AutoCAD 3D Tutorial

3D Tutorials AutoCAD 2009

Written by Kristen Kurland Copyright © 2008

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial

AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 1 3D Interface

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.1 Launching AutoCAD 3D
1. 2. Choose Choose Start from the Windows program manager. Programs, Autodesk ,AutoCAD 2009.

Workspaces
AutoCAD workspaces are sets of menus, toolbars and dockable windows (such as the Properties palette, DesignCenter, and the Tool palettes window) that are grouped and organized so that you can work in a custom, task-oriented drawing environment.

1.

Click

the Workspace Switching icon.

2.

Click

3D Modeling and OK.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.2 3D Interface
AutoCAD’s 3D Interface consists of three main areas Panels Anchored palettes A 3D workspace

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the second control panel contains commands and controls used to navigate 3D models. For example.3 3D Dashboard The dashboard consists of a set of control panels organized by function. the top control panel contains commands that create and modify 3D solids. Click on one of the panels to expand the display to show a slide-out panel that has additional controls. Click to expand dashboard panel -5- . 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.

or 2.4 Viewports 1. Type -VPORTS at the command prompt. Choose View. Viewports. Command: -VPORTS Enter an option [Save/Restore/Delete/Join/SIngle/?/2/3/4] 4: enter Enter a configuration option [Horizontal/Vertical/Above/ Below/Left/Right] <Right>: enter Your screen will look something like the figure below with four views in one AutoCAD drawing. -6- .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. 4 Viewports.

Choose View.5 Preset 3D Viewports 1. -7- . 3. 2. New Viewports Click the dropdown option for Setup and click 3D.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. Choose Four: Right as the viewport option. Viewports.

6 Named Views 1. Tip: You can also choose View. and any of the preset 3D views. 3. 3D Views.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.and OK. -8- . Click NE Isometric. Apply. Choose View. Set Current. 2. Named Views… Click the plus (+) sign beside Preset Views.

each wedge contains a single navigation tool.” are divided into wedges.7 Steering Wheel SteeringWheels are menus that track the cursor over the drawing window. Zoom and orbit a model. SteeringWheels. or “wheels. and provide access to 2D and 3D navigation tools from a single interface. You can start a navigation tool by clicking a wedge or by clicking and dragging the cursor over a wedge. Center -9- . 2D Navigation Wheel (Zoom & Pan) View Object Wheel – Center a model and define the pivot point to use with the Orbit tool..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Orbit Look .10 - .

11 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Walk/Up/ Down Rewind Shortcuts .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Steering Wheel Settings .12 - .

13 - .614. The compass represents a two dimensional globe.8 VPOINT Command (Tripod) Displays a compass and tripod for defining a view rotation.-0. 1. Command: vpoint Rotate/<Viewpoint><-0. Type VPOINT at the command prompt. point 3. View.500>: (enter) a point on the compass to define the viewing angle.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. 3D Views. Choose or 2. Click Point in the center of the compass is the north pole Middle ring of the compass is the equator Entire outer ring is the south pole Tripod .0.614.

9 VPOINT Command (Rotate) Enters a rotation angle at the viewpoint prompt. Command: vpoint Rotate/<View point> <-0.14 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. 1. Type VPOINT at the command prompt.500>: R (enter) Enter angle in XY plane from X axis <225>: 225 (enter) Enter angle from XY plane <30>: 15 (enter) .614.0.-0.614.

Pick a viewing angle in the 2 graphics Left graphic = From X Axis Right graphic = In XY Plane 5. or 4.10 1.15 - . . Type DDVPOINT at the command prompt. DDVPOINT Choose View. or 2. Click OK.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. 3D Views. Viewpoint Preset. Set a viewing angle by typing the From X axis and XY Plane angle. Command: ddvpoint 3.

11 Plan View 1.16 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 1. World UCS. Command: plan Enter an option [Current Ucs/Ucs/World] <Current>: World . 3D Views. Type PLAN at the command prompt. Named UCS or 2. Choose View. Plan View the one of the following: Current UCS.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 2 Thickness and Elevation .17 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2.18 - . 3. In the plan view. draw a rectangle using in the LINE command. In the left viewport. The lines will have a 3D “thickness” that can be seen in the 3D view. 5. . 2 Viewports. Viewports. Begin a new drawing using a 3D Modeling workspace. Command: thickness Enter new value for THICKNESS <0. type PLAN and World. Type THICKNESS at the command prompt.1 Thickness Command 1. 4.0000>: 3 6. 2. Choose View. Press ENTER for the default of two vertical viewports.

2 Change Existing Thickness 1. 2. . one line of the rectangle you drew in 2. Properties…or right click and choose Properties… In the Properties dialog box type a new line thickness.g.19 - . Select the object whose thickness you would like to change (e.1. The following result is a new line thickness for the selected object. 3. Choose Modify.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2.

1.3 Elevation Stores the elevation for new objects relative to the current UCS for the current space. . Command: elevation Enter new value for ELEVATION <0.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2. Type ELEVATION at the command prompt.20 - .0000>: 1. Draw two circles at the new elevation. Note that they appear to be “floating” 1 unit above the ground.00 2.

Type ELEV at the command prompt. .21 - . Draw a new line to see the elevation and thickness settings.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 2.4 Elevation Shortcut 1.0000>: 1 Specify new default thickness: <3.000>: 1 2. Command: elev Specify new default elevation: <1.

22 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 3 Visualizing Your Model .

Choose View. Command: hide .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3. Type HIDE at the command prompt.23 - . Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.1 HIDE Command Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1. Hide. or 3. 2.

24 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose View. Visual Styles and one of the following style options. 1. 2.2 Visual Styles A visual style is a collection of settings that control the display of edges and shading in the viewport. 2D Wireframe 3D Wireframe 3D Hidden Realistic Conceptual .

Visual Styles. and its settings are displayed in the panel below the sample images. or Conceptual options. Realistic. Choose View. 3D Hidden. 1.25 - . The selected visual style is indicated by a yellow border. . Command: visualstyles Choose the desired option from one of those available in the drawing for 2D Wireframe.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3. 2. Visual Styles Manager… or Type VISUALSTYLES at the command prompt. 3D Wireframe. 3.3 Visual Style Manager The Visual Styles Manager displays sample images of the visual styles available in the drawing.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3.26 - .4 Visual Styles Panel .

1. and the Snap and Grid TAB. Drafting Settings.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3. provides color options.) You can change the grid settings using the drafting settings dialog box. Choose View. The new grid provides a better sense of a model’s orientation in 3D. Choose Tools. and can automatically control the grid density when zooming in or out (adaptive grid.5 Adaptive 3D Grid When you choose a shaded or 3D wireframe visual style. the grid changes from a dotted grid to a rectangular grid. . or Conceptual.27 - . Visual Styles and one of the following options: 3D Wireframe. 3D Hidden. Realistic. Change the adaptive grid settings 1. The rectangular grid supports perspective. can display major and minor grid lines.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 4 Z Coordinates .28 - .

2.2.0 Specify endpoint of line or [Close/Undo]: 1. Type 3DPoly at the command prompt.1 Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: 2.29 - .Z) is similar to entering 2D coordinates (X.2. 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.1.1 Specify endpoint of line or [Close/Undo]: 2. you specify a Z value.0 Specify endpoint of line or [Undo]: 1.0 The result will be the following lines that are drawn in 3D: .Y).1.1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4.1 3D Coordinates Entering 3D Cartesian coordinates (X.Y. Command: 3DPOLY Specify start point of polyline: 1. In addition to specifying X and Y values.

3. you can lock the cursor to the Z direction. Similarly. issue the LINE command and draw a line in the Z direction using tracking.30 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. Press F10 or click Polar Tracking on the status bar if it is not already on. .2 Track in Z Direction With AutoTrack (polar tracking and object snap tracking). In a 3D view. when Ortho mode is turned on. Press F11 or click OSnap Tracking on the status bar if it is not already on. you can track in the Z direction as well as in the XY plane. 1. 2.

31 - . 2. Command: move Select objects: pick object in 3D view Select objects: press enter Specify base point or displacement: Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement>: 0.1 or use polar tracking to move the object. Type MOVE at the command prompt.3 Move in Z Direction 1.0. before move after move . Open a drawing with 3D objects in it.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4.

xy) Command: circle Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: . 3.XY of pick endpoint to filter (need Z): 1 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <0.32 - . 5. endpoint to filter 2. 6.4 3D Point Filters Draws in 3D Z direction by filtering X and Y coordinates.2500>: press enter . Use the CIRCLE command and place it using 3D point filters (. 4. 7.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. Open a drawing with 3D objects in it. 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 5 User Coordinate System .33 - .

3D and Paper Space environments.0. It also represents the current viewing direction relative to the XY plane. 3D UCS icons 2D UCSIcon Pspace UCSICON 1. Turns off the display of the UCSICON. Always displays the UCS at the lower left corner. Choose View. Command: ucsicon Enter an option [ON/OFF/All/Noorigin/ORigin/Properties] <ON>: ON OFF All Noorigin Origin Properties Displays the UCS icon. UCS Icon.34 - . Display. or Type UCSICON at the command prompt. . Changes the display properties of the UCS icons(s). Affects the display of the UCSICON in all viewports. Shows the UCS at the 0.1 UCS Icon The UCS icon represents the orientation of the user coordinate system (UCS) axes and the location of the current UCS origin.0 origin of the current UCS. 2. AutoCAD displays the UCS icon differently for 2D.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.

