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Visuddhimagga-4

Visuddhimagga-4

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Published by: ထြန္းလင္းေမာင္ on Jan 25, 2013
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09/28/2014

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(3)t"dywdypönf; t"dywdypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf2) (4-5) teEÅ& - oreEÅ&ypönf; teEÅ&ypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf) (6) o[Zmwypönf; o[Zmypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf2) (7) tnrnypönf; tnrnypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (8) edó,ypönf; edó,ypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf2) (9) Oyedó,ypönf; tm&r®Plyedó,ypönf; teEŽlyedó,ypönf; yuwlyedó,ypönf; (10) yka&Zmwypönf; yka&Zmwypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (11) ypämZmwypönf; ypämZmwypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (12) tmao0eypönf; tmao0eypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (13) ur®ypönf; ur®ypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (14) 0dyguypönf; 0dyguypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (15) tm[m&ypönf; tm[m&ypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1) (16) £`E´d,ypönf; £`E´d,ypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf2) (17) psmeypönf; psmeypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf4) (18) r*¾ypönf; r*¾ypönf;ü tusOf;rSwfzG,f (rSwfcsuf1)

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1

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

2

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

3

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

4

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

5

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

6

onf½aomf (avmukw&m) pD;yGg;tvdYk ig¤if;? (avmukw&m) csrf;om tvdYk ig¤if; jzpf\? xkYd aMumifh xdtusKd; dS å S å S k w&m; taygif;udk ynm½SwYdk onf rsufarSmuf odjcif;iSg xduue\? xkoYkd rsuarSmuf odxuaomaMumifh (xdk d k f k f d f kd f tusKd;w&m; taygif;onf) y#dprnf\/ xkYd jyif (xdk tusKd;w&m; taygif;onf) jzpfvwfaomf twlwuGvnf; ö (jzpf\)? wck wckcsi; rjzpf? rSeuefpmvnf; jzpf\? taMumif;rJtm;jzifh (0g? rqdiaom taMumifaMumif)vnf; f f G h k f h h rjzpf? xdYk aMumifh orkyg'vnf; rnf\/ þodYk vQif xdk tusKd;taygif;onf rsufarSmuf odxuí y#dpvnf;rnfç Ü kd f ö twlwuG rSepm jzpfwwfí orkyg'vnf; rnfaomaMumifh y#dporkyg' rnfayonf/ wenf;aomfum; twlwuG f G Ü ö Ü jzpfwwfaomaMumifh orkyg' rnf\/ odYk aomfvnf; taMumif;wdYk \ nDñwjf cif;udk pGí rpGeYf rí (omvQif Ü T J l jzpfwwf\)? xkYd aMumifh þodYk vnf; y#dporkyg' rnfjyefayonf/ qufí qdkOD;thH? þ t0dZÆmtp½SdaomtaMumif; ö Ü taygif;onf (y#dporkyg' rnfaom ocFg&paom) xdtusKd;taygif;\ taMumif; jzpfayonf/ þodYk ö Ü k (y#dporkyg' rnfaom) xdtusKd;w&m; taygif;\ taMumif;jzpfaomaMumifh þt0dZm tp½Saom taMumif; ö Ü k Æ d taygif;udvnf; avmuü ovdy\ taMumif;jzpfaom wifvukd ]]wifvonf ovdyyif}}[k qdtyfouJoYkd ¤if;? k f J J f k h omoemawmfü csr;om\ taMumif;jzpfaom jrwfpmbk&m;wdYk \ yGiawmfrjl cif;udk ]]jrwfpm bk&m;wdYk \ yGiawmf f G hf G hf rljcif;onf csr;om\}}[k a[mtyfouJoYkd ¤if; xdYk twl y#dporkyg' [líomvQif zvlypm (tusKd;\ trnf f h ö Ü a0g[m&)jzifh a[mawmfrl (tyf) onf[í odtyf\/ l 578/ wenf; 0pew¬um; tMuif taMumif;taygif;udk a½S;½Ia&muftyf\? xdYk aMumifh þ taMumif;taygif;udk y#dpö [lí qdktyf\/ xdYk jyif twlwuG (waygif;wnf;) jzpfaom tusKd;w&m;wdYk ukd jzpfapwwf aomaMumifh xdk taMumif;taygif;udk orkyg'-[lívnf; qdktyf\/ Ü csJYí jytH?h þjyqkcNhJ yD;aom tMuiftaMumif;taygif;udk ocFg& ponfwYdk \ xif½m;jzpfjcif;iSg t0dZm tp d S Æ ½Saom wckwckaom taMumif;udk acgif;wyfojzifh (y#dporkyg'f a'oemü) ñTejf yxm;tyf\? xdtaMumif; d ö Ü k taygif;udk (rdrEi) qdi&m tusKd;udk NyD;apwwfaom oabmtm;jzif¤if;? csKdYwjhJ cif; r½Saom oabmtm;jzif¤if; d S hf k f h d h taMumif;nDñwjf cif;\ t*Fgjzpfaom tpdwtaMumif;wdYk wif tcsif;csif;onf a½S;½I a&muftyf\-[k 0pew¬ûyí T f G y#dp-[k qdtyf\/ xkdodkY y#dp-[k qdtyfaom þtaMumif;onf wuGomvQif jzpfMuaom tcsif;csif; toD; ö k ö k tjcm; rcGjJ crf;tyfaom jzpfjcif;½SMd uaom tusKd;w&m;wkYd ukd jzpfapwwfaomaMumifh orkyg'-[lívnf; qdktyf\/ Ü þenf;jzifvnf; xdk taMumif;taygif;onf y#dpvnf; rnfí orkyg'fvnf; rnfaomaMumifh y#dporkyg' h ö Ü ö Ü rnfayonf/ 579/ 0pew¬ enf;wrsKd;um; .... (t0dZm tp½Saom) þtaMumif;taygif;onf tcsif;csif; pGrí (omvQif) tusKd; Æ d J DS w&m;wdYk ukd tnDtñTw¤if;? wuG¤if; jzpfapwwf\/ xkYd aMumifvnf; þodYk (y#dporkyg' f h ö Ü [lí) þ omoemawmfü jrwfpmbk&m; a[mMum;awmfrl (tyf)ayonf/ G csJYí jytH?h t0dZmtp½Sonfukd acgif;wyfojzifh (acgif;wyfí) ñTejf ytyfaom taMumif;wdYk wif tMuif Æ d G taMumif;wkYd onf ocFg&tp½Saom tusKd;w&m;udk jzpfapwwfue\/ xkd jzpfapwwfaom taMumif;wkYd onf d k f tcsif;csif; csKdYwjhJ cif;½Svwfaomf (taMumif;t*Fg rpHvifvwfaomf) jzpfap&ef rpGr;EdiMf uaomaMumifh tcsif;csif;udk d k f k rpGrríum; rjzpfapEdiue/ xkYd aMumifh þt0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;taygif;onf (tcsif;csif;ud) pGrí tusKd; J DS l k f k f Æ d k J DS w&m;wkYd ukd wpdwwa'orQom r[kwrí tnDtñTwvnf; (jzpfapwwf\)? a½S;aemufusonf\ tjzpfjzifh f f l f r[kwríwuG (waygif;wnf; wûydieuf)vnf; jzpfapwwf\/ xkYd aMumifh rSeuefaom teuf (y&rw¬)odYk tpOf f l f f vduaom trnfa0g[&ü uRrf;usifawmfraom jrwfpmbk&m;onf þ omoemawmfü þodYk a[mawmfrtyf\? k f l G l ]]y#dporkyg'f [líomvQif a[mawmfrltyfonf}}-þum; ]]{0H bmodwm-þodYk a[mawmfrtyf\}}-[laom ö Ü l pum;\ qdv&if; teufjzpfonf/ k kd 580/ tusKd;um; þodYk a[mawmfraom jrwfpmbk&m;onf .... l G (y#dp-[laom) a½SYy'jf zifh oów0g' ponfwYkd \ r½Sjd cif;udk (jyawmfrtyf\)/ ö k l (orkyÜg'-[laom) aemufy'jf zifh Oapä'0g' ponfwYdkukd zsuq;y,fazsmufjcif;udk (jyawmf k f D

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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rltyf\)/ (y#dporkyÜg'-[laom) ESpy'taygif;jzifh rZÑdry#dy'g tusifukd jyawmfr(tyf)\/ ö f k f h l a½SYy'jf zifh [l&mü (þodYk odtyf\?) taMumif;wdYk \ nDñwjf cif;udjk yaom y#dp-yk'jf zifh rjywfjzpfaom 0#f k T ö oH;yg; w&m;wkYd \ taMumif; nDñwjf cif;ü (ESi) pyfaom jzpfjcif; ½SaomaMumifh oów0g' ta[wk0g' k T hf d 0dora[wk0g' 0o0wåd0g' tjym;½Sueaom oów0g'ponfwYdk \ r½Sjd cif;udk jyawmfrl (tyf)\/ rSeay\? d k f f oów0g'wkYd tm;aomf¤if;? ta[wk (taMumif;r½S) ponf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfaom 0g'wkYd tm;aomf¤if; d f taMumif;wkYd \ nDñwjf cif;jzifh tb,ftusdK;½Stenf;? þodYk odtyf\/ aemufy'jf zifh [l&mü (þodYk odtyf\?) GT d hH k (ocFg& tp½Saom tusKd;) w&m;wdYk \ jzpfay:jcif;udk jywwfaom orkyg'yk'jf zifh taMumif;wdYk \ nDñwjf cif; d Ü T ½Sdvwfaomf tusKd;w&m;wkYd \ jzpfjcif;aMumifh Oapä'0g' ew¬du0g' tud&d,0g' wkYd ukd zsufq; y,fazsmuf D tyfue\/ xkYd aMumifh Oapä'0g'ponf zsufq;y,fazsmufjcif;udk jyawmfrl (tyf)\/ rSeay\? a½S;a½S;taMumif;\ k f D f tpGr;tm;jzifh tusKd;w&m;wdYk onf tzefzeftxyfxyf jzpfaeukevwfaomf jywfpjJ cif;onf¤if;? 0g? Oapä'0g' f f onf¤if;? ew¬u0g' tud&,0g'wkYd onf¤if; tb,frm jzpfEiMf uyg tHenf;? þodYk odtyf\/ ESpy'f taygif;jzifh d d S kd h f k [l&mü (þodYk odtyf\?) tvH;pHaom y#dporkyÜg'- [laom o'´gjzifh xdxkd taMumif;wdYk \ nDñwjf cif; k k ö k T ½Svwfaomf taMumif;tusKd;tpOfukd rjywfaprlí xdxtusKd;w&m;wdYk \ jzpfoifjh cif;aMumifh (1) rZÑdry#dy'gac: d k kd tv,fvrf;tusifçh (2) ]]xdcpm;&rnfh olyif ûyonf? xdûk yolyif cHpm;onf ([lí¤if;)? wyg;aom olu ûyonf? k H wyg;aomolu cHpm;onf [lí¤if;}} (jzpfaom) 0g'udk y,fjcif;ç (3) rde;r a,musm; paom e,fy,f t&yfo; f f kH pum;ü NrJNrHpm ESv;roGi;jcif;ç (4) avmuoH; trnf ynwfukd rausmvejf cif; (ry,fjcif;) [laom odoifh G kH f k f G odxuaom tusihvrf;rSeukd jyawmfrl (tyf)\/ þonfum; a½S;OD;pGm y#dporkyg' - [laom o'´grQ\ teuf kd f f f ö Ü aywnf;/

y#dpöorkyÜg'f teuftzGifhcJ,Of;yHk
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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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y#dnmESifh Oa,smZOf
«154» y#dporkyÜg'f\tzGiukd ,ck qkvaom igonf ork'&modYk oufqif;rdaom oluoYkd axmufwnf ö hf d dk ´ hJ &mudk r&Ediay/ k f odYk aomfvnf; txl;xl;aom enf;wkYd jzifh wefqmqiftyfaom (ygVda'oemw&m;awmf wnf;[laom) þomoemawmfonf¤if;? (y#dporkyg'f\ tzGit|uxm [laom) a½S; ö Ü hf q&mwkYd \ ydYk cspOfpum;onf¤if; tqufrjywf rlí jzpfvsuf wnf½\/ dS xdYk aMumifh xdEpyg;udk aumif;pGmrSí þy#dporkyg'f\ teuftzGiukd tm;xkwf ûypk k S f D ö Ü hf aytH?h xdk teuftzGiukd aumif;pGm pdwuxm;ukevsuf? 0g? wnfMunfaom pdw½uevsuf hf f kd f f dS k f em,l avhvmMuyg ukeavmh/ f wduwe;oifaypG? a½S;q&mwdYk onf -k f G f h ]]wpHwa,mufaomolonf þy#dporkyg'fukd pD;yGg;ozG,f t½ktaoûyí? 0g? t½kd;pGJ ouJhodkY k ö Ü d NrJNrHatmif ûyí em,ljim;th?H xdoonf a½S;um;vxuf aemufumvü jzpfaom txl;udk k l &ay&m\? a½S;umvxuf aemufumvü jzpfaom txl;udk &NyD;vQif aorif;\ rjrif&m edAmefoYkd a&mufEiay&m\}}[k rdeYf qtyfchJ ay\/ Á kd f kd 582/ (þt&mü £wd yd[ef½Sd\) tm;xkwûf ypkaytH[k 0efcconftwdi; csJYí jytH?h t0dZmypö,m k h H hJ h k f Æ ocFg&m-tp½SonfwYdk ü tprSyifvQif a½S;OD;pGm -d a'oemtxl; tjym;tm;jzif¤if;? teufvu©Pm ponf {u0d" ponftm;jzif¤if;? h h t*FgwkYd ukd ydi;jcm;owfrwtm;jzif¤if; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ k f S f h k

a'oemtjym;
xdk *gxm0,f a'oemtxl;tjym;tm;jzif-[l&mü tus,um;-EG,ukd aqmif,ueaom a,musm; h f f l k f f av;a,mufwYdk \ EG,ukd ,ljcif;uJoYkd tprSaomf¤if;? tv,fraomf¤if; pí tqH;wdiatmif (a[mjcif;)? tqH;rS f h S k k f k aomf¤if;? tv,fraomf¤if; pí tpwkiatmif (a[mjcif;) [lí jrwfpmbk&m;\ y#dporkyg'f a'oemonf S d f G ö Ü av;yg;tjym;½Sd\/ csJYí jyOD;tH?h EG,ukd aqmif,aom a,musfm;av;a,mufwYdk wif wa,mufonf EG,\ tjrpft&if;udk f l G f omvQif a½S;OD;pGm jrif\? xdoonf xdk EG,ukd tjrpft&if;ü jzwfí tvH;pHukd qGiifvsuf ,lNyD;vQif trIupü k l f k k J d ö xnfíûyvkyouJoYkd xdYk twl jrwfpmbk&m;onf ]]&[ef;wdYk ? þqdconfh twdi;yif t0dZm[laom taMumif; h f h G k hJ k f Æ aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfMu\/ y/ b0topf jzpfr[aom taMumif;aMumifh tkjd cif; aojcif; jzpf\}}[k tprSpí I l tqH;wdiatmifvnf; y#dporkyg'fukd a[mawmfr\/ k k f ö Ü l xdrwyg; xk(qdcaom) a,musfm;wkYd wif wa,mufonf EG,\ tv,fyi;udk a½S;OD;pGmjrif\? xkoonf k S d k hJ G f kd f d l (xdE,u) tv,fü jzwfí txufyi; (tzsm;ydi;) tzdYk uomvQif qGiifvsuf ,lNyD;vQif trIupü xnfí k G f kd kd f k f kd J d ö h ûyvkyouJoYkd xdYk twl jrwfpmbk&m;onf ]]cHpm;rI a0'emudk 0rf;ajrmufvsuf ESpoufaom cs;rGr;ajymqkaom f h G f D f d rsKdoi; odr;yduvsuf wnfaom «155» xdy*Kd¾ vftm; ESpoufjcif;onfjzpf\? cHpm;rIwYdkü jzpfaom xdEpoufjcif; G f f k f k k f k S f onf pGvrf;rI (Oyg'gef) yifwnf;? pGvrf;rI[aom taMumif;aMumifh xdk oltm; jzpfaMumif;uH (b0) onfjzpf\? J J l jzpfaMumif;uH[aom taMumif;aMumifh b0topf jzpfay:rI (Zmwd)onf jzpf\}} þokdY ponfjzifh tv,frS pí l tqH;wdiatmifvnf; a[mawmfr\/ k k f l xkYd jyif xkd (qdcaom) a,musm;wkYd wif wa,mufonf EG,\ tzsm;udk a½S;OD;pGm jrif\/ xdoonf (xdk k hJ f G f k l EG,u) tzsm;ü udií tzsm;rS tpOfavQmufojzifh EG,&if;wkiatmif tvH;pHukd ,lNyD;vQif trIupü xnfí f kd k f f d f k k d ö h ûyvkyouJoYkd xdYk twl jrwfpmbk&m;onf ]]b0topf jzpfay:rI[aom taMumif;aMumifh tdjk cif; aojcif; jzpf\ f h G l

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

9

[lí þodYk vQif þpum;udk (igbk&m;) a[mawmfr(tyf)\/ &[ef;wkYd ? b0topf jzpfay:rI[aom taMumif; l l aMumifh tdjk cif; aojcif; jzpfavoavm¿ odYk r[kwf rjzpfavoavm¿ þt&mü oifwYdk rm tb,foYkd jzpfoenf; S (xifoenf;)[k ar;awmfr\/ t½Sib&m;? b0topf jzpfay:rI[aom taMumif;aMumifh tdjk cif; aojcif; jzpfyg l f k l onf? þt&mü wynfawmfwYkdrm b0topf jzpfay:rI[aom taMumif;aMumifh tdjk cif; aojcif; jzpf\-[lí þodkY h S l omvQif jzpfygonf (xifygonf) bk&m;[k avQmufxm;Muuke\/ jzpfaMumif;uH (b0) [laom taMumif;aMumifh f b0topf jzpfay:rI jzpf\/ y/ t0dZm[laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfue\[lí þodYk vQif þpum;udk Æ k f (igbk&m;) a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ &[ef;wkYd ? t0dZm[laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wdYk jzpfMuavoavm¿odYk r[kwf Æ rjzpfMuavoavm¿ þt&mü oifwYdk rm tb,foYkd jzpfoenf;[k ar;awmfr\}}? þodYk tqH;rSpí tpwdiatmif S l k k f vnf; y#dporkyg'fukd a[mawmfr\/ ö Ü l xkYd jyif xdk (qdcaom) a,musm;wkYd wif wa,mufonf EG,\ tv,fuomvQif a½S;OD;pGm jrif\/ xkd k hJ f G f kd olonf (xdE,u) tv,fü jzwfí atmufoYkd (t&if;zufoYkd ) oufvsuf EG,&if;wdiatmif ,lNyD;vQif trIupü k G f kd f k f d ö xnfíûyvkyouJoYkd xdYk twl jrwfpmbk&m;onf ]]&[ef;wkYd ? þav;yg;aom tm[m&wkYd onf tb,fvQif h f h G taMumif; ½Sueoenf;¿ tb,fvQif jzpfaMumif; ½Sueoenf;¿ tb,fvQif jzpf&if; ½Sueoenf;¿ tb,fvQif d k f d k f d k f trGetp ½Sueoenf;¿ þav;yg;aom tm[mwkYd onf wyfruf jcif;vQif taMumif; ½Sue\? wyfrufjcif;vQif f d k f d k f jzpfaMumif; ½Sue\? wyfrufjcif;vQif jzpf&if; ½Sue\? wyfruf jcif;vQif trGetp½Sue\/ wyfrufjcif;onf d k f d k f f d k f tb,fvQif taMumif; ½Soenf; ---/ cHpm;rIonf ---/ tm½kHudk awGYronf ---/ tm,we 6-yg;onf ---/ d I emrf½yonf --/ b0opf 0dnmPfonf --/ ocFg&wkYd onf tb,fvQiftaMumif; ½Sueoenf;/y/ ocFg&wkYd onf k f d k f t0dZmvQif taMumif; ½Sue\/ y/ t0dZÆmvQif trGeftp ½Sdukef\}} þodkY tv,frSp\ pí tpwdiatmifvnf; Æ d k f k f a[mawmfr\/ l 583/ tb,faMumifh þodYk av;yg;tjym;tm;jzifh a[mawmfrl (tyf) oenf;[k ar;jim;tH?h y#dpö orkyg'f\ Ü xuf0ef;usif (tvH;pH) aumif;onf\ tjzpfaMumif;¤if;? ud,awmfwivnf; a'oemawmfukd wifw,fapEdiaom k k k f dk f h k f ÓPfoYkd a&mufawmfronf\ tjzpfaMumif¤if; (a[mawmfronf[k ajzqktyf\)/ csJYí jyOD;tH?h y#dporkyg'fonf l h l d ö Ü xuf0ef;usif aumif;ygay\/ (xkoYkd aumif;aomaMumifyif xdav;yg;aom a'oem xJu wyg;yg;aom) xdxdk d h k k a'oemrS (tpOfavQmufí) t&d,r*fukd xd;xGi;í odjcif;iSg? 0g? y#dporkyg'fw&m;udk xd;xGi;í odjcif;iSg k f ö Ü k f jzpfonfomvQifwnf;/ (xkYd jyif) jrwfpmbk&m; onf av;yg;aom a0om&ZÆÓPf --- av;yg;aom y#dorÇ'gÓPf G d wkYd Eihf ,SOjf cif;aMumif¤if;? av;yg;tjym; ½Saom eufeonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&mufjcif;aMumif¤if; a'oemawmfukd S h d J h wifw,fapEdiaom ÓPfuvnf; a&mufawmfrl &awmfr\? a'oemawmfukd wifw,fapEkiaom ÓPfukd &awmf h k f kd l h d f rlonf\ tjzpfaMumifh xdk jrwfpmbk&m;onf txl;xl;aom enf;wkYd jzifomvQif w&m; awmfukd a[mawmfr\/ G h l txl;tm;jzifrum; xkd jrwfpmbk&m;\ (0g? xdy#dporkyg'fu) tprSpí tEkvtm;jzifh a[maom h l G k ö Ü kd kH a'oemonf (oHo&m0#f) rjywfjzpfjcif;\ taMumif;udk cGjJ crf;jcif;ü awGa0aom (rcGjJ crf;EdiyJ ½Saeaom) owå0g k f d taygif;udk jrifawmrlonf jzpfí (jrifawmfrojzif) rdrwYkd\ Opöm jzpfueaom (tusK;w&m;[laom rdrwYkdEihf l h d k f d d S oufqiueaom) t0dZmtp½Saom taMumif;wkYd aMumifh (ocFg&tp½Saom oHo&m0#f\) rjywfjzpfjcif;udk jyjcif; kd f k f Æ d d tusKd;iSg¤if;? jzpfpOfukd jyjcif;tusKd;iSg¤if; (a[maom a'oem) jzpfayonf[k odtyf\/ tqH;rSpí y#dvtm;jzifh k kH a[maom a'oemonf ]]þ owå0gtaygif;onf yifyef;qif;&Jjcif;odYk «156» a&muf&½Smacsonf wum;? y#doaE¨ vnf; ae&½Sm \? tdkvnf; tdk&½Sm\? aovnf; ao&½Sm\? tzefwvJvJ pkawvnf; pkaw&½Sm\? tzefwvJvJ jzpfvnf; jzpf&½Sm\}} þokYd tp½Saom enf;jzifh yifyef; qif;&Jjcif;odYk a&mufaom owåavmuudk tpOfvuum d kd f Munf½awmfronfjzpfí (Munf½awmfrojzif) bk&m;rjzpfrD a½S;tzdYk ü jzpfcaom y#da0" (0dyóem)ÓPfoYkd tpOf h I l h I l h hJ avQmufojzifh tdjk cif; aojcif; tp½Saom xdxqif;&J\ ud,awmfwif odcaom (b0topf jzpfjcif; tp½Saom) d k kd k f dk hJ d taMumif;udk jyawmfrjl cif; tusK;iSg (a[maom a'oemjzpfayonf[k odtyf d \)/ tv,frSpí tpwkdifatmif jzpfaom a'oemonf tm[m&wkYd \ taMumif;udk ydi;jcm;jcif;odYk tpOfavQmufojzifh (t0dZmocFg& [laom) k f Æ twdwt"GeYf wiatmif ausmfvevsuf aqmifNyD;vQif wzef twdwt"GeYf rS pí taMumif;tusKd; tpOfukd jyjcif; f kd f G f f tusKd;iSg (a[maom a'oem jzpfayonf[k odtyf\)/ tb,frpí tqH;wkiatmif jzpfaom a'oemonf S k d f ypöKyÜef t"Gef Yü tem*wf t"GeYf (b0)\ taMumif;w&m;wkYd jzpfay:onfrpí tem*wf t"GeYf ukd jyjcif; tusKd;iSg S (a[maom a'oem jzpfayonf[k odtyf\)/ xkav;yg;aom a'oemwkYd wif 0#fqif;&Jjzpfjcif;\ taMumif;ü d G vGepm awGa0aom a0ae,s owå0gtaygif;tm; rdrwYkd Eiqiaom t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;wkYd aMumifh (ocFg& f G d S hf kd f Æ d tp½Saom w&m;wkYd \) rjywfjzpfjcif;udk jyjcif; tusKd;iSg¤if;? jzpfpOfukd jyjcif; tusKd;iSg¤if; tprS pí tEkavmr d

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

10

a'oemudk a[mawmfrl (tyf) ayonf? xdtEkavmr a'oemudk þynmblrea'´oü (zGijhf y&ef rl&if; tjzpfjzif) k d d h csxm;tyfcJhonf [lí odtyf\/

t0dZÆmudktpxm;í a[mjcif;taMumif;
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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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Oyg'gef jzpf\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom a'oemonf¤if; (jzpfayonf)/ tcsKdYokwfü 2-yg;aom w&m;vQif rlv½Saom d a'oemudvnf; (a[mawmfr\)/ þ a'oemonf tb,fenf;[lr¿ ]]&[ef;wdYk ? t0dZm[laom tydwtqdYk k l l Æ f ½Saom wPSmESi,Oaom olrutm; þodYk (t0dZmu ydwqYkd xm;jcif;? wPSmESi,Ojf cif;aMumif) 0g? þ t0dZÆm d hf S f kd f Æ f hf S h wPSm[laom w&m; 2-yg;aMumifh (cE¨mig;yg;[laom? 0g? tm,we 6-yg;[laom) þum,onf jzpfay:vm\/ þodYk (cE¨mig;yg; [laom? 0g? tm,we 6-yg; [laom) þ rdroEÅmefü jzpfaom um,onf¤if;? tjyify d olwyg;oEÅmefü½Saom emrf½yonf¤if;? þodYk aom tjym;jzifh (rdroEÅmefü jzpfaom um,ESihf tjyifyoEÅeü d k f d f ½Saom emrf½y[aom) þtwGi;tjyifw&m; 2-yg;taygif;onf 'G, (ESpctaygif; wpH) rnf\/ þtwGif; d k f l f f k k tjyif w&m;wpHupí zójzpfay:\/ zó\ taMumif;wkdYonf 6-yg;wkdYomvQifwnf;/ ,if; tm,we 6-yg; k kd JG wkYd aMumifh (jzpfay:aom zójzif) awGYxonfjzpfí olruonf csrf;om qif;&Jukd cHpm;&\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom h d kd f a'oemyifwnf;/ xda'oemwkYd wif ]]t0dZm[laom taMumifaMumifh ocFg&wdYk jzpfue\}}[laom þa'oemonf k G Æ h k f þ ynmblrea'´oü t0dZm\ tpGr;tm;jzifh wckaom w&m;vQif rlv½Saom a'oemaywnf;-[k odtyf\/ d d Æ f d þqkconftwdi; y#dporkyg'fukd jy&mü a½S;OD;pGm a'oem tjym;tm;jzifh tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ d hJ h k f ö Ü k

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

12

ukovf tukovapwemudum; tbdocF&PuocFg&-[k qdtyf\/ xdktbdocF&PuocFg&\vm&mXmeonf kd kd f k k ]]t0dZm*awm,H bdua0 yk&oyk*avm yknaOö ocFg&H tbdocFa&mwd-(&[ef;wdYk t0dZm½Saom þa,musfm; Æ © d ¾ Æ d yk*Kd¾ vfonf yknrnfaom ocFg&udk tu,fí ûyvkyjf im;tH) ]]þodYk tp½Saom ygVdwYkd ü xifay\/ ud,ü jzpfaom h d k f 0D&, pdwüjzpfaom 0D&,udum; ya,m*gbdocFg&-[k qdtyf\/ xdk ya,m*gbd ocFg&onf ]],m0wdum d f d k k tbdocFg&ó *wd? wm0wdum *EÉm tu©m[wH ran t|mod-(vufjzifh wGe;vSrvujf cif;[laom tm;xkwr\ f d hf kd f I t½Se½oavmuf (vSn;bD;onf) vdrom;NyD;vQif (t½Sef uke&mü) 0if½;jzifh xd;vQKdxm;tyfbd ouJoYkd d f dS f hf G d f dk k h axmifvsuwnfaeav\)}} þodkY tp½Sdaom ygVdwdkYü vmay\/ f qufí azmfjyOD;tH?h oufouf þqkcaom ocFg&wkYd onfomvQif (ocFg&o'´gjzifh vmaom ocFg&wdYk d hJ rnfMuonf) r[kwueao;? (pifppfaomfum;) ]]'g,um 0domc? rSwom;rI-onmç cHpm;rI-a0'emwkYd \ csKyf&m f k f f (eda&m"ormywf)odYk 0ifa&mufaom &[ef;tm; 0dwuf 0dpm&[laom 0dpocFg&onf a½S;OD;pGm csKyf\? xkYd aemifrS D 0ifouf xGuouf[aom um,ocFg&onf (csKyf\)? xkYd aemifrS onma0'em[laom pdwocFg&onf (csKyf\)/}} f l å þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh ocFg&o'´gjzifh vmukeaom tjcm;wyg;aom ocFg&wkYd onfvnf; rsm;pGm ½SMd uao;\/ d f xdocFg&wkYd wif ocFwocFg&wkYd jzifh odr;,l a&wGujf cif;odYk ra&mufaom (0g? rodr;,l ra&wGuEiaom) ocFg& k G f f f kd f rnfonf r½Sday/ þ (ocFg&o'´g\ teufukd jyaompum;)rS aemufü ]]ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh b0opf 0dnmPf jzpfonf}} þodYk tp½Saom pum;&yfwYdk ü qdtyfcNhJ yD;aom (ocFg&\teuf ypö,\teuf tp½Saom) d k d teufukd qdtyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifomvQif odtyf\/ k h «159» xl;&mudk jyqdt?hH rqdtyfao;aom (0dnmP ponf \) teufü (þodYk odtyf\)? (tm½kHudk) k k odwwfaomaMumifh 0dnmPff rnf\/ (tm½kqoYkd ) ñTwwwfaomaMumifh emrf rnf\/ azmufjyefwwfaomaMumifh H D f ½kyf rnf\/ (xdx'g&tm½kwYkd ü) jzpfwwfaom pdwapwoduwYkd ukd (xif½m; ay:vmatmif) csJYwwf-us,jf yefY k kd G H f f S jzpfyg; apwwfaomaMumif¤if;? ½Snaom oHo&mqif;&Jukd aqmifwwf-jzpfapwwfaomaMumif¤if; tm,we G h f h rnf\/ (tm½ku) awGYxwwfaomaMumifh zó rnf\/ cHpm;wwfaomaMumifh a0'em rnf\/ qmavmifwwf H kd d aomaMumifh wPSm rnf\/ pGvrf; wwfaomaMumifh Oyg'gef rnf\/ jzpfwwfaomaMumif¤if;? jzpfapwwfaom J h aMumif¤if; b0 rnf\/ jzpfjcif;onf Zmwd rnf\/ &ifa,mfjcif;-tdjk cif;onf Z&m rnf\/ aoaMumif; oabm h h jzpfaomaMumifh r&P rnf\/ pd;&dr-ylaqG;jcif;onf aomu rnf\/ ida<u;jrnf wrf;jcif;onf y&da'0 rnf\/ k f k qif;&JapwwfaomaMumifh 'ku© rnf\? wenf;-Oyg'f-XDwYkd t& ESpyg;tjym;tm;jzifh wl;ûzd wwfaomaMumifh 'ku© f rnf \/ ESv;romonf\tjzpf-(ESv;romjcif;)onf a'greórnf\/ jyif;pGm pdwyifyef;jcif;onf Oyg,mo kH kH f rnf\/ (orÇ0EÅ) jzpfue\-[l&mü jzpfay:uke\([k qdv\)/ þ orÇ0EÅ-jzpfue\-[laomyk'ukd aomud k f f k kd d k f f ponfwYdk Eihf omvQif pyf,Otyfonf r[kwf (ocFg&m-ocFg&wkYd onf-tp½Sueaom) tvH;pHaom (uwåm;) yk'f S S f d k f k k wkYd Eivnf; pyf,Otyfay\/ tjypfum; þodYk rpyf,Orí ]]t0dZm[laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd onf}}[k S hf S f S f l Æ (þrQom) qd(tyf)ygrl (ocFg&wkYd onf) tb,fukd ûyukeoenf;[k rxif½m;av&m/ orÇ0EÅ-jzpfue\-[lí k f S d k f pyf,Oygrlum; ]]xdtaMumif; oabmonf t0dZmvnf;rnfç ypö,vnf; rnfaomaMumifh t0dZmypö,-t0dZÆm S f k Æ Æ [laom taMumif; rnf\? xdk t0dZm [laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd onf jzpfue\}}-[k taMumif;ESitusKd; Æ k f hf ydi;jcm;owfrwjf cif;udk ûytyfayonf (ûyjcif; udpNö yD;ayonf)/ (ocFg&ypö,m 0dnmPH-ocFg&[laom taMumif; k f S aMumifh 0dnmPfonf-tp½Saom) tvH;pHaom yk'wYkd ü þ enf;yifwnf;/ d k k f {0H (þyH-þenf;jzif) [laom yk'onf jytyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;udñejf y (aMumif;jzpf)aom yk'aywnf;/ xdk k h f k T f yk'jf zifh ]]t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;wkYd aMumifomvQif (jzpfue\)? £ó&ac: bk&m;ocif\ zefqif;jcif; ponf Æ d h k f wdYk aMumifh (jzpfMuonf) r[kw}f }[k jy\/ {wó (þ)-[lonfum; qdtyfcwi;aom-qdtyfcorQaom/ k hJ kd f k hJ au0vó-[lonfum; ra&mr,Suf oufoufaom? 0g? tvH;pHaom/ 'kuuEó - [lonfum; qif;&J k k © © ¨ taygif;\ (jzpfjcif;omwnf;)? owå0g\ (jzpfjcif;) r[kw?f csr;om wifw,faomt&m ponfwYdk\ (jzpfjcif; f h vnf;) r[kw/ ork'a,m-[lonfum; jzpfjcif;wnf;/ a[mwd-[lonfum; (orÇ0wd) jzpf\-([k qdv\)/ þ f k kd 4 qdconftwdi; y#dporkyg'f (ygVd)ü teuftm;jzifh tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\ / k hJ h k f ö Ü k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

13

t0dZÆmponfwdkY\ vu©Pm&oponf
588/ vu©Pm ponftm;jzif-[lonfum; t0dZm ponfwYkd \ vu©Pm ponf tm;jzif/ þ vu©Pm h Æ h ponfum; tb,fenf;[lr¿ t0dZÆmonf rodjcif; vu©Pm½S\? 0g? odaomÓPf\ qefYusizuf vu©Pm½Sd\5? l d f tvGeawGa0apjcif; udp½\? (tm½kH\ oabmrSeu) zH;vTr;aom oabm[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? tmo0vQif f ö dS f kd k f eD;aom taMumif; ½S\/ d ocFg&wkYd onf ûyjyifjcif; vu©Pm ½Sue\? tm;xkwjf cif; udp½ue\? aphaqmfwuwe;wwfaom d k f ö dS k f kd f G f w&m;[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixifukef\? t0dZmvQife;aomaMumif; ½Sue\/ Æ D d k f 0dnmPfonf (tm½ku) txl;odjcif; vu©Pm½S\? a½SYom;jcif; udp½\? (a½S;b0ESihf a½S;pdwEi)pyfaom H kd d G ö dS f S hf tm;jzifh ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? ocFg&vQif eD;aomtaMumif;½S\? wenf; 0w¬KESihf tm½kvQif eD;aomtaMumif;½S\/ d H d emrfonf (tm½kqoYkd ) ñTwjf cif; vu©Pm½Sd\? tnDtñTwf tjym;tm;jzifh ,SOjf cif; udp½\? toD;toD; rcGjJ crf; H D ö dS tyfaom t&m[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? 0g? toD;toD;rjzpfaom ruGaom w&m;[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? J 0dnmPfvQif eD;aomtaMumif;½S\/ d ½kyfonf azmufjyefjcif;vu©Pm½S\? z½kz&J BuJjcif; udp½\? tAsmuww&m;[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? d d ö dS 0g? tm½kHudk r,lwwf-rodwwfaom w&m;[k ÓPftm;a½S;½Ixif\? 0dnmPfvQif eD;aom taMumif;½S\/ d tVm,we-tm,we 6-yg;onf (xdx'g&ESihf qdiaom w&m;wdYk ukd jzpfap&ef) tm;xkwjf cif;vu©Pm k kd G k f ½Sd\? jrifjcif;tp½Saom udp½\? wnf&m 0w¬Ktjzpf jzpfaMumif; 'Gg&tjzpfjzifh ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? emrf½yvQif d ö dS k f eD;aomtaMumif;½S\/ d zóonf (tm½ku) awGYjcif; vu©Pm½S\? wducujf cif; udp½\? ('Gg&tm½kH 0dnmPf [laom taMumif; H kd d k f kd ö dS oH;yg;wdYk \) aygif;qHraom tm;jzifh ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? tm,we 6-yg;vQif eD;aom taMumif; ½S\/ k k d d a0'emonf (tm½ku) cHpm;jcif; vu©Pm½S\? tm½kH\t&omudk oH;aqmifjcif; udp½\? csr;omESihf H kd d k ö dS f qif;&J taetm;jzifh ÓPftm;a½S;½Ixif\? zóvQif eD;aomtaMumif;½S\/ d wPSmonf 'ku\ taMumif;tjzpf[laom vu©Pm½S\? ESpoufjcif; udp½\? ra&mif&onf\tjzpfjzifh © d f ö dS h J ÓPftm;a½S;½Ixif\? a0'emvQif eD;aomtaMumif;½S\/ d «160» Oy'gefonf qkyuixm;jcif; vu©Pm½S\? 0g? jyif;pGm pGvrf;jcif;vu©Pm ½S\? rvTwjf cif; udpö f kd f d J d ½Sd\? NrJNrHaomwPSmESihf 'd|[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? wPSmvQif eD;aom taMumif;½S\/ d d b0onf uHEiu\tusKd; tjzpf[aom vu©Pm½S\? jzpfapjcif; jzpfjcif;udpö ½S\? ukovf tukovf S hf H l d d kd kd ESihf tAsmuww&m;[k ÓPftm; a½S;½Ixif\? Oyg'gefvQif eD;aom taMumif;½S\/ d Zmwd-ponfwYkd \ vu©PmponfwYdk ukd opöea'´oü qkd (tyf) cJNh yD;aom enf;jzifh omvQif odtyfue\? d k f þqdconftwdi; þy#dporkyg'fü vu©Pm ponftm;jzifvnf; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ k hJ h k f ö Ü h k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

14

{u0d"paomtjym;
589/ {u0d"- ponftm;jzif-[l&mü (tus,fum;) t0dZmonf tnmP (rodwwfonf\)tjzpf h Æ t'óe (rjrifwwfonf\) tjzpf arm[ponf\ tjzpftm;jzifh wyg;wnf;om ½S\/ tyÜ#ywåt0dZm rdpmy#d d d d Æ ä ywåt0dZmtm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\? oocFg& tocFg&tm;jzifh (vnf;) xkdYtwl 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ okc 'ku© d Æ Oayu©m [laom a0'emoH;yg;ESihf ,SOaomtm;jzifh 3-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ opömav;yg;udk xd;xGi;í rodaomtm;jzifh k f k f 4-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ *wdig;yg;\ tjypfukd zH;vTr;aomtm;jzifh ig;yg;tjym;½Sd\/ 'Gg&tm½kHtm;jzifhrlum; tvHk;pHk k f vnf; jzpfueaom emrfw&m;wkYd ü 6-yg;tjym; ½Sdonf\ tjzpfukd odtyf\/ k f ocFg&wkYd onf omo0w&m;tjzpf 0dygu"r®"r®tjzpf ponftm;jzifh wyg;wnf;om ½S\/ ukovEihf d kd f S tukovtm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sdukef\/ y&dwå (umr) w&m;ESihf r[*¾Kwfw&m;? [De (t,kwtnH) w&m;ESihf kd f f h rZÑr (tv,ftvwf) w&m;? rdpwe,ww&m;ESihf ted,ww&m; wdkYt& tm;jzifh xdkYtwl 2-yg; (pD) tjym;½Suef d ä å d d k \/ yknmbdocFg& ponftm;jzifh oH;yg;tjym;½Sue\/ a,medav;yg;wdYk ukd jzpfapwwfaomtm;jzifh av;yg;tjym; k d k f ½Sdukef\/ *wd ig;yg;wkYd ukd a&mufapwwfaom tm;jzifh ig;yg;tjym; ½Sue\/ d k f 0dnmPfonf avmuD0yguf 0dnmPfponftjzpf tm;jzif?h 0g? avmuDtjzpf 0dyguf ponf tjzpftm;jzifh d wyg;wnf;om½Sd\/ [dwf½SdESifh [dwfr½Sd ponftm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ b0oHk;yg;ü tusKH;0ifaom tm;jzif¤if;? h a0'emoH;yg;ESihf ,SOaomtm;jzif¤if;? t[dwf 'G[wf wd[wtm;jzif¤if; oH;yg;tjym;½S\/ a,medav;yg;ESihf k f h d d d f h k d *wdig;yg;wdYk tvdtm;jzifh 4-yg;tjym;½Sd\? ig;yg;tjym;vnf;½Sd\/ k emrf½yonf 0dnmPfvQif rS&m½Saomtm;jzif¤if;? uHvQiftaMumif;½Saom tm;jzif¤if; wyg;wnf;om ½S\? k f D d h d h d tm½kukd ,lwwfonf\ tjzpfEihf r,lwwfonf\ tjzpftm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ twdwf tp½Sdaom tm;jzifh H S oHk;yg;tjym;½Sd\/ a,medEihf *wdwYdk \tvdtm;jzifh av;yg;tjym;vnf;½S\? ig;yg;tjym;vnf;½Sd\/ S k d oVm,weonf pdwapwoduwYdk\ jzpf&mt&yf pka0;&m wnf&m t&yftm;jzifh wyg;wnf;om ½S\? f f d blw½kywYkd ukd Munfvifaponf\ tjzpfEihf 0dnmPf\tjzpf ponftm;jzifh 2-yg;tjym; ½Sd\/ a&mufaomtm½kHç f S ra&mufaomtm½kHç ESpfyg;tpHk r[kwfaom tm½kH½Sdonf\ tjzpftm;jzifh oHk;yg; tjym;½Sd\/ a,med 4-yg;ESihf *wd oH;yg;wkYd ü tusKH;0ifaomtm;jzifh av;yg;tjym;vnf; ½S\? ig;yg; tjym;vnf;½Sd\? þodYk þenfjzifh zó k d tp½SdonfwkdY\vnf; {u0d" ponf\tjzpfukd odtyf\/ þqdconftwdi; þy#dporkyg'fü {u0d" ponf k hJ h k f ö Ü tm;jzifh tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ k

t*FgwkdYudkykdif;jcm;jcif;
590/ t*FgwdYk ukd ydi;jcm;owfrwjf cif;tm;jzifh [l&mü (tus,fum;) þ y#dporkyg'fü (aomu) pd;&drf k f S ö Ü k ylaqG;jcif; ponfwYdkukd b0puf\ rjywfpjJ cif;udk jyjcif;tusK;iSg a[mawmfrl (tyfue)\/ rSeay\? tdjk cif; d k f f aojcif;u ESypuf(tyf)aom olrutm; xdp;&drjf cif;ponfwYdk jzpfue\/ «161» (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; d f kd f k kd k f G l kH .... ]]&[ef;wdYk tMum;tjrifr½Saom ykxZOfy*Kd¾ vfonf qif;&Jaom cHpm;rIu awGYxd d k k ESypuf (tyf)onf ½Saomf pd;&dr\ yifyef;\ ida<u;\ &ifukd xkvsuf jrnfwrf;\ jyif;pGm d f d k f k awGa0 jcif;odYk a&muf\}} [líyifwnf;/ xdp;&drjf cif;ponfwYdk\ jzpfjcif;½SaeorQ umvywfv;vnf; t0dZm\ jzpfjcif; ½SaomaMumifh wzefvnf; k kd d kH Æ d ]]t0dZm [laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfue\}} [laom b0pufonf tqufrjywf qufpyfjyefawmhonf Æ k f omwnf;/ xkYd aMumifh xdk pd;&drjf cif; ponfwYdk \ (tvTm tzdYk u) tkjd cif; aojcif;ESihf omvQif wlaom? 0g? wck k kd wnf;aom tvTmtzdYk ûyí y#dporkyg'f t*FgwdYk ukd wq,fEpyg;wkYd [í omvQif odtyfue\? þqdconftwdi; ö Ü h S f l k f k hJ h k f þy#dporkyg'fü t*FgwkYd ukd ydi;jcm; owfrwjf cif;tm;jzifvnf; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ ö Ü k f S h k þonfum; y#dporkyg'fü a½S;OD;pGm tusOf;csKyfpum;aywnf;/ ö Ü

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

15

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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jzpfueaom ½kywYkd tm;¤if; a[wkypö,owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[laom þpum;udk a[mawmfr(tyf)ay\/ onfrQ k f f l om r[kwao;? t[dwpwwYkd \ tAsmuwtjzpfonf (tAsmuwtjzpfukd NyD;apwwfaom) þ[dwEifh uif;í f f d f f S NyD;pD;\? xkYd jyif [dw½aom (o[dw) w&m;wkYd \vnf; ukovponf\ tjzpfonf a,medaomre odum& f dS f kd f ponfEiom pyf\? orÜ,wf (,SOzuf) [dwEihf pyfonfr[kw?f qufO;tH?h tu,fí (orÜ,w) [dwwYkd ü S hf k f f S D k f f olYyifukd oabmjzifomvQif ukovponf\tjzpf NyD;pD;í ([dwEi) ,SOaom w&m;wkYd ü (ukovponf\ h kd f f S hf f kd f tjzpfonf) [dwEihf pyfqijf im;tH?h (odYk jzpfvQi) tavmbonf ukovf jzpfap? tAsmuw jzpfap (wrsK;rsK;om) f S kd f kd d d jzpf&m\/ pifppfaomfum; (ukova&m tAsmuwa&m) 2-rsK;vH;vnf; jzpfay\? xkYd aMumifh ([dwEi) ,SOaom kd f d k f S hf f w&m;wdYk ü uJoYkd xdYk twl [dwwYkd üvnf; ukovponf\ tjzpf (NyD;aMumif;)udk ½SmBuHtyfav&m\/ h f kd f «165» toiftavsmfum; (þodYk aywnf;)? [dwwYdk \ rlvteufoabmudk ukovf ponf\ tjzpfukd h f kd NyD;aponf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh r,lrí aumif;pGmwnfwonf\tjzpfukd NyD;aponf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ,l(tyf)ygrl f l hH f wpHw&mrQ rqefYusifay/ taMumif;rlum;-pnfyifjyefYyg;aom tjrpf ½SMd uaom opfyifwYkd onf NrJNrHcicvsuf k G kd f hH aumif;pGm wnfwueouJoYkd a[wkypön; (owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûyjcif;)udk &ukeaom ypö,yef w&m;wdYk onf NrJNrH hH k f h f f k Ü cdicvsuf aumif;pGm (Mum½Snpm) wnfwue\? (a[wkypön;udk r&aom) t[dww&m;wkYd onfum; ESr;aph k f hH f G hH k f f f f cefYarSmf paomarSmwYkduoYkdyif aumif;pGm rwnfwMhH uuke?f (þum; rqefYusijf cif;\ taMumif;aywnf;)/ þodYk f hJ jzpfaomaMumif?h 0g? odYk jzpfí ]]taMumif;&if;jrpfr rlv[laom oabmtm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;}} [l&mü aumif;pGm wnfwonf\ tjzpfukd NyD;apaomtm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;onf a[wkypön;rnf\ [lí hH f odtyfay\/

(2) tm&r®Pypönf;
596/ xka[wkypön;rS aemufypön;wkYd wif qGuityfaom tm½k\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m; d f f G J kd f H onf tm&r®Pypön;rnf\/ ]]½lyg,we (tqif;)onf pu©K0dnmP"mwf (jrifor)tm; (tm&r®P ypö,owåf d I d tm½ktûycHjcif; oabmtm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\)}} þodYk ponfjzifh pwiftm;xkwchJ a[mcJNh yD;ívnf; ]]tMuif tMuif H f w&m;udk tm½kûH yí tMuif tMuif pdwf apwoduf w&m;wkYd onf jzpfue\? (xdoYkd jzpf&mü) xkxdk tm½kw&m;wdYk k f k d H onf xdxpwapwoduf w&m;wdYk tm; tm&r®Pypö,owåwYkd jzifh aus;Zl;ûy (uke)\}}[k ed*;csKyf tqH;owf k kd d f d f kH k (tyf)aomaMumifh wpHwckaom w&m;rQ xdtm&r®Pypön; rjzpfonf r½S?d (jzpfonfcsn;omwnf;)/ Oyrmjzifh k k f f xifpmjy&vQif tm;enf;aom a,musm;onf 'kwawmifa0S;udk jzpfap? êud;udjk zpfap qGuiíomvQif xvnf;xEdif G f f J kd f k &yfvnf; &yfwnfEiouJoYkd xdYk twlyif pdwapwoduw&m;wdYk onf tqif;tp½Saom tm½kukd tm½kûH y (qGui) kd f h f f d H J kd f ukeíomvQif jzpfvnf;jzpfEiue\? wnfvnf;wnfEiue\? xdYk aMumifh pdwapwoduwYkd\ tm½kH jzpfueaom f kd f k f kd f k f f f k f tvHpvnf; jzpfueaom w&m; ([lorQ) wdYk ukd tm&r®Pypön;[lí odtyfue\/ k kH k f f k f

(3) t"dywdypönf;
597/ tBuD;trª;tjzpf [laom oabmtm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;onf t"dywdypön; rnf\/ f ¤if;onf o[Zmwm"dywdç tm&r®Pm"dywdwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ xkwif ]]qE´m"dywd-BuD;rª; f d G vGeuaom qE´onf qE´Eihf ,SOueaom pdwf apwoduf w&m;wdYk tm;¤if;? xdqE´aMumifjh zpfaom ½kywYdk tm;¤if; f J S f k f k f t"dywdypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk ponfjzifh a[mawmfraomaMumifh qE´ 0D&, pdwf 0Dro (ynm)[k f d l d H qktyfueaom av;yg;aom w&m;wkYd ukd (o[Zmw) t"dywdypön;[k odtyf(uke)\/ odYk aomfvnf; (av;yg; d k f f f vH;) wûydieufum; (t"dywdypön;) rjzpfMu? (wyg;csif;omvQif jzpfonf)/ csJYí jytH?h tMuiftcgü qE´ukd tBuD; k f f trª;ûyí pdwonf jzpf\? xdtcgü qE´onfomvQif t"dywdypön;jzpfonf? qE´rwyg;aom pdwf 0D&, 0Dro f k f S d H wkYd onf (t"dywdypön;) rjzpfMu/ <uif;aom w&m;wdYk t"dywdypön;jzpf&müvnf; þenf;yifwnf;/ f f xdrwyg; tMuifw&m;udk tav;tjrwf (tm½k) ûyí pdwf apwoduf w&m;wkYd onf jzpfue\? xdk k S H k f tav;tjrwf tm½kûH ytyfaom w&m;onf xdtav; ûywwfaom pdwapwoduf w&m;wdYk \ tm&r®Pm'dywd k f ypön;rnf\/ xkYd aMumifh ]]tMuiftMuif w&m;udk tav;ûyí tMuiftMuif pdwapwoduw&m;wdYk onfjzpfue\/ f f f k f xdxkd tav;ûytyfaom w&m;wdYk onf xdxtav;ûywwfaom pdwf apwoduf w&m;wdYk tm; t"dywdypön; k k kd f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[k (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfrl (tyf) ayonf/ d G

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(4-5) teEÅ&-oreEÅ&ypönf;
598/ tjcm;r½Sonf\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom (a½S;a½S;) pdwapwoduf w&m;onf teEÅ& ypön; d f f rnf\/ aumif;pGm tjcm;r½Sonf\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom (a½S;a½S;) pdwapwoduf w&m;onf oreEÅ& d f ypön; rnf\/ þypönf; 2-yg;udk «166» rsm;pGmaom? tjym;wdYk jzifh (q&mwdYk ) csJYí zGijhf yMuuke\/ odYk aomfvnf; f f ,ckqrnfh pum;onfomvQif tESpom& jzpfonf/ ,if;tESpom&um;-]]pu©K0dnmPf\ tjcm;rJü raem"mwf kd f f h (ac:orÜ#pKdä ef;pdw) jzpfonf? raem"mwf\ tjcm;rJü raem0dnmP"mwf (ac: oEÅ&Ppdw) jzpfonf ]]þodYk tp d f h D f ½Saom pdwtpOf (pdwe,mr)onf a½S;a½S; (tjcm;rJ) pdw\tpGr;tm;jzifomvQif NyD;pD;\? tjcm;wyg;aom d f å d h f f h tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh rNyD;pD;ay/ xkdYaMumifh rdrd rdr\ tjcm;rJü oifavsmaom pdwKå yÜg'f (pdwapwodu)udk jzpfap&ef d h h f f f pGr;Ediaom pdwapwoduf w&m;onf teEÅ&ypön; rnf\/ xkYd aMumifyifvQif ]]teEÅ&ypön; [lonfum;f k f f f h f pu©K0dnmP"mwfonf¤if;? ,if;"mwfEihf ,SOaom apwoduw&m;wkYd onf¤if; raem"mwf tm;¤if; ,if;"mwfEihf S f f S ,SOaom apwoduw&m; wkYd tm;¤if; teEÅ&ypön; (owå) jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk ponfukd (jrwfpmbk&m;) f f f d G a[mawmfrcayonf/ tMuifw&m;onf teEÅ&ypön;jzpf\? xdw&m;onfyifvQif oreEÅ&ypön;jzpf\? rSeay\/ l hJ f k f f Oyp,½kyEihf oEÅw½ywYkd üuJoYkd ¤if; t"d0pe'kuEihf ed½w'uf ponfwYdk üuJoYkd ¤if; þteEÅ&ESihf oreEÅ&ypön; f S d k f h f S k då k h f wkYd ü o'´grQomxl;onf? oabmteuftm;jzifrum; xl;jcm;jcif; r½Say/ h l d ]]oabmw&m;tm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumifh teEÅ&ypön;rnf\? umvtm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sonf\ d f d tjzpfaMumifh oreEÅ&ypön;rnf\}} [lí xl;jcm;aMumif;-xl;jcm;yHukd (a&0w) q&mwdYk onf tvd½(tyf)\? xdk f k k dS xl;jcm;yHonfvnf; ]]eda&m"ormywfrS xaom (tem*grf) yk*Kd¾ vf\ ae0onm emonm,we ukovonf k kd f (tem*grd) zvormywftm; oreEÅ&ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk paom ygVdawmf pum;wdYk Eihf f d S qefYusif\/ xdk qefYusif&mü (ajyvnfap&ef tvdYk ig) ]]pdwapwoduf oabmw&m;wdYk \ (umv rjcm;yJ) S f jzpfapjcif;iSg pGr;Edionf\ tjzpfonf r,kwavsmyg? odYk aomfvnf; eda&m"ormywf bm0em\ tpGr;jzifh f k f f h f xm;jrpfxm;aomaMumifh (omvQi) (ypö,yef pdwapodu) w&m;wdYk onf umvtjcm;rJü rjzpfyJ ½SMd uygonf}} f k Ü f f h [lí acsyaom pum;udk (xdk q&mwkYd u) qdMk u\? xdpum;onfvnf; umvjzifh tjcm;r½Sonf\tjzpf r½Sjd cif;udk k d omvQif NyD;ap\/ NyD;apyHum;-xdk eda&m"ormywfrS xaomtcg pdwapwodujf zpf&mü bm0em\ tpGr;aMumifh k f f umvtm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sonf\ tjzpfonf r½Syg? odYk jzpfaomaMumifh igwdYk onfvnf; þumvtm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sd d d onf\ tjzpfr½Sjd cif;udomvQif? 0g? þckepf&uf tp½Saom umvtm;jzifh tjcm;½Sonf\ tjzpf½jdS cif;udomvQif k d d k qdyguke\/ ,if;odYk umvtm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sonf\tjzpf r½Sjd cif;aMumifh (xdk q&mwdYk \ teuft&tm;jzif) k f d h oreEÅ&ypön; tjzpfonf roifyg? tb,faMumifqaomf xdk q&mwdYk \ t,lonf ]]umvtm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sonf f h h h kd d \ tjzpfaMumifh oreEÅ&ypön; rnfonf}}[k jzpfaomaMumifh aywnf;/ xdk (odYk jyqdconftwdi; ]]umvtm;jzifh f k hJ h k f tjcm;r½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumifh oreEÅ&ypön; rnfonf}} [laom teuf\ roifjh cif;)aMumifh NrJNrHpm ESv;oGi; d f G kH f jcif;udk rûyrlí þteEÅ& oreEÅ&[laom ypön; 2-yg;wkYd ü o'´grQjzifomvQif xl;jcm;jcif;udk ,HMk unf ,lq f h tyf\? teuftm;jzifh (xl;jcm;jcif;ud) r,lqtyfay? tb,foYkd xl;jcm;oenf;[lr¿ þypön; pdwapwoduf k l f f w&m;wdYk tm; (ypö,yeEi) jcm;uG,wwfaom tjcm;emrfw&m;onf r½S?d xkYd aMumifh teEÅ&rnfue\/ yHkoP²mef k Ü f S hf f k f r½Sjd cif;aMumifh aumif;pGm tjcm;r½SMd uuke?f xkoYkd aumif;pGm tjcm;r½SMd uaomaMumifh oreEÅ& rnfue\/ d k f

(6) o[Zmwypönf;
599/ jzpfay:qJyifvQif (rdrEi) twlwuG (waygif;wnf;ûydiw) (ypö,yew&m;wdYk u) jzpfay:aponf\ d S hf f l k Ü f kd tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;onf o[Zmwypön; rnf\/ (Oyrm) qDr;onf (jzpfay:qJyifvQif) f D tvif;a&mifukd (jzpfay:apvsuf aus;Zl;ûyo) uJoYkd aywnf;/ xkd o[Zmwypön;onf emrfcE¨m ponfwYdk\ h f tpGrf;tm;jzifh 6-yg;tjym;½Sd\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum;G l kH ]](1) av;yg;ukeaom pdwapwoduf emrfcE¨mwkYd onf tcsif;csif; o[Zmwypön; f f f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? (2) av;yg;ukeaom r[mbkwwYdk onf tcsif;csif; (o[Zmw owåd d f f jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\)? (3) y#doaE¨cPü pdwapwoduemrf ESihf ([',0w¬K) ½kyonftcsif;csif; f f f (o[Zmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy\)? (4) pdwapwoduf w&m;wkYd onf pdwaMumifjh zpfaom f f (pdwZ) ½kywYkd tm;jzifh (o[Zmw owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy\)? (5) r[mbkwwYkd onf Oyg'g½kyf å f f wdYk tm; (o[Zmw owåjd zifaus;Zl;ûy\)? (6) ([',0w¬K) ½kyw&m;wkYd onf pdwapwoduf h f f

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emrfw&m;wkYd tm; tcsKYd aom (y#doaE¨) umvü o[Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? f d tcsKdYaom (y0wå) umvü o[Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl; rûy}} [lí yifwnf;/ d f d þ aemufq;tyd'f pum;udk [',0w¬Kudom&nfí a[m (tyf)onf/ kH k k

(7) tnrnypönf;
«167» 600/ tcsif;csif; (tjyeftvSe) jzpfapwwf-axmufywwfonf\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom f hH w&m;onf tnrnypön;rnf\/ (Oyrm) tcsif;csif; axmufyvsuf axmifaeaom opfom; oH;acsmif;uJoYkd f hH k h aywnf;/ xdk tnrnypön;onf emrfcE¨m ponfwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh 3-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) f f G a[mawmfryum;-]] (1) av;yg;ukeaom pdwapwoduemrfcE¨mwkYd onf (tcsif;csif; aus;Zl;ûyaom) tnrn l kH f f f ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? (2) av;yg;ukeaom r[mbkwf wkYd onf (tnrnypön; owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy\)? f d f f (3) y#doaE¨cPü pdwapwoduemrfEihf [',0w¬K½kyonf tnrnypön; (owå)jzifaus;Zl;ûy\}}[líyifwnf;/ f f S f f d h

(8) edó,ypönf;
601/ (ajrBuD;ponfonf opfyifponf\ wnf&mjzpfouJoYkd) wnf&m tjcif;t&mtm;jzif¤if;?(yef;csum; h h D t0wfponfonf yef;csaq; ponf\ rS&mjzpfouJoYkd ) rS&mtjcif;t&m tm;jzif¤if; aus;Zl;ûywwfaom D D h D h w&m;onf edó,ypön; rnf\? (Oyrm) ajrBuD;ponfEihf t0wf ponfwYkdonf opfyifponfEihf yef;csaq; f S S D ponfwYkd \ (wnf&m rS&m jzpfueo)uJoYkd aywnf;/ xdk edó,ypön;udk ]]av;yg;ukeaom pdwf apwoduemrf D k f h f f f cE¨mwdYk onf tcsif;csif; edó,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk (ponfjzif) o[Zmwypön;ü qktyfcaom f d h f d hJ enf;jzifyifvQif odtyf\/ txl;um; þ edó,ypönf;ü 6-ckajrmuftzdYk ukd ]]pu©m,weonf pu©K 0dnmP"mwf h tm;¤if;/ y/ aom wm,weonf ....? Cme,weonf ....? Zd0Sg,weonf ....? um,m,weonf um,0dnmP "mwftm;¤if;? xdk0dnmPfESifh ,SOfaom (apwoduf 7-yg;) w&m;wkYd tm;¤if; edó,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ f d tMuif½yukd rSí (yOö'g&m0ZÆe;ESihf orÜ#pKdä ef;a'G;ac:) raem"mwfonf¤if;? (t½ly0dyguf 4-ck MuOfaom 72-yg; k f D G f d aom) raem0dnmP"mwfonf¤if; jzpfue\? xdk (rS&m) ½kyonf raem"mwftm;¤if;? raem0dnmP"mwftm;¤if;? k f D f xdk "mwf 2-yg;ESi,Oaom apwoduw&m;wkYd tm;¤if; edó,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lí þodkY a0bef hf S f f f d a[mawmfrl (tyf) ayonf/

(9) Oyedó,ypönf;
602/ Oyedó,ypöa,m [laom þyk'ürl þqkvwHonfum; a½S;OD;pGm 0pew¬ o'´geuf aywnf;/ xdk f d h taMumif;ESihf pyfaom jzpfjcif; ½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumifh rD&m[laom rdr\tusKd;onf (xdr&m taMumif;ud)rStyf\ d S d k DS k D rpGeYf vwtyf? xkoYkd rpGeYf vwyJ rStyfaomaMumifh edó, rnf\/ Oyedó, rnfyrm vGeuJ jyif;jyaom T f d T f D kH S f tm,mo-yifyef;jcif;onf Oyg,mo rnfouJoYkd xkYd twl vGeuaom edó,-rS&monf Oyedó,rnf\/ þ h f J D Oyedó, [laom trnfonf tm;BuD;aom taMumif;\ trnfaywnf;/ xkYd aMumifh tm;BuD;aom taMumif; tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;onf Oyedó, ypön;rnf\ [lí odtyf\/ f xdk Oyedó,onf (1) tm&r®Pyedó, (2) teEŽyedó, (3) yuwlyedó, [lí 3-yg;tjym;½Sd\/ l l xdk 3-yg;wdkYwGif a½S;OD;pGm tm&r®Plyedó,ypönf;udk .... ]]vªz,0w¬Kudk ay;vªNyD;vQif oDvudk aqmufwnfNyD;vQif Oykoapmifjh cif;trIukd ûyNyD; G f f vQif xkd 'ge oDvOykoapmifjh cif;udk tav;ûyí qifjcif\? a½S;umvü aumif;pGm usifcaom f h hJ aumif;rIwYkd ukd tav;ûyí qifjcif\? psmefrS xNyD;vQif psmefukd tav;ûyí qifjcif\? aou© (usiq) yk*Kd¾ vfwYdkonf (aomwmywår*f\ a½S;tjcm;rJjh zpfaom) a*gMwblukd tav;ûyí hf J d qifjcifue\? (txufr*fo;yg;\ a½S;tjcm;rJjh zpfaom) a0g'gefukd tav;ûyíqifjcifue\? k f kH k f aou©y*Kd¾ vfwYdk onf r*frS xí r*fukd tav;ûyí qifjcifue\}}[k k k f

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þodYk tp½Saomenf;jzifh tm&r®Pm"dywdypön;ESihf xl;jcm;jcif;udk rûyrlí a0bef a[mMum;awmfr(tyf)\/ d f l xdpum;&yfü? 0g? xkoYkd twlûyí a[m&mü tMuiftm½kukd tav;ûyí pdwapwoduwYkd onf jzpfue\? xdktm½kH k d H f f k f onf ude;aotNrJtm;jzifh xdk pdwapwoduwYdk \ tm½kHwdkYwGif tm;BuD;aomtm½kH jzpfayonf/ odYk jzpfí «168» f f f tav;ûytyfonf\ tjzpfrQ [laom teufoabmaMumifh tm&r®Pm"dywdrnf\? tm;BuD;aom taMumif;[laom teufoabmaMumifh tm&r®Pyedó,rnf\ [lí þtm&r®Pm"dywdEihf tm&r®Pyedó,wkYd \ þodYk aom l S l xl;jcm;jcif;udk odtyfayonf/ teEŽyedó,ypön;udvnf; ]]a½S;a½S;ü jzpfueaom ukovf cE¨mwdYk onf aemufaemufü jzpfueaom l f k k f kd k f ukovf cE¨mwkYd tm; Oyedó,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh teEÅ&ypön;ESihf xl;jcm; kd f d d f jcif;udk rûyrlí? 0g? twlûyíomvQif a0befawmfrl (tyf)\/ odYk aomf rmwdumxm;&m (ypö,eda'´oygVd)ürl ,if; ypönf; 2-yg;wkYd wif ]]pu©K0dnmP"mwfonf¤if;? ,if; 0dnmP"mwfEihf ,SOaom apwoduf (7)yg; w&m;wkYd onf G S f ¤if; raem"mwftm;¤if;? ,if;"mwfEihf ,SOaom (10) yg;aom apwoduf w&m;wkYd tm;¤if; teEÅ& ypön;(owå)jzifh S f f d aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh teEÅypön;\ vmjcif;aMumif?h 0g? teEÅ&ypön;udk a[mjcif;aMumif¤if;? d f f h ]]a½S;a½S;ü jzpfueaom ukovw&m;wkYd onf aemufaemufü jzpfueaom ukovf w&m;wkYd tm; Oyedó,ypön; k f kd f k f kd f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom enf;jzifh teEŽlyedó, ypönf;\ vmjcif;aMumif?h 0g? teEÅ ½lyedó, d ypön;udk a[mjcif;aMumif¤if; rmwdumxm;&mü xl;jcm;jcif; ½Sao;\/ xdrmwdumxm;&mü xl;jcm;jcif;onfvnf; f h d k oabmteuftm;jzifh wckwnf;tjzpf-wlonf\ tjzpfoYkdomvQif a&muf\/ þodYk yif xl;jim;aomfvnf; rdrd rdr\ tjcm;rJü oifavsmfaom pdwKå yÜg'fukd jzpfapjcif;iSg pGr;Edionf\ tjzpfaMumifh teEÅ&ypön; tjzpfukd d h h f k f f (odtyf\)? aemufpwukd jzpfap&mü a½S;pdw\ tm;BuD;onf\ tjzpfaMumifh teEŽyedó,ypön; tjzpfukd d f f l f odtyf\/ Oyrmjzifh jy&vQi-a[wkypön; ponfwYdk wif tcsKdYaom w&m;ESihf uif;ívnf; pdwonfjzpfEiouJoYkd f f G f kd f h xdYk twl tjcm;rJh pdwEiuif;í pdw\ jzpfjcif;rnfonf r½S?d xkYd aMumifh tm;BuD;aom taMumif;jzpf ay\/ odkYjzpfí f S hf f rdrd rdr\ tjcm;rJü oifavsmaom pdwukd jzpfaponf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh teEÅ&ypön;rnf\? tm;BuD;aom d h h f f f f taMumif;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh teEŽyedó, ypön;rnf\ [lí þypönf; 2-yg;wdkY\ þodYk aom xl;jcm;jcif;udk f l f odtyfayonf/ yuwlyedó,udrl (þodYk odtyf\)-yuw-(rdr\tusK;udk NyD;apEdiatmif) aumif;pGmûyjyiftyfaom + k d d k f Oyedó,-tm;BuD;aom taMumif;onf yuwlyedó,rnf\/ yuw-aumif;pGm ûyjyiftyfonf rnfonfrm rdrd S oEÅmefü NyD;aptyfaom o'¨g oDv ponfonf¤if;? 0g? o'¨g oDv okw pm* ynmonf¤if;? rS0tyfaomOwk D J abmZOf ponfonf¤if;? 0g? Owk abmZOf yk*Kd¾ vf ausmif; tdy&m ae&monf¤if; (yuw rnfonf) jzpfayonf/ f wenf; 0pew¬um;-(tm&r®P teEÅ&wkYd Eihf ra&m,Suy) rdr\ yifukd yuwd oabmtm;jzifomvQif Oyedó,S f J d h tm;BuD;aom taMumif;onf yuwly edó,rnf\/ tm&r®P teEÅ&wkYd Eihf ra&m,Suf aom Oyedó,-[k S qdv\/ xdk yuwlyedó,\ tjym;udk k kd ]]yuwlyedó,um; - o'¨gw&m;udk trDûS yí tvª'geudk ay;vª\? oDvudk aqmuf wnf\? Oykoapmifo;jcif; trIukd ûy\? psmefujkd zpfap\? 0dyóemudk jzpfap\? r*fukd f h kH jzpfap\? tbdnmOfukd jzpfap\? ormywfukd jzpfap\/ oDvudk --/ okwudk --/ pm*udk -/ ynmudk trSûD yí tvª'geay;vª\/ y/ ormywfukd jzpfap\/ o'¨gonf? oDvonf? okwonf? pm*onf? ynmonf (aemufxyf jzpfaom) o'¨gtm;? oDvtm;? okwtm;? pm* tm;? ynmtm; Oyedó,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom enf;jzifh -f d rsm;aomtjym;tm;jzifh odtyf\/ þqdconftwdi; þo'¨gtp½Saom w&m;wkYd onf (aumif;pGm ûyjyiftyfaom k hJ h k f d aMumif) yuwvnf; rnfue\? tm;BuD;aom teufoabmaMumifh Oyedó,vnf; rnfue\? xdk 2-yg;aom h k f k f taMumif;aMumifh yuwlyedó,rnfonf[k odtyf\/

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(10) yka&Zmwypönf;
«169» 603/ (ypö,yew&m;wkYd rjzpfr) a½S;OD;pGm jzpfNyD;vQif jzpfq-½SdqJ-wnfq\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl; k Ü f D J J ûywwfaom (edyE½yf 18-ck [laom) w&m;onf yka&Zmwypön;rnf\/ xdk yka&Zmw ypön;onf yOö'g&ü pu©K æ é k f f G paom 0w¬Kç ½lyg,wepaom tm½kçH [',0w¬KwkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh 11-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmf f G rlyum; kH ]]pu©m,weonf pu©K0dnmP"mwftm;¤if;? xk0nmP"mwf ESi,Oaom apwoduf d d hf S f (7-yg;) w&m;wkYd tm;¤if; yka&Zmw ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ aomwm,weonf f d aomw0dnmP"mwf tm;¤if; --/ Cmem,weonf Cme0dnmP"mwf tm;¤if; --/ Zd0Sg ,weonf Zd0g0dnmP"mwftm;¤if; --/ um,m,wemonf um,0dnmP"mwftm;¤if; S xd0nmP"mwf ESi,Oaom apwoduf (7-yg;) w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; yka&Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh k d hf S f f d aus;Zl;ûy\/ ½lyg,weonf pu©K0dnmP "mwftm;¤if; --/ o'´g,weonf aomw 0dnmP"mwftm;¤if; --/ *E¨m,weonf Cme0dnmP "mwftm;¤if; --/ &om,weonf Zd0g0dnmP"mwftm;¤if; --/ azm|AÁm,weonf um,0dnmP "mwftm;¤if;? xdk 0dnmP S "mwfEihf ,SOaom apwoduf (7-yg;) w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; yka&Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl; S f f d ûy\/ ½lyg,weonf o'´g,weonf *E¨m,weonf &om,weonf azm|AÁm,weonf raem"mwftm;¤if;? xdraem"mwfEihf ,SOf aom apwoduf (10-yg;) w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; k S yka&Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy \/ tMuif½yukd trSûD yí raem"mwfonf¤if;? raem f d k f 0dnmP"mwfonf¤if; jzpfue\? xdk rS&m½kyonf raem"mwftm;¤if;? xdk "mwfEi,Oaom k f D f S hf S f apwoduf w&m;wkYd tm;¤if; yka&Zmw ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? (t½ly0dyguf 4-ck f d MuOfaom 72-yg;aom) raem0dnmP"mwf tm;¤if;? xd"mwfEihf ,SOaom apwoduf (52k S f yg;) w&m;wkYd tm;¤if; (yXrb0ifrpí y0wåumv[k qdtyfaom) tcsKdYaom umvü S d k yka&Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? (y#doaE¨cP[k qktyfaom) tcsKdYaomumvü f d d yka&Zmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;rûy? (o[Zmwypön; owåjd zifom aus;Zl;ûy\)}}[líyif f d f h wnf;/

(11) ypämZmwypönf;
604/ (ypön;w&m;wdYk rjzpfr) a½S;OD;pGm jzpfEiueaom ({u Zum, 'dZum, wdZum,-[kqueaom) f D S hf k f G kd k f ½kyw&m;wdYk ukd axmufywwfonf\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom (t½ly0dyguf 4-ck MuOfaom pdwf 85-ck? f hH apwoduf 52-ck[k qdtyfaom) emrfw&m;onf ypämZmwypön; rnf\/ (Oyrm) tm;[m&ü jzpfaom awmifwrI k f h apwemonf vif;wi,fwYkd\ ud,wYdk tm; (axmufyHh aomtm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyo)uJoYkd aywnf;/ xkYd aMumifh .... k f h ]]aemufü jzpfueaom (yOöa0g[m&bHü jzpfcuf jzpfaepdwf 85-ck? apwoduf 52-ck k f k kd [laom) emrfw&m;wdYk onf a½S;ü jzpfEiaom ({uZ 'dZ wdZ pwkZum,[k qdtyfaom) þ S hf G k ½kyu,tm; ypämZmwypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lí (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfrl (tyf) f kd f f d G ayonf/

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(12) tmao0eypönf;
605/ (ypö,yew&m;wkYd ukd ukovtp½Saom tjzpfjzifrrEihf wlatmif tzefwvJvJ ûyjyifjcif; jzpfapjcif; k Ü f kd f d h d d S [laom) rS0apjcif; txH&apjcif; oabmjzif?h 0g? (rdrEiwaom oabm½Sonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&mufapjcif; D J k d S hf l d [laom) xHapjcif; oabmjzif?h 0g? (rdrEiwaom oabm½Sonf\ tjzpfukd ,lapjcif; [laom) xHapjcif;-txHk k d S hf l d k &apjcif; oabmjzifh tjcm;rJü jzpfueaom (yXraZm zdvaZm MuOfaom aemufaemufaZm 51-ck? apwoduf 52h k f k f ck [laom) ypö,yew&m;wdYk tm; avhvmonf\tjzpf tm;BuD;onf\ tjzpftvdYk ig? 0g? tavhtvm&&ef k Ü f S tm;aumif;&ef tvdYk ig aus;Zl;ûywwfaom (tqH;aZm MuOfaom a½S;a½S;avmuDaZm 47-ck? apwoduf 52-ck S k [laom) w&m;onf tmao0eypön;rnf\/ (Oyrm) usr;*efponfwYdkü a½S;a½S;jzpfaom (oif,jl cif; Mum;emjcif; f f aqmifjcif;tp½Saom) tm;xkwjf cif; (rS0jJ cif;) uJoYkd aywnf;/ xdtmao0e ypön;onf ukovaZm tukovaZm d D h k f kd f kd f Bud,maZmwdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh oH;yg;tjym;½S\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; f k d G l kH ]]a½S;a½S;ü jzpfueaom (avmuD) ukov(aZm emrfcE¨m)w&m;wdYk onf aemufaemufü k f kd f jzpfueaom ukov(aZm emrf cE¨m) w&m;wdYk tm; tmao0eypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ k f kd f f d a½S;a½S;ü jzpfueaom tukov(aZm emrfcE¨m) w&m;wdYk onf aemuf aemufü jzpfueaom k f dk f k f tukov(aZm emrfcE¨m) w&m; wkYd tm; ..../ a½S;a½S;ü jzpfueaom Bud,m(aZm emrfcE¨m) kd f k f tAsmuww&m;wdYk onf aemufaemufü jzpfueaom Bud,m(aZm emrfcE¨m) tAsmuww&m; k f wdYk tm; tmao0eypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [líyifwnf;/ f d

(13) ur®ypönf;
606/ pdw\ ya,m*-Asmyg&-[k qdtyfaom ûyrI-tm;xkwr\ tjzpfjzif?h 0g? ûyvkytm;xkwjf cif; f k f I f trlt&m oabmjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom (apwem 89-ck [laom) w&m;onf ur®ypön;rnf\/ xdur®ypön; f k f onf (ypö,yeEi) xl;jcm;uGjJ ym;aom cP½Saom ukovapwem tukovapwem\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;? k Ü f S hf d kd f kd f f h (ypö,yeEi)twlwuG wûydieufjzpfaom tvH;pHvnf;jzpfaom (89-ckaom)apwem\tpGr;tm;jzifvnf;aumif; k Ü f S hf f k k f h 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH ]]ukovf tukovuonf 0dyguf (tusKd;) jzpfueaom (pdwapwoduf emrf) cE¨m kd kd f H k f f wkYd tm;¤if;? (u#wåm½kyac:) ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if;? (ememu©Pu) ur®ypön; (owå)jzifh f f d f d aus;Zl;ûy\/ (89-ckaom) apwemonf ,SOueaom pdwapwoduf w&m;wdYk tm¤if;? xdk f k f f apwemaMumifh jzpfaom ½kywYkd tm;¤if; (o[Zmw) ur®ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lí f f d yifwnf;/

(14)0dyguypönf;
«170» 607/ tm;xkwrI vHYk v Asmyg&uif;aom Nidroufonf\ tjzpfjzifh tm;xkwrI vHYk v Asmyg& f f f uif;aom Nidroufonf\ tjzpftvdYk ig? 0g? tm;xkwruif;aom Nidroufjcif; jzpf&ef aus;Zl;ûywwfaom 0dyguf f S f I f (tusKd;) w&m;onf 0dyguypön;rnf\/ xdk 0dyguypön;onf y0wåumvü xdk 0dygufaMumifh jzpfaom ½kywYkd tm; f f d f ¤if;? y#doaE¨umvü ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if;? y0wåd y#doaE¨um, tvH;pHü ,SObuf pdwf apwoduwYdk tm;¤if; f k k f f (0dygu ypön;owåjd zif) aus;Zl;ûywwf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; f h G l kH ]]0dyguftAsmuwjzpfaom cE¨mwyg;onf cE¨moH;yg;wkYd tm;¤if;? pdwZ½kywYkd tm;¤if; k å f 0dyguypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ y/ y#doaE¨cPü 0dyguftAsmuw jzpfaom cE¨mwyg; f d onf cE¨m oH;yg;wkYd tm;¤if;? y#doaE¨ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if; ..../ cE¨moH;yg;wdYk onf cE¨mwyg; k f k tm;¤if;? cE¨m 2-yg; wdkYonf cE¨m 2-yg;wdYk tm;¤if;? y#doaE¨ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if; 0dyguypön; f f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ cE¨mwkYd onf 0w¬K½kytm; 0dygyypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lí d f f d yifwnf;/

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(15) tm[m&ypönf;
608/ ½kyfemrfwkdYtm; axmufywwfonf\ tjzpfjzif?h 0g? axmufywwfaom oabmjzifh aus;Zl; ûywwf hH hH ukeaom 4-yg;aom tm[m&wkYd onf tm[m&ypön; rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum;f f G l kH ]]tvkytavGY r[kwaomfvnf; tvkytavGYuoYkd ûytyfaom (uH-pdw-O-[m f f f hJ f aMumif; 4-jzmaMumifh jzpfaom MoZmac:) tm[m&onf (uvmyfwl uvmyfjym; jzpfaom pwkZum,wdZum,[k qktyfaom ) þ½kytaygif; ud,tm; tm[m&ypön; (owå) jzifh d f k f f d aus;Zl;ûy\/ (zó apwem 0dnmPf [laom) emrftm[m&wkYd onf ,SObuf emrfw&m;wdYk f tm;¤if;? xdk emrftm[m&wkYd aMumifh jzpfaom ½kywYkd tm;¤if; tm[m&ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl; f f d ûy\}} [lí yifwnf;/ yO§m0g&ürlum; ]]y#doaE¨cPü 0dyguftAsmuw jzpfueaom (zóapwem0dnmPf [laom) k f tm[m&wdYk onf ,SObufemrf cE¨mwkYd tm;¤if;? y#doaE¨ ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if; tm[m& ypön; f f f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lívnf; a[mawmfrl (tyf)ao;\/ d

(16) £`E´d,ypönf;
909/ tpd;&jcif;oabmtm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfueaom £w¬a`E´ yk&oa`E´wYkdrwyg;ukeaom ESpq,faom k k f d d d S f f £a`E´wYdkonf £`E´,ypön;rnf\/ xdk £a`E´Epq,fwYdk wif pu©Ka`E´ ponfwYdk onf? 0g? pu©Ka`E´/ y/ um,da`E´ d f S f G okca`E´ 'kua`E´wYkdonf (pu©K0dnmPf tp½Saom ig;yg;aom) emrfw&m;wdYk tm;omvQif aus;Zl;ûywwf\? d d© d <uif;aom £a`E´ (13)yg;wkYd onf ½kyEihf emrf (2-yg;vH;) wkYd tm; aus;Zl;ûywwfue\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmf f S k k f G rlyum; kH ]]pu©Ka`E´onf pu©K0dnmP"mwftm;¤if;/ y/ aomwda`E´onf ---/ Cmeda`E´onf -/ Zd0a`E´onf ---/ um,da`E´onf um, 0dnmP"mwftm;¤if;? xd"mwfEihf ,SOaom dS k S f apwoduemrf w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; £`E´,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ ½kyfZD0dwda`E´onf f d f d uvmyfwl ur®Z½kywYkd tm; £`E´,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ (o½kyftm;jzifh 8-yg;? f d f d £`E´,ab' tm;jzifh 15-yg; ukeaom) emrf£a`E´wYdkonf ,SObufemrf w&m;wdYk tm;¤if;? d f f xk£a`E´wYkd aMumifjh zpfaom ½kywYkd tm;¤if; £`E´,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[líyifwnf;/ d f d f d yO§m0g&ürlum; ]]y#doaE¨cPü 0dyguftAsmuw jzpfueaom £a`E´wYdk onf ,SObufemrf cE¨mwkYd tm;¤if;? y#doaE¨ k f f ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if; £`E´,ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lívnf; a[mawmfrl (tyf) ao;\/ f d f d

