prob. BEL. GOOD (morally good) manë.t. –VT43:28. The Noldor likely said inyo. see COMMANDER for details) –PM:345. lost. #cirya in the name Calacirya "Pass of Light" [gen. perhaps manaitë (the form is not fully explained by Tolkien). for Alatairë is said to correspond to "Noldorin" Belegoer [in LotR-style Sindarin Belegaer]. piercing"] in earlier material: LT2:337). VT44:18.. LT1:273 has vard. useful).GONDOR #Ondórë (genitive Ondórëo is attested. literally "sweetness". (great in size:) alta (large) (The form alat. LT1:260 GORGE cilya (pass between hills. nehtë (spearhead.t. but Tolkien rejected these forms as well. past) –WAN. ezella (adopted from Valarin. and I give the root meaning of the stem ÁLAT. 5) –KIL GORTHAUR Sauron (Þ) –Silm:418 cf. 361-362 GRACE #Eruanna (literally *"God-gift.. Arct GOODS armar (sg #arma if there is a sg) –3AR GOOSE ván. sweet-faced). –TUR GOVERNANCE heren (fortune) –KHER GOVERNOR cáno (chieftain. earlier sources have laiqua. but seems perfectly regular) –WA-NGORE nasta (spear-point. turnë (wield. Tolkien's gloss of alta. GREAT LONGING mavoinë –LT2:345 GREAT NUMBER – in a very great number: úvëa (abundant) –UB GREAT QUANTITY úvë (abundance) –UB GREAT WOOD taurë (forest) –TAWAR GREED milmë. 42 GRACIOUS raina (smiling. Calaciryo in Namárië] – though this clashes with cirya "ship". apparently meaning “large. velicë. cleft) (so in Etym. fresh). The Great Sea. literally "God-sweetness" (attested in the instrumental case: erulissenen). enlaced". attested in the genitive form Eruanno. *Cosomoc-. –MAP. hoa (large).) –PE17:115."Green" is expressed as a mere prefix lai. which form occurred in a deleted marginal note in the Etymologies)."seize. narrow promontory. –VT44:35 GRADE #tyellë (only pl tyeller is attested – note irregular plural instead of the expected form **tyelli) – LotR:1153 GRAIN orë (ori-) –QL:50 GRAMMAR tengwesta (system or code of signs) –TEK cf. or simply lissë. LT2:339.is used in compounds when the next word has an initial vowel. In post-LotR material the words velca. Note: a homophone means "honeycomb")."rule. NOTE: A homophone means "nettled. see An Introduction to Elvish p. Also #erulissë. The word mána is also used for a grace or boon. pa.was actually illegible. ÁLAT. UT:282. ezel. –ÑGYO(N). mear (from a root possibly meaning "ooze") –SNAS/VT46:14. cf. only used in Vanyarin Quenya). wenya (yellow-green. GREEDY milca –MIL-IK GREEN laica (so in Letters:282. alat. This word was struck out in one of Tolkien's earlier word-lists. whereas laica meant something wholly different ["keen. see BOON. cf. cf the alternative form Cosomoco) –LT1:258 GOVERN #tur. STAR GREAT túra (big). wán (pl. spear-head.(attested as turin "I. take" with pa. allow) –DAB GRASP mapa.govern". see BOON. (stiff and dry:) sara (Þ) (bent) –SALAK. but in Etym it was restored. great.) – An early [TLT] word for "great".
tyáver. pl) Pereldar (Sindarin Peredhil. q. see GULF GYRATE hwinya. VT39:9 HALLOW (verb) #airita. here referring to a "pair of fives") –VT47:7. TIW GROWL (vb) yarra.(snarl). WJ:385. #tirno "watcher" may be isolated from halatirno (see FISHWATCHER) GUESS (vb) intya-. MR:217 has Sindicollo.hands" is attested in FS. LT1:258.root underlying the adjective laica) in: GREEN-ELVES Laiquendi.(growl [of dogs]). tunnel) –PM:365. GREY-CLOAK Sindacollo. GUESS (noun) intya (supposition.(not clearly identified as a Quenya word in the source. Silm:438.(murmur).. 950 cf.(devide in middle) (After perya.is by far the later [TLT] form. GREY-ELVEN sindarinwa (adj).) –PER HAMMER (vb) namba-. The word londë (land-locked haven) is translated “gulf” in TI:423. (of dogs:) núru. variant spelling aia. talami) (floor) –TALAM GROUP OF FIVE (5 similar things) maqua (basically "hand". Nam.) GRUMBLING (adj) nurrua –MC:223. VT43:28 HAIR (a single hair) finë (*fini-) (larch). (WJ has sindë "pale or silvery grey". the form Ambar may be more usual and is found in LotR. –PM:362. divided in middle". Letters:385. an impossible form in LotR-style Quenya). VAULTED HALL rondo –Nam/RGEO:66. Silm:419. *Grey Ones". allative mannar "into. HAMMER (noun) namba –NDAM HAMS hacca (buttocks) –GL:47 HAND má (pl. GROW FAT tiuya. LotR:1171. a word perina is mentioned – it is undefined but seems to be a corresponding adjective or past participle *"halved. –LotR:747. 10 GROW ol. less commonly Sindeldi (sg Sindel). PM:345. wheras sinda is given in Silm:438.) –MR:337. it is possible that the gloss "gulf" actually reads "gully" in Tolkien's manuscript. presupposing sindë. but Tolkien’s later Quenya would not have s in this position (unless it represents earlier þ). Nurru. LT1:267 GREY #mista (isolated from lassemista "leaf-grey")."grieve". LT1:248 has áyë). gap. LT1:263 GUARD – use the word glossed "watch. Pl.v. The conceptual status of the noun loxë "hair" listed in the Etymologies is uncertain. cf.(eddy. probably *nyérer not *nyéri. youth). Singular #Perelda. also sindanoriello "from a grey land". LOCK OF HAIR findë (defined as "a tress or plait of hair" in PM:345. LT2:341 has findl. cf.. For "guard" as a noun. HEAD OF HAIR. GREENNESS wén. 402. (These may simply be two forms of the same word. THIN/WJ:384. SPIN. with 5 fingers). cf. –GL:60/LT1:261 GROT (small) rotto (cave.). also VERDIGRIS = lairus. LotR:1071). but the most usual word for "grey" may be sindë (stem *sindi-) (Þ) or sinda (Þ). TI:423. The noun nyérë points to a verbal stem *nyer. cluster" elsewhere. núru. the similar formation tyávë "taste" pl. airitánë is attested) –VT32:7 HALVE perya. LotR:1003 HAIL (greeting) aiya (so in LotR. heed". VT46:12 GROUND talan (#talam-. this word is assigned the meaning "bunch. ROCKHEWN HALL hróta (artificial cave. sindi. –LÁYAK/LT1:267.(only pa.(grumble). LotR:1157. perta –VT48:11 HALL #mardë (isolated from oromardi "lofty halls. Early “Qenya” has fásë = gulf. and the other glosses may support this reading. GROUP OF TEN (10 similar things) maquat (dual of maqua.t. GROWL (noun) nur (complaint) -MC:223. GL:36 GULL maiwë –MIW GULLY.v. KHIS. WJ:384. ravine). –YAG.as the word for "grey"). A PERSON'S HAIR AS A WHOLE findessë. Sindarin (= Grey-Elven language) (Þ) –LotR:505 cf. 1161 GRIEF nyérë (sorrow). GWEN. the long á evidently becomes short a . the singular may also be reconstructed as #mar with stem mard-. PHAS.TANGLED HAIR fassë.)GREY-ELVES Sindar (Þ) (sg. LT1:263 GRUMBLE (vb) nurru. high-halls". Letters:224. Cf. swirl) –SWIN <H> HABIT haimë –KHIM HABITATION imbar (Imbar was an Elvish name of the Earth as the prinicipal part of Arda. Sindacollo "Grey-cloak" and Sindar "Grey-Elves. WJ:419. WJ:399. it may be a primitive root). also hiswa. PM:365. laiquassë (freshness. q. rockhewn hall). Sinda). –Letters:386 HALF: fraction ONE HALF peresta.–VT45:13. idea) –INK GUILT cáma (responsibility) –QL:43 GULF yáwë (cleft. which would make this the same word as the word for "home" or "dwelling". Singollo (Þ) (so in Silm:421. According to VT46:22. LOKH HALF-ELVEN (noun. as in pl.
they were meant to be related to the noun Valar. is in VT47:7 defined as "the whole hand. rushing). VT49:12). the hand held upwards or forwards. cupped. LotR:1015/SD:68. HATEFUL sancë. HARP (noun) nandë.g. bay – obsoleting cópa."[to] chance" in QL:63 HAPPY valin (LT1:272 also gives valimo. wield. but adjectives ending in -o do not occur in LotR-style Quenya). 19. –LotR:1142. but the word was also used without any exact definition. as in cambeya “his hand”. especially in [?clutching]". HARBOURAGE hopassë –KHOP HARD sarda. *small – see SMALL. tyelca (agile) –GOR. KHOR. HARPING ON ONE TUNE vorongandelë ("vorogandele" in the published Etymologies is a misreading. e.(dangle) –LING HAPPEN – LT2:348 gives mart. it is translated "handed" instead of "handy". LotR:1157. see BE HASP tangwa (clasp) –TAK HASTE ormë (wrath. TYAL. HARP-PLAYER tyalangan. but Tolkien later re-interpreted Valar as meaning the "Powers". For maqua as a colloquial term for "hand". flat and tensed (with fingers and thumb closed or spread" (VT47:9). the word maqua is also used for the "hand" itself (called má in formal language). fight. twisted. For "happiness" it may be better to use the noun alassë "joy". yávië was a precisely defined period of 52 days. HARPING (noun. etc.The plural of má is máli. HARBOUR hópa (haven.is also a verb “thwart”."it happens" (impersonal). but as flexed. VT39:11. nauca (the latter also meaning ill-shapen.(deal with. HANDED maitë (stem *maiti-) (skilled) (pl. Colloquially. Letters:425. VT47:6. abhor" by Tolkien. PE17:154. but was often used for "hand" – see FIST). the dual is mát (VT47:6). Individual hand-names: forma "right hand". HOLLOW OF HAND cambë (also used simply = “hand”. maisi. Angamaitë "Iron-handed". must be either *val or *valdë) (blessedness) It is highly questionable whether these words from early material quoted in LT1:272 are conceptually "valid" in LotR-style Quenya: Originally. PM:353 HAT táta –GL:71 HATE (vb) #tev. knob. tévië rather than tevië is the . VT47:6. KAB. quárë (this is properly "fist". writers may prefer the later verb yelta-. joyous" many writers have used the neologism *alassëa. read *mocin in LotR-style Quenya? Instead of using these early "Qenya" terms. LIN1 HARSH naraca (rending. 18. see separate entry HAND-FULL. A variant of this. pa. hranga (hard. Note: here yávië refers to harvest time. see VT45:7) (continuous repetition) –NGAN. cópas in LT1:257). 9. VT47:23). – MAK/MA3. glossed "loathe.t. hyarma "left hand" (VT47:6. HASTY orna.before a consonant cluster). Adj. HATRED tévië –LT1:268 (according to QL:90. MA3.) HARP-PLAYING salmë. stiff. –VT47:7 HANDLE (vb) mahta. cf. Other terms for "hand": nonda (said to mean "hand. Note: hranga.) –VT47:28 HANG linga. ng.(so in LT1:272. Perhaps read *marta. 23. camba. But if these words are written in Tengwar. that is.(aorist tevë). The term palta is used of "the flat of the hand. and it is unclear whether it can also mean "harvest" in the sense "harvested products". sg.in LotR-style Quenya. nom. though it is derived from a stem meaning "fruit". in the attitude of receiving or holding". UT:460. morimaitë "blackhanded") For other "handed"-related terms. short rounded handle". Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. HAND-LINK. mahtanë is attested. but Tolkien's extra comment is partially illegible) –NÁRAK. KWAR/Silm:429. VT47:9 HAND-FULL maqua (dual maquat is attested). TEN). LotR:1085 cf. and its secondary meanings. violence. HAPPINESS vald. LT1:265.). HAVING HANDS mavoitë. LT1:258 has mokir "I hate". HARPER nandaro. Tolkien's gloss was not certainly legible. Compound LANGUAGE OF THE HANDS mátengwië –MA3/LT2:339/VT39:10. VT49:17). see FIVE. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. When maitë is the final element of names. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. see WRIST. 185 HARE lapattë –GL:52 HARP (vb) nanda-. manage. and the word is therefore also used for a group of 5 similar things (just like the dual maquat may refer to a group of 10 similar things. VT45:37 HARVEST yávië (autumn) – evidently obsoleting yávan in LT1:273. with fingers more or less closed. not númen. (In Etym. In the Calendar of Imladris. not adjectival participle) nandelë. all but the last of these words are spelt with initial ñ. wield a weapon). 72. difficult). violent) (possibly "of sounds". compare marta. awkward. maqua may refer to the "complete hand with all five fingers". 1145 HAS BEEN. see HEAVYHAND(ED). WJ:413. ––VT39:17. FS. LITTLE HARP nandellë. HANDY. the Gods being termed the "Happy Ones". VT49:10 HANDLE (noun) tolma (defined as "protuberance contrieved to serve a purpose. and for "happy" or "joyful.
she. LT1:255. – Reflexive pronoun. cf.correct reading). bay) londë (as in Alqualondë "Haven of the Swans". e. “His/her” as an independent word could be *senya (compare ninya “my” vs. see HIMSELF. ni “I”. A distinctly masculine ending -ro does occur in early material (antaváro “he will give”. it” is expressed by the ending -s . a quite different word for "haste" [ormë] is known. but was apparently abandoned by Tolkien. this adjective means “glowing”). VT49:20).) SMOULDERING HEAT.g. Sometimes a verb with no pronominal ending whatsoever implies a subject “he. "centre". VT45:22 HAVEN hópa (harbour. Besides. e. triangle) –KAS. dead. nás “it is”. Cf also NO LONGER TO BE HAD vanwa (gone. LotR:1157. The ending -s may also appear in the “rare” longer form -së (VT49:51. MC:223.(only part.g. THE menel (a sg word. enda may be the best word to use for the metaphorical “heart” in general). se also appears suffixed to a preposition in the word ósë *”with him/her” (VT43:29). IN HEAVEN (adj. 48).(only fut hlaruva is attested) –MC:222 HEARING (adj) lasta (listening) –LAS2 HEART hón (physical heart). e. vanished) HAVE AN IMPULSE horya. nornë “he ran” (PE17:58). 222 HEAVENS. when some living thing is concerned) does have a distinct form when it appears as an independent pronoun: se (VT49:37). Aragorn's title Envinyatar "Renewer" [q. SPEAR-HEAD nasta (spear-point. indo (mind. it”. –QL:57 HEAT úrë (The stem from which this word must be derived was struck out in Etym. rúmala is attested) –MC:222 cf. VT49:51) when stressed. LT1:262. VT49:15. VT39:32. VT43:29. not referring to the physical organ. "heaven".g. nin “for me”). (Contrast the use of sa for “it” with reference to non-living things. gore. RED [?HEAT] (Tolkies handwriting was illegible) yulmë (Note: a homophone means "drinking. also with a long vowel (sé.g. she. 215. EYES OF HEARTSEASE (a name of the pansy) Helinyetillë HEART OF FLAME Naira (a name of the Sun). 51. 45-46).” Genitive HIS/HER (or ITS.v. one would have to assyme that it represents earlier lúÞina (root *LUTH) and spell it accordingly in Tengwar. LT2:341 HAUBERK ambassë (breastplate) –QL:30 HAVE – see POSSESS. fiondi) (Tolkien's gloss was "not certainly legible. UT:417 – but elsewhere londë is glossed "entrance to harbour. move) (part. nóla (round head. coarya “his house” (WJ:369).(shift. indicating that Tolkien restored the stem in question. this could also mean *”I love her” or *”I love it”).(isolated from the past participle envinyanta "healed". but the fëa [soul] or sáma [mind] itself. the latter with a dual ending following -rya. e. 30). road in sea") –KHOP ?HAWK fion (pl fioni.]) –MR:405 HEAP cumbë (mound) –KUB HEAR #hlar.) –PHI HE. If this early Qenya term is to be used in LotR-style Quenya. lost. SD:68. A distinct pronoun hé can be used for “he/she” = “the other”. -HEARTED #honda (isolated from sincahonda "flinthearted"). descended from older -sse. “I love him [/her]” (VT49:21). LR:63). tinë “it glints” (TIN). more or less = *HEAVENLY) . –VT49:16. e.(be compelled to do something. órë (inner mind – concerning this word. YUL HEAVE #amorta. PM:345. máryat “her hands” (Nam). LotR:1015 cf. see SPIRIT) (Note: a homophone means "rising"). ilwë (sky). as opposed to its English translation). “He/she” (or even “it”. caris *“(s)he/it does” (VT49:16. allative sena or senna “at him [/her]”. HEAD OF HAIR findessë (see HAIR). ID. of a living thing) would normally appear as the ending -rya. but read apparently cás with stem car-.g. “to him/her” (VT49:14. 72. set vigorously out to do) –WJ:366.) The independent form may also appear in object position: melin sé. –KHŌ-N-. amortala is attested). fírië “she has breathed forth” (MR:250). násë “he [or she] is” vs. departed. The form #Eruman that turns up in one version of the Quenya Lord's Prayer (in the locative: Erumandë) appears to include the divine name Eru and must refer to "heaven" as God's abode (but Tolkien simply used menel for "heaven" in earlier versions of the Lord's Prayer). NDOL. enda (lit. melinyes “I love him” (VT49:21. mood). past. SNAS/VT46:14 HEAL #envinyata. Case endings may be added. The literal meanings are *"renew" and "renewed". but 'hawk' is a possibility." The translation "haste" is out of the question.. LotR:1008 HEAD cár (cas-) (sic in the Etymologies. pronoun): As a pronominal suffix. VT49:27. HIM (personal 3rd sg. MR:198 HEARTY lúsina (of people – used of things. the likeliest interpretation would be 'haste'. HEAVE (of large and heavy things:) rúma. as this word would have no plural form. see Quenya-English list for a fuller discussion). but the word occurs in LotR itself. carousal") –LotR:1157 cf. perhaps distinctly personal (cf. knoll). The ending -s is also attested in object position. the entire 3rd person singular “he. UR. Tolkien’s early “Qenya” also has the word elwen. as in a sentence like “I love him (sé) but not him (hé).
shadowed.) This ending covers the entire 3rd person sg.(in compounds: oromardi "high-halls").t. it appears that this is actually a form of hildo "follower". it was assigned the meaning “bite” instead. “of her”) -rya (possessive suffix. VT45:5/VT46:17. the -stámo "helper" element would manifest as *sámo (Þ). VT49:24 HIDE #nurta. #lom. –KAL HEW *pelehta. VT43:10. In LT1:259. Róme(n)star (so in PM:384. aorist). Rómestámo. fut. Símen is used for “here” in Fíriel’s Song (LR:72). simen is translated “hither”. HIGH-ELVES Tareldar –TA. ríma (edge. though in Etym. LT1:255. VT44:16. Also (as noun) used as the name of the healing plant called in Sindarin athelas. 16 vs.in Arfanyarassë (a name of Taniquetil) is said to mean "high (i. the word carma is also used for “helm”. 1004 HELL Angamando ("Iron-prison". tirnë. A specific 3rd person reflexive pronoun "him/herself" is insë (for older imse. locative tarmenissen attested). This is the form given in MR. HIGH PLACE #tarmen (pl.(emended from the actual reading pelekta-. VT46:17) (lofty). VT47:11 HEAVY lunga. but this may be a basic root rather than a Quenya word. reflexive pronoun. also sinomë “here. HIGH HEAVEN tarmenel (locative tarmeneldë also attested). MC:349 HIGH ONES Aratar (sg #Arata. LT1:271 HIDEOUS CREATURE ulundo (deformed creature. –WJ:369. probably ?Rómenstar must always become Rómestar. 10. (object form of she) – see HIM (the same forms are used for both genders). sissë. SKAL. WJ:416. but in VT49:33. Morgoth's dungeon-fortress in the First Age. foina.meneldëa. RĪ. TIR HEIGHT #tárië (only allative tárienna "to the height" is attested) –LotR:989 cf. –LUG. VT43:12. but in Tolkien's later Quenya. but Mandos was simply the halls of the dead and not a place of torture. yourself"). It may be that as an independent word. e. VT44:34. The form si listed in VT49:33 is defined “here”. moru. Letters:308 HEIR aryon (also haryon is glossed as "heir". The element #Ar. HEAVY-HANDED lungumaitë. VT47:19 HEDGE (jagged hedge of spikes) caraxë –KARAK HEED cim-.(LT1:255 gives lomir "I hide". 214. MC:222 cf. covering English "myself. VT48:23. in this place”. HELPFUL asëa (Þ) (beneficial. kindly) (so according to a late note where the word is derived from *ATHAYA). in the sense of "watch" also tir.g. –WJ:417. name) Lungumá. Etym has Angamanda. oro. Lungumaqua.e. harpa. aratarya "her sublimity" [WJ:369]. smear. sio –VT49:18 HER 1. cut” in late material. 24 HIGH ELVES Tarquendi. 1004 HERSELF (reflexive pronoun) immo (a general sg. –KAS. Hildinyar is translated "my heirs" in Aragorn's oath. PM:260/PE17:114 HELP. HEAVY-HAND (as masc. HEAVEN AND EARTH Menel Cemenyë –Silm:434/MC:222 cf. MBAD HELMET cassa. tall). hero". GL:51 also has fatanyu. monster) –ÚLUG HIGH tára (lofty. See HIMSELF. stain. 215. revered)". HEM lanë (lani-). –GL:39. LT1:268 also has mordo "warrior. LotR:1003. tiruva "shall heed" is attested. harna. low. and may also translate as "his" and “its”. LotR:1003. VT49:16 HERB laiquë –PE17:159 HERE sís. denoting a mountain in Valinor. VT45:21. but Tolkien cited the form as Róme(n)star to indicate the connection with rómen "east"). máryat "her hands" [Nam]. HEM OF ROBE lappa –VT42:8. HIGH TIDE luimë (flood).) –MR:350. but this gloss is paranthetic and "prince" is given as the primary meaning. pa. this would become *lomin in LotR-style Quenya). . *"I heed". deep) –MUY. The Aratar are the mightiest of the Valar: Manwë. Mandos is glossed "hell". LT1:249/252 has Angamandu/Angamandi or Eremandu "Hells of Iron". The verb nac. –VT47:37 HERO callo (noble man). –LT2:346.) –GAR (see 3AR). profound. GL:52 HEN porocë (barn fowl) –PE16:132 HENCE (from here) silo. dimness".(tirin "I watch". DARK OR HIDDEN tumna (low-lying. see HIS for further discussion. VERY HIGH antara (with Antaro as a corresponding proper name. mordo means "obscurity. him/herself. border). HER (genitive. cf. since Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya). halda (veiled. 391. see BLESS HELPER: A word for "helper" is apparently embedded in the compound "East-helper". but elsewhere Tolkien indicated that he rather wanted carma to mean “weapon” or “tool”. shadow. 2. furin/hurin (concealed).(verbal stem isolated from the verbal noun nurtalë "hiding" in Silm:120).. noble.–LT1:261 HIDING nurtalë –Silm:120 HIDDEN muina (secret). 1st pers.is defined as “hew. LT2:340. PM:363). Varda. it is unclear whether the latter form was in use in later Quenya). –VT49:18. shady). Nam/RGEO:66.
simen (but in LR:72. tal. Short form mar as the final element of compounds: Eldamar "Elvenhome". e. TUN.g. aini (f. – The word ambar. VT44:7. is seemingly only attested in a translation of "holy spirit" which Tolkien later replaced with a form including airë instead (see below). melin sé or melinyes for “I love him” (/her).) Nouns ending in a consonant take the shorter form -ya. Nienna. PE17:130. VT45:33 and VT46:13 give mar "home. and the ending seems prone to confusion with other. ÑIW HIP oswë –QL:71 HIS -rya (possessive suffix.Ulmo. Exalted Ones". –Silm:408. 428. usually translated "world".occurs in the phrase honmaren. lúmequentalë. but in Fíriel's Song. tál. dwelling" with stem mard-. LotR:1157. This ending covers the entire 3rd pers sg and also means "her" and *"its". Aratar is also rendered "The Supreme. aista. Aulë. sira. THE HISTORY OF THE ELVES I·Eldanyárë –NAR2. and Oromë. of a series of reconds or evidences into a given historical account – not History as such. VT49:21. Yavanna. HISTORICAL lúmequentalëa.g. macilya “his sword” (cf. YAN.–UNUK. 37 HOME már (also used of the "home" or native land of peoples). VT49:17. LR:199 HITHER sir.) HISTORICAL ACCOUNT quentasta (any particular arrangement. macil “sword”). THE HINDMOST Teleri (the Last-comers) –TELES.–VT46:6 s. DAT. quentalë (account. this is used = "earth" instead (i-mar "the earth". 33 HIVE nierwes –LT1:262 HOARD foa (treasure) –LT2:340 HOBBIT: The genitive plural periandion is attested in the Elaine inscription. Home] under the Waves".). rotwa. VT43:36. –PE17:188. Yet another word for "holy". LT1:256. used as an abstract referring to universal History. HOLY PLACE yána (fane. but are used of any living person or thing. the vowel is also short in Mar-nu-falmar. 17-18). god). Silm:421 HINT (verb) hiuta. but it may occur in sources post-dating this statement. quenta (narrative. The stem mar. VT46:13 HOMESTEAD osta –LT2:336 . but this refers to the real events rather than an account of them: that part of universal History which concerned the Noldor.g. A specific 3rd person reflexive pronoun "him/herself" is insë (for older imse. 48 HINDMOST tella (last). WJ:402 HIGH SPEECH (= Quenya) Tarquesta –TĀ HILL ambo (allative pl. yourself"). it is unclear whether the latter form was in use in later Quenya). HOLLOW (adj) unqua. yulmaya “his cup”. story). plural -xer. ablative mardello). LT1:269. The word aina also occurs in a number of sources (e. covering English "myself. dwelling" in one source. e.v. hence "the history of the Noldor" can be quentalë Noldoron or quentalë Noldorinwa. GAS. talya “his foot”. its”). ambonnar is attested). VT46:18. him/herself. 48 HISTORY nyárë (tale. símen is used for “here”) –VT49:18. similar endings. A reflexive ending “he…himself” (and *”she… herself”) in -ssë existed at one conceptual stage (melissë. Another reflective ending is -xë (spelt “-kse” in the source). LT2:347 HOLLOWBOLD Návarot (Nogrod. AM HIM (and HER) as object may be expressed by se. but it is uncertain how lasting this idea was. according to VT43:32 this word is "obsolete except in Ainur". both versions are attested with the dative ending -n attached) –Nam. ronta. tundo (stem *tundu-) (mound). sanctuary). coarya his house. HIMSELF (reflexive pronoun) immo (a general sg. in the Quenya-English wordlist. dual -xet. (In VT39:16. VT46:20 HOLIDAY meryalë –MBER HOLLOW (noun) unquë (hole). lúmequenta (chronological account). These forms are not specifically masculine. opening. MC:222.) (angelic spirit. HOLY SPIRIT airefëa (other version: fairë aista. which is quentalë). latta (pit – Note: a homophone means "strap"). KWET/VT39:16. HOLE ecca. Novrod) –WJ:389 HOLLY ercassë (probably obsoleting piosenna in LT2:347) –ERÉK HOLY airë. terra (fine pierced hole). sé or (where it follows another pronominal ending) -s. See HE. the ending -ya could be added even to nouns ending in a vowel: cambeya (“k”) “his hand”. HOLY ONE ainu (m. In colloquial Quenya (which used -rya = “their” rather than “his. by some author. –Silm 32/381.. unquë (hollow).g. is also associated with "home. her. mouth). but also used with particular reference. "the Land [lit.v. quentalë is defined as "narration" or "History". q.“foot”. –VT47:37. reflexive pronoun. oro. –WJ:369. suggesting that the Quenya word for "hobbit" is #perian (as in Sindarin) with stem #periand-. AYAN/WJ:399. “he loves himself”). assa (perforation. e. saga). narration). Mandos. ISOLATED ROUND HILL tolmen (boss of shield) HILL-SIDE amban (upward slope) (probably obsoleting amun(d) in LT2:335) –VT45:5. LU. HOLLOW OUT unca.
*rucin Orcollon "I fear Orcs") –VT46:4. Silm:438 HORRIBLE norta –VT46:4 HORROR norto (glossed "a horror"). WJ:403/416. and in its new form nehtë the word turns up in the Etymologies with the slightly modified meaning "honeycomb". VT44:35 HOUSE coa (prob. (horn of animal:) tarca (probably obsoleting taru in LT2). this is a misreading of Tolkien's original manuscript). veru is also used for “husband” alone. ROY HOUR lúmë (so translated in LotR and in VT43:34. –ROY1 HURL. HUNTING roimë (the misreading "raime" occurs in the Etymologies as printed in LR. 400: romba = "horn. reproduced in LT1:262. PE16:132. nossë (clan. HUSBAND AND WIFE veru (married pair – but in a late source. in Etym the gloss is simply "time". HORNED tarucca (perhaps obsoleted together with taru). mairo. PEL(ES). HOOKED rempa (crooked) –LotR:1157/VT47:20. In MR:320. WJ:415 HORSE rocco (defined as "swift horse for riding" in Letters:382.) LIGHT OF THE HOUSE coacalina (a metaphor for the soul [fëa] dwelling inside the body [hroa]) –WJ:369/MR:250/VT47:35. constructed with "from" of the object feared (e. narrow promontory". 368 róma is used for "horn". TIL. car (card-) (building). 343. estel is translated "trust". trumpet"] but on p. the counterpart of veri “wife”) –BES.HONEY lis (liss-). though this is glossed "trumpetsound" in Etym). REP HOPE (noun) estel –WJ:318 (where it is stated that this word was used in Quenya as well as in Sindarin. family. catch). HUMPBACK cauco. GAT. WJ:219 HUMBLED nucumna –SD:246 HUMP tumpo (stem *tumpu-). HORN OF ULMO hyalma (shell. LotR:94. steady.) HORDE horma (host) –LT2:341 HORN rassë. and difficult to dissuade and unlikely to fall into despair or abandon its purpose". the word for "honey" was nektë. people) (LT2:336 gives indo "house" and os(t) "house and cottage". VT48:32 HOSTILE cotya –KOT HOT saiwa. knight) – ROK/Letters:282. –PE17:62 . LT1:271 HOUND huan (hún-). liyúmë –RIM/Letters:178. In a far earlier source. reed”). LT1:262. TARÁK. these words are probably obsolete – in Tolkien's later Quenya indo means "heart". HOUND OF CHASE ronyo –KHUG (see KHUGAN). nominal pl. Rasmund "horned bull" in Letters:423 [this seems like Sindarin rather than Quenya] and Arfanyaras. crooked) –TUMPU. BLAZING HOT úrin (Úrin is also a name of the Sun) –LT1:248/265. tildë (point). MR:250 HOW manen –PM:395 HUE quilë (colour) –QL:77 HUGE haura –PE17:115 HUMAN firya (lit."hunt". WJ:367. atsa (claw. This would however become nehtë in LotR-style Quenya. WJ:372/UT:282 HOST rimbë (crowd). nion –LIS. "swift horse" in VT46:12). compare lopo in an earlier source). LT2:341. but roita. THE HORNED Tilion (a name of the Moon) –RAS/VT46:10. rasco ("especially on living animal. ROM/WJ:401 contrast 368. kin.(pain) –QL:63 HUSBAND venno (the published Etymologies gives "verno". since Tolkien later decided that kt becomes ht in Quenya. SYAL. Allative lúmenna is attested. aorist). gore. KAR. NŌ/LT1:250. conch). wedge. romba (so in Etym and one place in WJ [p. Cf. *"mortal". horma (horde). The term indor "master of house" can hardly be valid either. we should perhaps read *olompo. Arfanyarassë "high white-shining peak [*horn]". fixed in purpose. opelë (walled house). but also applied to mountains". 382.) THIS HOUR #sillumë (isolated from the ablative sillumello “from this hour”) –LU. LT1:257 HUNGRY maita –VT39:11 HUNT (noun). 382. a temper of mind. but according to VT45:7. VT49:45 HUSH quildë (rest.347. alternative name of Taniquetil). while osto means "city". Note: lúmë also means "darkness". see FLING HURT (vb) mala. GL:56. the most neutral word). Here the word is defined as "'hope'. Firyar is attested) –PHIR."pursue" is derived from the same stem and can probably be translated *"hunt" as well. quiet) –GL:23 HYACINTH (plant) linquë (Note: Homophones mean “wet” and also *“grass. GL:60 HOOD telmë (covering) –TEL HOOK ampa. see VT46:12 for this correction).The verb rucin is glossed "I feel fear or horror" (1st pers. No verb "to hunt" is given in Etym.) HONEY-BEE nier. olombo (but since Tolkien subsequently changed the relevant stem from LOB to LOP. VT45:38. sc. VT45:28. HUMPED cauca (bent. LT1:260 has rauta. HORSEMAN roquen (rider.g. LT2:337. (Note: a homophone means "spear-head.
physical fear. unspeakable). twisted. hunger. "I [-nye-] have found it [-s]". taptar was used = tapta tengwi "impeded elements".v. dual –tsë) that would be the most typical way of expressing "in. LotR:1008/1003. IF IT BE SO cenasit. IN. the full form also occurs in LT1:254 and Silm) –LT1:254/Silm:433/KHEL IDEA intya (guess. form of the adjective). pity. the word is given as Þelma. see SICKNESS under SICK. VT45:22 IN mi (within). steadfast. a term for consonants (sg. VT45:18.) BE ILL quama. alternative form (?) isima. IF ANYBODY aiquen (whoever). inca (cited with a final hyphen in the source. anger. LT2:343 IF qui (in some texts cé or ce. though a distinct form nye has also been proposed. but Þ (th) would become s in the Noldorin Quenya. according to LR:396 s. SPIRIT-IMPULSE fëafelmë (impulses originating with the spirit.<I> I (1st pers. at" in Quenya. perhaps). QL:76 ILL-SHAPEN nauca (hard. ní can also function as object (“me”). VT45:22). because all the facts are not known.g.g. –MI. LT1:270 IMPLEMENT (prob. e. –VT49:14 IMPORTANT valdëa (of moment) –QL:102 IMPOSSIBLE TO RECOUNT únyárima ("sc.g. WJ:319 IDENTICAL imya (same. HAVE AN IMPULSE horya. noun) yaima –GL:37 IMPEDED tapta. A THING IMPOSSIBLE TO BE OR TO BE DONE únat –WJ:370. . Note: there is a homophone meaning "fix. It may be that ni. but VT45:21 confirms that this is a typo. BODY-IMPULSE hroafelmë (impulses provided by the body. as the word for “if”). RGEO:66.–KAL IMAGINATION síma (mind). –VT39:17 IMPEND úva. entry KHEL. 50. thirst. on. in the pl. *small – see SMALL. but the latter form Tolkien defined as “may be” elsewhere). nearly always in a bad sense: threaten to come. maruvan "I will abide". VT41:19 cf. UGU. see GREY) –INK. se (the form with a long vowel may be preferred since se is apparently also a 3rd person pronoun) This preposition sé is apparently related to the locative ending -ssë (plural –ssen.) IN or AT: sé. Þindë. PE14:59.(be compelled to do something. set vigorously out to do) –KHOR. sickly). nominal pl. strong. as in ní nauva tanomë “I will be there” (VT49:19. will". (For noun “illness”. IN THE mí (for *mi i?) (The version of Nam in LotR has mi where the version in RGEO has the more correct form mí. ce rather than qui. or the tale is too long"). sindë in WJ:384. nearly always in a bad sense: threaten to come.(not-. NOWO IMMINENT – BE IMMINENT: úva. WJ:372 ILL laiwa (sick. VT43:30. 34 IN. The dative pronoun nin "for me" is transparently ni + the dative ending -n. úvanimor "monsters". stressed ní with long vowel (VT49:51). other case endings may also be added to ni.(be imminent). Nam. Itarildë (obsoleting Irildë in LT2) –PM:346/Silm:436. ni is translated "I"). sg): This pronoun normally appears as the ending -n or -nyë (VT49:51) added to verbs. 34. #tapta tengwë. LR:61 ICE helcë. INWARDS. establish") –TULUK cf. –VT49:19. ICE-COLD helca (the final –a is missing in the printed Etymologies. hate). Cf. Arct. supposition). cf. –VT49:14 IMMORTAL ilfirin –PHIR IMMOVEABLE tulca (firm. with the pronoun expressed as an ending). 13. Hrívë úva véna “winter is drawing near to us”. –VT49:48. Independent pronouns: ni (in the "Arctic" sentence. vanimor "fair folk" vs. hórë. The longer pronoun inyë may also be used where “I” is emphatic. also nausë (Þ) –VT49:16.) –WJ:413 ILLUMINATE calya. we would rather expect *taptë tengwi with the pl. selfsame) –VT47:37 IDOL cordon –LT1:257 IDRIL Itaril. In WJ:319. Hrívë úva vena “winter is drawing near to us”. and presumably can also take case endings. imi. IMPOSSIBLE TO SAY/PUT INTO WORDS úquétima (unpronounceable. IMPULSIVE hórëa (the gloss "impulsion" in the printed Etymologies is a misreading. see separate entry INWARDS. set up.from roots with this initial combination. Since this is derived from a root in sl-. The long form -nye must be used if another pronominal ending is to be added after it: utúvienyes. but it does not seem to be a verbal stem). VT39:26 IMPULSE felmë (emotion). sexual desire). carin and carinyë “I do”. IF IT BE THAT cenai (but this word probably presupposes cé.(vomit) –SLIW. Itarillë. VT43:30/VT44:18. ní nauva puts more emphasis on “I” than nauvan. *selma (Þ) ("a fixed idea. cenasit (may be. e. the spelling *hlaiwa may fit Tolkien's later system better: he derived Quenya forms in hl. this prefix usually has a "bad sense". e.(impend). un-) –VT39:14.(prefix denying presence or possession of thing or quality) ú. love.
