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API 653 Cert Prep
This following is a study aid that you can use to help you learn the details and content of API RP-575, Inspection of Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks (2nd Edition). There will be about 15-30 questions from this document on the API 653 exam. We do not spend much time in class discussing this publication. So it is important that you become familiar with this content in your personal study sessions. The questions in this study aid are in the same order as API 575. The answer key is in the back of this guide. When you study API 575, read a number of pages and then answer the corresponding questions. You want to keep practicing this study guide until you can score 80+%. Open book questions are highlighted in yellow.
Description of Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Old Code used to build riveted tanks Construction code for low-pressure tanks Construction code for atmospheric tanks Cathodic protection of tanks Tank linings Tank venting Safety precautions for tank entry (2 codes) UL tank Construction code Code
API 575 Study Guide
API 653 Cert Prep
1. The generic definition of atmospheric pressure is pressures up to: a. b. c. d. 0.05 psig. 0.5 psig. 2.5 psig. 15 psig.
1. The inspection guidelines of API 572 should be followed when the operating pressure exceeds: a. b. c. d. 2. 0.05 psig. 0.5 psig 2.5 psig 15 psig.
As the product temperature increases, the product’s vapor pressure: a. b. c. d. decreases. decreases only if specific gravity is less than 1.0. increases. increases only if specific gravity is less than 1.0.
A pressure-vacuum vent is installed on a tank. The PV vent will ensure that the inside pressure or inside vacuum does not exceed: a. b. c. d. e. 0.0 psig. a few ounces of pressure. 2.5 psig. 15 ounces of pressure. 15 psig.
While in operation, which tank type roof is supported by internal members? a. b. c. d. Cone roof Dome roof Floating roof Umbrella
API 575 Study Guide
API 653 Cert Prep
5. Fixed-roof tanks are often self-supporting when tank diameter does not exceed: a. b. c. d. 6. 20 feet. 40 feet. 60 feet. 100 feet.
Which of the following is not an advantage of a geodesic dome roof? a. b. c. Low cost roof Keeps snow and rain off of an internal floating roof Can be used on any size of tank
What is the primary reason for using a floating roof instead of a cone roof tank? a. b. c. d. Less affected by severe weather Less expensive Less maintenance issues Minimizes vapor emissions
Which type of external floating-roof is the most susceptible to sinking? a. b. c. Double-deck Pan Pontoon
Which type of external floating-roof is the least susceptible to sinking? a. b. c. Double-deck Pan Pontoon
Which is the most common type of floating-roof seal? a. b. c. Foam log Mechanical shoe Wiper
Why are internal floating roofs sometimes used? a. b. c. d. Lowers construction costs Reduces vapor loss Minimizes effects of weather (rain & snow) Either reduces vapor loss or minimizes effects of weather (rain & snow)
c. -270 to -60 oF. high vapor pressure. 14.05 psig. 0. low specific gravity. 17. c. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 12. d. and noded spheroidal tanks are commonly used when the design pressure exceeds: a. b. c. -60 to 40 oF. -50 to 32 oF. c. b. Double-deck Internal on floats Pan Pontoon Low-pressure storage tanks are those with a design pressure from: a. Low-pressure storage tanks are normally used for products that have a: a. -60 to 40 oF. 15.0 psig. d. API 620 Appendix R provides design rules for refrigerated tanks with design temperatures between: a. 2. d. spheroidal. API 620 Appendix Q provides design rules for refrigerated tanks with design temperatures between: a. -100 to 0 oF. d. 125.0 psig MSTS 4 August 2012 . d.5 – 15 psig. 13. c.0.0 – 25 psig. -50 to 32 oF. c. b. 10.5 psig. 5. Hemispheroidal. Which of the following floating roofs is normally not constructed from steel? a. 2. d. 5.05 – 2. 16. 0.0 psig. low vapor pressure.5 psig. high specific gravity. b. -100 to 0 oF. b.0 . -270 to -60 oF.
