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Fall 2009 Draft as of September 8, 2009 Professor: Senator Chuck Hagel Research Assistant: Sarah King (smk66@ Tuesdays 4:15-6:05pm "Nations have no permanent friends and no permanent enemies. Only permanent interests." --Lord Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Introduction Welcome to INAF 515. The 21st Century has ushered in a global transformation that is redefining the world order. This transformation is shifting geo-political centers of gravity and is re-casting geo-political influences as the world experiences an unprecedented diffusion of power. This course will examine the above thesis… is this in fact happening? Are the six and a half billion people in the world – soon to be eight billion – and the nations they reside in, redefining geo-political relationships governed by the new realities of global challenges? Global challenges such as an interconnected global economy, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, environmental and energy issues, pandemic health threats, poverty, despair, and new technologies. Are we entering a new era of global engagement and accommodation? Is all of this reshaping and redefining relationships? This course will focus on a wide-lens optic of global relationships and its impact on American foreign policy and America’s future. Scope and Purpose In this course students will examine the past, present, and future. They will seek to determine whether geopolitical relationships are shifting, why, and how they may be impacting the world order. Students will go beyond their survey of scholarly information to draw realistic and useful conclusions about how organizations (private, public, non-profit, transnational, etc.) and individuals can best prepare to take on the challenges of the 21st Century. Students will learn from and consult scholarly research, a variety theoretical perspectives, case studies, foreign policy leaders, and current events to contribute to class discussions, assignments, and overall expertise. We will also invite experts and leaders from the international affairs community to select seminars to provide on-the-ground insight. Beyond acquiring new knowledge and perspectives, building strong analytical writing and presentation skills will be
important. In and out of class exercises will illustrate key concepts and challenge students to be thinking, articulate, and conscientious international affairs professionals.
Course Requirements INAF 515 will employ a variety of mechanisms to allow students to demonstrate their comprehension of topics and contribute to the classroom community. Graded assignments will consist of one short paper (5-6pgs—15%), one policy memo (1-2pgs—10%), one Op-Ed (7501000 words) one oral presentation/briefing and questions for other students’ briefings (20%), and a final paper/memo (no more than 10pgs—25%). Further, class participation will be critical and account for 20% of each student’s grade. The class participation grade will be based on consistency of quality and quantity, evaluating the student’s ability to bring in relevant readings, current events, and personal experiences to augment dialogue. Students will be expected to create cogent arguments and respectfully challenge their peers, professor, and guests in order to leave the class with well-developed conclusions about 21st Century geopolitical relationships. Required Text Students should purchase the following books:
1) The Age of the Unthinkable: Why the New World Disorder Constantly Surprises Us And What We Can Do About It, Joshua Ramo 2) Power Rules: How Common Sense Can Rescue American Foreign Policy, Leslie Gelb 3) The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century, George Friedman 4) The Post American World, Fareed Zakaria
*Reading assignments from these texts will not be available on Blackboard A significant amount of reading will be assigned from the following books. All of the assigned reading from these books will be posted on Blackboard by the first day of class on Tuesday, September 8.
1) 2) 3) 4) World is Flat, Tom Friedman America: Our Next Chapter, Chuck Hagel The Second World, Parag Khanna A Brief History of the Middle East: From Abraham to Arafat, Christopher Catherwood Administration
Office Hours Office Hours will be by appointment only due to travel schedules. Please contact Sarah King to arrange.
Blackboard All reading material beyond the four required texts will be posted on Blackboard. In an effort to use the most relevant sources, reading assignments will be added throughout the semester. Students will be notified via email when this occurs. Assignments
All assignments must be turned in at the beginning of class the day they are due in both hardcopy and via email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Short Paper Op-Ed Policy Memo 1 Oral Presentations Proposed Paper Topic Final Paper Class Participation TOTAL
September 25 (by 5pm) October 6 October 20 Individual Date Assigned November 1 December 8
15% 10% 10% 20% -25% 20% 100%
Short Paper: Write a 5-6 page paper reflecting Part I of the class, “Defining and Redefining Relationships”. Op-Ed: Write an Op-Ed for a major newspaper, between 750 -1000 words on one of the following topics: Oil, Gas, Water, Food, Poverty, Health, Human Rights, Waste, Population, or Climate Change.
