P. 1


|Views: 252|Likes:
leadership skill
leadership skill

More info:

Published by: Hitkaran Singh Ranawat on Jan 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Top 10 Leadership Qualities What are the top 10 leadership qualities?

You shall come to know the most important traits a person must possess in order to become a good leader. Read on. Possessing leadership traits is itself a quality that is seldom bestowed in an individual. However, leadership qualities can be acquired by experience and following the path tread by great leaders in history. A leader has certain abilities and attributes that distinguish him from the masses. A person who listens to the grievances of his subordinates with patience, and acts rightfully, is capable of becoming a leader. One who is confident enough to put forth his views and can convince people to follow him willingly is a leader. A good leader is stubborn and magnanimous at the same time. Leadership qualities need to be understood, inculcated and practiced in order to etch a reputation in the good books of an organization and in the minds of people. Top 10 Leadership Qualities List 1. Assertive Being assertive should not be confused as stubborn and aggressive. Assertiveness is required to present your views clearly in front of others to avoid ambiguity and misunderstandings. On the flip side, you should be generous enough to consider the expectations of your followers from you. The basic difference between being assertive and being aggressive is how our words and behavior affect the rights and well being of others ~ Sharon Anthony 2. Optimistic Pessimism has no place in the head of a good leader. Leadership qualities and skills can be garnered when you have an optimistic approach towards everything. Pessimism breeds low self-confidence and low self-esteem, making you vulnerable to conflicts and disputes with your underlings and colleagues. Always the eternal optimist, President Reagan instilled confidence and optimism at a time when both were in short supply in our country ~ Jim Ramstad 3. Visionary Being a visionary is one of the most important characteristic of a good leader. You cannot progress unless you can foresee better things in life. You need to act wisely in the present and understand how things are going in the organization and set strategies accordingly. Change is the law of life. And those who look only to the past or present are certain to miss the future. John F. Kennedy 4. Courteous Leadership is not about being obstinate, adamant and self seeking. Among the top 10 qualities, this is one of the most important attributes through which respect and humility can be earned. You must appreciate your subordinates when they have achieved something and encourage them in all possible ways. Your ego should not hold you back from interacting courteously with your followers. No one can make you feel inferior without your consent ~ Eleanor Roosevelt 5. Decisive Imbecile character, inability to take right decisions, confused attitude and dependency negate the growth process of an individual. You must be capable of taking right decisions without hesitation and possess good judgmental power. One of the true tests of leadership is the ability to recognize a problem before it becomes an emergency ~ Arnold H. Glasgow 6. Creative A creative mind can stretch to any limits to introduce new schemes, policies and implement new plans for progress of an organization. In this regard you must be a good team worker and should be open to suggestions from your teammates. Your creative skills will be appreciated only when you praise the work of others. Don't let anything stop you. There will be times when you'll be disappointed, but you can't stop. Make yourself the very best that you can make of what you are. The very best ~ Sadie T. Alexander 7. Motivative

You should motivate and encourage your employees in every possible ways. People should approach you to get mental boost to bring out the best in them. In view of this, you can conduct regular interactive sessions with your employees. Your leadership traits should set an example for creating more leaders in the future. A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way ~ John C. Maxwell 8. Communicative Lacking communication skills hinders self growth. You must be able to delegate your views to others. This way people will come to you know you and vice versa. Your message should be conveyed throughout the organization and you must be assured that people are willing to accept without grudges. This way chaos and pandemonium is also avoided. The ear of the leader must ring with the voices of the people Woodrow Wilson 9. Informative You have to keep your senses open to perceive your surroundings. Instead of being a self seeker, you should look at the root level of any cause. You must know the happenings of every layer of society and keep yourself abreast of the current affairs. You can grow as an individual when you are courageous enough to accept and see things in a broader aspect. An individual has not started living until he can rise above the narrow confines of his individualistic concerns to the broader concerns of all humanity Martin Luther King, Jr. 10. Personality You can acquire a pleasing personality through your actions and words even though if you are not endowed with them. You presence should inspire awe among others present along with you. And this is exactly what we call, a charismatic persona! Amongst the good leadership qualities, possessing good sense of humor is also important. If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader ~ John Quincy Adams After reading these qualities, I'm sure you must be assured of what makes a good leader. Apart from all these, you should be a good individual, capable of leading others and courageous enough to face any kind of situation. I end my article, with my favorite leadership quote, by Nelson Mandela, It is better to lead from behind and to put others in front, especially when you celebrate victory when nice things occur. You take the front line when there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership. Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/top-10leadership-qualities.html Effective Leadership Qualities and Skills To be a leader takes more than just skill, it's all about playing your cards right at your work place! Here are some essentially effective leadership qualities and skills that can help you shape the future of your organization. Have you ever been the kind to always take initiative in various activities or have you been the kind to shy away from being in the limelight? The true essence of leadership lies in your basic personality as well. With increase in work pressures, being a good leader is not only about being excellent at your job but also being the one who develops the skills to manage people well. So, what are the kinds of skills that are needed to be an effective leader? Here, we shall have a quick look at some of the various qualities and skills that can help you tackle various situations with ease. Having the Right Perspective Whatever your task may be, it always helps to have the right perspective or approach towards various work-related issues. Knowing about all the nitty-gritties of your work will help you to plan and strategize better. A true leader is able to visualize his/her goals and plans things accordingly. This would also enable proper distribution of tasks and ensure productive results. Giving Constructive Feedback Effective leadership skills are not just about showing your superiority in things, rather it would be a wise idea for you to give constant feedback to your colleagues or sub-ordinates. Being very meticulous about your approach would help you achieve your targets with ease. Always ensure you praise when the job is well done and criticize when needed, gently. If you wish for any job to be well done, you need to approach the matter professionally. Ranting and raving about issues would only put you in a bad light. However, you might achieve better results from your juniors if you tackle the matter professionally. Another very important point that is often overlooked is the fact that it is optimally important to take feedback from your team as well. Remember, upward feedback will only direct you towards what you need to do to