UCS Icon. Choose View. Command: ucsicon Enter an option [ON/OFF/All/Noorigin/ORigin/Properties] <ON>: P .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial UCS Icon Properties 1. Display. Properties.35 - . or Type UCSICON at the command prompt. 2.

36 - . 3 Point. Lets you define a new UCS by pointing at an object. There are a variety of ways to set the User Coordinate System using the UCS command. View X. parallel to your screen). Face. Specifies a UCS by its origin and a point on the positive X and Y axes. Object.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. and viewing. 1.g. Y. Type UCS at the command prompt. Allows you to define a new origin. Establishes a new UCS whose XY plane is perpendicular to your viewing direction (e. Rotates the ucs around a specified axis Origin ZAxis 3 Point Object Face View X/Y/Z UCS Toolbars . Command: ucs Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: New Defines a new coordinate system by one of six methods: Origin. Z Defines a new UCS by shifting the origin of the current UCS. Aligns the UCS to the selected face of a solid object. Z Axis. planes of operation.Y. Most AutoCAD geometric editing commands are dependent on the location and orientation of the UCS. leaving the direction of the X. and Z axes unchanged.2 UCS Overview The user coordinate system provides an alternate movable coordinate system for coordinate entry.

0>: 3 Specify new origin point <0.53.8.0.37 Positive X .0.0.0>: pick origin Specify point on positive portion of X-axis <3.0.0. 3D box) Type UCS at the command prompt. Command: ucs Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: N Specify origin of new UCS or [ZAxis/3point/OBject/ Face/View/X/Y/Z] <0.53. 1.g.0 origin .3 3 Point UCS The 3 Point option is one of the easiest ways to define a new UCS on a given 3D object. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.00>: pick point for Y direction Positive Y New 0. Open a drawing with a simple 3D object (e.00>: pick point for X direction Specify point on positive-Y portion of the UCS XY plane <2.73.73.7.

38 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial New UCS .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. New entities that you draw will be in relation to this current UCS. use the PLAN command with the current UCS option. Command: plan Enter an option [Current ucs/Ucs/World] <Current>: press enter .4 Plan UCS To work in the plan view of your new UCS.39 - . 1. Type PLAN at the command prompt.

40 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. Command: ucs Current ucs name: *NO NAME* Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World> W . 1.5 World UCS The World UCS is the only UCS guaranteed to be the same in all AutoCAD drawings and can be used to set the UCS back to its original state. This is the UCS you should use when creating Wblocks and inserting Wblocks. Type UCS at the command prompt.

Command: hide .0. Type HIDE at the command prompt. or 2.X XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1. parallel to your screen) 1.41 - . Hide. 3. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.0>: vOrigin/ZAxis/3point/ OBject/View/X/Y/Z/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/?/<World>:V X. Type UCS at the command prompt.6 View UCS Establishes a new coordinate system whose XY plane is perpendicular to your viewing direction (i. Command: ucs Current ucs name: *NO NAME* Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/ Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: N Specify origin of new UCS or [ZAxis/3point/OBject/ Face/View/X/Y/Z] <0.e. Choose View.

and drawing tools. the dynamic UCS temporarily aligns the XY plane of the UCS with a planar face of a 3D solid when you move the cursor over the face. 1. 4. such as polar tracking and the grid. Click to begin drawing your new object. 2. . 3. When the dynamic UCS is active. are all relative to the temporary UCS established by the dynamic UCS. Click the DUCS icon Type any draw command. Command: circle on the status bar or press CTRL +D.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. During a command. specified points. Move the cursor to the face of the 3D object that you would like to draw on.7 Dynamic UCS You can use the dynamic UCS to create objects on a planar face of a 3D solid without manually changing the UCS orientation. 1.42 - .

Command: UCS Specify origin of UCS or [Face/NAmed/OBject/Previous/View/World/X/Y/Z/ZAxis] <World>: NA Enter an option [Restore/Save/Delete/?]: S Enter name to save current UCS or [?]: LeftSide .8 Naming and Saving a UCS User coordinate systems can sometimes be complicated and it is often useful to name and save them so you can quickly recall them. Type UCS at the command prompt.43 - . 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.

44 - .9 Restoring a UCS A named and saved UCS can be restored at any time. Type UCS at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. Command: UCS Specify origin of UCS or [Face/NAmed/OBject/Previous/View/World/X/Y/Z/ZAxis] <World>: NA Enter an option [Restore/Save/Delete/?]: R Enter name to save current UCS or [?]: LeftSide . 1.

1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.10 UCS Dialog Box Displays and modifies defined and unnamed user coordinate systems. Type UCSMAN at the command prompt.45 - . Command: ucsman . Chose Tools. or 2. restores named and orthographic UCSs. and specifies UCS icon and UCS settings for viewports via a dialog box. Named UCS.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5.46 - . . The ViewCube can help you adjust the viewpoint of a model. The ViewCube also shows the current UCS and allows you to restore a named UCS. The orientation shown by the ViewCube is based on the North direction of the WCS for the model.10 Viewcube The ViewCube provides visual feedback about the current orientation of a model.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 6 3D Orbit .47 - .

1. When 3DORBIT is active. Constrained Orbit. Choose View. Command: 3DOrbit 4. from the user's point of view. . it appears as if the 3D model is turning as the mouse cursor is dragged. In this way. or point of view. However. the target of the view stays stationary and the camera location. Click and drag to move your object in 3D. moves around the target. or 3. Open a drawing with 3D objects. Orbit. Type 3D Orbit at the command prompt. you can specify any view of the model.1 Constrained 3D Orbit 3DORBIT activates a 3D Orbit view in the current viewport. You can view your entire drawing or select one or more objects before starting the command. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.48 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.2 Zoom and Pan in 3D Orbit
Zoom
1. 2. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Zoom Window from the pop-up menu.

3. 4. 5.

Zoom to a new area of the 3D drawing. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Zoom Previous or Zoom Extents from the pop-up menu.

Pan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Other Navigation Modes from the pop-up menu. Choose Pan. Pan to a new area of the drawing. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Other Navigation Modes from the pop-up menu. Choose Constrained Orbit to set the mode back to orbit.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.3 Projection Mode
1. 2. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Perspective. Perspective view displays objects in perspective so that all parallel lines converge at one point. Objects appear to recede into the distance, and parts of the objects appear larger and closer to you. The shapes are some what distorted when the object is very close. This view correlates more closely to what your eye sees. Parallel view displays objects so that two parallel lines in a drawing never con verge at a single point. The shapes in your drawing always remain the same and do not appear distorted when they are closer.

Perspective View

Parallel View

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.4 Visual Styles
Displays your objects in one of the following selected styles: 1. 2. 3. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Visual Styles from the pop-up menu. Choose 3D Hidden, 3D Wireframe, Conceptual or Realistic.

3D Hidden

3D Wireframe

Conceptual

Realistic

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.5 Visual Aids
1. 2. 3. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. Choose Visual Aids from the pop-up menu. Choose Compass, Grid, or UCS Icon.

Compass

Grid

UCS Icon

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53 - . Choose Preset Views from the pop-up menu.6 Preset Views Sets the 3D view while in the orbit command 1. . 3. Choose one of the following standard 3D views. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.

Inside the Arcball .7 Free Orbit 1. Click on one of the 3D Orbit arcball locations to move the display of your object(s).Rotates around the “Y” axis through the center.Rotates around the “X” axis through the center. Orbit. Free Orbit.Moves View about an axis that extends through the center (acts like twist) Inside one of the small circles to the left/right . Choose View. . 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.54 - . The 3D Orbit Arcball appears. Outside the Arcball .Allows movement in any direction Inside one of the small circles to the top/bottom .

Continuous Orbit.8 Continuous Orbit 1. Click and drag to define the direction and speed of a continuous orbit for your object(s). 3. Press ESC on the keyboard to stop the orbit. 2. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6.55 - . Orbit. Choose View.

56 - . Changes the cursor to a plus sign and enables you to "walk through" a model at a fixed height above the XY plane. Click with the right mouse button while in the 3D Orbit command. 2. 3. Choose one of the following modes.9 Other Navigational Modes 1. Works like the Adjust Distance option. See 3DSWIVEL. Swivel (5) Walk (6) Fly (7) Zoom (8) . Choose Other Navigational Modes from the pop-up menu. by dynamically controlling the location and target of the camera.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. See 3DZOOM. Changes the cursor to a magnifying glass with plus (+) and minus (-) sign and simulates moving the camera closer to an object or farther away. Adjust Distance (4) Simulates moving the camera closer to the object or farther away. Changes the cursor to a plus sign and enables you to "fly through" a model without being restricted to a fixed height above the XY plane. Changes the cursor to an arched arrow and simulates the effect of swiveling the camera. See 3DFLY. See 3DWALK.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 7 3D Navigation .57 - .

2.0000 mm Specify camera location: .1 Creating a Camera Sets a camera and target location to create and save a 3D perspective view of objects.xy of (need Z): 7 Specify target location: endp Enter an option [?/Name/LOcation/Height/Target/LEns/Clipping/View/eXit]<eXit>: X Camera location using .XY filter and Z height of 7 Camera target . Create Camera. Choose View.0000 Lens Length=50.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. Type CAMERA at the command prompt. 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects. Command: camera Current camera settings: Height=5. or 3.58 - .