Policy Memo: Write one policy memos to the US President, National Security Council (NSC), Congressional Committee, or foreign government entity. Tailor to your chosen audience. The topic will be assigned to students at least one week prior to due date. Oral Presentation: Prepare a briefing to the US President, National Security Council (NSC), Congressional Committee, or foreign government entity on assigned topic, no longer than 7 minutes. Your briefing should be clearly tailored to your audience. Be prepared for questions. Final Paper: Write a research paper, no more than 10 pages, on a topic of your choosing. Email proposed topic to email@example.com by Nov. 1
Weekly Topics and Reading Assignments
I. Defining and Redefining Relationships September 8 How do we define global relationships? • Past, present, and future
• The Next 100 Years, Overture, Chapters 1, 2, 4 • Age of the Unthinkable, Chapter 1, 2 • The Post American World, Chapter 1 • America: Our Next Chapter, Chapter 1, 7
What are relationships based on? What • The Post American World, Chapter 3 structures wield power today and in the future? • The Age of the Unthinkable, Chapter 3, 4 • States/International Organizations/Regional Organizations Sovereignty—ex. European Union Private Sector: resource/trade institutions, financial institutions—ex. OPEC, APEC, Stock Exchanges
• Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 6 • “The Death of Kings”, Nick Paumgarten (New Yorker) • America: Our Next Chapter, Chapter 12, 13
Global Interactions • The power of media, social
• The Next 100 Years, Chapter 3 • World is Flat, Chapter 5, 13
technology, trade, people-to– people relations, culture
II. Drivers of Change
• Articles TBA
Critical Resources • Oil, Gas, Water, Food
• The Second World, Chapter 18 • Alexei Monsarrat Food, Energy, and Water Presentation • The Feeding of the Nine Billion: Global Food Security for the 21st Century, World Food Programme, Executive Summary • Facing the Hard Truths about Energy, National Petroleum Council, Executive Summary • Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 4
Challenges to Governing Poverty, Health, Human Rights, Waste, Population, and Climate Change
• “Time for Climate Change Realism”, Richard Haass • Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 2
Weapons, Terrorism, and Non-state actors
• Age of the Unthinkable, Chapter 5, 6, 8 • Eisenhower Speech, 1953 Speech on Nuclear Weapons • Power Rules, Chapter 6, 8 • The Post American World, Chapter 2
III. Authority and Ideology
What will govern? Sources of Power • Political Ideology: Democracy, 21st Century Authoritarianism, Dictatorship, Capitalism? Resources Other
• World is Flat, Chapter 15 • Power Rules, Part I • “In Crisis, Banks Dig In for Fight Against Rules”, Gretchen Morgenson and Don Van Natta Jr. • A Brief History of the Middle East,
• The Age of the Unthinkable, Chapter 7
1) Afghanistan/Pakistan: “The Most Combustible Crossroads”
• The Post American World, Chapter 4 • “American Power Is on the Wane”, Kennedy, Paul
2) East vs. West (Part 1) • • • November 3 Why is there a perceived division? Is it real? Middle East
• Power Rules, Chapter 12 • Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 3 • The GCC in 2020: Outlook for the Gulf and the Global Economy • Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 5 • The Age of the Unthinkable, Chapter 9 • The Next 100 Years, Chapter 6, 10, 11 • Articles TBA
Warfare in the 21st Century • • • • • Intelligence Nuclear Weapons Justice and jurisdiction Weapons of Mass Destruction Asymmetric warfare
East vs. West (Part 2) • • Will one side prevail? If so, which one and why? Asia
• The Post American World, Chapter 6 • Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 3 • The Next 100 Years, Chapter 5 • World is Flat, Chapter 8 • “Rebalancing Relations with China”, Henry Kissinger, Washington Post, 19 August 2009
IV. Transforming America for the 21st Century
Imperfections of Foreign Policy • “Few good choices—few good options”
• A Brief History of the Middle East, Chapter 7 • Power Rules, Chapter 5, 7, 11 • Articles TBA
Transforming the US Government • Will structural changes be required in the USG to meet the challenges of the 21st Century?
