CCNA Exploration 4.0.5.

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Routing Protocols and Concepts Instructor Lab Manual

This document is exclusive property of Cisco Systems, Inc. Permission is granted to print and copy this document for non-commercial distribution and exclusive use by instructors in the CCNA Exploration: Routing Protocols and Concepts course as part of an official Cisco Networking Academy Program.

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration (Instructor Version)
Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device R1 R2 PC1 PC2 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 N/A N/A IP Address 192.168.1.1 192.168.2.1 192.168.3.1 192.168.2.2 192.168.1.10 192.168.3.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.168.1.1 192.168.3.1

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Cable devices and establish console connections. Erase and reload the routers. Perform basic IOS command line interface operations. Perform basic router configuration. Verify and test configurations using show commands, ping and traceroute. Create a startup configuration file. Reload a startup configuration file. Install a terminal emulation program.

Scenario
(Instructor Note: This lab replaces Lab 1.5.2: Basic Router Configuration and should be used if the student needs extensive review of prior skills.)In this lab activity, you will review previously learned skills including cabling devices, establishing a console connection, and basic IOS command line interface operation and configuration commands. You will also learn to save configuration files and capture your configurations to a text file. The skills presented in this lab are essential to completing the rest of the labs in this course. However, you may substitute the shorter version, Lab 1.5.2: Basic Router Configuration, if your instructor determines that you are proficient in the essential skills reviewed in this lab.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Task 1: Cable the Ethernet Links of the Network.
Cable the Ethernet links for a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. The output used in this lab is from Cisco 1841 routers. But you can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. A simple way to identify the available interfaces on a router is by entering the show ip interface brief command. Which of the devices in the Topology Diagram require an Ethernet cable between them? _____________________ PC1 to S1, S1 to R1, and R2 to PC2________________________________ Step 1: Connect the R1 Router to the S1 Switch. Use a straight-through Ethernet cable to connect the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of the R1 router to the FastEthernet 0/1 interface on the S1 switch. What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/0 interface on R1? _____green__________ What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/1 interface on S1? _____green__________ Step 2: Connect PC1 to the S1 Switch. Use a straight-through Ethernet cable to connect the network interface card (NIC) of PC1 to the FastEthernet 0/2 Interface of the S1 switch. What color is the link status light next to the NIC interface on PC1? _____green__________ What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/2 interface on S1? _____green__________ If the link status lights are not green, wait a few moments for the link between the two devices to become established. If the lights do not turn green after a few moments, check that you are using a straightthrough Ethernet cable and that the power is on for the S1 switch and PC1. Step 3: Connect PC2 to the R2 Router. Use a crossover Ethernet cable to connect the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of the R2 router to the NIC of PC2. Because there is no switch between PC2 and the R2 router, a crossover cable is required for a direct link between the PC and the router. What color is the link status light next to the NIC interface on PC2? _____green__________ What color is the link status light next to the FastEthernet 0/0 interface on R2? _____green__________

Task 2: Cable the Serial Link between the R1 and R2 Routers.
In a real-world WAN connection, the customer premises equipment (CPE), which is often a router, is the data terminal equipment (DTE). This equipment is connected to the service provider through a data circuit-terminating equipment (DCE) device, which is commonly a modem or channel service unit (CSU)/ data service unit (DSU). This device is used to convert the data from the DTE into a form acceptable to the WAN service provider. Unlike the cables in the academy lab setup, the serial cables in the real world are not connected back to back. In a real-world situation, one router might be in New York, while another router might be in Sydney, Australia. An administrator located in Sydney would have to connect to the router in New York through the WAN cloud in order to troubleshoot the New York router. In the academy labs, devices that make up the WAN cloud are simulated by the connection between the back-to-back DTE-DCE cables. The connection from one router serial interface to another router serial interface simulates the whole circuit cloud.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 1: Create a null serial cable to connect the R1 router to the R2 router. In the academy labs, the WAN connection between routers uses one DCE cable and one DTE cable. The DCE-DTE connection between routers is referred to as a null serial cable. The labs will use one V.35 DCE cable and one V.35 DTE cable to simulate the WAN connection. The V.35 DCE connector is usually a female V.35 (34-pin) connector. The DTE cable has a male V.35 connector. The cables are also labeled as DCE or DTE on the router end of the cable. The DTE and DCE V.35 cables must be joined together. Holding one of the V.35 ends in each hand, examine the pins and sockets as well as the threaded connectors. Note that there is only one proper way for the cables to fit together. Align the pins on the male cable with the sockets on the female cable and gently couple them. Very little effort should be required to accomplish this. When they are joined, turn the thumbscrews clockwise and secure the connectors. Step 2: Connect the DCE end of the null serial cable to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router, and the DTE end of the null serial cable to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R2 router. Review the information provided below before making these connections. Before making the connection to one of the routers, examine the connector on the router and the cable. Note that the connectors are tapered to help prevent improper connection. Holding the connector in one hand, orient the cable and router connecters so that the tapers match. Now push the cable connector partially into the router connector. It probably will not go in all the way because the threaded connectors need to be tightened in order for the cable to be inserted completely. While holding the cable in one hand and gently pushing the cable toward the router, turn one of the thumb screws clockwise, 3 or 4 rounds, to start the screws. Now turn the other thumbscrew clockwise, 3 or 4 rounds, to get it started. At this point the cable should be attached sufficiently to free both hands to advance each thumbscrew at the same rate until the cable is fully inserted. Do not over-tighten these connectors.

Task 3: Establish a Console connection to the R1 Router.
The console port is a management port used to provide out-of-band access to a router. It is used to set up the initial configuration of a router and to monitor it. A rollover cable and an RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter are used to connect a PC to the console port. As you know from your previous studies, terminal emulation software is used to configure the router over the console connection. The Cisco Networking Academy Program recommends using Tera Term. However, you can also use HyperTerminal, which is part of the Windows operating system. At the end of this lab, the following three appendices are available for your reference concerning these two terminal emulation programs: Appendix 1: Installing and Configuring Tera Term for use on Windows XP Appendix 2: Configuring Tera Term as the Default Telnet Client in Windows XP Appendix 3: Accessing and Configuring HyperTerminal Step 1: Examine the router and locate the RJ-45 connector labeled Console. Step 2: Examine PC1 and locate a 9-pin male connector serial port. It may—or may not—be labeled as COM1 or COM2. Step 3: Locate the console cable. Some console cables have an RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter built into one end. Others do not. Locate either a console cable with a built-in adapter or a console cable with a separate RJ-45 to DB-9 adapter attached to one end.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 4: Connect the console cable to the router and PC. First, connect the console cable to the router console port, an RJ-45 connector. Next, connect the DB-9 end of the console cable to the serial port of PC1. Step 5: Test router connection. 1. Open your terminal emulation software (HyperTerminal, Tera Term, or other software specified by your instructor). 2. Configure the software parameters specific to your applications (see appendices for help). 3. Once the terminal window is open, press the Enter key. There should be a response from the router. If there is, then the connection has been successfully completed. If there is no connection, troubleshoot as necessary. For example, verify that the router has power. Check the connection to the serial port on the PC and the console port on the router.

Task 4: Erase and Reload the Routers.
Step 1: Using the HyperTerminal session established in Task 3, enter privileged EXEC mode on R1. Router>enable Router# Step 2: Erase the configuration. To clear the configuration, issue the erase startup-config command. Confirm the objective when prompted, and answer no if asked to save changes. The result should look something like this: Router#erase startup-config Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] [OK] Erase of nvram: complete Router# Step 3: Reload the configuration. When the prompt returns, issue the reload command. Confirm the objective when prompted. After the router finishes the boot process, choose not to use the AutoInstall facility, as shown: Would Would Press Press you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: Enter to accept default. RETURN to get started!

Step 4: Establish a HyperTerminal Session to R2. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 to remove any startup configuration file that may be present.

Task 5: Understand Command Line Basics.
Step 1: Establish a HyperTerminal session to router R1. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode. Router>enable Router#
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 4 of 28

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 3: Enter an incorrect command and observe the router response. Router#comfigure terminal ^ % Invalid input detected at '^' marker. Router# Command line errors occur primarily from typing mistakes. If a command keyword is incorrectly typed, the user interface uses the caret symbol (^) to identify and isolate the error. The ^ appears at or near the point in the command string where an incorrect command, keyword, or argument was entered. Step 4: Correct the previous command. If a command is entered incorrectly, and the Enter key is pressed, the Up Arrow key on the keyboard can be pressed to repeat the last command. Use the Right Arrow and Left Arrow keys to move the cursor to the location where the mistake was made. Then make the correction. If something needs to be deleted, use the Backspace key. Use the directional keys and the Backspace key to correct the command to configure terminal, and then press Enter. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. Router(config)#

End with CNTL/Z.

Step 5: Return to privileged EXEC mode with the exit command. Router(config)#exit %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console Router# Step 6: Examine the commands that are available for privileged EXEC mode. A question mark, ?, can be entered at the prompt to display a list of available commands. Router#? Exec commands: <1-99> Session number to resume clear Reset functions clock Manage the system clock configure Enter configuration mode connect Open a terminal connection copy Copy from one file to another debug Debugging functions (see also 'undebug') delete Delete a file dir List files on a filesystem disable Turn off privileged commands disconnect Disconnect an existing network connection enable Turn on privileged commands erase Erase a filesystem exit Exit from the EXEC logout Exit from the EXEC no Disable debugging informations ping Send echo messages reload Halt and perform a cold restart resume Resume an active network connection setup Run the SETUP command facility show Show running system information --More-All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 5 of 28

View the rest of the command output by pressing the Spacebar. When a --More-. network. The Router> prompt should be visible. Step 7: View output. Step 11: Press the Tab key after an abbreviated command to use auto-complete. and observe the results.at the bottom of the command output. To display only the next line. telnet traceroute undebug vlan write Open a telnet connection Trace route to destination Disable debugging functions (see also 'debug') Configure VLAN parameters Write running configuration to memory. followed by the Tab key completes a partial command name. press the Tab key. All rights reserved. such as conf. Type the abbreviated command conf.prompt appeared previously.5. Typing an abbreviated command. Inc. press the Enter key. Router>e % Ambiguous command: "e" Router> Enter en at the command prompt and observe the results. This functionality of the IOS is called auto-complete. IOS commands can be abbreviated. Press any other key to return to the prompt.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Notice the --More-. Router#conf Router#configure All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The --More-. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 6 of 28 . Router#exit The following output should be displayed: Router con0 is now available Press RETURN to get started. Step 9: Press the Enter key to enter user EXEC mode. Router>en Router# The abbreviated command en contains enough characters for the IOS to distinguish the enable command from the exit command. Step 10: Type an abbreviated IOS command. as long as enough characters are typed for the IOS to recognize the unique command.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. or terminal Step 8: Exit privileged EXEC mode with the exit command.prompt indicates that there are multiple screens of output. The remainder of the output will appear where the --More-. press the Spacebar to view the next available screen. Enter only the character e at the command prompt and observe the results.prompt appears.

Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. End with CNTL/Z. Router(config)# Step 4: Configure the router name as R1. Step 12: Enter IOS commands in the correct mode. All rights reserved. For example. Attempt to enter the command hostname R1 at the privileged EXEC prompt and observe the results. Router(config)#hostname R1 R1(config)# Step 5: Disable DNS lookup with the no ip domain-lookup command. IOS commands must be entered in the correct mode. Enter the command hostname R1 at the prompt. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. configuration changes cannot be made while in privileged EXEC mode. What would happen if you disabled DNS lookup in a production environment? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ A router would not be able to resolve names. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode.5. Step 1: Establish a HyperTerminal session to router R1. causing potential problems when the router needs an IP address to address a packet. Router# Task 6: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R1. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. Router#hostname R1 ^ % Invalid input detected at '^' marker.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration This auto-complete feature can be used as long as enough characters are typed for the IOS to recognize the unique command. one per line. Router>enable Router# Step 3: Enter global configuration mode. Page 7 of 28 . R1(config)#no ip domain-lookup R1(config)# Why would you want to disable DNS lookup in a lab environment? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ So that the router does not attempt to look up a DNS entry for a name that is really only a typing error.

Configure an EXEC mode password using the enable secret password command.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 6: Configure an EXEC mode password. R1(config)#no enable password R1(config)# Step 8: Configure a message-of-the-day banner using the banner motd command. the router expects the password as defined in the enable secret command. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. the enable password is no longer necessary. When you are finished.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. End with the character '&'. When both the enable password and enable secret passwords are configured.5. The enable secret command provides better security by storing the enable secret password using a non-reversible cryptographic function. The added layer of security encryption provides is useful in environments where the password crosses the network or is stored on a TFTP server. exit from line configuration mode. Why should every router have a message-of-the-day banner? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ To provide a warning to intentional or unintentional unauthorized access. Page 8 of 28 . Inc. In this case. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. IOS commands can be removed from the configuration using the no form of the command. ******************************** !!!AUTHORIZED ACCESS ONLY!!! ******************************** & R1(config)# When does this banner display? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ When a user logs in to the router either through Telnet or the console connection. Step 7: Remove the enable password. Use cisco as the password. R1(config)#enable secret class R1(config)# The enable secret command is used to provide an additional layer of security over the enable password command. Because the enable secret is configured. Step 9: Configure the console password on the router. the router ignores the password defined in the enable password command. R1(config)#banner motd & Enter TEXT message. Use class for the password.

Set the clock rate to 64000.. R1(config-if)#end R1# Step 16: Save the R1 configuration. The purpose of the clock rate command is discussed further in Chapter 2.. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192. Inc. R1#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration.168.168.0 R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)# Note: The interface will not be activated until the serial interface on R2 is configured and activated. where the DCE end of the null modem cable has been connected.255. To provide this clocking signal in the lab. changed state to up R1(config-if)# Step 12: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface.1/24. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. R1(config-if)#description R1 LAN R1(config-if)# Step 13: Configure the Serial0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192. R1(config-if)#description Link to R2 R1(config-if)# Step 15: Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode.255. one of the routers will need to act as the DCE on the connection. Step 14: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface. This is normally provided to each of the routers by the service provider. exit from line configuration mode.1. When you are finished.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 10: Configure the password for the virtual terminal lines. R1(config)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# Step 11: Configure the FastEthernet 0/0 interface with the IP address 192.1.1 255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Use cisco as the password.255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.2. Page 9 of 28 .2.1/24. All rights reserved.1 255. This function is achieved by applying the clock rate 64000 command on the serial 0/0/0 interface.‖ R1(config-if)#interface serial 0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192. ―Static Routes.5.255. Note: Because the routers in the labs will not be connected to a live leased line.168. Save the R1 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command. This document is Cisco Public Information. one of the routers will need to provide the clocking for the circuit.

0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.255.1 255.. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Page 10 of 28 . Step 2: Configure the Serial 0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.1/24.255. Step 1: For R2.3..3. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0.255.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration [OK] R1# Task 7: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R2.168.168. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 5: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface.2/24. R2(config-if)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192. Inc.5. All rights reserved.255. Save the R2 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command. repeat Steps 1 through 10 from Task 6.2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.168. R1(config-if)#description R2 LAN R1(config-if)# Step 6: Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 3: Use the description command to provide a description for this interface. R1(config-if)#description Link to R1 R1(config-if)# Step 4: Configure the FastEthernet 0/0 interface with the IP address 192. R2#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration. [OK] R2# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R2(config-if)#end R2# Step 7: Save the R2 configuration.2 255.168.2.

2.42dd.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.10/24 and a default gateway of 192. R1#show running-config ! version 12. This document is Cisco Public Information.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.1 255.168.255.5. Step 1: Examine the show running-config command. If the –-More-.3 ! hostname R1 ! ! enable secret 5 $1$AFDd$0HCi0iYHkEWR4cegQdTQu/ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN mac-address 0007.3.0 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial0/0/1 no ip address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. Configure the host PC2 that is attached to R2 with an IP address of 192.prompt appears. Configure the host PC1 that is attached to R1 with an IP address of 192.168. The show running-config command is used to display the contents of the currently running configuration file.a220 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192.1.168.3.1. All rights reserved. Task 9: Examine Router show Commands.eca7. In both privileged EXEC and user EXEC modes.168. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router. Page 11 of 28 . Inc. examine the output of the show running-config command.168. Step 2: Configure the host PC2.255.255.1.168. the command show ? provides a list of available show commands. There are many show commands that can be used to examine the operation of the router.1.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 mac-address 0001. The list is considerably longer in privileged EXEC mode than it is in user EXEC mode.1.1 255.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Task 8: Configure IP Addressing on the Host PCs. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output.1511 ip address 192. Step 1: Configure the host PC1.

2. Inc. R1#show startup-config Using 583 bytes ! version 12. All rights reserved.0 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial0/0/1 no ip address All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1511 ip address 192.prompt appears. Page 12 of 28 .255.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.168. The show startup-config command displays the startup configuration file contained in NVRAM.255.3 ! hostname R1 ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN mac-address 0007.1 255.5.a220 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output.1 255.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 mac-address 0001. This document is Cisco Public Information.42dd. examine the output of the show startup-config command. If the –-More-.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration shutdown ! interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ! ip classless ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 2: Examine The show startup-config command.255. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router.255.eca7.1.

0 collisions. This document is Cisco Public Information.eca7. 0 packets/sec 5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.5. Last input 00:00:08. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router. 0 CRC. address is 0007. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router. 0 no buffer Received 0 broadcasts. examine the output All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1bea) Description: R1 LAN Internet address is 192. 0 late collision.168. 0 bytes. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is Lance. examine the output of the show interfaces fastEthernet0/0 command. The show interfaces command displays statistics for all interfaces configured on the router. 0 output buffers swapped out R1# Step 4: Examine the show version command. 0 deferred 0 lost carrier. rely 255/255. 0 overrun. 0 throttles 0 input errors. 0 frame. 0 giants. 0 abort 0 input packets with dribble condition detected 0 packets output. 1 interface resets 0 babbles.prompt appears. load 1/255 Encapsulation ARPA. DLY 100 usec.1511 (bia 0002. 0 no carrier 0 output buffer failures. ARP Timeout 04:00:00.1/24 MTU 1500 bytes. Inc. R1# show interfaces fastEthernet 0/0 FastEthernet0/0 is up. All rights reserved. 0 underruns 0 output errors.1. If the –-More-.1625.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration shutdown ! interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ! ip classless ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 3: Examine the show interfaces command. The show version command displays information about the currently loaded software version along with hardware and device information. A specific interface can be added to the end of this command to display the statistics for only that interface. output 00:00:05. loopback not set ARP type: ARPA. BW 100000 Kbit. 0 ignored. 0 runts. output hang never Last clearing of "show interface" counters never Queueing strategy: fifo Output queue :0/40 (size/max) 5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec. 0 bytes. 0 packets/sec 0 packets input. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output. Page 13 of 28 .

Compiled Mon 15-May-06 14:54 by pt_team ROM: System Bootstrap. export.1. and local country laws.S. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output.3(8r)T8.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.com/techsupport Copyright (c) 1986-2006 by Cisco Systems.prompt appears. 31360K bytes of ATA CompactFlash (Read/Write) Configuration register is 0x2102 R1# Step 5: Examine the show ip interface brief command.com. The show ip interface brief command displays a summary of the usability status information for each interface. 1841 Software (C1841-IPBASE-M).T7. distribute or use encryption.123-14.S. RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) System returned to ROM by power-on System image file is "flash:c1841-ipbase-mz.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration of the show version command. examine the output of the show ip interface brief command. Inc. From privileged EXEC mode on the R1 router.cisco.bin" This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United States and local country laws governing import. All rights reserved. If you are unable to comply with U.prompt appears.html If you require further assistance please contact us by sending email to export@cisco. exporters. R1#show version Cisco IOS Software. Version 12. A summary of U. return this product immediately. distributors and users are responsible for compliance with U. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply third-party authority to import. This document is Cisco Public Information. transfer and use. Cisco 1841 (revision 5. Importers. laws governing Cisco cryptographic products may be found at: http://www.5. If the –-More-. If the –-More-. RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2) Technical Support: http://www. export. Version 12. and local laws. Inc. mask 49 2 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.com/wwl/export/crypto/tool/stqrg. By using this product you agree to comply with applicable laws and regulations.1 unassigned OK? Method Status YES manual up Protocol up YES manual administratively down down All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.S.cisco.3 interface(s) 2 Low-speed serial(sync/async) network interface(s) 191K bytes of NVRAM.3(14)T7. press the Spacebar to view the remainder of the command output. R1#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 192. Processor board ID FTX0947Z18E M860 processor: part number 0.168. Page 14 of 28 .0) with 114688K/16384K bytes of memory.

) on the display indicates that the application on the router timed out while it waited for a packet echo from a target.1 unassigned unassigned YES manual up up YES manual administratively down down YES manual administratively down down Task 10: Using ping. timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (5/5). Sending 5. Step 1: Use the ping command to test connectivity between the R1 router and PC1.1. When the next ping packet arrives. R1#ping 192. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192. Step 2: Repeat the ping from R1 to PC1.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Vlan1 R1# 192. Fill out the rest of the prompts as shown: R1#ping Protocol [ip]: Target IP address: 192. Page 15 of 28 .168.168. Each period (. receives a response.168. Inc. Sending 5.168.1. the packet is dropped.5.168. round-trip min/avg/max = 72/79/91 ms Each exclamation point (!) indicates a successful echo. it will be forwarded and be successful. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.10. and adds the MAC address to the ARP table. Because there is no ARP table entry.!!!! Success rate is 80 percent (4/5).10. R1#ping 192. Using ping sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packet to the specified device and then waits for a reply. The router then sends an ARP request. To accomplish this. Pings can be sent from a router or a host PC.10 Repeat count [5]: 10 Datagram size [100]: Timeout in seconds [2]: Extended commands [n]: All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. type ping at the privileged EXEC prompt and press Enter.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. This operation can be performed at either the user or privileged EXEC modes. All rights reserved. timeout is 2 seconds: .1. round-trip min/avg/max = 72/83/93 ms R1# All of the pings are successful this time because the router has an entry for the destination IP address in the ARP table.1.2. The ping command is a useful tool for troubleshooting Layers 1 though 3 of the OSI model and diagnosing basic network connectivity.1. This document is Cisco Public Information. The first ping packet failed because the router did not have an ARP table entry for the destination address of the IP packet.10 Type escape sequence to abort.10 Type escape sequence to abort. Step 3: Send an extended ping from R1 to PC1.168.

Sending 10. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 The ping should respond with successful results. Page 16 of 28 .1. R1#traceroute 192.1 Tracing route to 192. To accomplish this.168.1.168.168.10 Type escape sequence to abort.1. timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!!!!!!! Success rate is 100 percent (10/10).168.168.1.168.1 Trace complete. round-trip min/avg/max = 53/77/94 ms R1# Step 4: Send a ping from PC1 to R1.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Sweep range of sizes [n]: Type escape sequence to abort.5.10 1 R1# 192.168. Step 1: Use the traceroute command at the R1 privileged EXEC prompt to discover the path that a packet will take from the R1 router to PC1. Step 5: Send an extended ping from PC1 to R1. It can help to isolate problem links and routers along the way.1.168.168.10 103 msec 81 msec 70 msec Step 2: Use the tracert command at the Windows command prompt to discover the path that a packet will take from the R1 router to PC1. The Windows version of this command is tracert. C:\>tracert 192. Task 11: Using traceroute. The traceroute command uses ICMP packets and the error message generated by routers when the packet exceeds its Time-To-Live (TTL).1 –n 10 There should be 10 successful responses from the command.1. Tracing the route to 192.10. The traceroute command is an excellent utility for troubleshooting the path that a packet takes through an internetwork of routers. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192. In the Command Prompt window that opens. This operation can be performed at either the user or privileged EXEC modes. All rights reserved.1. From Windows go to Start > Programs > Accessories > Command Prompt. ping R1 by issuing the following command: C:\> ping 192. C:\> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1. enter the following command at the Windows command prompt: C:\>ping 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.1 over a maximum of 30 hops: 1 71 ms 70 ms 73 ms 192.1. Inc.

0 clock rate 64000 ! interface Serial0/0/1 no ip address shutdown ! interface Vlan1 no ip address shutdown ! ip classless ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco login All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Task 12: Create a start.168. R1#show running-config ! version 12.a220 no ip address duplex auto speed auto shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192.255. Router configurations can be captured to a text (.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface FastEthernet0/1 mac-address 0001.1 255.168. The configuration can be copied back to the router so that the commands do not have to be entered one at a time.255.1 255. Page 17 of 28 . ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN mac-address 0007.eca7.42dd.1.txt File.255. All rights reserved.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.2.3 ! hostname R1 ! ! enable secret 5 $1$J. Inc.1511 ip address 192.txt) file and saved for later use. Step 1: View the running configuration of the router using the show running-config command. This document is Cisco Public Information.5.hq$Ds72Qz86tvpcuW2X3FqBS.

Inc.1 255.2. Select the command output.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. From the Notepad Edit menu. Some commands will have to be edited or added before the startup script can be applied to a router. Removing the mac-address command from the interfaces.168.255. Notepad is typically found on the Start menu under Programs > Accessories.5. All rights reserved. Removing unused interfaces. Page 18 of 28 . Some of these changes are: Adding a no shutdown command to FastEthernet and serial interfaces that are being used.0 no shutdown duplex auto speed auto ! interface Serial0/0/0 description Link to R2 ip address 192. Edit the text in the Notepad file as shown below: hostname R1 ! ! enable secret class ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 description R1 LAN ip address 192. Removing the ip classless command.255. Step 4: Edit commands.1 255. Replacing the encrypted text in the enable secret command with the appropriate password.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration ! end R1# Step 2: Copy the command output. Step 3: Paste output in Notepad.168.1.255. Open Notepad. choose the copy command. From the HyperTerminal Edit menu.0 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ! ! ! line con 0 password cisco line vty 0 4 password cisco All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. click Paste.255.

In the start.txt File onto the R1 Router. All rights reserved.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration login ! end Step 5: Save the open file in Notepad to start. R1#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration.5. Page 19 of 28 . and then choose Edit > Copy. Confirm the objective when prompted. issue the reload command. as shown: Would Would Press Press you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: Enter to accept default. Task 13: Load the start. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 5: From the HyperTerminal Edit menu. use the show running-config command to verify that the running configuration appears as expected. Step 6: Verify the running configuration.txt file that was created in Notepad. Step 1: Erase the current startup configuration of R1. Router(config)# Step 4: Copy the commands. Step 7: Save the running configuration. Inc. After the router finishes the boot process. The result should look something like this: R1#erase startup-config Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] [OK] Erase of nvram: complete Router# Step 2: When the prompt returns.txt. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. RETURN to get started! Step 3: Enter global configuration mode. select all the lines.. This document is Cisco Public Information. choose not to use the AutoInstall facility. After all of the pasted commands have been applied. Save the running configuration to NVRAM using the copy running-config startup-config command. Confirm the objective when prompted. [OK] R1# End with CNTL/Z. and answer no if asked to save changes. choose Paste to Host. one per line..

It can be used in the lab environment in place of Windows HyperTerminal. If you are unsure what port to use. Terra Term has some settings that can be changed to make it more convenient to use. Set appropriate parameters for Port in the Serial section of the Tera Term:New Connection dialog box.vector. This setting allows command output to remain visible when the Terra Term window is resized.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Appendix 1: Installing and Configuring Tera Term for use on Windows XP Tera Term is a free terminal emulation program for Windows. Page 20 of 28 . To use Terra Term to connect to the router console. your connection is through COM1.html Download the ―ttermp23. From the Setup > Terminal menu. check the Term size = win size checkbox. and install Tera Term.zip‖. ask your instructor for assistance. unzip it. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 2: Assign Serial port. Step 4: Configure settings. Tera Term can be obtained at the following URL: http://hp.jp/authors/VA002416/teraterm. Inc.5.co. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Step 3: Set Serial port parameters. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 1: Open the Tera Terminal program. Normally. open the New connection dialog box and select the Serial port.

Inc. only the last 100 lines of output are visible. From the Setup > Window menu. If there are only 100 lines available in the buffer.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 5: Change scroll buffer number. the scroll buffer has been changed to 1000 lines. change the scroll buffer number to a number higher than 100. All rights reserved. In the example below. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This setting allows you to scroll up and view previous commands and outputs.5. Page 21 of 28 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Double-click My Computer.5. This document is Cisco Public Information. Complete the following steps to change your default Telnet client to Tera Term (or any other Telnet client): Step 1: Go to Folder Options. Inc. Windows may also be set to use the DOS version of Telnet. you can change the Telnet client to Local Telnet Client. This may be set to HyperTerminal or to the DOS-like version of Telnet embedded in the Windows operating system. which means that NetLab will open the current Windows default Telnet client. and then choose Tools > Folder Options. All rights reserved. Step 2: Go to (NONE) URL:Telnet Protocol. Windows may be set to use HyperTerminal as the Telnet client. Click the File Types tab and scroll down in the list of Registered file types: until you find the (NONE) URL:Telnet Protocol entry. Page 22 of 28 . In the NetLab environment. Select it and then click the Advanced button.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Appendix 2: Configuring Tera Term as the Default Telnet Client in Windows XP Be default.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Edit the open action. In the Editing action for type: URL: Telnet Protocol dialog box.5. the Application used to perform action is currently set to HyperTerminal. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 23 of 28 . Inc. click Edit to edit the open action. Click Browse to change the application. In the Edit File Type dialog box.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Step 4: Change the application.

Browse to the Tera Term installation folder.exe file to specify this program for the open action. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The Windows default Telnet client is now set to Tera Term.exe and close.5. This document is Cisco Public Information. Click OK twice and then Close to close the Folder Options dialog box. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Click the ttermpro. Step 6: Confirm ttermpro.exe. Page 24 of 28 . and then click Open.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration Step 5: Open ttermpro. All rights reserved.

1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. Page 25 of 28 . Inc.5.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Appendix 3: Accessing and Configuring HyperTerminal
In most versions of Windows, HyperTerminal can be found by navigating to Start > Programs > Accessories > Communications > HyperTerminal. Step 1: Create a new connection. Open HyperTerminal to create a new connection to the router. Enter an appropriate description in the Connection Description dialog box and then click OK.

Step 2: Assign COM1 port. On the Connect To dialog box, make sure the correct serial port is selected in the Connect using field. Some PCs have more than one COM port. Click OK.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 26 of 28

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 3: Set COM1 properties. In the COM1 Properties dialog box under Port Setting, clicking Restore Defaults normally sets the correct properties. If not, set the properties to the values show in the following graphic, and then click OK.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 27 of 28

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration

Step 4: Verify connection. You should now have a console connection to the router. Press Enter to get a router prompt.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 28 of 28

Lab 1.5.2: Basic Router Configuration (Instructor Version)
Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device R1 R2 PC1 PC2 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 N/A N/A IP Address 192.168.1.1 192.168.2.1 192.168.3.1 192.168.2.2 192.168.1.10 192.168.3.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 Def. Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.168.1.1 192.168.3.1

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Configure and activate Ethernet interfaces. Test and verify configurations. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.

Scenario
(Instructor Note: Skip this lab if the student is required to complete Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration.) In this lab activity, you will create a network that is similar to the one shown in the Topology Diagram. Begin by cabling the network as shown in the Topology Diagram. You will then perform the initial router configurations required for connectivity. Use the IP addresses that are provided in the Topology Diagram to apply an addressing scheme to the network devices. When the network configuration is complete, examine the routing tables to verify that the network is operating properly. This lab is a shorter version of Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration and assumes you are proficient in basic cabling and configuration file management.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 1 of 9

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.2: Basic Router Configuration

Task 1: Cable the Network.
Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. The output used in this lab is from 1841 routers. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. Be sure to use the appropriate type of Ethernet cable to connect from host to switch, switch to router, and host to router. Refer to Lab 1.5.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration if you have any trouble connecting the devices. Be sure to connect the serial DCE cable to router R1 and the serial DTE cable to router R2. Answer the following questions: What type of cable is used to connect the Ethernet interface on a host PC to the Ethernet interface on a switch? ___________ Straight-through (Patch) cable_______________ What type of cable is used to connect the Ethernet interface on a switch to the Ethernet interface on a router? ___________ Straight-through (Patch) cable_______________ What type of cable is used to connect the Ethernet interface on a router to the Ethernet interface on a host PC? ___________Crossover cable________________________

Task 2: Erase and Reload the Routers.
Step 1: Establish a terminal session to router R1. Refer to Lab 1.5.1, “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration,” for review of terminal emulation and connecting to a router. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode. Router>enable Router# Step 3: Clear the configuration. To clear the configuration, issue the erase startup-config command. Press Enter when prompted to [confirm] that you really do want to erase the configuration currently stored in NVRAM. Router#erase startup-config Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm] [OK] Erase of nvram: complete Router# Step 4: Reload configuration. When the prompt returns, issue the reload command. Answer no if asked to save changes. What would happen if you answered yes to the question, “System configuration has been modified. Save?” _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ The current running configuration would be saved to NVRAM negating the whole purpose of erasing the startup configuration. The router would bootup with a configuration. The result should look something like this: Router#reload
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 2 of 9

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding

Lab 1.5.2: Basic Router Configuration

System configuration has been modified. Save? [yes/no]: no Proceed with reload? [confirm] Press Enter when prompted to [confirm] that you really do want to reload the router. After the router finishes the boot process, choose not to use the AutoInstall facility, as shown: Would Would Press Press you like to enter the initial configuration dialog? [yes/no]: no you like to terminate autoinstall? [yes]: [Press Return] Enter to accept default. RETURN to get started!

Step 5: Repeat Steps 1 through 4 on router R2 to remove any startup configuration file that may be present.

Task 3: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R1.
Step 1: Establish a HyperTerminal session to router R1. Step 2: Enter privileged EXEC mode. Router>enable Router# Step 3: Enter global configuration mode. Router#configure terminal Enter configuration commands, one per line. Router(config)# Step 4: Configure the router name as R1. Enter the command hostname R1 at the prompt. Router(config)#hostname R1 R1(config)# Step 5: Disable DNS lookup. Disable DNS lookup with the no ip domain-lookup command. R1(config)#no ip domain-lookup R1(config)# Why would you want to disable DNS lookup in a lab environment? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ So that the router does not attempt to lookup up a DNS entry for a name that is really only a typing error. What would happen if you disabled DNS lookup in a production environment? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 3 of 9

End with CNTL/Z.

exit from line configuration mode. Step 6: Configure the EXEC mode password. Page 4 of 9 . R1(config)#enable secret class R1(config)# Why is it not necessary to use the enable password password command? _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Although both passwords are listed in the configuration. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#password cisco R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# Step 9: Configure the password for the virtual terminal lines.2: Basic Router Configuration A router would not be able to resolve names causing potential problems when the router needs an IP address for to address a packet. Step 8: Configure the console password on the router. Use cisco as the password. End with the character '&'. When you are finished. R1(config)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#password cisco All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5. Configure the EXEC mode password using the enable secret password command. Inc. Why should every router have a message-of-the-day banner? _______________________________________________________________________________ To provide a warning to intentional or unintentional unauthorized access. When you are finished. All rights reserved. exit from line configuration mode. Step 7: Configure a message-of-the-day banner. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Use cisco as the password. R1(config)#banner motd & Enter TEXT message. Configure a message-of-the-day banner using the banner motd command. ******************************** !!!AUTHORIZED ACCESS ONLY!!! ******************************** & R1(config)# When does this banner display? _______________________________________________________________________________ When a user logins into the router either through telnet or the console connection. the enable secret command overrides the enable password command. Use class for the password.

0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. R1(config-if)#interface serial 0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192.1/24.2: Basic Router Configuration R1(config-line)#login R1(config-line)#exit R1(config)# Step 10: Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface. Step 1: For R2. Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface with the IP address 192.0 R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)# Note: The interface will not be activated until the serial interface on R2 is configured and activated Step 12: Return to privileged EXEC mode.168. Save the R1 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command. changed state to up R1(config-if)# Step 11: Configure the Serial0/0/0 interface.168.255. All rights reserved.255. Inc.255. Step 2: Configure the Serial 0/0/0 interface. This document is Cisco Public Information. Set the clock rate to 64000.2.2.1.1 255.1.1/24. repeat Steps 1 through 9 from Task 3.5.2/24. Page 5 of 9 . [OK] R1# What is a shorter version of this command? _____copy run start______ Task 4: Perform Basic Configuration of Router R2.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems..1 255. Configure the Serial0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192. Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode. R1#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration.168. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 192. R1(config-if)#end R1# Step 13: Save the R1 configuration.255..168. Note: The purpose of the clock rate command is explained in Chapter 2: Static Routes.2. Configure the Serial 0/0/0 interface with the IP address 192.

168. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. [OK] R2# Task 5: Configure IP Addressing on the Host PCs. Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface with the IP address 192. Page 6 of 9 .255.3.10/24 and a default gateway of 192...168. R2#copy running-config startup-config Building configuration. Step 1: Verify that routing tables have the following routes using the show ip route command.168.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0. Use the end command to return to privileged EXEC mode.1/24. These are the directly connected networks that were activated when you configured the interfaces on each router. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.2: Basic Router Configuration R2(config-if)#ip address 192.3.2. Both routes are designated with a C. Step 2: Configure the host PC2. For now.1 255.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.5. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 4: Return to privileged EXEC mode.255.168. Save the R2 configuration using the copy running-config startup-config command.168. Step 1: Configure the host PC1.1. you are interested in seeing that both R1 and R2 have two routes.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.3. Configure the host PC1 that is attached to R1 with an IP address of 192. R2(config-if)#end R2# Step 5: Save the R2 configuration.1.0 R2(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Configure the host PC2 that is attached to R2 with an IP address of 192. R2(config-if)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R2(config-if)#ip address 192. The show ip route command and output will be thoroughly explored in upcoming chapters.168. All rights reserved.1. If you do not see two routes for each router as shown in the following output.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.255. proceed to Step 2. Task 6: Verify and Test the Configurations. Inc.255.2 255.3. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0. changed state to up R2(config-if)# Step 3: Configure the FastEthernet0/0 interface.1.

U .0/24 is directly connected.1 unassigned 192.1 unassigned unassigned brief IP-Address 192.168.static.5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 unassigned unassigned OK? Method Status Protocol YES manual up up YES unset administratively down down YES manual up up YES unset administratively down down YES manual administratively down down OK? Method Status Protocol YES manual up up YES unset administratively down down YES manual up up YES unset down down YES manual administratively down down If both interfaces are up and up. P .IS-IS level-2 ia .2: Basic Router Configuration R1#show ip route Codes: C . L1 . Page 7 of 9 . Verify this again by using the show ip route command.BGP D .EIGRP external. FastEthernet0/0 192.mobile. O . su .0/24 is directly connected.OSPF.3.IS-IS level-1. * .ODR.168. EX .0/24 is directly connected.IS-IS.OSPF. Another common problem is router interfaces that are not configured correctly or not activated. Serial0/0/0 192. E2 .OSPF NSSA external type 1. * .1. S . O . IA .EIGRP.IS-IS. su . B .per-user static route o . R .EIGRP external. L1 .168.168. FastEthernet0/0 Step 2: Verify interface configurations. This document is Cisco Public Information. M .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C R2# 192.IS-IS summary.RIP. E2 .RIP.2.static.168.1 unassigned 192.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C R1# 192.candidate default. Use the show ip interface brief command to quickly verify the configuration of each router’s interfaces. U . L2 .connected.2. then both routes will be in the routing table.168.168.OSPF external type 2 i .2.IS-IS inter area.connected. R .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . EX . IA . L2 .IS-IS level-1.ODR. S .1.mobile.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .candidate default.OSPF inter area N1 .3.OSPF external type 2 i .BGP D . All rights reserved. P . Inc. B . N2 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1.OSPF external type 1.2.IS-IS summary.IS-IS level-2 ia .168.IS-IS inter area.OSPF NSSA external type 1. M . Serial0/0/0 R2#show ip route Codes: C .OSPF external type 1. Your output should look similar to the following: R1#show ip interface Interface FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Vlan1 R2#show ip interface Interface FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Vlan1 brief IP-Address 192. N2 .per-user static route o .EIGRP.OSPF inter area N1 .0/24 is directly connected.

Check the PC configurations. Inc.) _____ Yes _____ Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? _____ Yes _____ 2. Do they match the Topology Diagram? _____ Yes _____ 3. This ping should be unsuccessful. Page 8 of 9 . is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____Yes_____ If the answer is no for any of the above questions. Are the routers physically connected? ____ Yes ____ Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ____ Yes ____ 2. Check the PCs. is it possible to ping R1 using the command ping 192. Are the interfaces up and up? _____ Yes _____ If your answer to all three steps is yes. Step 4: Test connectivity between router R1 and R2.168. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. All rights reserved.5.2: Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Test connectivity. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1? ____ Yes ____ If the answer is no for the questions above. Check the router configurations. Step 2: Attempt to ping from the host connected to R1 to router R2. Check the cabling. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____Yes_____ From the host attached to R2.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Are the interfaces “up” and “up”? ____ Yes ____ If your answer to all three steps is yes. then you should be able to successfully ping from R2 to R1 and from R2 to R3. From the router R1. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. then you should be able to successfully ping the default gateway. is it possible to ping R2 using the command ping 192. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ____ Yes ____ Did you configure the clock rate command on the DCE side of the link? ____ Yes ____ 3. Are they physically connected to the correct router? (Connection could be through a switch or directly. From the host attached to R1.2.2. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1. Task 7: Reflection Step 1: Attempt to ping from the host connected to R1 to the host connected to R2. This document is Cisco Public Information. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1.2? ____ Yes ____ From the router R2. This ping should be unsuccessful. Test connectivity by pinging from each host to the default gateway that has been configured for that host.

This ping should be unsuccessful.2: Basic Router Configuration Step 3: Attempt to ping from the host connected to R2 to router R1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All rights reserved. the student should be able to state that this network is missing either static or dynamic routing (or both!). Page 9 of 9 . reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.” Task 9: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. capture the following command output to a text (. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.1. Inc.5. This document is Cisco Public Information. What is missing from the network that is preventing communication between these devices? ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ After reading the chapter text. refer to Lab 1.txt) file and save for future reference. “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. Disconnect and store the cabling. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Task 8: Documentation On each router.

255.168.255.168. Scenario In this lab activity.168.30 192. Page 1 of 5 . Inc. Note: Use classful subnetting for this lab.255. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.255. you will be able to: Subnet an address space given requirements.33 192.1.224 255.168.3: Challenge Router Configuration (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 R2 PC1 PC2 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 NIC NIC IP Address 192.255.168.255.65 192.1.1.224 255.1 192.1. Configure and activate Serial and Ethernet interfaces.168. you will design and apply an IP addressing scheme for the topology shown in the Topology Diagram.5. All rights reserved.224 255. You must first cable the network as shown before the configuration can begin. Once the network is cabled. The routers will then be ready for interface address configuration according to your IP addressing scheme. use the appropriate IOS commands to verify that the network is working properly.255.94 Subnet Mask 255.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A 192. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.1.65 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.224 255.255.1.255. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.168. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.255. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document.255.224 255.1.1 192.62 192.168. You will be given one class C address that you must subnet to provide a logical addressing scheme for the network. configure each device with the appropriate basic configuration commands.Lab 1.1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Test and verify configurations. When the configuration is complete.255.

Page 2 of 5 .1.3: Challenge Router Configuration Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. Assign the first subnet (lowest subnet) to the network attached to R1. Assign the first valid host address in second subnet to the WAN interface on R1.5.0/24 address space to use in your network design.224 What is the subnet mask for the network in slash format? ____________________ /27 How many usable hosts are there per subnet? ____________________ 30 Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. 6. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. 2.255. How many subnets are needed for this network? ____________________ 3 What is the subnet mask for this network in dotted decimal format? ____________________ 255. 3. Assign the last valid host address in third subnet to PC2. Assign the first valid host address in first subnet to the LAN interface on R1. Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses.168. 3. The network connected to router R2 will require enough IP addresses to support 20 hosts.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. 1. 1. Inc. Assign the first valid host address in third subnet to the LAN interface of R2. Assign the second subnet to the link between R1 and R2. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. 5. 4. Assign the last valid host address in first subnet to PC1. The link between router R1 and router R2 will require IP addresses at each end of the link. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the last valid host address in second subnet to the WAN interface on R2. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing scheme. Assign the third subnet to the network attached to R2. Note: The fourth (highest) subnet is not required in this lab. 2. The network consists of the following segments: The network connected to router R1 will require enough IP addresses to support 20 hosts.255. You have been given the 192. Step 1: Examine the network requirements.) Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design.

is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the host attached to R2. Disable DNS lookup. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R2? __________ From the router R2. check your physical connections and configurations.3: Challenge Router Configuration Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram.2. Configure a password for console connections. 4. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Configure the router hostname. Configure an EXEC mode password. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses.5. When you have finished. Page 3 of 5 . If any of the above pings failed. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R1? __________ Answers: All answers should be yes. Configure a password for VTY connections. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. 5. Task 3: Prepare the Network Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. refer to Lab 1. Step 1: Configure the router interfaces. 2.” What is the status of the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of R1? _____________ What is the status of the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R1? _____________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. 3. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. “Basic Router Configuration. Configure the interfaces on the R1 and R2 routers with the IP addresses from your network design.5. If necessary. Task 6: Verify the Configurations. is it possible to ping the default gateway? __________ From the router R1. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected. Inc. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1 and PC2 with the IP addresses and default gateways from your network design. From the host attached to R1. The answer to the above questions should be yes. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Step 2: Configure the PC interfaces. 6. Perform basic configuration of the R1 and R2 routers according to the following guidelines: 1.

3: Challenge Router Configuration What is the status of the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of R2? _____________ What is the status of the Serial 0/0/0 interface of R2? _____________ All interfaces should be up and up. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5. Page 4 of 5 . This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. All rights reserved.

0 is directly connected.64 is directly connected. the student should be able to state that this network is missing either static or dynamic routing (or both!).3: Challenge Router Configuration What routes are present in the routing table of R1? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ C C 192.32 is directly connected.5. Serial0/0/0 Task 7: Reflection Are there any devices on the network that cannot ping each other? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ R1 cannot ping the FastEthernet interface on R2.168. capture the following command output to a text (.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Routing and Packet Forwarding Lab 1. Page 5 of 5 . What is missing from the network that is preventing communication between these devices? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ After reading the chapter text.1.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. FastEthernet0/0 192. On each router.32 is directly connected.1. All rights reserved. FastEthernet0/0 What routes are present in the routing table of R2? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ C C 192.txt) file and save for future reference. Task 8: Document the Router Configurations.1. Serial0/0/0 192.168. Inc. Running configuration Routing table Summary of status information for each interface All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

0 255.255.255.0 255.2 192.1.255.168.168.2.0 255.1 172.Lab 2.16.16.16.1 192.255.255.255.10 172.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.255.255.0 255.1 192.16.0 255.255.1 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.1 172. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.255.16.1 172.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.8.2.1.255.168.1 172.255.1.0 255.16.1 172.255.0 255. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.1. Inc.2.168.16.255. Page 1 of 19 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.255.255.3.255.255.255.2.10 Subnet Mask 255. All rights reserved.10 192.3.255.168.2 192.0 255.2.1: Basic Static Route Configuration (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 FA0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.0 255.3.

