# ENGINEERING

DATA
Engineering
speciﬁcation
reference
for industrial
& municipal
markets:
• Contractor
• Industrial

Service
• Irrigation
• Sanitation
• Mining
• Firefighting
& Prevention
• Petroleum
Production

Disclaimer: The information in this book should be used as a
starting point only, not for final calculations. While Gorman-Rupp
provides the information in this book as a courtesy, it should be
noted that it is gathered from many sources and Gorman-Rupp
takes no responsibility for the accuracy of the information
contained herein. It is the responsibility of each individual using
this information to check its accuracy.

ENGINEERING DATA

GENERAL INFORMATION
WATER
One miner’s inch = 1-1/2 cubic feet per minute = 11.25
U.S. gallons per minute = ﬂow per minute through
1 inch square opening in 2 inch thick plank under a
head of 6-1/2 inches to center of oriﬁce in Arizona,
California, Montana, Nevada and Oregon. Nine U.S.
gallons per minute in Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, New
Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah.
One horsepower = 33,000 foot pounds per minute.
Cubic feet per second =

U.S. GPM
449

Theoretical water
horsepower

= U.S. GPM x head in feet x Sp. Gr.

Theoretical water
horsepower

=

Brake horsepower

=

3960
U.S. GPM x head in pounds
1714
theoretical water horsepower
pump efﬁciency

Velocity in feet = .408 x U.S. GPM = .32 x GPM
per second (diameter of pipe in inches)2 pipe area
One acre-foot = 325,850 U.S. gallons.
1,000,000 U.S. gallons per day = 695 U.S. gallons
per minute.
500 pounds per hour = 1 U.S. gallon per minute.
Doubling the diameter of a pipe or cylinder increases
its capacity four times.
Friction of liquids in pipes increases as the square of
the velocity.
Velocity in feet per minute necessary to discharge
a given volume of water, in a given time

=
cu. ft. of water x 144

area of pipe in sq. inches
Area of required pipe, the volume and velocity of water
being given
=
no. cu. ft. water x 144

velocity in ft. per minute

From this area the size pipe required may be
selected from the table of standard pipe dimensions.
Atmospheric pressure at sea level is 14.7 pounds per
square inch. This pressure with a perfect vacuum
will maintain a column of mercury 29.9 inches or a
column of water 33.9 feet high. This is the theoretical

distance that water may be drawn by suction. In
practice, however, pumps should not have a total
dynamic suction lift greater than 25 feet.

Static Head
Static head is the vertical distance between the free
level of the source of supply and the point of free
discharge, or to the level of the free surface of the
discharged liquid.

Total Dynamic Head
Total dynamic head is the vertical distance between
source of supply and point of discharge when pumping
at required capacity, plus velocity head, friction,
entrance and exit losses.
Total dynamic head, as determined on test where
Suction lift exists, is the reading of the mercury column
connected to the suction nozzle of the pump, plus the
reading of a pressure gauge connected to discharge
nozzle of pump, plus vertical distance between point
of attachment of mercury column and center of gauge,
plus excess, if any, of velocity head of discharge over
velocity head of suction, as measured at points where
the instruments are attached, plus head of water
resting on mercury column, if any.
Total dynamic head, as determined on tests where
suction head exists, is the reading of the gauge
attached to the discharge nozzle of pump, minus the
reading of gauge connected to the suction nozzle of
pump, plus or minus vertical distance between centers
of gauges (depending upon whether suction gauge is
below or above discharge gauge), plus excess, if any,
of the velocity head of discharge over velocity head
of suction as measured at points where instruments
are attached.
Total dynamic discharge head is the total dynamic
head minus dynamic suction lift, or plus dynamic
suction head.

Suction Lift
Suction Lift: Suction lift exists when the suction
measured at the pump nozzle and corrected to
the centerline of the pump is below atmospheric
pressure.
GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld, Ohio • GRpumps.com

3

50 . or 32.05 3.5 9 . and in most cases negligible. a vacuum gauge or a mercury column is generally used for obtaining dynamic suction lift. it should be considered when the total head is low and also when the suction lift is high. but a pressure gauge will not indicate velocity head. minus the static suction head. Velocity Head The velocity head (sometimes called “head due to velocity”) of water moving with a given velocity. merely to accelerate the water. but the value is usually small. but not including the internal pump losses. In testing a pump. Velocity Head in Feet Velocity in Feet per Sec.76 1. a pressure gauge is usually used. minus velocity head. Suction Head Suction head (sometimes called head of suction) exists when pressure measured at the suction nozzle and corrected to the centerline of the pump is above atmospheric pressure.7 1.56 . after deducting the various losses. minus vertical distance from center of gauge to centerline of pump. when pumping at required capacity. as determined on test. Velocity head should be considered in accurate testing also. Inasmuch as the velocity varies considerably at different points in the cross section of a stream it is important.5 1. is the reading of a gauge connected to suction nozzle of pump. Velocity in Feet per Sec. or knowing the head. The velocity head is a factor in figuring the total dynamic head. Velocity Head in Feet Velocity in Feet per Sec. plus head of water resting on mercury column. in using the pitometer. but not including internal pump losses. friction.02 .05 12 13 14 15 2. On the discharge side. in which case a condition equivalent to suction lift will prevail. Dynamic suction head. is the equivalent head through which it would have to fall to acquire the same Velocity. is the reading of the mercury column connected to suction nozzle of pump. Dynamic suction head is the vertical distance from the source of supply. therefore.25 9.16 feet per second.87 2. The mercury column or vacuum gauge will show the velocity head combined with entrance head. entrance. be obtained either by calculating the velocity.4 1.ENGINEERING DATA Static suction lift is the vertical distance from the free level of the source of supply to centerline of pump. where static suction head exists.14 . then it will be necessary to use the velocity in the discharge pipe for computing the velocity head rather than the velocity in the suction pipe.62 3. entrance. may be a negative quantity. Velocity Head in Feet Velocity in Feet per Sec. we can readily figure the velocity head from the simple formula: Dynamic suction lift is the vertical distance from the source of supply when pumping at required capacity.12 1. to take a number of readings at different points in the cross section. or the head necessary 4 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld. friction head. plus velocity head. Suction Head. it is only necessary to include in the total head the velocity head generated in the suction piping. Ohio • GRpumps. to centerline of pump. and friction loss. and this must. however. plus vertical distance between point of attachment of mercury column to centerline of pump.06 . but not minus internal pump losses. If the discharge piping is of different size than the suction piping. h = V2g in which “g” is acceleration due to gravity.0 1. which is often the case.5 10 10. entrance.55 1. and static suction lift. we can transpose the formula to Dynamic suction lift as determined on test. Knowing the velocity. friction. A table giving the relation between velocity and velocity head is printed below. to centerline of pump. Static suction head is the vertical distance from the free level of the source of supply to centerline of pump.39 6 7 8 8. as it is a part of the total dynamic head and consequently affects the duty accomplished.24 2.5 11 11. Velocity Head in Feet 1 2 3 4 5 . or taking readings with a pitometer.25 .com 2 V = 2gh and thus obtain the velocity. Where the suction and discharge pipes are the same size. if any. But where the losses exceed the static suction head the dynamic suction lift is the sum of the velocity head.

KILOWATT-HOUR (K. Redwood (used in British Isles and Colonies). For solids or liquids the standard is usually water. Turning effort. or. HORSEPOWER (hp) = (33.W. Viscosity is ascertained by an instrument termed a viscosimeter.) = Unit of mechanical work. Electrical Data FOOT-POUNDS = Unit of Work. HORSEPOWER-HOUR (H.W.W. month or year: no.Hr. of which there are several makes. It may be thought of as a twist applied to turn a shaft.Hr. FULL LOAD TORQUE is the turning moment required to develop normal horsepower output at normal speed.com 5 . along an imaginary circle of one foot radius which surrounds the shaft. in an electric motor. viscosity is expressed as the number of seconds required for a definite volume of fluid under an arbitrary head to flow through a standardized aperture at constant temperature. and for gases the standard is air or hydrogen. plus velocity head at this point. working hours x . the term being usually expressed in foot-pounds (or pounds at 1 foot radius). It can be measured directly by fastening a piece of belt to a 24" diameter pulley. minus the vapor pressure in feet absolute corresponding to the temperature of the liquid. In the United States the Saybolt and Tangliabue instruments are in general use. pounds per min.Hr. Specific Gravity Specific Gravity – The ratio of the weight of any volume to the weight of an equal volume of some other substance taken as a standard at stated temperatures. KILOVOLT-AMPERES (KVA) = 1000 volt-amperes.W. pull x pulley radius in feet. or 5250 hp= T x speed of belt on 24" pulley in feet per minute 33000 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.P. wrapping it part way round and measuring the pounds pull the motor can exert.) = Large unit of electrical work –1000 watt-hours. for torque = lbs. consumed at motor terminals K.ENGINEERING DATA Net Positive Suction Head NPSH stands for “Net Positive Suction Head. To determine the cost of power. Saybolt Universal. With a known foot-pounds torque. Viscosity Viscosity is the internal friction of a liquid tending to reduce flow. With few exceptions. TORQUE is that force which produces or tends to produce torsion (around a axis).000 ft. as the pull or drag at the surface of the armature multiplied by the radius of the armature. with a spring balance. It can be defined as the push or pull in pounds. Ohio • GRpumps. NPSH is the static liquid head in the vessel above the pump centerline minus entrance and friction losses. The torque of any motor at any output with a known speed may be determined by the formula: T = Brake hp RPM x 5250. for any specified period of time-working hours per day. viz. the horsepower at any given speed can be determined by the formula: hp= T x RPM WATT-HOUR = Small unit of electrical work–watts times hours. In practice. = total cost current for time specified. any pulley can be used.Hr. consumed at motor terminals x rate per K.” It is defined as the suction gauge reading in feet absolute taken on the suction nozzle corrected to pump centerline. A motor that has a heavy starting torque is one that starts up easily with a heavy load.– 746 watts–. Tangliabue.746 kilowatts) Unit for measurement of power or rate of work. RUNNING TORQUE is the pull in pounds a motor exerts on a belt running over a pulley 24" in diameter. When boiling liquids are being pumped from a closed vessel. Hr. week. VOLT AMPERES = Product of volts and amperes. STARTING TORQUE is the torque which a motor exerts when starting.746 x hp motor efficiency of motor = K. Engler (used chiefly in Continental countries).

.... To fill ordinary lavatory. 30 gallons per day . total head is 50 feet: To supply water for each member of a family for all uses including kitchen. pump eff... x motor eff.....com .....w. as the consumption of individuals and animals will vary by the seasons and weather conditions...-hr. watering the lawn. 30 gallons per day The cost of pumping 1000 gallons of water under the above conditions is 1/4 of a cent.0025 To fill average bathtub..-hour. It is also advisable to allow for the water level in the well lowering during dry years.w.85 x 60 = \$ .189 x power cost per kilowatt-hour x head in feet pump eff.... x 60 Domestic Use Example: Power costs .000189 x GPM x head in feet x power cost per k.. x motor eff.01 x 50 To flush toilet.... drawing a bath. x motor eff.... Note: The above requirements are only approximate. and water used in the kitchen simultaneously..ENGINEERING DATA Cost of pumping water Water Requirements Cost per 1000 gallons pumped: ....... Head: GPM x head in feet 3960 x BHP (to pump) 3960 x pump eff.75 x . Ohio • GRpumps. Pump efficiency: In selecting the proper size pump. 50 to 100 gallons per day Cost per acre foot of water: 1. 6 gallons per day . thus decreasing pump capacity.. it is essential that the pump capacity be in excess of maximum requirements in order to provide a reserve in the event that water is required from several fixtures at the same time... Motor efficiency x hp at motor: GPM: 3960 x pump eff. .... Continuous flow drinking fountain. laundry and bath . For example.. x BHP head in feet 6 Average shower bath... motor efficiency is 85%....01 per k......032 x head in feet x power per k.w.. is a common occurrence. pump efficiency is 75%...-hr... 30 gallons per day GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.189 x .. pump eff. 1-1/2 gallons per day Cost per hour of pumping: ... x BHP GPM BHP (brake horsepower) to pump: BHP: GPM x head in feet 3960 x pump eff..

16.60 0. 14.97 0. 400 4" 6" 8" 4. 58.82 7. 6. 3. 5.72 1. 21. 10. 168. 4. 225. 63. 12. 28.82 0. 22. 7. 22. 500 4" 6" 8" 6. 6.16 11.37 0. 7. 221. 16. 7. 5. 1. 25. 52. 0.64 56.28 0. 1. 13. 0. 1000 6" 8" 3. 14. 45. 7.68 56. 32.18 0. 36. 25. 205. 149. 154. 257. 26. 206. 17. 2.54 5.62 49. 135. 202. 2. 236. 57. 8. 113. 103. 24. 3. 34. 49. 2.com 7 . 34. 15. 150 2" 3" 4" 20.28 23. 26. 18. 17. 11. 51. Note: Loss in couplings not included GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld. 67.22 14. 85.13 1. 98. 85. 28.83 0. 101. 2. 13. 1200 6" 8" 4. 3. 13. 17. 47. 1400 6" 8" 6. 2. 3. 30. 34. 24.38 0. 332. 128. 5. 21. 5. 2. 2. 0. 318. 88. 255. 95. 700 6" 8" 1. 13. 90. 7. 60. 90. 61. 29. 11. 0. 68. 47. 600 4" 6" 8" 9. 130. 52. 3. 21. 19.21 0. 189. 6. 0. 100 2" 3" 4" 11. 1. 5. 195.18 15. 35. 14.16 10. 17. 33.32 22.35 0. 0. 42. 137. 83. 13. 4. 78.59 0. 7. 9. 6.32 26. 56. 4. 221.75 1. 15. 12.68 6. 111 14. 4. 3. 41.44 35. 66.89 0.05 2.13 2. 7. 4. 6. 1. 39. 44. 9. 17. 3. 2. 111. 800 6" 8" 2.42 4. 78. 1. 6. 69.09 6. 0. 5. 32. 180. 293. 35. 138. 2. 18. 10. 342. 37. Ohio • GRpumps. 11. 104. 3. 2. 2. 17. 52. 274. 109. 16. 900 6" 8" 2. 3. 8.69 41. 3. 9. 142. 134. 48. 111. 1. 8. 119.ENGINEERING DATA FRICTION LOSS IN POUNDS PRESSURE THROUGH ALUMINUM PIPE Length of Pipe in Feet GPM Pipe Size 100' 200' 500' 1000' 2000' 3000' 4000' 5000' 50 2" 3" 4" 2.14 9. 7.34 22. 101. 28.36 1. 300 3" 4" 6" 11. 3. 12.76 0. 4. 5. 9.31 20. 7. 9. 4.02 1. 64. 28.56 13. 27. 1. 56. 45.50 0. 13. 24. 2. 191. 30. 7. 69. 141. 4. 14.74 0. 7. 27.70 0. 64. 200 3" 4" 6" 5. 11.