INVENTION aulë -GAWA INWARDS – a word imbë said to be the adverb "in(wards)" appears in VT45:18 (not clearly identified as a Quenya word). –VT39:6.(Þ) (referring primarily to inducing someone to do something against their will or conscience).g. minna (to the inside). INDICATION tengwë (sign. pó (before) –VT49:12 INCARNATE (noun) #mirroanwë (only pl. VT43:30 INUNDATE oloiya. LT1:249. tol (stem toll.INADEQUATE penya (pl.(As indicated by the hyphen. writing – pl tengwi is attested) INDICATED (adj) tengë. OF IRON angaina. originate) (Note: a homophone means "pass"). e. see PUNISH INJURE hyan. INTELLIGENCE handassë. see INDEX FINGER INDICATE tana. 395 cf. "an island off the west coast of Tol Eressëa" – Eressëa later becoming England in this early version of Tolkien's mythology. locative Lóriendessë]. LotR:1085. genitive *Íverindo. tol is used of islands "rising with sheer sides from the sea or from a river". The name is also given as Íwerin or Iverindor. –VT47:10.–PE16:145 INK móro –PE16:133 INLANDS Mittalmar (the central region of Númenor) –UT:165. – VT43:23 INFLICT PENALTY. imbë (imbi) is the preposition "between". see VT46:19). 8 IN A VERY GREAT NUMBER úvëa (abundant) –UB IN FRONT OF (of spatial relationships) opo.t. the plural was misread as "tolle" in the Etymologies as printed in LR. penyë tengwi is attested). locative *Íverindessë [cf. mirroanwi "incarnates" is attested) –MR:350 INCITEMENT siulë –SIW INCLINE (noun) talta –TALÁT INCLINED penda (sloping down) –PEN INDEED (interjection) é.before an ending. mummy". –VT43:22 INDUCEMENT TO DO WRONG #úsahtië (temptation). was used in early Elvish analysis of Quenya as the term for vowels with no preceding consonant. as in e man antaváro? "What will he give indeed?" (LR:63). becoming Íverind(e). INTELLIGENT handa (understanding) –KHAN INTERCHANGE OF THOUGHT (= telepathy) ósanwë (communication of thought). held (in many cases incorrectly) to have lost such a consonant.(show) (Note: tana also means "that"). VT39:6. penyë is attested) (lacking). basically "mother. variant mina. Attested in the allative case (úsahtienna). According to Silm:438. tengë (VT43:38). some ending is needed – a Quenya word cannot end in nd.as in the pl tolli. This finger is also called emmë. token. This term. MR:350 ÍRITH Irissë –PM:345 IS see BE ISLAND. Can be prefixed to sentences. Silm:324 IRELAND Íverind. VT48:5 INDEX TOE. 268. emya (terms used in children's play. INADEQUATE SIGN #penya tengwe (only pl. VT39:6 INDIVIDUAL nassë (person) –VT49:30 INDUCE sahta. IRON-HANDED Angamaitë. –VT39:26 INTERIOR (adj) mitya –MI INTO mir. also translated "lacking signs". Letters:425 cf.(flood) –VT42:10 INVENT auta. LR:63 INDEX FINGER (first finger) lepetas (evidently lepetass-). cf 285 IRON anga.") . eren. ISLE lóna. INZILADÛN Palantir –UT:223. plain of green. –MI. also used = "index toe"). road"). 26. LT1:269 defines a tol as "any rise standing alone in water. etc. IRON or STEEL erë. IRON-GAOL Angamando (Angband) –ANGĀ/LotR:1157. 454 INNER MIND órë (heart) (Note: a homophone means "rising") –LotR:1157 INSECT (small insect) pí (fly) –VT47:35 INSERT mitta. TEK. also tassa. but in LotR. pa.(note: not to be confused with the noun tëa "straight line. OF INSIGHT. –VT45:11. –MR:385.) –LT2:344. lit *INSIGHTFUL #tercenya (only pl tercenyë is attested) –MR:230 *INSTRUCT (Tolkien’s gloss: “give instructions to”) pëanta. TO THE mir. The normal form must be *Íverin. WJ:394.–QL:72 INTELLECT handelë. Lórien. LT1:252. tëa. minna (into) –MI INSIGHT tercen.–VT43:30 INSIDE.(devise. this e would seem to be a short variant of é.
occurs in navilwë "we judge" –VT42:34. Case endings may probably be added to sa. Silm:55. dative nin “for me”). VT45:46 JOURNEY (noun) lenda –PE17:60 JOY alassë (merriment) –GALÁS JUDGE (vb) #nam. Nam.g. Another word for “it” or “that” is ta (though in some sources. – VT49:16.(pa.(give quick twist or move). "I have found [utúvienye-] it [-s]"). ÁNAK JERK (vb) rihta. RGEO:70 ISOLATED ROUND HILL tolmen (boss of shield) –LT1:269 ISOLATED TOWER mindo –MINI ISOLATED TREE ornë –ÓR-NI. Letters:224. The ending -s is also attested in object position. *NOLDO-JEWEL (= Silmaril) Noldomírë. Noldomír. Silm:427. sa also appears suffixed to a preposition in the word ósa *”with it” (VT43:29). TA ITSELF (reflexive pronoun used on non-living things) imma (also used as noun "same thing"). but anca is sg and is glossed "jaw" in Etym.) JEWEL OF YAVANNA yavannamírë (a fragrant evergreen tree with scarlet fruit. does have a distinct form when appearing as an independent pronoun: sa (VT49:37). e. A JUDGEMENT náma (desire). LotR:1008. spring) –KEL ISTHMUS yanwë (bridge. VT46:11 cf. Morwen (there translated "daughter of the dark") is a name of Jupiter. caris *“(s)he/it does” (VT49:16). –Silm:411 JUDGEMENT námië – defined as "a (single) judgement" or "a (single) desire".STEEP ISLE tollë (apparently simply the fuller form of tol). –VT47:37 <J> JACKET vacco (cloak) –GL:21 JAIL see GAOL JANUARY Narvinyë (In LT1:252. with reference to non-living or abstract things. PE16:134 JUPITER Alcarinquë (Basic Quenya:24. e. and the ending -o normally does indicate something animate/masculine rather than something abstract). with long vowel (sá.instead of carni-. e. JOINING (noun) yanwë (isthmus. “It”. pirya (syrup) –SAB.g. also in the form insa. her” – see HIS). them” instead). this is also the idiom for “get married to” (see MARRY). brought to Númenor by the Eldar) –MIR/Silm:434. formed from *san as the dative form of sa “it” (compare ninya “my” vs. Note: a homophone námo means "person". Námo is glossed JUDGEMENT [of what is]). see HE): As a pronominal suffix. WITH ADORNMENT OF RED JEWELS carnimírië (a pl form? Sg *carnimírëa? Letters:224 has carne. LotR:505 cf. though. RIK(H) JESUS Yésus –VT43:31 JEWEL mírë (pl. –VT41:13. also VT45:45 (where the stem is given as YAN rather than YAT).(see ORO) ISSUE uswë (escape) –LT1:251 ISSUE OF WATER ehtelë (fountain. campë) (leap) –QL:45 cf. cf. “Its” as an independent word may be *sanya. bridge) –YAT. but these words are hardly conceptually valid in LotR-style Quenya. VT43:29. utúvienyes. 26. GL:37 has cá [spelt "kâ"]) –LotR:1157. pronoun – notice that “personal” forms are used of all living things including plants. SHINING JEWEL miril (treasure. the word for January is avestalis. MR:150 JUICE sáva. the entire 3rd person singular “he. trick. An alternative form #nav. According to LT1:260. (noun:) rinca (twitch. but this may not be a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya.g. “to do it” (VT49:34). joining) –YAT IT (impersonal 3rd sg. she it” is expressed by the ending -s . It is attested in object position: carë sa.t.) –LotR:1144 JAW anca (translated "jaws" in the appendices to LotR and Silm. and the latter part of the month is called Erintion. Genitive ITS would normally appear as the ending -rya (only attested with personal meanings “his. THE LONELY ISLE Tol Eressëa (tol "isle" often being omitted) –LONO.+ allative is suggested to mean “be joined to”. nin “for me”). . míri is attested). VT49:51) when stressed. ni “I”. UT:472 JOIN: The intransitive verb verya.(1st person aorist namin "I judge" in VT41:13). In MR:150. PIS JULY Cermië –LotR:1144 JUNE Nárië –LotR:1144 JUMP cap. VT48:11 JUDGE (noun) Námo (Ordainer – the name of a Vala. dative *san “for it” (cf. sudden move) –RIK(H). TOL/VT46:19/VT47:13. Tolkien used ta for plural impersonal “they. 51. JUDGEMENT (of what is) Námo (but this is elsewhere glossed "Ordainer". ÑGOL/VT46:3. precious thing).
narta-. people).t. KINGLY BULL Aramund (this may not be pure Quenya. Pl. KING aran (pl arani is attested) In Etym. #turindië (both also occurring with a long ú).(be afflicted) –MŌ.) HAVING KNOWLEDGE istima (wise. DEAR KINSMAN. Read *Lindelohtë?) –LT1:258 LABOUR (vb) móta. short rounded handle". ÑGOL. minister".–QL:73. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. not númen. learned) –IS. LABIALIZED SERIES quessetéma –LotR:1154 LABERNUM Lindeloktë (singing cluster). Noun A KISS miquë (QL:61)."to kiss". perhaps *núter not *núti. Silm:432 K-SERIES calmatéma –LotR:1154 <L> LABIALS parmatéma (p-series). tunda. 272/LT2:338 KIND nostalë (species) –LT1:272 KINDLE tinta. penyë tengwi is attested). LT1:269 KNOCK #pet. LT1:270 KINDLY asëa (Þ) (beneficial. ng. perhaps with a suffixed stem-vowel. –VT39:6. sintë. JUST faila (fair-minded. (In Etym this word is spelt with initial ñ. see PIERCING. see DEAR.(understand. Nólë is so spelt also in Silm:432. chieftain" is haran pl. istya. Letters:386. pentë given. be skilled in dealing with). and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. and arandur "king's servant. nútë (bond). horseman) –UT:282 cf. WJ:369.). aranya *"my king". VT48:25. tolos (lump) –VT47:28. halatir (halatirn-) (lit. a healing plant) asëa aranion –LotR:899 KISS (vb. lore. 193. UT:165. –SNAR. WJ and UT shows that Tolkien changed it to aran pl arani. LT1:272 (GL:45 has quimellë). (QL:61). held (in many cases incorrectly) to have lost such a consonant.LT1:265 also mentions Silindo as a name of this planet. KHAN. –LAIK KEEPING (safe keeping) mando (custody) –MR:350 KHAZAD-DÛM Casarrondo (Dwarrowvault) –WJ:389 KILL. but evidence from LotR. Earlier versions of the text in question had other forms: #turinasta. –VT43:12. because of the final consonant cluster) –3AR. ista. nólë (long study. that is.(cause to sparkle). was used in early Elvish analysis of Quenya as the term for vowels with no preceding consonant. helpful) (so according to a late note where the word is derived from *ATHAYA). TAM KNOLL nóla –NDOL KNOT narda. penyë is attested) (inadequate). But if this word is written in Tengwar."). harni. etc. WJ:372 KNOB tolma (defined as "protuberance contrieved to serve a purpose. LT2:339. LACKING SIGN #penya tengwe (only pl. wisdom).(toil). A quite different word which Tolkien also translated . see SLAY KIN nossë (house. moia. but this is a misreading. pa. KNOCK (keep on knocking) tamba. Also (as noun) used as the name of the healing plant called in Sindarin athelas. acute. pl tyáver. the Quenya word for "king. according to VT48:25 the pa. KNOW ABOUT hanya. –LT1:250. 8 LADY heri –KHER. but this is hardly a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. Arandor "kingsland". This term. generous) –PM:352 <K> KEEN laica (the printed Etymologies has a final –e instead of –a.(strike). *piercing). minquë (not to be confused with the cardinal minquë "eleven").t. issë (lore). "fishwatcher") –SKAL2. LotR:899. also translated "indadequate signs". i arani Eldaron "the Kings of the Eldar".) LT1:273 has vardar "king". (So in LT1:258. VT43:31 LACKING (adj. TIR KINGSFOIL (athelas. cf. The verb is cited as "pete". 423 KINGDOM #aranië (attested with the suffix –lya "thy" added). is "certainly irreg. 313. 15 KINGSFISHER halatirno.) miqu. also isintë. KEENNESS (of perception) laicë (acuteness). in older [TLT] materiel also turu-.t. asëa aranion "kingsfoil".(Note: there is a homophone meaning "tall") –Silm:438. pa. see VT45:25) (sharp. royalist". Cf. the similar formation tyávë "taste". knob. VT45:37. arandil "king's friend. KNOWLEDGE handë (understanding). the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo.) penya (pl. NU KNOW ista (pa. but Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya.t. The conceptual validity of these words is questionable. KNEE occa –QL:70 KNIGHT roquen (rider.
A ranga was approximately 38 inches. VT47:13 LAND nórë (dwelling-place. LAMENT (noun) nainië. Notice that lambë is also used for "dialect" (VT39:15). family).(altered from the actual reading lokta because Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) (sprout). Silm:414. KAT. – NDOR/NŌ/Silm:430/ WJ:413. LAST DAY OF YEAR quantien." (WJ:394) Only the Loremasters used the technical term tengwesta "system or code of signs" instead. HAVING MANY LEAVES lillassëa (pl lillassië is attested). native land.(great in size) (Tolkien's definition of alta word was actually illegible. YEN. telda (final). LT1:262. cf. but see GREAT). 215. WJ:399. A lár was defined as five thousand rangar. nór (meaning '"'land' as opposed to water or sea".?). 223. *lirulind-. The latter was "the usual word. this word is cited as "ringe". COLLECTION OF LEAVES olassië (foliage). MC:222. LANGUAGE OF THE HANDS mátengwië –KWET/VT45:25. 343. this word is also glossed "grammar". 4826 meters]. telwa (late). LAND OF THE WEST Númendor. regular) (variant vorosanya with a prefixed element meaning "ever"). LAW-ABIDING sanya (Þ) (normal. See PM:404.g. LEAF-GREY lassemista –LAS1. VT39:15. enduring). Cf. WESTLAND Númenor. In the Etymologies as printed in LR. see GIFT). úvëa (very large. talk). mittanya-. VT39:9. 397. –r. LANGUAGE OF THE VALAR Lambë Valarinwa (lit. in other combinations d cannot occur in Noldorin Quenya). *"Valarin language"). commandment. Letters:282. métima (final. pl. Valinórë.) tella (hindmost). LAKE ailin (pool) (LT2:339 also has ailo). LEADEN canuva –LT1:268 LEAF lassë (pl. axani is attested). also alta. LANGUAGE with especial reference to phonology: Lambelë. LASTING QUALITY voronwië (endurance) – VT45:7. LEAF-FALL lasselanta (autumn or the beginning of winter. Note: a homophone means "dark"). VT46:16 LAWN palis (sward) –LT1:264 LAY lirilla (song) –LT1:258 LEAD tulya. LT1:267. LAW sanyë (Þ) (rule). the title of the "Lady" or the highest among the elven-women of any people. ÁLAT. Letters:224 LEAGUE lár (basic meaning "pause" – in marches a brief halt was made for each league). also vórëa (continuous. in non-technical use. 430. calar –KAL/LotR:1157. the ability to speak or the "art" of making speech) tengwestië. so a lár was "5277 yards. – AY/LT2:339. was possibly abandoned by Tolkien. or –n. supposing the equivalence to be exact" – close enough . UB. literally "breadgiver". LEAFSHAPED lassecanta. country. LIN2 LAST (adj. in a very great number). ringwë (cold lake. VT49:26 LANGUAGE quetil (tongue. e.) Past tense perhaps *landë. MC:222 cf. BORÓN LATE telwa (last) –LT1:267 LAUGH lala. WJ:411. lindo "singing bird") –MR:238/252. LANGUAGE (as an abstract. UR LARK lirulin (prob. abundant. lassi is attested). In compounds #-ndor (when the first part of the compound end in a vowel.) –PE17:115. see YARD. Another form of similar meaning. pool [in mountains]). THE LAST-COMERS Teleri (the Hindmost) –TELES. LAND OF GIFT (a name of Númenor) Andor (< *Annandor. PUT FORTH LEAVES OR FLOWERS *lohta. LANGUAGE OF THE ELDAR Eldarissa (the latter may not be a valid word in LotRstyle Quenya). or –nor. 23. nairë –NAY/VT45:37. –VT43:22 LEAD (the metal) canu. Silm:421 LASTING vórë (adj. WJ:413).(+ allative: lead into). (Note: a homophone means "deny". some would say these later glosses render the word úra = "large" obsolete. Nam. see also FADING). region where certain people live. VT47:9 LARCH finë (stem *fini-) –SPIN (the word is also glossed "a single hair". nyéna-. PM:362) LARGE hoa (big). ultimate). Valandor "Vala-land". as proceeding primarily from Eru. LT2:339.(also longer nainaina-). island. 313. Númenórë (Westernesse). RINGI/VT46:11 LAMENT (vb) naina."Lady" is massánië. evil". alternative form of Valinor). LONO. lambë (tongue). Another ending occurring in the names of lands is -sta (see VT43:15). LT1:254. RGEO:66 LAMP calma (light). –dor (the latter can only occur when the first part of the compound ends in –l. LotR:505 cf. LAST YEAR yenya. VT39:30.–PM:359 cf. úra (note: a homophone means "nasty. LAND OF THE VALAR Valinor. alat. two feet and four inches [ca. given the derivation stated (whereas lala "deny" might have the past tense *lalanë or *lallë). also lóna (remote land difficult to reach. LT1:258. –STAN. WJ:394. for 'language'. ringwë is the proper reading. race. she having the right to keep or give away lembas bread. axan (rule. nation. but according to VT46:11.
laisi (vigour. past tense #lávë is attested in the word undulávë "downlicked" in Nam). MEASURE. youth). DAB/Nam LIE (noun. nóla (wise). text sent in the post. LT1:254 LEARN #par. pass). Tolkien gave the example ómalóra "voiceless"). oantië (in the physical sense "went away [to another place]") or vánë ("the most frequently used past [tense]" – less "physical" than oantë. “his/her life”). abandon. this –lóra is a suffix used to derive adjectives. this word was used primarily of the Fëanorian letters. VT49:36). Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. LT1:266.since Tolkien decided that fu. set free). coimast[a]-. – DEPRIVE OF LIBERTY avalerya. the primary meaning is clearly "character.(acquire information. 13. LET GO or LET LOOSE sen. In non-technical use tengwa may also be translated "consonant" [q.to our league of 5280 yards to justify this translation. VT49:28 LETTER tengwa (pl. cf. – Another word for “letter” is sarat (pl.(to free). ÑGOL LEATHER (dressed leather) alu –QL:30 LEAVE (vb) auta. VT43:18. tell a lie) fur. spring" in Tolkien's later Quenya). 6 LICK salpa. 6. vánië with no augment may occur in verse. (In Etym.t. –VT41:5.is derived was "replaced" by another.:42. But if this word is written in Tengwar. Paranyë (apárien) parmanen. the latter word is spelt with initial ñ. masta "bread") (life-bread) –Silm:406/429 LENGTHENED taina (extended. simply "of the Fathers of Men") –MR:373 LEGOLAS Laiqualassë –LT1:267 LEMBAS coimas (life-bread) (prob. restrain) –VT41:5. the latter means "stirring. the editor conjectures that nái is an etymological form. perf. #pícala is attested) (dwindle) –MC:223.t. LIFE-BREAD coimas (prob. LENGTHENING tailë (extension) –TAY cf. of others). –UT:285 LEANING talta (sloping.(lavin "I lick". elongated). not by experience or observation. LEAVE OUT hehta. suffix –LESS –lóra (= "without". The stem from which lesta. perf.(sup. ng. ELED LEAVE (noun) – with leave of: lenémë (+ genitive) LEFT hyarya. #cainë with the alternative cëantë). However. LET GO lerya (release.]. LEFT HAND hyarma.) The noun tengwa is also the source of the verb tengwa. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. obsoleting coi. –TEK. meaning "disappeared" rather than "went away"). LET IT BE THAT nái (in Namárië: nai. –valta of similar meaning may not be valid in LotR-style Quenya. telqui) (stem) –TELÉK LEGENDARIUM OF THE FATHERS OF MEN Atanatárion (lit.(bind. DUB LIE (2) (vb. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. LIE HEAVY lumna. used of the Rúmilian letters after the invention of the Fëanorian Tengwar (but cf. LEAPING (noun) haloitë (pl.–SÁLAP cf. or by written accounts. also the spelling of the related word nólë in Silm:432. NEW LIFE laito. coimast[a]-. cf. make fast. Lesta has a wholly different meaning in later writings. LEFT-HANDED hyarmaitë (stem *hyarmaiti-) –KHYAR. For "leave". by the instruction. halta-. tilted) –TALÁT LEAP cap. Cf. WJ:396.(pa. this is also the past tense of "go".becomes *hu. VT47:6 LEG telco (pl. lendë. GL:23 LESSEN píca (part. exclude. avánië (pl avánier is attested). Etym also has lesta. pa. 222 LET (see ALLOW). The earlier "Qenya" suffix –viltë. VT48:12.t. masta "bread") (lembas) –VT49:41.(conceal) (read perhaps *hur. –PE14:80. LotR:1151 LIBERTY (see FREE). the term "Tengwar of Rúmil" mentioned above). a single symbol in writing". forsake) –WJ:366. not only the Fëanorian letters.(go away. LICK (frequentatively) lapsa. sarati is attested) – an older [MET] word Tolkien notes was used of "a 'letter' or any individual significant mark".(Note: this is also an adjective meaning "lying heavy". coirë in LT1:257.in Quenya) –LT2:340 LIFE #coivië (attested with a pronominal suffix: coivierya.(pa. VT45:28. 1st pers. pa. tengwar is attested.v. oantë. VT49:48.“read”. = untruth) furu (read perhaps *huru since Tolkien decided that fu. having knowledge). cuilë (being alive. GL:36 LIE (1) (vb. that is. see OPPRESSIVE) – Nam/RGEO:67.t. see GIRDLE. #lav. not "tell a lie" but "lie [horisontally]") caita.in Quenya) –LT2:340. VT39:7 LESS mis (adverb). haloisi is attested) –PE16:134. It is uncertain whether tengwa "letter" can be used in the sense mail. hehtanë is given but seems perfectly regular) (put aside. stretched.(jump). not númen.) LEARNED MAN istyar (scholar) –IS. . but by communication. “I am learning (have learnt) by means of a book” –PE17:180 LEARNED istima (wise. aorist. the term "Tengwar of Rúmil" occurring in LotR:1151 seems to indicate that the word tengwa can indeed be used of a letter of any kind. sip).becomes *hu.
–VT39:9/VT47:12. VT45:12 PHAY. 360. Calaciryo is attested) –KAL. LIGHT-CLEFT Calacirya (gen. direction. LONG YEAR (144 solar years. “it is good to me” (good from my perspective) (VT49:30). AKLA-R. lepincë (with stem lepinci. sóra (trailing). LONG AGO andanéya. GLITTERING LIGHT rilma. LITTLE ELF Teler. LT2:344. narrow). cala. VT49:47. TEK LONG FOR milya. in children's play also called winimo "baby" (Exilic *vinimo). gentle. Telellë (adj. FLASHING OR [?STARRY] LIGHT élë. of time:) andavë. tangled hair) –SPIN LOFTY tára (tall.(raise. LT1:260 has rau. VT48:18). (According to Letters:282. LITTLE TOE. Varda means "Lofty" [WJ:402 has "the Sublime"]. RAY OF LIGHT alca. –WJ:385 LINDON Lindon. VT47:10. LotR:989. Lindónë –WJ:385 LINGER lenda. glossed "mouth" in the Etymologies. ortanë is attested) –Nam/ORO/RGEO:67 LIGHT cálë. 35. nícë. Sg #Lindë?) –WJ:385 LINDIL Sindarin form of LINDI. isolated from málimë "hand-link = wrist" –VT47:6 LIP pé (so according to late sources. but it is used substantively in coacalina. LT1:267.KUY. LIGHT-ELVES. calma (lamp). RGEO:70/Nam LIKE (vb): “I like it” can be paraphrased as nas mara nin. see LIGHT OF THE HOUSE under HOUSE).(compare) –QL:82 LILY indil ("or other large single flower"). TEÑ LINK (noun) #limë (stem *limi-). témar is attested in LotR:1153) –TE3/RGEO:67. PM:354 LOGDRAWING turuhalmë –LT1:270 LONELY eressëa (solitary). also”) may be translated ta as in ta mára “so good” –Nam/RGEO:66. LOOK! (interj) en (there. SIL/LotR:1157. yéni is attested) LONG-MARK andatehta –ÁNAD. LONG AND THIN lenwa (straight. an Elvish "century") yén (pl. VT48:5 LO! ela (look! see!) (directing sight to an actually visible object).) LOFTY TOWER see TOWER. LIKE (prep) ve (as) The expression “like that” (= “so. –ngolmo). road). the word could be adopted unchanged into Exilic Quenya. MR:250. Silm:406/429 LIFT UP orta. rise. stem PEG). series) (pl. anda né. STARLIGHT or LIGHT OF SILPION (Telperion) silmë (†silver). LT2:345 LONG-LASTING voronwa (enduring) –BORÓN LOOK AT yéta-. shore) –Silm:431 LINDI Lindi (What the Nandorin Elves called themselves. weak"). LOATHING (noun) yelmë ("yelma" in the published Etymologies is a misreading. RGEO:70 LONG (adj) anda. tëa (straight line. VT45:11 LOCK OF HAIR findë (tress). ELVES OF THE LIGHT Calaquendi. note that homophones mean "athwart" and also "fort"). but pl rávi is the same. 26. telerëa.given older form lepinki. GOLDEN LIGHT laurë. pa.(abhor). LONG (adverb. GREAT LONGING mavoinë – MIL-IK. VT49:12 LIKEN sesta. LONELY ISLE Tol Eressëa (tol "isle" often being omitted) –ERE. also yé (now see!) Note: a homophone means "what is more". fassë (shaggy lock. VT45:36. WJ:361/Silm:61. compare antara "very lofty". the mouth-opening". RIL. VT46:17. The idiom thus involves the verb “to be” + mara (read mára) “good” + a dative form representing what in English is the subject. LIGHT (adj) calina. VT49:31."indicate"). MC:223. –WJ:362 cf.–VT45:27 LINGUISTIC LOREMASTERS (VT48:6) Lambengolmor (sg. see LOREMASTER under LORE. road) (note: not to be confused with the verb tëa. A LIGHT calina (which is basically the adjective "light". see under TOE. Early "Qenya" had cíla for "lip". way. 67. Nam/LotR:1141/YEN. telella).) SHE-LION ravennë –RAW. nénu (= yellow water lily) –WJ:399. Also arta (exalted. 341.) (Note: rá is also a preposition meaning "on behalf of".t. LITTLE FINGER lepinca. VT47:31 LOAF cornë –LT1:257 LOATHE yelta. LT1:248 LINE OF SURF falassë (beach. high). LOATHSOME yelwa –DYEL. dual peu "the two lips. LT1:260 LIQUID (adj) sírima (flowing) –LT1:265 LISTEN lasta-. but this word should probably not be used as a common adjective. –VT48:6 LINE tië (path. MOONLIGHT isilmë. téma (row. GN:24 LION rá (pl rávi) (so in Etym. LT1:267. course. LISTENING (adj) lasta (hearing) –LAS2 LITTLE (see also SMALL) titta (tiny).(Note: milya is also an adjective "soft. –TĀ/Silm:437/LT1:264. VT45:11). q. look! yonder) LOOK! ela (lo! see!) (directing sight to an . –TIT. EMIT LIGHT faina-.v. noble.
