3 Up votes0 Down votes

5.1K views16 pagesSPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4.pdf

Jan 29, 2013

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

SPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4.pdf

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

5.1K views

SPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4.pdf

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- The Law of Explosive Growth: Lesson 20 from The 21 Irrefutable Laws of Leadership
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- Hidden Figures Young Readers' Edition
- The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and
- Micro: A Novel
- The Wright Brothers
- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- State of Fear
- State of Fear
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The Kiss Quotient: A Novel
- The 10X Rule: The Only Difference Between Success and Failure
- Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error
- Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions
- The 6th Extinction
- The Black Swan
- The Art of Thinking Clearly
- The Last Battle
- Prince Caspian
- A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel at Math and Science Even If You Flunked Algebra

You are on page 1of 16

NET

01 Functions

Absolute Value Function Inverse Function If

f ( x ), if f ( x ) 0 f ( x)

f ( x), if f ( x ) < 0

y = f ( x ) , then f 1 ( y ) = x

Remember: Object = the value of x Image = the value of y or f(x) f(x) map onto itself means f(x) = x

02 Quadratic Equations

General Form Quadratic Formula

ax 2 + bx + c = 0

where a, b, and c are constants and a 0. *Note that the highest power of an unknown of a quadratic equation is 2. Forming Quadratic Equation From its Roots: If and are the roots of a quadratic equation

b b 2 4ac x= 2a

When the equation can not be factorized. Nature of Roots

+ =

b a

c a

x 2 ( + ) x + = 0

or x ( SoR ) x + ( PoR ) = 0 SoR = Sum of Roots PoR = Product of Roots

2

>0 =0 <0 0

two real and different roots two real and equal roots no real roots the roots are real

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

03 Quadratic Functions

General Form Completing the square:

f ( x) = ax 2 + bx + c where a, b, and c are constants and a 0. *Note that the highest power of an unknown of a quadratic function is 2. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

f ( x) = a ( x + p)2 + q the value of x, x = p min./max. value = q min./max. point = ( p, q) equation of axis of symmetry, x = p

Alternative method:

a > 0 minimum (smiling face)

a < 0 maximum (sad face)

b 2a b ) 2a b 2a

(ii) (iii)

Quadratic Inequalities

a > 0 and f ( x) > 0 a > 0 and f ( x) < 0

min./max. value = f (

Nature of Roots

a

a< x<b

intersects two different points at x-axis 2 b 4ac = 0 touch one point at x-axis b 2 4ac < 0 does not meet x-axis

b 2 4ac > 0

x < a or x > b

04 Simultaneous Equations

To find the intersection point solves simultaneous equation. Remember: substitute linear equation into non- linear equation.

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

05 Indices and Logarithm

Fundamental if Indices Laws of Indices

a0 = 1

a m a n = a m+n a m a n = a mn

( a m ) n = a m n ( ab) n = a n b n

m

a 1 =

1 a

a b ( ) 1 = b a Fractional Index

1 an

= a

n

m an

= a

n

a n an ( ) = n b b

Law of Logarithm

Fundamental of Logarithm

log a y = x a x = y

log a a = 1

log a

log a a x = x

log a 1 = 0

m = log a m log a n n

log a mn = n log a m

Changing the Base

log a b =

log c b log c a

log a b =

1 logb a

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

06 Coordinate Geometry

Distance and Gradient

Distance Between Point A and C =

(x1 x2 )2 + (x1 x2 )2

Gradient of line AC, m = Or

y int ercept Gradient of a line, m = x int ercept y2 y1 x2 x1

Parallel Lines

Perpendicular Lines

m1 m2 = 1

m1 = m2 .