80 1.0 64.0 73. 358.3 14. 141. 88.17 0.2 39.20 3. 104.52 10.4 98.41 41.0 34.80 3. 259.6 52. 418. 297.88 6. 148.50 1.8 65.4 52. 566. 422. 564. 230. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 1.4 106.3 0. 414. 130. 306. 306.0 72.0 73.84 10. 211. 250. 158. 734. 331.0 15.50 13.6 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 0. 69. 235.0 39. 510. 376. 265.92 5. 898.6 28. 208.84 12.6 110.88 3.0 82. 294.0 44.00 9.2 25. 281.96 2.0 23.0 62. 206.6 44.2 52. 288. 288..8 19.7 24. 408. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 0. 326. 944. 59.22 0.8 47. 126. 276.30 2. 412.0 101.12 2.56 5. 277. 528.2 94.4 0.0 20. 588. 147.08 14.2 64. 173. 432.49 0. 1268.76 4. 476..8 20. 277.28 0. 104.88 6.1 26. 238.4 26. 78. 147.68 2.23 1. 114. 274. 218..10 1. 212. 400. 544. 236. 446. 337.36 13.4 118.4 40.56 2. 343.0 66.0 81. 138. 548. 171.0 16. 396. 614.8 81.86 3.40 5.8 55. 136.26 5.0 99.1 17.10 0. Ohio • GRpumps.4 32. 129. 256.4 34. 160.14 0. 472..3 0. 221.22 11.2 41. 754. 206. 130.3 0. 608. 145. 235. 432.2 56. 544. 220.4 36.4 83.8 24.8 93. 162. 147.2 58.6 61. 708. 290.2 56. 618. 184.2 90. GALLONS.96 3. 264.6 56.82 15. 245. 176.03 0. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 2.80 1. 470. 118.08 4.18 0. 359. 255.4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0.ENGINEERING DATA CAPACITIES.2 97. 1040. 436. 330.98 1. 309.8 21.0 87.6 117. 128. 848.2 0.04 0.52 2.7 138. 132. 162.92 4. 352. 283.30 5. 688.4 8. 550. 119.0 33.08 7.4 39.4 70. 212.2 112.0 18.2 72. 141. 177.72 2. 165.48 1.4 0. 584. 324.8 43.6 13.com . 386.8 69. 534.6 29.2 14.56 4. 270.2 72. 238. 183.9 209.58 7. 198.04 7.S. 686. 192.34 1. 792.02 0.6 106.57 0. 252. 704.2 69.4 0.60 2. 317. 518. 251.6 40. 514.6 62.0 59. 152.31 4. 502. 132. 177.4 11.4 89.8 36. 0. 178. 424. 146. 594. 83.28 1. 1056. 180.0 13.00 2.8 99. 108. 238.24 0. 32 34 36 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld. 326.2 70.2 44. 264. 304. 377. 259. 416. 120.2 64. 240. 376. 712. 130. 297.12 0.0 55.0 52. 93. 196.3 36. 208. 354. 114. 367. 281.87 0.5 25. 138.5 90.44 1.67 0.8 49.7 20.80 15.36 1. 424. 640. 188.0 36.20 7. 512.1 28. 267.24 5. 118. 824. 163.12 0. 836.94 5.6 48. OF CYLINDERS OF VARIOUS DIAMETERS AND LENGTHS Diameter Inches 8 Length of Cylinder Diameter Inches 1" 1' 5' 6' 7' 8' 9' 10' 11' 12' 13' 14' 15' 16' 17' 18' 20' 22' 24' 1 2 3 4 5 .84 3. 662. 480.80 12.65 1.40 1. 156. 1164.77 4.6 32.0 40. 634. 198. 808. 294.3 0.93 4. 98. 480.47 2.61 3.37 0.8 13. 520.5 20. 160.2 0.4 22. 434.0 46.5 16.92 6. 257.0 54. 248. 1004.1 22. 306. 562.6 41.20 0. 392.2 18.0 92. 125.0 23. 330. 952. 552.2 23.6 76. 128.36 10.4 10. 172.8 18.6 35. 229.2 80. 294. 624.0 52.84 8. 384.6 29. 166. 212.90 8.52 8..2 104. 118.67 2.0 29.68 6. 386.0 20.28 2.8 106. 448.48 2.2 0. 442.4 46. 236.34 10.76 8. 261..8 60. 416.3 0. 476.8 79.6 24. 660. 74. 189. 151.3 52. 628. 476. 192.0 97. 120.8 22. 204.72 6.0 31.0 57.4 29. 576. 250.0 108. 129. 302. 177. 880. 476. 383.6 48. 356. 496. 153.48 9. 652. 378. 334. 118. 668. 404.0 26.16 0.2 88.. 460. 229. 139.0 41. 370. 324.8 14. 216. 752. 153.08 0. 320.64 2.24 8. 353. 179.18 24.0 66. 356.0 49. 367. 660. 756. IN U.4 11. 166. 135. 768. 1132. 238.0 19.16 14. 124.8 104.8 17. 293. 83. 504. 216.6 29.4 79. 163. 476. 240. 26 27 28 29 30 32 34 36 3.8 26. 844.18 11.6 19. 518..0 73.0 46.06 27.0 48.4 44. 180. 582.44 3.12 18. 426. 359.. 158.40 7. 710. 194.65 1. 178.6 23. 396. 440. 514. 283.. 257.60 11. 187.8 16.0 33. 346. 612.6 35.0 30.41 0. 201.7 32. 142. 920. 221. 193. 144. 198. 586. 802.48 3. 224. 470.88 9. 224. 389.7 16.6 92.2 76.2 34.12 9. 317. 192.8 16. 330.4 103. 185.0 110.6 32.8 62.0 28. 360. 119.01 0. 166. 332.4 46.6 36. 260.96 2.6 81.60 3.2 96.0 34.16 0.2 82. 166. 64. 282. 144.05 0. 324. 317. 740. 202.2 88. 460.32 1.2 48. 220. 156.

20 4688.405 2. 3620. 1915.99 82.73 16.70 5376. 9956.14 846.89 142. 598.40 1599. Ft.11 3672.65 95.79 . 7241.14 148. 935.00 2291.74 443.20 1321. 2199. 1833.67 211.305 6.95 132.587 5' 5' 5' 5' 6' 6' 8" 9" 10" 11" 188.40 5555.296 8.97 123.90 4204.97 26.90 380.com 9 . CAPACITY OF SQUARE TANKS Dimensions in Feet Contents in Gallons for Depth in Feet of: 1' 4' 5' 6' 8' 10' 11' 12' 4 x 4…………………………………………………………… 5 x 5…………………………………………………………… 6 x 6…………………………………………………………… 119. Ft.069 1.77 530.81 330.31 3.74 31. 8617.49 28.82 475.02 15.66 78.65 306. 2057. 5386. 1202.909 5.62 67. 3231.88 308.60 2974.36 354.50 1193.10 3455.51 587.09 992.17 15' 15' 16' 16' 16' 16' 3' 3' 3' 3' 3' 3' 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 52.05 371.76 20' 20' 21' 21' 21' 21' 3" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" Gallons Area Sq.50 17.75 626.27 30.99 19. 5745.94 159. 1616.048 9' 9' 10' 10' 10' 10' 530.48 449.86 718.59 90.885 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 11" 118.58 29.99 34.01 399.35 314.90 743.00 3384. 1197. 11848.08 1077.35 26' 26' 27' 27' 27' 27' 2120.16 322.08 905.40 490.51 229.80 1110.44 11. 8976.10 2409.640 2. Ft. 2394.50 25.46 56. 3740. 4308.52 86.635 14.00 269.00 955. 5266.62 742.82 220. 3830.91 1031. 6059.18 10.82 397.276 4. 5430.04 298.00 572.10 117.66 583.10 4856.49 695.30 551. 2922. Ohio • GRpumps. Diameter Gallons Area Sq. Diameter 710. 6463. find a tank of one-half the size desired and multiply its capacity by four.74 510. 12925.80 3108.03 881.35 18.28 44. 4787.767 1.70 2350.681 6' 6' 7' 7' 7' 7' 6" 9" 248.00 9. 5984.ENGINEERING DATA CAPACITY OF ROUND TANK – Per Foot of Depth Diameter Gallons Area Sq. 1346.16 346.00 3175.72 605.30 1278.50 27.21 593.10 2529.43 113.80 122.49 23' 23' 24' 24' 24' 24' 1151.68 14' 14' 14' 14' 15' 15' 2' 2' 2' 2' 2' 2' 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 11" 36.785 .28 479. 1516.25 142.90 1366.227 1.25 199.43 47.48 352. Diameter 1' 1' 1' 1' 1' 1' 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 5.40 683. 4032. 10 x 10………………………………………………………… 11 x 11………………………………………………………… 12 x 12………………………………………………………… 748.045 11.687 3.12 110.20 5465.80 4772.55 562.085 10.94 649.97 75.12 2992.13 388.32 17.39 461.78 44.80 3820.73 137.56 137.87 6.90 2177.88 74.30 3040.03 99.52 617.60 3971.54 29' 29' 30' 30' 30' 30' 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" 3" 6" 9" Gallons Area Sq.40 153.54 82.06 28' 28' 28' 28' 29' 29' 2469.00 3526.56 3244.10 4283.95 70.72 39.68 187.60 615.409 3.60 3314. 1436. 4847.559 11.48 165.876 8. 7 x 7…………………………………………………………… 8 x 8…………………………………………………………… 9 x 9…………………………………………………………… 366.86 22' 22' 22' 22' 23' 23' 918.60 4048.72 18.80 2779.23 267.18 47.20 283.68 132. 2872.40 103.40 188.80 424.96 5112.90 16.00 97.06 207.58 7.186 14.69 194.00 1235.86 471. 748.00 5026. 718.69 730.16 49.18 35.585 5.00 2653.81 4606.00 4362. 2244.70 4443.58 1. 2843. multiply the capacity for one foot by the required depth in feet.621 10.182 2.66 363. 4488.48 41.10 17. 10861.80 637.727 9.922 1.99 811.44 481.40 1504.72 127.42 127. 7272.75 21.71 527.52 671.22 25.32 114.13 9.64 To find the capacity of tanks greater than shown above. 9051.99 12' 12' 13' 13' 13' 13' 2' 2' 2' 2' 2' 2' 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 23. or find one one-third the size desired and multiply its capacity by nine.96 102. 8228.88 35.58 776.87 176. 2693.90 5199.27 53.142 3.93 541.969 2.10 2234.60 3598.78 38.26 640.90 5287. 7480. To find the capacity of depth not given.50 25.748 15.18 660.60 2908.50 1648.71 182.53 291.24 558.33 90.940 6.49 415.541 12.396 1. 3635. 1316.467 7. 2968. 6665. 1870.321 11' 11' 11' 11' 12' 12' 1' 1' 1' 1' 1' 1' 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 11" 13.168 8' 8' 8' 8' 9' 9' 376.44 78.069 7.89 502. 3665.60 2591.30 330.48 424.00 106.566 13.13 63.21 41.66 194.83 201. 4398.22 14.87 500.13 170.86 58. GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.30 3895.01 452. 1077.52 478.06 338.65 25' 25' 25' 25' 26' 26' 1411.095 13.90 433.61 406. Ft. 2154.98 4.96 604. 4525.74 678.976 4.62 86.06 65.92 62.20 4941.88 1466. 3029.39 213.00 3745.87 108.50 1457.10 4524. 10771. 957.88 55.576 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 4' 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 94.20 19' 19' 19' 19' 20' 20' 3' 3' 3' 3' 3' 3' 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 11" 71. 2424.92 205.69 287.19 4125.61 12.13 706.75 60.241 5.70 50.10 1551.00 2715.28 68.89 8.73 27.50 1070.

0 219. unfiltered river water..0 30.7 26....0 445.8 35.4 20.54 X 1.9 13..0 322.0 352.0 450.0 661..0 408...0 52. decreasing in the course of about 10 years to 100. of pipe in inches (actual) H = friction head C= 100–For other value of C the figures in the table should be multiplied by L = length of piping in feet C = constant depending upon roughness of pipe... Ordinary W...3 7.0 19..84 1.0 334.22 1. Pipe..0 247..0 67.0 55..2 50...0 4.....0 850.0 4..63 V = CR H L or H= 0. 140 .52 2.0 294....6 45.0 25..54 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 130 .0 494.. The data on hand indicate a value of “C” equals 110 for new riveted pipe..0 272.... Badly Tuberculated Pipe.8 3.0 430.. For older pipes riveted steel pipe of a given age will carry the same quantity of water as cast iron pipe of the same size and 10 years older.0 107.0 556.....0 30.9 7...0 214....8 37...0 178.5 13. Ohio • GRpumps. Brass.46 Ordinary Straight Brass.852 Table Giving Coefficient “C” and Factor “K” For Different Kinds and Sizes of Pipes 1/8" to 3" Condition of Pipe Factor Size of Pipe in Inches Corresponding years of service of cast iron pipe in soft.0 188. Pipe...2 2.00 1...22 1.....0 11'……………………………………………………………… 12'……………………………………………………………… 13'……………………………………………………………… 14'……………………………………………………………… 15'……………………………………………………………… 37...I...6 .62 .58 5.0 6'……………………………………………………………… 7'……………………………………………………………… 8'……………………………………………………………… 9'……………………………………………………………… 10'……………………………………………………………… 11.4 5. R = hydraulic radius = dia... Smooth New W..I..6 23........8 19....71 ..0 250.6 14.0 940.0 1084....0 531.. 130 120 110 100 90 80 60 40 .........3 17..0 144.0 829..0 315.0 238..0 59..5 22.2 80....0 1134.0 188.0 73.0 356.58 5.0 989..0 632..0 298.0 370.5 126.. pipe in feet 147.0 3.0 73..0 281.85Q CD2.0 158....0 68.0 120...0 988.71 ..3 1. laid perfectly straight....0 112.. For riveted steel pipe the average value of “C” is lower than for cast iron pipe.0 741....84 1.0 610......I. clear.0 179..0 800....0 740. Coefficient Factor Coefficient Various Kinds Pipe Size of Pipe in Inches 4 5 6 8 10 12 16 20 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 C K C K 140 .0 164........1 8.0 60. 10 where V = velocity in feet per sec..0 141...0 2...0 356..0 215. 10 00 Indicates the very best new cast iron pipe.. Old W.0 15.... Medium Old W..63 Q= GPM 4 D= dia.54 Very Smooth & Straight W.0 44.62 120 110 100 90 80 60 40 ..0 496.0 1253......7 4.0 440.0 78. also upon R K= 100 C 1.....I.. Gr. Copper & Lead Pipe.7 33... 0 Indicates good new cast iron pipe.....9 11..0 181.....0 96.0 101..5 39...32 1..0 291..0 Formulae 0..00 1.. Very Rough Pipe.0 92.ENGINEERING DATA CYLINDRICAL TANKS SET HORIZONTALLY AND PARTIALLY FILLED Gallons Per Foot of Length When Tank Is Filled Diameter 1/10 1/5 3/10 2/5 1/2 3/5 7/10 4/5 9/10 1'……………………………………………………………… 2'……………………………………………………………… 3'……………………………………………………………… 4'……………………………………………………………… 5'……………………………………………………………… ...0 83.0 106.0 53.... Copper & Lead Pipe.0 672.........1 89.2 110.0 235..0 423.. ....4 70.0 621.9 20..46 0 4 0 4 0 4 13 14 15 0 5 10 16 0 5 10 17 26 45 75 28 50 87 30 55 95 33 62 35 68 0 5 10 17 26 37 0 5 11 18 27 39 0 5 11 19 28 41 0 5 11 19 29 42 0 6 12 19 30 43 0 6 12 20 30 44 0 6 12 20 30 45 0 6 12 20 30 45 0 6 12 20 31 46 0 6 12 20 31 47 For gasoline C= 130 factor K x Sp.. Pipe..0 368..0 530..0 504....0 576...0 139.0 862. Pipe.0 5..0 140. Tin.0 265...0 149... Fairly Smooth New W.... Tin.852 where H = friction head for L = 100 ft.....0 722. GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld. Pipe.52 2..0 1.0 182....I.com Years of Service The foregoing values can also be used for welded steel pipe..4 47.0 2..0 41..0 133...I..0 201.0 51.