2. Southwest Isometric to be sure you are not in an existing camera view. Apply. Named Views. Click the plus (+) sign beside Model Views. 3D Views. 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.2 Viewing a Camera Once a camera is created.59 - . and OK. You can also view the camera using the view option when creating the camera. Choose View. 4. Choose View. View from Camera . it becomes a named view in the drawing and can be viewed using the Named View Manager. 1. Set Current. Click Camera1.

The Camera Preview dialog box will show the view from the chosen camera. Southwest Isometric to be sure you are not in an existing camera view. Choose View. or Realistic. You can change the Visual style of this preview to 3DHidden. 2. 3. .60 - . 1.3 Camera Preview Camera preview is a quick and easy way to see the properties of a camera before viewing from the camera. Click once on a camera in your view. 3D Views. Conceptual. 3DWireframe. Zoom out until you see the camera in your 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.

In a 3D isometric view.4 Camera Properties 1. . double click a camera.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.61 - .

Display.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. 3. . Cameras. Choose View. Plotting a Camera 1. If cameras are not already displayed in the drawing. click View. Plot option.5 Displaying and Plotting a Camera Displaying a Camera 1. Double-click a camera. Cameras. In the Properties palette. click Yes or No. Camera section. 2. Display.62 - .

Swivel a Camera 1. Adjust Distance. Choose View. . 2.6 Adjusting Camera Distances and Swiveling a Camera Adjust Camera Distance 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. and OK. 5. Click and drag to swivel the camera. Click Camera1. 3. 4. Set Current. Choose View. Named Views. Choose View. Click the plus (+) sign beside Model Views. Swivel. Camera. Apply. Click and drag to zoom in or out about the camera. 2.Camera.63 - .

1. Type DVIEW at the command prompt.2567.2994>: pick target Specify camera point <-4.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.XY filter and Z height of 7 Camera target .64 - . 14.0405.XY of (need Z): 7 Enter option [CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/CLip/Hide/Off/U ndo]: D Specify new camera-target distance <8. Command: dview Select objects or <use DVIEWBLOCK>: pick objects Enter option [CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/CLip/Hide/Off/U ndo]: PO Specify target point <3. Camera location using .3066>: click and drag new zoom Enter option [CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/CLip/Hide/Off/U ndo]: Regenerating model. 4.0520.7 DView Command Defines parallel projection or perspective views by using a camera and target. -3.2436. 7.3538>: .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial New DView .65 - .

When you walk through a model. Walk and Fly. Command: 3Dwalk 5.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. then choose close.66 - . Briefly look at the navigation keys. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type 3DWalk or 3DFky at the command prompt. The following walk and fly navigation mapping settings appear. so you appear to “fly” over an area in a model. . you are not constrained by the XY plane. Choose View. Create a camera anywhere in the drawing and set the view to that camera. When you fly through a model. or 4. 3. The following mappings are available for walking: Up arrow / W key Down arrow / S key Left arrow / A key Right arrow / D key Drag mouse F key Toggle Move forward Move backward Move left Move right Look around & turn Fly mode 1. you travel along the XY plane. and Walk.8 Walk and Fly You can simulate walking and flying through a 3D drawing.

67 - . Move the camera and target in the Position Locator dialog box.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial The following Position Locator dialog box will appear that you can use to navigate your drawing. Left. Press the Up. Close the Position Locator dialog box and try walking and flying using only the keys on the keyboard and mouse. and Right keys on the keyboard to see how the camera location moves in the drawing and Position Locator dialog box. Down. . Click and drag your mouse to “fly” through the drawing.

Walk and Hide. Choose one of the following settings from the Walk and Fly dialog box. be sure to set your drawing units to a large number. .68 - .9 Walk and Fly Settings 1. Walk and Hide Settings. Command: walkflysettings 3. or 2. If you are working in a drawing with a large architectural scale.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. similar to the scale of the drawing. Type WALKFLYSETTINGS at the command prompt. Choose View.

Type ANIPATH at the command prompt. . or 3. Click Select Path under the Link camera to: option and click on the line or polyline path. Click OK to the default path name. duration.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. Command: anipath 4. 8. 6. etc. resolution.69 - . Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view and line or polyline representing a path for an animation 2. Choose View. Change other animation settings such as the frames per second. 7. 5. Motion Path Animations. Click OK to the default path name. Click Select Path under the Link target to: option and click on the line or polyline path.10 Animation Paths 1.

Choose the Preview…button to preview your animation.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.70 - . . 11. Play your animation in a Windows or MacIntosh video review application. Close the animation preview and click OK to create an animation file. 10.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. Dashboard. Choose Tools. Command: dashboard .71 - . Palettes. Type DASHBOARD at the command prompt. or 2.11 3D Navigation Using the Dashboard Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1.

72 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 8 3D Model Objects .

Because each object that makes up a wireframe model must be independently drawn and positioned. AutoCAD also provides some 3D wireframe objects. Wireframe lines in 3D .73 - . and curves that describe the edges of the object. it consists only of points.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8. lines. such as 3D polylines (that can only have a CONTINUOUS linetype) and splines.1 Wireframes A wireframe model is a skeletal description of a 3D object. this type of modeling can be the most time-consuming. There are no surfaces in a wireframe model. With AutoCAD you can create wireframe models by positioning 2D objects anywhere in 3D space.

2 Surfaces Surface modeling is more sophisticated than wireframe modeling in that it defines not only the edges of a 3D object.74 - . The AutoCAD surface modeler defines faceted surfaces using a polygonal mesh.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8. the mesh can only approximate curved surfaces. . Because the faces of the mesh are planar. but also its surfaces.

and tori (do. cones.lapping) volume.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8.75 - . wedges. .3 Solids Solid modeling is the easiest type of 3D modeling to use. spheres. you can make 3D objects by creating basic 3D shapes: boxes. You can also create solids by sweeping a 2D object along a path or revolving it about an axis. cylinders.nuts). You can then combine these shapes to create more complex solids by joining or subtracting them or finding their intersecting (over. With the AutoCAD solid modeler.

76 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 9 2D Solids and 3D Faces .

Command: solid First point: P1 Second point: P2 Third point: P3 Fourth point: P4 Third point: enter .1 2D Solid Creates solid-filled triangles and quadrilaterals.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.77 - . 1. Type SOLID at the command prompt.

3DFACE differs from SOLID.78 - .2 3D Faces 3DFACE creates a three or four sided surface anywhere in 3D space. Type 3DFACE at the command prompt. Command: 3dface First point: pick Second point: pick Third point: pick Fourth point: pick Third point: enter 3D Wireframe Lines 3D Face .or four-sided surface that is parallel to the current UCS and can be extruded.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9. 1. which creates a three. You can specify different Z coordinates for each corner point of a 3D face.

3 3D Face Invisible Edge With 3DFACE.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9. allowing accurate modeling of objects with holes. you control which edges of a 3D face are visible. 1. Entering i or invisible before the first point of an edge makes the edge invisible. Command: 3Dface First point: P1 Second point: P2 Third point: i P3 Fourth point: P4 Third point: i P5 Fourth point: P6 Third point: P7 Fourth point: P8 Third point: enter NOTE: You must enter an “i” for invisible before the face is chosen.Type 3DFACE at the command prompt. .79 - . Type 3DFACE at the command prompt.

done. Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: press enter .. Command: edge Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: pick edge Pick edge Specify edge of 3dface to toggle visibility or [Display]: d Enter selection method for display of hidden edges [Select/All] <All>: a ** Regenerating 3DFACE objects. Type EDGE at the command prompt.4 Edge Command 1.80 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9..

vertex 4: . vertex 2: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 2 Face 1. vertex 3: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 6 Face 1.81 - .5 PFace Creates a three-dimensional polyface mesh vertex by vertex 1. vertex 5: enter Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: Face 2. Type PFACE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9. vertex 4: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 7 Face 1. vertex 3: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 4 Face 2. Command: pface Specify location for vertex 1: pick point 1 Specify location for vertex 2 or <define faces>: pick point 2 Specify location for vertex 3 or <define faces>: pick point 3 Specify location for vertex 4 or <define faces>: pick point 4 Specify location for vertex 5 or <define faces>: pick point 5 Specify location for vertex 6 or <define faces>: pick point 6 Specify location for vertex 7 or <define faces>: pick point 7 Specify location for vertex 8 or <define faces>: enter Face 1. vertex 1: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: type 2 Face 2. vertex 1: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: type 1 Face 1. vertex 2: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 3 Face 2.

vertex 4: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: Face 4. vertex 3: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 6 Face 3. vertex 2: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 5 Face 3. vertex 5: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: Face 3. vertex 1: enter Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: .82 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer] <next face>: type 6 Face 2. vertex 1: Enter a vertex number or [Color/Layer]: type 4 Face 3.

83 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 10 Basic 3D Surfaces .

Click the 3D Modeling dropdown option from the Solids panel. .84 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.0 Surface Commands (Solid Panel) 1.

1 Box 2..85 - . Corner of box: pick point Specify length of box: 4 Specify width of box or [Cube]: 2 Specify height of box: 2 Specify rotation angle of box about the Z axis or [Reference]: 0 .. Command: ai_box Initializing. 3D Objects loaded. Type AI_BOX at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.