Midpoint

Midpoint, M =

x1 + x2 y1 + y2 , 2 2

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Area of triangle:

Area of Triangle

1 2

1 ( x1 y2 + x2 y3 + x3 y1 ) ( x2 y1 + x3 y2 + x1 y3 ) 2

A=

ax + by + c = 0

Gradient form

y = mx + c

Intercept form

m = gradient c = y-intercept

x y + =1 a b a = x-intercept b = y-intercept m= b a

Equation of Straight Line Gradient (m) and 1 point (x1, y1) 2 points, (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) given given y y1 y2 y1 y y1 = m( x x1 ) = x x1 x2 x1

Information in a rhombus: A

same length AB = BC = CD = AD parallel lines mAB = mCD or mAD = mBC diagonals (perpendicular) mAC mBD = 1 share same midpoint midpoint AC = midpoint BD any point solve the simultaneous equations

(v)

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Remember:

y-intercept x = 0 cut y-axis x = 0 x-intercept y = 0 cut x-axis y = 0 **point lies on the line satisfy the equation substitute the value of x and of y of the point into the equation.

Equation of Locus ( use the formula of distance) The equation of the locus of a moving point P ( x, y ) which is always at a constant distance (r) from a fixed point A ( x1 , y1 ) is

The equation of the locus of a moving point P ( x, y ) which is always at a constant distance from two fixed points A ( x1 , y1 ) and B ( x2 , y 2 ) with a ratio m : n is PA m = PB n

The equation of the locus of a moving point P ( x, y ) which is always equidistant from two fixed points A and B is the perpendicular bisector of the straight line AB. PA = PB ( x x1 ) + ( y y1 ) 2 = ( x x2 ) 2 + ( y y2 ) 2

2

PA = r

( x x1 ) 2 + ( y y1 ) 2 = r 2

( x x1 ) 2 + ( y y1 ) 2 m 2 = ( x x2 ) + ( y y 2 ) 2 n 2

More Formulae and Equation List: SPM Form 4 Physics - Formulae List SPM Form 5 Physics - Formulae List SPM Form 4 Chemistry - List of Chemical Reactions SPM Form 5 Chemistry - List of Chemical Reactions

All at One-School.net

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

07 Statistics

Measure of Central Tendency Ungrouped Data Mean

x= x N

x= fx f

x= x = mean f = frequency x = class mark fx f

N = total number of the data

Median

m = TN +1

2

m = TN +1

2

1N F C m = L+ 2 f m

m = median L = Lower boundary of median class N = Number of data F = Total frequency before median class fm = Total frequency in median class c = Size class = (Upper boundary lower boundary)

TN + TN m=

2 2

+1

TN + T N m=

2 2

+1

Measure of Dispersion Ungrouped Data Grouped Data Without Class Interval With Class Interval

variance

x2 =

2

fx 2 = f

2

fx 2 = f

2

= variance

Standard Deviation

(x x ) = N

2

= variance

= =

(x x ) N x 2 x2 N

2

= variance

f (x x) = f

2

x 2 x2 N

fx 2 x2 f

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

The variance is a measure of the mean for the square of the deviations from the mean. The standard deviation refers to the square root for the variance.

Effects of data changes on Measures of Central Tendency and Measures of dispersion Data are changed uniformly with +k k k k +k k k k

Measures of Mean, median, mode Central Tendency Range , Interquartile Range Measures of Standard Deviation dispersion Variance

k k k2

k k k2

08 Circular Measures

Terminology

radians

180

degrees

xo = ( x

180

Remember:

0.7 rad

O ???

1.2 rad

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Length and Area

Arc Length:

Length of chord:

Area of Sector:

Area of Triangle:

Area of Segment:

s = r

l = 2r sin

A=

1 2 r 2

A=

1 2 r sin 2

A=

1 2 r ( sin ) 2

09 Differentiation

Gradient of a tangent of a line (curve or straight)

dy y = lim ( ) dx x 0 x

Differentiation of a Function I

y = xn dy = nx n1 dx

Example y = x3

dy = 3x 2 dx

y=a dy =0 dx

a is a constant

Differentiation of a Function II

y = ax dy = ax11 = ax 0 = a dx

Example y=2 dy =0 dx

Example y = 3x dy =3 dx

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Differentiation of a Function III Chain Rule

