DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT, PLOT NO.

(SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND, ABU DHABI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools

DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT, PLOT NO. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND, ABU DHABI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES STRUCTURAL DESIGN OF SWIMMING POOLS

Section
1. 2. 2.1 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4. 5. 6. Introduction Geotechnical Design Data Site Condition and Recommendation Design Criteria Design Loading Load Combinations Materials Concrete Cover Crack Control Codes and Standards Design of Vertical Wall & Base Slab Check of Early Thermal Cracking Check Soil Bearing Capacity

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09 Aug. 2010

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60 11. ABU DHABI. PLOT NO.20 30.25 9. PLOT (SB-06).45 1. SAADIYAT ISLAND.00 0. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Structure Name Garden Villa Swimming Pool Royal Garden Villa Swimming Pool Type 1 Royal Garden Villa Swimming Pool Type 2 Swimming Pool Type 1 Swimming Pool Type 2 Swimming Pool Type 3 Cabana Plunge Pool Kid's Pool Ryad Single Story Villa Swimming Pool Ryad Double Story Villa Swimming Pool Approximate Length 4.00 4.00 15.10 1.00 3. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 1.00 Water Depth 1.50 Approximate Width 3.00 09 Aug.40 1.00 2.10 Length & Width are Varied Length & Width are Varied Length & Width are Varied 4.60 3. This design calculation shall cover the following swimming pools: No. 2010 Page 2 of 12 .10 0.10 1.60 3.90 0.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.00 4.10 1.90 0.00 21. Introduction This design calculation shall cover the structural design of the swimming pools structures for BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.90 / 1.

1. 2010 Page 3 of 12 .1 Geotechnical Design Data Site Condition and Recommendation Since there is no available information about the site condition. 3.3 Live Load The following live loads shall be taken into account: • • Loading Bay 7. PLOT NO.0 kN/m 23.50 KN/m 2 Sand load shall be additive to live loads when area under consideration is used as 2 a work area.33 Kp (passive earth pressure) = 1+sin ¢ / 1-sin ¢ = 3.2 Super Imposed Load The following super imposed dead loads shall be taken into account: • • Floor Finishes Services 1. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 2.50 (used for design of section) º (used for check of stability) Where ¢ is angle of internal friction. ABU DHABI. 2.4 Earth Pressure For the design of earth retaining structural elements.0 KN/m 2 2 3. 3.75 kN/m load shall be used in design of slabs. 3.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.0 Ko (at rest pressure) = 1-sin ¢ = 0. A 0.1.1 3. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. the earth pressure will be determined as follows: Ka (active earth pressure) = 1–sin ¢ / 1+sin ¢ = 0.0 kN/m 10 KN/m 10 KN/m 3 3 3 3 3 3. The foundation designs will be verified against the data and recommendations received from the soil investigations.1 Design Criteria Design Loading Dead Load The following densities and dead load allowances will be adopted in the design of the structural elements: Density of Reinforced Concrete Density of Unreinforced Concrete Density of Soil Submerged Density of Concrete Submerged Density of Soil 25. and it is equal to 30 .5 KN/m 1.0 kN/m 20.1.1. the soil bearing capacity 2 shall be assumed 50kN/m . 09 Aug.

2.2 T 3. ABU DHABI.4 WP + 1.0 EP + 1.2.2 EP + 1. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.3 Materials All materials shall conform to the applicable standards as stated herein or as specified in the performance specification.1 Load Combinations Ultimate Limit State Ultimate Limit State Combinations ULS_01 1. PLOT NO. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 3. 2010 Page 4 of 12 .3.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. 3.0 LL + 1.2 3.2 Reinforcing Steel Hot rolled reinforcement to BS 4449: 1997 will be specified with the following properties: Type Mild Steel High Yield Deformed Type 2 Designation R T Yield Strength 250 N/mm 460 N/mm 2 Modulus of Elasticity 200 KN/mm 200 KN/mm 2 2 2 09 Aug.0 DL + 1.0 WP + 1.1 Concrete The following concrete grades and properties shall be used: Concrete Grade Structural Element Characteristic Strength fcu C40/20 C20/20 All Structural Elements Blinding / Mass Concrete 40 N/mm 20 N/mm 2 2 Modulus of Elasticity 2 2 28 KN/mm 20 KN/mm 3.4 DL + 1.0 T Legend: DL LL EP WP T Dead Load Live/Imposed Earth Pressure Water Pressure Uniform Temperature 3.6 LL + 1.3.2 Serviceability Limit State SLS_01 1.