86 - .xy of pick (need Z): 4 . Command: ai_pyramid Specify first corner point for base of pyramid: pick point Specify second corner point for base of pyramid: <Ortho on> 4 Specify third corner point for base of pyramid: 4 Specify fourth corner point for base of pyramid or [Tetrahedron]: 4 Specify apex point of tetrahedron or [Top]: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Type AI_PYRAMID at the command prompt.2 Pyramid 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Command: ai_wedge Specify corner point of wedge: pick point Specify length of wedge: 4 Specify width of wedge: 2 Specify height of wedge: 2 Specify rotation angle of wedge about the Z axis: 0 .87 - .3 Wedge 1. Type AI_WEDGE at the command prompt.

88 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Command: ai_dome Specify center point of dome: pick point Specify radius of dome or [Diameter]: 3 Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of dome <16>: 20 Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of dome <8>: 10 . Type AI_DOME at the command prompt.4 Dome 1.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Command: ai_sphere Specify center point of sphere: pick point Specify radius of sphere or [Diameter]: 3 Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of sphere <16>: 25 Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of sphere <16>: 25 .89 - .5 Sphere 1. Type AI_SPHERE at the command prompt.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.6 Cone 1. Type AI_CONE at the command prompt.90 - . Command: ai_cone Specify center point for base of cone: pick point Specify radius for base of cone or [Diameter]: 2 Specify radius for top of cone or [Diameter] <0>: 5 Specify height of cone: 3 Enter number of segments for surface of cone <16>: enter .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10. Type AI_TORUS at the command prompt. Command: ai_torus Specify center point of torus: pick point Specify radius of torus or [Diameter]: 6 Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]: 1 Enter number of segments around tube circumference <16>: enter Enter number of segments around torus circumference <16>: enter .91 - .7 Torus 1.

Type AI_DISH at the command prompt.92 - . Command: ai_dish Specify center point of dish: pick point Specify radius of dish or [Diameter]: 3 Enter number of longitudinal segments for surface of dish <16>: 20 Enter number of latitudinal segments for surface of dish <8>: 15 .8 Dish 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.

1 Enter mesh size in the M direction: 20 Enter mesh size in the N direction: 10 .2 Specify fourth corner point of mesh: 1. 3D Objects loaded.4.93 - .9 Mesh 1. Type ai_mesh at the command prompt. Specify first corner point of mesh: 1.1 Specify third corner point of mesh: 4.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 10.4.1 Specify second corner point of mesh: 4.1..1. Command: ai_mesh Initializing..

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 11 Complex Surfaces .94 - .

-=cw) <360>: enter .1 Revolved Surfaces Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. Type Revsurf at the command prompt. Command: revsurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=6 SURFTAB2=6 Select object to revolve: pick path curve Select object that defines the axis of revolution: pick line Specify start angle <0>: enter Specify included angle (+=ccw.95 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. 1. Command: surftab2 Enter new value for SURFTAB2 <6>: 30 3. . Type Surftab1 at the command prompt. Command: revsurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=30 SURFTAB2=30 Select object to revolve: pick path curve Select object that defines the axis of revolution: pick line Specify start angle <0>: enter Specify included angle (+=ccw.2 Surftab Variables Sets the number of tabulations for both directions to be generated for RULESURF and TABSURF. -=cw) <360>: enter 2.96 - . Also sets the mesh density in ROTATE3D the M direction for REVSURF and EDGESURF commands. Command: surftab1 Enter new value for SURFTAB1 <6>: 30 Type Surftab2 at the command prompt. Type Revsurf at the command prompt.

3 Tabulated Surfaces 1.97 - . Command: tabsurf Select object for path curve: Select object for direction vector: . Type TABSURF at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11.

4 Ruled Surfaces 1.98 - . Type RULESURF at the command prompt. Command: rulesurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=6 Select first defining curve: P1 Select second defining curve: P2 .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11.

99 - . Command: edgesurf Current wire frame density: SURFTAB1=20 SURFTAB2=10 Select object 1 for surface edge: P1 Select object 2 for surface edge: P2 Select object 3 for surface edge: P3 Select object 4 for surface edge: P4 .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. Type EDGESURF at the command prompt.5 Edge Surfaces Regenerates a three-dimensional model with hidden lines 1.

0000>: enter or drag and pick . Command: helix Number of turns = 3.0000 Twist=CCW Specify center point of base: pick point Specify base radius or [Diameter] <1.6 Helix Creates a 2D or 3D spiral.0776>: enter or drag and pick Specify helix height or [Axis endpoint/Turns/turn Height/tWist] <1. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 11. or 3.100 - . Choose Draw.0000>: enter or drag and pick Specify top radius or [Diameter] <11. Helix. 1. Begin a new drawing. Type HELIX at the command prompt.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 12 Creating Solids .101 - .

or 2. Modeling. and one of the following solid primitives. Choose the solid primitive from the 3D Modeling panel.102 - . 1. . Choose Draw. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Choose the solid primitive from AutoCAD’s Dashboard.1 Solid Primitives Solid primitives can easily be drawn from both the Draw pulldown menu and from Autodesk’s dashboard.

.2 Polysolid Command With the POLYSOLID command. Choose Draw. 2D polyline. you can convert an existing line. arc. A polysolid can have curved segments. Polysolid. but the profile is always rectangular by default. Choose Polysolid from the 3D Modeling panel. Open a drawing with a closed 2D polyline and display in a 3D view. Command: polysolid Specify start point or [Object/Height/Width/Justify] <Object>: h Specify height <0'-4">: 10' Specify start point or [Object/Height/Width/Justify] <Object>: o Select object: Pick polygon or 4. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. 1.103 - . or circle to a solid with a rectangular profile. Type POLYSOLID at the command prompt. Modeling. 2.

1. Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: pick objects Select objects: enter Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle]: 2 Lines with a Thickness of 2” Lines Extruded 2” .3 Extrude Creates unique solid primitives by extruding existing two-dimensional objects. You can extrude multiple objects with EXTRUDE.104 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Type EXTRUDE at the command prompt.

Extrude.105 - .9509>: 4 . Choose Draw.4 Extrude with Taper 1.9509>: T Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: 15 Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle] <8.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. or 2. Modeling. Type EXTRUDE at the command prompt. Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects to extrude: pick object to extrude Select objects to extrude: enter Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle] <8.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Modeling.106 - .0000>: p Select extrusion path or [Taper angle]: pick P2 Circle Extruded Along a Path Hidden Line Removal of Extruded Circle . Extrude. Command: extrude Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects to extrude: 1 found Select objects to extrude: pick circle (P1) Specify height of extrusion or [Direction/Path/Taper angle] <4. or 2. Type EXTRUDE at the command prompt.5 Extrude with Path 1. Choose Draw.

107 - . Revolve. Choose Draw. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Type REVOLVE at the command prompt. Or 3.6 Revolve Command 1. Modeling. Command: revolve Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects: pick profile Select objects: enter Specify start point for axis of revolution or define axis by [Object/X (axis)/Y (axis)]: o Select an object: pick axis Specify angle of revolution <360>: enter .

7 Sweep Command 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. 2. Open a drawing with 2D objects to sweep and display in a 3D view.108 - . Sweep. Type SWEEP at the command prompt. Modeling. or 3. Choose Draw. Command: sweep Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=4 Select objects to sweep: pick arc Select objects to sweep: Select sweep path or [Alignment/Base point/Scale/Twist]: pick path .

. Loft. Open a drawing with 2D objects to sweep and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 12. Modeling. Type LOFT at the command prompt. or 3. Choose Draw. Command: loft Select cross-sections in lofting order: pick circles Specify opposite corner: 5 found Select cross-sections in lofting order: Enter an option [Guides/Path/Cross-sections only] <Cross-sections only>: enter Click OK. 2.8 Loft Command 1.109 - .

110 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 13 3D Edits .111 - .

3D Operation. Open a drawing with 2D polylines or circles with thicknesses and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify.112 - . you can convert the following objects into extruded 3D solids: Uniform-width wide polylines with thickness Closed. Command: convtosolid Select objects: pick circle or polyline 1 found Select objects: press enter . Type CONVTSOLID at the command prompt. zero-width polylines with thickness Circles with thickness Note You cannot use CONVTOSOLID with polylines that contain vertices with 0 width or that contain segments of variable width 1. 2. With the CONVTOSOLID command.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.1 Convert to Solid Converts polylines and circles with thickness to 3D solids. or 3. Convert to Solid.

1. 3D Operation.113 - . or 3. Open a drawing with 2D polylines or circles with thicknesses and display in a 3D view. Command: convtosurface Select objects: 1 found Select objects: . Type CONVTSURFACE at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.2 Convert to Surface Converts polylines and circles with thickness to surfaces. 2. Choose Modify. Convert to Surface.

0000.114 - . or 3.3 3D Move Displays the move grip tool in a 3D view and moves objects a specified distance. 1. 0.0.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13. Choose Modify. 2. Command: 3Dmove Select objects: pick object to move 1 found Select objects: enter Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: D Specify displacement <0.2 . 0. 3D Operations. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type 3DMOVE at the command prompt.0000.0000>: 0. 3DMove.

2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13. 3DRotate. Type 3DROTATE at the command prompt. or 3. Choose Modify.4 3D Rotate 1.115 - . Command: 3DROTATE Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0 Select objects: pick object and press enter Specify base point: pick point Pick a rotation axis: select X axis Specify angle start point: -90 . 3D Operations.