(17) psmeypönf;
610/ (tm½ku) uyfí½Ijcif; (pl;pl;pdupu) ½Ijcif; oabmjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfueaom a'GyOö0nmPfü H kd k f kd f k f d okcESihf 'kua0'em 2-yg; taygif;udcsefxm;í tvH;pHvnf; jzpfueaom ukovponf tjym;½Sueaom © k k k k f kd f d k f (0dwuf 0dpm& yDwd aomreó a'greó Oayu©m {u*¾wmwkYd tvdtm;jzif) ckepfyg; ukeaom psmeif (psmef\ k h f tpdwft*Fg) wkYd onf psmeypön; rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; f G l kH ]]psmeifwYkd onf psmefEi,Oaom pdwapwoduw&m;wdYk tm;¤if;? xdpsmefaMumifh S hf S f f f k jzpfaom ½kywYkd tm;¤if; «171» psmeypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lí yifwnf;/ f f d yO§m0g&ürlum;]]y#doaE¨cPü 0dyguf tAsmuw jzpfueaom psmeifwYdk onf ,SObufemrf cE¨mwkYd k f f tm;¤if;? y#doaE¨ ur®Z½kyf wdYk tm;¤if; psmeypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lívnf; f d

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a[mawmfrl (tyf) ao;\/

(18) r*¾ypönf;
611/ trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzif?h 0g? trSeEitrSm; wyg;yg;tm;jzifh xGuajrmufaMumif; f k f S hf f (NyD;ajrmufaMumif;) oabmjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfueaom ukovponf tjym; ½Sueaom 12-yg;aom r*¾i(r*f\ k f kd f d k f f tpdwt*Fg) wdYk onf r*¾ypön; rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum;f f G l kH ]]r*¾ifwkdYonf r*fEi,Oaom pdwapwoduw&m;wdYk tm;¤if;? xdr*faMumifh jzpfaom S hf S f f f k ½kywYkd tm;¤if; r*¾ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [líyifwnf;/ f f d yO§m0g&ürlum; ]]y#doaE¨cPü 0dyguftAsmuw jzpfueaom r*¾iwYkd onf ,SObuf emrfcE¨mwkYd k f f f tm;¤if;? y#doaE¨ur®Z½kywYkd tm;¤if; r*¾ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[lívnf; a[mawmfrl f f d (tyf)ao;\/ txl;rSwz,um;-þ 2-yg;aom psmeypön;ESihf r*¾ypön;wdYk ukd (tpOftwdi;) a'GyOö0nmPf pdwwYkd Eihf f G f f f k f d f S t[dwpwwYkd ü r&tyfue[k odtyfue\/ f d f k f k f

(19) orÜ,kwåypönf;
612/ wlaom0w¬K ½Sdonf\tjzpf wlaomtm½kH½Sdonf\tjzpf wlaomjzpfjcif; ½Sonf\tjzpf wlaom d csKyfjcif;½Sonf\tjzpf[k qktyfaom? 0g? wnf&mwljcif; tm½kwjl cif; tjzpfwjl cif; tcsKyfwjl cif;[k qdtyfaom d d H k orÜ,wtjzpf (,SOonf\tjzpf)jzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom pdwf apwoduf emrfw&m;wdYk onf orÜ,wypön; k f f k å f rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum;G l kH ]]av;yg;ukeaom pdwf apwoduf emrfcE¨mwkYd onf tcsif;csif; orÜ,wypön; f k å f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [líyifwnf;/ d

(20) 0dyÜ,kwåypönf;
613/ wlaom0w¬K½Sonf ponf\tjzpfoYkd ra&mufaomtm;jzif?h 0g? wnf&mwljcif;ponf r½Saom d d tm;jzifh pdwapwoduf emrfw&m;wkYd tm; aus;Zl;ûywwfaom ½kyw&m;wkYd onf¤if;? ½kyw&m;wdYk tm; aus;Zl;ûywwf f f f aom pdwf apwoduf emrfw&m;wdYk onf¤if; 0dy,wå ypön; rnf\/ xdk 0dy,wypön;onf o[Zmw0dy,wf Ü k f Ü k å f Ü k ypämZmw 0dy,wf yka&Zmw0dy,wwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh oH;yg; tjym;½S\/ rSeay\? (jrwfpmbk&m;onf)Ü k Ü k f f k d f G ]]wuGjzpfueaom ukovcE¨mwkYd onf pdwZ½kywYdk tm; 0dy,wypön; (owå)jzifh k f kd f å f Ü k å f d aus;Zl;ûy\/ aemufü jzpfueaom ukovcE¨mwkYd onf a½S;üjzpfaom þ½kytaygif;ud,tm; k f kd f f k f 0dy,wå ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} þodYk tp½Saom þpum;udk a[mawmfr(tyf) Ü k f d d l ay\/ txl;um;-tAsmuwyk'\ o[Zmw0dbif;ü .... f ]]y#doaE¨cPü 0dyguftAsmuwjzpfaom cE¨mwkYd onf ur®Z½kywYdk tm; 0dy,wypön; f Ü k å f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? y#doaE¨ 0dygufcE¨mwkYd onf 0w¬K½kytm;? 0w¬K½kyonf y#doaE¨ d f f 0dygufcE¨mwdYk tm; 0dy,wypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[lívnf; a[mawmfr(tyf)ao;\/ Ü k å f d l yka&Zmw0dy,wurum; pu©Ka`E´paom 0w¬K½kywYkd \ tpGr;tm;jzifomvQif odtyf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) Ü k f kd l f f h G a[mawmfryum; l kH

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]]a½S;ü jzpfaom pu©m,weonf pu©K0dnmPftm;/ y/ um,m,weonf um,0d nmPftm; 0dy,wypön;(owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ 0w¬K½kyonf 0dyguftAsmuw jzpfueaom Ü k å f d f k f Bud,m tAsmuwjzpfueaom cE¨mwdYk tm;/y/ 0w¬K½kyonf ukovcE¨mwkdYtm;/y/ 0w¬K½kyf k f f kd f onf tukovcE¨mwkYd tm; 0dy,wypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [líyifwnf;/ kd f Ü k å f d

(21) tw¬dypönf;
614/ (taMumif;udpí jzpfqJ ½Sq) ypöKyÜeoabmvu©Pm jzpfaom ½SaeqJ\ tjzpfjzifh xkdodkY ½SdaeqJ k JG d J f d omvQijf zpfaom w&m;tm; axmufywwfonf\ tjzpfjzif?h 0g? axmufyaom tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m; Hh hH onf tw¬ypön; rnf\/ xdktw¬dypönf;\ rmwdum (acgif;pOf)udk emrfcE¨mç r[mbkwçf emrf½yçf pdwap woduçf d f k f r[mbkwçf tm,weç 0w¬K½kywYdk \ tpGr;jzifh ckepfyg; tjym;tm;jzifh «172» xm;awmfrl (tyf)\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) f f G a[mawmfryum; l kH ]](1) av;yg;ukeaom pdwapwoduf emrfcE¨mwkYd onf tcsif;csif; tw¬ypön; (owå) f f d f d jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? (2) av;yg; ukeaom r[mbkwwYdk onf ....? (3) y#doaE¨cPü pdwf f f apwoduemrfEihf ([',) 0w¬K½kyonf ....? (4) pdwf apwoduw&m; wkYd onf pdwaMumifh f S f f f jzpfaom (pdwZ) ½kywYdk tm; ....? (5) r[mbkwwYdk onf Oyg'g½kywYkd tm; ....? (6) pu¨m,we å f f f onf pu©K0dnmP "mwftm;¤if;/ y/ um,m,weonf/ y/ ½lyg,weonf/ y/ azm|AÁm ,weonf um,0dnmP"mwftm;¤if;? xdk 0dnmP"mwfEihf ,SOaom apwoduf (7)yg; S f w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; tw¬ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? ½lyg,weonf/ y/ azm|AÁm,weonf d f d raem"mwftm;¤if;? xdk raem"mwfEihf ,SOaom apwoduf (10) yg;w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; ..../ (7) S f tMuif½yutrSûD yí raem"mwfonf¤if;? raem0dnmP"mwfonf¤if; jzpfue\? xdr&m½kyf k f kd k f k DS onf raem"mwftm;¤if;? raem0dnmP"mwftm;¤if;? xdk "mwfwYdk Eihf ,SOaom apwoduf S f (52-yg;) w&m;wdYk tm;¤if; tw¬ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [lí yifwnf;/ d f d yO§m0g&ürlum; (1) o[Zmww¬ypön;? (2) yka&Zmww¬ypön;? (3) ypämZmww¬ypön;? (4) tm[m&w¬d d f d f d f ypön;? (5) £`E´,w¬ypön; [lívnf; (acgif;pOf) xm;NyD;vQif a½S;OD;pGm (1) o[Zmww¬d ypön;ü ]]wckaom cE¨m f d d f f onf oH;yg;ukeaom cE¨mwdYk tm;¤if;? xkcE¨maMumifh jzpfaom½kywYdk tm;¤if; tw¬ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} k f d f d f d þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh tus,fjyjcif;udk ûyawmfrl (tyf)\/ (2) yka&Zmww¬d ypön;ü a½S;ü jzpfueaom pu©K d f k f ponfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzif?h 0g? pu©Kaomw Cme Zd0g um, ½ly o'´ *E¨ &o azm|AÁ 0w¬K ½ly o'´ ½lyg,we/ f S y/ pu©m,we/ y/ um,m,we 0w¬KwdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh tus,fjyjcif;udk ûyawmfrl (tyf)\/ (3) ypämZm f ww¬ypön;ü a½S;üjzpfaom þ½kytaygif;ud,tm; aemufü jzpfueaom pdwapwoduwYdk \ aus;Zl;ûyjcif;\ d f f k f k f f f tpGr;tm;jzifh tus,fjyjcif;udk ûyawmfrl (tyf)\/ (4-5) tm[m&w¬ypön;ESihf £`E´,w¬ypön;wkYd ü ]]tvkytavGY f d f d d f f r[kwaomfvnf; tvkytavGYuoYkd ûytyfaom (MoZmac:) tm[m&onf þ½kyftaygif;udk,ftm; tw¬dypönf; f f hJ (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ ½kyZ0wa`E´onf ur®Z½kywYdk tm; tw¬ypön; (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[lí þodkY tus,f d f D d d f d f d jyjcif;udk ûyawmfrl (tyf)\/

(22) ew¬dypönf;
615/ rdrd\ tjcm;rJü jzpfqjJ zpfueaom pdwf apwoduf emrfw&m;wdYk tm; jzpfciay;aomtm;jzifh aus;Zl; h k f G hf ûywwfueaom aumif;pGm a½S;tjcm;rJü csKyfavukeNf yD;aom pdwf apwoduf emrfw&m;wdYk onf ew¬ypön; rnf\/ k f h d f (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH ]]aumif;pGm a½S;tjcm;rJü csKyfavukeNf yD;aom pdwapwoduf w&m;wdYk onf (rdroYkd) h f d twkvuí jzpfueaom? 0g? ypöKyÜef jzpfueaom pdwapwoduf w&m;wdYk tm; ew¬d ypön; kd f k f k f f f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [líyifwnf;/ d

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(23) 0d*wypönf;
xdk ew¬ypön;w&m; wdYk onfyifvQif uif;onf\tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfMuaomaMumifh 0d*wypön; d f f rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH ]]aumif;pGm a½S;tjcm;rJü uif;avukeNf yD;aom pdwf apwoduf w&m;wdYk onf (rdroYkd ) h d twkvuí jzpfueaom? 0g? ypöKyÜef jzpfueaom pdwapwoduw&m;wdYk tm; 0d*wypön; kd f k f k f f f f (owå)jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\}} [líyifwnf;/ d

(24) t0d*wypönf;
xdrwyg; tw¬ypön;w&m;wdYk onfyifvQif ruif;onf\ tjzpfjzifh aus;Zl;ûywwfaomaMumifh t0d*w k S d f ypön; rnf\-[k odtyf\/ xkoYkd ew¬d tw¬ypön;wkYd uyifvQif 0d*w t0d*wypön;[k odtyfygaomfvnf; f d d f kd f a'oemawmfukd wifw,fatmif wef;qmqifwwfaom oAÁñwÓPfawmf\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;? xkoYkd (0d*w h k f h d ypöa,m t0d*w ypöa,m-[k) a[maomtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh qH;roGeoifxuaom a0ae,swYdk\tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; k f kd f f h þ(0d*wypön; t0d*wypön; wpH[aom) 'kuukd a[mawmfrl (tyf)ayonf? (Oyrm) ([dw½aom w&m;+[dwf f f k l f f dS r½Saomw&m; [laom) ta[wku'kuukd a[mNyD; jzpfygvsuvnf; ([dwEi,Oaom w&m;+[dwEir,SOaom d f f f S hf S f f S hf f w&m;) [laom a[wk0y,w'uukd (a[mtyfo)uJoYkd yifwnf;/ þwGif y|mef; ypön;udk jyqdaom pum;&yf d Ü k å k f h f k NyD;\/

t0dZÆmypö,mocFg&myk'fü tus,fjyqkdcsuf
«173» 616/ þqkdcJhonfhtwdkif; þ 24-yg;aom ypön;wdYk wif þt0dZmonf ykn (tbdocFg&) wkYd tm; f G Æ 2-yg;aom tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? wyg;ukeaom (tykn) tbdocFg&wkYd tm;rlum; rsm;aomtjym;tm;jzifh f aus;Zl;ûy\? aemufq;jzpfueaom (tmaeOÆ) tbdocFg&wkYd tm; xdt0dZmonf wyg;wnf;aom tjym;tm;jzifh kH k f k Æ aus;Zl;ûy\ [k odtyf\/ xd*gxmü yknwkdYtm; 2- yg;tjym;tm;jzifh [lonfum; (yknmbd ocFg&wkYd tm;) tm&r®P ypön;jzif¤if;? k f h Oyedó,ypönf;jzifh¤if;? þodkY 2-yg;tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ csJYíjytHh? xdkt0dZmonf t0dZmudk ukewwfaom Æ Æ f tm;jzifh ysuwwfaomtm;jzif?h 0g? ukeom;onf ysuom;onf[k oH;oyfaomumvü umrm0p&yknmbd f f G f G k ocFg&wkYd tm; tm&r®Pypön;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ (apawmy&d, ykaAÁe0go tem*wHoÓPf[k qktyfaom) f d d tbdnmOfwYdkEihf ,SOaompdwjf zifh (rdr\¤if;? olwyg;\¤if;?) arm[ESiwuGjzpfaom pdwukd odaom umvü S f d hf f ½lyg0p& (yknmbdocFg&)wkYd tm; (tm&r®Pypön;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\)/ xdkrSwyg; (t0dZÆm\ tjypfukd jrifjcif;aMumif) f h t0dZmudk vGeajrmufjcif; tusK;iSg (0#fuif;&medAmefukd awmifwojzif) ay;vªjcif;tp½Saom umr0p& yknBud, Æ f d Á h h d 0w¬KwkYukd jznfusifh qnf;yl;aom oltm;¤if;? ½lyg0p&psmefwYkd ukd jzpfapaomoltm;¤if; 2-yg;vnf; jzpfueaom d h k f xk(umr½ly) yknmbdocFg&wkYd tm; Oyedó,ypön;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ xdYk twlyif (b0\tjypfukd zH;uG,wwf d f k f aom) t0dZmjzifh jyif;pGm awGa0aomaMumifh umrb0pnf;pdrcsrf;om ½lyb0pnf;pdrcsrf;omwkYd ukd awmifwí xdk Æ f f h yknmbdocFg& 2-rsKd;wdYk uyifvQif ûyaom oltm; Oyedó,ypön;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ kd f wyg;ukeaom tbdocFg&wdYk tm;rlum; rsm;aom tjym;tm;jzifh [lonfum; tyknmbdocFg&wdYk tm; f rsm;aom tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ tb,foYkd enf;[lr¿ þ t0dZÆmonf t0dZmudk tm½kûH yí &m*ponfjzpfaom l Æ umvü tm&r®P ypön;jzifh (aus;Zl;ûy\)? tav;tjrwfûyí om,maomumvü tm&r®Pm"dywd ypön;tm&r®P f f yedó, ypön;wkYd jzifh (aus;Zl;ûy\)/ t0dZmjzifh jyif;pGmawGa0vsuf tjypfrjrifonf jzpfí ygPmwdygw-olY f Æ toufukd owfjcif; ponfwUdk udk ûyaom oltm; Oyedó, ypön;jzifh (aus;Zl;ûy\)/ 'kw,aZm ponfwYkd tm; f d teEÅ& oreEÅ& teEŽyedó, tmao0e ew¬d 0d*wypön;wkYd jzifh (aus;Zl;ûy\)/ trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom l f f k tukovukd ûyaomoltm; a[wk o[Zmw tnrn edó, orÜ,wå twåd t0d*w ypön;wkYd jzifh (aus;Zl; kd f k f ûy\)/ þodYk rsm;aom tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/

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aemufq;jzpfueaom tbdocFg&wkYd tm; xdk t0dZmonf wyg;wnf;aom tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\ [k kH k f Æ odtyf\ [lonfum; tmaeOÆmbdocFg&wdYk tm; Oyedó, ypön;jzifomvQif wyg;wnf;aom tjym;tm;jzifh f h aus;Zl;ûy\[k odtyf\/ þ t0dZÆm\ xdk Oyedó, tjzpfurl yknmbdocFg&ü qdtyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifomvQif kd k h odtyfay\/

taMumif;wckwnf;aMumifhjzpfEdkifoavm
þt&mü (&yfwefYí apm'uyk*Kd¾ vfonf ap'emud) qd\? qdyum;-þ t0dZÆmonf (tultnDtazmfrrS;) k k k kH D wyg;wnf;omvQif (jzpfvsuf) ocFg&wdYk tm; aus;Zl;ûyoavm? odYk r[kwf tjcm;(tultnD tazmf)taMumif; wdYk onfvnf; ½SMd uygao;oavm[lí qd\/ (t0dZÆm\ taMumif;wyg;ESihf uif;onf\tjzpf ruif;onf\ tjzpf k [laom) þt&mü tb,fukd qdoiftenf;¿ (oif\ apm'emonf rjynfpao;? <uif;useaeaom apm'em k h hH h kH f udvnf; qdO;avmh)/ wyg;wnf;om jzpfvsuf tu,fí aus;Zl;ûyjim;th?H (okYd jzpfvQi) wckwnf;aom taMumif; k k D f ½Sdonf-taMumif;wckwnf;aMumifh jzpfonf[aom t,l0g'onf jzpf\/ odYk r[kwf tjcm;wyg;aom taMumif;wdYk l onfvnf; ½SMd ujim;th?H (okYd jzpfvQif) ]]t0dZm [laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfMuonf}}[k taMumif;wyg; Æ wnf;udk jyjcif;onf roifavsmonf r[kwavm[lí (qd\)/ roifavsmfonf r[kw?f (oifavsmfonfomvQif h f f k h h wnf;)/ tb,faMumifenf; [lr¿ h h l þavmuü wckaomtaMumif;aMumifh (jzpfaom) wckaom tusKd;onf r½S?d rsm;pGm aom tusKd;onfvnf; r½S?d rsm;pGmaom taMumif;aMumifvnf; (jzpfaom) wckaom tusKd; h onf r½S?d odYk aomfvnf; taMumif;wckEihf tusKd;wckukd jy&mü tusKd; aus;Zl;um; ½Say\/ S d xkYd aMumifh (oifavsmayonf)/ h f «174» csJYíjy&vQif-þavmuü wckaomtaMumif;aMumifh (jzpfaom) wckaom tusK; rnfonf wpHwck d k rQ r½Say? rsm;pGmaom tusKd;onfvnf; r½Say? rsm;pGmaom taMumif;wdYk aMumifh (jzpfaom) wckaom tusKd;onf d d vnf; r½Say/ pifppfaomfum; rsm;pGmaom taMumif;wdYk aMumifh rsm;pGmaom tusKd;onfomvQif jzpfwwfayonf/ d xdk pum;rSeay\? Owk ajr rsK;aph a&-[k qdtyfueaom rsm;pGmaom taMumif;wdYk aMumifh jzpfay:aom tan§muf f d k k f -tñTeYf [k qktyfaom tqif; teYH t&om tp ½Saom rsm;pGmaom tusKd;udomvQif awGYjrif&ayonf/ okYd aomf d d k vnf; ]]t0dZm[laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfMuonf/ ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh 0dnmPfjzpfonf}} Æ þodYk ponfjzifh wckwckaom taMumif; tusK;jyjcif;udk (xdxkd t&mü) ûyxm;\? xkoYkd jy&mü tusKd;aus;Zl; d k d um; ½Sday\? ya,mZOfac: &nf½,tyfaom tusKd;um; ½Say\/ G f d csJYí jytH?h jrwfpmbk&m;onf tcsKYd a'oempum;&yfü (a[moihaom w&m;\) jy"mef;jcif;aMumif?h tcsKYd G f a'oem pum;&yfü xif½m;jcif;aMumif?h tcsKYd a'oem pum;&yfü rqufqjH cif;aMumifh a'oemudwifw,f S k h apEdiaom ÓPfawmftm;¤if;? a0ae,swdYk (\ tvdk tZÑmo,)tm;¤if; avsmfaomtm;jzifh wckwnf;omvQif k f jzpfaom taMumif;ud¤if; tusKd;ud¤if; jyawmfr\/ jyawmfryum;-]]zó [laom taMumif;aMumifh a0'em k k l l kH jzpfonf}} [laom a'oem pum;&yfü jy"mef;jcif;aMumihf wckpomvQif jzpfaom taMumif;ESihf tusK;udk a[mawmf D d rl\/ rSeay\? zótm;avsmfpm a0'emudk ydi;jcm;qH;jzwfjcif;aMumifh zóonf a0'em\ jy"mef;aom f G k f k taMumif; jzpfayonf/ a0'emtm;avsmpm zóudk ydi;jcm;qH;jzwfjcif; aMumihf a0'emonfvnf; zó\ jy"mef; f G k f k aom tusKd;jzpfayonf/ ]]ovdyvQif jzpfaMumif; ½Sueaom? 0g? ovdyaMumifh jzpfueaom temwdYk }} [laom f d k f f k f a'oem pum;&yfü xif½m;jcif;aMumifh wckwnf;aom taMumif;udk a[mawmfr\/ rSeay\? þtemjzpf&mü S l f ovdyonf xif½m;\? uHpaom taMumif;wdYk onf? 0g? uH tm[m& Owk pdwf 0dorm[m& ydwå 0gw Oyuúr f S wkYd onf rxif½m;uke?f (taMumif;rlum; - ovdyukd ukojcif;jzifh a&m*gaysmufjcif;aMumifh aywnf;)/ ]]&[ef;wdYk ? S f tvH;pHaom tukovw&m;wkYd onf ta,medaom reodum&vQif taMumif;&if; ½Sue\}} [laom a'oempum; k k kd f d k f &yfü rqufqjH cif;aMumifh wckwnf;aom taMumif;udk a[mawmfr\/ rSeay\? ta,medaom reodum&onf l f tukovw&m;wkYd \ (ukovf tAsmuwwkYd Ei) rqufqaom taMumif;aywnf;/ 0w¬K tm½kH ponfwYkd onfum; kd f kd S hf H qufqaom taMumif;wdYk aywnf;? þodYk rqufqaom taMumif;jzpfjcif;aMumifh (wckaomtaMumif;uda[mawmf H H k rlayonf)/ xk(odYk jy"mef;jcif; xif½m;jcif; rqufqjH cif;aMumifh wckaom taMumif;udk a[mawmfronf[k qkchJ d S l d aom) taMumif;aMumifh þy#dporkyg'f a'oemü þ t0dZmudk (t0dZmrS) wyg;ukeaom 0w¬K tm½kH o[Zmwf ö Ü Æ Æ f w&m; tp½Sdukefaom ocFg&\ taMumif;wkYd ½SMd uygukeaomfvnf; ]](&[ef;wkYd ? oHa,mZOfjzpfz,f tm½ktaMumif; f G H

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w&m;wkYd ü) om,mzG,[k ½Iavh½aomoltm; qmavmifwyfrufr-wPSm wd;yGg;onf? (wPSm[laom taMumif; f dS I k aMumifh Oyg'gef jzpfonf? Oyg'gef [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaMumif; uH-ocFg&[laom b0jzpfonf)}} [lí¤if;? ]]t0dZm jzpfjcif;aMumifh tmo0 jzpfjcif;½Sonf}} [lí¤if; a[mawmfrjl cif;aMumifh (t0dZmonf) wyg;ukeaom Æ d Æ f wPSm tp½Sdukefaom ocFg&\ taMumif;wkYd \vnf; taMumif; (jzpfayonf)? þodYk jy"mef; (aomtaMumif;jzpf) jcif;aMumif¤if;? ]]&[ef;wkYd ? ynmr½Saomolonf t0dZm½Sonfjzpfí? 0g? t0dZm½SaeaomaMumifh yknmbd h d Æ d Æ d ocFg&udvnf; ûyvky\}} þodYk (a[mawmfraomaMumifh t0dZmonf ocFg&wdYk \ taMumif; tjzpfjzifh xif½m;\? k f l Æ S t0dZm uif;aom &[EÅmtm; yknmbdocFg& ponf rjzpfaomaMumifh &[EÅmESihf rqufqaom taMumif;vnf; Æ H jzpf\? þodYk ) xif½m;(aom taMumif;jzpf) jcif;aMumif¤if;? rqufq(aom taMumif; jzpf)jcif;aMumif¤if;? ocFg& S h H h wkYd \ taMumif;tjzpfjzifh jyawmfr(tyf)onf[k odtyfayonf/ onfrQom r[kwao;? þqkcaom wckwckaom l f d hJ taMumif; tusK;udk jy&mü tajzpum;jzifyifvQif (zó [laom taMumif; aMumifh a0'em jzpfonf? a0'em d h [laom taMumif;aMumifh wPSmjzpfonf-þodkY tp½Saom) wck wckaom taMumif;tusKd;udk jy&m tvH;pHwYdk ü d k k (vnf;) (a0ae,swYdk\ tvdtm;jzifh w&m;udk odapjcif;[k qdtyfaom) ya,mZOfac: &nf½,tyfaom tusKd;udk k k G f odtyfayonf/ þwGif w&yf NyD;\/

t0dZÆmu ukodkvf\taMumif;jzpfEdkifyHk
618/ þt&mü (&yfwefYí apm'uyk*Kd¾ vfonf apm'emud) qk\? (qdyum;) þodYk ajz½Si;cJonftwdi; k d k kH f h h k f wckaomtaMumif;ESihf wckaom tusKd;udk jyoifaomfvnf; pifppf rvdvm;tyfonfh raumif;usKd; ½Saom tjypf h k d ½Sdaom t0dZÆm\ yknmbdocFg& tmaeOÆmbdocFg&wkYd \ taMumif;tjzpfonf tb,foYkd oifygtHenf;? taMumif; h h rlum; (cg;aom) wrmrsKd ;aphrS (csKdaom) BuHyif raygufwwfaomaMumihyif [lí qd\/ (tajzum;) tb,faMumifh f k h roifyJ ½Stenf;? (oifonfomwnf;)/ taMumif;rlum;-avmuü h d hH h «175» ypö,yef oabmw&m;wkYd \ qefYusifaom taMumif;onf¤if;? rqefYusifaom taMumif;onf¤if; k Ü (NyD;pD;xif½m;\ )? xdYk twl wlaom taMumif;onf¤if;? rwlaomtaMumif;onf¤if; NyD;pD;xif½m;\? odYk aomfvnf; S S xdk ypö,yeoabm w&m;wkYd onf (taMumif;rS &ifusufvmaom) 0dygufac: tusKd;w&m;wkYd csnf;omvQif(um;) k Ü f h r[kwMf uay/ (xkYd aMumifh oifayonf)/ h csJYíjytH?h ypö,yeoabmw&m;wdYk \ wnf½jdS cif;ç oabmç udpponfwYdk jzifh qefYusifaom taMumif;onf k Ü f ö ¤if;? rqefYusifaom taMumif;onf¤if; avmuü NyD;pD;xif½m; \? csJYO;th?H a½S;pdwonf aemufpw\ wnf½jdS cif; S D f d f tm;jzifh qefYusiaom taMumif;aywnf;/ a½S;umvü jzpfaom twwfynm ponfukd oif,avhusijhf cif; f l onfvnf; aemufumvü jzpfueaom twwfynm ponfjzifh ûyvkyjf cif;wkYd \ (wnf½jdS cif;tm;jzifh qefYusifaom k f taMumif;aywnf;)? uHonf ur®Z½ky\ oabmtm;jzifh qefYusiaom taMumif;aywnf;? EdYk &nf ponfwYdkvnf; f f EdYk "rf; ponfwYdk \ (oabmtm;jzifh qefYusiaom taMumif;aywnf;)? tvif;onf pu©K0dnmPf\ udptm;jzifh f ö qefYusiaom (taMumif; aywnf;)? wifvponfwYdkonfvnf; t&ufponfwYdk\ (udptm;jzifh qefYusifaom f J ö taMumif;aywnf;)? rqefYusifaom taMumif;um; rsufpd tqif; ponfwYdk onf pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk \ wnf½jdS cif;tm;jzifh rqefYusifaom taMumif;wkYd aywnf;? a½S;ü jzpfaom aZmponfwYdkonf aemufü jzpfaom aZmponfwYdk \ oabmtm;jzifvnf; rqefYusiçf udptm;jzifvnf; rqefYusiaom taMumif;wkYd aywnf;/ h ö h f aemufwyd'\ tus,fum; qefYusif rqefYusifueaom taMumif;wkYd onf NyD;pD;xif½m; MuouJhodkY þ k f k f S twlyif wl-rwl ukeaom taMumif;wkYd onfvnf; (NyD;pD;xif½m;uke\)/ csJYO;th?H wlonfomvQifjzpfaom OwkEihf f S f D S tm[m&[k qdtyfaom ½kyonf OwkZ½ky-tm[m&Z½kyf\ taMumif; (jzpf\)? (wlonfomvQif jzpfueaom) k f f k f oav;rsKd;aph ponfwYdk onfvnf; oav;pyg; ponfwYdk \ (taMumif; jzpfue\)/ rwlaom ½kyonfvnf; k f f emrf\ (taMumif; jzpf\)? (rwlaom) emrfonfvnf; ½ky\ taMumif;jzpf\? (rwlueaom) EGm;arG;ç od;arG;ç f k f k om;csKdç EdYk "rf;ç ESr;rIeYf ponfwYdk onfvnf; aeZmjrufç jrm;jrufç jrufeYH om ponfwYdk \ (taMumif;jzpfue\)/ f k f odYk aomfvnf; tMuif ypö,yew&m;wkYd tm; xdk qefYusif rqefYusifueaom wl-rwl ukeaom taMumif;wkYd onf k Ü f k f f aus;Zl;ûyuke\/ xdaus;Zl;cH ypö,yef tusKd;w&m;wkYd onf xkd aus;Zl;ûywwfaom taMumif;w&m;wkYd \ (&ifusuf f k k Ü h vmaom) 0dygufwYdk onf omvQif r[kwMf uuke/ f þqdconftwdi; taMumif;tusKd;\ jzpfjcif;aMumifh þt0dZÆmonf tusKd;0dyguf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh k hJ h k f f pifppf rvdvm;tyfaom tusKd;½Sonfjh yif yifu&if;oabm\ tpGr;tm;jzifh tjypf½onf jzpfjim;aomfvnf; k d kd f dS

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tvH;pHvnf; jzpfueaom þyknmbdocFg& ponfwYdk tm; xduonftm;avsmfpm wnf½jdS cif;ç udpçö oabmtm;jzifh k k k f k f G qefYusifç rqefYusifaom taMumif;\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;? wl-rwlaom taMumif;\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; taMumif; f h f h jzpfonf[k odtyf\/ þt0dZÆm\ xdk taMumif;jzpfyuvnf; ]]csJYíjytH?h 'ku© ponfwYdk ü t0dZm[k qktyfaom kH kd Æ d rodrukd ry,f(tyf)ao;aom yk*Kd¾ vfonf a½S;OD;pGm 'kuopömü¤if;? ykAEÅ (a½S;tzdYk ) ponfwYkd ü¤if; rodjcif;aMumifh I © Á oHo&mqif;&Jukd csr;om[k xifaom trSwonmjzifh ,lNyD;vQif xkd qif;&J\yifvQif taMumif;jzpfaom oH;yg; f f k tjym;½Sonfvnf;jzpfaom ocFg&wkYd ukd tm;xkwûf yvky\}} þodkY tp½Sdaomenf;jzifh (pmyd'f 593-ü) qktyfcNhJ yD; d f k d onfomvQiwnf;/ f

pkwdy#doaE¨ponfü awGa0í ocFg&oHk;yg;udk jyKaMumif;
619/ odYk aomfvnf; þqkvwHaom tjcm;enf;y&d,m,fuvnf; (odtyfao;\)d h kd tMuify*Kd¾ vfonf pkwEihf y#doaE¨ü¤if;? oHo&mü¤if;? ocFg&wkYd \ vu©Pmü¤if;? (y#dpö k d S orkyg'f) y#dporkyef w&m;wkYd ü¤if; awGa0\-(rSepmrod)/ xkd yk*Kd¾ vfonf þqkcaom Ü ö Ü f G d hJ ocFg& oH;yg;wkYd ukd tm;xkwf ûyvky\? xkYd aMumifh þt0dZmu oH;yg; tjym;½Sonfvnf; k f Æ k d jzpfueaom xdk ocFg&wkYd tm; aus;Zl;ûyonf [kotyfay\/ k f d «176» þpkwd y#doaE¨ponfwYdk ü awGa0aomolonf xkd qdcaom ocFg&oH;yg;wkYd ukd tb,foYkd ûyyg k hJ k oenf;¿[k ar;jim;tH?h a½S;OD;pGm pkwü awGa0aomolonf ]]tvH;pHaom b0 a,med *wd-ponfwYdkü (aemufq; d k k kH ½kyemrf) cE¨mwkYd \ ysujf cif;onf aojcif;rnf\}}[k (trSetwdi;) r,lrí ]]owå0gonf (taumifvu) f f k f l kd f aoaysmuf oGm;onf? twåaumif [laom owå0g\ (b0wyg;) cE¨mud,wyg;odYk ajymif;a½TYom;jcif; (jzpfonf)}} k f G [k þodYk tp½SonfwYdk ukd rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHq,l\/ d f b0opfü uyfa&mufí jzpfjcif;[laom y#doaE¨ü awGa0aomolonf ]]tvH;pHaom b0 a,med *wdk k ponfwYdk ü (a½S;OD;pGmaom ½kyemrf) cE¨mwkYd \ xif½m; jzpfay:jcif;onf b0topfjzpfjcif; y#doaE¨ rnf\}}[k f S b0opfü uyfa&mufí jzpfjcif;[laom y#doaE¨ukd (trSetwdi;) r,lrí ]]owå0gonf (taumifvuyif) f k f l dk f uyfa&mufí jzpf\? twåaumif[aom owå0g\ cE¨mud,topf jzpfay:vmjcif;yif}} [k þodYk ponfwYdk ukd l k f rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHq,l\/ f oHo&mü awGa0aomolonf ]]cE¨m tm,we "mwfwYdk \ rjywfrpJ jzpfaeaom tpOfukd oHo&m[k ac:qktyfonf}} [k d þodYk zGijhf ytyfaom ½kyemrfwYdk \ jzpfpOf - oHo&mudk þodYk jyqdonfh twdi; rSeuefpm r,lrí f k k f f G l ]]owå0g[k qktyfaom þtwåaumifonf þrsufarSmufavmu (vlYb0)rS wyg;aom avmuodYk ajymif;a½TY d oGm;\? wyg;aomavmurS þavmuodYk ajymif;a½TYvm\}}[k þodYk tp½Sonf wkYd ukd rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHq,l\/ d f ocFg&wkYd \ vu©Pmü awGa0aomolonf ocFg&wkYd \ obm0vu©Pmud¤if;? omrnvu©Pmud¤if; k k (trSetwdi;) r,lr-rodrí? 0g? rodaomaMumifh ½kyemrfocFg&wkYd ukd twåaumif[í¤if;? twåaumif\ Opöm f k f l l f l [lí¤if;? NrJonf[í¤if;? wifw,fonf[í¤if;? csrf;omonf - aumif;onf [lí¤if; rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHq,l\/ l h l f (y#dporkyg'fEi) y#dporkyew&m;wdYk ü awGa0aomolonf t0dZm ponfwYdk aMumifh ocFg& ponfwYdk \ ö Ü S hf ö Ü f Æ rjywfjzpfjcif;udk (trSetwdi;) r,lrí ]]twåaumifonf odrvnf; odwwf\? 0g? odwwfonf[í¤if;? rodrl f k f l l l vnf; rodwwf? 0g? rodwwf[í¤if;/ (aemifb0ü csr;om qif;&Jukd cHpm;&wHaom) xdtwåaumifonfyifvQif l f h k (aumif;rI raumif;rIu) ud,wivnf; ûyvky\? olwyg;udvnf; ûyvkyap\? (aumif;rI raumif;rIukd ûycJh kd k f kd f f k f ûyapcJaom) xdtwåaumifonf y#doaE¨cPü uyfa&mufí jzpf\? xdk twåaumif\ ud,ukd y&rmPkjrLESihf h k k f £ó&ac: bk&m;ocif ponfwYdk onf uvva&Munf ponfwYdk \ tjzpfjzifh ('dtPku ponfwYdk ukd jzpfapaom G tm;jzif¤if;? tvdawmf\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;) aumif;pGmwnfxm;ukevsuf pu©Kpaom £a`E´wYkdukd jynfpapuke\? h k f h f h kH f xdtwåaumifonf pu©Kpaom £a`E´wYdkEihf jynfponfjzpfí (tm½kHudk) awGYx\? cHpm;\? qmavmif wyfruf\? k S h kH d pGvrf;\? aphaqmftm;xkw\? xdaphaqmftm;xkwaom twåaumifonf wzef b0wyg;üjzpf\}} [líaomf¤if;? J f k f

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]]twåaumif [laom owå0gtm;vH;wkYd onf ude;aoNrJjcif;jzifh pk½;aygif; pyfaom tm;jzifh vl ewf iSuf ponf k f Hk tjzpfwYdkü ajymif;vJ&ifusuue\? 0g? ude;aoNrJjcif;jzif¤if;? pk½;aygif;pyf jcif;jzif¤if;? yifuoabm jzif¤if; vl h f k f f h Hk h dk h ewf iSuf paom txl;xl; tjym;jym; uGjJ ym;onf\ tjzpfoYkd a&mufue\}} [líaomf¤if; rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHq,l\/ k f f (rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHpnfaom) xdoonf t0dZmu ÓPftjrif uef;atmifûyvkytyfonf jzpfí þqdconf f k l Æ f k hJ twdi; rSm;,Gi;pGm BuHpnfvsuf Oyrmtm;jzifh rsurjrif'uwonf ajrjyifü vSnvnf oGm;vmvwfaomf vrf; k f f f k d© hf aumif; vrf;rSeoYkd ¤if;? vrf;r[kwaom vrf;rSm;odYk ¤if;? uke;jrifoYkd ¤if;? usif;csKdioYkd ¤if;? nDñw&modYk ¤if;? rnD f f f h hf T f ñTw&modYk ¤if;? uyfa&mufom;ouJoYkd xkYd twlyif yknmbd ocFg&ud¤if;? tyknmbd ocFg&ud¤if;? tmaeOÆmbd f G h k k ocFg&ud¤if; tm;xkwûf yvky\-[kotyfayonf/ k f d xkYd aMumifh «177» ]]Oyrmjzifh jy&vQif -a½SYom; c&D;vrf;ñTeuif;aom 0rf;wGi;uef; rsurjrif jzpfaom G f f f olonf? w&Hwcg vrf;aumif; vrf;rSejf zifom;í w&Hwcg vrf;r[kwaom vrf;qd;vrf;rSm;jzifh h G f k vnf; oGm;ouJoYkd ? h xdYk twl c&D;ñTef vrf;jy qH;rol r½Saom rvdrmaom olonf oHo&mü usivnfvwfaomf w&H k d ® f wcg aumif;rIuûkd y\? w&Hwcg raumif;rIuvnf; ûy\/ kd tMuiftcgürl xdrvdrmaom olonf a'oem w&m;awmfuoí opöm 4-yg; wdYk ukd odvwH?h 0g? k ® kd d edAmefw&m;udk (r*fÓPfjzif) odvsuf (<uif;) opöm wkYd ukd (udpNö yD;aom tm;jzif) odvwH?h xdoYkd Á h h k odaomtcgü (xdoonf) t0dZmNidr;jcif;aMumifh (udavom qif;&Jcyfor;) Nidr;onfjzpfí k l Æ f d f f oGm;vm aexki&ayvwh}H } [laom þpum;udk qdtyfay\/ d f k þqdcaom pum;onf t0dZmypö,m ocFg&m-[laom yk'ü tus,jf yqdaom pum;aywnf;/ k hJ Æ f k

ocFg&ypö,m0dnmPHyk'fü tus,fjyqkdcsuf
620/ ocFg&ypö,m 0dnmPH - [laom yk'ü 0dnmPf - [lonfum; pu©K0dnmPf tp½Saom 6-yg; tjym; f d ½Sdaom 0dnmPfaywnf;/ xdk 6 -yg;wkYd wif pu©K0dnmPfonf ukov0dyguf (ukov\tusKd;) tukov 0dyguf G kd f (tukov\tusKd;) [lí 2-yg;tjym;½Sd\/ aomw0dnmPf Cme0dnmPf um,0dnmPf wkYd onfvnf; xkYd twl kd f 2-yg;pD tjym; ½Sue\/ raem0dnmPfonf ukov0dyguf tukov0dyguf jzpfaom (orÜ#pKdä ef;a'G;ac:) raem d k f d "mwf 2 -yg;? (oEÅ&P oH;ck [laom) t[dwf raem 0dnmP"mwf 3-yg;? o[dw-umr0p& 0dygufpwf ½Spyg;? D k f d f ½lyg0p& 0dygufpdwf 5-yg;? t½lyg0p& 0dygufpdwf 4-yg;-þodkYtm;jzifh 22-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ þodkYvQif þ qkdcJhaom 6-yg;aom 0dnmPfwYdk jzifh tvH;pHvnf; jzpfueaom 32-yg;aom avmuD0yguf 0dnmPfwYdk ukd odr;,l k k k f d f tyfNyD; jzpfue\/ avmukw&m 0dygufwYdk url 0#fukd jy&mpum;ü roifavsmfMuaomaMumifh r,ltyfue/ k f å kd h k f (ocFg&aMumifh 0dnmPfjzpfonf[aom) xkpum;&yfü ]]qdtyfNyD;aom (32-yg;) tjym;½Saom 0dnmPfonf l d k d ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfonf-[laom þoabmudk tb,foYkd odtyfygoenf;}} [laom apm'em jzpf&m\/ (tajzum;) qnf;yl;tyfNyD;aom uHr½Svwfaomf 0dyguf\ r½Sjd cif;-rjzpfjcif;aMumifh (odtyfayonf)/ d rSeay\? þ 32-yg;aom 0dnmPfonf 0dyguf (tusKd;) aywnf;? 0dyguf 0dnmPf tusKd;w&m;onfvnf; qnf;yl; f tyfNyD;aom uHr½SvQif rjzpfwwfay/ tu,fí (uHr½Sy) jzpfEijf im;th?H (odYk jzpfvQif) tvH;pHaom owå0gwdYk tm; d d J kd k k tvH;pHaom 0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk jzpfue&m\/ xkoYkd um; rjzpfMuuke?f xkYd aMumifh ]]ocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh k k k f d þ 0dnmPf jzpfonf}} [laom þoabmudk odtyfayonf/ tb,f ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh tb,f0nmPf jzpfygoenf;¿[k ar;jim;th?H a½S;OD;pGm (jy&efrm) d S umrm0p& yknmbdocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh ukov0dyguf jzpfueaom pu©K0dnmPf tp½Sueaom k f d k f 0dnmPf 5-yg;? raem0dnmPfwi?f 0g? raem0dnmPfxrS (orÜ#pKdä ef;ac:) raem"mwf 1-yg;? (oEÅ&Pac:) G J d D raem0dnmP"mwf 2-yg;? umrm0p& r[m0dygufpwf 8-yg; [laom 16-yg;aom 0dnmPfwYdk onf jzpfue\/ d k f (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH

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]]umrm0p& ukovuukd ûytyfNyD;aomaMumifh qnf;yl;tyf NyD;aomaMumifh 0dyguf kd f H (tusK;) jzpfaom pu©K0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (1)? ---aomw0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (2)? d --- Cme0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (3)? --- Zd0g0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (4)? --- «178»? S um,0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (5)? --- 0dygufjzpfaom raem"mwfonf jzpfay:\ (6)? --aomreó o[*kwf (½Tivef; 0rf;omrIEihf wuGjzpfaom) raem0dnmP"mwfonf jzpfay:\ f S (7)? --- Oayu©mo[*kwf (r½Tirñd; tnDtrQ cHpm;rIEihf wuGjzpfaom) raem0dnmP f I S "mwfonf jzpfay:\ (8)? --- aomreó o[*kwf ÓPorÜ,wf (ÓPfEi,Oaom) k S hf S f raem0dnmP"mwfonf jzpfay:\ (1? 9)? --- aomreóo[*kwf ÓPorÜ,wf raem k 0dnmP"mwfonf oocFg& (wkuwe;jcif; ½Saom taMumif; taygif;)aMumifh jzpfay:\ (2? d f G f d 10)? --- aomreóo[*kwÓP0dyÜ ,kwf (ÓPfEihf r,SOaom) raem0dnmP"mwfonf f S f jzpfay:\ (3?11)? --- aomreóo[*kwf ÓP0dy,wf raem0dnmP"mwfonf oocFg& Ü k aMumifh jzpfay:\ (4? 12)? --- Oayu©mo[*kwf ÓPorÜ,wf raem0dnmP "mwfonf k jzpfay:\ (5? 13)? --- Oayu©m o[*kwf ÓPorÜ,wf raem0dnmP "mwfonf k oocFg&aMumifh jzpfay:\ (6? 14)? ---Oayu©mo[*kwonf ÓP0dy,wf raem0dnmP f Ü k "mwfonf jzpfay:\ (7? 15)? --- Oayu©mo[*kwonf ÓP0dy,wf raem0dnmP"mwf f Ü k onf oocFg&aMumifh jzpfay:\ (8? 16)}} [líyifwnf;/ xdkrSwyg; ½lyg0p& yknmbdocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh 5 -yg;aom ½lyg0p&0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk onf jzpfue\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; k f G l kH ]]xkqcaom ½lyg0p& ukovuuyifvQif ûytyfNyD;aomaMumifh qnf;yl;tyfNyD;aom d kd hJ kd f H kd aMumifh 0dyguf jzpfaom vkcsiz,f 0w¬KumrESihf vdcsiwwfaom udavoumrwkYd rS d f G k f uif;qdwí omvQif yXrpsmefoYkd a&mufvsuf ae\ (1)? .... 'kwd,psmefodkY .... (2)? .... f wwd,psmefodkY .... (3)? .... pwkw¬psmefodkY .... (4)? .... yOörpsmefodkY a&mufvsuf ae\ (5)}} [líyifwnf;/ þqdconftwdi; yknmbdocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh 21-yg; tjym;½Saom 0dnmPfonf jzpf\/ k hJ h k f d xkrwyg; tyknmbdocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh tukov0dyguf jzpfueaom pu©K0dnmPf tp½Suef d S k f d k aom 0dnmPf 5-yg;? raem"mwf 1-yg;? raem0dnmP"mwf 1-yg; [laom 7-yg; tjym;½Saom 0dnmPfonf d jzpf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH ]]tukovuukd ûytyfNyD;aomaMumifh qnf;yl;tyfNyD;aomaMumifh 0dygufjzpfaom pu©K kd f H 0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (1)? .... aow- (2)? .... Cme- (3)? .... Zd0Sg (4)? .... um, 0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\ (5)? .... 0dygufjzpfaom raem"mwfonf jzpfay:\ (1? 6)? .... 0dyguf raem0dnmP "mwfonf jzpfay:\ (1? 7)}} [líyifwnf;/ xdrwyg; tmaeOÆmbdocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh 4-yg;aom t½ly0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk onf jzpfuef k S k \/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; .... G l kH ]]xdqcaom t½lyg0p& ukovuuyifvQif ûytyfNyD;aomaMumifh qnf;yl;tyfNyD; k dk hJ kd f H kd aomaMumifh 0dygufjzpfaom tcsif;cyfor;? 0g? tvH;pHueaom ½lyonmwkYd uausmfvejf cif; d f k k k f kd G - y,fjcif;aMumifh tmumoeOöm,weonmESiwuG jzpfaom .... hf pwkwpsmefoYkda&mufvsuae\ (1)? .... 0dnmPOöm,we onmESifhwuGjzpfaom .... (2)? .... ¬ f tmudOnm,weonmESiwuGjzpfaom .... (3)? .... ae0onmemonm,weonm ESiwuG ö hf hf jzpfaom okcESi'uukd y,fjcif;aMumifh pwkwpsmefoYkd a&mufvsuae\ (4)}} [líyifwnf;/ hf k © ¬ f «179» 621/ þqkconftwdi; ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom 0dnmPfukd odem;vnf NyD;vQif d hJ h k f ,cktcgü xk0nmPf\ þqdvwHaom jzpfyuotyf\/ jzpfyum;-(32-yg;aom) þ0dnmPf tvH;pHonfvnf; d d k h kH kd d kH k k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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y0wåd y#doaE¨\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ESprsKd; ESpaxG jzpf\/ xdwif a'GyOö 0dnmPf (10)? raem"mwf 2-yg;? aomreó f f f k G o[*kwf t[dwf raem0dnmP"mwf (1-yg;) [laom þ 13-yg;aom 0dnmPfwYdk onf yOöa0gum&bHü y0wåd k umvüomvQif jzpfue\/ <uif;aom 19-yg;aom 0dnmPfwYdk onf oH;yg;aom b0wdYk ü xduonf tm;avsmfpm k f k k f G y0wåumvü¤if;? y#doaE¨umvü¤if; jzpfue\/ d k f tb,foYkd enf;[lr¿ a½S;OD;pGm (jy&efrm) ukov0dyguf pu©K0dnmPf tp½Sueaom ig;yg;aom 0dnmPf l S d k f wkYd onf ukov0dygufjzifh jzpfap? tukov0dygufjzifh jzpfap (y#doaE¨tm;jzif) jzpfNyD;aom oltm; tpOftwdi; h k f &ifusujf cif;odYk a&mufaom (pu©Kpaom) £a`E´½vwfaomf pu©Kyom' ponfwYdktm; xifjcif;odYk a&mufaom £| h dS aomf¤if;ç £| rZÑwåaomf¤if; jzpfaom tqif;tp½Sdaom tm½kHudk tm½kHûyí pu©K tp½Sdaom yom'½kyfudk rDSí jrifjcif;udpçö Mum;jcif;udpçö eHjcif;udpçö vsujf cif; (pm;jcif;) udpçö xdjcif;udpukd NyD;apukevsuf jzpfue\/ ö f k f tukov0dyguf pu©K0dnmPftp½Sueaom ig;yg;aom 0dnmPfwYdk onfvnf; xdYk twlyif jzpfue\/ txl;um; d k f k f xdtukov0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk \ tm½konf ted|aomf¤if;ç ted|rZÑwåaomf¤if; oufouf jzpf\? þrQomvQif k H xl;ayonf/ qufO;tH?h þ 0dnmPf 10-yg;wkYd onf ude;ao NrJaom'Gg& tm½kH 0w¬K Xmevnf; ½Sue\? D f d k f ude;aoNrJaom udp½MdS uonfomvQivnf; jzpfue\/ f ö f k f xkYd aemif ukov0dyguf pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk \ tjcm;rJü ukov0dyguf raem"mwf (orÜ#pKdä ef;)onf xdk h d pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYkd \yifvQif tm½kukd (vufcaomtm;jzif) tm½kûH yí [',0w¬Kudrí orÜ#pKdä ef; (vufcjH cif;) H H h k DS d udpukd NyD;apvsuf jzpf\/ tukov0dyguf 0dnmPfwkdY\ tukov0dyguf raem"mwfonf xdYk twlyif jzpf\/ ö qufO;th?H þ raem"mwf 2-yg;onfum; rNrJaom 'Gg&tm½kH½\? NrJaom 0w¬KXme½S\? NrJaom udpvnf; ½S\/ D Sd d ö d xdrwyg; aomreó[*kwf t[dwraem0dnmP"mwfonf ukov0dyguf raem"mwf\ tjcm;rJü xdk k S f h raem"mwf\yifvQif tm½kHudk tm½kHûyí [',0w¬Kudk rSí oEÅ&P (pHprf;jcif;) udpukd NyD;apvsuf¤if;? 6-'Gg&wkYd ü D D k ö tm;BuD;aom tm½kü umrm0p&owå0gwkYd tm; rsm;aomtm;jzifh avmbESihf ,SOaom aZm\tqH;ü b0iftpOfukd H f k jzwfí aZmonf ,ltyfNyD;aomtm½kHü w'g½k\tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; wBudraomf¤if;ç 2-Budraomf¤if; jzpf\[lí H f h f f rZÑdrt|uxmü qd(tyf)\/ tbd"r®mt|uxmüum; w'g½kH (t&m)ü 2-ckaom pdwtBudrwYdkonf vmuke\/ k f f f þpdwfonfum; w'g½kH[lí¤if;ç yd|db0if [lí¤if; þodkYtm;jzifh 2-yg;aom trnfwYdk ukd &\/ rNrJaom'Gg& tm½kH½Sd\? NrJaom 0w¬K½S\? rNrJaom XmeESihf udpvnf;½S\? þqkdcJhonfhtwdkif; a½S;OD;pGm 13-yg;aom 0dnmPf d ö d wkYd onf yOöa0gum&bHü y0wåumvü omvQif jzpfue\[lí odtyf (uke)\/ k d k f f «180» <uif;aom 19-yg;aom (0dyguf) 0dnmPfwYkd wif rdrtm;avsmfaom y#doaE¨jzifh rjzpfaom 0dnmPf G d rnfonf wpHwckrQ r½S/ y0wåumvüum; a½S;OD;pGm (jy&efrm) ukov0dyguf tukov0dyguf jzpfueaom 2-yg; k d d S k f aom (Oayu©mo[*kwf oEÅ&P[laom) t[dwraemç 0dnmP "mwfwYdk onf yOö'g&ü ukov0dyguf tukov D f G 0dyguf raem"mwfwYdk \ tjcm;rJhü oEÅD&Pudpudk¤if;? 6 g&wkYd ü a½S;üqdtyfcaom enf;jzifyifvQif w'g½kupudk ö -'G k hJ h H d ö ¤if;? rdronf ,ltyfaom y#doaE¨rS aemufumvü b0ifukd jzwfwwfaom 0DxpwwYdk\ jzpfjcif; r½Svwfaomf d d d f d (r½Saomtcgrsm;ü) b0ifupu¤if;? tqH;ü pkwupu¤if;? þodYk tm;jzifh 4-yg;aom udpwYdk ukd NyD;apukevsuf d d ö kd k d d ö kd ö f NrJaom 0w¬K½Sueonf¤if;? rNrJaom 'Gg& tm½kH Xme udp½ueonf¤if; jzpfí jzpfue\/ d k f ö dS k f k f ½Spyg;aom umr0p& o[dw0ygufpwwYkd onf qktyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifomvQif 6-'Gg&wkdYü w'g½kH udpö f f d d f d h ud¤if;? rdronf ,ltyfaom y#doaE¨rS aemufumvü b0ifukd jzwfwwfaom 0DxpwwYdk\ jzpfjcif; r½Svwfaomf k d d d f d b0ifupu¤if;? tqH;ü pkwupu¤if;-þodkYtm;jzifh 3-yg;aomudpwYkd ukd NyD;apukevsuf NrJaom 0w¬K½Sueonf d ö kd k d d ö kd ö f d k f ¤if;? rNrJaom 'Gg& tm½kH Xme udpö ½Sueonf¤if; jzpfí jzpfue\/ d k f k f 5-yg;aom ½lyg0p&0dygufpwwYkd onf¤if;? 4-yg;aom t½lyg0p& 0dygufpdwfwkdYonf¤if;? rdronf d f d ,ltyfaom y#doaE¨rS aemufumvü b0ifukd jzwfwwfaom 0DxpwwYdk\ jzpfjcif; r½Svwfaomf b0ifupu¤if;? d d f d d ö kd tqH;ü pkwupu¤if; - þodkY tm;jzifh udpö 2-yg;udk NyD;apukevsuf jzpfue\/ xdk ½ly0dyguf t½ly0dygufpdwf k d d ö kd f k f wdYk wif ½lyg0p&0dygufpwwYdk onf NrJaom 0w¬Ktm½k½ue\? rNrJaom Xme udpö ½Sue\/ t½lyg 0p&0dygufpdwf G d f H dS k f d k f wdYk onfum; tNrJwrf; rS&m 0w¬Kr½Sueonf¤if;? NrJaom tm½k½ueonf¤if;? rNrJaom Xme udpö ½Sueonf¤if; D d k f H dS k f d k f jzpfí jzpfue\/ þodYk vQif þqdconftwdi; a½S;OD;pGm y0wåumvü 32-yg; tjym;½Saom 0dyguf0nmPfonf k f k hJ h k f d d d ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfayonf/ xdoYkd jzpf&mü (yknmbdocFg& tp½Saom) xdxocFg&wdYk onf xdk k d k kd 32-yg;aom 0dyguf0nmPftm; (ememu©Pu) ur®ypön;jzif¤if;? yuwlyedó,ypön;jzif¤if; aus;Zl;ûyuke\/ d d f h f h f

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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xdtjym;um; tb,fenf;[lr¿ þ0dyguf0nmPfonf y#doaE¨\ tpGr;tm;jzifh wyg;om jzpfjim;aomf k l d f vnf; ½kyEiwuG a&m-ra&m (rdó -trdó) tjym;tm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ umrb0 ½lyb0 t½lyb0wdkY\ f S hf tjym;tm;jzifh 3-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ OrSaygufzm;aom t@Za,medç oli,ftr-tcsif;rS aygufzm;aom ZvmAkZ G d f G a,medç tn§rS aygufzm;aom oHao'Za,medç teD;ü usvmouJoYkd ud,xif½m; tjynftpHk jzpfaom Moyygwd d G h k f S h ua,medwYdk\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 4-yg; tjym;½Sd\? (ed&,-ayw-wd&päme-a'0-rEkó) *wdwYdk \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 5yg;tjym;½Sd\/ 0dnmPf\wnf&m-0dnmP|dwwYdk \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 7-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ owå0gwdkY\ae&m owå0go d wkYd \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 8-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ 629/ xkdrdóESifh trdóy#doaE¨ 0dnmPf 2-yg;wkYd wif G rdó (½kyEia&maom y#doaE¨0nmPf)onf bm0½kyf (½S-r½S) tjym;tm;jzif h 2-yg; tjym; f S hf d d d ½Sd\/ xkd 2-yg;wdkYwGif o-bm0 (bm0½ky½aom y#doaE¨) 0dnmPfonfvnf; 2-yg; tjym;½Sd f dS jyef\/ tp(ü qdcaom rdó -y#doaE¨0nmPf)ESiwuG t,kwtenf;tm;jzif'ouuvmyf k hJ d hf f h wkYd onf 2-ck jzpfap? 3-ck jzpfap (jzpfue\)/ k f csJYíjytHh? rdóonf bm0½kyf tjym;tm;jzifh 2yg; tjym;½S\ [lonfum;-þ qdcaom rdó(½kyEihf d k hJ f S a&maom) y#doaE¨0nmPfEihf trdó (½kyEira&maom) y#doaE¨0nmPf wkYd wif rdó -y#doaE¨0nmPfonf d S f S hf d G d t½lyb0udk MuOfí? 0g? t½lyrS wyg;aom b0wdYk ü jzpf\/ xdró -y#doaE¨ 0dnmPfonf ½lyb0ü £w¬a`E´ k d d yk&oa`E´[k qdtyfaom bm0½kyEihf uif;í jzpfjcif;aMumif¤if;? umrb0ü Zmwdy@Kuf\ y#doaE¨ukd MuOfí? 0g? d d k f S h Zmwdy@Kuf\ y#doaE¨rS wyg;qdvQif bm0½kyEihf wuGom jzpfjcif;aMumif¤if; o-bm0-bm0½ky½aom y#doaE¨ k f S h f dS 0dnmPfç t-bm0-bm0½kyf r½Saom y#doaE¨ 0dnmPf[k 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ d «185» xdk2-yg;wdkYwGif o-bm00dnmPfonfvnf; 2-yg;tjym;½Sjd yef\ [lonfum;-xdk 2-yg;wkYd wivnf; G f o-bm0y#doaE¨0nmPfonf trjzpfaMumif;-£w¬bm0½kyçf txD; jzpfaMumif;-ykrm0½kywYkd wif wyg;yg;ESiwuG d d Ç f G hf jzpfjcif;aMumifh 2-yg; tjym;½SonfyifvQif jzpfjyef\/ d tpESiwuGt,kw-tenf;tm;jzifh 'ouuvmyfwYkdonf 2-ckjzpfap 3-ckjzpfap [lonfum;-rdó hf f trdó[laom 'kuf (wpH)ü tpjzpfaom ½lyrdó -½kyEihf a&maom tMuif y#doaE¨ 0dnmPfonf (½S\)? xdk k f S d y#doaE¨0nmPfEiwuG 0w¬K'ou um,'ouwkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh 'ou uvmyf 2-ckwYkd onfaomf¤if;? 0w¬K d S hf f 'ou um,'ou bm0'ouwkYd\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 'ouuvmyf 3-ckwYkd onf aomf¤if; t,kwq; tenf;qH; f kH k tm;jzifh jzpfue\/ þ'ou uvmyf 2-ck 3-ckatmuf ½kyfwdkY\ ,kwavsmhjcif;rnfonf r½Sawmhay/ qufO;tH/ k f f d D h þqkconftwdi; t,kwq;-tenf;qH; jzpfaom xdk ½kyuvmyf twdi;t½Snonf jzpfvwfaomf t@Z d hJ h k f f kH k f k f f ZvmAkZ trnf½Sdaom 2-yg;aom a,medwYdk ü ZmwdOPÖmac: od;arG;\ wckaomtrQifjzifh (ESpí) xkw,tyfaom k f f l axmywfMunf yrmP ½Svsuf uvv-a&Munf[k &tyfaom trnf½vsuf jzpfay:\/ (a,medwYdk ü jzpfay:\d dS [k qdcaom) xda½SYpum;&yfü a,medwYdk \ *wdtpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfoif-rjzpfoifh tjym;udk odtyf\/ k hJ k f h 630/ odtyfaom xdtjym;um;-xda,medEihf *wdwYkd wif ed&,*wdac: i&Jü(¤if;)? bkrZ0; k k S G ® kd f ewfrS wyg;aom a'0*wd qdi&m ewfwYkd ü¤if;? (t@Z ZvmAkZ oHao'Z-[laom) a½S;ydi; k f k f a,med 3-yg;wdYk r½Sue/ (<uif;aom wd&päme ayw rEkó -[laom) *wd 3-yg;ü a,med d k f av;yg;vH; wdYk onfvnf; ½Sue\/ k d k f xdtusOf;csKyf (*gxm) pum;&yfü ewfwYkd ü¤if; [l&m0,f ¤if;-[laom o'´gjzifh i&Jü¤if; bkrZ0;rS wyg; k ® kd f aom ewfwYkd ü¤if; (r½Sueo) uJoYkd þtwlyif tNrJr;avmifc&í qmavmifjcif; ½SMd uaom (edZÑmrwPSu) d k f h D H d NydwmwdYk üvnf; a½S;ydi; a,med 3-yg;wkYd r½SMd u[k odtyf\/ rSeay\? xdk edZÑmrwPSu NydwmwdYk onf OyygwfwYdk å k f f d å omvQif jzpfue\/ <uif;aom wd&pämef Nydwm vl-[k qdtyfaom *wd 3-yg;ü¤if;? a½S;0gusü MuOfcaom k f å k hJ bkrZ0;ewfwYkd ü¤if; a,med av;yg;vH;wkYd onfvnf; ½Sue\/ xdk a,medwYdk wif ® kd f k d k f G (Oyygwfa,med½aom) ½lyjA[®mwdYk ü oH;q,faom ½kywYkd onf¤if;? ud;yg;aom ½kywYkd onf¤if; dS k f k f (y#doaE¨pwEiwuG jzpfue\)/ xdrwyg; ukeaom oHao'Za,med Oyygwfa,med ½Saom d f S hf k f k S f d owå0gwkYd ü tvGeq;-trsm;qH;tm;jzifh ckepfq,faom ½kywYkd onf (y#doaE¨pwEiwuG jzpfuef f kH k f d f S hf k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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\)? odYk r[kwf t,kwq;-tenf;qH;tm;jzifh oH;q,faom ½kywYkd onfaomfvnf; (jzpfue\)/ f kH k k f k f a½S;OD;pGm (jyoifaom) Oyygwf a,med½aom owå0gwkYd ü twGi;0ifaom ½lyjA[®mwkYd ü pu©K'ou aomw h dS f 'ou 0w¬K'ouwdYk Eihf ZD0we0u uvmyftm;jzifh 4-yg;aom uvmyfwYdk \ tpGr;jzifh oH;q,faom ½kywYkd onf S d f k f ¤if;? ud;yg;aom ½kywYkd onf¤if; y#doaE¨pwEihf twlwuGjzpfue\/ xkdrSwyg; ½lyjA[®mwkYd ukd xm;í wyg; k f d f S k f ukeaom oHao'Za,med Oyygwfa,med ½Sueaom owå0gwkYd ü tvGeq;-trsm;qH;tm;jzifh pu©K'ou aomw f d k f f kH k 'ou Cme'ou Zd0g'ou um,'ou 0w¬K'ou bm0'ouwkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh ckepfq,faom ½kywYdk onf S f f (jzpfue\)? xd½ycepfq,fwYdk onfvnf; (aumif;uifwnf umrm0p&) ewfwYkdü tNrJwrf;yif (jzpfue\)/ (pu©K k f k k f k k f 'ou tp½Saom) xda½SYpum;&yfü tqif; teHY t&om MoZm "mwfBuD; 4-yg; pu©Kyom' ZD0w½kyf [laom ½kyf d k d q,fcktwdkif; t½Snf½Sdaom þ½kyftpk-½kytaygif;onf pu©K'ou uvmyf (rsufpEiwuG ½kyq,fctaygif;) f d S hf f k rnf\/ <uif;aom 'ouuvmyf e0uuvmyfwYdk ukd enf;wlyif «186» odtyfue\/ t,kwfqHk;-tenf;qH; k f k tm;jzifrum; y#doaE¨uef; y#doaE¨em;yif; jzpfvsuf y#doaE¨tm;jzifh Cme yom'csKYd ol eyke;tm; (y#doaE¨uyif h l f rsupd em; ESmcsKYd caom eyke;tm;) Zd0g'ou um,'ou 0w¬K'ouwkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh oH;q,faom½kywYkd onf f hJ f S f k f jzpfue\/ xkYd jyif tvGeq; t,kwq;wdYk \ tv,fMum;ü oifavsmf aomtxl; BuHjcif;udk odtyfao;\/ k f f kH f kH h 631/ þqkconftwdi; odem;vnfNyD;vQif wzefd hJ h k f cE¨m tm½kH *wd [dwf a0'em yDwd 0dwuf 0dpm&wdYk jzifh pkwEihf y#doaE¨wYdk \ tcsif;csif; d S uGjJ ym;-ruGjJ ym;aom txl;udk odtyf\/ csJYí jytHh? rdó trdótm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Saom y#doaE¨Eihf ,if; y#doaE¨\ twduf tjcm;rJjh zpfaom d S pkwwYdk \ þqkcaom cE¨mponfwYdkjzifh uGjJ ym;-ruGjJ ym;aom txl;udk odtyf\/ þum; xdk*gxm\ teufay d d hJ wnf;/ tb,foYkd odtyfoenf;[lr¿ w&Hwcg cE¨m 4-yg; ½Sdaom t½lypkwd\ tjcm;rJü cE¨m 4-yg; ½Sdonfyif l h vQijf zpfaom tm½ktm;jzifvnf; ruGjJ ym;aom y#doaE¨onf jzpf\? w&Hwcg r[*¾Kwf r[kwonfh A[d'¨ tm½kH H h f ½Sdaom (yXrt½lypkwd\ tjcm;rJü) r[*¾Kwf tZÑwåvQif tm½k½aom ('kw, pwkw¬ t½lyy#d oaE¨onf jzpf\)/ h H dS d þonfum; a½S;OD;pGm t½lybHwYkd üomvQif odaMumif;jzpfaom enf;aywnf;/ k xkdrSwyg; w&Hwcg cE¨m 4-yg;½Sdaom t½lypkwd\ tjcm;rJhü cE¨m 5-yg;½Saom umrm0p& y#doaE¨onf d (jzpf\)/ w&Hwcg cE¨m 5-yg; ½Saom umrm0p&pkw\aomf¤if;? ½lyg0p&pkwd \aomf¤if; tjcm;rJhü cE¨m 4-yg; d d ½Saom t½lyy#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ þtwlyif twdwfvQiftm½kH½Sdaom pkwd\ (tjcm;rJü) ypöKyÜevQif tm½kH d h f ½Saom y#doaE¨onfjzpf\/ tcsKdY ok*wdpw\ (tjcm;rJü) tcsKdY 'k*wd y#doaE¨vnf; (jzpf\)/ t[dwfpkwd \ d k d h ¾ (tjcm;rJü) o[dwf y#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ 'G[wpw\ (tjcm;rJü) wd[wy#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ Oayu©mo[ h d d f k d h d f *kwpw\ (tjcm;rJü) aomreóo[*kwf y#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ yDwd r½Saom pkw\ (tjcm;rJü) yDw½aom f k d h d d h d dS y#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ 0dwuf r½Sdaom pkw\ (tjcm;rJü) 0dwuf ½Saom y#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ 0dpm& r½Saom d h d d pkw\ (tjcm;rJü) 0dpm&½Saom y#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ 0dwuf 0dpm& r½Saom pkw\ (tjcm;rJü) 0dwuf 0dpm& d h d d d h ½Saom y#doaE¨onf (jzpf\)/ þodYk tm;jzif¤if;ç xdxkd jyqkcaom uGjJ ym;jcif; txl;\ jyefvejf cif;tm;jzif¤if; d h k d hJ S h ,SOoifonf tm;avsmfpm ,SOaptyf\/ f h G f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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twdwfb0rS ajymif;a½TY rvmaMumif;
632/ þqdconftwdi; þ0dnmPfonf &tyfaom (t0dZm tp½Sdaom) taMumif; ½Sdonf k hJ h k f Æ jzpfí oabmw&m;rQ (jzpfvwfaomf) b0wyg;odYk uyfa&mufonf [lí (qdtyf\)/ xdk0dnmPf k \ xdk twdwb0rS ajymif;a½TYvmjcif;rnfonf r½S?d xdk a½S;b0rS taMumif;ESi?hf 0g? xdk a½S;b0ü f (NyD;cJaom) taMumif;ESihf uif;ívnf; rjzpfay/ h csJYíjytH?h þqdconftwdi; þ0dnmPfonf &tyfaom (t0dZm ponfEiwuG ocFg& [laom) k hJ h k f Æ S hf taMumif;½Sdonf jzpfí? 0g? taMumif;udk &onfjzpfí ½kyemrfoabmw&m;rQ jzpfvwfaomf b0wyg;odYk uyfa&muf f onf[k qdtyf\? owå0g jzpfay:onfr[kw?f ZD0 ac:aom toufaumif jzpfay:onf r[kw/ onfrQom k f ruao;? xkd 0dnmPf\ twdwb0rS þypöKyÜeb0odYk ajymif;a½TYvmjcif;onfvnf; r½S?d xdtwdwb0rS? 0g? xdk f f k f twdwb0ü (NyD;cJaom) taMumif;ESihf uif;ívnf; þypöKyÜeb0ü xif½m;jzpfjcif; rnfonf r½Say/ xdk 0dnmPf f h f S d (\ jzpfy)udk xif½m;aom vl\ pkwd y#doaE¨ tpOfjzifh jyuket/ kH S f hH «187» twdwb0ü rdr\ yifuoabmtm;jzifaomf¤if;? 0g? olYtvdvaomf¤if;? (rdrd olwyg;wdYk \) f d kd h k kd aoaMumif;vHYk vûyrIjzifaomf¤if; eD;aom aojcif;½Sonfjzpfí? 0g? aovke;jzpfí onf;rcHEiavmufatmif h d D kd f jyif;xefueaom tvH;pHaom t*FgBuD;i,f tpyfwYkd \ tzGYJ wYkdukd jzwfwwfueaom aocgeD;ü jzpfaom a0'em k f k k k f wnf;[laom "m;wdUk \ usa&mufjcif;-jzpfjcif;udk onf;rcHEiaom vl\ aeylxü ypfcsxm;tyfaom xef;½Gupr; kd f J f d f xef;½GupuoYkd tpOftwdi; ajcmufaoGYqJ jzpfaeaom ud,ü pu©Kpaom £a`E´wYdk csKyfuevwfaomf? 0g? f kd hJ k f k f k f csKyfueouJoYkd jzpfvwfaomf [',0w¬K\ wnf&m t&yfrQü um,da`E´ r a`E´ ZD0wa`E´wYdk wnfuevwfaomf k f h ed d d k f xdcPü <uif;usefvsuf½aom ,',0w¬Kudk rSaom 0dnmPfonf (rmwkCmwuwH ponfEir[*¾Kwfu[aom) k dS D S hf H l *½kuH (rjywfr0J tyfaom) tmpdPuH (aocgeD;üûytyfaom) tmoEéuH (a½S;b0ü ûycJaom) u#wåm uHwYdk wif DS Ö h G wyg;yg;aom <uif;aom t0dZm paom taMumif;udk &onfh ocFg&[k qdtyfaom uHukd jzpfap? xduu xifap Æ k k H tyfaom ur®erwf *wderw(wkYd wif wyg;yg;)[k qdtyfaom tm½kujkd zpfap tm½kûH yí jzpf\/ þqdkcJhonfhtwdkif; d d d d f G k H jzpfaeaom xdk 0dnmPfukd wPSmESihf t0dZmwkYd ukd ry,f&ao;aomaMumifh t0dZmu zH;uG,tyfaom tjypf½aom Æ Æ k f dS xdk uH ur®erwf *wderwf [laom tm½kü wPSmu ñTwap\? pkw\teD; aZm0dnmPfEiwuG jzpfaom ocFg& d d d d H f d S hf wdYk onf (xd0nmPfukd xdutp½Saom tm½kü) ypfcsuke\/ (r&PmoEéaZm pkwd y#doaE¨ [laom) pdwtpOf\ k d k H d H f f tpGr;tm;jzifh wPSmu ñTwaptyfonf jzpfí ocFg&wkYd u ypfcstyfonfjzpfí? 0g? ypfcstyfaom xd0nmPf f f k d onf þbufurf; opfyifü zGYJ csnftyfaom êud;udk qGuií ajrmif;udk ckeausmfaom oluoYkd a½S;b0ü jzpfaom J kd f f hJ rS&m0w¬Kudvnf; pGeYf \? uHu jzpfaptyfaom wyg;aom (aemufb0) rS&m0w¬Kudk a&mufonf jzpfíaomf¤if; D k D ra&mufonf jzpfíaomf¤if; tm&r®P tp½Saom? 0g? tm½korÜ,wu[aom ypön; (taMumif;w&m;)wkYd aMumihf d H k f H l f omvQif (tqufrjywf) jzpfom;\/ G qufí ½Si;OD;th?H þpkwEihf y#doaE¨0nmPfwYdk wif a½S;0dnmPfukd xif½m;½Saom b0rS a½GYavsm-ysufp; f d S d G S d D oGm;jcif;aMumifh pkwpw[k ac:qktyf\? aemuf0nmPfukd b0wyg;-b0opf\ tppGm tpyf jzpfaomaMumif?h d d f d d 0g? b0wyg; a,medwyg; *wdwyg; ponfwYdk ukd qufpyf wwfaomaMumifh y#doaE¨pw[k ac:qdtyf\/ xkdodkY d f k b0opfü jzpfaom þpdw0nmPfonf a½S;b0rS þypöKyÜeb0okYd vmonfvnf;r[kw?f xda½S;b0rS uH ocFg& f d f k (wPSmjzif) ñTwjf cif;uHpaom tm½ktp½SaomtaMumif;udk MuOfí? 0g? taMumif;ESiuif;í xif½m;jzpfay: h H d hf S vmonfvnf; r[kw[í odtyfayonf/ f l

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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yJhwifoHponfOyrm
633/ þodkY (y#doaE¨0dnmPf\ a½S;b0rS rvmjcif;ç a½S;b0rS taMumif;ESivnf; ruif;rlí) hf jzpfjcif;ü yJwifoH ponfwYkdonf yHwl OyrmwkYd jzpfMuayonf/ xkYd jyif tpOfoEÅmef\ pyfjcif; h k aMumifh wckwnf;-wa,mufwnf;\ tjzpfonfvnf; r½S?d uGjJ ym;onf\ tjzpfonfvnf; r½Say/ d csJYíjyth?H þy#doaE¨0nmPf\ a½S;b0rS þb0odYk rvmjcif;ESihf twdwb0ü tusKH;0ifaom taMumif; d f wkYd aMumifh jzpfjcif; [laom þt&mü yJwifoH qDr;vQH wHqya&; rsufEm&dyvQif twl½ueaom oabm w&m; h D d f S f dS k f t&m0w¬KwdYk onf yHwl OyrmwkYd jzpfMuayonf? ½Si;OD;tH?h yJwifoH qDr;vQH wHqya&; rsufEm&dywYkd onf rlv toH k f h D d f S f ponfvQif taMumif;½Sueonfjzpfí jzpfay:uke\/ taMumif;\wnf&m t&yfwyg;odYk roGm;rlí? 0g? taMumif; d k f f \ wnf&mrS wyg;aomt&yfoYkd roGm;rlí jzpfay:ukeouJoYkd þy#doaE¨pw0nmPfonfvnf; þtwlyif f h d f d jzpfayonf/ xkYd jyif þodYk jzpf&mü tpOfoEÅmef\ pyfjcif;aMumifh wckwnf;-wa,mufwnf; tjzpfonfvnf;r½S?d uGjJ ym;onf\ tjzpfonfvnf; r½Say/ tpOfoEÅmefjzifh pyfjcif;½SvQif pifppf wckwnf;-wa,mufwnf; wlonf\ d d tjzpfonf tu,fí jzpfjim;th?H odYk jzpfvQif EdYk &nfrjS zpfaom EdYk "rf;rnfonf r½Sav&m/ odYk r[kwf pifppfujJG ym; d onf\ tjzpfonfvnf; tu,fí jzpfjim;tH?h odYk jzpfvQif EdYk "rf;onf EdYk &nfEihf pyfonf rjzpfav&m/ tvH;pHaom S k k taMumif;ESihf taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom tusKd;wdYk ü (tjypf a&mufyrm) þenf;yifwnf;/ qufí tjypfukd kH S azmfjyOD;tHh? þqdkcJhonfhtwdkif; 2-pGef; 2-zufv; tjypf a&mufcaomf (]]oav;eD\rsK;aph? oav;eD\toD;}} þ kH hJ d odYk tp½Saom) tvH;pHaom avmu a0g[m&\ ausysufjcif;onf «188» jzpfav&m\/ xkoYkd avmua0g[m&\ d k k d ysufjcif;udvnf; tvdr½Styfay/ xkYd aMumifh (tpOfoEÅmefjzifh pyfaom taMumif;ESihf tusKd;jzpfaom) þ0dnmPf k k d wkYd ü pifppf wckwnf;tjzpf wlonf\tjzpfu¤if; pifppf uGjJ ym;onf\ tjzpfu¤if; r,ltyfay/ kd kd

ta&;ygaom apm'emESifh ajz½Sif;csuf
634/ þt&mü (&yfwefYí apm'uonf apm'emud) qd\? (qdyum;)-b0a[mif;rS b0opfoYkd rajymif;yJ k k k kH b0opfü 0dnmPftopf\ xif½m;jzpfjcif; [kwygrl þvlY twåabmü ½SMd uaom cE¨ma[mif;wdYk \ csKyfueNf yD; S f k jzpfMuaomaMumif¤if;? tusK; (0dnmPf)\ taMumif;jzpfaomuH\ xd(tusK;0dnmPfjzpf&m b0opf)odYk roGm;jcif; h d k d -ra&mufjcif;aMumif¤if; xd0nmPfonf (uHukd ûycJaom olr) wyg;aomol\ tusK;onfvnf; jzpf&m\? (ûytyf h k d h S d cJaom uHr) wyg;aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfonfvnf; jzpf&m\/ onfrQomruao;? (oabm w&m;rQ h S jzpfvwfaomf b0wyg;odYk uyfa&mufonf-[k qktyfaMumif; q&monfyif qdtyfcaomaMumifh tusKd;ud)cHpm;ol d k hJ k r½SvQif xktusKd;onf tb,fol \tusK; jzpf&moenf;? xdYk aMumifh (oabmw&m;rQom jzpfay:vsuf b0wyg;odYk d d d uyfa&mufonf? owå0g toufaumifjzpfonf r[kw?f b0a[mif;rS b0opfoYkd ajymif;a½TYjcif; r½S-[k qdaom) d k þtpD&if-þtqdonf raumif;yg-[k qk\/ xkapm'emü þtajzudk qdtyfay\k d d k wckaom tpOfoEÅmefü (jzpfay:vmaom) tusKd;onf wyg;aom oEÅmef\ tusKd;r[kw?f (xdoEÅmefü jzpfcaom ûyrIur) wyg;aom taMumif;aMumifvnf; jzpfonfr[kw?f rsK;aph k hJ H S h d wdYk ukd ûyjyifpuysK;jcif;onf þ teufukd NyD;apEdiay\/ kd f d k f csJYíjytH?h wckaom tpOfoEÅmefü tusKd;jzpfvwfaomf? 0g? jzpfay:vmaom tusKd;onf xkd (uHjzpf&m w&m;tpk tpOfoEÅmef)ü pifppf wckwnf; wlonf \ tjzpfEihf xl;jcm; uGjJ ym;onf\ tjzpfwYdkukd y,fjrpf S xm;aomaMumifh wyg;aom oEÅmef-wyg;aom ol\ (tusKd;) [lí¤if;? wyg;aom taMumif;aMumifh (jzpfonf) [lí¤if;(qdktyf-qdoifonf) rjzpfay/ taMumif; ,kwum;-þqdcaom teufukd rsK;aphwYdkukd ûyjyifpuysK;jcif;u k h då k hJ d kd f d NyD;apEdiygonf/ csJYí jyth?H o&ufaph ponfwYdk ukd ûyjyifpuysKd; jcif;wkYd ukd ûyvQif xkrsKd;aph\ tpOfoEÅmefü k f kd f d &tyfaom taMumif;½Sygrl? 0g? taMumif;nDñwygrl aemiftcg wyg;ü tusKd;xl;-toD;xl; jzpfay:vmvwfaomf? d T f 0g? jzpfay:vmaom tusKd;xl;-toD;xl;onf tjcm;wyg;aom rsKd;aphwYdk \ tusKd;-toD; r[kway? tjcm;wyg; f aom rsK;aphukd ûyjyifpuysK;jcif;aMumifh jzpfonfvnf; r[kway/ odYk aomf xdrsK;aphrsm;ESihf xdûk yjyifpuysK;rIwYdkonf d kd f d f k d h kd f d toD;oD;&mXmeodYk um; ra&mufMuuke/ þOyrmtwlyif Oyar,sjzpfaom þteufoabm\ NyD;pD;yHukd odtyf f k