• The Age of the Unthinkable, Chapter 10, 11 • The Next 100 Years, Chapter 12 • 1961 Farewell Address (Eisenhower) • Articles TBA • The Post American World, Chapter 5, 7 • Power Rules, Chapter 13 • Global Trends, 2025 Chapter 7 • America: Our Next Chapter, Chapter 14, 15 • America: Our Next Chapter, Chapter 16 • Articles TBA
Policy Transformation • 21st Century Doctrines: Will the US be forced to be more or less accommodating to adjustments in a complex world?
Spill-over from other classes, Conclusions and Wrap-up
INAF 515: Redefining Geopolitical Relationships
Fall 2012 Professor: Senator Chuck Hagel Teaching Assistant: Michelle Melton (mnm43@ Thursday 3:30-6:00pm Healy 106 Office Hours Open daily 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM. Meetings are by appointment.
"Diplomacy should be judged by what it prevents, not only by what it initiates and creates. Much of it is a holding action, designed to avoid explosion until the unifying forces of history take humanity into their embrace.” --Abba Eban
Scope and Purpose Pointing to the increasingly global nature of the world’s economy, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, environmental and energy issues, pandemic health threats, poverty, despair, and new technologies, some have argued that a global transformation is underway that is shifting geopolitical centers of gravity and re-casting geopolitical influences. This course examines whether the 21st century has ushered in a global transformation that is redefining the world order and geopolitical relationships. Students will seek to determine whether geopolitical relationships are shifting, why, and how they may be impacting the world order. The course poses the following questions: • • • • Is the world experiencing an unprecedented diffusion of power? Are economic, technological, and demographic transformations in fact having the impact that proponents claim? Are we entering a new era of global engagement and accommodation? Are these new challenges and realities reshaping and redefining traditional political and security relationships?
This course will focus on the big picture of global relationships and their impact on American foreign policy now and in the future. Students will learn from and consult scholarly research using a variety of theoretical perspectives, case studies, foreign policy leaders, and current events to contribute to class discussions, written and oral assignments, and overall expertise. Students will go beyond their survey of scholarly information to draw realistic and useful conclusions about how organizations (private, public, non-profit, transnational, etc.) and individuals can best prepare to meet the 21st century’s challenges. We will also invite experts and leaders from the international affairs community to select seminars to provide on-the-ground insight.
Beyond acquiring new knowledge and perspectives, the course also aims to build and hone strong analytical writing and presentation skills. The course challenges students to be thoughtful, articulate, and conscientious global citizens. Course Requirements INAF 336 employs a variety of mechanisms to allow students to demonstrate their comprehension of topics and contribute to the classroom community. Graded assignments will consist of: a short paper (1,800-2,000 words -- 15%), a policy memo (900-1000 words -- 10%), an Op-Ed (900-1000 words -- 10%), an oral presentation/briefing (7 minute presentation -- 20%), prior to questions from other students • a final paper (2,800-3,000 words -- 25%). • Class participation (20%) • • • • The class participation grade will be based on consistency of quality and quantity of participation and the student’s ability to bring in relevant readings, current events, and personal experiences to augment dialogue. Students will be expected to create cogent arguments and respectfully challenge their peers, professor, and guests in order to leave the class with well-developed conclusions about 21st century geopolitical relationships. Required Texts Students should purchase the following books, as reading assignments from these texts will not be available on Blackboard: The Future of Power, Joseph Nye The Age of the Unthinkable, Joshua Ramo Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power, Robert Kaplan The Next 100 Years: A Forecast for the 21st Century, George Friedman Other readings will be assigned from daily newspapers, magazines, and think tank papers and reports. All reading material beyond the required texts will be posted on Blackboard. In an effort to use the most relevant sources, reading assignments will also be added throughout the semester. Students will be notified via email when this occurs. Assignments All assignments must be turned in at the beginning of class the day they are due in both hardcopy and via email (MS Word format) to firstname.lastname@example.org. Unless otherwise indicated, all written assignments should be formatted as follows: • Name, date, and paper title at the top of first page (no cover pages) • Times New Roman size 14 font
