University of Vermont College of Nursing and Health Sciences Course: HLTH 095 A Survey of Complementary and Alternative Therapies

Placement : Undergraduate Prerequisites: none Course Credits: 3 Faculty: Kathleen Scacciaferro, RN, MS PO Box 242 Bristol, VT 05443 (802) 363-0259 Course Description: A survey, research, and clinical applications of therapies and philosophies that are complementary and/or alternative to traditional western health care, will be presented. Complementary and alternative therapies or medicine (CAM) are a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine. However, all health care professionals should be knowledgeable about these therapies so that they can listen, discuss and advise their patients. The list of what is considered to be CAM changes continually, as those therapies that are proven to be safe and effective become adopted into conventional health care and as new approaches to health care emerge. We will explore some of the therapies the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) classifies into five categories, or domains: 1. Alternative Medical Systems - Alternative medical systems are built upon complete systems of theory and practice. Often, these systems have evolved apart from and earlier than the conventional medical approach used in the United States. Examples of alternative medical systems that have developed in Western cultures include Holistic Health Care, Homeopathic Medicine and Naturopathic Medicine. Examples of systems that have developed in non-Western cultures include Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda. 2. Mind-Body Interventions - Mind-body medicine uses a variety of techniques designed to enhance the mind's capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms. Some techniques that were considered CAM in the past have become mainstream (for example, patient support groups and cognitive-behavioral therapy). Other mind-body techniques are still considered CAM, including meditation, prayer, the labyrinth and therapies that use creative outlets such as art, music, or dance. 3. Biologically Based Therapies - Biologically based therapies in CAM use substances found in nature, such as herbs, foods, and vitamins. Some examples include dietary supplements, herbal products, and the use of other so-called natural but as yet scientifically unproven therapies (for example, using shark cartilage to treat cancer). Aromatherapy involves the use of essential oils (extracts or essences) from flowers, herbs, and trees to promote health and well-being. 4. Manipulative and Body-Based Methods - Manipulative and body-based methods in CAM are based on manipulation and/or movement of one or more parts of the body. Some examples include osteopathic manipulation, and massage. 5. Energy Therapies- Energy based therapies use gentle, non-invasive touch to influence and support the human energy system within and surrounding the body. The goal is to restore harmony, energy and balance within the human energy system thus affecting and promoting health of the body, mind, emotion and spirit. Some forms of energy therapies include Reiki, Therapeutic Touch, and Healing Touch. Acupuncture is an energy based therapy that uses needles to stimulate the meridians of the body. Other forms of energy therapies that utilize movement and the breath to balance the energy system include Tai Chi, Yoga, and Qi Gong. Course Objectives: The participants will: 1. 2. 3. 4. Describe the five categories, or domains of Complementary and Alternative Therapies Compare and contrast their own objective and subjective responses after receiving a CAM therapy from each of the five categories. Complete a holistic self –assessment of body, mind, emotions and spirit, develop and implement a self-care plan. Discuss implications for personal and professional practice.

Course Topics: Each class, a Complementary /Alternative Therapy or System will be presented including the following:  Background and framework of the Complementary and Alternative Therapy or System  Overview of research  Clinical applications  Personal applications, experiential participation  Discussion of ways to use Complementary and Alternative Therapies and Systems in professional practice.

Teaching Strategies: Lecture Demonstration Class Participation A Survey of Complementary and Alternative Therapies Notebook Articles Course Policies: Attendance is expected for the entire class. Class participation is also expected. All course assignments must be completed for a passing grade to be achieved. The taking of notes during a scheduled class of a UVM course for the purpose of selling the notes or other commercial purpose is prohibited without the written permission of the professor. Grading Policy: 97-100 A+ 90-92 A93-96 A 87-89 B+

83-86 B 80-82 B-

77-79 C+ 73-76 C

Course Assignments/Evaluation Methods: a. Class participation 50% b. Self-Care 20% * Complete the holistic self –assessment of body, mind, emotions and spirit. * Develop your self-care plan to include a CAM therapy from each of the five categories. * Implement your plan. * Document your self-care plan and implementation. Compare and contrast your own objective and subjective responses after receiving a CAM therapy from each of the five categories. * Discuss implications of CAM therapies for personal and professional practice. 5 pages. 30%


Required Texts: A Survey of Complementary and Alternative Therapies Notebook

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