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ayonf/ onfrQomruao;? oli,f\ ud,ü uyf,Of xnfoi; ay;tyfueonf jzpfí aemiftcg wyg;0,f k f S h G f k f vlBuD;\ ud,f ponfwYdk ü tusKd;udk ay;wwfueaom ynm twwf aq;ponfwYdk jzifvnf; þqdcaom teuf k k f h k hJ (NyD;pD;jcif;)udk odtyfao;\/ cHpm;ol r½SvQif xdtusKd;onf tb,fo\ tusK;jzpf&moenf;-[k qdaom xkpum;üvnf;d k l d k d tusKd;\ jzpfay;jcif;jzifyifvQif oH;aqmifonf[k orkwjf cif;-ac:qkjd cif;onf NyD;\/ opfyif h k \ toD;jzpfay:jcif;jzifh oD;onf [korkwjf cif;-ac:qkjd cif; NyD;ouJoYkd yifwnf;/ h csJYíjytH?h opfyif[k qdtyfueaom ½kyoabm w&m;wkYd \ wpdwjf zpfaom opfo;\ jzpfay:jcif;jzifyif k k f f D h vQif opfyifo;onf[í¤if; toD;½Sonf[í¤if; ac:qdtyfouJoYkd xkYd twl ewfv[k qdtyfueaom cE¨m 5-yg; D l d l k h l k k f 4-yg;wkdY\ wpdwjf zpfaom oH;aqmifjcif;[k qdtyfaom csrf;om qif;&J [laom tusKd;\ jzpfay:jcif;jzifyifvQif k k h vlonf odYk r[kwf ewfonf oH;aqmif \ [lí¤if;? csrf;om\ qif;&J\[lí¤if; ac:qdktyf\/ xkYd aMumifh þt&mü k cE¨mwkYd rS wyg;aom oH;aqmifwwfornfaom (twå) uwåm;jzifh wpHwckaom tusKd;r½S[k qdtyf\/ k l k d k «189» 635/ þodYk b0a[mif;rS ajymif;a½TYvmjcif; r½SyJ b0opfü xif½m;jzpfjcif;ESihf xkoYkd jzpf&m0,f d S d apm'emzG,ukd ajz½Si;jcif; oifavsmfjynfpjkH im;aomfvnf; þocFg&wkYd onf xif½m;½Suevsufrvnf; tusKd;tm; f f h h S d k f l aus;Zl;ûyukeoavm? odYk r[kwf xif½m; r½Suerí aus;Zl;ûyukeoavm/ tu,fí xif½m;½Suevsuf aus;Zl; f S d k f l f S d k f ûyMuygrl jzpfqcPüyifvQif xdocFg&wkYd \ tusKd;0dygufonf jzpfay:&m\? odYk r[kwf r½Suerí aus;Zl;ûyMuygrl J k d k f l (xdocFg&wdYk ) jzpfay:onfrS a½S;umvü¤if;? aemufumvü¤if; tNrJwrf; tusKd;udk aqmifay;wwf jzpfay: apwwf k onf jzpfue&m\-[lí tMuif wpHwa,mufaomolonf qd&m\? xdouvnf; þodYk ajymMum; ajzqktyf\k f k k k l kd d ûytyfNyD;onf\ tjzpfaMumifh þocFg&wkYd onf (tusKd;tm;) aus;Zl;ûywwf uke\? odYk aomf f tNrJwrf; tusKd;udk aqmifwwf-jzpfay:apwwfonfum; r[kwMf uay/ xdt&mü tmrcHjcif; k tp½Saom yHwl Oyrmudk odtyfay\/ d k csJYí jytH?h ocFg&wdYk onf ûytyfNyD;onf\ tjzpfaMumifomvQif rdr\tusKd;tm; aus;Zl;ûywwfue\? h d k f xif½Sm; ½Sdonf\ tjzpfaMumifaomf¤if;? xif½m; r½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumifaomf¤if; (aus;Zl;ûywwfMuonfum;) h S d h r[kwMf uay/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum;-]]umrm0p& ukovukd ûytyfNyD;onf\ tjzpfaMumifh qnf;yl; G l kH kd f tyfNyD;onf\ tjzpfaMumifh tusK; 0dyguf jzpfaom pu©K0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\}} þodYk ponfyifwnf;/ odYk aomf d vnf; rdr\ xduoifaom tusKd;um; aus;Zl;ûyMuNyD;vQif wzef tusK;udk aqmifwwf jzpfapwwfonfum; d k f h d r[kwue?f (tb,faMumifqaomf) tusKd;0dygufukd &ifusufapMuNyD;-jzpfapMuNyD;aomaMumifh aywnf;/ qkcaom f k h h kd h d hJ xdteufoabmudk xif½m;ap&mü tmrcHjcif; tp½Saom þ qdvwHh jzpfaom yHwl Oyrmudk odtyfay\-avmuü k S d k k tMuifoonf wpHwckaom ypön;Opömudk jyefvnfay;tyf&eftwGuf tmrcHjcif;udûk y\? b@m-toH;taqmif l k f k udrvnf; 0,f,\? ta<u;udrvnf; acs;,l\? xdo\ xdtmrcHjcif; 0,f,jl cif; acs;,ljcif;udk ûyjcif;rQonf k l l k l k l k omvQif xdoufqiaom ypön; Opömudk ay;tyfjcif; ponfü aus;Zl;ûyaom taMumif; jzpfayonf/ tmrcHjcif; k dk f f paom Bud,m\ xif½m;½Sjd cif; r½Sjd cif;onf taMumif;r[kway/ xkYd jyif xkoufqiaom ypön;Opömuday;tyfjcif; S f d kd f f k ponfrS aemufumvüvnf; wm0efukd aqmifonf-wm0ef½onfomvQif rjzpfawmhay/ tb,faMumifqaomfdS h h kd jyefvnf ay;tyfjcif; ponfwYdkukd ûytyfNyD; jzpfaomaMumifh aywnf;/ þtwlyif ûytyfNyD; jzpfaomaMumifomvQif h ocFg&wkYd onfvnf; rdr\tusKd;tm; aus;Zl;ûywwfue\? xduwefaom tusK;uday;onfrS aemufumvüvnf; d k f k f d k tusKd;udk aqmifwwf-jzpfapwwfonfum; r[kwMf uay[k odtyf\/ þrQom pum; tpOfjzifh rdó trdówkdY\ tpGr;jzifh 2-yg;tm;jzifvnf; jzpfaom y#doaE¨ 0dnmPf\ ocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfyukd jytyfNyD; f h kH jzpfayNyD/

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0dnmPf 32-yg;vHk;jzpfyHkudk aygif;í jyqdkjcif;
636/ ,cktcg xkd 32-yg;aom 0dnmPftvH;pHwYdk üyifvQif jzpfay:Edionfh awGa0jcif;udk y,fazsmufjcif; k k k f tusKd;iSgb0ponfwYdkü y#doaE¨ y0wåwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh þqkcaom ocFg&wkYd onf tMuif 0dyguf d f d hJ 0dnmPfwYdk tm; aus;Zl;ûyuke\? (xd0yguf0nmPfwYdk ukd odtyfue\)? ur®ypön; tp½Saom f k d d k f f d tMuiftjcif;t&m tm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûyuke\? (xdtjcif; t&mtm;jzifvnf; xdocFg& h f k h k wkYd u) odtyfue\/ kd k f xd*gxm pum;&yfü b0oH;yg; a,medav;yg; *wdig;yg; 0dnmP|dwd ckepfyg; owåm0go ud;yg; [laom k k k þt&mwkYd onf b0ponfwYdk rnfue\/ þ b0ponfwYdk ü y#doaE¨ umvü¤if;? y0wåumvü¤if; þqkcaom k f d d hJ ocFg&wkYd onf tMuif0yguf 0dnmPfwYdk tm; aus;Zl;ûywwfue\/ (xdk 0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk ukd odtyfue\)? d k f k f ur®ypön; paom tMuiftjcif;t&mtm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûywwfue\? xdtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh (xdk ocFg&wkYd u) f h k f k kd odtyfue\/ þum; *gxm\ teuf/ k f «190» xdotyfaom ocFg&ESihf 0dnmPfwYdk wif a½S;OD;pGm (jy&ef tpOfa&mufaom) yknmbdocFg&xJwif k d G G umr0p& ukovapwem ½Spyg;tjym;½Saom yknmbdocFg&onf omrntm;jzifh umrb0ü ok*wdbrm 9 kd f f d kH S -yg; aom 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; y#doaE¨ umvü ememu©Puur®ypön; jzif¤if;? yuwlyedó,ypön;jzif¤if; þodYk d d f h f h 2-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ ½lyg0p&ukovapwem ig;yg; tjym;½Saom yknmbdocFg&onf ½lyb0ü 5-yg; kd f d aom 0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk tm; y#doaE¨umvü omvQif aus;Zl;ûy\/ xdrwyg; qdtyfNyD;aom tjym;½Saom umr0p&yknmbdocFg&onf umrb0ü ok*wdbrm Oayu©m k S k d kH S o[*kwf t[dwraem0dnmP"mwfonf MuOftyfueaom? 0g? Oayu©moEÅ&PrS wyg;ukeaom 7-yg; ukeaom f k f D f f umr (t[dwuov) 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; qdtyfNyD;aomenf;jzifyifvQif 2-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh y0wåü aus;Zl;ûy f k d k h d \? y#doaE¨umvü aus;Zl;rûy/ xdumryknmbdocFg&onfyifvQif ½lyb0ü (ukov0dyguf pu©K0dnmPf aomw k 0dnmPf orÜ#dpädKef; oEÅD&P 2-ck [laom) 5-yg;aom 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; xdYk twlyifvQif y0wåü aus;Zl;ûy\? d d y#doaE¨ü r[kw/ xkrwyg; umrb0ü 'k*wbrm ½Spyg;vnf; jzpfueaom umr (t[dwuov) 0dyguf f d S ¾ d kH S f k f f k 0dnmPfwYdk tm; xdYk twlyif y0wåü aus;Zl;ûy\? y#doaE¨ü r[kw/ xd'*wbwYkdwif i&Jü r[marm*¾vmefax&f\ d f k k ¾ d kH G ’ i&JoYkd vSnvnfaomtcg ponfwYdk ü £|m½kEihf awGYêuHjcif;aMumifh xdynmbdocFg&u aus;Zl;ûyayonf? xdrS fh H S k k k wyg; wd&pämefwYkd ü¤if;ç wefc;BuD;aom NydwmwkYd ü¤if; £|m½kukd &tyf-&Edionfomwnf;/ dk å H k f xdumryknmbdocFg&onfyifvQif umrb0ü ok*wdbrm 16-yg;vH;vnf; jzpfueaom ukov 0dyguf k kH S k k f 0dnmPfwYdk tm; xdYk twlyif y0wåü¤if;ç y#doaE¨ü¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ omrntm;jzifrl (umr½ly) yknmbdocFg&onf d h ½lyb0ü 10-yg;ukefaom 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; xdYk twlyif y0wåü¤if;ç y#doaE¨ü¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ d d tukovapwem 12-yg; tjym;½Saom tyknmbdocFg&onf umrb0ü 'k*wbrm wckaom (Oayu©m kd f d ¾ d kH S oEÅ&P) 0dnmPftm; xkYd twlyif y#doaE¨umvü aus;Zl;ûy\? y0wåü r[kw/ (Oayu©m oEÅ&PrS wyg;aom) D d f D 6-yg;aom tukov0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk tm; y0wåü aus;Zl;ûy\? y#doaE¨ü r[kw/ ckepfyg;vH;vnf; jzpfaom d f k tukov0dyguf 0dnmPfwYdk tm; y0wåü¤if;ç y#doaE¨ü¤if; (aus;Zl;ûy\)/ d xdrwyg; umrb0ü ok*wdbrm ckepfyg;aom xk0nmPfwYdk tm;yifvQif xkYd twlyif y0wåü aus;Zl;ûy\? k S kH S d d d y#doaE¨ü r[kw/ ½lyb0ü (tukov0dyguf pu©K0dnmPf aomw0dnmPf orÜ#pKdä ef; oEÅ&P[laom) 4-yg;aom f d D 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; xkYd twlyif y0wåü aus;Zl;ûy\/ y#doaE¨ür[kw/ xkoYkd aus;Zl;ûyjcif;onfvnf; umrm0p& d d f d bHü ted|jzpfaom tqif;udk jrifjcif; toHukd Mum;jcif;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpf\? jA[®mavmuürl ted|jzpfaom k f h ½lyg½kponfwYdk r½SMd uay/ xkYd twlyif (aumif;uifb) umr0p& ewfjynfavmu üvnf; (ted| ½lyg½kH ponfwYdk H kH r½SMd uay)/ tmaeOÆmbdocFg&onf t½lyb0ü 4-yg;aom 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; xdYk twlyif y0wåü¤if;ç y#doaE¨ü¤if; d d aus;Zl;ûy\/

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«191» þqkconftwdi; a½S;OD;pGm b0wkYd ü y#doaE¨y0wåwYkd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh þocFg&wkYd onf tMuif d hJ h k f d f 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; aus;Zl;ûyuke\? (xd0yguf0nmPfwYdk ukd odtyfue\)/ ur®ypön; tp½Saom tMuiftjcif; d f k d d k f f d t&mtm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûyuke\? xdtjcif;t&m tm;jzifh (xdocFg&wkYd u) odtyfue\/ þenf;jzifyifvQif h f k k kd k f h a,medponfwYdk üvnf; odtyfue\/ k f 637/ xkotyfaom 0dnmPfEihf ocFg&wdYk ü þqdvwHaom pum;onf tpjzpfaom b0rSpí t>rufrQ d d S k h jyjcif; aywnf;-þocFg&wkdYwGif a½S;OD;pGm yknmbdocFg&onf 2-yg;aom (umr-½ly) b0wkYd ü y#doaE¨ukd ay;NyD;vQif tvH;pHaom rdr\ tusKd;0dygufukd jzpfap\/ xkdYtwl t@Z tp½Sdaom 4-yg;aom a,medwYdk ü¤if;? k k d ewfEiv[k qktyfaom 2-yg;aom *wdwYdkü¤if;? (1) ud,vnf; uGjJ ym; y#doaE¨onmvnf; uGjJ ym;aom S hf l d k f emewåum,emewåonD (2) ud,omuGjJ ym;í onmwlaom emewåum,{uwåonD (3) ud,wí onm k f k f l uGjJ ym;aom {uwåum,emewåonD (4) ud,vnf;wl onmvnf;wlaom {uwåum,{uwåonD[k qdtyf k f k ukeaom 4-yg;aom 0dnmPf\ wnf&mbH-0dnmP|dwd wkYd ü¤if;? ton owåm0goürl þyknmobd ocFg& f k onf ½kyrQudomvQif ûyjyifwwfaomaMumifh 4-yg;omvQif jzpfukefaom (0dnmP|dwd 4-yg;ESihf t&wljzpfaom) f k owå0gwkYd \ae&m-owåm0gowkYd ü¤if; y#doaE¨uay;NyD;vQif tvH;pHaom rdr\tusKd;0dygufukd jzpfap\?xkYd aMumifh kd k k d þ yknmbd ocFg&onf þqkdcJhaom 2-yg;aom b0wdkYü¤if;? 4-yg;aom a,medwkdYü¤if;? 2-yg;aom *wdwYdk ü¤if;? 4-yg;aom 0dnmP|dwdwkdYü¤if;? 4-yg;aom owåm0gowdYk ü¤if; 21-yg;aom 0dyguf0nmPf wkYd tm; qdtyfNyD;aom d k enf;jzifyifvQif jzpfoifonftm;avsmpm y#doaE¨ü¤if;? y0wåü¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ h h f G d tyknmbdocFg&onfum; wckaom umrb0üomvQif 4-yg;aom a,medwYdk ü¤if;? ewfvrS <uif;aom 3l yg;aom *wdwYdk ü¤if;? emewåum,{uwåonD[qtyfaom wyg;aom 0dnmP|dwwYdk ü¤if;? xkoYkd oabm½Sonf k dk d d d omvQif jzpfaom wyg;aom owåm0goü¤if; y#doaE¨\ tpGr;tm;jzifh &ifusufvsuf tusKd;ay;\? xkYd aMumifh þ f h tyknmbdocFg&onf wyg;aomb0ü¤if;? 4-yg;aom a,medwkdYü¤if;? 3-yg; aom*wdwYkd ü¤if;? wyg;aom 0dnmP |dwwYdk ü¤if;? wyg;aom owåm0goü¤if; ckepfyg;aom 0dyguf0nmPf wkYd tm; qdtyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifyifvQif y#d d d k h oaE¨ü¤if;? y0wåü¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ d tmaeOÆmbdocFg&onfum; wyg;omvQif jzpfaom t½lyb0ü¤if;? wyg;aom Oyygwf a,medü¤if;? wyg; aom a'0*wdü¤if;? tmumoeOöm,we tp½Sueaom 3-yg;aom 0dnmP|dwwYdk ü¤if; tmumoeOöm,we d k f d tp½Sdukefaom 4-yg;aom owåm0gowkü¤if; y#doaE¨\ tpGr;tm;jzifh &ifusufvsuf tusKd;ay;wwf\/ xdkY d f h aMumifh þ tmaeOÆmbdocFg&onf wyg;aomb0 wyg;aoma,med wyg;aom *wd 3-yg;aom 0dnmP|dwd 4-yg; aom owåm0gowkdYü 4-yg;aom t½ly0dyguf0nmPfwYdk tm; qdtyfcNhJ yD; aomenf;jzifyifvQif y#doaE¨ü¤if;? y0wåd d k h ü¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\-[k odtyf\/ þqkdcJhonfhtwdkif; .... «192» b0ponfwYkd ü y#doaE¨ y0wåwYdk tpGr;tm;jzifh þ qdcaom ocFg&wdYk onf tMuif d f k hJ 0dyguf0nmPf wkYd tm; aus;Zl; ûyuke\/ (xdk 0dyguf0nmPfwYdk ukd odtyfue\)? ur®ypön; d f d k f f tp½Saom tMuiftjcif;t&m tm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûyuke\/ (xdtjcif;t&mtm;jzifvnf; xdk d h f k h ocFg&wdYk u) odtyfue\/ þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ kd k f þqkcaom pum;onf ocFg&ypö,m 0dnmPH [laomyk'ü tus,jf yqdaom pum;aywnf;/ d hJ f k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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0dnmPypö,memr½lyH - yk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
638/ 0dnmPypö,m emr½lyH - [laom yk'fü .... emrf½ywYkd ukd cGjJ crf;a0befaomtm;jzif¤if;? b0ponfwYkdü jzpfjcif; tm;jzif¤if;? aygif;,l k f h h jcif;tm;jzif¤if;? aus;Zl;ûyyHk enf;tm;jzif¤if; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ h h k csJYí jytHh? emrf½ywYkd ukd cGjJ crf;a0befaomtm;jzif-[laom þpum;ü emrf [lonfrSm tm½kHqDodkY a½S;½I k f h ñTwwwf oGm;wwfaomaMumifh a0'emtp½Saom 3-yg;aom cE¨mwkYd yif jzpfonf/ ½kyf-[lonfrm 4-yg;aom f d S r[mbkwfwkdYonf¤if;? r[mbkwf 4-yg;wdYk ukd pGrí jzpfaom Oyg'g½kywYdk onf¤if; jzpfMuayonf/ xdk emrfEihf ½kyf J DS f S wdYk ukd (okca0'em ponfjzif¤if;? yx0D"mwf ponfjzif¤if;) cGjJ crf;a0bef jcif;udk cE¨mwkYd ukd tus,fjyqd&m h h k cE¨ea'´oü qdtyfcNhJ yD; jzpfayonf/ þqkconftwdi; 0dnmPypö,m emr½lyH [laom þyk'ü a½S;OD;pGm emrf½yf d k d hJ h k f f k wkYd ukd cGjJ crf; a0befaomtm;jzifh tqH;tjzwfukd odtyfay\/ k b0ponfwYkdü jzpfjcif;tm;jzif-[laom þpum;üvnf; (od&efrm)-emrfonf wckaom (onmrJ) owåm h S h 0goudk csefxm;í tvH;pHaom b0 a,med *wd 0dnmP|dwd (½Spyg;aom) owåm0go wkYd ü jzpf\? ½kyfonf 2-yg; k k f aom (umr-½ly) b0 4-yg;aom a,med 5 -yg;aom *wd a½S;jzpfaom 4-yg;aom 0dnmP|dwd (tonowf ESifhwuG) 5-yg;aom owåm0gowkYd ü jzpf\/ þqkconftwdi; jzpfvsuf½aom þemrf½ywi?f 0g? þemrf½yxrS bm0½kyf r½Saom *AÇao,suESihf d hJ h k f dS k f G k f J d t@Zowå0gwkYd tm; y#doaE¨cPü 0w¬K'ou um,'ouwkYd \=tpGrf;tm;jzifh ½kyfxJrS 2-ckaom (oEÅwoo) d D uvmyfpnf; tpOf\acgif;wdYk onf? 0g? uvmyfpnf; tpOf\ rlvt&if; uvmyfwYkd onf¤if;? 3-yg;aom (apwodu) emrf cE¨mwkYd onf¤if; xif½m;jzpfay:uke\? xkYd aMumifh xdk bm0½kyf csKdYaom *AÇao,suESihf t@ZwkYd f S f tm;? 0g? *AÇao,suESihf t@ZwkYd \ tus,ftm;jzifh ½ly½kyf tzdkYrSm? 0g? ½ly½kyxrS ESpq,faom w&m;wkYd Eihf f J f S oH;yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd [laom þ 23-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd ]]0dnmPf[aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom emrf½y}f } k l k [líodtyfukef\? r,ltyfao;onf udom,laom enf;jzifr?l 0g? ,ltyfNyD;udk xyfí r,laomenf;jzifrl wckaom k h h oEÅwdoDorS 9-yg;aom ½kyfwdkYudk y,fí 14-yg;aom w&m;wkYd ukd (odtyfue\)/ bm0½ky½aom *AÇao,suESihf k f f dS t@ZwkdYtm; bm0'ouudk xnfhí 33-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd (odtyfue\)/ ¤if;wkYd tm;vnf; ,ltyfNyD;udk xyfí k f r,laom enf;jzifrl oEÅwoo 2-ckrS 18-yg;aom ½kyw&m;wdYk ukd y,fí 15-yg;aom w&m;wkYd ukd (0dnmPf h d D f aMumifh jzpfaom emrf½y[k odtyfue\)/ k f k f xkrwyg; Oyygwf owå0gwdYk wif yXrpsmef jA[®m ponfwYdk tm; y#doaE¨cPü pu©K'ou aomw'ou d S G 0w¬K'ouESihf ZD0we0uuvmyfwYkd\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh ½kyftzdkYrSm 4-yg;aom oEÅwdoDo wkdYonf¤if;? 3-yg;aom d emrfcE¨mwkYd onf¤if; xif½m; jzpfue\/ xkYd aMumifh xdjk A[®mwkYd tm; tus,ftm;jzifh ½ly½kyxrS 39-yg;aom w&m; S k f f J wdYk Eihf 3-yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkdY[laom «193» þ 42-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd ]]0dnmPf[aom taMumif;aMumifh S l jzpfaom emrf½y}f }[k odtyfue\/ ,ltyfNyD;udk xyfí r,laom enf;jzifrl oEÅwoo 3-ckrS 27-yg;aom k k f h d D w&m;wdYk ukd y,fí 15-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd (odtyfue\)/ k f xdrwyg; jA[®mwkYd rS <uif;aom OyygwfwYkd tm;¤if; bm0½ky½onfjh yif pu©Kpaom tm,we jynfpaom k S f dS h kH oHao'ZwkdYtm;¤if;? y#doaE¨cPü ½kyftzdkYrS 7 -yg;aom oEÅwoowkYd onf¤if;? 3-yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd onf¤if; d D xif½m;jzpfue\/ xkYd aMumifh umrb0ü xkOyygwfEihf oHao'ZwkYd tm; tus,ftm;jzif½y½kyxrS 70-aom S k f d S h l f J w&m;wdYk Eihf 3-yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd [aom þ 73-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd ]]0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh S l jzpfaom emrf½y}f }[k odtyfue\/ ,ltyfNyD;udk xyfí r,laom enf;jzifrl ½kyoEÅwoo 6-ckrS 54-yg;aom k k f h f d D w&m;wdYk ukd y,fí 19-yg;wdYk u(odtyfue\)/ þqdcaom emrf½yf ta&twGuonf tvGeq; trsm;qH;ay kd k f k hJ k f f kH k wnf;/ t,kwftavsmh-tenf;tm;jzifrum; xdxkd ½kyoEÅwoouvmyf csKdYwaom owå0gwkYd tm; xdxcsKdYwhJ h l k f d D hJ k kd aom uvmyf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ,kwapí ,kwapí? 0g? avQmhí avQmhí tusOf;tm;jzif¤if; tus,ftm;jzif¤if; f f f h h y#doaE¨cPü 0dnmPf[aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom emrf½yf ta&twGuukd odtyf\/ l k f xdrwyg; t½lyyk*Kd¾ vfwYkd tm; emrfcE¨m 3-yg;wdYk uomvQif odtyfue\/ tonowf yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk tm; k S kd k f ½kytzdYk rS ZD0we0uuvmyf½yuomvQif odtyf\/ þqdcaom pum;onf y#doaE¨cPü od&ef enf;aywnf;/ f d k f kd k hJ

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

45

y0wåumvürlum; ½kyjf zpf&mt&yfbkH tvH;pHwYdk ü y#doaE¨pwEihf wuGjzpfaom ur®Z½kywYkd wif Owkr?S 0g? d k k d f S f G Owkac: awaZm"mwfaMumifh Owkork|mef½aom ok'|u-oufoufaom t|uuvmyf ½kyonf y#doaE¨pw\ dS ¨ f d f XDcPü xif½m;jzpf\/ y#doaE¨pwonfum; ½kyukd rjzpfapwwf? taMumif;rlum;-urf;yg;jywfü usvke;-usqJ S d f f D jzpfaom a,musm;onf tjcm;aom usve;-usqJv\ taxmuftyHh jzpf&ef rpGr;EdiouJoYkd xkYd twlyif xdk f k D l f k f h y#doaE¨pwonf wnf&m0w¬K½kyf tm;enf;aomaMumifh ½kyukd jzpfap&ef rpGr;Ediay/ y#doaE¨pwrtxufjzpfaom d f f f k f d f S aemufumvürl a½S;OD;pGmjzpfaom yXrb0ifrS pí pdwvQif jzpfaMumif; ½Saom ok'|u uvmyfonfjzpf\? f d ¨ y#doaE¨cPrSaemufü jzpfNyD;aom Owkac: awaZm"mwfaMumif¤if;? pdwaMumif¤if; o'´e0uuvmyfonf toH h f h jzpfay:aom umvü jzpf\/ uAVDum&-pm;rsKdtyfaom tm[m&udk rSí touf½if ukeaom *AÇao,suowå0g D S f wkUd tm; rlum; --trd0rf;ü wnfaom xdoi,f\ rdcifonf xrif; tazsmf[aom tMuif abmZOfukd k l l oH;aqmif\? rdcif oH;aqmifaom xdabmZOf jzifh trd0rf;ü wnfaeaom xdoi,fonf k k k k l xdtrd\ 0rf;xJürQwvsuf ½S\-[k k d qkaomaMumifh rdcif pm;rsKdtyfaom tm[m& tpOfavsmuftyfaom uk,ü (tm[m&vQif jzpfaMumif;½Saom d d f d ok'|uuvmyfonf jzpf\)? Oyygwf yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk tm; tvH;pHwYdk \ a½S;OD;pGm rdr\cHwi;ü½Saom wHaxG;udk rsKdaom ¨ k k d G f d tcgü tm[m&vQif jzpfaMumif;½Saom ok'|uuvmyfonf (jzpf\)? odYk jzpfí tm[m&Z ok'|u uvmyfEihf d ¨ ¨ S OwkZpdwZ jzpfueaom tvGeq;tm;jzifh (jzpfEiaom) o'´e0uuvmyf 2-ckwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh þ26-yg;aom å k f f kH kd f f ½kyfEihf wckwckaom pdwuPü 3-Budrjf zpfaom? 0g? 3-Budrf jzpfonfukd &nfí a½S;üqktyfcaom 70-tjym; S å © d hJ ½Saom ur®Z½kytm;jzifh 96-yg; tjym;½Sdaom½kyfonf¤if; 3-yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd onf¤if; (jzpfay:uke\)? d f f odYk jzpfaomaMumifh tusO;tm;jzifh 99-yg;aom w&m;wkYd ukd (0dnmPfaMumifh jzpfaom emrf½y[k odtyfue\)/ f k f k f wenf;um; toH½yonf w&Hwcgüomxif½m;jzpfjcif;aMumifh tNrJwrf;r½S-ted,womwnf;? xkYd aMumifh xdOwkZ k f S d k pdwåZ toH½kyf 2-ckv;udk y,fí þ qdcaom 97-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd jzpfoifonftm;avsmfpm tvH;pHaom kH k hJ h G k k owå0gwdYk \ ]]0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom emrf½y}f }[lí odtyf\/ rSeay\? xdtvH;pHaom k f k k k owå0gwkYd tm; tdyaysmfaeukeaomfvnf; arhavsmhaeukeaomfvnf; cJpm;aeukeaomfvnf; aomufaeukeaom f f f f f vnf; aeYü¤if;ç nOfü¤if; þqkcaom (97-yg;aom) w&m;wkYd onf 0dnmPf[aom taMumif;aMumifh rjywf h d hJ l jzpfue\/ xdk 97-yg;aom w&m;wkYd \ 0dnmPfvQif taMumif;½Sonf\ tjzpf [laom xdtjcif;t&mudrum; k f d k k l aemufü zGijhf yuket/ f hH qufO;tH?h uHaMumifh jzpfaom (ur®Z) ½kyonf 3-yg;aom b0 4-yg;aom a,med 5-yg;aom *wd 4-yg; D f aom 0dnmP|dwd 5-yg;aom owåm0gowdYk ü tvH;pHwYdk \ a½S;OD;pGm (jzpfvsu) wnfjim;aomfvnf; (pdwf Owk k k f tm[m& [laom oH;yg;aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom) wdork|medu½kyu raxmufy(tyf)vQif aumif;pGm k f hH (t½Sn) wnfjcif;iSgrpGr;Edi?f wdork|medu½kyonfvnf; xdur®Z½kyu raxmufy(tyf)vQif (aumif;pGm wnfjcif; f f k f k f hH iSg) rpGr;Ediay/ pifppfaomfum; tzsm;csif; ,Suvsuf t&if;zufjzifh t&yfav;rsufEmwdYk ü toD;toD; NrJNrHpm f k f f S G csxm;tyfueaom (4-ckaom) usLpnf;wkYd onf avwdutyfueaomfvnf; aumif;pGm wnfueouJoYkd ¤if; k f k f k f k f h (tcsif;csif; zGYJ w,f yl;uyfvsuf wnfueaom) avSysuf azmifysuwYdkonf r[mork'&mü vIi;ykwcwftyfuef G k f f ´ d f f k aomfvnf; wpHwckaom t&yfü &tyfaom axmufwnf&m ½SueouJoYkd ¤if; þur®ZESihf wdork|medu½kywYkd onf k d k f h f tcsi;csi; axmufytyfueonfjzpfí rûydus rysup;MuyJ aumif;pGmwnfuevsuf wESpywfv;aomfvnf; 2f f hH k f f D k f f kH ESpywfv;aomfvnf;/ y/ tESpw&mywfv;aomfvnf; xdk owå0gwdYk \ toufwrf; ukeonfwiatmif jzpfapç f kH f kH f kd f aumif;rIuueonfwiatmif jzpfap rjywfjzpfvsuf ½SMd uavonf/ þqkconfh twdi; 0dnmP ypö,m emr½lyH H k f dk f d hJ k f [laom þyk'ü b0ponfwYkdü jzpfjcif;tm;jzifvnf; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyfay\/ f h k 639/ xkdrSwyg; aygif;,ljcif;tm;jzif-[laom þpum;ü (od&efrm) t½lyb0ü y0wåEihf y#doaE¨wü¤if;? h S d S dk yOöa0gum&b0ü (½kyurjzpfapwwfonfh yOö0nmPf jzpfq) y0wåumvü¤if; 0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh f dk d J d tMuif (apwodu) emrfonfomvQivnf; (jzpf\)? tonowf yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk ü y0wåEihf y#doaE¨ tvH;pHwYkd ü¤if; f f d S k k yOöa0gum&b0ü y0wåumvü¤if; 0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh tMuif½yonfomvQifvnf; (jzpf\)? d k f yOöa0gum&b0ü y0wåEihf y#doaE¨ tvH;pHwYdk ü 0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh tMuif emrf½yf 2-yg;vHk; d S k k k onfvnf; (jzpf\)? xdk (emrfoufouf ½kyoufouf emrf½yf 2-yg;pHk [laom) tvH;pHukd emr-emrfonf¤if;ç f k k k ½ly½kyfonf¤if;ç emr½ly-emrfEi½yf 2-yg;pHonf¤if; emr½ly-emrf½yrnf\ [k þodYk wpdwowwl wck<uif; S hf k k k f f k d ûyaom enf;jzifh aygif;,lí ]]0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom emrf½y}f }[k odtyf\/ k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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tonowfy*Kd¾ vfwYkd ü 0dnmPfr½Sjd cif;aMumifh (0dnmPfaMumifh ½kyoufouf jzpfonf-[laompum;onf) k f roif[k qdjk im;tH?h (tonowf yk*Kd¾ vfwYkd ü 0dnmPfaMumifh ½kyoufouf jzpfonf-[laom) þpum;onfvnf; h f roifonfr[kwf (oifonfomvQif jzpfayonf)/ h h emrf½y\ taMumif;jzpfaom 0dnmPfukd 0dyguf0nmPfç 0dyguf r[kwaom 0dnmPf[k 2-yg; k f d f tjym;tm;jzifh odtyf\? xdkodkY 2-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh odtyfaomaMumifh (tonowf yk*Kd¾ vf wdYk ü 0dnmPfaMumifh ½kyoufouf jzpfonf-[laom) þpum; oifonfomvQif (jzpfay f h onf)/ xk*gxmudk csJYí jytH?h emrf½y\ taMumif;jzpfaom 0dnmPfukd 0dyguf0nmPfç 0dyguf r[kwaom d k f d f 0dnmPf tjym;tm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sdonf[k odtyf\/ tonowf yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk ü þ ½kyonfvnf; ur®Z½kyf f jzpfaomaMumifh yOöa0gum&b0ü jzpfcaom tbdocFg& (½lyukovu) 0dnmPf [laom taMumif;aMumifh hJ kd f H (jzpfaom) ½kyaywnf;/ xdYk twl yOöa0gum&b0ü y0wåumv0,f ukovf tp½Saom? 0g? ukovf tukovf f d kd d kd kd Bud,m [laom pdwwYkd\ jzpfqcPü ur®Z½kyonf yOöa0gum&b0ü jzpfcaom tbdocFg& (umr-½lyukodkvf f J f hJ tukovu) 0dnmPf[aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom ½kyaywnf;/ odYk jzpfí (tonowf yk*Kd¾ vfwYkd ü 0dnmPf kd f H l f aMumifh ½kyoufouf jzpfonf-[laom) þpum; oifonfomvQif (jzpfayonf)/ þqkconftwdi; 0dnmP f h d hJ h k f ypö,m emr½ly-[laom þyk'ü aygif;,ljcif;tm;jzifvnf; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyfay\/ H f h k «195» 640/ xkrwyg; aus;Zl;ûyyHk enf;tm;jzifh - [laom þ pum;ü .... d S 0dyguf0dnmPfonf (,SOfbuf) emrftm; 9 tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? (y#doaE¨ 0dyguf -yg; 0dnmPfonf) 0w¬K½kyftm; 9-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? 0w¬KrS <uif;aom ½kytm; ½Spyg; f f tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ tbdocFg&0dnmPfonf ½kytm; wyg;aom tzdYk tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? y#doaE¨0nmPf f d tbdocFg&0dnmPfwYdk rS wyg;aomyXrb0ifpaom 0dnmPfonf xdxemrf½ytm; xduonf k kd k f k f tm;avsmfpm aus;Zl;ûy\/ G csYJ í jytH?h y#doaE¨umvü jzpfap? y0wåumvü jzpfap 0dyguf[k qdtyfaom tMuif apwoduemrfonf d k f (½Sd\)? ½kyEia&monfrvnf;jzpfaom ra&monfrvnf;jzpfaom 0dygufemrftm; y#doaE¨0yguf0nmPfonf f S hf l l d d aomf¤if;? tjcm; 0dyguf0nmPfonfaomf¤if; o[Zmw ypön; tnrn edó, orÜ,wå 0dygu tm[m& d f k £`E´, tw¬d t0d*wypön;wkYd jzifh 9-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ d f 0w¬K½kytm; y#doaE¨cPü o[Zmw tnrn edó, 0dygu tm[m& £`E´, 0dy,wå tw¬d t0d*w f d Ü k ypön;wkYd jzifh 9-yg;tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ 0w¬K½kyfudk csefxm;í <uif;aom ½kyftm;rl þ 9 f -yg;aom ypön; f wdYk wif tnrnypön;udk y,fí <uif;aom 8-yg;aom ypön;wkYd jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ G f f xdrwyg; tbdocFg& (uHEi,Oaom) 0dnmPfonf tonowf ur®Z½kytm;¤if;? yOöa0gum&b0ü k S S hf S f f ur®Z½kytm;¤if; okweenf; y&d,m,ftm;jzifh Oyedó,tpGr;jzifh wyg;aom tzdYk tm;jzifomvQif aus;Zl;ûy\/ f å f f h y#doaE¨ 0dnmPfEihf tbdocFg& 0dnmPfrS <uif;aom yXrb0ifrpí tvH;pHaom 0dnmPfonf xdxemrf½ytm; S S k k k kd k f xduonftm;avsmfpm aus;Zl;ûyonf[otyf\/ tus,frjyjcif;\ taMumif;um;-tus,ftm;jzifh xdemrf½ytm; k f G k d k k f aus;Zl;ûyyHenf;udk jyaevQif y|mef;pum; tvH;pHuvnf; csJYí jy&ayvdrrnf? xkYd aMumifh xdaus;Zl;ûyyHk tus,fukd k k k kd hf k jy&ef tm;rxkwueawmht/ f k f Hh (0dnmPfaMumifh emrf½y-jzpfonf[aom) xdpum;&yfü ]]y#doaE¨ emrf½yonf 0dnmPf[aom taMumif; k f l k k f l aMumifh jzpfonf}} [laom þoabmudk tb,foYkd odtyfygoenf;-[k wpHwa,mufaomol\ apm'emonf k jzpf&m\? 0g? jzpfEi\/ (tajzum;) okw[k ac:aom bk&m; pum;awmftm;jzif¤if;ç toif,wtm;jzif¤if; kd f å h h k då h (odtyfayonf)/ csJYí jytH?h okw[k ac:aom bk&m;pum;awmfü ]]pdwm-Eky&d0wåaem "r®m-pdwoYkd tpOfvuí f å d f dk f jzpfueaom w&m;wdYk onf ½Sue\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom enf;jzifh rsm;aom tjym;tm;jzifh a0'em ponfwYkdtm; k f d k f

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0dnmPfu aus;Zl;ûyonf\ tjzpfonf? 0g? a0'em ponfwYdk\ 0dnmPfvQif taMumif;½Sonf\ d tjzpfonf NyD;pD;ay\/ toif,wtm;jzifrum; h k då h l þavmuü rsufarSmufjrif&aom (½Tivef;rI-r½Tivef;rI-auG;qefY vIy½m;rI-paom) pdwZ f f f S å ½kyjf zifh rsuarSmuf rjrif&aom y#doaE¨½kyftm;vnf; 0dnmPfu aus;Zl;ûyonf-[laom f oabmonf NyD;pD;ay\/ xd*gxmudk csJYíjytH?h pdwf Munfvifvwfaomf¤if;? rMunfvifvwfaomf¤if; xdk pdwtm;avsmfueaom k f k f Munfvif½ivef;aom ½kyf rMunfvif r½Tivef;aom ½kywYkd jzpfay:vmMuonfwYdk ukd rsufarSmuf awGYjrif&uke\? T f f f f rsuarSmuf awGYjrif&aom oabmjzifh rsuarSmuf rjrif&-rjrifEiaom oabmudk EIi;qí odjcif;-qH;jzwfjcif; f f kd f d f k onfvnf; jzpfay\/ xkYd aMumifh þavmuü rsuarSmufjrif&aom (rsuEm\ Munfvif ½Tivef;rI-rMunfvif f f S f r½Tivef;rI-vufajcwkYd \ auG;qefY vIy½m;rI-paom) pdwZ½kyjf zifh rsufarSmuf rjrif&aom y#doaE¨½yf tm;vnf; f f S å k y#doaE¨0nmPfu aus;Zl;ûyonf? 0g? y#doaE¨ ½ky\vnf; y#doaE¨0nmPfu taMumif;jzpfonf-[laom þ d f d oabmudk odtyfay\/ rSeay\? uHvQif jzpfaMumif; ½Saom ur®Z½kyf jzpfjim;aomfvnf; xdy#doaE¨½ytm; f d k k f pdwvQifjzpfaMumif; ½Saom pdwZ½kytm;uJoYkd y#doaE¨0nmPfu aus;Zl;ûywwfonf tjzpfonf y|mef;ygVdawmfü f d å f h d vmay\/ þqkconftwdi; 0dnmPypö,m emr½ly-[laom þyk'ü aus;Zl;ûyyHk enf;tm;jzifvnf; tqH;tjzwf d hJ h k f H f h k udk odtyfay\/ þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ þqdcaom pum;onf 0dnmPypö,m emr½lyH - [laomyk'ü tus,f jyqdaom pum;aywnf;/ k hJ f k

emr½lyypö,m oVm,weH - yk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
641/ emr½lyypö,m oVm,weH - [laom yk'ü --f apwodufcE¨m 3-yg; taygif;udk emrf[k (odtyf\)? blw½kyf 0w¬K½kyf ponfudk ½kyf[k odtyf\/ ûytyfNyD;aom wck<uif;½Saom? 0g? wck<uif; ûyxm;aom xdemrf½yonf xduoYkd aom? 0g? d k k f k hJ xdYk twlyif wck<uif; ûyxm;aom xkoVm,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\/ d csJYíjytH?h oVm,we\yifvQif taMumif;ypön; jzpfaom emrfEihf ½kywYkd wif a0'em tp½Saom cE¨m 3f S f G d yg;taygif;udk emrf[k (odtyf\)? xkYd jyif rdroEÅmefü tusKH;0ifaom tNrJwrf; tm;jzifh blw½kyf 4-yg; 0w¬K½kyf 6d yg; ZD0wa`E´-[laom þodYk aom? 0g? þodYk paom blw½kyf 0w¬K½kyf ponfukd ½ky[k odtyf\/ xdrwyg; emrf d d f k S onf¤if; ½kyonf¤if; emrf½yonf¤if; emrf½yrnf\[k þodYk wck<uif;ûyxm;aom xdemrf½yonf (rem,we f k f k f k k f [laom 6-ckajrmuf) q|m,weonf¤if; (tm,we 6 -yg;[laom) oVm,weonf¤if; oVm,we rnf\[k þodYk wck<uif;ûyxm;onfomvQif jzpfaom oVm,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\-[líodtyf\/ tb,faMumifenf;[lr¿ h h l t½lybHü emrfuomvQif aus;Zl;ûy\ (½kyr½Sí ½kyu aus;Zl;rûyEdi)? xdemrfonfvnf; ajcmufcajrmuf k f d f k f k k rem,wetm;omvQif aus;Zl;ûy\? tjcm; tm,wetm; aus;Zl;rûy/ rSeay\? 0dbif;ygVdawmfü ]]emrf[aom f l taMumif;aMumifh q|m,we (jzpfonf)}}[k a[mawmfrl (tyf) ay\? xkYd aMumifh odtyfayonf/ (emr½lypö,m oVm,weH-[laom) xdpum;&yfü ]]emrf½yonf oVm,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\}} [laom þ k k f oabmudk tb,foYkd odtyfygoenf;-[k (wpHwa,muf\ apm'em) jzpf&m\? 0g? jzpfEi\/ (tajzum;) k kd f emrf½y½vQif ½Sjd cif;aMumifh (odtyfayonf)/ csJYíjytH?h xdxemrf xdx½yf ½SvQif xdxtm,we jzpf\? wyg;aom k f dS k kd k kd k d k dk tjym;tm;jzifh rjzpf/ (xkYd aMumifh odtyfayonf)/ qufO;th?H xdtm,we\ xdemrf½y½vQif jzpfonf\ tjzpf D k k k f dS onf aus;Zl;ûyyHenf;ü omvQif xif½m; jzpfvwH?h xkYd aMumifh k S y#doaE¨ü¤if; y0wåü¤if; tMuiftMuif emrf½yonf tMuif tMuif tm,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\? d k f (o[Zmw tp½Saom) tMuiftjcif;t&m-tjym;tm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûy\? xdtjcif;t&md h k tjym;tm;jzifh xdxemrf½yEihf tm,weudk ynm½Sonf odtyfay\/ k kd k f S d xd*gxmü þqdvwHaom pum;onf teufukd xifpmjyaom pum;aywnf;/ k k h G

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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jyyHum;-t½lybHü y#doaE¨ y0wåwYkd ü emrfonfomvQif xdk tm,wetm; t,kwf tenf;tm;jzifh 7-yg; k k d tjym;tm;jzif¤if;? 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzif¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ h h tb,foYkd enf;[lr¿ a½S;OD;pGm(jy&efrm) y#doaE¨cPü t,kw-tenf;tm;jzifh o[Zmw tnrnedó, l S f orÜ,wå 0dygu tw¬d t0d*wypön;wkYd jzifh 7-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh emrfu q|m,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\/ tvGef k f txl;tm;jzifrl þemrfxwif (tavmb ta'go paom) tcsKdYemrfonf a[wk ypön;jzif¤if;? (zó apwem h J G f h [laom) tcsKYd emrfonf tm[m&ypön;jzif¤if;-«197» þodYk aom enf;jzifh wyg;aom tjym;tm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl; f h h ûy\? xka[wk tp½Saom ypön;\ tpGr;tm;jziftvGe-t,kwu?kd 0g? twd;-tqkwukd odtyf\/ d d f f h f f k f y0wåumvüvnf; 0dygufemrfonf qdtyfcNhJ yD;aomenf;jzifh yifvQif aus;Zl;ûy\/ 0dygufrS wyg;aom emrf d k onfum; t,kwtenf;tm;jzifh qdtyfcNhJ yD;aom ypön;wdYk wif 0dyguypön;rS wyg;ukeaom 6-yg;aom ypön; f k f G f f f wkYd jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ tvGetxl;tm;jzifrl þ 0dyguf r[kwaom emrfxwif tcsKdYemrfonf a[wkypön;jzif¤if;? f h f J G f h tcsKdYemrfonf tm[m&ypön;jzif¤if;-þodkYaomenf;jzifh wyg;aom tjym;tm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûy\? xda[wk f h h k paom ypön;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh tvGe-t,kwukd odtyf\/ f f f f (t½lyrS) wyg;aom b0üvnf; y#doaE¨cPü xdemrfonf q|tm,wetm; xdYk twlyif 7k yg; tjym;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? q|m,werS wyg;aom tm,wewkYd tm; xdemrfonf 6-yg; k aom tjcif;t&mwkYd jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ csJYí jyth?H t½lyb0rS wyg;aom yOöa0gum& b0üvnf; xdk 0dygufemrfonf [',0w¬K\ tazmfo[J jzpfí 6-ckajrmufjzpfaom rem,wetm; t½lyb0ü qdtyfcovdyif t,kw-tenf;tm;jzifh 7-yg;tjym;tm;jzifh k hJ k f aus;Zl;ûy\/ þrS wyg;ukeaom pu©m,we tp½Saom ig;yg;aom tm,wewkYd tm;rl xd0ygufemrfonf f d k d r[mbkwf 4-yg;\ tazmfo[J jzpfí o[Zmw edó, 0dygu 0dy,wå tw¬d t0d*wypön;wdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh Ü k f f 6-yg;aom tjcif;t&mwkYd jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ tvGetxl;tm;jzifrl þ0dygufemrfxwif tcsKdYemrfonf a[wkypön; f h J G f jzif¤if;? tcsKdYemrfonf tm[m&ypön;jzif¤if;-þodYk aom enf;jzifh wyg;aom tjym;tm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûy\/ xdk h f h h a[wkpaom ypön;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh tvGe-t,kwukd odtyf\/ f f f f y0wåumvüvnf; 0dygufemrfonf 0dyguf q|m,wetm; xdYk twl 7-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh d aus;Zl;ûy\? 0dygufr[kwfaom emrfonf 0dygufr[kwfaom q|m,wetm; xdkYtwl 6 -yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ csJYíjytH?h yOöa0gum&b0 y0wåumvüvnf; y#doaE¨cPü uJoYkd yif 0dygufemrfonf 0dyguf q|m,we d h tm; t,kwf-tenf;tm;jzifh 7-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ 0dygufr[kwaom emrfonfum; 0dyguf r[kwf f aom q|m,wetm; t,kw-tenf; tm;jzifhyifvQif xdk 7-yg; xJrS 0dyguypönf;udk y,fí 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh f aus;Zl;ûy\/ þ *gxmü? 0g? þ y0wåumv aus;Zl;ûyyHü tvGe-t,kwuum; qdtyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifyifvQif d k f f kd k h odtyf\/ xdyOöa0gum& y0wåumvüyifvQif 0dygufemrfonf <uif;aom ig;yg;aom tm,wewkYd tm; k d 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? 0dygufr[kwaom emrfuvnf; þtwlyif jytyf\/ f kd csUJ í jyth?H xdyOöa0gum&b0 y0wåumvüyifvQif y#doaE¨rwyg;aom pu©Kyom' ponfvQif wnf&m k d S ½Sdaom 0dygufemrfonfvnf; rem,werS <uif;aom pu©m,we tp½Saom ig;yg;aom tm,wewkYd tm; d ypämZmw 0dy,wå tw¬d t0d*wypön;wkYd jzifh 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ 0dygufemrfuuoYkd yif 0dyguf Ü k f kd hJ r[kwaom emrfuvnf; xdYk twlyif jytyf\/ xkYd aMumifh ukovf ponf tjym;½Saom emrfonfvnf; xdk f kd kd d pu©m,we ponf wkYd tm; 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyonf[k odtyf\/ «198» þ qdkcJhonfhtwdkif; a½S;OD;pGm emrfonfomvQif y#doaE¨ü¤if; y0wåü¤if; tMuiftMuif tm,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\? tMuif tjcif;t&m tm;jzifh d vnf; aus;Zl; ûy\? xdtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh xdxkd tm,weudk odtyfay\/ k k ½kyu aus;Zl;ûyyHum;-þemrf½kyf 2-yg;wGif ½kyonf t½ly b0ü wckaom tm,we f k f tm;aomfvnf; aus;Zl;rûywwfay/ cE¨m ig;yg;½Saom (yOöa0gum&) b0ürl y#doaE¨cPü d

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½kyxrS 0w¬K½kyonf q|m,wetm; 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? blw½kywYkd onf f J f f (y#doaE¨ y0wåd rcGjJ cm;rlí) omrntm;jzifh ig;yg;aom tm,wewkYd tm; 4-yg;tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyuke\/ f csJYí jytH?h (yOöa0gum&b0) y#doaE¨cPü ½kyxrS 0w¬K½kyonf ajcmufcajrmuf jzpfaom rem,wetm; f J f k o[Zmw tnrn edó, 0dy,wå tw¬d t0d*wypön; wkYd jzifh 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ 4-yg;aom Ü k f blw½kywYkd onfum; omrntm;jzifh y#doaE¨ü¤if;ç y0wåü¤if; jzpfwi;jzpfwi;aom tm,we\ tpGr;tm;jzifh f d kd f dk f f pu©m,we tp½Saom ig;yg;vH;wkYd tm;vnf; o[Zmw edó, tw¬d t0d*w ypön;wkYd jzifh 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh d k f aus;Zl;ûyukef\/ ZD0dw½kyfonf (pu©m,wetp½Sdaom) þig;yg;aom tm,wewkdYtm; 3-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? tm[m& ½kyfonfvnf; y0wådumvü (þig;yg;aom tm,wewkdYtm; 3-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\)/ (pu©m,we tp½Sdaom) xdk ig;yg;aom ½kyfwdkYonf yifvQif 6ckajrmuf rem,wetm; 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? [',0w¬K½kyonf xdk rem,we f tm;yifvQif 5-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ csJYíjytH?h pu©Ktp½Saom ig;yg;aom þ tm,wewkYd tm; y#doaE¨ü¤if;ç y0wåü¤if; tw¬d t0d*w £`E´, d d d ypön;wdYk \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh ZD0dw½kyfonf 3-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ tm[m&½kyf onfvnf; tw¬d t0d*w f tm[m&ypön;wkYd \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 3-yg; tjym;tm;jzifyif aus;Zl;ûy\? xdk tm[m&½ky\ aus;Zl;ûyjcif;onfum; f h f tm[m&udk rSí touf½iueaom owå0gwkYd \ tm[m& tpOf avQmuftyfaom ud,ü y0wåumvüomvQif D S f k f k f d jzpfayonf? y#doaE¨umvüum; r[kway/ pu©m,we tp½Saom xdk ig;yg;aom ½kywYkd onfum; pu©K0dnmPf f d f aomw Cme Zd0Sg um,0dnmPf[k qkdtyfaom 6 ajrmuf rem,wetm; edó, yka&Zmw £`E´, 0dy,wå -ck d Ü k tw¬d t0d*ypön;wkYd \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 6-yg;aom tjcif;t&mwkYd jzifh y0wåumvü aus;Zl;ûyukef\? y#doaE¨umvü f d r[kway? yOö0nmPfwYdk ukd csefxm;í (,if;wdYk r) <uif;aom xdk rem,we tm;yifvQif ,',0w¬K½kyonf f d S f edó, yka&Zmw 0dy,wå tw¬d t0d*ypön;wdYk \ tpGrf;jzifh 5 tjym;tm;jzifh y0wåumvüomvQif aus;Zl; Ü k f -yg; d ûy\? y#doaE¨ umvü r[kway/ þ qdconftwdi; ½kyonfomvQif y#doaE¨ü¤if;ç y0wåü¤if; tMuif tMuif f k hJ h k f f d tm,wetm; aus;Zl;ûy\? tMuif tjcif;t&mtm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûy\? xdtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh xdxkd tm,weudk h k k odtyfay\/ emrf½yf 2-yg;vH;u aus;Zl;ûyyHum;-tMuif emrf½yf 2-yg;vH; onf tMuif tm,wetm; k k k k k aus;Zl;ûy\? tMuiftjcif;t&mtm;jzifvnf; aus;Zl;ûy\? xdk emrf½yEihf xdtm,weudvnf; h k f S k k xdk tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh y#doaE¨Eihf y0wåtvH;pHwYdk ü ynm½Sonf odtyf\/ S d k k d «199» þ odtyfaom t&mum; tb,fenf;[lr¿ a½S;OD;pGm (od&efrm) yOöa0gum&b0ü y#doaE¨ cPü l S cE¨m 3-yg; taygif; emrfESifh 0w¬K½kyf[k qdktyfaom emrf½kyfonf 6-ckajrmuf jzpfaom rem,wetm; o[Zmw tnrn edó, 0dygu orÜ,wå 0dy,wå tw¬d t0d*w ypön; tp½Sonf wkYd jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ þodYk ponfjzifh k Ü k f d odtyfayonf/ þqkcaom pum;onf (emrf½yEpyg;vH;u aus;Zl; ûyyHukd jyaom) þt&mü t&dyt>rufrQ d hJ k f S f k k f rsufEmjyrQjzpfonf/ odYk aomfvnf; qdtyfcaom enf;udtpOfavQmufojzifh tvH;pHukd ,SOapjcif;iSg pGr;Ediavmuf S k hJ k k k f f k f ayNyD? xdYk aMumifh þt&mü tus,fukd rjytyfayownf;/ þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ þqdcaom pum;onf emr½lyypö,m oVm,weH-[laom yk'ü tus,jf yqdaom pum; aywnf;/ k hJ f k

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oVm,weypö,m zaómyk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
642/ oVm,weypö,m zaóm - [laom yk'ü f zówkYd onf tusOf;tm;jzifh pu©Koræó tp½Sueaom 6-yg;wkYd onfomvQif jzpfue\? d k f k f tus,ftm;jzifh xdzówkYd onf (ocFg&aMumifjh zpfaom) 0dnmPfuoYkd 32-yg;jzpfMuavonf/ k hJ csJYíjythH? tm,we 6-yg; [laom taMumif;aMumifh zó jzpfonf [laom pum;ü zówkYd onf tusOf; tm;jzifh pu©Koræó -jrifawGYr?I aomworæó -Mum;awGYr?I Cmeoræó -eHawGYr?I Zd0goræó -vsufawGYr?I S um,oræó -xdawGYr?I raemoræó -BuHoawGYr-[laom þpu©Koræópaom 6-yg;wkYd onfomvQif jzpfue\/ d I k f tus,ftm;jzifh rlum; pu©Koræóponf wkYd onf? 0g? pu©Koræó? aomw? Cme? Zd0g? um, oræówdYk onf S ukov0dyguf 5-yg; tukov 0dyguf 5-yg; þodYk tm;jzifh 10-yg; jzpfue\? <uif;aom raemoræó k f wkYd onfvnf; 22-yg;aom avmuD 0dyguf 0dnmPfwYkd Eihf ,SOueonf jzpfí 22-yg; jzpfue\/ þodkYaom S f k f k f tjym;tm;jzifh tvH;pHvnf; jzpfueaom (xd) zówkYd onf ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh (jzpfonf[) k k k f k k a[mtyfaom 0dnmPf uJoYkd 32-yg; jzpfMuavonf/ h qufí jyqdktHh? 32-yg; tjym;½Sonfvnf; jzpfaom þzó\ taMumif; ypön; jzpfaom oVm,we d f ac:aom xdk 6-yg;aom tm,wewdkYwGif .... 6-ckajrmuf rem,weESiwuG tZÑwå (twGi;) oEÅmefü jzpfaom pu©m,we-ponfukd hf f oVm,we-[k (tcsKdY) ynm½SdwkdY tvkd½Sdukef\/ Am[d&tm,we 6-yg;wdYk EiwuGvnf; S hf oVm,we[k (tcsKdY) ynm½SwYdk tvd½ue\/ d k dS k f (oVm,weypö,m zaóm-[laom) xdy'ü a½S;OD;pGm tMuif q&mwdYk onf ]]þpum;onf Oyg'dEuac: k k f é avmuDu\ tusKd;jzpfyukd qdaom pum;jzpfonf}}[k ESv;oGi;í rdroEÅmefü tusKH;0ifonf omvQifjzpfaom H kH k kH f d ypön;ESihf ypö,yeukd jyuke\? xdq&mwkYd onf ]]qVm,we [laom taMumif;aMumifh zójzpfonf}}[laom f k Ü f f k 0dbif;ygVdawmf pum;udk tpOfavQmufaomtm;jzifh ]]t½lyb0ü qVm,weonf¤if;? (xdr)wyg;aom yOöa0gum& k S b0ü tvH;pHukd odr;,laomtm;jzifh oVm,weonf¤if; zótm; aus;Zl;ûy\}}-[k ESv;oGi;í wpdwowwl k k f kH f f k f wck<uif;ûyNyD;vQif qVm,weESiwuG tZÑwjå zpfaom pu©Kponfukd qVm,we-[lí tvdk½Sdukef\/ rSeay\? hf f xdk qVm,weonf¤if;ç xdk oVm,we (pu©Kpaom 6 -yg;aom tm,we) onf¤if; oVm,we[lí omvQif ac:qdtyfjcif;odYk a&mufay\/ k tMuifq&mwdYk onfum; ypö,ye-tusKd;w&m;udomvQif wckaom oEÅmefü twGi;0ifonfuûkd yí k Ü f k f jyuke\? taMumif;ypön;udrl uGaom oEÅmefü twGi;0ifonfuvnf;ûyí jyuke\/ xdq&mwdYk onf tMuif f f k J f kd f k tMuif tm,weonf zótm; aus;Zl;ûy\? xdtm,we tvH;pHuvnf; «200» jyvdueonfjzpfí tjyifyk k k kd k k f Am[d&m,wewkYd uvnf; odr;,lNyD;vQif qVm,weESiwuG xdk pu©K paom tZÑwum,we 6-yg;udyifvQif kd f hf då k ½lyg,we tp½Sueaom Am[d&m,wewkYd Eivnf; twlwuG aygif;í oVm,we[k tvd½ue\/ rSeay\? xdk d k f S hf k dS k f f qVm,weESifh tZÑwådum,we 6-yg; Am[d&m,we 6 - yg;onfvnf; ]]q|m,weESihf tZÑwåum,we 6-yg; d Am[d&m,we 6-yg;onfvnf; ]]q|m,wevnf; oVm,wevnf; oVm,wevnf;}} [laom 'Geormof0gusü f þ 3-yk'wYdk \ wck<uif;udûk ytyfNyD;vwfaomf oVm,we [líomvQif ac:qdtyfjcif;odYk a&mufay\/ f k þt&mü (&yfwefYí apm'uonf) ]]tvH;pHaom tm,wewkYd aMumifh wckaom zó jzpfonf r[kw?f k k wckaom tm,weaMumifvnf; tvH;pHaom zówkYd jzpfMuonf r[kw?f odYk aomfvnf; þzóudk ]oVm,we h k k [laom taMumif;aMumifh zó jzpfonf}[k wckwnf;udom a[mxm;\? xkoYkd a[mjcif;onf tb,faMumifyg k d h h oenf;}}-[laom apm'emudk qd\/ xdapm'emü þqdvwHonfum; tajzaywnf;-]]tvH;pHaom tm,we k k k h k k wkYd aMumifh wckaom zórjzpf? wckaom tm,weaMumifvnf; tvH;pHaom zówdYk rjzpfMu}}-[laom þpum; h k k onf rSeay\? odYk aomfvnf; rsm;pGmaom tm,wewdYk aMumifh wckaom zójzpfay\? jzpfyum;-pu©Koræó f kH onf pu©m,weaMumifh ¤if;ç ½lyg,weaMumif¤if;ç pu©K0dnmPf[k qdtyfaom rem,weaMumif¤if;ç (zórS) h k h <uif;aom orÜ,ww&m; [laom "r®m,weaMumif¤if; jzpfouJoYkd yifwnf;/ þtwlyif tvH;pHaom k f h h k k aomworæó ponfwYdk ü xduonf tm;avsmfpm ,SOaptyf\/ xdYk aMumifyifvQif k f G f h

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkww) å JG

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wm'd*PEihf jynhpawmfraom jrwfpmbk&m;onf (oVm,we ypö,m zaóm-[laom) {u0k'f k f S f kH l G jzifh ñTejf yaom pum;jzif?h 0g? {u0kpjf ypum;jzifh þzóudk wckwnf;jzpfaomfvnf; ]]rsm;pGmaom tm,we wkYd aMumifh jzpfonf}}[k þt&mü jyawmfrl (tyf) ayonf/ {u0kpjf y pum;jzif-[l&mü oVm,we [laom taMumif;aMumifh zójzpfonf-[laom þ{u0kpjf zifh h ñTejf yaom pum;jzifh rsm;pGmaom tm,wewdYk aMumifh wckaom zó jzpfonf[k wm'd*PEihf jynfpawmfraom k f S h kH l jrwfpmbk&m;onf jyawmfrl (tyf)\? þum; teuf/ aus;Zl;ûyyHum;-tm,we wkYd wiG k G f (pu©K paom) ig;yg;aom tm,wewkYd ukd (þzótm;) 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh (aus;Zl;ûy onf\ tjzpfü xifpmjy&m\) xdk tm,we ig;yg;rS aemufjzpfaom wckaom rem,weudk G 9-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh (aus;Zl;ûyonf\ tjzpfü xifpm jy&m\)? 6-yg;aom Am[d&m,we G wkYd ukd þzótm; jzpfoifonf tm;avsmfpm aus;Zl;ûyonf\ tjzpfü xifpm jy&m\/ h G G xd*gxmü þqdvwHonfum; xifpmjyyHaywnf;-a½S;OD;pGm pu©m,we tp½Saom ig;yg;aom tm,we k k h G k d wkYd onf pu©Koræópaom tjym;tm;jzifh ig;yg;tjym;½Saom zótm; edó, yka&Zmw £`Ed,0dy,wå tw¬d d ´ Ü k t0d*w ypön;wkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyuke\/ xdtm,we ig;yg;rS aemufjzpfaom f f f k wckaom 0dygufrem,weonf rsm;aom tjym;½Saom 0dyguf raemoræótm; o[Zmw tnrnedó, d 0dygu tm[m& £`Ed, orÜ,wå tw¬d t0d*wypön;wkYd \ tpGrf;jzifh 9-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? xkrwyg; ´ k f d S Am[d&m,we wkYd wif ½lyg,weonf pu©Koræótm; tm&r®P yka&Zmw tw¬d t0d*wypön;wdYk \ tpGr;jzifh G f f 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ xkdYtwl o'´g,weponfwkdYonf aomworæó ponfwkdYtm; 4-yg; tjym; tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyuke\/ txl;um; raemoræótm; xd½ypaom ig;yg;aom tm,wewkYd onf¤if;ç "r®m,we f k l onf¤if;ç xkdYtwl 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzif¤if; «201» tm&r®P ypön;rQjzifomvQif¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ þqkdcJhaom h f h enf;jzifh 6-yg;aom Am[d&m,wewdYk ukd þzótm; jzpfoifonf tm;avsmfpm aus;Zl;ûyonf\ tjzpfü h G xifpmjy&m\/ þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ G þqdcaom pum;onf oVm,weypö,m zaóm - [laom yk'ü tus,jf yqdaom pum; aywnf;/ k hJ f k

zóypö,ma0'emyk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
643/ zóypö,m a0'em - [laom yk'ü f pu©KoræóZm tp½Sueaom 'Gg&tm;jzifh 6 d k f -yg;omvQif jzpfueaom a0'emwdYk ukd (jrwfpm k f G bk&m;) a[mawmfrl (tyfue)\? xda0'emwkYd ukd tus,ftjym;tm;jzifh 89-yg;[lí odtyf k f k uke\/ f (zóypö,m-a0'em-[laom) þyk'\ tzGi0bif;üvnf; ]]pu©KoræóZm-jrifawGYraMumifh jzpfaom f hf d I a0'em? aomw ....? Cme ....? Zd0g ....? um, ....? raemoræóZm BuHod awGYraMumifh jzpfaom a0'em}} [lí 'Gg& S I tm;jzifh 6-yg;omvQif jzpfueaom a0'emwdYk ukd (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfrl (tyfue)\/ xda0'emwkYd ukd k f G k f k tus,ftjym;tm;jzifrl 89-yg;aom pdwwYkdEihf ,SOMf uaom aMumifh 89-yg; [lí odtyfukef\/ h f S odYk aomfvnf; þ 89-yg;aom a0'emwdYk wif 0dygufpwEihf ,SOonf omvQif jzpfueaom G d f S f k f 32-yg;aom a0'emwkYd ukd zóypö,m a0'em[laom þyk'ü (jrwfpmbk&m;) tvk½(tyfue) f G d dS k f onf[k (ynm½SwYdk ) qd(tyfue)\/ d k k f xdk 32-yg;aom a0'emwdYk wif yOö'g&ü yOö0nmPfEihf ,SOaom ig;yg;aom a0'emwdYk tm; G G d S f pu©Koræó paom zóonf 8-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? <uif;aom (orÜ#pKdä ef; d oEÅ&P w'g½k) a0'emwdYk tm; wyg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? raem'Gg&üvnf; (w'g½kH D H a0'emwdkYtm;) xdko[Zmw raemoræóonf xkdYtwl 8 tjym;tm;jzifyifvQif aus;Zl; -yg; h ûy\/

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52

csJYíjytHh? xdk 32-yg;aom a0'emwdYk wif yOö'g&ü pu©Kyom' ponfvQif rS&m½Sueaom ig;yg;aom G G D d k f a0'emwkYd tm; pu©Koræó tp½Saom zóonf o[Zmw tnrn edó, 0dygu tm[m& orÜ,wå tw¬d d k t0d*wypön;wkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh 8-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ <uif;ukeaom wyg; wyg;aom 'Gg&ü f f f orÜ#pKdä ef; oEÅD&P w'g½kHwdkY\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfueaom umrm0p& 0dygufa0'emwdYk tm; pu©Koræótp½Saom d f k f d xdzóonf yuwlyedó,ypön;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh wyg;tjym;tm;jzifh omvQif aus;Zl;ûy\/ k f f raem'Gg&üvnf; xkd (....)onf xdYk twl-[l&mü tus,um;-raem'Gg&üvnf; w'g½k\ tpGr;tm;jzifh f H f jzpfueaom umrm0p&0dyguf a0'emwkYd tm; o[Zmwraemoræó[k qdtyfaom xdk zóonf xdYk twlyifvQif k f k 8-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? y#doaE¨b0if pkw\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfueaom bH;oH;yg;ü jzpfaom 0dyguf d f k f k k a0'emwkYd tm;vnf; (xdYk twlyif 8-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\)/ txl;um; raem'Gg&ü «202» w'g½kH\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfaom umrm0p& a0'emwkYd tm; raem'Gg&m 0ZÆe;ESihf ,SOaom raemoræóonf yuwlyedó, f f f ypön;\ tpGr;jzifh wyg;tjym;tm;jzifh omvQif aus;Zl;ûy\/ þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ f f þqdcaom pum;onf zóypö,m a0'em - [laom yk'ü tus,jf yqdaom pum;aywnf;/ k hJ f k

a0'emypö,mwPSmyk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
644/ a0'emypö,m wPSm - [laom yk'ü f þavmuü ½lywPSm paom tjym;tm;jzifh 6-yg;aom wPSmwkYd ukd (jrwfpmbk&m;) jyawmfrl G (tyfue)\/ xdk 6-yg;wkYd wif wyg;wyg;udk jzpfytjcif;t&mtm;jzifh oH;yg; tjym;½S\[k k f G kH k d odtyf\/ csJYíjyth?H a0'emypö,m wPSm-[laom þyk'ü ]]aoa|;om;ç ykPm;om;}} þodYk ponfjzifh tzrSvmaom f Ö trnf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh om;udk jytyf-ac:qdktyfouJhodkY ½lywPSm-tqif;ü qmavmifwyfrufr?I o'´ wPSmf toHü qmavmifwyfrufr?I *E¨wPSm-teHü qmavmifwyfrufr?I &owPSm-t&omü qmavmif wyfrufr?I azm|AÁwPSm-tawGYü qmavmifwyfrufr?I "r®wPSm-oabmtm½kü qmavmifwyfrufrI [lí tm½krvmaom H H S trnf\tpGr;tm;jzifh tbd"r®m 0dbif;ygVdawmfü 6-yg;aom wPSmwkYd ukd jyawmfrl (tyfue)\/ f k f xdk 6-yg;aom wPSmwkYd wif wyg;wyg;aom wPSmonf jzpfytjcif;t&mtm;jzifh umrwPSm b0wPSm G kH 0db0wPSm [lí oHk;yg;tjym; ½Sd\[k odtyf\/ csJYíjytH?h ½lywPSmonfyifvQif tMuiftcgü rsufptm; xifjcif; d odYk a&mufaom ½lyg½kukd umr*kPü om,monf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh om,mvsuf jzpf\/ xdktcgü umrwPSm H f f rnf\/ tMuiftcgü xdk ½lyg½kuyifvQif ]]cdionf NrJonf}}[k pGvrf;vsuf jzpfaom oów'd|d ESiwuG jzpf\? H kd k f J hf xdtcgü b0wPSm rnf\/ rSeay\? oów'd|EiwuG jzpfaom &m*udk b0wPSm[k ac:qktyf\/ tMuif k f d S hf d tcgürlum; xkd ½lyg½kHuyifvQif ]]jywfvwHh ysufvwH}h }[k pGvrf;vsuf jzpfaom Oapä''d|EiwuG jzpf\/ xdktcgü dk J d S hf 0db0wPSmrnf\/ rSeay\? Oapä''d|EiwuGjzpfaom &m*udk 0db0wPSm[k ac:qkd tyf\/ o'´wPSm ponf f d S hf wkYd üvnf; þenf;yifwnf;? xdaMumifh þ 6-yg;aom wPSmwkYd onf 18-yg; jzpfuef \/ k k xdk 18-yg;aom wPSmwkdYonf tZÑwå½lyg½kH ponfwkdYü 18-yg; A[d'¨d½lyg½kH ponfwkdYü 18-yg; þodkY tm;jzifh 36-yg; jzpfue\/ þodkYvQif twdwfwPSmwkdYonf 36-yg;? tem*wf wPSm 36-yg;? ypöKyÜewPSm k f f 36-yg; þodYk tm;jzifh 108-yg;aom wPSmwkYd jzpfue\/ xdk 108-yg;wkYd ukd wzef csKH;tyfueonf½aomf tqif; k f k f dS tp½Sdaom tm½kHwdkY\ tpGr;tm;jzifh wPSm 6-yg;omvQif jzpfue\? umrwPSm ponfwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh f k f f wPSm 3-yg;omvQif jzpfue\[k odtyf\/ k f a0'emaMumifh wPSm jzpfyum;-þowå0gwkYd onf om;udom,mukeí om;ü om,mjrwfE;jcif;jzifh kH k f kd EdYk xe;tm; ay;urf;csD;ajr§mufueouJoYkd tqif;paom tm½kwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfay:aom a0'emudk om,m d f k f h H f ukeí a0'emü «203» om,m jrwfE;jcif;jzifh tqif;tp ½Saom tm½kukd ay;wwf ukeaom yef;csDq&mç apmif; f kd d H f orm;ç eHYomonfç pzkonfç &uúe;onfç &om,eaq;udk pD&ifaom aq;q&m ponfwYdk tm; BuD;us,faom d f ay;urf;cs;ajr§mufjcif;udk ûyuke\/ xkYd aMumifh tvH;pHvnf;jzpfaom þwPSm udk a0'em [laom taMumif;aMumifh D f k k jzpfonf[k odtyf\/

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qufO;th/ (a0'emypö,m wPSm[laom) þyk'ü 0dyguf jzpfaom okca0'em wyg;wnf;udk D H f omvQif tvdk½Sdtyf\? xdYk aMumifh þa0'emonf wPSmtm; wyg;tjym;tm;jzifomvQif h aus;Zl;ûy\/ wyg; tjym;tm;jzif-[lonfum; yuwlyedó,ypön;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\ ([kqv\)/ h f f kd kd wenf;um; .... qif;&J½aomol-qif;&Jaomolonf csr;omudk awmifw\? csrf;om½Saomol-csr;omolonf dS f h d f wdk;í (csrf;omudk) tvdk½Sd\? Oayu©mudrl Nidroufonf\ tjzpfaMumifh csrf;omokc [lí k f omvQif qdtyf\/ k oH;yg;vnf; jzpfueaom a0'emwkYd onf wPSmtm; aus;Zl;ûyuke\? xkYd aMumifh ]]a0'em k k f f ypö,m wPSm}} [lí jrwfpmbk&m; a[mawmfrl (tyf) ay\/ G qufO;tH/ a0'em [laom taMumif;aMumifh wPSm jzpfjim;aomfvnf; tEko,ESihf uif;í D h rjzpfEi?f xkYd aMumifh (r*¾jA[®p&d,ac:) tusijhf rwfukd usio;NyD;aom raumif;rIukd tyûyNyD; kd hf kH aom &[EÅmyk*Kd¾ vftm; xdwPSm rjzpfawmhay? þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ k þqdcaom pum;onf a0'emypö,m wPSm - [laom yk'ü tus,jf yqdaom pum; aywnf;/ k hJ f k

wPSmypö,mOyg'geHyk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
645/ wPSmypö,m Oyg'geH - [laom yk'ü f Oyg'gefwYkd onf av;yg;wkYd wnf;? xkd (av;yg;aom Oyg'gef wkdY\) teufukd a0befaomtm; jzifaomf¤if;? Oyg'gefw&m;wkYd \ tusOf;tus,ftm;jzif¤if;? tpOftm;jzif¤if; xdOyg'gefwYdk ukd h h h k xifpmjy&m\/ G xd*gxmü þqdvwHonfum; xifpmjyjcif;aywnf;-umrkyg'gef 'd|Kyg'gef oDvAÁwyg'gef twå0g'k k k h G k yg'gef [laom þ 4-yg;wkYd onf (wPSmypö,m Oyg'geH-[laom) þyk'ü a½S;OD;pGm 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk f rnfue\/ þqdkvwHhonfum; xdk 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk \ teufukd a0befjcif; aywnf;-0w¬K[k qdtyfaom k f k vdcsib,f umr*kPukd NrJNrHpm pGvrf;wwfaomaMumifh umrkyg'gefrnf\/ (wenf;) ESpoufvcsif wwfaom k f G f G J f kd aMumifh umrvnf;rnf\? xdumronf NrJNrHpm pGvrf;wwfaomaMumifh Oyg'gefvnf; rnf\? xdk 2-yg;aom k G J taMumif;aMumifvnf; umrkyg'gef rnf\/ Oyg'gef [lonfrm NrJNrHpm ,ljcif;-pGvrf;jcif; aywnf;/ rSeay\? h S G J f þyk'ü Oy-o'´gonf Oyg,mo-jyif;pGm ylyefjcif;ç Oyuk|-tvGeu&UJ tyfonf tp½Saom yk'wYdk üuJoYkd NrJNrHjcif; f f hJ d f h teuf½Sd\/ xdrwyg; rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaomaMumifh 'd|vnf; rnf\? xd'|onf Oyg'gefvnf; rnf\? þ 2-yg; k S f d k d d aom taMumif;aMumifh 'd|Kyg'gef rnf\? wenf;um; rSm;,Gi;aom t,lukd pGvrf;wwfaomaMumifh 'd|Kyg'gef f J rnf\/ rSeay\? ]]twåonf¤if;ç avmuonf¤if;ç tNrJwnf½Sd\}} þodkY tp½SdonfwkdYü a½S;jzpfaom rdpämt,ludk f aemufjzpfaom rdpm t,lu NrJNrHpm pGvrf;wwf\/ xdrwyg; tavhtusifukd NrJNrHpm pGvrf;wwfaomaMumifh ä G J k S h G J oDvAÁwkyg'gef rnf\/ (wenf;) xdk oabmonf oDvAÁwvnf; [kw\ Oyg'gefvnf; [kw\? þ 2-yg;aom f f taMumif;aMumif;vnf; oDvAÁwyg'gef rnf\/ rSeay\? EGm;\tavh EGm;\tusifh ponfwYdk onf ]]þodYk k f usijhf cif;jzifh oHo&mrS pifMu,fjcif;jzpfonf}}[k NrJNrHpm ESv;oGi;jcif;aMumifh rdrwYdku,wiyifvQif Oyg'gef G kH f d kd f kd f rnfue\/ xdrwyg; qdaMumif; jzpfaomaMumifh 0g' rnf\? «204» NrJNrHpm pGvrf;aMumif; jzpfaomaMumifh k f k S k G J Oyg'gefrnf\? tb,fukd qdueoenf;? tb,furvnf; NrJNrHpm pGvrf;ukeoenf;[lr¿ twåukd qduek k f kd l G J f l k k f pGvrf;uke\/ (xdYk aMumif) twåuqaMumif; pGvrf;aMumif; oabmonf twå0g'kyg'gef rnf\/ wenf;um; J f h kd dk J twå[k qkaom 0g'rQonfyif twå[k NrJNrHpm pGvrf;aMumif; jzpfaomaMumifh twå0g'kyg'gef rnf\/ þonfum; d G J a½S;OD;pGm xdav;yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk \ teufukd a0befjcif;aywnf;/ k xdrwyg; Oyg'gefw&m;wdYk \ tusOf;tus,fü a½S;OD;pGm umrkyg'gef [lonfrm ]]xdk 4-yg;aom Oyg'gef k S S wdYk wif umrkyg'gef[onf tb,fenf;¿ umr*kPwYdkü tMuifoYkdaom umrpäEonf umr&m*onf umreE´onf G l f ´ D