First test the connections between directly connected devices. Test connectivity.5. Begin by cabling the network as shown in the Topology Diagram. Task 1: Cable. Static routes must be configured on the routers for end-to-end communication to take place between the network hosts. you will create a network that is similar to the one shown in the Topology Diagram. On the routers. test connectivity between the devices on the network. You will then perform the initial router configurations required for connectivity. Configure a summary static route. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Scenario In this lab activity. Use the IP addresses that are provided in the Addressing Table to apply an addressing scheme to the network devices. password login All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Configure a static route using an exit interface. Configure and activate Serial and Ethernet interfaces. Document the network implementation. and then test connectivity between devices that are not directly connected.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Interpret debug ip routing output.8. Erase.1: Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. Inc. Answer no if asked to save changes. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. This document is Cisco Public Information. enter global configuration mode and configure the basic global configuration commands including: hostname no ip domain-lookup enable secret Step 2: Configure the console and virtual terminal line passwords on each of the routers. Page 2 of 19 . Gather information to discover causes for lack of connectivity between devices. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Configure a static route using an intermediate address. View the routing table after each static route is added to observe how the routing table has changed. Compare a static route with intermediate address to a static route with exit interface. and Reload the Routers. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configuration. All rights reserved. see Lab 1. Configure a default static route. Note: If you have difficulty with any of the commands in this task. After completing the basic configuration. You will configure the static routes that are needed to allow communication between the hosts. Step 1: Use global configuration commands.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.

16.3. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 3 of 19 .212: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0. If no connections exist. or virtual terminal line. changed state to up *Mar 1 01:16:09.255. the logging synchronous command prevents IOS messages delivered to the console or Telnet lines from interrupting your keyboard input.16.255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#descri *Mar 1 01:16:08. For example. All rights reserved. we can use the exec-timeout line configuration command. This command allows you to control the amount of time a console or virtual terminal line can be idle before the session is terminated. changed state to up *Mar 1 01:28:05. The syntax follows: Router(config-line)#exec-timeout minutes [seconds] All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.243: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. In other words. auxiliary port line. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#logging synchronous R1(config-line)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#logging synchronous Step 4: Add the exec-timeout command to the console and virtual terminal lines.242: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0. To set the interval that the EXEC command interpreter waits until user input is detected.8. we can use the logging synchronous line configuration command. the next command you enter (in this case.Keyboard input copied after message R1 is shown here as an example.1 255.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#description *Mar 1 01:28:04. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172. The logging synchronous command solves this problem by copying the command entered up to that point down to the next router prompt. However.255. you may have already experienced something similar to the following example: Note: Do not configure R1 interfaces yet. If no input is detected during the interval.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 3: Add the logging synchronous command to the console and virtual terminal lines. changed state to upption R1(config-if)# The IOS sends unsolicited messages to the console when you activate an interface with the no shutdown command. changed state to up R1(config-if)#description <-. the EXEC facility resumes the current connection.214: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172. description) is interrupted by these messages.1 255. the EXEC facility returns the terminal to the idle state and disconnects the incoming session. Add logging synchronous to the console and virtual terminal lines on all routers. This command is very helpful in both lab and production environments and uses the following syntax: Router(config-line)#logging synchronous To synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited Cisco IOS software output and prompts for a specific console port line. Inc.3.255.

Step 2: Enter interface configuration mode for R1’s LAN interface. R1(config-if)#ip address 172.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Syntax description: minutes—Integer that specifies the number of minutes.0 is_up: 0 state: 6 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: False As soon as you press the Enter key. R1. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 Configure the IP address as specified in the Topology Diagram. the route has not yet been added to the routing table. Step 1: On R1 from privileged EXEC mode. We can verify this by observing output from the debug ip routing command.3. R1#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. Inc. For example. modified.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Cisco IOS adds a route to the routing table. seconds—(Optional) Additional time intervals in seconds. Note: If you already configured IP addressing on R1.255.1 255. End with CNTL/Z. Cisco IOS debug output informs you that there is now a route. In a lab environment. every time you successfully configure and activate an interface. In other words. This document is Cisco Public Information.16. you can specify ―no timeout‖ by entering the exec-timeout 0 0 command. one per line.255. you would not normally set lines to ―no timeout‖ in a production environment. please remove all interface commands now before proceeding. R2 and R3 should be configured through the end of Task 2 without any interface configurations. This command is very helpful because the default timeout for lines is 10 minutes. Add exec-timeout 0 0 to console and virtual terminal lines on all routers. R1 is shown here as an example. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#exec-timeout 0 0 R1(config-line)#line vty 0 4 R1(config-line)#exec-timeout 0 0 Task 3: Interpreting Debug Output. for security purposes. Page 4 of 19 .8. enter the debug ip routing command. but its state is False. However. and deleted from the routing table. R1#debug ip routing IP routing debugging is on The debug ip routing command shows when routes are added. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Why did this occur and what steps should be taken to ensure that the route is entered into the routing table? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ The route cannot be entered into the routing table until the interface is activated with the no shutdown command. All rights reserved.

Your output may be slightly different from the example below.OSPF inter area N1 . L2 .0 is directly connected. o . the interface should come up. Did you connect the correct LAN interface? ________ An interface will not come up unless it detects a carrier detect signal at the Physical layer from another device.EGP i . or PC? ________ 2. If you are not sure what the correct command is. the interface did not come up.16. There should now be one route in the table for R1. All rights reserved.2. Your output should look similar to the following output. EX .OSPF external type 1.‖ After you enter the correct command. I . N2 . review the discussion in ―Examining Router Interfaces‖ which is discussed in Section 2.connected. B . you should see debug output. If you do not see the route added to the routing table. 1 subnets 172. Are all link lights blinking? ________ 3. S . This document is Cisco Public Information. chan ged state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: True is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: True The new network you configured on the LAN interface is now added to the routing table. U . Is the correct interface attached? ________ Your router may have more than one LAN interface.IGRP.candidate default. L1 .IS-IS level-1.IS-IS level-2. Check the cabling.static. Are the correct cables connected to the devices? ________ 4.IS-IS. changed state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: True %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Check your physical connections to the LAN interface.OSPF external type 2. switch. Check link lights.0/24 is subnetted. What command did you use? R1#_________show ip route_____________________________ Codes: C .0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Step 4: Enter the command to verify that the new route is now in the routing table. FastEthernet0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3. is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 1 has_route: False RT: add 172.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 3: Enter the command necessary to install the route in the routing table. Page 5 of 19 .BGP D .0/24 via 0.mobile. ―Router Configuration Review.8.RIP.16.0/24 RT: NET-RED queued.16.0. E .0. ia . Inc.per-user static route.IS-IS inter area * . Queue size 1 RT: interface FastEthernet0/0 added to routing table %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0. M . as shown in the highlighted output. R .16. Use the following systematic process to troubleshoot your connection: 1. Is the interface connected to another device such as a hub.OSPF NSSA external type 1.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C 172. Has the interface been activated or enabled? ________ If you can answer yes to all the proceeding questions.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .EIGRP external.3. E2 . IA .3. O .EIGRP.0.OSPF. connected metric [0/0] RT: NET-RED 172.ODR P .

R1#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. The other side of the WAN link must also be configured. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000 is_up: 0 state: 0 sub state: 1 line: 0 has_route: False Some IOS versions display the output shown above every 30 seconds. .255. one per line.‖ R1(config-if)#_______no shutdown______________________ After you enter the correct command. Step 6: Enter the clock rate command on R1.2.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. establish a separate terminal session by consoling into R2 from another workstation.0 is_up: 0 state: 0 sub state: 1 line: 0 has_route: False As soon as you press the Enter key. you should see debug output similar to the following example:is_up: 0 state: 0 sub state: 1 line: 0 has_route: False %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0/0/0. Because R1 is the DCE side of our lab environment. R2#configure terminal Enter configuration commands. Here. Step 8: If possible.2 255. R1(config)#interface Serial 0/0/0 Configure the IP address as specified in the Topology Diagram. review the discussion in ―Examining Router Interfaces. Cisco IOS debug output informs you that there is now a route.2.‖ which is discussed in Section 2. R1(config-if)#ip address 172. ―Router Configuration Review. Inc. End with CNTL/Z. Use the ? to find the valid rates. changed state to down Unlike configuring the LAN interface. Doing this allows you to observe the debug output on R1 when you make changes on R2.1 255.16.255. Page 6 of 19 End with CNTL/Z.16. we used 64000 bps.8.255. even if your cable connections are correct.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 5: Enter interface configuration mode for R1’s WAN interface connected to R2. we must specify how fast the bits will be clocked between R1 and R2.2. R2#debug ip routing IP routing debugging is on Enter interface configuration mode for R2‘s WAN interface connected to R1. If you are not sure what the correct command is. Why is the state of the route still False? What step must you now take to make sure that the interface is fully configured? _______________________________________________________________________ The route cannot be entered into the routing table until the interface is activated with the no shutdown command. Step 7: Enter the command necessary to ensure that the interface is fully configured. R2(config-if)#ip address 172.0 is_up: 0 state: 6 sub state: 1 line: 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. but its state is False. You can specify any valid clocking speed. one per line. fully configuring the WAN interface does not always guarantee that the route will be entered in the routing table. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 Configure the IP address as specified in the Topology Diagram. You can also turn on debug ip routing on R2.

Check your physical connections between the two WAN interfaces for R1 and R2. P . as shown in the highlighted output.0.3.IS-IS inter area. 2 subnets 172. Use the following systematic process to troubleshoot your connection: 1.16.16. E2 . Serial0/0/0 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.mobile.OSPF inter area N1 .IS-IS level-2 ia . Check link lights.2. Inc.OSPF. changed state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 RT: add 172. IA .0 is directly connected.OSPF external type 2 i . S . Are the correct cables connected to the routers? ________ 4.16. Is the interface connected to the other router‘s interface? ________ 2.0 is directly connected. su .IS-IS level-1.2.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .IS-IS summary. FastEthernet0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.candidate default.EIGRP external. Step 10: Enter the command to verify that the new route is now in the routing table for R1 and R2.2.OSPF NSSA external type 1. connected metric [0/0] RT: interface Serial0/0/0 added to routing table is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.0. What command did you use? R1#________show ip route_________________________ Codes: C . N2 .‖ R2(config-if)#___________no shutdown__________________ After you enter the correct command. Are all link lights blinking? ________ 3. M .8.0.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Step 9: Enter the command necessary to ensure that the interface is fully configured. EX .0/24 via 0. Did you connect the correct WAN interface? ________ An interface will not come up unless it detects a link beat at the Physical layer from another device. All rights reserved. * . you should see debug output similar to the following example: is_up: 0 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Serial0/0/0. O .connected. the interface should come up.IS-IS.EIGRP.16. L1 .0/24 is subnetted. R . Your output should look similar to the following output. If you are not sure what the correct command is. R1 must have the DCE side of the cable attached and R2 must have the DTE side of the cable attached.static.0. B .ODR. ―Router Configuration Review.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C 172. review the discussion in ―Examining Router Interfaces.OSPF external type 1. There should now be two routes in the routing table for R1 and one route in the table for R2. Page 7 of 19 . U . This document is Cisco Public Information.BGP D .RIP. the interface did not come up. changed state to up is_up: 1 state: 4 sub state: 1 line: 0 The new network that you configured on the WAN interface is now added to the routing table. Has the interface been activated or enabled? ________ If you can answer yes to all the proceeding questions. L2 . Is the correct interface attached? ________ Your router has more than one WAN interface. Check the cabling.per-user static route o .‖ which is discussed in Section 2. If you do not see the route added to the routing table.

16.1. R . Configure the host PC1 with an IP address of 172. B .ODR P .2. IA . ia . o .10/24 and a default gateway of 172. I . is it possible to ping the default gateway? ___yes_____ From the host PC2. Step 3: Configure the host PC3.16. S . All rights reserved.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . Step 2: Configure the host PC2.10/24 and a default gateway of 172. Inc. O . undebug all.0/24 is subnetted. Configure the host PC3 with an IP address of 192.IS-IS inter area * .2.EIGRP external.EGP i . Step 1: Test connectivity.OSPF inter area N1 .16. 1 subnets 172.OSPF external type 2. L1 . Task 5: Configure IP Addressing on the Host PCs. N2 .1.8.16.16. R1(config-if)#end R1#no debug ip routing IP routing debugging is off Task 4: Finish Configuring Router Interfaces Step 1: Configure Remaining R2 Interfaces Finish configuring the remaining interfaces on R2 according to the Topology Diagram and Addressing Table. Serial0/0/0 Step 11: Turn off debugging on both routers using either no debug ip routing or simply.0 is directly connected. Configure the host PC2 with an IP address of 172.OSPF.168.168.IS-IS level-2.RIP.static. Step 1: Configure the host PC1.EIGRP.3.1: Basic Static Route Configuration R2#_________show ip route________________________ Codes: C .IS-IS. M . This document is Cisco Public Information.1.candidate default.2.16. L2 .per-user static route. E . EX . Page 8 of 19 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. E2 .OSPF external type 1. From the host PC1.mobile.connected.3. U . is it possible to ping the default gateway? ___yes_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Task 6: Test and Verify the Configurations. Test connectivity by pinging from each host to the default gateway that has been configured for that host.IS-IS level-1.1.IGRP.OSPF NSSA external type 1.10/24 and a default gateway of 192.BGP D . Step 2: Configure R3 Interfaces Console into R3 and configure the necessary interfaces according to the Topology Diagram and Addressing Table.1.0.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C 172.

1.8.168. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ____no____ From the host PC3. Check the PC configurations. Are the PCs physically connected to the correct router? ________ (Connection could be through a switch or directly) Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ________ 2. you should be able to successfully ping from R2 to R1 and from R2 to R3.1: Basic Static Route Configuration From the host PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Has the interface been activated or enabled? ________ 4. troubleshoot the configurations to find the error using the following systematic process: 1. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ____no____ From the router R1. routers only know about directly connected networks. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ________ Did you configure the clock rate command on the DCE side of the link? ________ 3. From the router R2.16. you should be able to successfully ping the default gateway. Are all relevant interfaces up and up? ________ If your answer to all three steps is yes. is it possible to ping the default gateway? ___yes_____ If the answer is no for any of these questions. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. Check the router interfaces using the show ip interface brief command. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping router R3? ____no____ These pings should all fail. Do they match the Topology Diagram? ________ 3. Check the router configurations. is it possible to ping R3 at 192.1? ___yes_____ If the answer is no for any of these questions.2. Page 9 of 19 . From the host PC3. is it possible to ping R1 at 172. Are the routers physically connected? ________ Are link lights blinking on all relevant ports? ________ 2.1? ___yes_____ From the router R2. Step 2: Use the ping command to test connectivity between directly connected routers. Step 3: Use ping to check connectivity between devices that are not directly connected. Why? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ At this point. Inc. Check the cabling. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Check the cabling. Are the interfaces up and up? ________ If your answer to all three steps is yes. is it possible to ping the host PC2? ____no____ From the host PC2.

mobile. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.1.EIGRP.16. o . * .IS-IS level-2. I .0 is directly connected.OSPF external type 2.0/24 is subnetted. U .OSPF external type 2. B .16. N2 .IGRP.2.16. L2 .RIP. All rights reserved. B .IS-IS level-1. Serial0/0/0 192.EGP i .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .IS-IS level-1. in the up and up state)? ___yes_____ How many interfaces are activated on R1 and R3? ____2____ Why are there three activated interfaces on R2? ___R2 has two WAN links and a LAN link_________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Step 2: View the routing table information for all three routers.BGP D .0/24. R1#__________show ip route_______________________ Codes: C . E2 .2 Serial0/0/1 192.connected.1. Step 1: Check status of interfaces.0/24 is subnetted. FastEthernet0/0 172.EIGRP external.0. 2 subnets 172.16. M .RIP.OSPF. 2 subnets 172.8.OSPF NSSA external type 1.candidate default U . FastEthernet0/0 What networks are present in the Topology Diagram but not in the routing table for R1? ____172.per-user static route.1 FastEthernet0/1 unassigned Serial0/0/0 172.0.2.OSPF external type 1. S . M .OSPF inter area N1 .2 Vlan1 unassigned OK? YES YES YES YES YES Method manual unset manual manual manual Status Protocol up up administratively down down up up up up administratively down down Are all of the relevant interfaces on each router activated (that is. I .0 is directly connected.1.EIGRP.0 is directly connected.static.BGP D .0/24 ________________________________________ R2#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .16.candidate default.connected.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .2.16.16.per-user static route. S . 192. o .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C C 172.IS-IS.168. Page 10 of 19 .0/24. EX .OSPF external type 1.EIGRP external. Serial0/0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 192.0 is directly connected.IS-IS inter area * . EX .mobile.168. Serial0/0/0 172.16. E2 . R .OSPF NSSA external type 1. E .1: Basic Static Route Configuration Task 7: Gather Information.16. L1 . IA . The following output is for R2.ODR P . IA .EGP i . O . R .IS-IS level-2.0/24 is directly connected. E .1.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C 172.IS-IS.168. R2#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address FastEthernet0/0 172.static. Check the status of the interfaces on each router with the command show ip interface brief.OSPF.168.IGRP.3.1.OSPF inter area N1 . L2 .1. ia . O . N2 . Inc. L1 .

IS-IS level-2. N2 .0 255.3. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 network using the Serial 0/0/1 interface of R2 as the next-hop address. E . All rights reserved. On the R3 router.1.BGP D .16. Serial0/0/1 192. I . Step 1: To configure static routes with a next-hop specified.2.RIP.2 R3(config)# Step 2: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry. which means that the route is a static route. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . Task 8: Configure a Static Route Using a Next-Hop Address.1.16. use the following syntax: Router(config)# ip route network-address subnet-mask ip-address network-address:—Destination network address of the remote network to be added to the routing table. subnet-mask—Subnet mask of the remote network to be added to the routing table.2. * . ip-address—Commonly referred to as the next-hop router‘s IP address.connected.IS-IS level-1. M .0/24.16.1: Basic Static Route Configuration What networks are present in the Topology Diagram but not in the routing table for R2? ____172.168.3.16. 172.0 192. routers only know about the directly connected networks.8. B .EGP i .mobile.static.OSPF inter area N1 .0/24 is directly connected. Notice that the route is coded with an S. 192.0/24. IA .255.0/24 is directly connected. Therefore.0/24.0/24 ________________________________________ Why are all the networks not in the routing tables for each of the routers? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ The routers are not configured with static or dynamic routing. R3(config)#ip route 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. L1 .per-user static route.168. E2 .16.1. EX .OSPF external type 1. configure a static route to the 172.0/24 ________________________________________ R3#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .IS-IS.168. o .EIGRP external. R .IGRP. What can be added to the network so that devices that are not directly connected can ping each other? __________________________________________________________________________ Static routes.EIGRP.2.16.OSPF.candidate default U . Inc.255.OSPF NSSA external type 1. The subnet mask can be modified to summarize a group of networks.168. Page 11 of 19 . 172. L2 .ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C 192. O .1. FastEthernet0/0 What networks are present in the Topology Diagram but not in the routing table for R3? ____172. S .OSPF external type 2.

255. the ping reply will be discarded at R2 because the R2 does not have a return route to the 192.RIP.1. Step 3: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC3 and the host PC2. What is the next-hop address to which R2 would send a packet destined for the 192. However.BGP D .OSPF external type 1. R2#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .168.1 172.2.1. IA .1__________ R2(config)# Step 5: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.16. Page 12 of 19 .168. with what interface will R3 send the packet? Packet 1 2 3 4 5 Destination IP 172.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set S C C R3# 172. configure a static route to reach the 192.EIGRP external.0 network.0/24 is directly connected. This document is Cisco Public Information. S . B . 1 subnets 172.static.1.1. EX . R . O . R .BGP D .168.1. this does not mean that a packet will arrive safely at the final destination.static. o .EGP i .EIGRP external.OSPF.1.168.IS-IS. Inc. I .mobile.0 [1/0] via 192.168.3.16.2 172.16.0 network in the routing table.2. ―Gather Information.connected. E .OSPF NSSA external type 1.connected.10 Discard or Forward? ____Discard_____ ____Forward_____ ____Forward_____ ____Discard_____ ____Forward_____ Interface ___N/A________ ___S0/0/1______ ___S0/0/1______ ___N/A________ ___Fa0/0_______ Although R3 will forward packets to destinations for which there is a route. S .0.8. M .16.OSPF external type 2.0/24 network? R2(config)#ip route 192.mobile. Will R3 discard the packet or forward the packet? If R3 forwards the packet.2.2.16.1.IS-IS level-2. L1 .168.OSPF inter area N1 . All rights reserved.0/24 network? ______Serial 0/0/1 ______ Assume that the following packets have arrived at R3 with the indicated destination addresses.16. From the host PC3. N2 . is it possible to ping the host PC2? ___No_____ These pings should fail.0/24 is subnetted.168. EX .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.2 192.2.0/24 is directly connected.EIGRP.2. I . L2 . Step 4: On the R2 router. FastEthernet0/0 With this route entered in the routing table.10 192.RIP.168.0/24 will be forwarded to the next-hop router at 192.168.2. any packet that matches the first 24 left-most bits of 172. What interface will R3 use to forward packets to the 172.IGRP.16. IA . E2 .2.IGRP.EIGRP.per-user static route. which means the route is a static route.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . M .OSPF.‖ PC2 will send a ping reply back to PC3.candidate default U .1.1: Basic Static Route Configuration R3#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .1.0 ______192. The pings will arrive at PC2 if you have configured and verified all devices through Task 7. * .255. Notice that the route is coded with an S.IS-IS level-1. B .0 255.OSPF inter area All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. O .16. Serial0/0/1 192.168.10 192.

0 [1/0] via 192. S .8.IS-IS level-1. Serial0/0/1 192. L2 .168. R3(config)# ip route 172.per-user static route.EGP i . o . FastEthernet0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 Step 6: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC3 and the host PC2.16. All rights reserved.1.OSPF external type 2. L2 . On the R3 router. Page 13 of 19 . FastEthernet0/0 172.1. L1 .2 172.2. Serial0/0/1 192. Step 1: On the R3 router.IS-IS. Serial0/0/1 192. is it possible to ping the host PC2? ___yes_____ This ping should be successful.1.OSPF NSSA external type 1.candidate default U .ODR Gateway of last resort is not set S S C C R3# 172.IS-IS.1: Basic Static Route Configuration N1 . The subnet mask can be modified to summarize a group of networks. This document is Cisco Public Information.IS-IS level-1. From the host PC3.OSPF external type 2.BGP D . configure a static route to the 172.IS-IS level-2. B .255. N2 .16.connected.OSPF NSSA external type 1.168.0/24 [1/0] via 192.0 is directly connected. Task 9: Configure a Static Route Using an Exit Interface.0.per-user static route. Inc.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . IA .2.0 255.EIGRP external. Serial0/0/0 192.IGRP.255.0 network using the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the R3 router as the exit interface. O . * . R3#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .0 is directly connected.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . R .168. I .16. exit-interface—Outgoing interface that would be used in forwarding packets to the destination network. configure a static route.EGP i . o . 2 subnets 172.IS-IS level-2.16. To configure static routes with an exit interface specified.RIP.mobile.OSPF inter area N1 .static.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.16.1.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C C S R2# 172.168.candidate default U .0/24 is directly connected.2.2.16.OSPF external type 1.OSPF external type 1. use the following syntax: Router(config)# ip route network-address subnet-mask exit-interface network-address—Destination network address of the remote network to be added to the routing table.16. E .0.2. E . subnet-mask—Subnet mask of the remote network to be added to the routing table. 2 subnets 172. N2 . M .0/24 is directly connected.EIGRP. EX . * .1.2. E2 . E2 .0 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.168.1.0/24 is subnetted.16. L1 .168.0 Serial0/0/1 R3(config)# Step 2: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.0/24 is subnetted.OSPF.

B .per-user static route. This document is Cisco Public Information.IS-IS. For example.16.EGP i .0 ! ip route 172.168..OSPF NSSA external type 1.16.255.0 ! interface Serial0/0/0 no ip address shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.16.0 255.1. IA . <output omitted> ! hostname R3 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.16. E2 .1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. S .255.168.16. no ip route 172.2.0. E .EIGRP external.connected.BGP D .0 Serial0/0/0 R2(config)# Step 4: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry. O .3.2. L1 .0 255. I . All rights reserved.ODR Gateway of last resort is not set C C S C S R2# 172. configure a static route to the 172.1.IGRP.0 255.0 192.255. FastEthernet0/0 172.0 is directly connected.0 network using the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R2 router as the exit interface.0 S 0/0/1 Step 3: On the R2 router.16.RIP.0 255.mobile.1.255. M . Inc.OSPF.0/24 is subnetted.255.255. R2#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .3.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Use the show running-config command to verify the static routes that are currently configured on R3. R .OSPF external type 1.2 ip route 172.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .IS-IS level-1.1 255. Serial0/0/0 172.0/24 is directly connected.OSPF external type 2. configure a static route.1.OSPF inter area N1 .255.168.16.candidate default U . * .168.16.255. On the R2 router.. L2 . N2 . Page 14 of 19 .1.255.0/24 [1/0] via 192. o .168.2.2.EIGRP. R3#show running-config Building configuration.IS-IS level-2.1 255.8.2. R2(config)# ip route 172.255.255.static.0 is directly connected. 3 subnets 172.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Serial0/0/1 192.0 Serial0/0/1 ! end How would you remove either of these routes from the configuration? _____________________________________________________________________________ Use the ‗no‘ form of the command.1. EX .168.0 is directly connected.255.3. Serial0/0/0 192.

1.16.0 is directly connected. we must explicitly configure R1 with a default route before it will send packets with unknown destinations to R2. L1 .OSPF NSSA external type 1.2 to network 0. Serial0/0/0 172. Does this mean that R2 can receive ping replies from all destinations shown in the Topology Diagram? ___No_____ Why or why not? ______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Although R2 can route to all networks in the Topology. FastEthernet0/0 0.2.IS-IS. R1 should send the packet to R2.2.EIGRP.RIP.candidate default U . R1(config)#ip route 0. use the following syntax: Router(config)#ip route 0. Otherwise. I .connected.16.16.0.0.2. This ping should fail because the R1 router does not have a return route to the 172. A router uses the default static route when there is not a better.16. Step 5: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC2 and PC1. N2 . R1#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C . o . E2 . If R1 has packets to route that do not belong to any of R1 directly connected networks. R2 has a complete routing table with valid routes to all five networks shown in the Topology Diagram. But could you do this for every route on the Internet? No.0. we could assume that R1 is a stub router. R .2 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.OSPF inter area N1 . EX . The router and you would be overwhelmed. this does not guarantee that other routers can route back to R2.0 0.static. Instead of filling the routing table of R1 with static routes.1: Basic Static Route Configuration At this point. M . * .2.0 C C S* R1# 172.0 network in the routing table. Inc. B .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. S .OSPF external type 1.16.16.0. However. This means that R2 is the default gateway for R1. To configure a default static route.8.ODR Gateway of last resort is 172.0 172.IGRP. Task 10: Configure a Default Static Route.2 R1(config)# Step 2: View the routing table to verify the new static route entry.OSPF.mobile. you configured the router for specific destination routes. To minimize the size of the routing tables.0 { ip-address | interface } Step 1: Configure the R1 router with a default route.0.0.OSPF external type 2. add a default static route.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .16.IS-IS level-2.per-user static route.0/0 [1/0] via 172. Page 15 of 19 .0.0.0 is directly connected. Configure the R1 router with a default route using the interface option on Serial 0/0/0 of R1 as the nexthop interface.0 0. R1 discards packets with unknown destinations. L2 .EGP i . E . In the previous steps. O .0.0/24 is subnetted.IS-IS level-1. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. more specific route to a destination.EIGRP external.BGP D . All rights reserved. 2 subnets 172.0.0. IA .3.0.

0/22.255. Looking at the three networks at the binary level.252.EGP i . E .0/24.00010000. B .OSPF NSSA external type 1. we already have two static routes to 172.0 172.16.IS-IS inter area * .0/22 [1/0] via 192. 3 subnets.0.11111111.16.00010000. R3#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .3.2 Step 2: Verify that the summary route is installed in the routing table. L1 . IA .0 192.BGP D . Prefix 172.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 Step 1: Configure the summary static route on the R3 router.1. R .1.16. in dotted-decimal format. I .16.OSPF.16.ODR P .0 10101100.00010000.2 Page 16 of 19 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 network in the routing table on the R3 router? ___no_____ Task 11: Configure a Summary Static Route. From the host PC3.1.00000000 nd bit from the left. EX . which is connected to R2.IS-IS.OSPF inter area N1 ..3.3. Inc. .0. Because these networks are so close together. which makes the route lookup process more efficient.0 To mask the first 22 left-most bits.0. M .16.0 255. and will send all unknown traffic out Serial 0/0/0. We could configure another static route on R3 for the 172.RIP. the gateway of last resort.16. E2 .0.IS-IS level-2.00000000 10101100. R3(config)#ip route 172.0/16 is variably subnetted.1.candidate default.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Note that the R1 router now has a default route. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ___no_____ Is there a route to the 172.11111100. we can summarize them into one route.16. The prefix portion will include 172.00000010.IGRP. The network to be used in the summary route is 172.16.252.EIGRP. From the host PC2.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .00000011.EIGRP external.0/24 and 172.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set S 172.per-user static route. we can a common boundary at the 22 172.16.00000001. Mask 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.2. we use a mask with 22 bits turned on from left to right: Bit Mask 11111111. ia .2. O .OSPF external type 2. All rights reserved. Step 3: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC2 and PC1.00000000 10101100. N2 .16.OSPF external type 1.0 network.connected.8.mobile.16. because this would be the prefix if we turned off all the bits to nd the right of the 22 bit.IS-IS level-1.00000000 This mask..0. 2 masks 172.168. is. o .16. is it possible to ping PC1? ___yes_____ This ping should be successful this time because the R1 router can return the packet using the default route.static. However.0 172. doing this helps reduce the size of routing tables. U . S .0.0.168. L2 . Again.

OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .OSPF external type 1. Serial0/0/1 192.EIGRP. 172.16. Serial0/0/1 192. o .8. Traffic destined for these networks will be sent to R2 at 192.1.OSPF inter area N1 .168.255.16.16. Page 17 of 19 . Remove the two static routes that are currently configured on R3 by using the no form of the command. R3#__________show ip route _______________________ Codes: C .0 network on the R3 router.168. S .16.1. whereas the new summary will be using a /22 mask.1.OSPF.2 172.0/24.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.candidate default. Serial0/0/1 192.3.2.0/24 [1/0] via 192.per-user static route. L1 .OSPF external type 2. Step 5: Use ping to check connectivity between the host PC3 and PC1.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set S C C 172.1.IS-IS inter area * . ia .ODR P .IGRP.2.EIGRP external. is it possible to ping the host PC1? ___yes_____ This ping should be successful this time because there is a route to the 172. O .0/24 is directly connected. 172.168.0 255. N2 .255. and the R1 router can return the packet using the default route. E2 .0. we can now remove the more specific /24 routes.static.0/24 is directly connected. Step 3: Remove static routes on R3.168.0 192.EGP i .2.16.0/24. and Documentation With the completion of this lab.168.0 Serial0/0/1 Step 4: Verify that the routes are no longer in the routing table. Task 12: Summary.2.16. All rights reserved. FastEthernet0/0 Configuring a summary route on R3 did not remove the static routes configured earlier because these routes are more specific routes.16. B .IS-IS level-1.1. I .BGP D .2.1. This document is Cisco Public Information. U . Reflection.1. To reduce the size of the routing table. and 172.16. FastEthernet0/0 R3 now only has one route to any host belonging to networks 172. M . 1 subnets 172.connected. EX .2 R3(config)#no ip route 172.0/24 is directly connected.IS-IS level-2. L2 . E .0/22 is subnetted.0/24 is directly connected.16.mobile.IS-IS.0. Inc.0/24. R .OSPF NSSA external type 1.255.16.0 [1/0] via 192.16.255.2 192.168. They both use /24 mask.2.3.1: Basic Static Route Configuration S S C C 172.0. IA .0/24.168. R3(config)#no ip route 172. you have: Configured your first network with a combination of static and default routing to provide full connectivity to all networks Observed how a route is installed in the routing table when you correctly configure and activate the interface Learned how to statically configure routes to destinations that are not directly connected Learned how to configure a default route that is used to forward packets to unknown destinations Learned how to summarize a group of networks into one static route to reduce the size of a routing table All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.RIP. From the host PC3.168.0 255.0/24 is directly connected.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.0/24________ in its routing table. The next-hop IP address is reachable out interface ____S0/0/1_________. Next. Inc. R3 receives the bit stream on its _______Fa0/0______ interface. Task 14: Challenge In the following exercise. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. If you need help with this exercise see Section 1.10___________ and destination IP address of _____172.‖ 1. R2 strips off the header and looks up the network address ______172. Because the frame is HDLC. The ICMP process on PC3 formulates a ping request to PC2 and sends the request to the IP process.1. the address field in the HDLC packet contains the value 0x8F.16. _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Finally. R2 receives the frame on the _____S0/0/1_______ interface. Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. (Because this is a point-to-point link. fill in the blanks to document the process as the ping travels from source to destination. Page 18 of 19 . Disconnect and store the cabling.16.1.2_________.1: Basic Static Route Configuration Along the way. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R3 looks up the destination network address _______172. 7. PC3 sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream.1.0/24____________ in its routing table.168. R3 encapsulates the packet in an HDLC frame and forwards the frame out the correct interface. no address is needed. you have learned to systematically troubleshoot such problems. ―Path Determination and Switching Function. PC3 then frames the packet with the source MAC address of (indicate device name) ___R3_____ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ______PC3________. R3 strips off the Ethernet header.) 8. This document is Cisco Public Information. see Lab 1.10___________. 4.4. Hopefully. 5. record any comments or notes that may help you in future labs.2. 3. Because the destination MAC address matches the receiving interface‘s MAC address.16. The IP process on PC3 encapsulates the ping packet with a source IP address of _____192. 2. you should document your network implementation. This destination has a next-hop IP address of _______192. On each router. 6.1. This destination address is directly connected to the ____Fa0/0_______ interface. At this point.168.8. you have also probably encountered some problems either in your physical lab setup or in your configurations.5. capture the following command output to a text (. However.1. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. All rights reserved.txt) file and save for future reference. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).

the address field in the HDLC packet contains the value 0x8F.168. The IP process on PC2 examines the ___172.10_____________ and destination IP address of ___192. ICMP sends a ―success‖ message to the requesting application. R2 encapsulates the packet in an HDLC frame and forwards the frame out the correct interface. Because the destination MAC address matches the receiving interface‘s MAC address.10_____ IP address to make sure that it matches its own IP address.2. 25. 21.10________ IP address to make sure that it matches its own IP address. PC2 then frames the packet with the source MAC address of (indicate device name) ____PC2______ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ____R2______.168. R2 strips off the Ethernet header. R3 receives the frame on the ___S0/0/1________ interface.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. 19. R2 encapsulates the ping request in a frame with the source MAC address of (indicated device name) ____R2_____ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ____PC2____. PC2 receives the bit stream on its ______Ethernet (NIC)_____ interface. 23. 11. R2 then sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. Then PC2 passes the data to the ICMP process. 13. Because the destination MAC address matches the MAC address of PC2. no address is needed.2. Page 19 of 19 . 24.1.) 20.168. 16. This destination address is directly connected to the ___Fa0/0___________ interface. R3 encapsulates the ping request in a frame with the source MAC address of (indicated device name) ___R3_____ and the destination MAC address of (indicate device name) ___PC3_____. This document is Cisco Public Information. 12. PC2 strips off the Ethernet header. 15. 14.2. 22. The IP process on PC3 examines the __192.8.1__________. PC3 receives the bit stream on its ___Ethernet (NIC)______ interface.0/24_________ in its routing table. This destination has a next-hop IP address of ___192. Then PC3 passes the data to the ICMP process.16. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.168.1. 18. 17.1: Basic Static Route Configuration 9. Inc.0/24____________ in its routing table. R2 looks up the destination network address ___192. 10. The next-hop IP address is reachable out interface ___S0/0/1_________. R3 then sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. R2 receives the bit stream on its ______Fa0/0_______ interface.16. (Because this is a point-to-point link. PC2 then sends the frame out on the media as an encoded bit stream. R3 strips off the header and looks up the destination network address ___192.168. However. The ICMP process on PC2 formulates a ping reply to PC3 and sends the reply to the IP process. Because the frame is HDLC.1. The IP process on PC2 encapsulates the ping packet with a source IP address of ___172. Because the destination MAC address matches the MAC address of PC3. PC3 strips off the Ethernet header.2.10____________.

2: Challenge Static Route Configuration (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 Fa0/0 S/0/0/1 NIC IP Address 192.Lab 2.255.252 255.255.255.255.168.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.201. you will be able to: Subnet an address space given requirements. Inc.165.168.255.255.165.253 192.168.192 255.65 192.255.192 255.192 255.2.255.255.94 209.255.8.255.2.255.168.255.168.2.201.224 255.168.200.252 255.192 255.255.1 192.65 209. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document.255.2 209.168.192 255.255.255.165.255.168.165.2. All rights reserved.225 209.130 209.165.255.2.255.2. Page 1 of 7 .193 192.2. This document is Cisco Public Information.193 PC2 Web Server NIC NIC 192.253 Subnet Mask 255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.192 255.129 192.200.2.200.225 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.

255. Inc.168.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Determine appropriate static.168. Assign subnet 2 to the WAN link between HQ and BRANCH.64/26 Subnet 2: ________________________________________ 192.2. Subnet 0 will be available for future expansion.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. Subnet this network to provide enough IP addresses to support 60 hosts. 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. 2. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. All rights reserved.2.2. 4. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.128/26 Subnet 3: ________________________________________ 192. Assign the first valid host address in subnet 1 to the LAN interface on HQ. Test and verify configurations.0/24 address space to complete the network design.8. and default routes. Assign subnet 1 to the LAN attached to HQ. summary. Step 1: Examine the network requirements. Page 2 of 7 . 2.192/26 What is the subnet mask for these networks in dotted decimal format? __________________________ 255. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space.0/24 network? __________ 3 What are the network addresses of the subnets? Subnet 0: ________________________________________ 192. Reflect upon and document the network implementation. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Scenario In this lab activity. Static routes will also need to be configured so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other.2. Configure and activate Serial and Ethernet interfaces. 1. 3. The addressing for the LAN connected to the ISP router and the link between the HQ and ISP routers has already been completed.0/26 Subnet 1: ________________________________________ 192.168. You have been given the 192.255. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces.192 What is the subnet mask for the network in slash format? __________ 26 How many usable hosts are there per subnet? __________ 62 Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. Assign the last valid host address in subnet 1 to PC2.2. Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 192.168. Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. The addressing for the LAN connected to the ISP router and the link between the HQ and ISP routers has already been completed.2. Assign subnet 3 to the LAN attached to BRANCH.

HQ. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. you can test connectivity between two routers and between and end device and its default gateway. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Inc. Assign the first valid host address in subnet 3 to the LAN interface of BRANCH. 7. 8. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. PC2. 5. 6. All rights reserved. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet.8. and ISP routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. 5. Configure the Ethernet interfaces on PC1.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration 3. and ISP routers. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. 3. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. HQ. Configure the interfaces on the BRANCH.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. This document is Cisco Public Information. and the Web Server with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. 6. Assign the last valid host address in subnet 3 to PC1. Page 3 of 7 . Step 1: Verify BRANCH and HQ connectivity. Configure the router hostname. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. 4. However. Configure a password for VTY connections. Configure a password for console connections. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. HQ. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 2. When you have finished. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Disable DNS lookup. Configure an EXEC mode password. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the BRANCH. Verify that BRANCH can ping across the WAN link to HQ and that HQ can ping across the WAN link that it shares with ISP. Task 3: Prepare the Network. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Assign the second valid host address in subnet 2 to the WAN interface on HQ. Assign the first valid host address in subnet 2 to the WAN interface on BRANCH. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. 4.

Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on BRANCH. This document is Cisco Public Information. PC2. Task 8: Configure Static Routing on HQ.128/26 ________________________________________ 192.168.2.168. ________________________________________________________________________________ BRANCH(config)#ip route 0.0. Record the command to configure a default static route using the appropriate exit interface.168.2. PC2. ________________________________________ 192. Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ.0/30 ________________________________________ 209.2.8. Inc. and Web Server connectivity.0 0. we should configure BRANCH with a default static route pointing to HQ.128/26 ________________________________________ 192. do you think that PC1 can now successfully ping PC2? __________ no Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ PC1 cannot successfully ping PC2. Page 4 of 7 .2. All rights reserved.0/30 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.201. What networks are present in the BRANCH routing table? List the networks with slash notation.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration Step 2: Verify PC1. HQ does not yet know how to route packets back to PC1’s subnet. and the Web Server can ping their respective default gateways.201.168.0.165.64/26 ________________________________________ 209. What networks are present in the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation.0 serial0/0/0 Step 3 View the routing table of BRANCH to verify the new static route entry. Task 7: Configure Static Routing on BRANCH.2.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.165.0. Although PC2 will receive the ping packet from PC1 and send a ping reply back to HQ. You should see a Gateway of Last Resort set on BRANCH.0. Because BRANCH is a stub router.192/26 What networks are missing from the BRANCH routing table? List the networks with slash notation. ________________________________________ 192. ________________________________________ 192. Verify that PC1.200.224/27 Can one summary route that includes all of the missing networks be created? __________ no How many WAN routes are available to traffic leaving the LAN connected to BRANCH? __________ 1 Step 2 Configure BRANCH with a default static route pointing to HQ.64/26 ________________________________________ 209. Without testing it first.165.

This document is Cisco Public Information. HQ must be able to route to that LAN.0. Record the command that you used.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration What networks are missing from the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation. ___________________________________________________________________________________ HQ(config)#ip route 192. ________________________________________ 192. Configure the HQ router with a default static route pointing to ISP using the next-hop IP address.0.168. do you think that PC1 can now successfully ping PC2? __________ yes Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ PC1 can now successfully ping PC2.201. Traffic from the BRANCH LAN destined for the Internet must pass through HQ.165. All rights reserved. Page 5 of 7 .165.200.192/26 ________________________________________ 209. Therefore.168.2.0 209.2.224/27 Can one summary route that includes all of the missing networks be created? __________ no HQ is in a unique position as the hub router in this hub-and-spoke topology. HQ must be able to send any traffic for which it does not have a route to ISP.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. What kind of route would you need to configure on HQ to solve this problem? ___________________________________________________________________________________ a static route pointing to the BRANCH LAN Step 2: Configure HQ with a static route.0. ___________________________________________________________________________________ HQ(config)#ip route 0. HQ now has a route back to the BRANCH LAN.192 serial 0/0/0 Step 3: Configure HQ with a default static route. Without testing it first.255.255.0 0. Configure HQ with a static route to the BRANCH LAN using the Serial 0/0/0 interface of HQ as the exit interface. Although the Web Server will receive the ping All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What kind of route would you need to configure on HQ to solve this problem? ___________________________________________________________________________________ a default static route pointing to ISP HQ is also the intermediary for any traffic from the Internet destined for the BRANCH LAN. do you think that PC1 or PC2 can now successfully ping the Web Server? __________ no Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ PC1 and PC2 cannot successfully ping the Web Server. Without testing it first.1 Step 4: View the routing table of HQ to verify the new static route entries.0.192 255. Inc.8. Record the command you used.

________________________________________ 192. Task 10: Verify the Configurations.128/26 ________________________________________ 192.2.0. check your physical connections and configurations.128/26 ________________________________________ 192. However.2. All rights reserved.2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. your service provider is an active partner in solving your connectivity needs. In a real-world implementation of this topology.5. Using the next-hop IP address. Step 3: View the routing table of ISP to verify the new static route entry. ________________________________________ 209. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected: From PC2. configure ISP with a summary static route that includes all of the subnets that are missing from the routing table.168.64/26 ________________________________________ 192.168.0/30 ________________________________________ 209. Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on ISP.168.192/26 ________________________________________ 0. is it possible to ping the Web Server? __________ yes The answer to these questions should be yes. you would not be configuring the ISP router.255. is it possible to ping the Web Server? __________ yes From PC1.201.168. is it possible to ping PC1? __________ yes From PC2.0 255.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration packets from PC1 and PC2 (HQ is sending default traffic to ISP).” What routes are present in the routing table of BRANCH? ________________________________________ 192.192/26 Can one summary route that includes all of the missing networks be created? __________ yes Step 2: Configure ISP with a summary static route. For a review of basic troubleshooting techniques.201. it is important that you understand the types of errors an ISP could make that would cause your networks to lose connectivity.165.168. ________________________________________________________________________________ ISP(config)#ip route 192. Task 9: Configure Static Routing on ISP. Record the command that you used.2.8. Service provider administrators are human.1.0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.200. What networks are present in the ISP routing table? List the networks with slash notation. see Lab 1.2.165.2 Note: The summary route will also include the subnet zero route that is reserved for future expansion.0 209.224/27 What networks are missing from the ISP routing table? List the networks with slash notation.2. too. Therefore.0. ISP does not yet know how to route packets back to HQ or BRANCH networks. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. Inc.165. “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration. If any of the above pings failed. Page 6 of 7 . and make mistakes.255.

128/26 ________________________________________ 192. Page 7 of 7 . Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Inc. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/30 ________________________________________ 0. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).165.64/26 ________________________________________ 192.201.168.0/0 What routes are present in the routing table of ISP? ________________________________________ 192.2.2.0.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.txt) file and save for future reference. how many individual static routes would be needed for hosts on the BRANCH LAN to communicate with all of the networks in the Topology Diagram? __________ 3 If a summary static route was not configured on ISP. All rights reserved. how many individual static routes would be needed for hosts on the ISP LAN to communicate with all of the networks in the Topology Diagram? __________ 3 Task 12: Document the Router Configurations On each router.165.165.0.2: Challenge Static Route Configuration What routes are present in the routing table of HQ? ________________________________________ 192.200.224/27 ________________________________________ 209. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.2.0/30 Task 11: Reflection If a default static route was not configured on BRANCH.168. Disconnect and store the cabling.192/26 ________________________________________ 209. capture the following command output to a text (.201.168.0/24 ________________________________________ 209.8.

255.255.20. Page 1 of 11 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.129 172.20. Inc.252 255.1.168.255.20.39.128 255.253 172.20.65 192.128 255.38.1.192 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.255.1 172.128 255.255.20.129 172.192 255.1.255.255.128 255.255.168. Discover points where the network is not converged.135 172.254 192.0.255.8. Load the routers with supplied scripts. All rights reserved.168.255.128 255.255.135 192.39. .255.38. This document is Cisco Public Information. you will be able to: • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.20.168.0.39.128 255.255.Lab 2.252 255.255.65 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.255.168.129 172.20.0.255.255.255.20.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 Web Server FA0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.1.1. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.129 192.2 192.70 Subnet Mask 255.255.