VT39:11. Nam. LotR:1122. Nerwen "Man-maiden" (probably with stem *- . BELOVED melda (dear. #heruion). VT43:18 LORD heru (pl. 353 MAID. the n of this word was misread as u. melindo (m.t. AIWĒ. LORD OF TREES Aldaron (a name of Oromë) –LT1:272. sweet). lumbor is attested). LT2:339. Letters:308 LOVE (vb. †ingolë (deep lore.) –QL:66 LUCK valto (LT2:348 gives mart "a piece of luck". Letters:282.g. In compounds –wen. QL:81 LOOM (noun) lanwa. hér. LYING IN BED caila (bedridden.(pa. e. LOWER AIR vilma (earlier [MET] wilma). VT48:26 LOWER (vb) luvu. VT44:12. 378. "Birdland"). LOVE (noun) melmë (LT1:262 has meles. "recorded. burdensome. not númen. sácë) (pursue. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. also short form wen with stem wend. perhaps #ngolmo is the form used in compounds when the first part of the compound ends in a vowel.(brood). 353 MAGIC †ingolë (deep lore). Aiwenor (lit. this word should appear as *andumna because d was the initial sound of the original root. VT41:9 LORE nólë (long study. LET LOOSE sen.). LOWLYING tumna (deep.]. KAY/VT45:19 LYRE salma –LT1:265 <M> MAEDHROS Nelyafinwë (meaning "Finwë third". Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. ominous) Combined with the superlative prefix an-. LUSTFUL mailëa –MIL-IK LYING HEAVY lumna (heavy.) MUSICAL SOUND lin (stem lind-) (melody) –ROM. LOVELY melwa. but in Etym the gloss is simply "skill". Silm:432. was Maitimo "well-shaped one". but word-final rt does not occur in LotR-style Quenya. outlaw) –WAN. as adj. LOVER meldo (pl meldor is attested). 365 LOT marto (fortune.for w..pl. LOVEABLE melima (fair). –PM:352. melessë). love as friend) mel. LT1:262. (These forms may obsolete nólemë in LT1:263.in Exilic Quenya). as final part of compounds: #her. in Tolkien's early "Qenya" also windelë –LAN.) –ÑGOL. e. curu is glossed "magic. WJ:362 cf. méla (affectionate). LotR:488 cf. melissë (f. search) –LT1:262. this term can be used of a "maiden" of any age up to fully adult (until marriage). which is the cognate of his "mother-name" Macalaurë. (Note: lumna is also a verb meaning "lie heavy"). oppressive. the gloss is simply "lore". MAIDEN wendë.) LOREMASTER ingolmo (In Lambengolmor "Loremasters of Tongues" the initial i of ingolmo [pl ingolmor] has disappeared. gen. LOVING nilda (friendly). where the reference is to the Virgin Mary. free) –LEK. no longer to be had. read evidently vendë) to translate "virgin" in his Quenya version of a Catholic prayer. issë.(in the printed Etymologies. WIL.though never used in narrative"). ng. not equivalent in sense to Sindarin Maedhros. and hecilë f. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. wisdom. "recorded. vendë (the latter is the Exilic Quenya form). 29 (where i Héru "the Lord" refers to God).. The short form of the name was Nelyo. Ostoher *"CityLord". DARK LOWERING CLOUD lumbo (pl. WJ:366. WJ:382. ONE LOST OR FORSAKEN BY FRIENDS hecil (gender-spesific forms are hecilo m. VT45:27).. vanished. Tolkien also used the word wendë (variants vénë. fate) –LT2:348 LOUD SOUND róma (trumpet-sound) (Note: in early “Qenya”. NIL. nólë and nolwë are spelt with initial ñ.) (waif. Silm:32. LT1:254 LOOSE lenca. lehta(slacken). LT2:348 LUMP tolos (knob) –LT1:269 LUNAR MONTH ránasta –VT48:11 LUST mailë.g. short form Cáno (not equivalent in sense to his Sindarin name. MAGIC (adj. and the word is not stated to be poetic]).(let go. WJ:383/396 LOST vanwa (gone.) nalda (also = valley. magic [in WJ:382. LOWTIDE nanwë (ebb) –TUB cf. outcast. His mother-name [q. The form Héru with a long é occurs in VT43:28. LORDSHIP hérë. ID LOW. wizardry".as in pl. VT49:15. SECRET LORE nolwë (wisdom). róma also means "shoulder". knowledge). But if these words are written in Tengwar.. 21).though never used in narrative".v. Cf. 360. írima (desirable) –MEL. past and over. dead). véndë. He also had a nickname Russandol "copper-top") –PM:352. #heruvi. wendi (girl) (read v. departed. LT1:271. also the spelling of the related word nólë in Silm:432. –LT1:259 LOWLY (adj. In LT1:269.(melinyes and melin sé “I love him”. EN.. In some sources.actually visible object) LOOK FOR saca.). ?sickness) –DUB. profound. that is. dark or hidden). According to VT47:17. WJ:412. GL:72 MAGLOR Canafinwë.) sairina –ÑGOL. Read *martë or something similar?) –LT1:272.
For "Men" in the sence "humans". MAKING carmë (glossed "art" in UT:396 and is also translated "production". WJ:396 MARRY verya. it is difficult to understand what other language could be intended) (suit. AFTER THE MANNER can be expressed by ve “as. and pl tehtar is attested. Silm:261/269/423. alast. UT:211 MANAGE mahta. MASTERY túrë (victory. GL:39 MARCH Súlimë –LotR:1144/Silm:437 (not capitalized in the latter source) MARINER ciryamo. but after the invention of the Tengwar primarily used of the Rúmilian letters. for reference). but since this is transitive and would always be followed by a direct object. the two verbs can be distinguished. the longer participial form carina occurs in VT43:15. accomodate. VT44:10. VT44:14. NOMAN úner (All these words can apparently be used of adult males of any sentient race. VT47:33. veil) –VT43:22 MANY limbë. is attested.) sarat (pl. MAN-SPEARHEAD (a wedge-formation of soldiers) nernehta. VT44:18 ("Maria" in VT44:12 lacks the accent. MALE (adj) hanwa –3AN. wield a weapon). wield. but this is probably a mere slip) MAST 1) (on ship) tyulma.(sic. restrain. –VT49:45. Fëanturi "Masters of Spirits". MAIDENHOOD wendelë (Exilic Quenya *vendelë). as in vëaner and úner. MASTER OF DESIRE Irmo (lit. Instead of using the early "Qenya" form limbë for "many". see MORTALS. WJ:391. WEG (cf. diacritic) (In LotR:1155. LT1:250 MARK (in writing) tehta (sign. *lir-. though FS and SD:246 have cárë. The word verya. handle. build".before l. VT49:10 MANNER lé (method). 2) (fruit of beech) ferna (beechnuts) –TYUL/SD:419. with the person one marries in the allative case: veryanen senna *“I married him/her”. #heruion) (lord). The same verb is translated "form" in WJ:391: i carir quettar. "Desirer". VT39:11 MALE (noun) hanu (man.also means “dare”.v. Silm:55 MARY (Mother of Jesus) María –VT43:28. Silm:269 has turun instead of turún` – the accent and he elision mark seem to have been omitted. compare English “I got married to him/her”. 254 MARBLE alas. LARGE/STRONG MAN nerdo. as in the phrase ve quenderinwë coaron “after the manner of bodies of Elven-kind” –PE17:74. vigorous). TINY MARK tixë (dot. PHER MASTER (noun) heru (pl. hanu (male). a name of the Valar Mandos and Irmo). #tur (cf. 6. MASTER OF DOOM Turambar. pa. aorist carin "I make. †vëo (-wë as final element in compounds).(deal with.pl. TIK.(1st pers. – MAK/MA3/VT39:11. have some end in view).) –DER. neri given) (#ner as the final element in compounds. 18. According to Etym the past tense is carnë. (ADULT) MAN vëaner. 19. the cluster mt seems unusual for Quenya. and while the source does not explicitly say that this word is Quenya. INI MAN nér (ner-. r. might). though the Quenya phrase is also suggested to mean “I was joined to him/her”). #heruvi. as in lillassëa "having many leaves". MR:214. gen. it may be safer to use the later form rimba.t. read probably *cárina with a long vowel to go with such late participial forms like rácina "broken"). *lis-). MASTERED #turúna (only the form turún`. –KAR. deprive of liberty). mahtanë is attested. the following:) NAME-MAKING Essecarmë (an Eldarin seremony in which the father of a child announces its name. MARRED hastaina (Arda Marred = Arda Hastaina).wend-). see below). 46 MARS Carnil –Basic Quenya:24. UNMARRED alahasta –MR:255. TUR/UT:438. TO (MAKE) FIT camta.(intransitive.(to cloak. male of Men/Elves or animals).(desire to go in some direction. UT:282. MANLY vëa (adult. strength. VT47:17 *MAIDENLY (or *VIRGINAL) *vénëa (only attested in elided form vénë') –VT44:10 MAKE #car. 174 MANTLE (vb. LT1:271/273/Silm:439. originally [MET] a word used of "a 'letter' or any individual significant mark".(verb stem isolated from the past participle hastaina. before m. VT45:16. but cf. this word is applied to the supralinear vowel-signs of Fëanorian writing. Letters:386. (professional mariner:) ëarendur. Note: lé can also be an emphatic pronoun “you”. point) –TEK/VT39:17. the name of a Vala). manage. LI. FOLLOWERS. SMALL MAN nercë (perhaps with stem nerci-) MANHOOD vië (vigour). VT45:16. Plotz letter MAR #hasta. 18. s it would similarly become *lim-. also prefix lin. prob. with the final *-a elided.) fanta.(by assimilation it becomes lil. VT47:6. VT46:21 indicating that †vëo should be marked as an archaic/poetic word). VT41:5. –WEN.–QL:30. to wish to go to a place. adapt). MAKE FOR IT mína. Past participle #carna *"made" is attested in Vincarna *"newly-made" in MR:305.) MAKE FAST avalerya.) –KHER. by Tolkien glossed "numerous" (q. UT:138 MATRIMONY vesta –BES . cf. *Eärendilyond-) –UT:8. plural. like” + genitive. Eärendilyon ("son of Eärendil [used of any mariner]". pl. sarati is attested). see below). 405. fight. "those who form words".(bind. –LT2:342.
MATTER (basic matter:) erma; PHYSICAL MATTER orma, hroa (the latter is also used = "body"). THAT MATTER tama; CONSIDERING A MATTER, see under C. –MR:338, 218, 216, VT49:11 MAVWIN Mavoinë –LT2:345 MAY (noun, the month) Lótessë (In LT1:252/254, the word for May is Kalainis, but this is hardly a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya.) –LotR:1144 MAY (verb): The impersonal verb ec- + dative can be used to express “may” in the sense of “have chance, opportunity or permission”: ecë nin carë sa “I can do that”, ecë nin? “please, may I?” (VT49:20). MAY as a verb “be allowed to” can be rendered by lerta-, to be able in the sense of being allowed (see BE ABLE): *Lertal carë ta, “you may (you are allowed) to do that”. MAY expressing uncertainty can be expressed by slipping in the particle cé: “He may have done that” = *cé acáries ta (maybe he has done that); see MAY BE. For MAY in wishes (may it happen, may it be), the word nai is used. It can directly precede an adjective (nai amanya onnalya “may your child [be] blessed”, VT49:41) or be constructed with a verb in the future tense (nai hiruvalyë Valimar *”may you find Valimar”, Nam) or the present tense (nai Eru lye mánata *“may God be blessing you”, VT49:41). MAY BE (maybe) cé, ce (participle indicating uncertainty, like *“maybe, perhaps”), cenasit, cenasta – VT49:19, 27 MAY IT BE SO, see AMEN ME: Certain Tolkien manuscripts supposedly provide nye as one word for “me” (compare tye “thee”). It may be, however, that in Tolkien’s later conception ni, ní “I” can also be used as object “me” (in late material it listed together with other pronouns that are attested both as subject and object, such as lye, sé and me, VT49:51). The ending -n, attested only as subject, may perhaps be employed following another pronominal ending: *Utúvielyen, "thou (-lye-) hast found me (-n)”. Case endings may be added to ni, e.g. dative nin "for me" (Nam). See I. MEAD míruvórë (nectar, drink of the Valar) –NAM, RGEO:66, 69, LT1:261 MEADOW – LT1:267 (GL:39) gives lairë, but this word already has two different meanings in Tolkien's later Quenya ("summer" and "poem"), so it is somewhat doubtful whether this word from Tolkien's earliest linguistic constructions remained conceptually valid at later stages. MEAL 1) (session of eating) mat (stem matt-). Also used = meal time. 2) (flour) porë (stem pori-) – QL:59, POR MEAN faica (contemptible) –SPAY MEANS – BY THIS MEANS, see SO MEASURE #lesta (only attested in instrumental form lestanen "in measure". Note: #lesta also means "girdle".) –FS MEAT apsa (cooked food) –AP MEETING (junction of the direction of two persons or groups:) omentië, (of three or more coming from different directions:) yomenië –WJ:367, 407, LotR:94 MELIAN Melyanna (dear gift) –Silm:434 MELODY lin (lind-) (musical sound), MELODIOUS lindelëa –LT1:258, cf. LotR:488 and Letters:308 MEN see MAN or MORTALS, FOLLOWERS MENTAL MESSAGE sanwë-menta (thought-sending) –VT41:5 MERCURY (the planet, not the metal) Elemmírë –Basic Quenya:24 MERCHILD oar (child of the sea), MERMAID oaris (oarits-), oarwen (prob. *oarwend-) (so in LT1:263 – read ëaris, ëarwen in Tolkien's later Quenya, since the word for "sea" was altered to ëar?) MERCY – HAVE MERCY órava- (+ locative to denote the object of the mercy; compare English "have mercy on [someone]; Tolkien expressed "have mercy on us" as órava messë) Another form, ócama or ocama, was possibly abandoned by Tolkien. –VT44:12-14 MERRIMENT alassë (joy) –GALÁS MESSAGE menta (sending) –VT41:5 MESH rembë –LotR:1149 METAL tinco, rauta –TINKŌ/LotR:1157, RAUTĀ METHOD lé (manner). Note: lé can also be an emphatic pronoun “you”, plural. –PE17:74 MEWING miulë (whining) MICKLEBURG Túrosto (Belegost) –WJ:389 MIDDLE (noun) endë (core, centre); MIDDLE (prob. adj) enya, endya (In Noldorin Quenya, enya would be the natural form – endya looks like Vanyarin Quenya. Cf. the name of the language itself in the two dialects, Quenya vs. Quendya.) MIDDLE-DAY #enderë (only pl enderi is attested; for sg #enderë cf.
yestarë, mettarë, the first and the last day of the year. The "middle-days" were three days inserted between the months of yávië and quellë in the Calendar of Imladris.) MIDDLE FINGER lependë, lepenel, in children's play also called tolyo or tollo ("sticker-up", also used of middle toe), yonyo ("son, big boy", again used of middle toe as well) or hanno ("brother"). –ÉNED, cf. WJ:361, LotR:1142, VT47:10, VT47:12, 14, VT48:6 MIDDLE-EARTH Endórë, Endor (defined as "centre of the world" under ÉNED; allative form Endorenna is attested in LotR. Other names are also glossed "Middle-earth": Ambarenya, Endamar; see also EAST) –LotR:1003, ÉNED, MBAR MIGHT túrë (strength, victory, mastery) –QL:95 MIGHTY taura, poldórëa (a title of Tulkas); MIGHTY-RISING Melkórë (> Melkor) (uprising of Power), THE MIGHTY Melko (an alternative form of Melkor, derived from an unattested adjective *melka, *melca "mighty", with connotations of violence.) –TUR, LT1:264/GL:64, MR:350 MILCH COW yaxë. (An alternative form yaxi, glossed "cow", looks like a plural in LotR-style Quenya, unless it connects with the few other feminine forms in –i, like tári "queen".) –GL:36 MIND sáma (pl. sámar is given), sanar (“thinker, reflector”), indo (heart, mood), (inner mind:) órë (heart) (Note: a homophone means "rising"), síma (imagination), also (?) isima. MIND-MOOD inwisti –VT39:23, VT41:13, MR:216, LotR:1157, VT49:16, MR:229 MINISTER arandur (king's servant, steward) –Letters:386, UT:313 MISERABLE angayanda, MISERY angayassë –QL:34, LT1:249 MIST hísië (Þ), hísë (Þ) (stem hísi-) (fog. Note: a homophone means "dusk". For "mist" writers may prefer hísië, the form occurring in LotR.) –Nam/RGEO:67, KHIS MOAT see WALL AND MOAT MOCKING yaiwë (scorn) –YAY MOIST nítë (stem *níti-) (dewy) –NEI MOLE noldarë, nolpa –GL:30 MOMENT, see OCCASION. Adj. OF MOMENT valdëa (important) –QL:102 MONEY: The word telpë “silver” is used for “money” in one example. –PE14:54 MONSTER ulundo, úvanimo (creature of Melkor). In LT1:236, Úvanimor are said to be "monsters, giants, and ogres". See also ORC. –ÚLUG, BAN/LT1:272/VT45:7 MONTH asta (pl astar is attested); this basically means "division, a part" (esp. one of other equal parts), here used of a division of the year. LUNAR MONTH ránasta –LotR:1142, VT48:11 MOOD indo (heart, mind) –ID MOON Isil (-th-), Rána (so in Silm, VT47:11 and UT; Etym has Rana with a short a), CRESCENT MOON cú (bow), NEW MOON ceuran-, MOONLIGHT isilmë –I/THIL/LotR:1148, Silm:436/UT:242, RAN, LT1:271, VT48:7, MC:222, 223 MORE ambë (adverb), amba (adjective/noun), “used of any kind of measurement spatial, temporal, or quantitative” (note that amba is also the adverb “up”). Early material lists lil as a term for “more”. ONE MORE enta (another). (Note: a homophone means "that yonder"). MOREOVER, FURTHERMORE, WHAT IS MORE entë, yëa, yé (Note: yé is also an interjection "lo! now see!") See FURTHERMORE. – PE17:91, PE14:80, VT47:15, 31 MORGOTH Moringotto (the oldest [MET] form was Moriñgotho) (Black Foe) –MR:194 MORN (early) artuilë, tuilë (the latter is also used in the sense "springtime") –TUY MORNING (noun) arin (LT1:254 gives cálë, but this word means "light" in later writings), MORNING (used as adj?) arinya (early) –AR1 MORTAL fírima (pl. Fírimar is attested, lit. "those apt to die", WJ:387), also in the personal (masculine) form #fírimo (pl. fírimor, VT49:10, pl. allative fírimonnar "to mortals", VT44:35). The form firima with a short i occurs in VT46:4. Firya (pl. Firyar is attested); MORTAL MAN firë (pl firi is given but seems perfectly regular) –PHIR, WJ:387 MOTH malo (2) (*malu-, pl. malwi). Note: a homophone means “pollen, yellow powder”. –QL:58 MOTHER amillë, also short amil (probably with stem amill-), ammë (see also MUMMY). The form ontaril in VT43:32 and the variants #ontari, #ontarië in VT44:7, 18 seem to be more technical terms, etymologically *"female begetter". MY MOTHER emya (for em-nya, VT48:19). MOTHER-NAME (OF INSIGHT) #amilessë (tercenya) (i.e., names given by Elvish mothers to their children, indicating some dominant feature of the nature of the child as perceived by its mother. Only pl amilessi tercenyë is attested.) MOTHER OF GOD (Mary, in Tolkien's Quenya renderings of Catholic prayers) Eruamillë, Eruontari, Eruontarië –VT43:32, VT44:18-19, AM1, VT43:32, MR:217, VT43:32, VT44:7, 18
MOUND coron, hahta (pile; the Sindarin cognate haudh is explicitly used of grave-mounds), cumbë (heap), tundo (stem *tundu-) (hill) –Sil:429, KHAG, KUB, TUN MOUNTAIN oron (#oront-, as in the pl. oronti) (oron also used = "mount", e.g. Oron Oiolossë "Mount Everwhite"), MOUNTAIN-PEAK aicassë; MOUNTAIN-TOP orotinga, orto; MOUNTAIN PASS falqua (cleft, ravine), MOUNTAIN-DWELLING (adj) orofarnë (pl? Sg *orofarna?) –ÓROT/WJ:403, AYAK, VT47:28, LT2:341, LotR:505 cf. Letters:224 MOUTH anto, pé (but pé is glossed "lip" in a late source, see VT39:9), assa (hole, opening, perforation), náva ("ñ") (not only the lips but also the inside of the mouth – this word was apparently changed by Tolkien from páva), MOUTH OF RIVER etsir, WITH MOUTH FULL (= full to the brim) penquanta – LotR:1157, PEG, GAS, VT39:13 cf. 8, 19, ET, VT39:11 MOVE (intransitive verb) lev-; also (of large and heavy things moving) rúma- (part. rúmala is attested) (shift, heave). SUDDEN MOVE (noun) rinca (twitch, jerk, trick) –PE16:132, MC:223, 222, VT46:11 cf. RIK(H) MUCH olya (adj.), olë (adv.) –PE14:80 MUD luxo (luxu-) –QL:56 MUMMY (affectionate form of "mother") emmë, emya (for emenya *"my mother"), also emil(inya) "(my) mother", said to be the terms a child would use to address his or her mother. (In UT:191 the form mamil occurs, used by a child but not in address.) The words emmë, emya were also used in children's play for "index finger" and "index toe" –VT47:10, 26, VT48:4 MURK hui (fog, dark, night), MURKY huiva –LT1:253 MURMUR nurru- (grumble) –MC:223 MUSCLE tuo (sinew, strength) –TUG MUSIC lindalë (as in Ainulindalë "The Music of the Ainur"; LT1:258 has lindelë; the latter is also glossed "song". The form lindelë "music" also turns up in the printed Etymologies, entry LIN2, but according to VT45:27, this is a misreading for lindalë in Tolkien's manuscript.) –Silm:378, LIN2/VT45:27 MY-nya (possessive suffix), e.g. meldonya "my friend" (VT49:40, 48), tyenya “my tye” (VT49:51, this is a term of address used to a dear kins(wo)man, literally “my thou”, with tye as an intimate 2nd person pronoun). An i seems to be inserted between the ending and the noun when the latter ends in a consonant: atarinya "my father" (LR:61). If the last consonant(s) of the noun is n or the cluster nd, a contracted form may be used in vocatives: hinya "my child" (for hínanya, WJ:403), yonya "my son" (for *yondonya, LR:61). – “My” as an independent word is apparently ninya, (derived from the dative form nin “for me”), though in FS it is used as a quasi-suffix (indo-ninya “my heart”). MYSELF (reflexive pronoun) immo (a general sg. reflexive pronoun, covering English "myself, him/herself, yourself"). A specific 1st person reflexive pronoun "myself" is imnë (for older imni; it is unclear whether the latter form was in use in later Quenya) –VT47:37
NAIL (noun) taxë (the kind of nail used to fasten something); NAIL (of the finger) nyelet, pl. nyelexi – TAK, PE15:75 NAKED helda –SKEL NAME (noun) essë (pl. essi is attested, but see below concerning #esser as a possible alternative pl. form. Note: the word essë was also used in the sense "person as a whole", body and soul.) AFTERNAME epessë (i.e., "a nickname – mostly given as a title of admiration or honour"); MOTHER-NAME (OF INSIGHT) #amilessë (tercenya) (i.e. names given by Elvish mothers to their children, indicating some dominant feature of the nature of the child as perceived by its mother. Only pl amilessi tercenyë is attested.) NAME OF INSIGHT #essë tercenya (i.e., the same as "mother-name"; only pl essi tercenyë is attested); GIVEN (OR ADDED) NAME anessë (pl anessi is attested. This term includes both "afternames" and "mother-names".) NAME-MAKING Essecarmë (an Eldarin seremony in which the father of a child announces its name), NAME-CHOOSING Essecilmë (an Eldarin seremony in which a person chooses a name according to his or her personal lámatyávë or sound-taste); SELF-NAME #cilmessë (only pl. cilmessi is attested, said to mean more literally "names of personal choice": #cilmë "choice" + essi "names". PM:339 explains that "some among the exiles gave themselves names, as disguises or in reference to their own deeds and personal history: such names were called kilmessi 'self-names'.") PLACE NAME #nómessë (isolated from the gen. pl. form nómesseron, "of place-names", VT42:17. This word suggests that the plural of essë can be esser as well as essi). –ES/LotR:1157/MR:216, UT:266, MR:217, 214, VT42:17
In a context of refusal. AK. this verb was "little used in ordinary language". GL:36 NECTAR míruvórë (mead. It is derived from a stem that "expressed refusal to do what others might wish or urge. in LT1:255 glossed "dusk. the interjection vá is to be preferred. 'dark' has to us. 438 NINE nertë (Tolkien abandoned the "Qenya" form olma. NARROW PATH axa. UT:282 NASAL nengwëa –NEÑ-WI NASTY úra (evil) (Note: a homophone means "large") –VT43:24 NATION nórë. gore. tindómerel ("daughter of twilight". arca. For the evil sense I [sc. dwelling-place. Note: a homophone means "honeycomb”) –PE17:166. –DO3. sg #Úlairë?) –Silm:362. SD:306. native land. Silm:229 NIGHTINGALE lómelindë (pl lómelindi is attested. asambaro. it is a word of peace and beauty and has none of the associations of fear and groping that.(refuse) (pa. For the syntax of numerals. sg aorist and past váquetin. [shades of night]". see THREE.t. ("Night. can be paraphrased as hilyala "following". Fui. In one . avanë is given. on the contrary. no indeed not. ló ("night. possibly with uito as an emphatic variant (VT49:28-29). –QL:76 NAZGÛL Úlairi (Ring-wraiths) (pl. Tolkien's character Lowdham] do not know the [Quenya] word". TIN/Silm:422. lómë "has no evil connotations. history) –KWET/VT39:16 NARRATOR quentaro –KWET NARROW náha. –VT48:21 NO ui. For the use of nettë ("sister") to denote the ninth digit in children's play. the Noldor used the word metaphorically to refer to the rule of Morgoth. Vinyalondë "New Haven"). VT45:12 NARRATIVE quenta (story. all with the ending -n “I”: Aorist avan. youth) –Silm:425. night"). the Sindarin equivalent is tinúviel. family) –LT1:272 NATURE ëa (universe). gloom. NAUSEOUS. Cf also lala. for when crying auta i lómë "the night is passing" before the Nirnaeth Arnoediad. Silm:64.–ES. Etym also has morilindë). UT:471. 44:8 NECK yat (yaht-). The dual form attat is translated "2 fathers or neighbours" in one text. Vinyamar "New Dwelling". nesta. RGEO:66. lau. Fraction ONE NINTH neresta. váquenten are given). NARROW NECK yatta (isthmus) –YAK NECKLACE firinga (carnanet) –LT2:346. NARROW PROMONTORY nehtë (spear-head. mentioned in LT1:258).) ento –Arct (Note: "next" as adjective. For the syntax of numerals. a night"). This term "was not held to include [illegible word: souls?] and spirits" –VT39:20 NAUSEA quámë (“q”) (sickness). nersat –NÉTER. lá (also meaning "not)". céva (fresh). night-time. il-. DOOR OF NIGHT.NAME (verb) esta. mórë seems to be the best candidate. VT48:6. NEW SUN AFTER SOLSTICE ceuranar. say. Tolkien changed the meaning of the final element from "daughter" to "child". murk. past avanen or aunen. VT48:7. –VT48:20 NEPTUNE Nénar (or less probably Luinil. see FOURTH FINGER. straight) NARROW NECK yatta (isthmus). un-": ú-. asambar. see SEL-D-. as in "the next time". MOR. laisi (vigour. hui is glossed "fog. Silm:55 NET natsë (web) –NAT NEW vinya (cf. see THREE. country.) NICKNAME ("mostly given as a title of admiration or honour") epessë (after-name) –UT:266 NIGHT lómë. Other forms occur in VT49:13. future avuvan > auvan. mórë (blackness. country. ava. drink of the Valar) –Nam. also used for asking incredulous questions". VT42:25. Prefixes "no-. see SICK. dark – obsoleting mori in LT1:260). according to SD:415.) –DO3. Yet lómë evidently developed darker connotations among the Exiles. NEW MOON ceuran-. sinya. or what others present as facts. laumë "no. a kenning of or a poetic name for the nightingale. NINTH nertëa. SAY NO váquet. it is not known for certain which of the two is Neptune and which is Uranus) –Basic Quenya:24.(forbid. lómë has the stem-form lómi-). YAK. LT1:267 NEXT (adv. nation. VT47:11 NINETEEN neterquë. SIN. darkness". harë –LT1:253 NECESSITY #sangië (isolated from sangiessemman "in our necessities") –VT43:21. dark. present ávan or ávëan. wedge. –nor (land. perfect avávien. or prohibition of some action by others”. LT1:260 NEED (noun) maurë –MBAW NEIGHBOUR armaro. LT2:341. –nor (land. lenwa (long and thin. Early "Qenya" also has: NEW LIFE laito. refuse) (1st pers. In Valinorean usage. 417 NEAR har. family) –LT1:272 NATIVE LAND nórë. Hui ("Night" – but in LT1:253. Ui (uito) and lá are probably used to deny facts. PHUY. dwelling-place. see DOOR. For "night" in the "evil sense".