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umrwPSmonf umrtap;onf umrtylonf umr[laom awGa0jcif;onf umr[laom rsKor;jcif;onf d d f (½Sd\)? þ oabmudk umrkyg'gef[k qdtyf\}} [lí (tbd"r®m ygVdawmfü) vmaomaMumifh tusOf;tm;jzifh k wPSm\ NrJNrHonf\ tjzpfukd qdtyf\/ wPSm\ NrJNrHonf\tjzpf rnfonfum; a½S;wPSm [laom Oyedó, k ypön;aMumifh NrJNrHpm jzpfaom aemufwPSm y wnf;? tcsKdYq&mwdYk onfum; ]]ra&mufao; r&ao;aom tm½kukd f G if H awmifwjcif;onf wPSmrnf\/ (Oyrm) arSmifruxü cd;ol\ (cd;,l&ef) vufukd qefYwef;jcif;ESihf wl\? h kd f J k k a&muftyf &tyfNyD;aom tm½kukd qkyuijf cif; pGvrf;jcif;onf Oyg'gef rnf\? (Oyrm) xdk cd;ol\yifvQif Opömudk H f kd J k ,ljcif;ESihf wl\? wPSmOyg'gef [laom xdk w&m;wkYd onf tvkenf;jcif; a&mif&v,jf cif;wkYd \ qefYusifbufwYdk d h J G aywnf;/ xdYk twl ½SmrD;jcif;aMumifjh zpfaom qif;&Jç apmifa½Smuf&jcif;aMumifh jzpfaom qif;&JwYdk \ taMumif;&if; S h jzpfue\}}[k qdkukef\/ <uif;aom Oyg'gef 3-yg;onfum; tusOf;tm;jzifh 'd|rQomvQifwnf;/ k f d tus,ftm;jzifrum; a½S;ü ½lyg½kH ponfwYdk ü qdtyfcaom 108-yg; tjym;½Sonfvnf; jzpfaom h l k hJ d wPSm\ NrJNrHonf\ tjzpfonf umrkyg'gef rnf\/ 10-yg;aom taMumif;0w¬K½Saom rdpm'd|onf 'd|Kyg'gef d ä d rnf\? (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH ]]xdk 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk wif 'd|Kyg'gef[onf tb,fenf;¿ ay;vªjcif; (tusKd;) G l onf r½S?d ,ZfyaZmfjcif;-tBuD;tus,f ay;vªjcif; (tusKd;)onf r½S?d [ke; ylaZmfjcif; l f tenf;i,f auR;arG; ay;urf;jcif; (tusKd;)onf r½S?d aumif;rIuH raumif;rIuH wdYk \ tusKd; 0dygufonf r½S?d þ rsufarSmuf avmuonf r½S?d wyg;aom rsufu,f avmuonf r½S?d G trd(ü ûypkjcif; jypfrm;jcif;\ tusK;)onf r½S?d tz(ü ûypkjcif; jypfrm;jcif;\ tusKd;)onf S d S r½S?d uyfa&mufíjzpfaom (Moyygwdu) owå0gwdYk onf r½SMd u? þrsufarSmuf avmuud¤if;? k wyg;aom rsufu,avmuud¤if; ud,wif xl;aomÓPfjzifh odí rsufarSmufûyí a[mMum; G f k k f kd Ediueaom ajzmifrepm oGm;ukeaom ajzmifrepm usiueaom &[ef;oljrwfwYkdonf k f k f h S f G f h S f G hf k f avmuü r½SMd u[lí (jzpfaom) þodYk aom oabm½Saom tMuift,lonf/ y/ azmufjyef d rSm;,Gi;aomtm;jzifh ,ljcif;onf (½S\)? þoabmudk 'd|Kyg'gef[k qktyf\}}[líyifwnf;/ f d d xkrwyg; tavhtusifwYdk jzifh pifMu,fjcif;jzpfonf[k rSm;,Gi;pGm oH;oyfjcif;onf oDvAÁwk yg'gef d S h f k rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; G l kH ]]xdk 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk wif oDvAÁwyg'gefonf tb,fenf;¿ oDv-tavhjzifh G k pifMu,f\? 0w-tusijhf zifh pifMu,f\? oDvAÁw-tavhtusifjh zifh pifMu,f\[lí (jzpf aom) þodYk oabm½Saom tMuift,lonf/y/ azmufjyef rSm;,Gi;aomtm;jzifh ,ljcif;onf d f (½Sd\)? þoabmudk oDvAÁwyg'gef[k qdtyf\}} [líyifwnf;/ 20-aom taMumif; 0w¬K k k ½Saom ouúm,'d|onf twå0g'kyg'gef rnf\/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; d d G l kH ]]xdk 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk wif twå0g'kyg'gef[onf tb,fenf;¿ þavmuü G l tMum;tjrif r½Saom ykxZOfonf/y/ olawmfaumif;wdYk \ w&m;ü (apmifpnf;jcif; y,f½m; d k h S jcif;jzif) rqH;rtyfao; jzpfí ½kyukd twå[k ½I\? odkYr[kwf twårSm ½kyf½Sdonf[k ½I\? odYk h k f r[kwf twåü ½kyfwnfonf[k ½I\? odkYr[kwf ½kyfü twåwnfonf[k ½I\? a0'emudk ---/ onmudk ---/ ocFg&wkdYudk ---/ 0dnmPfudk twå[k ½I\? odYk r[kwf twårm 0dnmPf S ½Sdonf[k ½I\? odkYr[kwf twåü 0dnmPfwnfonf[k ½I\? odYk r[kwf 0dnmPfü twåwnf onf[k ½I\/ þodYk oabm½Saom tMuift,lonf/ y / azmufjyef rSm;,Gi;aom tm;jzif,l d f h jcif;onf (½S\)? þ oabmudk twå0g'kyg'gef[k qdtyf\}} [líyifwnf;/ d k þonfum; (wPSmypö,m Oyg'geH - [laom) þyk'ü Oyg'gefw&m;wkYd \ tusOf;tus,f aywnf;/ f xdrwyg; tpOftm;jzifh [laom þpum;ü tpOfonf jzpfpOf y,fpOf a[mpOf [lí 3-yg; tjym; ½Sd\? xdk k S 3-yg;wdkYwGif ÓPfjzifh tpOfvdkufaomfvnf; rodtyfaom tp½Sdaom? 0g? tprxifaom oHo&mü ]]þOyg'gefu a½S;OD;pGmjzpfonf}}[k (qdEiz,) r½Sjd cif;aMumifh udavomwkYd \ rkcstm;jzifh jzpfpOfukd rqktyfay? y&d,m,ftm; k kd f G f d jzifrum; trsm;tm;jzifh wckaom b0ü twå[k pGvrf;jcif;vQif a½SYom; ½Saom ]]NrJonf[íaomf¤if; jywfpJ h l J G d l onf[íaomf¤if;}} NrJNrHpm ESv;oGi;jcif;onf jzpf\? xkYd aemif ]]þtwåonf wnfNrJ\}}[k ,laomoltm; twå\ l G kH f

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pifMu,fjcif; (csrf;omjcif;) tusKd;iSg oDvAÁwyg'gefonf jzpf\/ (þtwåonf) jywfp\[k ,laom oltm; k J wrvGef avmuudk iJjh cif;r½Sonfjzpfí «205» umrkyg'gefonf jzpf\/ þodkYtm;jzifh a½S;OD;pGm twå0g'kyg'gefonf d jzpf\/ xkYd aemif 'd|Kyg'gef oDvAÁwk yg'gef umrkyg'gef wkYd onf jzpfue\/ þonfum; þOyg'gef 4-yg;wkdY\ k f wckaom b0ü jzpfpOfaywnf;/ xdkrSwyg; þ 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk wif 'd|Kyg'gefponfwYdk ukd a½S;OD;pGm y,ftyfue\? (taMumif;um;) G k f aomwmywår*fu y,fowftyfaom w&m;rsm;jzpfaomaMumifh aywnf;/ umrkyg'gefukd aemufrS (y,ftyf\)? d (taMumif;um;) t&[wår*fu y,fowftyfaom w&m; jzpfaomaMumifaywnf;/ þonfum; þOyg'gef h av;yg;wkYd \ y,fpOf aywnf;/ xdrwyg; us,faomjzpf&m e,fy,f½aomaMumif¤if;? xif½m;aomaMumif¤if; þ 4-yg;aom Oyg'gef k S dS h S h wkYd wif umrkyg'gefukd a½S;OD;pGm a[mawmfr(tyf)\/ e,fy,fus,fyHkum; xdk umrkyg'gefonf 8-yg;aom avmbrl G l pdwwYkdEi,OaomaMumifh us,aom jzpf&m e,fy,f½\/ þrSwyg;aom Oyg'gefwkdYonf 4-yg;aom 'd|orÜ,wf f S hf S f f dS d k pdwwYkdEiom ,SOjf cif;aMumifh usO;aom jzpf&m e,fy,f½ue\/ xif½m;yHum; trsm;tm;jzifh owå0gtaygif; f S hf f dS k f S k onf (Oyg'gefeu©Em ig;yg;[laom) wG,wmp&m tm½kwYkd ü arGYavsmfaomaMumifh umrkyg'gefonf xif½m;\? þ ¨ f H S rSwyg;aom Oyg'gefwYkd onf rxif½m;uke/ umrkyg'gef½aom yk*Kd¾ vfonf umr*kPwYdk ukd &jcif;tusKd;iSg S f dS f aumwl[vr*Fvm ponfü avhvmjcif;rsm;\? xdkumrkyg'gef ½Sdol\ xdaumwl[v r*Fvmponfü avhvmjcif; k onf rSm;aom t,laywnf;? xkYd aMumifh xdk umrkyg'gef\ tjcm;rJü 'd|Kyg'gefukd (a[mawmfrtyf\)/ xdk h l 'd|Kyg'gefonf uGjJ ym;onf ½Saomf oDvAÁwyg'gef twå0g'kyg'gefwYdk \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sonf jzpfav d k d onf/ xdk 2-yg; wdYk wif EGm;\ trlt&mudaomf¤if;? acG;\ trlt&mudaomf¤if; jrifíaomfvnf; odtyf odEif G k k kd aomaMumifh (oDvAÁwyg'gefonf) ½keYf &if;ay:vGi\? xdYk aMumifh oDvAÁwyg'gefukd a½SYO;pGm a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ k f k D odrarGYonf\ tjzpfaMumifh tqH;ü twå0g'kyg'gefukd a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ þonfum; þ Oyg'gef 4-yg; f k wkYd \ a[mpOfaywnf;/ aus;Zl;ûyyHum;-wPSmonf þ 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk wif a½S;jzpfaom umrkyg'geftm; k G wyg; tjym;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\? xdk wPSmonf <uif;aom Oyg'gef 3-yg;tm; 7-yg; tjym; tm;jzifaomf¤if;? 8-yg; tjym;tm;jzifaomf¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\/ h h csJYíjytHh? þqdkcJhaom tpOfjzifh a[mtyfaom þ Oyg'gef 4-yg; taygif;wGif a½S;jzpfaom umrkyg'gef tm; umrwPSmonf yuwlyedó,ypön;\ tpGr;tm;jzifh wyg;tjym;tm;jzifom aus;Zl;ûy\/ (taMumif;um;) f f h wPSmjzifh ESpouftyfueaom tm½kwYkd ü jzpfjcif;aMumifwnf;/ <uif;aom Oyg'gef oH;yg; taygif;tm;rl f k f H h k o[Zmw tnrnedó, orÜ,wå tw¬t0d*w a[wkypön;wdYk \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 7-yg; tjym;tm;jzifaomf¤if;? k d f h Oyedó,ypön;ESihf wuG 8-yg; tjym;tm;jzifaomf¤if; aus;Zl;ûy\? qufí ½Sif;OD;tHh? Oyedó,\ tpGr; f h f tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyaomtcgü o[Zmwypön; r[kwonfomvQif jzpfayonf/ þwGif w&yfNyD;\/ f f þqdcaom pum;onf wPSm ypö,m Oyg'geH - [laom yk'ü tus,jf yqkaom pum;aywnf;/ k hJ f d

Oyg'geypö,mba0gyk'fü tus,fjyqdkcsuf
646/ Oyg'geypö,m ba0g-[laom yk'ü f o'´geuftm;jzif¤if;? oabmw&m;tm;jzif¤if;? (wzef xyfí a[mjcif;\) tusKd;½Sdaom h h tm;jzif¤if;? a0bef cGjJ crf;jcif;ESihf tusO;csK;jcif;tm;jzif¤if;? tMuif Oyg'gefonf tMuif h f H h b0\ taMumif;ypön; jzpf\? ypön; ypö,yejf zpfaom xdk Oyg'gef xdk b0tm;jzif¤if; f f k Ü h tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ k «206» xdk *gxmü (tus,fum;)-jzpfwwfaomaMumifh b0rnf\? xdk b0onf ur®b0 Oyywåb0 [lí d 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\? (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; ]]b0onf ur®b0½S\ Oyywåb0 ½S\-þodkY 2-yg; tjym; G l kH d d d ½Sd\}} [líyifwnf;/ xdk 2-yg;wkYd wif uHonfyifvQif b0rnf\? (xdYk aMumif) ur®b0 rnf\/ xkYd twl (Oy ywå) G h d uyfíjzpfjcif;onfyifvQif b0rnf\? (xdYk aMumif) Oyywåb0 rnf\? qufO;tH?h þ 2-yg;ü aomb0wdYk wif h d D G

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Oyywåb0onf jzpfwwfaomaMumifh b0rnf\? uHonfum; okc\ taMumif;jzpfaomaMumifh ]]bk&m;½SiwYdk d f yGiawmfrjl cif;onf csrf;omokc aywnf;}}[k a[m (tyf) ouJoYkd þtwlyif b0\ taMumif; jzpfaomaMumifh hf h tusKd;\trnf a0g[m&jzifh b0 rnf\[k odtyf\? þqdconftwdi; (ba0g-[laom) þyk'ü a½S;OD;pGm o'´g k hJ h k f f teuftm;jzifh tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ k 647/ xdrwyg; oabmw&m;tm;jzifh a½S;OD;pGm ur®b0 [lonfrm tusOf;tm;jzifh apwemonf¤if;? k S S apwemESihf ,SOaom tbdZÑm tp½Sueaom uH[k qdtyfueaom (avmb a'go 'd|-[laom) w&m;wdYk onf¤if; f d k f k k f d ur®b0rnf\? (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; ]]xkd 2-yg;aom b0wkYd wif ur®b0 [lonf tb,fenf;¿ umr G l kH G bHürlvnf; tusKH;0ifaom r[*¾Kwf bHürlvnf; tusKH;0ifaom yknmbdocFg&onf¤if;? tyknmbdocFg&onf¤if;? k k tmaeOÆmbdocFg&onf¤if; (½S\)? þ 3-yg;aom ocFg&udk ur®b0 [lí ac:qdtyf\/ tvH;pHvnf; jzpfaom d k k k b0odYk (NyD;apaomtm;jzif) a&mufwwf a&mufapwwfaom uHu?kd 0g? b0udk jzpfapwwfaom uHukd ur®b0 [lí h (qdtyf\)}} [líyifwnf;/ xl;&mudk zGijhf ytH?h þ bk&m;pum;awmfü yknmbdocFg& [lonfrm 13-yg;aom umrk S ½ly ukodkvapwemwkYd aywnf;/ tyknmbd ocFg& [lonfrm 12-yg;aom tukovf apwemwkYd aywnf;? tmaeOÆm f S kd bdocFg& [lonfrSm 4-yg;aom t½lyukodkvf apwemwkdYaywnf;/ ( ) ]]umrbHürlvnf; tusKH;0ifaom r[*¾Kwf k bHürlvnf; tusKH;0ifaom}} [laom þ 2-yk'jf zifh qdcNhJ yD;aom xdapwem\yifvQif enf;aom tusKd;0dyguf k k k ½Sdonf\ tjzpfEirsm;aom tusKd;0dyguf ½Sonf\ tjzpfukd a[mawmfrl (tyf) ay\/ tvH;pHvnf; jzpfaom S hf d k k b0udk jzpfapwwfaom uHukd [laom þpum;jzifrl apwemESi,Oueaom tbdZÑmtp½Saom w&m;wdYk ukd h hf S f k f d a[mawmfrl (tyfue)\/ k f xdrwyg; Oyywåb0onf tusOf;tm;jzifh uHaMumifh jzpfueaom (0dygufEihf ur®Z½ky) cE¨mwkYd aywnf;? k S d k f S f tus,ftjym;tm;jzifh 9-yg; tjym;½Sd\? (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; .... G l kH ]]xdk 2-yg;aom b0wkYd wif Oyywåb0onf tb,fenf;¿ umrb0 ½lyb0 t½ly G d b0 onmb0 tonmb0 ae0onm emonmb0 {ua0gum&b0 pwka0gum&b0 yOöa0gum&b0 ([laom) þ 9-yg;udk Oyywåb0 [kqtyf\}} [lí yifwnf;/ d kd xdk 9-yg;aom b0wkYd wif umr[k qdtyfaom b0onf umrb0 rnf\/ ½lyb0 t½lyb0wdkYü þ G k enf;yifwnf;/ onm½Saom olwYkd \ b0onf (onmb0 rnf\)? wenf; þb0ü onm ½S\? xkYd aMumifh d d onmb0rnf\? (xdr) jyefaomtm;jzifh tonmb0rnf\/ ½keYf &if;aom onm\ r½Sjd cif;aMumif¤if;? odrarGY k S h f aom onm\½Sjd cif;aMumif¤if; þb0ü ½keYf &if;aom onmum; r½S?d odrarGYaom onm r½Sonfum; r[kw?f xkYd h f d aMumifh ae0onmemonmb0 rnf\? wckaom ½lyu©Emjzifh us,fjyefY aptyfaom b0onf {ua0gum& b0 ¨ rnf\? wenf; þb0tm; wckaom us,fjyefYap tyfaom cE¨monf (½S\)? xdYk aMumifh {ua0gum& b0rnf\/ d pwka0gum&b0 yOöa0gum&b0wdYk ü þenf;yifwnf;/ xdk 9-yg;aom b0wdYk wif umrb0onf 5-yg;aom G Oyg'dPÖ (avmuD uH\tusKd;) cE¨mwkdY yifwnf;/ ½lyb0onf xdkYtwlyifwnf;/ t½lyb0onf «207» 4-yg;aom avmuDu\ tusKd;cE¨mwkYd yifwnf;/ onmb0onf 4-yg; 5-yg;aom avmuDu\ tusKd;cE¨mwkYd yifwnf;/ H H onm b0onf wyg;aom avmuDu\ tusKd;cE¨myifwnf;/ ae0onm emonm b0onf 4-yg;aom avmuD H uH\ tusKd;cE¨mwkYd yifwnf;/ {ua0gum&b0 ponfwYdk onf avmuDu\ tusKd;cE¨mwkdYjzifh 1-yg; 5-yg;aom H cE¨mwkYd yifwnf;/ þqdconftwdi; (ba0g[laom) þyk'ü oabmw&m; (w&m;ud,) tm;jzifvnf; tqH; k hJ h k f f k f h k tjzwfukd odtyf\/ 648/ tusKd;½Saomtm;jzifh [l&mü (od&efrm) b0udk tus,fjy&mü a[m(tyf)ouJoYkd xdYk twlyifocFg&udk d S h tus,jf y&müvnf; yknmbdocFg& ponfuomvQif a[m(tyf)cJ\? odYk aomfvnf; a½S;jzpfaom ocFg&wkYd ukd þ kd h ypöKyÜeb0ü y#doaE¨\ taMumif;jzpfaomaMumifh twduu\ tpGr;tm;jzifh (a[mtyfue\)? þaemuf ocFg& f f H f k f wdYk url aemiftem*wfb0ü y#doaE¨\ taMumif; jzpfaomaMumifh ypöKyÜeu\ tpGr;tm;jzifh (a[mtyfue\)? kd f H f k f xkYd aMumifh (ocFg&udk a[mNyD;jzpfygvQuf b0ud) wzefxyfí a[mjcif;onf tusKd;½Sonfomwnf;? wenf;um; k d a½S;ocFg&wdkYudk tus,fjy&mü ]]xdk 3-yg;aom ocFg&wdYk wif yknmbdocFg&onf tb,fenf;¿ umr0p&jzpfaom G ukovapwemwnf;}} þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh apwemudomvQif ocFg&[lí a[m(tyf)cJ\? þb0udk kd f d k h tus,fjy&müum; ]]tvH;pHvnf; jzpfaom b0udk jzpfapwwfaom uHukd (ur® b0[k qdtyf\)}}[k a[mawmf k k k rljcif;aMumifh apwemESi,Oaom w&m;wkYd uvnf; (ur®b0[k a[mtyf\)? þrQomruao;? a½S; ocFg&wkYd ukd hf S f kd tus,fjy&mü 0dnmPf\taMumif;omvQif jzpfaom uHukd ocFg&[k a[m(tyf)cJ\? (b0udk tus,f jy&m) ,ck h

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tcgü tonm b0udk jzpfapwwfaom uHuvnf; (a[mtyf\)? wenf;ajz&vQif rsm;pGm ajymqkjd cif;jzifh tb,f kd tusKd;½SdtHhenf;? ]]t0dZÆmypö,mocFg&}} [laom þyk'ü yknmbdocFg& ponfomvQif jzpfueaom ukovf f k f kd tukovf w&m;wdYk ukd a[mtyfcue\/ ]]Oyg'geypö,m ba0g}}[laom þyk'ürl Oyywåb0udvnf; odr;,l kd hJ k f f d k f aomaMumifh ukovf tukovEihf tAsmuww&m;wkYd ukd a[mtyfue\/ xdYk aMumifh wzefxyfí a[maom þ kd kd f S k f pum;onf cyfor;aom tjym;tm;jzifvnf; tusKd;½Sonfomwnf;/ þqdconftwdi; (ba0g-[laom) þyk'ü d f h d k hJ h k f f (ocFg&udk a[mNyD;ygvsuf b0udk wzefxyfí a[mjcif;\) tusKd;½Saomtm;jzifh tqH;tjzwfukd od (tyf)\/ d k 649/ a0befcjJG crf;jcif;ESihf tusOf;csKH;jcif;tm;jzifh [l&mü (od&efrm) Oyg'gef[aom taMumif;aMumifh (jzpf S l aom) b0udk a0bef cGjJ crf;jcif;tm;jzif¤if;? tusOf;csKH;jcif;tm;jzif¤if; (odtyf\[kqv\)/ csJYíjythH? umrkyg'gef h h kd kd [laom taMumif;aMumifh umrb0udk jzpfapwwfaom uHukd ûy (tyf)\? xdk uHonf ur®b0rnf\/ xdk ur®b0 aMumifh jzpfueaom (0dygufEihf ur®Z½ky) cE¨mwkYd onf Oyywåb0 rnf\/ ½lyb0 t½lyb0wkdYü þenf; k f S f d yifwnf;/ þodkYvQif umrkyg'gef [laom taMumif;aMumifh 2-yg;aom umrb0wkYd onf (jzpfue\)? onmb0 k f yOöa0gum&b0wkdYonfvnf; xdk 2-yg;aom umrb0wkYd ü twGi;0ifue\? 2-yg;aom ½lyb0wkYd onf (jzpfuef f k f k \)? onmb0 tonmb0 {ua0gum&b0 yOöa0gum&b0wkYd onfvnf; xdk ½lyb0wkYd ü twGi;0if uke\? 2f f yg;aom t½lyb0 wkYd onf (jzpfue\)? onmb0 ae0 onmem onmb0 pwka0gum&b0 wkYd onfvnf; xdk k f t½lyb0wkYd ü twGi;0ifue\/ þodYk tm;jzifh b0wkYd onf twGif;0ifaom b0ESifhwuG 6 f k f -yg; jzpfue\/ xkdrS k f wyg; umrkyg'gef [laom taMumif;aMumifh (jzpfaom) b0wkYd onf twGi;0ifaom b0wkYd EiwuG 6-yg; jzpfuef f S hf k ouJhodkY xdkYtwl <uif;aom Oyg'gef 3-yg;[laom taMumif;aMumifhvnf; 6-yg;pD jzpfue\/ þqdkcJhonfhtwdkif; k f Oyg'gef[aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom b0wdYk onf a0befcjJG crf;jcif;tm;jzifh twGi;0ifaom b0wdYk EiwuG l f S hf 24-yg; jzpfue\/ k f xkrwyg; tusOf;csKH;aomtm;jzifh (þodYk odtyf\) - ur®b0ud¤if;? Oyywåb0ud¤if; waygif;wnf; d S k d k wckwnf;ûyí umrkyg'gef [laom taMumif;aMumifh twGi;0ifaom b0wdUk ESiwuG wyg;aom b0onf (jzpf\)/ f hf ½lyb0 t½lyb0wkdYonf xkdYtwlyifwnf;/ þodkYtm;jzifh 3-yg;aom b0wkYd onf (jzpfue\)/ <uif;aom Oyg'gef k f 3-yg;[laom taMumif;aMumifvnf; xdYk twlyif 3-yg;pD jzpfue\/ þqdconftwdi; Oyg'gef [laom h k f k hJ h k f taMumif;aMumifh tusOf;csKH;aomtm;jzifh twGi;0ifaom b0wkYd EiwuG 12-yg;aom b0wkYd onf (jzpfue\)/ f S hf k f «208» wenf;aomfum; (Oyg'gef 4-yg; rcGy) omrntm;jzifh Oyg'gef[aom taMumif;aMumifh (jzpfaom) umr J J l b0odYk vm;apwwfaom uHonf ur®b0rnf\/ xkur®b0aMumifh jzpfaom cE¨mwkYd onf Oyywåb0rnf\/ ½ly d d b0 t½lyb0wkYd ü þenf;yifwnf;/ þodYk vQif Oyg'gef [laom taMumif;aMumifh twGi;0ifaom b0wdYk EiwuG f S hf 2-yg;aom umrb0wkYd ¤if;? 2-yg;aom ½lyb0wkYd ¤if;? 2-yg;aom t½lyb0wkYd ¤if; þodYk tjcm;wyg;aom enf;y&d,m,ft& tusOf;csKH;aomtm;jzifh b0wkdYonf 6-yg; jzpfue\/ wenf;um; ur® b0Oyywåd b0tjym; k f odYk ruyfríomvQif? 0g? ur®b0 Oyywåb0[k rcGrí twGi;0ifaom b0wkYd EiwuG umrb0 ponfwYkd \ l d J l f S hf tpGrf;tm;jzifh b0wdkYonf 3-yg; jzpfue\/ umrb0paom tjym;odYk vnf; ruyfrí ur®b0 Oyywåb0wkYd \ k f l d tpGr;tm;jzifh b0wdYk onf 2-yg; jzpfue\? ur®b0 Oyywåb0 tjym;odYk vnf; ruyfrí Oyg'gef [laom f k f d l taMumif;aMumifh (jzpfaom) b0[laom b0\tpGr;tm;jzifh b0onf wyg;wnf;omvQif jzpf\? þqdconfh f k hJ twdi; (b0-[laom) yk'ü Oyg'gefvQif taMumif;½Saom b0udk a0befcjJG crf;jcif; tusOf;csKH;jcif;tm;jzifvnf; k f f d h tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\/ k 650/ tMuif (Oyg'gef)onf tMuif (b0)\ taMumif;ypön;jzpf\? (xktm;jzif¤if;) [l&mü (od&efrm) f d h S þ 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYdk wif tMuif Oyg'gefonf tMuifb0\ taMumif;ypön; jzpf\? xdk Oyg'gef xdk b0 G f tm;jzifvnf; tqH;tjzwfukd odtyf\? þum; teuf/ þ 4-yg;aom Oyg'gefwYkd wif tb,fOyg'gefonf h k G tb,f b0\ taMumif;jzpfoenf;[lr¿ trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom Oyg'gefonf trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom b0\ l f k f k taMumif; jzpfonf omvQiwnf;/ rSeay\? ykxZOf yk*Kd¾ vfonf t½l;ESiw\? xkd ykxZOf yk*dK¾ vfonf ]]þ f f k hf l k trIonf oif\? þtrIonf roif}h }[k rpl;prf; rqifjcifrí trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom Oyg'gef\ tpGr;tm;jzifh h l f k f trSwr½Sd wpHk wckaom b0udawmifwí trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom trIukd ûywwfonfomvQifwnf;/ xkYd aMumifh f k h f k tcsKdYaomq&mwdYk onf ]]oDvAÁwk yg'gefaMumifh ½lyb0 t½lyb0wkYd rjzpfue}f }[k qdue\/ xdpum;udk r,ltyfk k k f k r,HMk unftyf? trSetm;jzifrl ]]tvH;pHaom Oyg'gefaMumifh tvH;pHaom b0jzpfEionf}}[k ,ltyf\/ f h k k k k kd f jzpfEiytus,fum;-þavmuü tcsKdYaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf wqifMh um;\ tpGr;tm;jzifaomf¤if;? awGYjrifb; kd f Hk f h l onfukd tpOfvujf cif;tm;jzifaomf¤if; ]]þumr*kPwYkd rnfonf vlYavmu0,f cwå, r[momvac: tvGef kd h f d

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xdrwyg; b0go0[laom taMumif;aMumifuoYkd xkYd twlyif t0dZmo0[laom taMumif;aMumifvnf; k S h hJ Æ h (aomuponfwYdk jzpfue\)/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; k f G l kH ]]&[ef;wkYd xdoYkd aom þolruonf 3-yg; tjym;½Saom qif;&Jjcif; ESv;romjcif; k kd f d kH udk rsufarSmuf twåabm - rsuarSmuf b0üyifvQif cHpm;&\}} [líyifwnf;/ f þqdcaomenf;jzifh tmo0[laom taMumif;aMumifh pd;&dryaqG;jcif; tp½Saom w&m;wkYd onfjzpfue\/ k hJ k f l d k f xkYd aMumifh pd;&drf ylaqG;jcif; paom þw&m;wkYd NyD;ukevwfaomf t0dZm\ taMumif;jzpfueaom tmo0wkYd onf k f Æ k f NyD;uke\/ tmo0wkYd NyD;ukevwfaomf taMumif;½SvQif (tusKd;\) ½Sjd cif;aMumifh t0dZmonfvnf; NyD;awmhonf f f d Æ omvQifwnf;/ þ qdconftwdi; þ y#dporkyg'f a'oemawmfü aomuponfwYdk jzifh t0dZm NyD;onf[k k hJ h k f ö Ü Æ a½S;OD;pGm odtyf\/ xdrwyg; þqkconftwdi; taMumif;½SvQif (tusKd;\) ½Sjd cif;aMumifh t0dZm NyD;vwfaomf ]]wzef k S d hJ h k f d Æ t0dZm [laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd onf jzpfue\? ocFg& [laom taMumif;aMumifh 0dnmPfonf jzpf\}} Æ k f þodYk aom enf;jzifh taMumif;tusKd; tqufquf\ tqH;rnfonf r½Sawmhay/ xkYd aMumifh taMumif;tusKd;wkYd \ k d pyfonf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh rjywfjzpfvsuvnfaom t*Fg 12-yg; ½Saom xkd b0pufonf rodtyfaom tp½S\ f f d d [lí NyD;avawmhonf/ þodYk b0pufonf tpr½Svwfaomf ]]t0dZmypö,m ocFg&m}}[k (t0dZmjzif) tp½Sonf\ tjzpfukd d Æ Æ h d qdaom þpum;onf? 0g? (t0dZm [laom) tprQudk qkaom þpum;onf qefYusif\[k qkjd im;th/ (tajzum;) k Æ d H þpum;onf tp½Sonf tjzpfukd qkaom? 0g? tprQudk qdaompum; r[kway/ pifppfaomfum; þpum;onf d d k f jy"mef;aom w&m;udk qkaom pum;aywnf;? csJYíjytH?h t0dZmonf 3-yg;aom 0#fwYkd\ jy"mef;aom w&m; d Æ jzpfonf/ rSeay\/ t0dZmud,jl cif;aMumifh <uif;aom udavo0#fonf¤if;ç ur®0#fEihf 0dygu0#fwYdk onf¤if; rod f Æ k S rvdrmaom yk*Kd¾ vfukd (trsK;rsK;aom qif;&J'uwYkd aygif;pk&m jzpfaom oHo&maESmiftrü csKyfuif wm;jrpfue\? ® d d k © d f kd k f (Oyrm) a>r\ OD;acgif;udk qkyuijf cif;aMumifh acgif;rS <uif;aom a>r\ud,onf (qkyuio\) vufarmif;udk f kd k f f kd f l &pfywfcsKyfuif ouJoYkd aywnf;/ t0dZm\ t<uif;rJh jywfjcif;udk ûytyfNyD;vwfaomfum; xd<k uif;aom udavo0#f kd h Æ ESihf ur®0#f 0dygu0#fwYdkrS vGwajrmufjcif;onf jzpfay\? (Oyrm) a>r\ OD;acgif; jywfjcif;udk ûytyf NyD;vwfaomf f &pfywfcsKyfuif tyfaom vufarmif;\ vGwajrmufjcif;uJoYkd aywnf;/ (jrwfpmbk&m;) a[mawmfryum; kd f h G l kH ]]t0dZÆm\ omvQif t<uif;rJh ysujf y,fjcif; csKyfjcif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd \ csKyfjcif;onf (jzpf\)}} þodkY tp½Sdonf yifwnf;/ þodYk vQif tMuif jy"mef;aom w&m;udk ,laomoltm; aESmifzYJG jcif; jzpfí vTwaomoltm; vGwajrmuf f f jcif; jzpf\/ (t0dZmypö,m ocFg&m [laom) þpum;onf xdk jy"mef;aom w&m;udqaom pum;aywnf;/ Æ k kd tp½Sdonf\tjzpfukd qkaompum;? 0g? tprQudom qkaompum; r[kway? þqkconftwdi; þb0pufonf d k d f d hJ h k f rodtyfaom tp½Sonf[k odtyfay\/ d «213» xdkb0pufonf t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;wkYd aMumifh ocFg&ponfwYdk \ rjywf jzpfay:jcif; (jzpf Æ d ayonf)/ xkYd aMumifh xdk t0dZmtp½Saom taMumif;wdYk rS wyg;aom ]](þt½Sif ocifBuD;onf) jA[®maywnf;? Æ d r[mjA[®maywnf;? tjrwfq;bk&m;ocif aywnf;? urÇmavmuudk pD&if zefqif;wwf olaywnf;}}[k þodYk kH BuHqtyfaom jA[®mtp½Saom oHo&mudk ûywwforvnf; uif;\? ]]ig\ xkoYkd aom þtwåonf ajymqdk d l S d wwfay\? (taumif;tqd;ud) cHpm;wwfay\? 0g? odwwfay\}}[k þodYk BuHqtyfaom csrf;omqif;&JwYdk ukd k k cHpm;wwfaom twårvnf;uif;\? þodYk vQif (b0pufonf) ûywwfol cHpm;wwforS uif;onf[k odtyfay S l onf/ xdrwyg; þb0pufü t0dZmonf jzpfjcif; ysufjcif; oabm½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumifh cdiNf rJonf\ tjzpfrS k S Æ d k qdwoO;\/ (udavomwkYd u) npfEr;aptyfonf\ tjzpfaMumif¤if; npfEr; apwwfaom udavomwdYk \ f k f G f h G f (toH;cH) tm½kjH zpfaomaMumif¤if; wifw,fonf\ tjzpfrvnf; qdwoO;\/ jzpfjcif; ysujf cif;u tNrJrjywf k h h S f k f ESypuftyfonf\ tjzpfaMumifh csr;omtjzpfrvnf; qdwoO;\/ taMumif;ESipyfaom jzpfjcif;½SaomaMumifh d f f S f k f hf d tvktwdi; jzpfEi-jzpfapEdiaom twåtjzpfrvnf;qdwoO;\/ ocFg&tp½Sdaom t*FgwkdYonfvnf; xdkYtwlyif d k f kd f k f S f k f 4-yg; 4-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh qdwoO;uke\/ wenf; qdwoO;yHum; t0dZm twår[kwf twå\ Opömr[kwf f k f f f k f k Æ twåü (wnfonf) r[kwf twå½Sdonfr[kwf/ ocFg& tp½Saom t*FgwkYd onfvnf; xdYk twlyifwnf;/ xkYd aMumifh d þb0pufonf 12-yg; tjym;½Saom qdwoO;jcif;jzifh qdwoO;onf[k odtyfay\/ d f k f f k f

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653/ þrQomruao;? þqdconftwki; wzef k hJ h d f t0dZmESiwPSmwkYd onf xdb0puf\ rlvaywnf;? twduf ponfwYdk onf (xdb0puf Æ hf k k \) 3-yg;aom umvwkdYaywnf;/ xdk 3-yg;aom umvwkYd wif o½kytm;jzifh (a[mxm; G f aom) 2-yg;aom t*FgwdkYonf¤if;? 8-yg;aom t*FgwdkYonf¤if;? 2-yg;aom t*FgwdkYonf ¤if; (xdb0puf\ twdwumv ypöKyÜef umv tem*wfumvwkYd rnfMuonf[k odtyf k f \)/

rlv 2-yg;
csJYíjytHh? t0dZÆmESifh wPSm[laom 2-yg;aom w&m;wdYk ukd xdk qdtyfcaom þb0puf\ rlv [k odtyf k hJ (uke)\/ xdqcaom þb0pufonf a½S;twdwtzdYk rS ypöKyÜetusKd;udk aqmifaomtm;jzifh t0dZmvQif t&if; f k dk hJ f f Æ ½Saom a0'emvQif tqH;½Saom b0pufwck? aemuf tem*wftzdYk ukd qufpyf us,fjyefYapaomtm;jzifh wPSmvQif d k d t&if;½Sdaom Z&mr&PvQif tqHk;½Sdaom b0puf wck þodkYtm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ xdk 2-yg;aom b0puf wdYk wif a½S;jzpfaom b0pufukd 'd|p½ku½o\ tpGr;tm;jzifh a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ aemufjzpfaom b0pufukd G d d f dS l f wPSmp½kduf½Sdol\ tpGr;tm;jzifh (a[mawmfr\)/ rSeay\? t0dZmonf 'd|p½du½aom olwYkd \ (rjywfjzpfaom f l f Æ d k f dS cE¨mtpOf[k qdtyfaom) oHo&mudk aqmifwwf-jzpfapwwf\/ wPSmonf wPSmp½kduf½SdaomolwdkY\ oHo&m k udk aqmifwwf-jzpfapwwf\/ wenf;um; Oapä''d|ukd t<uif;rJh y,fowfjcif;iSg yXrpufukd (a[mawmfr\? d l tb,faMumifenf;¿) tusKd;\jzpfjcif;jzifh taMumif;wkYd \ rjywfpjJ cif;udk jyjcif;aMumifwnf;/ oów'd|udk h h d t<uif;rJh y,fjzwfjcif;iSg 'kw, pufukd (a[mawmfr\? tb,faMumifenf;¿) jzpfay:ukeaom (0dnmPfpaom) d l h h f tusKd;w&m;wdYk \ tkjd cif; aojcif;udk jyjcif;aMumifwnf;/ wenf;um; *AÇao,suyk*Kd¾ vf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh a½S;b0 h f pufukd (a[mawmfr\? tb,faMumifenf;¿) tpOftwdi; jzpfjcif;udk jyjcif;aMumifwnf;/ Oyygwf yk*Kd¾ vf\ l h h k f h tpGr;tm;jzifh aemufpufukd (a[mawmfr\? tb,faMumifenf;¿) waygif;wnf; jzpfjcif;-wûydieuf jzpfjcif;udk f l h h f jyjcif;aMumifwnf;/ h

umv 3-yg;
xdrwyg; twdwf ypöKyÜef tem*wfwYdk onf xdk b0puf\ 3-yg;aom umvwkdY aywnf;/ xdk 3-yg;aom k S umvwkYd wif y#dporkyg'f a'oemygVdü o½kytm;jzifvmaom t*FgwkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh t0dZmESihf ocFg& [laom G ö Ü f h f Æ 2-yg;aom t*FgwdYk onf twdwumv rnfue\/ 0dnmPfvQif tp½Sdukefaom b0vQif tqHk;½Sdukefaom 8-yg; f k f aom t*FgwdYk onf ypöKyÜeumvrnfue\/ ZmwdESifh Z&m r&P[laom 2-yg;aom t*FgwdYk onf tem*wf umv f k f rnfue\ [lí odtyf (uke)\/ k f f «214» 654/ wzef ..... ]]taMumif;a½S; ½Sdaom tpyfç tusKd;a½S;½Sdaom tpyfç taMumif; a½S;½Sdaom tpyftm;jzifh tpyf 3-yg; ½Sdaomç 4-yg; tjym; ½Sdaom (t*Fg) taygif;tpk tvTmvnf; ½Sdaomç 20-aom tjcif;t&m [laom axmuftuefYvnf; ½Saomç 0#f 3-yg;vnf; ½Saom þb0pufonf d d &yfwefYjcif; r½SyJ tNrJvnfvsuf ½Sonf}} -d d [lívnf; odtyf\/

tpyf 3-yg;
xk*gxmü ocFg&wkYd Eihf y#doaE¨0nmPf\ tMum;ü taMumif;ESihf tusKd; tpyfrnfaom tpyfwck? a0'em d S d ESihf wPSm\tMum;ü tusKd;ESihf taMumif; tpyfrnfaom tpyfwck? b0ESihf Zmwd\ tMum;ü taMumif;ESitusKd; hf tpyfrnfaom tpyfwck? þodkYtm;jzifh þb0pufrSm ]]taMumif;a½S; ½Sdaom tpyfç tusKd;a½S;½Sdaom tpyfç taMumif;a½S;½Saom tpyftm;jzifh 3-yg;aom tpyf½Sdonf}}[k odtyf\/ d

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tvTm 4-yg;
xdrwyg; tpyfwYkd \ tptqH;jzifh ydi;jcm;tyfueaom xdb0puf\ 4-yg;ukeaom taygif;tpk tvTm k S k k f k f k f wkYd onf jzpfue\/ þtvTmwkYd onf tb,fenf;[lr¿ t0dZmESihf ocFg&wkYd onf wckaom tvTmaywnf;/ k f l Æ 0dnmPf emrf½yf oVm,we zó a0'emwkYd onf 'kw, tvTmaywnf;/ wPSm Oyg'gef b0wdYk onf wwd, k d tvTmaywnf;/ ZmwdEihf Z&mr&PwkYd onf pwkw¬ tvTmaywnf;/ þodYk tm;jzifh þb0pufrm ]]4-yg; tjym; S S ½Sdaom taygif;tpk tvTm ½Sdonf}}[k odtyf\/

tjcif;t&m 20
xdrwyg; k S twdwfb0ü taMumif; 5-yg;? ,ckypöKyÜefb0ü tusKd; 5-yg;? ,ckypöKyÜeb0ü taMumif; 5f yg;? aemif tem*wf b0ü tusKd; 5-yg; - [laom 20-aom tjcif;t&m[k qdtyfaom þaxmuftuefYwYkd jzifh 20-aom tjcif;t&m [laom axmuftuefY ½Sonf k d [k odtyf\/

twduftaMumif; 5-yg;
xd*gxmü (tus,fum;) twdwfb0ü taMumif; 5-yg; [lonfum; a½S;OD;pGm t0dZmESihf ocFg&wkYd [aom k Æ l þ 2-yg;wdYk onf (y#dporkyg'f a'oem ygVdü o½kytm;jzif) a[mtyfNyD;omvQif jzpfue\/ xkYd jyif (0dyóem ö Ü f h k f ynmr½S) rod rvdrmaom olonf qmavmifawmifw\? qmavmif awmifwonf jzpfí pGvrf;\? pGvrf;aom d ® h h J J xkotm; pGvrf;rI Oyg'gef[aom taMumif;aMumifh (jzpfaMumif; uH[aom) b0onf jzpf\/ xkYd aMumifh wPSm d l J l l Oyg'gef b0wkYd onfvn;f (t0dZm wPSmudk ,ljcif;jzif) ,ltyfNyD;jzpfue\/ xkYd aMumifh Æ h k f ]]a½S;b00,f ur®b0udk ûypOfü (½Scaom) arm[onf t0dZm aywnf;? tm;xkwrI d hJ Æ f wkYd onf ocFg&wdYk aywnf;? vdcsif ESpoufjcif;onf wPSmaywnf;? uyfNidjcif;onf Oyg'gef k f aywnf;? apwemonf (jzpfaMumif; ur®) b0aywnf;/ þodYk vQif a½S;b00,f ur®b0udk ûyü NyD;pD;ukefaom þ 5 -yg;aom w&m;wkYd onf þk,ck ypöKyÜeb0ü y#doaE¨\ taMumif; f wdYk aywnf;}} [k (y#dorÇ'gr*fyg|dü) a[mawmf rlay\/ d xdk y#dorÇ'gr*fygVdü a½S;ur®b0udk [l&mü a½S;b0ü jzpfaom ur® b0ud?k twdwb0ü ur®b0udk d f ûytyfonf½aomf? 0g? ûypOfü/ þum; teuf/ arm[onf t0dZmaywnf;- [lonfum; xdk ur®b0udk ûypOftcgü dS Æ 'kuponfwYdkü (awGa0jcif; rodjcif; [laom) tMuifarm[onf jzpf\? ,if;arm[jzifh awGa0onfjzpfí (ukovf © kd tukov) uHukd ûy\? xdk arm[onf t0dZmrnf\/ tm;xkwrwYdk onf ocFg&wkYd aywnf;-[lonfum; xdk uHukd kd f Æ f I ûyaomol\ tMuifa½S;tzdYk ü jzpfaom apwemwkYd onf (½Sue\)/ Oyrm tvªukd aytH[k pdwukd jzpfapNyD;vQif d k f h f wvvH;aomfvnf; wESpv;aomfvnf; ay;vªb,f taqmuftODypön;wkYd ukd ½SmBuH pDrcefYcaeaom oltm; k f kH G f H JG jzpfueaom a½S;tzdYk apwemwkYd uoYkd yifwnf;/ (xda½S;tzdYk apwemwkYd onf tm;xkwr-ocFg&wdYk rnfue\)/ k f hJ k f I k f tvªcy*Kd¾ vfwYdk \ vufü vªb,0w¬Kudk wnfapqJ vªqjJ zpfaomol\ apwemudrl b0[lí qdtyf\/ H k G f k k wenf;um; wckaom tm0ZÆef;½Sdukefaom 6-Budraom aZmwdYk ü apwemwkYd onf tm;xkwr-ocFg&wkYd rnfue\/ f f I k f «215» owåraZmü (apwemonf) b0rnf\/ wenf;um; trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom apwemonf b0rnf\/ f k (apwemESi) ,SOaomw&m;wkYd onf tm;xkwrI ocFg&wdYk rnfue\/ vdcsiEpoufjcif;onf wPSmaywnf;hf f f k f k f S f [lonfum; trIuukd ûyaomol\ (jzpfrnf) tusK;jzpfaom Oyywåb0ü tvk½jdS cif; awmifwjcif;onf wPSm H h d d d h rnf\/ uyfNidjcif;onf Oyg'gefaywnf; [lonfum; ur® b0\ taMumif;jzpfaom ]]þtrIudkûyí þrnfaom Xmeü umr*kPwYdk ukd rS0t?hH (aoaomtcg) jywfpt}hH } þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh jzpfaom uyfNidjcif; qkyuijf cif; f D J J d f kd rSm;,Gi;pGm oH;oyfjcif;onf Oyg'gef rnf\/ apwemonf b0aywnf; [lonfum; tm;xkwr\ tqH;ü zGiqkd f k f I k hf tyfcaom apwemonf b0rnf\/ þodkY teufudk odtyf\/ hJ

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ypöKyÜeftusKd; 5-yg;
,ck ypöKyÜefb0ü tusKd; 5-yg; [lonfum; 0dnmPftp a0'em tqH;½Saom y#dporkyg'f a'oem ygVdü k d ö Ü o½kytm;jzifh vmaom tusKd; 5-yg;yifwnf;/ a[mawmfryum; f l kH ]]þypöKyÜefb0ü (a½S;b0ESi) qufpyfaom oabmonf 0dnmPfaywnf;? ouf0if hf jcif; oabmonf emrf½yaywnf;? Munfvifaom oabmonf tm,weaywnf;? awGYxd k f aom oabmonf zóaywnf;? cHpm;jcif; oabmonf a0'em aywnf;? þ 5 -yg;aom w&m;wkYd onf þypöKyÜeb00,f Oyywåb0ü a½S;b0u ûycJaom uH[aom taMumif;aMumifh f d h l (jzpfue\)}} [líyifwnf;/ k f xdk ygVdü qufpyfaom oabmonf 0dnmPfaywnf; [lonfum; b0wyg;ESihf qufpyfonf\tpGr; f tm;jzifh jzpfaomaMumifh tMuifpwukd y#doaE¨[í qdtyf\? xdk qufpyfaom y#doaE¨ pdwonf 0dnmPfrnf\/ d f l k f ouf0ifjcif; oabmonf emrf½yaywnf; [lonfum; trd0rf;wduü emrf½yf w&m;wkYd \ tMuifouf0ifjcif; k f k f k oabmonf vmí0ifouJoYkd jzpfjcif;oabmonf (½S\)? þ oabmonf emrf½yrnf\/ Munfvifaom h d k f oabmonf tm,weaywnf;-[laom þ pum;udk pu©Ktp½Sdaom 5 -yg;aom tm,wewkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh f a[mtyfay\/ awGYxaom oabmonf zóaywnf;-[lonfum; tMuifoabmonf tm½kukd awGYxvsuf d H d jzpfay:\? þoabmonf zó rnf\/ cHpm;jcif; oabmonf a0'emaywnf;-[lonfum; y#doaE¨0nmPf ESihf d aomf¤if;ç oVm,wevQif taMumif;½Saom zóESiaomf¤if; wuGjzpfaom tMuif0ygufjzpfaom cHpm;jcif; d hf d oabmonf (½S\)? xdcpm;jcif; oabmonf a0'emrnf\? þodYk teufukd odtyf\/ d k H

ypöKyÜeftaMumif; 5-yg;
,ckypöKyÜeb0ü taMumif; 5-yg; [lonfum; wPSmtp½Sueaom (ig;yg;aom) w&m;wdYk aywnf;/ f d k f y#dporkyg'f a'oemygVdü wPSmOyg'gef b0wkYd onf (omvQif) vmuke\/ odYk aomfvnf; b0udk ,ltyfonf ö Ü f ½Saomf xdb0\ a½S;tzdYk jzpfueaom odYk r[kwf xdb0ESihf ,SOueaom ocFg&wkYd ukd ,ltyfNyD; jzpfue\/ wPSm d k k f k f k f k f Oyg'gefwYdk ukd ,ljcif;jzifvnf; ¤if;wdYk Eihf ,SOaom t0dZmudk (,ltyfNyD;jzpf\)? odYk r[kwf tMuift0dZmjzifh awGa0 h S f Æ Æ onfjzpfí uHuûkd y\? xdk t0dZmudk ,ltyfNyD; jzpf\/ þodYk tm;jzifh (taMumif;wkYd onf) 5-yg;wkdYaywnf;/ Æ xdYk aMumifh ]]þ,ck ypöKyÜeb0ü tm,wewkYd \ &ifusujf cif;aMumifh arm[onf t0dZm aywnf;? f h Æ tm;xkwrwYdkonf ocFg&wkYd aywnf;? vdcsiEpoufjcif;onf wPSmaywnf;? uyfNidjcif; f I k f S f onf Oyg'gefaywnf;? apwemonf (jzpfaMumif; ur®) b0aywnf;? þodYk vQif ,ck ypöKyÜef b00,f ur®b0ü (yg0ifueaom) þ 5-yg;aom w&m;wkYd onf aemiftem*wfb0ü k f y#doaE¨\ taMumif;wkYd aywnf;}}[k a[mawmfr\/ l xdygVdü ]]þ,ckypöKyÜeb0ü tm,wewkYd \ &ifusujf cif;aMumif}h }[laom pum;jzifh &ifusufaom k f h h tm,we ½Saom yk*Kd¾ vf\ uHuûkd yaom umvü awGa0jcif;udk jy\/ <uif;aom pum;onf ay:vGiaom teuf d f ½Sonfomwnf;/ d

tem*wftusKd; 5-yg;
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eufeJjcif; (*rÇD&wm) 4-yg;
659/ eufejJ cif; tjym;tm;jzifh odyum; tusKd;-(twå) tm;jzif¤if;? taMumif;-("r®) tm;jzif¤if;? (a[m kH h h pOf) a'oemtm;jzif¤if;? xd;xGi;í odaom (y#da0") oabmtm;jzif¤if; (y#dporkyg'f\) eufeonf\tjzpf h k f h ö Ü J (eufejJ cif;)udk &nf½,í jrwfpmbk&m;onf ]]tmeE´m y#dporkyg'fonf eufvnf; eufe\? eufa,mifvnf; G f G ö Ü J xif\}}[k a[mawmfr\/ xkYd aMumifh eufejJ cif; tjym;tm;jzifvnf; þb0pufukd xduonftm;avsmfpmodtyf\/ l h k f G «219» xdkeufeJjcif; 4-yg;wdYk wif ZmwdaMumifh Z&mr&Ponf rjzpfonf r[kw?f (jzpfonfomvQiwnf;)? G f ZmwdEiuif;í wyg;aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfonfvnf; r[kw?f (ZmwdaMumifh Z&mr&P jzpfjcif;[laom) S hf þtjcif;t&mtm;jzifvnf; ZmwdaMumifh waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vm\/ þodYk Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumifh h waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vmjcif; oabm\ odEiconf\ tjzpfaMumifh Z&mr&P\ Zmwd[aom taMumif;aMumifh kd f J l jzpfí waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vmjcif; oabmonf? 0g? Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfjcif;oabmESihf (Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumif) waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vmjcif; oabmonf eufe\/ xdkYtwl Zmwd\ b0[laom h J taMumif;aMumifjh zpfí waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vmjcif; oabmonf eufeJ \/ y/ ocFg&wkdY\ t0dZm[laom Æ taMumif;aMumifh jzpfí waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vmjcif; oabmonf eufe\/ xkYd aMumifh þb0pufonf tusKd; J (twå) tm;jzifh eufe\/ þonfum; þb0pufü a½S;OD;pGm tw¬*rÇ&wm ac:aom tusKd; (tw¬)tm;jzifh eufeJ J D jcif;aywnf;/ rSeay\? taMumif;\ tusKd;udk tw¬[lí ac:tyf\/ a[mawmfryum; ]]taMumif;\tusKd;ü (jzpf f l kH aom) ÓPfonf tw¬y#dorÇ'g rnf\}} [líyifwnf;/ d xkrwyg; t0dZmonf tMuifjzpfyHk tjcif;t&mtm;jzif¤if; tMuif tcdutwefY ½Sonfjzpfí¤if; xdxkd d S Æ h k f d k ocFg&wkYd tm; aus;Zl;ûywwf\/ xdtjcif;t&mESihf tcdutwefY\ odEiconf\ tjzpfaMumifh t0dZÆm\ ocFg& k k f kd f J wkYd tm; aus;Zl;ûywwfaom oabmonf eufeJ \/ xdkYtwl ocFg&wkdY\/y/ Zmwd\ Z&mr&Ptm; aus;Zl;ûywwf aom oabmonf eufe\/ xkYd aMumifh þb0pufonf taMumif; ("r®) tm;jzifh eufe\/ þonfum; þ J J b0pufü "r®*rÇ&wm ac:aom taMumif; ("r®)tm;jzifh eufejJ cif; aywnf;/ rSeay\? "r® [laom þtrnfonf D f taMumif;\trnfaywnf;/ a[mawmfryum; ]]taMumif;ü(jzpfaom)ÓPfonf "r®y#dorÇ'grnf\}}[líyifwnf;/ l kH d xkrwyg; þy#dporkyg'fukd xdxtaMumif;jzifh xdxtjcif;t&mtm;jzifh jzpfaptyf-a[mtyfonf\ d S ö Ü k dk k kd tjzpfaMumifh a[mjcif;onfvnf; eufe\/ xda[moifaom tjcif;t&mü oAÁñwÓPfawmfrS wyg;aom ÓPf J k h k onf axmufwnf&mudk r&Edi/ xdYk aMumifyifvQif þb0pufukd tcsKdYowü tEkvtm;jzif?h (a[mawmfr\)? tcsKdY k f h k f kH l okwü y#dvtm;jzif?h tcsKdYowü tEkvkH y#dvtm;jzif?h tcsKdYowü tv,frpí tEkvtm;jzifaomf¤if;? f kH k f kH k f S kH h y#dvtm;jzifaomf¤if; (a[mawmfr\/) tcsKdYokwfü tpyf 3-ck tvTm 4-ck ½Sonfukd ûyí? (a[mawmfr\/) tcsKdY kH h l d l okwü tpyf 2-ck tvTm 3-ck ½Sonfuûkd yí? tcsKdYowü tpyf 1-ck tvTm 2-ck ½Sonfuûkd yía[mawmfr(tyf)\/ f d k f d l xdYk aMumifh þb0pufonf a'oemtm;jzifh eufe\/ þonfum; a'oem*rÇ&wm ac:aom a'oemtm;jzifh J D eufejJ cif; aywnf;/ xkrwyg; þb0pufü t0dZmponfwYkd \ toD;toD;aom oabmonf (½S\)? ,if; oabmudk odvQif d S Æ d t0dZmponfwYdk ukd rdroabmvu©Pmtm;jzifh rSepmodtyfNyD; jzpf (uke)\/ (t0dZm ponfwYdk \) xdk (toD;toD; Æ d f G f Æ aom) oabmonf ouf0ifEicaomaMumifh eufe\/ xdYk aMumifh þ b0pufonf xd;xGi;í odtyfaom y#da0" kd f J J k f oabmtm;jzifh eufe\/ xdk eufeyukd csJYíjyth/ þb0pufü t0dZm\ rodjcif; oabmç rjrifjcif; oabmç J J Hk H Æ opömudk xd;xGi;í rodjcif; oabmonf eufe\/ ocFg&wkdY\ ûyjyifjcif;oabmç tm;xkwjf cif;oabmç wyfrufrI k f J ESiwuG jzpfjcif;oabmç wyfrufrI uif;jcif;oabmonf (eufe\)/ 0dnmPf\ twårS qdwaomoabmç hf J f aMumifMh u Asmyg&uif;aom oabmç b0a[mif;rS ajymif;a½TYjcif; r½Srí b0opfü y#doaE¨\ xif½m; jzpfjcif; d l S oabmonf (eufe\)/ emrf½kyf\ waygif;wnf; jzpfjcif; oabmç toD; toD; cGjJ crf;tyfaom oabmç rcGjJ crf; J tyfaom oabmç ñTwjf cif;oabmç azmufjyefjcif;oabmonf (eufe\)/ oVm,we\ tpd;&jcif; oabmç J k avmu\tjzpfç 'Gg&tjzpfç acwåtjzpfç tm½kH\xif&m 0do,D\tjzpf [laom oabmonf (eufe\)/ zó\ J «220» awGYxjd cif;ç wducujf cif;ç aygif;qHjk cif;ç pka0;jcif; oabmonf (eufe\)/ a0'em\ tm½kH\ t&omudk k f kd J cHpm;jcif;oabmç csrf;omç qif;&Jç tv,ftvwfoabmç toufaumif r[kwaom oabmç cHpm;jcif; oabm f onf (eufe\)/ wPSm\ ESpouf aysmfarGYjcif; oabmç rsKdor;jcif; oabmç pD;oGm;jcif; oabmç EG,Eiwaomç J f d f f S hf l jrpfEiwaom oabmç qmavmifjcif; oabmç orkj'muJoYkd jynfapEdicaom oabm onf (eufe\)/ Oyg'gef\ S hf l h h k f J J

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,ljcif;ç pGvrf;jcif;oabmç NrJNrHpm ESv;oGi;jcif;oabmç rSm;aomtm;jzifh oH;oyfjcif; oabmç ausmveEicaom J G kH f k f G f kd f J oabmonf(eufe\)/ b0\tm;xkwjf cif;ç ûyjyifjcif;oabmç a,med *wd Xdwd ed0gowkYd ü ypfcsjcif; oabmonf J (eufe\)/ Zmwd\jzpfjcif;oabmç aumif;pGmjzpfjcif;ç ouf0ifjcif;ç topfjzpfjcif;ç xif½m;jzpfay:jcif;oabmonf J S (eufe\)/ Z&mr&P\ukejf cif;ç ysujf cif;oabmç ysup;jcif;ç azmufjyefjcif;oabmonf (eufe\)/ þonfum; J f D J þb0pufü y#da0"*rÇ&wmac:aom xd;xGi;í odtyfaom oabmjzifh eufejJ cif;aywnf;/ D k f

{uwåpaomenf; 4-yg;
660/ enf;tjym;tm;jzifh odyum; þb0pufü {uwåenf; emewåenf; tAsmyg&enf; {0H"r®wmenf; [l kH aom 4-yg;aom teufukd odaMumif;enf;wdYk onf? 0g? odtyfaom teufwYkd onf ½Sue\/ xkYd aMumifh enf;tjym; d k f tm;jzifvnf; þb0pufukd xduonftm;avsmfpm odtyf\/ h k f G xdk 4-yg;aom enf;wkYd wif ]]t0dZm [laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfMuonf? ocFg& [laom G Æ taMumif;aMumifh 0dnmPfjzpfonf}} þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh tan§muf ponf\ tjzpfjzifh rsK;aph\? 0g? rsKd;aphrS d d tyiftjzpfoYkd a&mufjcif;uJoYkd ½kyemrftpOf oEÅmef\ rjywfpjJ cif;onf {uwåenf; rnf\/ ,if;{uwåenf;udk h f rSepm jrifaomyk*Kd¾ vfonf taMumif;ESitusKd;\ qufpyfjcif;tm;jzifh ½kyemrf tpOfoEÅmef\ rjywfpjJ cif;udk odjcif; f G hf f aMumifh Oapä''d|ukd y,f\/ (,if;enf;ud) rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaom yk*K¾ vonf taMumif;ESihf tusKd;pyfaom tm;jzifh d k f d f rjywfjzpfaeaom ½kyemrftpOf oEÅmef\ rjywfpjJ cif;udk wckwnf; wa,mufwnf;[k ,ljcif;aMumifh oów'd|ukd f d pG,\/ J l xkrwyg; t0dZmponfwYdk \ rdrd rdrEiqiaom oabmvu©Pmudk ydi;jcm;jcif;onf emewåenf;rnf\/ d S Æ d S hf kd f k f ,if;emewåenf;udk rSepm jrifaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf topftopf jzpfaom w&m;wdYk \ jzpfjcif;udk jrifjcif;aMumifh f G oów'd|ukd y,f\/ rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf uGjJ ym;aom oEÅmef\ toD;toD; uGjJ ym;onf\ tjzpfukd d f ,ljcif;uJoYkd wckwnf;aom oEÅmefü usa&muf aom taMumif;tusKd; ½kyemrfw&m; taygif;\ toD;toD; uGjJ ym; h f onf\ tjzpfukd ,ljcif;aMumifh Oapä''d|ukd pG,\/ d J l xdrwyg; t0dZmtm; ]]ocFg&wkYd ukd igonf jzpfaptyfuef \-(jzpfap&rnf)}}[lí¤if;ç ocFg&wkYd tm;vnf; k S Æ k ]]0dnmPfukd igwkYd onf jzpfaptyf\-(jzpfap&rnf)}} [lí¤if;-þodYk tp½Saom aMumifMh uûyjcif; Asmyg&\ r½Sjd cif; d onf tAsmyg&enf; rnf\/ ,if; tAsmyg&enf;udk rSepm jrifaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf ûywwfaom twå\ r½Sjd cif;udk f G ,ljcif;aMumifh twå'|ukd y,f\/ rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf Asmyg& r½Sjd im;aomfvnf; t0dZmponfwYdk \ d d f Æ obm0ed,mrjzifh NyD;aom taMumif;\ tjzpfonf (½S\)? xdtaMumif;\ tjzpfukd r,ljcif;aMumifh tud&, d k d 'd|ukd pG,\/ d J l xdrwyg; EdYk &nfponfwYdk rS EdYk "rf;ponfwYdk \ jzpfjcif;uJoYkd t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;wdYk r?S 0g? taMumif;wkYd k S h Æ d aMumifh ocFg& ponfwYdk \ omvQif jzpfjcif;aywnf;? wyg;aom w&m;wkYd \ jzpfjcif;r[kw[k (odtyfaom þ f oabm-þenf;onf) {0H"r®wmenf; rnf\/ ,if; {0H"r®wmenf;udk rSepmjrifaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf taMumif;tm; f G avsmfpm tusKd;udk odjcif;aMumifh ta[wku'd|u¤if; tud&u'd|u¤if; y,f\/ rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf G d kd d d kd f taMumif;tm;avsmfpm tusKd;\ jzpfjcif;udk r,lrí trSwr½Saom wpHwckaom taMumif;aMumifh «221» trSwr½Sd G l f d k f wpHwckaom tusKd;\tjzpfoifjh cif; rjzpfEijf cif;ud,jl cif;aMumifh ta[wku 'd|u¤if; ed,wd0g'udk¤if; pG,\/ k kd k d kd J l þqdconftwdi; þb0pufukd k hJ h k f opömtrGe½aom opömtm;jzif¤if; udptm;jzif¤if; wm;jrpfjcif; tm;jzif¤if; OyrmwkYd jzif¤if; f dS h ö h h h eufejJ cif;tjym;ç enf;tjym;tm;jzif¤if; xduonftm;avsmfpm odtyf\/ h k f G 661/ odoifjh cif;\ taMumif;um; þb0pufonf tvGeeufeonf\ tjzpfaMumifh axmufonf&m r½S?d f J txl;xl;om enf;wdYk jzifh csKH½yuoYkd t½IytaxG; ½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumifh ausmveEic\/ orm"d [laom I f hJ f d f G f kd f J jrwfaom ausmufü aumif;pGm aoG;tyfNyD;aom ÓPfwnf;[laom oefvQujf zifh þb0pufukd razmufcrí rd;êud;pufuoYkd tNrJEypufwwfaom oHo&mab;udk ausmfvef JG l k hJ dS f G aom olonf tdyrufüaomfvnf; wpHwa,mufrQ r½S/ rSeay\? jrwfpmbk&m;onff k d f G

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]]tmeE´m þy#dporkyg'fonf eufvnf; eufe\? eufa,mufvnf; xif\? tmeE´m þ y#dporkyg'f ö Ü J ö Ü w&m;udyifvQif avsmpm rodjcif; xd;xGi;í rodjcif;aMumifh þowå0g taygif;onf þodYk csnfcif½yuoYkd k f G k f I f hJ jzpfvsuf pmaygif;oduuoYkd jzpfvsuf jzLqHjruf NAdwjf rufuoYkd jzpfvsuf BuD;yGg;jcif;\ uif;&mjzpfaom (tyg,f k f hJ hJ bHu) qif;&J\ jzpf&mjzpfaom ('k*wbu) csr;omrS ysup;í us&mjzpfaom tyg,f 4-bHu¤if; (½kyemrfcE¨m k kd ¾ d kH kd f f D k kd f tpOf) oHo&mud¤if; rausmfveyJ ½Sacsonf}} [laomk G f d þpum;udk a[mawmfrl (tyf) ayonf/ (xkoYkd b0pufukd rodvQif razmufcEivQif oHo&mab;udk d JG kd f rausmfveEiaomaMumifh b0pufukd odtyfayonf)/ xk(odYk b0pufukd odtyf-odxuvaom)aMumifh rdr\¤if; G f kd f d kd f S d ol wyg;wkYd \¤if; pD;yGg;csrf;omtvkYd ig usifaomS h þomoemawmfü ynm½Sonf <uif;aom (tjcm;) udpwYdk ukd y,fí eufeaom aus;Zl;ûyyHk d ö J tjym;udk a[maom y#dporkyg'fü axmufwnf&m&atmif tcgcyfor; trSw&vsuf? 0g? ö Ü d f f trSwf &aom owd½onf jzpfí tm;xkw&ownf;/ þwGif wcPf; NyD;\/ dS f þonfum; olawmfaumif;wkYd ESpor0rf;ajrmufjcif; tusKd;iSg pD&if (tyf)aom 0do'r*f usrf;0,f ynm f d hf k d¨ bm0emt&mü ynm\jzpf&mbHukd tus,jf ycsuf (ynmblrea'´o) rnfaom 17-ck ajrmufaom tydi;tcPf;ay k d d k f wnf;/

ynm\jzpf&mbHkudk tus,fjycsuf NyD;\/

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18-'d|0o'ea'´o-'d|0o'ukd tus,jf ycsuf d d k d¨ d d d k d¨
«222» 662/ ,cktcg (0dyóemynm\) bHtm½kjH zpfueaom þ (jyqdchJ NyD;aom cE¨mtp½Saom) w&m; k k f k d wdYk ü oif,jl cif;ç ar;jref;jcif;wdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh ÓPftavhtusufukd ûyNyD;vQif ]]oDv0do'çd¨ pdw0o'd¨ [laom f k å d k ESpyg;aom rlvtajctjrpfjzpfaom tMuif0o'wYdk ukd jynfpkH aptyfuef \}} [lí a½S;ü qdcNhJ yD? xdk (ESpyg;aom f d k d¨ h k k f 0do'wYdk )wGif oDv0do'rnfonfum; aumif;pGm xuf0ef;usif pifMu,faom ygwdarmu©o0& ponf 4-yg; k d¨ k d¨ H tjym;½Saom oDvaywnf;? xkovudvnf; oDvudk tus,fjy&m (oDveda'´o)ü tus,fcsJYí jycJNh yD;omvQif d d D k jzpfayonf/ pdw0o'd¨ rnfonfum; Oypm&orm"dEiwuG ½Spyg;aom ormywfwYdkaywnf;? xdormywf wkYd ukd å d k S hf f k vnf; pdwukd y"meûyí a[mxm;aom orm"dukd tus,jf y&m (orm"dea'´o)ü cyfor;aom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh f d d f tus,fcsJYí jycJNh yD;omvQif jzpfayonf/ xkoYkd oDvç orm"d ESpyg;vH;udk tus,fjycJNh yD; jzpfaomaMumifh xkd d f k (ESpyg;aom 0do')wkYd ukd xk(oDv eda'´o orm"dea'´o)wdYk ü tus,fcsJYí jycJaom enf;jzifomvQifo(em;vnfí f k d¨ d d h h d jynfpap) tyfuef\/ h kH k xdkrSwyg; ]]'d|d0dok'¨dç ucFg0dw&P0dok'¨dç r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'¨dç y#dy'gÓP'óe 0dok'¨dç ÓP'óe 0do'd¨ [laom þ ig;yg;aom 0do'wYkd onf (þynm\) ud,xnfjzpfonf}} [lí qdchJ NyD;aom xdpum;&yfük k d¨ k f k k emrfEi½ywYdk ukd [kwwi;rSepm odjrifjcif;onf 'd|0o'd¨ rnf\/ S hf k f f kd f f G d d k

(1) emrfrSpí ½Ienf;
663/ xdk 'd|0o'ukd jynfpapvdaom orx,medu (orx ,mOf½aom? 0g-orxudk tajccHûyí d d k d¨ h kH k dS 0dyóem ½Ivkdaom) yk*d¾Kvfonf ae0onm emonm,wepsmefukd csexm;í (xdr) <uif;aom ½lyg0p&psmef (4f k S yg;)ç t½lyg0p&psmef (3 -yg;) wdYk wif wyg;yg;aom (psmefukd 0ifpm;NyD;vQifx) psmefrxí 0dwuftp½Sueaom G dk S d k f psmeif w&m;wkYd u¤if;? xdk psmeifwYdk Eihf ,SOueaom (zó paom emrf) w&m;wkYd u¤if; vu©Pmç &o ponf kd S f k f kd wdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh odr;qnf;tyf (½Ityf) ukef \ / odr;qnf;NyD;vQif þw&m; tvH;pHuvnf; tm½kHqDodkY f f f k k kd a½S;½Iñwwwfonfjzpfí ñTwjf cif; teufoabmaMumifh emrf [k ydi;jcm;tyf \/ T f k f xdraemufü (xkYd aemif) Oyrmtm;jzifh (wpHwa,mufaom) a,musm;onf tdrwi;ü a>rudjk rifNyD;vQif xdk k S k f f G f a>rudk tpOfvuí Munfvwfaomf xda>r\ 0yfae&m t&yfukd awGYjrifouJoYkd xdYk twlyif þa,m*g0p& (a,m*D) kd f h k h yk*Kd¾ vfonfvnf; xdk emrfukd uyfí ½Ivsuf ]]þemrfonf tb,fukd rSí jzpfoenf;}}[k ½Smvwfaomf xdemrf\ D k rS&mjzpfaom ([',0w¬Kac:) ESv;½kyukd awGYjrif\/ xkYd aemif ESv;½ky\rS&m blw½kywYkd u¤if;ç blw½kywYdk ukd D kH f kH f d f kd f rSaom (ESv;½kyr) <uif;aom Oyg'g½kywYdk u¤if; awGYjrif\/ þodkY ½kyfudk odrf;qnf;\/ xda,m*Donf þw&m; D kH f S f kd k tvH;pHuvnf; azmufjyefwwfaomaMumifh ½kyf [k ydi;jcm;\/ xkYd aemif emrfonf tm½kqoYkd ñTwjf cif;oabm k k kd k f H D vu©Pm½Sd\? ½kyonf azmufjyefjcif; oabmvu©Pm½S\? (tm½kqoYkd ñTwjf cif; oabm½Saom w&m;um; emrf f d H D d wnf;? azmufjyefjcif; oabm½Saom w&m;um; ½kyf wnf;)[k emrfEihf ½kyukd tusOf;tm;jzifh ydi;jcm;\/ d S f k f

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(2) "mwfav;yg;rSpí ½Ienf;
664/ ½kyrpí odr;qnf;yHum;-ok'0yóem,medu(0dyóem ,mOfoufouf ½Saom) yk*Kd¾ vfjzpfap? þ f S f k ¨ d d (qdcaom) orx,medu yk*K¾ vyifjzpfap pwk"mwk00w¬mef ur®|mef; (udjk y&m)ü jyqdcueaom xdxkd "mwfukd k hJ d f k hJ k f k odr;qnf;aMumif; enf;t>rufwYdk wif wyg;yg;aom enf;t>ruf\ tpGr;jzifh tusOf;tm;jzifjh zpfap? tus,f f G f tm;jzifh jzpfap "mwfav;yg; wkYd ukd odr;qnf;\/ xkoYkd odr;qnf;aom tcgü "mwfwYdk onf xda,m*Dtm; f d f k rSeuefaom rdr\oabm vu©Pm tm;jzifh .... xifay:ukefvwfaomf «223» ]]ur®ork|mef (uHaMumifh jzpfaom) f d qHyifü "mwfav;yg;ç 0PÖç *E¨ç &oç MoZmç ZD0wç um,yom' [laom um,yom' ESiwuG ½kyf 10-ck d hf taygif; (um,'ouuvmyf)\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ½kyf 10-yg;? xk(ur®ork|mef qHyif)üyifvQif bm0½kyf f d ½SaomaMumifh bm0½kyEiwuG ½kyf 10-ck taygif; (bm0'ou uvmyf)\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ½kyf 10-yg;? xkd d f S hf f (qHyif)ü yifvQif tm[m& ork|mef (tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaom) MoZ|ru (MoZmvQif ½Spcajrmuf ½Saom) f k d ½kyftaygif;? Owkork|mef (OwkaMumifh jzpfaom) MoZ|ru½kytaygif;? pdwork|mef (pdwaMumif;jzpfaom) f å f MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;tm;jzifh (qkcNhJ yD;½kyf 20-wkdYrS) wyg;aom ½kyf 24-yg;}}-þodkYtm;jzifh 44-yg;aom½kywYdk onf f d f xif½m;uke\/ þtwlyif (arG;n§i; paom 23 - yg;aom pwkork|mef aum|mowkYd üvnf; xif½m;uke\? S f f S f xkdYaMumifh) pwkork|mef (taMumif; 4-yg; aMumifh jzpfaom) aum|mo 24-yg;wkYd ü 44-yg; pDaom ½kywYdk onf f xif½m;uke\/ acR;ç rsuf&nfç wHaxG;ç ESyf [laom Owkpwork|mef (OwkEihf pdwaMumifh jzpfaom) aum|mo 4S f d å S f yg;wkYd ü MoZm|ru uvmyf 2-ckwYkd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh 16-yg;pDaom ½kywYkd onf xif½m;uke\/ tpmopfç f f S f tpma[mif;ç jynfç usifi,f [laom Owkork|mefomvQif jzpfaom aum|mo 4-yg;wkYd ü MoZm|ru uvmyf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ½Spyg;pDaom ½kywYdk onf xif½m;uke\/ þonfum; 32-yg;aom aum|moü (½kywYdk \ xif½Sm; f f f S f f yHukd od&ef) enf;aywnf;/ k þ 32-yg;aom aum|mo (½kytaygif;) xifay:vwfaomf (xdr) wyg;ukeaom 10-yg;aom aum|mo f k S f (½kytaygif;)wkYd onfvnf; xifay:uke\/ xdwif pm;(tyf)aom tpmponfukd aMuusuapaom uHaMumifjh zpf f f k G f aom (ur®Zygpu) awaZm aum|moü MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;ESihf ZD0w ½kytm;jzifh 9-yg;aom ½kywYdk onf f d f f xif½m;uke\/ xkdYtwl pdwaMumifjh zpfaom (pdwZ) xGuouf 0ifouf aum|moüvnf; MoZ|ru ½kytaygif; S f f å f f ESihf o'´ (toH) ½kytm;jzifh 9-yg;aom ½kywYkd onf xif½m;uke\/ <uif;aom pwkork|mef (taMumif; 4-yg; f f S f aMumifh jzpfaom) aum|mo ½Spyg;wkYd ü ZD0wvQif ud;ckajrmuf½aom ½kytaygif; (ZD0we0u uvmyf)ESihf f d k dS f d (tm[m&Zç OwkZç pdwZtm;jzif) 3-ckaom MoZ|ru uvmyfwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh 33-yg;pDaom ½kywYdk onf å h f f xif½m;uke\/ S f þqdconftwdi; xda,m*Dtm; tus,ftm;jzifh 42-yg;aom aum|mo wkYd \ tpGrf;tm;jzifh þblw½kyfç k hJ h k f k Oyg'g½kyfwkdY xif½Sm;ukevwfaomf 0w¬KESihf 'Gg&wkYd \tpGr;tm;jzifh pu©K'ou tp½Saom 'ou uvmyf (½ky10f f d f cktaygif;) ig;ckEihf [',0w¬K 'ouuvyf tm;jzifh (qkcNhJ yD; ½kywYdk r) wyg;ukeaom 60-aom ½kywYkd onfvnf; S d f S f f xif½m;uke\/ xda,m*Donf (1494-ck ta&twGuf½Sdaom) xdk½kyftvHk;pHkwYdkuvnf; azmufjyefjcif; oabm S f k kd vu©Pmtm;jzifh waygif;wnf;ûyí ]]þw&m;onf ½kyfwnf;}} [k ½I\/ þqkconftwdi; ½kyukd odr;qnf;NyD;aom xda,m*Dtm; 'Gg&\tpGr; tm;jzifh emrfw&m;wdYk onf d hJ h k f f f k f xif½m;uke\/ xif½Sm;ykHum; .... ]]a'G;yOö0dnmPf 10-yg;ç raem"mwf 3-yg;ç raem0dnmPf"mwf 68-yg;}} [laom S f 81-yg;aom avmuDpwwYdk onf¤if;? omrntm;jzifh xd(81-yg;aom) pdwwYdk EiwuG jzpfueaom ]]zóç a0'emç d f k f S hf k f onmç apwemç ZD0dwç {u*¾wmç reodum&}} [laom þ 7-yg;pDaom apwoduwYdk onf¤if; xif½m;uke\1/ f S f avmukw&m pdwwYdkonfum; ok'0yóem,medu yk*Kd¾ vftm;¤if; orx,medu yk*Kd¾ vftm;¤if; rodb; r&bl; å f ¨ d l aom w&m;jzpfaomaMumifh odr;qnf;tyfjcif; (½Ityfjcif;)odYk ra&mufueonfomwnf;/ xda,m*Donf xd(emrf f k f k k w&m;) tvH;pHwYkd uvnf; tm½kqoYkd ñTwjf cif; oabmvu©Pmtm;jzifh waygif;wnf; ûyí ]]þw&m;onf k k kd H D emrfwnf;}} [k ½I\? þodYk vQif wOD;aom a,m*Donf "mwfav;yg; ydi;jcm;jcif;udk y"meûyojzifh tus,tm;jzifh k f f emrfEi½yukd ydi;jcm;\/ S hf k f k f

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(3) "mwf 18-yg;tvdktm;jzifh½Ienf;
«224» 665/ wyg;aom a,m*Donfum; 18-yg;aom "mwfwYdk \ tpGr;jzifh (emrfEihf ½kyukd ydi;jcm;\)/ f S f k f tb,foYkd enf; [lr¿ .... þomoemü &[ef;onf ]]þtwåabm (cE¨mud,x)ü pu©K"mwfonf ½S\/ y/ l k f J d raem0dnmP"mwfonf ½S\}}[k þodYk "mwfwYdk ukd qifjcifNyD;vQif avmu (vltaygif;)onf rsujf zL0ef; d rsueuf0ef;wkYd jzifh qef;Mu,faom tvsm;½Sno,f teH us,fjyefYaom rsufwi;ü rsufaMumwnf; [laom f f G G f êud;i,fjzifh zGYJ tyf aom tMuiftom;qdiukd rsufp[í todtrSwûf y\? xdtom;qdif rsufpukd r,lrí cE¨ea'´o k f d l k k d l (cE¨mudk tus,f jycsuf)0,f Oyg'g½kywYkd t&mü qdcaom tjym;½Saom pu©Kyom' (rsufptMunf½y)udk f k hJ d d k f pu©K"mwf (rsup"mwf) [lí ydi;jcm;\/ f d k f xdpu©Kyom'\ rS&mjzpfaom "mwfav;yg;ç tNcHt&Hjzpfaom 0PÖ *E¨ &o MoZm [laom ½kyf 4-yg;ç k D tapmifhta½Smufjzpfaom ZD0dwda`E´½kyf 1-yg; tm;jzifh twlwuGjzpfaom ½kyf 9-yg;? xdk (oorÇm& pu©K\ t&yf)ü yifvQif wnfaom um,'ou bm0'ou uvmyfwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ur®Z½ky-20? tm[m& ork|mef tp½Sd f f aom 3-ckaom MoZ|ru uvmyfwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh tEkyg'dEé (uH\tusKd; r[kwfaom) ½kyf 24-yg;-þodkY f tm;jzifh (pu©Kyom'rS) <uif;aom 53-yg;aom tMuif½yf wkYd onf ½Sue\? xdk 53-yg;aom ½kywYdk uvnf; k d k f f kd pu©K"mwf[k rydi;jcm;ay/ aomw"mwf ponfwYdküvnf; þenf;yifwnf;/ txl;rSm um,"mwfü (um,"mwfr) k f S <uif;aom ½kywYkd onf 43-yg; jzpfue\/ tcsKdY q&mwkYd onfum; Owkork|mef pdwork|mef ½kywYkd ukd o'´EiwuG f k f å f S hf 9-yg;pD a&wGuí (um,"mwfrS <uif;aom ½kywYkd u) 45-yg;[k qdue\/ f f kd k k f þodYk jyqkconftwdi; þyom'½kyf 5-yg;ç ¤if;wdkY\ tm½kjH zpfaom ½ly o'´ *E¨ &o azm|AÁ d hJ h k f [laom tm½kH½kyf 5-yg;-þodYk tm;jzifh 10-yg;aom ½kyfwkdYonf 10-yg;aom "mwfwYkd jzpfue\/ <uif;aom½kywYkd k f f onf "r®"mwfomvQif jzpfue\/ xdrwyg; pu©Kyom'udk rSvsuf ½lyg½kukd tm½kûH yí jzpfaom (pu©K0dnmPf) k f k S D H pdwonf pu©K0dnmP"mwf rnf\? þenf;jzifh a'G;yOö0dnmPf (0dnmPf 5-ck 2-vD) wkYd onf ig;yg;aom 0dnmP f "mwf jzpfue\/ oH;yg;aom raem"mwf pdwwYkd onf wckaom raem"mwf jzpf\? 68-yg;aom raem0dnmP"mwf k f k f pdwwYdkonf (wckaom) raem0dnmP"mwf jzpf\/ odkYjzpfí 81-yg;aom avmuDpdwfwdkYonf 7-yg;aom 0dnmP f "mwfwYdk jzpfue\/ ¤if; 0dnmP"mwfwYdk Eihf ,SOueaom zótp½Saom apwoduwYdk onf "r®"mwf jzpfue\/ k f S f k f d f k f þqkcaom tjym;tm;jzifh þ"mwf 18-yg;wdYk wif q,fccaom "mwfwYdk onf ½kywnf;/ ckepfccaom "mwfwYkd d hJ G k JG f k JG onf emrfwnf;[lí þodYk vQif wOD;aom a,m*Donf 18-yg;aom "mwfwYkd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh emrfEi½yukd f S hf k f ydi;jcm;\/ k f

(4) tm,we 12-yg;tvdktm;jzifh½Ienf;
666/ wyg;aom a,m*Donfum; 12-yg;aom tm,wewkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh (emrf½yukd ydi;jcm;\)/ f k f k f tb,foYkd enf;[lr¿ pu©K"mwfü qdcaom enf;jzifyifvQif 53-yg;aom ½kywYkd ukd z,fxm;í pu©Kyom'udomvQif l k hJ h f k pu©m,we[k ydi;jcm;\/ xdk pu©K"mwfü qdcaom enf;jzifyifvQif aomw"mwfç Cme"mwfç Zd0g"mwfç k f k hJ h S um,"mwfwYdk ukd aomwm,weç Cmem,weç Zd0g,weç um,m,wewkYd [í ydi;jcm;\/ ¤if;(tm,we)wkYd \ S l k f tm½kjH zpfaom w&m; ig;yg;wkYd ukd ½lyg,weç o'´g,weç *E¨m,weç &om,weç azm|AÁm,wewkYd [í l ydi;jcm;\/ avmuD0nmP"mwf 7-yg;wkYd ukd rem,we[lí ydi;jcm;\/ ¤if; rem,weESihf ,SOueaom zó k f d k f f k f tp½Sueaom apwoduwYkd u¤if;ç (pu©m,we ponfwYdk r) <uif;aom ½kytaygif;ud¤if; "r®m,we[k ydi;jcm; d k f f kd S f k k f \/ «225» þqdkcJhaom tjym;tm;jzifh þtm,we 12-yg;wkYd wif q,fccaom tm,wewkYd onf ½kywnf;/ wck G k JG f cGaom tm,wewkYd onf emrfwnf;[lí þodYk vQif wOD;aom a,m*Donf 12-yg;aom tm,wewkYd \ tpGr; J f tm;jzifh emrfEihf ½kyukd ydi;jcm;\/ S f k f