y = ax n dy = anx n1 dx

Example y = 2 x3

y = un

dy dy du = dx du dx

Example y = (2 x 2 + 3)5

u = 2 x 2 + 3, y = u5 , therefore du = 4x dx

dy = 2(3) x 2 = 6 x 2 dx

Differentiation of a Fractional Function

1 xn Rewrite y= y = xn dy n = nx n1 = n+1 dx x

therefore

dy = 5u 4 du

dy dy du = dx du dx = 5u 4 4 x = 5(2 x 2 + 3) 4 4 x = 20 x(2 x 2 + 3) 4

Example 1 y= x y = x 1 dy 1 = 1x 2 = 2 dx x

dy = n.a.(ax + b) n 1 dx

dy = 2(3) x 2 + 5(2) x = 6 x 2 + 10 x dx

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

10

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Product Rule Quotient Rule

y= u v v u and v are functions in x du dv u dx dx v2

u = 2x + 3 v = 3x3 2 x 2 x du dv =2 = 9 x2 4 x 1 dx dx dy du dv =v +u dx dx dx 3 2 =(3 x 2 x x)(2) + (2 x + 3)(9 x 2 4 x 1)

dy = dx

4 x2 + 2 x 2 x2 2 x2 + 2 x = = (2 x + 1) 2 (2 x + 1) 2

4 x2 + 2 x 2 x2 2 x2 + 2 x = = (2 x + 1) 2 (2 x + 1) 2

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

11

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Gradients of tangents, Equation of tangent and Normal Gradient of tangent at A(x1, y1):

Gradient of normal at A(x1, y1):

mnormal = 1 mtangent

If A(x1, y1) is a point on a line y = f(x), the gradient of the line (for a straight line) or the gradient of the dy tangent of the line (for a curve) is the value of dx when x = x1.

dx Equation of normal : y y1 = m( x x1 )

1 dy

= gradient of normal

dy =0 dx

d y <0 dx 2

At minimum point , dy =0 dx

d2y >0 dx 2

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

12

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Rates of Change Small Changes and Approximation Small Change:

Chain rule

dA dA dr = dt dr dt

y dy dy y x x dx dx

Approximation: ynew = yoriginal + y

= yoriginal +

dy x dx

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

13

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

10 Solution of Triangle

Sine Rule:

a b c = = sin A sin B sin C

Cosine Rule:

a2 = b2 + c2 2bc cosA b2 = a2 + c2 2ac cosB c2 = a2 + b2 2ab cosC

Area of triangle:

a

C

b

Use, when given 2 sides and 1 non included angle 2 angles and 1 side

B A 180 (A+B) a

cos A =

b2 + c2 a 2 2bc

A=

a A b

a A b b c

1 a b sin C 2

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

14

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Case of AMBIGUITY

A

180 -

If C, the length AC and length AB remain unchanged, the point B can also be at point B where ABC = acute and A B C = obtuse. If ABC = , thus ABC = 180 .

Case 2: When a = b sin A CB just touch the side opposite to C

C B B Case 1: When a < b sin A CB is too short to reach the side opposite to C.

Outcome: No solution Case 3: When a > b sin A but a < b. CB cuts the side opposite to C at 2 points

Outcome: 1 solution Case 4: When a > b sin A and a > b. CB cuts the side opposite to C at 1 points

b a c

Outcome: 1 solution

In a right angled triangle, you may use the following to solve the problems. (i) Phythagoras Theorem: c = a 2 + b2 (ii) Trigonometry ratio: sin = b , cos = a , tan = c c