in keeping with the goals of the organization. the people honor and praise. . The next. The position of a good leader is indispensable. Delegating Responsibilities An effective leader is one who can delegate tasks to the right people.buzzle. energies. This would only help you to have better working conditions. As for the best leaders. tenacity. Honesty is a very helpful tool to keep a team together and make the full use of it. enthusiasm. and also cause many to emulate him/her. An effective leader will develop the right skills required to maintain a healthy and happy atmosphere at work! These were some qualities and skills. good character. To lead people. be honest! Do what you say and say what you do. One should also learn to identify problem areas at work and handle them to create an enjoyable atmosphere that's conducive for work. If you feel that you will be unable to deliver something to the client within a specific date. By having the right approach and spirit towards work. the way you make decisions will have direct effects on exactly how efficiently the team works and of course the eventual output. you can motivate others to be equally energized about work.. you will achieve all the targets and get productive results. it is never too late to inculcate good values and habits. be considerate and work towards eliminating the hindrances and do not focus on blaming your team. The next best. Give authority to deserving people and ensure they help other teammates to perform better. With the right perspective towards things. When the schedule is tough. you can loosen up slightly and create a happy atmosphere to make everyone feel at ease. A good leader has the knack to align his team members and prepare them to take on any challenge that may lay in their path towards success. 'We did it ourselves!' . When the best leader's work is done the people say. We take a look at the four most important leadership qualities. However. the people hate . confidence.Lao-Tsu Good leaders are required in all walks of life. you can successfully implement these at work and achieve fruitful results.html Four Most Important Leadership Qualities of Good Leader Confidence and communication skill are just some of the plethora of attributes that a good leader should possess.become a better leader and how you should go about offering the best interests to your teammates. the people do not notice their existence.. This would help you to keep things in check and streamline things in the workplace. Remember. in all professional fields. Setting Goals Always set goals for yourself and your team. If there appear to be glitches that hinder the process of achieving these goals. Learn to tap the potential skills and distribute tasks accordingly. Otherwise. Some of the important ones include . and the next. Read more at Buzzle: http://www. However. Do not promise promotions or raises to your employees if you will be unable to give it to them.com/articles/effective-leadership-qualities-and-skills. hard work.. walk beside them . etc. Creating an Enjoyable Atmosphere Effective leadership qualities are not only about setting an example or handling tasks at work.a strong personality. And as they say.. Possessing the Right Spirit! An effective leader needs to lead and set an example. Also. Make sound decisions with precision and here only objectivity can give you clarity. resources and time will all be wasted. be a little firm about things. the people fear. This will only increase frustration levels within a team. you can set short-term goals that would help you to assess situations and implement the required changes in the organization. A good leader can motivate and inspire those around them to strive to achieve much more than they thought they could. Good leadership is a universal and timeless need. When your team has done excellently. Here is an account of those qualities. there are four qualities that are most desirable in a good leader. There are a number of qualities that one seeks for in a potential leader. Knowing and identifying the strengths and weaknesses of your team would help you to manage things efficiently. When you have a happy set of people working for the organization. always set goals that a re realistic and achievable. With the right thought process. There can be nothing better than working for an organization that has a complete streamlined function about various work-related issues. then say it truthfully.

despite the arduous and bumpy road to getting there. especially the minorities. It is claimed that higher the risk. Good leaders have a self-esteem and self-confidence to ride out of any tough situation. not the negativity. Where most people quit. It is not possible for a person to please everyone. Someone who is happy being where he/she is will never make a good leader. A good leader should also possess superior interviewing skills in order to choose the right candidate. Only a tough leader Will be able to live through and overcome such periods of trials. Ability and Confidence to Take Risks A leader needs to have the ability to take risks. The constant urge for innovation is one of the most important leadership qualities. there will be more than single occasion when a leader will be questioned about his/her judgment and / or decisions. A good leader should hence be able to weigh the pay-off of each situation properly. a leader should be good at reading body language. Superior Communication Skills Effective leadership necessitates good communication skills. dedication and excellence. A leader has to be open to constructive feedback. but should also have the ability to convince others and communicate their vision to their team. and although these pages focus on . I mean talkingAND listening skills. People are quick to remove such leaders from the pedestals they had set them upon. the role of a leader goes beyond himself. A good leader thrives on the energy of stressful situations. To end the article on a positive and hopeful note." Superior leadership is essential in today's highpressure competitive world. Through their actions. A leader doesn't accept society's definitions of what is possible and what isn't. Indeed. A leader is always under the microscope. it also extends to the team he creates/elects. However. He should clearly communicate the objectives and procedures required for a task. This ability comes with confidence in your decisions and yourself. enthuse and build respect. the conviction and the will to carry on. Leaders should possess the ability to ask the right questions. this separation comes from carrying responsibilities that only a leader is capable of. Leadership creates a certain separation from one's peers.4 Pillars of Good Leadership 1. A leader needs to create a proper system of communication for the organization. A leader who does that soon loses his/her position. Mental Strength and Stability A leader needs to be mentally strong. Going the Extra Mile Good leaders always put more effort than the organization expects from them. Leaders do not only motivate themselves in personal development but also motivate those around them. However. Leaders must be able to limit the impact of stress on their lives. A good leader should not rest on past laurels. A leader should possess the ability to live with criticism and not be affected by it. Though not absolutely a prerequisite. He should also have a stability and calm about his personality. Everything is possible for a good leader. These skills are highly sought after by employers as they involve dealing with people in such a way as to motivate. a good leader must be able to keep his/her own counsel until the proper time. I will quote Walter Lippmann . Ideally a leader wants people to follow them because of the trust and respect they have earned – not because they are told to. they persevere. It helps the leader to be in tune with the modern times."The final test of a leader is that he leaves behind him in other men. go beyond connotations and achieve something extraordinary. All interactions should take place without hurting anybody. They do activities that the majority of people won't do. It enables the leader to prepare his/her team to face new challenges much more effectively. a leader should set an example to their team. higher is the gain. By communication skills. Good leaders do what is necessary to upgrade their knowledge and skills and be on the cutting edge in their field. Good leaders refuse to allow norms and limits defined by society to guide their actions or plans. The ability to lead effectively is based on a number of key skills. A leader should motivate his team to work and strive to do better. 4. All these things contribute to make them a good leader. 2. a leader should be able to prepare his team to such a level that they would never need another leader ever again. Leadership roles are all around us. 3. not just in a work environment. it need not always be so. They break all barriers. A leader must be able to be strong in such a situation.