255.1.129 255. Clear the configuration on each of routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes • • • • Gather information about errors in the network. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations.128 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ip route 0. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Answer no if asked to save changes. Document the corrected network. Erase. and Reload the Routers. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors.255. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router.0.0.0.1. Propose solutions to network errors. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors.20. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other. Scenario In this lab.0 172. Task 1: Cable. All rights reserved. Page 2 of 11 .255. Inc.20.1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.1 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.129 ! the destination in the ip route command should be 172.0.2 ! ! ! ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.20. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers.8.255.20. Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH router: [Instructor Note: Missing or misconfigured commands are shown in red] hostname BRANCH ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.0. Implement solutions to network errors.0 0.

2 Step 2: Load the following script onto the HQ router: hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.168.0.1 255.1.0. Page 3 of 11 .0.39. This document is Cisco Public Information.20.128 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ip route 192.38.1.255.129 255.2 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: • The destination address in the default route is incorrect.192 192.20.255.2 255.64 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.20.129 255.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Corrected Script: hostname BRANCH ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.0 172.168.253 !ip route statement for the BRANCH LAN is missing ! line con 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.168.255.0.0 0.255.0.255.20.0 172.255. All rights reserved.255.255.128 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ip route 0.0.0. The correct command is ip route 0.1.255.1.20.20.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.0 0.38.0.254 255.255. Inc.8.255.0.0.

128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172. The command should be ip route 172.168.128 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.1.8.20.128 Serial0/0/0 or ip route 172.1.20.1. Page 4 of 11 . Inc.192 192.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Corrected Script: hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.20.192 !no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.20.255.255.128 172.20.1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: • The ip route statement for the BRANCH LAN is missing.255.255.129 255.253 ip route 172.252 no shutdown ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.20.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.128 255.255.255.168.255.128 17.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! ip route 192.128 255.20.0.1.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.255.38.1.255.255.255.255.168.168.255.253 255.128 255.64 255.254 255.255.38.1 Step 3: Load the following script onto the ISP router: hostname ISP ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.65 255.168.2 255.1.38.39. All rights reserved.255.39.

This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.254.0 255. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? no ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.65 255.255.0 255.255. All rights reserved.8.255.0 192.192 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 192.38.255.168.254.168.254 !The subnet mask for this route should be 255. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router.38.255.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes ip route 172. Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH Router.168.255. is it possible to ping the Web Server on the ISP LAN? _______ no From the host PC1.253 255.0.39.20.168. From the host PC1. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ yes Step 2: Examine the BRANCH router to find possible configuration errors.255.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Corrected Script: hostname ISP ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.254 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: • • The no shutdown command is missing from the FastEthernet0/0 interface. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host connected to the BRANCH router.38.252 no shutdown ! ip route 172. Inc. Page 5 of 11 . The incorrect subnet mask is used in the ip route statement.20.0.0 192. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ no From the host PC1.255.

What routes are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 172.128 is directly connected.1.20. apply them to the router configuration now.0 0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.0 172. Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the BRANCH router. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0.20.0 172.0.1. Serial0/0/0 172.0. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.8. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ BRANCH(config)#no ip route 0. FastEthernet0/0 Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The static default route to the HQ router is missing from the routing table because the destination address in the ip route statement is incorrect. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.20.0.1.0.0. Step 4: View summary of the status information.0 is directly connected. All rights reserved.129 BRANCH(config)#ip route 0. Inc. Page 6 of 11 . Begin by viewing the routing table. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. If there are any problems with the routing table.2 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1.20.0. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _______ no If the answer is yes. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 0.0.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces.

All rights reserved. view routing table again. Step 7: View routing information. apply them to the router configuration now. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the Web Server on the ISP LAN? _______ no From the host PC2. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _______ no If the answer is yes.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. troubleshoot the routing table again. is it possible to ping the web server on the ISP LAN? _______ no From the host PC1. From the host PC1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of HQ? _______ yes Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router. Step 4: View summary of the status information. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ no Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Inc. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ no If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. Page 7 of 11 . is it possible to ping PC2? _______ no From the host PC1. From the host PC2. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host connected to the HQ router.8. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _______ no If the answer is yes. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ yes Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ no From the host PC2. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.

168.1.20.168. Serial0/0/0 192.38.128 255.1.20. 172.1. Serial0/0/1 192.39. All rights reserved. If there are any problems with the routing table.1.255. is missing from the routing table. This document is Cisco Public Information. troubleshoot the routing table again.252 is directly connected. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host connected to the ISP router.0 is directly connected. Begin by viewing the routing table.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the HQ router.64 [1/0] via 192. What routes are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 172. From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.20.1 Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ no All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.8.128 172. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the ISP router? _______ yes From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ yes From the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ no From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. apply them to the router configuration now. Page 8 of 11 . is it possible to ping the Web Server on the ISP LAN? _______ no Task 5: Troubleshoot the ISP Router. From the host PC2. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Inc. view the routing table again.253 Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The route for the BRANCH LAN.20.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2.38.168. Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _______ no If the answer is yes. Step 7: View routing information. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.255.128/25. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ HQ(config)#ip route 172.

Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ The FastEthernet0/0 interface is administratively down.254 192. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Begin by viewing the routing table.0.168. Serial0/0/1 192.38. Inc. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ yes Step 2: Examine the ISP router to find possible configuration errors.39. Step 4: View summary of status information.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes From the Web Server on the ISP LAN.252 is directly connected.8. Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the ISP router. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _______ no If the answer is yes. apply them to the router configuration now. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ISP(config)#interface FastEthernet0/0 ISP(config-if)#no shutdown Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. What routes are shown in the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 172. Page 9 of 11 . FastEthernet0/0 Are there any problems with the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.38. All rights reserved. If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.20.168.0 [1/0] via 192.168. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router.64 is directly connected.

view the routing table again.20.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes ___________________________________________________________________________________ The wrong subnet mask is used in the ip route statement for the 172.254.0.0 192.20. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.168.254 ISP(config)#ip route 172.0.255.8. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. If there are any problems with the routing table.168.254 Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ yes From the Web Server on the ISP LAN. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.38.0 255. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ISP(config)#no ip route 172. From the Web Server on the ISP LAN.0 network. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ yes From the Web Server on the ISP LAN.0 255. troubleshoot the routing table again.0 192.255. This document is Cisco Public Information. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. is it possible to the WAN interface of the BRANCH router? _______ yes Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. Inc.0. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found.38.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. Page 10 of 11 . Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _______ no If the answer is yes. apply them to the router configuration now. All rights reserved. Step 7: View routing information.

capture the following command output to a text (.3: Troubleshooting Static Routes Task 7: Documentation On each router.1. This document is Cisco Public Information. • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.8.” All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.5. Page 11 of 11 . All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Static Routing Lab 2. “Cabling a Network and Basic Router Configuration.txt) file and save for future reference. Inc. see Lab 1.

9.9.9.168.255.9.255.168.224 255.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 1 of 4 .168.9.255.190 192.224 255.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.255.255.9.9.65 192.168.168.126 192.97 192.168.255.168.255.255.168.9.224 255.193 192.62 192.129 192.224 255.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.224 255.9.255.224 255.222 192.9.168.168.255.158 192.255.255.9.168.255.168.94 192.255.255.255.33 192.255.168.168.224 255.224 255.9.224 255.255.161 192.168.9.9.168.255. All rights reserved.224 255.5.65 192.9.1 192.255.97 192.255.255.9.33 192.255.168.168.9.193 192.9.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/1 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 Fa0/1 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.30 Subnet Mask 255.224 255.255.255.255. Inc.224 255.168.255.9.Lab 3.224 255.

How many subnets are needed? _____7_____ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _____20_____ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? _____10_____ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _____64_____ Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. Page 2 of 4 . Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. • The link from HQ to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The BRANCH2 LAN 1 will require 10 host IP addresses.224 or /27_____________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? _____30_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. What will the subnet mask be for the subnetworks? _____________255. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. Examine the use of the available network address space. Determine the number of hosts needed. This document is Cisco Public Information.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.255.) Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. All rights reserved. The BRANCH1 LAN 2 will require 10 host IP addresses. Design an appropriate addressing scheme.255.5. you have been given the network address 192. The HQ LAN will require 20 host IP addresses.168.168. you will be able to: • • • • • • Determine the number of subnets needed. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces and hosts. Step 1: Subnet the 192.9.0 network into the appropriate number of subnets. The network has the following addressing requirements: • • • • • • The BRANCH1 LAN 1 will require 10 host IP addresses. Scenario In this lab. Determine how static routing could be applied to the network.9. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements. The BRANCH2 LAN 2 will require 10 host IP addresses.

9. Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. This document is Cisco Public Information. What is the subnet address?__________192. 3.168.224 First Usable Host Address 192. Assign fifth subnet to the WAN link from HQ to BRANCH1.9.128 192. When assigning the subnets.254 Broadcast Address 192. Page 3 of 4 . Assign sixth subnet to the WAN link from HQ to BRANCH2. The subnets will be assigned to the networks to allow for route summarization on each of the routers.161 192.192 /27__________ Note: The highest subnet will not be required in this topology.168.223 192.9.168.168.168.168.9.9.9. What is the subnet address?__________192. 2.168.168.9. 1.128 /27__________ 6.168.129 192.9.168.65 192. Assign third subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/0 interface of BRANCH1.9.160 192.168.9. Assign fourth subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.168.168.168.9.9.9.168.64 192.168.9. __________192. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to the LAN interface.168. Assign second subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/0 interface of BRANCH2.9. What is the subnet address? __________192.168. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router.33 192. 3.168. keep in mind that routing will need to occur to allow information to be sent throughout the network.0 /27__________ 2.1 192.9.9.158 192.9.9. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface.94 192. 1. What is the subnet address? __________192.31 192.168.9. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram.168.9.30 192.9.9.9. Assign the first valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface.225 Last Usable Host Address 192. Subnet Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Subnet Address 192.9. What is the subnet address? __________192.168.168.168.168.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 Fill in the following chart with the subnet information.168.96 192.9.9.168.5.168.192 192. 2.9.168.222 192.9.32 /27__________ 3. Assign the first valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign first subnet (lowest subnet) to the LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of BRANCH2.32 192.159 192. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.168.191 192.9.9.9.127 192.9.9.96 /27__________ 5.168.126 192.9.193 192.190 192.168. Assign the last valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH1 subnet to the WAN interface.160 /27__________ 7.168.0 192. Inc.95 192.97 192.63 192. Step 2: Assign addresses to the BRANCH1 router.168. All rights reserved.9.62 192. Assign seventh subnet to LAN connected to the Fa0/1 interface of HQ. What is the subnet address?__________192.168.9.168.168.9.255 Step 2: Assign the subnets to the network shown in the Topology Diagram.9. 1.64 /27__________ 4.168.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. The HQ LAN is discontiguous from the rest of the subnets. Assign the last valid host address in link from HQ to BRANCH2 subnet to the WAN interface.9.192 serial 0/0 Can both of the BRANCH2 LANs be summarized into one route on the HQ router? _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 192. All rights reserved.9.168. 2.255.0 0.255.0 255.0. 5. 3. 1. This prevents an efficient summarization of the subnets.9.0. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 2 subnet to PC5. Task 5: Reflection How many IP address in the 192. 2.0.255.5. Page 4 of 4 .168. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 1 subnet to PC3.168. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to PC1.____________________________________________________________ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? _____no answer here __________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Apply your addressing scheme to the Packet Tracer file that has been supplied with this lab.0 serial 0/0 Can both of the BRANCH1 LANs be summarized into one route on the HQ router? _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 192.64 255.0 network are unused or unusable in this design? _____192_____ What would the command be to add a default static route on the WAN interface of the BRANCH1 router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. _____No. Step 4: Assign addresses to the host PCs.192 serial 0/1 Can the HQ LAN and both of the BRANCH1 LANs be summarized into one route on the BRANCH2 router? This summarized route should also include the link between the HQ and BRANCH1 routers. 3. 1. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 1 subnet to PC4. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH2 LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. 4. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH1 LAN 2 subnet to PC2. Inc.255. Task 4: Test the Network Design.2: Subnetting Scenario 1 Step 3: Assign addresses to the BRANCH2 router. Check to see that all devices on directly connected networks can ping each other.

Inc. Page 1 of 8 .5. All rights reserved.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.Lab 3. This document is Cisco Public Information.

5.16.0 255.254 172.10.200.255.254.254 172.8.0 255.16.2.16.5.0 255.21.254.4.255. Inc.16.1 172.11.254 172.254 172.0 255.0 255.0 255.17.13.20.254.0 255.16.1 172.16.254.255.2.0 255.254 172.1 172.254.0 255.255.255.224 255.255.254 172.254.16.255.200.255.255.16.0 255.16.254.12.254 172.1 172.16.254.30.0 255.1 172.16.24.0 255.0 255.16.0 255.16.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.254.254.0 255. All rights reserved.255.20.4.16.16.255.16.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Addressing Table Device ISP Interface S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/1/0 Fa0/0 West S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/1/0 Fa0/0 East S0/0/0 S0/0/1 S0/1/0 Fa0/0 Branch 1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch 4 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6 PC7 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 209.19.16.255.254.255.16.1 172.0 255.254.0 255.16.12.254.1 209.255.1 172.254.16.255.0 255.1 172.6.28.18.255.22.254.1 172.16.254.254.254 172.30.16.16.16.1 172.28.25.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.255.0 255.255.254 172.254 172.16.29.0 255.255.1 172.1 172.0 255.23.255.16.254.0 255.254.255.254 172.254 172.255.227 172.254 172.254.7.3.254.14.224 255.9.254.255.16.16.254 172.16.1 172.254.0 255.1 172.255.254.16.0 255.255.255. Page 2 of 8 .1 172.226 172.254.31.0 255.1 172.16.27.255.16.16.255.165.16.0 255.16.254.255.254.254.0 255.16.255.0 255.1 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.255.165.0 255.255.254.15.1 172.255.255.26.254.16.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 172.1 172.254 Subnet Mask 255.16.

How many subnets are needed? _____15_____ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _____500_____ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? _____100_____ How many IP addresses are needed for all of the connections between routers? _____16_____ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _____1716_____ Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces and hosts.255. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing reauirements. Determine the number of hosts needed. The IP address of the Serial 0/0/0 of the ISP router is 209. The East LAN will require 400 hosts.0 network based on the maximum number of hosts required by the largest subnet.. What will the subnet mask be for the subnetworks? __________255. you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed.165.226/27. you have been given the network address 172.165. Page 3 of 8 .0/16 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.200.200. The HQ LAN will require 500 host IP addresses. The network has the following addressing requirements: The Branch 1 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses.) The IP addresses for the link from the HQ router to the ISP have already been assigned. The links between each of the routers will require an IP address for each end of the link. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. Determine how static routing could be applied to the network. This document is Cisco Public Information. The Branch 2 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses.5. Step 1: Subnet the 172. The Serial 0/1/0 address of the HQ router is 209.16.0. The Branch 4 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses.254.0 or /23_______________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? _____510_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The West LAN will require 400 hosts. Scenario In this lab. Examine the use of the available network address space. Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.0. Inc. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. The Branch 3 LAN will require 100 host IP addresses.227/27.16. All rights reserved.

16.15.16.30.0 First Usable Host IP 172.0 172.16.7.16.16.2.16.5.255 172.25.22.16.16.0 /23__________ 9.254 172.254 172.12.16.6. The subnets will be assigned to the networks to allow for route summarization on each of the routers.255 172.31. Note: The lowest subnet (subnet 0) will not be assigned in this lab.0 172.16.16.26.0 /23__________ 12.16.16.1.16.16.16. Assign subnet 11 to the link between the Branch 3 and East routers: __________172. Assign subnet 1 to the Branch 1 LAN subnet: __________172.16.31.5.30.254 172.16.254 172.23.254 Broadcast Address 172.255 172.10.0 172.16.1 172.16. Assign subnet 3 to the link between the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers: __________172.0 /23__________ 3.16.16.16.16. Assign subnet 12 to the link between the Branch 4 and East routers: __________172.13.16.16.9.3.255 172.1 172.0 172.17.2.11.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 Fill in the following chart with the subnet information. Assign subnet 9 to the link between the HQ and East routers: __________172. keep in mind that routing will need to occur to allow information to be sent throughout the network.16.25.0 172.28.20.0 172.27.0 172.254 172.11.0 172.20.12.16.16.254 172.16. Page 4 of 8 .0 172.16.0. 1.6.13.1 172.16.255 172. When assigning the subnets.255 Step 2: Assign the subnets to the network shown in the Topology Diagram.255 172.24.0 172.1 172.16.16.22.1 172.28.4.254 172.16.15.8.254 172.16.16. Assign subnet 6 to the West LAN subnet: __________172.17.0.22.16. Inc.24.16.254 172.254 172.16.0 172.254 172.0 172.16.16.10.6.16.16.16.0 /23__________ 10. Assign subnet 7 to the link between the West and HQ routers: __________172.24.16.16.16. Assign subnet 8 to the HQ LAN subnet: __________172.0 172.16.1 172.3.29.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3.5.18.1.1 172. Assign subnet 10 to the East LAN subnet: __________172.16.255 172.16.16.16.16.16. All rights reserved.4.254 172.16.255 172.16.21.16.16.1 172.1 172.0 /23__________ 6.16.10.16.7.255 172.1 Last Usable Host IP 172.16.0 172.16.255 172.0 /23__________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.18.18.1 172.12.26.254 172.16. Assign subnet 2 to the Branch 2 LAN subnet: __________172.20.0 /23__________ 4.9.255 172. Assign subnet 5 to the link between the Branch 2 and West routers: __________172.16.16.2.0 172.16.16.14.0 /23__________ 11.16. Assign subnet 4 to the link between the Branch 1 and West routers: __________172.255 172.254 172. Subnet Number 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Subnet IP 172.0 /23__________ 7.16.16.1 172.16.255 172. You should start assigning with the second lowest subnet (subnet 1).1 172.255 172.23.4.8.29.16.0 /23__________ 5.14.1 172.16.1 172.16.19.16.21.1 172.255 172.0 /23__________ 8. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.254 172.8.14.27.19.0 /23__________ 2.16.

Assign the first valid host address in the link from East to Branch 3 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Assign the last valid host address in the link from HQ to East subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 2. Step 2: Assign addresses to the West router. Assign the first valid host address in the link from HQ to East subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the link from Branch 1 to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface.16.5. Assign the last valid host address in the link from HQ to West subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Assign the first valid host address in the West LAN subnet to the LAN interface. Assign the last valid host address in the link from Branch 1 to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface.0 /23__________ 14.16.30. 3. 2. Page 5 of 8 . Assign subnet 15 to the Branch 4 subnet: __________172.0 /23__________ Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 1 LAN subnet to the LAN interface.28. Assign the first valid host address in the link from East to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/1/0 interface.3: Subnetting Scenario 2 13. Inc.16. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the link from West to Branch 1 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. Assign the first valid host address in the East LAN subnet to the LAN interface. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 3. 1. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. 4. Assign subnet 14 to the Branch 3 subnet: __________172. 1. Step 6 Assign addresses to the Branch 3 router. 2. Step 5 Assign addresses to the Branch 2 router. 3.26.0 /23__________ 15. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router. Assign the last valid host address in the link from West to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. 2. 2. Step 4 Assign addresses to the Branch 1 router. All rights reserved. Step 3 Assign addresses to the East router. 1. 3. 4. Assign subnet 13 to the link between the Branch 3 and Branch 4 routers: __________172. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 3 LAN subnet to the LAN interface.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols Activity 3. Assign the last valid host address in the link from West to Branch 1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the first valid host address in the link from HQ to West subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. Assign the last valid host address in the link from East to Branch 3 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the first valid host address in the link from West to Branch 2 subnet to the S0/1/0 interface.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

3. Assign the first valid host address in the link from Branch 3 to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 7 Assign addresses to the Branch 4 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 4 LAN subnet to the LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the link from East to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the link from Branch 3 to Branch 4 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 8 Assign addresses to the host PCs 1. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN subnet to PC1. 2. Assign the last valid host address in the West LAN subnet to PC2. 3. Assign the last valid host address in the East 1 LAN subnet to PC3. 4. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 1 LAN subnet to PC4. 5. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN subnet to PC5. 6. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 3 LAN subnet to PC6. 7. Assign the last valid host address in the Branch 4 LAN subnet to PC7.

Task 4: Test the Network Design.
Apply your addressing scheme to the Packet Tracer file that has been supplied with this lab. Check to see that all devices on directly connected networks can ping each other.

Task 5: Reflection
How many IP address in the 172.16.0.0 network are wasted in this design? _____63820_____ What would the command be to add a default static route for your entire network design from the HQ router to the ISP router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 209.165.200.227 Can the West, Branch 1, and Branch 2 networks be summarized into one route on the HQ router? This summarized route should also include the serial links that connect the West, Branch 1, and Branch 2 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.0.0 255.255.240.0 serial 0/0 Can the East, Branch 3, and Branch 4 networks be summarized into one route on the HQ router? This summarized route should also include the serial links that connect the East, Branch 3, and Branch 4 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.16.0 255.255.240.0 serial 0/1

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 6 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

What would the command be to add a default static route on the West router to send traffic for all unknown destinations to the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 What would the command be to add a default static route on the East router to send traffic for all unknown destinations to the HQ router? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 Can the Branch 1 and Branch 2 networks be summarized into one route on the West router? This summarized route should also include the serial link that connects the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? Use the S0/0/1 interface of the West router as the exit interface. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.0.0 255.255.248.0 serial 0/1 Can the Branch 3 and Branch 4 networks be summarized into one route on the East router? This summarized route should also include the serial link that connects the Branch 3 and Branch 4 routers. _____yes_____ What would be the command used to add this summary route to the routing table? Use the S0/0/1 interface of the East router as the exit interface. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.24.0 255.255.248.0 serial 0/1 The Branch 1 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 2. All other traffic should be sent to the West router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.4.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 The Branch 2 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 1. All other traffic should be sent to the West router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.2.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 7 of 8

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.3: Subnetting Scenario 2

The Branch 3 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 4. All other traffic should be sent to the East router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.30.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0 The Branch 4 router requires a static route for traffic destined for Branch 3. All other traffic should be sent to the East router using a default static route. What commands would be used to accomplish this? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ip route 172.16.28.0 255.255.254.0 serial 0/1 ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 8 of 8

Lab 3.5.4: Subnetting Scenario 3 (Instructor Version)
Topology Diagram

Addressing Table
Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 1 of 3

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.4: Subnetting Scenario 3

Instructor Note: This lab is impossible to complete with fixed-length subnet masking. Use this lab as a scaffolding exercise to link the student to the concept of VLSM, which is discussed in Chapter 6. Avoid offering the student any help in solving the problem of not having enough address space.

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Determine the number of subnets needed. Determine the number of hosts needed. Design an appropriate addressing scheme. Conduct research to find a possible solution.

Scenario
In this lab, you have been given the network address 192.168.1.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. The network has the following addressing requirements: The BRANCH1 LAN 1 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH1 LAN 2 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 1 will require 15 host IP addresses. The BRANCH2 LAN 2 will require 15 host IP addresses. The HQ LAN will require 70 host IP addresses. The link from HQ to BRANCH1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The link from HQ to BRANCH2 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The link from HQ to Branch 3 will require an IP address for each end of the link. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.)

Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements.
Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. How many subnets are needed? _____8_____ What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _____70_____ How many IP addresses are needed for each of the branch LANs? _____15_____ What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _____136_____

Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme
Subnet the 192.168.1.0/24 network into the appropriate number of subnets. Can the 192.168.1.0/24 network be subnetted to fit the network requirements? _____no_____ If the “number of subnets” requirement is met, what is the maximum number of hosts per subnet? _____30_____ If the “maximum number of hosts” requirement is met, what is the number of subnets that will be available to use? _____4_____

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 2 of 3

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Introduction to Dynamic Routing Protocols

Activity 3.5.4: Subnetting Scenario 3

Task 3: Reflection
You do not have enough address space to implement an addressing scheme. Research this problem and propose a possible solution. Increasing the size of your original address space is not an acceptable solution. (Hint: We will discuss solutions to this problem in Chapter 6.)

____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Attempt to implement your solution using Packet Tracer. Successful implementation of a solution requires that: Only the 192.168.1.0/24 address space is used. PCs and routers can ping all IP addresses.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

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255.255.168.0 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.255.168.168.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab (Instructor Version) Addressing Table Device Interface S0/0/0 S0/0/1 HQ Loopback0 Loopback1 Loopback2 S0/0/1 BRANCH1 Loopback0 Loopback1 Loopback2 S0/0/0 BRANCH2 Loopback0 Loopback1 Loopback2 IP Address 10.10.255.255.255. Page 1 of 5 .168.252 255.0 255.168.1 192. Identify the IP addresses for each router.255.255. Inc.255.1 192.1 10.0 255.255.255.168.10. Configure the routers and verify connectivity.1 192. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.255. Test and verify full connectivity.252 255.6. Scenario In this lab activity.1 172.253 172.1.1 192.2. you must recreate a network based only on the outputs from the show ip route command. Cable and configure a network based on the topology diagram.255.168.100.1 192.5.255.255.255.255.255.16. Match the addresses to the corresponding interfaces and enter the information in the above address table.255.10.6.1 Subnet Mask 255.10.255. The show ip route command displays the current state of the routing table.9.255.0 255.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.252 255. Draw a diagram of the network topology.255.4.254 192.3. the outputs from the show ip route must be exactly the same as the supplied outputs.0 255.255.100.255.1 192.0 255.Lab 4. All rights reserved.16.2 192.1 192.168. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.8.0 255.0 255.255.168.7. When complete.0 255. you will be able to: • • • • • • Interpret router outputs.252 255.

00:00:04.IS-IS level-1.2.254.10.168.0/24 is directly connected.7.168.IS-IS inter area * .IS-IS level-2.10.16. 192.EIGRP external.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. L1 .168. 00:00:03. 192.IS-IS level-2. 192.4. Step 1: Examine the output from the HQ router.0/24 [120/1] via 10. Serial0/0/0 192. 00:00:04.10. L2 . 192.3. N2 . E2 .1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Task 1: Examine the router outputs. .0/24 [120/1] via 10. IA .0/24 [120/1] via 172.mobile.6.10.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.168.0/24 [120/1] via 10.8. 00:00:04.10.100.OSPF.168. Loopback1 192.0.0/16 [120/1] via 10.0/24 [120/2] via 10.10.10. O .168.IS-IS inter area * .0/30 is subnetted. ia . ia .16.10.168. S . Serial0/0/0 192.10.0.0. Serial0/0/0 192. 1 subnets 10.EIGRP external. I .10. Loopback2 192. All rights reserved.168.10.10.252 is directly connected.2.10.EIGRP.100.10.0/24 is directly connected.OSPF inter area N1 .OSPF.candidate default.253.168.252 is directly connected.253.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.168. E – EGP i . 00:00:04.0/24 [120/1] via 10.8.10.100. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 192. 192. Serial0/0/0 192. Loopback1 192.168. 00:00:04.168.253.0/24 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 192. B – BGP D .IGRP. Serial0/0/0 192. 00:00:03.per-user static route.OSPF external type 1.16.6. R .OSPF NSSA external type 1. Serial0/0/0 172.3.168.per-user static route.connected. Loopback0 192. L2 . R . o – ODR P .16. This document is Cisco Public Information.static.5. U .7.9. C C R R R C C C R R R Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 Serial0/0/1 Serial0/0/1 Step 2: Examine the output from the BRANCH1 router.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .IS-IS. IA .253.168.1.0/30 is subnetted. EX . 1 subnets 10.OSPF inter area N1 . L1 .10. O . EX .static.10.0/24 is directly connected. M .168. Loopback0 192.253. B – BGP D . 1 subnets 172.2.0/24 is directly connected.0.5.10.RIP.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .2. 00:00:03.0/24 [120/1] via 172.168.0 is directly connected.16. N2 .0/24 [120/1] via 10.connected.10.100.1.168.IGRP. 00:00:04.10.0/24 is directly connected. 00:00:04.254.16.IS-IS level-1.RIP.6. Inc.mobile. S .0.0.10.IS-IS. E2 . I .253.OSPF NSSA external type 1. U .0/24 [120/2] via 10.OSPF external type 1.10.0/24 [120/1] via 10. Serial0/0/0 Page 2 of 5 C R C C C R R R R R R All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.254. Serial0/0/0 172.OSPF external type 2.253.0/24 [120/1] via 172.9. HQ#show ip route Codes: C .4. Loopback2 192. BRANCH1#show ip route Codes: C .candidate default.2.0/30 is subnetted. o – ODR P . M .OSPF external type 2.0/24 [120/2] via 10.10.EIGRP.168. E – EGP i .10. 00:00:04. 00:00:04.

16.0/24 [120/2] via 172. Serial0/0/1 192. Loopback2 Task 2: Create a diagram of the network based on the router outputs. 1 subnets 172.16.0.100. L1 .168.100. All rights reserved.0/24 [120/1] via 172.9. U .1. o – ODR P . Serial0/0/1 192.OSPF.0/24 is directly connected.168.1.OSPF NSSA external type 1.0. EX .0/24 [120/1] via 172. Page 3 of 5 . E2 .0/24 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.4. Loopback0 192.168. Serial0/0/1 192.5.16.1.OSPF inter area N1 .static.1.IS-IS inter area * . M .16.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Step 3: Examine the output from the BRANCH2 router. IA .OSPF external type 2.candidate default.16.100.0/8 [120/1] via 172. Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc. I .1. S . Step 1: Draw a diagram of the network based on your interpretation of the router outputs in the space provided below. 00:00:19. Loopback1 192.1. BRANCH2#show ip route Codes: C . Serial0/0/1 192.EIGRP. Serial0/0/1 192.0/24 [120/1] via 172. Serial0/0/1 192.0 is directly connected.RIP.IGRP.100. O .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .168.EIGRP external.6.IS-IS level-2.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.IS-IS. B – BGP D .IS-IS level-1.16.100.2. 00:00:19.0.1.168.7.168. 00:00:19.168. Serial0/0/1 172.8.OSPF external type 1.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set R C R R R R R R C C C 10.100. E – EGP i .0/24 [120/2] via 172. ia .16.mobile.0/24 [120/2] via 172. N2 . L2 . 00:00:19.168. R .100.100.3.connected. 00:00:19.0/30 is subnetted.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. 00:00:19.6.per-user static route. Serial0/0/1 192. 00:00:19.16.168.

BRANCH1(config)#router rip BRANCH1(config-router)# Step 2: Enter the classful network addresses for each directly connected network. enter global configuration mode and use the router rip command. When you are finished with the RIP configuration.6. BRANCH1. BRANCH1. Step 1: Enable the RIP routing protocol on the BRANCH1 router. RIP configuration will be covered in greater detail in a later lab activity. Note: If you use 1700. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. The clock rate. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. enter the classful network address for each directly connected network. The RIP routing protocol will be used to advertise directly connected networks to the other routers in the topology. 2500.1. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. To enable RIP. Inc.168. All rights reserved. Step 3: Configure the HQ.0 BRANCH1(config-router)# Be sure to configure a network statement for each network that is attached to a Serial or Loopback interface of the router. and BRANCH2 routers. Once you are in routing configuration mode. The basic configuration steps necessary for this lab activity are provided below. and BRANCH2 routers with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table. Configure the interfaces on the HQ. DTE assignment. using the network command. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Page 4 of 5 . You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. and DCE assignment of the Serial interfaces are at your discretion.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Step 2: Document the interface addresses in the Addressing Table. An example of the use of the network command is provided below. Task 3: Create the network. Task 4: Configure the routing protocol for each router. BRANCH1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console BRANCH1#copy run start All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information. BRANCH1(config-router)#network 192. or 2600 routers.

When you are finished with the RIP configuration. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Inc. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: Distance Vector Routing Protocols Lab 4. Use the router rip and network commands to configure the HQ and BRANCH2 routers to advertise directly connected networks to the other routers in the topology. Page 5 of 5 . This document is Cisco Public Information. Task 5: Document the Router Configurations On each router. Step 4: Test and verify connectivity. Use the ping command to verify that the router interfaces can communicate with each other. If you discover that two interfaces cannot ping each other.1: Routing Table Interpretation Lab Step 3: Configure RIP on the HQ and BRANCH2 routers. Disconnect and store the cabling. troubleshoot your IP addressing and router configuration. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: • • • Running configuration Routing table – The output of the show ip route command for each of the routers should be exactly the same as the provided outputs Interface summarization Task 6: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.

Configure RIP routing on all routers. Propagate default routes to RIP neighbors. Configure and activate interfaces. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.6. All rights reserved.1: Basic RIP Configuration (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Document the RIP configuration. Page 1 of 15 . Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Scenarios • • • Scenario A: Running RIPv1 on Classful Networks Scenario B: Running RIPv1 with Subnets and Between Classful Networks Scenario C: Running RIPv1 on a Stub Network.Lab 5. you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Gather information about RIP processing using the debug ip rip command. Configure a static default route. Reconfigure the network to make it contiguous. Observe automatic summarization at boundary router. Verify RIP routing using show and debug commands. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

255.3.1: Basic RIP Configuration Scenario A: Running RIPv1 on Classful Networks Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.6.255.1 192.2.255.3.255.1.4. Inc. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 192.255.5.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0 255.2.0 255.255.255.255.168.5.2 192.255.255.168.10 Subnet Mask 255.168.255.168.0 255.168.1 192.168.0 255.1 Task 1: Prepare the Network.255.3.0 255.4.1 192. or 2600 routers. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.168.2 192.168.1.255.168.10 192. Note: If you use 1700.255.1 192. All rights reserved. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.168.0 255.255.1 192.255.168.1.168.168. 2500.0 255.5.1 192. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 2 of 15 .0 255.255.10 192.0 255.255.

Configure a message-of-the-day banner.0 R1(config-router)#network 192. using the network command. PC2. Configure the interfaces on the R1. When you have finished. 2. 5. Step 1: Enable dynamic routing. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC. Configure a password for VTY connections.2. 4. Page 3 of 15 . and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. and PC3. R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)# Step 2: Enter classful network addresses. Perform basic configuration of the R1. Configure an EXEC mode password.168. Configure the router hostname. R2. Configure a password for console connections. Once you are in routing configuration mode. 3. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1. R1(config-router)#network 192. All rights reserved. PC2.168. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Enter router ? at the global configuration prompt to a see a list of available routing protocols on your router. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. 6. enter the classful network address for each directly connected network.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.1: Basic RIP Configuration Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. To enable RIP. Inc.6.0 R1(config-router)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. enter the command router rip in global configuration mode. R2. and R3. Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1.1. To enable a dynamic routing protocol. enter global configuration mode and use the router command. Disable DNS lookup. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. R2. Task 4: Configure RIP.

return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.0 R3(config-router)#network 192. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1#copy run start Step 3: Configure RIP on the R2 router using the router rip and network commands.0 R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3# copy run start When you are finished with the RIP configuration. Advertises this network in RIP routing updates sent to other routers every 30 seconds. These interfaces will now both send and receive RIP updates.168.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.6. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM. Did you verify that the configured interfaces are active? Did you configure RIP correctly? Return to Task 3 and Task 4 to review the steps necessary to achieve convergence. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2#copy run start When you are finished with the RIP configuration. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Task 5: Verify RIP Routing.0 R2(config-router)#network 192.4. All rights reserved.5. Step 4: Configure RIP on the R3 router using the router rip and network commands. troubleshoot your configuration.168.3. When you are finished with the RIP configuration.168. Page 4 of 15 .0 R2(config-router)#network 192. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#network 192. Step 1: Use the show ip route command to verify that each router has all of the networks in the topology entered in the routing table. R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#network 192. Inc. If the tables are not converged as shown here.1: Basic RIP Configuration The network command: • • Enables RIP on all interfaces that belong to this network.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Routes learned through RIP are coded with an R in the routing table.2.168.4.

RIP. U . B .0/24 192. Serial0/0/0 connected.0/24 192. IA . E .IS-IS inter area * .2.4.1.168.168.168. o .EIGRP. Serial0/0/0 R2#show ip route <Output omitted> R C C C R R2# 192.5.IS-IS level-2. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.EIGRP external.OSPF external type 2. 00:00:18.5.per-user static route.0/24 192.IS-IS.connected. Page 5 of 15 .OSPF NSSA external type 1.168.IGRP.4.168. FastEthernet0/0 Step 2: Use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing processes.168.0/24 192. 00:00:04.ODR P . L2 .168. Serial0/0/1 connected.OSPF external type 1.168.0/24 [120/1] via is directly is directly is directly [120/1] via 192. L1 . The show ip protocols command can be used to view information about the routing processes that are occurring on the router. 00:00:18.2.3.168. Serial0/0/0 connected. S . I .2.168.168.6.2.1. Serial0/0/1 R3#show ip route <Output omitted> R R R C C R3# 192.3.static. Serial0/0/1 192.5.168.168.1: Basic RIP Configuration R1#show ip route Codes: C .4.0/24 is directly is directly [120/1] via [120/1] via [120/2] via connected.2.168.4. Serial0/0/0 192.0/24 192.4.EGP i .2.168. Serial0/0/0 192.2. Serial0/0/1 connected.1.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C C R R R R1# 192.0/24 192. R .2.168. M .168. O . 00:00:04.168. Serial0/0/1 192.0/24 192. Inc. E2 .0/24 192. FastEthernet0/0 connected.2.candidate default.2. This output can be used to verify most RIP parameters to confirm that: • • • • RIP routing is configured The correct interfaces send and receive RIP updates The router advertises the correct networks RIP neighbors are sending updates All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4.0/24 [120/2] via [120/1] via [120/1] via is directly is directly 192. Serial0/0/0 192.0/24 192. EX .168.168.OSPF inter area N1 .2. 00:00:04.168. 00:00:23.4.3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. 00:00:18.1.1. ia .0/24 192. 00:00:22.OSPF.IS-IS level-1.168. All rights reserved.BGP D .0/24 192. N2 .OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . Serial0/0/1 192.2. FastEthernet0/0 connected.0/24 192.168.mobile.

168. R1 builds an update to send out that interface.0 metric 3 RIP: sending v1 update to 255.168.1: Basic RIP Configuration R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "rip" Sending updates every 30 seconds. flushed after 240 Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Redistributing: rip Default version control: send version 1. Rip updates are sent every 30 seconds so you may have to wait for debug information to be displayed. R1#undebug all All possible debugging has been turned off All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.3.255.0 metric 2 network 192. Finally.255 via Serial0/0/0 (192.4.0 metric 1 network 192.2.168.168.2 on Serial0/0/0 192.255.168.0 network in the update.2.168. R1#debug ip rip R1#RIP: received v1 update from 192. Inc.0 in 2 hops RIP: sending v1 update to 255. Because of split horizon.6.168.1. receive any version Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain FastEthernet0/0 1 2 1 Serial0/0/0 1 2 1 Automatic network summarization is in effect Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 192.168. hold down 180. R1 builds an update to send to R2. Step 3: Use the debug ip rip command to view the RIP messages being sent and received. Page 6 of 15 .255 via FastEthernet0/0 (192.1.168.168. All rights reserved. Notice how this update includes all the networks that R1 does not already have in its routing table.168. R1 has one routing information source.168.4.1) RIP: build update entries network 192.2.5.0 metric 2 network 192.1) RIP: build update entries network 192.2 120 Distance: (default is 120) R1# R1 is indeed configured with RIP.168.2.168.5.0 in 1 hops 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.168. R1 only includes the 192. Step 4: Discontinue the debug output with the undebug all command.0 and 192.0 Passive Interface(s): Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 192.255.0. R1 is advertising networks 192.168.2.3.1.168.255.168.1.0 192.1.0 in 1 hops 192. R2 is sending R1 updates. Because the FastEthernet0/0 interface belongs to the 192.0 metric 1 The debug output shows that R1 receives an update from R2.1.2. next due in 16 seconds Invalid after 180 seconds.0 network configured under RIP. The update includes all networks known to R1 except the network of the interface. R1 is sending and receiving RIP updates on FastEthernet0/0 and Serial0/0/0.

255.1 172.5.3.252 255.10 172.255.255.0 255.5.0 255.30.3.30.255. waiting for the LINK-5-CHANGED message.255.1.30.255.0 255.2.255.0 255.255.30.0 255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.255.168.168.255. and then using the no shutdown command.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.10 172.30.9 192.252 255.1: Basic RIP Configuration Scenario B: Running RIPv1 with Subnets and Between Classful Networks Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.30.1 172. Sometimes when changing the IP address on a serial interface.168.255. Page 7 of 15 .1 192.255.1 Task 1: Make Changes between Scenario A and Scenario B Step 1: Change the IP addressing on the interfaces as shown in the Topology Diagram and the Addressing Table.2.255.255.1 172.1. All rights reserved.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.0 255. Inc.2 192.10 Subnet Mask 255.168.255.255.1 192. This process will force the IOS to starting using the new IP address.6.4.5.255.30.0 255.30.1 172.255. you may need to reset that interface by using the shutdown command.1.168.4.10 192.3.

1: Basic RIP Configuration R1(config)#int s0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip add 172. R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)#network 172.255. This document is Cisco Public Information. changed state to up Step 2: Verify that routers are active. When you are finished with the RIP configuration. After reconfiguring all the interfaces on all three routers. Inc. changed state to up R1(config-if)# %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.0. Page 8 of 15 . verify that all necessary interfaces are active with the show ip interface brief command. Although you can remove the old network commands with the no version of the command.255.30.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0. it is more efficient to simply remove RIP and start over. advertising updates on a broadcast network is a security risk.30. Step 2: Configure R1 to stop sending updates out the FastEthernet0/0 interface.2.0. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.6.1 255. corrupting the router table with false metrics that misdirects traffic. The passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 command is used to disable sending RIPv1 updates out that interface. R1(config-router)#passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1#copy run start All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0. Sending updates out this interface wastes the bandwidth and processing resources of all devices on the LAN. Step 3: Remove the RIP configurations from each router. This statement includes both interfaces on different subnets of the 172.0 major network. Routing updates can be modified and sent back to the router. R1(config)#no router rip R2(config)#no router rip R3(config)#no router rip Task 2: Configure RIP Step 1: Configure RIP routing on R1 as shown below. In addition. This will remove all the RIP configuration commands including the network commands.30. Remove the RIP configurations from each router with the no router rip global configuration command. RIP updates can be intercepted with packet sniffing software.0 Notice that only a single network statement is needed for R1. All rights reserved. changed state to down R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0.

00:00:22. of the 172.1.30. Serial0/0/0 172. Step 3: Configure RIP routing on R3 as shown below.0/24 [120/1] via 172.0. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R1#show ip route <Output omitted> 172.1: Basic RIP Configuration Step 2: Configure RIP routing on R2 as shown below.0/24 [120/2] via 172. Serial0/0/0 C C R R R R1# Note: RIPv1 is a classful routing protocol.30.0 R2(config-router)#network 192.0 is directly connected. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.6.0.2.0 R2(config-router)#passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2#copy run start Again notice that only a single network statement is needed for the two subnets of 172. The network for the WAN link between R2 and R3 is also configured.5. Inc.30.0 is sent by R2 to R1 without any subnet mask information.30. 00:00:22.30.0 [120/1] via 172.1.168. When you are finished with the RIP configuration.0.0 R3(config-router)#network 192.5.30. 3 subnets 172.2.168.2. For example. FastEthernet0/0 172. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.0 R3(config-router)#passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3#copy run start When you are finished with the RIP configuration.30. This document is Cisco Public Information.30.168. This statement includes both interfaces.3.4. 172.0 major network.30.30. All rights reserved. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#network 172.2.0. Classful routing protocols do not send the subnet mask with network in routing updates.2.0 is directly connected.168. R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#network 192.168.2. Page 9 of 15 . Serial0/0/0 192.2.4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.30. Task 3: Verify RIP Routing Step 1: Use the show ip route command to verify that each router has all of the networks in the topology in the routing table. 00:00:22.0/24 is subnetted. on different subnets.0.4. Serial0/0/0 192.

30. R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "rip" Sending updates every 30 seconds.2.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.229 120 00:00:15 Distance: (default is 120) All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. first make sure that all necessary interfaces are active with show ip interface brief. receive version 2 Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain Serial0/1/0 2 2 Automatic network summarization is in effect Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.0 is directly connected.4.168. Serial0/0/1 R C C C R R2# R3#show ip route <Output omitted> R C C 172.200.168.0 [120/1] via 172. 00:00:22.4. Serial0/0/0 172.30. next due in 20 seconds Invalid after 180 seconds.3.8 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected. Notice in the output from this command that the FastEthernet0/0 interface is no longer listed under Interface but is now listed under a new section of the output: Passive Interface(s).30.168. Serial0/0/1 192.1.10.0 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 192.0. FastEthernet0/0 Step 2: Verify that all necessary interfaces are active.0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 209. hold down 180.0 209.30.0/30 is subnetted.168.9. 1 subnets 192.168.6. FastEthernet0/0 192. flushed after 240 Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Redistributing: rip Default version control: send version 2.0/30 is subnetted.8 is directly connected.0.0.30. 1 subnets 192.4. This document is Cisco Public Information. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:19. All rights reserved.0/24 is subnetted.168.165.30.165.4.0/16 [120/1] via 192. 00:00:04.4.200. Page 10 of 15 .1: Basic RIP Configuration R2#show ip route <Output omitted> 172.168.5.168. Serial0/0/1 192.2. If one or more routing tables does not have a converged routing table.5. Then use show ip protocols to verify the RIP configuration.4.0/24 [120/1] via 192. 3 subnets 172. Inc.30.

1. Inc.3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. R1#debug ip rip R1#RIP: sending v1 update to 255.1) RIP: build update entries network 172.255 via Serial0/0/0 (172. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.1: Basic RIP Configuration Step 3: View the RIP messages being sent and received.6. Notice that RIP updates are not sent out of the fa0/0 interface because of the passive-interface fastethernet 0/0 command.2 on Serial0/0/0 172.0 in 1 hops Step 4: Discontinue the debug output with the undebug all command.255. R1#undebug all All possible debugging has been turned off All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. To view the RIP messages being sent and received use the debug ip rip command.2.255. Page 11 of 15 .30.30.30.0 metric 1 RIP: received v1 update from 172.30.

Remove network 192.0 network to R2.168. It doesn’t make sense for R2 to send R3 RIP updates for the 172. Typically. This document is Cisco Public Information. All R2 needs to know is that if a packet is not destined for a host on the 172.1: Basic RIP Configuration Scenario C: Running RIPv1 on a Stub Network Topology Diagram Background In this scenario we will modify Scenario B to only run RIP between R1 and R2.0.0 from the RIP configuration for R2. Task 1: Make Changes between Scenario B and Scenario C. remote campuses may even use default routing to the main campus. Step 1: Remove network 192. R2 would then forward the traffic to R3.0 network.0 network every 30 seconds. choosing to use dynamic routing only locally. In some cases. because R3 has no other way to get to 172. They should send all traffic not destined for the 172.0 except through R2.4.0. meaning that there is only one way in and one way out of the 172. for Scenario C.168.0 network to R1.0.30. colleges with multiple campuses often run a dynamic routing protocol between campuses but use default routing to the ISP for access to the Internet.30.4.0.4.168.168.0/16 network—in via R2 (the gateway router) and out via R3 (the ISP). All rights reserved. which consists of the R1 and R2 routers using the 172.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 from the RIP configuration for R2. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#no network 192.000 summarized Internet routes to R2. Inc.0/16 major network. For example. because no updates will be sent between R2 and R3 and we don’t want to advertise the 192.0/16 network pointing to R2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0. a company runs a dynamic routing protocol (RIPv1 in our case) within the local network but finds it unnecessary to run a dynamic routing protocol between the company’s gateway router and the ISP. Let’s assume that R3 is the ISP for our Company XYZ.4. Scenario C is a typical configuration for most companies connecting a stub network to a central headquarters router or an ISP. subnetted with a /24 mask.30.0. How about traffic from Company XYZ toward the Internet? It makes no sense for R3 to send over 120.6. To keep our example simple. Page 12 of 15 .30.30. then it should send the packet to the ISP. we left the addressing intact from Scenario B. R3.30. Company XYZ is a stub network.0. This is the same for all other Company XYZ routers (only R1 in our case). It makes more sense for R3 to have a static route configured for the 172.30.