e. d. d. Which of the following is not a common cause of bottom-side corrosion on a tank floor? a. c. b. 2. which of the following is not recommended? a. b. What are two common causes of severe external corrosion at the bottom of the lower shell course? a. f. b. d. c. c. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ MSTS 5 August 2012 . Which of the following codes is not a tank inspection code: a. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep Section 5 1. b. API RP 12R1 API 653 STI SP001 UL-142 A tank pad is installed with cinders. Clay or wood left in sand pad Faulty installation of sand pad Improperly sealed ring wall Leaking product that is corrosive Operating temperatures below 200 oF Poor drainage in tank area 4. Asphalt-impregnated fiberboard on top of ring-wall Operating a tank at temperatures above 200 oF Install sand pad using specified ASTM materials that is 3-4” thick Installing tank foundation 12” above grade of area inside tank dike 5. In order to prevent bottom-side corrosion. What chemical in the cinders can cause bottom-side corrosion when the pad gets wet? a. c. e. d. Chlorides Iron Kryptonite Silicon Sulfur 3.
b. d. 7. e. c. MSTS 6 August 2012 . c. low-pressure tanks. c. Generally in the liquid portion of a tank. d. Carbon steel Chromes Carbon steel or chromes Kryptonite Austenitic stainless steel 9. What are three common vapors that cause corrosion in a tank’s vapor space? a. b. ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ 10. small diameter tanks. top of the liquid. b. internal floating roof tanks. What are three types of atmospheres that can cause external atmospheric corrosion? a.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 6. welds. c. b. c. b. Most tanks are made from which metallurgy(s)? a. cone roof tanks. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ Concentration cell corrosion may occur in the many niches of: a. bottom of the tank. riveted tanks. e. internal corrosion is worse at the: a. 8.
acids. Stress corrosion cracking of austenitic stainless steels can occur in the presence of: a. b. b. d. d. Occasionally a tank will be built with alloy materials. nozzles. Horizontal uninsulated cylindrical tanks can sometimes experience accelerated external corrosion on: a. shell-to-roof weld. b. chlorides. sulfides. hydrocarbons. High design temperature Increased strength Lower cost Maintain product purity 14. longitudinal welds. d. d. e. 15. d. Which of the following is a common reason for selecting alloys to build a tank? a. c. heads. b. c. Which of the following tank products does not cause stress corrosion cracking? a.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 11. c. 12. c. MSTS 7 August 2012 . Benzene Caustic DEA Ethanol Which welds on a tank are most susceptible to stress corrosion cracking? a. b. Bottom fillet welds Horizontal shell welds Nozzle-to-shell welds Roof fillet welds 13. saddle-to-tank interface. c.
API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 16. In which of the following welds are cracks most likely to occur? a. c. Brittle failure Failure at extensive deep pitting Failure at a localized thin area Thermal fatigue Which tank weld is most likely to have a leak that is the result of a weld defect? a. b. 17. c. A tank experiences excessive uniform tank settlement. c. d. Nozzles Horizontal shell weld Roof-to-shell weld Vertical shell weld MSTS 8 August 2012 . b. Bottom fillet welds Bottom-to-shell weld Horizontal shell weld Roof-to-shell weld Vertical shell weld 21. d. Annular plate butt welds Bottom fillet welds Horizontal shell welds. d. Which area of the tank is most likely to be over-stressed? a. Around rivet holes Bracket welds Nozzle welds Roof fillet welds 20. b. What type of tank failure has occurred in the past that results in a sudden and complete loss of the product? a. In which of the following areas are cracks least likely to occur? a. Three-plate lap welds 18. c. c. d. b. d. What weld is most susceptible to cracking in a hot tank? a. c. b. Bottom fillet welds Bottom-to-shell weld Horizontal shell welds Vertical shell welds 19. d. e. b.
Frequent freezing and thawing High tides in tidal areas Marshy areas Venus and Mars are aligned with a full moon Pressure-vacuum vents and flame arrestors can fail to operate for a variety of reasons. can cause excessive tank settlement. A plugged floating roof drain: a. mud. d. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 22. d. d. etc. c. c. mandatory only on low-pressure storage tanks. b. b. Which of the following is not a common cause of tank settlement? a.) Corrosion between moving parts Fouled Ice in cold climates Product specific gravity is increased 24. Which of the following can be used to determine the corrosion rate of the tank bottom? a. Which tank component normally controls the tank’s internal interval? a. Bottom Nozzles Roof Shell MSTS 9 August 2012 . b. d. can cause the roof to sink. Corrosion rate from tanks in similar service Corrosion rate from an API or NACE document Corrosion rate from a corrosion probe or coupon placed inside the tank Corrosion engineer’s estimated corrosion rate 27. The inspection checklists listed in API 653 Appendix C are: a. d. considered a "memory jogger" for the inspector. 23. c. c. will significantly increase the stress in the shell. b. mandatory for all tanks. Which of the following is not a cause? a. b. c. 26. 25. Deposits by birds or insects (poop. c. e. will increase the water in the bottom of the tank.