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 3.5 Crack Control For retaining aqueous liquids structures a maximum crack width of 0.4 Concrete Cover Element Raft Exposure Earth Faces Other Faces Retaining Walls Earth Faces Exposed to Weather Water Tank Walls Water Faces Other Faces Min. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. crack width shall be calculated to BS8007. 2010 Page 5 of 12 .20 mm shall be adopted.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. 3. Cover 75mm 50mm 60mm 40mm 50mm 40mm 3. PLOT NO. ABU DHABI.6 Codes and Standards BS 8007 BS 8110 BD 28 Design of Concrete Structures for Retaining Aqueous Liquids Structural Use of Concrete Early Thermal Cracking in Concrete 09 Aug.

60 / 3 + 3.50 * 7.m Ultimate Moment due to earth pressure = 1. 09 Aug.50 * 16.0 kN/m’ = 3.43 kN. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 4. = 10 * 1. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.50 * 14 * 1.60 * 1.40 / 3 = 4.60 = 0.75 * 1.50 * 20 * 1. ABU DHABI.00 kN. = 0.m Ground water table is lower the base slab so NO bending moment on the base slab due to the water weight.90 + 4.60 / 2 Service Moment due to earth pressure = 6.50 = 16.0 * 1.57 = 6.70 = 14.0 kN/m’ = 0.80 = 11. PLOT NO.75 kN/m’ = 0.40 * 1.m Ultimate Moment due to water pressure = 1.40 * 4. 2010 Page 6 of 12 .70 kN.57 kN.40 m.60 m.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. Design of Vertical Wall & Base Slab The maximum water depth The water pressure Service Moment due to water pressure = 1.m The maximum wall height The at rest earth pressure due to soil The at rest earth pressure due to surcharge Service Moment due to earth pressure = 1.60 * 1.20 * 11.40 = 14.

(SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. 2010 Page 7 of 12 . PLOT NO. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Flexural Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Section According to BS8110 Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :. 3.m Kn. fy = Yield strength of non-prestressing steel. Steps of Design z Mu1 Mu2 276 115 505 mm Kn. b = Width of rectangular section.95d. Mu capacity As provided > > Mult As min.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.m Notations : M ULT = Factored Bending Moment. Mu1 = The ultimate resistance moment .m z = The lever arm <= 0.m ) M ULT 14 Kn. Mu2 = The ultimate resistance moment . As provided is OK As provided is OK 09 Aug. ABU DHABI. h = Overall depth of section. Properties of Concrete section & Steel fcu fy b h d As (T16-175) 40 420 1000 360 290 1142 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm2 fcu = Compressive strength of concrete (Cube). 115 540 Kn.m mm2 Mu = The ultimate resistance moment. Mu capacity As min.Design of Vertical Wall 1. (1). d = The effective depth to the tension reinforcement. 2. (2). As = Total area of non-prestressing steel.eq.eq. Factored Bending Moments ( Kn.

concrete effect in tension. PLOT NO. d = Effective depth to tension reinforcement. Cnom = Clear Nominal cover.80 Kn.m ) M DL M LL 2. mm 96. M = Total service bending moment. Crack width = ( 3 * acr * εc ) / (1 + 2 * ( acr-Cnom ) / ( h-dc )) = 0.44 7.m Notations : M DL = Service bending moment due to dead load.m N/mm2 N/mm2 Ec = Modulus of elasticity of concrete. n = Es / (0. Service Bending Moment ( Kn.20 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm Fcu = Characteristic concrete cube strength. σs σs = Stress in tensile reinforcement.000 mm Safe of crack width 09 Aug.78 1. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.35 77. Inv = Moment of inertia of cracked section. s = Spacing between steel bars. M LL = Service bending moment due to live load.45E-04 mm mm4 Kn. h = Overall depth of section.m Kn. 3. As = Area of tension reinforcement. 0. 6.85E-04 2.98 acr = distance from the crack point considered to the surface of nearest longitudinal bar. 2010 Page 8 of 12 . Calculations of crack width Ec n dc Inv M 34000 12.922E+08 11.50*Ec) dc = depth of concrete in compression. ABU DHABI. Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Calculation of Crack Width According to BS 8110 ( Considering Stiffening Effect of The Concrete in Tension Zone ) Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :.70 38. As φ s Cnom φ = Bar diameter. Properties of Materials Fcu Es Allowable Crack Width 40 210000 0. ε1 = Strain in concrete at tensile zone neg. 4. Properties of Section b h d 1000 360 290 1142 16 175 50 mm mm mm mm2 mm mm mm b = Width of section.Design of Vertical Wall 1.00E+00 εm = Strain in tensile reinforcement at tensile zone Taking Stiffening of concrete in tension.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. εs ε1 εm acr εs = Strain in tensile reinforcement.90 4.