0 is subnetted.0/16 traffic to R2.EIGRP external. I .OSPF NSSA external type 1.30.0. Sometimes this does not work with RIP.1. R . R3(config)#ip route 172.0 255. Inc. L1 . This command will cause the routers to immediately flush routes in the routing table and request updates from each other. save the configuration on R1 and R2 and then reload both routers.0.1.RIP. This document is Cisco Public Information. U .mobile. Serial0/0/0 C C R All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. N2 . R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#default-information originate R2(config-router)# Note: Sometimes it is necessary to clear the RIP routing process before the default-information originate command will work. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Configure this command on R2 so that the default static route information is sent to R1. Page 13 of 15 . EX . Serial0/0/0 is directly connected.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .255.3. R2#show ip route Codes: C . E2 .252.0 172.30. M .0/24 172.30.0/16 network.0.IGRP. we need to configure a static route on R3 for the 172. Because R3 and R2 are not exchanging RIP updates.0. ia . try the command clear ip route * on both R1 and R2. S . O .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 0.0.EGP i .0/16 network. FastEthernet0/0 [120/1] via 172. o .ODR P .2.0 172.0. Doing this will reset the hardware and both routers will restart the RIP routing process.EIGRP.OSPF.30. B . 3 subnets is directly connected. Configure a default static route on R2 that will send all default traffic—packets with destination IP addresses that do not match a specific route in the routing table—to R3.0 0.0.connected. Step 1: Use the show ip route command to view the routing table on R2 and R1.BGP D .1: Basic RIP Configuration Step 2: Completely remove RIP routing from R3.0. 00:00:16.6. IA . E .IS-IS inter area * .IS-IS.OSPF inter area N1 .OSPF external type 1.0 serial 0/0/1 Step 2: Configure R2 to send default static route information to R1.30. The default-information originate command is used to configure R2 to include the default static route with its RIP updates.30.OSPF external type 2.0.0. Task 4: Verify RIP Routing.30.0. L2 .0. First.0 172.IS-IS level-2.0 to network 0.per-user static route.2.IS-IS level-1. If the default route information is still not sent to R1.0 serial0/0/1 Task 3: Configure a Default Static Route on R2.30.candidate default. R3(config)#no router rip Task 2: Configure the Static Route on R3 for the 172.static.30. Step 1: Configure R2 to send default traffic to R3. R2(config)# ip route 0. This will send all 172.0.

5.4.0.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .2. Step 3: Discontinue the debug output with the undebug all command. R1#show ip route Codes: C .0/24 is directly connected.8 is directly connected.0/16 is directly connected.0/0 [120/1] via 172. R .30.30.255.per-user static route.0/0 is directly connected. ia .mobile.4. U .0. The only route that is not directly connected is the static route.2.0 metric 1 RIP: received v1 update from 172. 00:00:05.30. R1 will now send default traffic to the Gateway of last resort at 172.168. FastEthernet0/0 0. E2 .2 on Serial0/0/0 0.EIGRP. Serial0/0/0 172.IS-IS. o .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.1) RIP: build update entries network 172.2.0.2. Serial0/0/1 192.OSPF external type 2.OSPF NSSA external type 1. R1#undebug all All possible debugging has been turned off Step 4: Use the show ip route command to view the routing table on R3.0 in 1 hops 172. S .OSPF external type 1.4.IS-IS level-1.2.0.OSPF. R3#show ip route <Output omitted> S C C 172.static.30.255 via Serial0/0/0 (172.1.2.0.1. EX . Step 2: View the RIP updates that are sent and received on R1 with the debug ip rip command. All rights reserved.30.EIGRP external. 3 subnets 172.30. 1 subnets 192.3.0/24 is subnetted.255.ODR P . Serial0/0/1 192.30. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2.connected. 1 subnets 192.0/30 is subnetted. L2 .0.30.2.168. R1#debug ip rip RIP protocol debugging is on R1#RIP: sending v1 update to 255.2.3.4.1: Basic RIP Configuration C S* 192.EGP i .candidate default.0 172.OSPF inter area N1 .BGP D . IA .30. L1 . M .30.0. Page 14 of 15 .0 is directly connected.30. which is the IP address of R2.IS-IS level-2. 00:00:19.0/30 is subnetted.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.IGRP. E . Serial0/0/0 172. B . N2 . O .IS-IS inter area * . The route is the “quad-zero” default route sent by R2.30.168.168.0. Serial0/0/1 0. Serial0/0/0 C R C R* Notice that R1 now has a RIP route tagged as a candidate default route.0 [120/1] via 172. Serial0/0/1 Notice that R2 now has a static route tagged as a candidate default.0.6.0 in 1 hops Notice that R1 is receiving the default route from R2.30. I .RIP.2 to network 0.0 is directly connected. Inc.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 172.168. FastEthernet0/0 Notice that RIP is not being used on R3.8 is directly connected.2.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).6. Disconnect and store the cabling. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Page 15 of 15 . capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: • • • • Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols Task 6: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Inc.1: Basic RIP Configuration Task 5: Document the Router Configurations On each router. All rights reserved.

you will be able to: • • • Subnet an address space given requirements.128 255.226 209.128 255.168.255.168.6. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.255.Lab 5.129 209.255.165.254 192.1 192.1 209.255.165.252 255.0 255.202.255.0 255.255.129 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.255.2.168.255.255.2. .1 192.129 209.225 10.10.254 209.255. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document them in the Addressing Table.255.1.254.200.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. Page 1 of 7 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.1.1. All rights reserved.254.202.168.202.158 Subnet Mask 255.2: Challenge RIP Configuration (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 PC3 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 10.165.165. Inc.252 255.129 192.255.10.126 192.255.200.255.3.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10.255.165.224 255.128 255.255.128 255.10.1.1.

168.202.202.128/27 network. Configure and propagate a static default route. Assign the second subnet in the 192. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Examine the network requirements. Page 2 of 7 .224/30 network.) Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 192.255. Scenario In this lab activity. Assign the first valid host address in the 209. • The BRANCH LAN will use the 10. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The addressing for the network has the following requirements: • • • The ISP LAN will use the 209.2: Challenge RIP Configuration • • • • • • Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses.0/24 network must be subnetted for use in the HQ LAN and the link between the HQ and BRANCH routers. The link between the ISP router and the HQ router will use the 209.1.165.1.168.10. Configure RIPv1 routing on all routers.128__________ What is the subnet mask for the network in slash format? _____/25_____ What are the network addresses of the subnets? Subnet 0: __________192. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.2. Assign lowest subnet in the 192.165. 2.0/23 network.128/25__________ How many usable host IP addresses are there per subnet? _____128_____ How many usable hosts IP addresses are available in the BRANCH LAN? _____512_____ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. The 192.1.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Inc.168.0/24 network? _____2_____ What is the subnet mask for this network in dotted decimal format? __________255.168. 1. Test and verify full connectivity.128/27 network to the LAN interface on the ISP router.1.6.165. Verify RIPv1 operation. The HQ LAN will require 50 host IP addresses.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.168.168. A combination of RIPv1 and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. 1.0/25__________ Subnet 1: __________192. All rights reserved. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space.1.0 network to the LAN attached to the HQ router.0 network to the WAN link between the HQ and BRANCH routers. Reflect upon and document the network implementation.200.

224/30 network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router. 7. 4. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. and ISP routers with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Inc. Configure the interfaces on the BRANCH. 8.2. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.0/23 network to PC1. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN network to PC 2. 6. Perform basic configuration in the BRANCH. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router.0/23 network to the LAN interface on the BRANCH router. 2. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. 2500.10. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the first valid host address in the 10. HQ. 8.224/30 network to the WAN interface of the ISP router. Note: If you use 1700. HQ. Configure a password for VTY connections. 10. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 9. 3. 5. Configure the router hostname.165. 6. 3.200.165.165. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.2.200. or 2600 routers.202. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 7. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router. Assign the first valid host address in the 209. All rights reserved. Configure a password for console connections. Page 3 of 7 . Assign the last valid host address in the 10. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. 5. Step 1: Configure the BRANCH. Configure an EXEC mode password.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.128/27 network to PC3. Disable DNS lookup. 4. Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. and ISP routers. HQ. Assign the last valid host address in the 209. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH router.10.6.2: Challenge RIP Configuration 2. Assign the last valid host address in the 209.

Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1.0.0.0______________________________ ___________________________________network 192. Inc. ______________________________192. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateways.1. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. PC2. and PC3.0/30_________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. Step 2: Verify Ethernet interface connectivity.168.1.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. All rights reserved.2: Challenge RIP Configuration When you have finished. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Consider the networks that need to be included in the RIP updates that are sent out by the BRANCH router. Verify that BRANCH can ping across the WAN link to HQ and that HQ can ping across the WAN link it shares with ISP. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.0/25___________________________________ ______________________________209. Verify that PC1. you can test connectivity between two routers and between an end device and its default gateway. What networks are currently present in the BRANCH routing table before RIP is configured? List the networks with slash notation.168. ___________________________________ 10. Page 4 of 7 . Task 7: Configure RIP Routing on the BRANCH Router. PC2.200.1. What networks are present in the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet.0. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1.0/25_______________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ What commands are required to enable RIP version 1 and include these networks in the routing updates? ___________________________________router rip____________________________________ ___________________________________network 10.168.6. This document is Cisco Public Information. PC2. Step 1: Verify BRANCH connectivity. However.0___________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? _____yes_____ What command is used to disable RIP updates on this interface? ___________BRANCH(config-router)#passive-interface FastEthernet0/0_____________ Task 8: Configure RIP and Static Routing on the HQ Router Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ.0/23 _______________________________ ___________________________________ 192.

254.0/0________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. All rights reserved. and the link between the BRANCH and HQ routers.255.0.1.0 255.0 255.255. If any of the above pings failed.6.255.0/25__________________________________ ______________________________0.0/23_____________________________________ ______________________________192.1.0.0.168. What command is used to configure this? ____________HQ(config-router)#default-information originate____________________ Task 9: Configure Static Routing on the ISP Router Static routes will need to be configured on the ISP router for all traffic that is destined for the RFC 1918 addresses that are used on the BRANCH LAN.0______________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? _____yes_____ What command is used to disable RIP updates on this interface? ___________HQ(config-router)#passive-interface FastEthernet0/0__________________ The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the BRANCH router in the RIP updates.2: Challenge RIP Configuration A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the ISP router. Page 5 of 7 .0 Serial0/0/1__________ ISP(config)# __________ip route 192.0 Serial0/0/1_____________ What commands are required to enable RIPv1 and include the LAN network in the routing updates? ______________________________router rip______________________________ ______________________________network 192.0.168. check your physical connections and configurations. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ The answer to the above questions should be yes.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 0. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From PC2. HQ LAN. ____________________HQ(config)#ip route 0. What are the commands that will need to be configured on the ISP router to accomplish this? ISP(config)# __________ip route 10. From PC2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0.168. What command is needed to accomplish this? Use the appropriate exit interface on the HQ router in the command. Inc.1.10. What routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH router? ______________________________10.0 Serial0/0/1__________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From PC1. Refer to the basic troubleshooting techniques used in the Chapter 1 labs.2.0.

2: Challenge RIP Configuration What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the BRANCH router? ______________________________192.0.0/30______________________________ ______________________________209.165. All rights reserved.1.0____________________ What routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ______________________________10. including the metric. are present in the RIP updates sent from the BRANCH router? ______________________________network 10.6.0.0.0.0/8______________________________ ______________________________192.0.0/23______________________________ ______________________________192.165. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.168.0.0/24______________________________ ______________________________209.0 metric 1______________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 11: Reflection If static routing were used instead of RIP on the BRANCH router.1.1 to network 0. are present in the RIP updates sent from the HQ router? ______________________________network 0.0 metric 1______________________________ ____________________________network 192.200.200. Page 6 of 7 .0. Inc.168.168.0/0______________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ What networks are present in the routing table of the ISP router? ______________________________10. how many individual static routes would be needed for hosts on the BRANCH LAN to communicate with all of the networks in the Topology Diagram? _____Three_____ Task 12: Document the Router Configurations On each router.165.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: • • • Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.0.202.0.0/27______________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What networks.1.0.0/30______________________________ ______________________________0.128 metric 1______________________________ What networks.1.0/25______________________________ ______________________________209. including the metric.

2: Challenge RIP Configuration Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.6. Page 7 of 7 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling. All rights reserved. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).

1 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.255.2.6.45.16.1.1. Load the routers with supplied scripts.20. Inc.255.3: RIP Troubleshooting (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device BRANCH Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 PC2 PC3 FA0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.16. All rights reserved.45.1.1 192.255.1 10.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.168.20.255.0 255.1 10.1.254 172.255.255.255.1.0 255.45.255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.0 255.0 255.1 10.255. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.0 255.1.254 172.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.Lab 5.1 172.255.1.20.1 172.168.2. you will be able to: • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.254 10.255.255.255.45. Page 1 of 11 .2.0 255.1 172.20.0 255.45.255.255.255.1.254 10.254 Subnet Mask 255.

Static default route is configured on the HQ router and shared with the BRANCH router via RIP updates. Task 1: Cable.254 255. This document is Cisco Public Information. Document the corrected network.1.168. RIPv1 routing is configured on the HQ router. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Gather information about the non-converged portion of the network along with any other errors.6. Propose solutions to network errors. Erase. Implement solutions to network errors. Page 2 of 11 . Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts.255. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers.255.45.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Answer no if asked to save changes. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. Inc. Static routes for all HQ and BRANCH networks are to be configured on the ISP router. The routes must be summarized wherever possible. Clear the configuration on each of routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Step 1: Cable a network. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. and Reload the Routers.0 duplex auto speed auto ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Analyze information to determine why convergence is not complete. hostname Branch ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network.1. RIP updates must be disabled on the BRANCH and HQ LAN interfaces. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other.3: RIP Troubleshooting • • • • • • Discover where convergence is not complete. All rights reserved. Scenario In this lab.255. Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH router. The network should also have the following requirements met: • • • • • RIPv1 routing is configured on the BRANCH router.255.1 255.

3: RIP Troubleshooting clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10. Page 3 of 11 . hostname HQ ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.255. Inc.255.6.20. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 255.255.255.45. All rights reserved.0.2.0 Serial0/0/1 ! ! ! ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.255.0 ! ip route 0.0.0 0.0 ! ! ! ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto the HQ router.20.1.0 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 10.0.45.1 255.0.0.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0.254 255.0.0.

is it possible to ping PC3? _____no_____ From the host PC1. Inc. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0 no shutdown ! ip route 10.255. All rights reserved.1 255.6.0 Serial0/0/1 ! ! ! ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 password cisco login ! end Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the BRANCH router.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.255.254.0 255. Page 4 of 11 .255.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.255. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____no_____ Step 2: Examine the BRANCH router to find possible configuration errors.3: RIP Troubleshooting end Step 3: Load the following script onto the ISP router.255.1.0 255. From the host PC1.1 255. is it possible to ping PC2? _____no_____ From the host PC1.20.45. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ________Interface Fa0/0 is administratively down ________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.255.0.0 Serial 0/0/1 ip route 192.1.20. hostname ISP ! ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.

Inc. All rights reserved.0/24 ____________________________________________________________________ ______192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Step 4: View summary of the status information.1.0/24 _________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ________There is no way to reach remote networks__________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Page 5 of 11 . Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes. ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH router.0. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.3: RIP Troubleshooting _________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates? _____ No RIP updates are being sent. apply them to the router configuration now. What networks are shown in the routing table? ______10. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. _________configure terminal____________________________________________________________ _________interface Fa0/0 _____________________________________________________________ _________no shutdown________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.0.6.

This document is Cisco Public Information.168.0_________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. From the host PC2.1.3: RIP Troubleshooting Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from the router? ________The 192. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. apply them to the router configuration now. What networks are included in the RIP updates? ______192. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. view the routing information again.6.168.1. ______configure terminal__________________________________________________________ ______router rip___________________________________________________________________ ______network 192. Step 7: View the routing information. Page 6 of 11 . If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. is it possible to ping PC3? _____no_____ From the host PC1.0/24 should be advertised in RIP updates.1. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0 interface of the HQ router? _____yes_____ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the R2 router.168. is it possible to ping PC3? _____no_____ From the host PC2.0___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.______________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the RIP configuration. From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC1? _____no_____ From the host PC2. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. is it possible to ping PC2? _____no_____ From the host PC1. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. All rights reserved. troubleshoot the routing configuration again.

___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.20.0. apply them to the router configuration now. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 7 of 11 .1.3: RIP Troubleshooting Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ____________no_____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces.0.0. Step 4: View the summary of the status information. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.0/24_________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? ________no_________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table.0/24 ____________________________________________________________________ ______192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0/0______________________________________________________________________ ______10. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. What networks are shown in the routing table? ______0. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. Inc.0/24 _________________________________________________________________ _______172. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes.20. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.168.6. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the HQ router.0. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.

2. troubleshoot the routing configuration again.0________________________________________________________________________ ______10. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer to either of these questions is yes.1.168. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.45.0. Page 8 of 11 . This command should be replaced by the command passive-interface FastEthernet0/0. Inc. Step 7: View the routing information.0______________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Verify that the HQ router is sending a default route to the BRANCH router.3: RIP Troubleshooting What networks are included in the RIP updates? _____ 0.0. ___________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the RIP configuration. ______configure terminal__________________________________________________________ ______router rip___________________________________________________________________ ______no passive-interface Serial 0/0/0_________________________________________ ______passive-interface FastEthernet 0/0_______________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. view the routing information again. What networks are included in the RIP updates? _____0. apply them to the router configuration now.45.0____________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from the router? Routing updates are not being sent out of the Serial 0/0/0 interface because of the passive-interface Serial 0/0 command. Is there a default route in the BRANCH routing table? _____no________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.0.0.0______________________________________________________________________ ______192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.0_________________________________________________________________________ ______10.

is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ Task 5: Troubleshoot the ISP Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the ISP router. From the host PC3. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Step 11: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Is there a default route in the BRANCH routing table? _____yes_____ If the answer is no. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ Step 2: Examine the ISP router to find possible configuration errors. is it possible to ping PC2? _____no_____ From the host PC3. All rights reserved. apply them to the HQ router configuration now.6. Step 10: View the BRANCH routing table. Page 9 of 11 . This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. Inc. view the BRANCH routing table again.3: RIP Troubleshooting If not. troubleshoot the RIP configuration again. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/1 interface of the ISP router? _____no_____ From the host PC1. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? __________no_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the status of the interfaces. what commands are needed to configure this on the HQ router? _____ configure terminal__________________________________________________________ ______router rip __________________________________________________________________ ______default-information originate______________________________________________ Step 9: If you have recorded any commands above. From the host PC2.

record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0 Serial0/1______________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.0/23________________________________________________________________ ___________172. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Does the information in the routing table indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes.0/24 and 10.0.0. Inc.252.0/24______________________________________________________________ ___________172. Page 10 of 11 .0 network should be /22.0.0. The route summarization for the 10. view the routing table again. Step 7: View the routing table. What networks are shown in the routing table? ___________10.0 255.45.0. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. Begin by viewing the routing table.0.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5.45. apply them to the router configuration now.254. Step 4: View the summary of the status information.3: RIP Troubleshooting Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. ________configure terminal________________________________________________________ ________no ip route 10.0/24_____________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing configuration? ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ In the routing table. If there are any problems with the routing configuration. All rights reserved.1.16.0.0 255. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.0/24 networks has been done incorrectly.0 Serial0/1___________________________ ________ip route 10.6.2. This document is Cisco Public Information. apply them to the router configuration now.168.0/24______________________________________________________________ ___________192.20.45.45.1. Step 5: Troubleshoot the static routing configuration on the ISP router. the subnet mask on the 10. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes.0. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.255.

is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3.6. capture output from the following commands to a text (.1. Disconnect and store the cabling. refer to Lab 1. Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.5. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ From the host PC3. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Task 7: Documentation On each router. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the WAN interface of the BRANCH router? _____yes_____ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. All rights reserved. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.3: RIP Troubleshooting Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Page 11 of 11 . For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).txt) file and save for future reference: • • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. From the host PC3. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found.

This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIP version 1 Lab 5. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All rights reserved. Disconnect and store the cabling. Page 12 of 12 .3: RIP Troubleshooting Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6. Inc.

252 255.192 255.255.255.209 192.168.255.229 192.255.1.Activity 6.168.230 Subnet Mask 255.255.4.255.252 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.224 255.168.192 255.1.226 192.255.225 192.252 255.255.168.240 255.1.255.255.168.1.168.1 192.255.1.1.1.255.161 192.1.234 192. Page 1 of 5 .168.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 IP Address 192.233 192.255.255.240 255.252 255.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.193 192.252 255.1.252 255.255. All rights reserved.255.255.168.255.255.255.65 192.129 192.1.168.1.168.255.168. Inc.224 255.255.255.

0/24 network.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.0/24 network? _______ 254 8. Inc. VLSM will be used so that the addressing requirements can be met using the 192. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.1. Examine the use of the available network address space. 1. The HQ LAN2 will require 50 host IP addresses. The Branch1 LAN1 will require 20 host IP addresses. you will be able to: • • • • • Determine the number of subnets needed. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _______ 50 3. you have been given the network address 192.0/24 network? _______ yes All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The Branch1 LAN2 will require 20 host IP addresses The Branch2 LAN1 will require 12 host IP addresses. How many subnets are needed? _______ 9 2. How many IP addresses are needed for each of the WAN links between routers? _______ 2 6.4.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Learning Objectives: Upon completion of this activity. The link from HQ to Branch1 will require an IP address for each end of the link. The network has the following addressing requirements: • • • • • • • • The HQ LAN1 will require 50 host IP addresses. What is the total number of IP addresses that are available in the 192.168.1.168. Determine the number of hosts needed. Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. How many IP addresses are needed for each of the BranchBranch2 LANs? _______ 12 5. Assign addresses and subnet mask pairs to device interfaces. The link from HQ to Branch2 will require an IP address for each end of the link.168. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. Page 2 of 5 . • The link Branch1 to Branch2 will require an IP address for each end of the link.1. How many IP addresses are needed for each of the BranchBranch1 LANs? _______ 20 4.1. Can the network addressing requirements be met using the 192. The Branch2 LAN2 will require 12 host IP addresses.0/24 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. Scenario In this activity. What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? _______ 170 7. for each subnet Design an appropriate addressing scheme using VLSM. This document is Cisco Public Information.) Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements. All rights reserved.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design

Task 2: Design an IP Addressing Scheme.
Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the largest network segment or segments. In this case, the two HQ LANs are the largest subnets. 1. How many IP addresses are needed for each LAN? _______ 50 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /26 3. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 62 Step 2: Assign subnets to HQ LANs. Start at the beginning of the 192.168.1.0/24 network. 1. Assign the first available subnet to the HQ LAN1. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. HQ LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.192

CIDR Subnet Mask /26

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.1

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.62

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.63

3. Assign the next available subnet to the HQ LAN2. 4. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. HQ LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 192.168.1.64 255.255.255.192

CIDR Subnet Mask /26

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.65

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.126

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.127

Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the next largest network segment or segments. In this case, the two Branch1 LANs are the next largest subnets. 1. How many IP addresses are needed for each LAN? _______ 20 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /27 3. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 30 Step 4: Assign subnet to BRANCH1 LANs. Start with the IP address following the HQ LAN subnets. 1. Assign the next subnet to the Branch1 LAN1. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Branch1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 192.168.1.128 255.255.255.224

CIDR Subnet Mask /27

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.129

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.158

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.159

3. Assign the next available subnet to the Branch1 LAN2.
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 3 of 5

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design

4.

Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.

Branch1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 192.168.1.160 255.255.255.224

CIDR Subnet Mask /27

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.161

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.190

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.191

Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the next largest network segment or segments. In this case, the two Branch2 LANs are the next largest subnets. 1. How many IP addresses are needed for each LAN? _______ 12 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /28 3. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 14 Step 6: Assign subnets to BRANCH2 LANs. Start with the IP address following the Branch1 LAN subnets. 1. Assign the next subnet to the Branch2 LAN1. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Branch2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 192.168.1.192 255.255.255.240

CIDR Subnet Mask /28

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.193

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.206

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.207

2. Assign the next available subnet to the Branch2 LAN2. 3. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Branch2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 192.168.1.208 255.255.255.240

CIDR Subnet Mask /28

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.209

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.222

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.223

Step 7: Determine the subnet information for the links between the routers. 1. How many IP addresses are needed for each link? _______ 2 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /30 3. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 2 Step 8: Assign subnets to links. Start with the IP address following the Branch2 LAN subnets. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Link between HQ and Branch1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Subnet Address Mask Mask 192.168.1.224 255.255.255.252 /30

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.225

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.226

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.227
Page 4 of 5

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.1: Basic VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design

3. Assign the next available subnet to the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers. 4. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Link between HQ and Branch2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Subnet Address Mask Mask 192.168.1.228 255.255.255.252 /30

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.229

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.230

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.231

5. Assign the next available subnet to the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers. 6. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.

Link between Branch1 and Branch2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Subnet Address Mask Mask 192.168.1.232 255.255.255.252 /30

First Usable IP Address 192.168.1.233

Last Usable IP Address 192.168.1.234

Broadcast Address 192.168.1.235

Task 3: Assign IP Addresses to the Network Devices.
Assign the appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Document the addresses to be used in the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Assign addresses to the HQ router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN 1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN 2 subnet to the Fao/1 LAN interface. 3. Assign the first valid host address in the link between HQ and Branch1 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface. 4. Assign the first valid host address in the link between HQ and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 2: Assign addresses to the Branch1 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch1 LAN1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. 2. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch1 LAN2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. 3. Assign the last valid host address on the link between Branch1 and HQ subnet to the S0/0/0 interface 4. Assign the first valid host address on the link between Branch1 and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface. Step 3: Assign addresses to the Branch2 router. 1. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch2 LAN1 subnet to the Fa0/0 LAN interface. Assign the first valid host address in the Branch 2 LAN 2 subnet to the Fa0/1 LAN interface. 2. Assign the last valid host address on the link between HQ and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/1 interface 3. Assign the last valid host address on the link between Branch1 and Branch2 subnet to the S0/0/0 interface.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 5 of 5

Activity 6.4.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design (Instructor Version)
Topology Diagram

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 1 of 12

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design

Learning Objectives:
Determine the number of subnets needed. Determine the number of hosts needed for each subnet. Design an appropriate addressing scheme using VLSM.

Scenario
In this activity, you have been given the network address 172.16.0.0/16 to subnet and provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram. VLSM will be used so that the addressing requirements can be met using the 172.16.0.0/16 network. The network has the following addressing requirements: East Network Section The N-EAST (Northeast) LAN1 will require 4000 host IP addresses. The N-EAST (Northeast) LAN2 will require 4000 host IP addresses. The SE-BR1 (Southeast Branch1) LAN1 will require 1000 host IP addresses. The SE-BR1 (Southeast Branch1) LAN2 will require 1000 host IP addresses. The SE-BR2 (Southeast Branch2) LAN1 will require 500 host IP addresses. The SE-BR2 (Southeast Branch2) LAN2 will require 500 host IP addresses. The SE-ST1 (Southeast Satellite1) LAN1 will require 250 host IP addresses. The SE-ST1 (Southeast Satellite1) LAN2 will require 250 host IP addresses. The SE-ST2 (Southeast Satellite2) LAN1 will require 125 host IP addresses. The SE-ST2 (Southeast Satellite2) LAN2 will require 125 host IP addresses. West Network Section The S-WEST (Southwest) LAN1 will require 4000 host IP addresses. The S-WEST (Southwest) LAN2 will require 4000 host IP addresses. The NW-BR1 (Northwest Branch1) LAN1 will require 2000 host IP addresses. The NW-BR1 (Northwest Branch1) LAN2 will require 2000 host IP addresses. The NW-BR2 (Northwest Branch2) LAN1 will require 1000 host IP addresses. The NW-BR2 (Northwest Branch2) LAN2 will require 1000 host IP addresses. Central Network Section The Central LAN1 will require 8000 host IP addresses. The Central LAN2 will require 4000 host IP addresses. The WAN links between each of the routers will require an IP address for each end of the link. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.)

Task 1: Examine the Network Requirements.
Examine the network requirements and answer the questions below. Keep in mind that IP addresses will be needed for each of the LAN interfaces. 1. How many LAN subnets are needed? _______ 18 2. How many subnets are needed for the WAN links between routers? _______ 13 3. How many total subnets are needed? _______ 31
All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 2 of 12

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR

Activity 6.4.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design

4. What is the maximum number of host IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _______ 8,000 5. What is the least number of host IP addresses that are needed for a single subnet? _______ 125 6. How many IP addresses are needed for the East portion of the network? Be sure to include the WAN links between the routers. __________ 11,764 7. How many IP addresses are needed for the West portion of the network? Be sure to include the WAN links between the routers. __________ 10,410 8. How many IP addresses are needed for the Central portion of the network? Be sure to include the WAN links between the routers. __________ 12,002 9. What is the total number of IP addresses that are needed? __________ 34,176 10. What is the total number of IP addresses that are available in the 172.16.0.0/16 network? _________ 65,534 11. Can the network addressing requirements be met using the 172.16.0.0/16 network? _______ yes

Task 2: Divide the Network into Three Subnetworks.
Step 1: Determine the subnet information for each network section. To keep the subnets of each of the major network sections contiguous, begin by creating a main subnet for each of the East, West, and Central network sections. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet the addressing requirement for the East network? _______ /18 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 16,382 3. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet the addressing requirement for the West network? _______ /18 4. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 16,384 5. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet the addressing requirement for the Central network? _______ /18 6. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 16,384 Step 2: Assign subnets. 1. Start at the beginning of the 172.16.0.0/16 network. Assign the first available subnet to the East section of the network. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. East Subnet Network Address 172.16.1.0

Decimal Subnet Mask 255.255.192.0

CIDR Subnet Mask /18

First Usable IP Address 172.16.0.1

Last Usable IP Address 172.16.63.254

Broadcast Address 172.16.63.255

3. Assign the next available subnet to the West section of the network.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 3 of 12

16.254 Broadcast Address 172. Central Subnet Network Decimal Address Subnet Mask 172.16.255.175. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Start at the beginning of the address space designated for the Central network.1 Last Usable IP Address 172. 1.0 255.128.16. Inc.0 Decimal Subnet Mask 255.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 4.128.160.240.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.127.64.16.0 255.16. . Use the address space that was designated for the Central network in Task 1.192.255.255 Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the Central LAN2.192.255 Page 4 of 12 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255 Task 3: Design an IP Addressing Scheme for the Central Network.16. West Subnet Network Address 172.175.160. 2.64.4. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.128. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 4.255. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Central LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /18 First Usable IP Address 172. Assign the first subnet to the Central LAN1.159.16. Assign the next available subnet to the Central section of the network. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /20 2.255 5. 1.127. Central LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.16.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /18 First Usable IP Address 172.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /20 First Usable IP Address 172.16.16.128.094 Step 4: Assign subnet to Central LAN2.16. 1. 1.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.16.254 Broadcast Address 172.16. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 8.224.16.16.1 Last Usable IP Address 172. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.0 255. 6.254 Broadcast Address 172. Assign the next available subnet to the Central LAN2. All rights reserved.191.16.159.254 Broadcast Address 172. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /19 2. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the Central LAN1.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /19 First Usable IP Address 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.190 Step 2: Assign subnet to Central LAN1.255. 2.191.

64. 2. All rights reserved. 1.79.16. S-WEST LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /30 2.16. Page 5 of 12 . Assign the next available subnet to the WAN link between the Central router and the HQ router.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.094 Step 2: Assign subnet to S-WEST LAN1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.255.0 255. Start at the beginning of the address space designated for the West network. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.79. WAN link between Central and HQ Subnet Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Subnet Address Mask Mask 172.3 Task 4: Design an IP Addressing Scheme for the West Network.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.255 Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the S-WEST LAN2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 4. Assign the first subnet to the S-WEST LAN1. 1. Use the address space that was designated for the West network in Task 1.16. Inc. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.4.0 255.176. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 4.176. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /20 2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1.16.2 Broadcast Address 172.255.16.176.176.254 Broadcast Address 172.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /20 First Usable IP Address 172. 2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /20 2.252 /30 First Usable IP Address 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the S-WEST LAN1.16. 1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 2 Step 6: Assign subnet to WAN link.094 Step 4: Assign subnet to S-WEST LAN2. Assign the next available subnet to the S-WEST LAN2.16.64. 1.16. 1.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the WAN link between the Central router and the HQ router.240.255.

255 Step 7: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR1 LAN2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.0 255.16.046 Step 6: Assign subnet to NW-BR1 LAN1.248.16.16. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR1 LAN2.16.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.16.255. 1.104.16. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /21 2. NW-BR1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /21 First Usable IP Address 172.111. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /22 2.255 Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR1 LAN1. All rights reserved.95. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR2 LAN1.255 Step 9: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR2 LAN1. 1.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /21 First Usable IP Address 172. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR1 LAN1.103.16. Page 6 of 12 .4. This document is Cisco Public Information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0 255.95. 1.0 255.254 Broadcast Address 172.80.16. S-WEST LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.046 Step 8: Assign subnet to NW-BR1 LAN2.16.16.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /20 First Usable IP Address 172.255.1 Last Usable IP Address 172. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 2.111. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.80.254 Broadcast Address 172.96.022 Step 10: Assign subnet to NW-BR2 LAN1.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2.248.104. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 1.96. 2.103.240.254 Broadcast Address 172. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /21 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 2. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. NW-BR1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.1 Last Usable IP Address 172. 1. Inc.255.16.

3 172.8 255.119.254 Broadcast Address 172. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.255.13 172.16. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /30 4.116.120.120.120.115. All rights reserved.16.16.255.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /22 First Usable IP Address 172.120.11 172.255. How many router to router WAN links are present in the West network? _______ 5 2.10 172.16.16.0 255. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.17 Last Usable IP Address 172.120.120.16.9 172.120.252 /30 NW-BR2 First Usable IP Address 172.16.16.120.16.0 255.16. NW-BR2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.255.19 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.022 Step 12: Assign subnet to NW-BR2 LAN2.255 Step 11: Determine the subnet information for the NW-BR2 LAN2.120.255.16.255.120. 2.120. Page 7 of 12 .18 Broadcast Address 172. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 1.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /22 First Usable IP Address 172.16.16.16.252 /30 N-WEST N-WEST to 172.16. Assign the next available subnets to the WAN links between the routers. This document is Cisco Public Information.112.252 /30 WEST WEST to 172.120. 1.112.4 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. NW-BR2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.16. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 2 Step 14: Assign subnets to WAN links.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2. 1.5 172.255.119.252. 1.120. How many IP addresses are needed for each of these WAN links? _______ 2 3. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.120.16.120. WAN links between the Routers in the West Network WAN Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Link Address Mask Subnet Mask HQ to 172.115.252 /30 S-WEST WEST to 172.7 172.16.120.16.16.120.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.16. 1.252 /30 NW-BR1 N-WEST to 172. 2.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.15 172. Inc.2 172.16.16.116.255.120.120. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /22 2.0 255.16.16.254 Broadcast Address 172.252.255.14 172.16 255.16.16. Assign the next available subnet to the NW-BR2 LAN2.255.255.4.12 255.255 Step 13: Determine the subnet information for the WAN links between the routers in the West network.16.255.120.6 172.1 172.

255.16.0.16.240.16. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.240.0.15. N-EAST LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.16.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.254 Broadcast Address 172. 1. Assign the next available subnet to the N-EAST LAN2.255 Step 3: Determine the subnet information for the N-EAST LAN2. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /22 2.16. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /20 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 4. Inc. 1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Task 5: Design an IP Addressing Scheme for the East Network.16. Step 1: Determine the subnet information for the N-EAST LAN1. Assign the first subnet to the N-EAST LAN1.16. N-EAST LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR1 LAN1. This document is Cisco Public Information.4.31. Use the address space that was designated for the East network in Task 1. 1.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /20 First Usable IP Address 172.31.0 255.094 Step 2: Assign subnet to N-EAST LAN1. 1. Page 8 of 12 . 2.022 Step 6: Assign subnet to SE-BR1 LAN1. Start at the beginning of the address space designated for the East network. 1.255. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 4.16.15. 1.255 Step 5: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR1 LAN1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 1. 2.0 255. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /20 2.094 Step 4: Assign subnet to N-EAST LAN2. All rights reserved.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /20 First Usable IP Address 172.254 Broadcast Address 172.16.

1.32.255.16. SE-BR1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. 1.16.41. 1.36. All rights reserved.39. 2.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.255 Step 11: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR2 LAN2.16.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /22 First Usable IP Address 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /23 2. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR2 LAN1.39.40. Page 9 of 12 . Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 255.32. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.255.35.16. 1.254 Broadcast Address 172. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 1.41.255 Step 9: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR2 LAN1.35.16.16.252. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /23 2. 1. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 510 Step 12: Assign subnet to SE-BR2 LAN2.022 Step 8: Assign subnet to SE-BR1 LAN2.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.255.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /22 First Usable IP Address 172.36.16.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /23 First Usable IP Address 172.254 Broadcast Address 172.4. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /22 2. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR1 LAN2.1 Last Usable IP Address 172. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.16.0 255.255 Step 7: Determine the subnet information for the SE-BR1 LAN2.252. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-BR2 LAN2.40.0 255.254 Broadcast Address 172. SE-BR2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. SE-BR1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.16.16.16.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 510 Step 10: Assign subnet to SE-BR2 LAN1.254.16. 2.

4. 1.255 Step 17: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST2 LAN1.16.44. All rights reserved.16. SE-ST1 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. SE-ST1 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST2 LAN1. Page 10 of 12 . 2. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 254 Step 16: Assign subnet to SE-ST1 LAN2. This document is Cisco Public Information.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2.16. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /25 2. 1.0 255. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.255.45.16.42.255 Step 13: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST1 LAN1.254 Broadcast Address 172.0 255. 1.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.42. SE-BR2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.255.254.255. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /24 2.254 Broadcast Address 172.16.254 Broadcast Address 172. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST1 LAN1.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /24 First Usable IP Address 172. 2.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.16. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST1 LAN2.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /23 First Usable IP Address 172.255 Step 15: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST1 LAN2.45. 1. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /24 2.16.16.45. 1.45. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0 255. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 126 Step 18: Assign subnet to SE-ST2 LAN1.16.255. Inc.0 CIDR Subnet Mask /24 First Usable IP Address 172.43. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 254 Step 14: Assign subnet to SE-ST1 LAN1.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.16.44. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.16.43.44.44. 1.

255 Step 21: Determine the subnet information for the WAN links between the routers in the East network.255.16.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.16.255. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /30 4. 1.46. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 126 Step 20: Assign subnet to SE-ST2 LAN2.46.126 Broadcast Address 172. How many IP addresses are needed for each of these WAN links? _______ 2 3. SE-ST2 LAN2 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design 2.16.129 Last Usable IP Address 172.46. What is the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned in this size subnet? _______ 2 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. 1.46. Page 11 of 12 .16. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.46.16.46.4. 2.16. Assign the next available subnet to the SE-ST2 LAN2.16. All rights reserved. SE-ST2 LAN1 Subnet Network Decimal Subnet Address Mask 172.128 255. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.128 CIDR Subnet Mask /25 First Usable IP Address 172.0 255.46.127 Step 19: Determine the subnet information for the SE-ST2 LAN2. 1.255.128 CIDR Subnet Mask /25 First Usable IP Address 172. Inc. How many router to router WAN links are present in the East network? _______ 7 2.46. This document is Cisco Public Information.254 Broadcast Address 172. What is the smallest size subnet that can be used to meet this requirement? _______ /25 2.1 Last Usable IP Address 172.

47.255. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the next available subnets to the WAN links between the routers.18 172.47.16.16.255. All rights reserved.4 255.255.47.7 172.47.8 255.16.47.47.12 255.16.252 /30 S-EAST EAST to 172.252 /30 N-EAST S-EAST to 172.16.9 172.255.10 172.16.47.252 /30 SE-ST1 SE-BR2 to 172.16.47.47.17 172. WAN links between the Routers in the East Network WAN link Network Decimal Subnet CIDR Address Mask Subnet Mask HQ to 172.16.1 172.16.21 172.255.47.16.16.23 172.16.252 /30 EAST EAST to 172. 1.16.252 /30 SE-ST2 First Usable IP Address 172.27 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.19 172.15 172.16.26 Broadcast Address 172.3 172.16.255.47.24 255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.47.255.47.2 172.47.16.16.16.47.255.20 255.16.255.5 172.0 255.255.47.47.16. Inc.47.16.6 172.16.16.22 172.252 /30 SE-BR2 SE-BR2 to 172.47.13 172.4.16.47.16.25 Last Usable IP Address 172. 2.47.47.47.14 172. Page 12 of 12 .47.255.47.2: Challenge VLSM Calculation and Addressing Design Step 22: Assign subnets to WAN links.47.16.255.47.16. Fill in the chart below with the appropriate information.11 172.47.16 255.16.255.252 /30 SE-BR1 S-EAST to 172.

128. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.000 500 2 2 2 Network Address 172.000 1.0/28 172.16.254.6/30 172. Page 1 of 5 .0/24 172.0/23 172.16. Propose solutions for VLSM design errors. All rights reserved. Document the corrected VLSM assignments.16.0/20 172.3: Troubleshooting a VLSM Addressing Design (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Subnet HQ LAN1 HQ LAN2 Branch1 LAN1 Branch1 LAN2 Branch2 LAN1 Branch2 LAN2 Link from HQ to Branch1 Link from HQ to Branch2 Link from Branch1 to Branch2 Number of IP Addresses Needed 16.16.254.8/30 Learning Objectives: • • • Discover errors in a VLSM design.252.224.000 8.192.4.244.000 4.240.0/18 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.0/19 172.254.000 2.16.16.16.0/21 172. Inc.Activity 6.

Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ yes 6. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. If the answer to the previous question is no. All rights reserved.224. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the HQ LAN2 subnet? _______ yes 4. If the answer to the previous question is yes.000 2. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch1 LAN1 subnet? _______ yes All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 4.0 Task 2: Examine the Addressing for the Branch1 LANs. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch1 LAN1 subnet and answer the questions below. How many IP addresses are needed for the HQ LAN2 subnet? __________ 8.192. Page 2 of 5 . How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 16. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 8. This document is Cisco Public Information. You will need to troubleshoot the addressing that has been assigned for each subnet to determine where errors are present and then determine the correct addressing assignments. 1. If the answer to the previous question is yes.128. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.255. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. 1. ________________________________ 5.4. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the HQ LAN1 subnet? _______ no 4.0/17 has been used to provide the IP addressing for the network shown in the Topology Diagram.000 2. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the HQ LAN1 subnet and answer the questions below: 1. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the HQ LAN2 subnet and answer the questions below. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch1 LAN1 subnet? __________ 4.255. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ no 6. ________________________________ /19 or 255.190 3. ________________________________ /18 or 255.16. Inc.382 3. How many IP addresses are needed for the HQ LAN1 subnet? __________ 16. the network address 172. If the answer to the previous question is no.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design Scenario In this activity.094 3.0 5.000 2. where needed. VLSM has been used to subnet the address space incorrectly. Task 1: Examine the Addressing for the HQ LANs.

How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 510 3. If the answer to the previous question is no. ________________________________ Task 3: Examine the Addressing for the Branch2 LANs.4. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch2 LAN1 subnet? __________ 1. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch1 LAN2 subnet? __________ 2. All rights reserved. How many IP addresses are needed for the Branch2 LAN2 subnet? __________ 500 2. 1. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Page 3 of 5 . propose a new network address that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. ________________________________ 5. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch1 LAN2 subnet? _______ yes 4. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets.000 2. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch2 LAN1 subnet and answer the questions below. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses.252. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ no 6. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. If the answer to the previous question is yes. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch1 LAN2 and answer the questions below. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch2 LAN2 subnet? _______ yes 4. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 2. 1. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. Inc. If the answer to the previous question is yes. ________________________________ /22 or 255. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses.255. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the Branch2 LAN1 subnet? _______ no 4.000 2. This document is Cisco Public Information.046 3. If the answer to the previous question is no. ________________________________ 5. ________________________________ Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the Branch2 LAN2 and answer the questions below. If the answer to the previous question is no.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. 1.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design 4. ________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? __________ 254 3.0 5. If the answer to the previous question is no. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ no 6. If the answer to the previous question is yes. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ no 6.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. If the answer to the previous question is yes. ________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. propose a new network address that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. ________________________________ Task 4: Examine the Addressing for the Links between Routers. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers? _______ yes 4. If the answer to the previous question is no. How many IP addresses are needed for the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers? _______ 2 2. If the answer to the previous question is no. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? _______ 14 3. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ no 6. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ yes 6. ________________________________ 5. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses.4. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ yes_____ 6.252 Step 2: Examine the addressing assignment for the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers and answer the questions below. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design 5. This document is Cisco Public Information. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers? _______ yes 4. If the answer to the previous question is yes. How many IP addresses are needed for the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers? _______ 2 2. If the answer to the previous question is no.255. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? _______ 2 3. How many IP addresses are needed for the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers? _______ 2 2.16. Step 1: Examine the addressing assignment for the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers and answer the questions below. Will the currently assigned subnet fulfill the size requirement for the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers? _______ yes 4. Inc. If the answer to the previous question is yes. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. ________________________________ 172. All rights reserved. ________________________________ 5. ________________________________ /30 or 255. 1.4 Step 3: Examine the addressing assignment for the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers and answer the questions below.255. How many IP addresses are available in the currently assigned subnet? _______ 2 3. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses. 1. Page 4 of 5 . propose a new network address that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets.254. 1.

If the answer to the previous question is yes.16.000 8.8/30 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.000 1. ________________________________ Task 5: Document the Corrected Addressing Information. Subnet HQ LAN1 HQ LAN2 Branch1 LAN1 Branch1 LAN2 Branch2 LAN1 Branch2 LAN2 Link from HQ to Branch1 Link from HQ to Branch2 Link from Branch1 to Branch2 Number of IP Addresses Needed 16. propose a new subnet mask that will allow for the correct number of IP addresses without overlapping into any other subnets. Page 5 of 5 .0/20 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.192.0/18 172.16.4/30 172. All rights reserved.128. Inc.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.248.254.0/23 172.000 2.240.16.252.16.0/19 172.0/22 172.000 4. Record the corrected addressing information in the Addressing Table below.4.16.000 500 2 2 2 Network Address 172.16.3: Troubleshooting VLSM Addressing Design 5.254. Does the subnet overlap with any of the other currently assigned networks? _______ no 6.224.254.0/30 172.16.16.0/21 172.