00 16.98 71.08 0.84 5.86 3.36 16.97 2.00 4.00 145.com 11 .30 113.33 0.88 2.20 8.91 1.17 2.78 12.80 18.97 3.00 1.33 3.00 53.62 0.70 24.00 85.81 6.07 13.80 21.26 3.07 0.31 18.98 1.39 2.00 64.00 60.23 53.22 1.26 4.23 0.45 0.09 0.00 7.17 0.01 6.72 0.79 1.08 0.30 0.28 1.97 0.00 14.00 96.24 0.00 15.27 0.92 40.60 6.84 3.49 0.80 3.33 4.12 1.58 10.95 8.43 2.52 0.26 13.19 0.40 22.13 1.10 33.42 1.88 4.38 1.31 0.08 4.98 1.10 0.15 7.15 1.25 4.92 2.20 0.20 28.18 0.60 6.40 20.21 0.32 18.15 0.60 2.62 11.27 0.30 14.90 5.39 1.50 1.00 92. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.51 26.16 0.07 8.70 7. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.41 2.21 19.84 2.11 0.22 0.79 5.54 0.73 0.20 15.79 1.27 2.28 0.73 .18 12.15 7.67 0.03 7.17 0.15 3.10 0.92 1.08 0.00 8.23 0.82 2.59 3.76 9.70 1.70 22.14 1.41 0.08 0. Loss in Feet 7.47 1.57 1.56 0.18 3.82 0.24 0.82 1.04 0.30 0.91 6.00 103.00 9.29 5.61 4.13 5.03 2.13 6.55 5.00 98. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.77 11.07 0.86 5.10 14.92 12.81 1.30 2.89 0.96 6.32 0.14 0.04 2.10 17.30 11.06 0.36 2.70 2.71 12.61 20.96 4.74 2.52 9.63 0.00 1.40 10.87 13.92 2.22 4.70 1.50 0.00 117.98 8.45 0.00 57.05 0.68 6.32 1.27 0.15 0.66 8.62 1.25 0.55 1.02 1.52 0.80 13.36 0.37 0.50 0.00 15.00 72.36 6.40 6.30 4.49 0.40 2.55 3.00 108.22 29.59 0.80 10.56 0.12 0.01 4.00 154.40 34.15 3.08 9.51 3.46 22.17 0.07 0.10 3.90 40.58 0.04 2.89 0.08 2.14 128.70 26.00 11.72 2.62 23.30 0.80 180.60 6.90 5.70 10.50 12.11 5.30 10.23 0.10 11.14 0.11 0.25 0.14 1.38 7.25 6.00 75.02 1.80 11.12 1.15 1.96 8.68 7.44 1.16 0.39 1.24 2.00 84.38 0.02 1.12 0.56 0.87 2.87 19.05 0.04 14.74 1.19 6. Ohio • GRpumps.11 0.52 Velocity Feet Per Sec.17 8.84 4.11 5.07 15.13 0.00 42.90 0.39 2.08 0.92 3.64 7.37 7.25 0.02 0.82 1.28 0.04 0.90 10.13 6.25 1.44 9.43 2.83 3.08 2.59 3.07 14.79 0.70 25.00 60.24 0.04 0.64 2.01 16.79 1.88 6.96 2.08 1.90 50.01 2.49 1.54 3.06 3.28 1.27 0.08 1.36 18.37 15.27 2.84 0.11 0.21 0.21 1.11 0.00 59.73 0.09 4.61 14.03 1.40 3.82 0.00 5.81 0.82 0.13 6.56 0.98 2.90 2.18 3.23 9.66 9.54 5.22 1.28 14.00 163.40 0.47 3.43 11.64 7.95 1.00 42.37 1.20 12.14 1.09 0.26 1.62 1.06 14.92 2.41 12.31 2.94 1.66 2.92 22.80 10.31 8.55 0.35 1.52 4.04 0.20 136.70 8.42 2.41 3.63 1.46 1.55 182.36 0.17 1.20 1.65 1.00 70.66 1.21 6.89 4.25 6.00 190.42 10.72 2.88 4.78 14.59 13.27 1.33 1.67 1.15 20.84 0.75 6.59 4.91 5.14 0.08 1.70 13.18 3.15 0.57 3.10 2.20 19.00 14.00 156.80 13.84 12.51 13.16 2.23 1.71 0.00 102.28 8.41 0.79 1.38 0.00 211.00 14.00 89.56 0.04 3.05 15.80 47.11 11.00 1.58 4.91 2.54 7.44 1.44 0.31 0.87 1.05 4.43 1.00 26.19 0.90 7.31 0.38 0.61 2.26 2.68 0.30 25.45 2.41 2.89 11.54 1.27 3.47 5.71 0.22 1.96 1.28 0.25 1.52 2.04 2.15 1.05 2.52 16.59 0.50 11.41 0.81 6.52 0.70 7.80 12.85 0.80 11.12 0.88 152.72 2.20 7.70 33.10 0.73 1.90 23.10 9.22 0.32 5.23 5.08 3.17 0.33 0.63 0.49 0.13 2.55 1.54 9.33 0.20 10.00 38.88 6.40 1.28 2.00 8.77 3.11 0.10 0.60 26.41 2.91 0.11 0.08 6.27 3.30 15.52 0.08 3.27 3.19 0.84 8.61 0.87 2.48 1.86 1.66 0.29 1.74 0.00 50.68 0.02 1.81 0.99 9.65 5.60 25.58 0.00 129.08 9.10 0.29 4.50 13.13 2.27 2.00 166.46 1.20 10.40 1.00 93.18 9.59 5.12 2.95 9.60 23.56 2.96 1.22 3.19 9.40 27.15 1.55 2.61 4.08 4.95 11. 1.89 20.30 13.15 13.16 18.10 9.00 28.02 7.70 39.11 11.19 0.00 31.13 0.09 0.30 7.23 0.57 3.96 0.02 11.91 1.34 17.15 1.30 25.96 27.46 0.12 0.98 1.18 7.08 4.71 15.30 1.06 1.27 0.49 0.54 0.15 4.26 7.20 7.20 2.49 4.65 0.00 5.52 15.87 2.14 1.16 8.49 1.88 1.00 118.38 14.54 7.88 0.00 35.28 1.00 14.00 143.17 1400 1500 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3500 8.68 0.25 13.78 0.35 1.00 10.86 4.50 11.57 0.36 2.81 2.95 53.81 7.63 0.79 0.50 16.10 0.23 5.50 6.20 12.82 2.29 2.78 14.21 3.00 142.80 42.40 22.53 0.60 1.20 5.00 19.78 10.63 3.34 0.97 2.17 4.69 10.06 6.13 0.22 1.04 0.46 11.42 13.41 0.44 12.02 1.50 0.84 26.40 20.00 7.90 7.57 1.80 24.47 4.40 0.58 1.60 4.94 3.73 3.10 5.41 0. Loss in Feet 1/2" Velocity Feet Per Sec.47 0.08 4.61 2.21 11.0 sizes of standard pipe in inches.15 9. Based on Hazen & Williams formula using constant 100.15 0.59 0.97 5.20 4.40 7.17 8.49 0.98 1.22 0.09 0.38 0.56 5.65 0.04 2.16 2.87 8.58 0.25 0.60 45.53 7.12 6.02 10.90 8.00 57.66 0.15 8.98 3.65 14.10 2.91 1.40 38.59 17.70 4.60 11.61 24.86 3.84 6.04 15.58 9.68 0.34 17.81 7.77 2.80 5.28 0.34 17.07 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1100 1200 1300 3.92 4.05 0.17 8.06 0.35 6.25 4.32 16.18 2.00 34.68 6.70 29.10 16.15 0.62 6.70 1.47 1.00 67.03 0.14 0.16 1.64 0.00 137.10 7.90 4.67 1.66 8.90 0.47 1.82 0.77 14.46 4.51 3.24 0.80 12.65 5.66 8.57 0.84 2.71 14.24 5.14 2.35 7.43 2.60 8.00 98.11 5.34 0.07 0.63 1.62 6.20 2.30 1.78 9.27 0.54 0.95 0.57 0.63 1.07 0.01 4.10 1.03 80.99 18.23 2.71 0.46 2.08 4.89 0.58 10.39 0.20 2.61 11.65 10.70 6.31 3.00 39.20 2.70 39.04 0.00 2.71 6.81 3.08 1.91 3.90 4.65 2.60 5.87 6.58 4.67 3.00 2.42 1.92 3.17 9. Gallons Per Min.96 2.00 0.90 3.13 0.31 1.75 0.45 10.50 0.64 6.41 3.00 81.09 1.54 3.18 8.06 0.32 1.77 3.17 0.76 1.62 14.58 1.09 0.84 2.15 0.59 1.08 3" 20" 1.46 1.70 0.69 7.00 119.07 6.02 18.84 1.40 1.45 5.59 0.23 18.25 1.42 22.00 8.91 1.02 25.21 0.66 0.00 16.08 0.98 4.53 24.24 7.05 14.09 0.12 5.03 0.60 35.03 3.14 0.40 6.50 29.06 2.12 7.20 7.48 9.50 0.48 14.00 4.19 3.70 16.44 10.44 3.72 5.06 0.83 4.95 22. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.55 5.20 3.06 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 450 500 550 1.38 7.19 3.70 4.11 5.68 9.00 129.43 7.99 1.18 1.68 0.75 4.19 0.10 9.00 147.47 0.17 4.98 9.01 0.46 2.06 0.90 16.04 1.90 0.40 0.40 21.80 10.01 8.98 1.84 5.80 23.38 7.14 0.50 2.00 78.41 4.00 44.08 0.74 5.00 3.06 0.10 52.04 15.05 0.13 3.76 0.32 0.85 2. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.62 0.14 1.ENGINEERING DATA FRICTION LOSS OF WATER IN FEET PER 100 FEET LENGTH OF PIPE Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.80 12.21 11.71 13.72 4.10 35.20 0.69 16.24 13.22 0.64 6.50 9.32 3.00 99.79 3.00 76.45 0.90 3/4" 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 1" 1-1/4" 8" 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 220 0.08 0.73 2.16 1.36 1.21 1.51 6.64 4.20 34.06 3.31 1.06 0.83 2.99 3.08 4.51 4. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.07 0.02 1.50 3.29 1.91 2.31 1.50 9.68 6.08 7.28 1.00 7.45 0.68 2.61 2.97 1.62 7.99 2.31 4.32 1.08 0.95 3.57 1.64 3.10 10.74 17.09 0.37 1.19 3800 4200 4500 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 8000 9000 10000 12000 14000 16000 18000 20000 15.69 2.76 12.30 2.06 3.78 14.40 32.41 0.50 2.36 1.53 1.37 0.60 43.20 9.76 14.42 21.21 0.41 1.53 1.12 0.00 122.33 4.00 68.08 0.00 116.49 12.94 3.21 7.49 2. U.94 1.10 29.51 0.10 5.55 12.90 8.00 61.92 4.06 17.78 0.98 1.52 1.47 86.20 10.04 5.15 3.45 0.72 11.38 24.47 1.14 3.49 1.25 18.00 3.75 3.54 4.48 5.20 0.17 0.16 4.00 107.90 5.83 0.08 1.02 0.39 2.50 17.34 0.20 2.84 1.69 0.53 1.20 6.34 1.17 8.71 8.72 15.38 19.23 12.40 5.89 0.65 5.99 10.63 1.26 3.38 12.45 2.80 10.23 4" 24" 30" 5" 6" GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.35 8.04 2.87 3.90 11.45 2.24 5.77 0.96 3.78 14.28 3.90 51.60 5.10 18.80 4.13 1.34 3.21 6.35 8.90 17.91 2.10 0.61 0.67 1.15 0.21 11.60 2.09 0.33 1.56 2.54 5.81 6.60 0.55 7.00 Loss in Feet 15 18 20 25 30 35 2.13 2.20 1.92 4.19 9.96 3.30 11.29 0. 2 4 6 8 10 12 Velocity Feet Per Sec.54 0.96 8. Loss in Feet Velocity Feet Per Sec.10 0.20 9.14 4.48 13.04 2.53 1.78 4.30 0.19 1.96 1.34 12.39 11.82 0.32 4.26 2.11 0.52 0.26 0.23 0.13 1.61 4.36 1.00 5.10 9.S.78 0.82 2.18 0.24 0.45 0.04 2.30 19.00 64.77 2.97 3.10 4.04 1-1/2" 10" 12" 2" 14" 2-1/2" 16" 0.90 4.45 7.24 2.17 1.63 9.97 19.70 2.55 17.00 65.16 20.00 58.22 1.20 2.17 0.

...10 10.... Sweep 90° Elbow or Run of Tee Reduced 1/4 Standard 90° Elbow or Run of Tee Reduced 1/2 Square 90° Elbow Welded Construction Standard 45° Elbow Standard Tee through Side Outlet Standard Tee Side Inlet Divided Outlet Ordinary Entrance Loss 14... 6.72 2.....61 11. (A....79 1...09 0.....22 12......51 1.. Volume 42.00 55.....82 45...... 0...28 24.............11 5..5 28........00 This table is based on Fosters formula: L = 53....84 29....... Trans... 1.5 26..72 6...33 11..00 1/2.61 0... 1-1/4. 2.70 43.72 8..43 0...... 3/4..42 0.......00 6..60 17.11 18...........75 rd........ENGINEERING DATA FRICTION LOSSES THROUGH SCREW PIPE FITTINGS IN TERMS OF EQUIVALENT LENGTHS OF STANDARD PIPE Nominal Pipe Size Inches Actual Inside Diameter Inches Factor of Resistance Gate Valve Long-Sweep Elbow or on Run of Standard Tee Medium– Sweep Elbow or on Run of Tee Reduced in Size 1/4 Standard Elbow or on Run of Tee Reduced in Size 1/2 Angle Valve Close Return Bend Tee Through Side Outlet Globe Valve 0..12 7.00 2.5 25.......00 1........ 3...............70 36.60 6..55 9..5 20...19 1..83 0...94 19..52 3.475 0.22 8....... 648..25 4..47 9..80 5... 48...... 5...627 0...71 28.335 0....89 1..53 6.92 1.....92 71.049 1.................10 17. 16......5 33 38 47 31 36 42 48 60 49 58 67 78 98 58 66 75 83 101 14..50 36...5 18.... 36...............50 7.090 5... 10......0 29.96 7.5 16......... 7... 42.96 2.80 9......06 2......640 0.67 0..10 10...38 1.....24 3......020 12.......40 4. 24..07 1...34 1.......50 21......36 1..90 2.981 10.90 1..662 0.........442 0..60 108.80 5......28 20.68 3.........13 4.40 42.. 1920) FRICTION LOSSES IN PIPE FITTINGS IN TERMS OF EQUIVALENT LENGTHS OF STRAIGHT PIPE 12 Nominal Pipe Size Inches Standard Gate Valve or Exp'n Joint Long Rad.80 85....20 1..57 1...........S.026 5.20 5.50 3.....60 22....49 1....92 14...66 9.47 5.68 15.79 2....46 3....5 21...16 38....72 2......36 6.....90 8.......44 4...61 24.. 1-1/2..56 0....25 0.45 36.....0 28... 125 In which L = equivalent length of straight pipe in feet r = resistance factor d = diameter of fitting in feet Foot valve loss = zero provided foot valve has area of 150% of suction pipe...77 7........70 12...56 3.024 7... 8....93 13..5 32 40 30.065 7.........90 27.....20 64..... 18.70 18.72 27.5 25 98 115 132 150 185 70 80 91 102 121 22..............87 12..047 1..42 2....30 7.......86 2...61 4.70 14.E...com ..06 4.....86 13. 12....80 54.00 30.... pg..27 1...844 1..52 48...60 32.97 22.. 2-1/2.............79 2.M..5 36 24......................68 3..30 18.60 13.....99 5.... 4.09 56..46 3....92 1.71 2......46 3.... 20......37 16..824 1.92 9...30 3...... Ohio • GRpumps......... 18.......33 2.902 1............ 90° Elbow or Run of Standard Tee Med...33 0. 47 59 71 83 61 79 95 110 80 100 120 139 126 156 189 219 127 150 175 200 32 38 44 50 242 305 370 435 151 179 210 242 50 60 70 80 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld..

9 11.3 10.2 4.7 90 16.28 10" 450 7.6 4.7 40.2 9.6 5.9 3.5 8.2 300 4.5 .1 2.7 3.0 1.6 3.com 13 .6 1.1 12.3 4" 80 14.4 8.6 3.0 3.2 3.7 4.0 12.58 18.7 5.1 1.6 5.1 2.2 11.8 1.9 1.9 2.8 2.8 .3 3.5 7.6 8.3 4.6 .2 18.49 16.5 45 8.6 .3 2.7 .0 17.3 3.9 1.5 2½" .0 .69 19.5 500 8.4 2.80 17.6 3.1 2.2 6.1 2.6 3000 19.9 13.1 1.1 16.9 23.1 77.4 8.1 3.93 1.3 1.2 4.1 10.9 .4 68.3 .0 .70 35 14.8 5.5 100 18. Friction Head in Feet Velocity in Feet Per Sec.4 4.2 3.5 1.7 350 5.8 6.9 27.3 1300 14.4 11.9 5.2 7.0 1500 17.3 40.51 30 12.8 5.3 2.3 2" 1.1 10.0 10 4.0 3.5 2.4 400 6.2 .8 20.9 5.0 2.0 .4 .8 700 11.3 80.2 3.8 6.1 9.0 70 12.32 3" 1.6 375 6.1 15 Friction Head in Feet 1" Friction Head in Feet Velocity in Feet Per Sec.8 2.7 29.4 1.8 10.5 .3 .4 18.ENGINEERING DATA WATER FRICTION IN 100 FEET OF SMOOTH BORE HOSE.2 5.4 6.5 3.7 2.5 6.6 5. Ohio • GRpumps.5 2.4 10.2 8.1 4.4 1.6 40 7.6 3.5 1.43 12.2 1.7 4.5 .3 .7 1.3 1.7 1.7 9.2 43.9 6. table gives velocity of water and feet of head lost in friction in 100 feet of smooth bore hose.80 14.7 3.2 5.2 4.4 3.6 7.7 3.3 15.6 49.9 2.5 8" 2.8 13.6 2.5 2.7 2.3 1200 1600 10.3 9.1 .0 8.3 5. Sizes of hose shown are actual inside diameters.0 8.4 6.40 14.9 325 5.8 1. 2.0 1.4 7.7 12. For various flows and hose sizes.3 .8 5.35 11.7 9.2 7.1 7. .1 7.0 4.8 6.5 2.9 7. Velocity in Feet Per Sec.6 20.9 30.7 4. Friction Head in Feet Friction Head in Feet Velocity in Feet Per Sec.5 1.9 18.90 15.5 2.1 5.8 28.3 17.0 2. Gallons Per Min.8 6.9 4.9 3.3 7.6 .6 9.6 125 12.2 28.7 2.1 9.1 1.8 .0 30.0 42.6 50 9.6 1400 15.3 1.5 52.4 6.6 7.8 4.3 .60 15.2 2.6 1100 17.2 5.2 12.7 2500 16.3 2.3 5.1 21.1 7.6 2.0 2.3 4.2 15.0 10.5 6.8 20 8.8 12.5 4.3 .9 53.5 4.5 2.2 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.3 1000 16.S.0 13.2 .9 6.32 13. Flow in U.8 2.2 9.4 3.4 10.3 14.3 3.7 800 13.5 17.7 600 9.3 .7 1800 11.6 11.3 14..8 5.2 1.4 3.9 1.7 2000 12.0 .1 23.9 8.4 11.2 .1 6.4 3.3 4.1 225 3.9 7.6 9.9 250 4. Velocity in Feet Per Sec.5 275 4.0 8.7 2.7 2.3 64.5 12.5 .3 35.2 5.2 61.0 2.3 17.9 150 15.6 4.6 1.7 1.7 23.0 8.5 1.0 11.3 4.4 9.7 10.8 .8 1.2 17.2 25 1½" Friction Head in Feet Velocity in Feet Per Sec.0 13.3 5" 175 6" 200 3.1 900 14. 5 2.7 60 10.