Choose Modify. 3D Operations. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Command: _3dalign Select objects: pick and press enter Specify source plane and orientation ..5 3DAlign 1. Specify base point or [Copy]: Specify second point or [Continue] <C>: Specify third point or [Continue] <C>: Specify destination plane and orientation . 2.116 - . Specify first destination point: Specify second destination point or [eXit] <X>: Specify third destination point or [eXit] <X>: .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13. Type 3DALIGN at the command prompt. or 3.... 3DAlign.

Command: mirror3D Select objects: pick the circle Select objects: enter Specify first point of mirror plane (3 points) or [Object/Last/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: P1 Specify second point on mirror plane: P2 Specify third point on mirror plane: P3 Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: enter Circle Mirrored around 3 Points . 2. 3DMirror. Choose Modify. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type MIRROR3D at the command prompt.117 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.6 3D Mirror 1. 3D Operations. or 3.

): 8 ..118 - . Choose Modify.. 3DArray. Type 3DARRAY at the command prompt. 2.7 3D Rectangular Array 1. Command: 3darray Select objects: pick object and press enter Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>: R Enter the number of rows (---) <1>: 3 Enter the number of columns (|||) <1>: 4 Enter the number of levels (..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.. 3D Operations. or 3. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.) <1>: 2 Specify the distance between rows (---): 5 Specify the distance between columns (|||): 4 Specify the distance between levels (.

Command: 3darray Select objects: pick cube Select objects: enter Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>: P Enter the number of items in the array: 5 Specify the angle to fill (+=ccw. Type 3DARRAY at the command prompt. 3DArray. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13. Choose Modify. -=cw) <360>: enter Rotate arrayed objects? [Yes/No] <Y>: enter Specify center point of array: mid of axis line Specify second point on axis of rotation: pick Arrayed Objects Around a Line Arrayed Objects in Plan View .8 3D Polar Array 1. 3D Operations. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.119 - . 2.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.9 Extract Edges
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify, 3D Operations, Extract Edges. or 3. Type XEDGES at the command prompt. Command: _xedges Select objects: pick object Select objects: enter

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.10 Facetres
Adjusts the smoothness of shaded and rendered objects and objects with hidden lines removed. Valid values are from 0.01 to 10.0.

1. 2.

Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type FACETRES at the command prompt. Command: FACETRES Enter new value for FACETRES <0.5000>: 10

Facetres=.1

Facetres=10

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.11 Isolines
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type ISOLINES at the command prompt. Command: isolines Enter new value for ISOLINES <4>: 20 Command: regen REGEN Regenerating model.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 13.12 Edge Effects
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose one of the edge effects from the Edge Effects 3D ribbon panel.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 14 Solid Composites .124 - .

Union. Choose Modify. Command: union Select objects: pick objects to union Select objects: enter Solid Objects Unioned Together . 2. Solids Editing. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14.1 Union 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type UNION at the command prompt.125 - .

. Subtract. Solids Editing. Type SUBTRACT at the command prompt.. 2. Select objects: pick the box Select objects: (press enter) Select solids and regions to subtract.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Command: subtract SUBTRACT Select solids and regions to subtract from. Select objects: pick the cylinder Select objects: enter Objects Subtracted from Box ..2 Subtract 1. Choose Modify. or 3..126 - .

Intersect or 2.3 Intersect 1. Choose Modify. Solids Editing.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14.127 - . Command: intersect Select objects: pick objects Select objects: enter Intersection of Cylinder and Box . Type INTERSECT at the command prompt.

0000>: 1 .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14.4 Thicken Creates a 3D solid by thickening a surface. Command: thicken Select surfaces to thicken: 1 found Select surfaces to thicken: Specify thickness <0. 2. Type THICKEN at the command prompt. 3D Operation. Thicken. or 3.128 - . 1. Open a drawing with 3D surface and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify.

Command: interfere Select first set of objects or [Nested selection/Settings]: pick objects and press enter. .5 Interference Checking Highlights 3D solids that overlap.129 - . Select second set of objects or [Nested selection/checK first set] <checK>: pick rectangle and press enter Solids that interfere will highlight in red. Interference Checking. Choose Modify. 3D Operations.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 14. 2. 1. Open a drawing with 3D objects that overlap and display in a 3D view. Type INTERFERE at the command prompt. or 3.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial The following dialog box allows you to change the zoom and display of the drawing to better see the interfering objects.130 - . You can also choose to retain the interference objects by turning the check box off for “Delete interference objects created on Close” .

131 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 15 Modifying Solid Faces .

132 - .25 Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>: 45 Select Face Extruded Face .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15.1 Extrude Face 1. 3. Specify height of extrusion or [Path]: . hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. Press ENTER. 5. NOTE: Must be a solid to extrude the face. 2. 4. Choose a face to extrude. Solid Editing. Choose Modify. If you choose more than one face. Extrude face.

2 Taper Face 1. Choose a face(s) to taper. Press ENTER. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. Solid Editing. Specify the base point: pick the back left corner Specify another point along the axis of tapering: pick point Specify the taper angle: 45 Solid validation started.133 - . 5. Taper face. Solid validation completed. 6. 3. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. 4. If you choose more than one face. Before Taper After Taper . Choose Modify.

Choose Modify. Delete face.134 - . Choose a face to delete. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. Press ENTER. Solid Editing. Choose the face to delete. 4. .3 Delete Face 1. If you choose more than one face.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. 2. 3.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. 3. Pick a new location. Copy face. 5.135 - . Solid Editing. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. . Choose a face to copy . Pick the solid face to copy. Choose Modify. If you choose more than one face. 4.4 Copy Face 1. Press ENTER. 2.

If you choose more than one face. 3. Color face. Choose Modify. 4.136 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. Choose a color to change the face to. hold the SHIFT key to deselect unwanted faces. .5 Color Face 1. Choose a face to change the color of. 2. Solid Editing. Press ENTER.

regions. ellipses. Select a 3D solid: pick solid Select an object to imprint: pick circle Delete the source object <N>: Y . walls) to create a solid object. 5.137 - .6 Imprint Imprints an object on the selected solid. Imprint. circles. Change the UCS and draw an object on a face of one of the walls. Solid Editing. 3.e. Choose Modify. 6. 2. lines. 2D and 3D polylines.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15. splines. Extrude objects (i. The object to be imprinted must intersect one or more faces on the selected solid in order for imprinting to be successful. 4. bodies. and 3D solids 1. Imprinting is limited to the following objects: arcs.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15.7 Extrude Imprint
1. 2. 3. 4. Choose Modify, Solid Editing, Extrude Faces. Select the circle that was imprinted in 15.6. Deselect any unwanted faces. Type -8 as the height of extrusion (or desired height).

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 15.9 Shell
You can create a shell or a hollow thin wall with a specified thickness from your 3D solid object. AutoCAD creates new faces by offsetting existing ones inside or outside their original positions. AutoCAD treats continuously tangent faces as single faces when offsetting. 1. 2. Choose Modify, Solid Editing, Shell. Select a 3D solid: pick solid Remove faces or [Undo/Add/ALL]: enter Enter the shell offset distance: .5

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial

AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 16 Editing Solids

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 16.1 Select and Manipulate Subobjects
You can select one subobject, or create a selection set of more than one subobject on any number of solids. Your selection set can also include more than one type of subobject.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Open a drawing with 3D solid object and display in a 3D view. Hold the CTRL key and select the solid. While holding CTRL, toggle to other subobjects within the solid. Once selected, click and drag to modify the solid.

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4.2 Use Grip Tools Grip tools are icons that you use in a 3D view to easily constrain the movement or rotation of a selection set of objects to an axis or a plane. While holding CTRL. There are two types of grip tools: o Move (3DMOVE command) o Rotate (3DROTATE command 1. Once selected. click and drag to modify the solid using the grip tool.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 16. 3. Hold the CTRL key and select the solid.142 - . . 2. toggle to other subobjects within the solid. Open a drawing with 3D solid object and display in a 3D view.

3. . Hold the CTRL and ALT keys and select the imprinted object or solid face to manipulate it. 1. Click and drag to a new location.143 - . Open a drawing with a 3D object and imprinted object and display in a 3D view. The area must be bounded by coplanar lines or edges. 2.3 Press or Pull Bounded Areas You can press or pull bounded areas by pressing and holding CTRL + ALT.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 16. or by clicking the Presspull button on the dashboard and then picking the bounded area.

144 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 17 Sections and Flat Objects from 3D Models .

Choose Draw. 1. you can move and manipulate it to finetune the sectional view you want. Once you create a section object. or 3.145 - . Type SECTIONPLANE at the command prompt. Sectionplane.1 Sectionplane Command The SECTIONPLANE command creates a section object that exposes the interior details of a model created with 3D objects. Command: sectionplane Select face or any point to locate section line or [Draw section/Orthographic]: O Align section to: [Front/bAck/Top/Bottom/Left/Right] <Front>: enter . 2. Modeling. Open a drawing with 3D solid objects and display in a plan and 3D view.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.

Click on a section line created using the SECTIONPLANE command.moves between the three states . segment end grip base grip section line menu grip directional arrow grip Base grip .moves the entire section object Directional arrow grip – changes the cutting plane direction Segment end grip .146 - .2 Manipulate Section Using Grips 1. 2.rotates the section object around the base grip Menu grip . Click on one of the grips to manipulate the section.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.