16.16.16.16.16.64.0/30 209.16.68.4: Basic Route Summarization (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Subnet HQ LAN1 HQ LAN2 EAST LAN1 EAST LAN2 WEST LAN1 WEST LAN2 Link from HQ to EAST Link from HQ to WEST Link from HQ to ISP Network Address 172. Page 1 of 4 .71.0/23 172.4/30 172.201.Activity 6.0/30 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/23 172.128/25 172.66. All rights reserved.4.0/24 172.71.16.16.70.69.0/24 172.70.165. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc.0/25 172.

00000000 3. Inc. you have been given the network shown in the Topology Diagram.01000000.4.00010000.00010000. Task 1: Determine the Summary Route for the HQ LANs. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 172.0 Task 2: Determine the Summary Route for the EAST LANs. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 10101100.4: Basic Route Summarization Learning Objectives: Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the size of routing tables.00010000. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 10101100.00000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 10101100. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 255.00010000.255.01000000 2. All rights reserved.01000010.252.64. Page 2 of 4 . Scenario In this activity.00000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks? _______ 22 2. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks? _______ 23 2.00010000. Step 1: List the HQ LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.01000101. ______________________________________________ 10101100. 1.00000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 10101100. 1.01000100.16. Step 1: List the EAST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the number of entries in routing tables.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.255.00010000.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. What are the matching bits for the two networks? ______________________________________________ 10101100.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.254. The subnetting and address assignments have already been completed for the network segments. What are the matching bits for the two networks? ______________________________________________ 10101100.00010000. 1.01000000.00000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.01000100 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 255. This document is Cisco Public Information. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form.

Step 1: List the WEST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 172.00000000 3.00010000. All rights reserved.0 Task 4: Determine the Summary Route for the HQ.255.00010000. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form.00000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 10101100.68. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form.16.01000110. This document is Cisco Public Information.70. Page 3 of 4 .4: Basic Route Summarization 2. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 255.255.4.00010000.0 Task 3: Determine the Summary Route for the WEST LANs.00010000. Step 1: List summary networks for the HQ. 1. 1.01000110.248. 1. and WEST LANs in binary format. ______________________________________________ 10101100. Inc.01000110.000000 EAST Summary Route ______________________________________________ 10101100.10000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. EAST.01000110. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 10101100.00010000. How many left-most matching bits are present in the three networks? _______ 21 2.00010000.00010000. HQ Summary Route ______________________________________________ 10101100.000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. 1. What are the matching bits for the two networks? ______________________________________________ 10101100.01000 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. and WEST LANs.01000100.255. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks? _______ 24 2. ______________________________________________ 10101100.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.00010000. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 172.01000110 2.00000000 3.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.000000 WEST Summary Route ______________________________________________ 10101100. What are the matching bits for the three networks? ______________________________________________ 10101100.01000000. EAST.00010000.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 255.01000100.

This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 4 of 4 .64. Inc.01000000. Add zeroes to make up the remainder of the network address in binary form.16.4: Basic Route Summarization 2.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4. __________________________________________ 10101100.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.00010000. All rights reserved. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ______________________________________________ 172.00000000 3.

Page 1 of 10 . All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.5: Challenge Route Summarization (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4. Inc.Activity 6.

Page 2 of 10 .4.4.224/30 192.168.168.228/30 192.5. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.168.168.64/26 192.200/30 192.0/26 192.168.168.168.72/30 192.232/30 192.7.168.6.4.168.128/27 192.168.168.168.68/30 192.168.64/30 192.168.5: Challenge Route Summarization Addressing Table Subnet S-WEST LAN1 S-WEST LAN2 Link from WEST to N-WEST Link from WEST to S-WEST Link from HQ to WEST NW-BR1 LAN1 NW-BR1 LAN2 NW-BR2 LAN1 NW-BR2 LAN2 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR1 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR2 CENTRAL LAN1 CENTRAL LAN2 Link from HQ to CENTRAL N-EAST LAN1 N-EAST LAN2 Link from EAST to N-EAST Link from EAST to S-EAST Link from HQ to EAST SE-BR1 LAN1 SE-BR1 LAN2 SE-BR2 LAN1 SE-BR2 LAN2 SE-ST1 LAN1 SE-ST1 LAN2 SE-ST2 LAN1 SE-ST2 LAN2 Link from SE-BR2 to SE-ST1 Link from SE-BR2 to SE-ST2 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR2 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR1 Network Address 192.6.168.168.196/30 192.4.128/27 192.5.168.4.7.32/27 192.5.128/26 192.6.192/30 192.4.168.4.7.5.7.168.168.168.236/30 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168. Inc.160/27 192.7.4.7.7.168.7.4. All rights reserved.4.32/27 192.168.160/27 192.5.168.200/29 192.7.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.168.192/30 192.0/27 192.168.216/29 192.192/28 192.208/28 192.228/30 192.4.168.168.4.192/29 192.4.7.208/29 192.7.0/25 192.224/30 192.0/27 192.

255.10000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.192 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.255.5: Challenge Route Summarization Learning Objectives: • Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the size of routing tables.10000000 2.00000000 2. Step 1: List the NW-BR1 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. 1. Determine summarized routes that can be used to reduce the number of entries in routing tables.10100000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. How many left-most matching bits are present in the two networks? _______ 26 2. Inc.00000111.10101000.10101000.10101000.0 Task 2: Determine the Summary Route for the NW-BR1 LANs. 1. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000. you have been given the network shown in the Topology Diagram.00000111.00100000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.10101000.255.255.168. Page 3 of 10 . Scenario In this activity. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.128 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10101000.00000111.00000111.168. Step 1: List the S-WEST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.00000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000.4. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192. 1.00000111. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.192 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. The subnetting and address assignments have already been completed for the network segments. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 26 2. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000. All rights reserved.7.00000111.7. Task 1: Determine the Summary Route for the S-WEST LANs. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.

00000111. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.00000111. Step 1: List the Northwest network segments in binary format. Page 4 of 10 .00000111. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 25 2.00000111. 1. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.00000111.224 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.128 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.00000111. 1.192 Task 4: Determine the Summary Route for the Northwest Portion of the Network. 1.10101000.10000000 NW-BR2 Summary 11000000.11100100 ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. This document is Cisco Public Information.10101000.11000000 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR1 11000000.11000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000. All rights reserved.11100000 Link from N-WEST to NW-BR2 11000000.10101000. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the Northwest portion of the network. 1.7. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.00000111.4. Inc. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.11010000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000.128 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. NW-BR1 Summary 11000000.11000000 2.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.10101000. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000.10101000.7.5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 3: Determine the Summary Route for the NW-BR2 LANs.10101000.168. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 27 2.255.00000111.255.168. Step 1: List the NW-BR2 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.10000000 2.

This document is Cisco Public Information.255. 1. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 24 2.00000000 CENTRAL LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000.168. 1.00000111.01000000 Link from WEST to S-WEST ____________________________________________ 11000000. S-WEST Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000. All rights reserved.01001000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 24 2.00000111.0 Task 6: Determine the Summary Route for the Central Portion of the Network.5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 5: Determine the Summary Route for the West Portion of the Network.7. 1.00000110.10101000. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192. Inc.10101000.00000111. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.00000111. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the Central portion of the network.00000111. Step 1: List the Central network segments in binary format.10000000 Link from HQ to CENTRAL ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000. Step 1: List the West network segments in binary format.00000111.255.255. Page 5 of 10 .10101000.00000000 N-WEST Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.11000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the West portion of the network.10101000.10101000.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.00000000 2.01000100 Link from HQ to WEST ____________________________________________ 11000000.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. CENTRAL LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000.10000000 Link from WEST to N-WEST ____________________________________________ 11000000.255.10101000.10101000.00000110.00000110.4.

How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 26 2.0 Task 8: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-BR1 LANs. Inc.00000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000000 2.255.5.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.00000110. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.00100000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.168.10101000.00000101. 1. Step 1: List the SE-BR1 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.192 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000101.128 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. Page 6 of 10 .10101000.00000100. All rights reserved.168. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.5: Challenge Route Summarization Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.10101000.00000100.0 Task 7: Determine the Summary Route for the N-EAST LANs.10101000.01000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.00000000 2.00000000 2. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000. 1. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 25 2.10101000. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.6. 1.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.4.10101000. 1. 1.4.00000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000100.255. Step 1: List the N-EAST LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.255.00000101. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.10101000.255. This document is Cisco Public Information. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.

255.255.10101000.00000100.240 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1.10101000.10101000. All rights reserved.10000000 2.10101000.10101000. 1. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000.255.192 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. 1. Step 1: List the SE-ST1 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.168. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 28 2.11001000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. This document is Cisco Public Information.00000100.00000100.255. Page 7 of 10 . LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.10100000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.168.4.11000000 2.192 Task 11: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-ST2 LANs.00000100.00000100.5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 9: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-BR2 LANs. Inc. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000.11000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000100.128 Task 10: Determine the Summary Route for the SE-ST1 LANs.255. Step 1: List the SE-ST2 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.4. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 28 2. 1. 1.11011000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. LAN1 ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000100.4.255.240 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. Step 1: List the SE-BR2 LAN1 and LAN2 in binary format.00000100.10101000.11010000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.10101000. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 26 2. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.10000000 LAN2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.

00000100.4.10101000. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000. All rights reserved.00000100.00000100.11010000 2.00000000 2. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 24 2. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.11100100 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR1 ____________________________________________ 11000000. Step 1: List the Southeast network segments in binary format.11000000 SE-ST2 Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000100. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.4.10101000.10101000. 1.00000100.00000100.10101000.11101000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.10101000.10101000.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.10101000.208 Task 12: Determine the Summary Route for the Southeast Portion of the Network.168.10101000. 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.10000000 SE-ST1 Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.168. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the Southeast portion of the network.11010000 Link from SE-BR2 to Satellite1 ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000100.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.00000100. Inc.4. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.11100000 Link from SE-BR2 to Satellite2 ____________________________________________ 11000000.11101100 Link from S-EAST to SE-BR2 ____________________________________________ 11000000. SE-BR1 Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.5: Challenge Route Summarization Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.10101000.10101000. This document is Cisco Public Information.00000000 SE-BR2 Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.255.255.00000100.00000100. 1. Page 8 of 10 .

How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 22 2.00000000 2.254. 1. Page 9 of 10 .5: Challenge Route Summarization Task 13: Determine the Summary Route for the East Portion of the Network.10101000. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.10101000. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the East portion of the network.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.00000110.10101000.10101000.4.00000000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route. S-EAST Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000111.11001000 Step 2: Count the number of left-most matching bits to determine the mask for the summary route.168.252.00000101. Step 1: List the East network segments in binary format.10101000.4. What is the subnet mask for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 255.00000101.10101000. 1.0 Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address. This document is Cisco Public Information.00000100.00000000 CENTRAL Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000000 WEST Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.10101000.00000000 Link from EAST to N-EAST ____________________________________________ 11000000.255.00000101.00000100.255. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.00000000 N-EAST Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000. Step 1: List the East. EAST Summary ____________________________________________ 11000000.11000100 Link from HQ to EAST ____________________________________________ 11000000. 1. Use the networks listed below to determine a summary route for the entire network. All rights reserved.00000100.11000000 Link from EAST to S-EAST ____________________________________________ 11000000. Inc. and Central summary routes in binary format. West. How many left-most matching bits are present in the networks? _______ 23 2.00000101.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 Task 14: Determine the Summary Route for the Entire Network.10101000.10101000.

Page 10 of 10 .0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 1.168. All rights reserved.4. Inc.4.00000000 2.5: Challenge Route Summarization Step 3: Copy the matching bits and then add all zeros to determine the summarized network address.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6. This document is Cisco Public Information.00000100. What is the summary route in binary form? ____________________________________________ 11000000.10101000. What is the network address for the summary route in decimal format? ____________________________________________ 192.

Document the corrected summarized routes.48.16.0/21 172.16.16.56.30. Inc.0/19 172.4. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. you will be able to: Discover errors in route summarization. Propose solutions for summarized routes.16.16. WEST.32.32.0/21 172.0/18 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this activity.58.6: Troubleshooting Route Summarization (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Router HQ HQ WEST WEST EAST EAST ISP WEST LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs WEST LANs HQ.52.16.16.0/20 172.0/23 172. and EAST LANs Summary Route Network Address 172.0/23 172. Page 1 of 3 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.Activity 6.

6: Troubleshooting Route Summarization Scenario In this activity. You will need to troubleshoot the summary routes that have been assigned to determine where errors are present and determine the correct summary routes where needed. what is the correct summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________ 172.16.32.56.16. What is the summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________ 172.56. If the route is not correct. What is the summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 172. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 3.16. Page 2 of 3 .4. what is the correct summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 172. What is the summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________ 172.32.16. Inc. 1. All rights reserved.16. What is the summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 172. If the route is not correct. Examine the summary routes on the HQ router and answer the questions below. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 3.48.16.0/21 4.16. If the route is not correct. Task 1: Examine the Summary Routes on the HQ Router.0/19 2. what is the correct summary route for the EAST LANs? ________________________________ 172. The summary routes that are shown in the Addressing Table below the Topology Diagram are incorrect.52. If the route is not correct. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 6.0/21 2.0/22 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.56. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 6. 1. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/20 4.0/23 5. the LAN IP addressing has already been completed for the network shown in the Topology Diagram.0/23 5. VLSM has been used to subnet the address space. Examine the summary routes on the WEST router and answer the questions below.16. what is the correct summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 172.0/22 Task 2: Examine the Summary Routes on the WEST Router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.58.

16.6: Troubleshooting Route Summarization Task 3: Examine the Summary Routes on the EAST Router.48. 1.32.16.32. All rights reserved. what is the correct summary route for the HQ. and EAST LANs? ________________________________ 172. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 6.16.0/19 Task 5: Document the Corrected Summary Routes. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 3. Router HQ HQ WEST WEST EAST EAST ISP WEST LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs EAST LANs HQ LANs WEST LANs Summary Route Network Address 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.32.0/20 Task 4: Examine the Summary Route on the ISP Router.16.16. Is this summary route correct? _______ no 3. Inc. If the route is not correct. and EAST LANs? ________________________________ 172.0/21 172.30.4. If the route is not correct.0/18 2. what is the correct summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 172.16. Page 3 of 3 .0/24 172. WEST.56.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: VLSM and CIDR Activity 6.0/20 172.0/21 172.32.48. If the route is not correct.16.0/20 172.16. Record the corrected summary routes in the Addressing Table below. and EAST LANs All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.48.56.0/19 HQ. WEST.16.0/20 5. What is the summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 172. WEST. 1. Examine the summary route on the ISP router and answer the questions below. What is the summary route for the WEST LANs? ________________________________ 172.16. Examine the summary routes on the EAST router and answer the questions below.0/24 172.0/21 4.16. what is the correct summary route for the HQ LANs? ________________________________ 172. What is the summary route for the HQ.16.32.48.32.0/19 2.

1 172.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 R1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 R3 Lo0 Lo1 Lo2 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.1 172.255.0.1.5.255.255.0 255. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.255.255.100.255.100.1 172.30.0.0 255.252 255.255.10 172.30.1 10.1 209.255.1.0 255. Inc.100.252 255.200.0.165.255.200.0 255.2.30.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.255.240 255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.200.255.252 255.165.10 172.255.255.2. Page 1 of 12 .2.255.1 209.200.110.255.233 172.230 10.1.255.1.30.30.229 209.255.1.30.255.0.252 255.165.0 255.200.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255.17 172.30.0 255.0 255.0 255.30.255.234 172.165.1.33 172.Lab 7.255.10 10.200.255.30.255.1 209.30. All rights reserved.255.30.30.240 255.255.1 172.255.

Verify network connectivity.0 duplex auto All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The 172. ! hostname R1 ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.1 255.200.5.0.255. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network. Configure RIPv2 on all routers.255.0.30.165. Document the RIPv2 configuration.255.0. Load provided scripts onto the routers. Page 2 of 12 . you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. This can be an issue when the routing protocol used does not include enough information to distinguish the individual subnets. in this case the two serial networks 209. Scenario The network shown in the Topology Diagram contains a discontiguous network. Step 1: Cable a network. Examine the automatic summarization of routes. Disable automatic summarization. Step 1: Load the following script onto R1.30. This document is Cisco Public Information.165.2. Examine routing updates with debug ip rip.0 subnets are physically and logically divided by at least one other classful or major network.30. Answer no if asked to save changes. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.228/30 and 209. Examine the routing tables. and Reload the Routers. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.255. Erase.200.232/30. This network has been subnetted using VLSM. RIPv2 is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. Inc.1. Task 1: Cable. Clear the configuration on each of routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts.30. Examine the current status of the network.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. 172.1 255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172.

255.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.255.200. Inc.165.0. Page 3 of 12 .1.200.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 172. All rights reserved.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.165.30.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.230 255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.229 255.165.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 3: Load the following script onto R3.200.0.255.0.255.255.0.0 network 209.200.0.255.165.200. hostname R2 ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.0 network 209.165.233 255.5.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Step 2: Load the following script onto R2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.1 255.

This document is Cisco Public Information.200.255.1 255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.255.255.1 FastEthernet0/1 unassigned Serial0/0/0 209.255.165.30.0 ! interface Loopback1 ip address 172.252 no shutdown ! interface Loopback0 ip address 172. Although a discussion of IP CEF is beyond the scope of this course.165.255. R2#show ip interface brief Interface IP-Address FastEthernet0/0 10.30.200. Page 4 of 12 .240 ! router rip passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.165. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC1? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.30.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.255.200.5.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab hostname R3 ! ! ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.110.1 255. Inc.33 255. The two serial links can quickly be verified using the show ip interface brief command on R2.255.233 Vlan1 unassigned OK? YES YES YES YES YES Method manual manual manual manual manual Status Protocol up up administratively down down up up up up administratively down down Step 2: Check the connectivity from R2 to the hosts on the R1 and R3 LANs.200.240 ! interface Loopback2 ip address 172.0.200.1. Note: For the 1841 router. you may disable IP CEF by using the following command in global configuration mode: R2(config)#no ip cef From the R2 router.100.30.30.234 255.0 network 209. you will need to disable IP CEF to obtain the correct output from the ping command.255.17 255. All rights reserved.0.0 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Task 3: Examine the Current Status of the Network.229 Serial0/0/1 209.165.255. Step 1: Verify that both serial links are up.255.200.

165.0/16 network.0. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____50%_____ Step 4: View the routing table on R2.0/16 is directly connected.234.200.0. Because the routing metric is the same for both entries. This document is Cisco Public Information.1.30.200. therefore.30. the router alternates the routes that are used when forwarding packets that are destined for the 172.230.0.0. The R2 routing table only shows the major classful network address of 172. Serial0/0/0 209.0/30 is subnetted.228 is directly connected.30.30.0. Both R1 and R3 will be summarizing 172.200.0.0.0 subnets on R3. FastEthernet0/0 172.30.30.165. packets destined for the R3 LANs will not be forwarded properly.0.228/30 and 209.0/16 [120/1] via 209.200. Serial0/0/1 Step 5: Examine the routing table on the R1 router. The 172. and because R1 does not have any specific routes for the 172. R2#show ip route Output omitted C R C C 10. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC4? _____60 percent (3/5)_________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Check the connectivity between the PCs. is it possible to ping PC2? _____no_____ What is the success rate? _____0%_____ From the PC4. 1 subnets 10.232/30. Both R1 and R3 are configured with interfaces on a discontiguous network. Both the R1 and R3 are advertising routes to the 172.0—it does not show any of the subnets for this network that are used on the LANs attached to R1 and R3.0/16 is subnetted. All rights reserved.5.30. Classful routing protocols like RIPv1 summarize networks at major network boundaries.200. 2 subnets 209. From the PC1.165. 00:00:15. Page 5 of 12 . Inc.0.0/16 network. 172. there are two entries for this network in the R2 routing table. 00:00:24. is it possible to ping PC4? _____no_____ What is the success rate? _____0%_____ From the PC4. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____50%_____ From the PC1.0.0. Because the route to 172.0.0. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____100%_____ From the PC1.0 subnets are physically and logically divided by at least one other classful or major network—in this case. Serial0/0/0 [120/1] via 209.232 is directly connected.165.0 is directly connected. R1#show ip route All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. the two serial networks 209.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab _____60 percent (3/5)__________________________________________________________________ From the R2 router.30.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.200.0/16.165.30.30.0/24 subnets to 172.200.165. Serial0/0/1 209.

0.165.255.0. R3 only shows its own subnets for 172.255 via Serial0/0/0 (209. Serial0/0/1 Step 7: Examine the RIPv1 packets that are being received by R2.200.200.30.110/24.232 [120/1] via 209.228 metric 1 RIP: sending v1 update to 255. Because RIPv1 is a classful routing protocol. Serial0/0/0 Step 6: Examine the routing table on the R3 router.233) RIP: build update entries network 10. R1 and R3 are not receiving any information about the 172.165.165.0/16 is variably subnetted.30.0 is directly connected. RIP: sending v1 update to 255.0/24 is directly connected.30. R3 does not have any routes for the 172. Serial0/0/1 172.200. R2#debug ip rip RIP protocol debugging is on RIP: received v1 update from 209.5.30. from both R1 and R3. FastEthernet0/0 172.30. no subnet mask information is sent in the update. R2 is receiving the route 172. Page 6 of 12 .165.165.16/28.110.229.255 via Serial0/0/1 (209. and 172.0 subnet routes.200. Inc. Because these are equal cost metrics. 4 subnets. Serial0/0/0 209.0 metric 1 network 209.0. both routes are added to the R2 routing table.0. Serial0/0/1 209.30. with 1 hop.165. Loopback0 172.0. Loopback1 172. Loopback2 209.30.0.100/24.0. 00:00:19.230 on Serial0/0/0 172.0.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.165.30.0.200.30.234 on Serial0/0/1 172.200.228 [120/1] via 209.0/8 [120/1] via 209.30.165. All rights reserved.200. R3#show ip route Output omitted R C C C C R C 10.32/28 is directly connected.30.0.2.0.0 network: 172. 2 subnets 209.0 subnets on R1. FastEthernet0/1 209. 2 subnets 209.255. 172.200.200.100.30.0.200.165.255.0/30 is subnetted.30.233.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Output omitted R C C C R 10.0.229) All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16/28 is directly connected. This document is Cisco Public Information.30.30.200.255. Use the debug ip rip command to display RIP routing updates.165.165.0.200.232 is directly connected. 2 subnets 172.233.0.0.0/30 is subnetted.200. 172.165.0 LAN and the two serial connections to R1 and R3. 00:00:02.0 is directly connected.0 in 1 hops RIP: received v1 update from 209.165.30. 2 masks 172.0 in 1 hops R2 is sending only the routes for the 10. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:19.0.200.30.200. 00:00:02.0/24 is directly connected.200.1.229.228 is directly connected.0/24 is subnetted.165. FastEthernet0/0 172.30.0/8 [120/1] via 209.32/28.200.200.200.

0. next due in 7 seconds Invalid after 180 seconds.165. by default RIPv2 summarizes networks at major network boundaries.232 metric 1 When you are finished.200. The debug ip rip.229 120 Distance: (default is 120) All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This allows subnets and their masks to be included in the routing updates.200.0 Passive Interface(s): FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 209. just like RIPv1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Inc.165. except that the subnet mask is included in the update. However.165.0 209. All rights reserved.5. The output of the show ip protocols command for R1 is shown below. R2#undebug all Task 4: Configure RIP Version 2.0. This document is Cisco Public Information. R1# show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "rip" Sending updates every 30 seconds. flushed after 240 Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Redistributing: rip Default version control: send version 2. turn off the debugging. show ip protocols. hold down 180. Step 1: Use the version 2 command to enable RIP version 2 on each of the routers. Page 7 of 12 .30. Step 2: Verify that RIPv2 is running on the routers. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#version 2 R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)#version 2 R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#version 2 RIPv2 messages include the subnet mask in a field in the routing updates.0 metric 1 network 209.0.200. receive 2 Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain FastEthernet0/0 2 2 FastEthernet0/1 2 2 Serial0/0/0 2 2 Automatic network summarization is in effect Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab RIP: build update entries network 10. and show run commands can all be used to confirm that RIPv2 is running.

16/28 is directly connected.165.234. R3 still does not have any routes for the 172.0 and does not show any of the subnets for this network. R2 still shows two equal cost paths to the 172.165.30.165.165.0/16 is variably subnetted.0.0/24 is directly connected.0/24 is subnetted. 4 subnets.0.30.200.0/30 is subnetted.0.232 [120/1] via 209.0 is directly connected.165.0.230.200. R1 still does not have any routes for the 172.165. Serial0/0/1 172.110.200.165. Loopback2 209. 2 masks 172.30.0.0.30.228 is directly connected. 00:00:16. R3#show ip route Output omitted R C C C C R C 10.100. FastEthernet0/1 209.30.228 [120/1] via 209. Page 8 of 12 . 2 subnets 209. Serial0/0/0 172. All rights reserved. Loopback1 172.30.200.229.30.30.0/8 [120/1] via 209.233.200.0. Serial0/0/0 209. Serial0/0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 is directly connected. 00:00:09.0/16 is subnetted. Serial0/0/0 [120/1] via 209. Loopback0 172.30.228 is directly connected.232 is directly connected.30.0.0/30 is subnetted.233. 00:00:07.200.30.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.30. 2 subnets 172.232 is directly connected.200. 00:00:09.165. R2#show ip route Output omitted C R C C 10. FastEthernet0/0 172.165.165. 00:00:08.0.0 is directly connected.0/16 network in the routing table.5.30.1.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Task 5: Examine the Automatic Summarization of Routes. Serial0/0/1 209.32/28 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 R1 still shows only its own subnets for the 172. Serial0/0/0 209.1. 1 subnets 10.0.200.200.165. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/24 is directly connected.200. 00:00:16.200.0/30 is subnetted.0/8 [120/1] via 209. 2 subnets 209. 2 subnets 209.0.0.0 network. Serial0/0/1 209. Serial0/0/0 R3 still only shows its own subnets for the 172.200.0.0 subnets on R3.0/16 [120/1] via 209.0 subnets on R1.165.0.0. FastEthernet0/0 172. R1#show ip route Output omitted R C C C R 10.200. The LANs connected to R1 and R3 are still composed of discontiguous networks.0.200. R2 still shows only the major classful network address of 172. Inc. FastEthernet0/0 172.200.30.165.2.200.30.200.0 network.165.229.165.

0.0/16 is subnetted.0/16.0 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 Page 9 of 12 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.100.0/16 [120/1] via 209.30.0/24_______________ _______________172.16/28_______________ _______________209.0.30.30. This is why R2 and R1 are not seeing the 172.200.30. 00:01:56.0.200.30.0 subnets on R3. Serial0/0/0 [120/1] via 209.30.200.234.0/16___________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ R3 is not sending any of the 172.0.0/8____________________ _______________172.0.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Use the output of the debug ip rip command to answer the following questions: What entries are included in the RIP updates sent out from R3? _______________10. Serial0/0/1 172.165. 3 masks 172. Disable auto summarization on all routers.0/24_______________ On R2. FastEthernet0/0 172.0 subnets—only the summarized route of 172.30.1. All rights reserved.5.30.0/24_______________ _______________172.30. The routers will no longer summarize routes at major network boundaries.0.200. Task 7: Examine the Routing Tables. 00:00:08.0.0.165.110.200.0. .230.0/16 is variably subnetted.165. The LANs connected to R1 and R3 should now be included in all three routing tables. This document is Cisco Public Information. 1 subnets 10.230.0/24 [120/1] via 209.30. Task 6: Disable Automatic Summarization.0. 00:01:28.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. R2#show ip route Output omitted C R R 10.1. 7 subnets. including the subnet mask.0. Inc. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#no auto-summary R1(config)#router rip R1(config-router)#no auto-summary R3(config)#router rip R3(config-router)#no auto-summary The show ip route and ping commands can be used to verify that automatic summarization is off. what routes are in the RIP updates that are received from R3? _______________172.165. The no auto-summary command is used to turn off automatic summarization in RIPv2.

Serial0/0/1 209.0/24 [120/1] via 209.165.0/24 is directly connected.228 [120/1] via 209.165.233.200. 2 subnets 209. Serial0/0/0 209.165.0/24___________________ _______________172.229.200. 2 masks 10.1.165.30. Serial0/0/1 172.165.0/30 is subnetted.234.230. Serial0/0/0 209.0.200.0/30 is subnetted. 00:00:08. All rights reserved.165.0.0.229.200.30.0.5.165.200. 2 masks 172.30.0.200. Serial0/0/1 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.165.200.1. 00:02:13.0/24 is directly connected.0/8 is variably subnetted.110.234. 00:00:21.30.110.0/30 is subnetted.0/24 [120/2] via 209.200.200. 00:00:21. FastEthernet0/0 172.30. 00:00:08. Serial0/0/0 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.1.200.200.200. 2 masks 172.228 is directly connected.229.233.30.200. Serial0/0/1 172.233.233. 00:00:08.232 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 172.30.200.200.0. FastEthernet0/0 172.165.200. Loopback0 172. 00:00:08.165. 00:00:21.30.165.165.200.228 is directly connected.165.30. Serial0/0/1 172.165.0.2.30. FastEthernet0/1 172. Serial0/0/1 172.200. Serial0/0/1 10.0/16 is variably subnetted.2.0/24 is directly connected. 00:00:08. Serial0/0/0 209.30.0/8 [120/1] via 209.0/24___________________ _____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.200. Serial0/0/0 172.1.200. Loopback2 209. 2 subnets.165.234.0/24 [120/2] via 209.232 is directly connected.165.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab R R R R R C C 172. 2 masks 10.0/8 [120/1] via 209.165. Inc.0/16 [120/1] via 209. Serial0/0/1 R1#show ip route Output omitted R R C C R R R R C R 10.0/16 [120/1] via 209. 2 subnets 209.30.229.30. 00:00:08.0/24 [120/2] via 209.0/24 [120/1] via 209.110.0. 00:02:28.16/28 [120/1] via 209.165. 6 subnets. 00:00:08. 00:00:21.30.0/16 is variably subnetted.200.0/24 [120/1] via 209.200.232 [120/1] via 209. Serial0/0/1 172.200. 6 subnets.165.0.0/24 [120/2] via 209.165.200.200. Serial0/0/0 172.200.0. Serial0/0/0 172.200. 00:00:08. Serial0/0/1 209.200.32/28 is directly connected.234.100.165.30. Serial0/0/0 172.30. 2 subnets.165. 00:00:08.233. 2 subnets 209.165. 00:00:21.30.0/24 is directly connected.165. 00:00:21. Loopback1 172.200.2.2.32/28 [120/2] via 209.1.200.100.30.32/28 [120/1] via 209.0. Serial0/0/1 Use the output of the debug ip rip command to answer the following questions: What entries are included in the RIP updates sent out from R1? _______________172. Serial0/0/0 R3#show ip route Output omitted R R R R C C C C R C 10.16/28 is directly connected.200.165. Page 10 of 12 .30.229.30.30.100.229.229.16/28 [120/2] via 209.0/8 is variably subnetted.0.200.165.

1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.5.1.30.0/24___________________ _______________172. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC4? _______100 percent (5/5)_______________________________________________ Step 2: Check the connectivity between the PCs.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab On R2.30. From R2. how many ICMP messages are successful when pinging PC1? _______100 percent (5/5)______________________________________________ From R2. is it possible to ping PC4? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____100%_____ From PC4. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____100%_____ From PC1.0/24___________________ _____________________________________________ Are the subnet masks now included in the routing updates? _____yes_____ Task 8: Verify Network Connectivity. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____100%_____ Task 9: Documentation On each router. what routes are in the RIP updates that are received from R1? _______________172. Page 11 of 12 . show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____100%_____ From PC4.5.txt) file and save for future reference. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ What is the success rate? _____100%_____ From PC1.1. Inc. From PC1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. refer to Lab 1. Step 1: Check connectivity between R2 router and PCs. capture the following command output to a text (.

All rights reserved. Page 12 of 12 . This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. Disconnect and store the cabling.1: RIPv2 Basic Configuration Lab Task 10: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.5.

225 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 NIC NIC NIC NIC All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.200.165.192 255.255.Lab 7.168.192 255.168.255.255.40.202.168.255.40.255.168.255.40. All rights reserved.40.255.1 192.40.255.224 255. This document is Cisco Public Information.40.255.255.165.200.224 255.192 255.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 BRANCH Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 HQ Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 ISP PC1 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC IP Address 192.255.168.40.161 192.255.165.168.224 255.168.168.168.168.255.255.5.168.174 192.40.224 255.252 255.165.65 192.255.40.129 192.202.255.168.40.224 255.40.177 209.126 209.1 192.224 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 192.168.254 Subnet Mask 255. Page 1 of 8 .225 209.255.255.65 209.255.255.161 192.165.192 255. Inc.240 255.62 192.178 192.129 192.255.40.255.255.255.40.255.40.158 192.200.240 255.129 192.158 209.255.168.252 255.255.255.

This document is Cisco Public Information. The BRANCH LAN1 will require 30 host IP addresses.165.202. The 192. Test and verify full connectivity. The link between ISP and HQ will use the 209.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.0/24 network must be subnetted using VLSM for all other addresses in the network. The link between HQ and BRANCH will require an IP address at each end. The BRANCH LAN2 will require 12 host IP addresses.40.) Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 192.168.255. Verify RIP version 2 operation.255. Configure routers including RIP version 2. Scenario In this lab activity.168.200.128/27 network.192 or /26__________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _____62_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/24 network? _____144_____ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN1 subnet? __________255. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. The addressing for the network has the following requirements: The ISP LAN will use the 209.192 or /26__________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _____62_____ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN2 subnet? __________255.168. A combination of RIP version 2 and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.255.224/27 network.40. Step 1: Examine the network requirements. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. Page 2 of 8 . Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. The HQ LAN2 will require 50 host IP addresses.40. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document the addresses. Reflect upon and document the network implementation. All rights reserved. you will be able to: Create an efficient VLSM design given the requirements.5.165. (Note: Remember that the interfaces of network devices are also host IP addresses and are included in the above addressing requirements.255. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Configure and propagate a static default route. The HQ LAN1 will require 50 host IP addresses.0/24 network? _____5_____ How many total IP addresses are required from the 192.

128/27 network to the WAN interface of ISP.224/27 network to the LAN interface on the ISP router. What is the network address of this subnet? __________192.202. What is the network address of this subnet? __________192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Assign subnet 4 of the 192.64/26__________ 3.168.40.168. This document is Cisco Public Information. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH LAN1 network to the LAN1 interface of BRANCH. 5. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN2 network to the LAN2 interface of HQ. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN1 network to PC 3.176 /30__________ Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses.255. Assign subnet 1 of the 192.0 network to the BRANCH LAN1 subnet.0 network to the HQ LAN2 subnet. 1. 9.224/27 network to PC5.168. 8.255.224 or /27__________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _____30_____ What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH LAN2 subnet? __________255. 12.202.40. What is the network address of this subnet? __________192.128 /27__________ 4. All rights reserved.128/27 network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of HQ.160 /28__________ 5. 2.165.0 network to the link between the HQ and BRANCH routers.255. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of BRANCH.165. 11. 6.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH LAN1 subnet? __________255.168. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ LAN1 network to the LAN1 interface of HQ. Assign subnet 2 of the 192. 7.40.168.40. Assign the first valid host address in the HQ/BRANCH WAN link to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of HQ. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH LAN1 network to PC 1.255.168.252 or /30__________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _____2_____ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.40.255.40.200. Assign the last valid host address in the 209.40.40.5. What is the network address of this subnet? __________192.168.200. 4. Assign the last valid host address in the HQ LAN2 network to PC 4. Assign subnet 0 of the 192.40. Assign the last valid host address in 209.40.165.168.0/26__________ 2. What is the network address of this subnet? __________192. 1.168. Assign the first valid host address in the 209.240 or /28__________ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _____14_____ What subnet mask will be used for the link between the HQ and BRANCH routers? __________255.168. Page 3 of 8 . 3. Assign the first valid host address in the 209. Inc.255.0 network to the HQ LAN1 subnet. Assign subnet 3 of the 192.0 network to the BRANCH LAN2 subnet. 10.165.

HQ.5. and ISP with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. 6. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Assign the last valid host address in the BRANCH LAN2 network to PC 2. 3. Configure a password for VTY connections. PC4. PC4. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Assign the first valid host address in the BRANCH LAN2 network to the LAN2 interface of BRANCH. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab 13. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. and PC5. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. and ISP routers. However. When you have finished. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses Step 1: Configure the BRANCH. Note: If you use 1700. you can test connectivity between two routers and between an end device and its default gateway. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet. 2500. Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Page 4 of 8 . HQ. Configure an EXEC mode password. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. and PC5 with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram. 5. HQ. 14.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Inc. PC3. PC3. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. Configure the interfaces on BRANCH. or 2600 routers. 8. PC2. 7. 4. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. Configure a password for console connections. PC2. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. 2. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. All rights reserved. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure the router hostname. This document is Cisco Public Information. Disable DNS lookup. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.

This document is Cisco Public Information.168.160/28____________________ ____________________192.40. PC2. Page 5 of 8 . and PC5 can ping their respective default gateways.168.40. Step 2: Verify that PC1.168. Inc. Task 7: Configure RIPv2 Routing on the BRANCH Router. PC3. ____________________192.176/30____________________ What commands are required to enable RIP version 2 and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ____________________router rip____________________ ____________________version 2____________________ ____________________network 192.0/27____________________ ________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/26____________________ ____________________209.168.5. What networks are present in the HQ routing table? List the networks with slash notation.128/27____________________ ____________________192. Consider the networks that need to be included in the RIP updates that are sent out by BRANCH.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. What networks are present in the BRANCH routing table? List the networks with slash notation.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab Step 1: Verify BRANCH connectivity.165.40. Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ.0____________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? _____yes_____ What command is used to disable RIP updates on these interfaces? ____________________passive-interface FastEthernet0/0____________________ ____________________passive-interface FastEthernet0/1____________________ Task 8: Configure RIPv2 and Static Routing on HQ.168.1.200. ____________________192. Verify that BRANCH can ping across the WAN link to HQ and that HQ can ping across the WAN link it shares with ISP. PC4. All rights reserved.40.

your service provider is an active partner in solving your connectivity needs.168.0 Serial0/0/1____________________ What commands are required to enable RIP version 2 and include the LAN1 and LAN2 networks as well as the link between HQ and BRANCH in the routing updates? ____________________router rip____________________ ____________________version 2____________________ ____________________network 192.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to ISP. What are the commands that will need to be configured on the ISP router to accomplish this? _________________ip route 192. Therefore.40. Note: In a real-world implementation of this topology.0.0 0. and the link between the BRANCH and HQ routers. This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping the PC5? _____yes_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. However. HQ LANs. and make mistakes.0. ____________________ip route 0. What command is used to configure this? ____________________default-information originate____________________ Task 9: Configure Static Routing on the ISP Router.0.0 255.0 Serial0/0/1______________ ____________________________________________________________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations.40.0. it is important that you understand the types of errors an ISP could make that would cause your networks to lose connectivity.5. you would not be configuring the ISP router. What command is needed to accomplish this? Use the appropriate exit interface on HQ in the command.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Page 6 of 8 . Static routes will need to be configured on ISP for all traffic that is destined for the RFC 1918 addresses that are used on the BRANCH LANs. too. Service provider administrators are human. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected: From PC1.168. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From PC1. Inc.255. All rights reserved.0____________________ ________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have RIP updates sent out? _____yes_____ What command is used to disable RIP updates on these interfaces? ____________________passive-interface FastEthernet0/0____________________ ____________________passive-interface FastEthernet0/1____________________ HQ needs to send the default route information to BRANCH in the RIP updates.255.

0/24____________________ ____________________209. Inc.168.0. If any of the above pings failed.40.40.0/26____________________ ____________________192.5. is it possible to ping the PC5? _____yes_____ The answer to the above questions should be yes.0/27____________________ ____________________0.168.40.160/28____________________ ____________________192.40.202.128/27____________________ ____________________192.0. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the Chapter 1 labs.0/26____________________ ____________________192.40.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab From PC4.0.168.168.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.0/27____________________ ____________________209.128/27____________________ ____________________192.168.0/0____________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of BRANCH? ____________________192.165.0.168.0/27____________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.40.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.168.0.40. All rights reserved. check your physical connections and configurations.0. What routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH router? ____________________192.165.160/28____________________ ____________________192.40.200.64/26____________________ ____________________192.40.168.0/0____________________ What networks are present in the routing table of ISP? ____________________192.177 to network 0.165.64/26____________________ ____________________192.176/30____________________ ____________________209.40.168.202.40.176/30____________________ ____________________0.168.0____________________ What routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ____________________192.40. Page 7 of 8 .

40.168. Task 12: Document the Router Configurations On each router.128/27____________________ ____________________192.0/26____________________ ____________________192.40. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.5.40. RIPv1 does not support VLSM.0. Page 8 of 8 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.txt) file and save for future reference. Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Classful routing protocols do not include subnet masks.160/28____________________ Task 11: Reflection Why is it necessary to use RIPv2 instead of RIPv1 with this network design? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ RIPv1 is a classful routing protocol. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).0. Classful routing protocols summarize networks at major network boundaries. capture the following command output to a text (.40.168.0/0 ____________________ ____________________192.168.2: RIPv2 Challenge Configuration Lab What networks are present in the RIP updates sent from HQ? ____________________0. Disconnect and store the cabling. All rights reserved.64/26____________________ What networks are present in the RIP updates sent from BRANCH? ____________________192.

0.255.16.255.5.2.168.255.129 209. Inc.4.16.129 209.230 172.1 172.16.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.168.10 172.255.1 192.0 255.255.129 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.225 209.16.1 192. All rights reserved.128 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.252 255.255.200.128 255.254.255.252 255.1 192.1.255.4.255.255.252 255.252 255.255.1 172.128 255.255.165.1 209.200.1.1.10 172.128 255.255.10 192.254.4.0 255.255.226 172.128 255.0 255.129 172.2.1.16.165.16.4.255.168.16.165.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ Fa0/1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 Fa0/1 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 PC1 PC2 PC3 PC4 PC5 PC6 Fa0/1 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC NIC IP Address 192.165.1.138 172.255.255.1 172.192 255.192 255.10 192.0 255.200.168.1 172.255.4.16.255.0.16.255. Page 1 of 15 .255.Lab 7.168.254.200.255.254.4.255.138 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.128 255.16.255.255.1.229 172.16.2.255.168.

Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Propose solutions to network errors. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH1 router: [Instructor Note: Missing or misconfigured commands are shown in red] hostname BRANCH1 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172. Erase. Document the corrected network. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Implement solutions to network errors. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. RIPv2 routing is configured on the BRANCH1 router. All rights reserved. Inc. Gather information about the non-converged portion of the network along with any other errors.255. BRANCH2. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. RIPv2 routing is configured on the HQ router.1 255. Scenario In this lab. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.255. Load the routers with supplied scripts. RIP updates must be disabled on the BRANCH1.16.16.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other.254. and HQ LAN interfaces. Task 1: Cable. Answer no if asked to save changes.254.1 255.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Step 1: Cable a network. and Reload the Routers. RIPv2 routing is configured on the BRANCH2 router.5. Page 2 of 15 .2. The network should also have the following requirements met:. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Analyze information to determine why convergence is not complete.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.254.0 The no auto-summary command is missing ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script: hostname BRANCH1 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.0 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 172.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.16.226 255.254. All rights reserved.255.255.255. Page 3 of 15 .200.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172.200.165.255.165.0. Inc.165.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip !The version 2 command is missing passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 172.0 network 209.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.200.0.165.16.1 255.5.0.16.226 255.16.200. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.2.0 network 209.1 255.255.

This document is Cisco Public Information.255.200.5.1 255.255.4.128 !The IP address should be 172.0 !The no auto-summary command is missing ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script: hostname BRANCH2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.128 !The IP address should be 172.16. All rights reserved.4. Page 4 of 15 .0 command is missing network 209.255.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: The version 2 command is missing from the RIP configuration The no auto-summary command is missing from the RIP configuration.129 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.129 255.16.4. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.255.4.165. hostname BRANCH2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.230 255.255.1 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 172.255.4.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0.1 255.16.16.255. Step 2: Load the following script onto the BRANCH2 router.252 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 !The network 172.200.165.16.255.

129 255.165.252 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 172.255. Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 192.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.255.16.0 network 209.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.16. The network 172.129 255. The no auto-summary command is missing from the RIP configuration.255. o The Fa0/0 interface should be configured with the command ip address 172.255.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.255.0.0.165. hostname HQ ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.255.200.200.255.225 255. Inc.1 255.165.255.128 o The Fa0/1 interface should be configured with the command ip address 172.168.129 255.192 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.1. Page 5 of 15 .16.4.4.255.5.0 command is missing from the RIP configuration.200.230 255.255.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ip address 172.16.128.0 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: The IP addresses for Fa0/0 and Fa0/1 are reversed.4.255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 255.1. All rights reserved.255.255.

255.165.200.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. Inc.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 192.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router rip version 2 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1 network 192.1.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ip address 209.1 255.128 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface FastEthernet0/1 ip address 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.255.0 network 209.165.255.255. All rights reserved.200.200.165.200.168.255.229 255.0 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.255.255.168.1.225 255.1.165.0 network 209.168.229 255.129 255.255. Page 6 of 15 .0 !The no auto-summary command is missing ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script hostname HQ ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 192.200.192 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.165.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.255.5.

view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.16. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router.200.165.0/23____________________________________________________________________ _____172. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on BRANCH1. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ Step 2: Examine BRANCH1 to find possible configuration errors. From the host PC1. All rights reserved. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.225____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: The no auto-summary command is missing from the RIP configuration. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____192. is it possible to ping PC3? _____no_____ From the host PC1. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.2. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.16.5. Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH1 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to BRANCH1.168. Inc.1. Step 4: View summary of the status information. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ________no__________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces.0 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____172.16.0/24 [120/1] via 209. apply them to the router configuration now.0.0. is it possible to ping PC5? _____no_____ From the host PC1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. Page 7 of 15 . What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? _____172. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ From the host PC1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.200.5.0.16.0/30_________________________________________________________________ _____209.165. Inc. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Page 8 of 15 . All rights reserved.0/23____________________________________________________________________ _____172. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.2. This is due to incorrect configuration of one of the other devices.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab _____209.________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates being sent from BRANCH1? _____172.165. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? _____The routing table is missing routes to the BRANCH2 LANs.200.______________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any additional problems with the RIP configuration.0/23____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from the router? _______The BRANCH1 router is sending out v1 updates.224 is directly connected________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? _______no___________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration. _____configure terminal ___________________________________________________________ _____router rip____________________________________________________________________ _____version 2_____________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

165. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________No____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. is it possible to ping PC5? _____no_____ From the host PC3.200. From the host PC3.0.5.224 is directly connected________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. is it possible to ping PC4? _____yes_____ From the host PC1.1.0 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____192. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.0/24 [120/1] via 209. Page 9 of 15 . What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? _____172.168.225____________________________________________ _____209. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. view the routing information again. From the host PC1.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 7: View the routing information.165.200. _____none ________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. apply them to the router configuration now.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0.16.165.0 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____172. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? _____yes_____ Task 4: Troubleshoot HQ Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC3.200. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Inc. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. All rights reserved.16. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3.2.0/23____________________________________________________________________ _____172.0/30_________________________________________________________________ _____209.