fill height is increased. 29. operating temperature increases. 30. c. Soil-side corrosion on a tank bottom can vary from negligible up to rates approaching: a. d. f. c. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 28. c. What is one common component in BS&W (bottom sediment & water) that increases its corrosiveness? a. 10 mils per year. Corrosion rates on a tank bottom will increase if the: a. tank service is changed to a product with a higher specific gravity. Use the bottom corrosion rate for a tank built at exactly the same time period. MSTS 10 August 2012 . c. 15 mils per year. b. e. 5 mils per year. operating temperature decreases. b. e. g. Which of the following statements is true? a. tank service is changed to a product with a lower specific gravity. Bottom side and top side corrosion rates should be determined independently. 20 mils per year. Use an average bottom corrosion rate from several tanks with similar product. Use the bottom corrosion rate for a tank with exactly the same product. Hydrogen Lead Mercury Pepper Salt Sugar Sulfur 31. d. b. d. Similar service is being used to determine the corrosion rate for a tank bottom.
Which document provides additional guidance on inspecting tank appurtances and accessories? a. c. On a 120 foot diameter tank the: a. the minimum new thickness: a. equal stresses that are equal throughout the shell. API 652 API 2610 NACE 45R96 STI-008 3. installed on all tanks that are built on a sand pad. shell plates will be the same thickness on each course. b. d. d.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep Section 6 1. b. equal stresses in floor and shell plates. checked per NACE CP-005. c. considers only the specific gravity of the product. nozzles flanges should Class 300. considers only the specific gravity of the hydrotest water. b. External CP should be: a. MSTS 11 August 2012 . 2. practically no stress in the floor away from the shell. checked per API 651. considers both the specific gravity of the product and the hydrotest water. d. 4. e. d. pressure is highest at the bottom of the shell. The product in a tank creates: a. installed per API 2015. c. installed on all new tanks. c. b. b. d. practically no stress over the entire floor. 5. c. highest stresses are in the tank floor. For new tanks built to API 650. should never be less than ½”.
Which of the following is not a normal outcome from an RBI assessment? a. 10.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 6. b. d. made from pipe. designed per API 650. b. b. 9. c. d. must always be repaired. d. ___________________ of failure. b. d. d. b. When to inspect Where to inspect NDE technique(s) to use during the inspection Qualification requirements for individual performing the inspection MSTS 12 August 2012 . does not appreciably weaken the shell. Replace the corroded area Lower the fill height Change to a product with a lower specific gravity Coat the corroded area with a lining An isolated deep pit in the shell: a. nozzles. 7. c. 11. 8. made from 3/16” steel. floor plates. shell plates. A large area on a shell course is corroded below acceptable limits. Which of the following is not an acceptable option? a. Neither API 650 or API 653 have a method for determining the minimum required thickness of a tank’s: a. Should be evaluated per API 580. annular plates. c. b. c. The two primary factors of risk are: a. ___________________ of failure. designed per AISC’s Steel Construction Manual. never needs to be repaired. Roof supports are normally: a. c.
review tank entry guidelines specified in API 579. b. Guidance on how to perform an RBI assessment can be found in: a. API API API API API 579. lock out all pumps near the tank. 581. check that there is not a significant amount of liquid on the roof. review the API 653 Appendix C checklist. d. d. c. Prior to entering a tank. c. c. be sure to: a. b. 13. Inspection paint or crayon markers used on SS should be free of: a. d. MSTS 13 August 2012 . API 579 API 580 API 581 Section 7 1. take external UT readings on the shell. 579 or API 580. API 2015 & 2016 API 2201 API 2601 USDA 4601 2. 580 or API 581. d. b. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 12. e. take external UT readings on the roof. b. 3. review the API 653 Appendix C checklist. c. c. Prior to entering a floating roof tank. Which document can be used during fitness for service assessments? a. oxides. be sure to: a. b. chlorides. Safety precautions dealing with tank entry are discussed in: a. d. 4. bromides. c. check condition of overhead structures inside the tank. 580. sulfides.