problems can become opportunities and learning experiences. A good leader will delegate responsibility to team members and. Leadership Strengths There are certain strengths and qualities that help a person become a more effective leader. Strong leaders embrace change and can adapt quickly and efficiently to new situations since they learn to balance opportunity and risk while being aware of their (and their team‟s) strengths and weaknesses. Decision-making in leadership however involves other people as leaders need followers.that is providing the support necessary for the team to achieve their goals. leadership is all about having a vision of where you want to be and making decisions along the way to get closer to achieving this vision. The direction a leader takes in order to realise their vision is likely to change.. . with the help of motivation and facilitation.. from those related to the people in your team when mediation skills may be needed. but rather keep an open mind on the subject and provide information about the skills good leaders need. the more the leader learns about the direction needed to get there. With a positive attitude. People with vested interests in the subject of leadership (academics and those offering leadership training or literature of some sort) are convinced that leadership skills can be taught. Many successful leaders however have never had any formal training. Along the way to achieving the vision the leader will come upon many problems. With this in mind. A common mistake of a leader is to try to do everything themselves. so the decisionmaking process will usually have an impact on your team of followers. Delegation also allows the leader to learn more about the strengths and weaknesses of the team members and therefore make better informed decisions about individual roles and responsibilities. Problems come in all shapes and sizes. By listening to team-members. hence problem solving is therefore another key leadership skill. their personalities and personas that make them successful leaders. followers will not be afraid to discuss problems or potential problems. the skills can be applied to any situation where you are required to take the lead. through facilitation. find a way to an appropriate solution. Support may be as simple as words of encouragement or a specific tool needed to perform a task. The question “Can leadership be taught?” has no simple answer and we do not want to argue for one side or the other. As with anything in life. for them it is a state of mind. to those of a more strategic nature and everything in between. a good leader also needs strong „people skills' since a leader needs to be able to communicate the vision and motivate the team to follow. Skills a Good Leader Needs See our pages on Decison Making Perhaps the most important skill a leader needs is to be able to make decisions. Read on to know all about leadership strengths and qualities. with trust and respect. things do not always go according to plan and leadership is no exception. A leader also needs to be a strong facilitator .leadership skills from the perspective of working in an organisation. A leader‟s biggest asset is information as the more information a leader possesses about the how to achieve the vision or individual goals along the way. a leader can often learn about the barriers preventing a goal from being achieved and. Problems provide information and therefore good problem solving is a very powerful skill for the leader. A good leader will not be afraid of problems and. aim to enable success. You can of course learn about effective leadership skills and practices but being able to implement them yourself may require an altogether different set of skills and attitudes.

listening will make sure that you connect with your team members on a personal level. which will improve the performance of your team greatly. Leadership is about asking the questions. Key Strengths for Leadership Task Execution There's many a slip between cup and lip. This can go against them as the team members then tend to lose respect for their leader. I believe that leaders are made. If the success is shared. Furthermore. which in general. Coming up with a brilliant idea and executing that idea are two completely different things. This makes it look like the group is following a dictatorship. Managers ask. So in fact. Thus. So. This will be a hard time for you but you need to understand that you have to be patient. or is creating visions – in this context a vision is an overarching idea or achievable dream. These are certain strengths a person needs to capitalize on to be able to execute effective leadership.Leadership is the ability of a person to guide people in a group towards achieving a task at hand. Hence. you may fail. Furthermore. one of the most important strengths is the ability to listen to your teammates. you need to be the peacemaker. Envision Before you go on to put any kind of strategy into place. ‘what’ and ‘why’ and empowering people (followers) by giving them the responsibility to do things right. Thus. There are many leadership qualities that help you to become a good leader. no matter how irrelevant or unrealistic it may be. this is one of the most important leadership strengths. ‘how’ and work mainly with processes. when an idea is conveyed. one of the important strengths is to be a visionary because you need to have a very clear vision about how to go about a task at hand. brings down the morale of the group. ensure that you take an equal amount of responsibility in the failure. You need to genuinely listen to your team members because they are the only ones that will tell you if you go wrong at any point of time. This is important because the expectations of the entire group will ride on your shoulders. then so must the failure be shared. You need to be realistic yet optimistic about the prospects involved in any task and must take into consideration all the risks involved. when the team fails. learn from it and try to improvise as a leader. then you may lose the respect of your team. . there is always scope for discord and dispute within group members. Listen Being the leader does not mean that you own the people you work with. a number of visions. given below is a list that entails the important strengths of leadership that you need to keep in mind to be a good leader. Bringing an idea to life is lot easier said than done. This will earn you respect and the most loyal team members you can ever hope to find. Thus. models and systems – things. There is a fine line between having followers that follow you out of respect and having followers that follow because they have no choice. Leaders therefore work with people and their emotions. keeping the long term and short term goals and repercussions in mind. People often confuse the terms manager and leader. Irrespective of what the saying is. Relationship Building No two people are alike and hence. So accept your mistake. An idea really comes to life only when it is executed to perfection. You need to be the one who manages to listen to both sides of the story from an unbiased third persons point of view. you need to understand and envision what you wish to achieve. they are not born and a person can always be a good leader if he capitalizes on the above given list of strengths. blaming them for failure will only add to your resentment. Hence. you need to be a team player. A leader has a vision. leadership strengths are essential qualities that distinguish a good leader from a bad one. they are not the same thing although it is possible to be both. be sure to never outrightly rule out any kind of suggestion offered. even the thinking of no two people will match. Thus. relationship building within and out of a team is one of the most important strengths that a person needs to keep in mind. Managers plan: planning is used to enable the manager to do the job well. In such cases. Lashing out at your team members. Accept Mistakes There will be times when as a leader and as a group. For this. Any kind of discord in the team reflects in the end result and the efficiency of the task performed. Do not cower to admit defeat because if you do so. Many people tend to get carried away and do not listen to their team members.

higher grades in academic work and increased health and wellbeing. improved self-esteem and confidence. This is down to how we think about things – if you think about doing something right you tend to think about mechanisms or ‘how-to’s’ of the task at hand: this is what a manager does. take risks. the table below is based on his work: A Manager A Leader Administers Innovates Maintains Develops Focuses on systems and structure Focuses on people and emotions Controls systems and people Inspires people Accepts the way things are Challenges the way things are Has a short-range view Has a long-range perspective Manages tasks Leads people Risky Leaders and Careful Managers Part of our Leadership Skills section The distinction between the manager and leader is also about the risks (or perceived risks) that either will take. This is not surprising when you consider that good listening skills can lead to: better customer satisfaction. traumatic childhoods. and how the other person uses his or her body. . without the ability to listen effectively messages are easily misunderstood – communication breaks down and the sender of the message can easily become frustrated or irritated. but how it is told.One of the most famous distinctions between managers and leaders was made by Warren Bennis. people who work under them and follow the rules. A leader can turn problems into opportunities and will happily break rules in order to get things done. Leaders often use transformational benefits as motivators for their followers. Managers tend to be risk-averse whereas leaders are generally more likely to take risks. including: a greater number of friends and social networks. Managers tend to be more focused on the status quo and will try to minimise risk. This perhaps taught them the independence of mind that is needed to do things differently. Managers have subordinates. at least when they are leading (many are also managers). the use of language and voice. that is the belief that somehow the follower will become a better person for following. The roles of manager and leader are often blurred and. Studies have shown that. Listening is key to all effective communication. due to individual personalities and skills. In other words. Such motivators are very powerful. Your ability to listen effectively depends on the degree to which you perceive and understand these messages. it means being aware of both verbal and non-verbal messages. Following is a voluntary action and is achieved. Charisma comes from excellent interpersonal skills and the understanding that you cannot tell people what to do. whereas listening requires more than that: it requires focus. a professor at the University of Southern California. better working conditions or other benefits. Listening is so important that many top employers give regular listening skills training for their employees. have followers. dyslexia. listening brings it down. and to not worry about what others are thinking about them. whereas speaking raises blood pressure. more so than more traditional work-related motivators such as money. We hope this article has helped to confirm that managers and leaders are in fact two entirely different people. increased sharing of information that in turn can lead to more creative and innovative work. greater productivity with fewer mistakes. Listening is not the same as hearing. although this does not necessarily make them thrill-seekers. Good listening skills also have benefits in our personal lives. Listening is the ability to accurately receive messages in the communication process. Leaders are concerned with fulfilling their vision and therefore consider it natural to encounter problems and barriers that must be overcome along the way. They are generally more comfortable with risk and therefore accept that the direction needed to reach their vision is not always the easiest path. it may not always be obvious who is a leader in any given situation. you have to inspire them and make them want to follow you. Bennis believes that “Managers do things right but leaders do the right things”. Hearing refers to the sounds that you hear. Bennis goes on to compare these thoughts in more detail. Listening means paying attention not only to the story. A surprising number of leaders have overcome some form of handicap in their lives: for example. Doing the right thing however is a much more philosophical concept and makes us think about the future. and even being shorter than average. by the charisma of the leader. Leaders. at least in part. about vision and dreams: this is a trait of a leader.