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(5) cE¨mtvdktm;jzifh½Ienf;
667/ wyg;aom a,m*Donfum; xkd (tm,we) xufomí usOf;pGm cE¨mwdYk \ tpGr;jzifh (emrfEi½yu) f S hf k f kd ydi;jcm;\/ tb,foYkd enf;[lr¿ .... þomoemü &[ef;onf þ (rdr) ud,ü taMumif; 4-yg;aMumifjh zpfaom k f l d k f "mwf 4-yg; ¤if;wdkYudk rSDaom 0PÖ *E¨ &o MoZm ([laom ½kyf 4-yg;)ç pu©Kyom' paom yom'½kyf 5-yg;ç [',0w¬K½kyçf bm0½kyçf ZD0wa`E´ç (pdwEiOwk [laom) taMumif; ESpyg;aMumifjh zpfaom o'´½ytm;jzifh þ 17d d f S hf f k f yg;aom ½kywYkd onf or®oEky* (oH;oyfEiaom) ½kyrnfue\? edyEé (taMumif;wkYd jzifh wdu½uNf yD;pD;aom) f k kd f f k f æ k f dk ½kyrnfue\/ ½ly½kyf (½kytppfjzpfaom ½ky) rnfue\/ um,0dnwf 0pD0nwf tmumo"mwf ½lyóv[kwm f k f f f k f d ½lyórk'wm ½lyóur®nwm Oyp, oEÅwd Z&wm tedpwm [laom þ 10-yg;aom ½kywYkd onfum; or®oEk k ö f y*½kyf r[kwue?f ½kytppfwYdk \ tjcif;t&mrQç xl;jcm;aom trlt&mrQç tMum;jzpfaom ydi;jcm;aMumif;rQ f k f k f jzpfue\? edyE½yvnf; r[kwue?f ½ly½kyvnf; r[kwue/ odYk aomfvnf; ½kytppfwYdk \ tjcif;t&mrQç xl;jcm; k f Ü é k f f k f f k f f aom trlt&mrQç tMum;jzpfaom ydi;jcm;aMumif;rQ jzpfaomaMumifh ½ky[aom a&wGujf cif;odYk a&mufue\/ þ k f f l k f qkcaom tjym;tm;jzifh 27-yg;aom þ½kytvH;pHwYdk onfvnf; ½lyu©Emwnf;? 81-yg;aom avmuDpwwYdk Eihf d hJ f k k ¨ d f S wuGjzpfaom a0'emonf a0'emu©Emwnf;? ¤if;(a0'em)ESihf ,SOaom onmonf onmu©Ewnf;? ocFg& ¨ f ¨ wdYk onf ocFg&u©Emwnf;? 0dnmPfonf 0dnmPu©Emwnf;-[lí þodYk ydi;jcm;\ / þqdcaom tjym;tm;jzifh ¨ ¨ k f k hJ ½lyu©Emonf ½kywnf;? av;yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd onf emrfwnf; [lí þodYk vQif wOD;aom a,m*Donf cE¨m ¨ f ig;yg;wkdY\ tpGr;tm;jzifh emrfEi½yukd ydi;jcm;\/ f S hf k f k f

(6) emrf½kyftvdktm;jzifh ½Ienf;
668/ wyg;aom a,m*Donfum; ]]trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom ½kyonf ½S\? xd½orQ tvH; pHaom ½kyonf f k f d k dS k k f r[mbkwf 4-yg;ESihf (,if;) r[mbkwf 4-yg;wdkYudk rDSí jzpfaom Oyg'g½kyfomvQifwnf;}} [lí þodkY tusOf;tm; jzifh omvQif þ (rdr\) twåabm (cE¨mud,)ü ½kyukd odr;qnf;íç xkYd jyif rem,weESihf "r®m,we wpdwf d k f f f wa'oudk emrf[k odr;qnf;NyD;vQifç þqkconftwdi; þemrfonf¤if; þ½kyonf¤if; (½S\)? þESpyg;udk f d J h k f f d f emrf½yf [k qktyfonf[í tusOf;tm;jzifh emrfEi½yukd ydi;jcm;\/ k d l S hf k f k f

emrfw&m;xif½Sm;atmif½Ienf;
669/ xdkxkd ("mwf 4-yg;udk ydi;jcm;jcif; tp½Saom) ½Ienf; t>rufjzifh ½kyukd odr;qnf; NyD;vQif emrfukd k f d f f odr;qnf;aom xdk a,m*Dtm; emrfonf odrarGYaomaMumifh tu,fí rxifay:yJ ½Sjd im;tH?h xdk a,m*Donf f f 0efcsjcif; (vufavQmhjcif;)udk rûyrlí ½kyuomvQif tzefzef oH;oyftyf\? ESv;oGi;tyf\? odr;qnf;tyf\? f kd k kH f f ydi;jcm;tyf\/ rSeay\? xdk (a,m*D)tm; ½kyonf tMuiftMuif tjcif;t&m jzifh (½Ivsuf) aumif;pGmaq;aMum k f f f (okwoiftyf)NyD; jzpf\? t½IytaxG;r½S?d aumif;pGm xuf0ef;usif pifMu,f\? xdkxdk (½kyfü todÓPf oefY½Sif; f f pifMu,fwi;aom) tjcif;t&mjzifh xd½yukd tm½kûH yaom (½Ir)emrfw&m;wkYd onf tvdvyif xif½m;ay:vmuke\/ dk f k k f I k kd S f Oyrmjzifh xifpmjy&vQif rsupjd rifaom a,musm;onf rpifMu,faom rSeü rsuEmt&dyukd MunfvQif G f f f f S f h rsufEmt&dyonf (xdotm;) rxif½m;yJ ½S\? odYk aomf xda,mufsm;onf rsufEmt&dyf rxif[k (pdwysufí) «226» S f k l S d k S f rSeukd rpGeYf vway? trSetm;jzifaomfum; xkreukd tzefzef yGwwu\? rSepifMu,faom tcg xda,musfm;\ f T f f h d S f f kd f f k rsufEmt&dyonf tvdvyif xif½m;ay:vm ouJoYkd ¤if;/ S f k kd S h wenf;tm;jzifh qDukd tvd½aomolonf ESr; rkeYf nuf (ESr;rIeYf )udk qDqü xnfNh yD;vQif a&jzifh jzef;í k dS f f kH wBudrf ESpBf udrBf udwumrQjzifh qDrxGuvmaomfvnf; ESr; rkeYf nufuum; rpGeYf vway? trSetm;jzifaomfum; f f f kd T f f h xdEr; rkeYf nufukd a&aEG;jzifh tzefzef jzef;í jzef;í e,f\? Budw\? þodYk Budwjf cif;udk ûyvwfaomf xkotm; k S f f d l Munfvifaom ESr;qDonf xGuvmouJoYkd¤if;/ f f h wenf;tm;jzifh a&udk Munfapvdaom olonf caygif;a&Munfaphukd udií a&td;xJü vufukd csí wBudrf k k f k ESpBf udrf (td;ü) yGwwuf aoG;umrQjzifh a&rMunfao;aomfvnf; caygif;a&Munfaphukd rpGeYf vway? trSetm;jzifh k f kd T f f aomfum; xdcaygif;a&Munfaphukd tzefzef (td;ü) yGwwuaoG;\? þodYk yGwwuf aoG;jcif;udk ûyvwfaomf k k f kd f f kd xdotm; ñTe-tenf (te,f)onf aumif;pGmxdi\? a&onf oefY½i; Munfvifom;ouJoYdk ¤if;/ k l f k f S f G h

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xdYk twlyif xdk a,m*D&[ef;onf 0efcsjcif; (vufavQmhjcif;)udk rûyrlí ½kyuomvQif tzefzef oH;oyf f kd k tyf\? ESv;oGi;tyf\? odr;qnf;tyf\? ydi;jcm;tyf\/ kH f f k f rSeay\? xda,m*Dtm; ½kyonf tMuiftMuif tjcif;t&mjzifh (½Ivsuf) aumif;pGm aq;aMum okwoif f k f f (tyf) NyD;jzpf\? t½IytaxG;r½Sd aumif;pGm xif0ef;usif pifMu,f\? xdxkd (½kyü todÓPf oefY½i; pifMu,fwi; f k f S f kd f aom) tjcif;t&mjzifh xdÓPf\ qefYusibuf jzpfaom udavomwkYd onf tenf (te,f) xdiouJoYkd Nidr0yf k f k f h f uke\? ñTe-tenf (te,f)\ txufü a&uJoYkd pdwonf Munfvif\? xd½yukd tm½kûH yaom (½Ir) emrfw&m; f f h f k k f I wkYd onf tvdvyif xif½m;ay:vmuke\/ k kd S f þqdcNhJ yD;aom OyrmwkYd Eihf twlyif (¤if;wdYk r) wyg;ukeaom BuH (&nfnpjf cif;) cd;ol(udk trIppfjcif;) k S S f § k EGm;(udk xrf;yd;usifjh cif;) EdYk "rf;(rS qDO;xkwjf cif;) ig; (udk [if;csufjcif;) tp½Sueaom Oyrm wkYd jzifvnf; þ k D d k f h qkcaom teufukd jytyf (jyEdi) ao;\/ d hJ k f

emrfw&m;xifay:yHk tjcif;t&mudk jyqdkcsuf
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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

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xda,m*Donf þqdconftwdi; taMumif;aMumifh emrf½y\ (,ckypöKyÜeü) jzpfay:jcif;udk ½IjrifNyD;vQif k k hJ h k f k f f ]]þemrf½yonf ,ck ypöKyÜef b0umvü taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:ouJoYkd xdYk twlyif twdwumvüvnf; k f h f taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:cJavNyD? tem*wfumvüvnf; taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:vwH}h }[k ½Ijrif\/ h

,HkrSm; 16-yg;udky,fjcif;
680/ þqdconftwdi; ½Ijrifaom xda,m*Donf ]]igonf vGeavNyD;aom twdwumvü jzpfchJ (½Sc) k hJ h k f k f f d hJ avoavm? igonf vGeavNyD;aom umvü rjzpfchJ (r½Sc) ao;bl; avavm? igonf vGeavNyD;aom twdwf f d hJ f umvü tb,foYkd aom trsKd;tpm; jzpfcavoenf;? igonf vGeavNyD;aom twdwumvü tb,foYkd aom hJ f f tjcif;t&mjzifh jzpfcavoenf;? igonf vGeavNyD;aom twdwumvü tb,foYkd aom trsKd;tpm; jzpfNyD;vQif hJ f f tb,foYkd aom trsKd;tpm; (tqufquf) jzpfcavoenf;}}[k (vGeavNyD;aom cE¨mtpOf [laom) a½S;tzdYk ukd hJ f taMumif;ûyí (jzpfaom) tMuif ig;yg; tjym;½Saom ,Hrm;udk a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ d k S ]]igonf þb0rS aemuf tem*wfumvü jzpf&OD;rnfavavm? igonf tem*wfumvü rjzpf&awmhb; l avavm? igonf tem*wfumvü tb,foYkd aom trsKd;tpm; jzpf&rnfenf;? igonf tem*wfumvü tb,f odYk aom tjcif;t&mjzifh jzpf&rnfenf;? igonf tem*wfumvü tb,foYkd aom trsKd;tpm; jzpfNyD;vQif tb,foYkd aom trsKd;tpm; (tqufquf) jzpfom;&rnfenf;}}[k (tem*wf cE¨m tpOf[aom) aemuftzdYk ukd taMumif;ûyí G l (jzpfaom) tMuifig;yg; tjym;½Saom ,Hrm;udvnf; a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ d k S k ]],cktcgü ypöKyÜef t"GeYf umvudk taMumif;ûyírlvnf; rdr\ cE¨mwdYk ü odYk avm odYk avm awG;awmjcif; d ½Sd\-igonf [kwavoavm (½Savoavm)? igonf r[kwavoavm (r½Savoavm) igonf tb,foYkd aom f d f d trsKd;tpm; jzpfoenf;? igonf tb,foYkd aom tjcif;t&mjzifh jzpfoenf;? (ig[laom) þowå0gonf tb,f b0rS vmcJoenf;? xdk ig-owå0gonf tb,fb0odYk oGm;a&muf vwHenf;-[k ypöKyÜef cE¨mudk taMumif;ûyí h h (jzpfaom) tMuif 6-yg; tjym;½Saom ,Hrm;udvnf; a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ tvH;pHaom xdk 16-yg;aom ,Hrm;udk d k S k k k k S y,f(tyf)\/

2-taMumif;odrf;qnf;ykH 'kwd,enf;
681/ wyg;aom a,m*Donf qufqaomtaMumif; rqufqaom taMumif;tm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sdaom H H emrf\ taMumif;udk ½Ijrif\? uH ponf\ tpGrf;tm;jzifh 4-yg; tjym; ½Sdaom ½kyf\ taMumif;udk ½Ijrif\/ csJYí jy&vQif .... emrf\ taMumif;onf qufqaom taMumif; rqufqaom taMumif;[lí 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\? xdwif H H k G pu©K'Gg& tp½Sdaom 6-yg;aom 'Gg&wkdYESifh ½lyg½kH tp½Sdaom 6-yg;aom tm½kwYdk onf emrf\ qufqaom H H (om"m&P)taMumif;rnf\? tb,faMumifenf;[lr¿ ukovtp½Saom tjym;tm;jzifh tvH;pHaomtjym;½Saom h h l kd f d k k d emrf[orQonf xd'g&ESitm½kH xkYd aMumifh jzpfay:&aomaMumifaywnf;/ ESv;oGi;rI (reodum&) tp½Saom l k G hf h kH f d taMumif;onf emrf\ rqufqaom (tom"m&P) taMumif;rnf\? taMumif;rlum; oifavsmpm ESv;oGi;jcif; H h f G kH f (a,medaomreodum&)ç olawmfaumif;wkYd \ w&m;udk Mum;em&jcif; tp½Saom taMumif;onf ukovemrfEiom d kd f S hf qufq\? xdrS jyefaom(tm;jzifh roifpm ESv;oGi;jcif;ç ol,wwYdk\ w&m;udk Mum;em&jcif;tp½Saom) H k h G kH f k f d taMumif;onf tukovemrfEiom qufq\? uHtp½Saom taMumif;onf tusKd;0dygufemrfEiom qufq\? kd f S hf H d S hf H b0iftp½Saom taMumif;onf ud&,memrfEiom qufq\? þum; tom"m&P rnfjcif;\ taMumif;wnf;/ d d S hf H ½kyf\taMumif;rSmrl uH pdwf Owk tm[m&[laom þ 4-yg;aom taMumif;aywnf;? xkwif twdwom d G f vQif jzpfaom uHonf ur®Z½kytm; aus;Zl;ûy\? «235» jzpfqaom pdwonf pdwZ½kytm; aus;Zl;ûy\? OwkEihf f J f å f S tm[m&wkdYonf OwkZ½kyf tm[m&Z½kywYdk tm; wnfqJ XDcPü aus;Zl;ûy uke\/ þqkcaom enf;jzifh wOD;aom f f d hJ a,m*Donf emrf½y\ taMumif;udk odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\/ k f f xda,m*Donf þqkconftwdi; taMumif;aMumifh emrf½y\ (,ckypöKyÜeü) jzpfay:jcif;udk ½IjrifNyD;vQif k d hJ h k f k f f ]]þemrf½yonf ,ckypöKyÜef b0umvü taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:ouJoYkd xdYk twlyif twdwumvüvnf; k f h f taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:cJavNyD? tem*wfumvüvnf; taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:vwH}h }[k ½Ijrif\/ þqdkcJhonfh h

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

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twdi; ½Ijrifaom a,m*Donf (pmyd'f 680-ü) qkcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifyifvQif t"GeYf umv 3-yg;wkYd üvnf; 16-yg; k f k d h aom ,H;rSm;udk y,f(tyf)\/ k

3-taMumif;odrf;qnf;yHk wwd,enf;
682/ wyg;aom a,m*Donf emrf½y[k qktyfaom xdk ocFg&wkYd \ yifvQif tkjd cif;odYk a&mufonfu¤if; k f d kd tkNd yD;aom ocFg&wdYk \ aoysufjcif;ud¤if; ½IjrifNyD;vQif (ocFwjzpfaom) ocFg&wkYd \ þtdjk cif; aojcif;rnfonf k rSm b0topfjzpfjcif;½SvQif ½S\? b0topfjzpfjcif;onfvnf; jzpfaMumif; ur®b0 ½SvQif½\? ur®b0onfvnf; d d d dS pGvrf;rI Oyg'gef½vQif jzpf\? Oyg'gefonfvnf; wPSm½SvQif jzpf\? wPSmonfvnf; a0'em½SvQif jzpf\? J dS d d a0'emonfvnf; zó½SdvQif jzpf\? zóonfvnf; (oVm,we) tm,we 6-yg; ½SvQif jzpf\? tm,we 6d yg; onfvnf; emrf½y½vQif jzpf\? emrf½yonfvnf; 0dnmPf½vQif jzpf\? 0dnmPfonfvnf; ocFg&wkYd ½vQif k f dS k f dS dS jzpf\? ocFg&wkYd onfvnf; t0dZm ½SvQif jzpfue\[k þodYk y#dvkH y#dporkyg'f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh emrf½y\ Æ d k f ö Ü f k f taMumif;odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\/ xkoYdk odr;qnf;aomtcgü xka,m*Donf qkcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifyifvQif 16-yg; f d f d d h aom ,Hrm;udk y,f (tyf)\/ k S

4-taMumif;odrf;qnf;ykH pwkw¬enf;
683/ wyg;aom a,m*Donf ]]þodYk vQif t0dZmaMumifh ocFg&wkYd onf jzpfue\}} þodkY ponfjzifh a½S;ü Æ k f tus,fcsJYí jycJNh yD;aom tEkvkH y#dporkyg'f\ tpGr;tm;jzifomvQif emrf½y\ taMumif; odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\/ ö Ü f h k f f xdoYkd odr;qnf;aomtcgü xda,m*Donf qdcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifyifvQif 16-yg;aom ,Hrm;udk y,f (tyf)\/ k f k k h k S

5-taMumif;odrf;qnf;yHk yOörenf;
684/ wyg;aom a,m*Donf ]]a½S;b0ü NyD;cJaom ur®b0 (jzpfaMumif;uH)udûk ypOfü awGa0jcif; ('ku© h ponfukd rodjcif;) oabmonf t0dZmwnf;? tm;xkwrwYkd onf ocFg&wkYd wnf;? vdcsifawmifwjcif;onf wPSm Æ f I k h wnf;? csO;uyfpvrf;jcif;onf Oyg'gefwnf;? aphaqmf wduwe;jcif; (apwem)onf ur®b0wnf;? þodYk f JG k f G f tm;jzifh ]]a½S;b0ü NyD;cJaom ur®b0udk NyD;pD;cJueaom þ ig;yg;aom w&m;wdYk onf þypöKyÜeb0ü y#doaE¨\ h h k f f taMumif;wkYd aywnf;/ þypöKyÜeb0ü a½S;b0ESihf qufpyfí jzpfaom y#doaE¨pwonf 0dnmPfwnf;? ouf0if f d f jcif; (ouf0ifaom w&m;taygif;)onf emrf½ywnf;? Munfvifjcif;onf tm,wewnf;? awGYxjd cif;onf zó k f wnf;? cHpm;jcif;onf a0'emwnf;? þodYk tm;jzifh þig;yg;aom w&m;wdYk onf a½S;b0ü ûycJaom uH [laom h taMumif;aMumifh þypöKyÜef Oyywåb0ü jzpfay:aom tusKd;w&m; wkYd wnf;/ þypöKyÜeb0ü tm,wewkYd \ d f &ifusuonf\ tjzpfaMumifh (rsufpd em; paom tm,wewkYd &ifusufaomtcgü) awGa0jcif;onf t0dZmwnf;/ h f h Æ y/ aphaqmf wkuwe;jcif;onf ur®b0wnf;? þodYk tm;jzifh þypöKyÜeb00,f ur®b0udk ûypOfü NyD;pD;ukeaom d f G f f f þig;yg;aom w Yd onf aemifb0ü y#doaE¨\ taMumif;wdYk wnf;}} [lí a[mxm;aom þodYk aom a'oem &m;wk enf;jzifh ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh emrf½y\ taMumif;odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\/ f k f f

uHtjym;udk jyqdkcsuf
685/ ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh [laom xdpum;ü uHonff k (1) rsufarSmufb0ü cHpm;tyfaom tusKd;½Saom 'd|"r® a0'eD,uH? d (2) tjcm;rJh 'kw,b0ü cHpm;tyf aom tusKd;½Saom OyyZÆ a0'eD,uH? d d (3) wwd,b0 ponfwYdk ü cHpm;tyfaom tusKd;½Saom ty&m y&d,a0'eD,uH? d (4) uHomjzpfNyD;í tusKd;ray;Ediaom ta[moduH [lí 4-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ k f xdkuH 4-yg;wdYk wif wckaom aZm0Dxü ckepfBudraom aZmwdYk wif «236» ukovjf zpfapç tukovf jzpfapç G d f G kd kd yXraZm apwemonf 'd|"r® a0'eD,uH rnf\? xduonf þtwåabm (,ckb0) üyifvQif tusKd;ay;wwf\/ k H xkoYkd tusKd;ray;EdivQifrum; ]]uHonfum; jzpfcNhJ yD? uH\tusK;um; jzpfcNhJ yD;vnf; r[kw?f uH\tusKd;um; d k f l d

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jzpfvwHvnf; r[kw?f uH\ tusKd;um; jzpfqvnf; r[kw}f } [lí a[mxm;aom þwdua'oem\ tpGr;jzifh h J f f ta[moduH jzpfav\/ 'gepaom ukovupçö ygPmwdygw paom tukovupukd NyD;apaom owåraZm apwemonfum; kd f d kd f d ö OyyZÆa0'eD,uH rnf\? xkuonf tjcm;rJh twåabm 'kw,b0ü tusKd; ay;wwf\? xkoYkd tusKd;ray;EdivQif d H d d k f qkcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifyifvQif ta[moduH jzpfav\/ d h yXraZm owåraZm 2-yg;wkdY\ tMum;ü ig;Budraom tv,faZm apwemwkYd onf ty&my&d, a0'eD, f uH rnf\? xduonf wwd,b0 paom tem*wfumvü tcGi&aomtcg tusKd;ay;wwf\/ ½kyemrf cE¨m tpOf k H hf f [laom oHo&m\ tjywfjzpfjcif; ½SaevQif (½SaeorQ umvywfv; þ uHonf) ta[moduH rnfonf rjzpf/ d d kH 686/ xdrwyg;vnf; uHonf .... k S (1) tvGetjypfBuD;aom tukovçf tvGetmEkabmf BuD;aom ukov[aom av;aom f kd f kd f l *½kuH? (2) tBudrrsm;pGm ûytyf aumif;pGm rS0tyfaom A[kvuH? f D J (3) aocgeD;umvü ûytyf atmufarhtyfaom tmoEéu?H (4) ûybl;umrQ jzpfaom u#wåmuH [lí 4-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ xdk uH 4-yg;wdYk wif ukovujH zpfapç tukovujH zpfap? av;aom *½kuçH ayghaom v[kuwYdk witrdukd G kd f kd f H G f owfaom rmwkCmwuH tp½Saom tukovf *½kuH jzpfapç r[*¾Kwf ukovf *½kuH jzpfap ½SvQif xdk *½kuonf d kd kd d H omvQif a½S;OD;pGm &ifusufvsuf tusKd;udk jzpfap\/ h xdYk twl tBudrrsm;pGm ûytyfaom A[kvuHç tBudrrsm;pGm rûytyfaom tA[kvuH wkYd wivnf; oDv f f G f pifMu,fonf\ tjzpf okovsuH jzpfapç oDvysufp;onf\ tjzpf 'kóvsuHjzpfap tBudrrsm;pGm ûytyf rS0tyf D D D f D J aom A[kvuH ½SvQif xdA[kvuHonfomvQif a½S;OD;pGm &ifusufvsuf tusKd;udk jzpfap\/ d k h tmoEéuH rnfonfum; aocgeD;umvü atmufarhaom uHwnf;? rSeay\? aocgeD;aom olonf f tMuifuukd atmufarhEi\? xdujH zifomvQif b0opfü jzpf&\/ H kd f k h þqkdcJhNyD;aom uH 3-yg;wkdYrS vGwfaom tzefzef rS0rukd &aom uHonf u#wåmuH rnf\? qkcNhJ yD;aom D J I d xduH 3-yg;wkYd r½SvQif þu#wåmuHu y#doaE¨ukd iif\ (jzpfap\)/ k d 687/ xdrwyg;aom uHonf k S (1) 0dyguf ur®Z½kyukd jzpfapwwfaom ZeuuH? f (2) axmufywwfaom Oyw¬ruuH? hH Ç (3) uyfí ESypuf wwfaom OyyDVuuH? d f (4) uyfí jzwwfwwf owfwwfaom OyCmwuuH [lí 4-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ xdk uH 4-yg;wdYk wif ZeuuH rnfonfrm ukovvnf; ½S\? tukovvnf; ½Sd\? xdk ZeuuHonf G S kd f d kd f y#doaE¨tcgü¤if; y0wåtcgü¤if; ur®Z½kyEihf 0dyguf emrfcE¨mwkYd ukd jzpfap\/ d f S Oyw¬ruuHonfum; tusKd;0dygufukd rjzpfapEdi?f wyg;aom uHu tusKd;ay;xm;aom y#doaE¨ü (wyg; Ç k aom uHu) jzpfaptyfNyD;aom tusK;0dygufü jzpfqjJ zpfaom csr;om qif;&Jukd axmufyhH wwf\? t"GeYf ½npm d f S f G aom umvywfv; rjywfjzpfapwwf\/ kH

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OyyDVuuHonfum; wyg;aom uHu tusK;ay;xm;aom y#doaE¨üç (wyg;aom uHu) jzpfaptyfNyD;aom d tusK;0dygufü jzpfqJ jzpfaom csr;om qif;&Jukd ESypufwwf\? n§i;qJwwf\? t"GeYf ½Snpmaom umvywfv; d f d f f f G kH rjywfjzpf&ef tcGiray;/ hf OyCmwuuHonfum; rdru,wif ukovaomf¤if; tukovaomf¤if; jzpfvsuf wyg;aom tm;enf; d kd f kd kd f kd f aom (tukovuH ukov) uHukd owfí xdu\ tusKd;0dygufukd wm;jrpfí rdr\ tusKd; 0dyguftm; (jzpfap&ef) kd f kd f k H d tcGiûhf y\? þodYk uHutcGiûhf yvwfaomf xdtusKd; 0dygufonf jzpfNyDrnf\ [lí qdktyf\/ k «237» þqdkcJhaom tjym;tm;jzifh 12-yg;aom þuHwYdk \ (tm;½Sdonf\tjzpf tm;r½Sonf\tjzpf d [laom) uH txl;onf¤if;ç (,kwonf\ tjzpf jrwfonf\ tjzpf paom) 0dyguf txl;onf¤if; jrwfpmbk&m; f G wkYd \ (uH\tusKd;ay;yHukd odaom) ur®0yguÓPfawmftm; rSeuefaom rdr\ oabmtm;jzifh tjynftpHk k d f d h xif½m;ayonf? om0uwdYk Eihf rqkiay/ odYk aomfvnf; 0dyóem ½Iaom a,m*Donf uHtxl;ESihf 0dyguf txl;udk S S d f wpdwwa'o tm;jzifh odtyf odxu\/ xkYd aMumifh þuHtxl;udk t&dytjrufrQ jyaom tm;jzifh (þt&mü) f kd f f jyvduayonf/ k f 688/ þqkcaom tjym;tm;jzifh 12-yg; tjym;½Saom (jzpfqJ ypöKyÜef 0dyguftpOf\ taMumif;rQ omvQif d hJ d jzpfaom tpdw) uHukd (taygif;jzpfaom) ur®0#fü xnfí þodYk vQif wOD;aom a,m*Donf ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ f h tpGr;tm;jzifh emrf½y\ taMumif;udk odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\/ f k f f

uHESifh0dygufrQomawGYjrifyHk
xda,m*Donf þqdconftwdi; ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh taMumif;aMumifh emrf½y\ (,ck k k hJ h k f f k f ypöKyÜeü) jzpfay:jcif;udk ½IjrifNyD;vQif ]]þemrf½yonf ,ckypöKyÜef b0umvü (ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh f k f f omvQi) (taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:o)uJoYkd xkYd twlyif twdwumvüvnf; ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh f h f f (omvQi) taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:cJavNyD? tem*wfumvüvnf; ur®0#f 0dygu0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh omvQif f h f taMumif;aMumihf jzpfay:vwH}h }[k ½Ijrif\/ þqkcaom tjym;tm;jzifh uHEihf uH\tusKd; 0dygufomvQif ½S\? ur®0#fEihf 0dygu0#fomvQif ½S\? uH d hJ S d S d t,OfEihf 0dyguft,OfomvQif ½S\? uHtpOfEihf 0dyguftpOfomvQif ½S\? (ûyjcif;)-ûyrIEihf ûyrI\ tusdK;omvQif S d S d S ½Sd\/ uHaMumifh tusKd;0dygufwYdk onf jzpfue\? tusKd;0dygufonf uHvQif jzpfaMumif; ½S\ (wenf;um;k f d tusKd; 0dygufonf uH\ jzpfaMumif; aywnf;)/ uHaMumifh wzef b0opfjzpfjyef\? þenf;jzifh avmu ([k ac:aom ½kyemrf tpOf)onf tqufquf rjywf jzpfaeonf-[lí f ½Ijrif\/ þqdconftwdi; ½Ijrifaom a,m*Donf a½S;tzdYk ponfukd taMumif;ûyí ]]igonf vGeavNyDaom k hJ h k f f twdwumvü jzpfchJ (½Sc) avoavm}} þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh 16-yg; tjym;½Saom tMuif ,Hrm;udk f d hJ d d k S a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ tvH;pHaom xd,rm;udk y,f (tyf)\/ tvHk;pHkaom b0 3-yg;? a,med 4-yg;? *wd 5-yg;? k k k kH S 0dnmP|dwd 7-yg;? owåm0go 9-yg;wkYd ü taMumif;tusKd; qufpyfonf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh tqufquf rjywf f jzpfaeaom emrf½yrQonfomvQif (xdk a,m*Dtm;) xif\/ xdk a,m*Donf taMumif;w&m;xuftvGef (taMumif; k f w&m;rS vGí) ûywwfoukd rjrif? tusKd;0dyguf tqufquf rjywf jzpfjcif;xuftvGef tusKd;udk cHpm;wwfaom J l oludk rjrif? trSetm;jzifaomfum; taMumif;w&m;½SvQif (um&u) ûywwfaomol [lí¤if;? tusKd;0dyguf tquf f h d quf rjywfjzpfjcif;½SdvQif (a0'u) cHpm;wwfaomol [lí¤if; trnfynwfrQjzifh ynm½SwYdk ac:a0:ajymqkMd uonf d [líomvQif rSepmodaom 0dyóem ynmjzifh aumif;pGmjrif (tyf) NyD;jzpfavawmh\/ f G 689/ xkdYaMumifh a½S;q&mwdkYonf ....

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

85

]]trIuukd ûywwfaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf r½Sacs? tusKd;udk cHpm;wwfaom yk*Kd¾ vfonfvnf; r½Sacs? oufouf H d d aom taMumif;ESihf tusKd;w&m;wkYd onf omvQif tqufquf rjywf jzpfvsuf ½Sue\? þodYk aom þ d k f (tod tjrif)onf (razmuf rjyef) rSeuefpm odjrifjcif; aywnf;/ f G þqdcaom enf;jzifh trIuEihf tusKd;0dygufonf taMumif;ESiwuG wjyefpD vnfywfvsuf rjywfjzpfae k hJ H S hf vQif opfaphEiopfyifwYkd\ a½S;tpGe; tpudk rodtyf rodEiouJoYkd (trIuEihf tusKd;0dygufwkdY\) a½S; S hf f kd f h H S tpGe; tpudk rodtyf rodEiay/ aemif tem*wfumvüvnf; (½kyemrf cE¨mwkYd \ rjywf jzpfpOf[aom) f kd f f l oHo&m½SaevQif (trIuEihf tusKd;0dyguf wkYd \) rjzpfjcif; jywfpjJ cif;udk rawGYjriftyf rawGYjrifEiay/ d H S kd f «238» (trIuukd ûywwfaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf r½Sacs ponfjzifh qkcaom) þ teufoabmudk rodMuaom H d d hJ aMumifh wdwwYkd onf tjrifre[aom ud,yitvdEihf rjynfpueonfjzpfí owå0g[laom trSwonm d¬ S f l k f dk f k S h kH k f f udk pGvrf;ukevsuf oów'd|-wnfNrJt,lç Oapä''d|-jywfpJ t,l½ueonfjzpfí tcsif;csif; qefYusif J f d d dS k f vsuf 62-yg;aom rdpm'd|wYdk ukd ,lMuuke\/ ä d f xdwwwYdkonf 'd|[aom aESmifêud;jzifh aESmifzYJG cH& ukeonfjzpfí wPSm[laom a&,Ofjzifh arsmuke\? k d d¬ d l f f xdk wdwwYdk onf wPSma&,Ofjzifh arsmukeonf jzpfí qif;&JrS rvGwEiue/ d¬ f f kd f k f jrwfpmbk&m;\ wynfjh zpfaom &[ef;onfum; þqkcaom enf;jzifh (trIuukd ûywwfaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf G d hJ H r½Sacsponfjzifh qkcaom) þteufoabmudk odNyD;vQif eufeorarGYaom (owå0grS¤if; tusKd;rS¤if;) d d hJ J d f qdwoO;aom taMumif;w&m;udk xd;xGi;í od\/ f k f k f tusKd;0dygufxü taMumif;uHonf r½S?d taMumif;uH xJüvnf; tusKd;0dygufonf r½S?d uHEi0yguf 2-yg; J S hf d wkYd onf tcsif;csif;rS qdwoO;uke\? (odYk aomf) taMumif; uHEihf uif;ívnf; tusKd;onf rjzpfEi/ f k f f S kd f Oyrmtm;jzifh rD;onf aea&mifxüvnf; ½Sonf r[kw?f ol&, uefausmufac: rSeb;vl;xJüvnf; J d d f D ½Sdonfr[kw?f EGm;acs;ajcmufxüvnf; ½Sonfr[kw?f ¤if;(aea&mif ponf)wdYk \ tjyifyüvnf; xk(rD;) J d d onf ½Sonf r[kw?f aea&mif paom taqmuftODwYdk aMumifh rD;onf jzpfvnf;jzpfay: ouJoYkd / d h xkYd twl tusKd;0dygufonf uH\ twGi;üvnf; (&tyfonf) ½Sonf r[kw?f uH\ tjyifyüvnf; ½Sonf f d d r[kw?f uHonfvnf; xdtusKd;0dygufxü ½Sonf r[kw/ k J d f uHonf tusKd;rS qdw\? tusKd;onf uHxü r½S?d trSetm;jzifrum; uHuomvQif pGrí xdurS tusKd; f J f h l kd J DS k H onf jzpfay:\/ rSeay\? þavmuü cE¨mwkYd \ jzpfpOf [laom oHo&mudk ûywwf-zefqif;wwfaom ewfonf¤if; jA[®m f onf¤if; r½Sacs? taMumif;taygif; [laom taMumif;aMumifh emrf½yw&m; oufoufwYdk onfomvQif d k f tqufquf rjywfjzpfvsuf ½Sue\}}-[k d k f rdeYf que\/ kd k f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

86

w&m;tvHk;pHkudk xif½Sm;odjcif;
690/ þqdcaom enf;jzifh ur®0#f\ tpGr;tm;jzifh emrf½y\taMumif; odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûyNyD;í 3-yg; k hJ f k f f aom t"GeYf umvwkYd ü ,Hrm;rIukd y,fNyD;aom xdk a,m*Dtm; tvH;pHaom twdwf tem*wf ypöKyÜew&m;wkYd onf k S k k f pkwEihf y#doaE¨\ tpGr;tm;jzifh xif½m;odtyfNyD;wkYd jzpfue\? xda,m*D\ taMumif;ESiwuG emrf½yuoaom d S f S k f k hf k f kd d xdÓPfynmonf (Ówy&dnm) odtyf odxuaom w&m;wkYd ukd ydi;jcm;í odaom ÓPfynm rnf\/ k kd f k f xda,m*Donf þodYk o\----twdwb0ü uH[aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom tMuifcE¨mwkYd onf k d f l ½SdcJhukef\? xdcE¨mwkYd onf xdtwdwb0üomvQif csKyfcueNf yD? þypöKyÜeb0ürlum; twduuH [laom taMumif; k k f hJ k f f aMumifh tjcm;wyg;aom cE¨mwkYd onf jzpfay: vmuke\? twdwb0rS þypöKyÜeb0odYk vduygvmaom w&m;rnf f f f k f onf wckrQaomfvnf; r½Sacs/ d þypöKyÜef b0üvnf; uH[aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfaom cE¨mwkYd onf (þb0üomvQi) csKyfuevwH?h l f k f aemifb0opfü tjcm;wyg;aom cE¨mwkYd onf jzpfay:ukevwH?h þb0rS aemifb0opfoYkd wckaom w&m;rQaomf f vnf; vduygroGm;vwH/ k f h

b0ESpf&yfpyfyHkOyrmjycsuf
pifppfaomfum; q&m\ cHwi;rS ½Gwqaom toHonf wynf\ cHwi;okYd 0ifonfr[kw?f q&m\ G f f dk h G f ½Gwqo[aom taMumif;aMumifh «239» xdwynf\ cHwi;ü ½Gwqjdk cif;onf rjzpfonfvnf; r[kw?f jzpfonf f kd H l k h G f f om jzpfouJoYkd¤if;? h wref (ud,pm;vS,) jzpfol aomufaom a&ref;onf a&m*g½So\ 0rf;odYk 0ifonfr[kw?f xdk wref k f f d l jzpfol aomufaom a&ref;[laom taMumif;aMumifh xdk a&m*g½So\ a&m*gonf raysmufonfvnf;r[kw?f d l aysmufonfomvQif jzpfouJoYkd¤if;? h rsuEmü vdr;cs,f qif,ifvuaom tpDt&ifonf rSejf yif ponfwYdkü (xifaeaom) rsuEm t&dyoYkd f S f kd f f S f a&mufom;onf r[kw?f xdrsuEmü vdr;cs,f qif,ifvujf cif; [laom taMumif;aMumifh xdrejf yif ponfwYdkü G k f S f kd k S xifaeaom rsufEmt&dyü vdr;cs,f qif,ifvuaom tpDt&ifonf rxifay:onfvnf;r[kw?f xifay:onf S f f kd f omvQif jzpfouJoYkd¤if;? h wckaom qDr;pmrS qDr;vQHonf wyg;aom qDr;pmodYk ajymif;a½TYom;onfvnf; r[kw?f xdrv qDr;pmrS D D D G k l D rD;vQ[aom taMumif;aMumifh xdwyg;aom qDr;pmü qDr;vQonf rjzpfonfvnf; r[kw?f jzpfonf omvQijf zpf H l k D D H ouJoYkd ¤if;? h þOyrmwkYd Eihf wlpmyif twdwb0rS þypöKyÜeb0odYk wpHwckaom w&m;rQ ajymif;a½TYvmcJonf r[kw?f S G f f k h ,ckb0rSvnf; aemifb0opfoYkd wpHwckaom w&m;rQ ajymif;a½TYom;rnf r[kw?f twdwb0ü (rS) cE¨mtm,we k G f "mwf[aom taMumif;aMumifh ,ck ypöKyÜeb0ü cE¨m tm,we"mwfwYdkonf rjzpfonfvnf; r[kwue?f jzpfuef l f f k k onfomvQiwnf;? ,ckypöKyÜeb0ü cE¨mtm,we"mwf [laom taMumif;aMumifvnf; aemifb0ü cE¨mtm,we f f h "mwfwYdkonf rjzpfrnfvnf; r[kwue?f jzpfuernfomvQiwnf; [lí od\/ f k k f f raem"mwf\ tjcm;rJü jzpfaom pu©K0dnmPf pdwonf xdraem"mwfrS vmonfvnf; r[kw?f xdraem h f k k "mwf\ tjcm;rJü rjzpfonfvnf; r[kw?f jzpfonfomvQif jzpfouJoYkd xdYk twlyif y#doaE¨umvü pdwf h h tpOfonf jzpfay: \? a½S;jzpfaom pkwpwonf csKyfysufom;\? xdrS aemufü aemufjzpfaom y#doaE¨ d d f G k pdwonf jzpfay:vm\/ f xdpwpwf y#doaE¨pwwYdk \ jcm;jcif;udk ûywwfaom (tMum;üjzpfaom) w&m; rnfonfr½S?d xdpwpwf k k d d d f k k d d y#doaE¨pwwYdk \ tMum;rnfonf r½S?d þpkwpwrS wpHwckaom w&m;rQ oGm;onfvnf; r[kw?f d f d d f k y#doaE¨pwonfvnf; jzpfay:vm\-[lívnf; od\/ d f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

87

691/ þqkconftwdi; pkwEihf y#doaE¨\ tpGr;tm;jzifh tvH;pHaom emrf½yw&m;udk xif½m;odNyD; d hJ h k f d S f k k k f S aom a,m*Dtm; emrf½y\ taMumif;udk odr;qnf;aom ÓPfonf cyfor;aom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh oefrm k f f d f vsijf refaom tm;pGr;ESihf jynfp\? 16-yg;aom ,Hrm;udk omíaumif;pGm y,f (tyf)\/ f h kH k S oufouf xdk 16-yg;aom ,Hrm;udomvQif y,fonfr[kwao;? ]]q&mjzpfawmfraom jrwfpmbk&m;ü k S k f l G ,Hrm;\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom enf;jzifh jzpfaom ½Spyg;tjym;½Saom ,Hrm;udvnf; y,f (tyf)onf omvQifwnf;/ k S f d k S k 62 -yg;aom rdpm'd|wYdk onf a0;uGmuke\/ ä d f

"r®|dwdÓPf ponfrnfaMumif;
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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

88

plVaomwmyefrnfaMumif;
tusKd;um; .... þ ,xmblwrnfaom ucFg&0dw&PÓPf ESihf jynfpaom 0dyóem (½Io) a,m*Donf h kH l jrwfpmbk&m;\ omoemawmfü &tyfNyD;aom oufom&m½Sonfjzpfí ]]&tyfNyD;aom axmufwnf&m ½Sonfjzpfí G d d NrJaom *wd½onf jzpfí plVaomwmyef (aomwmyefi,f) rnfay\/ dS xkYd aMumifh &[ef;onf ,Hrm;udk vGeajrmufaom ucFg0dw&P ÓPfukd vkvm;jcif; ½Sonfjzpfí tcgcyf k S f d d odr; trSw&rI owdEihf jynfpvsuf emrf½y\ taMumif;wdYk ukd cyfor;aom tjym;tm;jzifh odr;qnf; f f S h kH k f d f f &m\/ þwGif NyD;\/ þonfum; olawmfaumif;wdYk \ ESporhf 0rf;ajrmufjcif;iSg pD&iftyfaom 0do'r*f usr;0,f ynm f d k d¨ f bm0emt&mü ucFg0dw&P 0do'ukd tus,fjycsuf (ucFg0dw&P 0do'ea'´o) rnfaom 19-ckajrmuf jzpfaom k d¨ k d¨ d tydi;tcPf;aywnf;/ k f

ucFg0dw&P 0dok'¨dudk tus,fjycsuf NyD;\/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

89

20-r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe 0do'ukd tus,jf ycsuf k d¨
or®oeuxm - or®oeÓPfudkjyqdkcsuf
«241» 692/ þ (½INrJ ½Ivsuf vrf;rSeom;aom ½Iorynm) onfum; (ykAbm*r*f) vrf;rSewnf;? þ f G d I Á f (ta&mif tvif;ponf) onfum; vrf;rSer[kw[k þodYk vrf;rSeEihf vrf;rSm;udk (ydi;jcm;) odjrifí wnfaom f f f S k f ÓPfonf r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'd¨ (vrf;rSeEihf vrf;rSm;udk todtjrif pifMu,faom ÓPfynm) rnf\/ f S xdr*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe 0do'ukd jynfpapvdaom a,m*Donf uvmyor®oe (taygif; tpkvuf k k d¨ h kH k kd oH;oyfjcif;) [k qdtyfaom e,0dyóem (enf;rS;í ½Ijcif;)ü tm;xkwfjcif;udk a½S;OD;pGm ûytyf\/ tb,faMumifh k k D enf;[lrum;¿ tm;xkwp ûyNyD;aom (tm&'¨0yóu) 0dyóem a,m*Dtm; ta&miftvif;ponfwYdk jzpfay: l f d ukevwfaomf vrf;rSeEihf vrf;rSm;udk ydi;jcm;aom (r*¾gr*¾)ÓPfonf jzpfay:vm\? uvmyor®oeÓPfonf f f S k f vnf; 0dyóem\tp(pGm tm;xkwtyfaom ÓPf)aywnf;? xdYk aMumifh þ(uvmyor®oeÓPf)udk ucFg0dw&P f ÓPf\ tjcm;rJü ñTejf yxm;ayonf/ h wenf; (taMumif;jy&vQi)vnf; wD&Py&dnm jzpfvwfaomf vrf;rSeEihf vrf;rSm;udk ydi;jcm;aom f f S k f (r*¾gr*¾) ÓPfonf jzpfay:\? (xd) wD&Py&dnmonfvnf; Ówy&dnm\ tjcm;rJü jzpf\? xkYd aMumifvnf; k h h xdr*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe 0do'ukd jynfpapvdaom a,m*Donf taygif;tpkvuf oH;oyfaom (uvmyor®oe) k k d¨ h kH k kd k ÓPfü tm;xkwjf cif;udk a½S;OD;pGm ûytyfay\/ 693/ (wD&Py&dnmonf Ówy&dnm\ tjcm;rJü jzpfonf-[laom) xdk pum;&yfü þqdvwHonfum; h k h tqH;tjzwfaywnf;-avmuDy&dnm (ydi;jcm;í odaom ÓPfynm) wkYd onf Ówy&dnm (odtyf odxuaom k k f kd f emrf½yEihf taMumif;w&m;udk ydi;jcm;í odaomÓPfynm)ç wD&Py&dnm (pHprf;oH;oyfvsuf ydi;jcm;í odaom k f S k f k k k f ÓPfynm)ç y[mey&dnm (y,fvsuf ydi;jcm;í odaomÓPfynm) tm;jzifh 3-yg; tjym;½Sdukef\ / ¤if;wkdYudk k f &nfí ]]a½S;½Iûyíodaom (tbdnm) ynmonf odjcif; teufoabm (odonf\ tjzpf)aMumifh ÓPfrnf\? ydi;jcm;í odaom (y&dnm) ynmonf pHprf;jcif; teufoabm (oH;oyfonf\ k f k k tjzpf)aMumifh ÓPfrnf\? y,faom (y[me) ynmonf pGeYf jcif; teufoabmaMumifh ÓPfrnf \}}-[k a[mawmfrtyfayonf/ l xdo;yg;aom y&dnmwkYd wif ]]azmufjyefjcif; vu©Pm ½Saom w&m;onf ½kywnf;? cHpm;jcif; vu©Pm k kH G d f ½Saom w&m;onf a0'emwnf;}}[k þodYk aom enf;jzifh xdx½yemrfw&m;wkYd \ toD;toD;aom obm0vu©Pm d k kd k f udk aumif;pGmrSwonf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfaom ynmonf Ówy&dnm rnf\/ f f ]]½kyonfrNrJ? a0'emonf rNrJ}} þodYk tp½Saom enf;jzifh (obm0 vu©Pmudk aumif;pGm rSwonf\ f d f tpGr;tm;jzifh ,lNyD; ½IoNd yD; jzpfueaom) xdk ½kyemrfw&m;wkYd tm; yifvQifç omorn vu©Pmudk wifíjzpfaom f k f f vu©PmvQif tm½kH½Sdaom 0dyóem ynmonf wD&Py&dnm rnf\/ (omrnvu©Pmudk ½Ionf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ,lNyD; ½IoNd yD;jzpfueaom) xd½yemrf w&m;wkYd üyifvQif f k f k k f edponmponfukd y,fonf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpfaom vu©PmvQif tm½kH½Sdaom 0dyóem ynmonf y[me ö f y&dnm rnf\/ xdk 3-yg;aom y&dnmwkYd wif emrf½yf ocFg&wkYd ukd ydi;jcm;aom (emr½lyy&dapä') ÓPfrpí ypö, G k k f S y&d*[ÓPfwiatmif Ówy&dnm\ jzpf&mbH-e,fy,fwnf;? rSeay\? þumv twGi;ü emrf½yw&m;wkYd \ ¾ dk f k f f k f toD;toD;aom obm0vu©Pmudk odjcif;onfomvQif tBuD;trª; jzpfayonf/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

90

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

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701/ xdk (odYk uHaMumifh ½kyjf zpf&m)ü (1) uH? (2) ur®ork|mef-(uHaMumifh jzpfaomw&m;) (3) ur®ypö,(uHtaxmuftyHh ½Saomw&m;)? (4) ur®ypö, pdwork|mef-uHtaxmuftyH½onfh pdwaMumifjh zpfaom w&m;)? d å h dS f (5) ur®ypö, tm[m&ork|mef-(uHtaxmuftyHh ½Sonfh tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaomw&m;)? (6) ur®ypö,Owk d ork|mef-(uHtaxmuftyHh ½Sonfh OwkaMumifjh zpfaom w&m;) [laom þ cGjJ crf;a0befjcif;udk odtyf\/ xdkwGif d uH rnfonfum; ukovf tukovf apwemwnf;/ ur®ork|meff rnfonfum; 0dygufcE®m emrfw&m;wkYd Eihf kd kd S pu©K'ou tp½Saom 70-wdwd½kyf taygif;wnf;/ ur®ypö,rnfonfum;¤if; (ur®ork|mef emrf½y) yifwnf;/ d k f rSeay\? uHonf uHaMumifh jzpfaom emrf½y\ taxmuftyHtaMumif;vnf; jzpfay\/ ur®ypö,pdwå ork|mef f k f h rnfonfum; 0dygufpwaMumifh jzpfaom ½kywnf;/ ur®ypö,tm[m&ork|mef rnfonfum; «250» uHaMumifh d f f jzpfaom ½kywYdk wif XDoYkd a&mufaom MoZm½kyonf wyg;aom MoZ|ru (MoZmvQif ½Spcajrmuf½aom) ½kyf f G f f k dS taygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? xdk MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;üvnf; MoZm ½kyonf XDoYkd a&mufvwfaomf wyg;aom f f MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;udk jzpfapjyef\? þodYk aom enf;jzifh av;quf ig;qufaom jzpfpOfwYdk ukd qufpyfap\/ f ur®ypö, Owk ork|mef rnfonfum; ur®ZawaZm"mwfonf XDoYkd a&mufvwfaomf OwkaMumifjh zpfaom MoZ|ru ½kyftaygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? xdMk oZ|ru ½kytaygif;üvnf; Owkonf wyg;aom MoZ|ru ½kyf taygif;udk jzpfap f jyef\? þodYk aom enf;jzifh av;quf ig;qufaom jzpfpOfwYdkukd qufpyfap\? þodYk vQif ur®Z ½ky\ jzpfay: f jcif;udk ½Ityf\/ 702/ pdwåZ-pdwaMumifh jzpfaom w&m;wkYd üvnf; (1) pdw?f (2) pdwork|mef-(pdwaMumifh jzpfaomw&m;)? f å f (3) pdwypö,-(pdwtaxmuftyHh ½Saomw&m;)? (4) pdwypö, tm[m&ork|mef-(pdwf taxmuftyHh ½Sonfh å f d å d tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaomw&m;)? (5) pdwypö, Owkork|mef-(pdwtaxmuftyH½onfh OwkaMumifjh zpfaom w&m;)å f h dS [laom þcGjJ crf;a0befjcif;udk odtyf\/ xdkwGif pdwf rnfonfum; 89-yg;aom pdwwYkd wnf;/ f xdpwwYkd wif 32-yg;aom pdwwYkd onf ½kyçf £&d,mykxçf 0dnwfukd jzpfapuke\/ 26-yg;aom pdwf k d f G f f wdYk onf ½kyçf £&d,mykxuom jzpfapwwfue\? 19-yg;aom pdwwYdk onf ½kyuom jzpfapuke\? 16-yg;aom f kd k f f f kd f pdwwYdk onf ½kyçf £&d,mykxçf 0dnwfukd rjzpfapwwfuef [líodtyf\/ f k csJYíjy&vQif .. umrm0p&pdwf 54-ckxJrS ukodkvfpdwf 8-ckç tukodkvfpdwf 12-ckç raem"mwfrS wyg;aom ud&,mpdwf 10-ckç ukodkvf ud&d,m tbdnmOfpdwf 2-ck [laom 32-yg;aom pdwwYdk onf ½kyu¤if; £&d,mykxf d f f kd ud¤if; 0dnwfu¤if; jzpfapwwfue\/ k kd k f 0dyguf (ESihf tbdnmOf) MuOfaom <uif;aom ½lyg0p& (ukovf ud&,m) pdwf 10-ckç t½lyg0p& kd d (ukovu&,m) pdwf 8-ckç avmukw&mpdwf 8-ck [laom 26-yg;aom (tyÜemaZm) pdwwYdk onf ½kyu¤if; kd f d d å f f kd £&d,mykxu¤if; jzpfapwwfue\? 0dnwfuum; rjzpfapwwfue/ f kd k f kd k f umr0p& b0ifpwf 10-ckç ½lyg0p&b0ifpdwf 5-ckç raem"mwf 3-ck t[dw0yguf aomreóo[*kwf d f d raem0dnmP"mwf 1-ckç [laom 19-yg;aom pdwwYdk onf ½kyuomvQif jzpfapwwfue\/ £&d,mykxu¤if; f f kd k f f kd 0dnwfu¤if; rjzpfapwwfue/ kd k f a'G;yOö0nmPf 10-ckç cyfor;aom owå0gwkYd \ y#doaE¨pwçf &[EÅmwkYd \ pkwdpdwfç t½ly0dygufpdwf 4d d f d ck [laom 16-yg;aom pdwwYkd onf ½kyu¤if;ç £&d,mykxu¤if;ç 0dnwfu¤if; rjzpfapwwfue/ f f kd f kd kd k f þpdwwYdk wif ½kyujkd zpfapwwfaom pdwwYdk onf XDcPü¤if; bifcPü¤if; rjzpfapwwf&ef? taMumif; f G f f rlum; .... xdkXDcP bifcPwkYd ü pdwonf tm;enf;aomaMumifaywnf;/ Oyg'fcPürlum; pdwonf tm;BuD;\? f h f xkYd aMumifh pdwonf xdOyg'fcPü omvQif a½S;OD;jzpfEiaom [',0w¬K½kyukd rSí ½kyukd jzpfay:apwwf\/ f k S hf f D f pdwork|mef rnfonfum; 3-yg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd Eihf ]]o'´e0u toHvQif 9-ckajrmuf ½Saom ½kyf å S d taygif;ç um,0dnwfç 0pD0nwfç tmumo"mwfç v[kwmç rk'wmç ur®nwmç Oyp,ç oEÅw}d } [laom 17-yg; d k tjym;½Sdoaom ½kyfaywnf;/ pdwypö,rnfonfum; ]]aemufrS jzpfueaom pdwapwoduf w&m;wkYd onf a½S;OD; å k f f jzpfEiaom þ½kyu,tm; (ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy\)}}[k þodYk a[mxm;aom taMumif; 4-yg;aMumifh S hf f dk f jzpfaom ½kyaywnf;/ pdwypö, tm[m& ork|mefrnfonfum; pdwZ½kywYkd wif «251» XDoYkd a&mufaom MoZmonf f å å f G wyg;aom MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? þodYk aom enf;jzifh ESpquf oH;qufaom jzpfpOfwYdkukd f f k

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qufpyfap\/ pdwypö,Owkork|mefrnfonfum; pdwaMumifh jzpfaom Owkonf XDoYkd a&mufvwfaomf wyg;aom å f MoZ|ru½kyf taygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? þodYk aomenf;jzifh ESpqufo;qufaom jzpfpOfwYdkukd qufpyfap\/ þodkY f kH vQif pdwZ½ky\ jzpfjcif;udk ½Ityf\/ å f 703/ tm[m&Z-tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaom w&m;wkYd üvnf; (1) tm[m&? (2) tm[m&ork|mef-(tm[m& aMumifh jzpfaom½ky)? (3) tm[m&ypö,-(tm[m& taxmuftyHh ½Saom½ky)? (4) tm[m&ypö, tm[m&ork|meff d f (tm[m& taxmuftyH½onfh tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaom½ky)? (5) tm[m&ypö,Owkork|mef-(tm[m& taxmuf h dS f tyHh ½Sonfh OwkaMumifjh zpfaom½ky) [laom þcGjJ crf; a0befjcif;udk odtyf\/ xdkwGif tm[m& rnfonfum; d f tvkytavGY ûytyfaom (tqDtESpf MoZmtpm) tm[m&wnf;/ tm[m& ork|mef rnfonfum; Oyg'dEé (avmuD f uH\tusK;) jzpfaom ur®Z (blw) ½ky[aom taxmuftyHu&í xdk (ur®Z blw½ky)ü wnfí XDoYkd a&mufaom d f l h kd f MoZmu jzpfay:aptyfaom MoZ|ru ½kytaygif; tmumo"mwfç v[kwmç rk'wmç ur®nwmç Oyp,ç oEÅwd f k [laom 14-yg; tjym;½Sdaom tm[m&Z½kyfwnf;/ tm[m&ypö,rnfonfum; ]]tvkyavGY ûytyfaom tm[m& f onf þ½kyu,tm; tm[m& ypö,owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy\}}[k þodYk a[mxm;aom taMumif; 4-yg;aMumifh f kd f jzpfaom (pwkork|mef) ½kywnf;/ tm[m&ypö, tm[m& ork|mefrnfonfum; tm[m&Z½kywYkd wif XDoYkd f f G a&mufaom MoZmonf wyg;aom MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? xdk MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;üvnf; f f MoZmonf wyg;aom MoZm|ru ½kytaygif;udk jzpfay:apjyef\? þodYk aom enf;jzifh 10-Budrf 12-Budrf wdiwif f k f kd jzpfpOfukd qufpyfap\/ waeYü (wBudr) oH;aqmif pm;aomufxm;aom tm[m&onf 7-&uf ywfv;aomfvnf; f k kH axmufyhH wwf\? ewfMoZmonfum; wv ESpv ywfv;aomfvnf; axmufywwf\/ rdcif oH;aqmif f kH hH k pm;aomufaom tm[m&onfvnf; oli,f\ ud,ü ysHYEYHS apvsuf ½kyukd jzpfay:ap\? ud,ü vl;vdr;tyfaom k f f k f f tm[m&onfvnf; tm[m&Z½kyukd jzpfay:apwwf\? uHaMumifjh zpfaom ur®Ztm[m&onf Oyg'dEu-(uH\ f é tusK;) jzpfaom tm[m& rnf\? xdur®Z tm[m&onfvnf; XDoYkd a&mufvwfaomf tm[m&Z ½kyfukd jzpfay: d k apwwf\/ (ur®Z tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaom) xdtm[m&Z ½kywYdk üvnf; MoZmonf wyg;aom tm[m&Z½kyukd k f f jzpfay:apwwf\-þodYk aom enf;jzifh av;quf ig;qufaom jzpfpOfwYdk ukd qufpyfap\/ tm[m&ypö, Owkork|mef rnfonfum; tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaom awaZm"mwfonf XDoYkd a&mufvwfaomf Owkork|mef OwkZ[k ac:aom MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;udk jzpfay:ap\/ xdk tm[m&ork|mef tm[m&ypö, ponfwYdk ü þtm[m& f ½kyonf tm[m&Z ½kywYkd tm; jzpfapwwfaom taMumif;jzpfí aus;Zl;ûywwf\? <uif;aom (ur®Z pdwZ OwkZ) f f å ½kywYdk tm; edó,owåd tm[m&owåd tw¬owdå t0d*wowåwdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ þodkYvQif f d d f tm[m&Z½kyf\ jzpfjcif;udk ½Ityf\/ 704/ OwkZ-OwkaMumifh jzpfaom w&m;wkYd üvnf; (1) Owk? (2) Owkork|mef-(OwkaMumifh jzpfaom ½ky)? f (3) Owkypö,-(Owk taxmuftyH½aom ½ky)? (4) Owkypö, Owkork|mef-(OwktaxmuftyHh ½Sonfh OwkaMumifh h dS f d jzpfaom ½ky)? (5) Owkypö, tm[m&ork|mef (OwktaxmuftyHh ½Sonfh tm[m&aMumifh jzpfaom ½ky)[laom þ f d f cGjJ crf; a0befjcif;udk odtyf\/ xdwif Owk rnfonfum; taMumif; av;yg;aMumifjh zpfaom awaZm "mwfwnf;? k G þOwkonf ylaom Owk at;aom Owk[lí þodkYtm;jzifh ESpfyg;tjym; ½Sd\/ Owkork|mef rnfonfum; taMumif; 4-yg;aMumifh jzpfaom Owkonf Oyg'dEu ½ky[aom taxmuftyHukd &í XDoYkd a&mufvwfaomf ud,ü OwkZ é f l h k f ½kyukd jzpfay:ap\? xdkOwkZ½kyfonf ]]toHvQif 9-ckajrmuf ½Sdaom (o'´e0u) ½kyftaygif;ç «252» tmumo"mwfç f v[kwmç rk'wmç ur®nwmç Oypm,ç oEÅw}d } [lí 15-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ Owkypö,rnfonfum; Owkonf k taMumif; av;yg;aMumifjh zpfaom ½kywYdk tqufquf rjywf jzpfjcif;\¤if; ysufp;jcif;\¤if; taxmuftyHh f D taMumif;jzpf\? Owkypö,Owkork|mef rnfonfum; OwkaMumifjh zpfaom awaZm "mwfonf XDoYkda&mufvwfaomf wyg;aom MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? xdMk oZ|ru ½kytaygif;üvnf; Owkonf wyg;aom MoZ|ru f f ½kytaygif;udk jzpfay:apjyef\-þodYk aomf enf;jzifh t"GeYf ½npm umvywfv;aomfvnf tEkyg'dEé rnfaom f S f G kH toufrhJ A[d'oEÅmef tzdYk ü wnfíaomfvnf; OwkZ½kyonf tqufquf rjywfjzpfom;onfomwnf;/ Owkypö, ¨ f G tm[m& ork|mefrnfonfum; OwkaMumifh jzpfaom MoZmonf XDoYkda&mufvwfaomf wyg;aom MoZ|ru ½kyftaygif;udk jzpfay:ap\? xdk MoZ|ru ½kytaygif;üvnf; MoZmonf wyg;aom MoZ|ru½kyf taygif;udk f jzpfay:apjyef\-þodYk aom enf;jzifh 10-Budrf 12-Budrwiwif jzpfpOfukd qufpyfap\/ xdk Owkork|mef f kd f dk Owkypö, ponfwYdk ü þ Owkonf OwkZ½kywYdk tm; jzpfapwwfaom taMumif;jzpfí aus;Zl;ûy\? <uif;aom f (ur®Z pdwZ tm[m&Z) ½kywYkd tm; edó,owåd tw¬owåd t0d*wowåwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûy\/ þ å f d d f odYk vQif OwkZ½ky\ jzpfjcif;udk ½Ityf\/ þqdcaom enf;jzifh ½ky\ jzpfjcif;udk ½Ionf½Sdaomf &Hcg ½kyfudk ½Ionf f k hJ f rnf\/

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emrf\jzpfjcif;udk½IyHktjcif;t&m
705/ ½kyfudk oHk;oyfvQif ½ky\jzpfjcif;udk ½ItyfouJoYkd þtwlyif emrfuo;oyfvQifvnf; emrf\ f h kd kH jzpfjcif;udk ½Ityf\? xdemrf\ jzpfjcif;udvnf; 81-yg;aom avmuD pdwKå yÜg'fwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifomvQif ½Ityf\/ k k f h emrf\ jzpfyum; .... þ emrfrnfonfum; a½S;b0ü tm;xkwcaom uH\tpGr;tm;jzifh y#doaE¨ umvü kH f hJ f pdwKå yÜg'f 19-yg; [laom emrfonf jzpfay:\? xdemrf\ jzpfay:yHk tjcif;t&mudum; y#dporkyg'fukd tus,fjy&m k k ö Ü (y#dporkyg'eda'´o)ü qkcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifomvQif odtyf\/ xdk pdwåKyÜg'f 19-yg; [laom emrfonfyifvQif ö Ü d h y#doaE¨pw\ tjcm;rJpwrpí b0if\tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpf\? touf\ tqH;üvnf; pkw\ tpGr;tm;jzifh d f h d f S f k d f jzpf\? xdpwKå yÜg'f 19-yg;[laom emrfwYdkwif umrm0p& jzpfaom pdwKå yÜg'f emrfonf 6-yg;aom 'Gg&wkYd 0,f k d G tm;BuD;aom tm½kHü w'g½kH\ tpGr;tm;jzifh jzpf\/ f y0wåumvüum; pu©Kyom'\ rysufp;jcif;aMumif¤if;ç ½lyg½kH wkYd \ xifay:jcif;aMumif¤if;ç ta&mif d D h h tvif;udk rSvsufç ESv;oGi;rI-reodum&vQif taMumif;½Saom pu©K0dnmPf pdwonf ,SObufjzpfaom D kH f d f f orÜ,ww&m;wdYk EiwuG jzpfay:\/ csJYí jy&vQif .... pu©Kyom'½kyf\ XDcPü XDcPodYk a&mufonfomvQif k f S hf jzpfaom ½lyg½konf pu©yom'udk wducu\? xdk½lyg½kH wdkufcdkuf xifay:vQif b0if 2-Budrjf zpfí csKyf\? H k f kd f xkYd aemif xd½yg½küyifvQif ud&,m raem"mwfac: yOö'g&m0ZÆe; pdwonf qifjcifjcif;udpukd NyD;apvsufjzpfay:\? k l H d G f f ö xdpw\ tjcm;rJü xdk ½lyg½kukd yifvQif jrifvsuf ukov0dyguf pu©K0dnmPfonfaomf¤if; tukov 0dyguf k d f h H pu©K0dnmPfonfaomf¤if; (wckc) jzpfay:\/ xdYk aemif xd½yg½kuyifvQif vufcvsuf 0dyguf raem"mwf ac: k k l H kd H orÜ#pKdä ef;pdwonf jzpfay:\? xdYk aemif xdk ½lyg½kyifvQif pHprf;vsuf 0dyguf t[dwf raem0dnmP"mwfac: d f H k oEÅ&Ppdwonf jzpfay:\? xdYk aemif xd½yg½kuyif ydi;jcm; qH;jzwfvsuf «253» Oayu©m o[*kwf ud&,m D f k l H kd k f k d t[dwraem0dnmP"mwf ac: 0ka|m rnfaom raem'Gg&m0ZÆe;pdwonf jzpfay:\? xkYd aemif umrm0p& ukovf f f f kd tukovf ud&,mpdwf wkYd wiwckaom pdwonf aZm 5-Budrfaomf¤if; aZm 7-Budraomf¤if; jzpfvsuf jzpfay:\? kd d G f f f odYk r[kwf Oayu©mo[*kwf t[dwpwonf rlvnf; jzpfay:\? xkYd aemif umrm0p& owå0gwkYd tm; 11-yg;aom f d f w'g½kHpdwfwkdYwGif aZmESihf tm½kwYdk tm;avsmfpm wpHwckaom w'g½kpwonf jzpfay:\/ <uif;aom 'Gg&wkYd üvnf; H G k H d f þenf;yifwnf;/ txl;um; raem'Gg&ü r[*¾KwfpwwYdk onfvnf; jzpfue\/ þodkYvQif 6 d f k f -yg;aom 'Gg&wkYd ü emrf\ jzpfjcif;udk ½Ityf\/ þqkcaom enf;jzifh emrf\ jzpfjcif;udk ½Ionf½aom &Hcg emrfukd oH;oyfonf d hJ dS k rnf\/ þqdconftwdi; &Hcg ½kyukd &Hcg emrfukd oH;oyfívnf; vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wifí (O',AÁ,ÓPf k hJ h k f f k k paom) tpOftm;jzifh usivsuf wOD;aom a,m*Donf ynmbm0emudk jynfpap\/ hf h kH

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706/ wyg;aom a,m*Donf ½kyf oH;oyfykH 7-rsKd;ç emrfo;oyfykH 7-rsKd;wkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh vu©Pm k kH f oH;yg;udwifí ocFg&wkYd ukd oH;oyf\? xdwif (1) tm'geedau©ye-,ljcif; ypfcsjcif;tm;jzif¤if; (2) 0a,m k k k k G h 0k¹w*r-t,G,&ifh csKyfjcif;tm;jzif¤if; (3) tm[m&r,-tm[m&jzifh NyD;aom ½kytm;jzif¤if; (4) Owkr,k ¬ F f h f h Owkjzifh NyD;aom ½kytm;jzif¤if; (5) ur®Z-uHaMumifh jzpfaom ½kytm;jzif¤if; (6) pdwork|me-pdwaMumifjh zpfaom f h f h å f ½kytm;jzif¤if; (7) "r®wm ½kytm;jzif¤if;-þ 7-yg;aom tjcif;t&mwkYd jzifh vu©Pmwifí oH;oyfonf ½Saomf f h f h k d ½lyowåu-½kyfudk oHk;oyfyHk 7-rsKd;\tpGr;tm;jzifh vu©Pmwifí oH;oyfonf rnf\/ f k xkYd aMumifh a½S;q&mwkYd onf ]]tm'geedau©yetm;jzif¤if;ç 0a,m0k¹w*grdtm;jzif¤if;ç tm[m&tm;jzif¤if;ç Owk h k ¬ h h tm;jzifh ¤if;ç uHtm;jzif¤if;ç pdwtm;jzif¤if;ç "r®wm½kytm;jzif¤if; 7-yg;aom tjcif;t&m h f h f h wkdYjzifh tus,f½\}}[k I rdeYf que\/ kd k f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

100

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

101

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

102

txd ESpvtwGi;)ü rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonf *dr&wkoYkd / *dr&wk (0gqdvjynftxd ESpvtwGi;)ü rjywfjzpfaom f f f S S k h f f ½kyonf wzef 0óme&wkoYkd ra&mufrí xdk *dr&wküyifvQif csKyfav\? xdkYaMumifh (xdk&wk 6 f l S -yg;ü jzpfaom ½kyfonf) rNrJ qif;&J twår[kw[k þodYk xdk t,G,&ifcsKyf½yü vu©PmoH;yg;udk wif\/ f f h k f k þqkconftwdi; wifNyD;vQif xkYd aemif vqkwf vqef; yu©wYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh (wif\)? vqkwü d hJ h k f f f rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonf vqef;odYk ra&mufrí xdvqkwüomvQif csKyfav\/ vqef;ü rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonf f l k f f vqkwoYkd ra&mufrí xdvqef;üomvQif csKyfav\/ xkdYaMumifh rNrJ qif;&J twå r[kwf[k vu©Pm 3-yg;udk f l k wif\/ xkYd aemif nOhaeYwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzif-]]nOfü rjywf jzpfaom ½kyonf aeYoYkd ra&mufrí xdk nOfüomvQif f f h h f l h csKyfav\/ aeYü rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonfvnf; nOfoYkd ra&mufrí xdaeYü omvQif csKyfav\/ xkYd aMumifh rNrJ f h l k qif;&J twår[kw}f }-[k vu©Pm 3-yg;udk wif\/ xkYd aemif xdnOfEihf aeYuyifvQif eHeufponfwYdk \ tpGr; k h S kd f tm;jzifh 6-ckaom tzdYk tydi;wkYd uûkd yí .... ]]eHeufyi;ü rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonf aeYv,fyi;odYk ra&mufrí xdk k f kd f f kd f l eHeufyi;üomvQif csKyfav\/ aeYv,fyi;ü rjywfjzpfaom½kyonf naeydi;odYk / naeydi;ü rjywfjzpfaom kd f kd f f k f k f ½kyonf nOfO;,mrfoYkd / nOfO;,mrfü rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonf oef;acgif,mrfoYkd / oef;acgif,mrfü rjywfjzpfaom f h D h D f ½kyonf rdC;aomuf,mrfoYkd ra&mufrí xdk oef;acgif,mrfüomvQif csKyfav\/ rdC;aomuf,mrfü rjywf f k f l k f jzpfaom ½kyonf wzef eHeufyi;odYk ra&mufrí xdk rdC;aomuf,mrfüomvQif csKyfav\? xkYd aMumifh rNrJ qif;&J f kd f l k f twår[kwf}}-[k vu©Pm 3-yg;udk wif\/ 710/ þqkconftwdi; wifNyD;vQif wzef xd½yüyifvQif oGm;jcif; jyefjcif; wnfwnfh Munfjh cif; d hJ h k f k k f h apmif;iJMh unfjh cif; auG;jcif; qefYjcif;wdYk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh ]]oGm;qJü rjywfjzpfaom ½kyonf jyefqoYkd ra&mufrí xdk f f J l oGm;qJüomvQif csKyf\/ jyefqü jzpfaom ½kyonf wnfwnfMh unfqoYkd / wnfwnfh Munfqü jzpfaom ½kyonf J f h h J h h J f apmif;iJMh unfqoYkd / apmif;iJMh unfqü jzpfaom ½kyonf auG;qJoYkd / auG;qJü jzpfaom ½kyonf qefYqoYkd ra&muf h J h J f f J rlí xdauG;qJüomvQif csKyf\/ xkYd aMumifh rNrJ qif;&J twår[kw}f }-[k vu©Pm 3-yg;udk wif\/ k xkYd aemif ajcwvSr;udk <ujcif; aqmifjcif; a½Smifz,fjcif; t½Sevwjf cif; csxm;jcif; zdeif;jcif;wkYd \ tpGr; f d f T f tm;jzifh 6-ckaom tzdYk tydi;udk ûy\/ «257» xdwif O'¨&P-<ujcif; rnfonfum; ajcudk ajrrS<ucsjD cif;wnf;/ k f k G twd[&P-aqmifjcif; rnfonfum; a½SYoYkd aqmifjcif;wnf;/ 0Dw[&P-a½Smifz,fjcif; rnfonfum; opfiwf d k ql;ajimifh a>r ponfwYdk wif wckcuyifvQif awGYjrifí xdrS þrS ajcudk a½GY½m;apjcif;wnf;/ a0góZÆe-t½Sdef G k kd k S vTwjf cif; rnfonfum; ajcudk atmufoYkd csjcif;wnf;/ oEéau©ye-csxm;jcif; rnfonfum; ajrjyifü ajcudk d csxm;jcif;wnf;/ oEé½re-zdeif;jcif; rnfonfum; wzef wzufajcudk <uaom umvü yXrajcudk ajrBuD;ESihf d k Ç wuG zdEyjf cif; (eif;jcif;)wnf;/ xdk 6-yg;wdYk wif <uqJü yx0D"mwfEihf tmayg"mwf [laom þ"mwf ESpyg; dS G S f wkYd onf ,kwnaom twdi;t½Snf ½Sdukef\? EkYH ue\? þrS wyg;aom awaZmç 0ga,m [laom "mwfEpyg; f hH k f k f S f wkYd onf vGeuaom twdi;t½Snf ½Sue\? tm;BuD;uke\? aqmifqJ a½Smifz,fqwYdk ü xdYk twlyifwnf;/ t½Sef f J k f d k f f J d vTwqü awaZmESihf 0ga,m[laom "mwfEpyg;wkYd onf ,kwnaom twdi;t½Snf ½Sue\? EkYH ue\? þrS f J S f f hH k f d k f k f wyg;aom yx0Dç tmayg [laom "mwfEpyg;wdYk onf vGeuaom twdi;t½Snf ½Sue\? tm;BuD;uke\? csxm; S f f J k f d k f f qJwYdk ü xdYk twlyifwnf;/ þodYk vQif 6-ckaom tzdYk tydi;wkYd ukd ûyí xdk 6-ydi;wkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh xdt,G,f k f k f f k &ifcsKyf ½kyü vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wif\/ h f k tb,foYkd enf;[lr¿ xka,m*Donf þodYk ½Iqifjcif\-<uqJü jzpfaom "mwfwYdk onf¤if;ç xdk "mwfwYdk ukd l d rSí jzpfaom Oyg'g½kywYdk onf¤if; þtvH;pHaom w&m;wdYk onf aqmifqoYkd ra&mufrí xdk <uqJüyifvQif D f k k J l csKyfue\? xdYk aMumifh rNrJue?f qif;&Jue\? twå r[kwue/ xdYk twl aqmifqü jzpfaom w&m;wdYk onf k f k k f f k f J a½Smifz,fqoYkd ra&mufrí/ a½Smifz,fqü jzpfaom w&m;wkYd onf t½SevwqoYkd ra&mufrí/ t½Sevwqü J l J d f T f J l d f T f J jzpfaom w&m;wdYk onf csxm;qJoYkd ra&mufrí/ csxm;qJü jzpfaom w&m;wdYk onf zdeif;qJoYkd ra&mufrí xdk l l csxm;qJü omvQif csKyfue\? þodYk jyqdconftwdi; xdxkd tzdYk tydi;ü jzpfaom ocFg&w&m;wkYd onf xdrS k f k hJ h k f k k f k wyg;wyg;aom tzdYk tydi;odYk ra&mufrí xdxjkd zpf&if;Xme rlvtzdYk tydi;üyifvQif wydi;pD wydi;pD wpyfpD k f l k k f k f k f wpyfpD wuefYpD wuefYpD jzpfueí ]]avmavmylaom td;cif;xJü xnfvuaom ESr;wkYd onf wzswfzswf k f k h kd f f jrnfuevsuf aygufuJG ukeouJoYdk }} ysufp; oGm;uke\? xkYd aMumifh rNrJuef qif;&Jue\ twår[kwue[k k f f h D f k k f f k f (vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wif \)/ þqdconftwdi; tydi;tydi; jzpfueaom ocFg&wkYd ukd ½Ijrifaom xda,m*D\ k k hJ h k f k f k f k f k ½kyukd oH;oyfjcif;onf odrarGYonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&muf\/ f k f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

103

711/ xd½yukd oH;oyfjcif; odrarGYyü þqkvwHonfum; Oyrmwnf; .... opfom; rD;½SL; jrufr;½SL; k k f k f kH d h D ponfwYdk üom oH;pGb;aom tavhtusifh ½Sí qDr;udk rjrifb;aom ypöE&pf awm½Gmom; wa,mufonf ûrdYoYkd k J l d D l Å a&mufvmNyD;vQif aps;twGi;ü n§xe;xm;aom qDr;udjk rifí vlwa,mufukd ]]tarmif þodYk Epvb,f ½Saom f d G f D S f dk G d þt&monf tb,frnfygoenf; (tb,foYkd ac:ygoenf;)}}[k ar;\/ xdk vlu xdk awm½Gmom;tm; ]]þqDrD;ü ESpvb,f tb,frm ½Stenf;? þqDr; rnfonfrm qDuejf cif;aMumif¤if;ç rD;pmukejf cif;aMumif¤if; xdqr;\ f kd G S d hH D S k h h k D D oGm;&mvrf;aomfvnf; rxif½m;yJ jzpfom;rnf}}[k jyefMum; ajymqd\/ xdvukd tjcm;aom olwa,mufu þodYk S G k k l qkjd yef\ ]](rD;pmukef qDcef;ojzifh qDr;aysmufu,f jcif;[laom) þt&monf ½keYf &if;Murf;wrf;vS\/ þqDrD;pm D G udk tpOftwdi; avmifuRrf;oGm;vQif oH;yHwyHwi; oH;yHwyHwi;ü rD;vQHonf xdrS wyg;wyg;aom t&yfoYkd k f k k k kd f k k k kd f k ra&mufríomvQif csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k qd\? xdvukd tjcm;ol wa,mufu þodYk qjdk yef\ ]](oH;yHwyHwi;rS l G k k l k k k kd f tjcm;t&yfoYkd ra&mufjcif; [laom) þt&monfvnf; ½keYf &if; Murf;wrf;vSao;\? þqDr;pm\ vufwopf D vufwopft&yfüç «258» vufopf0uf vufopf0uf t&yfüç csnfacsmif;wdi; csnfacsmif;wdi;üç trQifwi; k f k f kd f trQifwi;ü rD;vQHonf xdrS wyg;wyg;aom trQifoYkd ra&mufrí omvQif csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k qd\/ odrarGY kd f k l G k f aom csnfrQifurum; vTwí rD;vQHukd azmfjyajymqkjd cif;iSg rpGr;Ediawmhacs/ þum; Oyrmwnf;/ kd l f f k f xdOyrmü ]]qDuejf cif;aMumif¤if;ç rD;pmukejf cif;aMumif¤if; qDr;\ oGm;&mvrf;aomfvnf; rxif½m;yJjzpf k k h h D S oGm;rnf}}[k (jzpfaom) yXrvl\ todÓPfuoYkd tESpw&mjzifh ydi;jcm;tyfaom ½kyü tm'ge edau©ye-y#doaE¨ hJ f k f f pkwjd zifh a,m*D\ vu©Pm oH;yg;wifjcif;udk rSwtyf\/ ]]rDpm\ oH;yHk wyHwi; oH;yHwyHwi;ü rDvQHonf k f k k dk f k k k kd f xdrwyg;aom t&yfoYkd ra&mufrí csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k (jzpfaom) 'kw,vl\ todÓPfuoYdk tESpw&m\ k S l G d hJ f oH;yHwyHk (33-ESp)jzifh ydi;jcm;tyfaom 0a,m0k¹w*r-t,G,&ifcsKyf½yü a,m*D\ vu©PmoH;yg; wifjcif;udk k k f k f k ¬ F f h k f k rSwtyf\/ ]]vufwopf vufwopf t&yfü rD;vQHonf xdrwyg;wyg;aom t&yfoYkd ra&mufrí omvQif f k S l csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k (jzpfaom) wwd, vl\ todÓPfuJhodkY 10-ESpf 5-ESpf 4-ESpf 3-ESpf 2-ESpf 1-ESpf wkYd jzifh G ydi;jcm;tyfaom ½kyü a,m*D\ vu©PmoH;yg; wifjcif;udk rSwtyf\/ ]]vufopf0uf vufopf0uf t&yfü k f f k f rD;vQHonf xdrS wyg;wyg;aom t&yfoYkd ra&mufríomvQif csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k (jzpfaom) pwkwv\ k l G ¬ l todÓPfuoYkd wOwk wOwk\ tpGr;tm;jzifh wESpukd oH;yg;tjym; tm;jzif¤if;ç 6-yg; tjym;tm;jzif¤if; cGjJ crf; hJ f f k h h a0befí 4-v 2-vwkYd jzifh ydi;jcm;tyfaom ½kyü a,m*D\ vu©PmoH;yg;wifjcif;udk rSwtyf\/ ]]csnfacsmif; k f f k f wdi; csnfacsmif;wdi;ü rD;vQHonf xdrS wyg;wyg;aom csnfacsmif;odYk ra&mufríomvQif csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k k f k f k l G (jzpfaom) yOörvl\ todÓPfuoYkd vqkwvqef; yu©wYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;ç nOfaeYwYkd \ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;ç hJ f f h h f h wnOfEihf waeYukd 6-zdYk 6-ydi;ûyí eHeufyi; ponfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; ydi;jcm;tyfaom ½kyü a,m*D\ h S k f kd f f h k f f vu©PmoH;yg; wifjcif;udk rSwtyf\/ ]]trQifwi; trQifwi;ü rD;vQHonf xdrS wyg;wyg;aom trQifoYkd k f kd f kd f k ra&mufríomvQif csKyfaysmufom;rnf}}[k (jzpfaom) q|rvl\ todÓPf uJoYkd a½SYoYkd om;jcif; ponfwYdk \ l G h G tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;ç ajcud<k ujcif; ponfwYdk wif wckwckaom tzdYk tydi;\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; ydi;jcm;tyfaom ½kyü f h G k f f h k f f a,m*D\ vu©PmoH;yg; wifjcif;udk rSwtyf\/ þum; Oyrm Oyar,s ES;aESmyHwnf;/ (2) k f D k 712/ xka,m*Donf þqkconftwdi; txl;xl;aom tjcif;t&mwkYd jzifh t,G,&ifcsKyf½kyfü vu©Pm d d hJ h k f f h oH;yg;udk wifNyD;vQif wzef xd½yuyifvQif cGjJ crf;í tm[m&r,½kyponfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh av;zdYk ûyí wckwck k k k f kd f f aom tzdYk ü vu©PmoH;yg;udk wif\? xdav;yg;aom ½kywYdk wif tm[m&jzifh NyD;aom½kyonf xda,m*Dtm; k k f G f k qmavmifjcif; tpm0jcif;wkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh xif½m;\/ xif½Sm;yHkum;-qmavmifaomumvü jzpfaom½kyonf f S f n§Kd ;EGr;\? yifyef;\? rD;avmifiwuoYkd ¤if;ç rD;aoG;awmif;wJü 0yfaeaom usD;uef;uJoYkd ¤if; tqif;rvS f k f hJ h raumif;aom oP²mef½\? tpm0aom umvü jzpfaom ½kyonf jynf0\ pdjk ynf\ El;nH\ acsmnuf\ dS f h h aumif;aom tawGY½\? xdk a,m*Donf (qmavmifaomumvç 0aomumvüjzpfaom) xd½yukd odr;qnf;NyD;vQif dS k k f f «259» qmaomumvü jzpfaom ½kyonf tpm0aom umvodYk ra&mufrí þqmaomumvü omvQif csKyf\? f l tpm0aom umvü jzpfaom½kyonfvnf; qmaomumvodYk ra&mufrí þtpm0aom umvüomvQif csKyf\? f l xdYk aMumifh tm[m&jzifh NyD;aom xd½yonf rNrJ qif;&J twå r[kw[k þodYk tm[m&jzifh NyD;aom xd½yü k k f f k k f vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wif\/ (3) k 713/ Owkr,-OwkjzifNh yD;aom½kyonf tat;tylwkdY\ tpGr;tm;jzifh xif½m;\? xif½Sm;yHkum; .... ylaom f f S umvü jzpfaom½kyonf n§Kd ;EGr;\ yifyef;\ tqif;rvS? at;aomOwkaMumifh jzpfaom½kyonf jynf0\ f f f h pdjk ynf\ (El;nH\ aumif;aom tawGY½\) acsmnuf\? xda,m*Donf (ylaomumvç at;aom umvwkYd ü h dS k jzpfaom) xd½yukd odr;qnf;NyD;vQif ylaomumvü jzpfaom½kyonf at;aomumvodYk ra&mufrlí þylaom k k f f f umvüomvQif csKyf\? at;aomumvü jzpfaom½kyonfvnf; ylaomumvodYk ra&mufrí þat;aomvü f l

