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Answers to Workshop 1

**Answers 1 Basic Input and Output
**

Question W1–1: Answer: What is the processor on your machine? It depends on the system you are using.

Question W1–2: Answer:

What is the operating system (OS) level? It depends on the system you are using.

Question W1–3: Answer:

What are the two example problems that ﬁt this description? Problem 1.1.15, Damage and failure of a laminated composite plate Problem 1.2.5, Unstable static problem: reinforced plate under compressive loads

Question W1–4:

Answer:

In the space provided, write the input to deﬁne a node set called TOP_NODES that contains previously deﬁned nodes 21, 22, 23, and node set TOP_LEFT. *NSET, NSET=TOP_NODES 21, 22, 23, TOP_LEFT

Question W1–5:

Answer:

In the space provided, write the input to deﬁne a velocity boundary condition on the node set named NALL. The velocity is 7.0 m/s in the 2-direction. Will this option appear in the model data or the history data portion of the input ﬁle? This option will appear in the history data section of the input ﬁle, because it is a nonzero boundary condition. *BOUNDARY, TYPE=VELOCITY NALL, 2, 2, 7.0

1/1

Introduction to ABAQUS/Standard and ABAQUS/Explicit

WA1.1

20-node brick elements (three-dimensional hexahedral continuum elements) with reduced integration. The beam has a rectangular cross-section with a height of 0. Question W1–10: What type of elements are used to model the lug? Answer: C3D20R elements. ELSET=ELBEAMS.5 Question W1–7: Answer: What is the ﬁrst option in the model data? What is the last option in the model data? The beginning of the model data is the ∗HEADING option.5 m and a width of 0. MATERIAL=STEEL1 0. The density is necessary for analysis procedures that consider inertia effects. i. Question W1–9: Answer: How many steps are there in this analysis? There is only one step in this analysis. write the input to deﬁne the ∗BEAM SECTION option for beam elements in element set ELBEAMS referring to a material named STEEL1. Question W1–8: Answer: What is the ﬁrst option in the history data? The history data begins with the ∗STEP option. *BEAM SECTION. SECTION=RECT.. 1/1 Introduction to ABAQUS/Standard and ABAQUS/Explicit WA1.ABAQUS Answers to Workshop 1 Question W1–6: Answer: (Optional) In the space provided. The last option in the model data is the ∗MATERIAL option in the material option block that deﬁnes the material properties of the model.2.2 m. are used to model the lug.2 . 0.e. Question W1–11: Do you need to deﬁne a density to complete the material deﬁnition? Material density is necessary for what types of analysis? Answer: No. In a static analysis inertia effects are not considered.

or can you ignore them? Answer: If you followed the instructions correctly to this point. 5. An alternative approach is to specify the ﬁxed degrees of freedom by number.dat) ﬁle indicating that the rotational degrees of freedom—4.3 . you can safely ignore these warning messages. 1. To specify degrees of freedom 1 through 6. Question W1–15: How many elements are there in the model? How many variables are there? Answer: The model has 112 elements. including degrees of freedom plus any Lagrange multiplier variables. The total number of variables. and 6—are not active in this model and cannot be restrained. 1/1 Introduction to ABAQUS/Standard and ABAQUS/Explicit WA1. you could use the following input in the model data or history data: *BOUNDARY LHEND. ABAQUS ignores boundary conditions on degrees of freedom that cannot be restrained. is 2376. Question W1–16: Which elements are in element set HOLEIN? Answer: Elements 1 and 16. 6 Question W1–13: What version of ABAQUS are you using? Answer: The version number is available at the top of the printed output (.ABAQUS Answers to Workshop 1 Question W1–12: How else could you deﬁne a completely constrained boundary condition? Answer: “Type” boundary conditions labels (such as ENCASTRE) can be used to deﬁne ﬁxed boundary conditions in the model data.dat) ﬁle. therefore. Question W1–14: What warning messages did you get? Do they require changes to the input ﬁle. there are warning messages in the data (.

the reaction forces add up to zero in the horizontal direction. which is equal to the applied load. Question W1–19: What is the net reaction force in the 2-direction at the nodes in node set LHEND? Is this equal to the applied load? Answer: The reaction forces in the node set LHEND sum to 30 kN.and 2-directions (i.4 . σ11 and σ22)? Answer: The maximum direct stress in the 1-direction (S11) is 3.4766E+08 Pa. reaction forces. Question W1–18: What is the deﬂection of node 20001 in node set HOLEBOT in the 2-direction? Answer: The deﬂection is – 3. 1/1 Introduction to ABAQUS/Standard and ABAQUS/Explicit WA1. The deﬂections. and stresses decrease in proportion to the reduction in loading. in this case by a factor of 2 since this is a linear analysis..5671 E-04 m. the maximum direct stress in the 2-direction (S22) is 8. Since there is no external load in the horizontal direction.7629E+07 Pa.e.1342 E-04 m.ABAQUS Answers to Workshop 1 Question W1–17: What are the maximum direct stresses in the 1. Question W1–21: What is the deﬂection of node 20001 in node set HOLEBOT? Do the results reﬂect the reduction in loading? Answer: The deﬂection of the nodes in node set HOLEBOT is now reduced to – 1. Question W1–20: Why is the sum of the reaction forces at the nodes in node set LHEND in the horizontal direction (1-direction) zero? Answer: At the section represented by node set LHEND the reaction forces in the horizontal direction simply couple to resist the moment induced by the applied vertical load.

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