165.168.0/25 is directly connected_________________________________________________ _____192. All rights reserved. Page 10 of 15 .168.165.224/30______________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the RIP updates that are being sent out from HQ? _____no____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the RIP configuration. Step 4: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on HQ.200. What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? _____172.16.0/16___________________________________________________________________ _____192.0.16.200.165.5.226____________________________________________ _____192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. This document is Cisco Public Information. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0/30________________________________________________________________ _____209.168. the routes for the BRANCH2 LANs are missing from the routing table.168.200.___________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ What networks are included in the RIP updates? _____172.165.224 is directly connected________________________________________________ _____209.165. Inc.200.128/25 is directly connected_______________________________________________ _____209.1.0.1.0/16 [120/1] via 209. apply them to the router configuration now.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.0/24__________________________________________________________________ _____209.1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.___________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing table.0/24__________________________________________________________________ _____192. _____There is nothing wrong with the configuration of the HQ router that would cause this.228 is directly connected________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? _____Yes.1.200.

Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on HQ? _____no_____ Does the information included in the RIP updates that are sent out indicate any configuration errors on HQ? _____no_____ If the answer to either of these questions is yes. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. is it possible to ping PC6? _____no_____ From the host PC5. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3. is it possible to ping PC5? _____no_____ From the host PC3. This document is Cisco Public Information. From the host PC5. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____no_____ Step 2: Examine BRANCH2 to find possible configuration errors. Step 7: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. All rights reserved. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? __________Yes. _________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. the IP addresses for the Fa0/0 and Fa0/1interfaces are reversed. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. Page 11 of 15 . Step 6: View the routing information. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ Task 5: Troubleshoot BRANCH2 Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC5. view the routing information again.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 5: If you have recorded any commands above. Inc.5. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. From the host PC3. is it possible to ping PC1? _____no_____ From the host PC3.

apply them to the router configuration now.128/25 is directly connected____________________________________________ _____192.16.16.0.0/30____________________________________________________________ _____209.5.0/25 is directly connected______________________________________________ _____172.255.165.200.165.200.129 255.200.165.229______________________________________ _____209.0/16 [120/2] via 209. All rights reserved. Begin by viewing the routing table. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on BRANCH2.1 255.165. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes. Inc. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.128____________________________________ _____no shutdown__________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab _____configure terminal___________________________________________________________ _____interface FastEthernet0/0___________________________________________________ _____no ip address________________________________________________________________ _____interface FastEthernet0/1___________________________________________________ _____no ip address________________________________________________________________ _____interface FastEthernet0/0___________________________________________________ _____ip address 172.200.255.168.255.200.224 [120/1] via 209.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7.16.200.16.165. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.228 is directly connected____________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0.0/16_______________________________________________________________ _____172. What networks and routes are shown in the routing table? _____172.128______________________________________ _____no shutdown__________________________________________________________________ _____interface FastEthernet0/1___________________________________________________ _____ip address 172. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.0/24 [120/1] via 209.229_______________________________________ _____209.4.4. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.165. Page 12 of 15 .229________________________________________ _____172.4.16. Step 4: View the summary of the status information.255.4.1.

is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes. What networks are being received in the RIP updates? _____172.200. Because the router is receiving summarized routes.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Step 6: Examine the routes that are being sent out in the routing updates from BRANCH2. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3. Page 13 of 15 . Are there any problems with these routing updates? _____The BRANCH2 LANs are missing from the routing updates.0.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. packets destined for the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers may not be routed properly. Step 8: Attempt to ping the hosts again. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.16.165. but not all of the pings are successful_______ From the HQ router. apply them to the router configuration now. All rights reserved.0______________________________________________________ Step 7: If you have recorded any commands above.______________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration. is it possible to ping PC5? _____yes.224/30______________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with these routing updates? _____In the routing updates. From the host PC5. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the routing configuration.5.0/24__________________________________________________________________ _____209. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. the routes for the individual networks on the BRANCH1 LANs are not being received. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. but not all of the pings are successful_______ Step 9: Examine the routing updates that are being received on BRANCH2.0/16___________________________________________________________________ _____192. Inc.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. is it possible to ping PC6? _____yes_____ From the host PC5.1. _____configure terminal________________________________________________________ _____router rip________________________________________________________________ _____network 172.168. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ From the HQ router.

This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes _____ From the HQ router. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping PC5? _____yes_____ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From the HQ router. Step 11: View the routing information. From the host PC5. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab _____configure terminal________________________________________________________ _____router rip________________________________________________________________ _____no auto-summary___________________________________________________________ Do these commands need to be applied only to BRANCH2. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. troubleshoot the routing configuration again.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. view the routing table again. Inc. Step 12: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. All rights reserved. or do they also need to be applied to any other routers in the network? _____Auto-summary should be turned off on all three of the routers. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC5. Page 14 of 15 . is it possible to ping PC6? _____yes_____ From the host PC5. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From the host PC1.5. Does the information in routing table or routing updates indicate any configuration errors? _____no_____ If the answer is yes._____________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 10: If you have recorded any commands above.

5. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All rights reserved. refer to Lab 1. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: RIPv2 Lab 7. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Disconnect and store the cabling. capture the following command output to a text (.3: RIPv2 Troubleshooting Lab Task 7: Documentation On each router.1 Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.5. Page 15 of 15 . show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.txt) file and save for future reference.

Scenarios In this lab activity. Modify the configuration to reflect static and default routing. In the first scenario. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Determine level 1 and level 2 routes. you will examine classful and classless routing behavior. you will examine level 1 and level 2 routes in the routing table. Scenario A: Level 1 and Level 2 Routes Scenario B: Classful and Classless Routing Behavior All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Enable classful routing and investigate classful routing behavior.4. Page 1 of 11 . there are two separate scenarios.Lab 8. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Enable classless routing and investigate classless routing behavior. All rights reserved. In the second scenario. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Process Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.

1.255.4.255.3.10 172.255.1 192.168.4.255.255.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Scenario A: Level 1 and Level 2 Routes Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device R1 Interface Fa0/0 S0/0/0 Fa0/0 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.10 Subnet Mask 255.168. or 2600 routers.2 192.16.1 172.1.2.1 172.16. the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different.1.0 255.1. Page 2 of 11 .1 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. Note: If you use 1700.255. All rights reserved.0 255.2.0 255. 2500.0 255.255.1 172.16.16.255.3.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.255.0 255.10 172.3.16.16.255.255.1 172.255.16.0 255.1 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.4.16.255.0 255.0 255.1 R2 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 Task 1: Prepare the Network.255.4. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.255.16.255.255. Inc.16.1.0 255.255.255.255.16.2 172. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.

Configure a password for VTY connections. and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. Page 3 of 11 . When you have finished. All rights reserved. Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1. Configure an EXEC mode password. This document is Cisco Public Information. PC2. Configure RIP version 1 routing on each of the routers. R2. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. Perform basic configuration of the R1. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. 4. PC2. Include network statements for each of the directly connected networks. Inc. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1. R2. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Configure a password for console connections. 2.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. 5. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. Configure the interfaces on the R1. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC. R2. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 3. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Task 4: Configure RIP. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. Configure the router hostname. Disable DNS lookup. 6. and R3. and PC3.4.

This document is Cisco Public Information.1.0/24___________________________________________________________ Step 2: Use the debug ip routing command to observe changes in the routing table as they occur on the R1 router.0/24 RT: del 192.1.1. Step 1: View the routing table on the R1 router.16. Inc.0. R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Serial0/0/0.0 via 172.16. rip metric [120/1] RT: delete network route to 172.16.16.0___________________________________________________________ _____ 172.16.168.0.16.0___________________________________________________________ _____ 192.3.16.0 RT: NET-RED 192.2.16.2.0/24 RT: del 172.3.16.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Task 5: Observe Routes Being Deleted and Added to the Routing Table. R1# show ip route <Output omitted> Gateway of last resort is not set C R1# 172.4.2.0 is directly connected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. All rights reserved. FastEthernet0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. changed state to down RT: del 172. 1 subnets 172.0 RT: NET-RED 172.0 RT: NET-RED 172.168.2.0. changed state to administratively down RT: interface Serial0/0/0 removed from routing table %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Serial0/0/0.2.168.0/24___________________________________________________________ _____ 172. connected metric [0/0] RT: delete network route to 172.16.0/24 Step 4: View the routing table on the R1 router and observe the changes that occurred when the Serial0/0/0 interface was disabled.0/24 is subnetted.0___________________________________________________________ _____ 172.16. Page 4 of 11 .2.16. R1#debug ip routing IP routing debugging is on Step 3: Shut down the Serial0/0/0 interface and observe the debug output.3.16.1.2.0.3. What networks are shown in the routing table? _____ 172.16.0.1.1.0 via 172. rip metric [120/1] RT: delete network route to 192.0 via 0.2.168.

R1#show ip route <Output ommited> Gateway of last resort is not set 172.16.2. 3 subnets C C R R R1# 172.2. R1(config-if)#no shutdown RT: SET_LAST_RDB for 172.1.16.16.0/24RT: SET_LAST_RDB for 192.3.0/24 NEW rdb: via 172. Task 6: Determine Level 1 and Level 2 Routes Step 1: Examine the R1 routing table.0.0.2 RT: add 192.16. Inc.2.16.0/24RT: SET_LAST_RDB for 172. connected metric [0/0] RT: NET-RED 172.16.168. rip metric [120/1] RT: NET-RED 192. rip metric [120/1] RT: NET-RED 172.0.0/24 [120/1] via 172.168.168. Serial0/0/0 172.16.16.16. FastEthernet0/0 172.2.2. All rights reserved.4.16.16.1.3.16.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Step 5: Enable the Serial0/0/0 interface and observe the debug output.2 RT: add 172.2. 00:00:14.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.1.3.16.0/24 via 172.0/24 is directly connected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.0/16 NEW rdb: via 172.1.0/24 via 0.16.2.2.2.0/24 via 172.168.1.2.0/24 [120/1] via 172.0/24 Why is the route to 172.0/24 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2.0/24 NEW rdb: is directly connected RT: add 172.0.2.0/24 added first? _____It is a directly connected network______________________________________ Why is there a delay before the other routes are added? _____RIP updates are sent every 30 seconds_________________________________ Step 6: Disable the debug output with either the no debug ip routing or the undebug all command.2. 00:00:14. Serial0/0/0 192.2.0.16.16.0/24 is subnetted. Page 5 of 11 .

Page 6 of 11 .168.168. Are any of the level 1 routes parent routes? _____yes. 172. The other is a Level 1 route because itsThe subnet masks of these routes are is equal to the classful mask.0.0. Which of the routes are level 2 routes? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0.1.16.1.0/24 __________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why is this route a level 1 parent route? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ This is a level 1 parent route because it is a level 1 route that does not contain a next-hop IP address or exit-interface for any network.168.0/24 ______________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why are these routes level 1 routes? _______172.0/24 is a parent route with more specific child routes. 192.1. All rights reserved.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Which of these routes are level 1 routes? _____172.16.0/24 _______________________________________________ _____192.0/24 route is an ultimate route because the route contains the exit interface Serial 0/0/0. _____________________________________________________________________________ Are any of the level 1 routes ultimate routes? _____yes.4.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.0/24 __________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Why is this route an ultimate route? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ The 192. Inc.

All rights reserved.0 _______________________________________________ _____172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.16.1.4.16.16.2.0/24 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess _____172. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 _______________________________________________ Why are these routes level 2 routes? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ These are level 2 routes because they are subnets of the level 1 parent route 172.16. Page 7 of 11 .0.3.0_______________________________________________ _____172.

0.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Scenario B: Classful and Classless Routing Behavior Topology Diagram Task 1: Make Changes between Scenario A and Scenario B Step 1: Remove the RIP configuration from R3 and configure a static route to 172.0. Inc.0 Serial0/0/1 R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#default-information originate All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0.0/16.0.255. Page 8 of 11 . R3(config)#no router rip R3(config)#ip route 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. Include the default-information originate command in the configuration so that the default static route is included in the RIP updates.0 0.4.1. R2(config)#router rip R2(config-router)#no network 192.168.0.168.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.0 network from the R2 RIP configuration. R2(config)#ip route 0.16.0.16.0 Serial0/0/1 Step 2: Remove the 192.0 255. All rights reserved.0 Step 3: Add a static default route to R3 on the R2 router.1.

0 [120/1] via 172.0.0/16.10. FastEthernet0/0 192.0/24 _______________________________________________ _____172.16.1.2.0.1.0 is directly connected.0.16.2. What are the child routes of the 172.16. Serial0/0/1 0. R2#ping 172.0/24 is subnetted..0/24 _______________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Serial0/0/1 R C C C S* R2# Step 3: Ping from R2 to PC3 and observe the results.0.0/24 _______________________________________________ _____172.0.0 172.0 is directly connected. Serial0/0/0 172.16.16.168.3.0.0/24 is directly connected.16.0.0 to network 0. the child routes are checked. Sending 5.4. Serial0/0/0 172. Success rate is 0 percent (0/5 ) The ping is unsuccessful because the router is using classful routing behavior. 00:00:00..CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. The route lookup process on the R2 router searches the routing table and finds that the first 16 bits of the destination address are a match with the parent route 172. timeout is 2 seconds: .16.2.16.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/16 parent network? _____172.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess Task 2: Enable Classful Routing Behavior on the Routers Step 1: Use the no ip classless command to configure the route lookup process to use classful route lookups. Page 9 of 11 .1. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.16.3. All rights reserved.16.0/0 is directly connected.. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 0.4.0.0. Since the destination address matches the parent route. 4 subnets 172. R1 R1(config)#no ip classless R2 R2(config)#no ip classless R3 R3(config)#no ip classless Step 2: Examine the routing table on the R2 router. Inc..4.10 Type escape sequence to abort.16.16.

Sending 5. once a level 1 match is found the router will not search beyond the child routes for a lesser match. Notice that the routing table is the still the same even though the router configuration has been changed to use classless routing behavior. Inc.0 is directly connected.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. it will not be used.0 is directly connected.10.16.0/24 is subnetted. Page 10 of 11 .16.16.16.0. 00:00:00.16. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 172.0. R1 R1(config)#ip classless R2 R2(config)#ip classless R3 R3(config)#ip classless Step 2: Examine the routing table on R2.1.0/0 is directly connected.4. and the packet will be dropped.1.0 R C C C S* R2# 172. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 0.16.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess How many bits in the destination address must match in order for a packet to be forwarded using one of the child routes? ____24____ Does the destination address of the ping packets match any of the child routes of 172.0/16? ____no____ Since the no ip classless command has been used to configure the R2 router to use classful routing behavior.0.0 to network 0. Serial0/0/1 0.168.10 Type escape sequence to abort.1.0.4.0. 100-byte ICMP Echos to 172.3. timeout is 2 seconds: !!!!! Success rate is 100 percent.0. Even though there is a default static route configured. This document is Cisco Public Information. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0. Serial0/0/1 Step 3: Repeat the ping from R2 to PC3 and observe results. Task 3: Enable Classless Routing Behavior on the Routers Step 1: Use the ip classless command to reenable classless routing.0 [120/1] via 172.2. All rights reserved.4.16. R2#ping 172. 4 subnets 172. round-trip min/avg/max = 28/28/28 ms The ping is successful this time because the router is using classless routing behavior.0/24 is directly connected.2. FastEthernet0/0 192.

both the 172.0/0 is directly connected. In classless routing behavior.4. the router will now continue to search the routing table for a route where there may be fewer bits that match. This document is Cisco Public Information. 2 subnets.16.0/16 but there is not a match with any of the child routes of this parent route.0/16 child route and forwards the return traffic out Serial 0/0/1 back to R2.16.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/24 subnet route and the 172. which means that no bits need to match. Serial0/0/1 172.0. Inc.168. R3 uses the 172.4.0/24 is directly connected. but the route is still a match.0. Serial0/0/1 Notice that in the routing table for R3. In this case.0.0/16 parent route. FastEthernet0/0 192.16.4.0. S* 0.16. Page 11 of 11 .0. Since classless routing behavior is configured. the default route will always match.0. if no other route matches.0. Serial0/0/1 Since there is a default route configured on the R2 router.0/16 classful network route are level 2 child routes of the 172. 2 masks 172. All rights reserved.16.0/24 is directly connected. R3#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is not set S C C R3# 172. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. this route is used to forward the packets to PC3.0/16 is directly connected. Step 4: Examine the routing table on R3 to determine how the traffic generated by the ping command is returned to R2.0.16.16.1. The mask of a default route is /0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.16.1: Investigating the Routing Table Lookup Proccess The destination address of the packet is a match with the level 1 parent route 172.

16.1.255.4.255. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.252 255.1 172.6 10.129 172.255.224 255.255.16.10.255. Page 1 of 7 .10.255.1 172.2 172.13 172.1.255.255.16.Lab 8. Determine level 1 and level 2 routes.255.10.128 255.1 172.252 255.255.10 10.1 172.16.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.2. All rights reserved.255.255.255.252 255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4.255.224 255.255.10.16.16.192 255.1.10.255.10.255.3.255.255. Determine router interface addressing based on outputs.4.10. Inc.3.10.0 255.129 172.248 255.10.255.193 10.3.168.10.255.252 255. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router.224 255.5 10.192 255.255.255.252 255.255.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab (Instructor Version) Addressing Table Device Interface Loopback 0 FastEthernet 0/0 R1 FastEthernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 Serial 0/0/1 Serial 0/0/0 R2 FastEthernet 0/0 FastEthernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 R3 Serial 0/0/1 FastEthernet 0/0 FastEthernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 R4 Serial 0/0/1 FastEthernet 0/0 FastEthernet 0/1 Serial 0/0/0 R5 FastEthernet 0/0 FastEthernet 0/1 IP Address 192.16.16.10.255.1 10.16.10. you will be able to: Determine network topology based on the outputs from the show ip route command.240 Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.10.10.255.16.2.255.255.252 255.14 172.255.255.65 10.9 10.248 255.252 255.255.193 10.255.1.252 255.255.255.10.255.33 Subnet Mask 255.255.255.128 255.1 172.

OSPF external type 2.4 is directly connected. O .2.0.10.192/29 [120/2] via 10.IGRP.10. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/0 172. IA . Serial0/0/1 172.10.1. I . R .periodic downloaded static route All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.IS-IS level-1.128/26 [120/1] via 10. L1 .static.16. You must draw a topology diagram and determine the interface addressing on each router.16. The DTE and DCE assignment is at your discretion.10.0/26 [120/2] via 10.0. 00:00:09.10.EIGRP. IA . I .OSPF inter area N1 . 00:00:09.per-user static route. EX . U .10. M .168.6. Serial0/0/0 10.10.10.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . N2 . Serial0/0/0 172.0/27 is directly connected.10. 00:00:09.10.3.1. Page 2 of 7 .OSPF NSSA external type 1.0.10. R .8 is directly connected.32/28 [120/2] via 10. L2 .12 [120/1] via 10.3. o – ODR P . Loopback0 Step 2: Examine the output from the R2 router.1.per-user static route.16.3.2. 00:00:09. S .16.10.candidate default.10. L2 .RIP.10. 5 masks 172. O . B – BGP D .6. R1#show ip route Codes: C .10.OSPF external type 1. M .10. ia .2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Scenario In this lab activity.10.mobile. 00:00:09. All rights reserved.OSPF external type 1.OSPF NSSA external type 1.connected.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.IS-IS level-2. Serial0/0/1 172.0/25 is directly connected.10.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .0/24 is directly connected.connected.EIGRP external.16.0/16 is variably subnetted. Loopback0 0.10.IS-IS inter area * .10.EIGRP.0.6.IS-IS level-1.16. E2 .10. Serial0/0/0 10.OSPF external type 2. B – BGP D .16.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set R C C R C R R R R C R R R R C S* 10. 00:00:09. FastEthernet0/1 172. the outputs from your network must match those given below. ia .IS-IS. FastEthernet0/0 172. R2#show ip route Codes: C . you will determine the topology of a network using the outputs from the show ip route command.16. Serial0/0/1 10.IGRP.128/25 [120/2] via 10. E – EGP i .16.0/27 [120/1] via 10.10.10. Serial0/0/1 172.EIGRP external. Serial0/0/0 172.10. EX .0/30 is subnetted.candidate default.4.IS-IS level-2. 00:00:09. 4 subnets 10.mobile.OSPF inter area N1 .64/27 [120/1] via 10. Then you must build and configure the network based on the outputs.0/0 is directly connected. 00:00:09.static. 10 subnets.10. S .10.192/26 [120/1] via 10.6.OSPF.4.10. N2 .16. 00:00:09.10. When complete. 00:00:09.RIP. Serial0/0/1 192.16. U . Serial0/0/0 172.10.0.0 [120/1] via 10. E2 .4.10. o – ODR P .OSPF.1.10.IS-IS.10. L1 . Inc. E – EGP i . This document is Cisco Public Information.IS-IS inter area * . Task 1: Examine the router outputs. Step 1: Examine the output from the R1 router.6.

5.1.16.128/26 [120/1] via 10.10.2.1. 00:00:04.0/16 is variably subnetted.2. U .10. 4 subnets 10.10.10. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 Step 3: Examine the output from the R3 router.10.2.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Gateway of last resort is 10. 10 subnets.0/27 [120/2] via 10.12 [120/3] via 10.192/26 is directly connected.16.10.128/25 [120/3] via 10.192/29 is directly connected. Inc. All rights reserved.0/26 is directly connected.16.16.5.mobile. 00:00:04.IS-IS level-1.0.IS-IS level-2. Serial0/0/0 0.2.4.10.static. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:04.0/24 [120/1] via 10.32/28 [120/3] via 10.0 C R R R R R R C R R R C R R R R* 10.10.10.10. 00:00:04.10.16.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.16.10. E – EGP i .2.0.3.1. M .2.2.IGRP.2.0.128/25 [120/4] via 10.10.2 to network 0.10.4.10. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:04.10.10.1.0.5 to network 0.0/27 [120/2] via 10.IS-IS. Serial0/0/0 192. B – BGP D . Serial0/0/0 172.10.10. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 10.0/0 [120/2] via 10. 00:00:04. EX . 5 masks 172.candidate default.16.10.10.5.16.0/16 is variably subnetted.64/27 [120/3] via 10.10. 00:00:04.10.per-user static route. 00:00:04.OSPF inter area N1 .10.2.10.10.0.4.0. 00:00:04. o – ODR P .1.10.10.5.168.EIGRP external.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.0/25 [120/1] via 10.10. Serial0/0/0 0.0.0 is directly connected.5.0/0 [120/1] via 10.32/28 [120/4] via 10. 00:00:04.0.0. 4 subnets 10.2.2.4 is directly connected.16.OSPF external type 1.10.OSPF NSSA external type 1.2. R3#show ip route Codes: C .2.16.IS-IS inter area * . 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 10. Serial0/0/0 172. S .OSPF.3.0.16.16. Serial0/0/0 172.16.0/24 [120/2] via 10.0 C C R R R R C R R R C R R R R R* 10. Serial0/0/0 172. 10 subnets.5.4.10.168.10. 00:00:03.10. FastEthernet0/0 172. 5 masks 172.1.4 [120/1] via 10.10.2.10.16. L2 .16. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:04. Serial0/0/0 172.3. Serial0/0/0 10.16.10. Serial0/0/0 192. Serial0/0/1 10.16.10.0/30 is subnetted.RIP.0.16.16. This document is Cisco Public Information. 00:00:04.1. 00:00:04.0/27 [120/1] via 10. R .10.10.10.10.10. E2 . FastEthernet0/0 172.10.192/29 [120/1] via 10.10.10. Serial0/0/0 172.10.2. Page 3 of 7 .3.0/27 [120/3] via 10.16.192/26 [120/1] via 10.0.128/26 is directly connected.10. Serial0/0/0 10.10. IA .8 [120/2] via 10.10. L1 .OSPF external type 2. 00:00:03.10.3.10. FastEthernet0/1 172. FastEthernet0/1 172.16.1. Serial0/0/0 172.0/30 is subnetted.10.5.0.10. Serial0/0/1 172.10.1.10. Serial0/0/0 10. I .5.64/27 [120/2] via 10.10.10.0/25 [120/2] via 10.12 [120/2] via 10. Serial0/0/1 172.0 is directly connected.10.4. Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10.connected.2.10.10.10. 00:00:04.16. O .0.10.10. N2 . Serial0/0/0 172.2.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .10.10. ia . 00:00:04.10.10.5. Serial0/0/0 172.EIGRP.8 [120/1] via 10. 00:00:04.1. 00:00:04.10.0/26 [120/1] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172. 00:00:04.10.5.3.

9.OSPF external type 1.4 [120/1] via 10.9. 00:00:14.10.0/16 is variably subnetted. Serial0/0/0 10.10.4.9. Serial0/0/0 Step 5: Examine the output from the R5 router. 5 masks 172.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .2.0/27 is directly connected.per-user static route.10. Serial0/0/0 172.0/27 [120/1] via 10.10.OSPF NSSA external type 1.3.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10. L1 .10. M .16. L2 . L2 .10. EX .OSPF inter area N1 .9.64/27 is directly connected.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.10.9. Inc.10.10.32/28 [120/1] via 10. 00:00:14.EIGRP.10.10. R5#show ip route Codes: C .4.10.RIP.IS-IS level-1. 00:00:14.1.16. U . S . U . N2 .9. 00:00:14.connected.0.0/30 is subnetted.192/29 [120/3] via 10.0. IA . E – EGP i .3. B – BGP D . Serial0/0/0 10. o – ODR P . 00:00:17.EIGRP.0. 00:00:14.4.10. R .10. 00:00:14. L1 .0/24 [120/1] via 10.IS-IS level-2.IS-IS inter area * . IA .8 is directly connected.16.2.10. o – ODR P .168.0 R R C C R R R R C R R R C R R R* 10.1.12 is directly connected.14. E2 .per-user static route.9.OSPF external type 2.0. B – BGP D . Page 4 of 7 . Serial0/0/0 172.10.mobile. FastEthernet0/1 172.10.OSPF external type 1.0 [120/2] via 10.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Serial0/0/0 172. M .10. 4 subnets 10. S .0.9. ia .10.0.10. All rights reserved. ia . I .1.candidate default.16.192/26 [120/2] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 172.13 to network 0.16. R4#show ip route Codes: C . E2 . Serial0/0/0 10.IS-IS.connected.9.128/25 [120/1] via 10.10.OSPF NSSA external type 1. O .3.IS-IS level-1.10.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 . Serial0/0/1 172.IGRP.16. 10 subnets. I .1.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is 10.10. 00:00:14.RIP.OSPF.OSPF inter area N1 . Serial0/0/1 172. N2 . FastEthernet0/0 172.10. 00:00:14.10.10.16.10.EIGRP external.static. Serial0/0/0 0. Serial0/0/0 172.10.128/26 [120/2] via 10.16. R . Serial0/0/1 192.10.9 to network 0. 00:00:14.mobile.10.16.10.10.OSPF external type 2. 00:00:17.10.IGRP.IS-IS level-2.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Step 4: Examine the output from the R4 router.14.16.0/25 [120/1] via 10.10.9.0/0 [120/1] via 10.IS-IS. E – EGP i .IS-IS inter area * .16.0/26 [120/3] via 10.10. EX .10. This document is Cisco Public Information.0.EIGRP external. O .0.0. 00:00:14.candidate default.static.OSPF.

16.0/27 [120/2] via 10.16.10.10.13.1.13. Serial0/0/0 172.13. Serial0/0/0 172.0/25 [120/2] via 10.64/27 [120/1] via 10.10.10.16.128/25 is directly connected. Page 5 of 7 .168.10.10. 00:00:21.0 [120/3] via 10.0.13. Serial0/0/0 Task 2: Create a diagram of the network based on the router outputs.13.3. 00:00:21.16. FastEthernet0/1 172.0.16.16.1.16.1.10.10. Serial0/0/0 10.10.16.1. Serial0/0/0 172.10.0/30 is subnetted.10. 4 subnets 10. This document is Cisco Public Information. Serial0/0/0 172.0/27 [120/1] via 10.10.16.10.10.0/24 [120/2] via 10.10. 00:00:21.2. 00:00:21. Serial0/0/0 10. 00:00:21.10. Serial0/0/0 172.10.13.12 is directly connected.10. 00:00:21. 00:00:21. All rights reserved.10. 00:00:21. 00:00:21.10.13. 00:00:21.4.13.10. 00:00:21. FastEthernet0/0 192.0/26 [120/4] via 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8. Serial0/0/0 10. Serial0/0/0 172.13. Serial0/0/0 172.0. 00:00:21.2.13.10.10.16.192/29 [120/4] via 10.10. 5 masks 172.10.0.10.3.4 [120/2] via 10. 00:00:21.16.10.10.10.10. Serial0/0/0 0. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. Step 2: Document the interface addresses in the Addressing Table. Step 1: Draw a diagram of the network based on your interpretation of the router outputs in the space provided below.10. Serial0/0/0 172.4.3.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab R R R C R C R R R R R R R C R R* 10.0/0 [120/2] via 10.13.0/16 is variably subnetted.192/26 [120/3] via 10. Serial0/0/0 172.13.8 [120/1] via 10.32/28 is directly connected. Inc.4.128/26 [120/3] via 10.10.10. 10 subnets.10.13.

10. Step 3: Configure the appropriate routing protocol for each router and advertise all directly connected networks.16.16.64/27______ _____172.10.10.8__________ _____172. Use 1841 or 2811 routers.0.1.2.2. All rights reserved. How many total networks/subnets did R2 learn from its neighbors? _____13_____ Where would R2 send packets to networks not currently in its routing table? Why? ______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ The packets would be sent to the R3 router at the IP address 10.128/26_____ _____172.168.10.16.10.3.2.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.192/29_____ _____172.0/0 [120/2] via 10.2___________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10.0/27_______ _____172.1.10.12________ _____172. Task 4: Identify Routing Processes.3.16.16.16.0/24______ Which routes did R1 learn from the directly connected neighbors? _____10.0_________ _____10.4__________ _____10. Page 6 of 7 . Step 4: Verify that configurations match the router outputs from Task 1. Step 1: Examine the R1 routing table.16.1.0/26_______ _____172.10.0.32/28______ _____172.10.16.0/27_______ _____172. This is the IP address that is the default route in the R2 routing table. 00:00:04.192/26_____ _____172. This document is Cisco Public Information.4. What are the IP addresses of the directly connected neighbors of the R1 router? _____10.10.0/25_______ _____192.4.1.2. Step 2: Configure the interfaces with the appropriate IP address and subnet mask.10.3.16. What does the statement “ R* 0. Inc.10.128/25_____ Step 2: Examine the R2 routing table. Step 1: Build the topology diagram in Packet Tracer. Serial0/0/0” at the end of the R2 routing table represent? _____Default route to 10.16.4.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Task 3: Build and Configure the Diagram using Packet Tracer.10.

64/27_____ _____172.4__________ _____172.16.16.4.2.4.10.168.2.0/26? _____4_____ Why is the “Gateway of last resort” for R5 listed as 10.16.16.0/26______ _____172.10.10.3.128/26_____ Step 4: Examine the R4 routing table.1.1.2: Show IP Route Challenge Lab Step 3: Examine the R3 routing table. Inc.10.16.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.2.10.8________ _____10.13? _____________________________________________________________ It is the next hop address on the way to the Gateway of Last Resort.3.192/26_____ _____172. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.4.16.16.12_______ _____172.0/24_____ Which networks are directly connect to R3? _____10.1.0__________ _____10.10.2. Which Level 2 routes did R3 learn about from its neighbors? _____10.10. How many usable host addresses are on the network furthest from R4? _____62_____ Step 5: Examine the R5 routing table.32/28_____ _____172.0/25______ _____172.10.16. Page 7 of 7 . Which network is the furthest distance from R4 and how many hops away is it? _____________________________________________________________ The 172.16.128/25____ _____192.192/29____ _____172.10.0/26 network is 3 hops away.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: The Routing Table: A Closer Look Lab 8.3. How many routers must a packet pass through to get from R5 to network 172.10.16.0/27______ _____172.0/27______ _____172.16. All rights reserved.16.

252 255.255.16.1.2.168.9 10.168.255.1 192.255.1 172.1.1 172. Page 1 of 15 .1.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.10.2 192.255.1 192.0 255.5 172.10 Subnet Mask 255.10.255. All rights reserved.16.1.255.10.252 255.10.1.16.1 192.168.16.255.255.1.2.252 255.0 255.168.1.255.1 172.0 255.2.252 255.252 255.6 192.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0 255.Lab 9.255.255.16.255.255.0 255.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 R1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 R2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 R3 PC1 PC2 PC3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.16.168.10 192.255.255.252 255.10 172.255.3.255.3.252 255.255.6. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.255. Inc.1.1 192.255.168.255.255.168.10 172.255.16.255.255.

Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. Disable DNS lookup. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. R2. R2. Page 2 of 15 . Configure the router hostname. Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations. where all traffic that is not destined for the local network will be sent. Verify EIGRP routing using show commands. 3. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. Configure the interfaces on the R1. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. Disable automatic summarization. 5. EIGRP is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. 2. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the R1. Configure manual summarization. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. A loopback address will be used on the R2 router to simulate a connection to an ISP. Document the EIGRP configuration. Scenario In this lab activity. and R3 routers. Configure EIGRP routing on all routers. Perform basic configuration tasks on a router. Perform basic configuration of the R1. Task 1: Prepare the Network. Some segments of the network have been subnetted using VLSM.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Configure a static default route. This document is Cisco Public Information. Inc. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Configure a password for VTY connections. R2. 4. Configure and activate interfaces. Propagate default route to EIGRP neighbors. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Configure a password for console connections. Configure an EXEC mode password. you will learn how to configure the routing protocol EIGRP using the network shown in the Topology Diagram. All rights reserved. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. 6.

255 – 255. Once you are in the Router EIGRP configuration sub-mode. subtract the subnet mask from 255.0.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces.0. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1.255.6.168. The inverse of the subnet mask 255.16. PC2. This document is Cisco Public Information.4 0.0.0 R1(config-router)# The router will begin to send EIGRP update messages out each interface belonging to the 172.0.3.10.252 ------------------0.16.16. Note: Think of a wildcard mask as the inverse of a subnet mask.0. Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192.0 classful network. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Use the wildcard-mask option with the network command to advertise only the subnet and not the entire 192. Task 4: Configure EIGRP on the R1 Router. Enter a process ID of 1 for the autonomous-system parameter. Step 1: Enable EIGRP.0.168.16. When you have finished.3 R1(config-router)# When you are finished with the EIGRP configuration for R1. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram.255.255.255. and PC3.0 to be included in the EIGRP updates that are sent out of R1.252 is 0. PC2. Page 3 of 15 . All rights reserved.255.16.168. return to privileged EXEC mode and save the current configuration to NVRAM.255: 255. configure the classful network 172.0.0. EIGRP updates will be sent out of the FastEthernet0/0 and Serial0/0/0 interfaces because they are both on subnets of the 172. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1.4/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface. To calculate the inverse of the subnet mask. Inc. 3 Subtract the subnet mask Wildcard mask R1(config-router)# network 192.0 network. R1(config)#router eigrp 1 R1(config-router)# Step 2: Configure classful network 172. Use the router eigrp command in global configuration mode to enable EIGRP on the R1 router. 0. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active.255.255.255. R1(config-router)#network 172.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.10. 0.0 network.0.10.

0.168. All rights reserved.1.3 R3(config-router)# %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 1: Neighbor 192.0 to include the network for the FastEthernet0/0 interface.3 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 4: Configure EIGRP on the R3 router using the router eigrp and network commands. Use a process ID of 1. return to privileged EXEC mode.16.0. R2(config-router)#network 192.0 classful network. When you are finished.0. 4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.16. Use a process ID of 1.0 R3(config-router)#network 192.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 5: Configure EIGRP on the R2 and R3 Routers. Use the classful network address for the network attached to the FastEthernet0/0 interface. 2.10. Include the wildcard masks for the subnets attached to the Serial0/0/0 and Serial 0/0/1 interfaces.10.168.0.16.16.10.0 R2(config-router)# %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 1: Neighbor 172. Step 1: Enable EIGRP routing on the R2 router using the router eigrp command. This document is Cisco Public Information.10.168. Inc.4 0.10. 1.5 (Serial0/0/0) is up: new adjacency R3(config-router)#network 192.3.10.9 (Serial0/0/1) is up: new adjacency R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168. What is the IP address of the EIGRP neighbor router? ________________________________________ 172.0.0.1 What interface on the R2 router is the neighbor adjacent to? ________________________________________ Serial0/0/0 Step 3: Configure the R2 router to advertise the 192.168. Use the wildcard-mask option with the network command to advertise only the subnet and not the entire 192. R3(config)#router eigrp 1 R3(config-router)#network 192. R2(config)#router eigrp 1 R2(config-router)# Step 2: Use the classful address 172. 1.168.0. Page 4 of 15 .3 R3(config-router)# %DUAL-5-NBRCHANGE: IP-EIGRP 1: Neighbor 192.8 0.168. R2(config-router)#network 172. 3.3.8/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface.168.10.6. When you are finished.8 0.0. 2. return to privileged EXEC mode.1 (Serial0/0/0) is up: new adjacency Notice that DUAL sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another EIGRP router has been established.

This document is Cisco Public Information.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. and networks. R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "eigrp 1 " Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Default networks flagged in outgoing updates Default networks accepted from incoming updates EIGRP metric weight K1=1. K3=1. On the R1 router. Notice that the information that was configured in Task 5. Page 5 of 15 .10. Task 6: Verify EIGRP Operation. the process ID must be the same on all routers for EIGRP to establish neighbor adjacencies and share routing information.16. process ID. such as protocol.168. The IP addresses of the adjacent neighbors are also shown. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 90 4811399 192. K4=0.4/30 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 172.0.0 192. use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing protocol operation. use the show ip eigrp neighbors command to view the neighbor table and verify that EIGRP has established an adjacency with the R2 and R3 routers. All rights reserved.3.10.6 90 5411677 Distance: internal 90 external 170 Notice that the output specifies the process ID used by EIGRP. Remember. K2=0. You should be able to see the IP address of each adjacent router and the interface that R1 uses to reach that EIGRP neighbor. DUAL sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another EIGRP router has been established. Inc. K5=0 EIGRP maximum hopcount 100 EIGRP maximum metric variance 1 Redistributing: eigrp 1 Automatic network summarization is in effect Automatic address summarization: Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.2 1 192.6.6 R1# Ser0/0/0 Ser0/0/1 Hold Uptime (sec) 10 00:36:51 11 00:26:51 SRTT (ms) 40 40 RTO 500 500 Q Cnt 0 0 Seq Num 13 4 Step 2: View routing protocol information. R1#show ip eigrp neighbors IP-EIGRP neighbors for process 1 H Address Interface 0 172.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab R3# Notice that when the networks for the serial links from R3 to R1 and R3 to R2 are added to the EIGRP configuration.168.3. Step 1: View neighbors. is shown in the output.168. On the R1 router.16.16.

it is sent to the Null0 interface. All rights reserved.0/24 172. Serial0/0/1 Notice that the 172.0/16 does not match one of the level 2 child routes. 172.4/30 192.168. 01:06:07. 3 masks 172. M .RIP. Null0 is directly connected.1.IGRP.16. EIGRP routes are denoted in the routing table with a D.168.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.3.0. O .static. IA . 01:06:18. 2 masks is a summary. L1 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.16.2.10.16. Because of automatic summarization. R1 and R2 are not propagating the individual subnets. 4 subnets.0/24 192.2.10.10.168.0/24 is directly connected.0.10. Inc.0/24 [90/2172416] via 172.0.0.10.connected.ODR P .168.0/16 parent network is variably subnetted with three child routes using either a /24 or /30 mask.0. 192. U . Null0 192.168.3. Also notice that EIGRP has automatically included a summary route to Null0 for the 172. Null0 172.0/16 from both R1 and R2. both routes are included in the routing table.16.10.168.OSPF.1. FastEthernet0/0 [90/2172416] via 172.16.0/16 route does not actually represent a path to reach the parent network. 3 subnets.BGP D .10.168. 01:06:07. B . The 172.0.10.16.16.16. S . Serial0/0/1 192. Null0 is directly connected. E2 .0.8/30 [90/2681856] via 192. Serial0/0/0 is directly connected.IS-IS level-2. 4 subnets. D C D C 172. 01:06:07.3.OSPF external type 2. 2 masks 192.6.16.168.EGP i . FastEthernet0/0 172.16.0/24 172. L2 .mobile.16.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Task7: Examine EIGRP Routes in the Routing Tables.16. R1#show ip route Codes: C .0. N2 .0. E .0/30 is directly connected.0/16 network and sending it as a single routing update. ia . 01:16:19.0/16 network.2.OSPF NSSA external type 1. 01:06:07. R .1.168.candidate default.10. 01:16:19. Page 6 of 15 .16. 01:16:20. Serial0/0/1 [90/2681856] via 192.16.EIGRP. Serial0/0/0 172. Serial0/0/0 The 192. 3 subnets.16.IS-IS inter area * .168.16.OSPF inter area N1 .6. 01:16:20.10.0.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192. Because R3 is getting two equal cost routes for 172. Serial0/0/0 192.10.0/30 variably subnetted. o .0/24 Network is also variably subnetted and includes a Null0 route.IS-IS level-1.168.per-user static route. Serial0/0/1 D C D Step 2: View the routing table on the R3 router.168. 3 masks is a summary. R3#show ip route All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. which is the routing algorithm used by EIGRP.OSPF external type 1.4/30 is directly connected.EIGRP external.6. The routing table for R3 shows that both R1 and R2 are automatically summarizing the 172.3.16.periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set D C D C D D C D R1# 172.0. Serial0/0/1 192. EX .6. Step1: View the routing table on the R1 router. which stands for DUAL (Diffusing Update Algorithm).2.0/24 is a summary.0/24 is variably subnetted.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .0/24 is 192.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/16.16. I .IS-IS.16.8/30 variably subnetted. If a packet destined for 172.168.0/16 is a summary.0/16 172.0/16 is 172.

Use the show ip interface command to verify that the bandwidth value of each link has been changed. Serial0/0/0 [90/2172416] via 192. Inc.0. the bandwidth metric will default to 1544 Kbits. the link between R1 and R2 will be configured with a bandwidth of 64 kbps. DLY 20000 usec. loopback not set.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. and the link between R2 and R3 will be configured with a bandwidth of 1024 kbps. 01:15:35. R1#show interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up.168. If this is not the actual bandwidth of the serial link.9. Serial0/0/0 192. R1 router: R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2 router: R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 1024 R3 router: R3(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#bandwidth 1024 Note: The bandwidth command only modifies the bandwidth metric used by routing protocols. Use the bandwidth command to modify the bandwidth of the Serial interfaces of each router. rely 255/255. 01:15:22. Serial0/0/1 192.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes.6.10. BW 1544 Kbit. For this lab.168. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC.0/24 is a summary.10. FastEthernet0/0 192.16.16. This document is Cisco Public Information. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 172.168. Step 1: View the EIGRP metric information.3. reliability. 01:15:22.168. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> Step 2: Modify the bandwidth of the Serial interfaces. On most serial links.168. Serial0/0/1 Task 8: Configure EIGRP Metrics.0/24 is variably subnetted. All rights reserved. 3 subnets.168. Page 7 of 15 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 2 masks 192.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab <output omitted> D C D C C R3# 172. Null0 192.4/30 is directly connected. not the physical bandwidth of the link. delay. Notice the values that are shown for the bandwidth.10.1.0/24 is directly connected. Use the show interface serial0/0/0 command to view the EIGRP metric information for the Serial0/0/0 interface on the R1 router. Step 3: Verify the bandwidth modifications.10.8/30 is directly connected. and load.5.10.10.0/16 [90/2172416] via 192. the bandwidth will need to be changed so that the EIGRP metric can be calculated correctly.

Loopback1 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.1.0/30 is subnetted. 00:00:52.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172. 1 subnets 10. loopback not set. Serial0/0/1 C 192. rely 255/255. rely 255/255. 2 masks D 192. DLY 20000 usec. 4 subnets. Serial0/0/1 192.3. Page 8 of 15 .0/24 is directly connected.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab R1#show interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. rely 255/255. 00:00:11.168. BW 64 Kbit.10/30 MTU 1500 bytes.0/24 is variably subnetted. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 172.3.1. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC.1. Step 1: Examine the successors and feasible distances in the routing table on R2. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC. Serial0/0/0 C 172.0 is directly connected.10. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 172.0/30 is directly connected. 00:00:52.3. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 192.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes. Null0 D 172.0/24 [90/3014400] via 192.0.0.168.6.10.16.16.0. 00:00:11.168.10.168.0.168. Inc.16.2/30 MTU 1500 bytes.16. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC.168.10. DLY 20000 usec. Serial0/0/1 R2# C All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> R2#show interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. DLY 20000 usec. loopback not set.10.4/30 [90/3523840] via 192.10.8/30 is directly connected. R2#show ip route <output omitted> 10. BW 1024 Kbit.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.16. 3 masks D 172.10. All rights reserved.3. Null0 D 192. BW 64 Kbit. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> Note: Use the interface configuration command no bandwidth to return the bandwidth to its default value.1.10. 3 subnets. Serial0/0/0 D 192. Task 9: Examine Successors and Feasible Distances. FastEthernet0/0 C 172.168.168.10. loopback not set.0/24 is a summary. keepalive set (10 sec) <output omitted> R3#show interface serial0/0/1 Serial0/0/1 is up.1. 00:00:11.16.2.0/16 is a summary.16.0/16 is variably subnetted.

2.0 Network.3.0/24 is directly connected.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172. The feasibility condition (FC) is met when a neighbor’s reported distance (RD) to a network is less than the local router’s feasible distance to the same destination network.0/16 is a summary. What is the IP address and name of the successor router in this route? ________________________________________ 172. Inc.3. FastEthernet0/0 172. R2#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. This document is Cisco Public Information. 3 masks 172.0.0/24 is variably subnetted.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Answer the following questions: What is the best path to PC1? ____________________________________________________________________________________ 172.168.16.0/24 is a summary. Serial0/0/1 R1# D C D C D What is the reported distance to the 192.2. 00:42:20. R1#show ip route <output omitted> 172. 3 subnets.16. 00:00:52.6.1.0/16 is variably subnetted.10.16.168.168. Serial0/0/0 192.10.168. Page 9 of 15 . A successor is the least-cost route to the destination network.1.0.10.6.0/30 is directly connected. Null0 C 192. Null0 172. R1 must satisfy the feasibility condition.0 network? ________________________________________ 2172416 Step 2: Examine the routing table on R2.6.8/30 [90/3523840] via 192. 00:43:00.1. FD is the metric listed in the routing table entry as the second number inside the brackets. Serial0/0/1 192. What is the feasible distance to the network that PC1 is on? ________________________________________ 40514560 Task 10: Determine if R1 is a Feasible Successor for the Route from R2 to the 192.168.16. 00:42:26.3. 4 subnets. 2 masks D 192.168.1.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192.4/30 is directly connected.1. In order to be a feasible successor.10.3.168. A feasible successor is a neighbor who has a viable backup path to the same network as the successor.1.1.16. 00:42:20.16. R1 Feasible distance (FD) is the lowest calculated metric to reach that destination. 00:42:59.16. Serial0/0/0 A successor is a neighboring router that is currently being used for packet forwarding. Step 1: Examine the routing table on R1. The IP address of a successor is shown in a routing table entry right after the word “via”. Serial0/0/0 172.168.16.168. Serial0/0/1 D 192.10.10. All rights reserved.

16. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 1: View the EIGRP topology table.168. FD is 3011840 via Connected.168.168.3. Null0 P 172. FD is 3523840 via 192.16. 1 successors. FD is 28160 via Summary (28160/0). Serial0/0/1 C 192.0/24 [90/3014400] via 192.Reply status P 172.10 (3523840/2169856). 1 successors.1.16.16. All rights reserved.6. U . 00:00:52.0 network? ________________________________________ 3014400 Would R2 consider R1 to be a feasible successor to the 192.16.0/16 is variably subnetted. FastEthernet0/0 C 172.168.1 (40514560/28160).16.0/24.1. FastEthernet0/0 P 172. Use the [network] parameter of the show ip eigrp topology command to view detailed EIGRP topology information for the 192. Serial0/0/1 R2# Step 2: View detailed EIGRP topology information.0/24 is variably subnetted. Null0 P 192.10.168.Passive. FD is 40512000 via Connected.Reply.0.10. Serial0/0/0 P 192.4/30. r .168. 00:00:52.168. Use the show ip eigrp topology command to view the EIGRP topology table on R2. 3 subnets.0/24. 3 masks D 172. Serial0/0/1 via 172.0.10. Inc.168.0/24.168. FD is 40514560 via 172.1.168.168.3.10.0/24 is directly connected. FD is 28160 via Connected. 1 successors. 1 successors.3. 1 successors. R . 00:00:11.10. Serial0/0/1 R2# C What is the feasible distance to the 192.0 network? _______ yes Task 11: Examine the EIGRP Topology Table.0/30.0/16.10.16.0 network.16.0/24 [90/40514560] via 172. 00:00:11.16.Active.16. R2#show ip eigrp topology IP-EIGRP Topology Table for AS 1 Codes: P .0/24 is a summary.2.1.10.1. 00:00:11.1 (41026560/2172416). Serial0/0/0 D 192.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab 10. Serial0/0/1 192.168.Update. 1 successors.10. Serial0/0/0 C 172.Query.0.4/30 [90/3523840] via 192. Null0 D 192.2.1. FD is 3011840 via Summary (3011840/0). All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3. 2 masks D 192.10 (3014400/28160).0/24. Serial0/0/1 P 172.0.16. Null0 D 172. 4 subnets.1.0 is directly connected.8/30 is directly connected.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.1.16.0.3.10.0/16 is a summary. FD is 3014400 via 192. A . Loopback1 172.16.8/30.1.0.168. 1 subnets 10. Q . Serial0/0/0 P 192.10.10. Serial0/0/0 P 192. 1 successors.0/30 is subnetted.10.0/30 is directly connected. Page 10 of 15 . 1 successors.168.168.

0 from the feasible successor? ________________________________________ 2172416 What would be the feasible distance to 192.10. Inc. This will cause packets that are destined for the 172.1. and 172.1.16. Notice that R3 is not receiving individual routes for the 172. R3#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 IP-EIGRP (AS 1): Topology entry for 192. 1 Successor(s).0. 172. Send flag is 0x0 Composite metric is (3014400/28160).2.1.168.0/24 subnets.0/16 through the R1 router.3. Step 1: Examine the routing table of the R3 router. from 172.3.0/24.168. Query origin flag is 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0/24 State is Passive.3. Route is Internal Vector metric: Minimum bandwidth is 64 Kbit Total delay is 40100 microseconds Reliability is 255/255 Load is 1/255 Minimum MTU is 1500 Hop count is 2 R2# How many successors are there for this network? ________________________________________ 1 What is the feasible distance to this network? ________________________________________ 3014400 What is the IP address of the feasible successor? ________________________________________ 172.168.1.0/24.10.10 (Serial0/0/1). the routing table only has a summary route to the classful network address of 172.16. All rights reserved.16.16.168. FD is 3014400 Routing Descriptor Blocks: 192.16. Page 11 of 15 . Instead.10. This document is Cisco Public Information. Route is Internal Vector metric: Minimum bandwidth is 1024 Kbit Total delay is 20100 microseconds Reliability is 255/255 Load is 1/255 Minimum MTU is 1500 Hop count is 1 172.1.2.0 if R1 became the successor? ________________________________________ 41026560 Task 12: Disable EIGRP Automatic Summarization.1 What is the reported distance for 192.1 (Serial0/0/0).1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab R2#show ip eigrp topology 192.16. from 192.1.16.168.16. Send flag is 0x0 Composite metric is (41026560/2172416).6.168.3.0/24 network to be sent through the R1 router instead of being sent straight to the R2 router.

0.168.10. FastEthernet0/0 P 192. Q . Serial0/0/0 via 192. Serial0/0/0 192. 1 successors.0/24 is variably subnetted. Null0 192.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. FD is 2172416 via 192.0/16 [90/2172416] via 192. 01:21:54. FastEthernet0/0 192.0/24. Serial0/0/1 Why is the R1 router (192. Notice that the reported distance from R2 is higher than the feasible distance from R1. A . U . FD is 3011840 via Connected. FD is 2169856 via Connected.10.0. Serial0/0/0 192.168.168. Serial0/0/0 P 192. 01:21:47.4/30.16.8/30 is directly connected.1.10.10.4/30 is directly connected. R3#show ip eigrp topology IP-EIGRP Topology Table for AS 1 Codes: P . 1 successors. This document is Cisco Public Information.Passive.0/16. Page 12 of 15 .168.10.1.168. Null0 P 172. R .0/24 is a summary. 3 subnets.8/30.10.168.168.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab D C D C C R3# 172. 1 successors.0/16 network? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ The R1 router has a better metric (feasible distance) to 172. 2 masks 192.0/24 is directly connected. R1(config)#router eigrp 1 R1(config-router)#no auto-summary R2(config)#router eigrp 1 R2(config-router)#no auto-summary R3(config)#router eigrp 1 R3(config-router)#no auto-summary All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16. Serial0/0/1 P 192.0/24.Update.Reply.0/16. 1 successors.5 (2172416/28160).10.0.5.Active.Reply status P 192. Inc.168. r .168.6. FD is 2169856 via Summary (2169856/0). FD is 28160 via Connected. All rights reserved.10.0. Serial0/0/1 Step 3: Disable automatic summarization on all three routers with the no auto-summary command.10.16. The feasible distance for the path to the R1 router is better because the bandwidth for this path is higher than the path through the R2 router Step 2: Examine the EIGRP topology table on R3.168.168. 1 successors.168.10.10.Query.16.5) the only successor for the route to the 172.9 (3014400/28160).

4/30 is directly connected. All rights reserved.0/24 is variably subnetted.0/24 172.168.5.168. Inc. Serial0/0/0 192.168.255.168. 00:02:39.0 R3(config-router)#network 192. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback2.168.2. These virtual interfaces will be used to represent networks to be manually summarized along with the 192.2. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.3. 192.9.10. Add two loopback addresses.6.168.168.2.0. changed state to up R3(config-if)#ip address 192. 3 subnets.0/24.16. 3 masks [90/2172416] via 192. R3(config)#interface loopback1 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback1.255. Serial0/0/1 Task 13: Configure Manual Summarization.10. FastEthernet0/0 192. and 172.0 Step 3: Verify new routes.16.168.10. Serial0/0/1 [90/41024000] via 192.0/24.9.255.1 255. 2 masks 192. R3(config)#router eigrp 1 R3(config-router)#network 192. 172. 00:02:37. 4 subnets.2.168. Serial0/0/0 [90/3014400] via 192.10. Serial0/0/0 192.1. Page 13 of 15 .0/30 variably subnetted.10.1.168.168. R3#show ip route <output omitted> D D D C C C R3# 172. changed state to upR3(config-if)#ip address 192.0/24 is directly connected.0 and 192.168.0 R3(config-if)# Step 2: Add the 192.168.16.168.0/24 172. Notice that individual routes for the 172.16.0/16 is 172.16.2.0 R3(config-if)#interface loopback2 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback2.10.0/24 LAN.3.168.2. Serial0/0/1 [90/41024000] via 192. View the routing table on the R1 router to verify that the new routes are being sent out in the EIGRP updates sent by R3.168. Step 1: Add loopback addresses to R3 router. to the R3 router.16.1 255.1/24 and 192. R1#show ip route <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3. 00:02:39.168.0 networks to the EIGRP configuration on R3.0/24 subnets are now present and the summary Null route is no longer listed. This document is Cisco Public Information.3.1.3.10.5.1.255.1/24.3.8/30 is directly connected.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 4: View the routing table on R1 again.16. 00:02:37.

0/22.10. Page 14 of 15 .168.0. 00:01:11. Serial0/0/1 192. FastEthernet0/0 172.168.0 255.1. Use the ip summary-address eigrp as-number networkaddress subnet-mask command to configure manual summarization on each of the outbound interfaces connected to EIGRP neighbors.16.168.0/22 [90/2172416] via 192.16.10.0.10.16. Serial0/0/1 192.2.0/24 [90/2172416] via 192.3.10.10. 3 masks 172.168. 3 subnets. FastEthernet0/0 172.10.0/24 [90/3526400] via 192.168.0 255.168. 3 masks 172.0.252.10. 00:01:07. 00:15:07.10. R2(config)#ip route 0.0. View the routing table on the R1 router to verify that the summary route is being sent out in the EIGRP updates sent by R3.6. 00:15:07. 3 subnets.2. The routes to the 192.6.168. and 192. R1#show ip route <output omitted> C D C D C D R1# 172. Step 1: Configure a static default route on the R2 router.0 R3(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#ip summary-address eigrp 1 192.0.1. 00:15:07.16.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/24 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 192.2.252.3.1.0/24 [90/2297856] via 192.0/30 is directly connected.168.168. 192.168.6.0/24. Use the loopback address that has been configured to simulate a link to an ISP as the exit interface.3. 4 subnets.0/24 [90/2297856] via 192.0.0/24 is variably subnetted. 00:15:07.168.10.16.168. Serial0/0/0 192. All rights reserved.6. 2 masks 192.0/24 networks can be summarized in the single network 192.16.6.3.2.6. 00:15:07.168.168.0/24 [90/3526400] via 192.10.1.168. Serial0/0/1 192.0/16 is variably subnetted. Inc. Serial0/0/1 Task 14: Configure and Distribute a Static Default Route.0.0/30 is directly connected.0 0.168.168.10.168.255. Serial0/0/1 192.168.6. Serial0/0/0 192.168.10. R3(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R3(config-if)#ip summary-address eigrp 1 192. 4 subnets.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab C D C D D D C D R1# 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.6.8/30 [90/3523840] via 192. 2 masks 192. Serial0/0/1 172.255.6.168.168.16.0/24 is variably subnetted. Serial0/0/1 172. Serial0/0/1 192.0.0.0 loopback1 R2(config)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 R3(config-if)# Step 5: Verify the summary route.0/24.4/30 is directly connected.16.0/24 is directly connected.10.8/30 [90/3523840] via 192.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.168.10. 00:00:57. Serial0/0/1 Step 4: Apply manual summarization to outbound interfaces.4/30 is directly connected.

0. 01:05:39. 3 subnets.10. R2(config)#router eigrp 1 R2(config-router)#redistribute static R2(config-router)# Step 3: Verify the static default route.0.168. 00:02:14.6.0/16 is variably subnetted. Serial0/0/1 C D Task 15: Documentation On each router.0/24 is directly connected.2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Page 15 of 15 . All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.0/30 is directly connected.0.168.0.6 to network 0. 01:06:01.0.10.0/22 [90/2172416] via 192.0.txt) file and save for future reference. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. R1#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 192. 2 subnets 192. All rights reserved.10.4 is directly connected. capture the following command output to a text (. View the routing table on the R1 router to verify that the static default route is being redistributed via EIGRP. Serial0/0/1 D 192.16. Inc.1: Basic EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Include the static route in EIGRP updates. Serial0/0/1 192.168. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet).168.0/24 [90/3526400] via 192.1.168.0/30 is subnetted.8 [90/3523840] via 192.168.3.0/0 [170/3651840] via 192.10.10.10.168.10.10. Serial0/0/0 D*EX 0.168. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols Task 16: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Serial0/0/1 172.6. 2 masks C 172. Serial0/0/1 C 172.0 192.6.6.16. Disconnect and store the cabling. 01:05:38. This document is Cisco Public Information.168. FastEthernet0/0 D 172.6.16. Use the redistribute static command to include the static route in the EIGRP updates that are sent from the R2 router.

3.252 255.168.1.1.16.1.255.254.126 Subnet Mask 255.16.255.252 255.168.255.255.254.16.255.255.0.255.3.255.1.168.0 255.168.Lab 9.255.255.1 192.255.16.25 172. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved.1 172.225 172.1 172.255.255.255. Inc.252 255.128 255.16.252 255.255.2.26 192.2.165.1 192.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.255.255.0 255.255.1.168.16.1.1.2.17 192.0.255.255.255.3.255.6.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 192.22 172.16.255.252 255.255.128 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.252 255.0 255.18 192.16. Page 1 of 8 .0 255.21 209.16.200.254 172.252 255.168.254 172.

0 or /23 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _______ 510 What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH1 LAN subnet? ________________ 255.255.16.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. The loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP will use the 209. Page 2 of 8 . This document is Cisco Public Information.255. The 192.0/16 network? _______ 800 What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN subnet? ______________________ 255.165.0.224/30 network. Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design: How many subnets need to be created from the 172.168. you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • Create an efficient VLSM design given requirements.6. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.255.16/28 address space must be subnetted to obtain the addresses for the links between the three routers.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Configure routers including EIGRP. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space. A combination of EIGRP routing and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other.0.16.200. Configure and propagate a static default route. The addressing for the network has the following requirements: • The 172.0/16 network must be subnetted to provide addresses for the three LANs.0 or /24 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _______ 254 What subnet mask will be used for the BRANCH2 LAN subnet? ______________ 255.0/16 network? _______ 3 How many total IP addresses are required from the 172.255. EIGRP must be configured so that all IP traffic takes the shortest path to the destination address. The BRANCH1 LAN will require 200 addresses.254. • • • • • The HQ LAN will require 500 addresses.0. Verify EIGRP operation. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram. Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document.252 or /30 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on each of these subnets? _____ 2 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.255. Scenario In this lab activity. Test and verify full connectivity.128 or /25 What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? _______126 What subnet mask will be used for the links between the three routers? ________ 255.1.255. Reflect upon and document the network implementation. All rights reserved. Step 1: Examine the network requirements.255. Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Inc.16. The Branch 2 LAN will require 100 addresses.

12. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch router.1.16/28 network to the link between the HQ and BRANCH2 routers. What is the network address of this subnet? ________________________ 172. Assign subnet 0 of the 172.2.168. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH1 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch router.1. Assign the first valid IP address of the BRANCH1 LAN network to the LAN interface of the BRANCH1 router. 1.16. What is the network address of this subnet? _____________________________ 172. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router.20 /30 6. Assign the first valid host address of the 209.165. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to PC2.16. All rights reserved. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________ 192. Assign subnet 2 of the 192. 4. Assign the first valid IP address of the BRANCH1 to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the BRANCH1 router.3.0.16. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________________ 192. Assign the first valid IP address of the BRANCH2 LAN network to the LAN interface of the BRANCH2 router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram. Assign subnet 1 of the 172. 6.224/30 network to the Loopback interface on the HQ router.0. 7.16.1.1. What is the network address of this subnet? ___________________________ 192. 13.0/25 4. Assign subnet 1 of the 192. Assign subnet 0 of the 192. Assign the last valid IP address of the BRANCH2 LAN network to PC3.16/28 network to the link between the HQ and BRANCH1 routers. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign subnet 2 of the 172.1. 3.16/28 network to the link between the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers. 8. 9.24 /30 Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. Inc. 11. Assign the last valid IP address of the BRANCH1 LAN network to PC1. This document is Cisco Public Information.16. Assign the last valid IP address of the BRANCH1 to BRANCH2 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH2 router.168.16 /30 5. 2.0/24 3.168.168. Step 1: Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces. Page 3 of 8 .0.168.0/23 2.168. What is the network address of this subnet? ____________________________ 172. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to BRANCH1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router.0/16 network to the HQ LAN subnet. 5.0. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router.1.0/16 network to the BRANCH1 LAN subnet.0/16 network to the BRANCH2 LAN subnet. 1.16.6.200. 10.

2. PC2. 6. 8. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH1. Step 2: Verify connectivity of PCs. Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. 5. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. Configure the router hostname. 4. you can test connectivity between two routers and between an end device and its default gateway. When you have finished. This document is Cisco Public Information. Configure the interfaces on the HQ.6. Verify that the HQ. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the HQ. Verify that PC1. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. and BRANCH2 routers. Disable DNS lookup. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces. Step 1: Verify connectivity of routers. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. 3. Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next-Hop Device. Step 2 Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Configure an EXEC mode password. BRANCH1. BRANCH1. Task 3: Prepare the Network. and BRANCH2 routers can ping each of the neighboring routers across the WAN links.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. You should not have connectivity between end devices yet. BRANCH2. Configure a password for VTY connections. HQ.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Step 2: Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Inc. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateways. Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. Configure a password for console connections. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. All rights reserved. Step 1 Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. PC2. BRANCH1. 7. and BRANCH2 routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Page 4 of 8 . However. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the Addressing Table provided under the Topology Diagram.

16.6.168.0.16 0.0 /24 ________________________________________ 192.3 What command is required to enable EGIRP to include the VLSM information instead of summarizing routes at the classful boundary? ________________________________________ no auto summary Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have EIGRP updates sent out? __________ yes What command is used to disable EIGRP updates on these interfaces? ________________________________________ passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 Task 8: Configure EIGRP and Static Routing on the HQ Router.165.168.2.0.0 loopback1 What directly connected networks are present in the HQ routing table? ________________________________________ 172.1.20 /30 ________________________________________ 209.168.16. Consider the networks that need to be included in the EIGRP updates that are sent out by the BRANCH1 router.168.0.16.0.0.168.24 0.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 7: Configure EIGRP Routing on the BRANCH1 Router.16 /30 ________________________________________ 192. What command is needed to accomplish this? ________________________________________ ip route 0.1.16 /30 ________________________________________ 192.2.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0 /23 ________________________________________ 192. Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ.0.1. What directly connected networks are present in the BRANCH1 routing table? ________________________________________ 172. All rights reserved.24 /30 Will these networks need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ yes What commands are required to enable EGIRP and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ router eigrp 1 ________________________________________ network 172.224 /30 Will the networks of the HQ LAN and the links between the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ yes All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. Inc.3 ________________________________________ network 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.168.0.200. Page 5 of 8 .0 0.255 ________________________________________ network 192.1.1.0.0. A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP.0 0.0.

168.1.3.0. All rights reserved.0.0.0.0. What directly connected networks are present in the BRANCH2 routing table? ________________________________________ 172.3 ________________________________________ network 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.1.0.0.16.0.168.0 /25 ________________________________________ 192.1.1. Page 6 of 8 .0.24 /30 Will these networks need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? __________ yes What commands are required to enable EGIRP and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ router eigrp 1 ________________________________________ network 172.0.0 0. Consider the networks that need to be included in the EIGRP updates that are sent out by the BRANCH2 router.1.3 What command is required to enable EGIRP to include the VLSM information instead of summarizing routes at the classful boundary? ________________________________________ no auto summary Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have EIGRP updates sent out? __________ yes What command is used to disable EIGRP updates on these interfaces? ________________________________________ passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.20 0.0.0 0.3 ________________________________________ network 192.168.16.1.6.127 ________________________________________ network 192.20 /30 ________________________________________ 192.3 What command is required to enable EGIRP to include the VLSM information instead of summarizing routes at the classful boundary? ________________________________________ no auto summary Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have EIGRP updates sent out? __________ yes What command is used to disable EIGRP updates on this interface? ________________________________________ passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the BRANCH1 and BRANCH2 routers in the EIGRP updates.255 ________________________________________ network 192. What command is used to configure this? ________________________________________ redistribute static Task 9: Configure EIGRP Routing on the BRANCH2 Router.168.16 0.20 0.24 0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0.3.168.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab What commands are required to enable EGIRP and include the appropriate networks in the routing updates? ________________________________________ router eigrp 1 ________________________________________ network 172.168.1.16.

Page 7 of 8 .16.0/25 ________________________________________ 192.1.0.24/30 What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the HQ router? ________________________________________ 0.0.0/0 What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the BRANCH1 router? ________________________________________ 192. is it possible to ping PC2? __________ yes From PC1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0.0.3.16/30 ________________________________________ 0.16. check your physical connections and configurations. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the Chapter 1 labs. is it possible to ping the PC3? __________ yes The answer to the above questions should be yes.6.0/0 What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the BRANCH2 router? ________________________________________ 192.16. All rights reserved.0.1.168.16. If any of the above pings failed.0/24 ________________________________________ 192.0/23 ________________________________________ 172.0.2.0/25 ________________________________________ 192.16. What EIGRP routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH1 router? ________________________________________ 172.0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3.2.0/23 ________________________________________ 172.0.1.16.0.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 10: Verify the Configurations.0 What EIGRP routes are present in the routing table of the BRANCH2 router? ________________________________________ 172.21 to network 0. Inc.0.0.0 to network 0.168.168.0.168.1.0/24 ________________________________________ 172.20/30 ________________________________________ 0.0.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 What EIGRP routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ________________________________________ 172.17 to network 0.1.0.168. Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected: From PC1.

This document is Cisco Public Information. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Task 12: Document the Router Configurations. the paths between the three routers will all have an equal cost and packets may not be sent using the route with the least hops. Disconnect and store the cabling. capture the following command output to a text (.0.6. On each router. All rights reserved.16.txt) file and save for future reference.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.2: Challenge EIGRP Configuration Lab Task 11: Reflection Why is it necessary to use disable automatic summarization with this network design? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If the routes in the routing table are summarized at the classful network boundary 17. Inc. • • • Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Page 8 of 8 .0.

1 209. All rights reserved.Lab 9.252 255.252 255.255.202.134 172.202.165.1 172.18.255.128.18.255.129.255. Inc.138 209.255.10 Subnet Mask 255.255.18.252 255.137 172.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.133 172.129.165.100 172.0 255.165.255.240 255.252 255.18.1 209.18.128.255.0 255.202.202.192.255.202.255.255.129.1 209.255.255.18.255.255.18.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.18.1 172.128.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 BRANCH2 PC1 PC2 PC3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 172.6.165.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.252 255.165.252 255.240 255.192.14 172.64.255.202.255.255.64.0 255.255.165. Page 1 of 14 .129 209.18.255.100.130 209.

and HQ LAN interfaces. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. and Reload the Routers.255. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. All EIGRP routers must use a process ID of 1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Analyze information to determine why communication is not possible. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other.18. Document the corrected network.255. Task 1: Cable. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 2 of 14 . Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state.6. Erase. Scenario In this lab.1 255. Discover where communication is not possible. Step 1: Load the following script onto the BRANCH1 router: [Instructor Note: Missing or misconfigured commands are shown in red] hostname BRANCH1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.240 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Gather information about the misconfigured portion of the network along with any other errors. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts.129. All rights reserved. you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. EIGRP routing is configured on the HQ router. Implement solutions to network errors. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Step 1: Cable a network. BRANCH2. EIGRP updates must be disabled on the BRANCH1. Inc. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. Load the routers with supplied scripts. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Propose solutions to network errors. EIGRP routing is configured on the BRANCH2 router. Answer no if asked to save changes. The network should also have the following requirements met: • • • • • EIGRP routing is configured on the BRANCH1 router. you will be able to: • • • • • • • • • Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram.

0.129.165.136 0.3 network 172.137 255.255.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.165. This document is Cisco Public Information.128 0.202.0.202.128 0.130 255.252 no shutdown ! router eigrp 2 !The AS number should be 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 209.18.202.202. All rights reserved.202.137 255.202.255.0.255.15 network 209.6.129.0.0.255.0.18.0 0.0.0.255.0.202.202.0.0 0.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab duplex auto speed auto ! the no shutdown command is missing ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.240 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.252 no shutdown ! router eigrp 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 209.255.0.165.0.7 !The 172. Inc.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.165.129.255.129.18.3 no auto-summary ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.165.0.136 0.3 network 209.1 255.165.0 network mask should be 0.255.255.0.15 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script: hostname BRANCH1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.165. Page 3 of 14 .252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.165.3 network 172.18.130 255.

3 !The no auto-summary command is missing ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script: hostname BRANCH2 ! no ip domain-lookup All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.136 0.202.255 network 209. All rights reserved.138 255.0 0. The EIGRP AS number is incorrect The network mask for the 172.132 0.0/28 network is incorrect.255.3 network 209.255.0.165.255.128.165.18.202.0.255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.255.0.165.165.6. Inc.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209. Step 2: Load the following script onto the BRANCH2 router: hostname BRANCH2 ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.0.18. Page 4 of 14 .0.255.252 no shutdown ! router eigrp 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end! ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: • • • The no shutdown command is missing from the FastEthernet0/0 interface.202.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.134 255.128.202.18. This document is Cisco Public Information.129.0.1 255.

128.128.0.3 network 209.132 0.138 255.255.255.1 255.64.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.0.255 network 209.133 255.129 255.0 0.255.255.255.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.165.136 0.165.202.0. Inc. Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router: hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.255.202.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.202.0.3 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: • The no auto-summary command is missing from the EIGRP configuration.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.252 no shutdown ! router eigrp 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.255.165.255.18.165.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.1 255.0.202.0.165.18. Page 5 of 14 .165. All rights reserved.202.18.202.134 255.255.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.255.192.

6.202. The 0.255 network 209.18.63. .0 !The mask 0.0.132 0.165.255.165.0.64.133 255.64.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 209.0/18 network.202.0 network 209.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab router eigrp 1 passive-interface Serial0/0/0 !The passive-interface command should use FastEthernet0/0 network 172.128 0.18.202.3 network 209. Inc.1 255.165.63.165.0.255.255.0. All rights reserved.165.0 0.0. Page 6 of 14 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.3 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: • • The passive-interface command is configured for the incorrect interface.0.18.3 network 209.0.255 mask is missing from the network statement for the 172.18.64.128 0.255 is missing !from the network statement for 172.64.63.129 255.192.0.132 0.202.202.18.165.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 209.0.255.202.64.0.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! router eigrp 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 172.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.0.3 no auto-summary ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 172.

0 network mask is incorrect. This document is Cisco Public Information.165. From the host PC1.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Task 3: Troubleshoot the BRANCH1 Router. It should be 0. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. What routes are shown in the routing table? _____________________________________________ 172. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. the FastEthernet0/0 interface is administratively down.15.129. All rights reserved. there are no EIGRP routes in the routing table. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. _____________________________________________ configure terminal _____________________________________________ interface FastEthernet0/0 _____________________________________________ no shutdown Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH1 router.202. Step 4: View summary of the status information.165. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ no From the host PC1.6. Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the BRANCH1 router.0.0 is directly connected _____________________________________________ 209. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0. The process ID for EIGRP is incorrect. ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces.18. is it possible to ping PC3? _______ no From the host PC1. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ no Step 2: Examine the BRANCH1 router to find possible configuration errors. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.128 is directly connected _____________________________________________ 209.202. ____________________________________________________________________________________ The 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH1 router? _______ no If the answer is yes.18. apply them to the router configuration now.136 is directly connected Are there any problems with the routing table or the EIGRP configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ Yes. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? ____________________________________________________________________________________ Yes.129. Inc. Page 7 of 14 .

troubleshoot the routing configuration again.0.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab If there are any problems with the EIGRP configuration.129. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/28 is directly connected __________________________________________________ 209.136 0.165.0 0.0/18 via 209.165.3 _____________________________________________ network 172.18.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.129 __________________________________________________ 172.202.129 __________________________________________________ 209.165. Inc.0.202.15 _____________________________________________ no auto-summary Are there any connectivity problems that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? No _________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What connected networks are shown in the EIGRP topology table of the BRANCH1 router? _____________________________________________ 172.202. Page 8 of 14 .165. Step 7: View the routing information.136 is directly connected All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.129.64. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH1 router? _______ no Does the information in the EIGRP topology table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH1 router? _______ no If the answer to either of these questions is yes.165. apply them to the router configuration now.0.202.202.132 via 209.136/30 Are there any problems with the connected networks in the EIGRP topology table? No ________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.0.202.0. view the routing information again. All rights reserved. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps.0/28 _____________________________________________ 209.128 is directly connected __________________________________________________ 209.128/30 _____________________________________________ 209. _____________________________________________ no router eigrp 2 _____________________________________________ router eigrp 1 _____________________________________________ passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 _____________________________________________ network 209.129.202.0.3 _____________________________________________ network 209.202.128 0.165.18.165.165.18. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.165. What routes are shown in the routing table? __________________________________________________ 172.18.202.

This document is Cisco Public Information. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ no From the host PC1. Inc. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _______ no If the answer is yes. Step 4: View summary of the status information. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. From the host PC1. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? no ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router? _______ yes From the host PC1. What routes are shown in the routing table? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ yes Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the HQ router. is it possible to ping PC3? _______ yes From the host PC2. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? _______ yes Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC2. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. Page 9 of 14 . is it possible to ping PC3? _______ no From the host PC1. All rights reserved. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ no From the host PC2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. From the host PC2. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.

132/30 ________________________________________________ 209.165.6.64.136 via 209.18.202. The mask is missing from the network statement for the 172.202.165.64.64.255 ________________________________________________ no passive-interface serial0/0/0 ________________________________________________ passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 Are there any connectivity problems that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? No _________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What connected networks are shown in the EIGRP topology table of the HQ router? ________________________________________________ 172.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab ________________________________________________ 172.0.202. All rights reserved.64.18.0 0.128/30 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 209.165.128/30 ________________________________________________ 209.0.136/30 Are there any problems with the connected networks in the EIGRP topology table? no ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.132/30 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 209. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.202.0/16 network is being received from the BRANCH2 router. Page 10 of 14 .18.202.0/18 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 209.18. Inc.202.18. If there are any problems with the EIGRP configuration.0/18 ________________________________________________ 209.165.134 Are there any problems with the routing table or the EIGRP configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ The 172.18. This document is Cisco Public Information.0/18 network.165. ________________________________________________ router eigrp 1 ________________________________________________ no network 172. The passive-interface command is configured for the wrong interface.0.128.0/16 is a summary ________________________________________________ 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.165.0/24 network is missing from the routing table.16.202.63.18.0 ________________________________________________ network 172.64. Only the summary route 172.165.

is it possible to ping PC3? _______ yes From the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ yes From the host PC2. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Page 11 of 14 . view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. All rights reserved. None ___________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. apply them to the router configuration now. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ no From the host PC3. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the BRANCH2 router. This document is Cisco Public Information. From the host PC2. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. From the host PC3. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _______ yes Step 2: Examine the BRANCH2 router to find possible configuration errors. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH2 router? _______ yes From the host PC2. Are there any problems with the configuration of the interfaces? No _________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ yes From the host PC3. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH2 router? _______ no If the answer is yes. view the routing information again. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the BRANCH2 router? _______ yes Task 5: Troubleshoot the BRANCH2 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC3. What routes are shown in the routing table? All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 4: View summary of the status information.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 7: View the routing information. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.6. apply them to the router configuration now. Inc. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _______ no Does the information in the EIGRP topology table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _______ no If the answer to either of these questions is yes.

0/18 via 209.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9. Page 12 of 14 .202. Step 7: View the routing information. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps.6.18.18.128.202.128.129.202.0/24 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 172. ________________________________________________ router eigrp 1 ________________________________________________ no auto-summary ________________________________________________ Are there any connectivity problems that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? no ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What connected networks are shown in the EIGRP topology table of the BRANCH2 router? ________________________________________________ 172. apply them to the router configuration now.202.165.165.165.133 ________________________________________________ 172.165.133 via 209. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. view the routing information again. All rights reserved.202.18.132/30 ________________________________________________ 209.136/30 is directly connected Are there any problems with the routing table or the EIGRP configuration? ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ The no auto-summary command is missing.18.202. This document is Cisco Public Information.202. Inc.165. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.202.0/28 via 209.0/24 ________________________________________________ 209. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH2 router? _______ no Does the information in the EIGRP topology table indicate any configuration errors on the BRANCH2 router? _______ no If the answer to either of these questions is yes.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab ________________________________________________ 172. If there are any problems with the EIGRP configuration.202.137 ________________________________________________ 209.165.0/24 is a summary ________________________________________________ 209.64.18.165.0.165.165.132/30 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 209.202.137 ________________________________________________ 209.128/30 via 209. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0/16 is a summary ________________________________________________ 172.165.136/30 Are there any problems with the connected networks in the EIGRP topology table? no ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.

BRANCH2 – the No Auto-Summary command was missing in the EIGRP routing protocol.0/28 via 209. Inc.7 vs.165.0/16 is a summary ________________________________________________ 172.0/24 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 172.64.165. 1. HQ – The network mask 0. All rights reserved. Passive-Interface was assigned Serial0/0/0 vs.202.0. Page 13 of 14 .202.txt) file and save for future reference. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the BRANCH1 router? _______ yes From the host PC3.18.18.0 was 0.202.129. is it possible to ping PC2? _______ yes From the host PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP Lab 9.18.133 via 209.136/30 is directly connected Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.202. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ BRANCH1 – FA0/0 was administratively down. This document is Cisco Public Information.0. FA0/0.165.0.137 ________________________________________________ 209.0.202.6.63. The network mask for 172.0.15.64.202.128/30 via 209.0.202.132/30 is directly connected ________________________________________________ 209. • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.133 ________________________________________________ 172.165.165. From the host PC3.0/18 via 209. capture the following command output to a text (.128.129. The process ID for EIGRP was 2 vs.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab What routes are shown in the routing table? ________________________________________________ 172.255 was missing for 172. Task 7: Documentation On each router. 0.165.165.18.202.18.165.18.137 ________________________________________________ 209.0/24 is a summary ________________________________________________ 209. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the BRANCH1 router? _______ yes Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab.0. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found. is it possible to ping PC1? _______ yes From the host PC3.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: EIGRP

Lab 9.6.3: EIGRP Troubleshooting Lab

show ip protocols

If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output, refer to Lab 1.5.1

Task 8: Clean Up
Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Disconnect and store the cabling. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet), reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 14 of 14

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab (Instructor Version)

Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state Perform basic configuration tasks on a router Configure and activate interfaces Configure OSPF routing on all routers Configure OSPF router IDs Verify OSPF routing using show commands Configure a static default route Propagate default route to OSPF neighbors Configure OSPF Hello and Dead Timers Configure OSPF on a Multi-access network Configure OSPF priority Understand the OSPF election process Document the OSPF configuration

Scenarios
In this lab activity, there are two separate scenarios. In the first scenario, you will learn how to configure the routing protocol OSPF using the network shown in the Topology Diagram in Scenario A. The segments of the network have been subnetted using VLSM. OSPF is a classless routing protocol that can be used to provide subnet mask information in the routing updates. This will allow VLSM subnet information to be propagated throughout the network.

In the second scenario, you will learn to configure OSPF on a multi-access network. You will also learn to use the OSPF election process to determine the designated router (DR), backup designated router (BDR), and DRother states.

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 1 of 24

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Scenario A: Basic OSPF Configuration Topology Diagram

Addressing Table Device
R1

Interface
Fa0/0 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0

IP Address
172.16.1.17 192.168.10.1 192.168.10.5 10.10.10.1 192.168.10.2 192.168.10.9 172.16.1.33 192.168.10.6 192.168.10.10 172.16.1.20 10.10.10.10 172.16.1.35

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.240 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.248 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.252 255.255.255.240 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.248

Default Gateway
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.16.1.17 10.10.10.1 172.16.1.33

R2

S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0

R3 PC1 PC2 PC3

S0/0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC

All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.

Page 2 of 24

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Task 1: Prepare the Network.
Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology. Note: If you use 1700, 2500, or 2600 routers, the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.

Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations.
Perform basic configuration of the R1, R2, and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1. Configure the router hostname. 2. Disable DNS lookup. 3. Configure a privileged EXEC mode password. 4. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 5. Configure a password for console connections. 6. Configure a password for VTY connections.

Task 3: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses.
Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1, R2, and R3. Configure the interfaces on the R1, R2, and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. When you have finished, be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. Step 3: Configure Ethernet interfaces of PC1, PC2, and PC3. Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1, PC2, and PC3 with the IP addresses and default gateways from the table under the Topology Diagram. Step 4: Test the PC configuration by pinging the default gateway from the PC.

Task 4: Configure OSPF on the R1 Router
Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R1 router. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)# Step 2: Configure the network statement for the LAN network.

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Once you are in the Router OSPF configuration sub-mode, configure the LAN network 172.16.1.16/28 to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out of R1. The OSPF network command uses a combination of network-address and wildcard-mask similar to that which can be used by EIGRP. Unlike EIGRP, the wildcard mask in OSPF is required. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter. 0 will be used for the OSPF area ID in all of the network statements in this topology. R1(config-router)#network 172.16.1.16 0.0.0.15 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.0/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/0 interface. R1(config-router)# network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 4: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.4/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface. R1(config-router)# network 192.168.10.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 R1(config-router)# Step 5: When you are finished with the OSPF configuration for R1, return to privileged EXEC mode. R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1#

Task 5: Configure OSPF on the R2 and R3 Routers
Step 1: Enable OSPF routing on the R2 router using the router ospf command. Use a process ID of 1. R2(config)#router ospf 1 R2(config-router)# Step 2: Configure the router to advertise the LAN network 10.10.10.0/24 in the OSPF updates. R2(config-router)#network 10.10.10.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 R2(config-router)# Step 3: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.0/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/0 interface. R2(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.3 area 0 R2(config-router)# 00:07:27: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 192.168.10.5 on Serial0/0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL, Exchange Done

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CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF

Lab 11.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab

Notice that when the network for the serial link from R1 to R2 is added to the OSPF configuration, the router sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another OSPF router has been established. Step 4: Configure the router to advertise the 192.168.10.8/30 network attached to the Serial0/0/1 interface. When you are finished, return to privileged EXEC mode. R2(config-router)#network 192.168.10.8 0.0.0.3 area 0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 5: Configure OSPF on the R3 router using the router ospf and network commands. Use a process ID of 1. Configure the router to advertise the three directly connected networks. When you are finished, return to privileged EXEC mode. R3(config)#router ospf 1 R3(config-router)#network 172.16.1.32 0.0.0.7 area 0 R3(config-router)#network 192.168.10.4 0.0.0.3 area 0 R3(config-router)# 00:17:46: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 192.168.10.5 on Serial0/0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done R3(config-router)#network 192.168.10.8 0.0.0.3 area 0 R3(config-router)# 00:18:01: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 192.168.10.9 on Serial0/0/1 from EXCHANGE to FULL, Exchange Done R3(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R3# Notice that when the networks for the serial links from R3 to R1 and R3 to R2 are added to the OSPF configuration, the router sends a notification message to the console stating that a neighbor relationship with another OSPF router has been established.

Task 6: Configure OSPF Router IDs
The OSPF router ID is used to uniquely identify the router in the OSPF routing domain. A router ID is an IP address. Cisco routers derive the Router ID in one of three ways and with the following precedence: 1. IP address configured with the OSPF router-id command. 2. Highest IP address of any of the router’s loopback addresses. 3. Highest active IP address on any of the router’s physical interfaces. Step 1: Examine the current router IDs in the topology. Since no router IDs or loopback interfaces have been configured on the three routers, the router ID for each router is determined by the highest IP address of any active interface. What is the router ID for R1? _________192.168.10.5___________ What is the router ID for R2? _________192.168.10.9___________ What is the router ID for R3? _________192.168.10.10___________

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Page 5 of 24

Inc.10.255 R3(config)#interface loopback 0 R3(config-if)#ip address 10.33/29.1. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192. Network Type BROADCAST.3 255.1.1. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 0. and show ip ospf interfaces commands. Dead 40. This document is Cisco Public Information. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.10 Number of areas in this router is 1.255.10 Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes Supports opaque LSA SPF schedule delay 5 secs.255.1 255. Hold time between two SPFs 10 secs <output omitted> R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.255. All rights reserved. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.255.6.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab The router ID can also be seen in the output of the show ip protocols.168.255.255 R2(config)#interface loopback 0 R2(config-if)#ip address 10. State DR.168.255.2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Page 6 of 24 .3.10.16.10.2. Wait 40.10.10. line protocol is up Internet address is 172.168.1. Area 0 Process ID 1.255 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 255. R1(config)#interface loopback 0 R1(config-if)#ip address 10.33 No backup designated router on this network Timer intervals configured. show ip ospf. Interface address 172. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 <output omitted> R3#show ip ospf Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 192. R3#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 192. Router ID 192. Adjacent neighbor count is 0 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) <output omitted> R3# Step 2: Use loopback addresses to change the router IDs of the routers in the topology.16.168. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.10.3. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 1/1. Hello 10.

All rights reserved.4. Note: Some IOS versions do not support the router-id command.3.168. Inc.3. continue to Task 7.3 Serial0/0/1 10.2.6.2.3___________ Step 4: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command to verify that the router IDs have changed.1. If this command is not available.5 Step 5: Use the router-id command to change the router ID on the R1 router. This document is Cisco Public Information. When the router is reloaded.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 3: Reload the routers to force the new Router IDs to be used.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11..168.2.168.3. use the clear ip ospf process command.10.10.2 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:30 00:00:33 Address 192.1. what is the router ID for R3? _________10.10.4 Reload or use “clear ip ospf process” command. Make sure that the current configuration is saved to NRAM. and then use the reload command to restart each of the routers.1 R3#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.1. it will not be used until the OSPF process is restarted.168. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#router-id 10. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.2 R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10. for this to take effect If this command is used on an OSPF router process which is already active (has neighbors). To manually restart the OSPF process. the new router-ID is used at the next reload or at a manual OSPF process restart.3 Serial0/0/1 10. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.1___________ When the router is reloaded.1.9 192.1.6 192.1 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:36 00:00:37 Address 192.168. When a new Router ID is configured.3.3.10. Page 7 of 24 . what is the router ID for R1? _________10.2.2___________ When the router is reloaded.4. what is the router ID for R2? _________10.1.1 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:34 00:00:38 Address 192.2.10.168.2.10 192.10.2 Serial0/0/1 10.3.

R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10.4.2 192.4 Serial0/0/0 Pri 0 0 State FULL/ FULL/ Dead Time 00:00:36 00:00:37 Address 192. R1(config-router)#end R1# clear ip ospf process Reset ALL OSPF processes? [no]:yes R1# Task 7: Verify OSPF Operation Step 1: On the R1 router. You should be able to see the neighbor ID and IP address of each adjacent router. R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Interface 10.10.2.6. and the interface that R1 uses to reach that OSPF neighbor.4.3.4 Reload or use “clear ip ospf process” command.168.3 Serial0/0/1 10. Inc.3. All rights reserved.168.4. Page 8 of 24 .3. Use the show ip ospf neighbor command to view the information about the OSPF neighbor routers R2 and R3.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 R1# Dead Time 00:00:32 00:00:32 Address 192.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.10. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#no router-id 10.10 192.4. Restarting the OSPF process forces the router to use the IP address configured on the Loopback 0 interface as the Router ID.1 Step 7: Remove the configured router ID with the no form of the router-id command.168.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. for this to take effect Step 8: Restart the OSPF process using the clear ip ospf process command.10.10.168.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1#(config-router)#end R1# clear ip ospf process Reset ALL OSPF processes? [no]:yes R1# Step 6: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on router R2 to verify that the router ID of R1 has been changed.6 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.3.2.

Inc. 2 masks 172.168.1. 00:01:12.3 area 0 Routing Information Sources: Gateway Distance Last Update 10.0. 2 masks 10.2. Notice that the information that was configured in the previous Tasks.OSPF NSSA external type 1. Loopback0 10.1.0. R1#show ip route Codes: C . ia .0. Task8: Examine OSPF Routes in the Routing Tables View the routing table on the R1 router. FastEthernet0/0 172.10.OSPF inter area N1 .1.IS-IS inter area * .3.3.0/30 is subnetted.0 0.mobile.EIGRP. process ID. M .EGP i . OSPF routes are denoted in the routing table with an “O”.168. The IP addresses of the adjacent neighbors are also shown.OSPF.OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 .periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set C O C O 10. Remember.static. E2 . 00:01:02.1/32 is directly connected. L2 .2.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 2: On the R1 router.0.4 0.ODR P .OSPF external type 1. U . Serial0/0/0 172. 1 normal 0 stub 0 nssa Maximum path: 4 Routing for Networks: 172.2 110 00:11:43 10.0.16.OSPF external type 2. S .IS-IS level-2.3 110 00:11:43 Distance: (default is 110) R1# Notice that the output specifies the process ID used by OSPF.10.0/16 is variably subnetted.candidate default.RIP. Serial0/0/1 192.per-user static route. 2 subnets.10.6.2. such as protocol.1. neighbor ID. o .16.168.1.15 area 0 192.16.6. and networks.EIGRP external.IGRP. B BGP D .0. the process ID must be the same on all routers for OSPF to establish neighbor adjacencies and share routing information.168.1. use the show ip protocols command to view information about the routing protocol operation. R .16 0. 3 subnets All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. is shown in the output.16. E . This document is Cisco Public Information. IA .3 area 0 192. EX . N2 .16/28 is directly connected.0/24 [110/65] via 192. R1#show ip protocols Routing Protocol is "ospf 1" Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set Router ID 10. L1 .10.1 Number of areas in this router is 1. I .0. All rights reserved.IS-IS level-1.10.168.0.0.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.32/29 [110/65] via 192. 2 subnets.connected.1.10.0/8 is variably subnetted. Page 9 of 24 .IS-IS. O .