UT or RT. 9. d. sealed. Prior to conducting a tank inspection. scrapper or hammer. b. d. c. replacing the platform. calcining corrosion/erosion crevice corrosion 7. obtain an API TES certification. 6. angle iron. MT or PT. Low spots on a platform that collect water are routine places for corrosion to occur. the inspector should: a. removing the platform and providing a rope to hang on to. Which handrail member should be given special attention? a. adding additional support to “cone-up” the platform. d. determine the shell joint efficiency. d. MSTS 14 August 2012 . Anchor bolts may be subject to what type of degradation? a. bars t-bars tubular 8. c. 10. b. b. c. covered. grouted. This can be simply solved by: a. b. drilling a drain hole. obtain an API 650 certification. b. UT. d. b. read previous inspection records. c.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 5. Crevices in structural members should be checked with: a. c. c. insulated. The external joint between the tank floor plate extension and a concrete foundation should be: a.
eddy current. c. d. The resistance in tank grounding should not exceed: a. 50 ohms. Tank grounding connections should be checked: a. c. visually. c. d. hammer testing. RT. Paint blisters occur most often on which of the following tank parts? a. d. c. b. API 651 API 2003 API 2015 API 2201 15. b. c. 13. Which document provides information concerning the use of tank grounding to prevent static electricity? a. b. per API 651.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 11. 25 ohms. b. Which coating problem is the most difficult to detect? a. b. 250 ohms. d. b. c. Plate extension Nozzles Roof Shady side of the tank MSTS 15 August 2012 . d. d. per API 2601. Anchor bolt corrosion below the nut can be checked by using: a. 14. with an ammeter. Blister Bonding failure Holiday Graffiti 16. acoustic emission. 5 ohms. 12.
What technique(s) can be used to evaluate condition of insulation by finding insulation hot spots? a. 120 . 21. CUI in carbon steel is most aggressive at a temperature range of: a. Build-up of soil on shell Build-up of some foreign material on shell Leakage of a corrosion product Spalling of concrete ringwall MSTS 16 August 2012 . c. d. c. Which of the following is not a cause of corrosion at the bottom of a tank shell? a. Where is a likely spot for external shell corrosion? a. c. Where is a typical place for external corrosion on a tank shell? a. d. b. 18. 50 . 10 . d. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 17. Anchor bolts Paint under insulation Nozzles Side of the tank with the most sunlight A tank is insulated. d. Acoustic Emission or Neutron back-scatter Acoustic Emission or EMAT Guided wave UT or EMAT Thermography or Neutron back-scatter 20.150 oF.200 oF. Nozzles Shady side of the tank Sunny side of the tank Top of the tank 19. Paint blisters occur most often on which of the following tank parts? a. c. b. At the bottom Near the top Below a horizontal weld seam There is not a typical location for external shell corrosion 22.350 oF. d.250 oF. b. d. b. c. c. 180 . b.
c. special attention should be given to the shell on the upper: a. b. If a crack is found in a wind girder. not inspected. never be done on a tank that is in service. b. b. 12”. 36”. Remove the coating at the UT location Subtract the thickness of the coating from the UT reading Use a multi-echo thickness scope Let someone else take the reading! 26. What is the best way to take UT thickness readings through a thin-film coating? a. which technique should not be used to determine the extent of cracking? a. visually inspected. 24. d. nozzle to shell welds. c. d. be done by a ASNT technician. b. MT with prods MT with yoke and dry particles MT with yoke and wet particles PT 28. 27. hammer tested and visually inspected. bottom-to-shell weld. Rigorous hammer testing of the shell should: a. MSTS 17 August 2012 . c. b. d. c. On floating roof tanks with uncoated shells. A tank is in caustic service. 25. c. d. Stiffeners and wind girders are normally: a. b. be done to stress relieve the hammer tester! The upper shell of a floating roof tank has the potential for atmospheric corrosion on both sides. 24”.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 23. hammer tested. c. never be done. d. d. A very common place for caustic cracking is at: a. vertical shell welds. connections for internal heating units. shell course.