INAF 515: Redefining Geopolitical Relationships
Fall 2012 • One-inch margins and 1.5 paragraph spacing • Page numbers at bottom center of each page • Total word count at end of assignment (text only – citations not included) Assignment Short Paper Op-Ed Policy Memo Oral Presentations Proposed Final Paper Topic Final Paper Class Participation TOTAL Due Date September 20 October 4 October 18 Individual Date Assigned November 8 December 7 Ongoing Grade Breakdown 15% 10% 10% 20% ---25% 20% 100%
Assignment Descriptions Proposals for all assignments must be sent to Michelle Melton (email@example.com) for approval one week before the due date (with the exception of the final paper topic, which is due one month before the due date). All assignments must be submitted electronically and in hard copy at the beginning of class the day they are due. Each assignment should address a different topic and region of the world and should reflect elements of geopolitical change. Samples of each assignment are posted on Blackboard. Short Paper: Write a paper (1,800-2,000 words) reflecting on the theme “Defining and Redefining Relationships,” that makes up the first section of the course. You may choose to reflect upon the larger themes of defining global relationships in the 21st century or instead focus on a particular defining incident or case that demonstrates how geopolitical relationships are currently being redefined. This paper is meant to be an opinion piece -- please use this latitude to be creative. You are welcome to draw from course readings, current events, and personal experiences as these support your arguments. Please use appropriate citations (any citation style is accepted, provided it is consistent throughout the paper). Op-Ed: Write an Op-Ed (900-1000 words) for a major newspaper on one of the following topics: Oil, Gas, Water, Food, Poverty, Health, Human Rights, Waste, Population, or Climate Change. Citations can be included on a separate page if necessary and will not count against the word limit. Policy Memo: Write a policy memo (900-1000 words) to the U.S. President, National Security Council (NSC), Congressional Committee, or foreign government entity on a foreign policy topic of your choice. Tailor to your chosen audience. Citations can be included on a separate page if necessary and will not count against the word limit. Oral Presentation: Prepare a briefing to the U.S. President, NSC, Congressional Committee, or foreign government entity on a topic of your choice. Your briefing should be no longer than 7
minutes, clearly tailored to your audience, and on a topic of your own choosing. Be prepared for questions and bring a hard copy of your presentation to turn in in class. An oral presentation schedule will be circulated by the end of the second week of class. Two or three students will present on each day of class that we do not have a guest speaker. Final Paper: Write a research paper (2,800-3,000 words), on a topic of your choice. The topic should be broad and reflect the overall focus of the course.
INAF 515: Redefining Geopolitical Relationships
Fall 2012 Weekly Topics and Reading Assignments I. Defining and Redefining Relationships Class 1: August 30 What is the US role in the world? And what does it mean to have power in geopolitical relationships? · Past, present, and future · Are we moving towards a multipolar world? · How dispersed is geopolitical power?
• National Intelligence Council, “Global Trends 2025:
A transformed world,” Executive Summary and Chapter 1
• No One’s World (Kupchan), Ch. 1 • Washington Rules (Bacevich), Introduction • America: Our Next Chapter (Hagel), Chapter 1, 7 • Nye, The Future of Power, Preface, Chapter 1 • Tatlow, Didi Kirsten. “BRICS Agitate for a Seat at the
Table.” The New York Times. 19 April 2012.