All rights reserved.168. 2 masks 10. loopback not set. Serial0/0/1 192.168. 64 kbps. line protocol is up (connected) Hardware is HD64570 Internet address is 192.10.0 is directly connected. Serial0/0/1 [110/128] via 192.10.6.32/29 [110/65] via 192.10.10. FastEthernet0/0 172.8 [110/128] via 192. 3 subnets 192. Total output drops: 0 <output omitted> On most serial links. 2 subnets.10.6. DLY 20000 usec.10. 2 subnets.10. 00:16:56. Serial0/0/0 Step 2: Use the show interfaces serial0/0/0 command on the R1 router to view the bandwidth of the Serial 0/0/0 interface.10. Serial0/0/0 192. 00:01:12.0/24 network. Serial0/0/0 172.168. load 1/255 Encapsulation HDLC. Serial0/0/0 192.6. Serial0/0/1 192. the bandwidth metric will default to 1544 Kbits.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Serial0/0/0 Notice that unlike RIPv2 and EIGRP.10.168. output hang never Last clearing of "show interface" counters never Input queue: 0/75/0 (size/max/drops).0/8 is variably subnetted.1.168. Page 10 of 24 .6.1.0 is directly connected. If this is not the actual bandwidth of the serial link.10.168. R1#show ip route <output omitted> C O C O C C O R1# 10. This document is Cisco Public Information.4 is directly connected.168. OSPF does not automatically summarize at major network boundaries. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168. Step 3: Use the bandwidth command to change the bandwidth of the serial interfaces of the R1 and R2 routers to the actual bandwidth. R1#show interfaces serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. 00:17:06.0/16 is variably subnetted. keepalive set (10 sec) Last input never.16.168.1/32 is directly connected.2.16.16. rely 255/255.168. 00:16:56.1.10. Serial0/0/1 192. 2 masks 172.16/28 is directly connected. BW 1544 Kbit.168. Loopback0 10. the bandwidth will need to be changed so that the OSPF cost can be calculated correctly.1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab C C O R1# 192.168. output never.10.1/30 MTU 1500 bytes.10. Inc. 00:17:06.0/30 is subnetted. Task 9: Configure OSPF Cost Step 1: Use the show ip route command on the R1 router to view the OSPF cost to reach the 10.10.168.0.10.2.4 is directly connected.0. Serial0/0/1 [110/128] via 192.2.0/24 [110/65] via 192.168.10.10.10.0.8 [110/128] via 192. 00:01:02.

All rights reserved.2 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) Serial0/0/1 is up.10.1. R3(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R3(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1562 R3(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R3(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1562 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10. State POINT-TO-POINT. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:05 Index 2/2. This document is Cisco Public Information. Use the ip ospf cost command to change the bandwidth of the serial interfaces of the R3 router to 1562. The cost of each of the Serial links is now 1562.1/30. Dead 40. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT. Router ID 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. An alternative method to using the bandwidth command is to use the ip ospf cost command. line protocol is up Internet address is 192.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1 router: R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R1(config-if)#interface serial0/0/1 R1(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2 router: R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 R2(config)#interface serial0/0/1 R2(config-if)#bandwidth 64 Step 4: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R1 router to verify the cost of the serial links.5/30. Router ID 10. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1. Wait 40. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. R1#show ip ospf interface <output omitted> Serial0/0/0 is up.6. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 .2.10. Hello 10. Area 0 Process ID 1.1. the result of the calculation: 108/64.2. Area 0 Process ID 1. Timer intervals configured. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. State POINT-TO-POINT.000 bps. Inc. which allows you to directly configure the cost.1. Page 11 of 24 . Network Type POINT-TO-POINT.1. <output omitted> Step 5: Use the ip ospf cost command to configure the OSPF cost on the R3 router.168.168.1.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.3. <output omitted> Task 10: Redistribute an OSPF Default Route Step 1: Configure a loopback address on the R1 router to simulate a link to an ISP. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 . All rights reserved.168.1.0 loopback1 R1(config)# All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:06 Index 2/2. R1(config)#interface loopback1 %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface Loopback1.3. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10.6/30.0 0.2.1 255. Router ID 10.3.2. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. Hello 10.30.255.6. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 6: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R3 router to verify that the cost of the link the cost of each of the Serial links is now 1562. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT. line protocol is up Internet address is 192.10/30. State POINT-TO-POINT. Wait 40. Area 0 Process ID 1. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1.0. Use the loopback address that ha been configured to simulate a link to an ISP as the exit interface. R1(config)#ip route 0.3. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1. Dead 40.10. Area 0 Process ID 1. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.0.252 Step 2: Configure a static default route on the R1 router. changed state to up R1(config-if)#ip address 172. Page 12 of 24 .10.0. Inc.3. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Router ID 10. Timer intervals configured.3.2 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) Serial0/0/0 is up. Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.168.255. State POINT-TO-POINT. R3#show ip ospf interface <output omitted> Serial0/0/1 is up.

0/16 is variably subnetted.16. Configure this command on all routers in the OSPF routing domain.10. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers.1. 00:25:56.168. 00:01:11. Loopback0 10.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 3: Use the default-information originate command to include the static route in the OSPF updates that are sent from the R1 router.32/29 [110/1563] via 192.0. 00:29:28.10. 2 subnets.0 is directly connected.0.168.10.10. 00:29:28. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Inc.168.0.2.10.0 10.168.1.1.168. R2(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed.10. 3 subnets C 192.16/28 [110/1563] via 192. All rights reserved. This document is Cisco Public Information.2/32 is directly connected.0/24 is directly connected.1.6.10. R2#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 192. FastEthernet0/0 172. R1(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed. Page 13 of 24 . Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers.168. Serial0/0/0 O 192.10. 2 masks 10.10.10.8 is directly connected.0/0 [110/1] via 192. R3(config-router)#auto-cost reference-bandwidth 10000 % OSPF: Reference bandwidth is changed.10.0/30 is subnetted.4 [110/3124] via 192. 2 masks O 172.0.1.1 to network 0.0. Serial0/0/1 [110/3124] via 192.168.10.16.10.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0/8 is variably subnetted. 00:25:56.10. 2 subnets.0.168.168. Serial0/0/0 C 192. Serial0/0/0 R2# C C Task 11: Configure Additional OSPF Features Step 1: Use the auto-cost reference-bandwidth command to adjust the reference bandwidth value. Please ensure reference bandwidth is consistent across all routers. Serial0/0/1 192.2. Increase the reference bandwidth to 10000 to simulate 10GigE speeds. Serial0/0/1 O*E2 0. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#default-information originate R1(config-router)# Step 4: View the routing table on the R2 router to verify that the static default route is being redistributed via OSPF. Serial0/0/0 O 172.168.16.

0 to network 0. Inc.168.0.16.1.168.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 Dead Time 00:00:34 00:00:34 Address 192. Notice that the values are much larger cost values for OSPF routes. Neighbor Down: Dead timer expired 01:09:04: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.6 Step 4: Configure the OSPF Hello and Dead intervals.10.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.0. Loopback1 192.2.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.30.2.1. 3 subnets C 192.2 on Serial0/0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.168.168.168.6. Use these commands to change the hello interval to 5 seconds and the dead interval to 20 seconds on the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router. Serial0/0/0 C 192. Nbr 10.10. Loopback1 R1# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on R1 to view the Dead Time counter.168.2.4 is directly connected.168. Serial0/0/0 S* 0.2.6. 1 subnets C 172. R1#show ip route <output omitted> Gateway of last resort is 0.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Step 2: Examine the routing table on the R1 router to verify the change in the OSPF cost metric.16/28 is directly connected. 2 masks C 172.0.10.10. Page 14 of 24 .1. 2 subnets. Serial0/0/1 172. The Dead Time counter is counting down from the default interval of 40 seconds. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10.2. All rights reserved.1. Serial0/0/0 172.1. 2 masks C 10.0 is directly connected. Loopback0 O 10.0 is directly connected.10.3.10.0.0.0.10.2. Serial0/0/1 O 192.2 192.1/32 is directly connected.10.0/30 is subnetted.16.0. 2 subnets.0 10. 00:00:51.168.16.3.10. FastEthernet0/0 O 172.30.0/16 is variably subnetted.0/8 is variably subnetted.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0/30 is subnetted.2. Nbr 10. The OSPF Hello and Dead intervals can be modified manually using the ip ospf hellointerval and ip ospf dead-interval interface commands.10. 00:01:01.0.2 on Serial0/0/0 from FULL to DOWN.0.0/24 [110/65635] via 192.168.0.0/0 is directly connected.2. R1(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R1(config-if)#ip ospf hello-interval 5 R1(config-if)#ip ospf dead-interval 20 R1(config-if)# 01:09:04: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. 00:01:01.32/29 [110/65635] via 192.8 [110/67097] via 192.

Cost: 1562 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. State POINT-TO-POINT. Notice that the Dead Time for Serial 0/0/0 is now much lower since it is counting down from 20 seconds instead of the default 40 seconds. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec. Step 5: Use the show ip ospf interface serial0/0/0 command to verify that the Hello Timer and Dead Timer intervals have been modified.10.3 0 FULL/Serial0/0/1 R1# Dead Time 00:00:19 00:00:34 Address 192. Hello 5. Area 0 Process ID 1.2 192. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 10.1 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R2# Step 6: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on R1 to verify that the neighbor adjacency with R2 has been restored.2.2.1. R1 and R2 loose adjacency because the Dead Timer and Hello Timers must be configured identically on each side of the serial link between R1 and R2.168. Wait 20. Timer intervals configured. R2(config)#interface serial0/0/0 R2(config-if)#ip ospf hello-interval 5 R2(config-if)#ip ospf dead-interval 20 R2(config-if)# 01:12:10: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab After 20 seconds the Dead Timer on R1 expires.2.6.3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. This document is Cisco Public Information. All rights reserved. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 3/3. Exchange Done Notice that the IOS displays a message when adjacency has been established with a state of Full.2/30.1 on Serial0/0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.6 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Router ID 10.1.10. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 10.1. Serial 0/0/1 is still operating with default timers.1. Network Type POINT-TO-POINT. R2#show ip ospf interface serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/0 is up. Dead 20. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.10. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Page 15 of 24 . maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1 .168.2 0 FULL/Serial0/0/0 10.2.168. Inc. Modify the Dead Timer and Hello Timer intervals on the Serial 0/0/0 interface in the R2 router to match the intervals configured on the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the R1 router. Step 5: Modify the Dead Timer and Hello Timer intervals. Nbr 10.2.3.

1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 12: Document the Router Configurations. This document is Cisco Public Information. capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols Task 11: Clean Up. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Inc. On each router. Disconnect and store the cabling. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.6. Erase the configurations and reload the routers. Page 16 of 24 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.

192.255 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Task 1: Prepare the Network. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.22 192.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.1 192.1.255.255.31. Note: If you use 1700.11 192.168.255.255.168.1.255.1.6.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.33 Subnet Mask 255.255.168. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces shown in the topology.168.255. In this topology we have three routers sharing a common Ethernet multiaccess network.3 192.255.255.255.255 255.0 255.255 255.0 255.168.168.255. Inc.0 255. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram.168.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Scenario B: Configure OSPF on a Multi-access Network Topology Diagram Device R1 R2 R3 Interface Fa0/0 Loopback1 Fa0/0 Loopback1 Fa0/0 Loopback1 IP Address 192. Page 17 of 24 . the router outputs and interface descriptions will appear different. All rights reserved. Each router will be configured with an IP address on the Fast Ethernet interface and a loopback address for the router ID. or 2600 routers.31.0/24.1.2 192. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers.31. 2500.

Task 4: Configure OSPF on the DR Router The DR and BDR election process takes place as soon as the first router has its interface enabled on the multiaccess network. Disable DNS lookup.168.0. Perform basic configuration of the R1. and R3. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.1. and R3 routers with the IP addresses from the table under the Topology Diagram. If a new router enters the network after the DR and BDR have already been elected. R2. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter.0. and R3 routers according to the following guidelines: 1.168.1.3/24. 2. R2. All rights reserved. Page 18 of 24 .255 area 0 R3(config-router)#end R3# Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R3 is the DR. This can happen as the routers are powered-on or when the OSPF network command for that interface is configured. Area 0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. 4.0/24 network. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct. it will not become the DR or BDR even if it has a higher OSPF interface priority or router ID than the current DR or BDR. Configure a password for console connections. 6. Configure the router to advertise the 192. Configure the OSPF process on the router with the highest router ID first to ensure that this router becomes the DR. Configure a privileged EXEC mode password. R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R3 router. Use the show ip interface brief command to verify that the IP addressing is correct and that the interfaces are active. Configure a password for VTY connections Task 3: Configure and Activate Ethernet and Loopback Addresses Step 1: Configure interfaces on R1. This document is Cisco Public Information. Configure the router hostname. 5.6. When you have finished. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.0 0. R2.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 2: Perform Basic Router Configurations.168. Configure the Ethernet and Loopback interfaces on the R1.1. Inc. Step 2: Verify IP addressing and interfaces. R3(config)#router ospf 1 R3(config-router)#network 192. 3. When you have finished. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router.

168. R2(config)#router ospf 1 R2(config-router)#network 192.1.31. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.33.255 area 0 R2(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# 00:08:51: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Wait 40.2 Timer intervals configured. Router ID 192. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192. Dead 40.168. Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R2 is the BDR.168.168. Interface address 192.168. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter.0/24 network.168. Interface address 192.1.31. Hello 10. Router ID 192.1.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.22. R2#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up.168.0.3 Backup Designated Router (ID) 192. Wait 40. Configure the router to advertise the 192.3 No backup designated router on this network Timer intervals configured. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 0. Area 0 Process ID 1. Page 19 of 24 . maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.1. State BDR. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R2 router.168. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Process ID 1. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:07 Index 1/1.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL.168. Hello 10. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. Network Type BROADCAST.168. Interface address 192. Loading Done Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R3 router.31.168.31. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec.168. State DR. When this packet is received. It may take up to 40 seconds for the R3 router to send a hello packet. Inc. Dead 40.33.31.31. This document is Cisco Public Information. the neighbor relationship is formed. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement.0 0.0. maximum is 1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6.1. Adjacent neighbor count is 0 Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R3# Task 5: Configure OSPF on the BDR Router Configure the OSPF process on the router with the second highest router ID next to ensure that this router becomes the BDR.33. Retransmit 5 Hello due in 00:00:03 Index 1/1.1.22.2/24. All rights reserved. Network Type BROADCAST. Nbr 192.

Nbr 192. Priority 1 Designated Router (ID) 192.0 0.33.0.1.168.31.1/24.1.168.3 Backup Designated Router (ID) 192.31. Interface address 192. Hello 10.168. Interface address 192. Area 0 Process ID 1. Loading Done 00:16:12: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Wait 40.33 1 FULL/DR FastEthernet0/0 Dead Time 00:00:33 Address 192. This router will be designated as DRother instead of DR or BDR.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL. Use an area ID of 0 for the OSPF area-id parameter in the network statement.1. Network Type BROADCAST. Adjacent neighbor count is 1 Adjacent with neighbor 192.168.168.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.31. Inc.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Last flood scan time is 0 msec.168.0.31. Page 20 of 24 .1.168.22.168.2 Timer intervals configured. Dead 40.0/24 network.3 (Designated Router) Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R2# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command to view information about the other routers in the OSPF area.255 area 0 R1(config-router)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# 00:16:08: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.168. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. R1(config)#router ospf 1 R1(config-router)#network 192.1. R2#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. It may take up to 40 seconds for both the R2 and R3 routers to each send a hello packet.3 Task 6: Configure OSPF on the DRother Router Configure the OSPF process on the router with the lowest router ID last. All rights reserved. Enter a process ID of 1 for the process-ID parameter. line protocol is up Internet address is 192. Retransmit 5 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.11. Step 1: Use the router ospf command in global configuration mode to enable OSPF on the R1 router. R1#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. Exchange Done Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R2 and R3 routers. State DROTHER.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL.1. Step 2: Use the show ip ospf interface command to verify that the OSPF has been configured correctly and that R1 is a DRother.168.1.31.6.31. Configure the router to advertise the 192. Router ID 192. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 1. Notice that R3 is the DR.168. Nbr 192.168.

This is the highest possible priority.168. This document is Cisco Public Information.31. maximum is 0 msec Neighbor Count is 2.168.1.33 (Designated Router) Adjacent with neighbor 192. Inc. The FastEthernet0/0 interfaces of each of the routers can be shut down and re-enabled to force an OSPF election. All rights reserved. Adjacent neighbor count is 2 Adjacent with neighbor 192.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Hello due in 00:00:00 Index 1/1. maximum is 1 Last flood scan time is 0 msec.168. Shut down the FastEthernet0/0 interface on each of the three routers. Page 21 of 24 . R1(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R1(config-if)#ip ospf priority 255 R1(config-if)#end Step 2: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R3 router to 100.33 1 FULL/DR FastEthernet0/0 Dead Time 00:00:35 00:00:30 Address 192.22 (Backup Designated Router) Suppress hello for 0 neighbor(s) R1# Step 3: Use the show ip ospf neighbors command to view information about the other routers in the OSPF area.22 1 FULL/BDR FastEthernet0/0 192. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.31. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. flood queue length 0 Next 0x0(0)/0x0(0) Last flood scan length is 1.3 Task 7: Use the OSPF Priority to Determine the DR and BDR Step 1: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R1 router to 255.31.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.168. Notice that as the interfaces are shut down the OSPF adjacencies are lost.168. A priority of 0 causes the router to be ineligible to participate in an OSPF election and become a DR or BDR.168.2 192.31.6.1. R3(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R3(config-if)#ip ospf priority 100 R3(config-if)#end Step 3: Use the ip ospf priority interface command to change the OSPF priority of the R2 router to 0. R2(config)#interface fastEthernet0/0 R2(config-if)#ip ospf priority 0 R2(config-if)#end Step 4: Shut down and re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interfaces to force an OSPF election. Notice that R3 is the DR and R2 is the BDR.

Nbr 192. changed state to up All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.31. Nbr 192. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.31.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1: R1(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R1(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. This document is Cisco Public Information. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.31.31. Inc. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Page 22 of 24 .168.168. Nbr 192.168. changed state to down 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Nbr 192. Nbr 192.168. It may take up to 40 seconds for the R2 router to send a hello packet.31. Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R2 router.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached R3: R3(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R3(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. R1(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0.31.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:06: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.168.6.33 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached R2: R2(config)#interface fastethernet0/0 R2(config-if)#shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. changed state to down 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. Nbr 192.168. All rights reserved.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached Step 5: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R2 router. R2(config-if)#no shut R2(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R2# Step 6: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R1 router. changed state to administratively down %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from FULL to Down: Interface down or detached 02:17:22: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. changed state to down 02:17:06: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.

the R2 router has been set to a state of DRother because the OSPF priority has been set to 0.2 Step 8: Re-enable the FastEthernet0/0 interface on the R3 router.168.1.168.1.3/24.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab R1(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console R1# 02:31:43: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1. All rights reserved.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL.168.31. Interface address 192.31.33. Inc. R1#show ip ospf neighbor Neighbor ID Pri State Interface 192. Area 0 Process ID 1. Loading Done 02:37:36: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.31.168. changed state to up %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0. Page 23 of 24 .CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. R3#show ip ospf interface FastEthernet0/0 is up. Cost: 1 Transmit Delay is 1 sec. Exchange Done Step 7: Use the show ip ospf neighbor command on the R1 router to view the OSPF neighbor information for that router.6. Priority 100 Designated Router (ID) 192.31. Router ID 192. This document is Cisco Public Information.11 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL.168.22 0 FULL/DROTHER FastEthernet0/0 R1# Dead Time 00:00:33 Address 192. R3(config-if)#no shutdown %LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface FastEthernet0/0. Network Type BROADCAST. Notice that even though the R2 router has a higher router ID than R1. Notice that an adjacency is formed with the R1 and R2 routers.168. Nbr 192. State BDR. line protocol is up Internet address is 192.1 <output omitted> All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.11. Nbr 192. It may take up to 40 seconds for both the R1 and R2 routers to each send a hello packet.22 on FastEthernet0/0 from EXCHANGE to FULL. changed state to up R3(config-if)#end %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console 02:37:32: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1.31.168.168. Nbr 192. Exchange Done Step 9: Use the show ip ospf interface command on the R3 router to verify that R3 has become the BDR.1.31.168.

capture the following command output to a text file and save for future reference: Running configuration Routing table Interface summarization Output from show ip protocols Task 9: Clean Up.1: Basic OSPF Configuration Lab Task 8: Document the Router Configurations.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. Disconnect and store the cabling. Erase the configurations and reload the routers.6. All rights reserved. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. On each router. Page 24 of 24 .

6.32.32.1 172.20.255.56.240.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172. This document is Cisco Public Information.255.252 255.56.20. Inc.255.255.224.248.20.56.255.20.255.255.10.255.20.20.0. All rights reserved.254 172.240.20.1 172.56.252 255.254 172.255.255.0 255.252 255.6 172.20.255.Lab 11.0 255.55.5 10.255.0 255.48.47.0. Page 1 of 10 .255.10.255.255.1 172.255.10 172.255.48.20.252 255.252 255.20.2 172.1 PC1 PC2 PC3 NIC NIC NIC All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.254 Subnet Mask 255.1 172.0 255.252 255.20.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 Branch1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 IP Address 172.0 255.248.1 172.20.224.1 172.255.20.20.9 172.56.255.252 255.1 172.20.255.31.56.

Step 1: Examine the network requirements. This document is Cisco Public Information. A combination OSPF routing and static routing will be required so that hosts on networks that are not directly connected will be able to communicate with each other.224. How many subnets need to be created from the 172.20.0/16 network must be subnetted to provide addresses for the LANs and serial links.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Task 1: Subnet the Address Space.20.255.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab.20. Page 2 of 10 .0 or /19_____ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? ___8190_____ What subnet mask will be used for the Branch1 LAN subnet? ___255. Step 2: Consider the following questions when creating your network design.0/16 network? ___14006_____ What subnet mask will be used for the HQ LAN subnet? ___255. OSPF area ID of 0 and process ID of 1 will be used in all OSPF configurations. you will be able to: Create an efficient VLSM design given requirements Assign appropriate addresses to interfaces and document Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state Configure routers including OSPF Configure and propagate a static default route Verify OSPF operation Test and verify full connectivity Reflect upon and document the network implementation Scenario In this lab activity. o The HQ LAN will require 8000 addresses o The Branch1 LAN will require 4000 addresses o The Branch2 LAN will require 2000 addresses o The links between the routers will require two addresses for each link The loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP will use the 10.0 or /20_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The 172.0/30 network.0. Inc.6.240.10. you will be given a network address that must be subnetted using VLSM to complete the addressing of the network shown in the Topology Diagram.0/16 network? ___6____ How many total IP addresses are required from the 172. The addressing for the Network has the following requirements.0.0.255. All rights reserved.

252 or /30_____ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on each of these subnets? ___2_____ Step 3: Assign subnetwork addresses to the Topology Diagram.56. Assign subnet 3 of the 172. Inc.20.0.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. 3.20.0/16 network to the HQ LAN subnet.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? ___4094_____ What subnet mask will be used for the Branch2 LAN subnet? ___255. What is the network address of this subnet? ___172.0/16 network to the link between the HQ and Branch2 routers. 1. Page 3 of 10 .48.0/16 network to the Branch1 LAN subnet. 1.0.20. 4. Assign subnet 1 of the 172. Assign subnet 2 of the 172.255.20.56.20.20. 2. Assign subnet 0 of the 172.0.0/16 network to the link between the HQ and Branch1 routers.0. What is the network address of this subnet? ___172. Assign appropriate addresses to the device interfaces.20.4 /30_____ 6.10. Assign the first valid host address in the 10. All rights reserved.0/30 network to the Loopback 1 interface on the HQ router.0/19_____ 2. Assign subnet 4 of the 172.255.20.20. What is the network address of this subnet? ___172. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch1 LAN network to PC1.56.0. What is the network address of this subnet? ___172.0/16 network to the link between the Branch1 and Branch2 routers.32.20. 5.20.0/21_____ 4. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to the LAN interface of the HQ router. What is the network address of this subnet? ___172.10. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ LAN network to PC2. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch1 LAN network to the LAN interface of the Branch1 router. This document is Cisco Public Information.20.0.0. What is the network address of this subnet? ___172.255.6.0 /30_____ 5.0 or /21_____ What is the maximum number of host addresses that could be used on this subnet? ___2046_____ What subnet mask will be used for the links between the three routers? ___255.0/16 network to the Branch2 LAN subnet.248.0/20_____ 3.8 /30_____ Task 2: Determine Interface Addresses. Assign subnet 5 of the 172.

Configure an EXEC timeout of 15 minutes. 6. 10. Configure a password for VTY connections. Synchronize unsolicited messages and debug output with solicited output and prompts for the console and virtual terminal lines. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch2 LAN network to PC3. Step 2: Clear any existing configurations on the routers. Perform basic configuration of the BRANCH. All rights reserved. 5. 7. 9. Configure the router hostname. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch2 LAN network to the LAN interface of the Branch2 router. 13. This document is Cisco Public Information. 2. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to Branch2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router. and ISP routers according to the following guidelines: 1. 12. Configure an EXEC mode password. HQ. Assign the first valid IP address of the Branch1 to Branch2 link network to the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch1 router. Assign the first valid IP address of the HQ to Branch1 link network to the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router. Configure a message-of-the-day banner. 4. 3.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. 8. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to Branch1 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch router. You can use any current router in your lab as long as it has the required interfaces as shown in the topology. Task 3: Prepare the Network. Assign the last valid IP address of the HQ to Branch2 link network to the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch2 router. Step 1: Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Document the addresses to be used in the table provided under the Topology Diagram. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Page 4 of 10 . Task 4: Perform Basic Router Configurations. Configure a password for console connections. 8. Inc.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab 6. 11. 7. Assign the last valid IP address of the Branch1 to Branch2 link network to the Serial0/0/0 interface of the Branch2 router. Disable DNS lookup.

and Branch2 routers with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. What commands are required to accomplish this? ________________configure terminal__________________________________________ ________________interface serial0/0/0_______________________________________ ________________bandwidth 128_______________________________________________ ________________interface serial 0/0/1_____________________________________ ________________bandwidth 64________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Step 4: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the Branch 2 router. Page 5 of 10 .2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Task 5: Configure and Activate Serial and Ethernet Addresses. and PC3 with the IP addresses from the table provided under the Topology Diagram. Step 1: Configure the interfaces on the HQ. be sure to save the running configuration to the NVRAM of the router. All rights reserved. Branch1. Inc. What commands are required to accomplish this? ________________configure terminal__________________________________________ ________________interface serial0/0/0_______________________________________ ________________bandwidth 64________________________________________________ ________________interface serial 0/0/1_____________________________________ ________________bandwidth 256_______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Step 2: Configure the Ethernet interfaces of PC1. PC2.6. This document is Cisco Public Information. Step 3: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the Branch 1 router.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. When you have finished.

Step 2: Verify that PC1.20.20. and PC3 can ping their respective default gateway. This document is Cisco Public Information.255 area 0_____________________ ________________network 172.3 area 0________________________ ________________network 172. You should NOT have connectivity between end devices yet.15.3 area 0________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 0. Task 7: Configure OSPF Routing on the Branch1 Router.8 0. PC2.0/20___________________________________ ______________________________ 172. and Branch2 routers can ping each of the neighboring routers across the WAN links. Branch1.56.0 0.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Step 5: Configure the correct bandwidth for the serial interfaces on the HQ router.20.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.56.20. Inc.8/30__________________________________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________router ospf 1_______________________________________________ ________________network 172.0/30___________________________________ _______________________________172. you can test connectivity between two routers and between and end device and its default gateway.0.0.20. What commands are required to accomplish this? ________________configure terminal__________________________________________ ________________interface serial0/0/0_______________________________________ ________________bandwidth 128_______________________________________________ ________________interface serial 0/0/1_____________________________________ ________________bandwidth 256_______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Task 6: Verify Connectivity to Next Hop Device.56. All rights reserved.56.32.0.0.20.0. What directly connected networks are present in the Branch1 routing table? ______________________________ 172.32. Step 1: Verify that the HQ. Step 1: Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the Branch1 router.6. However. Page 6 of 10 .

0. This document is Cisco Public Information.3 area 0________________________ ________________network 172.20.56.255 area 0_____________________ ________________network 172.0.0 0.0/30____________________________________ ______________________________ 172.56.20.0. Page 7 of 10 .0.0.0 0.31.0 0.0. Step 1: Consider the type of static routing that is needed on HQ.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____Yes___ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? ____passive-interface FastEthernet0/0____________________________________ Task 8: Configure OSPF and Static Routing on the HQ Router.0.0.0 loopback1________________ What directly connected networks are present in the HQ routing table? ______________________________ 10. Inc.0/19____________________________________ ______________________________ 172.56. All rights reserved.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.4 0.0.4/30___________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Will the networks of the HQ LAN and the links between the Branch 1 and Branch2 routers need to have the subnet mask information included in the network statements? ___yes_____ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the appropriate networks in the routing updates? ________________router ospf 1_______________________________________________ ________________network 172.0/30___________________________________ ______________________________ 172.56.0.3 area 0________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____Yes___ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? ____passive-interface FastEthernet0/0____________________________________ ____passive-interface Loopback1___________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10. A static default route will need to be configured to send all packets with destination addresses that are not in the routing table to the loopback address representing the link between the HQ router and the ISP.20. What command is needed to accomplish this? ________________________ip route 0.20.6.20.0.20.

8 0.3 area 0________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Are there any router interfaces that do not need to have OSPF updates sent out? ____Yes___ What command is used to disable OSPF updates on these interfaces? ____passive-interface FastEthernet0/0____________________________________ Task 10: Verify the Configurations Answer the following questions to verify that the network is operating as expected. If any of the above pings failed.56.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.20. Page 8 of 10 .3 area 0________________________ ________________network 172. check your physical connections and configurations. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0.0/21___________________________________ ______________________________172.0. This document is Cisco Public Information. Refer to your basic troubleshooting techniques used in the [Chapter 1] labs.255 area 0_____________________ ________________network 172.0. What command is used to configure this? ____ default-information originate____________________________________ Task 9: Configure OSPF Routing on the Branch2 Router.7.20.6. What directly connected networks are present in the Branch2 routing table? ______________________________172. From PC1. Step 1: Consider the networks that need to be included in the OSPF updates that are sent out by the Branch2 router.0 0. Inc.4/30___________________________________ ______________________________172.56.4 0. is it possible to ping PC2? _____Yes_______ From PC1.0.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab The HQ router needs to send the default route information to the Branch1 and Branch2 routers in the OSPF updates. All rights reserved.8/30___________________________________ What commands are required to enable OSPF and include the connected networks in the routing updates? ________________router ospf 1_______________________________________________ ________________network 172.20.56.20.0.48.48.20.20.56. is it possible to ping the PC3? _____Yes_______ The answer to the above questions should be ‘yes’.

0/20 [110/1172] via 172.6______________________________ ______________172.0/19 [110/782] via 172.20.0.0.0/19 [110/391] via 172.20.56.6.0_______________________________ What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the HQ router? ______________172.20.56.20.20.0/20 [110/782] via 172.20.56.5_____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the Branch2 router? _____________________172.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 to network 0.0.0. Page 9 of 10 .20.20.0.0.0/0 [110/1] via 172.20.0.0.56.20. Inc.20.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the Branch1 router? ______________172.20.2______________________________ ______________172.56.0/30 [110/1171] via 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.8/30 [110/1952] via 172.5_______________________________ ______________172.0_______________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0_______________________________ What OSPF routes are present in the routing table of the Branch2 router? ______________172.56.0/0 [110/1] via 172.0.0.32.0/21 [110/391] via 172.48.56.5 to network 0.20.20.32.1_____________________________ ______________172.1_____________________________ ______________0.1 to network 0.20.0.6_____________________________ ______________0.1_____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the HQ router? _____________________0.0.0.56.20.56.20.56.48.20.20.0/21 [110/1172] via 172.5_____________________________ ______________172.56.56.20.20.56.5_____________________________ ______________0.20.56.56.56.4/30 [110/1171] via 172.0/0 [110/1] via 172.20.56.0.0.1_____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ What is the gateway of last resort in the routing table of the Branch1 router? _____________________172.1_______________________________ ______________172. All rights reserved.

use the tracert command to examine the route that is used between PC1 and PC3. Disconnect and store the cabling. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.55. Page 10 of 10 ._____________________________ _____172. the IP address of PC3.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.txt) file and save for future reference.56. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). refer to Lab 1. All rights reserved.20. the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch 2 router. capture the following command output to a text (. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.1. Task 12: Documentation On each router.__________________________________________ Is this the least number of hops that can be used to reach PC3? _____No_______ If the answer is no.56.20.1 Task 13: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.20.5.________________________ _____172.254.2: Challenge OSPF Configuration Lab Task 11: Reflection On PC1. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output.32.____________________ _____172. Inc.20. Routes with higher bandwidth values have a lower calculated cost. What are the hops in the route to PC3? _____172. the Serial0/0/0 interface of the HQ router.1. the FastEthernet0/0 interface of the Branch 1 router. why is a path with more than the minimum amount of hops used? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ The serial connection between the Branch1 and HQ routers and the connection between the HQ and Branch 2 routers have a higher bandwidth that the link between the Branch 1 and Branch 2 routers.6. The route with the lowest cost is chosen as the route to the Branch 2 LAN.6.

255.254 10.2 172.10.252 255.7. Page 1 of 15 .Lab 11.254 10.255.0.255.1 172.16.7.7.255. All rights reserved.16.10 172.255.16.255.0 255.5.252.255.1 172.255.10.254.0 255.6 10.5 209.7.16.0 255.254.10.252.255.1 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 255.10.255.252 255.252 255.1 172.255.1 172.252 255.255.0 Default Gateway N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10.10.1 10.255.255.16.7.255.254 Subnet Mask 255.4.255.255.6.0.255.6.1 10.10.254.252 255.10.7.10.10.16.129 10.252 255.3. Inc.255.202.7.165.4.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab (Instructor Version) Topology Diagram Addressing Table Device Interface Fa0/0 HQ S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Lo1 Fa0/0 Branch1 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 Fa0/0 Branch2 PC1 PC2 PC3 S0/0/0 S0/0/1 NIC NIC NIC IP Address 10.0 255.255.6.9 10.254.252 255.

OSPF updates must be disabled on the LAN and Loopback interfaces. Step 2: Clear the configuration on each router. Task 2: Load Routers with the Supplied Scripts Step 1: Load the following script onto the Branch1 router: [Instructor Note: Missing or misconfigured commands are shown in red] hostname Branch1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. OSPF routing is configured on the Branch2 router. and then use the appropriate commands to correct the configurations. All rights reserved. All OSPF routers must use a process ID of 1. Document the corrected network. This document is Cisco Public Information. Page 2 of 15 . you will begin by loading configuration scripts on each of the routers. You will need to troubleshoot each router to determine the configuration errors.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Learning Objectives Upon completion of this lab. Propose solutions to network errors.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. all of the hosts on the network should be able to communicate with each other. OSPF routing is configured on the HQ router. and Reload the Routers. All OSPF routers must be in area 0. Task 1: Cable. Analyze information to determine why communication is not possible. Scenario In this lab. Clear the configuration on each of the routers using the erase startup-config command and then reload the routers. Inc. Gather information about the misconfigured portion of the network along with any other errors. Erase the startup configuration and reload a router to the default state. The network should also have the following requirements met: OSPF routing is configured on the Branch1 router. The HQ router must redistribute the default route to the Loopback interface in the routing updates. When you have corrected all of the configuration errors. you will be able to: Cable a network according to the Topology Diagram. Discover where communication is not possible. Implement solutions to network errors. Erase. These scripts contain errors that will prevent end-to-end communication across the network. Cable a network that is similar to the one in the Topology Diagram. Answer no if asked to save changes. Step 1: Cable a network. Load the routers with supplied scripts.

CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.1 255.0 0.255 area 0 network 172.254.255.3 area 0 network 172.7.7.0.16.0.0.4.9 255.10.0.7.255.255.16.4.1. This document is Cisco Public Information.3 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script: hostname Branch1 ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.10.255.255.255.0 0. Inc.255.252 no shutdown ! router ospf 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.255 area 0 network 172.255.3 area 0 ! ip classless ! All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.16.16.255.0.16.0.1 255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.4.2 255.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.7. Page 3 of 15 .252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.7.254.6.1.8 0.10.255.0.7.0.7.16.8 0.10. All rights reserved.0.16.0 0.0 0.2 255.3 area 0 network 172.0.4.16.7.9 255.252 no shutdown ! router ospf 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.

7.255 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! ! end Corrected Script: hostname Branch2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: NONE Step 2: Load the following script onto the Branch2 router.3 area 0 network 172.10. This document is Cisco Public Information.0 0.0.6.10.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.6 255.10 255.254.7.6.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.6.6.0.255. All rights reserved.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.16.7.255.3.0.0 0.0.7.0.255 area 0 ! The command for the LAN network should be ! network 10.254.10.8 0.255.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172. Page 4 of 15 . hostname Branch2 ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.255.0.255.1 255.1 255.6.4 0.252 ! The no shutdown command is missing ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface Serial0/0/1 ! The passive-interface command should be for the fa0/0 interface network 172.16.10.255.16.3 area 0 network 10.1. Inc.16.

0 0. The network statement for the LAN network is incorrect. The passive-interface command is configured for the Serial0/0/1 interface instead of the FastEthernet0/0 interface.0.255.3 area 0 ! ip classless ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: The no shutdown command is missing from Serial0/0/1 interface.255.7. This document is Cisco Public Information.255. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.8 0. Page 5 of 15 .6. Inc.6. All rights reserved.0.16.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.7.7.16.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0.252 no shutdown ! router ospf 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 network 10.3 area 0 network 172.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab ip address 172.255.1.255 area 0 network 172.16.7.6 255.4 0.10 255.0.0.10.16.

10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0.0.0.252. Page 6 of 15 .0.0.16.255.0. All rights reserved.255 ! The default-information originate command is missing ! ip classless ip route 0.0.255.0 0.5 255.255.0.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.1 255.0 loopback1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end Corrected Script hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.129 255.3 area 0 network 172.0.252.10.255.0. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 3: Load the following script onto the HQ router.252 ! router ospf 1 log-adjacency-changes passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface Loopback1 network 172.0.0 duplex auto speed auto no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/0 ip address 172.3. hostname HQ ! no ip domain-lookup ! interface FastEthernet0/0 ip address 10.0 0.255 area 0 ! The mask for the 10.255.1 255.16.0 ! The ip address should be 10.255.255.3 area 0 network 10.165.7.7.4 0.202.1 255.0 0.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Loopback1 ip address 209.6.0 network should be 0.0.7.7.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.10.10.252.0. Inc.16.10.0.255.10.1 255.255.7.

From the host PC1.255.1 255.255 area 0 network 172.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.10.252 no shutdown ! interface Serial0/0/1 ip address 172.16.5 255.3 area 0 default-information originate ! ip classless ! ip route 0.165.7.255. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. The mask for the 10. Inc.3.3.0. is it possible to ping PC2? _____no_____ From the host PC1.3 area 0 network 172.255.16.0.0.0 Loopback1 ! line con 0 line vty 0 4 login ! end The errors in the student scripts are as follows: The IP address of the FastEthernet0/0 interface is incorrect The default-information originate command is missing from the OSPF configuration.252 clock rate 64000 no shutdown ! interface Loopback1 ip address 209.0.0.252 ! router ospf 1 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface Loopback1 network 10.0 network statement should be 0.7.10.0.16. Page 7 of 15 .202.16. Task 3: Troubleshoot the Branch1 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host connected to the Branch1 router. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From the host PC1.7.129 255.0.255.6.0.7.4 0.0.0.0 0.0 0.0.255. This document is Cisco Public Information.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab ip address 172. All rights reserved.0.255.0 0.255.

16. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? _________no_________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces.7.0 is directly connected______________________________________________________ ______ 10. and the default route on the HQ router.0 [110/65] via 172.6. All rights reserved.4. This document is Cisco Public Information. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.10. Inc. Step 4: View summary of the status information.8 is directly connected____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? _______Yes.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.16. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the Branch1 router? _____no_____ If the answer is yes.10__________________________________________________ _____ 172.16.___________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 2: Examine the Branch1 router to find possible configuration errors. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.10. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. Page 8 of 15 . What routes are shown in the routing table? _____ 10.6. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router.7. _______________________ _______The missing routes are the link between the HQ and Branch 2 routers. ____none _________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. apply them to the router configuration now.0 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ ______172. ____________________ _______the HQ LAN. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the Branch1 router.7. some of the OSPF routes that should be present are missing.

_________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces.6. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From the host PC1.1 255. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the HQ router? _____no_____ Task 4: Troubleshoot the HQ Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC1? _____no_____ From the host PC2.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Inc. This document is Cisco Public Information. From the host PC2. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the HQ router? _____no_____ From the host PC1. is it possible to ping PC3? _____no_____ From the host PC2. From the host PC1. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? ___The status and protocol of Serial0/0/1 interface are both down.252.0__________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the interface status that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? _________The link between the HQ and Branch2 routers is down_______________________________ _________ The Serial0/0/0 interface on the Branch2 router should be checked_____________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. is it possible to ping PC2? _____no_____ From the host PC1.10. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router. or will it be necessary to troubleshoot the configurations on the other two routers to correct the errors? _______The other routers will need to be checked to find the cause of the missing routes.255. _____interface fastethernet0/0___________________________________________________ _____ip address 10. Page 9 of 15 .3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the Branch1 router. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.____________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____no_____ Step 2: Examine the HQ router to find possible configuration errors._______________________________ ___The IP address of the FastEthernet0/0 interface is incorrect.0. All rights reserved.

7.7.10. Page 10 of 15 .0. All rights reserved.0 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____ 172.0/0 is directly connected______________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems with the routing table? _______The link between the HQ and Branch 2 routers is missing from the routing table.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the HQ router.2________________________________________________ _____ 10. Step 4: View summary of the status information.165.16.6.0/23 [110/129] via 172.8 [110/128] via 172.10._____________ ________The route to the Branch 2 LAN is through the Branch 1 router.0.202.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above.6.16.4. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step.2_________________________________________________ _____ 209.7. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _____no_____ If the answer is yes.0.0/23 [110/65] via 172.16.16.2_______________________________________________ _____ 172.7.10. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again.16. What routes are shown in the routing table? _____ 10.7. This document is Cisco Public Information. apply them to the router configuration now.0/22 is directly connected___________________________________________________ _____ 10. Inc.__________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.128 is directly connected________________________________________________ _____ 0.

0 0.0.0. ______router OSPF 1_______________________________________________________________ ______ no network 10. Are there any additional problems with the OSPF configuration? ________The default-information originate command is missing from the OSPF configuration. Inc.7._______________________________________ _______The Branch2 router is not in the OSPF neighbor table.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Use the show running-configuration.10. This document is Cisco Public Information. apply them to the router configuration now.6. From the host PC2. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC2. Step 7: View the routing information. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors.0. Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again.3.0 0. view the routing information again.255 area 0________________________________________ ______default-information originate______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Are there any problems on the HQ router that could be due to errors on other parts of the network? _________The link between the HQ and Branch2 routers is not in the routing table__________________ _______The Branch2 router is not in the OSPF neighbor table. All rights reserved.255 area 0_____________________________________ ______ network 10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.10. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps. show ip protocols.________________________________________________________________________ _______The mask for the 10. and show ip ospf neighbor commands to view information about the OSPF configuration on the HQ router.0.0.__________________________________ _________ The Serial0/0/0 interface on the Branch2 router should be checked_____________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch2 router? _____no_____ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the HQ router? _____no_____ If the answer to either of this is yes. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the Branch2 router? _____yes_____ From the host PC2. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. is it possible to ping PC3? _____yes_____ From the host PC2.__________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the OSPF configuration. Page 11 of 15 .10.0/22 LAN is incorrect.

7. Are there any problems with the status of the interfaces? _________The Serial0/0/1 interface is administratively down.0/23 [110/65] via 172.6.0.16. Does the information in the interface status summary indicate any configuration errors on the Branch router? _____no_____ If the answer is yes. Begin by viewing the summary of status information for each interface on the router.7. apply them to the router configuration now. Page 12 of 15 .0 [110/128] via 172.9_____________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.10. record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. This document is Cisco Public Information. From the host PC3.6. Step 5: Troubleshoot the routing configuration on the Branch2 router. ________interface serial0/0/1_____________________________________________________ ________no shutdown________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: If you have recorded any commands above. Step 4: View summary of the status information. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous step. troubleshoot the interface status of the interfaces again.9_______________________________________________ _____ 10.0/23 is directly connected___________________________________________________ _____ 172. Inc.0/22 [110/129] via 172. What routes are shown in the routing table? _____ 10.0.16. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3.4 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____ 172.16.16.8 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____ 0.7.7.16. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ From the host PC3.7.9_________________________________________________ _____ 172.4.16.7.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Task 5: Troubleshoot the Branch2 Router Step 1: Begin troubleshooting at the Host PC3. All rights reserved.10.0/0 [110/1] via 172.7.___________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the configuration of the interfaces.16. is it possible to ping the default gateway? _____yes_____ From the host PC3. view the summary of the status information for the router interfaces again. is it possible to ping the Serial0/0/1 interface of the Branch 2 router? _____no_____ Step 2: Examine the Branch2 router to find possible configuration errors.10.0.9________________________________________________ _____ 10.

_____________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ If there are any problems with the OSPF configuration.10. Step 7: View the routing information.6.255 area 0_____________________________________ ______ network 10.3. Inc. Page 13 of 15 . record any commands that will be necessary to correct the configuration errors. This document is Cisco Public Information. apply them to the router configuration now. view the routing information again.6.1.10.0.6. Are there any problems with the OSPF configuration? _______The HQ router is not shown in the neighbor table._____________________________________ _______The passive-interface command is configured to use the wrong interface. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 0. ______router ospf 1_______________________________________________________________ ______ no passive-interface serial0/0/1__________________________________________ ______ passive-interface fastethernet0/0_________________________________________ ______ no network 10.0 0.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Are there any problems with the routing table? ________The route to the HQ LAN is through the Branch 1 router.6. troubleshoot the routing configuration again. If any changes were made to the configuration in the previous steps.10.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11. Does the information in routing table indicate any configuration errors on the Branch2 router? _____no_____ If the answer to this question is yes.______________ _______The mask used in the network statement for the 10. and show ip ospf neighbor commands to view information about the OSPF configuration on the Branch2 router. All rights reserved. show ip protocols.__________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Use the show running-configuration.0.255 area 0________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 6: If you have recorded any commands above.0/23 LAN is incorrect.

0. is it possible to ping PC1? _____yes_____ From the host PC3.16.7.16.7. From the host PC3.0/23 [110/65] via 172.7. ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems.0 [110/128] via 172.0/22 [110/65] via 172.0/23 is directly connected___________________________________________________ _____ 172. Use the space below to write a brief description of the errors that you found.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab What routes are shown in the routing table? _____ 10. Inc.16.5_____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Step 8: Attempt to ping between the hosts again. is it possible to ping PC2? _____yes_____ From the host PC3. Page 14 of 15 .4 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____ 172. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/0 interface of the Branch1 router? _____yes_____ From the host PC3.6.16.16. All rights reserved.16. This document is Cisco Public Information.16.7. is it possible to ping the Serial 0/0/1 interface of the Branch1 router? _____yes_____ Task 6: Reflection There were a number of configuration errors in the scripts that were provided for this lab.6.4.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.0.10.0.8 is directly connected_____________________________________________________ _____ 0.10.9________________________________________________ _____ 10.10.0/0 [110/1] via 172.7.7.5_______________________________________________ _____ 10.7.5_________________________________________________ _____ 172.

refer to Lab 1. reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings. show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief show ip protocols If you need to review the procedures for capturing command output. This document is Cisco Public Information.CCNA Exploration Routing Protocols and Concepts: OSPF Lab 11.txt) file and save for future reference. Page 15 of 15 . Inc.5.1 Task 8: Clean Up Erase the configurations and reload the routers.6. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet). Disconnect and store the cabling.3: OSPF Troubleshooting Lab Task 7: Documentation On each router. All contents are Copyright © 1992–2007 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. capture the following command output to a text (.

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