If the metal in the repair area is not thoroughly cleaned and neutralized what might occur during welding? a. b. green goo. c. b. external cracks. internal pits. The inspector develops a repair plan to weld these cracks. hammer testing. visual and by touch. d. internal cracks. 31. 34. Additional cracking Arc blow Creation of pyrophoric iron Small fire 32. c. d. internal. external. external pits. roof. c. d. red deposit. b. UT scan. roof and shell. Caustic and amine SCC shows up as: a. RT. white salt. b. 30. c. external or internal. d. b.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 29. b. Hydrogen blistering occurs on the tank’s: a. During an inspection of a caustic tank. cracking has been found at a couple of nozzles. d. Caustic that seeps out of a tank crack will appear as a: a. bottom and shell. d. brown oxide. 33. Hydrogen blistering is most common on the tank’s: a. c. nozzles. c. Hydrogen blistering is most easily found by using: a. heating coils. MSTS 18 August 2012 .
d. d. holding a flashlight against the shell with the beam parallel to the shell. b. d. b. Which of the following is not evidence of a tank shell leak? a. How can rivets be checked for tightness? a. c. b. When cracking is suspect in an area of tank deformation. d. c. c. e. b. Hydrogen blistering can easily be found on the shell by: a. b. Defective vent Earthquate Exceeded product fill height Settlement Wind 38. Bottom-to-shell weld Horizontal shell welds Shell-to-Roof weld Vertical shell welds 39. d.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 35. Which of the following welds is least likely to crack as the result of tank deformation? a. holding a flashlight within 24” perpendicular to the shell. c. 36. Bulge on the shell Paint is missing Puddle of product at base of the tank Shell discoloration 37. c. MT PT RT UT 40. d. MFL scan. Which of the following is not a cause of tank deformation? a. By lightly tabbing one side and holding a finger on the opposite side UT straight beam UT shear wave Visually MSTS 19 August 2012 . which NDE is preferred? a. b. c. UT A-scan.
API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 41. UT examination or hammer testing. 10 ft. b. Only walk on planks. b. c. in the center of plates. 20 ft. only if the roof thickness was verified with a few random spot UT readings. stay on top of the pontoons. A floating roof tank is in a volatile service. d. might knock roof scale into the product. sneak a smoke! 46. d. 2 rafters. Personnel on the roof must wear respiratory equipment. Personnel on the roof must be tied off to the shell. c. 3 rafters. b. it is advisable: a. Perform a couple of spot UTs on the roof prior to walking on the roof. on the weld seams. hammer testing. it is advisable to walk: a. is an adequate means to determine if the roof will support personnel. Which of the following is a requirement when walking on the floating roof? a. Planks used as a walkway on the roof should span at least: a. 42. b. MSTS 20 August 2012 . d. to have two individuals on the roof at the same time. d. c. hammer testing or MFL. A suitable means of determining the overall integrity of the roof is: a. is a suitable substitute for UT roof scans. should be done with a 4 lb hammer. UT examination or MFL. d. When walking on the floating roof. that the tank be high gauged. c. c. When walking on a roof. b. d. Hammer testing the roof: a. A floating roof tank is in a volatile service and is half full. b. lightly. 45. c. 43. 44.
the stresses on horizontal welds will exceed that allowed by the code. excessive hoop stresses on the tank shell. d. excessive hoop stresses on the tank shell. the thickness of the over-lapped portion of a fillet weld is twice the measured thickness. External roof corrosion is most common at: a. A blocked roof drain on a floating tank can cause: a. 6 – 12 inches. d.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 47. the roof-to shell weld. the UT instrument takes both thickness and temperature measurements. b. MSTS 21 August 2012 . rafter locations. roof seams. d. roof depressions. 49. c. c. at least two UT readings are taken at each TML. A floating roof is sitting on its legs. d. b. The soil-to-air corrosion can affect tank farm piping. excessive tank settlement will occur. deformation of the roof pontoons. water to accumulate on in the bottom of the tank. severe roof damage. d. 6 – 8 ft. A blocked roof drain on a floating tank can cause: a. water to accumulate on in the bottom of the tank. the roof to sink. b. c. 50. If the maximum operating level is exceeded on a floating roof tank: a. 52. Doubling of an UT instrument is when: a. deformation of the roof pontoons. the roof drain will probably be damaged. d. c. 18 – 36 inches. b. b. 51. the displayed reading is twice the actual thickness reading. b. c. c. 12 – 24 inches. the soil around the pipe should be dug away for: a. the seal may be damaged. 48. To check for soil-to-air corrosion.