Class 2: Global Interactions • Age of the Unthinkable (Ramo), Chapter 6 September 6 · The power of media, social technology, trade, • “Cyber-Mobilization,” Audrey Cronin, Parameters (2006) people-to-people relations, culture • “Revolution in a Box: Why Television and not Facebook or Twitter, is going to revolutionize the world” (Charles Kenny), Foreign Policy November/December 2009
• Clay Shirky, “The Political Power of Social Media: • “Taiwan President: China Trade Pact Will Help
Peace,” Associated Press, April 27, 2010
Technology, the Public Sphere, and Political Change,” Foreign Affairs
Class 3: Are state-to-state relationships September still the most important? 13 What structures wield power today and in the future? · States · International Organizations/Regional Organizations · Private Sector: resource/trade companies, financial institutions, corporations, banks, foundations · Transnational organizations (drug cartels, terrorist organizations, etc)
• Age of the Unthinkable (Ramo), Chapter 4 • “Running the World After the Crash,” Foreign Policy • The Future of Power, Nye, chapter 5 • Has economic power replaced military might? (Nye) • Naim, Moises. “Mafia States: Organized Crime
Takes Office.” Foreign Affairs
• “Another EU to the East?” Wall Street Journal, July
II. Drivers of Change Class 4: Transnational Problems September - Poverty, health, human 20 rights, population, and Short climate change Paper due - How functional is transnational governance? Is it redefining traditional state-to-state relationships?
• America: • “Global
Our Next Chapter (Hagel), Chapter 12, 13
Governance 2025: At a Critical Juncture,” Executive Summary, Introduction, Annexes (all) (produced for EU Institute for Security Studies and US National Intelligence Council) 3: Potential Consequences of Climate Change in “Trends and Implications of Climate Change for National and International Security,” Defense Science Board, 2011 American, “Climate Change Poses Arctic Challenge for US Navy.” of Slums, (Davis), Chapter 1, 2
• Scientific • Planet
INAF 515: Redefining Geopolitical Relationships
Fall 2012 Class 5: Critical Resources: Oil, Gas, September Water, Food 27
The Quest (Yergin), Chapter 11-13, 16 Center for International Forestry Research “The Anatomy of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions in Africa.”
Looks like a lot but most are very • VOA “Leasing Land, Leasing Water.” short! • National Intelligence Council report “Water Scarcity.”
• • • • •
National Geographic “Growing Food Demand Strains Energy, Water Supplies.” Bjorn Lomborg, “Environmental Alarmism, then and now,” Foreign Affairs Reuters, “Oil supply surge could risk price collapse: Harvard analysis” 26 June 2012 North America: The New Middle East? (PPT) Verrastro, Frank “The Unconventional Revolution”
Class 6: Weapons, Terrorism, and NonOctober 4 state actors Op-Ed due
• Age of the Unthinkable (Ramo), Chapters 5 & 8 • Dwight Eisenhower, 1953 Speech on Nuclear
• How to Run the World (Khanna), Chapter 6 •
“Al-Qaida threat declines in global scope,” The Guardian, April 30 2012
III. Authority and Ideology Class 7: October 11 What is the source of political • How to Run the World (Khanna), Chapter 1 authority? What is the longer • Strategic Vision (Brzezinski), Part 2 – The Waning of term fate of economic and the American Dream political liberalism?
• Liberal Levithian (Ikenberry), Chapter 1, 8 • Nye, The Future of Power, Chapter 7 •
Magic and Mayhem (Leebaert), Introduction & Chapter 3
Class 8: October 18 Policy Memo due
East and West (Part 1) · Why is there a perceived division? · Is it real?
• Babones, Salvatore. “The Middling Kingdom: The
Hype and Reality of China’s Rise.”
• Monsoon (Kaplan), Preface, Chapter 1 •Halper, Stefan. The Beijing Consensus: How China’s
Authoritarian Model Will Dominate the 21st Century. New York: Basic Books, 2010. Chapter 1, 5 Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China, 2012
•Optional: Annual Report to Congress: Military and
Class 9: October 25 East and West (Part 2) • The Next 100 Years (Friedman), Chapter 5 · Is it a competition? · Will one side prevail? • Reset (Kinzer), Introduction & Chapter 5, 7, 8 If so, which one and • Monsoon (Kaplan), Chapter 11, 12, and 15 why? • Wong, Edward. “China’s Growth Slows, and Its Political Model Shows.” The New York Times. 10 May 2012.