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

104

omvQif csKyf\? xdYk aMumifh Owkjzifh NyD;aom xd½yonf rNrJ qif;&J twår[kw[k þodYk Owkjzifh NyD;aom xd½yü k k f f k k f vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wif\/ (4) k 714/ ur®Z-uHaMumifjh zpfaom½kyonf zójzpfaMumif; 'Gg&wkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifh xif½m;\? xif½m;yHum; f f S S k .... pu©K'Gg&ü ]]pu©K'ou um,'ou bm0'ou uvmyfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh ur®Z½kyf 30? xdur®Z½kywYdk ukd f k f axmufyaom OwkZ pdwZ tm[m&Z ½kyaygif; 24-yg;}} [laom 54-yg;aom ½kywYdk onf xif½m;uke\? hH å f f S f aomw'Gg& Cme'Gg& Zd0g'Gg&wkYd üvnf; xdYk twlyif ½kyaygif; 54-yg;pD xif½m;uke\/ um,'Gg&üum; S f S f um,'ou bm0'ou uvmyfwYdk\ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if;ç OwkZt|u uvmyfpnfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; 44-yg; f h f h aom ½kywYdk onf xif½m;uke\/ raem'Gg&ü [', 0w¬K'ou um,'ou bm0'ou uvmyfwYdk\ tpGr; f S f f tm;jzif¤if;ç OwkZt|u uvmyfponfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzif¤if; ½kyaygif; 54-yg;yifvQif xif½m;uke\/ h f h f S f xda,m*Donf 'Gg& 6-yg;ü xif½m;aom xd½yf tvH;pHuvnf; odr;qnf;NyD;vQif pu©K'Gg&ü jzpfaom k S k k k k kd f ½kyonf aomw'Gg&odYk ra&mufrí þpu©K'Gg&üomvQif csKyf\/ aomw'Gg&ü jzpfaom ½kyonf Cme'Gg&odYk f l f ra&mufrí/ Cme'Gg&üjzpfaom ½kyonf Zd0g'Gg&odYk ra&mufrí/ Zd0g'Gg&ü jzpfaom ½kyonf um,'Gg&okYd l f S l S f ra&mufrí/ um,'Gg&ü jzpfaom ½kyonf raem'Gg&odYk ra&mufrí þum,'Gg&ü omvQif csKyf\? xkYd aMumifh l f l uHaMumifh jzpfaom xd½yonf rNrJ qif;&J twår[kw[k þodYk uHaMumifjh zpfaom xd½yü vu©Pm oH;yg;udk k k f f k k f k wif\/ (5) 715/ pdwork|me-pdwaMumifh jzpfaom½kyonf 0rf;omjcif; ESv;romjcif;wkYd \ tpGr;jzifh xif½m;\? å f f kH f S xif½m;yHum; .... 0rf;omaom tcgü jzpfaom ½kyonf acsmnuf\ El;nh\ pdjk ynf\ aumif;aom tawGY½\? S k f H dS ESv;romjzpfaom tcgüjzpfaom ½kyonf n§Kd ;EGr;\ yifyef;\ tqif; rvS? xka,m*Donf (0rf;omaomtcgç kH f f d ESv;romaom tcgwkYd ü jzpfaom) xd½yukd odr;qnf;NyD;vQif 0rf;omaomtcgü jzpfaom½kyonf ESv;romaom kH k k f f f kH tcgodYk ra&mufrí þ0rf;omaom tcgüomvQif csKyf\? ESv;romaomtcgü jzpfaom½kyonf 0rf;omaom l kH f tcgodYk ra&mufrí þESv;romaom tcgü omvQif csKyf\? xkYd aMumifh (pdwaMumifh jzpfaom) xd½yonf rNrJ l kH f k k f qif;&J twår[kw[k þodYk pdwaMumifh jzpfaom xd½yü vu©PmoH;yg;udk wif\/ f f k k f k «260» þqdcaomenf;jzifh pdwZ½kyukd odr;qnf;í xdpwZ½kyü vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wifaom xda,m*D k hJ å f f k d å f k k tm; þqdvwHaom teufonf xif½m;avawmh\ k h S toufonf¤if;ç twåabmonf¤if;ç csrf;om qif;&JwYdk onf¤if; (twåaumifEihf rpyf,u) S S f oufoufo;jcm; oabmw&m;wkYd onfomwnf;? pdwck wckEiom ,SOuef \? (¤if;wkYd \) D f S hf f k jzpf&mcPonf vsijf ref wdawmif;vS\/ k tMuif ae0onmemonm,we jA[®mwkYd onf urÇmaygif; ½Spaomif; av;axmifywfv; f kH touf½ivsuf wnfaeuke\? xdjk A[®mwkYd onfvnf; pdwf 2-ckwYkd EiwuG jzpfueí (pdwf S f f S hf k f 2-BudrcefY Mumatmif touf½iueonf jzpfí) wnfaeMuonf r[kwue/ f S f k f f k f aoaomol\ csKyfom;avaom cE¨mwkYd onf¤if;ç þavmuü touf½ivsuf wnfqy*Kd¾ vf G S f J k \ csKyfoGm;aom cE¨mwkdYonf¤if; tvHk;pHkaom xdkcE¨m 2-rsKd;wkYd onf (csKyfysuf ykcsif;) wlnD H uke\? wzef jyefípyfjcif; r½SueyJ csKyfaysmufom; avukeonfcsn; omwnf;/ f d k f G f f twdwtjcm;rJü ysuom; NyD;aomcE¨mwdYk \¤if;ç tem*wf tjcm;rJü ysufvwHaom cE¨mwkYd f h f G h h \¤if; xdtwdwf tem*wf cE¨mwkYd \ tv,fMum;ü csKyfysufqJ ypöKyÜecE¨mwkYd \¤if; csKyfjcif; k f vu©Pmtm;jzifh rwlnjD cif; uGjJ ym;jcif; rnfonf r½Sacs/ d owå0gonf rjzpfay:vmao;aom tem*wfpwjf zifh jzpfaeonf (touf½iaeonf) r[kwf d S f ay? jzpfqJ ypöKyÜef pdwjf zifomvQif touf½ivsuf ½Say\? pdw\ csKyfysujf cif;aMumifh h S f d f (pdwcsKyf ysuvQi) owå0g onfaoonfom rnf\? (odYk aomf wdóonf touf½ivsuf f f f S f ½Sd\-þodYk ponfjzifh ajymqdtyfaom) oEÅmefynwfonf (jzpfqpwukd pGí ajymqkaom k J d f J d aMumif) y&rw¬ozG,f jzpfay\/ h

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

105

csKyfysuavNyD;aom cE¨mwkYd onf odr;odr;qnf; tyfonf\ tjzpfoYkd ra&mufue?f (rnf f k DS f k onfh t&yfürQ pka0;vsuf wnf½aeMuonf r[kwue)? tem*wftzdYk ü (jzpfvwHcE¨mwkYd \) dS f k f h jzpf&ef toifh tpktyHk rnfonf r½Sacs? jzpfqJ cE¨mwdYk onfvnf; tyfezm;wGi; pl;cRefzsm;ü d f (wifxm;vduaom) rkenif;aphyrm (ysuve;jzpfvsu) wnf½Smuke\/ k f f f k D f f jzpfNyD;aom xdw&m;wdYk onf ysufjcif;udk a½S;½Iûyvsuf ½Sue\? xdypöKyÜew&m;wkYd onf k d k f k f ta[mif; twdwf w&m;wkYd Eihf ra&maESmukeyJ ysufjcif;oabm ½Suevsuf wnfMuuke\/ S f d k f f ocFg&w&m;wkYd onf rjrif&onfh (r½Sao;onf) tzdYk rS jzpfay: vmuke\? csKyfysuf oGm;aom d h f ocFg& wkYd onfvnf; rjrif&jcif; (r½Sjd cif;)odYk a&mufom;uke\? ocFg&w&m; wkYd onf G f aumif;uifü (jzpfay:NyD;vQif aysmufom;aom) vQyppfa&mifuoYkd topfvnf; jzpfay:vm G f hJ uke\? uG,aysmufvnf; uG,aysmuf oGm;uke\-[laomf f f f þteuf xif½m;avawmh\/(6) S 716/ þqkdcJhonfh twdkif; tm[m&r,½kyponfwYdk ü vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wifNyD;vQif wzef "r®wm½kyü f k f vu©PmoH;yg;udk wif\/ "r®wm½kyrnfonfum; (owå0g\ oP²mefr) tyjzpfaom £a`E´wYdk Eihf rpyfaom (½kyf k f S S wnf;) oH aMu; ovGjJ zL (Aif) ovGrnf; (cJ) a½T aiG ykvJ ywåjrm; aMumifrsuf½JG c½koif; ovif; oEÅm ywåjrm;eD J ywåjrm;ajymuf ajr ausmuf awmif jrufyif opfyif EG,yif ponf tjym;½Saom urÇmOD;rSpí jzpfay:vsuf½aom f d dS ½kywnf;/ xd"r®wm ½kyonf xda,m*Dtm; aomfuñGeYf ponfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh xif½m;\/ f k f k f S xif½m;yHum; .... aomfuñGeYf onf tpyXruyifvQif teDEa&mif tqif;½S\? xdYk aemif 2-&uf 3-&uf S k k d vGeaomtcg wcJeuf eDaom tqif;½S\? wzef 2-&uf 3-&uf vGeaomtcg teDa&mifajymh\? xdYk aemif Ekaom f d f ½GufEk tqif;½Sd\? «261» xdYk aemif &ifaom ½GufEktqif;½Sd\? xdYk aemif pdr;aom opf½uf tqif;½S\? xdYk aemif h f G d ñdkaom opf½Guf tqif;½Sd\? xdñaom opf½uf tqif;½Saom umvrSpí oabmwlaom ½kytpOfukd rjywf k kd G d f qufpyfapvsuf wESprQjzifh zuf½ua&mf jzpfNyD;vQif tn§mrS ûywfí a<uus\/ f G f xda,m*Donf xdaomfuñGeYf ½yukd odr;qnf;NyD;vQif teDEa&mif tqif;½Saom umvü jzpfaom ½kyonf k k k f f k d f wcJeuf teDa&mif tqif;½Saom umvodYk ra&mufrí csKyf\? wcJeuf teDa&mif tqif;½Saom umvü jzpfaom d l d ½kyonf teDa&mifajymhaom umvodYk / teDa&mifajymhaom umvü jzpfaom ½kyonf Ekaom½GuEk tqif;½Saom f f f d umvodYk / Ekaom ½GuEtqif;½Saom umvüjzpfaom ½kyonf &ifaom ½GuEtqif;½Saom umvodYk / &ifaom f k d f h f k d h ½GuEtqif;½Saom umvü jzpfaom ½kyonf pdr;aom opf½utqif; ½SaomumvodYk / pdr;aom opf½utqif; f k d f f G f d f G f ½Saom umvü jzpfaom ½kyonf ñdaom opf½uf tqif;½Saom umvodYk / ñdaomopf½uf tqif;½Saomumvü d f k G d k G d jzpfaom ½kyonf zuf½ua&mfumvodYk / zuf½ua&mfumvü jzpfaom½kyonf tn§mrSûywfí a<uusaom umvokYd f G f G f f ra&mufríomvQif csKyf\? xkYd aMumifh xdaomfuñGeYf ½yonf rNrJ qif;&J twår[kw[k vu©PmoH;yg;udk wif\/ l k k f f k þodYk xdaomfuñGeYf ½yü vu©PmoH;yg;udk wifNyD;vQif þenf;jzifh tvH;pHaom "r®wm½kyuvnf; oH;oyf k k f k k k f kd k qifjcif\/ (7) þodYk vQif ½lyowåu-½kyf 7-rsKd;\tpGr;tm;jzifh vu©Pm oH;yg;udk wifí ocFg&wkYd ukd oH;oyf\/ f k k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

106

emrfoHk;oyfyHk 7-rsKd;udk jyqdkcsuf
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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

107

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

108

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef (pwkwåwGJ)

109

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b,wky|meÓPf NyD;\/ tm'De0gEkyóemÓPfudk jyqdkcsuf
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tEko, ckepfyg;wkYd wif 'd|tEko,ESihf 0dpupmEko,wkYd udk yXrr*fÓPfuomvQif y,fowf\? G d d d ä umr&m*gEko,ESihf y#dCmEko,wkYd udk wwd,r*fÓPfu y,fowf\? rmemEko, b0&m*gEko, t0dZmEko, Æ wkYd udk pwkwr*fÓPfu y,fowf\/ ¬ rv-tnpftaMu; ok;yg;wkYd wif a'gotnpftaMu;ukd wwd,r*fÓPfu y,fowf\? avmbESihf H G arm[ tnpftaMu;wkYd udk pwkwr*fÓPfu y,fowf\/ ¬ tukovur®yx q,fyg;wkYd wif ygPmwdygw t'dEm'ge rdpmpm&rkom0g' rdpm'd|[aom þig;yg;wkYd dk f G é ä ä d l ukd yXrr*fÓPfu ywfowf\? ydoP0gpm z½ko0gpm Asmyg'[laom þok;yg;wkYd udk wwd, r*fÓPfu y,f k H owf\? oræyvmyESihf tbdZÑmwkYd udk pwkwr*fÓPfu y,fowf\/ Ü ¬ tukovf pdwKå yÜg'f wq,fEpyg;wkYd wif 'd|*worÜ,wf av;yg;ESihf 0dpupmorÜ,wf [laom þig;yg; dk h S f G d k d d ä k wkYd udk yXrr*fÓPfu y,fowf\? y#dCorÜ,wEpyg;wkYd udk wwd,r*fÓPfu y,fowf\? <uif;aom pdwKå yÜg'f k f S f ig;yg;wkYd udk pwkwr*fÓPfu y,fowf\/ ¬ qufí ½Si;OD;tH?h tMuiftukovudk tMuifÓPfonfy,fowf\? xktukovonf xkÓPfjzifh y,ftyf f dk f d dk f d aom y[mwAÁrnf\? xkYd aMumifh ]]þokYd jyqktyfueNf yD;aom oHa,mZOf tp½Sueaom xktukovw&m;wkYd udk d k d k f d dk f þav;yg;aom r*fÓPfwYdk onf ,SOoifonftm; (xduonftm;) avsmfpm y,fjcif;udk ûywwfue\}}[k f h k f G k f qdcayonf/ k hJ «327» 831/ þr*fÓPfwkdYonf xdky[mwAÁtukovwYdk ukd (y,fuevwfaomf) twdwf tem*wf w&m; kd f k f wkYd ukd y,fueoavm? odYk r[kwf ypöKyÜew&m;wkYd ukd y,fueoavm[k ar;jim;th?H tb,foYkd ar;bdoenf;? þ k f f k f ar;cGe;ü jznfpu&ef vdao;\? tu,fí twdwf tem*wfw&m;wkYd ukd y,fjim;tH?h (odYk jzpfvQif) tm;xkwjf cif; f h G f k onf tusKd;r½Sonfom jzpf&m\? tb,haMumifenf;[lr¿ y,ftyfaom twdwf tem*wfw&m;wkYd r½Sjd cif;aMumifh d f h l wnf;/ odYk r[kwf ypöKyÜew&m;wkYd ukd y,fjim;tH?h xkoYkd jzpfvQifvnf; tm;xkwronf tusKd;r½Sonfyifjzpf&m\? f d f I d tb,faMumifenf;[lr¿ y,ftyfaom w Yd onf tm;xkwrEihf twlwuG ½Sae&maomaMumifwnf;/ r*fuyg; h h l &m;wk f I S d h kd G apjcif; (r*¾bm0em) onfvnf; npfñ;aMumif; udavomwkYd Eihf ,SOonfaomfvnf; jzpf&m\/ odYk r[kwvQif l S f f udavomwkYd onf pdwEihf r,SOaom 0dy,ww&m;wdYk aomfvnf; jzpfue&m\? odYk aomf pdwEihf r,SOaom f S f Ü k f k f f S f ypöKyÜeuavom rnfonf r½Say? þonfum; ar;cGe;ü jznfpu&efvaeaom tcsufwnf;/ þar;cGe;onf f d d f h G f kd f þusr;üom jyqdaom oD;oefYapm'em r[kway? rSeay\? y#dorÇ'gr*f ygVdawmfüyifvQiff k f f d ]]tMuifr*¾|mef yk*Kd¾ vfonf udavomwkYd ukd y,f\? (xdr*¾|mefy*Kd¾ vfonf) twdwf k k udavomwkYd ukd y,foavm? tem*wf udavomwkYd udk y,foavm? ypöKyÜeuavomwkYd udk f d y,foavm}}[k ar;NyD;vQif wzeftu,fí twdwuavomwkYd udk y,fjim;tH?h xkoYdk jzpfvQif ukeNf yD;ukd ukeap&m f d d f a&muf\? csKyfNyD;ukd csKyfap&ma&muf\? uif;NyD;ukd uif;ap&ma&muf\? uG,aysmufNyD;ukd f uG,aysmuf ap&ma&muf\? vGeavNyD;aom tMuif twdww&m;onf (xkr*fcPü) f f f d r½SawmhNyD? xkr½Sawmhaom w&m;ukd y,f&ma&muf\}}[k d d d tjypfjyqkNd yD;vQif ]]twdwuavomwkYd udk y,fonf r[kw}f }[k f d y,fjrpfavNyD/ xkYd twlyif¼ ]]tu,fí tem*wfuavomwkYd udk y,fjim;tH?h xkoYdk jzpfvQif rjzpfao;onfudk d d y,f&ma&muf\? ray:ao;onfudk y,f&ma&muf\? rjzpfay:ao;onfudk y,f&ma&muf\?

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xif½m;rjzpfao;onfudk y,f&m a&muf\? ra&mufvmao;aom tMuiftem*wfw&m;onf S (xkd r*fcPü) r½Sao;? xkr½Sao;aom w&m;ukd y,f&ma&muf\}}[k d d d tjypfjyqkNd yD;vQif ]]tem*wfuavomwkYd udk y,fonf r[kw}f }[k d y,fjrpfavNyD/ xkYd twlyif¼ ]]tu,fí ypöKyÜeuavomwkYd udk y,fjim;tH?h xkoYdk jzpfvQif wyfrufvsuf wyfrufrf d d I &m*ukd y,f&m a&muf\? trsufxuvsuf trsufxur-a'goukd y,f&ma&muf\? awGa0 G f G f I vsuf awGa0rI-arm[ukd y,f&ma&muf\? rmefaxmif (awmifwif;)vsuf rmefrmeukd y,f&m h a&muf\? rSm;,Gi;pGm ok;oyfvsuf tjrifrm;rI-'d|ukd y,f&ma&muf\? ysYH vijhf cif;odYk a&muf f H S d G vsuf ysHYvir-O'¨pukd y,f&ma&muf\? rqH;jzwf ra0cGEijf cif;odYk a&mufvsuf ,Hrm;rIG hf I ö k J kd k S 0dpupmudk y,f&ma&muf\? jzpfpr;Ediaom tm;pGr;odYk a&mufvsuf jzpfxuaom tEko,udk d d ä G f k f f kd f y,f&ma&muf\? rnf;npfaom tukovw&m;ESihf jzLpifaom ukovw&m;wdYk onf xrf;yd;ü kd f kd f k nDwtpHzYJG xm;ukeouJoYkd jzpfue&m\? r*fukd yGg;apjcif;onf npfñ;aMumif; udavom l k f h k f l wkYd Eihf a&maESm,SOwonf jzpf&m\}}[k S f JG tjypfjyqdNk yD;vQif ]]twdwf udavomwkYd uvnf; y,fonfr[kw?f tem*wf udavomwkYd uvnf; kd kd y,fonf r[kw?f ypöKyÜeuavom wkYd uvnf; y,fonfr[kw}f }[k f d kd tvH;pHukd y,fjrpfNyD;vQif k k ]]xkoYkd jzpfvQif r*fukd yGg;apjcif;onf r½SNd yDavm? zdvukd rsufarSmufûyjcif;onf r½SNd yD d k f avm? udavomudk y,fjcif;onf r½SNd yDavm? opömav;yg;w&m;udk odjcif;onf r½SNd yDavm}} [laomar;cGe;jyóem\ tqH;ü f k ]]r½Sonfum; r[kw?f r*fukd yGg;apjcif;onf ½Say\? zdvukd rsuarSmufûyjcif;onf d d k f f ½Sday\? udavomudk y,fjcif;onf ½Say\? opömav;yg;w&m;udk odjcif;onf ½Say\}}[k d d 0efcNH yD;vQif ]]tb,fuJhodkYenf;}}[k ar;vwfaomf atmufygpum;udk a[mMum;awmfr\.... l Oyrmtm;jzifh toD;roD;ao;aom EkysKdaom opfyifonf ½S&m\? xdopfyifukd wOD; d k aom a,musm;onf t&if;ü jzwfvJS &m\/ xdopfyif\ rjzpfao;aom toD;wkYd onf jzpfNyD; f k r[kwueríomvQif rjzpfvmuke?f ay:NyD;r[kwuef rlí omvQif ray:vmuke?f jzpfay:NyD; f k f l f k r[kwueríomvQif rjzpfay:vmuke?f xif½m;jzpfNyD;r[kwueríomvQif xif½m;rjzpfay: f k f l S f k f l S vmukeouJoYdk «328» xkYd twlyifvQif ]]jzpfay:jcif;onf udavomwkYd jzpfay:jcif;iSg taMumif; f h wnf; jzpfay:jcif;onf taxmuftyHwnf;}}[k jzpfay:jcif;ü tjypfujdk rifí jzpfay:jcif; h uif;aom edAmefü pdwonf ajy;0if\? jzpfay:jcif;uif;aom edAmefü pdw\ ajy;0ifjcif; Á f Á f aMumifh jzpfay:jcif; [laom taMumif;aMumifjh zpfEiaom udavom wkYd onf jzpfNyD;r[kwuef dk f f k rlíomvQif rjzpfvmuke/ ay:NyD;r[kwuef rlíomvQif ray:vmuke?f jzpfay:NyD; r[kwuef f f k f k rlíomvQif rjzpfay:vmuke?f xif½m;jzpfNyD; r[kwueríomvQif xif½m; rjzpfvmuke/ S f k f l S f þokYd vQif taMumif; (udavom)wkYd \ csKyfjcif;aMumifh (jzpfvwHaom) qif;&J'u\ csKyfjcif; h k © onf jzpfay\/ jzpfyg;jcif;onf udavomwkYd jzpfay:jcif;iSg taMumif;wnf;/y/ ocFg&edrwf G d

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onf udavomwkYd jzpfay:jcif;iSg taMumif;wnf;/y/ tm;xkwjf cif;onf udavomwkYd jzpfay: jcif;iSg taMumif;wnf;/y/ tm;xkwjf cif; uif;aom edAmefü pdw\ ajy;0ifjcif;aMumifh Á f tm;xkwjf cif;[laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfEiaom udavomwkYd onf jzpfNyD;r[kwuerí dk f f k f l omvQif rjzpfvmuke/y/ xif½m;jzpfNyD; r[kwueríomvQif xif½m;rjzpfvmuke?f þokYd f S f k f l S vQif taMumif; (udavom)wkYd \ csKyfjcif;aMumifh (jzpfvwHaom) qif;&J'u\ csKyfjcif;onf h k © jzpfay\/ þokYd vQif r*fudk yGg;apjcif;onf ½Say\? zkvudk rsuarSmufûyjcif;onf ½Say\? d d f f d udavomukd y,fjcif;onf ½Say\? opömav;yg;w&m;udk odjcif;onf ½Say\? þum; ygVd/ d d 832/ þygVdpum;jzifh tb,fukd jyoenf;[lr¿ blrv'¨rnfaom udavomwkYd ukd y,fjcif;udjk y\/ l d blrv'¨rnfaom udavomwkYd onfum; twdwwYdk avm tem*wfwYdk avm odYk r[kwf ypöKyÜewYdkavm[lr¿ xdk d f f l udavom wkYd onf blrv'¨KyÜEomvQif rnfue\/ d é k f 833/ csJYíjy&vQif .... jzpfay:onf[k ac:aom OyÜEonf (1) 0wårme (2) blwmy*w (3) Moumouw é (4) blrv'¨wYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh rsm;aomtjym; ½S\/ xkdwif Oyg'fXbifoYkd a&mufqjJ zpfaom w&m;tvH;pHonf d f d G D k k 0wårmEkyEé (jzpfqOyÜE) rnf\/ tm½kH\ t&omudk cHpm;NyD;í csKyfavaomaMumifh (tEkbwmy*w) cHpm;NyD;í Ü J é l uif;oGm;onf[k qdtyfaom ukovf tukovf w&m;onf¤if;? Oyg'fXbifoYkd a&mufNyD;í csKyfavaomaMumifh k kd kd D (blwmy*wm) jzpfNyD;í uif;oGm;onf[qtyfaom <uif;aomocFg&w&m; taygif;onf¤if; blwmy*wkyEé k kd Ü (cHpm;NyD;-jzpfay:NyD;í uif;oGm;aom OyÜE) rnf\/ ]]xdy*Kd¾ vftm; a½S;üûytyfueNf yD;aom tMuifuwYdk onf ½Suef é k k k H d k \}}[k þodYk tp½Saom a[menf;jzifh a[mawmfraom uHonf vGeavNyD;aom twdww&m; jzpfjim;aomfvnf; d l f f wyg;aom uH\tusKd; 0dygufukd wm;jrpfNyD;vQif rdr\tusKd; 0dyguftm; tcGiûhf yvsuf wnfaomaMumif¤if;? xkoYdk d h d cGiûhf yNyD;aom 0dygufonf jzpfNyD; jzpfqr[kwjf im;aomfvnf; þokYd cGiûhf ytyfonf½aomf {uefpifppftm;jzifh J dS jzpfawmhrnf jzpfaomaMumif¤if; MoumouwkyEé (ûyNyD;aom jzpfci½aomOyÜE)rnf\/ xkxdk (vlewfponfwYdk \ h Ü G hf dS é d cE¨m [laom) jzpf&mbkH wkYd ü (t&d,mr*fjzif) t<uif;rJh ry,frEkw&ao;aom tukovonf blrv'¨KyÜEé (jzpf&m h f dk f d bkudk &aomOyÜE) rnf\/ H é 834/ qufí ½Sif;vif;jyOD;tH?h þblrv'¨KyÜEé [laomyk'ü jzpf&mbk\¤if;? jzpf&mbkudk &aom udavom d f H H \¤if; xl;jcm;onf\ tjzpfudk odtyf\/ csJUí jy&vQif .... 0dyóem\ tm½kjH zpfaom bko;yg;ü jzpfaom cE¨m H Hk ig;yg;w&m;wkYd onf blr-jzpf&mbkH rnf\? xkcE¨mwkYd ü jzpfxuaom udavom taygif;onf blrv'¨ jzpf&mbkudk d d dk f d H &aom udavomrnf\/ rSeay\? xkuavomtaygif;onf xkjd zpf&mbkudk &(tyf)onf rnf\/ xkYd aMumifh f d d H blrv'¨[í qktyf\? xkjd zpf&mbkuvnf; tm½k\tpGr;tm;jzif& (tyf)onfum; r[kway/ «329» tm½kH\ d l d H dk H f h f tpGr;tm;jzifrum; tvk;pkaom twdwf tem*wf cE¨mwkYd u¤if;? &[EÅmwkYd \ yki;jcm;í odtyfNyD;aomfvnf; f h l H H dk d f jzpfaom cE¨mwkYd u¤if; tm½kûH yí udavomwkYd onf jzpfay:uke\? tb,fuoYdk enf;[lr¿ t½Sir[mupön; dk f hJ l f f rax&fç OyÜv0Pfax&Drtp½Saom yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk \ cE¨mwkYd utm½kûH yí aoma&,sola|;ç eE´vviftp½Saom olwYdk tm; d dk k d udavomwkYd onf jzpfueouJoYdkwnf;/ xk(olwyg;oEÅmefü jzpfaom udavom)onf blrv'¨rnfonf tu,f k f h d d í jzpfjim;tH?h xkoYdkjzpfvQif xkuavomonf y,fEiaom udavom r[kwaomaMumifh wpHwa,mufaom d d d kd f f k yk*Kd¾ vfrQ b0\ tjrpft&if; jzpfaom udavomudk ry,fEi&m/ pifppfaomfum; jzpf&m0w¬K\ tpGr;tm;jzifh kd f f blrv'¨ udavomudk odtyf\? rSeay\? tMuif tMuif oEÅmefü 0dyóemjzifh ydi;jcm;í rodtyfueaom cE¨m d f k f k f wkYd onf jzpfue\? xdxkd oEÅmefü jzpfonfrpí xdcE¨mwkYd ü tjrpft&if;jzpfaom udavom taygif;onf k f k S k ude;onf rnf\? xkue;aom udavomtaygif;onf r*fjzifh ry,ftyfao;aom teufoabmaMumifh blrv'¨ f d d f d rnf\ [lí odtyf\/ 835/ xdwivnf; tMuifotm; tMuifcE¨mwkYd ü ry,ftyfao;aom teufoabmaMumifh ude;onf k G f l f rnfaom udavomwkYd onf ½Sue\? xdotm; xdcE¨mwkYd onfomvQif xdue;aornfaom udavomwkYd \ jzpf&m d k f k l k k d f 0w¬Kwnf;? wyg;aom yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk \ Opömjzpfaom cE¨mwkYd onf xduavomwkYd \ jzpf&m 0w¬Kr[kw?f twdwcE¨mwkYd ü k d f ry,ftyfao;onfjzpfí ude;onf rnfueaom udavomwkYd \ jzpf&m0w¬Konf twdwcE¨mwkYd omvQiwnf;? f k f f f þrSwyg;aom tem*wfypöKyÜecE¨mwkYd r[kwue/ tem*wfcE¨mponfwYdk üvnf; þenf;yifwnf;/ xkYd twl f f k f umrm0p&cE¨mwkYd ü ry,ftyf ao;onfjzpfí ude;onfrnfaom udavomwkYd \ jzpf&m0w¬Konf umr0p&cE¨m f wkYd omvQifwnf;? þrS wyg;aom ½lyg0p& t½lyg0p& cE¨mwkYd r[kwue?f ½lyg0p& t½lyg0p&cE¨mwkYd üvnf; f k þenf;yifwnf;/

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-ur®0#fEihf 0dygu0#fonf oabmtm;jzif¤if;? jzpf&mumvtm;jzif¤if; uGjJ ym;aomaMumifh y#dporkyg'f S h h ö Ü udk odotm; ]]ûyolonfyif cHpm;&onf}} [laom t,l0g'uif;\/ uHjzpfcaom ½kyemrftpOf oEÅmefüyifvQif l hJ f tusKd;jzpfay:jcif;aMumifh ]]ûylou wjcm;? cHpm;olu wjcm;}} [laom t,l0g'vnf; uif;\/ tb,faMumifh l h enf;[lrl Zuwåenf;t&tm;jzifh ûycdu½yemrfEihf cHpm;cdu½yemrfonf wckwnf;aom tpOfü jzpfí wa,muf k f k f S k f k f wnf;yif[k qktyfaomaMumifh aywnf;/ d 2-y#dporkyg'fukd odorm taMumif;tusKd; ½kyemrf tpOfrQom[k oabmusaeaomaMumifh omref ö Ü l S f yk*Kd¾ vfrsm;rSmuJoYkd e,fy,f t&yfo;pum; trnfynwft&mü rde;rpifppf - a,musm;pifppf ponf taetm;jzifh h kH f f NrJNrHpm pGvrf;rIuif;\/ G J 3-owå0g [lonfrm ½kyuqoavm? a0'em ponfwYdkukd qkoavm ponfjzifh a0befcjJG cm;jcif;udk S f kd dk d rûyrlí ac:a0: ajymqkd½kd;twdkif; owå0g a,musfm;-rde;r td;cGuf - ponfjzifh ajymqdk oH;pGjJ cif;onf avmuoH; f k k k trnfynwfukd rausmvejf cif; - ry,fjcif; rnf\/ f G 4-þt&mü #Dumq&mzGijhf yaom 0pew¬txl;wckukd xkwjf ytH/ h y#dp-pGroifaom taMumif;udk pGrí+oH-pyfaom tusKd;\+OyÜg'-jzpfjcif;=y#dporkyg' ö J DS h J DS ö Ü -pGroifaom taMumif;udprí pyf&m tusKd;\jzpfjcif;/ twdcsKyftm;jzifh pGrí tusKd;\ jzpfjcif; J DS h k JG DS k J DS [k qdv\/ jycJaom t|uxm 0pew¬rsm;xuf rSw&efv,uay\/ odkYaomf tusKd;\ jzpfjcif; k kd h f G f l rQukd r,lyJ jzpfap wwfaom owåEiwuG taMumif;udk y#dporkyg'f-[k aumuf,&efvnf; d S hf ö Ü l ñTejf yoGm;\/ t|uxmü jycJaom zvlypmrsK;yif[k ,l&m\/ þ0pew¬ü aupdwYdk \ 0pew¬ h d uJoYkdyif o'´genf;ysujf cif;tjypf rjzpf&mNyDavm[k apm'emzG,½aomaMumifh xdtcsuuvnf; h f dS k f kd us,fjyefYpm ajz½Si;jyxm;onf/ G f þt&mü xkwjf yaom 0pew¬wYdkwif aupdwYdk\ 0pew¬udk ]]obm0usí t½Sif;qHk; G tajzmifq;}} [k oabmus\/ xdk 0pew¬ü orkyg'rS oH-o'´gudk ]]'kuuEó ork'a,m h kH Ü © © ¨ a[mwd? t0dZmork',m ½lyork'a,m}} tp½Saom ygXfwYdk ü ork',rS oH-o'´guJoYkd teufx; Æ d h l r½S[qvQif omí½Si;vif;&m\/ taMumif;rlum; y#dporkyg'fukd jrwfpmbk&m; a[mawmfrjl cif; d k kd f ö Ü G onf tusKd;w&m;wkYd rSepm tnDtñGwf waygif;wnf; jzpfrjzpf? pyfaomtusKd; [kwr[kwukd f G f f odapvk&if;aMumifh r[kway/ ]]t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg& tp½Saom tusKd;w&m; d f Æ d d rQomç wenf;tm;jzifh q ;&JtpkrQom jzpfjcif;½Sonf? csrf;om[lí¤if;ç tpOfwnfaeaom yk*Kd¾ vf if d owå0g twåaumif[í¤if; r½S}d }[k odapvk&if;aMumifomvQif jzpfayonf/ þtcsufukd l d h av;eufpm ESv;oGi;qifjcifyguke/ xkYd aMumifh y#dpö - taMumif;udk pGrí + orkyg' - tusKd;\ G kH f f J DS Ü

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

188

jzpfay:jcif; = y#dporkyg' - taMumif;udk pGrí tusKd;\jzifay:jcif;/ þ 0pew¬t& taMumif; ö Ü J DS tqufqufaMumifh tusKd;tqufquf jzpfay:jcif;udk y#dporkyg'f ac:onf[k ajymqk&vQif ö Ü d odem;vnfv,jf cif; tusKd;½S&m\/ ,ckacwfü þtwdi;yif ajyma[maeMuayonf/ G d k f

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1-a½S;a½S;b0rsm;u ½Scaom xdk pdw0nmPfonf yifvQif ,ckb0wdiatmif ajymif;a½TYvmcJonf? d hJ f d k f h wpdwwnf;yif jzpfonf-[k bk&m;a[monfukd odem;vnfygonf - ponfjzifh qdvQif pu©K0dnmPfonf rNrJ f k ponfjzifh a[mxm;aom okwygVdawmfrsm;udk y,fjrpfonf xdcuaponf rnf\/ f kd f 2-arxke"r® tp½Saom tEÅ&m,fûywwfonfh trIwYdk ukd rS0aomfvnf; &[ef;rSm tEÅ&m,fukd rûywwf d D J aMumif; bk&m;a[monfukd odem;vnfygonf? tdrrufxü usK;vGeraMumifvnf; tmywfoifonf? þodYk f J f I h h ponfjzifqvQif 0denf;udk ravsmaponf qefYusiaponf rnf\/ h kd f f 3-r[mya'o 4-yg;wkYd ukd okwr[m0gygVd ESm 102? ¤if;\ t|uxm ESm 155-ponfwYdk ü Munfyg/ f h 4-owå0g-[lonfum; owå0grS qdwoO;onf\ tjzpf[lí q&mwkYd zGiqMkd u\? xdoYkdyifqMdk u f k f hf k aomfvnf; pifppfrmrl owå0grS qdwoO;aom ocFg&wkYd ü owå0g [laom a0g[m&onf¤if; owå0g\ S f k f vdtyfaom udpNö yD;pD;jcif;onf¤if; (todcuf tajymcuf\)/ (0do'r*fr[m#Dum)/ k k d¨ /owå a0g[m& [lonf um; owå0g[kjzpfaom trnfwnf;/ ,if;udk jrifEiconf[k qkoifaypG? tpOfoEÅmeftm;jzifh rjywfjzpfae kd f J d h ukeaom ½kyemrfw&m; taygif;wkYd ukd pGrí owå0g[laom trnf ynwfonf (jzpf\)/ xdk owå0g ynwfonf f f J DS xdpr&m ½kyemrfwYdk rS wyg;tjcm;pifppf r[kw[aom tzdYk ç wyg;wjcm; pifppf[wf onf[aom tzdYk wYdk ukd k JG DS f f l k l ruyfrí (xdowå0g taMumif;ud) trSetwki; aumif;pGm,ljcif;ESihf (olwyg;tm;) odatmifajymjyjcif;udk l k k f d f y#dporkyg'fü ruRr;usiaom olonf ûyEdicjJ zpfapEdic\/ (tEk#um) þxuf tus,fovvQif 0do'r*f ö Ü f f k f k f J D d kd k d¨ r[m#Dumedó, wwd,wGJ ESm 575-6 wkYd ü rSwcsuukd Munhfyg/ f f

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1-axmufwnf&mudk r&Edif [lonfrm ud,yiÓPfjzifh r&Edionfukd qdonf/ (#Dum) k S k f kd f k f k

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-av;yg; tjym;½Saom eufeonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&mufjcif;aMumifh - [l&mü ]]"r® tw¬ a'oem y#da0" d J [laom eufeaom t&mwdYk ü axmufwnf&mud&ojzifh NrJNrHpm wnfonf\ tjzpfaMumif}h } [lí ajzmifaom J k G h teufukd odtyf\ (#Dum)/ 2-a[maom a'emonf .... (a[maoma'oem) jzpfayonf[k odtyf\-[k pyfyg/ þü a'oD,wd {wm,-[k 0pew¬ûyí ]]a[maMumif; jzpfaom a'oem}}[k qdoifaomfvnf; jrefrmpum; k fh acsmap&ef ]]a[maom a'oem}}[k qdxm;onf/ a'oemyk'ukd a[mjcif;[k jyefvQif yXr 'kw, a'oem 0gus k f d wkYd ü acsmaomfvnf; wwd, pwkw¬ a'oem 0guswkYd üum; racsm/ wmok ,m tp½Saom aemufq; 0gusüum; d kH xdk a[mjcif;[laom teufonf vH;0yifroif/ xdYk aMumifh ,if;yk'ukd ]]a[maom a'oem}} [líyif jyefonf/ k h f xkYd jyif y0wåm-yk'ukd a[mwd-yk'uoYkd yif yuwd 0duwduwåm;wkYd Eihf ,SOapí jyefapjcif;rSmvnf; þ0gusü f f hJ S f jrefrmpum; acsmap&eftwGuyif jzpfonf/ f

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1-t0dZmESihf wPSm[laom tpOftm;avsmfpm 'k*wd ok*wd-[k qdoifaomfvnf; ygVdo'´genf;t& Æ G d¾ k h 'Geormofü taumif; tjrwfukd a½SYxm;&aomaMumifh ok*wd 'k*w-[k 0do'r*fü qdxm;onf? xktpOftwdi;yif f ¾ d k d¨ k d k f jyefxm;onf/ 2-ykxZOfy*Kd¾ vfonf .... uHtrsKd;rsKd;udk tm;xkwûf yvky\ - [k pyfyg/ k k f 3-ESypuf (tyf) aomaMumifh .... a&aEG;ylaomufjcif;udk tm;xkwûf yvkybd ouJodkY - [k pyfyg/ d f f h 4-a&aEG;ylukd aomufjcif;onf xdk EGm;rrSm om,mzG,vnf; r½S?d ol\ tusKd;rJuvnf; aqmifwwf f h kd jzpfapwwf\? odYk yifjzpfapumrl (odYk yif jzpfjim;aomfvnf;) a&aEG;yl aomufjcif;udk xdk EGm;r ûyonf[k qdv\/ k dk 5-udavomjzifh ylavmifjcif;aMumifh .... uHtrsKd;rsKd;udk tm;xkwûf yvky\ - [k pyfyg/ f

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1-ykxZOfy*Kd¾ vfonf .... uHtrsKd;rsKd;udk tm;xkwûf yvky\-[k pyfyg/ k k f 2-a&at;udk qmavmifawmifwojzifh .... a&at;aomufjcif;udk tm;xkwûf yvkyouJoYkd - [k pyfyg/ h f h 3-udavom tyluif;jcif;aMumihf .... uHtrsKd;rsKd;udk tm;xkwûf yvky\-[k pyfyg/ f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

190

4-o0&ac:aom vl½i;wkYd onf (EGm;udowfvQif) t½k;ESitom; ruyfap&ef tBudrBf udrf rD;ylwuí dk f k d hf kd f ½kuEuNf yD;vQif a&aEG;ylukd aomufapí 0rf;ouf (apuke\? xkoYkd 0rf;oufap) NyD;aom zl;zl;a&mifvsuf t½k;rS d f S f d d tom;uGmxGuaeaom EGm;udk owfMuowJ?h xdYk aMumifh rD;yljzifh tuifc&jcif; - tp½Saom Oyrm pum;udk f H d t|ux q&mqkayonf/ xdk Oyrmü towfc&rnfh EGm;onf rodrt0dZm ESypufc&onf\ tjzpfaMumifh tqdyg d H I Æ d f H k a&aEG;ylaomufjcif;udk tm;xkwûf yvkyouJoYkd xdYk twl ykxZOf yk*Kd¾ vfonf tqdyg 'k*woYkd a&mufapwwfaom f h k k ¾ d uHukd (tm;xkwûf yvky\)/ xkYd jyif xdEm;onf a&aEG;yl aomufjcif;ü tjypfjrifí wPSm\ tpGrtm;jzifh a&at; f k G f aomufjcif;udk tm;xkwf ûyvkyouJoYkd xdYk twl ykxZOf yk*Kd¾ vfonf t0dZm tvGetm;BuD;aomaMumifh 'k*woYkd f h k Æ f ¾ d a&mufapwwfaom uHü tjypfjrifí wPSm\ tpGr;jzifh ok*wdoYkd a&mufapwwfaom uHukd tm;xkwûf yvky\/ f f rSeay\? qif;&Jü t0dZmodYk wPSmu aemufrvu\? csrf;omü wPSmodYk t0dZmu aemufrvu\/ (#Dum f Æ S kd f Æ S kd f tzGi) þt&mü *g0D[qaomfvnf; EGm;rudom r,loif?h EGm;omrefukd ,loif\? taMumif;rlum;-o0&wkYd onf hf k dk k h EGm;xD;udvnf; owfMurnfjh yif *g0D-o'´gonfvnf; EGm;omrefukd a[mEdiaomaMumifh aywnf;/ k k f

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1-þqdkcJhonfhtwdkif; .... tqHk;tjzwfudk odtyf\-[k pyfyg/

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1-t0dE, - aemif 0dEwd - teufü t - ypön;ouf? E´, - ukd 's - ûy? wzef 's - udk ZÆ - ûyí d´ ´ f d xDviaZmwu tm - ypön;ESiwuG t0dZm - [k ½kyNf yD; aptyf\/ þtvdk t0dZm[lonfrm r&xduaom d f f hf Æ Æ S k f um,'kp½kuf ponfukd &wwf - jzpfapwwfaomw&m; - [k qdv\/ d k kd 2-jynfapjcif; - qnf;yl;jcif;iSg oifaomteufoabmaMumifh - [k qdv\/ h h k kd 3-e+0dE,rS - t0dZÆm - [k ½kyNf yD;aptyf\/ ´ 4-t0d'w-rodtyfonfu?kd ua&mwd-ûywwf\-[laom teufü t0d'w-aemif t-ypön;ouf? wd H d f udacs? 'd-rS £-ud k ,-ûy? 's-udk ZÆ-ûyí t0dZÆm-[k ½kyNf yD;aptyf\/ odYk r[kwf t0d'w-\ y&d,m,f jzpfaom k d t0d's-aemif t-ypön;ouf? 's-udk ZÆ-ûyí NyD;aptyf\/ þtzGirsm;jzifyif e 0d'wDw-rodwwfaomaMumif?h f hf h d t0dZm? t0dZmrnf\-[laom 0pew¬Ei?hf 0d'wDw-odwwfaomaMumif?h 0dZm-0dZmrnf\/ 0dZÆm-odwwfonf? e Æ Æ S d Æ Æ r[kw?f £wd-þtaMumif;aMumif?h t0dZm-t0dZm rnf\-[laom 0pew¬ wkYd uvnf; jyonf[k ,ltyf\/ Æ Æ kd rSeay\? rodtyfonfuûkd yjcif;-rodatmifûyjcif;onf odwwfaomÓPf\ qefYusifzufjzpfonf/ t0dZm-yk'ü f Æ f t-o'´gonfvnf; qefYusifzufukd a[m\? xkYd aMumifh t0dZm[lonfrm odwwfaom 0dZmÓPf\ qefYusizuf Æ S Æ f aywnf;? odwwfaomÓPf\ qefYusizuf [lonfrmvnf; trSeukd rodrí tvTtrSm;udk odwwf-odap f S f l J wwfaom w&m;aywnf;/ odYk jzpfí rodtyfonfukd ûyonfqaom pum;ESihf odwwfaomÓPf\ qefYusizuf dk f [laom pum;onf wlnvsuf½\/ xkYd aMumifh qkcaom 0pew¬wYdk uvnf; jyjcif;jzpfonf[k odtyf ayonf/ D dS d hJ kd

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1-tEÅ0&[daw-tqH; tydi;tjcm; uif;aom oHo&mü? Z0gaywd - ajy;oGm;apwwf\ - [laom d k k f 0pew¬ü tEÅ-rS t-ud¤if;? 0d&[daw-rS 0d-ud¤if;? Z0gaywd-rS Z-ud¤if; ,lNyD;vQif <uif;aom tu©&mwkYd ukd k k k acsí Z-tu©&mwvH;udvnf; vmapum t0dZm-[k qdonf/ (#Dum) k k Æ k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

191

2-t0dZrmaeok-xif½Sm;r½Sdaom ynwfwYdkü? Z0wd-ajy;oGm;wwf-jzpfwwf\-[laom 0pew¬ü t0dZm Æ Æ rmeZ0-rS t0dZm-[k ½kyNf yD;aptyf\/ 0dZmrmaeokyd cE¨m'Do-xif½m;½Saom cE¨mponfwYdk üvnf;? e Z0wd? Æ Æ k S d roGm;wwf-rNrJwwf-[laom 0pew¬ü e+0dZrme+Zm0 rS t0dZm-[k NyD;aptyf\/ acsoifonfukd acsívmoifh Æ Æ h onfukd vmapum e-udk t-ûyí NyD;aptyf\/ 3-o'´geufujkd yqkNd yD;vQif obm0teufukd jyjcif;iSg tydp-wenf;aomfum; onfukd (t|uxm q&m) qdtyfayonf/ (#Dum) þ#DumESitnD zH;vTr;wwfaomaMumifh t0dZmrnf\-[laom pum;rSm 0pew¬ o'´geuf k hf k f Æ r[kw?f qkvtyfaom obm0teufjzpfonf[k rSw&m\/ xdk obm0teufü y#dporkyg'fw&m;ESihf y#dporkyef d kd f ö Ü ö Ü w&m;wkYd ukd zH;vTr;jcif;onf pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk \ 0w¬KESihf tm½kwYdk ukd zH;vTr;jcif;jzifvnf; NyD;pD;onf[k k f H k f h #Dumü jyqd\/ k

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1-tvH;pHvnf;jzpfaom - [laompum;jzifh wpdwwa'ovnf;jzpfaom [kaygif;qnf;\/ tvHk;pHkvnf; k k f ocFwocFg& rnfonf? wpdwwydi;vnf; ocFwocFg&rnfonf[k qdv\/ aemufüvnf; þodYk aom pum;udk f k f k kd enf;wlyif odygav/ 2-ocFw uH pdwf Owk tm[m& paom qdi&mtaMumif;wkYd u aygif;pk nDñwí ûytyf - jzpfaptyfaom k f G f + ocFg& - ocFg&w&m; = ocFwocFg&qdi&m taMumif;wdYk u aygif;pknñwí ûytyfaom ocFg&w&m;/ k f D G f 3-tbd-a½S;½I ûybdouJoYkd + ocFw - ûytyfaom + ocFg& - ocFg&w&m; = tbdocFwocFg& h ighOpöm[k a½S;½Iûyovdyif uHuûytyfaom ocFg&w&m;? uHaMumifjh zpfaom avmuD0ygufEihf ur®Z½kyf w&m;rsm;yif k d S jzpfonf/ ,if;wdYk onf uHtaMumif;uûytyfaom ocFwocFg&yif jzpfjim;aomfvnf; uHu ighOpömtaetm;jzifh jzpfaptyfaomaMumifh xl;uJaom ocFw jzpfonf[aom tvkjd zifh t|uxmü ,if;wkYd ukd tbdocFwocFg&[k l txl;xkwí qdxm;onf/ (#Dum) f k

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1-tbdocF&Pu - a½S;½Iûywwfaom? 0g? txl;ojzifh ûywwfaom + ocFg& - ocFg&w&m; = tbdocFg&-a½S;½Iûywwfaom? 0g? txl;ojzifh ûywwfaom ocFg&w&m;? t0dZmypö,ocFg&ESihf t&wlyif jzpfonf/ Æ 2-ya,m* - ,SOaprI? 0g - tm;xkwrI + tbdocFg& - a½S;½IûyrI? 0g-txl;ûyrI = ya,m*gbdocFg& f f ud,Ewpwjf zifh tm;xkwr[aom ûyvkyr?I ud,Ewpwjf zifh aMumifMh uAsmyg& pdurI - tm;xkwryif jzpfonf/ k f I f d f I l f k f I f d k f f I

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1-þpum;jzifh ypö, - \teufukd t0dZmypö,m - yk'ü jycJonftwdi;od&ef? t0dZm-ESihf ypö,ormof Æ f h h k f Æ wGpyfouJoYkd ocFg&ponfEihf ormof wGpyfyrsm;udk od&efñejf yonf/ J h S J kH T 2-'kua0'emonf jzpfqEiwnfqü qif;&JapwwfaomaMumifh 2-yg; tjym;tm;jzifh wl;ûzdwwfonf[k © J S hf J qkdonf/

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1-þodkY (tus,f) o½kyftm;jzifh .... 29-yg;aom apwemwdYk jzpfMuayonf-[k pyfyg/ 2-wa,myd-ü tyd-udk aomfvnf;[k jyefxm;;onf? ,if;tyd-o'´gonf tjrwftrsm; a[myk'aemif f wnfvQif cs;ajr§mufjcif; orÇm0em teufukd xGe;jy\? ½Iwcsjcif; *&[mteufuvnf; aygif;qnf;,l\? D f f kd t,kwtenf;a[m yk'aemifwnfvQif *a&[mteufukd xGe;jy\? orÇm0emteufuvnf; aygif;qnf; ,l\? f f f kd þüum; oH;yg;[laom tenf;aemifwnfaomaMumifh oH;yg;tenf;i,frQom jzpfygonf[k *&[m teufukd k k jyNyD;vQi?f odYk aomfvnf; 29-yg; rsm;pGmvnf; jzpfygao;onf[k orÇm0emteufukd aygif;qnf; ,lonf/

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1-þygVdr&if;udk jyjcif;onf aemufü jyvwHaom tzGirsm;ESihf wduqiMf unf&ef jzpfonf/ l h hf k f kd h 2-a[wk-[dw-tjrpfrç ozG,f jzpfí + ypö,-aus;Zl;ûywwfonf = a[wk-ypö,-[dw-tjrpfrç f f ozG,jf zpfí aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;/ 3-0pem0,0-pum;\ tpdw-[k omrnqkxm;aomfvnf; Esm,usr;vm pum;\ tpdwftydkif; ig;yg; f d f vH;udk qdvonf r[kw?f xdk ig;yg;xJrS 'kw,jzpfaom (y#dnmudk NyD;apwwf axmufcwwfaom) taMumif;jy k k kd d H pum;udom qkvonf/ xkYd aMumifh #Dumü 0pem0,0 [laompum;udk om"et0,0udk &nfí qdonf[k k d dk k zGijhf yxm;ayonf/ Esm, usr;vmpum;\ tpdwtydi; ig;yg;udk okwyGg;&eftwGuf tusOf;csKyf xkwjf yOD;tH/ f f k f h pum;tacstwif ajymqkaomtcg todcufaomteufukd jyqdaomtcgwkYd ü tjcm;yk*Kd¾ vfrsm; ESpouf d k f vufcEiatmif 0pem0,0ac: pum;\ tpdwtydi; ig;yg;vH;udk jynfppm ajymqk&\/ ¤if;wkdYrSm H kd f f k f k h kH G d (1) y#dnm-rdr\ 0g'tjzpfjzifh 0efcwifjycsuf tqdwifjycsu?f d H k (2) a[wk - xdwifjycsuf rSeuefaMumif; odap&ef taMumif;jycsu?f k f (3) O'g[&P-ykwl Oyrmxkwjf ycsu?f H (4) Oye,-OyrmESihf Oyar,s ES;aESmaqmifuyfí jycsuf? D (5) ed*;-tqH;owf twnfûy qH;jzwfcsufwYdk yif jzpfonf/ kH k k yHpxwí jytHh k H k f (1) toHonf rNrJ? (y#dnm) (2) jzpfjcif;oabm ½SaomaMumif?h (a[wk) d (3) jzpfjcif;oabm ½Saom t&m[lorQonf tk;cGuuoYkd yif rNrJonf csnf;om? d d f hJ (O'g[&P) (4) xkYd twlyif toHonfvnf; jzpfjcif;oabm ½S\? (Oye,) d (5) xkYd aMumifh toHonf rNrJ? (ed*;) kH xkYd xuf xif½m;aom yHpwckukd xkwjf yOD;thH S k H (1) xdawmifü rD;½S\? (y#dnm) k d (2) (tb,faMumifenf;) rD;cd;½SaeaomaMumifwnf;? (a[wk) h h k d h (3) rD;ck;½S&m t&yfwi;rSm pzdtrüuJoYkd rD;½SpNrJyif? (O'g[&P) d d kd f k d f h d (4) xkYd twlyif xdawmifü rD;ck;½Saeonf? (Oye,) k d d (5) xkYd aMumifh xdawmifü rD;½SaMumif; od&ayonf/ (ed*;) k d kH þpum;tpdwf ig;yg;wdYk wif (1) y#dnmESihf (5) ed*;onf¤if;? (2) a[wkEihf (4) Oye,onf¤if; teuft& G kH S tm;jzifh wlnDvsuf½Sd\/ xkYd aMumifh xdig;yg;wkYd wif (1-ESifh 2)udk csefí (3-4-5)wkYd ukd jyqd½rQjzifvnf; k G k Hk h vHavmufonf? odYk r[kwf (4ESi5)udk csefí (1-2-3)wkYd ukd jyqd½rQjzifvnf; vHavmufonf-[k ,ckacwf k hf k Hk h k ynm½SwYdk u qdMk u\/ xdwivnf; (1-ESihf 2) onfomvQif ta&;tBuD;qH; jzpfonf/ xkYd aMumifyif avmuDusrf; d k G f k h

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1-taMumif;&if;jrpfr rlv teufoabm [lonfrm txyfxyfjzpfvsuf Mum½Snpm cdichH wnfwapaom S f G k f hH oabmowåyif jzpfonf? aemufü zGijhf yvwH/ d h

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1-a[wkypön;onf - ukovponf\ tjzpfukd NyD;apwwf\-[k pyfyg/ f kd f 2-a[kwypön;u rdraMumifh jzpfaom tusK;ypö,yef w&m;wdYk ukd rdruoYdkyif ukovponf\ tjzpfukd f d d k Ü d hJ kd f NyD;aponf-[k qkcygvQif - xdtqdtwdi; rSecygvQif-[k qdv\/ d hJ k k k f f hJ k kd 3-ygVdr&if;ü þyk'wif orÜ,w-o'´g ydkae[ef½Sd\/ taMumif;rlum; - MuOf&ef 0dy,w[w[í l f G k å Ü k f d f l r½SaomaMumif¤if;? r,SOaom[dwu aus;Zl; ûyavao;ovm;-[k oHo,jzpfz,f r½SaomaMumif¤if; d h f f G d h jzpfayonf/ xkYd aMumifyif xdk o'´grvdaMumif; odap&ef ¤if;udk þü vufonf;uGi;jzifh jyxm;onf/ h k f

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1-[dwEi,Oaom w&m;wdYk ü [dwaMumifh ukovponf tjzpfNyDonf-[k ukovf ponftjzpf f S hf S f f kd f kd NyD;aMumif; w&m;udk a&0wq&mwdYk ½SmBuHMuouJoYkd [dwwYkdüvnf; ukovponf tjzpfNyD;atmif aus;Zl;ûyaom h f kd f taMumif;w&m;udk ½Smoif½mxduaom tjypfa&mufonf-[k qdv\/ h S k f k kd 2-rlvteufoabmudk .... r,lrlí .... ,l (tyf)ygrl-[k pyfyg/ 3-a[wkypön;ü tusOf;rSwz,um; - avmbç a'goç arm[ç tavmbç ta'goç tarm[-[laom f f G f þ [dwf 6-yg;onf a[wkypön; rnf\/ xkd [dwwYdk Ei,Oaom o[dwpwf 71-yg;? arm[rla'GrS arm[ f f S hf S f f d MuOfaom apwoduf 52-yg;? o[dwpwaMumifh jzpfaom pdwZ½ky?f o[dwy#doaE¨ ur®Z½ky-þw&m;taygif; f d f å f f onf a[wkypön;\ ypö,yef rnf\/ f k Ü

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1-qGuiaom tm½k\ tjzpfjzifh - [laom teufonf tmvrÁwAÁbma0e - [laom #DumtzGiEitnD J kd f H d hf S hf jyefaomteuf jzpfonf/ xd#umtzGiukd axmufqMunfvQif tm&r®P - o'´gonf tmvrÁe-rS jzpfvmaMumif; k D hf h xif½Sm;\/ 2-a, a, "r®m OyÜZEdÅ pdwapwodum "r®m-[laom ygVdukd twdtus tjynftpHk jyefvQif ]]pdwçf Æ å h apwoduf w&m;[lueaom tMuiftMuif w&m;wkYd onf jzpfue\}} [lí jzpfonf/ odYk aomfvnf; xkoYkd k f k f d twdtus jyefvQif jrefrmpum; racsm½krQom ½Srnf/ teuf t"dyg,fum; rxl;jcm;/ xkYd aMumifh "r®m wyk'ukd csefí H d Ü f txufygtwdi; jyefxm;onf/ aemufüvnf; þodYk aom jyefcsufrsm;udk enf;wlyif rSwyg/ k f f

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1-tav;ûywwfaom pdwapwoduf - [lonfrSm avmbrlpdwf 8-ck? r[mukodkvfpdwf 8-ck? r[mBud,m f ÓPorÜ,wpwf 4-ck? avmukw&mpdwf 8-ck [laom þ pdwf 28-ckEihf (a'goç £ómç rpä&,ç ukuúKpöç k f d å S d 0dpupmç tyÜrnm MuOfaom) apwoduf 45-ckwYkd yif jzpfonf/ d d ä 2-t"dywdypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; .... t"dywdwyfcuf qE´ç 0D&,ç pdwçf 0Dro [laom 4-yg; f f G f kd d H wkYd wif wyg;yg;onf o[Zmwm"dywdypön; rnf\/ (arm[rl 2? [odwyg'f MuOfaom) t"dywd &cduf - &ae G f k Ü k jzpfaom om"dywdaZmpdwf 52-ck? xdpwwYdkEi,Oaom (0dpupmESihf t"dywdw&m;ud,f MuOfaom) apwoduf k d f S hf S f d d ä k 51-ck? om"dywdpwZ½kyf [laom þ pdwapwoduf ½kyw&m; taygif;onf o[Zmwm"dywd ypö,yef rnf\/ d å f f k Ü tav;tjrwf ûytyfaom £|jzpfaom ½kyf 18-ck? pdwf 84-ck? apwoduf 47-ck? edAmef [laom þw&m; Á taygif;onf tm&r®Pm"dywdypön; rnf\/ (ESm-61 rSwfcsuf 2-ü jycJaomw&m;rsm;yifjzpfonf/) tav;tjrwf f h ûywwfaom pdwf 28-ck? apwoduf 45-wkYd onf tm&r®Pm"dywdypö,yef rnf\/ (rSwcsuf 1-ü jycJaom k Ü f h w&m;rsm;yif jzpfonf)/

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1-oabmw&m; wyg;tm;jzifh tjcm;r½Sonf\ tjzpfonf teEÅ&ypön; rnf\/ umvtm;jzifh tjcm; d f r½Sdonf\ tjzpfonf oreEÅ&ypön; rnf\-þodYk ponfjzifh csJYí zGijhf yMuuke\/ f f

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1-te+r½Sd+tEÅ& - tjcm; tuG,f = teEÅ& - tjcm; r½Sonfjzpfí+ypö, - aus;Zl;ûywwfonf = d teEÅ&ypö, - tjcm;r½Sonf jzpfí aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;/ þ teEÅ&ypön;ü tusOf;csKyfrwz,um; d f S f G f a½S;a½S;tjcm;rJh pdwapwoduf taygif;onf teEÅ&ypön; rnf\/ aemufaemiftjcm;rJh pdwapwoduf f f f taygif;onf teEÅ&ypö,yef rnf\/ (½Sif;vif;csuf - &[EÅmwkYd \ pkwpwonf aemufq;pdwf jzpfaomaMumifh k Ü d d f kH a½S;a½S;pdw[k qdaom ypön;w&m;xJü ryg0if? aemufaemufpw[k qkaom ypö,yew&m;xJüom yg0ifonf)/ f k f d f d k Ü f

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1-oH-aumif;pGm + teEÅ& - tjcm;r½Sonfjzpfí + ypö, - aus;Zl;ûywwfonf = oreEÅ&ypö, d aumif;pGm tjcm;r½Sonfjzpfí aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;/ þodYk o'´grQom teEÅ&-rS xl;onf? oabm teuf d tvH;pHk teEÅ&-ESihf wl\/ k 2-o[ - ypö,yew&m;rsm;ESihf twlwuG - waygif;wnf; - wûydieuf + Zmw - jzpfí + ypö, k Ü f f aus;Zl;ûywwfonf = o[Zmw ypö,-wuGjzpfí aus;Zl;ûywwfoaom w&m;/

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1-ESm-65 rSwcsuf 3-twdi; jzpfonf/ f k f 2-þ o[Zmwypön;ü tusOf;csKyfrwz,um; f S f G f (1) pdwf 89-ck? apwoduf 52-ck y0wåd y#doaE¨ emrftE¨m 4-yg;onf tcsif;csif; o[Zmw ypön;vnf; rnf\? ypö,yevnf; rnf\/ f k Ü f (2) uvmyfwl r[mbkwf 4-yg;onf tcsif;csif; o[Zmw ypön;vnf; rnf\? ypö,yevnf; f k Ü f rnf\/ (3) yOöa0gum&y#doaE¨ emrfcE¨m 4-yg;ESihf [',0w¬Konf tcsif;csif; o[mZmw ypön;rnf\? f ypö,yevnf; rnf\/ k Ü f (4) t½ly0dyguf 4-ck? a'G yOö0nmPf - 10? &[EÅmwkYd \ pkwpwrS wyg;aom ½kyukd jzpfap d d d f f wwfonfh pdwf 75-ck? apwoduf 52-ck? y0wdå y#doaE¨ emrfcE¨m 4-yg;onf o[Zmw ypön; rnf\? xdk pdwapwoduf wkYd aMumifh jzpfaom pdwZ½kyonf y#doaE¨ ur®Z½kyonf f f å f f o[Zmw ypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü (5) r[mbkwf 4-yg;onf o[Zmwypön; rnf\? ,if;wkYd Eihf uvmyfwl Oyg'g½kyrsm;onf f S f o[Zmwypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü

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1-tnrn upön;ü tusOf;rSwz,onf o[Zmwü rSwz,f (1-2-3)wkYd Eihf wl\? o[Zmw f f G f f G S t&mü tnrn - [k vJxnf&efrQom xl;onf/ h 2-edó, ypönf;onf o[Zmwedó, yka&Zmwedó,tm;jzifh 2-yg; tjym;½Sd\/ xkdwGif o[Zmw edó,ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,onf o[Zmwü jycJaom rSwz,f 5-yg;ESihf wl\/ yka&Zmw edó,ü f G f h f G rSwz,tusOf;um; f G f (1) a½S;OD;tp twDwb0ifEitwl jzpfcí pu©K0dnmPf\ rS&mjzpfaom pu©m,weac: S hf hJ D pu©Kyom'½kyonf edó,ypön; rnf\? pu©K0dnmPfpwEihf apwoduf (7) yg;onf f f d f S edó,ypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü (2-3-4-5) a½S;OD;tp twDwb0ifEihf twljzpfcí aomw0dnmPfç Cme0dnmPfç Zd0g0dnmPfç S hJ S um,0dnmPf wdYk \ rS&mjzpfaom aomwm,weç Cme,weç Zd0g,weç um,m,we D S ac: yom'½kyf 4-yg;onf edó,ypön;rnf\? aomw0dnmPfç Cme0dnmPfç f Zd0g0dnmPfç um,0dnmPfEihf ,SObuf apwoduf (7) yg;onf edó,ypö,yef rnf\/ S S f k Ü (6) y#doaE¨pwpaom a½S;a½S;tjcm;rJpwEihf twljzpfcaom [', - 0wåK½kyfonf edó, d f h d f S hJ ypön; rnf\? yXrb0if tp½Sdaom (t½ly0dyguf 4-ckrS wyg;aom) raem0dnmP "mwfç f raem"mwfac: aemufaemuf pdwapwoduonf edó,ypön; rnf\/ pkawcgeD;ürl f f f pkwpwrS a½S; 17-ckajrmuf pdwEitwl jzpfcaom [',-0w¬K½kyu edó, ypön;? pkwd d d f f S hf hJ f f wdiatmif 16-ckaom pdwEi,Obuf apwodutaygif;u edó,ypö,yef jzpfao;\/ k f f S hf S f f k Ü

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1-awoH tm&r®aPok - [k ½Saom rlut& jyefxm;aomteuf jzpfonf/ xkoYkd jyefrS xd-[laom d JG d k pum;jzifh a½S;0gusü qdcNhJ yD;aom pdwapwoduwYdk ukd pGrí o'´genf;t& oifavsmfayonf/ k f f J d h 2-þ tm&r®Pyedó,ü tusOf; rSwz,onf tm&r®Pm"dywdü rSwz,Eihf wl\/ l f G f f G f S

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1-,if;ypönf; 2-yg;wdkYwGif .... teEÅ&ypönf;\ vmjcif;aMumifh .... teEŽ yedó,ypön;\vmjcif;aMumifh l f - [k pyfyg/ 2-þ teEŽyedó,ü rSwz,f tusOf;csKyfonf teEÅ&ü rSwz,Eihf wl\/ l f G f G f S

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1-ukovçf tukovf 0dyguf Bud,m ½kyf Owk abmZOf yk*Kd¾ vf ausmif; tdy&m ae&m wpHwckukd pGrí kd kd f k J DS ukovponf jzpfyg;vQif pGr&m ukovponfu yuwlyedó,ypön;? pGríjzpfaom ukovçf tukovf 0dyguf kd f G J DS kd f f J DS kd kd Bud,m pdwapwoduf emrfcE¨mu yuwlyedó,ypö,yef jzpfonf/ f k Ü

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1-0w¬Kyka&Zmwç tm&r®P yka&Zmw 2-yg;wdYk wif 0w¬Kyka&Zmwü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,onf G f G f yka&Zmwedóü jycJaom rSwz,f (1-2-3-4-5-6) wkYd Eihf wl\/ tm&r®Pyka&Zmwü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; h f G S f G f (1) a½S;OD;tp twDwb0if;ESitwl jzpfcí yOö'g&0ZÆe; yOö0nmPf tp½Saom yOö'g&du pdwf hf hJ G f d d G apwoduf wkYd \ tm½kHjzpfaom ½lyg½kHç o'´g½kHç*E¨m½kHç azm|AÁm½kHwkdYonf yka&Zmwypönf; rnf\/ xdk tm½kHwkdYudk tm½kHûyí jzpfaom yOö'g&du pdwapwodutaygif;onf yka&Zmw G f f ypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü (2) a½S;OD;tp twDwb0ifEihf twl jzpfcí raem'Gg&0ZÆe;aZm w'g½kwYkd \ tm½kjH zpfaom edyE½yf S hJ f H æ é k 18-ck [laom tm½kH 6-yg;onf yka&Zmwypön; rnf\? xdk tm½kHudk tm½kHûyí jzpfaom f raem'Gg&0ZÆe;aZm w'g½kH pdwapwoduf taygif;onf ypö,yef rnf\/ f f k Ü 2-þü {uZum, - [lonfrm y#doaE¨pw\ Oyg'fcPü jzpfaom ur®Z½kytaygif;udk xdk cPtwGuf S d f f ac:tyfaom trnfjzpfonf? y#doaE¨ pdw\ XDcPrSpí OwkZ½kytaygif;ESiwuG 'GZum, jzpfvmonf? yXr f f hf d b0ifpwf jzpfay:aomtcg y#doaE¨cPu jzpfcaom ,if; 'GZum,tm; yXrb0if pdwapwoduf taygif;u d hJ d f ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy axmufy\/ xdk yXrb0iftcduü pdwZ½kytaygif;ESiwuG wdZum, jzpfvm\? hH k f å f hf xkYd aMumifh 'kw,b0ifrpí wdZum,tm; 'kw,b0if ponfu ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy axmufy\/ d S d hH umravmuü tm[m&Z½kyf jzpfay:aomtcg aemufaemuf pdwapwoduf taygif;u pwkZum,tm; ypämZmw f owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûyaxmufy\/ eda&m"ormywfrS xaomtcg umravmuü wdZum,tm;? ½lyavmuü hH 'GZum,tm; tem*grdzvf t&[wåzvf pdwapwoduf taygif;u ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûyaxmufy\/ d kd kd f Hh odYk jzpfí {uZum,tm; toD;tjcm; ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûyaxmufyjhH cif; rnfonf r½Say/ odYk aomfvnf; d yXrb0ifponfu 'GZum, wdZum,tm; ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûy&mü y#doaE¨pw\ Oyg'fcPu d d f jzpfcaom {uZum,onfvnf; ypämZmw-ypö,yetjzpfjzifh yg0ifay\? xdoYkd yg0ifaomaMumif¤if;? y#doaE¨ hJ k Ü f k h pdw\ Oyg'fcPü {uZum, ½SaMumif; odapvdk xif½m;apvdaomaMumif¤if; þt&mü {uZum,udk a½S;q&m f d S k h wdYk xnfoi; azmfjyMuonf jzpf&m\/ y|mef; t|uxmürl umravmuü pwkork|medu½kytm;? ½lyavmuü h G f f wdork|medu½kytm; ypämZmwowåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûyaMumif;rQom jyqdonf/ f k

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1-þvufonf;uGi; twGi;½Sd teufonf jynfr0o'r*feó,ü ]]ukovm'dbma0e twåem o'doó f f l d k d¨ d ya,ma*e u&PD,ó ykeyÜKeH u&PH y0wåe}H } [laom #Dumudk jrefrmjyefum aqmifí jyaomteuf jzpfonf/ xdt&mü (ukovponf\tjzpfjzifh ypön;jzpfaom rdrEiwonfjzpfí? 0g? wlaom ypö,yef w&m;\? 0g? wlpm k kd f f d S hf l k Ü G ya,m*jzifh ûyoifaom udpukd tzefzefûyjcif; jzpfapjcif; [laom)[k jyefvQivnf; oifouJoYkd ½S\/ xkdodkY h ö f h h d jyef&mü ypö,yew&m;\ rS0jJ cif;udk &aomaMumifh ]]rS0apjcif; - txHk&apjcif;}} [l&müvnf; ]rS0jJ cif;-txH&jcif;}} k Ü f D D J D k - [k jyif&vdrrnf/ t"dyg,frm xdoYkd txH&atmif aus;Zl;ûyonf - [k ,l&m\/ hf Ü S k k 2-þvufonf;uGi; twGi;½Sd teufonfvnf; ]]twåo'doobm0wm - yg'eH 0goeH 0g}} [laom f f #Dumt& jyefqaom teufjzpfonf/ dk 3-þvufonf;uGi; twGi;½Sd teufrmrl (twåo'doobm0wmyg'eH) [laom tzGit& ay:vGif f f S hf xif½m;atmif jyefqaomteuf jzpfonf/ S kd 4-txH&apjcif;oabmjzifh .... aus;Zl;ûywwfaom - [k pyfyg/ k

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1-þtmao0eypön;ü tusOf;csKyfrwz,um; - a½S;a½S;tjcm;rJh jzpfaom avmuDaZm 47-ckonf f S f G f tmao0eypön; rnf\/ aemufaemuf tjcm;rJjh zpfaom r*faZm 4-ckEiwuG ,if;avmuDaZm 47-ckonf f S hf tmao0eypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü 2-þ 0g-wenf;jyaom 'kw,teufonf ud&,bma0e - ü bm0-udk obm0 a[m,lí jyefxm;aom d d teuf jzpfonf/

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1-þ ur®ypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; f f G f (1) ukovf tukovuH apwemonf ememu©Pu ur®ypön; rnf\? xku\ tusKd;jzpfaom kd kd f d f d H 0dyguf pdwapwoduEihf ur®Z½kyonf ememu©Puur®ypö,yef rnf\/ f f S f d k Ü (2) apwem 89-ckonf o[Zmwur®ypön; rnf\? ,SObufpwf 89-ck? apwoduf 51-ck? f f d pdwZ½kyf y#doaE¨ur®Z½kyonf o[Zmwur®ypö,yef rnf\/ å f k Ü 2-þ0daooemyk'rsm;onf ed½óa[m oEÅbma0g - [laom #DumESitnD oEÅ - Nidroufonf\ f k hf f 0daooe r[kw?f bm0-tjzpf\ 0daooemrsm; jzpfonf/ xdYk aMumifh Asmyg&uif;aom Nidroufjcif;-[k qdv\/ f k kd 3-Nidroufonf\ tjzpfjzifh .... aus;Zl;ûywwfaom-[k pyfyg/ f

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1-þ0dyguypön;ü tusOf;csKyfrwz,um; - 0dygufpwf 36-ck? apwoduf 38-ckonf 0dyguypön; f S f G f d f rnf\? ,SObuf pdwapwodutaygif;ESihf pdwZ½kyf y#doaE¨ur®Z½kyonf 0dyguypö,yef rnf\/ f f f å f k Ü 2-tm[m&Z½kyf ponfwYdk ukd jzpfapwwfaomfvnf; axmufywwfonf\tjzpf-axmufyronf tm[m& hH hH I w&m;wdYk \ jy"mef;aomudpö jzpfonf? xkYd aMumifh ½kyemrfwYdk tm; axmufywwfonf\ tjzpfjzif-[k qdonf/ f hH h k (#Dum) 3-pm;zG,onf rpm;rDu tvkytavGY r[kwao;? pm;aomtcg tvkytavGYûyí pm;&onf? xkYd aMumifh f f f f ygVdenf;t& rlvutwdi; r[kwawmhyJ wjzpfajymif;vJjcif; teufü uAV-aemif þ-ypön;ESiwuG uAVDum&k f f f hf [k yk'Nf yD;onf? xky'Nf yD;yktm;avsmfpm (tvkytavGY r[kwaomfvnf; tvkytavGYuoYkd ûytyfaom)[k teuf d k H G f f f hJ jyefonf? qkv&if;rSm pm;aomuftyfaom - [líyif qdv\/ d dk k kd 4-þü wdZum,-[lonfrm yXrqH;tBudrf tm[m&u axmufyaom tcgü¤if;? eda&m"ormywf S k hH 0ifpm;cdkufü¤if; ½Sdaom ½kyftaygif;udk ,ltyf\/

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1-þtm[m&ypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; f f G f (1) pwkork|medujzpfaom MoZmonf tm[m&ypön; rnf\? uvmyfwMl oZmrS wyg;aom f pwkork|medu½kytaygif;onf tm[m& ypö,yernf\/ f k Ü f (2) zó apwem 0dnmPf[k qktyfaom emrftm[m&w&m; 3-yg;onf tm[m&ypön; rnf\? d f ,SObuf pdwapwoduf pdwZ½kyf y#doaE¨ur®Z½kyonf tm[m&ypö,yef rnf\/ f f å f k Ü 2-ckca`E´ 'kua`E´wYdkonf ½kyukd rjzpfapwwfaom um,0dnmPfEiom ,SOaomaMumifh ,SObufemrf d © f S hf f f tm;omvQif aus;Zl;ûywwfonf/

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1-o½kyftm;jzifh 8-yg; [lonfrm Zd0w pdwa0'em o'¨g 0D&, owd {u*¾wm ynm-[laom þ½Spfyg; S d f d yif jzpfonf/ xdwif a0'emrS okc 'ku© aomreó Oayu©m-[k 5-yg;jym;aomaMumif¤if;? ynmrS ynda`E´ k G h tenmwnómrDwa`E´ tnmwm0da`E´-[k 4-yg;jym;aomaMumif¤if; £a`E´tjym;tm;jzifh 15-yg; jzpfonf/ d h 2-þ£a`E´,ypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; d f f G f (1) a½S;OD;tp twDwb0ifEihf jzpfcí yOö0nmPf\ rS&mjzpfaom yom'½kyf £a`E´ ig;yg;onf S hJ d D yka&Zmwd`E´,ypön; rnf\? yOö0nmPfEihf ,SObufapwoduf (7)yg;onf yka&Zmwd`E´, d f d S f d ypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü (2) ZD0w½kyonf ½lyZD0w`d E´,ypön;rnf\? uvmyfwtjcm; ur®Z½kytaygif;onf ½lyZd0w`d E´, d f d d f l f d d ypö,yef rnf\/ k Ü (3) ZD0w pdwf a0'em o'¨g 0D&, owd {u*¾wm ynm[laom emrf£a`E´wYdkonf o[Zmwd`e´, d d d ypön; rnf\? ,SObuf pdwf apwoduf taygif;ESihf pdwZ½kyf y#doaE¨ur®Z ½kyonf f f å f o[Zmwd`E´, ypö,yef rnf\/ d k Ü

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-aus;Zl;ûywwfukefaom .... psmeif (....)wkdYonf-[k pyfyg/ 2-a0'em ig;yg;wkYd wif okcESi'uonf pifppf psmeifr[kwaomaMumifh txufygtwdi; csefxm;&ef G hf k © f k f qkayonf? ,if;odYk qdjk cif;jzifyif yOö0nmPfEi,Oaom Oayu©m {u*¾wmwkYd uvnf; psmeif r[kw[oaponf/ d h d S hf S f kd f k d odYk aomf ,if;Oayu©mESihf {u*¾wmwdYk onfum; tjcm;pdwwYkdEihf ,SOcuü psmeifjzpfMuao;\? xkYd aMumifh f S f kd f ,if;wdYk uum; csefxm;&ef þt&mü rqkay/ r*¾ypön; tqH;üum; jyvwH/ kd d f k h 3-þü tvH;pH[aom pum;jzifh ukovpaom tjym; tvH;pHuom qdvonf? pdwKå yÜg'f tvH;pHü w&m; k k l kd f k k kd k kd k k wdYk uum; qdvonfr[kw/ kd k kd f 4-þpsmeypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; - a'GyOö0nmPfü a0'em {u*¾wmrS wyg;aom 0dwuf 0dpm& f f G f d yDwd a0'em {u*¾wm [laom psmeifw&m;wkYd onf psmeypön;rnf\? ,SObuf pdwf 79-ck? apwoduf 52-ck? f f pdwZ½kyf y#doaE¨ur®½ yonf psmeypö,yef rnf\/ å k f k Ü