Frost heave of pipe supports Over filling the tank Nozzle corrosion Thinning of shell 55. c. d. b. b. c. b. Which of the following is a potential cause for significant distortion of pipe connected to the tank? a. Must examine entire distorted area with UT scan Must examine entire distorted area with PT Clean and examine the distorted area for cracks Clean and examine the distorted area for thinning 56. What should be done if there is significant distortion discovered at a nozzle? a. Floating roof sucks in Tank over pressures Tank roof-to-shell weld fails Tanks sucks in due to vacuum MSTS 22 August 2012 . d. mud daubers or insects Corrosion build-up Tank over pressure Solidification of tank vapors 58. b. c. b. d. Excessive tank settlement Over filling the tank Nozzle corrosion Undersized flange class Which of the following is a potential cause for significant distortion of pipe connected to the tank in colder climates? a. d. c. c. d.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 53. d. Bees. Excessive internal corrosion Internal caps melt Internal screens get plugged Incorrect flange class is use 57. c. Which of the following is not a common way for flame arrestors to get plugged? a. 54. What is a common problem for flame arrestors? a. Which of the following is not a problem that can occur if a flame arrestor gets plugged? a. b.
Which of the following is a primary advantage of the MFL floor scan? a. c. Lifting the tank MFL (magnetic flux leakage) Removal of a few floor coupons Spot UT 61. Lifting the tank Removal of a few floor coupons Robotic inspection Spot UT’s of a 36” grid 62. c. b. b. When inspecting a pressure-vacuum vent. d. d. The tank will probably need to be hydrotested The foundation will need to be spark tested This repair must be approved by the inspector and engineer The concrete used in the repair should not slump more than 1-1/2” 64. 60. which of the following is not something that needs inspected? a. d. b. The owner elects to tunnel under a tank to see a portion of the bottom side of the tank. c. The technique requires little training Inexpensive to perform Significant portion of floor can be examined Thickness reading is highly accurate 63. d. A tank is lifted in order to repair the tank’s foundation. c. b. What is the primary problem with tunneling? a. which of the following is correct? a. Check for the build-up of solids Check that moving parts are free to operate Check for corrosion Check vent sizing capacity What is a reliable method for checking the floor for soil-side corrosion? a. d. b. What is a useful method for checking the tank floor for soil-side corrosion? a. b. c. Based on this activity.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 59. Cave-ins Difficult to compact the fill Interference with CP systems Increases the likelihood of soil-to-air corrosion MSTS 23 August 2012 . c. d.
c. 66. b. b. 100% inspection of the soil-side of the tank floor Coat the bottom side of the floor Repair the foundation or pad Fillet weld the bottom seams on the soil-side Which of the following is not a cause of internal roof corrosion? a. Corrosive product in the vapor space Pyrophoric iron Oxygen Water vapor 67. The roof may tilt and damage the seals and roof.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 65. b. (and you believe in the Easter Bunny too!) API 653 inspector will win the lottery. b. c. 69. c. API 653 inspector will not get blamed. Which of the following is not commonly installed on a floating roof? a. d. Sometimes roof coupons are cut out in order to check the condition of the roof rafters. Which of the following is correct when cutting roof coupons? a. If there are leaks in a floating roof or the pontoons. roof may sink. c. the: a. API 653 inspector will get a raise. d. c. d. c. More difficult to prep the tank for inspections. Cathodic Protection Drains Grounding Connections Guides MSTS 24 August 2012 . Which of the following is not a reason for lifting a tank? a. d. The roof may tilt and turn upside down. The roof may sink. b. The activity must be approved by the engineer and inspector Coupons must be at least 6” x 6” Coupons must have rounded corners Replacement plate must be stitch-welded at least 1” in every 12” 68. b. d. If a floating roof drain gets plugged. d. 70. which of the following is not likely to occur? a.
5 psig. 2. d. What is the reason for a 2nd pressure test of a drain that has a swing joint? a. The test should normally be conducted at: a. c. but leaks at low pressures. 30 psig. 15 psig. be sure to walk on the seams. c. 15 psig. When walking on an aluminum internal floating roof: a. Just a good way to collect more inspection man-hours. 5. b. d. d. This is such an important test. The joint may be self-sealing at high pressures.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 71.0 psig. but leaks at high pressures. c. take thickness readings prior to walking on the roof. d. b. b. 72. the floating roof drain lines should initially be pressure tested for ½ hour. 73. 74. that a double check is needed. If a drain line contains a swing joint. c.5 psig. What is likely to occur to a floating roof tank that has landed on its legs and the drain is plugged? a. 2. MSTS 25 August 2012 . Best to use rope access and suspend from the ceiling. The roof collapses The roof sinks Excessive top side corrosion occurs The roof inspection will be performed with scuba gear! During an outage. 5. c. add planking prior to walking on the tank.0 psig. The joint may be self-sealing at low pressures. b. d. 75. 30 psig. a second ½ hour pressure test should be conducted at: a. b.
