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Published by Izzat Ismail

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Published by: Izzat Ismail on Jan 31, 2013
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Nature, which is also known as heredity, is the genetic code you are born with.

It is passed on to you from your parents. Some examples of nature or heredity could be your height, behavior, and IQ just to name a few. The issue of nature having a great impact on a child's development can be illustrated in the studies of twins. Flanagan (2002) explored the Minnesota study in which a set of twins was raised separately. In one case, a set of identical twins was raised apart, known as the Jim twins. They did not meet until they were almost forty and had many similarities even though they were raised apart. There was no real explanation for all their similarities except that nature must play a crucial role in development. "The Minnesota twin study concluded that on multiple measures of personality and temperament, occupational and leisuretime interests and social attitudes, mono-zygotic twins reared apart are about as similar as are mono-zygotic twins reared together" (Flanagan). This is a prime example that nature plays a significant role in our development. The UI (University of Iowa) team believes genes are expressed at every point in development and are affected all along the way by a gamut of environmental factors -everything from proteins and chemicals to the socioeconomic status of a family. These ideas are adoptive siblings are no more similar in IQ than strangers. Moreover, adoption studies indicate that, by adulthood, adoptive siblings are no more similar in IQ than strangers (IQ correlation near zero), while full siblings show an IQ correlation of 0.6. Twin studies reinforce this pattern: monozygotic (identical) twins raised separately are highly similar in IQ (0.86), more so than dizygotic (fraternal) twins raised together (0.6) and much more than adoptive siblings (almost 0.0). Consequently, in the context of the "nature versus nurture" debate, the "nature" component appears to be much more important than the "nurture" component in explaining IQ variance in the general adult population of the United States.ified by a perspective called developmental systems theory. For an individual, even strongly genetically influenced, or "obligate" traits, such as eye color, assume the inputs of a typical environment during ontogenetic development (e.g., certain ranges of temperatures, oxygen levels, etc.).

genetics play a role in a child’s physical characteristics which include the brain itself. Congenital abnormalities can limit or enhance a child’s ability to learn.

“Parents are the keys to intellectual development for almost all children in the care and education they provide and arrange. Director of Georgetown University’s Center for Health and Development states.”Craig Ramey. PhD. Many research studies underscore the links between parental involvement and young children's intelligence. .

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