talk over them or finish their sentences for them. Just listen.others like to sit still. Listening is not the same as hearing and in order to listen effectively you need to use more than just your ears. 16% reading and 9% writing. 2. just listen. Rosenfeld. Be Patient A pause. of this an average of 45% is spent listening compared to 30% speaking. is it going to rain – try to put other thoughts out of mind and concentrate on the messages that are being communicated. even a long pause.some people are for example more nervous or shy than others. shuffle papers. Perhaps the most important thing we ever give each other is our attention. we would have two tongues and one ear. Remove Distractions Focus on what is being said: don‟t doodle. These behaviours disrupt the listening process and send messages to the speaker that you are bored or distracted. R. 4. Let go of preconceived ideas. what time do I need to leave to catch my train. . some have regional accents or make excessive arm movements.” Rachel Naomi Remen We spend a lot of our time listening Adults spend an average of 70% of their time engaged in some sort of communication. Empathise Try to understand the other person‟s point of view. do not interrupt. Put the Speaker at Ease Help the speaker to feel free to speak. 7. does not necessarily mean that the speaker has finished. R. Stop Talking “If we were supposed to talk more than we listen. Maintain eye contact but don‟t stare – show you are listening and understanding what is being said. L. R. and Proctor. Be patient and let the speaker continue in their own time. The human mind is easily distracted by other thoughts – what‟s for lunch. listen. 3. Nod or use other gestures or words to encourage them to continue. Focus on what is being said and try to ignore styles of delivery.” Mark Twain. Never interrupt or finish a sentence for someone. look out the window. TX: Harcourt. When the other person has finished talking you may need to clarify to ensure you have received their message accurately. For example. Fort Worth. Avoid Personal Prejudice Try to be impartial. (Adler. (2001) Interplay: the process of interpersonal communicating (8th edn). Listening requires you to concentrate and use your other senses in addition to simply hearing the words spoken. Based on the research of: Adler. Everybody has a different way of speaking . Prepare Yourself to Listen Relax. some people like to pace whilst talking . Avoid unnecessary interruptions. you should consider that the verbal and non-verbal messages are in conflict.. When somebody else is talking listen to what they are saying. 5.“The most basic and powerful way to connect to another person is to listen. Don't become irritated and don't let the person‟s habits or mannerisms distract you from what they are really saying. sometimes it takes time to formulate what to say and how to say it. Remember their needs and concerns. et al. they maybe don't mean what they say. Listening involves observing body language and noticing inconsistencies between verbal and non-verbal messages. Stop. Put other things out of mind. if someone tells you that they are happy with their life but through gritted teeth or with tears filling their eyes. (See our page: What is Empathy?) 6. pick your fingernails or similar. 2001). Don't talk. By having an open mind we can more fully empathise with the speaker. but also to what is left unsaid or only partially said. If the speaker says something that you disagree with then wait and construct an argument to counter what is said but keep an open mind to the views and opinions of others. 1. Look at issues from their perspective. Focus on the speaker. 10 Principles of Listening See also: Verbal Communication A good listener will listen not only to what is being said.

The leadership activities enable them to handle challenges and thereby make them responsible. These days. Participants will first have to understand the nature or behavioral traits of different types of leaders and then play their roles. The activity of role-playing creates a playful atmosphere in which different facets of leadership can be studied.8. One can make use of different scenarios in order to play these roles. efforts to provide leadership training in order to develop leadership skills of students are made by many universities and colleges. In the process of event planning and its execution. (See our page on non-verbal communication) Do not jump to conclusions about what you see and hear. It has to be developed all by ourselves. and eye-movements can all be important. Different Leadership Activities *click to enlarge image Community Service Role Playing Debate Event Planning Leadership is one thing that cannot be taught. it is therefore. College students can develop their inherent leadership qualities through these activities. blamer. The activities mentioned below should enable students to take challenges. know-it-all. not just isolated bits and pieces. For example. letting go of distractions. debating and event planning require active participation and are therefore. Wait and Watch for Non-Verbal Communication Gestures. One should therefore. tone and volume of voice in certain situations – let these help you to understand the emphasis of what is being said. The activities mentioned below are few such interesting tasks used for motivating individuals and allowing them to develop their inherent leadership qualities. One can learn a lot about leadership through these activities. (See our page on Effective Speaking for more) 9. you learn to . an act in which a leader dealing with an employee who has arrived late to office is commonly used for this activity. Listen to the Tone Volume and tone both add to what someone is saying. 10. We don‟t just listen with our ears but also with our eyes – watch and pick up the additional information being transmitted via non-verbal communication. You should always seek clarification to ensure that your understanding is correct. A good speaker will use both volume and tone to their advantage to keep an audience attentive. Participants will have to play roles of leaders who embody the personalities like self-absorbed. Event Planning Planning an event in the college and executing it properly requires you to possess many different skills. One should however. Leadership Activities for College Students The different kinds of leadership activities for college students are listed in this article. everybody will use pitch. participants have to play roles of different kinds of leaders. understand that adversity is a factor that helps in the rise of leaders. Such an activity help us understand how leaders with different personality types react to a certain situation. paternalistic. lecturer. facial expressions. The first thing that students would need is the courage to handle a real-time event all by themselves. it becomes clear that they have fought through difficult and mind-boggling situations. necessary to arrange programs and activities which push the participants to their limits or at least test them to some extent. With proper concentration. Role Playing In this leadership program. Maybe one of the most difficult aspects of listening is the ability to link together pieces of information to reveal the ideas of others. Some of the activities like roleplaying. Listen for Ideas – Not Just Words You need to get the whole picture. In this activity. and focus this becomes easier. etc. useful. Completing the activity without any or minimal hitches should be the participant's target. Even if we take a look at profiles of great leaders. acquire new skills and bring about positive changes in their personality. Leaders are known for their ability to face challenges. pose challenges before individuals for leadership development. different people can play roles of different types of leaders in the same scenario.