79 3.48 1.56 3525 3050 0....42 4825 4075 750 2000 1500 1250 1000 750 2500 * 1500 1000 * 1250 500 650 750 1000 5800 5050 ..84 2.44 .23 0.644 .75 12.. 19800 19000 15500 0...98 2....69 0.35 1.48 49. t=thickness in inches.51 2.61 11.. (b) 52.51 5. In commercial sizes the nominal 1-1/4 inch pipe is generally oversize.77 2...45 3...ENGINEERING DATA Steel Pipe Table Extra Heavy 13750 13350 11050 1/2" 3/4" 1" 14 14 11-1/2 0.315 23/32 15/16 1-5/32 0.22 2.508 .99 1...74 1.32 1.830 1.42 0..01 28.39 12..20 3...59 1..87 4.42 3.com .348 .7 81.675 GPM At One foot per second Velocity Diameter Actual External 27 18 18 Internal Area Square Inch NO. * .83 4..60 2.43 1.870 1. ....0 39.13 1.440 .30 2.36 4.24 6.22 0.18 3.98 2..21 3..25 1.58 9..83 4. 14600 11900 11400 1.62 0.4 90...17 .63 18.15 3.677 . 10650 8850 8275 1-1/4" 1-1/2" 2" 11-1/2 11-1/2 11-1/2 1.30 1.36 5.49 (a) Lap Weld Diameter Actual Internal 11/32 7/16 19/32 Nominal Weight Lbs.20 4....29 1.85 1.. .50 2.30 0. Ohio • GRpumps.050 1.9 23. In..... per sq....70 4...42 9600 8850 7700 7950 7200 .34 1.995 .740 .78 28..522 .47 1.28 1. ..67 1.. .22 0.36 0.15 1.623 ...69 ..22 ....58 2.44 2...30 2. Table for Equalizing Pipes The size of the main pipe is given in the column at the left.538 .733 .398 .87 2.71 1..6 35.58 1. Exact sizes are given for branch pipes..74 1. .59 5.65 3.73 3...875 3..04 1.25 1..98 20. (b) Butt Weld 0.79 1.33 3.06 6...540 .87 3..967 1.48 3.75 3. ..30 2.563 6.61 3. * Pipes serviceable for pressure indicated.97 3.25 6.625 5-5/16 6-3/8 8-11/32 5..31 2.72 3..30 3....05 0...32 0..840 1.39 2.65 .02 62.58 2.660 ..556 . f= Fiber.555 ...07 4..91 4.36 2..57 1...98 10100 .79 7350 6425 5475 5" 6" 8" 8 8 8 5.58 10.51 2...02 12.18 0...64 2....900 2.55 5.838 .07 7..31 1.47 2.44 1.04 0.. Per Foot Tap Drills & Dia..74 0.24 1. 9.98 4... In.46 6..68 3.87 1...32 2..14 (b) Butt Weld 0.796 .08 3.459 ...000.66 108..06 1.30 6..32 3....08 1......50 13..977 1..44 * 0.09 1...435 .338 ...375 1-1/2 1-23/32 2-3/16 1....415 ..92 2...38 1.05 3.....09 3.82 1..02 4...44 2..15 1.61 1..15 . If subjected to severe shocks...405 0.71 3..30 2.28 1.86 0.19 26.625 8..27 0..75 11...846 .....52 1.57 2500 Nominal Weight Lbs.88 5.13 4.18 1.62 18.825 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 2.96 0.. often as large as 1-3/8. .958 .34 6950 6850 6050 ..81 5.500 2-5/8 3-1/4 4-1/4 2..73 1.15 2.22 2..89 50...18 1.574 .01 2....57 43.....65 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 4... Threads Per Inch 1/8" 1/4" 3/8" Bursting Pressure Diameter Actual INternal Nominal Size Bursting Pressure 1250 Standard ...66 1.74 6...0 156...... .44 7.95 4....10 0..60 2000 GPM At One foot per second Velocity 0.66 10..31 ........05 1.80 6..84 2..1 246..000.07 2..97 28..4 233 338 54..870 ..31 0.24 0...90 3.20 2....61 .00 78..78 2. The number of branches is given in the line on top. 4.....09 .... and it is so figured in the table. 14 Number Of Branches Size of Main Pipe 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Size of Main Pipe 1 1-1/4 1-1/2 2 2-1/2 ...0 40.2 142 20..49 2. It is safe to call it 1.466 .41 3..597 .330 .48 1..370 ...653 .. .92 4.75 10-7/16 12-7/16 10... .76 7. per sq..5 2.985 1..25 14.383 ..72 0..66 2..597 .02 ..51 9.68 4.... Bore 0.48 4.79 1..38 1... 9750 2....40 4.....525 ...73 5.19 1500 Internal Area Square Inch 0.00 3.....79 7.. .94 1...93 3.67 4..43 0.575 .22 1..02 1... ....10 2...11 1...75 74.03 2.89 3...72 2.. . .00 5...488 .0 353.3 inch.03 4..8 7.82 7.30 1....0 14.38 4.766 .73 14.04 3...23 3. reduce pressures indicated. and the proper size of branches is given in the body of the table on the line of each main and beneath the desired number of branches.61 2..79 1.27 2..04 3.428 .92 1.89 .91 3.518 ... Bursting pressures (cold water) based on Barlow’s formula P = 2ft where P=pressure in lbs.53 1... (c) 62000 lbs..482 ...17 5...47 3...452 .96 3..96 2..50 1.683 .358 ...30 0.45 1.63 1.03 3.55 4825 4375 3875 10" 12" 8 8 10..35 5.74 .39 1.96 6 7 8 9 10 12 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.95 2...11 0.19 1.. 6750 6900 6275 5325 2-1/2" 3" 4" 8 8 8 2..660 1..59 2..635 ..95 1.........498 .07 0. D Stress (a) 41.15 1..2 20..35 10......59 5.18 2.61 1.04 . 3500 (a) Lap Weld 0..86 2.989 1..54 0.85 113.896 .07 1.79 7.37 2....90 3.59 4..52 1..689 .52 1...918 1.13 3......16 5.39 1..... ..696 ...45 4..05 6.72 1..55 0.747 ..494 ..08 1.58 3. Per Foot 0..09 2.540 0. D=outside diameter in inches.... ..35 2.500 4...788 1..27 2.53 0. ...15 4..66 56.26 2.78 3.68 .74 65..717 .07 45.14 1..9150 7900 .861 1.22 1.7 5.74 4...85 1.758 .06 0. The designer of the pipe system can thus better select the commercial sizes to be used..925 .

4 0.1 1.2 62.5 116 134 149 164 120 147 169 189 207 148 181 209 234 256 179 219 253 283 309 213 260 301 336 368 289 354 409 458 501 378 463 535 598 655 479 585 676 756 828 591 723 835 934 1023 80.0 11.7 173.0 125.5 20.7 22.24 8.9 14.32 4.78 9.4 94.14 1.7 69.4 37.0 73.2 122 125 128 130 133 176 180 184 188 192 240 245 251 256 261 135 140 145 150 175 200 311.8 21.3 16.3 69.3 334.34 10.4 404.9 41.33 11.62 5.8 24.6 47.3 146.74 0.22 5.6 300.8 94.5 15.8 60.1 15.5 98.8 94.77 3.0 125.2 13.9 91.55 61.com 15 .7 12.9 242.28 1.5 98.1 52.1 46.8 92.2 77.7 323.23 1.4 404.2 81.3 18.3 40.5 22.0 130.1 81.6 347 354 360 366 395 423 439 448 455 463 500 535 543 553 562 572 618 660 656 668 680 692 747 799 780 795 809 824 890 950 1063 1082 1100 1120 1210 1294 1390 1415 1440 1466 1582 1691 1759 1790 1820 1853 2000 2140 2173 2212 2250 2290 2473 2645 Note–The actual quantities will vary from these figures.3 35 40 45 50 55 Velocity of Discharge Feet Per Second Diameter of Nozzle in Inches 1/16 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/8 1/2 5/8 3/4 7/8 38.5 86.53 5.96 3. With smooth taper nozzles the actual discharge is about 94 percent of the figures given in the tables.5 127.87 2.2 13.0 19.77 11.8 21.43 1.1 461.2 18.64 1.6 150.8 106 136 138 140 143 154 165 195 199 202 206 222 238 266 271 275 280 302 323 Head Pounds Feet 10 15 20 25 30 23.56 4.8 39.09 2.0 42.85 94.06 4.05 4.5 10.85 0.4 99.1 65.48 1.78 0.8 86. Ohio • GRpumps.1 288.5 98.S.94 0.3 334.1 44.25 54.31 4.3 35 40 45 50 55 Velocity of Discharge Feet Per Second Diameter of Nozzle in Inches 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-3/4 2 2-1/4 2-1/2 38.2 11.31 1.6 59.17 1.4 88.8 119.1 288.4 103. GALLONS PER MINUTE Head Pounds Feet 10 15 20 25 30 23.7 69.0 265.0 72.1 161.5 127.2 82.95 10.5 277.25 1.9 219.7 136.46 6.6 47.5 161.7 19.43 5.0 72.55 61.25 90.5 11.4 139.8 17.4 89. GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.9 24.0 78.8 144.2 16.18 6.2 184.0 23.2 52.05 3.1 314 320 327 334 341 397 406 414 423 432 490 501 512 522 533 593 606 619 632 645 705 720 736 751 767 960 980 1002 1022 1043 1255 1282 1310 1338 1365 1588 1621 1659 1690 1726 1961 2005 2050 2090 2132 135 140 145 150 175 200 311.69 5.7 109.2 47.6 1.9 133.7 31.7 26.0 130.4 230.9 70.9 242.9 33.2 38.1 161.8 26.18 8.8 144.98 1.8 346.7 32.9 49.11 1.3 44.0 122.5 55.1 0.8 86.ENGINEERING DATA THEORETICAL DISCHARGE OF NOZZLES IN U.6 28.30 3.5 106 113 119 125 135 145 153 162 169 60 65 70 75 80 138.41 7.1 105.13 3.37 0.25 54.0 66.08 9.9 36.58 0.0 276 284 292 299 306 349 359 369 378 388 431 443 456 467 479 521 536 551 565 579 620 638 656 672 689 844 868 892 915 937 1103 1136 1168 1196 1226 1395 1436 1476 1512 1550 1723 1773 1824 1870 1916 110 115 120 125 130 254.56 3.7 136.52 0.3 63.75 5.90 0.1 22.8 83.8 92.8 346.4 12.6 28.5 115.5 13.9 13.4 112.3 50.4 172.5 86.25 90.9 115.0 97.8 119.34 2.9 133.4 177 188 200 211 221 224 239 253 267 280 277 296 313 330 346 334 357 379 399 418 398 425 451 475 498 541 578 613 647 678 708 756 801 845 886 895 957 1015 1070 1121 1106 1182 1252 1320 1385 60 65 70 75 80 138.61 12.4 230.7 109.5 102 114 125 80.12 5.65 5.77 2.7 76.38 1.33 4.64 7.03 7.4 139.2 57.6 51.2 77.72 6.0 23.3 102.6 150.1 11.7 16.1 461.0 1.1 34.1 45.08 1.8 74.39 14.1 231 241 250 259 267 293 305 317 327 338 362 376 391 404 418 438 455 473 489 505 521 542 563 582 602 708 737 765 792 818 926 964 1001 1037 1010 1172 1220 1267 1310 1354 1447 1506 1565 1619 1672 85 90 95 100 105 196.69 0.5 85.6 46.6 46.21 6.7 66.4 112.5 161.7 323.6 12.90 5.1 68.4 80.6 300.91 7.7 173.9 141.9 45.3 17.2 128.4 103.5 108 111 114 117 120 155 160 164 168 172 211 217 223 229 234 110 115 120 125 130 254.45 0.35 9.3 102.2 184.8 78.8 55.0 20.1 43.5 277.43 4.12 8.3 207.2 12.79 9.5 115.7 101 104 130 136 141 146 150 177 184 191 198 205 85 90 95 100 105 196.67 9.81 2.8 50.0 92.62 3.83 0.0 66.9 21.0 48.7 88.4 37.0 72.01 5.2 29.9 219.1 84.5 64.2 10.01 1.45 8.3 207.5 33.2 58.20 4. the amount of variation depending upon the shape of nozzle and size of pipe at the point where the pressure is determined.55 1.6 20.25 5.9 149.9 53.4 172.0 122.9 141.7 18.6 57.36 1.0 265.8 12.8 90.0 47.2 81.4 48.2 36.9 149.1 34.91 4.3 146.8 72.2 57.0 75.9 115.41 1.67 4.8 35.2 128.1 105.

.4 66..2 41..6 64...6 92 199..8 98.8 80...6 46. Ohio • GRpumps.. .8 134.4 111....0 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 78.2 122. ...6 181..4 93...4 174...6 100.2 104.4 75.2 176..0 141.8 35.......4 156.6 190.0 51.0 87... ...8 96 206.4 57....2 185..0 159.0 168.8 53.com C F 195.4 93 201.6 82....2 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 149.6 37..4 192..2 158...6 163....0 177.4 120..6 91.6 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 172...8 143..0 186.4 129..4 165.8 89.6 73..2 131..2 113.4 183..6 118.8 62.0 33...4 138.0 132.6 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 55......8 44..0 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.0 42..8 91 197..2 140.0 60.....2 95.8 152.6 136.6 97 208..4 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 102.8 188.2 167. ..8 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 125..0 123..8 161.4 48.2 68..8 116.0 95 204...4 147.0 150....0 100 ..8 179.ENGINEERING DATA CONVERSION TABLE CENTIGRADE AND FAHRENHEIT DEGREES Degrees 16 C F C F C F C F C F C F C F 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 32.6 145.2 99 212.2 59.....8 71..6 154..0 69..8 107.2 50.6 127..0 114..2 86.0 105.4 98 210. ...4 84.8 170. ...0 96.....2 94 203.4 39..2 194..2 77.6 109.