d = The effective depth to the tension reinforcement.eq. Mu1 = The ultimate resistance moment . As provided is OK As provided is OK 09 Aug. Mu capacity As provided > > Mult As min.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. Properties of Concrete section & Steel fcu fy b h d As (T12-175) 40 420 1000 250 170 645 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm mm mm mm2 fcu = Compressive strength of concrete (Cube). h = Overall depth of section.eq.m Kn. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. 2010 Page 9 of 12 . (2). Mu2 = The ultimate resistance moment .m Notations : M ULT = Factored Bending Moment. Mu capacity As min.m ) M ULT 14 Kn. 38 375 Kn.Design of Base Slab 1. ABU DHABI. PLOT NO. As = Total area of non-prestressing steel. 3. Steps of Design z Mu1 Mu2 162 38 173 mm Kn. b = Width of rectangular section. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Flexural Capacity of Reinforced Concrete Rectangular Section According to BS 8110 Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :. 2. Factored Bending Moments ( Kn. fy = Yield strength of non-prestressing steel.m mm2 Mu = The ultimate resistance moment.95d. (1).m z = The lever arm <= 0.

21E-04 εm = Strain in tensile reinforcement at tensile zone Taking Stiffening of concrete in tension. 2010 Page 10 of 12 .549E+08 11. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools Calculation of Crack Width According to BS 8110 ( Considering Stiffening Effect of The Concrete in Tension Zone ) Structural Design of Swimming Pools Part Title :. 6. Inv = Moment of inertia of cracked section. PLOT NO. As = Area of tension reinforcement. mm 97. Properties of Materials Fcu Es Allowable Crack Width 40 210000 0.95 5. concrete effect in tension. As φ s Cnom φ = Bar diameter. Calculations of crack width Ec n dc Inv M 34000 12.m Notations : M DL = Service bending moment due to dead load.Design of Base Slab 1. M LL = Service bending moment due to live load. ε1 = Strain in concrete at tensile zone neg. h = Overall depth of section.20 N/mm2 N/mm2 mm Fcu = Characteristic concrete cube strength. Service Bending Moment ( Kn. d = Effective depth to tension reinforcement.90 4.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT. Es = Modulus of elasticity of steel.50*Ec) dc = depth of concrete in compression.m Kn. σs σs = Stress in tensile reinforcement.35 44.57E-04 9. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. M = Total service bending moment.69 1.80 Kn. s = Spacing between steel bars. 4.m ) M DL M LL 2.m N/mm2 N/mm2 Ec = Modulus of elasticity of concrete. Cnom = Clear Nominal cover. Crack width = ( 3 * acr * εc ) / (1 + 2 * ( acr-Cnom ) / ( h-dc )) = 0. 4. Properties of Section b h d 1000 250 170 645 12 175 50 mm mm mm mm2 mm mm mm b = Width of section.12E-04 mm mm4 Kn.89 acr = distance from the crack point considered to the surface of nearest longitudinal bar. ABU DHABI. n = Es / (0. 3.084 mm Safe of crack width 09 Aug.70 116. εs ε1 εm acr εs = Strain in tensile reinforcement.

Restraint Factor clause 5.0.5 * 0.0002 = 0. bar size. = 12 mm = 0.0002 ] / ( 2 * 0.6 clause 5.3 clause 5. As = ( fct / fb ) * Ac * φ * [R (εsh + εth) .0001 + 0.5 * εult ] / ( 2 * w ) clause 5.80 * 0. As provided = T12-175 at Top & Bottom Surface = 2 * 113 / 0.50 = 0.80 * α * (T1 + T2) = 0.7 fct / fb = 0.0. Gross area of section.3 clause 5. PLOT NO.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.0001 = 0. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 5.67 Ac = 250 * 1000 = 250000 mm2. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND. ABU DHABI.000012 * (30 + 20) = 0.20 ) As required = 955 mm2.00048) .50 * (0. Check of Early Thermal Cracking Early thermal cracking shall be checked according to BD28. 2010 Page 11 of 12 .175 As provided = 1290 mm2 > As required OK 09 Aug.20 φ R εult εsh εth εth w allowable crack width As required = 0.00048 = 0.4.67 * 250000 * 12 * [ 0.

975 kN/m2.40 * 10 = 21. UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Structural Design of Swimming Pools 6. Assuming the vertical wall weight shall acting on 1. = 0.40 kN/m’ Total pressure on the soil = 21. Check Soil Bearing Capacity Thickness of Plain concrete Slab Thickness of Reinforced Base Slab The maximum water depth Pressure on soil due to base slab and water = 0.00m width of base slab. PLOT NO.25 m. ABU DHABI. = 0. 09 Aug. 2010 Page 12 of 12 . = 1.DEVELOPMENT OF BEACH HOTEL & RESORT.25 * 25 + 1. Weight of vertical wall = 0.36 * 1.36 kg/cm2.60 * 25 = 14.98 + 14.10 m. = 0.40 = 36.38 kN/m2.075 * 23 + 0. (SB-06) SAADIYAT ISLAND.40 m.

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