version, the forms ávëan and avanen are marked as poetic or archaic.) –LA, WJ:371 cf. 370, GŪ/UGU/VT46:20, WJ:370, KWET NO LONGER TO BE HAD vanwa (gone, dead, departed, lost, past, vanished) –WJ:366 NOBLE (adj.) arta (exalted, lofty; the gloss “noble” is isolated from the use of arta in certain proper names, see relevant entries in the Quenya-English wordlist). NOBLE (noun, “a noble”) arquen. The element #ar- in Arfanyarassë (a name of Taniquetil) is said to mean "high (i.e., noble, revered). Arquen is simply #ar "noble" + quen "person". NOBLE WOMAN (one of Galadriel's names) Artanis. –WJ:372, WJ:416, PM:347 NOGROD Návarot (Hollowbold, Novrod) –WJ:389 NOISE hlóna, also short hlón (evidently hlon-, given the pl. hloni) (sound). Cf. also Qenya ran (ram-). ROARING NOISE rávë, (NOISE OF A) STORM raumo, NOISE OF LEAVES escë (rustle), SOUND/NOISE OF WIND sú –VT48:19, LT1:259/QL:79, MC:223, EZGE, VT47:12 NOLDORIN Noldorin (= the language of the Noldor), Noldorinwa (= general adjective) –WJ:20, LR:201 NOMAN Úner –UT:211 NOOK winca (corner) (QL:104, there written ‘winka). Read *vinca if this early “Qenya” form is to be adapted to LotR-style Third Age Quenya. NORMAL sanya (Þ) (regular, law-abiding) (variant vorosanya with a prefixed element meaning "ever"). –STAN, VT46:16 NORTH Formen, NORTHWARD formenna; NORTHERN fortë (stem *forti-), formenya; NORTHLANDS (a region in Númenor) Forostar –PHOR, LotR:1157, VT49:26, UT:165, 439 NOSE nengwë (stem *nengwi-), mundo (snout, cape), stem *mundu- given the primitive form mbundu. (Note: the latter word also means "ox", though in the sense of "ox" it may have a different origin and stemform.) –NEÑ-WI, MBUD NOT lá (as for not- as a prefix = un-, see below). According to VT42:33, lá is the stressed form of the negation, whereas la is the unstressed form (cf. la- as the pretonic prefix *"not-" or *"un-", VT45:25). NO INDEED NOT lala; DON'T áva, avá; DON'T DO IT! áva carë!; I WILL NOT: vá (exclamation, also = Do not!); avan, ván, vanyë "I won't", avammë, vammë "we won't" (notice that if plural rather than dual, Tolkien later revised the ending for “we” from –mmë to –lmë); NOT COUNTING hequa (leaving aside, excluding, except), NOT COUNTED unotë, unotëa (read *únotë, *únotëa?) (uncounted), NOT TO BE SAID, THAT MUST NOT BE SAID avaquétima, NOT TO BE TOLD OR RELATED avanyárima. There are also specific verbs for NOT BE, NOT DO; concerning these, see entry BE. –LA, WJ:371, 364/365, VT39:14, WJ:370 NOT- (prefix denying presence or possession of thing or quality) ú- (in-, un-). –VT39:14; according to LR:396 s.v. UGU, this prefix usually has a "bad sense", cf. vanimor "fair folk" vs. úvanimor "monsters" NOTHING munta –PE14:81 NOTWITHSTANDING, see ALTHOUGH NOVEMBER Hísimë (Þ) –LotR:1144 NOVROD Návarot (Hollowbold, Nogrod) –WJ:389 NOW sí, sín/sin (the latter form may evidently be used when the next word has an initial vowel; cf. the distribution of "a" and "an" in English. However, sí may also occur before vowels; the word appears before ar "and" in a text published in VT43:27.) Variant si. NOW SEE! (interjection) yé (lo!) Note: a homophone means "what is more". –SI, cf. LR:47, VT43:27, VT43:34, VT47:31, VT49:18 NUMBER nótë, LARGE NUMBER hosta, IN A VERY GREAT NUMBER úvëa; NUMBERLESS únótima (pl. únótimë attested) (uncountable, countless) –NOT, KHOTH, UB, Nam/VT39:14 NUMERAL #notessë (attested in pl. form notessi). In a Tengwar text, the word appears with a long ó (nótessi, sg. #nótessë). –VT47:14, VT48:14 NUMEROUS rimba (frequent) NYMPH wingil, wingild- (pl WIngildi is attested); falmar, falmarin (falmarind-) (Writers should use falmarin rather than falmar, thus avoiding any possible confusion with falmar "waves".) –WIG/LT1:273, PHAL
O (vocative particle) a, e.g. a Eruion "(o) Son of God". –VT44:12, 15; LotR:1017 cf. Letters:308 OAK norno; HAVING MANY OAK-TREES lindornëa –DÓRON, LIN OATH vérë (bond, troth, compact), vanda (pledge, solemn promise) –WED, UT:317 OBLIGED nauta (bound) –NUT
OBSCURE nulla (dark, dusky) OBSCURITY mordo (shadow, stain, smear, dimness) –NDUL, MOR/VT45:35 OBSERVE – use the word glossed "watch, heed", q.v. Cf. LT1:258. OCCASION lú (a time) –LU OCEAN (see SEA) The Great Ocean Alatairë (= Sindarin Belegaer); The Outer Ocean Vai (=Ekkaia?) – AYAR, LT1:271 OCTOBER Narquelië –LotR:1144/1146 ODOUR olmë –ÑOL (the Etymologies as printed in LR gives "holmë", but according to VT46:6, Tolkien later struck out the initial h) OFF au- (verbal prefix implying motion "away from the speaker or the place of his thought", as in auciri"cut off, so that a portion is lost or no longer available"), hó- (verbal prefix implying motion away from something, but the point of view is outside the thing left: cf. hóciri- "cut off a required portion, so as to have it or use it") –WJ:365, 366, 368 OFFSPRING #indi (isolated from Valarindi "offspring of the Valar, their children begotten in Arda"). The Quenya term is plural (sg. *indë). –MR:49 OGRE Úvanimo (see MONSTER). CANNIBAL-OGRES Sarquindi (sg #Sarquindë?) –LT1:236 cf. BAN, LT2:347 OIL millo –PE13:139 OINTMENT laivë –LIB OLD yára (ancient, belonging to or descending from former times); intensive #anyára is attested with a dative ending in the phrase meldenya anyáran *"for my oldest [or, very old] friend" in the Elaine inscription. Other words translated "old": enwina, linyenwa (having many years), (of things:) yerna (worn); OLDEN yárëa, yalúmëa, GET OLD yerya- (wear [out]) –MC:222 cf. 215, YEN, GYER OMINOUS lumna (lying heavy, burdensome, oppressive) Combined with the superlative prefix an-, this word should appear as *andumna because d was the initial sound of the original root. –DUB OMNIFICENT ilucara (VT39:20) OMNIPOTENT iluvala (VT39:20) OMNISCIENT iluisa (VT39:20) ON or (so in LT1:256, but in LotR-style Quenya or is always translated "over". Generally, English "on" may be rendered by the locative or the allative case, see UPON.) ON BEHALF OF rá, followed by dative, as in the example rá men "on behalf of us, for us". Dative pronouns may be directly suffixed to rá: "for us" or "on behalf of us" is also attested in the one-word form rámen. (Note: rá is also a noun "lion".) ON THE CONTRARY úsië –VT43:27, 28, 33, VT49:8 ONCE (= at one time in the past) nëa, néya –VT49:31 ONCE UPON A TIME yassë, yalúmessë, yáressë (note: the first of these seems to clash with *yassë "in/on which". Writers should use one of the two alternative forms, or the following:) andanéya, anda né (long ago) –YA, VT49:31 ONE minë, min (obsoleting "Qenya" mir in LT1:260; a short variant min however appears in VT45:34, VT48:6), er (only, one, alone, but, still). A longer form of er, namely erëa, was possibly abandoned by Tolkien (VT44:17). Min, minë is "one" as the first of a series, whereas er is "one" in the context of something that is alone (Parma Eldalamberon #14, p. 82). When used in connection with a noun, er precedes it (VT49:45; according to this souce, er is indeclinable). ONE (= a person, someone) quén, quen- as in pl. queni (unstressed quen, "as a pronoun or final element in a compound"), also mo as an indefinite personal pronoun “one” or “somebody”, used in a sentence like “if one speaks evil…” (VT49:19, 20). THE ONE Eru (see GOD). For fractions ONE THIRD, ONE FOURTH etc., see entries for THIRD, FOURTH etc. –MINI, ERE/VT44:17, VT48:6, WJ:361 cf. 360, Silm:15, 431 ONE-HANDED MAN Ercambo –VT47:7 ONESELF immo (see HIMSELF). –VT49:21 ONLY er (but, still). In later sources, er is rather presented as the numeral “one”. Cf. also eressë (singly, alone, but in Tolkien’s later Quenya used as noun = solitude) –LT1:269, ERE ONYX nyelecca –PE15:76 OPEN (vb) panta- (unfurl, spread out); OPEN WIDE palu-, palya- (extend); OPEN (adj) panta, láta ("open, not closed", VT41:5); (of land:) latin, latina (free, cleared); OPENING (as abstract) pantië (unfolding, revealing), latya (used as an abstract in the source), OPENING (as concrete) assa (hole, performation, mouth). OPENNESS látië; OPENMOUTHED fauca (thirsty, parched) –PAT, PAL, VT39:23, QL:72, GAS, LAT, VT39:23/VT41:5, PHAU
OPPRESSIVE lumna (lying heavy, burdensome, ominous). Combined with the superlative prefix an-, this word should appear as *andumna because d was the initial sound of the original root. –DUB OR (conjunction) hya (also used as noun “other thing”), hela; early “Qenya” also had var –VT49:14, QL:100 ORANGE culuina (colour adjective), culuma (fruit) –KUL ORC (goblin) urco (stem urcu-, pl. urqui) or orco (pl. orqui or orcor, in the former case probably with stem *orcu- throughout). LT1:264 has orc, but word-final rc does not occur in LotR-style Quenya. Here the gloss is "monster, demon". Cf. WJ:390: "In the lore of the Blessed Realm the Q urko naturally seldom occurs, except in tales of the ancient days and the March, and then is vague in meaning, referring to anything that caused fear to the Elves, any dubious shape or shadow, or prowling creature." –ÓROK, LT1:264, WJ:390 ORDAINER Námo (Judge – the name of a Vala) –Silm:411 ORDER (noun) 1) (command) canwa (announcement); 2) (an “order” of people) heren (Heren Istarion "Order of Wizards"). For ORDER as a verb, see COMMAND; there is also the verb vala- (used of the Valar only, as in á vala Manwë "may Manwë order it", Valar valuvar "the will of the Valar will be done", *"the Valar will order [it]". –PM:362, UT:388, WJ:404 ORIENT ambaron (ambarón-), Ambarónë (a similar but untranslated word, Ambaróna, occurs in LotR) –AM2, LotR:490 ORIGINATE auta- (invent, devise) –GAWA ORION Telumehtar ("warrior of the sky", according to WJ:411 an old name, later [MET] evidently replaced by:) Menelmacar ("Swordsman of the Sky") –TEL, WJ:411, LotR:1147 cf. 95 OTHER exë (noun, glossed "the other", but the article may only indicate that this is a noun; likely there could be a distinction between exë "[an]other [one]" and *i exë "the other [one]"), exa (as adj., presumably behaving like other adjectives, e.g. *exa parma "[an]other book", *exë parmar "other books") Another adjective “other” is hyana, related to: OTHER PERSON hye, OTHER THING hya (the latter is also used as a conjunction “or”). –VT47:40, VT49:14, 15 OUR: As described in the entry WE, the 3rd person pl. pronouns distinguish plural forms from dual (depending on whether two or more persons are involved) and exclusive forms from inclusive (depending on whether the party addressed is included in “we/our”). Tolkien revised the relevant endings repeatedly. According to one late resolution described in VT49:16, the endings for exclusive “our” are –lma in the plural and –mma as a dual form, hence *aldalma “our tree” (with an “our” of at least three persons, not including the party addressed), but *aldamma “our tree = my and one other person’s tree”. The corresponding inclusive forms are –lwa (plural) and –ngwa (dual). Since the subject ending corresponding to the former is attested as “-lwe, –lve” (VT49:51), –lwa can surely also appear as *-lva, as in *omentielva “our meeting” (attested in the genitive case: omentielvo “of our meeting”, WJ:367). Hence *aldalwa/aldalva “our tree” (an “our” of at least three persons, including the party addressed), dual *aldangwa “our tree = thy and my tree”. – An independent word for plural exclusive "our" appears in VT43:19, 35: menya (also menyë modifying a plural noun). The corresponding plural inclusive form should apparently be *venya (pl. *venyë) for archaic *wenya (pl. wenyai > wenyë). The dual forms would most likely be *mentya (excl.) and *ventya (incl.); compare me, we/ve as the independent pronouns for “we” (with dual forms met, wet/*vet and dative forms *ment, * went/vent, from which the independent possessive pronouns are apparently derived by adding the adjectival ending -ya). – Notice that in an earlier conceptual phase, the forms in –mm- were plural (not as later dual) inclusive, and the forms in –lmwere plural inclusive rather than exclusive. This is why the word translated “of our meeting” appeared as omentielmo in the first edition of LotR, but was changed to omentielvo in the Second Edition. Cf. also Átaremma “our Father” as the first word of Tolkien’s translation of the Lord’s Prayer (VT43:12); this “our” is obviously meant to be plural exclusive rather than dual as it later became (according to Tolkien’s later conventions, “our Father” would be *Átarelma when a group of three or more persons addresses a party not included in “our”, in this case the Father himself). OURSELVES (reflexive pronoun) immë (apparently exclusive "ourselves"), inwë (apparently inclusive "ourselves") –VT47:37 OUT et- (prefix) (forth), OUT OF et (followed by ablative); HE IS OUT arsë –ET, LotR:1003/VT45:13/VT47:35, VT49:23 OUTCAST hecil (gender-spesific forms are hecilo m. and hecilë f.) (one lost or forsaken by friends, waif, outlaw) –WJ:365 OUTER, OUTERMOST erúmëa –LT1:262
PARENT #nostar (only pl nostari is attested). thirsty) –PHAU PARCHMENT – in LT2:346. It may or may not obsolete the form taracu "ox" in LT2. 5) –LT2:341.(torment). (nouns:) ettë. see YARD. malwa (fallow). NÁYAK PAIR OF FIVES. nwalya. ONO. fawn). VT46:4. VT44:7. especially one of other equal parts. –WJ:366. see HUSBAND. also anwë (this pa. Letters:308. oantë. go over) –PE17:92.5 cm). OUTER OCEAN Vai (= Ekkaia?) –ET. for the gloss "pass" see Silm:229 PASS OVER lahta. AWA. Silm:428. waif. –Letters:422. With reference to movement over something (hence in effect *“across”). ava (beyond). see An Introduction to Elvish p. asta is often used = "month" as a division of the year). pass between hills: cilya (cleft. KIL . asta (division. NIK-WPALM: The word palta is defined as "the flat of the hand.(canopy. ET. SMAL. (Though spelt this way also in Etym. langa. disgust") –VT45:17 OX mundo (Note: a homophone means "snout. go away). In Tengwar spelling.t. etsë. perf. QL:63. ravine). surpass. Thither Lands [as seen from Valinor]). but #cirya in the name Calacirya "Pass of Light" [gen. ettelë (the word is not capitalized and seems to be sg) (foreign parts). PALACE túrion (túriond-) –QL:95 PALATAL SERIES tyelpetéma –LotR:1154 PALE marya (fallow. pain. Entarda (Middle-earth. –UT:305 OVERCAST lúrëa (dark) –LT1:259 OVERSHADOW telta. for the stem is ÑGWAL. FOREIGN PARTS ettelë (outer lands) –PE14:117. avánier is attested). perf. VT45:12.) mala-. avánië (pl. MARRIED PAIR. VT48:11 PASS (vb. The plural form "ontani" in LR:379 is according to VT46:7 a misreading for ontaru. white) –WJ:417 cf. naicë (= sharp pain). An early version of Namárië actually had Calacilyo not Calaciryo. gorge) (so in Etym.OUTER LANDS Entar. PAINFUL naicelëa –ÑGWAL. –LotR:1017 cf. and hecilë f. ET. VT45:13 OVEN urna –LT1:271 OVER or. the hand held upwards or forwards. The related verb palta. –UT:285 PAGAN GOD see GOD PAIN (vb) nwalya. isca. 65 PASS – mountain pass: falqua (cleft. outcast) –WJ:365 OUTSIDE (prepositions:) ara (beside). oantië (in the physical sense "went away [to another place]". LT2:347/GL:69 OXFORD – LT2 gives Taruktarna (read *Taruhtarna in LotR-style Quenya)." –VT47:8-9 PANSY helin. –LT2:347 <P> PACE ranga (pl rangar is stated to mean "full paces"). see GROUP OF TEN. stroke etc. VT46:7 PART (noun) #ranta (pl. nose. cape".must be from older *ngwalya. pa.t. The ranga was a Númenórean linear measure of approximately 38 inches (96. was "only found in archaic language"). see PAST AND OVER.) (one lost or forsaken by friends. HURT (vb.g.(cross. ontarë or ontari (f) (begetter). Helinyetillë ("Eyes of heartsease") (violet) –LT1:262 PAPER hyalin –PE16:133 PARCHED fauca (openmouthed. (prefix:) ar.) PAIN. meaning *"disappeared" rather than "passed away"). flat and tensed (with fingers and thumb closed or spread)". excel). parma "book" is glossed "parchment". East. 3EL PALLID ninquë (stem *ninqui-) (chill. See OX above. Araman "outside Aman") –AR2.(cross.) See also BULL. but the word may not be conceptually valid in LotR-style Quenya. vánë ("the most frequently used past [tense]" – less "physical" than oantë.(leave. of things passed over. Tolkien considered the form olla “over” (= beyond.(e. but see BARK. evidently a dual form denoting a natural pair of parents.is explained to mean "pass the sensitive palm over a surface: feel with the hand. also ontar with gender-specific forms ontaro (m). orro (alas! ugh) ("exclamation of horror. screen) –TEL OW! horro. Calaciryo in Namárië] – though this clashes with cirya "ship". PALE BLUE helwa –MAD. naicelë. LT1:256. rantali attested). the letter nwalmë (< older ngwalmë) should be used to transcribe the initial nw of nwalya. vánië with no augment may occur in verse. PAIN (noun) nwalma. LT1:271 OUTLAW hecil (gender-spesific forms are hecilo m. as in “I went over a river” or “they went over the hill”) –PE17:65 For "over" in the sense past.) auta.
VT48:5 PEOPLE lië. arrangement”). SOME PEOPLE queni –LI.(blink) –MC:223 PEN (writing utensil) tecil –TEK. See MAYBE. PM:318. 360. PAST (noun = past time) vanwië –WAN. but in later [MET] Quenya it means primarily "land". MOUNTAIN PEAK aicassë. PETTY-DWARVES Attalyar (lit. OUT) WITH THE FINGERS lepta.) –WJ:361 cf. no longer to be had). rainë (possibly rather “peace” or harmony as opposed to war). VT49:30. MR:216 PETITION #arcandë (isolated from arcandemmar "our petitions") Another form. LT1:264. 221 PHARAZÔN Calion (see AR-PHARAZÔN) –UT:224. terevë (fine. -TE3/RGEO:67/UT:22 cf. "Bipeds"). Pitya-naucor (lit. dead. so the word #oien is rather doubtful) –MR:329 PERSON quén (stem quen-. vanished. *"small dwarves") –WJ:388. lost. (The printed Etymologies has a final –e instead of –a. acute). hroa (also used = "body"). 25 PICTURE emma –PE17:179 PIECE mitta (Note: mitta. feel with fingertips") –VT44:16. vand. Picinaucor. Quengoldo –PM:401. NARROW PATH axa (ravine). The . PHYSICAL STRENGTH tuo –MR:218. LT1:250/LT2:338. in hloníti tengwi "phonetic signs". was apparently abandoned by Tolkien. 51.PASSAGE tarna (crossing. Nam PASTURE. 404-405. 216. PIECE OF SHAPED WOOD pano (Note: a homophone means “plan. but this is the noun corresponding to laica: "acuteness. but according to VT45:25 this is a misreading. RADIANCE. WJ:395. TUG PICK (UP. PERSON AS A WHOLE (body + soul) essë (basically meaning "name"). #ford) –LT2:347 PAST. AT PEACE senda (resting) –SED. nearly one league – see LEAGUE. #anarcandë. opening. Note: fairë has other shades of meaning as well as wholly different meanings – see SPIRIT. acute). direction. VT44:35 PEAK aicalë. VT39:4 PHONOLOGY – lambelë is said to mean "Language (especially with reference to phonology)" (VT39:15) PHYSICAL MATTER orma. Originally nórë meant "people". A word laike = laicë does appear in the source. rest). somebody). nossë (kin. when seen as a pale shape" – pl. #vanda (isolated from Qualvanda "Road of Death" in LT1:264. erdë ("singularity". Silm:324 PHONETIC hlonitë. GL:63 PAY. sívë. path" on the same page). cenasta (VT49:19). road). queni) (one. WJ:361 cf. –PE14:81. sharp. Note: a homophone means "seed. –LAIK PEREDHIL Pereldar (the Half-Elven) –Letters:386.) –UT:285 PAVED FLOOR paca (court) –TAL. VT39:6. house). Arfanyaras "high white-shining peak"). germ". cf. changed by Tolkien from hlonaiti tengwi) –VT48:29. laica (keen. PERIOD (endless period) oio –UT:317 PERPETUAL #oien (isolated from oiencarmë "perpetual production" – but it has also been suggested that this is oi-en-carmë *"ever-re-making". FREEDOM) –MC:223. 360 PERCEPTION. disembodied spirit. mouth) –GAS PERHAPS cenasit.is also a verb "insert"). KEENNESS OF laicë (acuteness) The conceptual validity of this word is questionable."way. line. VT47:8 PEN IN – see GO ROUND (under entry for GO) regarding the verb pelPENALTY – exact or inflict penalty. way. VT47:10. –VT44:8 PETTY #pitya (isolated from Pitya-naucor "petty-dwarves". WJ:416 PEARL marilla –LT1:265 PEBBLE-BANK sarnië (shingle) –UT:463 PEER tihta. keenness of perception". AK PATRONAGE #ortírië (attested with endings: ortírielyanna. 389 PHANTOM fairë ("phantom. see REPAY PEACE sérë (repose.(also "[to] finger. see below). also #rassë or #ras (isolated from Arfanyarassë. –AYAK. fairi is attested. PASTURAGE nesselë (QL:66) PATH tië (course. as in pl. nassë (an individual). see PIERCING. cf. LotR:1071 PERFORMATION assa (hole. DEATH. PAST AND OVER (adj) vanwa (departed. PAN PIERCING maica (sharp). see PUNISH PENGOLODH Quendingoldo. also #hlonítë (the latter only attested in the pl. "to thy patronage") –VT45:7 PAUSE lár (also a Númenórean linear measure.
cf. Verb WISH TO GO TO A PLACE mína. linya. tixë (dot. see VT46:12). RINGI. VT48:28. amatixë (point/dot over the line of writing. but according to VT46:11. AT BACK OF PLACE. PLAY (noun) tyalië (game. LONG TRAILING PLANT uilë ("especially sea-weed". variant amatexë in VT46:20). Note: #larma is used = “raiment” in a later source. LT2:337. VT42:17). 26 POINT (noun) mentë (end). tulwë (standard. sufficiency) –PHAR/VT46:9 PLIANT maxa (soft) –MASAG PLOUGH hyar. TIL/VT47:10.) FINE PIERCED HOLE terra –Silm:434. sport) –TYAL/LT1:260 PLEDGE vanda (oath. –KWES PIN tancil (brooch) –TAK PINETREE – GL:17 has aicassë. DISTRIBUTE IN EVEN PORTIONS POSSESS harya-. tildë (horn). simpina (flute). pole) –Silm:438. UY PLAY (vb) tyalin ("I play".since the "Noldorin"/Sindarin cognate is given as pesseg. he would say: 'three children have been added unto me'. see VT46:19). 26. LT1:258 POINT (verb): The phrase tentanë numenna. VT39:11 PLAN pano (arrangement). make for it. PINNACLE (topmost) see FINISH. LAIK. lóni given) (river-[?feeding] well). MEN. translated “pointed westward”. see BEHIND. In the Etymologies as printed in LR. [?PIG-]FAT (the first part of the gloss is not certainly legible) larma (flesh). aorist). –QL:72 *PLANT #olva (only pl olvar is attested. LT1:270 PILLOW quesset (probably with stem *quessec. pointing to older *kwessek-). UNDER-POINT). It also occurs in tanomë “in the place (referred to)”. tiny mark). In Etym the word for "place" is men. gore. lótë "flower") –LT1:252 PORTION. –nomë would be the compound form of nómë. have some end in view) –VT42:17.was misread as "nun-" in the Etymologies as printed in LR. though this word would clash with the dative pronoun *men "to/for us".") –3AR . In MR:228. LotR:1003. VT49:11. since laica is the adjective "green" in later sources: laicë would then be expected to mean *"greenness". lónë (pl.v. Tentanes formenna “it pointed northwards” –VT49:23. triangle). AY. SD:56. or 'are with me'. VT47:10. –MET. or 'are in my house'. compound "of place-names". but in Etym this word is said to mean "mountain-peak". LT2:347 PIT latta (hole – Note: a homophone means "strap") –DAT PIVOT peltas (pl peltaxi) –PEL PLACE #nómë (isolated from nómesseron. fumellar [read *fúmellar?] is attested). solemn promise) –UT:317 PLENITUDE fárë. fúmellót-. Tolkien notes that "no Elf would speak of possessing children. POSSESSING arwa (+ genitive) (in control of) (Note: harya. LIN POPPY fúmella (pl. SNAS/VT46:14 POISON (noun) sangwa –SAG POLE tulwë (standard) –LT1:270 POLISHED COPPER calarus (calarust-) –VT41:10 POLLEN malo (stem *malu-) (yellow powder) Note: a homophone means “moth”. lirit –GLIR. see UP-POINT. SPEAR-POINT nasta (spear-head. the initial element unu. farmë (all that is wanted. ailin (lake). POOL OF LILIES nénuvar –NEN.conceptual validity of both laica and laicë with these meanings may however be questioned. PIPE simpa. LIN. –LT2:342 PLUM pio (also used for "cherry") –LT2:347 POEM lairë (Note: a homophone means "summer"). unutixë (point/dot under the line of writing. fúmellot (prob. SAR. –SMAL POOL nendë. would indicate that the verb glossed DIRECT TOWARD (q. the last word is cited as "ringe". HAVING MANY POPLARS lintyulussëa –TYUL. #nómë may be preferred not only for clarity but also because it is apparently present in the LotR itself in the word sinomë "in this place" (Elendil's Oath). PIPER simpetar. PIPING simpisë –LT1:266. Note: the word also means “piece of shaped wood”.(desire to go in some direction. STONY PLACE sarnë (gloss misread as "strong place" in the Etymologies as printed in LR.is not used of one's offspring. TIK/VT46:19. 1st pers. ringwë is the proper reading. LT1:248 POPLAR-TREE tyulussë. never actually translated "plants" but defined as "growing things with roots in the earth"). DEEP POOL lón. LT1:255. rotsë. which is explicitly ëaruilë) –Silm:415. VT45:26 PILE (noun) hahta (mound) –KHAG PILLAR tarma. ringwë (cold lake). –QL:75.) can also be translated “point”. VT46:18 PIG polca. cf. 26. variant tillë (tip) (also used of fingers and toes. THE PLOUGH (constellation) see SICKLE OF THE VALAR.
pl. LT2:336 PROTECT varya-. spear-head. PRAISE (vb) laita. by mind and 'will' as well as by physical strength.and ulto.or arca-. –VT43:32. the noun arcandë "petition"). dark or hidden) –LT1:271 cf. abundant. arca. UT:434 PRINCIPAL (prob. throng) –STAG/Silm:438 PRESSURE (to do something against one's will or conscience) sahtië (Þ) (force) –VT43:22 PRETTY netya (dainty). lendë) (go.") Given as a 1st person aorist nirin.t.) THE ENDS OF PROMONTORIES. –SMAL POWER: For "power" as an abstract. rendë from RED concerning the past tense.) –LT1:252 PREPARE manwa. force [in a given direction]). short rounded handle etc.t. adj not noun) héra (chief) –KHER PRIVACY aquapahtië (literally *"fully-closedness".was originally D (the base is given as NID. –UT:282 PROP tulco (stem *tulcu-. wedge. see CAPE (OF LAND). (Note: netya. see FURTHERMORE. treasure. SPINE erca –ERÉK. as the latter is spelt with initial silmë. UT:436 PRAY #hyam.–TAY PROMINENT minda (conspicuous).(stunt.) –UT:436 PRECIOUS mirwa (valuable).(bless) (Imperative a laita and fut #laituva are attested. 3AR. but cf. t. the latter with pronominal endings: laituvalmet. POURING úlëa (flooding. Oiencarmë Eruo "the One's perpetual production". though it may be better to use attested verbs like #hyam. basically ordinal "1st") –MINI. see CAPE (OF LAND) PROLONG taita. blessed). see SOW). PROSPERITY autë (wealth."pour" [transitive and intransitive] in LT1:270). –VT41:17 PRESS (noun) sanga (crowd. PROTECTED varna (safe. not súlë. A verbal stem #cyer. pledge) –UT:317 PROMONTORY (narrow) nehtë (gore. TO PROCEED (conjunction.) –MR:329 PROFOUND tumna (low-lying. = “furthermore”). adorn". Pa. nasta. PRINCESS aranel –KUNDŪ/VT45:24. 25 PROMISE (noun) (solemn promise:) vanda (oath. travel).(VT39:11) POWDER (yellow powder) malo (stem *malu-) (pollen) Note: a homophone means “moth”. SD:310 POUT penga.) nir. right) –LT1:272 PROSPEROUS alya (rich. haryon (heir). compare rer. "we shall praise them") PRAISE (noun) #laitalë (isolated from Erulaitalë "Praise of Eru") –LotR:989 cf Letters:308. ullë. not allow to continue) –WJ:413 PRICK erca-. beautiful. probably *nindë since the R of nir. *tulqui) (support) –TULUK PROPER vanima (fair. VT42:24."pray" can also be isolated. strength. minya (eminent.is also a verb "trim.(sting). low.–QL:59 PRESS (vb.) – VT47:28 . NAS ?PRIMARY (Tolkien's handwriting was illegible) *yessëa (emended from the actual reading essea – see BEGINNING) –ESE PRINCE †cundu. MIR PRECIPICE (seaward) ollo (cliff) (The alternative form oldó may be archaic Quenya.(the latter perhaps primarily in the sense "to petition".POST (wooden post) samna (Þ) (Distinct from #samna "diphthong" in Tengwar spelling.(thrust. transitive ulyanë. evidently incorporating the ending -ë of the aorist stem). PRECIOUS THING mírë (jewel. vala is defined as "angelic power" in LotR Appendix E). –WJ:363 PRODUCTION carmë (glossed "art" in UT:396.(attested in the form hyamë. deep.(pa. The word Valar is sometimes translated "the Powers" (and the sg. 18) PRAYER #cyermë (isolated from Erucyermë.) –VT47:33 PREVENT FROM COMING TO COMPLETION nuhta. the word túrë "mastery. centano –KEM. ("Though applicable to the pressure of a person on others.pa. Carmë is also translated "making".) –STAB POTTER cemnaro. "prayer to Eru". [this verb] could also be used of physical pressures exerted by inanimates. might" may be used. plural subjunctive ullier "should pour" is attested. PRICKLE. also adj: rich) –GALA. TUB PROJECTIONS (seaward projections). cf. TAN POUR ulya. used of a mind that closes itself against telepathic communication) –VT39:23 PROCEED (in any direction) lelya. flowing) –ULU.t. secure) –BAR PROTUBERANCE CONTRIVED TO SERVE A PURPOSE tolma (knob. 33 (VT44:8. but this word obviously has a specialized meaning: the "gods" of Tolkien's legendarium.(intransitive pa. These forms may obsolete ulu. stop short. shining jewel) –PE17:37. Note: a homophone means "honeycomb".
evil-smelling). equessi) (dictum. PUFF OF BREATH foa (breath) –SWES. family) –NŌ RADAGAST Aiwendil ("Lover of Birds".in LT1:256). In PM:347. QL:81 PUT ASIDE hehta.t. but this was obsoleted together with ilu "sky". country.–ORO. –PE13:163 RAPID larca. bathing) –QL:86 PURSUE roita-. polished metals. which is either Adûnaic for "Tender of Beasts" or a Mannish name of uncertain meaning) – UT:393/417. splendour). –PE17:175 RAIN mistë (fine rain). Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya.(emended from the actual reading lokta because Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) (sprout) –LT:258 PUT TO SHAME naitya. –VT43:23 PUNISH paimeta. PUNISHMENT paimë –QL:72 PURE poica –POY PURIFICATION sovallë (washing. 401 RADIANCE alcar.–KOT QUEEN tári (gen. and we follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. exclude. RGEO:67.v.(pa. VT45:36.(pa.t. LT2:348 RAISE orta. for clarity it may be better to use #tuc"draw". 36 PULL saca. GL:74. PUT A STOP TO pusta.t.t sácë –ROY1. proverbial dictum.(search. VT47:35. Ilweran. cf. alarca –LAK .) RADIANT alcarinqua (glorious) –AKLA-R. (LT2 has iluquinga "sky-bow". LT1:260 gives turinqui "queen". abandon. the latter in the Elaine inscription). or water] – alata in Silm:433 is the Telerin form.(abuse) –QL:65 PUT TO THE TEST tyasta-. see SKY.PROVERBIAL DICTUM ("a saying. nalta (glittering reflection [from jewels. WJ:369 (where alkar is translated "splendour") RAGE aha –LotR:1157 RAIMENT #larma (attested in pl. LT2:335 RAPE (vb) mapta. saying) –WJ:392 <R> RACE nórë (land. spray). PHAY. also saca. native land. Tinwetar.(lift up. pa. PHANTOM). perhaps *paimetánë. but these are hardly valid words in LotR-style Quenya. Nam. Tinwerontar). breeze). But if this word is written in Tengwar. alcarë (brilliance.(= “exact or inflict a penalty. punish”).(Þ) (draw). incalë (compare Ancalë or "Radiant One" as a name of the Sun. saying) –WJ:392 PROW OF A SHIP lango (broad sword) –LAG P-SERIES parmatéma (labials) –LotR:1154 PUFF hwesta-. 3EL. orta. look for). not númen. his original Valinorean name. ortanë is attested. form larmar). rise) (pa. though it is not clear whether or not Tolkien abandoned this word). rossë (fine rain. nation. not an actual translation of "Radagast". hush) –GL:23 QUIVER vainolë –LT1:271 QUOTATION eques (pl. mapantë) (ravish).(stop. LR:392 s. UT:179. dwelling-place. RAINBOW helyanwë (lit. Vocative tarinya *"my Queen". equessi) (dictum. a current or proverbial dictum") eques (pl. dew. glass. hehtanë is given but seems perfectly regular) (leave out.a. –THUS <Q> QUANTITY (great) úvë (abundance) –UB QUARREL (vb) costa. cease) –WJ:365. and alta in VT42:32 would seem to be a variant.t.) –MIZD. p. q. quotation. tyasantë –QL:49 PUTRID saura (Þ) (foul. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. in compounds #sauri-. Letters:282. forsake). ng. FREEDOM.t. QUEEN OF THE EARTH Kementári (a title of Yavanna) –TĀ/LT1:264/Nam/RGEO:67. LT1:256. fairë (Note: the word fairë has several other meanings – see DEATH. QUEEN OF STARS (Varda's title) Elentári (so in LotR and Silm. pa. see FOUL. tário and dative tárin are also attested. while LT1:273 gives vardi. ucco. PUS PUT FORTH LEAVES OR FLOWERS *lohta. Since saca. PM:347. ROS cf. noun RAPE maptalë (ravishment. in early "Qenya" also amu. 390. Note: a homophone means “[?pig]-fat”. seizure).v. nalta is spelt with initial ñ. PUFF OF AIR hwesta (breath. Ilweranta.probably obsoletes orto.may also mean "look for". "sky-bridge"). KAL. that is. Silm:55/437/30 QUICK STROKE rincë (stem rinci-) (flourish) –RIK QUIET (noun) quildë (rest. Etym has also Tinwetári.
seizure). but some ending would be required). ng. ava. avenge) –PE17:166 READ tengwa.or accar. YAG/VT46:22. sg aorist and past váquetin. conjugated in many forms in source: aorist [teng]wa.(same as in utúvienyes "I have found it"? See FIND) – VT47:21. or gerund enyalië) –UT:302. Arda (with a capital A) was "the name given to our world or earth. but cf. quet. past [teng]wanë.under SAY). 317 RECKON not-. READING (verbal noun) tengwië (also attested with suffixes: tengwiesto “of your [dual] reading”). GAY. which could not possibly become "nyano" in Quenya). GL:71 RED carnë (stem carni-). cited in the archaic form narwā in the source. s. say no) (1st pers.) manwa (for "to ready" as a noun.) *rahta. *RECKONER Onótimo (the untranslated title of one Quennar. RED [HEAT?] (Tolkien's handwriting was illegible) yulmë (Note: a homophone means "drinking. Letters:283 REAR (noun) tellë. the primitive form is given as nyadrō. future avuvan > auvan. gulf/gully).RAT nyarro ("nyano" in LR:379 must be a misreading of Tolkien's manuscript. WJ:399. aira ("ruddy. –AKLA-R. Very early [The Lost Tales] "Qenya" has an. *er-. –Nam. It may be that at some stages of Tolkien’s conception. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. the verb manwa. 54 READY (adj. requite. Early material also has tuvu.(forbid.(inf.(only fut. see CAUSE RECALL (i.) –RGEO:74 RE.) REACH (intr. VEILS" fana (pl fanar is attested.(attested in the past tense #camnë with pronominal endings added: camnelyes "you received it"). NAR. Cf. *em-. Before the consonants l. Other forms occur in VT49:13.[see LT1:184].t. KWET.) –WJ:370. In another source the future tense appears as enquatuva. Silm:437.(renew) –VT48:7 REFUSE váquet. respectively. yáwë (cleft. MR:48-51 RECEIVE #cam. carousal". LT2:341 "RAYMENT. cf. YUL.instead of carni-. Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) –LT1:335 REACT ahtar. –VT49:47-48. This word was used of the visible bodies in which the Valar presented themselves to incarnates. all with the ending -n “I”: Aorist avan.v. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. QL:75 REASON.(strech out) (Emended from the actual reading rakta. "Redeemer of the World") –VT45:17 REED liscë (sedge) –LT2:335 (GL:34 also gives feng-. RAY OF THE SUN firin (the latter may not be a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. In PM:347. reed” (but elsewhere the same word is used as an adj.t. this verb was "little used in ordinary language". “wet” or as a noun “hyacinth”). is no doubt *avaquentë. present ávan or ávëan.(pa. falqua (cleft. VT49:13 . This word means "any more or less bounded or defined place. copper-coloured"). the prefix enwould be assimilated to *el-. the forms ávëan and avanen are marked as poetic or archaic."fill" in WJ:392). it would clash with the verb "I fade" or "I die"). In one version.(say no). váquenten are given) avaquet. remember) #enyal. avanë is given. see REFILL]. –NYAD. –3AR.(forbid) (pa. WITH ADORNMENT OF RED JEWELS carnimírië (a pl form? Sg *carnimírëa? Letters:224 has carne. –PE13:163 RAY OF LIGHT alca. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. *RECKONING #onótië (isolated from Yénonótië *"reckoning of years"). (Pa. that is.) –PM:347 REFRESH ceuta. *narwa ("fiery red". a region" (WJ:402) or "a particular land or region" (WJ:413). cf.t. true) –ANA2 REALM arda (region).) RED FLAME rúnya. not númen. VT48:11 REFLECTION (glittering) nalta (radiance – alata in Silm:433 is the Telerin form. used in Vanyarin Quenya only). present [teng]wëa. nasar (adopted from Valarin. past avanen or aunen. VT21:6. LT2:341 RAVISH mapta. (body-part:) pontë (ponti-) (back) –TELES. the word linquë was intended to mean *”grass.e. quat. an expert of chronology) –NOT. nalta is spelt with initial ñ... perfect e[teng]wië.) –KARÁN/Silm:429.instead of en. noun RAVISHMENT maptalë (rape. 10."to prepare") –QL:59 REAL anwa (actual. mapantë) (rape). VT46:7 RAVINE axa (narrow path).(as in entulessë "return" and envinyatar "renewer". REEK usquë –USUK REFILL #enquat.within the immensity of Eä". and *es-. LotR:505 cf. But if this word is written in Tengwar. perfect avávien.(verb denominated from tengwa “letter”). Letters:224 REDEEMER #runando (isolated from Mardorunando.(prefix) en.(do back. q. enquantuva is attested. nárë "flame"). enquantuva is attested. m. mountain pass) –AK. r. Also used on verbs: #enquat"refill" [only fut.