com 17 .ENGINEERING DATA EFFECTIVE FIRE STREAMS (John R. A good standard fire stream is 250 gallons per minute with 80 pounds of pressure at the hydrant or pump. Ohio • GRpumps.E. Pressure at Nozzle Pressure in pounds required at hydrant or pump to maintain pressure at nozzle through various lengths of 2-1/2" smooth rubber-lined hose. The horizontal and vertical distances given are for good. M. Freeman. not effective pressures.) 3/4 Inch Smooth Nozzle 7/8 Inch Smooth Nozzle Gallons Discharged Per Minute Vertical Distance of Stream Horizontal Distance of Stream Gallons Discharged Per Minute Vertical Distance of Stream Horizontal Distance of Stream Pressure in pounds required at hydrant or pump to maintain pressure at nozzle through various lengths of 2-1/2" smooth rubber-lined hose. efficient fire streams. Effective pressures would be slightly greater. The pressures stated are based on the hose being coupled directly to the pump or hydrant and while the stream is flowing. 35 40 45 50 55 97 104 110 116 122 55 60 64 67 70 41 44 47 50 52 38 43 48 54 59 40 46 51 57 63 42 48 54 60 66 44 50 57 63 69 46 53 59 66 73 133 142 150 159 166 56 62 67 71 74 46 49 52 55 58 40 46 51 57 63 44 50 57 63 69 48 55 62 69 75 52 59 67 74 82 56 64 72 80 88 60 65 70 75 80 127 132 137 142 147 72 74 76 78 79 54 56 58 60 62 65 70 75 81 86 68 74 80 85 91 72 78 84 90 96 76 82 88 94 101 79 86 92 99 106 174 181 188 194 201 77 79 81 83 85 61 64 66 68 70 69 74 80 86 91 75 82 88 94 101 82 89 96 103 110 89 96 104 111 119 96 104 112 120 128 85 90 95 100 151 156 160 164 80 81 82 83 64 65 66 68 92 97 102 108 97 102 108 114 102 108 114 120 107 113 120 126 112 119 125 132 207 213 219 224 87 88 89 90 72 74 75 76 97 103 109 114 107 113 119 126 116 123 130 137 126 134 141 148 136 144 152 160 35 40 45 50 55 174 186 198 208 218 58 64 69 73 76 51 55 58 61 64 44 50 56 62 69 51 58 65 72 79 57 66 71 82 90 64 73 83 92 101 71 81 91 102 112 222 238 252 266 279 59 65 70 75 80 54 59 63 66 69 49 56 63 70 77 60 69 77 86 95 71 81 92 102 112 82 94 106 118 130 94 107 120 134 147 60 65 70 75 80 228 237 246 255 263 79 82 85 87 89 67 70 72 74 76 75 81 87 94 100 87 94 101 110 115 98 107 115 123 131 110 119 128 138 147 122 132 142 152 162 291 303 314 325 336 83 86 88 90 92 72 75 77 79 81 84 91 98 105 112 103 112 120 129 138 122 132 143 153 163 141 153 165 177 188 160 174 187 201 214 85 90 95 100 274 279 287 295 91 92 94 96 78 80 82 83 106 112 118 125 123 130 137 144 139 147 156 164 156 165 174 183 173 183 193 203 346 356 366 376 94 96 98 99 83 85 87 89 119 126 133 140 146 155 163 172 173 183 194 204 200 212 224 236 227 241 254 35 40 45 50 55 277 296 314 331 347 60 67 72 77 81 59 63 67 70 73 57 65 73 81 89 74 84 95 106 116 91 104 117 130 143 109 124 140 155 170 126 144 162 180 198 340 363 385 406 426 62 69 74 79 83 62 66 70 73 76 67 77 87 96 106 94 107 120 134 147 120 137 154 171 188 146 166 187 208 229 172 196 221 245 270 60 65 70 75 80 363 377 392 405 419 85 88 91 93 95 76 79 81 83 85 97 105 113 121 129 127 137 148 158 169 156 169 182 195 208 186 201 217 232 248 216 234 252 445 463 480 497 514 87 90 92 95 97 79 82 84 86 88 116 125 135 145 154 160 174 187 201 214 205 222 239 256 250 85 90 95 100 432 444 456 468 97 99 100 101 88 90 92 93 137 145 154 162 179 190 210 211 221 234 247 261 529 545 560 574 99 100 101 103 90 92 94 96 164 173 183 193 227 240 254 100 Feet 200 Feet 300 Feet 400 Feet 500 Feet 1 Inch Smooth Nozzle 100 Feet 200 Feet 300 Feet 400 Feet 500 Feet 1-1/8 Inch Smooth Nozzle 1-1/4 Inch Smooth Nozzle 1-3/8 Inch Smooth Nozzle The pressures given are indicated pressures. The distances to which isolated drops would be thrown are very much greater. GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.

45 138......62 300.....32 21..65 32......48 7 8 9 3........ Inch Feet Head Pounds Per Sq. 4000........................... ...78 10 15 23.04 10...29 300 325 350 129.............0 32...........24 216...................... A minus sign before a number indicates maximum suction lift..............9 25.52 415........47 11 12 13 12..63 77............... A plus sign before a number indicates minimum head.. Pipe friction increases vacuum gauge readings when pump is running...31 9... Inch 1 2 3 2..90 375 400 500 865..39 5..97 56....51 577.45 108...52 31...80 33........36 115..........0 14...1 22..49 0..69 750....34 369.00 .91 4......9 15....................07 288....54 140 150 160 323....39 0....63 64....... For quiet operation.......81 170 180 190 392....30 30 40 50 12.87 1......640 feet–above sea level... 10.....65 200 225 250 86....... 2000..58 4 5 6 9.. EQUIVALENT VALUES OF PRESSURE Inches of Mercury – Feet of Water – Pounds Per Square Inch Inches of Mercury Feet of Water Pounds Per Square Inch Inches of Mercury Feet of Water Pounds Per Square Inch Inches of Mercury Feet of Water Pounds Per Square Inch 1 2 3 1... 1/2 mile–2.......73 2..17 2..........46 3.........61 438.78 1000 2309.78 1.... molasses......29 400 500 600 173.....72 207.......3 10.41 808. When pumping volatile liquids such as gasoline and naphtha.......95 2...70 5....3 12...58 1154..com .....35 21..920 feet–above sea level.99 17............. A suction lift up to 24 feet at sea level is usually satisfactory for liquids such as lube oil..8 26..75 12...............320 feet–above sea level.......15 28.....37 21 22 23 23.96 82.65 6......24 643....6 17..87 6...........22 20..30 1000 ...........7 14.82 16.......42 3........31 47.......22 14...... .........7 12.......93 14 15 16 15.......... special consideration must be given to the amount of suction lift and the size of the suction pipe used. 2 miles–10...66 120 130 51..............4 30..5 18......62 97........54 13... Inch Feet Head Pounds Per Sq.......0 11....99 30.85 40 50 60 92..98 43.93 140. 0 0 +2 +1 +3 +4 +3 +5 +7 +5 +7 +9 +7 +9 +11 +10 +12 +14 +12 +14 +16 +14 +16 +18 +16 This table gives the maximum permissible suction lift or the minimum head permitted on the suction side of a pump at various altitudes and liquid temperatures..... 10000......57 14.72 69..45 13....75 151........26 29.....60 60 70 80 25.............. Inch Feet Head Pounds Per Sq..16 225 250 275 519..89 17 18 19 20 19.......96 69............................4 18 17 16 15...... *Vacuum gauge readings in inches correspond to practical suction lift in feet only when pump is stopped.. 433...929 30.......63 184.. Inch Feet Head Pounds Per Sq..............2 27..40 11............... 275 119. 8000. Whether it is actual vertical lift or lift caused by pipe line friction...43 300 325 350 692...3 34.........98 10 20 4.91 9..78 70 80 90 161...16 18... Inch Feet Head Pounds Per Sq......62 6. These figures are to be used as a guide and are not guaranteed......................47 389....13 4 5 6 1......47 20.4 29....52 5.84 24 25 26 27.....60 8.600 feet–above sea level.13 2.....ENGINEERING DATA PRESSURE AND EQUIVALENT FEET HEAD OF WATER FEET HEAD OF WATER AND EQUIVALENT PRESSURES Pounds Per Sq..65 140 150 160 60. Inch Feet Head Pounds Per Sq...31 4......28 4 5 6 4.10 ...........90 90 100 110 38....03 3....25 346..............09 34......280 feet–above sea level..18 57.............73 7 8 9 10 7. 1/4 mile–1.8 22 21 20 19......... Ohio • GRpumps.65 170 180 190 73..........90 253...16 346.. 200 461......86 7.......25 12...23 13........7 3/4 mile–3...491 to obtain pounds per square inch... WATER TemperatureS in Degrees Fahrenheit Altitude 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 SeaLevel. 18 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld....... the suction lift on such liquids must be kept as low as possible and should never exceed 12 feet..8 15 14 13.. etc.8 11...80 27 28 29 29............93 20 25 30 46...30 3... 14..35 7..... 12.73 14....... ......... Inch Feet Head Feet Head Pounds Per Sq.33 8.63 100 110 230.........85 7 8 9 16.947 13........ vacuum gauge should never register more than 20 inches when pump is running.......09 ............. .40 4.......26 3...............82 9...88 26.17 11...75 22........55 259..27 700 800 900 303.........44 2.78 24..............96 18..... 1-1/4 miles–6....89 922........03 1 2 3 ......09 6...... 1 mile–5.4 Elevation NOTE: Multiply barometer in inches by ..0 13.....9 9.....960 feet–above sea level.32 34...6969 PRACTICAL SUCTION LIFTS AT VARIOUS ELEVATIONS ABOVE SEA LEVEL Barometer Reading Pounds Per Square Inch Theoretical Suction Lift Feet Practical Suction Lift Feet Vacuum Gauge* Inches At Sea Level..560 feet–above sea level....2 1-1/4 miles–7.27 120 125 130 277..00 10.....43 .........24 11........98 1.............. –10 –7 –5 –7 –5 –2 –5 –2 +1 –2 +1 +3 0 +3 +5 +3 +5 +7 +5 +7 +10 +7 +10 +12 +10 +12 +14 +12 +15 6000.......33 8......

125 9/64 5/32 11/64 3/16 13/64 7/32 15/64 1/4 .500 33/64 17/32 35/64 9/16 37/64 19/32 39/64 5/8 .1875 .984375 1.750 49/64 25/32 51/64 13/16 53/64 27/32 55/64 7/8 .46875 .390625 .96875 .625 41/64 21/32 43/64 11/16 45/64 23/32 47/64 3/4 .78125 .71875 .4375 .734375 .1416 (D–d) plus 2C 2 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.203125 .5625 .3125 .703125 .015625 .59375 .6875 .84375 .578125 .421875 .109375 .250 17/64 9/32 19/64 5/16 21/64 11/32 23/64 3/8 25/64 13/32 27/64 7/16 29/64 15/32 31/64 1/2 .375 .com 19 .000 CAPACITY AND FLOW CHART Table One Table Two Amount of Water Per Foot in Excavations Approximate Flow of Streams in U.S.09375 .921875 . Gallons Per Minute (Stream flow rate: 1' per second) Diameter of Pool of Water U.8125 .046875 .265625 .40625 .S.453125 .765625 .34375 .078125 . Gallons Per Foot of Depth Depth of Stream at Midpoint 1' 2' 3' 4' 5' 6' 7' 8' 9' 10' 15' 20' 25' 30' 35' 40' 45' 50' 6 24 53 94 147 212 288 376 476 587 1320 2350 3672 5275 7200 9400 11900 14700 1" 2" 3" 4" 5" 6" 7" 8" 9" 10" 11" 12" 13" 14" 15" 16" 17" 18" 19" Width of Stream in Feet 1 3 5 10 14 39 71 108 148 190 244 43 121 221 338 470 614 771 935 1106 1286 1486 1674 1864 2086 2296 2516 2770 2964 3192 72 202 370 569 794 1040 1304 1582 1879 2196 2542 2866 3204 3592 3968 4360 4788 5160 5576 144 404 740 1139 1588 2080 2608 3164 3759 4392 5084 5732 6408 7184 7936 8720 9576 10320 11152 Effect of Change of Speed oR Slight Change of Impeller Diameter on Centrifugal Pump H: Head in feet D: Diameter of impeller in inches G: Gallons per minute P: Brake horsepower Capacity varies directly as the speed or diameter: or G2 = G1 (d2/d1) G2 = G1 (R2/R1) Head varies as the square of the speed or diameter: or H2 = H1 (d2/d1)2 H2 = H1 (R2/R1)2 Horsepower varies as the cube of the speed or diameter: or P2 = P1 (d2/d1)3 P2 = P1 (R2/R1)3 R: Revolutions per minute Pulleys D: Diameter of driver r: RPM of driven D=dr/R d: Diameter of driven C: Distance between shafts d=DR/r R=dr/D R: RPM of driver r=DR/d Length of Belt = 3.0625 .ENGINEERING DATA DeCIMAL EQUIVALENTS 1/64 1/32 3/64 1/16 5/64 3/32 7/64 1/8 .140625 .953125 .484375 .53125 .15625 .359375 . Ohio • GRpumps.875 57/64 29/32 59/64 15/16 61/64 31/32 63/64 .28125 .21875 .796875 .65625 .03125 .9375 .859375 .90625 .671875 .171875 .640625 .546875 .234375 .171875 .828125 .328125 .890625 .609375 .515625 .

......... ................................... ................... .... ............ ...... . .......... ............................................ ....... ............................... 41 .......................... ............ 203 174 147 128 117 110 105 100 89 77 72 66 59 57 • Mansﬁeld............ Room ....... ... . .............. ... ........................................ ..... .................. ....... ... .......... ........... ................. . ....................... ..................... ........... ......... ..... ........... ........................... .......... Min..................... ................ .... .................................. . ...... 111 ............................................... ..................... .......................................................................... . ..... .......................................... ....... . .......... Room ...... ......................... ......... . .................................................. 172 ........... 103 ....... Lard. ............................. ................................................. .... 2 .......... ...................... ............... ................. . 144 .................................................... ....... ...............P................ ...................... ....................................................................... ........................................... .. ........ 181 153 128 111 101 93 88 83 73 62 57 51 45 42 Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–50. Table shows temperature in degrees Fahrenheit at which liquids have the viscosity indicated at the top of the columns.............. ............ ................................... Viscosity – Saybolt Seconds Universal Liquid Alcohol............................ ..... ...................................................................... .. ............... ..... ................... . . 144 90 55 Oil–Fuel No....... Dyes.. .......................... ..... 950 .. .. 175 139 113 105 91 88 86 A.. ................................... ................................................................... ...... ................................. .... ......... ......... .............................. ........... . .................... .......... ............................................. ........................... .... .... ....... ......... .... ........ 80 72 67 65 63 62 61 B... ........... ........... ............................... ....................... ...... .. 160 165 151 134 125 119 115 111 Glucose–Corn Products–3 Star. 192 147 112 83 69 58 52 45 Oil–Coconut........................... ............................ ...... ...................... 104 63 34 Oil–Fuel No..................................................... ............................................................... 88 .... 188 Oil–Linseed Raw....................................................... ................................ Max.............. ....... ... .................... .................................................................................... ...................... 141 98 Oil–Fuel No.. Oil–Fuel No. ....................... ................. Oil–Castor........... .............................................. ....... ....................... .......... .... ...................... Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–10............. .......... .. ............................................... ............. . ...... ............. ... . .... ......................................................... ..... Oil–Fuel Navy No.............. ................. ............. 20 31 Room Room Room ............. ............. 17 3 ............... .................................. ....................................... Oil–Lard......... 170 165 150 135 128 120 118 115 ............ .................................. .. ............ ............ ................................ 1425 1900 2400 3000 5000 10000 15000 ...... ............... ... ........................... .......................... ........................ .... . ......... .................. ........................................................................... ....... ....... Room ........ .............................. Room ......................... .... .. ............ ... Ink–Newspaper. ................................................. ........................... ............... ...... ........... ...................... 82 .. ..... ......... ....... . 187 165 143 133 122 111 108 B............... .......................... .............. ................... ........... . ......... ........ .......... ............ ............................................ ............................................... 160 133 112 95 84 77 73 69 59 48 43 Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–40........ ....................... . ........... ... ........................................................................ . 135 110 99 89 83 78 67 52 45 40 78 76 164 ............................ ............. ........... Oil–Absorption............... .................... 140 114 102 93 88 82 Oil–China Wood. ........ ... ............................ .. .. ................................................................... ............ 167 138 116 97 88 82 77 72 62 51 Glycerine–99% Soluble...... . .......... 59 55 50 47 44 . .............. ..................... .............. .... ... .. Oil–Furnace................ ............................... .... .. ........................ ..... . ..... .......... .....ENGINEERING DATA Viscosity of Liquids................... .. Normal* .......... ........ . 100 80 62 49 42 Oil–Cotton......... ... . Oil–Cylinder 600W...................... ......... ......... ...................... .............. .... ......................... Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–20W.................. 149 123 102 85 79 75 64 60 ............. ........... ................... ........... ....................... ..... .......................................... .................................... ......... .... ......... ................. ......... Viscosity is that property of a liquid that resists any force tending to produce flow...... ............... ............. 73 53 36 177 148 124 112 103 97 92 80 65 57 52 49 46 ...... . ................................... 82 78 74 70 Oil–Cod......................... 16 ................ ................ ............ ................ ....... ................ ............. ............ . . . 62 41 ............... .. Glycerine–Diluted........ 134 .......... .. 171 163 C............. ............. Viscosity is a property independent of specific gravity......... ....... Max.......... ....................................................................... ................................................................. ............................ ........................................ ........... 210 123 .......... ................ . ........ ..... Benzine................... Oil–Gas..... .... ......... ....... .............. 114 ..................... ........................................... ........ . ......................... 177 151 140 130 124 117 106 90 83 77 74 71 ..... ..................................... ... .......... ................... 130 106 84 69 60 53 48 44 Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–20................... Max.................... Hot............... 20000 25000 30000 ............................. .......... ................... 158 ........................................... ................ ........ . ........... ................................................. ...................... ........... ......... .... ... . ... 108 97 86 77 73 65 59 56 ........ ............ ........ ........... ..... .... ......................................com GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS Ohio Normal* indicates temperature which material is usually pumped........... ....... ........... .................. .................... .... .... ......... 119 88 67 52 46 Oil–Diesel...... .. .............. 42 .......... ............... .... ......... ... ................... .............. ................ ..... ....................................... ... ........... ... . ....... ....................... .................................. Oil–Crude Light.............................. ................................. ........... .. ............. .................................... ..................................I............. ....... ...... .... ...................................... ................. .............................. ........................................ ................................................ ....... ...................................... ... ............. .. Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–10W........................ .. .......................... ................ Room ... ... ....................... ...... ....... Oil–Fuel No....... ..... ... .................................. ..... .................... ........................ . ........... ................................ ............................. ............................... .... 3................................. .................................................. Room Normal* ........ 72 Room Oil–Fuel 22-27 A........ ..... .. . . .......... 122 ......... .......... Creosote..... ......................... .............................. ....................... ............................ ... ..... ........................... . ..... ................. ..... ................. .. ... .......... ............................................................ Gasoline....... ..................... 94 91 Naphtha............... 30 Glycerine–Drugstore......................................... ... ......... Molasses–A.................................................................................. 58 54 52 Ink–Printers... .......................... ..................... ......................................... ................ ........ .... 180 157 145 135 129 123 ..................... .................. .............. 475 ..... Room 178 ......... ..... ........... ....... 43 61 125 237 ...... ..... ....................................... 2...... .......... Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–30............................. . .... ......... 170 138 112 90 80 73 68 62 52 44 Glucose–Corn Products–2 Star................. ....... .................................................. 70 ................ ....... .... ...... .. .................. ..... .......... 162 ......................... ....................... .............. ......... ....... ...... ................... ........... ....... ................ 126 93 72 57 51 47 100 80 62 49 42 58 42 33 26 21 63 54 47 43 ........ ...................... ...... ....................... ...................... 45 40 ... ....................... . Min... ........ ....... ...................... ................... ...................... .......... ............ .... ........ 2................... 4..... .......................................... ..................................... .............. 130 117 91 85 80 76 75 C..................................................................................................................................... .. ... .............. 95 ........................................... ............................................................ ..................................... Oil–Distillate. 36 20 6 ................ ............................ Min... ........................................................... ....... ..... 44 ................ ......... ....... .. ...................... ................................ ............................ ... ... ............ ...... ..................... ...................... 5....... 175 160 148 139 98 84 193 130 123 120 70 46 ........................... ........................... 1...................... ................................. ....................... ... ................................... ......... at • GRpumps...................... ................. .. ..... 113 ............................ .... .................. ................... ... ................. ...................... .................. ...................... . .. ... 6 (Bunker C)............ ..................... ............................ ..................... ................................................................... .... ............... .... .................... ............ ...... ........... ........... ........... .......................... ....... .............. ........ .... ........... .............. Oil–Fuel Navy No..... Kerosene................................... .................. .