Right-click on a section line to see the following section options. Click the various section options. .3 Section Shortcut Commands 1. 2.147 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.

click the down arrow to see all of the section options. .148 - . Click an insertion point and scale for the 2D section block.4 Generate 2D and 3D Sections 1. Choose 2D Section and Create. 5.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. 3. Click Generate 2D/3D section… From the following dialog box. 4. Right-click on a section line. 2.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.5 Section Command
Uses the intersection of a plane and solids to create a region

1. 2.

Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Type SECTION at the command prompt. Command: section Select objects: pick solid and press enter Specify first point on Section plane by [Object/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: XY Specify a point on the XY-plane <0,0,0>: MID of

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.6 Slice Command
1. 2. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose Modify, 3D Operation, Slice. or 3. Type SLICE at the command prompt. Command: slice Select objects to slice: 1 found Specify start point of slicing plane or [planar Object/Surface/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: YZ Specify a point on the YZ-plane <0,0,0>: MID of Specify a point on desired side or [keep Both sides] <Both>:

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17.7 Flatshot
Creates a 2D or “flattened” representation of all 3D objects in the current view.

1. Click the Solid Editing dropdown from the Solid Editing ribbon panel.

or 2. Type FLATSHOT at the command prompt. Command: flatshot

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial
2. Click Create and a location point for a block to insert.

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AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. Create a new layout. New.dwt as the template file to start from. 3. Move and resize the model view so it is in the upper left corner of the sheet as follows. 2. Choose File. Double-click acad.. Choose “Use a Template” from the startup dialog. 4. .. 5.8 Solview 1.153 - .

DWG to insert. Type MSPACE at the command prompt. .154 - . Explode the Block as you are inserting it. Type INSERT at the command prompt and choose the drawing called 3DBOTTLE.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Drawing with a Model Space View 6. 7.

9.155 - . Type ZOOM EXTENTS then ZOOM 1XP. 10. Insert the block anywhere in the Model Space view at a scale of 1 and rotation 0.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 8. Change the layout paper size to ANSIC (22 x17). 11. Model Space View Scaled 1XP 12. Command: solview Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section/<eXit>: O Pick side of viewport to project: P1 View center: P2 Clip first corner: P3 Clip other corner: P4 View name: front Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section/<eXit>: . Type SOLVIEW at the command prompt. Type PSPACE at the command prompt.

156 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial .

10 Soldraw Generates profiles and sections in viewports created with SOLVIEW. Resultant Section and Solid . you need to first explode it so it becomes a solid. Setup.157 - . Choose Draw. SOLDRAW can only prepare viewports that have been created with SOLVIEW. NOTE: If your object was an inserted block. or 2. Drawing. Modeling. Type SOLDRAW at the command prompt Command: soldraw Select viewports to draw: Pick viewport created above Select objects: 1 found Select objects: enter 3 solids selected.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. 1.

Command: ucs Origin/ZAxis/3point/OBject/View/X/Y/Z/ Prev/Restore/Save/Del/?/<World>: view This sets the current UCS parallel to the screen. Type MSPACE and the plan view of the 3D Bottle. Click PSPACE at the command prompt. Type UCS at the command prompt.. 2. SW Isometric. Type UCS at the command prompt. We now need to save this ucs. Command: ucscs Origin/ZAxis/3point/OBject/View/X/Y/Z/ Prev/Restore/Save/Del/?/<World>: save ?/Desired UCS name: 3dview 5.. Type SOLVIEW at the commandprompt. 6.11 Create 3D View Using UCS 1. Command: solview Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section/<eXit>: UNamed/World/?/<Current>: N Name of UCS to restore: 3dview Enter view scale<1. 3.158 - . 4.0000>: enter View center: pick View center: pick Enter view name: 3DVIEW .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. 3D Viewport. Choose View.

159 - .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 3D Model View .

Profile. Double-click MODEL to return to Model Space. 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 17. Modeling. 2. or Type SOLPROF at the command prompt.160 - . Setup.12 Solid Profile 1. Command: solprof Select objects: pick solids from the 3DView Select objects: enter Display hidden profile lines on separate layer? <Y>: enter Project profile lines onto a plane? <Y>: enter Delete tangential edges? <Y>: enter 3 solids selected. Choose Draw. .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 18 Introduction to Rendering .161 - .

Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render.. Choose View. Render.. Type RENDER at the command prompt. 1.1 Render Command Creates a photorealistic or realistically shaded image of a threedimensional wireframe or solid model. 2. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. Command: render The following render window is the result of default rendering . Render.162 - .

Choose View.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. or 3.2 Render Destination You are able to determine the output site that the renderer uses to display the rendered image. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. 5. 2. Render. Command: rpref 4. Type RPREF at the command prompt. . Two options are the render window and viewport. 1. Advanced Render Settings. Close the render preferences and render your objects to the viewport.163 - . Click the dropdown option for destination and choose Viewport...

materials. etc. or 3. 5. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. Render. lights.3 Render Quality 1. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Close the render preferences and render your view. Note: Depending on the objects.. Click the dropdown option for the render quality and choose Presentation. 2. Command: rpref 4. Advanced Render Settings..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. rendering in presentation mode might take a long time. in your model. . Choose View.164 - .

165 - ... Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. Close the render preferences and render your selected objects. . Click the dropdown option for Procedure and choose Selected. or 3. 1.4 Render Selection Controls the parts of the model that gets processed during rendering. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Advanced Render Settings. Command: rpref 4. Render. and Selected. 5. The render procedure has three settings: View. Crop. Choose View.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. 2.

166 - . .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial This result is a selected object in the drawing that is rendered.

167 - . Choose View. Click the dropdown option for Procedure and choose Crop. Render. 5.. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render. Close the render preferences and render your objects. 2.5 Render Cropped Window 1. or 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Command: rpref 4. .. Advanced Render Settings.

168 - . .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial The result is a cropped portion of the drawing that is rendered.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. 2. 4. .169 - .6 Render to File 1. Click the small disk beside the title for “Render Content”. 3. format. Choose a location. and file name for your rendered objects. Click the option for Output file name. Type RPREF at the command prompt.

Close the render preferences and render your objects.170 - . Adjust the image quality and click OK. or manipulate in any imaging software application. print. 6. The result is a rendered image to a file that you can copy .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. .

7 Turn Off Render to File 1. or 3. Command: rpref 4...AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 18. . Render. You will notice that the Output file name option will be grayed out. Choose View. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to render.171 - . 2. Click the small disk beside the title for “Render Content”. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Advanced Render Settings.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 19 Materials .172 - .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. Open an AutoCAD drawing with 3D objects to add materials to. Render.1 Adding Material to a Drawing 1. 3. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. 4. Type a name and description for the new material.. 6. 2.. . Choose View. Materials. Click the Select Image… button under the Diffuse Map section of the Material Editor. Command: materials Click the Create New Material Button under the Available Materials in Drawing section. 5.173 - .

. The material will be added to your drawing in the current material slot. Navigate to a location where material textures are located. select a material image to add.174 - . and click Open.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7.

Materials.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.g. Use the pick box to select an object to apply the material to (e.175 - .2 Applying Materials by Attach 1. Command: materials Click the Apply Material to Objects button under the Available Materials in Drawing section.. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. 4. 2. 3. . base). Choose View. Render..

176 - . 6.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 5. . Type RENDER at the command prompt to see the new material applied in the drawing. Press enter.

2.3 Adjust Material Scale Materials such as hard wood might not map properly to objects at different scales. The follow section shows how to adjust the scale of materials. Render. 1. Command: materials Click the Texture Map Settings button under the Diffuse Map section of the Material Editor. . 3. Choose View. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt..AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19..177 - . Materials.

Click the lock icon to scale the materials evenly in both directions. Change the U and V tile settings to make the material smaller or larger. Double-click Scaling & Tiling. 6. Render the drawing to see the newly mapped material.178 - . 7. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. 5.

179 - .Grey.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Add the following additional material to your drawing: Concrete.jpg .Cast-In-Place.Efflorescence.Flat.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. Command: materialattach 2. .4 Applying Materials by Layer You can attach a material to an entire layer using the Material Attach command. 1. Type MATERIALATTACH at the command prompt. Click and drag the concrete material onto layer Wall. Adjust the material to the object and render to see the results. 3.180 - .

Render. Choose View. 4.181 - . Materials.5 New Materials 1. Adjust other glass properties as desired and apply the material to the bottle. 2.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. Click the Checkered Underlay option to see the glass properties. 5. click Glass . or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Glass for the bottle. From the Template dropdown. . 3..Clear. 6..

.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. Render the drawing.182 - . Change the material’s translucency to 90 and apply the material to the bottle. 7.

Materials.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. 5. Choose View. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt. Render. Navigate to the location where the AutoCAD 3D files are located and choose YoungGirl.. 2. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Photo.JPG (or a similar photo).183 - . Choose the dropdown option for geometry swatch and choose the cube. 4. The photo is added as an image material 6..6 Add Photo as Material 1. . 3. Click the Select Image… button under the Diffuse Map section of the Material Editor.

Render the viewport. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 7. 8. Apply the material to the 3D face in the drawing.184 - .

Render the viewport.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.185 - . 10. Change the scaling and sizing settings to the following: 11. . Select the 3D face.

