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Excretory System

Excretory System

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Biology

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Published by: Jairus Matthew Larona on Jan 29, 2013
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Human Excretory System

salts.Excretory System Excretory System. liver. lungs. . and nutrients.regulate the chemical composition of body fluids by removing metabolic wastes and retaining the proper amounts of water. Components of this system in vertebrates include the kidneys. and skin.

. transparent renal capsule encloses each kidney and gives a fresh kidney a glistening appearance.The Kidney • is a homeostatic organ which maintain the purity and constancy of our internal fluids. A fibrous. the adipose capsule. surrounds each kidney and helps hold it in place against the muscles of the trunk wall. A fatty mass.

Blood enters the kidneys through renal arteries and leaves through renal veins.• The human kidneys are the major organs of bodily excretion They are bean-shaped organs located on either side of the backbone at about the level of the stomach and liver. Tubes called ureters carry waste products from the kidneys to the urinary bladder for storage or for release. .

and two important nitrogen compounds: uric acid and urea. salts.Uric acid results from nucleic acid decomposition. and urea results from amino acid breakdown in the liver.• The product of the kidneys is urine. Both of these nitrogen products can be poisonous to the body and must be removed in the urine. organic compounds. a watery solution of waste products. .

• Excrete toxic metabolic by-products such as urea. and uric acid. . ammonia.• Kidney Function | • Kidneys perform a number of homeostatic functions: • Maintain volume of extracellular fluid • Maintain ionic balance in extracellular fluid • Maintain pH and osmotic concentration of the extracellular fluid.

. • Tubular secretion in the Loop of Henle.• Urine Production • Filtration in the glomerulus and nephron capsule. • Reabsorption in the proximal tubule.

Dropping levels of fluid in the blood signal the hypothalamus to cause the pituitary to release ADH into the blood. .Control of Water and Salt | • Water reabsorption is controlled by the ADH in negative feedback. ADH is released from the pituitary gland in the brain.

organ that removed feces.) Lungs.) Large Intestines.Carbon hydrate breakdown produces carbon dioxide and water as its waste products. these are removed from the body through the lungs during expiration. 1.Other Excretory organs .excretes excess water and salts as well as a small amount of urea in the form of sweat.forms urea and bile .) Skin.) Lever. 3. • 2. 4.

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