. .......... .................... ................. ......................... ........... ... .. ...................... .... ........ ........ .... ............. ......... ... ..... ... ............. 68° Brix.... 208 172 142 117 105 96 90 84 72 57 52 46 .............. ............. ....................................... ..................... ............. Room . ..... ..................... ............................................. ........ .. .......... ........................ ......... ........ ............ .......................... ... Oil–Lube–Penn Base–10.. ......... 188 126 93 72 57 51 47 44 42 .................. . 82 66 58 50 44 40 .............. .......... ............. ............ ..... 121 116 113 100 67 33 ............................ ....... 106 100 93 81 65 58 52 44 41 ..... .. .................................... ......... Oil–Rape............... Room .. ................. . ......... ............... ....... ................................................................... .......................... .......... 188 126 93 72 57 51 47 44 42 ..... . ..... ................. ........... ................... .. 175 116 85 63 47 ..... .................................... ............... ............. .................... . ....... ......................... ............................ ................ Consult Factory ....... ........... ................................... ........................... .... . ...................... ..... 175 142 114 92 Oil–Lube–Penn Base–50............. ..................... ..... ............................... .................... ........... .... ..... ........... ....... 161 114 87 65 47 ...... ...................... ...... . ...... .... ................................ ............... ...... ............................................ Normal* ......... ... ....... ... .. .. .................. ......................... ... ....... . ................ ......... ................. Oil–Range Burner..... . 177 164 158 142 135 126 124 Syrup–Corn...... .... Silicate of Soda–Baumé 42– Ratio 1:3............... Heavy...... .. .............. ........... 89 83 77 64 51 43 ............... Varnish–Spar .......................... . 150 141 134 128 115 101 94 87 80 77 Syrup–Corn............................ 149 125 108 92 84 79 75 71 58 55 ..... .............................. ............................................... 152 121 96 75 64 57 52 46 . 190 140 107 80 68 60 55 51 40 .......................................... Normal* indicates temperature at which material is usually pumped..... ............ ............. ......... ....................... ........... .......... Room ... 210 142 105 77 58 51 45 42 ............... ....... .......... . ...................... ...................... ........ . .................. .................... ............................. ...... ...... . 190 179 165 157 150 142 140 Syrup–Orange...........................................ENGINEERING DATA Viscosity – Saybolt Seconds Universal Liquids 31 43 61 125 237 475 950 1425 1900 2400 3000 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–60... 200 164 134 110 Oil–Lube–Penn Base–60.. ................... ............................... ........................................ ............................................... .............. ...... . 110 92 89 70 66 62 60 Turpentine.. .... ............. ......... .............. ...... ............ ......... .. ......... ............................................... ................ . .................. ........................ .. ........................................ ............................. ............................................................. ................................ ..... .. ............... ... ......... .......... ... .... ............ ... .......................................... .......... ............. ............................. ............ ........... ....................................... .................... Ohio • GRpumps......... ........ ..... . .......... .............. 157 150 144 131 116 109 102 95 93 ....... ................................ . . ... ............. .... ......................... ......................... . ............. ............................... ................ .......................... 114 86 70 57 46 .. ... 100 80 62 49 42 75 x 86 98 30000 67 63 57 46 ............... Oil–Soya-Bean.......... .. ............... ................. Syrup–Karo Corn....... Oil–Lube–Penn Base–30................ .................. ................... Soap–Liquid. ........ .. .......... ....................... .......... ........... ... ................ ..... ....... ..................... ....................................... ............ ... .. ....... .................................... ..... ..... 43° Baumé. ..... ..................... .............................................. ............. ........................... ... ..... . .......... .................. ... 210 175 144 120 107 Oil–Lube–Penn Base–70............... ..... ...... . .. ............ .............................................. . ...... ................ .... ................ .... .................... ................... .............. .................................................................... 98 94 86 74 60 53 47 ........ 100 . ........... .... .............. ......... ....... . GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.......... 210 183 157 137 126 117 112 107 96 84 79 73 66 63 Oil–Lube–Naphthenic Base–70.. 210 142 105 77 58 51 45 42 ............... .......... 44° Baumé................... 104 89 80 74 69 65 55 44 .............. 147 114 89 68 58 50 45 40 ......... ................................................... . .. Room ............... ...................................... ............. . .................. .. .............................. Tar–Gas House........ ....... ....... 192 165 145 132 123 118 113 102 90 83 77 70 68 Oil–Lube–Penn Base–10W......... . ...... ............. .... ...... 117 80 62 45 ............. .............. .............. ................. .......... ..... .................................................. ................... Oil–Transil.................... ...... ....... ...... 170 146 121 103 91 84 80 77 68 56 50 47 44 42 Tar–Coke Oven.. ........... ........ ... .... ....... ........... ............. ...... ................................ ........... ...... ......... ....... ...... ...... ........... ..... . ............................ Silicate of Soda–Baumé 41– Ratio 1:3............ ....... Oil–Sperm........ Oil–Turbine......... ..................... 112 82 57 ................ ........... 103 72 55 40 .................... .................................... .... .............................................. ............................. Oil–Lube–Penn Base–20............. Oil–Sea Same........ ..... ..................... ................ 187 155 129 115 Oil–Menhadden.......22.................... Syrup–Sugar................. ....... ........................... .............. ....... 73 68 62 50 ... 175 116 85 63 47 ................. ........ ................. . ....... ......... ........ ....... ............................. 41° Baumé....... ............ .......... ...... 106 Syrup–Corn....... Silicate of Soda–Baumé 41– Ratio 1:3...... 165 134 107 86 Oil–Lube–Penn Base–40.. .................................................. ... 114 85 61 43 .................... ................................................................. .. .......... Oil–Rosin................. Oil–Neats Foot........... ....................................... .. .... Oil–Quenching.......... ..................... Oil–Turbine........................ ........... ................................... Oil–Whale..................... ............... ........................ Oil–Peanut................. ....... .... ...... 14 ................ ................... ............ .............................................................................. ... ......... Paint–Spraying and Lacquer....... ............................ .... Room .......... .............. Consult Factory ...................... . ....... 163 157 144 130 124 117 108 Syrup–Corn.... .... .................... ................. Oil–Olive...... .................... Oil–Palm.... ..... .............................................. .......................... ............................ 40 Syrup–Sugar......... ................... . .............................. ................. Oil–Mineral Seal...... . 197 135 101 77 62 56 53 51 48 45 41 40 ............. Syrup–Sugar................. ........3............. .......................... ................................... ... .... Syrup–Corn................................. Room ............... ............. ......... .... .......... 101 94 89 84 76 72 60 54 48 42 Sweetose..... . 45° Baumé....... ............ ...... 74 55 45 ...... 132 102 77 58 47 40 ... ...... ..... ... ...................................... .................................. Light.............................................. ... ............... ............. ..................... ......com 21 .. ... ........................................ ........ ................. ....... .... ... ............................ .............. .... .............22...... ........... ..... ........................ . ................. ................. ...................................... 197 135 101 77 62 56 53 51 48 45 41 40 ..... 42° Baumé........ 76° Brix................ ................................................. 73° Brix............... ..... ..... ...................... ......................................... ....... ................ ... ...... .... ..................... .............................................................. ............................ ............

10 14..70 14..26 t – Redwood Admiralty K = 2...0 143...6 61...0 87.9 65..... 12.83 14...00 131.1 64...2 40... 8..46 1.00 233.. 121.3 23....03 1650 1760 1870 1980 2090 2200 7500 8000 8500 9000 9500 10000 750 800 850 900 950 1000 6350 6770 7190 7620 8040 8460 691 737 783 829 875 921 219.4 40..90 7.5 35.3 .48 18.3 77.50 11..10 54.....50 5.17 7..........88 2.22 t – 180 t (American) Saybolt Furol K = 2.79 10.52 5.90 23.10 5..2 73.64 5.20 11.....80 19.30 5.3 56.56 4.00 190...5 4.44 14.3 40...00 87. 400 450 500 550 600 41.....20 Seconds Redwood Admiralty Degrees Engler 29....2 t – 203 t (American) Engler 347 K =.5 52..4 338 381 423 465 508 37.2 138.53 12.. the viscosity at any other temperature can be obtained by plotting the viscosity against temperature in degrees Fahrenheit on special Log paper.77 7.34 4.00 20...6 56.05 17..6 81.. 5.. .8 62......70 10...45 2..39 t – Saybolt Universal K = .60 8.35 6.3 t (British) If viscosity is given at any two temperatures.20 117.00 292...1 550 660 770 880 990 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 250 300 350 400 450 2120 2540 2960 3380 3810 230 276 322 368 414 73..50 70.00 1....31 702 618 538 483 440 80 85 90 95 100 13.2 50..2 184.30 27...95 13......7 60.... 32...00 204.1 41. .0 550 592 635 677 719 60...83 1.45 21.com Degrees Barbey The viscosity is often expressed in terms of viscosimeters other than the Saybolt Universal..35 16..7 150 200 762 804 846 1270 1690 83..70 13.5 85....15 14..00 3..4 11..32 3.0 32... ..45 28..70 4. 187...88 3. 165..10 55 60 65 70 75 15.44 8.00 20..03 2..35 24.12 2...6 35....02 404 374 348 326 307 31...9 56.33 48...147 t – t (German) t = Engler Degrees x 51..16 131 1. 154..3 9.ENGINEERING DATA Viscosity Conversion Table 22 Kinematic Viscosity Centistokes =K Seconds Saybolt Universal Seconds Saybolt Furol Seconds Redwood 1...40 76.20 43.. The formulas for the various viscosimeters are as follows: Kinematic viscosity equals absolute viscosity specific gravity 188 t (British) Redwood K = ..05 7.00 160..7 28..73 2.50 175..70 29.30 65... 132......60 16..25 195 144 114 95 81 87.8 55..82 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld..58 6200 2420 1440 1050 838 .7 14.05 6..92 7.0 86........ .24 69..3 29.4 19. ... . 650 700 750 800 850 66..13 4.0 6.80 43.80 43.6 8.3 37..40 31..26 1100 1210 1320 1430 1540 5000 5500 6000 6500 7000 500 550 600 650 700 4230 4650 5080 5500 5920 461 507 553 559 645 146.50 150 200 250 300 350 19.00 263...58 17.2 73.4 51.2 71..2 26.0 81..40 31 35 40 45 50 ...1 36......85 15.3 47.8 51.1 128 170 212 254 296 14.8 100.83 10.13 2..48 5.. The points for a given oil lie in a straight line..7 46.8 78.1 76..4 8.00 1.2 198 209 220 330 440 990 950 1000 1500 2000 91. ..0 95.00 277...50 248...2 33.90 23.5 28... .....17 2.00 2.73 1.60 110....6 92...2 18.52 3....35 8....80 58.76 3.97 2.59 2.6 69.60 100...60 98.3 44. 176.0 32.9 46.30 9..86 9. Ohio • GRpumps.