TAKE A REST hauta-. –PE17:38 RESONANCE OF THE VOCAL CHORDS óma (voice) –VT39:16 RESONANT (of strings) tunga (taut. writers should probably avoid erdë "repose". violent) (possibly "of sounds". this would seem to be the gerund of a verb *rehta. lárëa (also = fat. make fast. apantë) (display). EZDĒ/WJ:404. see FORGIVE).(refresh). because of this name. Past participle Envinyanta is attested. #envinyata. aorist) (tell).REGARDS – see AS REGARDS s REGION ména. QL:72 RESCUE (noun) rehtië (saving). see FORGIVE). harda –MEN. tight) –TUG RESPONSIBILITY cáma (guilt) –QL:43 REST serin ("I rest". let go). RELEASED lehta (free). blessed). –STAN. "you received it") – VT47:21 RELATE #nyar. VT45:21 REND narca. RELEASED ELEMENT (a term for "vowel") #lehta tengwë (only pl.). see RECALL REMIT apsenë.(return. RETURN (noun) entulessë –PEL. deprive of liberty) –VT41:5. A verbal stem #er. vórëa (enduring. see VT45:37). avenge). 434 REVEAL apanta. GL:23."remain" may perhaps be isolated. –VT43:18. LotR:897 REPAY paitya. because of this name.(heal) (isolated from Envinyatar.(revolve. 6. but he marked it with an X. –WJ:403. avahaira. possibly indicating that he considered abandoning this word because it clashed with erdë "seed.(repay) –PE17:166. the ending -n for 3rd person rather than 1st person would not be valid in later Quenya. forgive. the form ceurë on the previous page looks dubious. eccaira.(in the Etymologies as published in LR.or accar. we would rather expect *lehtë tengwi). –VT41:5. Possibly this verb should have the past tense *lemnë rather than ?lemyanë. RENDING naraca (harsh. 1st pers. quildë (quiet. revered)" –WJ:416 REVERSED nuquerna (literally *”under-turned”) –LotR:1157 REVOLVE pel.“rescue. LT1:269 REMEMBER. continuous) –TATA. BOR. NOT TO BE TOLD OR RELATED avanyárima – NAR2. peace). 8. paitya. REMAINS erin (evidently a verb. forgive. Tolkien also considered erdë as a word for "repose". VT43:18. KHAW RESTRAIN avalerya. . save” (see SAVING for further discussion). REVEALING (noun) pantië (opening.) RENEWED ceura (so in VT48:8. autë (also as noun: prosperity. unfolding) – QL:34. RESTING senda (at peace) –SED.. aorist). lehta tengwi is attested. Estë (the name of a Valië. #camnë with pronominal affixes: camnelyes. *RENEWAL ceulë (the likeliest meaning of this unglossed form). VT46:16 RECEIVE #cam. VT45:37 RENEW ceuta. "narka" in Tolkien's manuscript was misread as "narki". 1st pers. VT45:7 REPETITION – continuous repetition: vorongandelë ("vorogandele" in the published Etymologies is a misreading. germ".(release. 72 REVERED: The element #ar. but Tolkien's extra comment is partially illegible) –NÁRAK. estë fell out of use as a general word for "rest") (repose).(double).t.(to tarry).(requite) –QL:72 REPEAT tatya. RENEWER Envinyatar –MR:405. WJ:370 RELEASE lerya. LotR:1157. except as the plural form of this adj. noble. go round). vaháya or avaháya –KHAYA. estë fell out of use as a general word for "repose").(pa.(cited as nyarin.e. go round) –PEL RICH alya (prosperous. blessed). requite. 20 REMOTE haira (far). VT48:7. 6 RETURN (vb) pel. see VT45:7) (harping on one tune) –LIN1 REPOSE Estë (the name of a Valië. hush). REPEATED vórima (changed by Tolkien from vorima) (continual). VT45:12 REGULAR sanya (Þ) (law-abiding. UT:171. According to VT46:12.(set free. 20. but the source is very early and writers should rather use lemya-. wealth). Because of its uncertain status. normal) (variant vorosanya with a prefixed element meaning "ever"). see below. fainu-.(do back.(remit.in Arfanyarassë (a name of Taniquetil) is said to mean "high (i. 404 REQUITE REACT ahtar.(attested in the pa. apantanë. though it is translated "healed" rather than *"renewed". LT2:250. herenya (wealthy. since intransitive verbs in –ya may seem to surrender this suffix in the past tense. VT39:17 REMAIN lemya.t. apsenë.) –VT45:26. arda (realm). abundant. and probably the best word for "rich" in the strictly material sense).(bind. fortunate. REST (noun) sérë (repose.
Nam/RGEO:67 RIVER sírë (stream). –ORO. WJ:401. RIGHT HAND forma –TE3. SÚLUK ROUND corna (globed). fortë (stem *forti-) (Note: the latter word also means "northern"). "royal land". ROOTWORD sundo (Þ) (pl #sundar in Tarmasundar "Roots of the Pillar" in UT:166. way). proper. orta. ROAD IN SEA londë (entrance to harbour.–QL."way. PHOR/VT46:10. this would therefore be a "ring" on the ground. beautiful). VT45:26 RIDER roquen (horseman. Letters:308. corima. RIVER-[?FEEDING] WELL (Tolkien's gloss is not certainly legible) lón. 417 RINGING SOUND láma (echo – so in Etym. LT1:264 ROARING (adj. VT47:6 RIME ringwë (frost) –LT1:255 RING #corma (isolated from cormacolindor "Ring-bearers"). KHER. cf. LT1:272. VT48:27. heru is primarily the noun "lord".obsoletes oro. LOD/VT45:28.–TOP. knight) –WJ:372. sg #Úlairë? Note that Úlairi is not a literal translation of "ring-wraiths". tië (path. UT:417. ROY RUINOUS atalantëa (pl. LT1:273 has vard.94 ROOF (vb) tópa-. The word *risil (quoted in archaic form rithil) appears in Rithil-Anamo or "Ring of Doom". Arnor). RIGHTHANDED formaitë (stem *formaiti-) (dexterous). RISING (noun) órë (Note: a homophone means "heart. also #sirya (attested in dual form siryat)."rule. LT2:335. 30-31. RIGHT (direction) forya (dexter). GO ROUND pel(return. Silm:362. with #milli as the word for "rings" (singular *millë or less likely *mil with stem *mill-). the rest of the word is obscure. LT1:265 gives sindi. copper-coloured). –duinë (cognate of Sindarin duin as in Anduin). the additional gloss "fairway" turned up in VT45:28). (LT1:248/262 also gives nen. talma (foundation). LT1:256. but this may be a different word) (base)."indicate"). HAVING A ROOF telda. UT:282 RIGHT téra (straight). 269. LotR:1153 ROYAL #arna (isolated from Arnanor. extensive) –PE17:43 ROOT. with the root LAY that is normally associated with greenness but also with life: *ú-lai-ri "un-live-ly ones") –LotR:989 cf.1146. PEL ROW téma (series.). direction. 386 RUDDY aira (red. edible root) –SUD (but VT46:16 indicates that Tolkien changed the root to STUD. 223 RULE (vb) heru. TAL. raise). RING-WRAITHS Úlairi (Nazgûl) (pl. lónë (pl. The syllable úl.) rávëa. while LT1:260 gives celusindi. ROARING NOISE rávë –MC:223 cf. or else the meaning may be "unliving (= undead) ones". inner mind". oronto. RGEO:67/Nam ROOM sambë (Þ) (chamber) –STAB ROOMY yonda (wide. the prefix úmay mean "un-" with evil connotation. this was his birthday). 215 ROBBER pilu (thief) –QL:73 ROBBERY pilwë (theft) –QL:73 ROBE vaima (wrap) –LT1:271 ROCKHEWN HALL hróta (dwelling underground. govern". VT47:11. lóni given) (deep pool). sulca (esp. –KOR. but these words may not be valid in LotR-style Quenya). MIGHTY-RISING). these may not be valid words in LotR-style Quenya. LotR. Regarding the conceptual validity of the word nuinë. the place where judgement was passed in Valinor.(pa. LT1:257. atalantië is attested) –MC:222.t. roina –GAY. wraith. course.) The word hlóna (marked by a query by Tolkien) was to designate "a river. 28. #vanda (isolated form Qualvanda "Road of Death" in LT1:264. a festival in honour of Frodo Baggins. ISOLATED ROUND HILL tolmen (boss of shield). ortanë is attested. RIVULET siril. but this is hardly . Lairë "summer" or "poem" can hardly have anything to do with #lairi. revolve) ROUNDED HANDLE. so the later verb tur“govern” may be preferred to this early “Qenya” verb. SUNRISE anarórë (LT1:264 has orontë. VT45:26. LT2:348. see nuinë in the Quenya-English wordlist.in LT1:256) (lift up. translated "haven" in Alqualondë Haven of the Swans. but see SOUND) –LAM RISE orta. also implying that sundo was originally Þundo). ROOF (noun) tópa. especially given to those at all seasons full of water from mountains". line) (pl témar is attested) –TEÑ.(Note: In Tolkien’s later Quenya. MOUTH OF RIVER etsir –SIR. ROYALIST arandil (king's friend) –Letters:428. TE3/RGEO:67. but cf. path" on the same page) –TEÑ. vanima (fair. The title "Lord of the Rings" Tolkien translated as Heru i Million. "DOWN-ROOF" (cover) untúpa. vand. RING-DAY Cormarë (Yavannië 30th.RICHES lar (fat) –GALA/VT42:32. ET ROAD tëa (straight line) (note: not to be confused with the verb tëa. artificial cave) –PM:365 ROLL UP tolu. Arnanórë.may also have something to do with the Black Speech word gûl. see HANDLE.
but see FLY. axani is attested. Sauro (all Þ) –THUS SAVE: the apparent gerund rehtië. proverbial dictum. which form was glossed “scarlet”. present ávan or ávëan. sg aorist and past váquetin.(refuse) (pa. get out/away. RUN ON.) NOT TO BE SAID. or less usually indirect after a 'that'-construction (. THAT MUST NOT BE SAID avaquétima. In one version. SAME THING imma (this is also the reflexive pronoun "itself") SAME ONE.“rescue. 49:11). other names Súro. though this was deleted (KUL. yourself".(pa. 466 RUN yur. but Tolkien later used these words of the ocean). also SAY NO váquet. translated "runs". Tolkien notes that if inherited. equë (the latter word "has no tense forms. A quotation then follows. history) –NAR2 SAGACIOUS finwa –LT1:253 SAIL #cir. Other forms occur in VT49:13. adj.. "salty"): singwa –QL:83 SALVE lipsa –LIB2 SAME imya (same. LT1:263. the underlying root REK is defined as “recover. This word only occurred in Exilic Quenya. Cf. adopted and adapted from Sindarin certh. seems to imply a verb *rehta. STAN.t. either direct.. “a rule”) sanyë (Þ) (law). save”. the forms ávëan and avanen are marked as poetic or archaic. SELF immo (a general sg. secure). entry YUR in Etym). LotR:1151 RUSHING (adjectival) rimpa (flying). 415) Attested forms include the aorist quetë and its pl. –PE17:38 SAVING (noun) rehtië (rescue). save from ruin/peril/loss”) –PE17:38 SAY quet. familiar". perfect avávien. SEA-DWELLING Eämbar (name of a ship). him/herself. eques 'said he / she' .. violence.(quoted in form yurin. bale out) –KALPA SCORN yaiwë (mocking) –YAY SCREEN (vb) telta.(draw out. all with the ending -n “I”: Aorist avan. haste) – KHOR. identical. but not "itself" which is imma) –VT47:37 SANCTUARY yána (holy place) –YAN SAND litsë –LIT SARUMAN Curumo (= Sindarin Curunír) –UT:393." (WJ:392. RUSHING (noun) ormë (wrath.being mostly used only before either a proper name. float. (GL:58 has moina "safe. this is seemingly the gerund of a verb *rehta. past avanen or aunen. 401.“save. Silm:55 SAURON (The Abhorred) Sauron (Þ). – MC:221 SAILOR ciryaquen (shipman) –WJ:372 SAKALTHÔR Falassion –UT:223 SALT (noun:) singë.) Affixes appear in equen 'said I'.) SAFE KEEPING mando (custody) –BAR. “saving” or “rescue”. SAYING eques (pl."sail.. arauca (swift). cánu (see COMMANDER) (governor. LT2:347 also gives Rása "the Sea". RUN SMOOTHLY nornoro-. equessi) (dictum. SCREEN FROM LIGHT halya.(veil. váquenten are given). cf. 427 SATURN Lumbar –WJ:xi/Basic Quenya:24. avanë is given.or a full independent pronoun. WJ:399/VT39:30 RULER cáno.(canopy. GOR RUSTLE escë (noise of leaves) –EZGE <S> SAFE varna (protected. WJ:370. LT2:348. conceal) –SKAL. ava. nyarna (tale.. quotation) –Silm:436. reflexive pronoun. the form would have had the form *cirtë. and the former moina now appears as muina "hidden. talk). quentë) (speak. LT2:347. future avuvan > auvan. pl. Also see DELIVER. LT1:273 has wili. in the senses say / says or said. fly". selfsame). TEL SEA ëar. refuse) (1st pers. but in Tolkien's later Quenya moina means "dear. law. "first Ruler") (lord) –UT:400. RULE (noun.t.. but within Tolkien's later framework it looks like a 1st person aorist "I run"). secret". MR:350 SAGA nyárë. (adj. as proceeding primarily from Eru. rescue” (see SAVING). VT49:29 RUNE certa (pl certar is attested. this verb was "little used in ordinary language". VT45:24) SCHOLAR istyar (learned man) –IS SCOOP OUT calpa. axan (commandment. chieftain.a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. #tur (as in Minyatur. STRONG/SWIFT AT RUNNING nórima –QL:106 (cf. SEA- . form quetir (VT41:11.) –WJ:396. overshadow).) –LT1:272. commander). covering English "myself.(only attested as a continuative stem: círa). WJ:392 SCARLET: the word culda “flame-coloured. airë (in Etym said to apply to "inner seas of Middle-earth"..(forbid. golden-red” is the cognate of “Noldorin”/Sindarin coll . secure".
also #lelta. cilmessi is attested. LT2:339. nulda. establish. Tatyar.) –WJ:420. falmarindi) (nymph).(fix). w) and continuants (l. see VT45:38). secret". Arct. –MAP.") SELFSAME imya (same. LT2:340 SECURE varna (protected. SECRECY muilë. –LOK. VT43:16 SEVEN otso (for the syntax of numerals. VT42:25. Interjections: SEE! ela (lo! look!) (directing sight to an actually visible object) NOW SEE! yé (lo!) Note: a homophone means "what is more".) –ERÉD SEIZE mapa. VT42:25. témar is attested) (row. with pronominal endings: leltanelyes. take" with pa. n). –NDŪ. –VT49:28 SEED erdë (germ.is cited in the form "sati-".(release. –VT39:17 SEND menta. UT:430. SENDING (noun) menta (message). Letters:386 SET panya. 6. THOUGHT-SENDING sanwementa (mental message) –VT41:5. have an impulse) –PAN. SET FREE lerya. 11 . NDEW. "you sent him"). neuna. lomba.t.SPIRIT falmar/falmarin (pl.(cause to go [in a desired direction]). QL:59 SEIZURE maptalë (rape. but in Tolkien's later Quenya moina means "dear. SEVENTH otsëa.) –BAR SEDGE liscë (reed) –LT2:335 SEE cen. LT1:255. in older (MET) Quenya tatya (cf. véla. PM:339 explains that "some among the exiles gave themselves names. SEAWEED ëaruilë (also simply uilë. SECRETIVE fólima –MUY. WJ:362 cf. see PLANT). later only used of Men of the Three Houses of the Edain. said to mean more literally "names of personal choice": #cilmë "choice" + essi "names". SET VIGOROUSLY OUT TO DO horya. Telelli "Teler-folk".(be compelled to do. WJ:403 SECRET (adj) muina (hidden). familiar". minister. stoop). LotR:1153 SERPENT lócë (snake. immoveable". see THREE). VT48:6. strong. or r. yourself". ravishment). as in *satin "I set aside". VT47:21 SEND FLYING horta. CHILD OF THE SEA oar (merchild).(abide. so this "name" must be a common noun and not a proper name. (The alternative form oldó may be archaic Quenya. SET (of Sun or Moon) núta. Note: a homophone means "person". look for) –QL:81 SECOND (2nd) attëa. VT45:22 SETTLED – be settled: mar. steward". TELES. him/herself. When the first part of the compound ends in l.g. –PE13:163 SELF immo (a general sg. line) –TEÑ. NDŪ. semi-vowels (y. TULUK. safe). –MC:222. but in Etym it was restored. as disguises or in reference to their own deeds and personal history: such names were called kilmessi 'self-names'.) SET ASIDE #sat. DUL.(fix. SECRET (noun) fólë (secrecy)."seize. the n of –ndur is left out).(sink. the gloss is misread as "sunset". VT47:31 SEEMING – nácë is glossed “it is may be seeming” (sic). fólë (secret). In early material we have map. VT47:31. "so do the Eldar name the worms of Melko[r]". dragon. urge) –KHOR SEND FOR tulta. THE SECOND Atani (sg Atan – an Elvish name of Men. "the Second Ones". and the former moina seems to have been altered to muina "hidden. be fixed) SETTLED CHARACTER indómë ("also used of the 'will' of Eru [God]"). identical) –VT47:37 SEMI-VOWEL – the term #mussë tengwë "soft element" (only attested in the pl. SET UP tulca. LT1:270 cf. SECURITY varnassë. SEA-ELF Teler (Telellië. n. LT2:85).: mussë tengwi) covers vowels. VT41:5. LT2:347. otsat –OT. summon) –TUL SENTENCE quentelë –LT2:348 SEPTEMBER Yavannië –LotR:1144/1146/Silm:439 SERIES téma (pl.(grasp) This word was struck out in one of Tolkien's earlier word-lists. reflexive pronoun.t. covering English "myself. also –(n)dur (final element in compounds. Fraction ONE SEVENTH otosta. steadfast. The word is not capitalized.(speed. arandur "king's servant.(attested in the pa.(behold) (future tense cenuva and imperative cena are attested). VT42:20.(appropriate to a special purpose or owner). nampë. adj Telerin "Telerian").t. m. LT1:263. osta. The verb #sat. r. SEAWARD PRECIPICE ollo (cliff). evidently including the connecting vowel of the aorist. nulla. (GL:58 gives moina "safe. 360. LT1:252 SEARCH saca (pa. let go). Also see LOOK AT. The word foalócë is said to be a "name of a serpent that guarded a treasure".(the latter maybe primarily "see" = "meet"). Note: there is a homophone meaning "firm. LT2:340 SERVANT núro (in the Etymologies as published in LR.) – AYAR/Letters:386/RGEO:73. –UT:317. e. sácë) (pursue. the Second Clan of the Elves).(fetch. secure". but not "itself" which is imma) –VT47:37 SELF-NAME #cilmessë (only pl.
lómin (shadow). THE Isil (Moon) –THIL SHEEP máma (Unlike English "sheep".g.g. QL:60 SHELL hyalma (conch. shadowed). 13) is also said to cover sexual desire (but likewise physical fear. pallë given –PE16:143 SHAKE (noun): In the Etymologies as printed in LR. Nam/RGEO:67. DO3 SHADOW lëo ( =shadow cast by an object) (shade). VT45:8). VT45:33. this gloss "sharp" is isolated from one translation of Aicanáro:) SHARP-FLAME Aicanáro "Fell Fire. the proper reading of the gloss found in . SHIPMAN ciryaquen (sailor) –KIR. laira –DAY. move) –MC:223. MR:323. see THREE. laica is the word for "green" in later sources. huinë (= deep shadow) (gloom. so círya is likely an error by Christopher Tolkien). acute" is given as "laike" in the entry LAIK. –VT48:21 SEX. MOR/VT45:35. PIECE OF SHAPED WOOD pano. SIL/LotR:94/The Return of the Shadow:324 SHINGLE sarnië (pebble-bank) –UT:463 SHIP cirya (defined as "sharp-prowed ship" in Silm:433. –RIK. mordo (obscurity. all numbers and cases except plural possessive *ciryaiva are attested in the Plotz letter. VT49:45. SHADES OF NIGHT lómë (Night. –LT1:268. darkness – according to VT41:8. hunger. may perhaps also be used for "shepherd". MR:323 has Aicanár) In the printed Etymologies. a word that is not really glossed. ungo (=dark shadow) (cloud). SHEPHERDESS emerwen. smear. LAIK SHARP-PROWED SHIP cirya (see SHIP) –Silm:433 (where the spelling círya occurs. dimness). stain. fuinë. but according to VT46:11 the proper reading of Tolkien's manuscript is "quick stroke". gloom. venië (gerund? Stem #ven-?) (cut). LT1:254. UT:209 SHIELD turma. horn of Ulmo) –SYAL SHEPHERD mavor (GL:58 gives mavar).t. UT:22 cf. MC:223. but not only is this a misreading for "laika" (VT45:25): the conceptual validity of this word may be questioned because laika. but all other sources have cirya with a short i. "The Shadow" meaning Sauron should probably be Huinë. SHADE lëo (= shadow cast by an object). SHAPE (noun) venwë (cut). night-time.(part. ninquita-. The word hroafelmë. BOSS OF SHIELD tolmen (isolated round hill) –TURÚM. disordered) –MC:223 SHE – see HE (the same forms are used for both genders) SHEATH vainë –LT1:271 SHEEN. LT1:269 SHIFT (of large and heavy things:) rúma. PAN SHARE hyanda (blade) –LT2:342 SHARP maica (piercing). as this word is associated with his coming to Númenor in LR:47 and SD:246/310. lómin (shade). sisíla. arrangement”. dire. –KAT. dusk. aorist sg.(abuse). rúmala is attested) (heave. PHUY. sharp. rincë was glossed "quick shake". SHADY halda (veiled. e. also laimë (shadow "cast by an object or form". UT:434. AYAK. twilight). KAL. An abstract formation based on this verb.pdf.are attested and dual future siluvat are attested).(present tense síla. In Silm:433. SKAL SHAGGY aulë (May have been obsoleted by the later [TLT] word aulë "invention". aorist pl. lumbë (gloom). calta-. could serve as the noun “shame”.elvish. but derived from the root YER "feel sexual desire" (VT46:23). silir. caluva is attested). pa. luntë (boat). SHATTERED rúcina (confused.SEVENTEEN otoquë. a word for "keen.(fut. see COITUS SEXUAL DESIRE is the apparent meaning of yérë. freq. NIK-W. *naityalë.) pal-. 51. laimë. "body-impulse" (VT41:19 cf. but all other sources have cirya with a short i. Aegnor" (so in Silm:435. e. LT1:249/LUT.) SHEEPFOLD moalin (moalind-) –WJ:395. LUM. SHINE WHITE sil. –QL:65 SHAPE (vb) canta-. so círya is likely an error by Christopher Tolkien). SHADOWED halda (veiled. dual ciriat [read *ciryat?] is attested in Letters:427. hidden. SHAPED canta (also as quasi-suffix. aica (fell. "put to shame") naitya. terrible. lumbulë (=[heavy] shadow). SHAPED STONE ambal (flag). WJ:318 SHIRT laupë (tunic) –QL:51 SHOE hyapat –SKYAP (Note: In the Etymologies as printed in LR. LT1:255. LT1:255. –Silm:434. the word hyapat is glossed "shore". The word mámandil.org/errata/VT-Errata. hidden. –DAY/VT45:8. or thirst). shady). 222 SHINE cala. UÑG. the spelling círya occurs. but according to http://www.) –LT1:249 SHAKE (vb. lassecanta "leaf-shaped"). this word probably has a distinct plural *mámar. silë. fuinë is actually a Telerin form. the proper Quenya form being huinë). umbas (Þ). MBAL. VT46:11 SHAME (vb. SHINING WHITE (adj) silma (silver) –LT1:254. For the syntax of numerals. etymologically "sheep-friend" (máma "sheep" + –ndil "friend"). Note: a homophone means “plan.
VT42:15). ngillë.) –VT43:19. GYEL. lindo (singing bird). and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. SILKEN saminda.e. bedridden. MR:388 SIN (noun) #úcarë (isolated from úcaremmar "our sins/trespasses".v. starlight). SHORE-PIPER. token. the letter noldo.) SYSTEM OR CODE OF SIGNS tengwesta (grammar). †silmë (also meaning light of Silpion. 33 SINCE (= because) pan. see caila in the Quenya-English wordlist for further discussion). caimassëa (bedridden). Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya. SHORT STABBING SWORD ecet (broad-bladed sword) SHORT ROUNDED HANDLE. adj) tinda (glinting). Read *Lindelohtë in LotR-style Quenya? –GLIR. in MR:388.. LIN2. #naico. body and soul. KWAM SICKLE circa. song). see under ILL). probably = Venus). SHOUT (noun) rambë. 395. tengwë is also used for what we should call a phoneme – pl tengwi is attested). SHOUT yello (call. –KIRIK. as a demonstrative. Engwar "The Sickly". 265 SHORT sinta (Þ). OT SIGH see EXPIRE. quámëa (evidently = *”nauseous”).) SHORE falas (falass-). “silken” (QL:81) SILVER telpë. This is the form given in LT1:258. sg *ramando) –LT1:259. but "the form telpe became usual. UT:284 SHOULDER róma (Note: a homophone means "horn" or "trumpet-sound. alone. Note: a homophone means "seed. adj. SICKLE OF THE VALAR Valacirca (= the Great Bear. germ".elvish.) Cf. the Big Dipper or the Wain). NYEL. not númen. KAY/VT45:19. –LT1:263 cf. However. Spelt ñillë. All the words for "sinner" are attested with the pl. LT1:268 has telpë = telempë. see FULL SIGN. through the influence of Telerin. Cf. –PE17:186. –STINTĀ.(close) –PE17:98 SHOW tana. KYELEP. the word hyapat is glossed "shore".was the original form of the word in Noldorin Quenya.) –MR:385 SICK. also ilsa (a "mystic name" of silver). and their skill as silversmiths was esteemed even by the Noldor" [UT:266]. LT1:269 SINGULARITY erdë (used in the sense "person as a whole". LT1:251. engwa (cf. also as noun: solitude) –ERE. which may also be true of the forms #naicando. saminwa adj. diacritic) (In LotR:1155. telemna. SICKLY laiwa (ill. OF SILVER telepsa. probably a Q[uenya] form learned from Melian"). and pl tehtar is attested. VT42:15. also one of Nienna's titles: Núri. VT45:16 SHUT holta. MR:385. trespass" (pl.) – Silm:429. –VT49:17. SINGING lindë (air. SIGN tanna. But is this word is written in Tengwar. Silm:122. tune. SIN (verb) #úcar. "especially one [i. ending -r attached. telpina. caila (or possibly this is only adj. a shore] exposed to great waves and breakers". aorist úcarer. 18 SINEW tuo (muscle) –TUG SING #lir. SINGLY eressë (only. LT1:258 SINGLE erya (sole).(indicate) (Note: tana also means "that". For various linguistic terms.(tyelpë. telep. fára (beach).e. falassë (beach. aorist) (chant). SHOUTER ramandor (but in LotR-style Quenya this would probably be a pl. #taina.as in lirin "I sing" (1st pers. SHORELAND PIPER Solosimpë (pl Solosimpi is attested) –LT1:253. 66. “Since” with reference to time (as in “they have been here since last year”) may perhaps be expressed as “from” or “after”. in Letters:426 it is stated that "the form tyelpë remained in Quenya" and was not wholly displaced by telpë. for the Teleri prized silver above gold. an Elvish name for Men). loud sound") See also BACK. Silm:431. see HANDLE. GENG-WĀ. SICKNESS quámë (= nausea). SILVER GLINT nillë (a star on Varda's simulacrum covering Valinor. Silm:431. she who sighs. SINGERS Lindar (a name of the Teleri). tyelep. should be used to transcribe the initial n. in the sense of illness probably rather lívë (maybe better spelt *hlívë). istil ("applied by the Ilkorins to starlight. i.org/errata/VT-Errata. writing. but initial ng had become n in Third Age pronunciation. lying in bed. WJ:418. LACKING/INADEQUATE SIGN. LT1:255.pdf. TEK SIGNIFER Tancol ("the significant Star".= "to sin. but according to http://www. tehta (mark [in writing]. tengwë (indication. cry of triumph). SILK samin (samind-). SKYAP. SINGER nyello.) –MR:216 SINISTER úmara –VT49:14. the Plough. In the Etymologies as printed in LR. 15 . q. 22. STRIPPED/DEPRIVED SIGN. this word may be better spelt *hlaiwa. SILVER (prob. SINNER #úcarindo (variant #ulcarindo. SIL. úcarir attested). this word is applied to the supralinear vowel-signs of Fëanorian writing. possibly an ephemeral form abandoned by Tolkien. line of surf. TIN. also called Otselen = The Seven Stars. tanwa. SILVER LIGHT istel.Tolkien's manuscript is "shoe". SINGING CLUSTER Lindeloktë (labernum). –LT2:335 SHOUT (vb) rama-. caimassë (etymologically "[state of being] in bed") –SLIW. the proper reading of the gloss found in Tolkien's manuscript is "shoe". WJ:394. VT46:15. 21.
The noun #nehtar "slayer" may seem to presuppose a verbal stem #nehta. Passive participle nahtana in the phrase *nahtana ló Turin *”slain by Túrin” (VT49:24).appears elsewhere (VT49:24). onónë. 14. colloquially also nettë (probably netti-). SKILLFUL [?DEVICE – Tolkien's handwriting was illegible] curo (curu-) – Silm:429.meant “slay” in early material (LT1:259). since Tolkien decided that fu. UT:317.as valid verbs for "to sit".(loose) (In the printed Etymologies. since har. though the form nahta.[hum-] as the stem of the verb "to sleep". writers may then treat both har. isolated from Morinehtar "Darkness-slayer" (PM:384. collapse) –MC:223 SLOPE (vb) talta-. the latter word was also used in children's play for "fourth finger" or "fourth toe" (or in two-handed play for the ninth digit).(slide down. NŌ SIT har. word for "16" in Quenya)."to slay. *nimpë (said to be used "usually with connotation of weakness". the latter adj. not "Sky-Father" as he originally thought. LT2:348. taimë. teren. if so. muru-. LT1:259.) –KHAM. collapse) –MC:223 SLIP talta. Nierninwa –LT1:262 SISTER nésa (þ. Tolkien derived har. SLAYER #nehtar. hillside). is given in the archaic form nimpi and would therefore have the stem-form nimpi-). SLOPE (noun) pendë (downslope..) "SKY-BRIDGE" (i. but this is probably not a valid word in LotR-style Quenya . possibly experimental.e.SINK (of Sun and Moon) núta. name of a wizard (istar).and ham. rainbow) helyanwë –LotR:1157. (LT2:348 gives ilu. LT1:255. TER SLIDE DOWN talta. SKILLED maitë (stem *maiti-. and the new Quenya verb for "sit" thus came to be ham-. possibly pre-historic. 260 SMALL níca. SLUMBER (noun) lórë. For the syntax of numerals. 11 SIXTEEN enenquë –VT48:21 (the form quainquë seems to be another. (Read perhaps *húmë. MA3. However.becomes hu. older form néþa cited). kill". this verb is translated "hew with a sword" instead. LT1:268 SLACKEN lehta-. declivity). BE SKILLED IN DEALING WITH hanya(understand. LOS. VT42:25. 3EL. but the meaning of this word was later changed – Tolkien decided that Ilúvatar means "AllFather". an adjective "especially applied to things that though in themselves full-grown were smaller or shorter than their kind. the latter is given in the archaic form "ninki" and would therefore have the stem-form ninci-).was misread as u. encë. murmë.(set) –NDŪ SIP salpa. lenca. Cf.(lick up. KHAN. 385). selli). SISTER (usually not of bloodkinship) osellë (Þ) (associate) –VT47:10-12. SLUMBROUS lorda (drowsy). or illshapen. VT48:8).) In one compound. taimië. SLEEP (noun) fúmë.(slip.in Quenya. but in a much later source reproduced in VT39. ampendë (upward slope). and pica "small spot" must be derived from the same root. terenë –NIN-DI. –LT1:253 SLENDER nindë (stem *nindi-). VT41:10 SKIN helma (fell) (parma in LT2:346 is obsolete. hellë. THEL. This word points to *fum. SLOPING DOWN penda (inclined) –PEN. see THREE."sit" from a root KHAD. pitya (the latter is never translated by Tolkien. this may be an example of Eldarin A/E variation. the n of lenca." LT1:256 has an adjective inya "small". and were hard. sup) –SÁLAP SIRIUS Niellúnë. Different words for "sister" occur in the Etymologies: seler (Þ) (pl.(in CO attested in the plural continuative tense: hárar "are sitting". ilwë (heavens). maisi) (handy). AM2 SLOW lenca –LT2:341 SLUMBER (vb) lor-.should probably be *handë rather than *harnë. twisted. In Etym.reappears in such a late text as CO. VT43:31 SLAY nahta. *nincë (said to have "good senses". For the syntax of numerals. amban (upward slope. see BARK) –SKEL SKY vilya (older [MET] wilya) (air). SIXTH enquëa. Fraction ONE SIXTH enquesta –ÉNEK.(see also SLAYER concerning a possible alternative form #nehta-). nípa. also nauca. VT48:15). The verb mac. Tolkien may have decided to reinstate KHAD and its derivatives. the past tense of har. pl.) FLOWER OF SLEEP – see POPPY. VT48:6. the root KHAD was rejected and replaced by KHAM-. see VT45:27.11.) –LEK SLASH cirissë (gash) –KIRIS SLAVE mól (thrall) –MŌ. According to VT45:20. telimbo (canopy). VT45:20 SIX enquë (for archaic. murmëa – LT1:259. SKIES fanyarë (upper airs and clouds) –MC:223 SKILL curu. Tolkien seemingly changed pitya to nitya (see PM:365. know about). onómë. see THREE. but Pitya-naucor is glossed "petty-dwarves".