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1-2-or®'|tp½Saom or®mr*¾ionf trSetm;jzifh xGuajrmufaMumif; jzpf\? rdpm'd|tp½Saom d d d f f f ä d d rdpmr*¾ionf trSm;tm;jzifh xGuajrmufaMumif; jzpf\/ þü ed,sme-xGuajrmufaMumif; [lonfrmvnf; ä f f f S olYqi&m udpö NyD;pD;xajrmufaMumif;udyif qkonf/ 0#frS xGuajrmufaMumif;[k qdvonf r[kw?f þtcsufukd kd f k d f k kd txl;owdûytyf\/ 3-r*¾if 12-yg; [lonfrm or®m'd|d or®mouFyÜ or®m0gpm or®ur®EÅ or®mtmZD0 or®m0g,mr or®mowd S ® or®morm"d-[laom or®mr*¾if (8)yg;ESihf rdpm'd|d rdpmouFyÜ rdpm0g,mr rdpmorm"d-[laom rdpmr*¾if 4-yg; ä ä ä ä ä wdYk yif jzpfonf/ rdpm0gpm-ur®E-tmZD0ESihf rdpmowdwYdk rm w&m;ud,f oD;jcm;r½S?d xkoYkd aom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh ä Å ä S k d jzpfaom tukovapwemESihf tukovpwåKyÜg'frQom jzpfonf/ xkYd aMumifh "r®o*FPygVd "r®Ka'´o0g&ü¤if;? kd f kd f D þr*¾ypön;t&mü¤if; xdk rdpmr*¾if 4-yg;udk rjyjcif;jzpfonf/ f ä

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1-þ r*¾ypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um;-ynm 0dwuf or®m0gpm-ur®EÅ - tmZD0 0D&, owd orm"d f f G f d rdpm'd|d - [laom r*¾iw&m;ud,f 9-yg;onf r*¾ypön; rnf\/ xdk r*¾i;wkYd Eihf ,SOaom o[dwpwf 71-ck? ä f k f f S f f d apwoduf 52-ck? o[dwpwZ½kyf o[dwy#doaE¨ur®Z½kyf þw&m; taygif;onf r*¾ypö,yef rnf\/ f d å f k Ü 2-orÜ,wtjzpf [lonfrm ,SOonf[k qd&jcif; - od&jcif;\ taMumif;jzpfonf/ xkYd aMumifh wnf&m k f S f k wljcif; paom 4-yg;wkdYudk orÜ,kwft*Fg[k ac:onf/ 3-þorÜ,wypön;ü tusOf;csKyf rSwz,um; - pdwf 89-ck? apwoduf 52-ck (y0wåd y#doaE¨ emrf k å f f G f w&m;taygif;)onf tcsif;csif; orÜ,wypön;vnf; rnf\? ypö,yevnf; rnf\/ k å f k Ü f 4-wnf&mwljcif;ponf r½Saomtm;jzifh .... aus;Zl;ûywwfaom-[k pyfyg/ qdvonfrm wnf&mwljcif; d k kd S paom orÜ,wvu©Pm uif;aom tm;jzif?h 0g? waygif;wnf; a&m,Sujf cif;r½Saom tm;jzifh aus;Zl;ûyonf? k f d ra&mr,SuyJ aus;Zl;ûyonf-[k qkv\/ f d kd

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1-þ0dy,wypön;ü o[Zmw yka&Zmw[k 3-rsKd;½S&mwGif o[Zmw0dy,wåü rSwom;zG,f tusOf; Ü k å f d Ü f csKyfonf o[ZmwtusOf;csKyf rSwz,f (3? 4) tyd'Eiw\/ ypämZmw0dy,wü rSwz,f tusOf;csKyfonf f G k f S hf l Ü k å f G ypämZmw rSwz,Eihf wl\/ yka&Zmw0dy,wü rSwz,f tusOf;csKyfonf yka&Zmw edó, rSwz,tusOf; (1? f G f S Ü k å f G f G f 2? 3? 4? 5? 6) tyd'EiwYdk Eihf wl\/ k f S hf S

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1-½SdaeqJ\tjzpfjzifh .... aus;Zl;ûywwfaom - [k pyfyg/

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1-þü pu©K-rS 0w¬K-wdkifatmif 11-yg;onf 0dyóemtm; aus;Zl;ûyaom tm&r®Pyka&Zmww¬d ypön; f jzpfonf? xkYd aemif ½lyESihf o'´onf 'dApu©K - 'dAaomw tbdnmOftm; aus;Zl;ûyaom ypön; jzpfonf? xkYd aemif Á Á f ½lyg,wepaom ig;yg;onf pu©K0dnmPfponftm; aus;Zl;ûyaom tm&r®Pyka&Zmwwdypön; jzpfonf? xkYd aemif ¬ f pu©m,wepaom 0w¬K½kyf 6-yg;onf pu©K0dnmPfponftm; aus;Zl;ûyaom 0w¬K yka&Zmww¬ypön; jzpfonf/ d f 2-þtw¬ypön;ü usOf;csKyf rSwz,um;-(1) o[Zmww¬onf o[ZmwESiw\? (2) yka&Zmww¬onf d f f G f d hf l d yka&ZmwESihf wl\? (3) ypämZmww¬onf ypämZmwESihf wl\? (4) tm[m&w¬onf uAVDum& tm[m&ypön;ESihf d d f wl\? (5) £`E´,w¬onf ½lyZD0w`d E´,ESihf wl\/ d d d d

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1-þü yXrteufonf jrefrmq&m tpOftquf ay;½k;teuf jzpfonf? y#d - rdrukd twlûyí - rdroYkd d d d twkvuí + OyÜEmeH - jzpfueaom - y#KyÜEmeH rdroYkd twkvuí jzpfueaom/ 'kw,teufrm y#KyÜEmeEÅd kd f é k f é d kd f k f d S é ypöKyÜEmeH-[k zGijhf yaom y|mef;t|uxm - r[m#DumwdYk EitnD jyefaom teuf jzpfonf/ é S hf 2-ew¬ypön;onf teEÅ&ypön;ESihf wl\/ d f f 3-0d*wypön;onfvnf; teEÅ&ypön;ESihf wl\/ f f

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1-t0d*wypön;onf tw¬ypön;ESihf wl\/ f d f 2-yknmeH - yk'\ jrefrmjyef jzpfaomaMumifh ygVdEihf wdusaom teufukd ,lvu ,lEi&eftwGuf f S kd kd f tbdocFg&-[laom teufyukd vufonf;uGi;jzifh jyxm;onf/ odYk aomf ya&oH-ESihf ypärmeH - yk'wYdk \ teufü kd f d f tbdocFg&-[laom y"meteuf rygvQif ravsmfaomaMumifh xdt&mwdYk üum; ,if;teufukd vufonf;uGi;jzifh k f rjyyJ azmfxm;onf/

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1-tjynftpHqvvQif tm&r®Pypön;owåjd zif¤if;-[k a½S;üuJoYkd owåygxnfí qdyg/ aemufüvnf; h k kd kd f h h d h k enf;wlyif rSwyg/ f 2-t0dZmonf-[laom uwåm;udk aus;Zl;ûy\-[laom Bud,myk'wYdk Eihf pyfyg/ Æ f S

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1-uðye 0wåA-[laom #DumtzGiEitnD uðye-\ teufjzpfonf? qkoifh ajzoifaom pum;r½Sao;? HÁ hf S hf d h d þrQqdvQif b,fvtajzudrQ ray;Edi[k qdv\/ k dk k k f k kd 2-þvufonf;uGi; twGi;½Sd pum;rsm;onf ]]tb,fukd qdoiftenf;}} [laom a½SYpum;jzifh qdvaom f f k h hH k dk tcsursm;udk xkwazmfjyaom pum;rsm; jzpfonf/ xkYd aMumifh #Dumü ]]torwåm aw apm'em? t0od|Oö wm0 f f uax[Dwd 0kwHå a[mwd}}[k xkwazmfjyxm;ayonf/ xdk jyqdcsufuyif ,lí þü azmfjyxm;jcif; jzpfonf/ f k kd

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1-þ0gusü wm0 - a½S;OD;pGm[laom pum;onf ygVdü aus;Zl;rsm;aomfvnf; jrefrmüum; þt&mwGif tusKd;r½S½rQru pyf[yf,&ef cufonf/ xkYd aMumifh xdwm0 - yk'ukd þü rjyyJ >cif;csexm;onf/ d Hk l k f f

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1-t0dZm[laom taMumif;aMumifh ocFg&wkYd jzpfMuonf - [laom pum;&yfü wckaom taMumif;jyjcif; Æ udk (ûytyf\)? ocFg&[laom taMumif;aMumifh 0dnmPfjzpfonf [laom pum;&yfü wckaom tusK;jyjcif;udk d (ûytyf\) þodYk aomenf;jzifh xdxt&mü wckwckaom taMumif;tusK; jyjcif;udk ûytyf\/ (#Dum) k kd d 2-þ aemuf0gusjzifh a½S;0gusudk zGijhf yonf/ qdv&if;rSm a½S;0gusü taw¬m - tusKd; [lonfrm k kd S taMumif;aMumifh jzpfay:aom zv-tusKd;r[kw?f pD;yGg;Opöm ponfvnf; r[kw?f ya,mZe - ya,mZOf ac:aom xkoYkdjyqdjk cif;jzifh odapvdtyfaom &nf½,onftusKd; aus;Zl;om jzpfonf[k odap\/ d k G f h 3-þ[dwy'wYdk ukd jyawmfr\-[laom Bud,myk'Eihf pyfyg/ f k f l f S 4-zótm;avsmpm a0'emudk ydi;jcm;qH;jzwfjcif;aMumifh - [l&mü ]]&[ef;wkYd ? okca0'em\ taMumif; f G k f k jzpfaom zó-tm½kawGYrukd pGí okca0'em jzpfay:onf}} þodYk tp½Saom pum;&yfjzif¤if;? ]]rsufpu¤if; H I J d h d kd tqif;wdYk u¤if; pGí jrifor-pu©K0dnmPf jzpfay:onf? rsufptqif; jrifor[aom oH;yg;wdYk \ awGYqjkH cif;onf kd J d I d d I l k zóaywnf;? 0g? oH;yg;wkYd \ awGYqjkH cif;aMumifh zó jzpfay:onf? zó [laom taMumif;aMumifh a0'emjzpfay: k onf}} þodYk tp½Saom pum;&yfjzif¤if;? (ydi;jcm;qH;jzwfjcif;aMumif-ü pyf) okca0'emjzpfaMumif; zóponf d h k f k h pu©Koræó ponftm;avsmpm okca0'em ponfEihf pu©KoræóaMumifh jzpfaom a0'emponfwYdkukd ydi;jcm; f G S k f qH;jzwfjcif;aMumifh ([k qdv\)/ xif½m;aptH?h rsuptqif; ponfwYdk wlnMD uaomf(vnf;) zó\tpGr;tm;jzifh k k kd S f d f okcponf\ ajymif;vJrI r½Sjd cif; aMumif¤if;? tqif;wdYk Eihf ESv;oGi;rIponfwYdk wlnMD uaomf wducujf cif;\ h S kH f k f kd tpGr;tm;jzifh pu©Koræó aMumifjh zpfaom a0'emponf\ ajymif;vJrI r½Sjd cif;aMumif¤if;? tjcm;taMumif;wkYd \ f h wlnjD cif; ½Saomfvnf; zó\tpGr;tm;jzifh okcpaom a0'em pu©KoræóZ-paom a0'emwkYd \ MoVm&du d f okcr ponf (tjzpf)jzifh a&m,SurI r½Sjd cif;aMumif¤if;-þonfum; ]]zótm;avsmfpm a0'emudk ydi;jcm; k f h G k f qH;jzwfjcif;aMumif}h }-[laom pum;\ qdvaom teufaywnf;/ ,ckyif qdtyfcaom zó\ (taMumif;tjzpfk k kd k hJ üpyf) okcponfwYdk\ razmufrjyef rSeuefaom taMumif;tjzpfonfyifvQif a0'emtm;avsmpm zóudk ydi;jcm; f f G k f qH;jzwfjcif; rnf\? wenf; taMumif; tusKd;txl;jzifh tusKd; taMumif; txl;udk qH;jzwfjcif; jzpf&onf? k k xkYd aMumifh (a0'emudk ydi;jcm;jcif;ç zóudk ydi;jcm;jcif; [laom) 2-XmevH;wkYd üvnf; qH;jzwfjcif;udk ydi;jcm;jcif; k f k f k k k f [lí qd(tyf) ayonf/ (#Dum) k

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1-jynfreó,üvnf; þt&mü þtwdi;yif teufjyefxm;onf/ a½S;ü aus;Zl;ûyyHukd tus,f l d k f k ½Si;jycJNh yD; jzpfaomaMumif¤if;? aemufü aus;Zl;ûyyHukd rjyyJ taMumif;jzpfyuom jyvwHh jzpfaomaMumif¤if; f h k kH kd h ocFg&wkYd \ taMumif;tjzpfukd apm'emjcif;om oifonf? aus;Zl;ûyjcif;udk apm'em&efvnf; roif?h aemufü h ajz½Si;&efvnf; roih/ f f 2-oabmw&m;wkYd \ .... taMumif;onf-[k pyfyg/ jynfrledó,tvdtm;jzifh ]]oabmw&m;wdYk tm; k qefYusionf rlvnf;jzpfaom rqefYusionf rlvnf;jzpfaom wlonfrvnf; jzpfaom rwlonfrvnf; jzpfaom f f l l ypön;onf? 0g? aus;Zl;ûywwfaom w&m;onf xif\? 0g? NyD;pD;\}}[k jyef&m\/ þüum; ½Si;vif; jywfom; f f ap&ef tvdYk ig ypöa,myk'ukd 0d½a'¨gpaom 4-yk'v;ESihf ,SOí qefYusifaom taMumif;onf¤if; - ponfjzifh S f k f kH f jyefxm;onf/

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1-tvif;onf odjcif;udpr½S?d pu©K0dnmPfonf odjcif;udp½\? þodYk qefYusifonf/ (#Dum) ö ö dS (#Dum) 2-wifvponfwYdk rm rl;,pfapjcif; udpr½S?d t&ufrm rl;,pfapjcif; udp½\? þodYk qefYusifonf/ J S ö S ö dS 3-taMumif;tusKd; 2-yg;vH; wnf½qcsnf;jzpfí rqefYusif - [k qdonf/ (#Dum) k dS J k 4-EGm;arG;ESihf od;arG;wdYk onf aeZmjruf\ taMumif;jzpfonf? xdtarG;wkYd pka0;&mt&yfü aeZmjruf k k aygufwwfonf [l\/ t0d-o'´gonf od;udk a[m\? xkYd aMumifh t0davmrudk od;arG;[k jyefonf/ odYk aomf k k tEk#umü t0Dwd p &wåm {Vum-[k zGiaomaMumifh qdwukd qdonf[ívnf; ,lz,½\/ odYk &mwGif {VumD hf f k l G f dS yk'uvnf; qdwa[mr[kw?f od;a[myif jzpfaomaMumifh qdw[k jyef&ef roifay/ xkYd jyif om;csKonf jrm;jruf\ f f k f h d taMumif;? EdYk "rf; ESr;rIeYf wYdkonf jrufeYH om\ taMumif; ponf - t&tm;jzifh arSmonf [if;EkE,\ taMumif;? f G f jrnf;ESijhf rif;ronf vm;jrif;\ taMumif;jzpfonf? þodYk ponfu,/ (#Dum) kd l

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1-aovke;jzpfí .... onfrcHEiaom vl\-[k pyfyg/ D h kd f 2-jyif;xefueaom .... a0'emwnf;[laom "m;wkYd \-[k pyfyg/ k f 3-a½S;y#dnmOf 0gusü ]]vl\ pkwd y#doaE¨}}[k qkcaomaMumifh þü to[EÅó -udk onf;rcHEiaom d hJ kd f vl\-[k azmfí jyefonf/ vl\-[laom xdy'ukd ud,ü-[laom yk'Eihf pyfyg/ k k f k f f S 4-þü yXrteufonf ed½a'¨o-[laom ygXft& twdtus jyefaom teufjzpfonf? vlYavmuü k k aocgeD;rSm trsm;tm;jzifh rsufpd ponfu tvsif csKyfz,½\? xdtrsm;csKyf[efukd qdonf[k ,lvQif twdtus G f dS k k jyefaom xdteuf oif&m\/ odYk aomf yOö'g&0Dxaemif pkwjd zpfyukd jyaompum;wkYd Eihf rqefYusifap&ef #DumwkYd ü k h G d kH S ]]tvGeEYk pm jzpfjcif;odYk a&mufonfukd &nfí qkonf}}[k zGijhf yxm;MuonfEihf nDapvkaomaMumifh ]]csKyfuef f H G d S d k ouJoYkd jzpfvwfaomf}}[k 'kw, teufukd xyfqifí jyxm;onf/ h d h 5-0dnmPfonf .... tm½kHûyí jzpf\-[k pyfyg/ 6-wyg;yg;aom .... uHudk-[k pyfyg/

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1-0dnmPfudk .... ñGwfap\ .... ypfcsuke\-[k pyfyg/ f 2-þ[dwukd t0dZmu zH;uG,-ESi¤if;? wPSmu ñGwap-ESifh¤if; pyfyg/ f Æ k f hf f 3-o[ZmwocFg&wkYd [lonfum; pkwteD; aZm0dnmPfEiwuG jzpfueaom apwemwkYd d S hf k f wenf;tvH;pHvnf; jzpfueaom zótp½Saom w&m;wkYd aywnf;/ (#Dum) þ#DumESitnD k k k f d hf aZm0dnmPfEiwuG jzpfueaom apwemwkYd ukd okYd r[kwf xdk aZm0dnmPfwYdk EiwuG jzpfaom zó S hf k f S hf apwoduwYdk ukd ocFg&[k qdonf? xdk ocFg&wkYd u pdw0nmPfukd y#doaE¨\ wnf&mjzpfaom uH f k f d tm½kü ypfcsMuonf - ypfcsMuouJoYkd jzpfMuonf-[lí odtyf\/ H h aywnf;? pkwteD; d tp½Saom d tp½Saom d

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1-þOyrm pum;jzifh a½S;b0rS w&m;rsm; ajymif;a½TYrvmyHukd EIi;,SOí odap\/ odYk aomf þpum;udk k d f f oabmayguf em;vnf&ef cuf\/ xkYd aMumifh #DumzGiyukd xkwjf yOD;th/ a[mEÅd tnMw t*EÉ-[lonfum; hf kH H rlvtoH tp½Saom taMumif;\ t&yfoYkd roGm;-ra&mufrí taMumif;½Sue\? (tb,faMumifh qkaomf) xdk d l d k f d jzpfay:onfrS a½S;ü r½Sao;jcif;aMumifh aywnf;/ þtwlyif þ y#doaE¨0nmPfonfvnf; taMumif;\ t&yfoYkd d d roGm;-ra&mufrí xdk t0dZmtp½Saom taMumif;aMumifh jzpf\? (tb,faMumifh qdaomf) xdk jzpfay:onfrS a½S;ü l Æ d h k r½Sao;jcif;aMumifaywnf;/ xdYk aMumifh þy#doaE¨0nmPfonf taMumif;\ t&yfjzpfaom a½S;b0rS þb0odYk d h d vmcJonf r[kw?f (Oyrm) yJwifoH ponfwYdkonf rlv&if; toHponf\ t&yfrS rvmukeouJoYkd yifwnf;? xdk h h f h a½S;b0ü (NyD;cJaom) taMumif;ESiuif;í jzpfonfvnf; r[kw/ (Oyrm) rlv&if;toH ponfEiuif;í yJwifoH h hf f S hf h ponfwYdk rjzpfMuouJoYkd yifwnf;/ þum; teuf/ wenf;um;-a[mEÅd tnMw t*EÉm-[lonfum; rjzpfao;rD h a½S;umvü taMumif;\ t&yfü pka0;wnf½aeNyD;vQif xdt&yfrS wyg;aom t&yfoYkd om;í xkd taMumif;aMumifh dS k G jzpfMuonf r[kwue?f (tb,faMumifqaomf) jzpfay:onfrS a½S;umvü r½Sao;jcif;aMumifaywnf;/ rlv f k h h dk d h toH&if; ponfaMumifh rjzpfMuonfvnf; r[kwueouJoYkd þy#doaE¨0nmPfonf þtwl yifwnf;/ þodYk f k f h d qktyfcNhJ yD;aom enf;jzifh ,SOaptyf\/ (#Dum) d f

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1-pmyd'eygwf 632-ü qkconf/ k f H d hJ

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1-oli,f\ud,ü ûytyfaom 0dZmac:ynmudk oifjcif;ç odyac: twwfukd oif,avhvmjcif;ç aq;ESihf k f Æ Ü l ,SOapjcif;wkYd onf BuD;&ifaom ol\ud,oYkd ra&mufue?f odYk aomfvnf; xkoif,avhvmjcif; ,SOapjcif; [laom f h k f k d l f taMumif;aMumifh ynm\ xufjrufjcif;ç twwfukd wwfod em;vnfjcif;ç tema&m*guif;jcif;wkYd onf BuD;&ifaom h vlBuD;\ud,ü jzpfueNf yD;pD;uke\/ xkd ynmxufjrufjcif; ponfwYdkonf tjcm;oltm; jzpfonf r[kwue?f k f k f f k (tb,haMumifenf;¿) xdoi,f\ ½kyemrftpOfoEÅmefü twGi;0ifonf omvQijf zpfaom vlBuD;\ud,ü jzpfjcif; f h k l f f k f aMumifaywnf;/ xkd ynm\ xufjrufjcif; ponfwYdkonf i,fpOfu ,SOapcJaom ynmudk oifjcif;ponfEihf h f h S uif;í wyg;aom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfMuonfvnf; r[kway? (tb,faMumifenf;¿) i,fpOfu ynmoifjcif; f h ponf r½Scaomf BuD;aomtcg ynmxufjrufjcif; paomtusK;\ r½Sjd cif;aMumifh aywnf;/ þtwlyif þt&mü d hJ d vnf; (r&PmoEéaZm pkwd y#doaE¨paom) pdwtpOfoEÅmefü jzpfay:vmaom y#doaE¨0nmPf paom tusK;onf f d d (uHuûkd yolr) tjcm;ol\ tusK;r[kw?f tjcm;taMumif;aMumifh jzpfonfvnf; r[kw[k ,SOaptyf\/ S d f f

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1-þ 0daooersm;udk tusKd;\-[laom 0daoosyk'Eihf pyfyg/ f S

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1-2-þ pum; 2-&yfjzifh ]]tmrcHjcif; tp½Sdaom}}[k qkdcJh&mwGif ]]tp ½Sdaom}}\ t&udk jyonf/

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1-0dyguf0dnmPf 9-yg; [lonfrm r[m0dyguf ½Spyg;ESihf ukov0dyguf Oayu©moEÅ&Pyif jzpfonf/ S f D 2-y#doE¨,H {0-[laomygXft& twdtusjyefaom teufjzpfonf? y#doaE¨tm; aus;Zl;ûyvQif b0ifEihf d S pkwtm;vnf; aus;Zl;ûyawmhonfom jzpfaomaMumifh ,if;b0 pkwwYdk uvnf; þy#doaE¨t&ü xnfoi;í d d kd h G f qdonf[k ,lvQif oif&m\/ odYk aomf aemufü qkvwHaom t½lyukovt&müum; .... b0ifEihf pkwukd k h d h kd f S d y0wåumv tjzpfjzifh oD;jcm;xkwí qdxm;ao;\/ d f k

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1-½lybHü &aumif;aom t[dwfukov0dyguf ig;yg;ESifh ½ly0dyguf ig;yg;udk qdkonf/ k

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1-þpum;udk trsm;\tpGr;tm;jzifh qdonf? rSeay\? xdumrm0p& ewfwYkdtm; £|omvQif f k f k jzpfueaom ½lyg½kH ponfwYdk onf rsm;pGmxifue\? w&HwcgüomvQif ted|m½kH xif\/ w&Hwcgxifyrm - tcsKdY k f k f kH S ewfwYdktm;omvQif (aocgeD;) ykAerwf xifaomumv ponfwYkdü yefqifxm;aom yef;\ñI;EGr;jcif; paom Á d d d f ted|m½kwYdk Eihf awGYêuHjcif; jzpfayonf/ (#Dum) H S 2-þt&müum; - b0ifpwu&nfí y0wåumvü aus;Zl;ûyaMumif; oD;jcm; qdxm;onf/ k d kd d k

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1-umrm0p& rnfue\/ k f ewfwYdkonf¤if;? vlwYdkonf¤if;? 0deygwduewfwYkd onf¤if; d emewåum,emewåonD

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1-pmyd'eygwf 637-yXryd'üjycJaom emewåum,emewåonD ponfukd qkonf/ k f H k f h d 2-*AÇao,su-[laom trnfjzifh ZvmAkZudk qkonf/ d

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1-oEÅwoDvwkYd [lonfum; - uvmyftpOfoEÅmef\ rlv&if; uvmyfwYdk aywnf;/ (#Dum) 2-t@ZwkdY\ .... þ 23-yg;aom w&m;wdkYudk .... emrf½kyf[lí odtyfukef\-[k pyfyg/ 3-tus,ftm;jzifh .... ESpfq,faom .... 23-yg;aom-[k pyfyg/ þü tus,f [lonfrm trsKd;wl ½kywYdk ukd S f ravQmyJ ,ljcif;yif jzpfonf/ h 4-y#doaE¨cPü 0dum&½kywYdk r½SMd uao;aomfvnf; vu©P½kyEihf tmumo½kyum; ½S\? xkYd aMumifh f f S f d y&rw¬tm;jzifh rNyD;pD;aom xdk vu©Pm½kyçf tmumo½kywYdk ukd MuOfvonfjzpfí ½ly½kytzdYk [k rdeYf qonf/ (#Dum) f dk f kd ½ly½ky[onfrm y&rw¬tm;jzifh NyD;pD;aom edyEé - ½kyyif jzpfonf/ f l S æ f 5-zó ponfwYdk ukd ocFg&u©Em tjzpfjzifh wckwnf;tjzpfoYkd aqmifí 23-yg;aom w&m;wkYd [lí ¨ qdonf/ (#Dum) k

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1-oEÅwdoDo 7-yg; [lonfrm pu©K'ouç aomwç Cmeç Zd0gç um,ç bm0ç 0w¬K'ou uvmyfwYdk yif S S jzpfonf/ 2-þpum;jzifh 0dnmPfaMumifh emrfoufouf jzpfonfukd jyonf/

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1-þpum;jzifh tbdocFg& 0dnmPfaMumifh ½kyoufouf jzpfonfujkd yonf/ f 2-Owkork|mef ½S-[lonfrm OwkvQif jzpfaMumif;½Saom 0g-OwkaMumifh jzpfaom OwkZ½kyyif jzpfonf/ d S d f 3-yx0Dç tmaygç awaZmç 0ga,mç 0PÖç &oç MoZm - [laom þ½ky½pck taygif;oufoufukd ok'|u f S f ¨ uvmyf[k ac:onf/ 4-ok'|u uvmyfü yg0ifaom ½kyf ½SpcEihf toH½yf - [laom þ 9-ckukd o'´e0u uvmyf ac:onf? ¨ f k S k toHESifhwuG ½kyf 9-cktaygif;[k qdv\/ k kd 5-owå0gwkdYtm;rlum; .... udk,fü ..... ok'¨|u uvmyfonf jzpf\-[k pyfyg/ owå0gwdkY\-[k qdrS k o'´genf;usonf? odYk aomf jrefrmvdk racsmarm rajyjypfay/

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1-½kyukd rjzpfapwwfaom uHaMumifjh zpfaom yOö0nmPf\ jzpfqJ y0wåd umvud¤if;? (xdtcduü) f d k k k f o[Zmwypön; jzpfaom yOö0nmPfu¤if; &nfí ]]yOöa0gum&b0ü y0wåumvü¤if;}} [laom pum;udk qdonf/ f d kd d k rSeay\? xkd yOö0nmPf jzpfcuü xdk yOö0nmPfaMumifh apwoduf emrfonfomvQif jzpfayonf/ uHEi,Oaom f d kd f d S hf S f ur®0nmPfypön;aMumifrum; xdk yOö0nmPf jzpfcuüvnf; (yOö0nmPfEi,Oaom apwoduemrfEihf ur®Z½kyf d f h l d kd f d S hf S f f S [laom) emrf½kyf 2-yg;pHk jzpfonf[k qkEiao;\? xkYdjyif ypämZmw 0dnmPfypön;aMumifh ½kyonfawmifcivsuf d kd f f f h kd f ½Sday\/ (#Dum) 2-þpum;jzifh 0dnmPfaMumifh emrfoufouf jzpfonfukd jy\/ 3-ur®0nmPf ypön;udk &nfí tonowfy*Kd¾ vfwYdk ü - ponfukd qkonf/ (#Dum) tonowf yk*Kd¾ vf d f k d wdYk tm; ½lyukovuaMumifh y#doaE¨rpí woufywfv; ZD0we0u ur®Z½kyrsm; jzpfonf? xdk ½kyrsm;onf kd f H S kH d f f uHEi,Oaom 0dnmPfaMumifvnf; jzpfaomaMumifh ,if;ur®Z½kywYdk ukd ur®0nmPfaMumifh jzpfonf[ívnf; S hf S f h f d l qk&\/ d 4-b0if paom0dygufukd jzpfapwwfaomuHrS wyg;aom uHaMumifh ½kyjf zpfaom (b0if ponf jzpfq) J umvud¤if;? eda&m" ormywfumvud¤if;? b0ifponf jzpfqJ umvrS wyg;aom (ukovf tukovf Bud,m k k kd kd jzpfq) umvud¤if; &nfí ]]yOöa0gum&b0ü y0wåumvü¤if;}} - [laom pum;udk qdonf[k (qdvQi) oif\/ J k d k k f h rSeay\? b0iftp½Saom 0dyguf\ jzpfqumvü xdb0if ponfukd jzpfapwwfaom uHaMumifh jzpfaom ur®Z½kyf f d J k ESihf xd0ygufonf ur®0nmPfvQif taMumif;½Sonf[k qkEiay\/ qufO;tH?h o[Zmw0dnmPf ypön;udk k d d d d dk f D f riJaomfvnf; y0wåumvü uHaMumifjh zpfaom ½kyonf¤if;? 0dyguf emrfonf¤if;? ur®0nmPfukd riJonfum; h d f d h r½Sday/ (#Dum)

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1-a½S;OD;pGm .... odtyf\-[k pyfyg/

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1-þpum;jzifh ]]yk*Kd¾ vfwi;onf twåwckpD toD;toD; jzpfonf}}[k ,lq,HMk unftyfaom ZD0twårS kd f uif;onfukd jy\/ 2-oabm½Sonf\ tjzpfaMumif-[laom a½S;usrf;*efo; pum;onf oabm ½Sjd cif;aMumifh oabm d h kH ½SaomaMumifh - [laom ,ckacwfo; pum;wkYd Eihf wlnaom teuft"dyg,f ½S\/ d kH S D Ü d 3-cdiNf rJjcif;rS qdwoO;onf cdiNf rJjcif;r½S-[k qdv\/ k f k f k d k kd 4-udavomwkYd u ,if;wdYk Eihf ,SOaom w&m;wkYd ukd npfEr;apwwf\? t0dZmonfvnf; tjcm;udavom S f G f Æ wkYd Eihf ,SOvsuf jzpf\/ odYk jzpf ,SObuf udavomwkYd u vl;vJ aya& npfEr;apojzifh xdoYkd npfEr;apjcif;udk S f f G f k G f cH&aomaMumifh npfEr;onf? xkYd aMumih-[k qdv\/ G f f k kd

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1-þpum;jzifh ukovuukd ûyaomoltm; ok*wdb0tusKd;ü tvd½jdS cif; awmifwjcif;udk jy\? kd f H k h tukovf uHukd ûyaomoltm;rl ]]rsufarSmuftusKd;ü awmifwjcif;onf wPSmrnf\}} [k ,l&m\/ kd h

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1-þteufonf opöyb0awm - [laom yk'\ teufjzpfonf/ opöyb0 - opöawm-[k qdvvsuf Ü f Ü k kd *gxm jzpfaomaMumifh opö-wyd'f aMuaeonf-[k ,l&m\/ xdoYkd ,lrS aemufü zGivwHaom tus,fpum; k k hf h ESitus udunrnf/ hf H k f D

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1-omrntm;jzifh - [lonfum; apwem[lí¤if; apwemESi,Oaom w&m;wkYd [lí¤if; txl;rûyrlí hf S f (rcGjJ cm;rlí) tvH;pHvnf;jzpfaom xkuovf tukovuukd ork',opöm-[k a[mawmfrl (tyf)\/ þum; k k d k kd kd f H teuf/ rSeay\? wPSmonf¤if;? wPSmrS <uif;aom udavomwkYd onf¤if;? ,if;wkYd rS <uif;aom tukovf f kd w&m;wdYk onf¤if;? avmuDuovrvwkYd onf¤if;? ukovrvwdYk rS <uif;aom avmuD ukovf w&m;wkYd onf¤if; k kd f l kd f l kd (½Sdukef\? þw&m;taygif;udk 'kuork', - [k qdtyf\/) - [lí apwemESihf apwem orÜ,ww&m; [laom © k k f txl;udk rûyrlí (0dbif;ygVdawmfü) a[mawmfrl (tyf) ay\/ wenf;um; t&d,opöm [laomtxl;udk rûyrlí ork',opö[í a[mawmfrl (tyf)\? þum; teuf/ (#Dum) l

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1-0do'r*fpmud,ü þt&mwGif ocFg&myd - ½Soifvsuf tyd - r½SyJ vkae\? ocFg&myd-[k ½SdygrS k d¨ k f d h d d aemufü qdvwHaom 0dnmPrÜd - ponfEihf nDonf/ xkYd aMumifh ocFg&myd-udk ½Snfí þü ocFg&wdkYonfvnf;k h S [k jyefonf/ xdy'ü tyd-\ teufjzpfaom vnf;-[laom pum;jzifh qdcNhJ yD;aom t0dZmESihf aygif;í jyonf? k k f k Æ ygVda0g[m&tm;jzifh ¤if;udk orÜ@e-[k ac:onf/ d 2-ocFwOö-yk'\ teufjzpfonf/ b0udvnf; - [l&mü p-\ teufjzpfaom vnf;-[laom pum;jzifh f k qdvwHaom 'kw,udpukd qnf;onf? ygVda0g[m&tm;jzifh ¤if;udk orkpn;-[k ac:onf/ aemufüvnf; k h d ö ö f þtenf;twlyif/ 3-þü vufonf;uGi; twGi;½Sd pum;onf ygwkbm0,-[laom vduy'\ teufjzpfonf? f f k f k f aemuftyd'wYdk ürl þpum;udk vufonf;uGi;rygyJ jyqkom;rnf/ k f f d G

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1-þpum;onf taE¨m 0d,-[laom ygXf\ bmomjyefjzpfonf/ xkygXfü '|AÁm - [laom yk'ukd xnfí d f h ]]t0dZmudk oluef;uJoYkd rSwtyf\}}-[lívnf; jyefqMdk u\/ odYk aomf '|AÁm yk'urxnfyJ ]]t0dZmonf oluef;ESihf Æ h f f kd h Æ wl\}} [laom þteufonfvnf; t"dyg,ftm;jzifh wlnonfjh yif pum;usOf;í em;vnfv,jf cif; tusKd;vnf; Ü D G ½Sd\/ xkYd aMumifh usrf;&if;ü r½SaomygXfukd raqmifawmhyJ ½S&if;twdi;udom twdtus jyefxm;onf/ aemufü d d k f k vnf; enf;wlyif/

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1-tm½kûH yjcif;aMumif-[laom þteufonf ]]y&duyÜeawmwd tm&r®Pu&Pawm}} - [laom #DumyXr h tzGiEitnD jyefaomteuf jzpfonf/ ]]orÜ,awåe 0dwauúeawm}}-[laom #Dum 'kw, tzGitvdtm;jzifh hf S hf k d hf k ]],SObuf 0dwufjzifh BuHjcif;aMumif}h } - [lívnf; jyefqEi\/ f kd kd f

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1-waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vm\-[laom teufonf ork'g*päwd - yk'\teuf jzpfonf/ oH-o[f wuG waygif;wnf; + O -txufoYkd + tm*pämwd-vm\ = ork'g*päw-waygif;wnf; txufoYkd vm\/ -O'¨H d þü txufoYkd vm\-[lonfrm wufvm\-[laompum;ESihf nDrQ\/ wufvm\ - [lonfrmvnf; ½kyemrf S S f w&m;wkYd \ r½Sao;onfh tcduf twefYrS ½SonftcdutwefYoYkd wufvmjcif;yif jzpfonf? xkoYdk wufvmjcif; d k d h k f d udyif jzpfay:vmonf[k qk&onf/ xkYd aMumifh þü ork'g*päw-yk'ukd waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vm\-[k k d d f jyefxm;jcif; jzpfonf/

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1-þteuf 2-ckonf Zmwdypö,orÇLwork'g*wa|m - [laom yk'\ teufjzpfonf/ Zmwdypö, f orÇLw - Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfí + ork'g*wa|m, - waygif;wnf; jzpfay:vmjcif; oabm = Zmwd ypö,orÇLwork'g*wa|m - Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfí waygif;wnf; jzpfay:jcif; oabm? þum; yXrteufü qdi&m ygVdEihf ,SOí od&efjzpfonf/ 'kw,aemuf teufü od&efrm Zmwdypö,orÇLwa|m k f S f d S Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumifh jzpfjcif;oabmESihf ork'g*wa|m-(Zmwd [laom taMumif;aMumif) waygif;wnf; h jzpfay:vmjcif; oabm[k þodYk ,SOí odtyf\/ f 2-xdtjcif;t&mESihf tcdutwefYukd odEicaomaMumif-[k qdv\/ k k f kd f J h k kd

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1-owå0gonf aovQif jywfpom;onf? bmrQ r½Sawmh[k ,lqjcif;onf Oapä''d|d rnf\? {uwåenf;udk J G d rSepmodaom yk*Kd¾ vfrm t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;½SaevQif aoonf\ tjcm;rJü 0dnmPf paom tusKd; f G S Æ d d h w&m;rsm; jzpfom;onf? jywfpjJ cif; r½S[k rSepmodjcif;aMumifh ,if;Oapä''d|d uif;\/ xdoYkd uif;onfuyif þü G d f G k kd y,f\[k qkonf/ d 2-b0a[mif;u owå0gonfyif b0opfü ajymif;a½TYí jzpfonf[k ,lqjcif;onf oów'd|d rnf\? {uwåenf;udk rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaomolrm taMumif;tusK; qufpyfvsuf rjywfjzpfaeaom ½kyemrf tpOfukd yifvQif f S d f wa,mufwnf;[k xifjrif,qaomaMumifh ,if; oów'd|d jzpf\/ xkoYkd jzpfonfuyif þü pG,\[k l d kd J l qdkonf/ 3-vu©Pmudk ydi;jcm;jcif; [lonfum; oabmw&m;udk ydi;jcm;jcif;wnf;? taMumif;\¤if;ç tusKd;\¤if; k f k f uGjJ ym;aom oabm½Sonf\ tjzpfukd odjcif;wnf; - [laom þ#Dum tzGiEitnD jyefqaom teuf jzpfonf? d hf S hf kd xktvdtm;jzifh ydi;jcm;í odaomÓPfukd emewåenf;[k qd&ayvdrrnf/ odYk aomf {uwåenf;t&mü ]]oEÅmem d k k f k hf Ekyapä' - ½kyemrftpOfoEÅmef\ rjywfpjJ cif;onf {uwåenf; rnf\}}[k qdkcJh\? rjywfpJ jcif;udk odaomÓPfukd f {uwåenf;[k rqkc/ xkYd aMumifh xd{uwåenf;ü uJoYkd yif þt&müvnf; 00w¬meyk'ukd toD;toD; wnfjcif; d hJ k h f uGjJ ym;jcif;[k teufjyefNyD;vQif ]]t0dZm ponfwYdk \ rdrd rdrEihf qdiaom oabmvu©Pm\ toD;toD; Æ d S k f uGjJ ym;jcif;onf emewåwnf; rnf\}} [k jyefqvQif omí oifavsmf&m\/ kd h

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1-emewåenf;udk rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaomolonf owå0gwOD;\ oEÅmefEihf tjcm;wOD;\ oEÅmefukd f S uGjJ ym;onf [k ,louJoYkd a½S;b0u jzpfcaom t0dZmtp½Saom taMumif;w&m;ESihf aemufb0ü jzpfaom h hJ Æ d 0dnmPf tp½Saom tusKd;w&m;onf wOD;wnf;\ oEÅmefüyif jzpfjim;aomfvnf; wa,mufpD wjcm;pD[k d ,lqonf? xkYd aMumifh ]]t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif;w&m; jzpfc&m a½S;b0u ½kyemrftpOf oEÅmef r½SawmhNyD? Æ d hJ f d a½S;b0u owå0g jywfpom;NyD? aemufb0ü owå0gtopf jzpfay:vmonf}}[k ,lqonf? xkoYkd ,vQif aowdi; J G d l k f aowki; jywfpom;onf[k ,lqaomaMumifh Oapå''d|d jzpf\/ d f J G

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1-obm0ed,mr [lonfrm "r®e,mryif jzpfonf? þy#dporkyg'f t&mü t0dZm tp½Saom taMumif; S d ö Ü Æ d aMumifh ocFg& tp½Saom tusKd;w&m;wkYd \ ude;ao rkcsjzpfjcif;udyif obm0ed,mr [k qdonf/ d f k k 2-ukovf tukovuukd ûyí rjzpf? ûyaomfvnf; ukovf tukovf rjzpf[k ,lqjcif;onf tud&,'d|d kd kd f H kd kd d rnf\/ tAsmyg&enf;udk rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaomolrm wpHwckjzpfay:atmif aMumifMh uûywwfaom w&m;r½S[k f S k d ,ljcif;aMumifh þtud&,'d|d jzpfonf/ d 3-{0H"r®wmenf;udk rSepmjrifaomolonf t0dZmocFg& tp½Saom taMumif;aMumifh xktaMumif;ESihf f G Æ d d avsmfaom ocFg& 0dnmPftp½Saom tusKd; jzpfonf? ukovuaMumifh aumif;usKd;csrf;om jzpfonf? tukovf d kd f H kd uHaMumifh raumif;usK; qif;&J jzpfonf - þodYk ponfjzifh rSepmodjrif oabmusvsuf½\/ xkYd aMumifh xdoYkd d f G dS k rSepmodjriform ]]owå0gwdYk tm; npfEr;qif;&J&ef tukovuH taMumif;r½S?d pifMu,f csrf;om&ef ukovuH f G l S G f kd f kd f taMumif;r½S?d qif;&Jjcif; csrf;omjcif;onf taMumif;rJh rawmfwq olYtvkvyif jzpfonf}}[k ,laom ta[wku d kd 'd|d uif;ayonf/

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1-trSwr½Sd wpHwckaom taMumif;aMumifh - ponfü qdvonfrm - wyg;aom taMumif;aMumifh f k k kd S wyg;aom tusKd;\ jzpfjcif;onf tu,fí ½Sjd im;tH?h oJrS (oJaMumif) qD\ jzpfjcif;½S&m\? BuHrS EdYk &nf\jzpfjcif; h d ½Sd&m\? tb,haMumifh xkoYkd rjzpfyJ ½S&mthenf;? (pifppfaomfum; xkoYdk jzpfjcif;r½Say?) xkaMumifh wpHwck\ f d d H d d d k taMumif;jzpfaom wpHwck rnfonf r½S[í ,laom ta[wku'd|u¤if;? taMumif; r½Sjd im;aomfvnf; ude;ao k d l d kd f owfrwjf cif; - ude;aoNrJjcif; ½Sonf\tjzpfaMumifh ESr;aph EGm;rESihf okuaoG; ponfwYdkrS EdYk &nfEihf ud,f S f d f f S k ponfwYdkonf jzpfMu\-[k ,laom ed,wd0g'ud¤if; (rSm;,Gi;pGm jrifaom olonf) pG,\/ (#Dum) þü k f J l ta[wku'd|Eihf ed,wd0g'wkYd onf Ak'¨ vufxufawmfu ru©va*gomv\ t,l0g' jzpfonf/ okwovu©ef d S d f D ygVd ESm 50-rSm ½Sonf/ xkwif ta[wku'd|ukd a½S;rSwcsufü jycJNh yD/ ed,wd0g' [lonfrm ]]owå0g d d G d f S toD;toD;rSm csrf;om&ef¤if; qif;&J&ef¤if; t,kwtjrwf b0trsKd;rsKd;ü jzpf&ef¤if; b0aygif; urÇmaygif;rnfí f rnfrQMumatmif usifvnf&ef¤if; vGwajrmuf&ef¤if; rkcsude;aoowfrwcsuf uefYowfcsuf½\? xdrcsue;ao f f S f dS k k d f owfrwcsuf uefYowfcsuf ½Sonftwdi;omvQif owå0gwkYd onf csrf;omMu&onf? qif;&JMu&onf? b0 S f d h k f trsKd;rsKd;ü jzpfvsuf usifvnf aeMu&onf? qif;&Jrvwcsdewefaom tcg xkrcsude;ao owfrwcsuf S G f f d k f S f uefYowfcsuf t&jzifomvQif oHo&mrS vGwajrmufMu&onf/ ynm½Syifjzpfaomfvnf; csr;omatmif oHo&m h f d f wdatmif rûyusiEi?f olrurmvnf; rdurpmûyrIaMumifh oHo&m½Snjf cif; qif;&Jjcif; rjzpfEi?f ude;ao k hf kd kd f S k f J G kd f uefYowfcsuf t&jzifomvQif tcsdewefaomtcg oHo&mrS vGwajrmufMu&onf}} [k ,lqajymqdaom 0g'yif h f f k jzpfonf/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-,cktcg .... ÓPftavhtusufudkûyNyD;vQif .... od (em;vnfí jynfhpHkap) tyfukef\-[k pyfyg/ 2-þyk'fjzifh ]]ÓPf\ tavhtusufukd ûyjcif;[lonfrm oif,jl cif;? ar;jref;jcif;yif}}[k odap\/ xkdwGif S ar;jref;jcif; [l&mü ar;½krQjzifum; ÓPf\tavhtusuf rjzpfEiao;? xdar;tyfaom teufukd ajz½Si; jyaom H h kd f k f tcg emMum;jcif; qifjcifjcif; paom ESv;oGi;jcif;jzifomvQif ÓPf\tavhtusuf jzpfEionf/ xkoYkd aom kH f h kd f d ESv;oGi; avhvmjcif;ud&nfí ]]ar;jref;jcif;}}[k qkayonf/ kH f k d 3-orm"dea'´o - [l&mü 3-ur®|me*¾[Peda'´orS pí 13-tbdnmeda'´o txd 11-yg;aom eda'´o d wdYk ukd ,ltyf\/ 4-xdk (odYk ormywfwYkdukd tus,jf ycJNh yD;aom)aMumifh xd(ormywf) wkYd ukd xd(ormywfea'´o)ü k k d [lí vnf; jyefqMkd u\/ xkoYkd jyefq&mü oDvudk jynfpap&ef ñTeMf um;csuf rygyJ vdaeaomaMumif¤if;ç d kd h kH k h 0do'r*fpum; 0gustpOftm;jzifh oDvvnf; yg0ifEionfjh yif yg0ifvnf; yg0ifoifaomaMumif¤if; xdjk yefqcsuf k d¨ kd f h h kd udk qifjcifoif\/ h

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1-#Dumü edAwe0aoe a0'dwAÁm-[k zGijhf y\? xdtvdtm;jzifh ]]jzpfaponf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh Á å k k f odtyfue\}}[k jyef&m\/ odYk aomf ¤if;#Dumüyif ]]a0'dwAÁm orÜma'wAÁmwd 0kwHå a[mwd-odtyfue\ k f k f jynfpaptyfue\ [k qdvonf}} [lí xyfr½i;jyjyef\/ xkwif odtyfue\-[laom teufonf a0'dwAÁm h kH k f k kd H S f d G k f yk'\ o'´geufaywnf;? jynfpap tyfue\-[laom teufonfum; þt&mü qdvtyfaom teuf aywnf;/ f h kH k f k kd xdteufEpyg;vH; jynfpap&ef þü od(em;vnfí jynfpap) tyfue\-[k jyefonf/ ¤if;jyefcsufonf wwd, k S f k h kH h kH k f yg&mZdu odumyk'0,f ow¬[m&uH 0gó y&da,ao,s - [laom ygXfü y&da,ao,s - ½SmrSD;í teD;ü © f xm;jim;tH-[k a½S;q&mwkYd jyefqcsufEivnf; ES;aESm rd\/ xdwivnf; ½SmrS;jim;tHh - [laom teufonf h kd S hf D k G f D y&da,ao,sy'\ o'´geuf jzpfonf? teD;üxm;jim;thH - [laom teufonfum; xdk odumyk'ü qdvtyfaom k f © f k kd teufjzpfonf? xkYd aMumifh xdteuf 2-ck vHk;yg0ifatmif ]]½Sm;rSD;í teD;ü xm;jim;tHh}} [lí a½S;q&mwkdYu k jyefqawmfrMl uayonf/ þüvnf; xdenf;twlyif jyefxm;onf[k rSw,ygav/ kd k f l

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1-ae0onmemonmpsmefonf tvGeorarGYaomaMumifh f d f r½IEiue?f xkYd aMumifh ¤if;udk >cif;csexm;&ef jyqdayonf/ kd f k f k ¤if;psmefukd om0uwkYd onf tm;xkwpü f

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0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-Oypm&orm"dç tyÜemorm"dwYkd ukd ryGg;apbJ tprSpí 0dyóemudom yGg;apaom yk*Kd¾ vfonf 0dyóem k oufouf[aom r*f-zdv-edAmefoYkd a&mufaMumif; ,mOf½aomaMumifh ok'0yóem,medu rnf\/ ok'¨l k f Á dS ¨ d oufoufaom + 0dyóem,me - 0dyóem,mOf + £u - ½Saomol = ok'0yóem,medu - oufouf d ¨ d 0dyóem,mOfrQ ½Saomol/ orx tajccHrygyJ 0dyóemoufouf½ol - [k qkv\/ d I d dk 2-xdkxdk .... enf;t>rufwkdYwGif-[k pyfyg/

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1-rSeuefaom rdr\ oabmvu©Pmtm;jzifh - [laom þteufonf r[m#Dum 'kw, 257-ü f d d zGijhf ycJaom tzGiEitnD wdwusus jyefqtyfaom teuf jzpfonf/ ,if;#DumtzGiukd (þpmtkywi) ESm 47 h hf S hf d kd hf f G f rSwcsuf 1-ü xkwjf ycJNh yD? jyefMunfyg/ f h 2-xifay:ukefvwfaomf .... 44-yg;aom ½kywYkd onf xif½m;uke\-ponfjzifh pyfyg/ f S f 3-uHaMumifjh zpfaom qHyif [lonfrm OD;acgif;tom;xJü wnf½aom tjrpft&if;ydi; qHyifjzpfonf/ S dS k f 4-yx0D tmayg awaZm 0ga,m-þum; "mwfav;yg; jzpfonf/ 0PÖ - tqif;½ky?f *E¨ - teHY½kyf? &ot&om½ky?f MoZm-tqDtESpf - tm[m&-"mwf½y?f ZD0w-touf½y?f um,yom'-tawGYtxd xifavmufatmif k d k Munfaom ud,tMunf½y/ k f k f 5-rde;r\ oEÅmefü £w¬bm0½kyf ½Sonf? a,musfm;\ oEÅmefü ykrm0½kyf ½Sonf/ f d d Ç d 6-yx0D tmayg awaZm 0ga,m 0PÖ *E¨ &o MoZm - [laom þ½kyf ½Spfyg;taygif;udk MoZ|mru - [k ac:onf? t|uuvmyfç t|uvmyf [lívnf; ac:onf/ ¤if;½kyf ½Spyg;onf waygif;wnf;om jzpfavh½d\? f S toD;tjcm;cGí r&Edi?f xkYd aMumifh ¤if;wkYd ukd t0deaAÇm*½kyf [lívnf; ac:onf/ J k d

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1-44-yg;aom ½kywYkd xif½m; uke\-[l&mü xdk½kyf 44-yg;vH; wûydieuf xifay:Muonfuvnf; f S f k f kd qdvonf r[kw?f wckNyD;wck tpOftwdi; xifay:Muonfuvnf; qdvonf r[kw?f xdk 44-yg;wkYd ukd qifjcifí k kd k f kd k kd ½I&efvnf; ñTejf yonf r[kw?f trSetm;jzifaomfum; qHyifü yx0D"mwfazm|AÁ½yukd ½Irí xdk yx0D"mwfwck f h k f d xif½m;vQif ¤if;ESiwuG qHyifxü ½Saom ½kyaygif; 44-yg;vH; xif½m;onfom rnfav awmhonf? xdk 44-yg; S hf J d f k S vH;udk ½Ijcif;udpö NyD;avawmhonf-[k þodYk om odapvdayonf/ udpNö yD;yHum; .... yx0D"mwf wckukd rSepm k k k f G odvQif waygif;wnf;jzpfaom xdk½kyf 44-yg;vH;wkYd üvnf; yk*Kd¾ vfowå0g-[k pGvrf;rnfh udavom jzpfcir½SNd yD? k J G hf þodYk udavom jzpfci;r½SyJ Nidr;aomaMumifh ½Ijrifjcif;udpö NyD;ayonf/ xkYd aMumifyif ]]"mwfwYdk onf xifay: G f d f h ukefvwfaomf .... 44-yg;aom ½kywYdk onf xif½m;uke\}} - [k rdeYf qayonf/ xif½m;yHukd jyaom aemufaemuf f S f dk S k pmyd'wYdk üvnf; enf;wlyif odtyf\/ k f 2-aum|mo 24-yg; [lonfrm 32-yg;aom aum|mowkYd rS acR; rsuf&nf wHaxG; ESyf tpmopf tpm S a[mif; jynf usii,f - [laom aum|mo ½Spyg;udk EIwí <uif;aom aum|mo 24-yg;udk qkdonf/ f f f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

232

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1-aum|mo 24-yg;ü (24_5) uvmyfaygif; 120? (24_44) ½kyaygif; 1056/ f 'GZ aum|mo 4-yg;ü (4_2) uvmyfaygif; 8? (4_16) ½kyfaygif; 64/ d OwkZaum|mo 4-yg;ü uvmyfaygif; 4? (4_8) ½kyfaygif; 32/ 32-yg;aom aum|mowkdYü uvmyfaygif; 132? ½kyfaygif; 1152/ 2-aum|mo ½Spyg;[lonfrm oEÅye - tzsm;½Sef tylaiGY? Zd&P-&ifa&mf apaom yuwdtylaiGY? y&d'g[ f S Ü d h -tvGejf yif;xefaom tylaiGY [laom awaZm aum|mooH;yg;ESihf O'¨*r-qefwwfaomav? ta"m*r- pkeqif; k F f aomav? ukpo,-0rf;Aduwi;üav? aum|mo,-tltwGi;üav? t*Fgr*FgEkom&D-t*FgBuD;i,foYkd avQmufaom dä k f G f f av [laom 0ga,m aum|mo 5-yg;wkYd yifwnf;/ 3-ygpu awaZmü ZD0we0uuvmyf 1-ck? ½kyfaygif; 9-ck/ xGuouf 0ifoufü o'´e0uuvmyf 1-ck? d f ½kyfaygif; 9-ck/ usefaum|mo ½Spyg;ü (8_4) uvmyf 32-ck? (8_33) ½kyf 264/ aum|mo 10-yg;ü uvmyf f 34-ck? ½kyfaygif; 282-ck/

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1-pu©Kpaom 0w¬K'Gg& 5-yg;wkYd onf xif½m;ojzifh pu©K'oupaom uvmyf 5-ck? ½kyaygif; 50^ S f xif½m;onf? [',0w¬K½kyf xif½m;ojzifh [', 0w¬K'ou uvmyf 1? ½kyaygif; 10^xif½m;onf-[k qdv\/ S S f S k kd 2-'Gg& 6-yg;ü uvmyf 6-ck? ½kyaygif; 60-&onf/ f 3-32-aum|moü uvmyfaygif; 10-aum|moü uvmyfaygif; 6-'Gg&ü uvmyfaygif; wud,v;ü pkpaygif; uvmyf k f kH k 132? ½kyfaygif; 1152/ 34? ½kyfaygif; 282/ 6? ½kyaygif; 60/ f 172? ½kyfaygif; 1494-ck &onf/

r[m#Dum yXrwGJ pmrsuEm 466-ESihf opöoacyusrf;wkdYüum; 'Gg& 6-yg;rS uvmyf 6-ck ½kyaygif; 60f S H f t&mwGif um,'ouudk y,fí uvmyf 5-ck ½kyaygif; 50-om a&wGuonf? xGuouf0ifoufü vnf; f f f o'´½kyfudk y,fí t|uvmyfç ½kyfaygif; 8-ckom a&wGuonf/ xkYd aMumifh txufyg ta&twGurS uvmyf 1-ck f f ESifh ½kyf 11-ck avsmhom;onf/ odYk aomfvnf; OwkZ pdwZ o'´e0uuvmyf 2-ck? ½kyfaygif; 18-ck xyfí xnfjh yef G å aomaMumifh xdusrf;wdYk tvdtm;jzifh uvmyfaygif; 173-ck? ½kyfaygif; 1501-ck jzpfavonf/ k k

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1-jrifqcPü pu©K'Gg&udk taMumif;ûyí xd'g&ü jzpfaom tm0ZÆe;tp w'g½ktqH;½Saom pu©K'Gg&du J k G f H k d pdwf apwoduf taygif;udk xif½m;Muonf? xdYk twl Mum;qJ ponfüvnf; aomw'Gg& ponfukd taMumif;ûyí S xd'g&wkYd ü jzpfaom aomw'Gg&du paom pdwapwoduf taygif;wdYk xif½m;Muonf[k qdv\/ k G f S k kd 2-½Ivnf; r½IEdkif? ½Ivnf; r½Ityf - r½Iaumif; [k qdv\/ k kd 3-4-&[ef;onf .... qifjcifNyD;vQif .... r,lrlí .... pu©K"mwf [lí ydkif;jcm;\-[k pyfyg/ 5-avmu (vltaygif;)onf .... todtrSwfûy\-[k pyfyg/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

233

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1-o-wuG jzpfonf + orÇm& - taqmuftOD + pu©K - rsupd = oorÇm& - pu©K - ½kyftaygif; 54f yg; [laom taqmuftODEihf wuGjzpfaom yuwd tom;qdirsufp/ S k f d 2-wnfaom .... ur®Z½kyf 20ç .... tEkyg'dEé½kyf 24-yg;-[k pyfyg/

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1-&[ef;onf þodYk ydi;jcm;\-[k pyfyg/ k f 2-um,0dnwåd - um,0dnwf - rdrtvdukd olwyg;tm; odapum ud,trlt&m txl;/ 0pD0nwåd d k k f d 0pD0nwf-rdrtvdukd olwyg;tm; odapaom EIwtrlt&m txl;/ tmumo"mwf-½kyuvmyfwYdk \ ywf0ef;usirS d d k f f f tydkif;tjcm;/ ½lyó v[kwm-edyæEé½kyftaygif;\ ayghyg;jcif;? ½lyó rk'wm-edyæEé½kyf taygif;\ El;nhjH cif;? ½lyó k ur®nwm-edyæEé½kyf taygif;\ auG;jcif; qefYjcif; vIy½m;jcif; paom trIuûkd y&ef pGr;Edijf cif;? þv[kwm rk'wm f S f k k ur®nwm½kywYdk onf auG;jcif; qefYjcif; vIy½m;jcif; ajymqdjk cif; ponfwYdk ukd tvd½wi; vG,upm ûyEdiaom f f S k dS dk f f l G k f tcgwkdYü txl;xif½Sm;ukef\/ Oyp,-edyE½ywYkd \ a½S;OD;pGm jzpfay:jcif;? oEÅw-edyE½ywYdk \ tpOfrjywf æ é k f d æ é k f qufum qufum jzpfay:jcif;? ¤if;Oypm, oEÅwwYdk rm edyE½ywYkd \ Oyg'fcPyif jzpfonf/ Z&wm-edyE½yf d S æ é k f æ é k wkYd \ &ifa&mftrif;jcif; - edyE½ywYkd \ XDcPyif jzpfonf/ tedpwm - edyE½ywYdk \ rNrJjcif; - ysup;jcif; h kd æ é k f ö æ é k f f D edyE½ywYdk \ bifcPyif jzpfonf/ æ é k f 3-½kyftppfwkdY\ tjcif;t&m[lonfrm um,0dnwf 0pD0nwf Oyp, oEÅwd Z&wm tedpwmwkYd yif S d ö jzpfonf/ 4-½kyftppfwkdY\ xl;jcm;aom trlt&m[lonfrm v[kwm rk'wm ur®nwmwkYd yif jzpfonf/ S k

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1-½kyftppfwkdY\ tMum;jzpfaom ydi;jcm;aMumif; [lonfrm tmumo "mwfyifjzpfonf/ k f S 2-þ ½kyftvHk;pHkwkdYonfvnf; ½lyu©Emwnf;? þ½kyrsm;xJrS wck ESpck ponf wpdwwa'onfvnf; ¨ f f f ½lyu©Emwnf; - [laom teufukd ]]vnf;}} - [laom o'´gjzifh jyonf/ ¨ 3-avmukw&mpdwf apwoduwYkd rm 0dyóem r½ItyfaomaMumifh ]]avmuDpwwYkd EiwuG jzpfaom}}-[k å f S d f S hf qdkonf/ 4-]]¤if; (a0'em)ESihf ,SOfaom}} - [laom þ0daooeyk'ukd þt&mü rqdvQif 0dnmPft&mü ]]81 - yg; f k aom avmuDpw[k qdtyfaom 0dnmPfonf}}-[k txl;xkwazmfí qk&ayvdrrnf/ xkoYkd rqd&yJ onm ocFg& d f k f d hf d k 0dnmPfwYkd ukd wef;wlûyí jyvkaomaMumifh þt&mü þyk'ukd qdonf/ d f k

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1-tm;xkwcgp yk*Kd¾ vftm; aumif;pGm rxifay:ao;aom ½kywYkd onf rpifMu,fonf rnfue\/ ½kyftrsKd; f f k f wl tcsif;csif;¤if; trsKd;uG½ywYkd Ei¤if; wpyfwnf; wqufwnf;jzpfvsuf a&m,SuaeaomaMumifh ½IyaxG;aeonf J k f S hf f f rnfue\/ ÓPf&ifaomtcgü aumif;pGm ½Si;½Si;vif;vif; xifay:vmaom ½kywYkd onf oefY½i; pifMu,fonf k f h f f f S f rnfue\/ tcsif;csif;¤if;ç trsKd;uG½ywYdk Ei¤if; ra&m,SuaomaMumifh t½IytaxG; uif;onf rnfue\/ k f J k f S hf f f k f wifpm;í qkaompum;aywnf;/ trSetm;jzifrum; todÓPf\ oefY½i;pifMu,fjcif;ç t½IytaxG;r½Sjd cif;om d f h l S f f wnf;/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

234

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1-wdv-ESrf; + yd| - rkeYf nuf - wdvyd| - ESr; rkeYf nuf/ xdy'ukd #Dumü ]]wdvyd|EÅd wdvpkPHÖ - ESr; f k k f f rkeYf nuf [lonfum; ESr;rIeYf aywnf;}}[k zGiO;rnf/ xkYd aMumifh þü yk'&if;\ teuftwdi; ESr;rkeYf nuf [líom f hf D f k f f jyefqí (ESr;rIeYf ) [laom #Dumteufuvnf; odEi&ef vufonf;uGi;ESihf jyxm;onf/ qDywaom olonf dk f kd kd f f G f qDqxoYkd ESr;vH;wkYd uom xnf&onf? ESr;rkeYf nuf - ESr;rIeYf wYdkukd xnf&onfum r[kway? odYk aomf Budwacs kH J f k kd h f f h f f vduaomtcg rkeYf nuf - trIeYf jzpfvwHjh zpfaomaMumifh xdoYkdqonf[k rSw&m\/ k f k kd f

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1-OpäK - apm& - a*gP - '"d - rpäm'D[d - [laom ygVdy'&if;twdi; twdtus jyefvQif BuH cd;ol k f k f k EGm; - EdYk "rf; - ig; tp½Sdukefaom - [lí jzpfue\? xdk twdi;qdvQif em;vnf&ef cufonf? xkYd aMumifh k f k f k tawmftwef em;vnfEiap&ef vufonf;uGi;ydrsm;jzifh teufrsm;udvnf; xnfí jyefqxm;onf/ kd f f k k h dk 2-zó\ tpGr; - zó tvdtm;jzifh xifonf-[k qkonfrm zóxifay:vQif ¤if;ESihf waygif;wnf; f k d S jzpfaom emrfcE¨mw&m; tvH;pHyifxifonf rnf\? xktvH;pHukd ½Ijcif;udpö NyD;\[k qdvonf/ a0'em k k d k k k kd 0dnmPfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh xifonf-[l&m wdYk üvnf; enf;wlyifwnf;/ f

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1-]]tp½Sdaom}} - [laom pum;jzifh ]]tmayg"mwfonf ,dp;jcif;vu©Pm ½S\? awaZm"mwfonf yljcif; k D d vu©Pm ½Sd\? 0ga,m"mwfonf axmufuefjcif; vu©Pm½S\}} - [laom t<uif;"mwfoHk;yg;ü ½Ienf; 3-yg;udk d ñTejf yonf/ 2-þodYk aom enf;jzifh wyg;aom emrfcE¨mtaygif;vnf; xifonfomrnf\[k qdvonf/ odYk aomf k kd xdwyg;aom emrfcE¨mwkYd ukd qifjcifí½I&ef ñTejf yonfum; r[kw?f xkYd aMumifyif ]]reodua&mwd - ESv;oGi;\? k h kH f Oyy&duwd - ½Iqifjcif\}}[k þodYk ponfjzifh rqkrí ]]Oy|mwd - xifay:\}} [líom qkdayonf/ © d l 3-þ ay,smvt&mü 42-yg;aom aum|mowkYd wif avmrm arG;n§i; tp½Saom <uif;aom aum|mo G f d 40-udk jr§Kyfxm;onf/

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1-Oyg, - Oyg,f - wpHwckaomudpö tusKd;pD;yGg; NyD;pD;aMumif; jzpfajrmufaMumif; enf;vrf;/ þüum; k zóponfukd y"meûyojzifh <uif;aom emrfw&m;wkYd ukd odr;qnf;rINyD;aMumif; enf;udk qkonf/ f d

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1-pu©K"mwfukd y"meûyí odr;qnf;jcif;jzifh ¤if;ESiwuG jzpfaom ½kyaygif; 53-yg;wkYd ukd odr;qnf;NyD; f hf f f jzpf\/ xkYd aMumifh pu©K"mwfonf ½kyaygif; 53-yg;udk odr;qnf;&mwGif y"mejzpfí ½kywYkd ukd odr;qnf;aMumif; f f f f rkc rnf\/ aomw"mwf ponfwYdk üvnf; enf;wlyif odyg/ 2-tu,fí .... tm;xkwfjim;tHh-[k pyfyg/ 3-a½SYajc rNrJao;rD aemufajcudk <urdí awmifrS avQmusum ao&aom EGm;ronf ra&mufb;ao;aom l t&yfoYkdvnf; ra&muf&? rdr\ rlvae&ma[mif;odYk vnf; jyefí ra&mufEi?f ESpzufv;rS vufvwf qH;½I;oGm; d kd f kH G k H ouJoYkd jzpfwwfonf-[k qdv\/ h k kd

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

235

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1-êuwfç tpf [laom trnfrsm;onf ork*y'rS bmomjyefjzpfonf? tzH;ESitr tHusvsuf aphaeaom ¾ k f k hf êuwfjzpfapç tpfjzpfap wckwnf;[k xif&\? ¤if;udk xm;OD;jzifuvyfí zGivuaomtcg tzH;ESitr wjcm;pD h hf kd f k hf uGom;ouJoYkd emrfEi½yf uGyukd Oyrm jyonf/ edó,ESihf jrefrmjyef ta[mif;wdYk ü ,if;ork*¾ - yk'ukd yef;uyf J G h S hf k J kH f [k jyefqMkd u\/ ,ckumvü yef;uyfukd yHoP²mefEiwuG odol tvGeyif ½Sm;vdrrnf? ,if;yef;uyfrm a½S;rif; k S hf f hf S rª;rwfwYkd uGr;yef; aygufaygufxnfí oH;aqmifaom toH;taqmif jzpfonf? ¤if;udk uGr;uvyfç yef;uvyfç f h k k f uGr;od[ívnf; ac:onf[k u0drsufref owfyusrf;ü azmfjyxm;\/ 0do'r*f r[m#Dumü ork*EdÅ f k l S kH k d¨ ¾ rOÆLomo'doH r[mork*H¾ - ork*H¾ [lonfum; aowåmESiwaom BuD;pGmaom ork*u-[k zGi\? þtzGijhf zifh hf l ¾ kd hf aowåmESiwaMumif; BuD;aMumif;rQom xif½m;\? aowåmrSmvnf; yHptrsKd;rsKd; ½SaomaMumifh ork*\ yHoP²mef hf l S k H d ¾ k udum; qH;jzwf&ef cJ,Of;\? tbd"mef edó,wkYd üum; - ork*¾ - yk'ukd zmyûcyf yvH;[lí¤if;? yef;uyf k k f k yef;awmif; êuwf[í¤if; jyefqMkd u\/ rlv - yPÖo r[m[w¬ya'gyrokwf tzGihf t|uxmü ayVmac: l d aowåmBuD;xJü ork*rnfaom tpf - aowåmi,f 5-vH; xnfxm;yH?k ¤if;ork*¾ aowåmi,fwvH;xJü u&@ac: ¾ k h k êuwf 4-vH; xnfxm;yH?k ¤if;u&@êuwf wvH;wvH;xJü t0wftqifwef;qm trsKd;pHk xnfxm;yHukd Oyrmjy\/ k h k k h k e0edygwf ork*ZmwftzGihf t|uxmü ork*-yk'ukd u&@êuwf[k zGi\? 'ge0bDv;onf ork*ac: êuwfxü ¾ ¾ f hf l ¾ J rdr\r,m; vlre;rudxnfí ¤if;êuwfursKdí oGm;av&mü aqmifom;aMumifh zGijhf yxm;\/ odkYjzpfí ork*-yk'ukd d d f k h kd G ¾ f yef;uyf yef;awmif; êuwf tpf ponfjzifh jyefqaom teuftm;vH;yif toifcsn;[k rSw,oif\/ odkYaomf kd k h f f l h vnf; yef;uyf-ac:aom 0w¬Kudk ,ckumvü todcufaomaMumif¤if;ç êuwfEihf tpfonf rzGiru wckwnf; h S hf D uJoYkd xif&í zGivuaomtcg 2-ckuom;yktm;jzifh xif½m;odv,aom Oyrm jzpfEiaomaMumif¤if; þü h hf kd f JG G H S G f kd f h êuwfç tpf[k 2-rsKd; jyefqvuf ayonf/ kd kd

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1-wmv - xef;yif + uE´ - tOtzk = wmvuE´ - xef;O xef;zk/ xef;yifBuD;rsm;rSm tOtzk [lí r½S?d ,ck vlwYdk rD;zkwí ûywfí pm;aeMuaom xef;yifaygufp xef;jrpfonfomvQif xef;yif\ tOtzkjzpfonf? f ¤if;rSmvnf; rcGru wckwnf;uJoYkd jzpfaeayonf? cGvuaomtcg 2-jcrf;uGom;onf/ xkYd aMumifh ¤if;wmvuE´ J D h J kd f J G yk'ukd xef;yifayguf xef;jrpf-[k þü jyefqonf? ,ckumv½Sd edó,ESihf bmomjyefwYdk ü xef;zl;an§muf[k ½S\/ f dk d uE´-yk'ukd tzktan§muf-[k ,lqNyD;vQif xef;zkan§muf-[k rlvu a&;cJ[ef ½Sayonf/ uE´o'´gonf f h d tzl;udum; ra[mEdi/ k k f

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1-to®d - jzpfonf-[laom pum;jzifh rmepGukd jy\? igjzpfonf-[k qk&mü jzpfonf[aom pum;jzifh J d l wwfonf odonf jrwfonf jynfponf ponfjzifh *kP,í rmeaxmifvm;aom Bud,myk'f tm;vH;udk h kH f l T k odr;,ltyf\/ t[H-ig[laom pum;jzifum; 'd|pJG wPSmpGukd jyonf[k ,ltyf\/ f h d J

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1-wckcukd cGiûhf y&ayvdrrnf? vufc&ayvdrrnf? cGirûyyJ vufrcHbJ jiif;y,fae&ef rjzpfEi[k qdv\/ k hf H hf hf kd f k kd 2-owå0g[k ac:aom twåaumifonf ysufp;jcif;r½SyJ wb0rS wb0odYk ajymif;a½TY usifvnf aeonf[k D d ,lvQif oów'd|-wnfNrJyif wnf½aeonf[aom t,lü usa&muf\/ d dS l 3-owå0gonf aoaomtcg vH;vH; ysufp;oGm;onf[k ,lvQif Oapä''d|d - t<uif;rJh jywfpom;onf k k D J G [laom t,lü usa&muf\? taMumif;rlum; xdt,lü aooGm;aomtcg twå\ t½Set0g wpHw&mrQ rusefyJ k d f k vH;vH;vsm;vsm; aysmufysufom;onf[k ,lqaomaMumifwnf;/ or®m'd|t,lüum; owå0g[k ac:aom vuf½Sd k k G h d ½kyemrf tpOf ysufp;í aooGm;aomtcg twåaumif r½Saomfvnf; wPSm ruif; ao;vQif rdrûd yxm;aom uH\ f D d tpGr;aMumifh ½kyemrftopf jzpfay:vsuf b0opf qufí jzpfom;onf[k ,lq\? xkYd aMumifh Oapä't,lüvnf; f f G rusa&muf? þb0rS twåaumif toufaumifonfyif wjcm;b0okYd ajymif;oGm;onf[k r,lrí ]]uH\ l

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1-udavom uif;vQif uHu tusKd;ray;EdiaomaMumifh b0opf ½kyemrf rjzpfay:&awmhyJ ½kyemrftpOf k f f f [laom qif;&JrQom Nidr;oGm;onf[k þodYk omvQif ,loifygvsuf xk,oifonfukd ausmfveí udavom f h d l h G f ruif;ao;ygyJ xdxb0rS ao½krQjzifh b0csKyfNidr;onf[k ,laomaMumifh twd"m0e-ausmveom;onf rnf\/ k kd H f f G f G

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1-taMumif;jzpfueaomaMumifh [laom þyk'onf ypö,m-[laom yk'\ bmomjyef jzpfonf/ ,ck k f f f #Dum pmtkywYkd ü ypö,m a[mEÅmyd[k ½S\? xdtvdtm;jzifh tcsif;csif;\taMumif; jzpfueaomfvnf; emrfEi½yf f d k k k f S hf k wkYd wif wckysufvQif 2-yg;vH; ysufue\[k jyef&vdrrnf/ teuft"dyg,fr½Si;/ tcsif;csif;taMumif; jzpfí G k k f hf Ü f tcsi;csi; rSae&aom w&m;wck ysuvQif tjcm;wckvnf; rD&mtaMumif;r½SaomaMumifh ysufavawmhonf f f D f S d [laom teufomvQif xif½m;ayonf/ xdYk aMumifh ypö,m - yk'ukd a[wkrEÅ 0daooe,lí tcsif;csif;\ S f taMumif;jzpfueaomaMumif[k jyefqxm;onf/ #Dumüvnf; yd-o'´grygyJ ypö,m a[mEÅm - [líom k f h kd ½Sdoifhonf/

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1-zóvQif ig;ckajrmuf½aom emrfw&m;wdYk [lonfrm - zóç a0'emç onmç apwemç pdw-[laom dS S f þw&m;wdYk yif jzpfonf/

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1-þay,smvrsm;udk jriforqi&m tyd'üuJoYkd azmfyg? jrifort&mü Mum;odrponfukd ajymif;vJ d I kd f k f h d I I xnf½rQom xl;onf/ h Hk

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1-þ0gusjzifh ½kyu&nfonf[k #Dumü qdk\/ f kd 2-þ0gusjzifh emrfu&nfonf[k #Dumüyif qk\/ y&tm&r®Pawm - wyg;aom w&m;wkYd \ tm&r®P kd d owåaMumif?h 0g? tm½kjH zpfaom w&m;wkYd aMumif[k jyefoifaomfvnf; okwenf;aom olwYkdvnf; odv,ap&ef d h h G f wyg;aom w&m;wkYd ukd qGui& tm½kûH y&aomaMumifh [k t"dyg,feuf jyefqxm;onf/ J kd f Ü kd

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1-a,m*Dy*Kd¾ vf\ .... [kwwi;rSepm odjrifjcif;ud-[k pyfyg/ k f kd f f G k 2-ÓPftqifü wnfaom .... odjrifjcif;ud-[k pyfyg/ h k

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

237

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1-a,m*D&[ef;onf .... ½SmrS;jcif;odYk a&muf\-[k pyfyg/ D 2-taMumif;r½SyJ jzpfygrl tvH;pHaom w&m;wdYk onf taMumif;r½Sycsnf; jzpfue&m\? þodYk tvH;pHyif d k k d J k f k k wlnvsuf ½S&m\/ xkoYkdjzpfvQif aomwyom' ponfwYdkü¤if;ç opfyif ajr a& paom A[d'oEÅmefü¤if; D d d ¨ pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk \ wnf&mrS&m taMumif; r½Saomfvnf; xdtvH;pHaom XmewkYd ü pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk D d k k k jzpfavuke&m\? þodYk tvH;pHaom XmewdYk ü taMumif;r½SyJ pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk jzpfay:aomtm;jzifh f k k d wrsKd;wnf; wlnonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&muf&monf[k qdv\/ D k kd

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1-pu©Kyom'ponfwYdk rjzpfrD a½S;umvü¤if;ç pu©Kyom' ponfwYdk csKyfNyD;aom aemufumvü¤if; pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk \ wnf&mrS&m taMumif;r½S?d odYk aomfvnf; taMumif;r½SyJ jzpfEiygrl xdtvH;pHaom D d kd f k k k umvwkYd üvnf; taMumif;r½SyJ pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk jzpfay:avuke&m\/ þodYk cyfor; taMumif;r½SyJ d f d f d pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk jzpfay:aomtm;jzifh wrsKd;wnf; wlnonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&muf&monf[k qdvk\/ D k d 2-rsufppv;uef;aom olponfwYdk tm;¤if;ç ½kyr½Saom jA[®mwkYd tm;¤if;ç tonowfjA[®m wdYk tm;¤if; d kH kH f d pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk \ wnf&m rS&m taMumif;r½S?d odYk aomfvnf; taMumif;r½SyJ jzpfay:Ediygrl xkoYdk aom D d k f d yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk tm;vnf; taMumif;r½SyJ pu©K0dnmPfponfwYdk jzpfay:avuke&m\? þodYk tvH;pHaom yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk tm; d f k k taMumif;r½SyJ pu©K0dnmPf ponfwYdk jzpfay:aomtm;jzifh wrsKd;wnf; wlnonf\ tjzpfoYkd a&muf&monf[k d D qdv\/ þü pu©K0dnmPf ponfukd jyqdjk cif;rSm enf;jyrQom jzpfonf? trSetm;jzifaomfum; taMumif;r½SyJ k kd f h d jzpfEiygrl avmuü txl;[lorQonf t&yfXmewdi;ü olcyfor;wkYd tm; tcgcyfor;yif jzpfay:av&m\-[k kd f k f d f d f qdvonf/ k kd 3-ponf-[laom pum;jzifh yuwd yk&o yZmywd umvponfwYdkukd ,l/ d 4-£ó&ponfwYdk onf wu,f½ygrl ¤if;wdYk onfvnf; emrfEi½yrQom jzpf&rnf? emrf½yrS tvGwf dS S hf k f k f jzpfaom £ó&ponfwYdk r½Sueonfomwnf;? tu,fí ¤if;wkYd ukd emrf½yrS tvGw[k ,lqvQif ¤if;wdYk onf d k f k f f bmrQr½Saom trnfynwfrQ ac:a0:½krQom jzpf&monf? trSetm;jzifh xif½m; r½Sueonf omwnf;/ xkYd aMumifh d H f S d k f xdoYkd xif½m;r½Saom £ó& ponfwYdk rm toH;rus w&m;r0if[k qdvonf/ k S d S k k kd

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1-eDvyv - Mumñd[aom yk'uaxmufí xkMd umñdEihf trsK;wlaom Mumudk OyÜvMum[k ,ltyf\/ k Ü k l f kd k S d y'krmMumESihf yk@&duMf umwkYd ukd t|uxmwkYd ü ]]yGicsyw&m rjynfaom Mumonfç wenf; MumeDonf yk@&duf ® hf f h rnf\? yGicsyw&m jynfaom Mumonf wenf; MumjzLonf y'krm rnf\}}-[k qH;jzwf\/ tbd"mefüum; hf f h ® k ]]Mumomrefukd y'krmMum [lí¤if;? MumjzLudk yk@&duMf um [lí¤if;? Mumodrçf MumwHqyçf naecsrf;üyGiaom ® d hf MumjzLudk aom*E¨uMum [lí¤if;}} qd\/ d k 2-wHp;wGi; [lonfum; aq;aMumaoma& ud,0ef tnpftaMu; ponfwYdkukd pGeYf oe&m Xmewnf;/ D f k f G f wHp;ajrmif; [lonfum; ½TYH ñeEihf wuGaom xdaq;aMumaoma& ud,0ef tnpftaMu; ponfwYdk \ pD;oGm;&m D G f S k k f t&yfwnf;[k zGijhf yaom rlvyPÖmo t|uxm (1-83)ESihf tnDyif wHp;wGi; wHp;ajrmif;wkYd ukd rSw&m\/ D f D f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-þ½kyfukd,f\ .... rlvtaMumif;aywnf;? .... taxmuftyHh taMumif;aywnf;? .... rlvtaMumif; taxmuftyHh taMumif;wkYd aywnf;-[k pyfyg/ 2-þ rlvtaMumif;udk ]]Zeu (jzpfapwwfaom) taMumif;}} [lívnf; ac:onf/ 3-odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûyNyD;vQif .... odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\-[k pyfyg/ f f