the activities mentioned above act as a medium for the same. Without speech. The participants have to choose one quote each from the list. emotional state. The activity of handling different responsibilities raises the confidence of students by teaching them how to delegate the work properly.but how it is said and the non-verbal messages sent through tone of voice. It is easy to think about communication involving a sender and a receiver of a message. and dress to form an impression of the other's role. Each of the participants have to explain what they found appealing in their respective quotes.html What is Interpersonal Communication? Interpersonal communication is the process by which people exchange information. Participating in Debates A good leader is expected to possess excellent communication skills along with qualities like time management. Participating in debates prepares a person to understand different views on a particular topic. Presenting a topic and providing valid reasons in its support is the main job of those participating in a debate. If two or more participants choose a single quote then they can share their different perspectives on a single thought (quote). It requires patience to listen to the counter-arguments and respond to them. personality and/or intentions. Community Project Work The 'Youth Community Service' projects help in the development of leadership qualities and also make college students aware of their social responsibility. an activity which helps the participant to understand a problem from different perspectives. Even if a person possesses the required qualities and attributes needed for leadership. facial expressions. feelings. For completing a particular task. Heads of companies meet people from various backgrounds. he/she needs a medium to demonstrate them. Read more at Buzzle: http://www. Interpersonal communication is not just about what is actually said . gestures and body language. Debate is thus. then communication is taking place. Commonly these elements include: The Communicators For any communication to occur there must be at least two people involved. Explaining to them (clients included) the goals of a company.buzzle. one of the leadership activities for college students which draws them out of their comfort zones. This activity can bring to the fore some interesting and innovative ideas pertaining to leadership development. However. Choose Your Quote For this activity. is very important. facial expression. Leadership and management skills can be developed in the process of event planning. you also need to keep in mind the budget and available resources. the ability to communicate your views and thoughts in a proper manner is highly important.the language used . When two or more people are in the same place and are aware of each other's presence. etc. an observer may be using cues of posture. you'll have to write down few leadership quotes on a whiteboard. people receive messages through such forms of nonverbal behaviour. Although no communication may be intended. etc. the problem with this way of seeing a relationship is that it presents communication as a one-way process where one person sends the message and the other receives it.com/articles/leadership-activities-for-college-students. the way of working. Elements of Interpersonal Communication See also: Listening Skills Much research has been done to try to break down interpersonal communication into a number of elements in order that it can be more easily understood. delegating tasks. be of great help for future leaders in developing their communication skills. The activity of debate should therefore. Organizing debates on current issues provides food for the brain and it also requires the students to research the topic thoroughly. The underlying meaning of the quote being chosen should be elaborated in detail. no matter how subtle or unintentional. The activities presented in this article can be of great help to students in developing the skills needed for becoming a good leader.manage the time properly. and meaning through verbaland non-verbal messages: it is face-to-face communication. In this activity. . It is therefore. Participating in these activities also has a positive effect on the overall personality and not just the leadership traits of the participants.

inappropriate body language. responsibilities and relative status of the participants. Feedback allows the sender to regulate. any distortions or inconsistencies that occur during an attempt to communicate can be seen as noise. Uses of Interpersonal Communication See also: Verbal Communication Interpersonal communication can be used to:      Give and collect information. with people sending and receiving messages to and from each other. for example the roles. The Message Message not only means the speech used or information conveyed. Observe and think about the following factors:      Who are the communicators? What messages were exchanged? What (if any) noise distorts the message? How is feedback given? What is the context of the communication? By observing others you will start to think about how you communicate and be more aware of the messages you send. which allows the sender to know how accurately the message has been received. However. In other words. both verbal and non-verbal. for example in a room. disinterest. Express personal needs and understand the needs of others. Influence the attitudes and behaviour of others. however during a telephone conversation the channel is limited to speech alone. but also the non-verbal messages exchanged such asfacial expressions. Context All communication is influenced by the context in which it takes place. other factors are considered to be „noise‟. The use of complicated jargon. (See Effective Speech) When you have the opportunity to observe some interpersonal communication. communication is an interactive process. Make sense of the world and our experiences in it. as well as the receiver's reaction. so that what is received is different from what is intended by the speaker. Feedback Feedback consists of messages the receiver returns. make a mental note of the behaviours used. adapt or repeat the message in order to improve communication. the social context also needs to be considered. In face-to-face context the channels which are used are speech and vision. or perhaps outdoors. tone of voice. . it can reveal more about emotional attitudes which may underlie the content of speech. Whilst physical 'noise' (for example. gestures and body language. and cultural differences can be considered 'noise' in the context of interpersonal communication. Types of feedback range from direct verbal statements. two-way processes. inattention. for example "Say that again. Form contacts and maintain relationships.In fact communications are almost always complex. office. Non-verbal behaviour can convey additional information about the message spoken. In other words. Channel The channel refers to the physical means by which the message is transferred from one person to another. background sounds or a low-flying jet plane) can interfere with communication. Noise Noise has a special meaning in communication theory. The emotional climate and participants' expectations of the interaction will also affect the communication. It refers to anything that distorts the message. I don't understand". The receiver may also respond to the unintentional message as well as the intentional message. In particular. apart from looking at the situational context of where the interaction takes place. to subtle facial expressions or changes in posture that might indicate to the sender that the receiver feels uncomfortable with the message.