• Walker, Martin. “China’s Bubble.” • Optional: Challenges in Solving China’s Structural
Problems (PPT) Class 10: Is warfare changing in the 21 November 1 Century? · Intelligence · Justice and jurisdiction · Asymmetric warfare and counterinsurgency · Cyberwar · The importance of public opinion Note: This looks like a lot of readings, but they are mostly short
• Age of the Unthinkable (Ramo), Chapter 9 • The Next 100 Years (Friedman), Chapter 6, 10, 11 • Nye, Chapter 2 • Snyder, Timothy. “War No More: Why the World
Has Become More Peaceful [Review: The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined by Steven Pinker].” Foreign Affairs
• Nakashima, Ellen. “China Testing Cyber-Attack
Capabilities, Report Says.” The Washington Post.
• “With Plan X, Pentagon Seeks to Spread Military
Might to Cyberspace” The Washington Post
IV. Transforming America for the 21st Century
INAF 515: Redefining Geopolitical Relationships
Fall 2012 Class 11: Imperfections of Foreign Policy • Magic and Mayhem (Leebaert), Chapter 5 November 8 · “Few good choices—few • The Icarus Syndrome (Beinart), Introduction & good options” Chapter 8 Final Paper Topic • Zenko, Micah and Michael A. Cohen. “Clear and Proposal Present Safety: The United States is More Secure Due Than Washington Thinks.” Foreign Affairs Class 12: Transforming the US • The Next 100 Years (Friedman), Chapter 12 November Government 15 · Will structural changes • Eisenhower Farewell Address 1961 be required in the USG • “50 Years Later, We’re Still Ignoring Ike’s Warning,” to meet the challenges of Susan Eisenhower, Washington Post (January 16, the 21st century? 2011) · How will future resource •CRS Report: Organizing the US Gobt for National constraints affect the conduct of foreign policy Security and defense? •Odierno, Raymond T. “The U.S. Army in a Time of Transition: Building a Flexible Force.” Foreign Affairs
•Gates, Robert. Remarks Delivered by the Secretary of
Defense on Defense Spending at the Eisenhower Library. Class 13: Policy Transformation • America: Our Next Chapter (Hagel), Chapter 14, 15 November · Will the US need to • The Future of Power (Nye), 29 employ different Chapter 6 strategies to achieve its Fostering Stability or Creating a Monster? foreign policy goals? If • (Christensen) so, what will such strategies be? • Parent, Joseph M. and Paul K. MacDonald. · What is the fate of “The Wisdom of Retrenchment: America Must Cut American Back to Move Forward.” Foreign Affairs exceptionalism, and what role should it play in future policy?
Class 14: Spill-over from other classes, • America: Our Next Chapter (Hagel), Chapter 16 December 6 Conclusions and Wrap-up • Zakaria, Post-American World, Ch. 7 Final Paper • Magic and Mayhem (Leebaert), Conclusion due • Eisenhower articles, Washington Post and New York December Times 7
• “The Limits of Force,” Chuck Hagel, Washington
Post 9/3/09 Kaplan
• “Geography Strikes Back,” Washington Post, Robert
Cyber Security Simulation Scenario BREAKING NEWS April 6. 20:00 An unknown entity has conducted a cyber attack on Bank of America and Wells Fargo, affecting several parts of the nation’s financial infrastructure over the course of the past two weeks. Specifically, credit-card processing facilities are hacked and numbers are released to the Internet, causing 20 million cards to be cancelled; automated teller machines (ATMs) fail nearly simultaneously across the nation; major companies report payroll checks are not being received by workers; and several large pension and mutual fund companies have computer malfunctions so severe that they are unable to operate for more than a week. The two companies hold over $1.3 billion in deposits. Analysts believe these attacks will shatter faith in the stability of the financial system, which is already weak due to the global financial crisis. Citizens are loosing trust in all parts of the U.S. financial system and foreign speculators are making a run on the dollar. Although it is unclear who is behind this attack, initial reports indicate this was several years in the making.
