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Trusses - Method of Joints

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Method of Joints

If a truss is in equilibrium, then each of its joints must be in equilibrium. The method of joints consists of satisfying the th equilibrium equations for forces acting on ilib i ti f f ti each joint.

Method of Joints

Recall, that the line of action of a force acting on a joint is determined by the geometry of the truss member. The line of action is formed by c nnectin the f acti n f rmed connecting two ends of each member with a straight line. Since direction of the force is known, the remaining unknown is the magnitude of the force.

Fx

0

Fy

0

Method of Joints

Joint A Joint B

Method of Joints

Verticals Upper chord members

Tension Force

Joint A

Joint B

Diagonals

Lower chord members

Compression Force

Method of Joints

Method of Joints

Upper chord in compression

gusset plate

weld

Idealized joint – members connected by a frictionless pin

Lower chord in tension

determine the support reactions for the truss (10 lb MA 0 500 lb500 ft ) C y (10ft ) Cy = 500 lb 500 lb 10 ft Ax Fy Ay Cy 0 Ay C y 0 Ax 500 lb 10 ft Ay = -500 lb 10 ft Ax 10 ft Fx Ax = -500 lb Ay Cy . it is helpful in keeping track of tension and compression members). assume all the force member reactions are tension (this is not a rule.Method of Joints 2/5 Method of Joints Upper chord in compression Method of Joints Procedure for analysis . Write the equations of equilibrium for each joint.the following is a procedure for analyzing a truss using the method of joints: 1. If possible.CIVL 3121 Trusses . Solve the joint equations of equilibrium simultaneously. Method of Joints Procedure for analysis . however. determine the support reactions for the truss 500 lb 500 lb Method of Joints Example .Consider the following truss First. 1 If possible determine the support reactions possible. In general. Draw the free body diagram for each joint. Work your way from joint to joint. Fx 0 Fy 0 Method of Joints Example . Method of Joints Procedure for analysis . begin solving the equilibrium equations at a joint where only two unknown reactions exist.the following is a procedure for analyzing a truss using the method of joints: 3. Lower chord in tension 2.Consider the following truss First. typically using a computer or an advanced calculator. 5.the following is a procedure for analyzing a truss using the method of joints: 4. selecting the new joint using the criterion of two unknown reactions.

CIVL 3121 Trusses . h Zero–force members may be determined by inspection of the joints .2 lb 707.Method of Joints 3/5 Method of Joints The equations of equilibrium for Joint A FAB 500 lb FAC Method of Joints The equations of equilibrium for Joint B 500 lb Fx 0 FBC cos 45 500 lb Fx Fy 0 FAC 500 lb 0 FAB 500 lb FAC = 500 lb FAB = 500 lb FAB FBC FBC = -707.2 lb (C) 500 lb Method of Joints Problem – Determine the force in each member of the truss shown below Method of Joints Problem – Determine the force in each member of the truss shown below B 4 ft C A 60 4 ft E 60 D 4 ft 800 lb In the notes on page 10 Method of Joints Problem – Determine the force in each member of the truss shown below Zero Force Members Truss analysis may be simplified by determining members with no loading or zero–force. These members may provide stability or be useful if the l di th loading changes.2 The forces in the truss can be summarized as: FAB = 500 lb (T) FAC = 500 lb (T) FBC = 707.

7 lb FBC = 666.Method of Joints 4/5 Zero Force Members y Zero Force Members Case 2: If three members are connected at a joint and there is no external force applied to the joint and two of the members are colinear y F1 Case 1: If two members are connected at a joint and there is no external force applied to the joint F1 Fy Fx 0 F1 sin 0 F1 cos F2 F1 = 0 F2 = 0 F3 0 F1 sin F2 x F2 x Fy F1 = 0 Zero Force Members Determine the force in each member of the truss shown below: 800 lb C Zero Force Members Determine the force in each member of the truss shown below: 800 lb C In the notes on page 11 Using Case 1 FAG and FCG g G G are zero-force members D E B Using Case 2 FBG and FDF g are zero-force members B Using Case 1 FEF and FCF are zero-force members zero force D E G F A G F A 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft 8 ft Zero Force Members Determine the force in each member of the truss shown below: 800 lb C FBC B D E G F 3 Method of Joints The equations of equilibrium for Joint C 800 lb 4 4 3 The remaining non-zero forces can be found using the th method of joints th d f j i t Fx FCD 0 FBC FCD 3 5 3 5 4 5 4 5 FBC = FCD Fy 0 FBC FCD 800 lb FBC = -666.7 lb (C) A 8 ft 8 ft .CIVL 3121 Trusses .

Part 2 Any questions? .Method of Joints 5/5 End of Trusses .CIVL 3121 Trusses .

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