. cylinder.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.186 - . Render the drawing.7 Material Mapping 1.00. 2. 3. and sphere. Type MATERIALMAP at the command prompt. Open a drawing with a box. 3. Command: MATERIALMAP Choose Cylinder and then pick the cylinder in the drawing. Attach an image material to the above objects and scale it to “Fit to Gizmo” with tiling set to None and a scale of 1. 2.

Use the grips to move the mapping plane along the cylinder. 5. Press enter and render the drawing.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. Practice changing the image as it appears on the box and cylinder. 6.187 - . .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. Choose the remove material icon to remove a material from an object. NOTE: You can only purge a material if it is not in use. 2. . Click a material to remove.9 Purge Materials from Drawings 1. Choose the remove material icon to remove a material from an object. 19.8Removing Materials from Objects 1.188 - . 3. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Type RPREF at the command prompt. 2.

7. 8.10 Opacity Materials 1. Render the viewport.. Set the scale and tiling as below. . 6. Apply the material to the object. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Opacity Material. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt.. 9. Click Select Image under the Diffuse map option and choose the texture (image). 3.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.189 - . 4. 2. If necessary. Render. 5. explode the solid and delete unnecessary faces and render again. Click Select Image under the Opacity map option and choose the opacity material. Choose View. Materials.

Click Select Image under Bump Map and choose a bump material.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19.190 - .. 5.. 4. Render. this time the actual material. 2. Click Select Image under Diffuse Map and choose the same image as the bump material. or Type MATERIALS at the command prompt.11 Bump Map Materials 1. 3. Command: materials Click the Create New Material button and create a material called Bump Material. Choose View. Materials. .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. Apply the material to the base in the drawing and set the following parameters: 7. Render the viewport. .191 - .

Choose Materials OFF from the Materials ribbon or type VSMATERIALMODE at the command prompt. Open a drawing with materials and textures added.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 19. Command: _VSMATERIALMODE Enter new value for VSMATERIALMODE <2>: 0 0=Materials OFF/Textures OFF 1= Materials ON/Textures OFF 2=Materials ON/Textures ON .12 Materials ON/OFF 1. 2.192 - . Set the Visual Style to Realistic. 3.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 20 Lights .193 - .

Default lighting is derived from two distant sources that follow the viewpoint as you move around the model.194 - . You can apply default lighting to the viewport only. but you do not need to create or place lights yourself. Choose Default Lighting from the Lighting ribbon or type DEFAULTLIGHTING at the command prompt. you can disable the default lighting. the scene is shaded with default lighting.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. When you insert custom lights or add sunlight.1 Default Lighting When there are no lights in a scene. Command: _defaultlighting Enter new value for DEFAULTLIGHTING <0>: 1 . ON/OFF 1. you can apply custom lights to the rendering. You can control brightness and contrast. All faces in the model are illuminated so that they are visually discernible. at the same time.

195 - . or 3. Choose View. Render.0>: . . Type POINTLIGHT at the command prompt. Render the current viewport. 2. Click Turn Off default lighting in the following prompt if default lighting was on: Specify source location <0. New Point Light.2 Point Lights A point light radiates light in all directions from its location. Light.XY of pick bottom center of bottle (need Z): 15 Enter an option to change [Name/Intensity/Status/shadoW/Attenuation/Color/eXit] <eXit>: enter 5.0.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. 1. Command: pointlight 4. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial View rendered using a point light .196 - .

0. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Command: spotlight Specify source location <0. Render the current viewport.-10>: P2 Enter an option to change [Name/Intensity/Status/Hotspot/Falloff/shadoW/Attenuation/Color/e Xit] <eXit>: enter P1 P2 4. 2. Render. Choose View.197 - . Type SPOTLIGHT at the command prompt.0>: P1 Specify target location <0. Light. New Spot Light. 1. .0.3 Spot Lights A spotlight emits a directional cone of light.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. or 3.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial View rendered using a point and spotlight .198 - .

Open a drawing with lights. deleting lights. Type LIGHTLIST at the command prompt. or 3. or changing the properties of one or more lights. Render.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. Command: lightlist .4 Editing Lights with Light List The lightlist command allows you to modify lights in a drawing.199 - . Light. 1. 4. This includes turning lights off. Choose Lights in the Model from the lighting ribbon. Lightlist. 2. Choose View.

Double-click one of the lights in the drawing to modify its properties.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. .200 - .

Render the viewport to see the current light settings with photometric lights off. 3.201 - . Then you can experiment with different fixtures. you can use photometric lights to illuminate your model. you can design a lighting system that produces the results you want. Open a drawing with lights.5 Photometric Lights For more precise control over lighting. Type LIGHTLIST to see the current lights in the drawing. or import specific photometric files available from lighting manufacturers. By using manufacturers’ lighting data. and by varying the light intensity and color temperature. 1. you can visualize commercially available lighting in your model. Photometric lights use photometric (light energy) values that enable you to more accurately define lights as they would be in the real world.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. You can create lights with various distribution and color characteristics. . 2. Photometric lights can use manufacturers' IES standard file format.

Type LIGHTLIST and double-click the Lamp Spotlight. Change the lamp color to Halogen and the Candela intensity to 150.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 4. 7. Render the viewport to see the current light settings with photometric lights on. 8. Type LIGHTINGUNITS at the command prompt and set its value to 1 (on).202 - . . Render the viewport. 6. Command: lightingunits Enter new value for LIGHTINGUNITS <0>: 1 5.

203 - . . Practice changing other light’s photometric properties.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 9.

.6 Lights Tool Palette Default lights can be added to your drawing from the Tool Palette menus. 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.204 - . 2. Notice the photometric properties for this bulb. Press CTRL +3 to open the Tool Palettes. 3. Right-click the 75 Watt bulb and choose properties. 4. Right click at the bottom of the palette tabs and choose Incandescent.

. incandescent. or webs. lamps. you can embed photometric lights in blocks that also contain geometry. position them within a 3D representation of the light. Insert in the drawing and render. You can select from fluorescent. and high intensity discharge types of lighting. you can create a set of lights to create a light over a dining area. You can select the photometric lights from the tool palettes. Create a block of the light fixture made up of the lights and fixture. 2. Open a drawing with photometric lights and a light fixture. 3. low pressure sodium. A luminary assembles a set of light objects into a light fixture. 1. Tool palettes of photometric lights provide easy access to photometric lighting bulbs. For example. and create a block of the light objects and the 3D representation of the light to create the light fixture with photometric properties.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.7 Luminaries To create realistic lighting in a drawing.205 - .

Light. There is no light glyph to represent a distant light in your drawing.1. Render.0. You specify a FROM point and a TO point anywhere in the viewport to define the direction of the light.1>: .8 Distant Lights A distant light emits uniform parallel light rays in one direction only. 1.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.206 - . or 3.XY of MID P2 of (need Z): 5 Enter an option to change [Name/Intensity/Status/shadoW/Color/eXit] <eXit>: enter P2 P1 . Type DISTANTLIGHT at the command prompt.XY of MID P1 of (need Z): 5 Specify light direction TO <1.0> or [Vector]: . 2. New Distant Light. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose View. Command: distantlight Specify light direction FROM <0.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial View rendered using a point and spotlight .207 - .

A weblight targets an object whereas a freeweb light does not. . A target light can be pointed to an object. A target point light can also be created from a point light by changing the target property of the point light from No to Yes. Light that uses a photometric web can be added to a drawing by entering the commands WEBLIGHT and FREEWEB at the command prompt. The difference between the target point light and a point light is the additional target properties that are available. A photometric weblight (web) is a 3D representation of the light intensity distribution of a light source.208 - . Photometric weblights can be used to represent anisotropic (non-uniform) light distributions derived from data provided by manufacturers of real-world lights. This directional light distribution information is stored in a photometric data file in the IES format using the IES LM-63-1991 standard file format for photometric data. You can load photometric data files provided by various manufacturers under the Photometric Web panel in the Properties palette for the light. This gives a far more precise representation of the rendered light than either spot or point lights are capable of.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.9 Other Lights Weblights Photometric weblights provide real-world light distribution. Target Point Lights You create a target point light with the TARGETPOINT command. The light icon represents the photometric web you select.

2. 1. Type GEOGRAPHICLOCATION at the command prompt. Choose View. Open a drawing with lights. Command: geographiclocation 4. Light. Geographic Location.209 - . .10 Geographic Locations Specifies the latitude and longitude of a location for the sunlight. Render.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20. Click the Use map…button. 5. or 3. Choose Enter the location values from the following dialog box.

D. Accept the updated time zone settings. .AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 6. Choose Washington.210 - . 6.C from the location dialog box.

Change other properties as desired and render the model. 2008. 6. Render. Type SUNPROPERTIES at the command prompt. 2009. Repeat for January 20. Change the date to November 4.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 20.11 Sun Properties 1. Sun Properties. Light. or 3. 5. Command: sunproperties 4. 2. . click the Status dropdown and click ON. From the Sun Properties dialog box. Open a drawing with a geographic location identified.211 - . Choose View.

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial US Capitol Building rendered on November 4.212 - . 2008 US Capitol Building rendered on January 20 .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 21 Render Environments and Background .213 - .

Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Advanced Render Environment. Type RENDERENVIRONMENT at the command prompt.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21... 2.1 Render Environment You can use environmental features to set up atmospheric effects or background images. Command: renderenvironment .214 - . Render. Choose View. 1. or 3.