...... .... Hydrofluosilicic.. Stainless St....................... Pyroligneous... Ni.......... Iron. Stainless Steel Alloy All Iron All Iron All Iron....... Cr. Dil... All Iron Aluminum Bronze..... Alloy Enamel....... ..................... Nitric......... Cr............................... ................... Conc.... ......... Ni................................ Stainless St....ENGINEERING DATA Materials For Pumping Various Liquids This list has been compiled for the convenience of pump users and represents the best known practice for handling various liquids............. Cr.......................... ... 29......................................... & Dil...... ................. Aq........................................ 1... Monel® Acid... ................................................. BaCl2 ..... 66@68°F................54 ....... Viscosity in Seconds Saybolt Universal (S....................... All Brz..................................... Brz.................. Lead.. Stainless St............................................. Conc......... Bleach Solutions......................................... Cr..................... CaCl2 ................................................................7965 ............................................ 1............. .... .................................................... Aq.... 32–42@60°F. 1............... ........ Ni................... 1..........07 ......................... ..................... Up to 1............41 ...................................................... Cr......4 ............................. All Iron All Brz. Acid................ ......... Ni............. Mine Water............... Brz...... C 6H 6 ................... Monel® High Lead Brz............................................... Acid............... N2(SO4) 3 NH3 NH4HCO3 NH4Cl ....... 3% Salt Over 3% Salt ........................ Stainless St............................................................................... Cr...... High Silicon Iron High Silicon Iron Silicon Brz.................................................7939 .......... 1................. Cr.... Ni Stainless St............................ Calcium Bisulfite.................. ................................................... Monel®... ....... Conc.................... Aluminum Brz............ Monel® Monel®..... Stainless St................. Bronze Fitted High Silicon Iron..... Ni................................................ ............. ... .. ............................... .......... ..... Stainless St........................ Brine Gun Cotton........ ............................... Cr............ ........... All Iron GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.................................................. Calcium Chlorate....................... Bitterwasser.... ............................ Sulphuric...............835 . Monel®...... Fatty....... Brine Calcium Chloride....... Cr...................... All Iron..... Brz............ Conc. ................. Fruit..... CO2+H2O C6H8O7+H2O CNOH ....................... Acid........................................... Stainless St........ ...............................64–............................ Ammonium Chloride.. ............................... ......... Stainless St........... Acid...................................20 .................................. .................................. ..........................04 ................................................ ....................................... Ammonia. High Sil............................................. Stainless St.......... High Si............4 ...... Stainless Steel Alloy Ammonium Nitrate................... Benzine (Coal Tar Product)...018–1.... Steel Enamel... Dil.................. Acid... Stainless St.............................. ........................................................... Cr....................................... HgCl2 ... All Iron.... H 2C 2H 3O 2 H2SO4 ....................................... 1.. Acid....................... Ammonium Sulfate....... Non-Metallic Cr............................ ................................. ... Cyanic............................... Citric........ . Monel®... .............................. Acid.... See Acid Hydrochloric Acid............ 1.............................. Acid......................... Alum....... Carbonic....................... All Iron............ ... Acetic......................................................................................02 1.....................01 ...................... Ba(NO3) 2 ..... .... Sol.. ........ Stainless Steel Alloy Barium Nitrate...................................................................................... ................U... Beet Juice (Thin)................. Acid... Carbolic (Phenol).. Cr................. ............................................ HNO3 .......................... Sol........... Stainless St...... Stainless St.............................. Cr..... ........... Dil...... ............................................. ...................... Aluminum Sulfate. Alum........ .. Oxalic........... All Iron........... All Bronze All Bronze Alkaline Liquid.................................. Sulphuric............... ............. Acid........................................................... ............................................................. Cr.. ..........................623@32°F...... ..... High Silicon Iron. CS2 Na2CO3 CCl4 ............. Cadmium Electrolyte................. 1............... Hydrocyanic. 31@68°F......... Stainless Steel Alloy All Iron........... Ni.................................. CO2CHO2H12H2O H2PO4 .......... Alcohol.... Stainless St................. Ni........................................ ...... 1...... High Silicon Iron All Iron All Iron All Iron....................................... Phosphoric..................... Monel®........................................... Ni......................... Ni.................. ................................................. ...................................................................................................................... .... All Bronze Plain fitted........... Aq...................... .... Aq......... ............. ............... Acid.... ........... Pure .............................. ... Acid....... ............................. Beer Wort ........................... .................... ............ Cachaza.......................... ....... Ni. Hot ........... Acid............................................................ .......com 23 ................ Hot 60° Be Dil....................................................... Cr........................ ...................... Enamel.... Cr..... ......................5@32°F........... Lead.......................................... .. All Iron...36–1......................... Nitric........................... Sol ........3 ...... Cr... ............ Fitted All Iron........... Tannic.......................66 ............................................................. Acid.... HCl HCN H2SiF1 .......... .... Acid.. 31......... ..... ..................... Sulphuric... ............ 1..................................................................... Sol.............................................................. ......... Acid..... ................................................................. 31.................. Calcium Hyprochlorite................. NH4NO3 (NH4) 2SO4 .................................................................................. Conc............................................ All Iron Acid... All Iron Alum............ 32–35@60°F................... H2O & Acid .................... All Bronze Bronze Fitted All Iron All Iron Plain Fitted........ Liquid Condition Chemical Symbols Specific Gravity Viscosity Material Recommended Acid....................................... All Iron.................................................. Ni.... ........................ ............. Ni....................... Lead........ Acid............................... Cr................................... ..... Product)................... .. Cr................................................... Enamel... Picric.......... ................. ....................... Cr.... Sol. Fuming Conc...............) ........ Carbon BiSulfide. ......................... All Iron............ (Grain)................................................ . Barium Chloride....... ...................................................... All Brz..................................................02–1.............................. ....................... Cr........... Pyrogallic........................... ...... All Bronze All Bronze All Bronze........ ....... ............. Ohio • GRpumps. Arsenic................... Aniline Water......... Ni......... Cr................................. ........................... To 50% Crude 50% ... Asphaltum............... ............. Cane Juice .....005 ............. Brz........................... AS2O5 .................................... .......... ........................................ ..................... Stainless St........................16(20 Be) ......................03 1..071 32@68°F..................... Brz........................... Ni... Acid................... Ni.....58 ............. Plain Fitted........ Ca(HSO3) 2 Ca(ClO3) 22H2O Ca(OCl) 2 .. Ni.............. ............................ ............... Acetic...... ............... ........... ............................................................... Stainless Steel Alloy All Iron Benzine (Oil Dist......... .... 32–35@60°F.... Cr... .................................................... All Bronze Bronze Fitted All Iron Brine Calcium & Sodium Chloride................. Acid................ NaCl .................... ...... Sol Aq........ Plain Fitted.......... 31@68°F...... Stainless St........... Stainless Steel Alloy All Bronze................ Monel®...................... 31@77°F.......................... Brine Sodium Chloride........ Ammonium Bicarbonate.................................... Stainless St........................................................... Beer............... ......................5@68°F...................... ..................... Lead...... Bichloride of Mercury............ 1..98–1................ ................... ............ Ni... ....... Aq.............. Brine Sodium Chloride........................ Boric................... .............5 (EST...... Muriatic.................................. Alloy Cr..................... Alum.................................................... ........ Comml..... ................................. Stainless St..... Lead... (Wood)..................................................................................... ............................ C6H5OH 1........ Ni................. . Ni.... Ni................... .....88 .......... ...................................... Ni........................ Ni..... Sulfurous..... Carbon Tetrachloride........ Acid.................................................................... Acid........................................... CH2COOH .......... ................................S...... Sulphuric.......... Acid.......... Ni....... Iron Calcium Magnesium Chloride.....................................) except as noted...................... 33@68°F........ ..... Carbonate of Soda (Soda Ash)...... .... ... Acid........... 32@68°F.................................................................................. Stainless Steel Alloy All Bronze........................ Iron. ........................... Ni................. Hydrochloric. Stainless Steel High Sil............... Alcohol................... Ni............... H2SO4+SO3 H2SO3 C14H10O9 C2H5OH CH3OH ...70 .. ........... Cr.. ................ 56@68°F.... ............................ Hastelloy ®...................... Ni............... ................. Cr.. Stainless Steel Alloy All Bronze................................ ........................................ Acid................. Cr........ .......

................. . Cr.................. ..........1 1................... ................................................ Glycerine.............................................. Cold Aq...... Ethylene Chloride............ Ni...................... Magnesium Acid Sulfate............ Sol................. High Silicon Iron All Iron All Iron. ........................... Sol..................... ............................... ................. Monel®.............. ............ ......... Caustic Zinc Chloride............................................................... .. Caustic.......................................... Hot ............... Dye Wood Liquor.................... ............ ................................................................ ................................... ...... Iron.. N..........................................................................262 ................... .............................................................. Ni.............................. .......... .......................... Iron Magnesium Oxychloride. Brz........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................. High Sil................... .............. ............ High Silicon Iron Cr......... Lead Molten...................... Pb(C2H3O2) 2+3H2O ...................................... ....... Comml... Ni................................... Magnesium Sulfate (Epson Salt)................................... C3H5(OH) 3 .................. ................................................................ ........................................................................................ Ferrous Chloride... .......................................................................... Iron.............. Meta. ........................ Fitted or all bronze All Iron All Bronze All Iron Hard Lead...................... Hydrogen Sulfide..............16 .............................. Lead Acetate (Sugar of Lead)................................... ........ .................................................................................................................... ......... .. ....................................................... .............................................. C2H4(Cl) 2 FeCl3 FeCl3 FeCl2 ........................................................................... Dish Water............... Iron High Sil............................ ............................................................... Aq.................................................... .......... Chlorine Water.......................... ........................... ..... ........................ ........................................ ................ Plain Fitted Brz...................... .......... FeSO4 Cu(C2H3O2) 2+H2O CuCl2 ............................... ...................................................... Hastelloy ® C................................................................ ............................................................................ 1............................. .................... .... Hot Aq......................... Stainless St.............................. ........... ............ Copper Chloride... Ethyl Acetate............................................... Cr.................. ............................................................................ .... Non......... Solution containing sand...90 ...... ........................................... ........... 30@68°F........................................................................ .................... ..................... ..............93 .............................. ........................................................ Iron....... ............. Cyanogen...... Iron................................................... Ni........ Cyanide of Potassium...................... Ni......................... Cr................. All Iron All Iron All Iron Lye....................... Hastelloy ® C......................... Ni-Resist...... .......................... 1................ Stainless Steel Alloy Lead...................................... Cr...................................... ............... ................................................... ..................................................... .69 .. ....... C7H16 .................................................. ..................................... ................... Caustic Manganese.......................................... .............. In Water .............................. Caustic Cyanogen....................... Hard Lead All Iron All Iron All Iron All Iron.............. Cyanogen Slime. Non-Met.......................................... 1............... Caustic Sulfide............... ......... Lead............... ....... Lead......................................................... .................................................................................................................. CH3COOC2H5 ..................... ......................... Hastelloy ® C Copper Nitrate............................. ............................................... Magnesium Acid Sulfate....... Copper Sulfate (Blue Vitriol)........................................ Furfural.................. Marsh Gas.............. All Iron All Iron All Iron All Iron Plain Fitted Diphenyl....................................................................................................................... .............. .............................................................. ............................ .............. & Mn Alloy Std.... .............ENGINEERING DATA Materials For Pumping Various Liquids (Cont....................... Stainless St.. ... Stainless St... Stainless St....... All Bronze All Bronze Bronze Fitted High Silicon Iron............... Sol............... MgCl2 ........ ZnCl2 . ................... Magnesium Chloride...................... Alloy High Silicon Iron............................................... Cresol....... .............. NaCN KCN CN ...................... Cu...................................................................................................... ...... .................................... ...................... Stainless St... Ca(OH) 2 ...... ...................................................................................................................75 ............... .............................. Ni........... .................. ........... Diffusion Water........................... Bronze Fitted Bronze Fitted All Bronze Grape Juice.. ............................................................... ............................. Fruit Juices....... ............ ........................... High Sil... All Iron Plain Fitted All Bronze Bronze Fitted All Iron.... Cr.. Cl C6H5C1 CHCl3 ... ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Fitted or all bronze GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld............. .. Hops............................................................................................... CH4 ...... Stainless St........................................... ........ Cr.. All Bronze Bronze Fitted Bronze Fitted All Iron.............................................................................................................................. ........ ............................... ...... .......................... Creosote............................................................................................................................... Cu(NO3) 2 CuSO4 .. Hastelloy ® C... ....................................................... Ni................ Stainless St.... Mash.................................................................. ...................................................... .......... Caustic Potash..................... Hydrogen Peroxide (Perbydrol). ...68–................................................................ .......... Ferric Chloride...................................................... Gasoline ................... Creosote Oil................................................................... .......... Caustic Strontia..... Ni. Copper Acetate..... ............................................................................................................................ Cr....... Cr... ..... ............................ ...................................... High Sil.......... .................. Chloroform.. .................................................. Salty...... ..6°F........ ................. ............................... .............................5 ......................................... High Sil................. ............................. ... ...... Fitted Lead...... Ni............ ........................... Cr.............. ................... .................. All Iron (Oxidizes to Ferric Conditions) ........................ Stainless St....... Caustic Soda................................28 .................... Sol...................................... Lard.............................................. ......................... Stainless St..... ................. Ni... ..........................) 24 Liquid Condition Chemical Symbols Specific Gravity Viscosity Caustic Chloride of Magnesium......................... .................................. Caustic Chloride of Sodium................................... .................... In Alcohol ...... C 6H5 C 6H5 ............... ................................................ Hot Cold Aq................... ......................................................04 ................... ................. Non-Met........... ........... Lye................................... 1................ Copperas (Green Vitriol)....... .............. .................... .............. ............................... Sol................................ ..................... High Sil........... ................. ......................... C 4H3OCHO C6H14 ... Sol.................. 1... .......... ... Cr...................................... .............................................................................. All Iron.......... ............................... ........... Ni.......................................... Chlorobenzene................. .. ....... Chlorine (Dry Gas).................................... Plain Fitted Chloride of Zinc..................... All Iron High Sil............... All Iron All Iron All Iron Cyanide.... ........................... NaOH Sr(OH) 2 KSH ZNClOH ................. Cr.................................. Cellulose..................... .......................... .......... Ohio • GRpumps................... ................................................... Iron.......................................................................................... MgClOH NaClOH CNOH Mn(OH) 2 KOH .... Aq..................... ......... Stainless St.......................... Ni........................ Lead All Iron All Brz..................................................................... Ni.. ................................ 2950@68.. Stainless All Iron.. Stainless St.......................... ............................................................................................ ................................ .................. ..................................................... ....... Ferric Chloride................................................. Distillery Wort......................................................................................... Met................................................. MgClOH MgSO 4 ................ Hot .................................................... ........... . Magma (Thick Residue).......... Dil............. ........ Sol....... ............... ................................. Lime Water (Milk of Lime)......................... .. Aq................ Alloy Chrome Alum................... CH3C6H4OH ........................................................................................................................................ ............................. ............... Heptane........... ........................... Cr................................................... ............. All Iron High Silicon Iron..................... Conc...............................com Material Recommended ....................................... Coal Tar Oil................................................. Glue..................... Aq.................... H 2O 2 H2S ........................................... ...................................... Lye..... . Aq........... Ferrous Sulfate (See Copperas)..

........ Potassium Sulfate........... Oil...... ........... Potassium Chloride..... Monel® All Bronze............ Bronze Fitted All Iron All Iron All Iron High Sil............................................. ...................................................................................... .................................. 143@100°F...................... ........... ......................................... Aq.........87 ............................................... Crude (Asphalt Base)................................. ........ Steel Cr....... ............................. ........................................ Starch....................... ............ Iron......................................... NaOH NaHCO3 NaHSO4 .............. All Brz............................................. .................... Sol............ . ..... Silver Nitrate....... Conc................... Aq.... ......................................... Ohio • GRpumps...... ............................ Aq...................................................... Petroleum.......................................................................... ...................... Ni..................................................................665 .. 33@68°F....................... ........... ...... Paraffine (45° to 60° C..................... .............. .......................................... Iron.......................................................................... Potassium Nitrate............ All Iron Na2SO4 Na2S NaSO3 NaS2O35H2O SnCl4 ............ AgNO3 .... ........................... .......................... ............. Iron.............. .. ................................................................................. .......................... Mercuric Sulfate. Oil.............................. All Iron Lead......... Lubricating Lt............................... Iron............... .. ............... ................................................................. ................................................ .......... Aq................. High Sil.......................... Ni.......................................... ................................................................. Ni........... Soda.................. .... .............. ....035 ................................ ..... Oil....... Sol.. .................. ....... .......................................................................... Stainless St......... Potassium Carbonate........................ Sol........ Ni... ...... .... Salammoniac.............................................................. ... ..................................................................................................... Oil................................. Non-Metallic ......................................... Aq..... Sol......... Aq........ ......... .. ....... En............................................. Pyridine............ Mercurous Sulfate.............. Hot ......... Sol..................................... All Bronze Bronze Fitted Bronze Fitted Naphtha Crude.................................................. . .......... Cr........................ All Iron..................... Aq..... Photographic Developers............ .......................................) Liquid Condition Chemical Symbols Specific Gravity Viscosity Mercuric Chloride.................................................. ............ .................... ......................... ..... 43@68°F...... Sol........................................................ .............................. Stainless Steel Methyl Chloride.... .. ................................................... ............ ..................................................... Sugar................................... .................................................. Ni........... Ni. Lead.. Iron................................ All Iron All Iron................................................ Cr............... Sodium Hypochlorite..... ........................... ........... Low pH Sol......... ........... Fuel............................................. ............................. ................................... ........ .... 1.......... Material Recommended GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld...................... ......................................................................... ............................... CaSO4 ... ................................. Aq............................................................................ 35@68°F..... ............... Sodium HydroSulfite........................................................ Oil......04–1.. Iron................ Fitted Std.................. ............................................................. Copper High Sil. Non-Metallic Potash Sulfide.......... .............................. Aq............... .......... ................................................ . Aq................ENGINEERING DATA Materials For Pumping Various Liquids (Cont..... ....... Cold ........................................ In H2SO4 In H2SO4 ......I...................... Purifying........... ......................... ...... Cr....... Non-Metallic SnCl2 C6H10O5 Sr(NO3) 2 ....................................................... Methyl Acetate........... ....................... .......................................................................... ...... . Aq.................... See Sodium ThioSulfate Aq................................................................................................................... ................ Potassium Bichromate...................................................................... Soap Liquor.............. ............................... .................................. High Sil..... Aq......... K 2S Al2K 2(SO4) 4 K 2Cr 2O7 K 2CO3 KCl ....................................... .... ............ or Hy...................................... Nickel Chloride..........................924 .................... Hot ... Rectifying Pump (Distillery)......................... . Fitted Std.................................. KCN KNO3 K 2SO4 CH(CHCH) 2N ....................... Fitted High Sil.......................81@68°F.................................. Milk................................825–.. Stannic Chloride..........).. Nickel Sulfate....... Oil......................................... .............. Bronze Fitted See Ammonium Chloride All Iron................................................. ........................ Thin .................. ................................................... Fitted Std.... All Bronze Bronze Fitted High Sil..... ....................... .................................................... Kerosene................. ................................................................. .... Molasses...... 32@68°F............................... Non-Metallic Bronze Fitted All Iron All Bronze All Bronze Sodium Sulfate..................................... Vegetable............. Turpentine................................................................. Low pH Sol..................92 1.............................................. ................... Sol........................ All Iron All Iron Bronze Tinned. .................. Oil................................................................. ................................ Potassium Alum................ Oil........... All Iron Attacks C................ Sodium Bicarbonate............ Fitted Oil........ Iron... CH3Cl CH2Cl2 ....................... ................................... Enamel Cr.................. Mineral..................................028–1....... ... .. Aq........................... ......................................................................... ............................... Stainless St........................ .................... ............... ...... Very Dil.............................. Iron... Iron Std.................. Crude (Paraffine Base).............. Ni............com 25 ............... ..................... Stainless St................. ............ Aq..................... ......... Sodium BiSulfate......................... Iron.................................................................. Sol............................ Hastelloy ® C. Rapeseed............ Enamel High Sil.............. Mercuric Chloride..... .. .... ................... All Iron All Iron All Iron All Iron All Iron Oil........................................................................................................................... ............. Sodium Hyposulphite........................................................... Linseed....................................................... Fitted Std..................................... .................................. ....... .............. ..... .......... ................................... Sol............ Sol...... ........ Slowly All Iron All Iron All Brz........................... NaNO3 ....... Sol.......................................... Copper High Sil......................... All Iron All Iron....... Cr.............. ..................... Sodium ThioSulfate........ Enamel High Sil.... Std................ Potassium Cyanide............................................................................................................ .......................................... ............................................ ...92 ............... Strontium Nitrate.......... ................. .................................... Sol...................... 40% Sol................. NH4Cl ........................ All Iron All Bronze Rhigolene (Oil Dist)... St.... All Brz........ Iron........... Sodium Sulphite............................................................................ .. ........................................ Lead All Brz.............. Iron............... Sol........ .............. ........................................................ Monel® Bronze Fitted Plain Fitted High Sil..................................... .............. Oil.................... Iron.................................... All Iron..................................................... NiCl2 NiSO4 C10H14N2H2SO4 ........ ......95 ........................................... Naphtha........ Sol.............................................................. Lead Sodium Carbonate (Soda Ash)..................................... Na2CO3 Na2S2O4 NaOCl ........................... .....975 .... Lead.............................................................................. Sol. Creosote.............................................................................................................................. Stainless St................. Stannous Chloride........................ Aq................................. Sol. ...................................... .................................10 .............. Nicotine Sulfate.......... ... Brewery............................. ........... Salt Cake..... ....... Cr.............................. ...................................... ................................................. ..................... Sodium Sulfide............. ............ HgCl2 HgCl2 HgSO4 H22(SO4) 2 CH3CO2CH3 .... Aq................ . Methylene Chloride....................... Coal Tar... Sodium Nitrate........ ..........94 ...... Std........ ................ Oil..................................................... .................. Stainless St....... ................... Comml............................... ...................... ........... ............................................. ...................................................... Sol..................... ................... ...................... Sewage........ Slop... Sulfate of Lime.................................................................. Fitted Oil........................... ..............................................26 1............ High Sil...................... ......................................................... Monel®... .. ................... ............................ High Silicon Iron High Sil............ ..................... High Sil.......................................................... ......................................