d. c. in the vapor space. rafters and bottom side of roof. at the liquid-level line. Aluminum floating roof legs must be: a. Dry pyrophoric material can cause: a. 81. a preliminary inspection should first be conducted of the: a. pitting. removed with a dry vacuum.250” thick. on the bottom. d. ignition. c. Once it is safe to enter the tank. Normally internal tank corrosion is least likely to occur: a.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 76. 78. d. b. 80. air dried. at least 0. cracking. b. kept moist. b. c. d. Pyrophoric material tends to collect on the: a. inside nozzles. should be avoided in tanks with non-aluminum bottoms. d. electrically isolated to from carbon steel to prevent galvanic corrosion. general metal loss. 79. MSTS 26 August 2012 . nozzles. Pyrophoric material should be: a. roof and support system. should be designed per API 620. d. c. removed per API 2201. nozzles (360 degrees). c. 77. floor and top-side of the rafters. b. c. shell. bottom. b. b. shell.
acid vapors. vapor space. corrosion often occurs: a. 86. nozzles. API 653. c. d. water on top of the acid that creates a weaker acid. In a 98% sulfuric acid tank. b. d. corrosion is often occurs in the: a. corrosion often occurs in the: a. b. top-side of the bottom. In a 98% sulfuric acid tank. MSTS 27 August 2012 . c. b. floor. hydrocarbons. 84. b. corrosion often occurs at the vapor-liquid interface. c. hydrogen sulfide. d. corrosive vapors are formed when moisture and air mixes with: a. d. c. floor. 87. at the center of the floor. d. c. This is the result of: a. d. API 2015 & 2016. In sour services. on the entire shell. shell. Handling pyrophoric material is discussed in: a. b. 85. behind the tank seal. inside nozzles. chlorides. 83. sulfidation. hydrogen sulfide. c. b. vapor-liquid interface. halogens. vapor space. like pipeline breakout tanks. In sour services. NACE 99-121.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 82. NACE 92-432. In tanks rarely used.
c. b. c. d. 92. c.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 88. A common way to completely inspect a tank floor is by: a. scanning personnel tested to demonstrate their ability to use this equipment. d.2 – 10% 5-10% 5-25% 10-25% MSTS 28 August 2012 . b. 0. grounding devices disconnected. c. A statistical method is used to determine the probable minimum remaining thickness. 89. Those with dissimilar materials. floor sandblasted to a NACE 1 finish. MFL (Magnetic Flux Leakage. Those with mill scale. Those with laminations and slag inclusions. d. 200 oF. 150 oF. Prior to performing a tank floor scan it is a good idea to have the: a. e. Visual with a pit gauge. 90. d. Caustic stress corrosion cracking becomes prevalent in carbon steel when the temperature exceeds: a. c. 91. Which carbon steels are the most susceptible to hydrogen blistering? a.2 – 5% 0. Typically how much of the floor is scanned to gather info for the statistical analysis? a. MFL (Magnetic Flux Leakage) with UT follow-up in suspect areas. d. floating roof legs placed at the low leg settings. b. Spot UT with a statistical evaluation. b. b. Those that are non-normalized. 125 oF. 40 oF.
98. MFL scanning equipment is useful for finding: a. c. b. Outer circumference by the shell An “X” pattern across the tank Samples around the tank not exceeding 32’ apart Center of the tank When is a statistical analysis of a tank floor effective? a. b. d. d. What part of the floor should be included in the statistical analysis? a. only top-side corrosion on non-coated floors. c. b. pocket knife. uniform corrosion. c. only top-side corrosion on coated and non-coated floors. d. 94. bottom-side pits. Tanks on pads that may have been contaminated with corrosion fluids Tanks with a Galvanic CP system Tanks on pads that have a number clay balls (thanks Tankees for tracking that in our part during installation!) Tanks on pads that have uniform consistency 95. b. 96. mechanical pencil. c. depressions. Accelerated tank floor corrosion may occur at: a.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 93. small diameter pits. bulges or depressions bulges and depressions. thumb imprint in the pit. only top-side & bottom-side corrosion on non-coated floors. b. A statistical method is used to determine the probable minimum remaining thickness. MSTS 29 August 2012 . bulges. d. Pits depth can be estimated by use of a: a. 97. d. pocket ruler. b. c. c. both top-side & bottom-side corrosion on coated & non-coated floors. d. MFL scanning equipment may miss: a. corrosion within 6” of a weld.