and you may not even need PowerPoint at all! Many people feel terrified when asked to make their first public talk. Regulate power. always aim to give a clear. administrator or executive. Presenting information clearly and effectively is a key skill to get your message or opinion across and. Some speakers prefer questions to be raised as they arise during the presentation whilst others prefer to deal with questions at the end. apply for a grant or stand for an elected position. Whether you are a student. we recommend working through our step-by-step guide: What is a Presentation? A presentation is a means of communication which can be adapted to various speaking situations. You might manage your talk by using full text. Fortunately. Deciding the Presentation Method Few people are able to give a presentation without notes. addressing a meeting or briefing a team. then you should probably first spend some time developing your presentation skills. if you wish to start up your own business. Make decisions and solve problems. today. Organising the Material Irrespective of whether the occasion is formal or informal. you should already have started to prepare by developing your ideas and selecting the main points to include. Here you can learn how to develop your presentation skills. Writing Your Presentation This article offers advice on how to write an effective presentation. presentation skills are required in almost every field. you should make it clear whether and when you would prefer to deal with questions. (See also Effective Speaking) Preparing a Presentation Preparation is the most important part of making a successful presentation. Decide in advance how and when you wish to handle questions. Only use visual aids if they are necessary to maintain interest and assist comprehension: do not use them just to demonstrate your technological prowess. Before you write your presentation. step-by-step preparation and the method and means of presenting the information should be carefully considered. If. If visual aids are used well they will enhance a presentation by adding impact and strengthening audience involvement. Dealing with Questions At the start of your presentation. Delivering an inspirational or captivating presentation requires a lot of preparation and work. keywords on cue cards. well-structured delivery. yet if they are managed badly they can ruin a presentation. you may very well be asked to make that dreaded presentation. logical and compelling message. or mind maps Working with Visual Aids Most visual aids will need advance preparation and should be operated with efficiency. This is the crucial foundation and there should be no short-cuts. notes on cue cards. and to your nerves! Coping with Presentation Nerves It is entirely natural to feel nervous before making a presentation. in this position. but these initial fears can be reduced by good preparation which will also lay the groundwork for making an effective presentation. You should know exactly what you want to say and the order in which you want to say it. Managing the Event The practicalities of how you manage your presentation even can make a significant difference to its success. You will need to know your own abilities and decide how best to make the presentation. the first thing you do is open up PowerPoint. . Clarity of ideas and good organisation should result in a lively. To be effective. such as talking to a group. Anticipate and predict behaviour.    Give and receive emotional support. there are some tried and tested strategies and techniques to manage your nerves so that you can concentrate on delivering an effective and engaging presentation.

The likelihood of outside distractions. The availability of equipment. stimulate.. overhead projector. noise from another room. it would also give you the opportunity to try out your voice. what is the objective. Preparation can be broken down into the following elements:       The objective The subject The audience The place Time of day Length of talk The Objective You have been asked to speak to a group of people. but never lose sight of your objective as determined when you were asked and accepted the invitation. Additionally.g. If the room has curtains or blinds. and so that you can ensure the correct ambiance for your presentation. what outcome(s) do you and the audience expect? It is useful to write down the reason you have been asked to present so you can use this as a constant reminder while you prepare the presentation. The availability of parking facilities so you do not have a long walk carrying any equipment you might need to take. The age range . If at all possible. you need to know:         The size of the room. This is relevant if you intend to use visual aids. Ideally. There are many reasons for giving a presentation or talk. . flip chart. The position of the light switches. try to arrange to see the venue before the speaking event. microphone. The Audience Before preparing material for a presentation.a talk aimed at retired people will be quite different from one aimed at teenagers.Preparation is the most important part of making a successful presentation. or provoke? Preparing a Presentation Presentation Skills The Place It is important to have as much advance information as possible about the place where you are going to speak. teach. Tailoring your talk to the audience is important and the following points should be considered:        The size of the group or audience expected.g. ask yourself 'why?' What is the purpose of the presentation. You may be knowledgeable in particular field. This is the crucial foundation and there should be no short-cuts. It does much to quell fear if you can visualise the place while you are preparing your talk. The Subject The subject of what you are going to talk about comes from the objective but they are not necessarily one and the same thing. Gender . as it can be of great benefit to be familiar with the surroundings. computer equipment. The subject may be entirely your choice within certain limitations. e. First. it is worth considering your prospective audience.will the audience be predominantly male or female? Is it a captive audience or will they be there out interest? Will you be speaking in their work or leisure time? Do they know something about your subject already or will it be totally new to them? Is the subject part of their work? Are you there to inform. The seating arrangements and if they can be altered. For example:    The subject may be given to you by an inviting organisation. Check if you need someone to help if you are using audio/visual equipment and need to turn off the lights. The availability of power points and if an extension lead is required for any equipment you intend to use. e..

However. Then tell the audience what you have just told them (by summarising the key points. write down all the points you wish to make. well-structured and interesting. Irrespective of whether the presentation occasion is formal or informal. see our page on Brainstorming. From your notes decide on the most important things that need to be said. A useful structure would be the following: It is advisable to work on the main content first. Clarity of ideas and good organisation should result in a lively. 6 key points are sufficient for a 30 minute presentation. as this could be disastrous if there are other speakers following you. Organising the presentation material may include:     Blue Sky Thinking (the ideas). Find out if there are other speakers and. providing of course that the presentation does not go on for too long when people may have to leave before the presentation has finished. be selective.discussion. analysis and appeal. If you are hoping to persuade people then it is advisable to address potential objections within the presentation so that you present a reasoned. if so. Evening or Weekend: Outside regular office hours. concluding with the main subject again). Selecting the main points. However. For an introduction to Blue Sky Thinking. and this is a good reason for making a presentation succinct. always aim to give a clear. well-balanced view. irrespective of order. Introduction and conclusion. Select the Main Points The talk/presentation should be divided into three sections:       Introduction (beginning) Main Content (middle) Conclusion (end) Tell the audience in the introduction what your subject is and how you have organised the presentation (by stating the key elements). Blue Sky Thinking (The Ideas) Keeping your objectives in mind. 8 key points are sufficient for a 45 minute presentation. argument. You should know exactly what you want to say and the order in which you want to say it. the traffic or cdollecting children from school. Afternoon: Early afternoon is not an ideal time to make a presentations since after lunch people often feel sleepy and lethargic. Deciding whether to illustrate.The Time Often there will be no flexibility in the time of day that a presentation is made. As a guide:    3 key points are sufficient for a 10-15 minute presentation. where you are placed in the running order. if you do have a choice consider the following points: Morning: The morning is the best time to speak because people are generally at their most alert. Mid afternoon is a good time. Length of Talk Always find out how long you have to talk and check if this includes or excludes time for questions. Organising Your Material . wellstructured delivery. logical and compelling message. late morning may start to present problems as people begin to feel hungry and think about lunch. If you have too much material. There is a higher liklihood of audience attention in the evening. people are more likely to be present because they want to be rather than have to be there. Beware of over-running. It is important to remember that people find it difficult to maintain concentration for long periods of time. whereas at the end of the afternoon people may start to worry about getting home. Then tell them the details of the key elements and/or messages (by expanding and qualifying the key points in more detail and providing supporting evidence). Never elect to go last. Arrange the key points in logical order and expand them with supporting material .