LT1:266 SMOOTH pasta –PATH SMOULDERING HEAT yulmë (red [?heat] – Tolkien's handwriting was illegible). NEI. GL:58 SOIL 1. obscurity. WA3 SOLE erya (single). Cf. though Tolkien may have replaced it by hanno "brother". sardi). milya (gentle. 344. dragon. alone) –ERE cf. NEW SUN AFTER: ceuranar –VT48:7 SOMEBODY (impersonal personal pronoun) mo (one).is translated "strong smell" in one source (VT45:5). LT2:336. sweet-faced). STINK. VT47:10. VT44:35 SMITH tano (craftsman). VT43:36-37. singing). rëantë. YOUNG OR SMALL WOMAN. SMOULDERING WOOD yúla (ember) –YUL SNAKE ango (stem angu-. SOAP lipsa –LIB1 SOFT mussë. –VT49:20 SOMBRE morna (black. Finwion "son of Finwë". mine". VT45:34.means “make network or lace” or “catch in a net” (its past tense may however be *raitanë rather than rëantë). LT1:269 SOLE OF FOOT tallunë. dimness) –VT45:35. talas in LT2. enlaced". weak) (Note: milya. maxa (pliant). vondo "son" in LT2 are probably obsolete. angwi). (noun) cemen (earth). stain. e. see AMEN. –MBUD SNOW lossë (spesifically "fallen snow". Letters:386). MAY IT BE SO. MOR SMEARED púrëa (discoloured) –MC:223 SMELL (strong smell): The form aññol. tune. LT2:85) –ANGWA. dative i yondon "to the Son" in VT43:36-37. PIK. SOLITUDE eressë (also as adverb: single. "so do the Eldar name the worms of Melko[r]". Etym also gives niquë. (vb) vahta. lócë (serpent. This statement may obsolete niquetil "snowcap" in LT1:266. also the suffix –ion. SMILE raita-. –GLIN. gloomy.. see MAN. LT1:256.in patronymics". is probably obsolete) –RUN. so the stem-form would seem to be líri-). pa. LT1:269 SOLSTICE. IT IS SO ná (used = “yes”).) LIGHT SNOW is. 15. leuca. SNOW-WHITE lossë (which may also be the noun "snow"). LT2:340 SNARE (noun) remma. SMALL MAN. †olossë. NIK-W-. also short form yón (Yón referring to Jesus as "the Son" in the source). MR:217.(in which language *inya may mean "my. LT2:347 SOLEMN PROMISE vanda (oath. SMILING raina (gracious. The word ta is used to qualify adjectives. But LT2 does confirm that –ion was "very common.in late Exilic Quenya). LT1:260 cf. LR:61. –VT47:35. Variant yonyo "son. alone) –ERE.t. "white tear") –RGEO:69. SNOWDROP nieninquë (lit. lirilla (lay). FS SONG lindë (air. dark) –MOR SON yondo (male descendant). LotR:1149. Nam. but again it is uncertain whether this is a primitive stem or a Quenya word (in the latter case. Is niquis "snow" from the same source a valid word? GL:35 has fáwë "snow" and fauta "it snows". WJ:389. pledge) –UT:317 SOLITARY eressëa (lonely. SAR SMEAR mordo (shadow. Stem *mundu-.is also translated "smell" in the same source. only. compare “Solitary Isle” as one translation of Tol Eressëa.is also a verb "long for"). cape). NOTE: A homophone of raita. (The forms vô. e. LT1:262/266 SO may generally be rendered by sië "thus" (see THUS for reference). also adjective "snow-white". ta mára “so good” (VT49:12). erda (deserted) –LT1:269 SOLITUDE eressë (also as adverb: singly.given primitive form talrunya. as in *remin "I snare") –VT42:12. LT1:258 SOON rato –Arct . See also MUSIC. as in pl. GOLÓS. so” (VT49:18). probably with stem talluni."son" was used only in poetry. pl. as are the notions there recorded that yondo meant "(great) grandson" and that yô-. big boy" (a term also used for "middle finger" or "middle toe" in children's play. see GIRL. but this does not look like a regular Quenya word and is perhaps an underlying "stem" (Quenya *angol-?) The element ñol.) –VT48:18. 413 SMALL INSECT pí (fly). evidently including the connecting vowel of the aorist.g. and a homophone of raina means "nettled. Vocative yonya *"my son". yond.g.(stain). #lírë (only attested in the instrumental case: lírinen. a contraction of *yondonya. VT47:26. we would see *nol. 2. VT48:4)..) SON OF THE DARK (= Morgoth) morion –YO. –PE17:182. Also san (VT49:18) or sinen = “by this means.(cited as "remi-". SMITH OF THE WORLD Talca Marwa (a title of Aulë) –TAN. 17. neuma. only. but this word is obsoleted by a statement in WJ:417: "nique does not refer to snow. MASAG. (A “Qenya” word for sole. SMALL STONE sar (stem sard-. †olos. See ODOUR. VT44:12. but to cold". given the primitive form mbundu. SOILED vára (dirty) –LT1:257. moica – VT39:17. SNARE (verb) #rem. SNEW SNARL yarra (growl) –MC:223 SNOUT mundo (nose.
(pl. when seen as a pale shape. Etym gives "ringing sound. use tongue. LT1:260 has mánë).(pa. but this is a misreading. Tolkien's manuscript has "spark".(urge. SPIDER'S WEB ungwë (but in LT1:271. Note: a homophone means "honeycomb"). Note: róma also means "shoulder"). the noun tinwë is glossed "sparkle". UT:165. ungwë is glossed "spider") –SLIG. SPEAR-POINT nasta (gore. It was generally used to describe the various cries of beasts. pl fëar is attested. –TIN. MR:215. VT49:19 SPEAR hatal. or a phantom or disembodied spirit. stem *ehti-. see SPECIES. 446 SOW #rer. SPEARMAN ehtyar –VT49:14. trumpet-sound. SPARK (noun) tinwë (often = "star"). Tolkien notes that fëa is "roughly but not exactly equivalent to. liantë is glossed "tendril"). in WJ:416 it is said that the stem LAMA refers "especially to vocal sounds. –LT2:348. "individual pleasure in the sounds and forms of words".. foam). Also carpa. A person's "spirit" meaning his or her general personality and attitude may be expressed by the word órë. SOUTHWESTLANDS Hyarnustar (regions in Númenor) – KHYAR/LotR:1157. 18 SOUL fëa (spirit. reflecting the older pronunciation. in LotR defined as "heart. i.v. (The word is spelt “ñúle” in the source. pa. but see below). cf. Eälar are spirits whose natural state it is to exist without a physical body. ëala ("being". as opposed to matter. lámatyáver is attested). pa. but according to VT45:12. Pl. SPEEDING hortalë (urging) –KHOR SPELLING tencelë (writing system) –TEK SPIDER liantë (so in Etym.). send flying). OF THAT SORT taitë –VT49:11. eälar is attested. In the entry TIN of the Etymologies as printed in LR.") –MR:349. see SPINE. narrow promontory. WJ:394/VT48:29. the latter verb apparently does not take a direct object). vilissë (a "Qenya" word maybe not valid in LotR-style Quenya).'soul'.is also the verb "twine"). where it is said that . VT47:12. triangle). cf.e. tinda. fairi is attested). see STIR SPINDRIFT wingë (wingi-) (crest [of wave]. fairë (= spirit in general. SPARK (noun) tinwë. SOWN FIELD resta (acre). 1st person aorist). SOUND (noun) lamma (= sound in general?). but according to VT46:19.. entry EK/EKTE. PM:337. WIG SPINE ecco (In the Etymologies as printed in LR. (The gloss of the word ecco has also been quoted as "spear". –RED. "to sound") lamya-. SNAS cf. In Exilic Quenya. Silm:438 SPARKLE (vb) tintina. normally housed in a body.for older w-. Balrogs). láma (according to Etym = "ringing sound. Adjectives OF THIS SORT sítë. in Tengwar spelling the initial nasal should therefore be represented by the letter Noldo). seems to imply that láma can also be used of artuculated speech. LT1:258. RED SPADE sampa –QL:82 SPARK – make/cause to spark: tinta. –PE17:125 SORROW nyérë (grief). the word would have initial v. ehtë. carcaras –NAS. e. quentë) (say. SOUTHEASTLANDS Hyarrostar.SORCERY núlë (black arts). carampë (talk. Þúlë) (maybe a more "impersonal" word for spirit). pl.g. Silm:431 SOUND (verb." But the word lámatyávë "sound-taste". LotR:1157 SPIKE nassë (thorn). by which an Elf chose or made a name for him/herself [see NAMECHOOSING]. SOUTHERN hyarmenya. pl fëar is attested). LT2:344 SPIN (make spin). 218. VT46:14. LotR:1075/1082. Tolkien seems undecided about the exact meaning of láma. –TIN/VT46:19.) SPEAR-HEAD nehtë (gore. wedge. –LAM. EK/EKTE. SPIDER FILAMENT lia (Note: lia. róma (= loud sound. in LT1:271.t. inner mind" (q. this word and its "Noldorin"/Sindarin cognate ech are glossed "spear". but was applied only to those that were confused or inarticulate.(cited as rerin "I sow". manu (= departed spirit. KIND. "SOUTH-VICTOR" Hyarmendacil (one of the Kings of Gondor). echo". VT46:11 cf. this is a misreading for "spine" in Tolkien's manuscript. In MR:330. echo". ROW OF SPIKES (or teeth) carcassë. hlón (evidently hlon-. tintinar is attested). –GL:60 SORT. Aorist quetë (spelt “qete”) in source. UT:282 SPECIES nostalë (kind) –LT1:272 SPEED (vb) horta.(kindle).(kindle).t. súlë (Þ) (earlier [MET] thúlë.) SPINNING WHEEL querma (turn-table) –PE17:65 SPIRANT CONSONANT surya –SUS SPIRIT fëa (= the spirit or "soul" of an incarnate.. pl. –LT1:273 cf.t. SOUND-TASTE lámatyávë (pl. talk). MAKE TO SPARKLE tinta. ROM. hloni is attested) (noise). rendë. 216 SOUP sulpa –LT1:266 SOUTH hyarmen (LT2:248 also gives Sahóra. but this is hardly a valid word in Tolkien's later Quenya). Silm:438 SPEAK quet. SOUND OF WIND sú.
(Note: in Etym elen is said to be poetic. LT1:260. also called nillë or "silver glint". a name of Númenor). "SPRING-SINGER" (i. as in pl. 1145. issue of water). STAIN (noun) mordo (shadow. WJ:369 SPLIT (noun) sanca (Þ) (cleft) –STAK SPONGE hwan (hwand-. SMALL SPOT pica (dot) –MEN. STARLIGHT silmë (light of Silpion). tuilë was a precisely defined period of 54 days. Silm:313. VT41:19 cf. Also with pronominal affixes: sg hecat. VT39:7 SPROUT (vb) tuia. cf. dimness).e. MC:223. TAN/VT46:17 STATE (more or less = *"condition". STARWARDS elenna (Elenna or Elennanórë. FIELD-SPIRIT Nermi (pl. SPRING (noun. strong. anger.(attested in the past tense: tarnë.) FIRST BEGINNING OF SPRING coirë ("stirring". The word Tintánië is glossed STARMAKER as another title of Varda. –TULUK cf. WATER FALLING OUT SWIFTLY FROM A ROCKY SPRING celussë (freshet). 215. elvië is attested). vórima. see TIDE. fresh green" [LT1:269]. faithful"). see PLACE). TIN. since indo is translated "heart. LT1:260. but it is also interpreted as an abstract STARMAKING. 165.(emended from the actual reading lokta because Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) (put forth leaves or flowers). STARLIKE elvëa (pl. CROWNED WITH STARS (a name of Taniquetil) Elerrína (so in Silm:42. –EL. VT43:36-37. †él (pl. –MR:349. PIK SPRAY (of fall or fountain) rossë (fine rain. but for the season.(spring).–GL:47 STABBING SWORD (short) ecet (broad-bladed sword) –UT:284/432 STAFF – LT1:264 has vandl. MAN. LT2:338/LT1:269. e. –WA3. ROS SPREAD palu-. both versions are attested with the dative ending -n attached). MC:223. a tinwë was one of the "apparent stars" on Varda's simulacrum covering Valinor. SPRING-TIME tuilë (this word literally means "budding. not a "state" as a political unit) indo (perhaps especially a state of mind. explicitly glossed “state. WJ:362. 218. LT1:269 also has tuiliérë. SPROUT (noun) tuima (bud) –TUY. but the cluster ndl cannot occur in LotR-style Quenya. VT45:12. MR:349. but the word was also used without any exact definition. vaxë. VT44:17. LotR:1157. but according to Silm:431 elena is an adjective meaning "of the stars". Silm:431. swallow) tuilindo. dew) –Letters:282 cf. play) –TYAL SPOT men (place – Tolkien may have rejected this word. MOR/VT45:35 STALK (noun) sirpë (stem) –QL:84 STAND #tar. SPRING. STARLIT DUSK. SPRING TIDE. but Tolkien later concluded that elen was "the normal word for a star on the actual firmanent". mood" in the Etymologies. –VT39:23. "the land named Starwards".) TWINKLING STAR tingilya.g. UT:426. early morn. radiance) –VT47:13. pity. in early material also sóma. According to MR:388. The Nermir are "fays of the meads". condition”. LT:258 SQUAT haca. Nermir is attested.(open wide. Read *vandil? STAIN (vb) vahta-. expand) –PAL SPRING (vb) tuia. pl hecal "you stand aside!" – WJ:364 STANDARD tulwë (pole) –LT1:270 STAR elen (normal pl eleni. *lohta. Besides tuilë. éli is mentioned). tinwë (properly = sparkle). tingilindë. palya.(sprout). see SPRING-TIME below) ehtelë (fountain. STARRY TWILIGHT tindómë. MC:222 cf. immoveable. KEL. In the Calendar of Imladris.) HOLY SPIRIT airefëa (other version: fairë aista. allative elenna and pl ablative elenillor are attested)."there dwelt in her [Galadriel] the noble and generous spirit (órë) of the Vanyar". Etym mentions the words ellen and elena without glossing them. HAVING MANY STARS lintitinwë. obscurity. GL:23. Note: there is a homophone meaning "fix. hwandi) (fungus) –SWAD SPORT tyalië (game. STARCROWNED.. $ . FLASHING OR [?STARRY] LIGHT élë See also *STELLAR. STAR-QUEEN (=Varda). Silm:438. UT:317. in keeping oath or promise. extend. DOMO. voronda ("steadfast in allegiance. ílë. –TUY/LotR 1141. smear. also collectively – buds. LT1:269. stem ID). new shoots. PE17:71) STAND ASIDE! heca! (be gone!). Silm:42. according to the Calendar of Imladris a period of 54 days in early spring). 13 SPIT (noun? verb? both?) piuta –PIW SPLENDOUR alcar (glory. Also used = dayspring. the poetic word being él instead. SPRING OF WATER capalinda. establish"). Etym has Elerína). Silm:429. but occasionally †eldi in verse. LotR:1157. SPIRIT-IMPULSE fëafelmë (impulses originating with the spirit. QL:85 STATUTE namna –MR:258 STEADFAST tulca (firm. hate). love. set up.
see Quenya-English wordlist for further discussion of why the form with initial h. VT45:22 STICKER-UP tolyo. one. hlápula is attested) –UT:446. tarya. still) –LT1:269 STING nasta. –VT47:10 STIFF norna (tough). despite that". NDŪ STOP hauta. victory). LT1 and LT2 has simply on. STRAYING (noun) ránë (wandering) (pl. pa. racinë is attested) (deprived). STEEP ISLE tollë –AYAK. PUS/VT46:10. LT2:341 STRANGER ettelëa (reading uncertain. part. STREAM IN THE WIND hlapu. STAR STILL (= *"yet. Silm:431. not allow to continue). cease). Note: hranga. Tolkien later decided that kt became ht in Quenya) –LT1:341. pusta. TAP/VT46:17. STINKING *holwëa (given as "olwea" in source.LT1:270. TEÑ. *"upon dark rocks".e. see VT46:17. thin. though perhaps it can also be used as a noun "foreign (one)" = "stranger") –VT45:13 STRAP latta (Note: a homophone means "hole. alone. tampë is given) (block). consonant with such an underposed dot) punta. STIFF.(fly in the wind. LT1:256. . MC:223. UT:313 STICK TO himya. quindë –QL:77 STIRRING coirë (according to the Calendar of Imladris a period of 54 days in early spring) –LotR:1141. LT1:263 STRENGTH túrë (mastery.t. minister) –Letters:386. LT1:254/LT2:342. STOPPED CONSONANT (i. misreading "tápe" with a long vowel in the Etymologies as printed in LR. eren (meaning either iron or steel). 185. SAR.t. cf.(stunt. –QL:73 STRIPPED #racina (only pl. STICKING himba (adhering) –KHIM. aorist. sírë (river). lenwa (long.(cleave to. pusta. lengthened. 335 STREET mallë –MBAL. 3rd person sg. extended) –VT39:7 cf. celu. pa. but used of natural rocks in MC:222: ondolissë mornë.(sink. FLINTSTONE. – GONOD (see GOND). perhaps with a suffixed stemvowel. awkward. #tap. translated "of the stars". GL:37 STEEP aiqua. hranga (hard. There are also the adjectives elda and elena. UT:317 STEADY tulunca (firm) –LT1:270 STEEL erë. STRIPPED SIGN #racina tengwë (only pl. ettelëa seems to be primarily an adjective "foreign".(take a rest. Use elenya or elena. STRETCH OUT (intr. TUG STRENGTHENING antoryamë (used of various manipulations of a stem. ondo "stone.t. PE17:154. but also intr: cease). narrow).(knock). pit") –LATH STRAY ranya. see STINK STEWARD arandur (king's servant.) –WJ:362. not in the sense "unmoving":) er (only. (physical strength:) tuo –QL:95.(reach) (Emended from the actual reading rakta. adhere). oronta. The verb is cited as "pete". make spin) quir-. 1142 STONE ondo (defined as stone "as a material" in Etym. TÁRAG.(prick) –NAS STINK (noun. The pa. flood. Silm:431 STEM telco (leg). Eldar. history) –KWET/VT39:16 STRAIGHT téra (right). 33. sar (sard-) (= small stone).is also a verb “thwart”. tide). abide by. STOP SHORT nuhta. LT1:265. yaisa –LT1:252. difficult). STOPPER tampa –KHAW. TAY STRIDER Telcontar –MR:216 STRIKE #pet. there is also a noun celu "stream"). Silm:415 STOOP núta. probably *ráner not ráni. might. See also ELFSTONE. the similar formation tyávë "taste" pl tyáver. WJ:413 STORM raumo (glossed "[noise of a] storm" in MC:223) STORY quenta (narrative.("streem out swiftly". FULL STOP ("in punctuation" – according to VT46:10.(cited in the form tapë. But in normal Quenya.) *rahta.) –RAN STREAM (vb) celu. flowing. but."indicate") –TE3. DRY GRASS sara (Þ) (bent) –WJ:413. the word is simply defined as "an adjective referring to stars". pl. set [of Sun and Moon]) –LT1:263 cf. QL:84 STENCH. STREAM (noun) celumë (flow.(put a stop to. OF STONE sarna. 26 *STELLAR elenya (no gloss is actually given. STONE SONG Ondolindë (Gondolin). 145 STIR (or. 33 a dot placed under a consonant to indicate that it is not followed by a vowel) putta. VT47:13. sirpë (stalk) –LotR:1154.(note: ranya or aranya is also the adjective "free"). 222/LT1:257 STRETCH lenu-. = *"stench") holwë.may be preferred) –PE13:162. a stone"). prevent from coming to completion. pentë given. STRAIGHT LINE tëa (road) (note: not to be confused with the verb tëa. such as lengthening vowels or consonants or turning a consonant or a vowel into a "blend" [see BLEND]) –VT:39:9 STRETCHED taina (elongated. a term used in children's play for "middle finger" or "middle toe". elda primarily means "Elf".
SUFFICIENCY fárë. that is. surpassingly) –PE17:92 . 1145/VT45:26. but in Tolkien's later Quenya. AM. and while the source does not explicitly say that this word is Quenya. but the normal meaning of the word is always "east"). sunrise. In the Etymologies as printed in LR. haste." –VT47:8-9 STROKE (noun) ("of pen of brush [´] when not used as long mark") tecco. steadfast. the vowel was held to have disappeared or been omitted. STRONG/SWIFT AT RUNNING nórima. all that is wanted). not "quick shake" as in the Etymologies as printed in LR) STRONG tulca (firm. LotR:490. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. ambaron/Ambarónë (uprising. LotR:1157. stroke etc. LotR:254.) RAY OF THE SUN firin (this may not be a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. Ambaróna. LT1:256 gives ormë "crest. STUMP tolbo (read perhaps *tolvo in the more usual form of Quenya) (said to be a stub or stump "as of a truncated arm or branch"). knowledge). –ANÁR.(sic.) –WJ:402 SUCCESSOR neuro (follower) –NDEW SUCH may be rendered by the adjective sitë “of that sort” (VT49:18) SUFFICE farya.(pa. Nólë is so spelt also in Silm:432. accomodate. Note: there is a homophone meaning "fix.is still possible in Tolkien's later Quenya. lore. Also translated "deprived sign".) "EVER-SUMMER" oiolairë. SUNLIGHT árë (older [MET] ázë). several words that must be derived from the same stem occur in LotR. saiwen (cf. Yet another term was Ancalë or "Radiant One". indicating that Tolkien restored it. stop short. VT46:9 also lists the curious pa. 341 SUP salpa. SUNSET andúnë (west. KAL). and the word for "Sun" is Úr ["Ûr"] or Úri. (Amuntë in LT2 is certainly obsolete in LotR-style Quenya. rómen (glossed "uprising. this was in early Elvish analysis of Quenya the term for a consonant with no following vowel. VT45:21. However. Silm:428.(prevent from coming to completion. –VT47:28 STUNT nuhta. establish").(so in Etym. 458. yal. SUMMON tulta. Urwen. but according to VT46:12. (Note: #farnë also means "dwelling" and "foliage"). RIK/VT46:11 (VT indicating that the proper reading is "quick stroke". summit". lick up) –SÁLAP. UT:167. Cf. adapt) –VT44:14 SUMMER lairë (Note: a homophone means "poem". in LT1:271 úrin is glossed "blazing hot". UT:167. But if this word is written in Tengwar. lairë was a precisely defined period of 72 days. – VT39:16 STRIPPED BARE helda (naked) –SKEL STROKE (verb) palta. Orient) (a similar but untranslated word.) –ÑGOL. Úrinci.t. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. farnë. it is difficult to understand what other language could be intended) (to [make] fit. "SUMMER-SNOW-WHITE" lairelossë (evergreen trees brought to Númenor by the Eldar) –LotR:1141. –TULUK. THE Varda (this word should probably not be used as a normal adjective. ORO. but the word was also used without any exact definition). in a later source. read *quor-? It has also been questioned whether the combination quo. UR. naham.(passive participle nahamna "summoned" given). SUNRISE anarórë. form farinyë). (In Etym this word is spelt with initial ñ. –LT1:264 SUIT camta. fetch). LT2:335. "take a sup of" in LT1:266) (sip. Noun (A) SUMMONS nahámë. Calaventë (other names for the Sun). Letters:282. east" in Silm:437. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya.(send for. the cluster mt seems unusual for Quenya. immoveable.The stem Úrin is derived from was struck out in Etym. –TUL.(dative infinitive #yalien is attested in enyalien "for the re-calling"). also QUICK STROKE rincë (stem *rinci-) (flourish) –TEK.) Naira ("the heart of flame").v. NDU. evening). VT49:29 STUDY (long) nólë (wisdom. ng. LT1:266 SUPERLATIVELY langë (extremely. LT1:265. set up. It is also translated "the Lofty". POL. SUFFICIENT farëa (enough) –PHAR/VT46:9 SUFFOCATE quoro. occurs in LotR). saiwa "hot". MR:198.means to "pass the sensitive palm over a surface: feel with the hand. farmë (plenitude.t. the gloss should actually read "stony place". STRONG (physically) polda (burley). Úrin (Úrind-) (the latter was a "name of the Sun". In the Calendar of Imladris. the word sarnë is glossed "strong place" (entry SAR). rushing". violence.racinë tengwi is attested). not allow to continue) –WJ:413 STUNTED nauca –VT39:7 SUBLIME. but it is unclear whether or not Tolkien rejected this form (see LR:362 s. Silm:432 STUB. UT:317 SUN Anar. not númen. ormë means "wrath. Calavénë.(choke) Verbs in –o seem not to occur in later Quenya. NEW SUN AFTER SOLSTICE ceuranar (VT48:7). 449 SUMMIT (of a mountain) ingor (PM:340). firin is the adjective "dead").
WJ:417 TALON nappa. grammar). tára (high) –LotR:1157. VT45:25 cf.(eddy. The Aratar are the mightiest of the Valar: Manwë. sword-blade).t. dark brown) The form varni. VT39:11. SHORT STABBING SWORD. larca. shore) –SOL. arauca (rushing).(grow fat) –TIW SWIFT #linta (only pl lintë is attested). SURPASSINGLY langë (extremely. –VT44:35 SWELL tiuya. RGEO:66. Mandos. Another word glossed "sweet" is melda. 1st pers.SUPPORT (noun) tulco (stem *tulcu-.t. TAKE AS HUSBAND/WIFE (to oneself). SWORDSMAN macar.–PHAS TAP tamin ("I tap". –TUY/LIN2/LT1:269/LT2:338 SWAN alqua.is evidently used in compounds. enlaced". adv. LAK2. Possibly this verb should have the past tense *lemnë rather than ?lemyanë. gyrate) –SWIN SWORD macil.pa. bosom of Earth – Tolkien equated palúrë with the Old English word folde). LT2:335 (LT1:249 also has alquë). DECIMAL SYSTEM maquanotië – VT39:15. tongue) –LT2:348. TALE nyárë (saga. but since it is also defined as "beloved" and "dear". and lissë is also used for the "grace" of God (specifically Erulissë or *"God-sweetness"). LARGE SWORD falquan. "spring-singer"). Ulmo. Varda. Aulë. gracious).(cítan “I suppose”). sg #Arata). Other sources use lissë as a noun "sweetness". LT1:266. namma (claw) –VT47:20 TANGLE fasta. VT45:34 cf. so the word úvëa of related meaning may be preferred) –VT48:32 SWART varnë (stem varni-) (brown. tyelca (agile. SWORD BLADE maica (also blade of any cutting tool or weapon. teaming – but elsewhere úmëa is defined as "evil". VT43:29. LT2:347. VT47:10 <T> TABLE sarno. PE17:126 TALL halla. VT39:11 SWORN BROTHER otorno (associate) –TOR SYRUP pirya. idea) –INK. – BARÁN SWEET lissë. TALK (noun) quetil (language. UT:284/432. LINE OF SURF falassë (beach. Yavanna. –Nam. TUN. VT49:19 SUPREME – The Supreme Aratar (pl. carampë (speak. – MAK/LT1:259/VT39:11/VT45:32. BROAD-BLADED SWORD ecet. since intransitive verbs in –ya may seem to surrender this suffix in the past tense.t. palmë –PAL SURGE (noun) solossë (surf) –LT1:266 SURPASS lahta. quentë) (say. this adjective may describe a "sweet" person rather than sweet taste. aorist) (pa. Exalted Ones" –Silm 32/381. and Oromë. superlatively) – PE17:92 SWALLOW tuilindo (lit. pl. tamnë) –TAM TAPER lícuma (candle) –MC:223 TARN moilë –LT2:349 TARRY lemya. HAVEN OF THE SWANS Alqualondë –ÁLAK/Silm:427/LT1:249. see HORSE. tunda (Note: the latter has a homophone meaning "kindle"). hasty). *tulqui) (prop) –TULUK SUPPOSE intya-. NOTE: A homophone means "nettled. –VT45:26 . cross. STRONG/SWIFT AT RUNNING nórima. solossë (surge).(pa. nyarna (saga) –NAR2 TALK (verb) quet. alarca (rapid). excel). LAG. UT:417 SWARD palis (lawn) –LT1:264 SWARM umba. carpa. history). cíta. Silm:431 SURFACE palúrë (bosom. see WED. fixed) –TAK SURROUND – see GO ROUND (under entry for GO) regarding the verb pelSURF solor. Aratar is also rendered "High Ones. speak). SWARMING úmëa (abundant. Nienna. TURN-TABLE querma (spinning wheel) –QL:82.(pass over. see GRASP. WJ:402 SURE tanca (firm. BROAD SWORD lango (also = prow of a ship). but esp. SWIFT HORSE. use tongue – the latter verb apparently does not take a direct object). †russë (corruscation). MEL SWEET-FACED raina (smiling. KYELEK. LT2:341. PE17:65 TAKE.(juice) –PIS SYSTEM (OR CODE) OF SIGNS tengwesta (language. –Nam. RUS. VT42:7.(remain). VT49:29s SWIRL hwinya. KWET. SUPPOSITION intya (guess.
. See the various entries on ta in the Quenya-English wordlist. but according to VT48:12.v. in the sentence i Eru i or ilyë mahalmar ëa "the One who is [or. terfantienna etc. cf. #terpellië.) –KYAB. but since Tolkien later decided that the word for "ten" was to have the initial sound qu. VT49:11. Tolkien wanted ta to be a plural pronoun “they. KAYAN. THATCH tupsë –TUP THE i. VT47:7. MC:215-16). WJ:370 TEMPLE corda –LT1:257 TEMPTATION #úsahtië (inducement to do wrong). we must apparently read *quaista (and *quast. OF THAT SORT taitë. LT1:262 TEEM (verb) úma-. 1st pers. plural i (e. According to VT47:21. normally translated “it”. in one version of the language also tanya.rather than c-. but Tolkien also used i in a singular sense. possibly abandoned by Tolkien: #terfantië. Tolkien eventually rejected this word. However. pa. such as Valar. TASTE (noun) tyávë (pl. GROUP OF TEN (10 similar things) maquat (actually the dual form of maqua "hand". is also defined as “that” in one source. NOT TO BE TOLD OR RELATED avanyárima –NAR2..g. swarming – but elsewhere úmëa is defined as "evil".. 18 THAT (2) (pronoun) ta.t.) –VT43:23. this word is glossed "spider". that] time”. but normally Quenya words do not end in consonant clusters). WJ:391. [of strings:] resonant) –TUG TEAR nírë. them” used of non-living things. pl. Adj. that"). quain. MR:215 TAUT tunga (tight. IT IS NOT THAT uito. tyasantë –QL:49 THANKSGIVING #hantalë (isolated from Eruhantalë "thanksgiving to Eru". Case-forms: The plural locative of ya is attested as yassen "in which" in Nam (sg. *i parma ya hirnen "the book that/which I found"). aica (fell. see THREE. *yassë). –TA."). TEEMING úmëa (abundant.g. see SOUND-TASTE. A relative pronoun ya *"which" is found in the "Arctic" sentence. 28 THAT (3) (relative pronoun "who[m].. that is] above all thrones". KAYAR TENDRIL liantë (but in Etym. the relative pronoun is ye with reference to a person (*i Elda ye tirnen "the Elf who/that I watched").. the definite article is generally used as in English. Arct THAT (4) (conjunction. VT42:25. fatsë –GL:34 TASTE (vb) #tyav.(cited as nyarin "I tell".) –UT:436 THAT (1) (demonstrative): tana (an adjectival word.g. –VT47:21.) –GOS. #insangarë (all attested in the allative: úsahtienna.–WJ:415 TERROR ossë (Ossë is also the name of a Maia held to be responsible for storms at sea.. In one version of early “Qenya”. THAT MATTER tama. (Notice that in some versions of the language. This gives a system with great symmetry. the sentence savin Elessar ar i nánë aran Ondórëo “I believe Elessar really existed and that he was a king of Gondor” (VT49:27).) For the syntax of numerals. (In earlier sources the word cainen occurs. Sindar. referring to the ten fingers on both hands). IT IS THAT náto. YA. Ordinal TENTH quainëa. VT39:10 TERRIFY ruhta. this conjunction appeared as ne instead (PE14:54). nië –NEI. and for "teeming" one could simply say *úmala as the participle of úma-) –VT48:32 TELEPATHY see THOUGHT TELL #nyar."). . A verbal stem #hanta"thank" can also be isolated. dire. which.TASSEL fas. Quendi. "Elves that. The fraction ONE TENTH is given as caista (and cast) in VT48:11. 34 TEST (put to the test) tyasta-. also translated “it”. PM:347. – In Quenya. VT49:11. a long variant yá also occurs in the corpus (VT43:27-28). The impersonal relative pronoun ("that = which") is ya (e. and the same source gives ion and illon as the corresponding plural forms. –VT49:11. 317. aorist). Also see THIS regarding the word talumë “at this [or. aorist) (relate). tyáver is attested in the compound lámatyáver "sound-tastes". Earlier variants. presumably *yar (*i parmar yar. notice that it is not used before plural words denoting an entire people or race.(cited in source as tyavin "I taste". UT:305. VERY TERRIBLE CREATURE rauco –WJ:415. q..) Sa. 11. *Eldar i. the genitive and ablative forms of ye are attested as yëo and yello respectively in VT47:21.) –LT1:271 TENTH quainëa –VT42:25 TERRIBLE rúcima. Also yana with meaning “the former” (e. though i is indeed plural in i carir quettar ómainen "those who [or. *loa yana “that year” referring to a former year). "the books that.. – VT48:6. 1st pers. 22 TEN quëan. Silm:33. as in "I know that you are here") i. those that] form words with voices". sharp). IN THAT WAY tanen. Noldor. Eldar. TA. as in tanya wendë "that maiden". cf. VT49:18.