b a

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

15

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

11 Index Number

Price Index Composite index

I =

P 1 100 P0

I=

Wi I i Wi

P0 = Price at the base time P1 = Price at a specific time

I A, B I B ,C = I A,C 100

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

16

- Additional Mathematics Form 4 and 5 NotesUploaded byIskandar Omar
- Modul 5 Indices & LogarithmsUploaded byhasnitajb
- ADDMATH FORM 4Uploaded byNor Hanina
- 1. FunctionsUploaded byNor Hanina
- TIPS CEMERLANG ADDMATH SPMUploaded bymiraaziz
- SPM Chemistry Revision Module on the BasicsUploaded bykent_tam6119
- Physics SPM Paper 1 and 2 Tips - 100 UNDERSTANDING Question and AnswerUploaded byCikgu Faizal
- SPM List of physics experimentsUploaded byAnythingAlsoCanLah
- Spm Physics RevisionUploaded byJosh, LRT
- BIOLOGY Form 4 Chapter 7Uploaded byShephard Png
- ADDMATH FORM 4Uploaded byNor Hanina
- SPM Physics notesUploaded byAnythingAlsoCanLah
- Chemistry Form 4 A+ NotesUploaded byFebian Henry
- 11 INDEX NUMBER_09.docUploaded byNor Hanina
- 8 CIRCULAR MEASURES.docUploaded byNor Hanina
- ADDMATH FORM 4Uploaded byNor Hanina
- SPM-Add-Maths-Formula-List-Form4Uploaded byTHINES REVI
- www.KeTam.pja.my -Nota 2 Matematik Tambahan Tingkatan 4 dan 5 SPM(2)Uploaded byJank Wenger
- ADD MATH FORM 4Uploaded byNor Hanina
- 6 COORDINATE GEOMETRY.docUploaded byNor Hanina
- 7 STATISTICS.docUploaded byNor Hanina
- SPM Add Maths pass year questionUploaded byJanice Yizing
- Form 4 Add Maths NoteUploaded bysforazzura
- ADDMATH FORM 4Uploaded byNor Hanina
- TIPS FOR ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICSUploaded bysahmozac
- Spm Chemistry Formula List Form4Uploaded bycashewnut_mish
- Chemistry Form 4 NotesUploaded bysegarthana15
- Form 5 Additional Maths NoteUploaded byEric Wong
- Additional Maths Revision NotesUploaded byEmmanuel Light
- Formula Addmath Form 5Uploaded byNurathika Zaiful

- blue pelicanUploaded byevan
- 2003heat (1)Uploaded byKatherine Jia
- GibbsCAM Macro ReferenceUploaded byTam Nguyen
- CSEC Additional MathematicsUploaded byRoshae Sinclair
- Math Power 3Uploaded byjuan marcos
- fsmq additional mathematics revision notesUploaded byapi-200177496
- (Paper) P-y Winkler Springs for Pile DesignUploaded byRAJENDRA PRASAD
- FHMM1014 Chapter 1 Number and SetUploaded byKrishnaah Smuglerzz
- Complex CopyUploaded byhemant
- 1291109075 Classxi Math Toppersamplepaper 30Uploaded byguptafamily1992
- 4MA1_1HR_que_20180525.pdfUploaded byReham Said
- Object Oriented Programming with C++Uploaded byaadatti
- MOTION IIT JEE MATHS 3-D GEOMETRYUploaded bySaif Khan
- 44-Sine-and-Cosine-Rules-handout.docUploaded byAmara Naseem
- AIIMS MBBS Entrance Exam 2014 Question Bank IIIUploaded bycbsestudymaterials
- allegatooa_4624 vaznoUploaded byAnonymous kpTRbAGee
- add maths Solution of trianglesUploaded byTANG PEI PEI
- Mathematics Test Samples1Uploaded byanupchowdhury
- PrintedTutorial_5Uploaded bysophix
- Laboratory Activity 1 - Introduction to MATLAB (Part1).pdfUploaded byNigel Arugay
- Graphing Trig FunctionsUploaded byeujin1127
- lemh102Uploaded byTushar Pal
- Sample-Paper-IIT JEE ADVANCE.pdfUploaded bybmkale
- 2nd Year Differentiation Mcqs With AnswersUploaded byusama tariq
- hp9sUploaded byShawn Forsythe
- Trigonometry Condensed Formula SheetUploaded byRiza Azari
- TrigonometryUploaded byYasser Albatol
- Riemann's Second ProofUploaded byUtsab Sarkar
- Dynamics of MechanismsUploaded byAnonymous LU3Dz3TKtV
- unit planUploaded byapi-316859396

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.