Introduction and Conclusion The introduction should give a preview of what you are going to say and should gain the attention of the listeners with a statement of purpose. Writing Your Presentation . and what will the benefit be? “Why?” addresses the next obvious question that arises in the audience. Harnessing the Power of Three In public speaking and rhetorical debate. offer suggestions as to how they can act. The result is that you have the audience on your side immediately. Illustrations of any type should be relevant and fully explained. real-life situations or hypothetical examples to bring them to life. instead of telling people exactly how they should act on your message. How? You could try structuring your presentation by addressing the questions “What?”.Presentation Skills Decide Whether to Illustrate Most talks benefit from personal anecdotes. What will they gain. so that no-one is in any doubt that your presentation is finished. think about what is the benefit of your message. You should also finish by proving what you have just said: providing evidence that what you have just said is beyond dispute using either case studies. You should also aim to write a story that has maximum impact and one which conveys your message in a way that is easily understood by the target audience. thereby breaking your flow and risk being side-tracked. you should already have started to prepare by developing your ideas and selecting the main points to include. Why. Having been told “what”. “Why?” and “How?” to communicate your message to the audience. ideas or numbers. Try not to be too prescriptive here so. Within the main body of your presentation. as well as in much communication. Remember that you should structure your presentation with an introduction. For example. see our previous articles onPreparing Your Presentation and Organising Your Material. “why should I think that?” or “why should that be the case?” Directly addressing the “why?” question in the next stage of your presentation means that you are answering these questions and your talk is following what the audience perceives as a natural route through the material. PowerPoint or other presentation software is often used to support a presentation. the main message or content. The conclusion should repeat the main points but this time try to use different words and summarise the main point and argument. Bear in mind that a talk will last longer if visual aids are used. What. This article offers advice on how to write an effective presentation. Use visual illustrations if anything requires expanding. the audience will naturally then start to think “why should I do that?”. End decisively. easier to understand and remember than four or more. what can they do with the information. divide your key message into three elements and then expand each of these points into three sub-points. “How?” is also the next question that naturally arises in the audience‟s mind: how are they going to achieve what you have just suggested. three is the magic number. This is also the time to ask the audience whether they have any questions. or will invite questions at the end. you might like to consider some standard presentation structures for inspiration. limit the number of bullet points to three on each slide and expand on each of these as you go along. If the presentation is short and informal it is probably not necessary to use any visual aids. personal examples or statistics. If you are a visual aid such as PowerPoint. Before you write your presentation. However. The brain finds it relatively easy to grasp three points at a time: people find three points. your presentation should have three main elements: the introduction. clarifying or simplifying. Make it clear whether you wish to accept questions as they arise during the presentation. Do not use visual aids or PowerPoint just for the sake of it or to show off your technological prowess. From the perspective of the audience. For further explanation. middle and conclusions. he structure and content of your presentation will be unique to you and only you can decide on the best way to present your messages. although care needs to be taken to ensure that this technology aids the presentation and does not detract from the main essence of your talk. and a conclusion. “What?” identifies the key message you wish to communicate. You could therefore structure your presentation about the magic number of three.

When editing presentation content. write a link statement to lead you into the next point. it is important to review and edit this. The following are examples of how you might manage your talk:     Full text Notes on cue cards Keywords on cue cards Mind maps Full Text The main advantage of this method is that the entire text is in front of you so you cannot forget what you want to say. visualize. Decide the Presentation Method Presentation Skills Keywords on Cue Cards Further simplify the information on the cue cards by drawing out keywords that will remind you of the key point you wish to convey. Are there additional visual materials that you could include to illustrate your key points? 6. if you become side-tracked. Check. If you are speaking to a small group. you should know what you are going to say very well so that you can maintain eye contact with your listeners whilst not losing your place. Few people are able to give a presentation without notes. On the bottom of each cue card. Ensure that you are familiar with the main points of your argument and the links between one idea and the next so that you become less reliant on the cards. Is your language presentation friendly? Presentations are spoken and so choose to use accessible and easilyunderstood words (such as those you would use in a conversation) rather than technical or obscure words. it is easy to lose the thread and possibly miss key points. that any presentation slides or illustrations. this method might be overly-formal as written text sounds very formal when spoken outloud. Ensure that the language you use is appropriate for the audience. Use onlyone side of the card and number the cards so ythat you can easily reorder them if you drop them. Mind maps are used to generate. underneath each point. Identify ways of grabbing the audience’s attention. 5.Presentation Skills Editing Your Content Once you have a first draft of your presentation. Using key words is a useful method if you are very familiar with your subject and feel confident in making the presentation. structure. and classify ideas. Reading the text is not always an easy option as it can sound stilted and rather unnatural. Are there any terms they may not be familiar with? If so use more familiar terms or explain the meaning. write all supporting material in a concise way. you should take a break from the presentation before editing so that you can look at your writing with a fresh pair of eyes. 3. and their structure. You will need to know your own abilities and decide how best to make the presentation. Remember that you will be talking through your ideas and that the audience will be listening rather than reading. or other items linked to and arranged around a central key word or idea. Use metaphors to aid understanding and retention. Cue Cards To use cue cards. captions. write your main points on separate index cards and. The advantage of this of using cue cards is that you are speaking directly to the audeince which increases your rapport with them. The advantages of using keywords on clue cards are the same as above but their use increases spontaneity andrapport with the audience even further. However a disadvantage is that. and can be . simple to ease the audience’s understanding. 4. Eliminate long sentences. Small index cards also look more professional than large sheets of paper which may prove difficult to handle. Mind Maps Mind maps are diagrams used to represent words. 2. you should consider the following: 1. and double check. Therefore keep sentences short. titles. The main disadvantage is that you will pay less attention to the group or audience whilst reading the text. ideas. If you read a prepared text. handouts or similar are free from spelling mistakes. Ideally. tasks.

low cost solution to recording interactive meetings and brainstorming sessions. 4. The advantages of using a mind map are similar to those of using keywords on cue words but it is easier to illustrate complex relationships than with keywords. They will be the support for your public speaking presentation. and is sufficiently large to be seen by all the audience. yet if they are managed badly they can ruin a presentation. Draw lines in pencil pages beforehand to help you keep your writing legible and straight. Only use blue or black marker pens: it will be difficult for those at the back of the room to see any other colours. When writing on the flip chart. before your presentation. Bear in mind that white background of a whiteboard can cause contrast problems for people with vision impairment. make your letters at least 2-3 inches tall. Arrive early and be sure that the flip chart is positioned so that you can get to it easily when you need it. Do not turn your back on your audience. Most visual aids will need advance preparation and should be operated with efficiency. the audience during brainstorming sessions. check what facilities are available in advance so that you can plan your presentation accordingly. 6. Throw away any pens that do not work. Also ensure that you use non-permanent pens (sometimes referred to as dry-wipe pens) rather than permanent markers so that your writing can be erased later. 2. However. You can however use the colour red to accentuate things already written in blue or black. you should ensure that your handwriting is legible. Remember that writing on a whiteboard takes time and that you will have to turn your back to the audience to do so. 3. you should make sure you know how this works. and for recording interaction with. Do not use visual aids just to demonstrate your technological competence. Only use visual aids if they are necessary to maintain interest and assist comprehension. and practice using it. If you wish to use such aids in an unfamiliar room or location. using mind maps as a presentation aid requires you to be familiar with the subject material and a confident speaker. 5. whiteboards are good for developing an explanation. If visual aids are used well they will enhance a presentation by adding impact and strengthening audience involvement. If you have access to an interactive whiteboard. Ensure that it is positioned so that you can stand next to it and write while still facing your audience. Flip Chart A flip charts is a popular. A flip chart can be prepared in advance and is portable. if the audience is large. If using a whiteboard. 7. The following points may help you to use a flip chart effectively: 1. Plan out your pages as you are writing the outline for your presentation. Make sure you have to hand several markers pens that work. However. aligned horizontally. a flip chart will be too small to be seen by everyone. and comments from. diagrams and simple headings. The following are examples of visual aids:        Whiteboard Flip chart Over-head projector (OHP) Slides Video PowerPoint or other presentation software Handouts Whiteboard If available.used as notes to aid a presentation. . again. They are ideal for collecting ideas and responses from the audience and are good for spontaneous summaries.