....... Sulphuric) (See Zinc Sulfate) ................................................... ......................... Yeast....... Sulfolignic Salts............... H2S Na2S .................................................................. ........................ High Sil.......................................... ...................................... ................................ ................................... ............ ............. ........ Ni....... Green................................... .................... ............... ..................................................................................................... Wine........................... .. Std.................................. ........................................................................................................................................................................... .......... Monel® All Brz.................ENGINEERING DATA Materials For Pumping Various Liquids (Cont.............................................................................................. .. 32@68°F........... ........................................................................................................ Iron Vitriol........................................... Nitrate....... Tar........................................ .................. Tar and Ammonia............... All Bronze All Bronze or Bronze Fitted Spl........... Sulfate........................... .. .................................................................... 1....................................00 ..... Sweet Water................................................................. ............................................ .................. Sulphur Dioxide............... ............................................................. Syrup............ Alum...... . Cr.................. Ni............................................................... ................... .............................................................................................. ...................... ... . ..................... All Iron................................ Oil of..... Zn(NO3) 2 ZnSO4 ....................................... ...................... ............................... ...... .............. .......... Trichloroethyline.......................... 31........................... Sol.............. Whiskey.) 26 Liquid Condition Chemical Symbols Specific Gravity Viscosity Sulfide of Hydrogen............................. Cr...... (See Brines) ............................... ........... 1........................................................ ................................. Ohio • GRpumps...................................... 1...................................... ............................................................. Bronze Fitted ........................................ ........................... (See Stannic Chloride) Pb(C2H5) 4 .............. Veg................................ Zinc.................. . ........ .......................... ......... Electrolyte................................ .......... All Bronze All Brz.......00 .......................65 ........................... .............................................. ............ White.......................................................... Iron Zinc.................... ........................................................................... ............ All Iron Toluene (Toluol)................................................... .................... (See Copper Sulfate) (See Ferrous Sulfate) (See Acid............................................. Sulfide of Sodium....... Tetachloride of Tin.. .............................................................................................. Tetraethyl Lead..................86 1......................... High Sil............ .......................................................... All Bronze All Iron................. ........................................ Sulfide of Sodium..................................... Wort.. Dil. Fresh.................................................................... Vitrol...................................................... All Bronze All Bronze Bronze Fitted Wood Vinegar......................................................................................... ........................... ...... Aq..................................................... .......................................08 ............. ...................... ............................. .................................................................................................................................................................................... Hot Cold Conc............................. 1....................... ........... Iron..... Water......... Zinc.......................... Vinegar................................................ ..... Aq..................... ........................ ................... .. ................ Fitted All Iron..... CH3C6H5 C2HCl3 ............. Salt & Sea........... Chloride............................................................................................ ............................................. Water................... . S2Cl2 SO2 ... ............................................... Bronze Fitted Water.............. ......... ................................ ............. ........................................... In Water Cold ...................com Material Recommended ............................. Brz........................................................................................... ............................ ....... Std...... .47 ....................................... .. ....................................................... All Iron.................. .................... Plain Fitted All Iron Plain Fitted All Bronze Bronze Fitted Sulphur....... ...................................... Sulfolignic Salts.................................................................................................................................................... ................................. ................................... ................................ Sol................................................ ....... ............................................. (See Pyroligneous Acid) ........ Urine................................................... ..................... ................ ......................................................................................... Lead All Bronze Bronze Fitted All Bronze Tanning Liquor.... ... ............................................................. Fitted All Bronze All Bronze.................. ............................................5@60°F...... .................. ............................ Distilled... All Bronze All Iron All Iron ......................... High Sil.................................................. Blue.... Vitriol.......................... ................. Wood Pulp...... .................. ................................................................................. .... Zinc.................. ......... Brz.. .......................... ............................................ ................ .................... ............................. Stainless Steel .............................. Stainless Steel GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld......................................... . Vitrol.............................................. .................................................... High Sil................................ ....................................................................... Iron Lead........................................................ ........ ........................................ Varnish................................................... Sulphur Chloride....................................

42. Multiply the reading in pounds by 2.732EI x P.ENGINEERING DATA Electrical Formulae Poles 60 Cycles 50 Cycles 40 Cycles 25 Cycles 2 4 6 3600 1800 1200 3000 1500 1000 2400 1200 800 1500 750 500 8 10 12 900 720 600 750 600 500 600 480 400 375 300 250 DIrect Current Kilowatts = Horsepower Kilowatts = = Volts x Amperes 1. Each joint should be absolutely tight. 41.000 x Efficiency Alternating Current Single-phase W= EI x P. Ins. The difference will be the distance from the center of the pressure gauge face to the surface of the water.F.S.000 Volts x Amperes x Efficiency 746 Horsepower x 746 1.31.E. = power factor expressed as a decimal fraction KVA = KW = KVA x P.F.F. Example. W= Watts. Attach hand tire –pump and fill pipe until further pumping will not increase the reading on the gauge.com 27 . Braze or otherwise connect an ordinary tire valve so that the air pump may be used for forcing air down the pipe. Standard KeyWay Sizes “Standard” keyways are furnished to the ASME standard. Install a reliable pressure gauge so that the exact air pressure in pounds may be shown when the hand pump is operated. E= average volts between line terminals. Ohio • GRpumps. Air pipe is 100 feet long from center of gauge face to bottom end of pipe. Highest pressure reading is 18 pounds. as follows: Shaft Diameter.F. Ins. 3/16 x 3/32 1/4 x 1/8 5/16 x 5/32 3/8 x 3/16 1/2 x 1/4 5/8 x 5/16 3/4 x 3/8 7/8 x 7/16 1 x 1/2 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld. Two-phase 2EI x P. W= Three-phase W= 1.31 is 41. showing that the water level is 58. 18 multiplied by 2. A.58 subtracted from 100 leaves 58.000 How To Determine Distance To Water Level Equipment. and subtract the result from the length of air pipe. Horsepower = KW x Efficiency 746 Volts x Amperes 1.58 feet of lift.42 feet below center of pressure gauge face. The end of the air pipe should extend to the bottom of the pump suction.M. Attach the upper end of this air line securely to the foundation or some object near the pump. I = average line current. Operation. Any Horizontal distance of the pipe line from the well opening has no effect on the result. P. Install a small pipe or tubing (about 1/8" or 1/4") in the well. The exact length must be carefully measured so that it is known.F. 5/8 to 7/8 15/16 to 1-1/4 1-5/16 to 1-3/8 1-7/16 to 1-3/4 1-13/16 to 2-1/4 2-5/16 to 2-3/4 2-7/8 to 3-1/4 3-3/8 to 3-3/4 3-7/8 to 4-1/2 Keyways.

50 22. motors are made in various speed combinations ranging between 300 and 1.32 .325 1. etc. it will be equal to 60 revolutions per second or 3. run at synchronous speeds.529 1.50 400.64 .68 13.770 3.100 RPM.50 23.95 19.560 ft 28 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld. Min.61 18.265 . Sec. Adjustable speed D.884 1. According to the number of pair of poles. regardless of the load.com 3 .65 3.25 1337.40 160. Number of Acres Covered in Twelve Hours Pumping Gals.652 4. Deep 20 50 100 150 . and 700 and 2.385 3.2213 .06625 .548 900 1200 3000 2. Deep 3 in.18 1.99 2. Deep 10 in.600 2 X 1.25 2.40 93. it is necessary to figure on the full load speed.008 2.1765 .37 20.4975 .1112 .98 5.492 1.95 1.061 1. in a 60-cycle system.560 30.3313 .597 . as the name implies. Min.182 7.991 .3345 2.65 6.2645 .4.166 .2225 .C.50 5.625 10000 22.05 40. = 43. 1.4975 .995 1.675 6.0529 .994 1.3.98 . etc.97 7.858 .50 88. Deep 2 in. Ohio • GRpumps.6625 . Therefore.00 132.05 .675 6.97 7.100 RPM.15 26.200 RPM.C.800 RPM.96 10.502 ..50 11.305 13.000 RPM. 1.00 265. motors operating at full-line voltage usually are made in the following speeds according to type and horsepower = 2.1324 .2.0446 . Constant speed D.332 225 300 400 700 .664 1.995 .01 53.92 39.85 31. 3.30 66.25 44.08825 . rather more for very small motors and less for very large motors. Deep 12 in.600 4 X 900 RPM. The synchronous speed of any A. 1. Deep 6 in.050 RPM. Deep 8 in.61 26.985 3.891 1.95 15. 3.1105 . 1.095 .535 6. For instance.88 3.328 2.747 . Squirrelcage or wound-rotor induction motors lose speed as the load increases.663 .98 5. Ft.200 RPM. motor is fixed by the frequency of the applied voltage and the number of pair of poles.ENGINEERING DATA Motor Speeds Synchronous motors.375 RPM.221 . Cu.328 .68 120. the synchronous speed of the motor will be equal to the maximum speed divided by 1. 850 RPM.96 10.327 1.975 3. 3. Ft. Deep 4 in. Direct current motors also vary in speed under load changes and according to voltage.664 .328 2. which is the actual speed of the motor when running under normal conditions at full or nearly full capacity.750 RPM.1328 .99 2.50 5.332 .82 79.305 9.796 1.99 2. The difference in speed between no load and full load is about 3 to 5%.442 . 1.58 2.883 1.655 3. Cu. In belt drive calculations.20 33. 575 RPM.75 7.600 revolutions per minute. 1 in.600 3 X 1.150 RPM.668 .04415 .10 1 acrefoot = 1 acre covered to a depth of 1 ft.398 .28 1.C. or for 60-cycle.975 9. the maximum synchronous speed is equal to the frequency.94 2.4425 .

7854...... One barrel per day = .. 300 gallons per hour Lawn sprinkler... of lawn (1/4" of water). 5 gallons per day Each 100 chickens...... in inches2 Net horsepower = the theoretical horsepower necessary to do the work........... Ohio • GRpumps... Each cow. per sec... 16 gallons per day Note: The above requirements are only approximate. is expressed by the lowest figure of the Baumé scale.. watering the lawn......000017.. ft.2642 gallons....... GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld....S..... that which has the highest true specific gravity. Net horsepower = GPM x pressure x .. Water Requirements GPM = bbls... i....com 29 ... the lightest by the highest figure...... Square feet–square inches x . Water required by livestock Velocity in ft..... Net horsepower = barrels per hour x pressure x .. Statute miles–lineal feet x ... per hr. Circumference –diameter of circle x 3...... The customary method of indicating specific gravity of petroleum oils in this country is by means of the Baumé scale........ 120 gallons per hour To sprinkle 100 sq..35 pounds.....e...33 pounds. 1 gallon = 8..... 15 gallons per day Each sheep.7 Cubic feet–cubic inches x ..48 gallons and/or 62. GPM GPM = bbls........ drawing a bath.. per hr. gallons....... in inches2 = ...... x .. Miscellaneous Areas of circles are to each other as squares of their diameters....... Diameter circle–circumference x .... For example. Cubic yard–cubic feet x .00058. Statute miles–lineal yards x . the heaviest oil.. In selecting the proper size pump.. 5 gallons per day Water Required By Yard Fixtures 1/2 inch hose and nozzle... 1 liter = . is a common occurrence.1416... One barrel oil = 42 U....03704.. Since the Baumé scale..... 3 gallons per day Each hog.. = 7.. Bbls. = ..ENGINEERING DATA CRUDE OIL One gallon = 58.5236..0119 x bbls. 10 gallons per day pipe dia........ It is also advisable to allow for the water level in the well lowering during dry years..7.000568... 1 meter = 3...02917 GPM....... for specific gravities of liquids lighter than water. per hr..S... Area of circle–diameter squared x ........00019. increases inversely as the true gravity. thus decreasing pump capacity.... ft....... One barrel per hour = .... and water used in the kitchen simultaneously.. as the consumption of individuals and animals will vary by the seasons and weather conditions....7 U...00695.2856 x bbls.. Volume of sphere–cube of diameter x .. per day x ....000583... 1 cu..28 feet..31831.310 grains. per day Each horse. Net horsepower = barrels per day x pressure x ...02917. it is essential that the pump capacity be in excess of maximum requirements in order to provide a reserve in the event that water is required from several fixtures at the same time.......000408.. 200 gallons per hour 3/4 inch hose and nozzle... = GPM .. pipe dia.........

Ohio • GRpumps.com .ENGINEERING DATA NOTES 30 GORMAN-RUPP PUMPS • Mansﬁeld.

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com GRpumps.com AV-06196_REV08/08 The Gorman-Rupp International Company P.com Gorman-Rupp of Canada. Thomas. Box 1217 Mansfield. The Gorman-Rupp Company Mansfield Division P. Ohio 44901-1217. Ltd. 70 Burwell Road St. Ohio 44901-1217. All rights reserved. Ontario N5P 3R7. USA Tel: 419-755-1011 Fax: 419-755-1251 E-mail: grsales@gormanrupp.com ©2008 The Gorman-Rupp Company.O.ENGINEERING DATA Product information is subject to change. Printed in the USA . USA Tel: 419-755-1011 Fax: 419-755-1266 E-mail: intsales@gormanrupp.O. consult factory for details. Box 1217 Mansfield. Canada Tel: 519-631-2870 Fax: 519-631-4624 E-mail: grcanada@grcanada.

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