Cyber Security Simulation April 2010 Context: Cyber security has become an increasingly relevant international security issue, one that will only become more pressing in the 21st Century. In the most recent Annual Threat Assessment, DNI Dennis Blair put cyber security at the top of the list of security issues the U.S. is likely to face. The United States confronts a dangerous combination of known and unknown vulnerabilities, strong and rapidly expanding adversary capabilities, and a lack of comprehensive threat awareness…Sensitive information is stolen daily from both government and private sector networks, undermining confidence in our information systems, and in the very information these systems were intended to convey. It is not only the U.S. government that fears attack. U.S. companies are keenly aware of the threat it poses to their businesses. Google has publically condemned the Chinese for alleged attacks on its system along with other U.S. firms. Cyber security is a true 21st Century challenge. It crosses all traditional barriers; a transnational threat affecting governments, the private sector, and individuals and can be easily perpetrated by state and non-state actors. Scenario: The specific scenario that you will react to will be posted on blackboard at 8pm on Tuesday, April 6 at 20:00 In addition to the specifics of the scenario, you should keep in mind the following: • • • • • The role of the private sector and their stake in reducing cyber attacks The implications for U.S. policy on acts of terrorism and terrorist groups U.S. domestic politics and privacy issues The global nature of cyber security threats The pre-existing policy on Internet Freedom outlined by the Secretary of State
Meetings have and will take place on cyber security. The UN Security Council will convene a special meeting to address the issue. Role Play Agenda: The Cyber Security Simulation will take place over a two-week period, both in and out of class. The simulation schedule will be as follows:
April 6 April 6-8
20:00 Scenario is posted to Blackboard Public statements in reaction to the scenario are made (you may choose not to make a statement) Policy formulation and initial negotiations 17:00 One page policy/strategy memo due Carry out your strategy and advance your agenda; prep for in person meetings (in class) 16:15 16:50 17:25 17:45 Principle Committee Meeting UN Security Council Meeting Break Briefing to the President
April 8-12 April 12 April 13-20
Bilateral meetings should occur on the margins of these discussions. *A detailed schedule will be released before April 12.
During the negotiation period you may use any tools that would be commonly used by the person whose role you are playing, including: ! Statements to the press ! Fact sheets ! Bilateral meetings ! Classified memos ! Lobbying All pubic statements should be posted to the Discussion Board on Blackboard entitles Cyber Security Simulation. You may conduct negotiations via email or in person, by telephone, or any other means of communication. On all email correspondence, please cc dfakdf;lkasjdf;lkajsdf;kajf
If you negotiate “offline”, please send an email to your counterpart briefly detailing the outcome of your conversations and cc dfakdf;lkasjdf;lkajsdf;kajf. Additionally, please sign all email with your name and your role. Example Email:
Dear Mr. Smith (National Security Advisor), Below are the notes from our conversation over lunch today. -The US and the UK stand together on the importance of cyber security. -We agree on X, Y, and Z -We have differences on point A and B The next steps we discussed were: -I will speak with the Minister of Defense -You will have a meeting with the Secretaries of State and Defense. Cheers, Jane Doe UK Ambassador to the UN)
Objective: At the conclusion of the Cyber Security Role Play, the goal is to provide Senator Hagel a Cyber Security strategy and to update him on significant developments of the day. What are the options on the table for dealing with cyber security threats and future attacks? What is the recommendation for immediate actions? What is the recommendation for a longer-term policy?
One Page Policy Memo Your one page memo should discuss your role in the cyber security scenario, why you are a stakeholder, what your objectives are, and your strategy for achieving your objectives.
Roles for Cyber Security Simulation
U.S. Principals Committee Meeting 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. National Security Advisor – White House Chief of Staff – Director of National Intelligence – Secretary of State – U.S. Ambassador to the UN – Secretary of Defense – Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff – Secretary of Homeland Security –
UN Special Security Council Meeting 9. UK Ambassador to the UN – 10. China Ambassador to the UN – 11. Russia Ambassador to the UN – 12. Japan Ambassador the UN (Also President of the UNSC) – 13. France Ambassador to the UN – 14. Brazil Ambassador to the UN – 15. Turkey Ambassador to the UN – *Note: The U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. will also attend this meeting Non-UN Security Council Member 16. CEO Bank of America – 17. CEO Wells Fargo – 18. Chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee -!
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?