Command: view 4.215 - . or a bitmap image. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. 7. . 6. Named Views. Type VIEW at the command prompt. Backgrounds can be a single color.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. 5.2 Solid Background A background is a backdrop that displays behind your model. Choose a color for your solid background. a multi-color gradient. Choose New… Type a name for your new view. or 3. 2. Click the drop down box under background and choose Solid. 1. Choose View.

Named Views. Choose colors for your gradient background. Choose the dropdown option for background type and choose gradient. Command: view 4. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose View. 2.3 Gradient Environment 1. 7. Click the check box beside background.216 - . Choose New… Type a name for your new view. Type VIEW at the command prompt. or 3. 6. 5. 8.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. .

or 3. Choose New… Type a name for your new view. Choose the dropdown option for background type and choose image. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view.217 - .4 Image Background 1. 5. 2. Click the Browse button and choose an image for your background. 6. Type VIEW at the command prompt. Choose View. 7. 8. Click the check box beside background. Named Views. Command: view 4.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 21. .

AutoCAD 3D Tutorial AutoCAD 3D – Chapter 22 Advanced Render Commands .218 - .

219 - . 1. If Apply Materials is not selected. Open a drawing with 3D objects and display in a 3D view. Choose View. refraction. or 3.. roughness. diffuse. and bump map attribute values defined for the GLOBAL material. ambient. Force 2-Sided Controls if both sides of faces are rendered. transparency.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. all objects in the drawing assume the color. Command: rpref . Apply Materials Applies the surface materials that you define and attach to an object in the drawing. Advanced Render Settings. Render.1 Materials Contains settings that affect how materials are handled by the renderer. Type RPREF at the command prompt.. 2. reflection. Texture Filtering Specifies how texture maps are filtered.

Max Samples Sets the maximum sample rate. 1/4 computes a minimum of one sample for every four pixels). A value greater than or equal to 1 indicates that one or more samples are computed per pixel. . Command: rpref Min Samples Sets the minimum sample rate. 1.220 - . Default=1. the area containing the contrast is subdivided to the depth specified by Maximum.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. If neighboring samples find a difference in contrast that exceeds the contrast limit. The value represents the number of samples per pixel. Type RPREF at the command prompt. A fractional value indicates that one sample is computed for every N pixels (for example. Default=1/4.2 Sampling Controls how the renderer performs sampling. The values of the Min Samples and Max Samples lists are "locked" together so that the value of Min Samples can't exceed the value of Max Samples. An error dialog box is displayed if the Min Samples value is greater than the Max Samples value.

0 (fully transparent. Blue. or 0 in eight-bit encoding) and 1. or 0 in eight-bit encoding) to 1. and range from 0.. The filter types are: Box. diminishing the effect of samples at the edge of the filter area. it will increase rendering time. however. and ranges from 0.0 (fully opaque.B threshold values. Contrast Alpha Specifies the threshold value for the alpha component of samples.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Filter Type Determines how multiple samples are combined into a single pixel value. Weights the samples using a pyramid centered on the pixel. Sums all samples in the filter area with equal weight. where 0. blue.0 to 1. or 255 in eight-bit encoding). Mitchell. Weights the samples using a Gauss (bell) curve centered on the pixel. These values are normalized.G.0.221 - . or 255 in eight-bit encoding).0 indicates the color component is fully saturated (white.0 indicates the color component is fully unsaturated (black. Green Specifies the threshold values for the red. Gauss. This value is normalized. Contrast Red. Weights the samples using a curve (steeper than Gauss) centered on the pixel. Increasing the value of Filter Width and Filter Height can soften the image..] opens the Select Color dialog box where you interactively specify the R. Filter Width and Filter Height Specifies the size of the filtered area. Triangle. and green components of samples. Weights the samples using a curve (steeper than Gauss) centered on the pixel. . Contrast Color Clicking [. Lanczos. This is the quickest sampling method.

2. . When on. This allows draft and low quality presets to reduce area light sampling. Simple.3 Shadows Contains settings that affect how shadows appear in the rendered image. The default value=1 for new presets. Presentation:1. Sort. Values are 0. 1. Generates shadow shaders in a random order.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. Sort. all shadows are ray-traced. 1/4. Generates shadow shaders in order. High:1. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Segments. Draft: 0. Generates shadow shaders in order along the light ray from the volume shaders to the segments of the light ray between the object and the light. from the object to the light. the renderer renders shadow-mapped shadows. 1/2. Command: rpref Enable Specifies if shadows are computed during rendering. or Segments. Sampling Multiplier Globally limits shadow sampling for area lights. Med:1/2. Shadow Map Controls if shadow mapping is used to render shadows. When off. 1. 1/8. Low:1/4. Mode The shadow mode can be Simple. It’s effect is to modulate the inherent sampling frequency specified for each light.222 - . This is part of the rendering preset data.

1. . and so on. Max Reflections Sets the number of times a ray can be reflected.223 - . At 0. no refraction occurs. At 2. the ray can be refracted twice. but it cannot be reflected and refracted four times. the ray can be reflected once only. Max Refractions Sets the number of times a ray can be refracted. if Max Depth equals 3 and the two trace depths each equal the default value of 2. Type RPREF at the command prompt. For example. Command: rpref Enable Specifies if ray tracing should be performed when shading. At 1. no reflection occurs. the ray can be reflected twice. At 0. At 2. Max Depth Limits the combination of reflection and refraction. or vice versa. At 1. a ray can be reflected twice and refracted once. Tracing of a ray stops when the total number of reflections and refractions reaches the maximum depth. and so on. the ray can be refracted once only.4 Ray Tracing Contains settings that affect the shading of a rendered image.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22.

. When off. When on. Increasing this value makes global illumination less noisy but also more blurry. each photon is calculated to be 1/10 of the radius of the full scene. the greater the rendering time.5 Illumination Affects how your scene is illuminated. Photons/Samples Sets how many photons are used to compute the intensity of the global illumination. 1.224 - . The larger the Samples value. Decreasing this value makes global illumination more noisy but less blurry. Type RPREF at the command prompt. the spinner value sets the size of photons.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. Command: rpref Enable Specifies if lights should cast indirect light into the scene. Use Radius Determines the size of photons.

and so on. the photon can be refracted once only. At 1. Max Reflections Sets the number of times a photon can be reflected. At 0. but it can’t be reflected and refracted four times. the photon can be reflected once only.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial Radius Specifies the area within which photons will be used when illuminance is computed.225 - . and so on. the photon can be reflected twice. the photon can be refracted twice. a photon can be reflected twice and refracted once. if Max Depth equals 3 and the trace depths each equal 2. At 2. At 2. Max Depth Limits the combination of reflection and refraction. At 0. . Reflection and refraction of a photon stop when the total number of both equals the Max Depth setting. Max Refractions Sets the number of times a photon can be refracted. no reflection occurs. At 1. or vice versa. no refraction occurs. For example.

Grid Size: Sets the size of the grid. If no photon map is present. Each object has its own coordinate space. Object. Shows local coordinates (UVW).6 Diagnostic Helps you understand why the renderer is behaving in a certain way. Photon Renders the effect of a photon map. High density is . The same coordinate system applies to all objects. then replaces it with the pseudocolor image. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Shows world coordinates (XYZ). Shows camera coordinates. the Photon rendering looks just like the nondiagnostic rendering of the scene: the renderer first renders the shaded scene.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. World. Density.226 - . which appear as a rectangular grid superimposed on the view. Renders the photon map as it is projected into the scene. or camera. Command: rpref Grid: Renders an image that shows the coordinate space of objects. the world. This requires that a photon map be present. 1. Camera.

Shows the size of leaves in the tree.227 - . Depth.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial displayed in red. and lower values render in increasingly cooler colors. with differently sized leaves indicated by different colors. . and lower values render in increasingly cooler colors. Irradiance. Similar to the Density rendering. with top faces in bright red. The maximum irradiance is rendered in red. or if rendering seems unusually slow. Shows the depth of the tree. If a message from the renderer reports excessively large depth or size values. but shades the photons based on their irradiance. BSP Renders a visualization of the parameters used by the tree in the BSP ray-trace acceleration method. Size. this can help you locate the problem. and increasingly deep faces in increasingly cool colors.

Command: rpref Tile Size Determines the tile size for rendering. Right to Left. Memory Limit Determines the memory limit for rendering. Spiral. Tiles are rendered in columns. When the tile size is reduced. . bottom to top. fewer image updates occur and the rendering takes less time to complete. top to bottom. If the memory limit is reached. Tiles are rendered in rows. Tiles are rendered beginning at the center of the image. the image is subdivided into tiles. from bottom to top. the more image updates are generated during rendering. Type RPREF at the command prompt. Tiles are rendered in columns. from right to left.7 Processing 1. from right to left. Top to Bottom.AutoCAD 3D Tutorial 22. Left to Right. meaning that a rendering take longer to complete. right to left. left to right. To render the scene. Tile Order Specifies the method used (render order) for tiles as an image is rendered. Tiles are rendered in rows.228 - . Next tile to be rendered is based on the cost of switching to the next one. Hilbert. If the tile size is increased. Bottom to Top. from bottom to top. You can choose a method based on how you prefer to see the image appear as it renders in the Render Window. The renderer keeps a count of the memory it uses at render time. the number of image updates increases. The smaller the tile size. and spiral outward. the geometry for some objects is discarded in order to allocate memory for other objects.