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1-xda,m*Donf ..... y,f (tyf) \-[k ESm - 258 yXr pmyd'u tqH;pGey'Eihf vSr;pyfyg/ k k f k f k f S f 2-oów-wnfNrJ wnfaeyHk tjcif;t&mESihf t"d'orkyw-taMumif;rJh tvdvjkd zpfvmyHk tjcif;t&mwkYd ukd ö Ü då k pGrí jzpfaom ,H;rSm;yHk tjcif;t&m 2-ck jzpfonf/ J DS k 3-þ0gusjzifh ]]rif;rsKd;jzpfcavoavm? ykPm;rsKd; ponfwYdk wiçf vl0wfaMumif ponfwYdk wiçf ewfponf hJ Ö G G wkYd wif wyg;yg; jzpfcavoavm}}[k ,Hrm;jzpfonfukd jyaMumif; t|uxm #DumwkYd ü zGiMhf u\/ xdtwdwumv G hJ k S k f wke;u twåonf ½ky½cavoavm? a0'em ponf½cavoavm? þodYk ponfjzifh ,Hrm;jcif;vnf; jzpfoif\/ f f dS hJ dS hJ k S h 4-½Snfav-jrifavoavm? wdav-ykavoavm? jzLavoavm? rnf;avoavm ponfjzifh oP²mef h k tjcif;t&mudpí ,Hrm;onf[k rlvtzGitjzpfjzifh jyqkNd yD;vQif ]]tb,foYkd aom tjcif;t&mjzifh jzpfcavoenf;[k k JG k S hf hJ jzpfytjcif;t&mtm;jzifh ,Hrm;onf}}[k q&mwkYd u qdaMumif;vnf; #Dumü jy\/ þü q&mwkYd \ 0g't&tm;jzifh kH k S k zefqif;í jzpfvmcJoavm? taMumif;rJh jzpfvmcJoavm ponfjzifh ,Hrm;onfukd ,ltyf\/ h h k S 5-þ,Hrm;ykrm wwd,,Hrm;yHEihf wl\? þü tqufquf jzpfvmyHukd ,Hrm;jcif;rQom xl;onf/ k S H S k S k S k k S

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1-rdr[k odrwxm;aom twå[onfrm wu,f ½Savoavm? r½Savoavm[k ,Hrm;onf/ d S f l S d d k S 2-rif;rsK; jzpfygvsuf [kwavoavm? r[kwavoavm[k ,Hrm;onf[k t|uxm #DumwkYd ü zGijhf y d f f k S Mu\/ rif;rsKd;ponf [kwf r[kwf ,Hrm;jcif;onf y#dywft&müç txl;tm;jzifh ½kyf emrfukd ½Iaom 0dyóemt&mü k S qefYusibufvnf; rjzpf? ½kyf emrfukd odjcif;aMumifvnf; xkoYkdaom ,Hrm;udk vGeajrmufrnf r[kw?f xkYd aMumifh f h d k S f qifjcifoif\/ rdrd\ twåaumifonf ½ky½avoavm? a0'em ponf ½Savoavm ponfjzifh ,Hrm;jcif;udk h f dS d k S ,lvQif oif&m\? ,ckumvüyif twåp½owYdk rSm xkoYkd aom ,Hrm;jzpfvsuf ½SdMu\ h JG dS l d k S 3-ud,wi;u ZD0twå\ t½Snf twdk paom oP²mefyrmPudk pGí ,Hrm;jzpfyukd #Dumü jy\/ þü k f G f J k S H ½ky½avoavm ponfjzifh ,Hrm;jcif;vnf; twGi;0ifonf[k rSwtyf\/ f dS k S f f

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1-]]y,f (tyf)\}} [laomyk'onf y[D,wd-yk'\ bmomjyef jzpfonf/ þt&mü y,f-[lonfrm f f S aysmufapjcif; 0durey[mefjzifh a0;uGmjcif; uG,aysmufjcif; yifwnf;/ odYk jzpfí xda,m*Donf ,Hrm;udk y,f © Ç f k k S (tyf)\-[l&mü xka,m*D\ oEÅmefü ,Hrm;aysmufuif;\-[k qkvayonf/ tb,fuoYdk enf;[lr¿ d k S d kd hJ l "Z*¾ow0,f ]]y[D,ówd-y,ftyfvwH}h } [l&mü aysmufuif;vwH-[k teuf ,l&ouJoYkd yifwnf;/ k f d h h 2-tjym;½Sdaom .... taMumif;udk-[k pyfyg/ 3-ukovf tukovf 0dyguf ud&,m tjym;tm;jzif¤if;ç ukovf ponfüvnf; aomreóo[*kwf kd kd d h kd tp½SonfwYdk wif wyg;yg;aom tjym;tm;jzif¤if; tvH;pHaom tjym;½Saom[k qdv\/ tcsKyftm;jzifrum; d G h k k d k kd h l avmuDpwf 81-yg;ç xdpwwYdk Ei,Oaom apwoduf 52-yg; þodYk aom tjym;½Saom emrf[orQudk qdvonf/ d k d f S hf S f d l k kd

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1-ukovemrf\ taMumif;om jzpfonf-[k qkv\/ kd f d kd 2-tukovemrf\ taMumif;om jzpfonf-[k qdv\/ kd f k kd 3-0dygufemrf\ taMumif;om jzpfonf-[k qdv\/ k kd 4-ud&,memrf\ taMumif;om jzpfonf-[k qdv\/ d k kd 5-ur®Z½kyukd jzpfaponf-[k qdv\/ f k kd

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1-2-a,m*Donf .... ½IjrifNyD;vQif .... ,HkrSm;udk y,f (tyf)\-[k pyfyg/ þüvnf; xkd a,m*D\ oEÅmefü 0durey[meftm;jzifh a0;uGmvsuf ,Hrm;aysmufuif;\-[k qdvonf/ aemufüvnf; enf;wlyifrw/ © Ç k S k kd S f 3-a,m*Donf .... emrf½kyf\taMumif; odr;qnf;jcif;udk ûy\-[k pyfyg/ f

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1-'d|"r® - rsufarSmuftwåawm - rsuarSmufb0 + a0'eD, - cHpm;tyfaom tusKd;½SaomuH/ f d 2-OyyZÆ - þb0\ teD;ü jzpfí - tjcm;rJh 'kw,b0ü + a0'eD, - cHpm;tyfaom tusKd;½SaomuH/ d d

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1-ty& - rsufarSmuf twåabmç tjcm;rJh twåabmwkYd rS wyg;aom + y&d,m, - twåabm\ tvSnü hf - wwd,b0 ponfü + a0'eD, - cHpm;tyfaom tusKd;½SaomuH/ d

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1-þuHukd tbd"r®wo*F[usrf;ü tmpdPuH - (rjywfavhusutyfaom uH)[k ac:\/ ¬ Ö f 2-]]tp½Sdaom}} - [laompum;jzifh ydwCmw - tbudowfjcif;? t&[EÅCmw - &[EÅmudk owfjcif;? k k avm[dwyg' - jrwfpmbk&m;ü aoG;pdr;wnfapjcif;? oHCab' - oHCmudcjJG cif;? ed,wrdpm'd|d - uHEiu\ k Ü G f k ä S hf H tusKd;r½S[k NrJNrHpm jzpfaom rdpmt,lwYdk ukd ,l&m\/ d G ä uGJrnf/ 3-0do'r*fygXfü tv'¨gao0eH-[k ½SvQif rS0rukd r&aom-[k jyeftyf\? xkoYkd ½ygrS A[kvuHEihf k d¨ d D J I d dS S

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1-ur®0#f 0dygu0#f[aom taMumif;aMumih-[k qdv\/ l f k kd 2-ypöKyÜefb0ü ]]0dnmPfç emrf½kyfç oVm,weç zóç a0'em}} [laom tusKd;udkrSDí wPSmç Oyg'gefç ur® b0jzpfonfukd qdv\/ þodkY teufjyefrS uHaMumifh 0dygufjzpfonf? xd0ygufaMumifyif wzefujH zpfonf? k kd k d h xduaMumifh wzef 0dygufjzpfjyefonf - þodYk ponfjzifh wjyefpD rjywfvnfom;Ediayonf/ k H G k f

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1-a,m*Donf .... tvH;pHaom xd,rm;udk y,f (tyf)\[k pyfyg/ k k k kH S 2-b0oH;yg; [lonfum; umrb0ç ½lyb0ç t½lyb0 wdkYaywnf;/ a,med av;yg;[lonfum; t@Z k OrSaygufzm;aom owå0grsKd;? ZvmAkZ - oli,ftrrS aygufzm;aom owå0grsKd;? oHao'Z - tn§ü jzpfyg;aom G d f G d G owå0grsKd;? Moyygwdu - teD;ü ½kww&uf usvmouJoYkd ud,xif½m; tjynftpHk bGm;ueJ jzpfay:aom f h k f S h owå0grsKd;? þav;rsKd;wkYd aywnf;/ uwdig;yg;[lonfum; i&Jç wd&pämefç Nydwmç vlç ewf-þig;yg;wkYd aywnf;/ å 0dnmP|dwd ckepfyg;[lonfum; vlwYdk onf vltcsif;csif;¤if;ç umrm0p& ewfwYkd onf ewftcsif;csif;¤if;ç ud,Eihf y#doaE¨onm 2-rsK;vH; xl;jcm;aomaMumifh emewåum, k f S d k emewåonD rnfue\ (1)/ yXrpsmef jA[®mwkYd onf tcsif;csif;¤if;ç tyg,fowå0gwkYd onf k f tcsif;csif;¤if; ud,x;jcm;í onmwlaomaMumifh emewåum, {uwåonD rnfue\ (2)/ k f l k f 'kw,psmef jA[®mwkYd onf tcsi;csi;uk,wí onm xl;jcm;aomaMumifh {uwåum,emewåonD d f f d f l rnfue\ (3)/ wwd,psmef jA[®mwkYd onf tcsif;csif;¤if;ç a0[yæKd vf jA[®mwkYd onf tcsif;csif; k f ¤if; udk,fESifh onm 2-rsK; wlaomaMumifh {uwåum, {uwåonD rnfue\ (4)/ ok'¨g0go d k f jA[®mwkYd onfvnf; þpwkw¬ 0dnmP|dwü 0ifoifue\/ d h k f /tmumomeOöm,we jA[®m wkYd onf tmumomeOöm,weonD rnfue (5)/ 0dnmPOöm,we jA[®mwkYd onf 0dnmPOöm, k weonD rnfue\ (6)/ tmudOnm,we jA[®mwkYd onf tmudOnm,weonD rnfue\ k f ö ö k f (7)/ þ ckepfyg;wkYd aywnf;/ owåm0go 9-yg;wkYd [lonfum; txufyg0dnmP|dwd ckepfyg;wkYd ü tonowfbEihf kH S ae0onm emonm,webHkwkdYudk xnfhí þ 9-yg;wkYd onf owå0gwkYd \ ae&m jzpfaomaMumifh owåm0go 9-yg; rnfue\/ k f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

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1-'d|0o'jd¨ zpfpOfuyifvQif 'd|ukd tMurf;tm;jzifh y,fcgcJNh yD;jzpfaomfvnf; þÓPftqifü xdYk xuf d d k d G h odrarGYaom 'd|uy,fcgjyefaomaMumifh ]]omíaumif;pGmy,f\}} [k qdkonf/ f d kd G 2-b0a[mif;u ½kyemrfonf xdb0a[mif;üyifvQif tvH;pHcsKyfc\? b0opfü½Saom ½kyemrftpOfonf f k k k hJ d f xdk b0opfüomvQif topfjzpfay:vmaom ½kyemrftpOfjzpf\? xdYk aMumifh b0a[mif;u ½kyemrftpOf oEÅmefu f f wjcm;ç b0opfu ½kyemrftpOfoEÅmefu wjcm;[lívnf; cGjJ cm;í ,l&\? þodYk wjcm;pD[k cGjJ cm;í ,l&aMumif; f jzpfaom enf;udk emewåenf;[k ac:onf/ 3-ocFg&wkYd jzpfatmif igûyrnf[k t0dZmtm; aMumifMh uAsmyg&r½S?d y#doaE¨0nmPfjzpfatmif igwdYk ûyrnf[k Æ d uHocFg&wkYd tm; aMumifMh uAsmyg&r½S?d þodYk ponfjzifh tusKd;w&m;wkYd jzpfay:atmif taMumif;w&m;wdYk ü aMumifMh u Asmyg&r½S[k ,l& od&aMumif; jzpfaom enf;udk tAsmyg&enf;[k ac:onf/ d 4-t0dZm tp½Saom qdi&mqdi&m taMumif;w&m;wdYk aMumifh ocFg&tp½Saom qdi&mqdi&m tusKd;w&m; Æ d k f k f d k f k f wkYd onfomvQif jzpfay:uke\? rqdiaom taMumif;w&m;wkYd aMumifh rqdiaom tusK;w&m;wkYd rjzpfue[k f k f k f d k f ,l&od&aomenf;udk {0H"r®wmenf;-[k ac:onf/

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1-ocFww&m;wkYd \ jzpfjcif;ç tcdutwefYrQwnfjcif;ç ysufjcif;[laom Oyg'fXbif - þoHk;yg;onf k f D ocFww&m;[k rSw&aMumif;jzpfaomaMumifh ocFwvu©Pm rnf\/ f 2-xdka,m*Dtm; .... xifay:ukef\-[k pyfyg/

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1-þrQ (tm;xkwcaom bm0em tpDt&if)jzifh [l&mü bm0em tpDt&if [lonfrm ]]jzpfay:qJjzpfaom f hJ S ½kyonf ypöKyÜernf\}} þodYk tp½Saom ygVdenf;udk tpOfvuíaomf¤if; ]]twdwjf zpfap tem*wfjzpfap ypöKyÜef f f d kd f jzpfap tMuifwpHwckaom ½kyonf½\}} þodkY tp½Sdaom ygVdenf;udk tpOfvuíaomf¤if; tjzpftysufukd k dS kd f xd;xGi;í odonfwiatmif tm;xkwcaom bm0emtpDt&ifaywnf;/ k f kd f f hJ

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

256

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1-jzpfay:ukeonfomvQiwnf;? rjzpfay:ukeonf r[kw-rjzpfay:yJ aeMuonf[í r½S?d tb,faMumifh f f f f l h enf;[lr¿ Mobmopaom OyuúavowkYd rjzpfvQif xdk a,m*Dy*Kd¾ vftm; r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe 0do'd¨ jzpfcihf l d k k G r½SaomaMumifh aywnf;/ (#DumtzGi) d hf

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1-tjyife&\twGi;üvnf; tv,fcef;tjzpfjzifh ywfvnfvnvsuf um&Hxm;aom twGi;eH&H 1-ck H H f S hf f ½SaomaMumifh xdk eH&H 2-ckwYkd \ tMum;ü vSnvnfom;Ediaom ywfvnf;pBuøcef; jzpfvsu½onf? odYk jzpfí d hf G k f f dS twGi;eH&twGi; tv,fA[dk tcef;xJü xdiaeMuaom rax&f 2-yg;rSm yuwdtvif;a&mif r½SaMumif; odap&ef f H f k f d ]]eH&H 2-xyf½aom}}[k txl;azmfjyonf/ dS 2-t*Fgav;yg;½Sdaom tarSmif[l&mü t*Fgav;yg; [lonfrSm (1) 14-&ufajrmuf vuG,OykoaeY f f jzpfjcif;? (2) nOfoef;acgiftcsdef jzpfjcif;? (3) xlxyfaom awmtkytv,f jzpfjcif;? (4) rdC;wdrf zH;tkyvsuf h f k f k f ½Sjd cif;-þt*Fgav;yg; jzpfaMumif; yg&mZduu@ t|uxm ponfü qd\/ r[meda'´o ygVdüum; xdk 4-yg; k wkYd wif oef;acgif tcsdetpm; ol&a,m 0g twå*awm ae0ifNyD;aom tcsde-[k omref nOhtcsdeukd jyxm;\/ G f d F f f f 3-oD[moe - jrwfaomae&m[lonfum; apwD,ifjyifü ylaZmfaomyef;wkYd wifxm;&mjzpfaom yv’if cHae&m jzpfonf/ ¤if;cH\ tajcatmufpü jcaoF\ vufonf; ajconf;rsm;ESiwuG vufajcyHoP²mef k k h hf k ûyxm;onf-[l\/

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1-yDwd ig;rsKd;jzpfyukd tus,ftm;jzifh odvvQif 0dyóem ½Ienf;usrf; 'kw,wGJ pmrsufEm (q|ESy) kH kd d S d f 167-(owårESy) 174-ü Munfyg/ tjcm; OyuúavowkYd \ teuft"dyg,f tus,fuvnf; ¤if;usrf;üyif d f h d Ü kd Munfygav/ h 2-vlwYkd Eihf rqdiaom - [lonfrm xdoYkdaom bm0emjzifh aysmarGYjcif;udk omrefvom;wkYd ra&mufEif S k f S k f l kd r&Edi?f O',AÁ,ÓPfEihf jynfpaom a,m*Dy*Kd¾ vfwYdkonfomvQif &Ediaumif;aomaMumifh xdoYkdqayonf/ k S h kH k k f k kd

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1-ukoavm-ur®|mef;ü uRr;usivrmaom? y@dawm - &ifusufaom ÓPfynm½Saom? Asawåm f f d ® h d usr;*ef wwfoaom? Ak'orÜaEém - OyuúdavoESifh xdk Oyuúavoudk okwoifrwYdk ü tjypftusKd;wkYd ukd odaom f d d¨ d f I ÓPfEihf jynfpaom-[k þodYk tpOftwdi; 0do'r*fü qdxm;aomfvnf; jrefrmpum; acsmarm ajyjypfap&ef S h kH k f k d¨ k ]]wwfod vdrm ynm½Saom todÓPfEihf jynfpaom}}[k twdcsKH;í jyefqxm;onf/ ® d S h kH k kd

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1-jzpfjcif; oabm½Sjd cif; ysufjcif;oabm½Sjd cif; xdrwyg;aom oabm½Sjd cif;aMumif[k qkv\? ]]xdkrSwyg; k S h d kd aom oabm½Sjd cif;}} [lonfrm tpydi; - jzpfjcif;ESihf tqH;ydi; ysufjcif;wkYd rS wyg;aom tv,fyi;XD[k ac:aom S k f k k f kd f &ifa&mfjcif;oabmyif jzpfonf? ¤if;udk ygVdü tnxwå[k qd\? xdygVd tm;avsmfpm þü ]]xdrwyg;aom h k k G k S oabm}}[k jyefqonf/ twdcsKyftm;jzifh qdvQif ]]Oyg'fXbif cPoH;yg; ½SaomaMumifh rNrJ}}-[k qdvonf/ kd k k D k d k dk

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

257

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1-ÓPfxufjrufonfjzpfí aqmifom;yHçk ocFg&w&m;wkYd vsifpmxifyçkH ½IorI ÓPf\jzpfjcif; wnfjcif; G G d ponfoYkd ra&mufrí ukeq;oGm;jcif; aysmufu,om;jcif;[k ac:qdtyfaom ysufjcif;üomvQif wnfywYkd ukd l f kH G f G k kH jyaom þpum;pkonf O',AÁ,ÓPfrS b*FÓPfoYkd ajymif;yHukd jyaom pum;jzpfonf/ teuft"dyg,ftus,fukd k Ü odvvQif 0dyóem½Ienf;usrf; 'kw,wGJ (q|ESy) 181- (owårESy) 196 ü Munfyg/ kd d d f d f h

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1-þü ay,smvudk pmrsufEm 284-pwkw¬ pmyd'ü azmfjyonfh enf;twdi; azmf&rnf/ S k f k f

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1-þonfum; .... teufwnf;=[k pyfyg/ þwkiatmif tzGirm ykpm\ teuftzGihf jzpfonf-[k d f hf S ä qdv\/ k kd 2-]]½lyg&r®Pwm}} [laom yk'fü ½kyfvQiftm½kH½Sdaom [lí¤if; ½kyfvQif tm½kH½Sdonf\ tjzpfü [lí¤if; teufEprsKd; &Edi\? xdYk aMumifh þodYk wenf;xyfí zGijhf yonf/ odYk aomfvnf; ½kyvQif tm½k½onf\ tjzpfü S f k f f H dS yg0ifaompdwonf ½kyvQif tm½k½aom pdw-½kyukd tm½kûH yaom pdwyif jzpfonf? xkYd aMumifh ygVd\ jrefrmjyefü f f H dS f f f yXrtzGifhudkom rlwnfí ]]½kyfvQif tm½kH½Sdaom}}[k jyefqdkvdkufonf/

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1-þ0dyóemonfvnf; ..... y&dpm*y#dedó*¾ rnf\ ..... yu©E´ey#dedó*¾ - rnf\ [k pyfyg/ ]]þ ö 0dyóemudvnf;}} [k uHteuf jyefNyD;vQif ]]ac:qdtyf\}} [laom Bud,myk'Eivnf; pyfEi\/ k k f S hf kd f 2-þü teuft"dyg,f tus,fuovvQif 0dyóem½Ienf;usrf; 'kw,wGJ (q|ESy)ESm 424-(owårESy) Ü kd d kd d d f d f 452-ponfwYdk ü Munfyg/ h

rSwfcsuf
1-tp½Sdaom - [laom pum;jzifh 0d&m*gEkyóem eda&m"mEkyóem y#deó*¾gEkyóemwkYd ukd ñTejf yonf/ d 2-xka,m*Donf .... ESv;oGi;jcif; ½Sonfjzpfí ..... pGefYí ysufjcif;udkomvQif ½Ijrif\-[k pyfyg/ d kH f d 3-jrifouJhodkY¤if; .... ½Ijrif\-[k pyfyg/ 4-jzpfjcif;ud¤if; wnfjcif;ud¤if; tqufrjywfjzpfaom ½kyemrft,Ofu¤if; yHoP²meferwu¤if; rjrif& k k f kd k d d f kd rawGY&onfuyif ]]pGeYf í}}[k qdxm;onf? wrifwum pGeYf &onfum;r[kw?f ]]¤if;wkYd ukd rawGYrjrifawmhyJ ½Iwi; kd k kd f ½Iwi; ysufjcif;udomvQif awGYjrifaeonf}}[k qdv\/ kd f k k kd 5-xdka,m*Donf .... þtwlyifvQif .... ½Ijrif\-[k pyfyg/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

258

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1-ud,ü 0wfxm;aom t0wfukd rD;avmifvQif OD;acgif;udk rD;avmifvQif tjcm;udprsm;udk *½krpduEiyJ k f ö k f kd f xdr;udomvQif tvsiftjref Nidr;owf&mouJoYkd xdYk twlyif b*FÓPfEihf jynfpaom a,m*Donf tjcm;udpö k D k f h S h kH rsm;udk ocFg&wdYk \ tysuuomvQif tzefwvJvJ rjywfrpJ oH;oyfaeonf-[k qdv\/ f kd k k kd 2-ukeq;oGm;jcif; aysmufu,om;jcif; ysuom;jcif;[k-ac:qdtyfaom csKyfjcif;udk ½Ijrifvsuf tm½kûH y f kH G f G f G k aom b*FÓPf-[k qdv\/ k kd 3-4-xda,m*Dtm; .... ocFg&wkYd onf .... BuD;pGmaom aMumufz,f jzpfí xifue\-[k pyfyg/ k G k f 5-a,musfm;tm; .... xifueouJoYkd -[k pyfyg/ k f h

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1-ygVdü þt&mwGif ]]{wo®ð caP}}[k ½SdaomaMumifh ]]þodYk ½Ijrifaom cPü}}[k jyefqonf? tvm;wl kd a½S;pmydk'f 3-ckwYdk üum; ]]{wo®ð Xmae}} [k ½SaomaMumifh ]]þodYk ½Ijrifaom t&mXmeü}}[k jyefqconf/ cPüd kd hJ [laom jyefqcsuuomí acsmarmajyjypfonf/ kd f 2-xkYd aMumifh ..... xdÓPftm; .... pl;prf; qifjcifjcif;rQomvQif jzpfay\-[k pyfyg/ k

rSwfcsuf
1-xda,musfm;tm; .... pl;prf; qifjcifjcif; rQomvQif jzpf\-[k pyfyg/ k 2-b,awm - aMumufz,f ab;tm;jzifh + OyVme - xifay:aomÓPf = b,wky|me-aMumufz,um; G G f taetm;jzifh xifay:vmaomÓPf/

rSwfcsuf
1-AmvykxZOf yk*Kd¾ vfwYdkonf ewfavmu jA[®mavmu aumif;uifbkH ponfwYdkü tdjk cif; emjcif; aojcif; k rS uif;onf[k xifMu\/ xdYk aMumifh xdewfavmu ponfwYdk onf xdowYdk tm; apmifa½Smufwwfaom t&m k k l h yke;atmif;&m ud;uG,&m taetm;jzif¤if;? a½Smifwr;oGm;&ef t&yftae tm;jzif¤if; xifay:vsuf ½Sue\? þ f k f h d f h d k f a,m*Dtm;rlum; xduoYkd rxif[k qdv\/ k hJ k kd

rSwfcsuf
1-]]awmtkyponfonf arGYavsmfz,f tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh aumif;pGm wnfaomfvnf; om;&Jponf½aevQif f G dS xdawmtkyf tp½Sonfonf tjypftaetm;jzifom xif\? aysmfarGYz,taetm;jzifh rxif/ arGYavsmfz,f k d h G f G tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh aumif;pGmrwnfaom awmtkyf ponfrm qdz,yifr½SNd yD}} [laom þteufukd ]]aomfvnf;}} S k G f [laom pum;jzifh azmjy\/ 2-tm'De0 - tjypf + ÓP - odjrifaomÓPf = tm'De0ÓPf - tjypf jrifaomÓPf/ tm'De0 - tjypf + tEkyóem - ½Ijrifaom + ÓP - ÓPf - tm'De0gEkyóemÓPf - tjypfukd ½Ijrifaom ÓPf/ 3-]]tjypfüjzpfaom}} [lonfrm ]]xdtjypfukd jrifvsuf odvsuf jzpfaom}}[k qdv\/ S k k kd

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

259

rSwfcsuf
1-oEÅd - Nidr;at;&m + y' - a&muftyf - a&mufoifh - a&mufxuaom edAmef + ÓP - ÓPf = f kd f Á oEÅy'ÓPf - Nidr;at;&m edAmefukd odaomÓPf/ d f Á

rSwfcsuf
1-]]tjcif;t&m xl;aomtm;jzifh ÓPfjzpfy}kH } [lí¤if;? ]]xdÓPfjzpfy\ tpGr;tm;jzifomvQif þyk'wYdk ü k kH f h f ÓPfx;onf\ tjzpfukd odtyf\}} [lí¤if; qufpyfí teuft"dyÜg,f ,lyg/ ,lyHkum; .... ab;tjcif;t&m l tm;jzifh jzpfaomÓPfukd b,wky|meÓPf [lí¤if;? <uif;aom qif;&Jtjcif;t&m ponftm;jzifh jzpfaomÓPfukd tm'De0ÓPf [lí¤if; ,ltyf\/

rSwfcsuf
1-]]tcsif;? þtwåaumifonf ig;yg;aom umr*kPwYdk jzifh uHvjkH ynfppm aysmf½icpm;&\? tcsif;? f k h kH G T f H þrQjzifh þtwåaumifonf jrwfaom? rsuarSmuf avmuedAmefoYkd a&muf\? (urm*kPukd cHpm;&jcif;xuf f Á f aumif;aom t&om r½Sawmh[k qdv\)}}/ ('D 1-33? jrefrmjyef - 36) þodYk ponfjzifh jA[®Zmvokwü d k kd f jyxm;aom t,lukd ]]jrwfaom rsufarSmuf avmuedAmef t,l}}[k qdonf/ þü ]]ponf}} [laompum;jzifh Á k xdjk A[®Zmvokwü vmaom tjcm;aom rdpmt,lwYdk ukd ñTe;onf/ f ä f 2-þü pdwu#awmif- [lonfum; te0wwftiudk NcH&vsuf wnfueaom *E¨rm'eawmifç å k f kd f H k f umVul#awmifç auvmoawmifç ok'óeawmifç pdwu#awmif [laom [dr0EÅmawmif\ txG#rsm; jzpfaom å l f awmifig;vH;wkYd wif aemufq;awmifx#f jzpfonf/ k G kH G

rSwfcsuf
1-ckepfyg;aom a&tdiBf uD;wdYk [onfrm (1) te0wwfti?f (2) uPÖr@tdi?f (3) &xmum&tki?f (4) k l S kd k k d q'´eti?f (5) ukPmvtki?f (6) rE´muDeti?f (7) oD[yygw tdiwYdk yif jzpfonf/ ¤if;wkYd rm [dr0EÅmawmifay:ü f kd d D kd k f S wnf½SdMuonf/ 2-]]bm0emvQif aysmfarGY&m½Sonf\tjzpf}} [laom pum;ESihf ]]bm0emü aysmfarGYjcif;}} [laom pum;onf d t&wl\? xkYd aMumifh ]]tjzpf[aom}}-þyk'ukd ]]aysmfarGYjcif;}}-yk'fESifhpyfí teuf,lyg/ l f 3-ckepfyg;aom t*FgwdYk [onfrm (1) ESmarmif;? (2? 3? 4? 5) tajcav;acsmif;? (6) tNrD;? (7) odtrf l S k d [laom ckepfyg;wkYd yif jzpfonf/ qifrif;onf þckepfyg;aom t*FgwkYd jzifh ajrüxdvsuf wnfaomaMumifh ¤if;udk owåywda|m[k csD;usL;í jyqdonf? xdy'ukd ]]ckepfyg;aom t*FgwdYk jzifh ajrü wnfaom}}[k o'´genf;t& k k k f twdtus jyefqxm;onf/ kd

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1-ADbpä-yk'onf ]]pufqyz,f [laom teuf t½kyq;onf [laom teuf tMunfwefonf [laom f k f G f kd h teuf}} þodYk aom teufwYdk ukd a[m\? þüum; a½S;teufrsm;ESivnf; rxyfap&ef ]]tvGetjrif qd;aom}}[k hf f k jyefvuonf/ kd f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

260

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1-y#d - wzef + ocFg - odí = y#docFg - wzefoí -[k o'´gtaph twdtus jyefxm;onf/ d xdtwdtus teufonf a½S;ÓPfwYdk jzifh odcNJ yD;jzpfaomfvnf; þÓPfjzifh odjyefjcif;rSm wzefojd cif;jzpfí k oifavsmfonfomwnf;/ odYk aomf þÓPfwckwnf;t&müom teuft"dyg,f,vQif wzef[aom teufonf h Ü l l tusKd;r½Sawmhay? xkYd aMumifh t|uxmtzGiü y#d-wzef[aom teufukd y,fí Zmedwm - odNyD;í [komvQif d hf l G zGijhf yayonf/ 2-]]raem'Gg&ESihf oabmtm½kwYkd uprí raem0dnmPfonf jzpfay:\}} [l&mü pGrjDS cif;[laom a½S;ud&,m H kd JG DS J d ESihf jzpfay:jcif;-[laom aemufu&,monf wcsewnf; wumvwnf; ûydiwyif jzpf\? odYk aomf avmua0g[m& d d d f f l tm;jzifh ]]pGrí jzpfay:\}}[k a½S;aemufumv uGouJoYkd yif ajymqd&\/ ]]edrdwfudkwzefodí ÓPfonf J DS J h k jzpfay:\}} [laom þa'oemüvnf; odjcif;[laom a½S;ud&,mESihf jzpfay:jcif; [laom aemufu&,monf d d d wcsewnf; wumvwnf; ûydiwyif jzpf\? odYk aomf avmua0g[m&tm;jzifh ]]odí jzpfay:\}}[k a½S;aemufumv d f f l uGouJoYkdyif a[mxm;onf-[k qdvonf/ J h k kd

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1-wyg;aomyk'f 2-ck [lonfrm ]]b0t,Ofukd wzefoí ÓPfonf jzpfay:\}} [laom 0gusESifh S d ]]ocFg&edrwu¤if; b0t,Ofu¤if; wzefoí ÓPfonfjzpfay:\}} [laom 0gus þ 2-ckwYdk yif jzpfonf/ d f kd kd d 2-3-odr;qnf;NyD;vQif wzef .... odr;qnfjyef\-[k pyfyg/ f f 4-ocFg&w&m;taygif;onf ]]omrD - cE¨mtdr\ydi½i?f ed0goD - cE¨mtdrxü tNrJwnf½aeol? um&uf k f S f J dS ûyvkywwfo?l a0'u - cHpm;wwfo}l } - þodYk ponfjzifh AmvykxZOfwYkd pGvrf;xm;aom twå\ pGr;&nfowåd f k J f *kPt*FgrS qdwoO;aomaMumifh twåaumifvnf;r[kw?f xkoYkd aom twå\ tpdwtydi; tpGr;owåd r[kwaom f f k f d f k f f f aMumifh twå\ Opömvnf;r[kw?f ESpyg;pHrS qdwoO;onf-[k qdv\/ f k f k f k kd

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1-rjrifríomvQif wzef .... odr;qnf;jyef\-[k pyfyg/ l f 2-igonf wpHwa,muf\rQ aMumifMh uzG,r[kw?f wpHwa,muf\rQ aMumifMh uzG,jf zpfaom igaumifr½Sd k f k - [k qdv\/ k kd 3-þvufonf;uGi;twGi;u jyefqcsurm udOewo®-ü w-tm*Hk,lí udOe + to®d-[k yk'jf zpfNyD;vQif f f kd f S ö d ö wenf;jyefqaom teufjzpfonf/ dk 4-ig\ aMumifMh uzG,r[kw?f ig\ aMumifMh uzG,jf zpfaom olwyg; rnfonfr½S-[k qdv\/ f d k kd 5-þüvnf; vufonf;uGi;twGi;u jyefqcsufrm udOeww¬-ü w-tm*H,í udOe+tw¬-[k f f kd S ö d k l ö d yk'jf zwfNyD;vQif wenf; jyefqcsuyif jzpfonf/ kd f 6-tzdYk av;yg;ESihf pyfqiaom (twår) qdwoO;yHukd 0dyóem ½Ienf;usrf; 'kw,wGJ (q|ESy) kd f S f k f k d d f pmrsufEm 214- (owårESy) 232-ü Munfhyg/ S d f 7-igonf tb,frmrQ r½S-[k jrifvQif rdru,[k ac:aom twåaumifukd wpHwckaomt&yf wpHwck S d d kd f k k aom w&m;xJürQ rjrifawmhonfom? odYk jzpfí þü qdvaomteufukd zGijhf yxm;onf? o'´geuftzGihf r[kw/ k kd f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

261

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1-wpHwa,mufrQ aMumifMh uzG,\ tjzpfü r½S-aMumifMh uzG,f r[kw-[k jrifvQif wpHwa,mufaom k f d f k olwyg;\ aMumifMh uzG,f tjzpfü aqmifxm;oifh rSw,oifonfukd rjrifawmhonfom? odYk jzpfí þüvnf; f l h qdvaom teufuom zGijhf yxm;onf/ o'´geuftzGir[kw/ k kd kd hf f 2-rdru,onf olwyg;\ aMumifMh uzG,f r[kwyukd #Dumü atmufygtwdi; tEkoaE¨pyfvsuf zGijhf y\/ d kd f f kH k f ]]þzefqif;olonf jA[®maywnf; r[mjA[®maywnf; vTr;rd;Edioaywnf; tvTr;rd;rcH&olaywnf; f k k f l f k pifppfjrifoaywnf; tvdtwdi; jzpfapEdioaywnf; tpd;&olaywnf; ûyolaywnf; zefqif;olaywnf; l k k f k f l k tBuD;qH; tjrwfq;aywnf; pD&ifwwfoaywnf; avhvmEdieif;olaywnf; jzpfNyD; jzpfqJ owå0gwkYd \ zcifBuD; k kH l k f aywnf;}} þodkY ponfjzifh omomemtjyify wyg;aom olwYdk BuHqxm;onftwdi; jA[®m xm0&bk&m; paom h k f wpHwa,muf\ aMumifMh uzG,jf zpfaom rdr[aom twåaumifukd rjrif-[k jyvkd aomaMumifh ]]wpHwa,mufrQ\}} k d l k ponfukd rdeYf q\/ kd txufyg#Dumjzifh ]]þü olwyg;[lonfrm nDtpfuponfrQom r[kw?f zefqif;wwfonf-[k omoem S kd tjyify yk*Kd¾ vfwYdk ,lqxm;aom urÇmyi½if bk&m;ocifvnf; yg0ifonf}}[k odap\/ h kd f S

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1-½kyonf rdru tpd;r&[lí¤if; rdrukd olwyg;u tpd;r&[lí¤if; qdvonf/ f d k d k k kd 2-a&jr§Kyfpijf zifh td;cGuponfukd ûyvdotm; xduprNyD;ouJoYkd ½kyukd NrJap&ef ponfukd ûyvdotm; kd k f k l k d ö h f k l xdupö rNyD;pD;Edi?f xdYk aMumifh tvd½wi; rûyEdi-[k qdonf/ wenf;um; rdrtvdrQjzifh wpHwckaom ûyvkyjf cif;rQ k d k k dS kd f k f k d k k rNyD;pD;Edi?f taMumif;nDñwromvQif ûyvkyjf cif;NyD;pD;Edionf? xdYk aMumifvnf; tvd½wi; rûyEdi[k qd\/ k T f S k f h k dS kd f k f k 3-]]ig\½kyonf þodYk aumif;aumif;csnf; jzpfygap? þodYk qd;qd;um; rjzpfygapvif}h }[k awmifwí f k k h r&Edi[k qdv\/ k f k kd 4-pmrsuEm 268-yOörpmyd'ü - ]]tusKd;0dygufxü taMumif;uHonf r½S?d taMumif;uHxüvnf; tusKd; f S k f J J 0dygufonfr½S?d uHEihf 0dygufEpyg;wkYd onf tcsif;csif;rS qdwoO;uke\? odYk aomf taMumif;uHEihf uif;ívnf; S S f f k f f S tusKd;onf rjzpfEi}f }-[k jyqdconftwdi; uHEihf 0dygufonf tcsif;csif;rS uif;qdwae ouJoYdk (ur®m'd 0d,kd k hJ h k f S f h [k ½Soifaom ygXfukd &nfonf) ½kyonf «ûywwfaom twåponfrS uif;qdwf ouJoYdk (um&um'D\ 0d,d h f h [laom oDru&nfonf)» rdr\taMumif;rS¤if; rdr\tusKd;rS¤if; uif;qdwaeonf-[k qdv\? rSeay\? l kd d d f k kd f tusK;w&m;onf taMumif;w&m;ESiwuG uk,0efaqmifvsuf ûrHatmif;vsuf wnfonfr[kw?f taMumif;w&m; d hf d f onfvnf; tusK;w&m;ESiwuG ud,0efaqmifvsuf ûrHatmif;vsuf wnfaeonfvnf; r[kway/ (#Dum) d hf k f f

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

262

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1-½kyonf avmua0g[m& ajym½k;qdpOftm;jzifh ac:a0:aeaom owå0gr[kw[íum; rqdv?kd tb,fh f d k f l k aMumifenf;[lr¿ ½kyonf xdajym½k; qdpOfjzpfaom owå0gr[kwf [laom teufonf tvdvyif NyD;pD; xif½m; h l f k d k k kd S aomaMumifh aywnf;/ rSeay\? ½kyrQudk owå0g-[k vlrsm;u ac:a0:onfr[kway/ trSetm;jzifrum; ½kyonf f f f f h l f omoemyyk*Kd¾ vfwYdk BuHqxm;aom twå[ac:aom owå0gr[kwf [líom qdvayonf/ vlr[kwf vkvifr[kwf k k kd rde;rr[kwf a,musfm;r[kwf igr[kw[k ½I&mwkYd üvnf; enf;wlyif twåaumif r[kwonfuom qdvonf[k f f f kd k kd rSwyg/ (#Dum) f 2-þt&mwGif 0do'r*f\rS&m rlvusr;&if;jzpfaom plVeda'´oygVdawmfü ]]e aumpd-wpHwa,mufrQ k d¨ D f k r[kwf}}[k ygXf½Sd\? owdy|meokwtzGihf t|uxmwkYd üvnf; xdYk twlyif þt&mü ]]e aumpd-wpHk wa,mufrQ f r[kwf}}[k ½Sd\/ þü½Sdaom ]]olwyg;\ Opömr[kw}f } [laom teufonf tjcm;rJü qdvwHaom ]]wpHwa,muf h k h k rQ\ Opömr[kw}f } [laom ½Iyü twGi;0ifaeaomaMumifh ]]e aumpd-wpHk wa,mufrQr[kw}f } [laom ygXfomvQif kH f omíoifay\/ h

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1-tedpawm-yk'ukd rNrJaomtm;jzifh [lí¤if; rNrJonftaetm;jzifh [lí¤if; rNrJaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh ö f h [lí¤if;-þodYk vnf; jyefqoif\? odYk aomfvnf; þüum; pum;wdwEihf NyD;ap&ef ]]rNrJ}}[k [lí jyefqkd vdu\/ kd h k kd S k f qif;&J[k a&m*g[k ponfwYdk üvnf; þenf;yifrwyg/ S f 2-]]teóm'awm om,mzG,r[kw}f } [laom þyk'onf ygVdawmfü r½S?d þyk'EiwuGqvQif f f f S hf kd tjcif;t&m av;q,hEpyg;r[kwyJ av;q,fh oH;yg;jzpf&m\[k #Dumü qd\? xkYd aMumifh þyk'ukd tyd[k f S f f k k f k rSw&m\/ f

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1-þtm'De0 tjcif;t&mrSm a½S;ü qdcNhJ yD;jzpfaomfvnf; (1) ork',-jzpfjcif;? (2) tw¬*r-csKyfjcif;? (3) k F tóm'-om,mzG,?f (4) tm'De0-tjypf? (5) edó&P-xGuajrmufjcif; [laom þa'oem tpOft& xyfí f qdxm;onf/ xkYd aMumifh ¤if;tm'De0udk a½S;tm'De0ESihf aygif;í av;q,fEpyg;aom tjcif;t&mwkYd ukd a&wGuf k h S f &m\/ 2-þüvnf; tedpawm yk'ukd rNrJonftaetm;jzifçh rNrJaom tjcif;t&mtm;jzifh rNrJ[k þodYk vnf; ö f h jyefqEi\/ kd kd f 3-twåmEk'|d - twåoYkd tpOfvuaom tjrifrm;[lonfrm ouúm,'d|yifwnf;/ d kd f S S d

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1-vufzspf 10-wGuonf 1-cPrnf\? 10-cPonf 1-v,rnf\? 10-v,onf 1-cPv, f rnf\? 10-cPv,onf 1-rk[wf rnf\/ jrefrma0g[m&tm;jzifh watmifavmufç wcPavmuf-[k k h ajymqdavh½\/ k dS

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1-xdxocFg&tm½kwYdk ü aysmfarGYonf\ tpGr;tm;jzifh ESpEpûf cduûf cduf ajy;0ifroGm;[lí qdvonf/ k kd H f f S k kd 2-tEkavmrÓPfukd jzpfapEdiavmufatmif &ifusufaom ocFg½kayu©mÓPfukd yifvQif ]]edAmef-tNidr; k f h Á f "mwfukd Nidr;at;aomtm;jzifh jrifonf}}[k qdv\/ f k kd

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

263

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1-rkeYf nufukd Aef;jzifqifaomtcg qifavqifav rkeYf nufreYf onf omí EI;nHorarGYom;avav h h h h I h d f G jzpfouJoYkd ocFg½kyau©monf Mumav Mumav omí omí odrarGY odrarGYom;onf[k qdvonf/ h f f G k kd 2-0gudzwfaom tcg zwfavzwfav 0g*Gr;onf omí odrarGYom;avav jzpfouJoYkd ocFg½kayu©m k f f G h onf Mumav Mumav omí omí odrarGY odrarGYom;onf[k qdvonf/ f f G k kd 3-tEkyóem ckepfyg; r[m0dyóem wq,f½pyg;-þodYk ponfjzifh tus,fa0befí jyxm;aomfvnf; h S f ¤if;wkYd onf tedpmekyóem tp½Saom oH;yg;aom tEkyóemwdYk üomvQif twGi;0if\? xkYd aMumifh acgifxyoYkd ö d k f d f a&mufaom 0dyóemonf xdtedpmEkyóem tp½Saom oH;yg;aom tEkyóemwkYd \ tpGr;tm;jzifomvQif k ö d k f h wnfonf[k #Dumü qd\/ k

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1-tpGr;tm;jzif-[laom 0daooejzifh tydi;tjcm; [lonfrm jzpfjcif; ysujf cif;yif jzpfonf-[lí¤if;ç f h k f S e,fq; tuefYtowf-[lonfrmvnf; jzpfjcif; ysufjcif;yif jzpfonf [lí¤if; odap\/ kH S 2-þ0guswGif ]]jzpfjcif;rSa½S;ü r½Sueao;[k ydi;jcm;í}} [laom pum;jzifh ]]tydi;tjcm; [lonfrm d k f k f k f S jzpfjcif;yif}} [lí¤if;ç ]]ysufjcif;rS aemufoYkd roGm;uke}f } þodYk tp½Saom pum;jzifh ]]e,fq; tuefYtowf d kH [lonfrm ysujf cif;yifjzpfonf}} [lí¤if; ,l&m\/ S

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1-awmifwrI wPSmuif;aom tjcif;t&m [lonfrm edAmefü awmifwzG,f wPSmjzpfz,f r½Saom h S Á h G d tjcif;t&mudk qdvonf/ k kd

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1-tbd"r®müum; .... 0darmu©Epyg;udomvQif a[mtyf\-[k pyfyg/ S f k 2-tMuiftcgü .... jzpfap\-[k pyfyg/ 3-4-y,fjcif;iSg¤if; ..... a&mufjcif;iSg¤if; .... avmukw&m psmefujkd zpfap\-[k pyfyg/ å 5-0dyóemÓPfudk .... oknw0darmu©[lí¤if; .... tedrdwå0darmu©[lí¤if; ..... tyÜPd[dw0darmu©[lí ¤if; a[mxm;onfum; rSeay\-[k pyfyg/ f

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1-0dyóemÓPfonf ocFg&w&m;udk tm½kûH yvsuf ½IvsufomvQif jzpf\? xdYk aMumifh ocFg&edrwukd d f ry,fpeYf [k qdonf/ G k

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1-xkygXfü .... aumif;pGm wnfonfrnf\ ..... pGefYvTwfvdkonf\ tjzpfrnf\ .... wzef½Iodonf rnf\? d .... aumif;pGmwnfaom ynmrnf\-[k pyfyg/ 2-NiD;aiGYaom a,m*D\ .... pGefYvTwfvdkjcif;onf .... wzef½Iodjcif;onf ..... vspfvsL½Ijcif;onf-[k pyfyg/

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

264

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1-ÓPfo;yg;[lonfum; (1) acgifxyoYkd a&mufaom ocFg½kayu©mÓPf? (2) tEkavmrÓPf? (3) kH d f a*gMwblÓPf wkYd yif jzpfonf/ (#Dum) 2-ocFg&tm½k0w¬Kudk r½IawmhbJ edAmefukd tm½kûH yoGm;jcif;onf A[d'erwac: tjyify tm½krS xonf H Á ¨ d d f H rnf\/ udavom t,Of 0dyguf cE¨mt,OfwYdk rjzpfEiaom tajctaeodYk a&mufom;jcif;onf tZÑwå y0wårS kd f G xonfrnf\/ a&m*gaysmufuif;onfukd a&m*grS xonf-[k ajymqdjk cif;rsK;yif jzpfonf/ d

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1-0dyóempí ½Ijcif;udk ]]tbdeda0o a½S;OD;pGm ESv;oGi;jcif;}}[k ac:onf? xkYd aMumifh ]]tbde0owm kH f d d d G a½S;OD;pGm ESvHk;oGif;í}} [lonfrSm ]]a½S;OD;pGm½Ií}} [laompum;ESifh t&wl\/ xkdYaMumifh ]]ESvHk;oGif;í}} [laom yk'tpm; ]]½Ií}} [laomyk'ukd vJv,í oH;EdiaMumif;odap&ef þü vnfonf;uGi;ESihf (½Ií)[k jyxm;onf/ þü f f S f k k f f tbdea0o-a½S;OD;pGm ESv;oGi;jcif; - a½S;OD;pGm½Ijcif; [lonfrmvnf; emr½Iyy&dapä' t&mü ½Ijcif;yif jzpfonf[k d kH f S #Dumü jyqdxm;\/ k 2-þt&müum; tedptjcif;t&mtm;jzif-[k qdxm;aomaMumifh ]]tbde0owm - a½S;OD;pGm ESv;oGi;íö h k d d d G kH f a½S;OD;pGm½Ií}} [laom pum;jzifh or®oeÓPft&m ponfü ½Ijcif;udyif ]]tbdea0o - a½S;OD;pGm ESv; oGi;jcif; k d kH f a½S;OD;pGm½Ijcif;}}[k ,ltyf\/

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1-te-r[kwf + Oyg'dEé - igaumif owå0gaumif[k xifrwpvrf;tyfaom ½kyemrf ocFg&taygif; = S f JG f tEkyg'dEé - igaumif owå0gaumif[k rxifrwf rpGvrf;tyfaom toufrhJ A[d'½yf ocFg& taygif;/ S J ¨ k

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1-(rD;awmuf) (vrf;rS) þyk'rsm;rSm aemufü jyvwHaom tus,ftzGir,í ½Spv;bGYJ tyd'jf ynfap&ef f h hf S l f kH k h jznfpujf yxm;aom yk'rsm; jzpfonf/ h G f 2-(zH;aemufq;) þuGi;twGi;½Sd pm;vH;rsm;rSmvnf; ½Spv;yk'f jynfap&ef tavsmftm;jzifh jznfpucsuf k kH f f k f kH d h h G f jzpfonf/

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1-þvufonf;uGi;twGi;½Sd pmom;rSm jrefrmpum; teuft"dyg,f acsmarmajyjypfap&ef ed,wf0gusrS f f Ü ,lí azmfjyxm;aom pum; jzpfonf/

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1-þvufonf;uGi;twGi;½Sd pum;rSm #DumtzGihf jzpfonf/ f f 2-þvufonf;uGi;twGi;½Sd pum;rSm okweygwft|uxm tzGihf jzpfonf/ f f å d 3-]]ûyd;>yrf;aom (yudPu) ocFg&wkYd ukd [lonfum; tajccHûyí 0ifpm;aom psmefrS wyg;aom ½kyemrf Ö f ocFg&wkYd u-[k qdv\? þodYk r[m#Dumü zGijhf yaomaMumifh yg'upsmef½aom yk*Kd¾ vfrm yg'upsmefrS wyg;aom kd k kd dS S ½kyemrfocFg&wkYd ukd ½IvQif ûyd;>yrf;aom (yudPu) ocFg&wkYd ukd ½Ionfrnf\? xdYk twlyif psmefr½Saom yk*Kd¾ vfrm f Ö d S

0dok'¨dr*fjrefrmjyef(pwkwåwGJ) rSwfcsuf

265

rdroEÅmefü jzpfay:aom jrifr-Mum;rIpaom ocFg&wkYd ukd ½Ijcif;onf ûyd;>yrf;aom (yudPu) ocFg&wkYd ukd ½Ijcif;yif d I Ö rnf\[k rSwtyf\/ f

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1-r*f\-[k orÁeteufyif jzpfaomfvnf; jrefrmpum; acsmap&ef r*ftm;-[k jyefqxm;onf? xkr*fukd f kd d teD;jzpfaom yg'upsmef ormywfu rdrEihf psmeft*Fgwlaponf-[k qdv\/ d S k kd

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1-xdraemufü ..... yXraZmpdwonf jzpfay:\-[k pyfyg/ k S f 2-]]tjcm;rJü}} [laom yk'ukd ]]qufpyfapvsuf}} [laom yk'Eiom pyfyg/ h f f S hf 3-a½S;tjcm;rJh ESp0xd oH;0DxwYdk ü yg0ifaom ocFg½kayu©mu ½Iconfh enf;twdi;yif[k qdv\? f D k d hJ k f k kd tus,fjzpfyrm ESm 429-rSwfcsuf 2-ü jycJonftwdi;yif jzpfonf/ txl;owdûy&efrm jrefrmrl #Dum pmtkywYdkü kH S h h k f S f 'Gw-(2-ck 3-ck)-t&m0,f 'Gwo (32-ck)-[k rSm;,Gi;vsuf½\? 'Gw-[k ½Saom oD[VronfomvQif då ðå f dS då d kd f l r[m#Dum yXrwGJ ESm 191 aMumif;a& 3-4-5-wkYd Eihf nDaomaMumifh rlvygXfref jzpfayonf/ S S 4-y&dur®-y&du-r*fjzpfay:&ef êudwifí ûyrI - tqifoifjh zpfatmif êudwifí ûyrl[k qdv\/ H k kd 5-Oy-teD;ü + pm&jzpfonf = Oypm& - r*f\teD;ü uyfíjzpfaom aZm/

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1-Oy&d-[laom ygVdt& txuf (r*f) ü-[k jyefqxm;onf/ tEkavmrÓPfrS txufrnfaom kd aemufumvü jzpfaom av;yg;aom t&d,mr*fü-[k qdv\/ k kd 2-þü vufonf;uGi;twGi;½Sd pmom;rSm #DumESi¤if; a½S;q&mwkYd \ edó,ESi¤if; nDap&ef f f hf hf ]]wxudpwm,}} [laom yk'ukd vduapí jyefqxm;csuf jzpfonf/ odYk aomf aemufü jyvwHaom Oyrm Oyar,s ö f k f kd h ES;aESmyHEihf wduqiMf unfvQif xdk ]]wxudpwm,}} yk'ukd þ t&mü vduí ,SO&efroif[k xifonf/ D k S k f kd h ö f k f f h taMumif;rlum; aAm"dyu©,w&m;wkYd \ rSeaomudp½onf\ tjzpfukd þtEkavmrÓPfu avsmfap&ef rvd?k d f ö dS trSetm;jzifrum; þtEkavmrÓPfu avsmfap&ef rvd?k trSetm;jzifrum; þ tEkavmrÓPf jzpfNyD;rSomvQif f h l f h l t&d,mr*f jzpfay:&aomaMumifh xdr*fü yg0ifaom aAm"dyu©,w&m;wdYk tm;omvQif avsmpm jzpfonf[k qkoifh k d f G d ayonf/ 3-xdktEkavmrÓPfonf .... rSefaom udp½Sdonf\tjzpftm;vnf; avsmf\? .... aAm"dyu©,w&m;wkYd ö d tm;vnf; avsmf\-[k pyfyg/ 4-tm½kHûyíjzpfaomaMumifh .... rSefaomudp½Sdonf\ tjzpftm;vnf; avsmf\-[k þwGif pyfyg/ ö

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1-þtaMumif;jypum;jzifvnf; tEkavmronf aAm"dyu©,w&m;wkYd tm;avsmpm h d f G qdvaMumif;ç ¤if;wdYk \ rSeaomudptm;avsmpm jzpfonf[k rqdvaMumif; xif½m;\/ k kd f ö f G k kd S jzpfonf[íom l

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1-þü rif;usifw&m;tm; avsmfonf[íom qk\? rif;usiw&m;\ tqH;tjzwftm; avsmfonf[í h l d hf k l rqd?k xkYd aMumifh Oyar,st&müvnf; ]]aAm"dyu©,w&m;wkYd tm; avsmf\}} [laom teufomvQif þ OyrmESihf d ES;aESmrdonf/ D 2-þü uGi;twGi;½Spmom; vd-rvdk oif-roifukd rSwcsuf 1-ESihf wduqiMf unfyg/ f f d k h h f k f kd h 3-aAm"dyu©,w&m; taygif;onf a,bk,stm;jzifh r*¾i½pyg;ü twGi;0ifaomaMumifh ]]aAm"dyu©, d f S f f d w&m;wdYk tm;avsmfonf}} [laom a½S;pum;ESihf ]]r*¾opömtm; avsmfonf}} [laom þpum;rSm oabmtm;jzifh wln\/ D 4-xdxowewYdk ü þ0k|me*grde0yóemudk trsKd;rsKd;aom trnfwYdk jzifh a[mxm;aomaMumifh xdtrnf k kd k å f D d k wkYd Eipyfí rawGra0 odem;vnfapjcif; tusKd;iSg-[k qdv\/ S hf k kd

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1-r*fav;yg;\ a½S;tjcm;rJü jzpfaomaZmudk a*gMwbl[k y#dorÇ'gr*fü a[m\? þ y|mef;a'oemawmf h d üum; txufr*fo;yg;\ a½S;tjcm;rJüjzpfaom aZmudk a0g'gef[k a[m\/ kH h 2-trnfwYdk jzifh .... a[mMum;csD;usL;awmfrl (tyf)\-[k pyfyg/

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1-0k|me*grde0yóemrnfonfrm ESp0xd oH;0Dxponfjzifh tcsetenf;i,frQom jzpfaomaMumifh D d S f D k d d f xd0yóemü tNrJrjywftm;xkw&ef wduwe;zG,f r½Say? xkYd aMumifh 0k|me*grde0yóemü pdwukd ñGwxm;í k d f k f G f d D d f f ¤if;udk &nf½,arQmfvifí 0dyóemtvkyü tNrJrjywf tm;xkwjf cif;udk ûy&mawmhownf;-[k qdvonf[í G f h f k kd l rSw&m\/ f

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1-tedpponfwYdk \ tpGr;tm;jzifh ocFg&wkYd udk r½IaomaMumifh y#dy'gÓP'óe0do'oYdk r0if-[k ö f k ¨d #Dumü qk\/ d 2-edAmefudk tm½kûH yaomfvnf; udavomwkYd udk rukeapwwfaomaMumifh ÓP'óe0do'oYdk r0if[k Á f k ¨d #Dumü qk\/ d 3-a,m*D\pdwonf .... ocFg&w&m;taygif;ü rajy;oGm; rwnfw- þokYd ponfjzifh pyfyg/ f hH 4-ok;yg;wkYd jzifvnf;-[laompum;rSm wD[y-[laomygVdt& twdtus jyefqcsuf jzpfonf/ þü tydH h d d dk vnf;[laom o'´gjzifh tEkavmrÓPfEpyg;wkYd jzifvnf; udavomtarSmifudk uG,aysmufapjcif; ½Sao;onf[k S f h f d odap\/

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1-2-tm½kHonf¤if; ..... tm½kHonf¤if; - xifay:\-[k pyfyg/ 3-rS0onf\ tqH;ü - [laom pum;jzifh 'kw,tEkv\ tjcm;rJü jzpfap wwd,tEkv\ tjcm;rJü D J k d kH h kH h jzpfap a*gMwblÓPf jzpfay:onf/ yXrtEkv\ tjcm;rJüum; rS0jJ cif; xHjk cif;udk r&ao;aomaMumifh rjzpfEikH h D kd f [k jy\/ rSeay\? rS0jJ cif; xHjk cif;udk r&aom tEkavmrÓPfonf a*gMwblÓPfukd jzpfapjcif;iSg rpGr;Edi/ f D f k f (#Dum) 4-jzpfaom-a&mufaom-jzpfaom - þ0daooe oH;yk'ukd a*gMwblÓPfü pyfyg/ k f

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1-þqkvwHonfum; .... jyaomOyrmwnf;-[k pyfyg/ d h 2-wckwnf;aom 0Dxü wqufwnf;jzpfaom a½S;pdwf aemufpwwYdk onf wckwnf;aom tm½kü jzpfNrJ d d f H aywnf;? þtEkavmrÓPfEihf a*gMwblÓPfwYdk onfum; wckwnf;aom0Dxü wqufwnf; jzpfueaomf vnf; S d k f wckwnf;aom tm½kü rjzpfrí toD;toD; uGjJ ym;aomtm½kü jzpfMuonf [laomteufudk ]]aomf vnf;}}[laom H l H pum;jzifh azmfjy\/

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1-ajy;oGm;NyD;vQif .... qGJudkifNyD;vQif .... rvTwfrlíomvQif .... ckefvTm;í .... udkif;½SdKif;aom pdwf½Sdonf jzpfí .... eD;onfjzpfí .... pGefYvTwfNyD;vQif .... usoGm;\-[k pyfyg/ 2-êud;udjk zpfap .... xkwacsmif;udjk zpfap .... qGuiNf yD;vQif-[k pyfyg/ f J kd 3-aomf¤if; - [laom þyk'wYkd ukd qGuiNf yD;vQif - [laom yk'Eipyfyg/ f J kd f S hf 4-'kw,tEkvpwjf zifh .... edAmefoYkd ñTwui;½SKd if;aom pdw½onfjzpfí - [k pyfyg/ d kH d Á f kd f f dS 5-wwd,tEkvpwjf zifh .... edAmefEie;onfjzpfí -[k pyfyg/ kH d Á S hf D

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1-t&d,mOpömckepfyg;wkYd [onfum; o'¨g oDv [D&d MowåyÜ okw pm*ynmwkYd jzpfonf/ l 2-rdpmr*f[onfum; rdpm'd|d rdpmouFyÜ rdpm0gpm rdpmur®EÅ rdpmtmZD0 rdpm0g,mr rdpmowd rdpm ä l ä ä ä ä ä ä ä ä orm"d-[laom þ½Spyg;taygif;yifwnf;/ f 3-ygVdü a0&b,-&ef-ab;[k ½Sd\? þüum; jrefrmpum;acsmarmap&ef ab;&ef[k jyefxm;onf/ xkwif d G a0&-&ef [lonfrm ygPmwdygw tp½Saom ig;yg;aom oDvysufrI tukov&efyifjzpfonf/ ab;[lonfrm (1) S d dk f S aqGrsKd;wkYd \ ysufpD;jcif;? (2) a&m*gESypufjcif;? (3) Opömysup;jcif;? (4) oDvysup;jcif;? (5) t,lysup;jcif;? (6) d f f D f D f D rif;ab;? (7) ck;olab;? (8) &efoab;? (9) iwfrwaomab;? (10) rD;ab;? (11) a&ab;? (12) vIi;wHy;ab;? d l G f d f dk (13) a&0Jab;? (14) rdausmif;ab;? (15) ru&f; ac: ig;ab;? (16) rdru,f wkif pGypí aemifw ylyefjcif;ab;? d dk d f JG (17) olwyg;u pGypjJG cif;ab;? (18) rif;'Pfç 0denf;'Pfoifaomab;? (19) tyg,f'*uab;? (20) y&dowf f h k ¾ d tv,fü ½Su½UHG aomab;? (21) rdpmZD0aMumifoifaomab;? (22) y#doaE¨ae&jcif;ab;? (23) tkjd cif;ab;? (24) f ä h h emjcif;ab;? (25) aojcif;ab; [laom þESpq,fig;yg;aom ab;BuD;wkYd jzpfonf/ (r[meda'´o 289-ESihf f h rdvEyO§m 194wkYd üvmonf/ twdtusum;r[kway/) d ´ f

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1-0do'r*fpmud,f ygVdü ]]a'G wDPd 0g zvpdwmed}}-[k ½SaomaMumifh ]]ESpck oH;ckaom zdvpwwYdk }}[k k d¨ k å d f k k f d f twdtusjyefqoifaomfvnf; odem;vnfv,ap&ef tvdYk ig ]]ESpBf udrf oH;Budraom}} [k jyefqxm;onf? kd h G f S k f kd tEkavmrÓPfu oH;Budrjf zpfcvQif zdvpwf ESpBf udrjf zpfonf? tEkavmrÓPfu ESpBf udrjf zpfcvQif zdvpwf k hJ k f d hJ k f d oH;Budrjf zpfonf-[k qdv\/ k k kd 2-r*¾0xü tEkvaZm a*gMwblaZm r*faZm zdvaZm tm;vH; pkpaygif; ckepfBudromvQif jzpf½;½Sjd cif;ç D d kH k f k k f dk tEkvaZmrSmvnf; atmufxpfq; ESpBf udromvQif jzpf½;½Sjd cif;[laom xdtaMumif; ESpyg;aMumif[k qdv\/ kH kH f dk k f h k kd

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1-w0DxtwGi;ü aZmckepfBudrf jzpfNyD;aemuf b0ifus½k;½S&mwGif ajcmufBudrajrmuf ckepfBudrajrmuf onf d f d d f f b0ifus&eftcsdef eD;uyfaeaomaMumifh ]]eD;uyfaomb0if½onf}}[k qkonf/ umraZm0Dxü yXraZm xuf dS d d 'kw,aZmonf tm;aumif;\? 'kw,xuf wwd,onf? wwd,xuf pwkwonf tm;aumif;\/ yOöraZmonf d d ¬ pwkwaZmxuf tm;avsmhom;\? q|aZmonf yOörxuf tm;avsm\? owåronf q|xuf tm;avsm\? ¬ G h h xkowåraemif aZmyifrjzpfEirí w'g½kaomf¤if; b0ifaomf¤if; jzpfonf/ þokYd umraZm oufoufusaom d dk f l H 0DxwYdk ü jzpf½;jzpfpOfEivnf; EIi;,SOí odtyf\/ d dk S hf d f f 2-aomw-a&,Of + tmyEé-a&mufonf = aomwmyEé-aomwmyef-r*¾i½pyg;[laom w&m;a&,OfoYdk f S f a&mufaomyk*Kd¾ vf/

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1-aou©y*Kd¾ vftm;aomfvnf; rjzpfonfvnf; ½S\[laom pum;jzifh taou©&[EÅmyk*Kd¾ vftm; <uif;aom k d udavomwkYd ukd qifjcifjcif; rjzpfonfrm txl;ajymjyzG,f r½SawmhNyD[k qdv\/ S d k kd

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1-þü tqifqifh ÓPfudk jzpfapvsuf (ocFg&w&m;taygif;uk) vnfap\ [lívnf; jyefqoihf \/ h d dk

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1-blr-udavom\ jzpf&mbHk tm½k+v'¨ - &onf + OyÜEé - jzpfay:onf - blrv'¨KyÜEé - jzpf&mbHk d H d tm½kukd &xm;aomaMumifh b,ftcsderqdk jzpfay:Edií ]]jzpfay:aeonf}}[k qk&aom udavom/ H f k f d 2-þü wdu½ujf yefvQif jzpfjcif; tdjk cif; ysujf cif;ESihf jynfpaom - [lí jzpf\/ odv,ap&ef k f dk h kH G f t"dyg,fukd omv,lí jyefxm;onf/ Ü 3-wdu½ujf yefvQif ed&'¨H - csKyfavaom-[k jzpf\? jrefrmpum;ü 0daooersm;vQif racsm? xdYk aMumifh k f dk þü a[wkrEÅ0aooeûyí ]]csKyfavaomaMumif}h }[k jyefxm;onf/ d 4-uHonf .... tcGiûhf yvsuf wnfaomaMumifh .... MoumouwkyEé rnf\-[k pyfyg/ Ü

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1-0dygufonf .... MoumouwkyEé rmf\-[k pyfyg/ Ü 2-olwyg;u udavomjzifh tm½kûH yonftwGuf tm½kûH ycH&olrm udavom\ jzpf&mbkudk &onf[íum; h S H l rqk&-[k qkv\/ d d dk 3-&[EÅmyk*Kd¾ vfwYdk u odxm;NyD;jzpfaom cE¨mwkYd uaomfvnf; udavom½SowYdk u tm½kûH yí udavom dk d l jzpfMuao;\? odxm;NyD;r[kwaomcE¨mwkYd udk tjcm;olwYkd u tm½kûH yí udavom jzpfwwfMuonfrm qkb,yif f S d G f r½SdNyD-[k qkv\/ d dk

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1-olwyg;oEÅmefu udavomudk bk&m;aomfvnf; ry,fEi?f xkYd aMumifh xdowyg;\ udavomonf kd k l bk&m;tp½Saom t&d,mwkYd y,fEiaumif;aom udavomr[kw?f xduavom½SoonfomvQif y,foifh d kd f k d d l y,fxuaom udavom jzpfonf-[k qkv\/ kd f d kd 2-yk*Kd¾ vfwOD;\ oEÅmefu ude;ao udavomwkYd \ jzpf&monf xdk yk*Kd¾ vf\ oEÅmef-[k ac:aom f cE¨mtpOfomvQif jzpfonf/ tjcm;olwYdk \ oEÅmefr[kw?f tjcm;olwYdk\ oEÅmefü rjzpf? xdy*Kd¾ vf\ oEÅmefü k k omvQif jzpfonf-[k qdv\/ k kd

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1-trsKd;om;onf .... tm;xkwf\-[k pyfyg/ 2-ykxZOf aou©jzpfpOfu tusK;ay;wwfaom um,uH 0pDuH raemuH rsK;onf &[EÅmtjzpfoYkd k d d a&mufaomtcg a½S;uESitvm;wl w&m;a[mjcif; tp½Saom tukovtrIrsKd;udk ûyvwfaomfvnf; tusKd;ay; hf d kd f wwfaom ukovtjzpf? Bud,m[kac:aom ûyrI oufoufrQom jzpfavawmhonf? xkYd aMumifh xdk trI[orQonf kd f l b0opf½yemrf cE¨mtpOfukd rjzpfapEdiawmhNyD-[k qdv\/ k f k f k kd

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1-þ r[mwdórax&f\ 0w¬Ktus,frm ,ckvuf½dS t|uxm#DumwkYd ü rawGU&awmhay/ rlvyPÖmo S t|uxm (2-50)ürlum; tvm;wl0w¬Kwckudk atmufygtwki; awGU&\.... d f &[ef;i,fwyg;onf umv'DC0gyd½m wHcg;teD;½Sd ausmif;wkuoYdk pmoif&efom;\? q&mawmfrax&fBuD; G d f G u xk&[ef;i,frmjzpfay:rnfh tEÅ&m,fujdk rifí ]]xk½mxJoYdk roGm;ygbl;[k 0efcvQif pmoif cGiay;rnf}}[k qk\? d S d G H hf d &[ef;i,fvnf; ]]xk½mxJoYdk roGm;yg}}[k 0efcNH yD;vQif pmoifae\/ pmoifjcif; udpö NyD;í jyefawmhrnfûyaomtcg d G ]]igtm; þ½GmwGi;okYd om;&ef q&mawmfu tcGirûyonfrm tb,ftaMumif; aMumifenf;}}[k pkprf;vkojzifh f G hf S h H d oCFe;½kí xk½mwGi;okYd qGr;cH0ifom;\? wckaomtdrü trsKd;orD;i,fwOD;onf t0ga&mifxrDt0wfudk f H d G f f G f 0wfqifvsuf &yfae,if; xk&[ef;i,fudk jrifvwfaomf wyfrufjcif;&m*jzpfí a,mufcsKjd zifh qefûywf,m*kudk d ,lvmNyD;vQif xk&[ef;i,f\ oydwü avmif;xnfNh yD;aemuf tdrxoYdk jyefí c#ifay:ü vJavsmif;aeav\? xkdtcg d f f J rdcifbcifwYdk u ]]cspforD; tb,foYdk jzpfoenf;}}[k ar;vwfaomf ]],ckyif wHcg;aygufu xGuom;aom &[ef;i,f f G ukd &vQif touf½iEirnf? r&vQifawmh ao&ygawmhrnf}}[k qk\? orD;cspfuav;tm; tvGejf rwfE; ,k, S f dk f d dk aeaom rdcif bcifwYdk onf tvGeyif pk;&dryyefvS aomaMumifh vsifjrefpm vkuí &[ef;i,fudk ½GmwHcg;aygufü f d f l G d f rSvwfaomf ]]jyef<uNyD; qGr;tvSLcHygOD;}}[k avQmufue\/ &[ef;i,fu ]]jynfpygNyD? rvkygbl;? oGm;awmhrnf}}[k D f k f h Hk d qk\? xktcg orD;\rdbwkYd u taMumif;rSeukd ajymjyNyD;vQif rdrwYkdrm ypön;Opömu rnfí rnfrQjynfp<kH u,f0 d d f d S f h aMumif;? orD;wOD;wnf;om ½SaMumif;/ om;BuD;t&mü wnfí csrf;ompGm ae&rnftaMumif;rsm;vnf; ajymjyí d h jzm;a,mif; awmif;yefMu\? &[ef;i,fonfum; ]]ighrm þvdk taESmiftzGYJ yvdaAm"jzifh tvdr½S}d }[k qdNk yD;vQif S k awmif;yefajymqdcsuukd rem,lyJ zJom;av\/ k f G rdbwdYk onf jyefom;í taMumif;rSeukd ajymjy\ ]]cspforD; tvd½&m trsKd;om;wa,mufukd &aprnf? G f k dS tdy&mrSxygavmh? pm;yg aomufygavmh}}[k qdMk uaomfvnf; xdoi,fronf tdy&mrSrxyJ rpm;raomufyJ f k l f aeojzifh ckepf&ufMumaomtcg aoqH;oGm;½Smav\/ rdbwkYd onf orD;\ tavmif;udk oû*Ø[Nf yD;aomtcg xdk k orD;\ t0ga&mifxrDt0wfukd ½GmOD;ausmif;wduu oHCmtm; vª'gef;vduue\? oHCmawmfonf tydi;ydi; k f k f k f k f k f

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1-wyg;yg;aomÓPf\ .... av;yg;aom udpwkdYudk - [k pyfyg/ ö

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1-om"u ygVdü pwåm&d opömed-[k ½SaomaMumifh þüvnf; xdYk twlyif ygXf½oif\/ xdkodkY½SdvQif d dS h av;yg;aom opömwkYd onf-[k jyeftyf\/ txufyg jyefqcsufrmrl pmwå&d udpmed-[k ½SaomygXft& jyefxm;csuf kd S ö d jzpfonf/ 2-opömav;yg;wkYd onf 16-yg;aom tjcif;t&mwdYk jzifh rSeaomoabmjzpfue\/ xdreaom oabmtm; f k f k S f jzifh odtyfaom tjcif;t&m½SMd uonf-[k qdv\/ k kd

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1-þ ajz½Si;csuf\ tqk;yki;ed*;pum;ü ]]ovu©P0aoe {auuó rdroabmvu©Pm\ f H d f Hk d tpGr;tm;jzifh wyg;wyg;aom teufoabm (xif½m;jcif;aMumif)}}[k ½SaomaMumifh þtpyki;pum;yv’iüvnf; f S h d d f f ovu©P0aoe-[laomyk'f rkcsyif½oif\? xkYd aMumifh þt&mü vufonf;uGi;jzifjh yvsuf jznfpujf yefqdk dS h f h G xm;onf/

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1-ork',opöm\vnf; - [laom yk'ukd taMumif;oabmç ,SOjf cif;oabmç aESmif,uwm;jrpfjcif; f h S f oabm[laom oH;yk'wYkd Eihf pyfyg/ k f S

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1-eda&m"opöm\vnf;-[laomyk'udk uif;qdwaomoabmç rûytyfaomoabmç raorysujf cif;oabm f f - [laom ok;yk'wYdk Eihf pyfyg/ H f S 2-r*¾opöm\vnf;-[laomyk'udk a&mufaMumif;oabmç jrifjcif;oabmç tBuD;trª; jzpfjcif;oabmf [laom ok;yk'wYdk Eihf pyfyg/ H f S

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1-tus,ftm;jzifh a[mxm;aom .... y[meynmonf .... y[mey&dnmrnf\-[k pyfyg/

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1-pmrsufEm 366? tEkyówd\tzGihf pmyd'wYdk uñe;onf/ xdxuftus,fukd odvvQif 0dyóem½Ienf; S k f kd T f k kd usr; 'kw,wGJ tcPf; (7) pmrsufEm (q|ESy) 349- (owårESy) 384-pnfrm Munf½ygav/ f d S d f d f S h I 2-{0H 0kwm[laom ygXfrS jrefrmpum;acsmap&ef jyifíjyefqcsufjzpfonf/ wdu½ujf yefvQif ]]þodYk å dk k f dk a[mxm;aom}}-[k jyeftyf\? ¤if;udvnf; ]]ñGwui;onf\ tjzpfwnf;}} - [laom yk'ü pyftyf\/ k f kd f f

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1-þonfvnf; {0H 0kwm-[laom ygXfrS jrefrmpum;acsmap&ef jyifí jyefqcsufyif jzpfonf/ þodYk å kd a[mxm;aom-[k wdu½ujf yefvQif 0dyóemwnf;-[laom yk'Eipyf/ k f dk f S hf 2-twårS qdwoO;onf\ tjzpfukd ½Ijrifvsufjzpfaom-[k qdv\/ f k f k kd

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1-vmaom .... awGYjcif;onf-[k pyfyg/ xduoYdk a[mxm;aom awGYjcif;[k qdv\/ k hJ k kd

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1-pmrsufEm 492-pmyk'f 849-ü jycJaom udavomwdYk ukd jyqdonf/ S d h k

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1-pmrsuEm 497-pmyk'f 851-ü jycJaom udavomwkYd uqonf/ f S d h dk dk 2-usa&mufvsuf½Sdaom.... udavom wnf;[laom uGe&ufudk - [k pyfyg/ f 3-towfc&jcif; taESmiftzGUJ cH&jcif; tp½Saom tusKd;rJçh tyg,f'*woYdk usa&mufjcif; xuf0ef;usif H d k ¾ d pdwudk ylavmifapjcif; tp½Saom tusKd;rJçh b0opfjzpfjcif; tp½Saom tusKd;rJwYdk udk qkonf/ f d d h d 4-uGef&ufukd .... zsufqD;wwf\-[k pyfyg/

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1-udavom Nidr;onfh orPjzpfaMumif; jzpfaomr*f 4-yg;udk omrn-[k ac:onf/ xdk\tusKd; f jzpfaom zdvf 4-yg;udk omrnzv - omrnzdv-[k ac:onf/ k k f 2-yg&mZduu@ t|uxm uxm0w¬K t|uxm ponfwYdk ü 10-yg;aom rlv*dP;uGJ wkYd u¤if; (1) k f kd a[r0wdu*kP; (2) &mZ*d&u*dP; (3) od'wu*dP; (4) ykAaovd,*dP; (5) ty&aovd,*dP; (6) d f d k f ¨ d¬ k f Á k f k f 0gZd&,*dP; (7) a0wkv*P; (8) tE¨u*kP;[laom þaemufw; *dP;uGwYdk u¤if; jyqdxm;\? 0do'r*fe'gef; d k f ’ kd f d f kd k f J kd k k d¨ d omoemawmfqif;oufvmyHk tpOftquf - ponfwYdk ü tenf;i,fcsJYí jyxm;\/ xkdwGif tE¨u*dkP; [lonfrm f S tdE,jynfawmifyi; t`E´me,fü jzpfay:xif½m;cJaom *dP;jzpfonf/ tp½Sd - [laom yk'jf zifh xd*P;om;wkYd Eihf d´ kd f S h k f k dk f S t,lwaom xdacwfu tjcm; *dP;uGrsm;udk ,ltyf\/ l k k f J 3-#DumESitnD ya,m*y#dyó'¨ynm-yk'rS jyefqcsujf zpfonf/ aemufü tus,jf y&mwGif ]]wrÜa,m* hf Ü d f kd y#dyó'¨wm OyÜZwd or®m'd|-xkaomwmywår*f[aom xjcif; ya,m* Nidr;onf\ tjzpfaMumifh or®m'd|onf Ü å Æ d d d l f d

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jzpfay:\}}-[laom zGiqcsuEihf ES;aESmMunfvQif ya,my#dyó'dynm[laom yk'udk ]]r*f[aom xjcif;ya,m* hf kd f S D h ¨ f l Nidr;jcif; (NyD;qk;jcif;)aMumifh jzpfaom ynmonf}}[k jyefoifouJoYdk ½S\/ f H h h d

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1-þü 'kw,om"ujzifh eda&m"ormywfrS xaomtcg a½S;OD;pGm jzpfay:vmaom tem*grdzvEihf d dk f S t&[wåzvtm; eda&m"ormywfoYdk a&mufcgeD; aemufq;csKyfcaom ae0onmemonm,we r[*¾Kwf dk f Hk hJ pdwKå yÜg'fu teEÅ&owåjd zifh aus;Zl;ûyonfudk jy\/

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1-avmuD ormywfwYdk t&mü ykxZOfonf txuformywfwYdk ukd &aomtcgvnf; ykxZOfyif? atmuf k k ormywfrS txuformywfoYkd a&mufonftwGuf yk*Kd¾ vfwyg;tjzpfoYkd ra&muf? xdYk aMumifh tv,formywfwYkd ukd h &aomolonf atmuformywfwYdkuvnf; 0ifpm;Edi\/ þavmukw&m zdvwYkd üum; xduoYkd r[kw?f ykxZOfu kd k f å k f k hJ k aomwmywåzvu&vQif ykxZOf r[kwawmhNyD? aomwmyef rnfaom yk*Kd¾ vfwyg; tjzpfoYkd a&mufom;\/ xdk d kd f kd k f G twlyif aomwmyef ponfu ou'g*grdzvf ponfukd &vQif ou'g*grfpaom yk*Kd¾ vfwyg;tjzpfoYkd kd a&mufom;\? xkYd aMumifh atmufzvrsm;uonf rdrEihf rqdiawmhNyD/ Oyrm - a½S;b0u rdru,yijf zpfcaom G kd f d S k f d kd f kd hJ b0ifpwonf b0wyg;odYk ajymif;oGm;aomtcg rdrEihf rqkiawmhouJoYkd wnf;/ xdYk aMumifh txuf t&d,m d f d S d f h yk*Kd¾ vfwYdkonf atmufjzpfaom zdvrsm;udk r0ifpm;EdiMf u[k qdv\/ k f k k kd

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1-vufonf;uGi;twGi;u pum;rSm okw enf;olwYdk em;vnf vG,ap&ef jznfpucsuf jzpfonf/ f f f h G f 2-xktaMumif;onf.... oifavsmfaomtaMumif; r[kwonfomwnf;-[k pyfyg/ d h f 3-aomwmywdr*fudk &jcif;tusKd;iSg ... vTr;rk;í jzpfaomaMumif-[k pyfyg/ aemufüvnf; tusKd;iSgå f d h yk'wYdk udk enf;wlyif pyfyg/ f 4-þpmyk'onf þt&mü jyvk&if;om"ujzpfonf? xkYd twl ou'g*grd-zvormywftusKd;iSg [laom d f d pmyk'onfvnf; þt&mü vk&if;om"uyifjzpfonf/ ¤if;ukd ay,smvjzifh jr§Kyfí jyxm;onf/ d f d

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1-2-tewå [k ½Iía&mufaom t&[wå zvormywfukd oknw0d[m& ormywf[k ac:onf? tedp[k ö ½Ií a&mufaom zvormywfukd tedrw0[m&ormywf[k ac:onf/ xkYd aMumifh t&[wåzvormywf tusKd;iSg[k d å d qkaom a½S;tyd'jf zifh 'ku[k ½Ií a&mufaom t&[wåzvukd ,ltyf\/ ¤if;udk tyÜPd[dw ormywf[k ac:onf/ d k © dk f 3-tedrwå - ocFg&edrwuif;aom? 0g? NrJonfy[ef oP²mef edrwuif;aom + apawm0drwdå - pdw\ d d f h kH d f k f vGwajrmufjcif;? 0g? vGwajrmufaom zdvpw/ f f k f d f

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1-taMumif;wkYd onf .... ESpyg;wkYd aywnf;-[k pyfyg/ f 2-þ0daooeyk'jf zifh ]]zvormywf0xü a*gMwblonf edAmefudk tm½krûy? ocFg&ukomvQif tm½kûH y D d Á H d onf}}[k jy\/

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3-omoemESpf 236-rSm oD[VoYdk omoema&mufí r[m0d[m&ausmif;wkuupí wnfaxmifconf? dk f d f dk hJ xkausmif;wkuü oDwif;ok;aom q&mtpOftqufudk r[m0d[m&0goD[k ac:onf/ omoemESpf 455-ESihf 466d d f H twGi;ü 0¥*grPdrif;u tb,*d&d ausmif;wkuudk aqmufvyvL'gef;onf? xkausmif;wkuü oDwif;ok;aom f d f k f S d d f H q&mtpOftqufudk tb,*d&0goD[k ac:onf/ xktb,*d&0goDwYdk onf aemufumvü r[m0d[m&0goDwYdk \ d d d t,lEiqefYusifaom xkx*P;*PwkYd \ t,l0g'wkYd uvnf; vufcue\? a0wk v’ [k ac:aom r[m,me0g' S hf d dk dk f dk H k f ukvnf; vufcue\/ d H k f

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1-taMumif;wdYk onf .... oHk;yg;wdkYwnf;-[k pyfyg/

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