“their true-being[s]”. but this may be a basic root rather than a Quenya word. epta (following that. –VT49:11. tánen. but in other paradigms no such qualification occurs (VT49:51). VT47:31 THEFT pilwë (robbery) –QL:73 THEIR may be expressed as the ending -lta (also -ltya) added to nouns (VT49:16). meaning the entire human race or humans in general. Another word glossed “then”.g. – All these words for “their” are plural. “they love themselves”). but in “correct” written Quenya -rya was rather the ending for “his. *aldatta. the dative pronouns nin “for me”. repectively). talo. -ttë is explained as being ending for dual “they” instead. *quenteltë rather than *quententë for “they spoke” – in the past tense. is used for “they. Anar "the Sun" and Isil "the Moon" are probably treated like proper names in Quenya. Ólë in VT43:29 probably meant *"with thee" at the time of writing. UT:8. many verbs end in -ntë even before any pronominal endings are supplied. General considerations of euphony may favour -ltë rather than -ntë (e.Ainur. VT45:12. that" and the conjunction “that”. VT49:16). while "the Men" would be a group of individuals. her. but Tolkien apparently decided to go for –lye rather than just –le as the relevant ending. This is evident from examples like lambë Eldaron "the language of the Eldar [lit.g. The corresponding ending for “they” was (according to VT49:51) changed from -stë to -ttë. ?Eldaron i arani). theirs” are attested. Tolkien hesitated between -ltë and -ntë. *aldalta or *aldaltya = “their tree”. i arani Eldaron "the Kings of the Eldar". see THAT #3 and #4. Compare such attested forms as ninya “my” and menya “our” vs. cf. LOOK! (as interjection) en (yonder). tassë. A reflexive ending -ttë “they…themselves” existed at one conceptual stage (melittë. *”there”. etta is perhaps the best alternative). THENCE tó. the vowel -i. simply "Eldar"]". The ending -ltë (unlike -ntë) would also conform with the general system that the plural pronominal endings include the plural marker l (VT48:11). –VT43:29. thereupon.g. WJ:398. thence. THEM. Valar valuvar "the will of the Valar [lit. simply "Valar"] will be done". with a second pronominal marker (-s “it”. Fírimar etc. the ending for dual “their” (describing something owned by two persons) is given in VT49:16 as -sta. Cf. “the tree of the two of them”. e. 369 THEE (object form of THOU. whereupon) –VT49:12 THEY. see THEY THEMSELVES (reflexive pronoun) intë (for older imte. denoting the object) following: Tiruvantes "they will keep it". If the genitive precedes the noun it connects with. Indis i Ciryamo "The Mariner's Wife. –VT47:37. them” elsewhere (VT49:33). tú “they” (plural and dual. potai (som of these forms may have been ephemeral in Tolkien’s conception. THERE. THEM (3rd person pl. also epeta.is inserted before the ending -lta/-ltya or -nta/-ntya when it is added to a stem ending in a consonant (but the evidence concerning connecting vowels before pronominal endings is rather diverse). FS. – In some sources. Tolkien's use of "Men" with no article. the “Qenya” form san occurring in early material (MC:216) rather looks like the dative form of sa “it” in Tolkien’s later versions of the language. Also compare tanomë “in the place (referred to)”.occurs in UT:317. 12 THEREUPON epeta. When a noun is determined by a following genitive. simply "Wife"] of the Mariner" – but contrast I Equessi Rúmilo "the Sayings of Rúmil". In “colloquial Quenya”. a verb like “they do” is attested both as cariltë and carintë (VT49:16. tai. epta = “following that. see THOU for full discussion and references. *The Wife [lit. but this clashes with a similar ending belonging to the second rather than the third person. the ending -ltë is marked as archaic or poetic (VT49:17). and dual forms): As the pronominal ending for “they”. –VT49:11. but it is uncertain how lasting this idea was. based on (attested) ten and (unattested) *tún as the dative forms of the pronouns te. WJ:404. whereupon” –VT49:11-12 THERE tás. the ending -ltë . thence. the ending -rya could also be used for the plural pronoun “their” (símaryassen “in their imaginations”. EN. tye. compare aselyë “with thee” in a later source. they do not take the article. it is evidently optional whether it takes the article or not: mannar Valion "into the hands [lit. The alternative form -nte. Tolkien instead gives the ending as -nta (nassentar pl. as in English (*Eldaron arani. the article must probably be left out in all cases. – No independent words for “their. Note: i is also the relative pronoun "who. like quentë “spoke” in this example). asterisked by Tolkien). seemingly implying *-tta as the ending for dual “their”: hence e. PE17:174) or -ntya (called an “archaic” form in VT49:17). men “for us”. elsewhere. For instance. Analogy may point to *tenya (plural) and *túnya or *tunya (dual). – In Tolkien’s early material. 368. just as he hesitated between -ltë and -ntë as the ending for “they” (VT49:17. because it was felt to contain the plural ending -r. simply "hands"] of the Lords". The form ta is defined as “there” in VT49:33. –I. its” (VT49:17). see THEY). 17). or singular YOU) lye. – According to VT49:17. 19 THEREFORE etta. VT49:21 THEN tá (VT49:11). In one text.
also nelya (cf. VT48:21 THIRSTY soica. East) –TA. the form tai was introduced as the word for impersonal or inanimate “they. “the two of them do”). the old ending for dual “they” is given as -stë (marked as archaic or poetic). AT THIS TIME silumë (referring to the present of the time of speech). VT44:35. 52).appears as -lto instead (e. Tolkien in some sources used ta (VT43:20. apparently suggesting that Tolkien considered using te for both personal and impersonal “they/them”. THING MADE tanwë (device. The form quainel seems to be another. VT48:11 THIRTEEN yunquentë (also yunquenta). THITHER LANDS (as seen from Valinor) Entar. VT43:18. reflexive pronoun. 33. It can receive case endings. adj. following its noun in our one attested example: vanda sina. VT43:20). the third clan among the Elves). tamen. but all other published sources use this pronoun for singular impersonal “it”. but this would clash with the corresponding 2nd person ending. siarë. GOOD OR FORTUNATE THING. "this oath". VT49:11. For the syntax of numerals. craft). which may have a long vowel when stressed (té. engwë. nelsat –VT42:25. parched) –VT39:11. though the latter word also means “person” or “true-being” or even “(s)he is”.g. see THEIR. see BOON. them” refers to living beings (persons. – Genitive forms. WJ:420. used where only two persons or things are referred to (none of these pronouns distinguish between personal and impersonal forms). neldesta. tulielto “they have come”. where the s represents original th. Quenya makes a distinction between a formal or polite “thou” and an intimate or familiar “thou”.g. in Tengwar writing). MR:217 and WJ:410 have Sindicollo. The independent dual pronoun is given as tú (ibid. Letters:308. THICK tiuca (fat) –TIW THIEF pilu (robber) –QL:73 THIGH tiuco –TIW THIN – long and thin: lenwa (straight. narrow) –LT2:341 THING nat. possibly rejected by Tolkien: siar. nata. “we shall bless [or praise] them". which seems the better alternative (*carittë. VT49:51). nelta. e. NAS THORONDOR Sorontar –Silm:438 THOU (singular 2nd person pronoun. word for "13" in Quenya. also tara. However. –MR:385 THIRD neldëa. sina is also mentioned by itself in VT49:18. animals or even plants) or to non-living things or abstracts. LT1:270). Entarda (Outer Lands. family members. LotR:989 cf. construction. OTHER THING hya (also used as conjunction “or”). them” even where only two persons are involved (te is seemingly used with reference to Frodo and Sam in one of the examples above. "today") síra (other variants. LotR:989 cf Letters:308). them”. and so is nelquëa. THIS HOUR sillumë. LotR:1003/VT44:36. PHAU THIS sina (adjectival demonstrative. short for Sindacollo (so in Silm:421. –UT:305. these variant forms should be spelt with in initial súlë. and lovers (VT49:51. Middle-earth. As the “impersonal” they. it may also be permissible to use te for “they. – In the independent pronouns. VT43:12. – A simple plural verb (with ending -r) can have “they” as its implied subject. Hence. but this apparently caused dissatisfaction because he also wanted ta to be the singular pronoun “that. – The object “them” can also be expressed by the ending -t following another pronominal suffix (laituvalmet. The formal pronoun normally appears as the ending . this ending was changed (also within the imaginary world) from -stë to -ttë. possibly experimental. see THEMSELVES. 21). impersonal form. it appears that Thingol was usually called Elwë in Quenya. “they”. them” (in some places changed to te. where the spelling Þindikollo is used [Þ = th as in thin]. them referring to non-living things. THIS DAY (or.) However. VT39:7. TAN. VT49:11. –VT47:15. variant forms téna and tien. dative ten (VT49:14. fauca (open-mouthed. EN THORN necel. OF THIS SORT site. PM:337. –NĀ2. it”. but simply express singular “you”). VT49:14. 12 18 THITHER tar (this word may mean literally "to it" and therefore presupposes ta as the word for "it. in earlier material also nassë (spike). distinct forms of may be used depending on whether “they. VT49:15. In VT49:16. talumë (referring to “the time we are thinking of or speaking of”). According to VT49:51. laita te “bless them”). –PE17:55. see THREE. 30 THINGOL Singollo. there explicitly said to be adjectival). leaving necel a less ambiguous alternative. distinct from plural “you” – the Quenya forms here discussed are not archaic like English “thou”. Nelyar "Thirds". as in the example quetir en “they still say” (PE17:167). – Quenya also possesses special dual forms of “they. IN THIS PLACE sinomë [variant sínomë]. hyárë [archaic hyázë]). 8. According to VT49:32. not silmë. Fraction ONE THIRD nelesta. Presumably this ending -t makes no distinction between personal and impersonal forms. not pl. that"). the latter being reserved for use between close friends. abandoning the distinction). It is also attested in object position (laita te “bless them”. Another source (VT49:51) lists sa as the pl. a Common Eldarin form nelekwe listed elsewhere could yield *nelequë or *nelquë in Quenya. 40. The “personal” independent pronoun is te. 9). cf.
see SOW). –NEL. see THY. INTERCHANGE OF THOUGHT (= telepathy) ósanwë.must be used if a second pronominal ending denoting the object of the verb is to be added (e. also used of time (with the sense of “through[out]”) in VT49:41: ter coivierya *“throughout his/her life”. Like lye. as in carityë “thou dost. 30. THRUST nir.-lyë or (if shortened) -l that is added to verbs. Pl.) do” (VT49:16). even thou” (Nam. COMMUNICATION OF THOUGHT.was originally D (the base is given as NID. apparently this can also receive case endings. e. and the numeral is indeclinable: eleni neldë “three stars”. "THROUGH-ABIDE" (i. húmi is attested (used after other numbers.t. telepathic thought-transfer). mahalmassen is attested) –UT:317 THRONG sanga (crowd. see ALTHOUGH THOUGHT sanwë. The independent pronoun is lye. THOUGHT-OPENING sanwë-latya (direct. stand [fast]) #termar. but húmë may be used until a later term becomes available. compare rer. Such independent pronouns may also be used in copula-less constructions. THRONG-CLEAVER Sangahyando (personal name.g. *cenuvalyes “thou shalt see it”. hiruvalyë “thou shalt find [it]” (Nam). VT44:35 THROW: the verb hat. VT48:6. Case endings may be added.pa. the noun would appear in the genitive plural. love thee”. LR:61). ("Though applicable to the pressure of a person on others. There is also elyë “thou. by Tolkien translated “God bless you” (VT49:39). with a long vowel when stressed (tyé. so that genitive “of three stars” would be elenion neldëo. e. in one version of earlier "Qenya" this numeral was húmë (PE13:50). as in "two thousand". force [in a given direction]). This pronoun can also appear in object position (English “thee”). Tolkien used neldë to illustrate the syntax of numerals “from…3 onwards”: The numeral follows the noun. notice that the numeral inflects as a singular noun.g. LotR:1085 cf. In later Sindarin the word was apparently meneg (as in Menegroth. tyeméla “and I too.) do” (VT49:16). and Tolkien's own manuscript had no asterisk: see VT45:26]. ter.e. pl. Letters:425 THROUGH terë. genitive elenion neldë “of three stars”.e. rendë from RED concerning the past tense. The Quenya cognate has been theorized to be *mencë. UT:305. but langwi is transparently the plural and not an ancestral form. VT47:11.) –LAK1. 317. –VT41:17 . 41). yonya. Note: lia. The independent pronoun is tye.(only fut. presumably there also exists an emphatic pronoun *etyë (still unattested). – In older usage. you (sg. with the ending -s “it” appended). e.and the plural form *lanqui. The ending -lyë may also be added to prepositions (aselyë “with thee”.") Given as a 1st person aorist nirin. nai Eru lye mánata.. termaruva is attested) –TER. but -t is listed in VT49:48). pl. The plural form indicates that lango had the stem-form langu-. aistana elyë "blessed [art] thou" (VT43:30). the pronoun tye may also appear in object position (ar inyë. but he may have dropped it because it clashed with -t as a dual ending on verbs.) –SLIG THREE neldë (the “Qenya” form olë in LT1:258 apparently did not survive into Tolkien’s later Quenya).t. allative lyenna *“upon thee” (VT49:40. the "throng" being a closely formed body of enemy soldiers) –STAG. we must also assume that tye (and emphatic *etyë) can receive case endings. it should have the stem *lancu. press).(press. THOUGHT-SENDING sanwe-menta (mental message) –VT39:23. caril or carilyë *“thou dost” or *“you (sg. by mind and 'will' as well as by physical strength. VT49:51) when stressed. THRALL mól (slave) –MŌ THREAD (fine) lia (spider filament. If the replacement form lanco is to behave similarly. RGEO:67) as an emphatic pronoun (Nam).is also the verb "twine". which also receives any case endings. It is uncertain whether -tyë has a short form -t (the existence of a short form is explicitly denied in VT49:51. [this verb] could also be used of physical pressures exerted by inanimates. Pa. with a long vowel (lyé. i.g. The pronominal ending is thus -tyë. LANK THRONE mahalma (loc. At one conceptual stage Tolkien mentioned such an ending that could be added to imperatives (hecat “get thee gone”.g. VT41:5 THOUSAND: No term is yet known for LotR-style Quenya. The short form in -l may be the more usual. LT2:342. my son.“fling” may be used. SA:neldor. VT49:51). WJ:364). so that “three stars” would be elenion neldë (literally. VT49:45 THRESHOLD fenda –PHEN THRICE nel –PE14:84 THROAT lanco (This was changed by Tolkien from lango. "two thousands"). only with t instead of l. probably *nindë since the R of nir. e. three of stars) and case endings would be added to the numeral. VT43:29). though the long form -lye. – Genitive forms. – The intimate or familiar pronoun is similar in form. THOUGH. the Thousand Caves).g. langwi [the latter form is erroneously marked with an asterisk in the printed Etymologies. MR:415.
Plotz letter. The term nútil (nútill-. following modern English usage (tielyanna "upon your path". locative lúmissen “at the times” (VT49:47). VT49:16. The word talumë is translated “at this time” in the sense of “at the time we are thinking or speaking of”. possibly rejected by Tolkien: siar. –LU. "this day") síra (other variants. *aldalya. 26. The semantic distinction between -lya and *-tya is that -lya is formal or polite. AT THIS TIME silumë (referring to the present of the time of speech). THY (= singular YOUR) -lya. leaning) –TALÁT TIME lúmë (translated "hour" in LotR:94. UT:432. asari is attested. VT49:14 TODAY (or. 48).g. VT48:4 THUS sië. e. VT48:6 TOGETHER uo. cf. see YOURSELF TIDE – lowtide: nanwë (ebb). 24. occasion"). has also been interpreted as “thus” (*“thus spoke Quendingoldo/Pengolodh”). Silm:313. Other terms for "thumb" (toltil. occurring in the untranslated sentence sin quentë Quendingoldo. towards.) could possibly be *lyenya and *tyenya. son" and tolyo (also tollo) "stricker-up" could be used of the middle finger or toe. not “this”). Note: lúmë also means "darkness"). TO. BIG TOE taltol. stiff. YA. [of strings:] resonant) –TUG TILL an (for. na. yalúmessë. OF TIN latucenda –LT1:268 TINDER tusturë –LT1:270 TINFANG Timpando –LT1:268 TINY titta (little) –TIT TIP tillë (point) (also used of fingers and toes. Independent words for “thy/thine” or “your/yours” (sg. allative lúmenna is attested. (prefix:) ana-. high tide: luimë (flood). THYSELF (reflexive pronoun). WEARY. men “for us”). TOWARDS ana. FIXED TIME asar (Vanyarin athar) (festival). 23. is said to be used for "big toe" (and "thumb") in children's play. siarë. WŌ . -tya (endings used on nouns. like the word nettë (prob. VT47:10). and shares the same origin as the preposition na. tye “thou” (compare ninya “my” and menya “our” as attested pronouns seemingly derived from the dative pronouns nin “for me”. 30 TIE (vb. hence de facto meaning *”at that time” (the element ta. but Tolkien apparendly abandoned it (VT47:15). 15. whereas -tya is intimate or familiar (see THOU). 26. –VT48:26. see UP-POINT. a term also used of the big toe. so”.THUMB nápo. also sinen “by this means. *aldatya "thy tree". till). –VT47:10. see ONCE. 22). also lú (= "a time. to) –Arct TILTED talta. basically "daddy". 1st person aorist) –NUT TIGHT tunga (taut. QL:59. difficult”. is also used to mean "toe". WJ:399/VT39:31. nútilli given). or the spring tide. The word sin. pl. also tolbo (read perhaps *tolvo in the more usual form of Quenya). English "to.(said to be a weak verb) (PE17:154). as in Elenna "Starwards" (Elen + [n]na). – VT49:18. with the allative ending -nna “upon” following -lya “your”). PM:401 THWART hranga. In UT:51 (cf. netti-) "sister" is said to be used for "fourth toe" (or "fourth finger". 26 TIRED. "under-point".is normally defined “that”. -lya is translated "your" instead of "thy". pl -nnar. tollë and tolpë) were apparently abandoned by Tolkien. The word selyë "daughter" was also introduced as a name for the fourth finger/toe (counting from the big toe/thumb) in children's play (VT47:10). Pl.-VT47:10-12. Partially illegible glosses referred to in VT48:30 may suggest that luimë can also refer to any tide. The word atto. also (as prefix) o.(cited in source as nutin "I tie". cf. –NĀ. in children's play also called atto or atya ("daddy"). atya. The terms yonyo "big boy. Cf. pl. DROWSY TISSUE lannë (cloth) –LAN TITLE see NICKNAME. Note: hranga is also an adjective “awkward. UNDER-POINT) –VT47:10. yáressë (Note: the first of these seems to clash with *yassë "in/on which". The dative case in -n may also express “to” or “for” in English.–PE17:191.(sloping. derived from *lyen and *tyen as the theoretical dative forms of the independent pronouns lye. ONCE UPON A TIME yassë. or even referring to the ninth digit when both hands/feet are considered). VT49:11-12 TIMID caurëa –LT1:257 TIN latúcen.) #nut. hyárë [archaic hyázë]) –VT43:18 TOE taltil (taltill-) (said to be the word for toe in "ordinary language". 13. –wards" will often be rendered by the allative ending -nna. The word winimo "baby" (exilic *vinimo) was used for "little finger" or "little toe". hard.) MEAL TIME mat (matt-) AT ONE TIME (in the past). an (for.
nwalya. TOWNSHIP ostar –OS.pl. ("Qenya" also:) malcanë. concerning) –VT44:26 TOUGH norna (stiff).must be from older *ngwalya. LT2:343. Also see IMPLEMENT. only the Loremasters used the technical term tengwesta instead. TÁRAG TOWARDS ana. 396. noa meant “tomorrow”. carma (weapon). excessively. Quenya would use the allative case in -nna to express “towards”. a city on a hill). LT1:249. VT49:20 -TON (reduced form of "town" in names) –mas (-by) –LT1:251 TONGUE (physical tongue:) lamba. ROW OF TEETH carcanë (LT2 has carcassë. AVENUE OF TREES aldëon. TRANSPARENCY – the word vírin is defined as "a magic glassy substance of great lucency used in fashoning the Moon. 21 TRESS findë (lock of hair) (probably obsoleting findil in LT2) –SPIN. Compare TRESPASSERS #rohtalië or #ruhtalië (i. tusk)."to sin. TREASURY harwë (also used = treasure). TREE-TOP aldinga –VT47:28 TOPMOST PINNACLE see FINISH. LT2:341 TRIANGLE neltil (stem neltild-. proceed) –WJ:363 TREASURE harma. pá (as regards. –NĀ TOWER mindon (also translated "Lofty Tower". valcanë –ÑGWAL. (prefix:) ana. TREE-GROWN aldarwa. LORD OF TREES Aldaron (a name of Oromë) –GALAD/Nam/LotR:1147/1157/VT39:7. Note: carma may also mean “helmet”. úcarir attested). as in "too big") acca –PE13:108 TOOL tamma. the letter nwalmë (< older ngwalmë) should be used to transcribe the initial nw of nwalya. ornë (= high. The noun #úcarë was the word used in Tolkien's final version of the Quenya Lord's Prayer. nasta (spear-head/spear-point. foa. but this is elsewhere used = “yesterday”. Very often.(labour) –MŌ TOKEN tengwë (indication. . TORMENT (vb) nwalya-. "trespass-people".(given as aorist stem apë) figurative "to touch (one)" = "concern. also defined as "a mighty tower. LT2:339 TRAVEL lelya. tiriost-). LT1:250 TOUCH appa. see DEBTOR. carcaras "row of spikes or teeth". affect". TOUCHING pa. TREE-TOP aldinga. MOUNTAIN-TOP orotinga.("to touch" in a literal sense). –UT:166 TOMORROW enwa. mindo (=isolated tower). –3AR/LotR:1157. LT1:258.) LOREMASTER OF TONGUES #Lambengolmo (only pl Lambengolmor is attested. In one conceptual phase. (In LT2:339.e. KARAK/LT2:344 TOP inga (referring "primarily to position and could be used of tops relatively broad". –QL:34. unless this compound is meant to contain a plural form noiri. VT47:28. it is said that lambë covers both "physical tongue" and "speech". LT2:340. aorist úcarer. VT48:6 TOO (= overly. TRADESMAN macar –MBAKH TRAILING sóra (long) –LT2:344 TRANSPARENCE liquis. TEK TOMB #noirë (isolated from Noirinan. HAVING TREES. – PE17:108. In Tengwar spelling. verb úcar. WJ:394 states that in non-technical use. TREE-SHADOWED aldëa. MIR TREE alda (gen. – LT2:346/MC:222. mírë (jewel. neltildi). precious thing). aldaron is attested). quetil (the latter also = "talk" or "language").(to). angaitya – LotR:1157 cf. MINI. rohtar) = "trespass" or "debt". harwë (both words also used of a single treasured thing). Note: a homophone means "I watch") See also TOWN WITH WALLS AND TOWERS. lambë was the normal word for "language". ÑGWAL. SNAS. –VT43:19. it would suggest that #noirë has the stem-form noiri-). tarya (stiff) –WJ:413. 114 TOOTH nelet (nelc-). lendë) (go. USE TONGUE. Letters:308. –LAB/LotR:1157/WJ:394. For other words for "trespasser" or "debtor". taulë (= great tree). LT1:267.) TORMENT (noun) nwalmë (older [MET] ngwalmë). a draft version has #rohta (pl. (language:) lambë. OR-NI/LotR:488 cf. gore) –TIL. for the stem is ÑGWAL. an (for). 395 cf. opelë (walled village/house).(pa. LT1:249 TORTURE ungwalë. in VT48:6 also translated "linguistic loremasters").) –NÉL-EK/VT46:3. as in pl. TOWN WITH WALLS AND TOWERS tirios (prob. TIR TOWN osto (= town with wall) (city). incorporating lië "people"?) from the same source. writing – pl tengwi is attested) –WJ:394. "Valley of the Tombs".TOIL móta. 378 TRESPASS (noun) #úcarë (isolated from úcaremmar "our sins/trespasses". tirin (= tall tower. see TALK. PEL(ES). isolated tree). #ap. (Though spelt this way also in Etym." –LT1:262. Note: a homophone means "first"). allative pl mindonnar or mindoninnar is attested) (turret). but Tolkien later thought better of that. sign.t. also nelcë. 336 TRADE (vb) manca-. trespass" (pl. irin. tirion (= watchtower. Used of things of great and pure transparency. Silm:32. carca (fang. na. KWET/VT45:25. LT1:258.
VT46:14 TRIBE hostar –LT2:340. (The word arya is however assigned other meanings in later sources. Also with prefix nan. harp". abiding). *small – see SMALL. tango. the conceptual validity of this "Qenya" word may be questioned. yúcalë.–PE17:167 (Tolkien in the source expresses uncertainty as to whether this word should be adopted or not) T-SERIES tincotéma (dental series) –LotR:1154 TUBE róta –LT2:347 TÚN (Old English) see FENCED FIELD –PEL(ES) TUNE lindë (air. compact. archaic (pre-historic?) form yuncë (VT48:7. STAN TRUMP hyóla –SD:419 TRUMPET (see also TRUMP) romba (horn). attested in the plural passive participle nanquernë “turned back” (sg. dainty". RÁSAT.) –LotR 1145. obsoleting Turondo in LT1:115) TURN (transitive) quer-.(prefix) yú-. *nanquerna. KAL. attested as pa. tumbë."twang. see VT45:7) (continuous repetition) –LIN2 TUNIC laupë (shirt) –QL:51 TUNNEL rotto (cave. glossed "starry twilight" in Silm:438). VT46:23 TWICE yú –PE14:84 TWILIGHT tindómë (usually of the time near dawn. LT2:344 TWANG tingë.) –WJ:413 .) –WJ:400/ROM. and aurë is given as the word for “day” meaning daylight period.) –VT47:33 TRINITY Neldië –VT44:17 TRINKET (small thing of personal adornment) netil –VT47:33 TRIUMPH – CRY OF TRIUMPH yello (call. band) –LT2:340 TROTH vérë (bond. gloom. In Etym. spider's filament") –LT1:271 TWINKLE #tintila. VT46:12 TURGON Turucáno (so in PM:345. actual). LT1:255. but cf. yu. nanwa (existing. sanda (firm. TANG TWELVE yunquë ("q"). HARPING ON ONE TUNE vorongandelë ("vorogandele" in the published Etymologies is a misreading. there is also the unglossed verb tanga. LT1:256 has quingi. the primary meaning of the word). VT45:16 TROOP hossë (army. English intransitive “to turn” requires a reflexive pronoun in Quenya: mo quernë immo *“one turned oneself” (VT49:6).“back”. PE14:82. TURN-TABLE querma (spinning wheel) –PE17:65 TURRET mindon (tower) –LT1:260 TUSK carca (tooth. form of hosta "large number" TRICK (noun) rinca (twitch. Lómion "Child of the Twilight".t. For "true" = "faithful". jerk. ANA. song. small grot) –PM:365. see THREE. Cf. LT1:269 TRUNCATED ARM OR BRANCH. tingilindë –TIN TWIST #ric.e. of strings. singing).(both) –VT45:13. 18.(Note: lia is also a noun meaning "fine thread. ill-shapen. "pretty. see REVERSED). oath) –WED TRUE naitë. –VT49:28.(adorn).(only the perfect irícië "has twisted" is attested) (VT39:9) TWISTED nauca (hard. Also (or in another conceptual phase. fang) –Silm:429. pl. 20). see FAITHFUL. 2 x 12. sudden move) –VT46:11 cf. RIK(H) TRIM netya. anwa (real. *TURNED WESTWARD númenquerna (VT49:18. lómë (stem lómi-) (night. VT48:11 TWENTY-FOUR yurasta –PE14:17 TWI. i. For the syntax of numerals. actual).= *"make a twang"??? –TING. quernë (VT49:20). TRUMPET-SOUND róma (loud sound) (Note: róma means "shoulder" in one of Tolkien's early "Qenya" lexicons. see STUB. VT48:6.) Fraction ONE TWELFTH yunquesta –VT47:41. in PE14:17). yurasta "24". shout) –GYEL. TWELVE HOURS ("day" when not meaning 24 hours) arya (day). or in duodecimal counting?) #rasta (only the stem RÁSAT is given in the Etymologies.(only pl tintilar is attested) –Nam. ónoni (surprisingly. dusk. (VT49:17. in idiomatic English simply “one turned”. 20).is also an adj. RGEO:67 TWINKLING STAR tingilya. yualë. darkness. Silm:160 TWIN onóna (also = adj "twinborn". since in later Quenya it looks like the pl. undómë (= evening twilight). a dual form is not used) –WJ:367 TWINE lia. 30. STUMP TRUST (noun) estel (hope) –MR:320 TRY nev. AR1. (Note: netya. 8). compare nuquerna.
possibly 'archaic'] helmet". VT43:12. UGU. sunrise. the reversal. cf.(denoting "the opposite. úvanimor "monsters").e.TWITCH (verb:) rihta. falmalinnar "upon foaming waves". UPWARD SLOPE amban. VT46:11 cf. WJ:318 URANUS Luinil (or less probably Nénar. the all. In another conceptual phase. UNU. but the normal meaning of the word is always "east". Etym has no). see WE. also pretonic prefix la. last) –MC:222 cf. disgust") –VT45:17 UGLY úvanima (not fair). ortilli given). Allness). sudden move) –RIK(H). *ve are stressed. open) –PAT UNIVERSE ilu. not adjectival participle) hortalë (speeding). Ambarónë (sunrise. is also “used as noun = the whole created universe” (but “properly cannot be used of God since ëa refers only to all things created by Eru directly or mediately”). 22). vanimor "fair folk" vs. dual -nta. orro (alas! ow!) ("exclamation of horror. LotR:490. VT39:20. VT47:10 UNDERSTAND hanya. –VT39:14. the interlinear translation in RGEO:66 has "not-count-able". VT49:28 UNWILL avanir (VT39:23) UNPRONOUNCEABLE úquétima (impossible to say/put into words. that are not properly included in the term Eä. send flying)."un-. URGING (noun. pain.(spread out. "you and me") should apparently be *ve (for older we). 51 UPPER AIRS AND CLOUDS fanyarë (skies) –MC:223 UPRISING (noun) ambaron. UMU. this prefix usually has a "bad sense". UNDERSTANDING (adjectival) handa (intelligent) –KHAN UNFOLDING (noun) pantië (opening. Ambaróna.may perhaps be updated to LotR-style Quenya as *sistë with stem *sisti-.(know about. tielyanna "upon your path". (The "Qenya" form amu in LT2:335 is prob.(jerk. vé. UT:22 cf. "pointed helmcrest". pl. be skilled in dealing with). –Nam UNCOUNTED unotë. Cf. nútilli given) –UNU. (noun:) rinca (jerk. VT49:51).(no-. ama (prefix:) am-. only a possible Quenya form of the name Amloth) –AM2. UNDERSTANDING (noun) handë (knowledge). more than the mere negation"). the vowel may be lengthened (mé. When constructed with a noun. cf. normally “singular” ones) are added to the numeral: genitive elen atto “of two stars”. NŪ. connecting with the subject ending -lvë (older -lwë). endings -nna pl. VT48:6.v. –ILU (see IL). us" may have been *ngwë (Third . occurs in LotR:490). 18 UP. "UNDER-POINT" (lower digit = "toe") nútil (nútill-. únótimë is attested). –AT(AT)/Letters:427. 215 UN. The term ilu used of the universe includes God and all souls and spirits. it is not known for certain which of the two is Uranus and which is Neptune) –Basic Quenya:24. Silm:55 URGE horta. while VT39:14 offers the translation "countless". not-". VT44:35-36 UNWISE alasaila –VT41:13. not you”) is me (suffixed to ála “do not” in álamë tulya. il. UPHILL (adj) ambapenda. -nnar. Cf. revealing) –QL:72 UNFURL panta. –Nam. VT47:10 UPON – this English preposition may be rendered by the allative case.e. unspeakable) –WJ:370 UNSPEAKABLE úquétima (impossible to say/put into words. in-) (according to LR:396 s. un-. unpronounceable) –WJ:370 UNTIL. LT1:255. ampenda – AM2. UNDERNEATH nún (down below). itself properly a verb “it is”. Orient) (a similar but untranslated word. not. If the pronouns me. unotëa (read *únotë. pl. RIK(H) TWO atta. atta follows and the noun is wholly uninflected: elen atta “two stars”. i.. See also WITHOUT BEAUTY. UNTO tenna (also in shortened form tenn' before a word in a-) –LotR:1003. obsolete. trick. URGENCY hormë –KHOR US: The exclusive pronoun (us = “I and some others. give quick twist or move). The verb Eä. This pronoun evidently connects with the ending -lmë. nu (so in Nam. east" in Silm:437. VT45:25 *UNCOUNTABLE únótima (pl. UGU. also: "UPRISING-FLOWER" *ambalotsë ("referring to the flower or floreate device used as a crest fixed to [the] point of a tall [illegible word.) "UPPOINT" (upper digit = "finger") ortil (ortill-. ilúvë (the whole. "do not lead us”. Tolkien’s word for inclusive "we. Case endings (the simplest. *únotëa?) (not counted) –VT39:14 UNDER undu. Tolkien asterisked the word because it was not attested. Inclusive "us" (i. VT49:44-45 <U> UDÛN Utumno (stem *Utumnu-) –Silm:438 UGH horro. Rómen is glossed "uprising. ULCERATED sistina (QL:86) ULTIMATE métima (final. UPWARDS amba. Translated "numberless".(prefix denying presence or possession of thing or quality) ú.-VT39:14 ULCER: The early "Qenya" term sist with stem sisty.(speed.