many seasoned teachers. from a DVD or with an Internet connection via You Tube or other online sources. sweaty palms. but can be difficult to fit into a presentation structure. however.. Consider the best time and method to distribute any handouts. the use of slides has largely been replaced by PowerPoint or other presentation software in professional situations. care must be taken to talk to the audience and not the screen. The audience may also appreciate being able to make their own notes on the printed handout during the presentation. and other presenters always feel nervous beforehand despite having given hundreds of presentations. Care should be taken. Your audience will not see the pencil notes. If you do choose this try to have a practice run well in advance of a presentation so that you are confident when giving the presentation itself. PowerPoint Use of PowerPoint and other presentation software is very common when presenting today. If a computer connected to a projector is available then videos can be played as files. Unlike with other methods of presentation. If you need to refer to something that you wrote on a page at a later point in your presentation. When you are in a heightened state from the adrenaline that is being pumped around your body. If you are using slides. 9. 10. Video Videos are excellent for training purposes. both in written and graphic form. Giving out handouts at the start of a talk will take time and the audience may start to read these rather than listen to what the speaker is saying. you . there are some tried and tested strategies and techniques to manage your nerves so that you can concentrate on delivering an effective and engaging presentation. Videos can also be built into a presentation using PowerPoint or other presentation software. However. as with other visual aids. Like OHPs. They command attention but. on the flip chart to help remind yourself of all the important points to be included. you will not be able to add any spontaneous notes or records to the slides. If you have something that you want to present and then accentuate during the presentation or discussion. if your presentation contains complex graphs or charts. ensure that they are prepared in the correct order. Working with Visual Aids Presentation Skills Over-Head Projector (OHP) Displays can be prepared on acetates. Presentation software packages such as PowerPoint can automatically generate handouts from your presentation slides. Slides Slides of excellent visual quality can have great impact on any size of group . Indeed. the audience will appreciate receiving the handout before the presentation starts since they may find it easier to view these on paper than on the projection screen. in pencil. rip off the page and ask someone to tape it up on a wall. However. Handouts Handouts summarising or including the main points of a presentation are an excellent addition but must be relevant. that visual effects do not detract from the presentation itself. including either placing them on seats prior to the start or giving them out at the end of your presentation. Fortunately. a dry throat and the panic that your mind has gone blank about your opening lines. However.8. OHPs as a method of presenting have now largely been replaced by presentations projected from a computer onto a whiteboard or other screen. These techniques will not get rid of your nerves. The symptoms of nerves can include "butterflies" or a queasy feeling in your stomach. OHPs are suitable for both large and small groups although the machines can be noisy and unreliable and the projector can obscure the screen. Write notes to yourself. think carefully about when to distribute your handouts. lecturers. a good blackout is required for the images to be seen clearly and this causes eye contact with the audience to be lost. It is entirely natural to feel nervous before making a presentation. write out the flip chart page beforehand so that you can just flip the page to it. ideally numbering the slides so that if the carousel is dropped the slides can quickly be reordered. instead they will help you to use your nervous to your advantage.

the following strategies and exercises should help you. convincingly. Practice Deep Breathing Adrenalin causes your breathing to shallow. Then flop forward from the waist bending your knees slightly as you go. Have a glass or bottle of water handy and take sips occasionally. make eye contact. when you are standing in your original easy position. Relaxation Exercises  Stand in an easy position with your feet one pace apart. and smile. especially when you wish to pause or emphasize a point.  Now stretch SLOWLY upwards. but do not continue with them if they cause pain or discomfort although remember that you may use some muscles you have not exercised for a while and so feel a little stiff afterwards. Move Around Move around during your presentation as this will expend some of your nervous energy. and it will also make you easier to hear. which can occur when your breathing is shallow and irregular.your arms and head totally unsupported and relaxed. You are now hanging forward like a rag doll . smiling. shoulders not tense and head balanced. Smile Smiling is a natural relaxant that sends positive chemical messages through your body. and reacting positively. Self-Massage Press and massage your forehead to bring to energize the front of the brain and speech center. which in turn leads to getting tongue-tied. as if you were puppet and a giant puppet master was pulling you up by the strings keeping your head until last. Slow Down Speak more slowly than you would in a conversation. Use Visualization Techniques Imagine that you are delivering your presentation to an audience that is interested. especially at the back of a large room. Drink Water Adrenalin can cause a dry mouth. Alternatively you can do an easy relaxation in a chair if you have problems with your knees:  Sit comfortably with your lower spin pressed into the back of the chair.can use that energy to communicate enthusiastically. If you feel nervous before a presentation. Take care not to take large gulps of water.  Straighten up SLOWLY . This last moment of peace is very relaxing and gives you time to adjust to being the centre of attention. Pause Just before you start talking. Stop Thinking About Yourself Remember that the audience is there to get some information and that it is your job to put it across to them. aim to touch the ceiling but keep your feet flat on the floor. Coping with Presentation Nerves Presentation Skills Relaxation Exercises Although you may not feel relaxed before you give your presentation relaxation exercises can help. and leave longer pauses between sentences. Coping with Nerves It is essential to always be well prepared and well rehearsed in order to be confident. enthused. not on trying to control your nerves. Cement this positive image in your mind and recall it right before you are ready to go on. This also helps with voice quivers. By deliberately breathing deeply your brain will get the oxygen it needs and the slower pace will trick your body into believing you are calmer. This slower pace will calm you down.almost vertebrae by vertebrae. The key is to decrease your level of nervousness so you can focus your energy on these positive activities. . spine straight. Try the following relaxation exercises. pause. knees 'unlocked' and not rigidly pushed back. and passionately. Repeat this exercise three times. Try to keep your face muscles relaxed by not clenching your jaw or clamping your teeth together.

   Raise your arms above your head and stretch as high as possible. Return to your starting position. Release your arms to your sides and bend forwards with your legs stretched out and reach as far as possible. Repeat this exercise three times. .

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->