VT44:18. later olori) (dream) –UT:396. attested forms like locative messë "on us". NÁRAK. LT1:261. metermë "for us" also seem to include me. see TALK. The forms atarmë.(conceal.for older oloz-. venessë –WEN VISION olos (olor. her”. Cf.(be ill) –QL:76 . RAYMENT" fana (pl fanar is attested. VOCALIC EXTENSION ómataina (i. VIGOROUS vëa (adult. ve senya. In some words. in other early material also liantë. is better rendered as men. dark vale. vast". SET VIGOROUSLY OUT TO DO horya. youth). 19. VT45:28 VOID lusta (empty). past and over) –WAN. LT1:258 VIGOUR tuo (muscle. VT45:22 VILLAGE masto. might.. allative mello "from us".g. q. dead. "the significant star" – MR:385) VERDIGRIS lairus (lairust-) –VT41:10 VESSEL venë (small boat. departed. Letters:308. VT43:15. VT39:16 (the latter source defines óma as "voice. WJ:366 VAST – LT2 gives aica "broad. the addition to the base of a final vowel identical to the base vowel [sundóma]) –WJ:417 VOICE óma (pl instrumental ómainen "with voices" is attested.(be compelled to do. exclusive. fanta. *Valian Language". have an impulse) – TUG. as in the archaic pl. KUM VOMIT quama. but the latter word is elsewhere defined as “spider” or “tendril” instead. cf. WJ:391. "VALLEY OF SINGING GOLD" Laurelindorinan (Lórien). also valaina "of the Valar. VIOLENT naraca (harsh.) nalda (lowly). VT45:18 *VALIAN valarinwa. dim to see) –MC:223 VALE (dark) tumbë (deep valley). analogy would however suggest that *senya can also be the independent pronoun “his. PE14:55 VIOLENCE ormë (rushing. shadowed. –Nam/RGEO:67. vëassë. strength). VT45:37 VIOLET helin.e. allative véna “to us”. *MAIDENLY) *vénëa (only attested in elided form vénë') –VT44:10 VIRGINITY vénë (with the alternative. but these forms were evidently ephemeral ("for us". vië (manhood). GL:17 VIGIL tirissë. attested in Lambë Valarinwa "the language of the Valar.) VALLEY (adj. apairë –TUR. – Evidently me. Letters:308 gives tumba "deep valley". BAL VALLEY nan (nand-). belonging to the Valar" (divine) –WJ:395. mantle). PEL(ES) VINE liantassë. see MAID. VT48:11. "VEILS. The dual forms receive the ending -t. rending) (possibly "of sounds".Age Quenya *nwë). Silm:55).v. lost. laito/laisi (new life. WEG. also short tiris (tiriss-) (watch) –QL:93. haste). LT1:267. hence met. if so senwa may be preferred as the less ambiguous form). manly). shady) –SKAL. olozi. and they can also receive case endings. wrath.) VEILED halda (hidden. MAIDEN *VIRGINAL (or. itself an attested form).(to cloak.) VOICELESS ómalóra –OM. Helinyetillë ("Eyes of heartsease") (pansy) –LT1:262 VIRGIN. LotR:488 cf. but Tolkien's extra comment is partially illegible) –GOR. wet > *vet as the words for “us” referring to only two persons (exclusive met = “me and one other [not you]”. cúma (the Void) –LUS. strength). good) –MA3 USUAL senwa (also senya. older [MET] form wénë). inclusive wet/*vet = “thee and me”). AS USUAL ve senwa. *ve would be the same as subject and object. screen from light). Silm:438 and LT1:269. so that these forms could also be translated "we" as a short independent pronoun. but aica is said to mean "sharp" in later writings. UT:449 VALOUR cánë –KAN VALUABLE mirwa (precious) –PE17:37 VANISHED vanwa (gone. –LT1:271. (walled village:) opelë (town) –LT1:251. RGEO:74 VENUS Eärendil (Basic Quenya:24. DEEP VALE imbë (dale) (Note: imbë is also the preposition "between") –LT:269. dative men "for us". óma is translated "vowel". so in Etym. –VT49:22 <V> VAGUE néca (faint. VT43:22. USEFUL mára (fit. dish) –LT1:254 VESTMENT colla (cloak) –MR:385 VICTORY túrë (mastery. Tancol ("Signifer". Nam. resonance of the vocal chords"). –TUB. e. KHOR. tumbo (stem *tumbu-) (deep valley under/among hills. VT49:14 USE TONGUE. This word was used of the visible bodies in which the Valar presented themselves to incarnates. –LT2:338 VEIL (vb) halya. sinew.
Yet another term for "vowel". cf. and hecilë f. LT1:268 WATER nén (nen-) (LT1:262 also has linquë. UT:460. given as mernë) (wish. road). VT47:31. YELLOW WATER-LILY nénu –NEN. but according to VT46:3 it actually appears as a primitive form nendā in Tolkien's manuscript. evidently the 3rd person aorist. –VT49:28 WASH: Early “Qenya” had a verb sovo-.(cited in source as tirin "I watch". but Telumehtar not **Telumahtar under TEL). ISSUE OF WATER ehtelë (fountain. 461 WANT #mer. "free/relased element". course. desire) –MER WAR ohta –OKTĀ.t. TEL WARWICKSHIRE Alalminórë (Land of Elms) –LT1:249 WAS nánë. tiriss. tiruva is attested (the last is translated "shall heed" in the source). WALL AND MOAT ossa. but this is probably obsoleted by axa "narrow path" in Etym. tirnë. ohtar. "amandi" in LR:379 is a misreading for omandi. “We” can be either . WATER-VESSEL calpa. DETERMINANT VOWEL sundóma. WAVE-CREST falma (partitive plural allative falmalinnar is attested.) (one lost or forsaken by friends. see FOUNTAIN). m. US: The relevant Quenya pronouns make two distinctions not found in English. 417. KALPA. but this word has other meanings in Tolkien’s later Quenya)."way. WATCHTOWER tirion. TOWN WITH WALLS AND TOWERS tirios –RAMBĀ/Silm:436. Silm:436. path" on the same page) See ROAD. shadow.(only glossed "stray" under RAN. aorist). (Note: In some compounds.) –PHAL. neitë –MC:223. 319. VOCALIC EXTENSION ómataina (q. Silm:436: "ran.(scoop out. WALK (noun) vanta –BAT WALL ramba. WAILING (adj) yaimëa –MC:223 WAIN lunca (VT43:19). WASHING sovallë (bathing. Nam/RGEO:67 WAX líco (evidently with stem *lícu-). bale out). GL:60 WAY tië (path. is given in VT39:16. WATER-FALL – LT1:249 gives axa. see BE. LT1:258. 215. WATERY *nenda (wet – in the Etymologies as printed in LR. WATERLOVERS Nendili (used of the Lindar). also attested as pa. –TE3/RGEO:67. #mehtar (isolated from Telumehtar "Orion. – The term #mussë tengwë "soft element" (only attested in the pl. WATER-MEAD. óman (pl. QL:93. we would rather expect *lehtë tengwi). as for the constellation (aka the Great Bear). also #óma-tengwë. OM.v. óma seems to mean "vowel" instead of "voice": VOWEL SIGN #ómatehta (only pl ómatehtar is attested). – VT39:8/16. LT1:266 has solmë instead of falma. DRAW WATER calpa. the similar formation tyávë "taste" pl tyáver.(vigil) –TIR. UT:458. purification). hero". nenda seemed to be a Quenya word. for definition). n). #ómatengwë (this term refers to vowels considered as independent phonemes. cf. MAK. only pl. NAD. outlaw) –WJ:365 WAILING (noun) yaimë.) WANDERER Rána (a name of the Moon). –QL:86 WATCH (vb) #tir. LT1:248 WAVE (crested). né. WJ:410. according to Fëanor's new insights on phonemics. warrior of the sky". 1st pers. but it is unattested). #ran (isolated from Palarran "far-wanderer". also cehtelë. semi-vowels (y. a word occurring in LotR. the name of a ship) –RAN. imperative tira and fut. pennar. ómëar attested). dimness". r. see SICKLE OF THE VALAR WAKENING (adj) cuivëa (awakening) –KUY WALK (vb) vanta-. line. probably *ráner not ráni. only pl. outcast. KEL. stain. VT42:15. #lehta tengwë (lit. pa. vand. VT46:7. also short tiris. stray'" and the following word:) WANDERING (noun) ránë (straying) (pl. the Quenya form would still be *nenda. KOT WARM lauca –LAW WARRIOR ohtatyaro.VOWEL #ómëa (only pl. Etym gives mahtar "warrior" under MAK. direction.(cited in the form merë. WATER FALLING OUT SWIFTLY FROM A ROCKY SPRING celussë (freshet). LT1:258. spring. w) and continuants (l. WATCH (noun) tirissë. LT1:268 also has mordo "warrior. that may perhaps be adopted to Tolkien’s later system as *sovor *sova-. –KYAR (see KAR). WJ:396. LotR:1146. LT1:264 WE. #penna pl. #vanda (isolated form Qualvanda "Road of Death" in LT1:264. this term from the Etymologies may in any case be obsoleted by the above-mentioned forms).: mussë tengwi) covers vowels. UT:426. WATERED PLAIN nanda. MC:222 cf. lehta tengwi is attested. but cf. VT39:17 <W> WAIF hecil (gender-spesific forms are hecilo m. LT2:336 *WANDER ranya. the past tense is given as sóvë. but in Tolkien's later Quenya mordo means "obscurity. but this is taken from a draft and not included in the final text Tolkien wrote. smear. ómatengwi is attested).'wander.t.
The word verya. genitive veryanwesto “(of) your wedding”. An emphatic pronoun is attested as emmë “we” (VT43:20). ng. gentle) (Note: milya.g. with a dual form of “your”. GL:62 WEEPING nyényë –LT1:262 WEFT lanat. Tolkien gave the verb “to wed” as vesta-. inclusive wet > *vet. inclusive we or later ve with variant vi (PE17:130). Early material has tampo “well”. compare English “get married to”).) –NGAW WEST númen (so in Etym and LotR. since the Valian week had five days). VT48:18 WEAL. LotR:1141 cf. –PE17:114 WEAR see BEAR. VT45:27. But if this word is written in Tengwar. variant -nquë in VT49:51): Carilwë “we [including you] do”. see OUR.means “to give in marriage” or “to take as husband or wife” (to oneself). since the Eldarin week had six days). not númen. 51 one late resolution goes like this: The ending for plural exclusive “we” is -lmë. we/*ve and their long variants can also receive case endings. Tolkien repeatedly revised the relevant endings. are said to be used "usually with connotation of weakness". Furthermore. enquië (from a root meaning "six". gore. The ending for plural inclusive “we” is to be -lwë or -lvë. wistë –LAN .(get old) (Note: yerya is also the adjective "old. WEAR (OUT) yerya. – Transitive verta. "do not lead us" (VT43:12. but this is probably not a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. 28. forms like vammë. I and one other [not you] do”. rich) –GALA. but since this is transitive and would always be followed by a direct object. in an earlier source.inclusive or exclusive. compare imbë met “between us [two]” in Namarië). the word may also mean “helm”). 20). WJ:363 WEREWOLF nauro (In Etym. see OURSELVES. otsola (evidently meaning a seven-day week like our own.is also a verb "long for". also veryanweldo with a plural “your”. SPIDER'S WEB ungwë –NAT. they receive the dual ending -t (exclusive met. this reflects an earlier conceptual stage where Tolkien used the forms in -mmë for plural rather than dual exclusive “we” (VT49:48. carilmë *“we [not including you] do”. KHER WEAPON carma (tool.) The adjectives nípa and *nimpë (the latter given in archaic form nimpi). They may also appear in object position (“us” rather than “we”). ausië. the two verbs can be distinguished. WEALTH alma (good fortune). –VT48:28. this word is spelt with initial ñ. 33. The pronouns me. narrow promontory. cf. suffixed to ála “do not” in the negative command álamë tulya.and verta-). If these pronouns are to be dual. Hence e. also adj: rich) WEALTHY herenya (blessed. fortuneate. VT39:10 WEB natsë (net). pl. According to VT49:16. LT2:336. depending on whether the party addressed is included in “we” or not. ÉNEK. e. that is. VT49:51). thou and I do”. when stressed these could have long vowels (mé and wé > vé. Note: a homophone means "honeycomb". presumably he would later regard emmë as a dual exclusive form. carimmë *“the two of us do. corresponding to dual exclusive -mmë.also means “dare”. lóni given) has the partially illegible gloss "deep pool. EVER-WEAVING Vairë (name of a Valië) –LAN. QL:93 WENT lendë (departed) (past tense of lelya-/lenna. BES. Noun WEDDING veryanwë (going with verya. –VT49:45. WED WEDGE nehtë (spearhead."go") LT1:264 gives vá. WJ:371). Númen is capitalized in UT:305.g. exclusive me. LT1:254 WELL (adverb) mai –VT47:6 WELL (noun): the form lón or lónë (pl. respectively). and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. plural and dual. –LED cf. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. as otso = "seven") –LEP. The corresponding independent pronouns were pl. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. meaning "small". reflexive pronouns. *elmë (and with *elwë > *elvë and *engwë as the emphatic pronouns for inclusive “you”. or river-[? feeding] well". caringwë “the two of us do. “we” can be either plural (involving at least three persons) or dual (involving only two persons. the verb is intransitive and the person wedded appears in the allative (veryanen senna *”I married him/her”. These emphatic pronouns can also receive case endings. the dative form emmen “for us” is attested (VT43:12. like dative men or véna “for us” (VT43:27. According to VT45:38 the form . autë (prosperity. VT49:14) or locative messë "on us" (VT44:12).) – UT:282 WEEK lemnar (from a root meaning "five". Veryanwë is also attested with pronominal suffixes: veryanwesta. worn") –GYER WEARY lumba –VT45:29 WEATHER – dark weather: lúrë –LT1:259 WEAVE lanya-. Tolkien gave this word as vestalë. The dual pronouns do not have a long vowel even when stressed. corresponding to pl. LotR:1157 WED verya-. 22). WEAK milya (soft. In an earlier source. corresponding to -ngwë for dual inclusive “we” (VT49:16. –VT45:34. the speaker and one other). – Genitive forms.
as in lá carita i hamil mára "not to do what you judge good" –VT42:33 WHAT IS MORE yëa. VT49:18. pa. reed”). possibly leaving írë less ambiguous (though this word itself must be distinguished from írë “desire”). fanyar). completely. quië –VT49:23. ago”) are ascribed to the word yá elsewhere. wherein" (pl. In phrases like “the day when we came”. See THAT #3. QL:70 WHOLLY aqua (fully. thereupon) –VT49:12 WHICH ya (known from the Arctic sentece and attested with a plural locative ending in Nam: yassen "which-in. adj.g. 1st pers. and Tolkien elsewhere indicated that older initial sl. WESTWARD númenna. this relative pronoun may receive case endings. See WHICH. NEN. THE WHOLE ilúvë (the All. MC:221 one place has men. nenda seemed to be a Quenya word. WHISPERING SOUND lussë –SLUS (and because this is the basic root here. fight.) –Nam. *nenda (watery – in the Etymologies as printed in LR.t. –VT47:31 WHEEL (spinning wheel) querma (also = turn-table) –PE17:65 WHEN: The question-word “at what time?” is unattested. Allness. lossë (snow-white). turnë (control. PAL. 419. WHENEVER quiquië. e. altogether) –WJ:392 WICKED olca (bad). indis is translated "wife". pa. govern). sg #yassë). though paraphrases are possible (e. – It is unclear what the interrogative "which" would be in Quenya. for man occurs in the same text. in earlier material also vessë (In UT:8. see MOREOVER under MORE. 67 WHEREUPON epeta. As for "who" as a relative pronoun. –Nam. but different meanings (“formerly.g.núme. thence. manage). 20. yá.(cited in source as turin "I wield". RGEO:69. VT47:6. maybe mana "what" (?) can be substituted. MAK/VT39:11.) WHICH (relative pronoun) ya. man is translated "what". WESTERN númenya. over a wide space. 414 WET mixa. VT47:21 WHITE ninquë (stem *ninqui-) (chill. extensive). LT1:263. linquë also means “hyacinth” or *”grass. WJ:417. evidently mana as in mana i coimas Eldaron[?] "what is the coimas [lembas] of the Eldar?" (PM:396). yassen "in which. THE WIDE WORLD Palurin –PE17:43. FAR AND WIDE palan (or "wide. 18. Silm:435. SPAN/VT46:15. Another example has yá (in a phrase translated “when winter comes”. Compare ulca "evil". andúnë (sunset. but in Etym this word is . RGEO:66. VT49:23). 19. to a distance". 35 WHEREIN yassen (refering back to a pl word. but that is evidently an error. landa. VT49:10 WIFE veri. *i quanda cemen "the whole earth" –IL. evening). but it is unattested. *mana i lú yassë menuvas? “what’s the time that he will go?” for “when will he go?”) “When” introducing a statement of time appears as írë in Fíriel’s Song (írë Anarinya queluva. See also WHO. esp. IN THE WEST númëa.t. LT1:264 WIELD #tur. q. 22 WESTERNESSE. wherein".) NOTE: this "who" is used only in questions.also occurs in Tolkien's Etym manuscript. it may be that these words should properly be cited as *hlussa-.(deal with. universe). palla. See WHO concerning relative pronouns. Where "what" means "that which". MA3. VT45:21). handle. yassë “in which” may be used. "the whole" (followed by some noun) is rendered by i quanda.v. “when my sun faileth”. WIELD A WEAPON mahta. as in "the man who did this". but mana is seemingly attested in PM:396 as a distinct word for "what". WIELD. yé (Note: yé is also an interjection "lo! now see!"). Either Tolkien later adjusted the meaning of the word. linquë (obsoleting liquin in LT1:262. but in later Quenya. aorist). the Quenya form would still be *nenda. In FS and LR:59/63. TURNED WESTWARD númenquerna –LotR:1157/NDŪ.) in Namárië. LINKWI WHAT. WESTLANDS Andustar (a region in Númenor) "WEST-WINGS" (the name of a ship) Númerrámar.produces Quenya hl-. or man covers the meaning of both "who" and "what". LR:72). UT:305. epta (following that. but according to VT46:3 it actually appears as a primitive form nendā in Tolkien's manuscript. it may be translated by a relative pronoun. –Nam/MC:222 WHOEVER aiquen (if anybody) –WJ:372 WHOLE ilya (all). *hlussë. MC:221223 WHO (interrogative pronoun) man (so in Nam and MC:222. –VT43:23-24 WIDE yonda (roomy. pallid). WESTLAND Númenor (full form Númenórë) –Silm:313. Nam. RGEO:66 WHINING miulë (mewing) –MIW WHIRLPOOL hwindë –SWIN WHISPER (vb) lussa-. mahtanë is attested. According to early material. e.g. Silm:428. –TUR. 458. WESTLAND see WESTERNESSE. UT:175. see THAT #3. Silm:433.) –MISK. fána/fánë (associated with the whiteness of clouds. –VT43:34. UT:165. and númë is attested in LT1:263 as well). LAD. –NIK-W-/GL:60/Silm:435 cf.
finish) –WJ:411 WINE miru. nólë (long study.) In the essay Quendi and Eldar. tasarë (Þ) (probably obsoleting tasarin in LT2:346) –TATHAR/Silm:438 WIND #súrë (Þ?) (instrumental form súrinen is attested.is yo. yo hildinyar in SD:56 probably means *"with my heirs". rather Tolkien often changed his mind about the details. vaiwa.glossed "bride". as well as nóla below. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. –BERÉK. The form ravanda (or possibly rovanda) mentioned in VT46:10 may be either a Quenya word or an etymological form cited to explain the "Noldorin" word rhofan. 17. ólë *"with you". BES. and VT43:29 reproduces a table where various pronouns are suffixed to ó-. 215. Nólë is so spelt also in Silm:432. iswa. avammë. wanwavoisi) –MC:222 cf. rámar and plural instrumental form rámainen are attested. will". hrívë was a precisely defined period of 72 days. ng. –RAB. WILL NOT – I will not: vá (exclamation. it was used "in words describing the meeting. but the usual translation of this word is "autumn". WĀ. nóla (learned). Cf. Tolkien assigns a dual meaning to ó. Lasselanta "leaf-fall" could be used for the beginning of winter. UT:175. But if these words are written in Tengwar. 361 regarding the underlying root JŌ). súlimë (Þ) (also the name of the month of March). or of two groups thought of as units" (WJ:367. WISH TO GO TO A PLACE mína. LT1:266 WIND UP telya. WILD BEAST hravan. WJ:219. LT1:260 WISDOM nolwë (secret lore. VT43:15-16 WILL (#2) (verb) – as part of English circumlocutions expressing futurity. WJ:407 cf. The plural equivalent of dual ó. make for it. have some end in view). isqua –NGOL. The form #rámë. lore. WILL BE. Nam/RGEO:66. VT39:11 WITCH (of the good magic) curuni –LT1:269 WITH: For the purpose of Neo-Quenya writing. VT41:13. while "act of will" is nirmë).) WISE #saila (isolated from alasaila "unwise"). according to VT43:16. "WEST-WINGS" (the name of a ship) Númerrámar –RAM/LT2:335. sindë in WJ:384) Other words for "will" turn up in Tolkien's various translations of "thy will be done" in the Lord's Prayer: indómë. 1145. but all are probably not meant to coexist in the same form of Quenya. avan.g. 458 WINTER hrívë. junction. 255) –LotR:1141. SAY/VT46:12. limpë (the drink of the Valar.t. The word míruvórë. occurring in the ship-name Eärrámë "Sea-Wing".is a distinctly dual form . WINDY). ván. le found in early material (QL:52) is probably best avoided in LotR-style Quenya (in which langauge le is rather the pronoun "you"). VT47:12. LT1:266. LEAPING. probably meaning "with" (óni *"with me". Hesin.) –VT49:45. saira. vammë "we won't" –WJ:371 WILLOW-TREE tasar. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. pa. given as mernë) (desire). PE17:78 WILDERNESS ráva (Note: a homophone means "riverbank"). WJ:319. Silm:432. VT46:10 WILL (#1) (noun) níra (= "will" as a potential or faculty.(desire to go in some direction. LT1:255. *selma (Þ) ("a fixed idea. NDIS WILD verca. Hravani the "Wild”. waiwa (the latter is probably an older [MET] form). learned). obsoleting nólemë in LT1:263). 18. LT2:339 WISH (vb) #mer. LT1:66. are spelt with initial ñ. or of the fairies). 361 regarding the underlying stem WO. e. the best translation of "with" (in the sense of "together with") is probably #as. but Þ (th) would become s in the Noldorin Quenya. IS. istima (having knowledge.(as in yomenië. said to be a dual adverb "together"). Pl. or union of two things or persons. "WINTER ONE" Hescil (a title of Nienna "who breedeth winter".as a prefix.(transitive) (conclude. etc. #maruva "will abide". not númen. MC:222. *rámavoisi. Tolkien in his notes defined indómë as "settled character. this verb will be rendered by the Quenya future tense in –uva. but the word was also used without any exact definition. SOUND/NOISE OF WIND sú. attested with a pronominal suffix (see below). míruvor is defined as "a special wine or cordial. The preposition lé.) HAVING WINGS rámavoitë (pl. and it may seem to be this yo that occurs as an independent preposition in yo hildinyar in SD:56.(cited in the form merë. A string of various prepositional elements meaning "with" are attested. cf. evidently the 3rd person aorist. knowledge) (In Etym these words. see BE. – MER. Silm:295.") –LT1:261. in Tolkien’s early “Qenya” also Yelin. Tolkien later seems to be experimenting with yo and ó/o as words for "with". In WJ:319. LIP. prob. –VT39:30/VT41:6. cf. the word is given as Þelma. LT1:258. UT:8 cf. replacing #mendë (mendelya "thy will"). also used of the 'will' of Eru". evidently has a feminine ending. and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. WINDY wanwavoitë (pl. term used in Exilic Quenya to designate Men not belonging to the three houses of the Edain. vanyë "I won't". indicating a stem-form súri-). that is. also = Do not!). WJ:399 WING ráma (Pl. Þindë. The idea that ó. In the Calendar of Imladris.
SAY. nissi). TAM. WOLFHOWL naulë (In Etym. VT43:31) may have been but an ephemeral word for "woman" in Tolkien's conception. with the stem niss. cloak". VT44:17 WORN yerna (old [of things]). LARGE WOMAN nisto –NDIS/NĪ/NIS. *"wordly"). nínaron attested. but both sources agree that the pl is nissi (the alternative pl. MR:385 WORTH. which is best rendered by the Quenya instrumental case (e. mard-. A poetic word for "woman" is †ní (female). 264. but cf the following:) OF WOOL. For clarity writers should probably use the short sg nís. The latter is also used as a noun = "vestment. Another word. 215. RUD. not númen. WOODEN POST samna (Þ). TÁWAR/Silm:438/MC:222 cf. pl. MBAR. THE WIDE WORLD Palurin. –LotR:1121. LT1:267 WOOF winda –LT1:254 WOOL tó (obsoleting oa in LT1:249. was possibly rejected by Tolkien. narmo. LT2:348 gives quent. all the regions inhabited by Men". that is. VT49:28 WORLD Ambar (earth). is also translated “word” (or “words”) in one text. Rúatan (pl Rúatani is given) –UT:385 . translated "earth" in Fíriel's Song. WORTHY valda (dear) –GL:23 WOSE Rú. IS. STAB. tauri is attested) (forest). *wear") (borne). marda above. ambarmetta. WOODEN turúva. But if these words are written in Tengwar. WOODEN HALL ampano. not to be confused with the homophone adj. he experimented with various prepositional elements for the phrase "with thee" (see VT43:29). VT43:31. narmo. implying at least three persons. but in Etym the gloss is simply "skill". and I follow the system of LotR and transcribe it accordingly. WITHER hesta-. Etym gives nis. pl. since this would be expected to become *nízi > *níri). (As for a suffix "-less". MR:213. also glossed "without" by Tolkien. WOODLAND tavas (LT1:261 also gives nan(d). NGAW WOMAN nís (so in MR:213. (LT2 gives irmin "the world. úvanëa. carousal") firewood: turu ("firewood" was the proper meaning. WEREWOLF nauro. cf. ng. curuvar WIZARDRY – in LT1:269. toa "of wool. wood as material: tavar (also toa). VT44:36. woollen"). as Tolkien himself does in MR:213. PAN. nauro and naulë are spelt with initial ñ. Removing the ending -lyë "thee" and the connecting vowel before it leaves us with #as as the word (or a word) for "with". adj. cf. Quetië. In Tolkien's drafts for a Quenya rendering of the Hail Mary."bear. LT1:269 WOLF ráca. It may be that mardo is the genitive of mar. smouldering wood (ember): yulmë (Note: yulmë also means "drinking. VT47:33 WOMB #móna (isolated from mónalyo "of thy womb").does not appear in all sources. clashing with *nissë "in me". LT1:251. UT:388. *nambanen "with [= using] a hammer"). this is probably not a valid word in LotR-style Quenya. curu is glossed "magic. LT1:266. 47:31). THE ENDING OF THE WORLD Ambar-metta. GREAT WOOD taurë (pl. At the end of compounds the form –nis may occur.) –VT39:6. The form #nína (gen. LT1:270. –GYER. literally *“saying”.) –LotR:1003 cf. in VT43:29 we have forms like *ómë *"with us". – Silm:436. piece of shaped wood: pano. but the word was used for "wood" in general). colla (passive participle of #col. YUL. LT2:343. GL:28 has "qetta-"). NĪ. GL:71 has toa. –VT43:31 WONDER (noun) elmenda –PM13:143 WON'T see WILL NOT WOOD toa (probably "wood" as a material rather than "wood" = "forest". – In English. rough piece of wood: runda. quettar is attested. WOOLLEN toa (not to be confused with the homophone toa "wood") –TOW WORD quetta (pl. Initial ng had become n in Third Age Quenya. the initial n should be transcribed with the letter noldo. #carva. WOODPECKER tambaro.pl. as in the pl. sairon. but this means "valley" in LotR-style Quenya.g. wizardry". this is ultimately related to the conjunction ar "and" (see VT43:30. this word is no doubt obsolete in LotR-style Quenya. WITHERED hessa (dead) –LT1:255 WITHIN mi (see IN) –MI WITHOUT (adj & prep) ú (usually followed by genitive: ú calo "without light [cala]") (destitute of). form nísi in VT43:31 seems abnormal. A form carelyë was replaced with aselyë in the final version. OF WOOD taurina. the preposition "with" may also have an instrumental force. see entry –LESS.) OF THE WORLD marda (an adjective. "WORLD-ARTIFICER" Martamo (a title of Aulë) REDEEMER OF THE WORLD Mardorunando (it is not clear whether the initial element #mardo means "world" or "of the world".) –VT39:14 WIZARD istar (nom. istarion are attested). A longer form of nís/nis is nissë. WJ:391. istari and gen. as in Artanis (see NOBLE WOMAN). WITHOUT BEAUTY úvanë.) –DARÁK.before endings. INI. NGAR(A)M.
e. tulca (the latter was adopted from Valarin and used in Vanyarin Quenya only). 33. form yéni as in Nam). The basic meaning of ranga was "full pace". e. thus noa is basically an adjective “former”). WOUND (noun) harwë –SKAR WRAP (verb) vaita. given primitive form mā-limi. also (in the “past tense”) né. VT46:22. –UT:285. má + #limë). WJ:394. pl tengwi is attested). used when the year was considered more or less astronomically – but loa is stated to be the more usual word for "year"). GOR. new life). 461 YAWN yanga-. used when addressing two persons: ending -stë (for original -dde. In another conceptual phase. INDUCEMENT TO DO WRONG #úsahtië (temptation). –VT49:34 YOKE yanta (bridge). look!) –EN. in earlier texts Tolkien also used the ending--llë for pl. token". noa meant “tomorrow” instead. bent). "YELLOW HAMMER" (yellow bird) ammalë. Náto is possibly an emphatic form of “yes”.YELLOW POWDER malo (stem *malu-) (pollen) (note: a homophone means “moth”). ambalë. lá is the negation "no. VT49:51) when stressed. 395. rushing). "[so it] is"). *RECKONING OF YEARS Yénonótië –LotR:1141. coranári is attested (PM:126). yaltë –YAT. KHOR WREATHE ría (garland) –PM:347 WRIGHT samno (Þ) (carpenter. MR:51 YELLOW malina. coranar (lit. independent pronoun tyet (intimate/familiar) or let (polite/formal). builder) –STAB WRIST málimë (literally "hand-link". YELLOW WATER-LILY nénu –SMAL. LT1:248 YES ná (literally "is". VT43:36. YOUTH nésë (Þ). men “for us”. attested in the allative case (úsahtienna) –RÁYAK. *lent “for you (two)”. in which 144 is the first three-digit number. –VT47:6 WRITE #tec. GL:37. see GIRL. But sometimes it seems that yén simply means "year". with long vowel (lé. yéni is attested in Nam. WOUNDED harna.WOUND (vb) harna-. WRITING SYSTEM tencelë (spelling). as independent word perhaps *tyentya. LR:25. YOUTHFUL nessima –NETH. LT2:346 WRONG raica (crooked. YOUNG nessa. Note: all of these words seem to mean "youth" as an abstract. sign. WRAP (noun) vaima (robe) –LT1:271. #hac. nin “for me”). nessë. LONG-YEAR yén (pl. see YOU . WJ:399.(enfold). like our 100. with reference to something past. QL:100. Tolkien used lá for "yes". A "long-year" is a period of 144 solar years. for singular "you". YEN. an Elvish "century" – the Eldar used duodecimal counting. vírië. noun WRITING sarmë (in the Etymologies also tengwë. for "youth" = "young person". “yes” =” it was so. – Dual forms of YOU. VT47:26. cana. Case endings may be added. VT46:21 WRATH rúsë (Þ). dative *len “for you” (cf. VT42:33. MC:222 YEAR loa (lit. and this meaning may be predominant in Tolkien's later Quenya. i.g. e. The reduced form -l may be attached to an imperative: hecal! "you be gone!" (WJ:364). one more"). VT49:18. as an independent word perhaps *lenya (compare ninya “my” vs. idea”. – In one conceptual phase. but according to VT46:22 Tolkien's manuscript actually has the pl. 28-29. violence. YOUR (plural) is expressed by the ending -lda (VT49:16). Not to be confused with noa “conception. GL:37 YON. YOUNG OR SMALL WOMAN. ni “I”. WRITINGS parma (book) –VT39:8.(only attested as participle: hácala "yawning") –YAG. see THOU): Plural “you” is normally expressed by the ending -ldë (VT49:51) that is added to verbs. laito/laisi (vigour. 51). VT49:16. VT49:48). approximately 38 inches [= 96. YONDER (interjection?) en (there.g. nin “for me”). *lentya derived from dual dative forms *tyent. not" instead. the Etymologies as printed in LR cite the stemform as yen-. vinya. but in both earlier and later material. see YOUNGSTER. Stem *málimi-. Compare such attested forms as ninya “my” and menya “our” vs.5 cm]". The pl. aorist tecë is given). carildë “you do” (VT49:16. Cf the following words: LAST YEAR yenya. This Númenórean linear measure was "slightly longer than our yard.(3rd pers. VT43:23 <Y> YARD ranga (pl rangar is attested).e. i. LT1:267 YOUNGSTER winyamo (read *vinyamo in Exilic Quenya) –VT47:26 YOUR.g. HAVING MANY YEARS linyenwa (old). "growth"). the dative pronouns nin “for me”. –QL:64. also ormë (haste. VT45:12 YOU (plural and dual only. WRATHFUL rúsëa (Þ) –PE17:188. "you”. e. "sun-round". onnalda “your child” (VT49:42). YOUR (dual): ending -sta (VT49:16). TEK cf. 31 YESTERDAY noa (shortened from the full phrase noa ré “former day”. vínë. it was as you say/ask”. Independent pronoun le. but in a later source this word is said to mean "indication. YONDER (adj) enta (note: a homophone means "another.
covering English "myself. but may be intended as the older form that yielded indë) –VT47:37 YOUTH (abstract). reflexive pronoun. Plural YOURSELVES indë (a form imde is also listed. for “youth = young person”.YOURSELF (or "thyself". him/herself.) may be used <Z> ZIMRAPHEL Míriel –UT:224. Silm:324 ZIMRATHÔN Hostamir –UT:222 . reflexive pronoun) immo (a general sg. yourself"). see YOUNG. imlë (apparently formal). Also specific 2nd person forms: intyë (apparently familiar).v. the word glossed YOUNGSTER (q.
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