Look what I found. c.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 99. You performed you first holiday test on a tank lining and found 537 “holidays”. You burned up a good lining. c. Reviewing tank settlement readings and finding that the whole tank has settled about 1/4” in uniform settlement. 102. MFL. (yes 0. One method to use to check a tank lining is: a. d. d. holiday testing. 100. Then someone points out that each of the holidays looks a bit “burned”. c. statistical analysis. MSTS 30 August 2012 . b. Which part of the tank shell is considered the highest stressed? a.) a. b. c. 10 minutes 1 hours 4 hours 24 hours 101. b. You calculate that the maximum corrosion rate on the shell is 0. b.0001 ipy. pressure test. (should have read the directions). Shell near nozzles Shell-to-bottom area Shell-to-roof area Vertical welds One method to use when checking the shell for cracks is to put penetrant on one side of the shell and developer on the other. How long might it take to detect a crack? a. d.1 mpy) During an internal inspection you find a bottom with absolutely no top-side corrosion. and then they explain that these 537 “holidays” are the result of you having the detector’s voltage set too high. d. Which of the following makes a very “bad day” for an inspector? (Note! If you miss this you are not ready for the API 653 exam.
build-up of internal deposits. Which of the following methods should not be used on a glass-lined tank? (Note! Another question if you miss. b. caustic embrittlement. a. b. d. c. d. The corroded band is about 30’ above the floor. MSTS 31 August 2012 . condensate grooving.) holiday testing. Steam heating coils should be inspected using either RT or UT to detect: a. hydrogen pitting. The roof support columns should also be inspected. with a corrosion rate of 4 mils per year at the 30’ level. d. c.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 103. b. Hammer testing Visual Visual Visual What type of lined tanks should be painted on the external with a unique color or stencil a warning to indicate they have a special lining? a. b. All lined tanks Glass-lined Lead-lined Rubber-lined 105. c. sledge hammer taps 107. b. What would you expect to see? a. d. What is a good method to check the soundness of the roof’s structural members and check the tightness of roof bolting? a. The corrosion rate in this area is 4 mils per year (0. Corrosion Corrosion Corrosion Corrosion throughout the columns at the 30’ level. c. with a corrosion rate of 8 mils per year at the 30’ level. don’t take the API 653 exam. 104. A band of corrosion around the entire tank shell is found on a cone roof tank.004 ipy). c. d. Eddy current Light hammer taps Hard hammer taps 16 lb. with an unpredictable corrosion rate 106.
3. 109. 36 inches of the surface to be examined. MSTS 32 August 2012 . the inspector’s eyes should be within: a. b. 15 psig. 24 inches of the surface to be examined. What is one major concern? a. c. 2 psig. When visual inspection is performed. c. 45 degrees. When inspecting the surface the inspector’s eyes should not be at an angle that is less than: a. b. the inspector’s eyes should be looking relatively straight-on to the surface. 2. b. 2 ounces per square inch. 10 degrees. as close as the inspector’s truck can get to the surface to be examined. Chloride stress corrosion cracking Dirt in the water that will settle on the tank floor Flange rating of the nozzle flanges Oxygen pitting in the vapor space If substituting an air-test for a tank hydrotest the air pressure should not exceed: a. 12 inches of the surface to be examined. b. d. d. c. Concrete reinforced pad Double bottom tank Effective bottom side CP Under-tank liner (yes a diaper!) When visual inspection is performed. 2 inches of water. 60 degrees. Which of the following is not a RPB (release prevention barrier)? a. d. d. d.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 108. c. (there it goes … a UFTR … an Unidentified Flying Tank Roof! Oops!) Section 8 1. b. 30 degrees. c. A hydrotest is performed on a tank of high alloy.
b. b. 5. 1 hour. 24 hours. c. 100 foot-candles. 50 foot-candles. c. A high-penetrating oil is used to check the initial weld pass on one side of the bottom-to-shell weld. d. d.API 575 Study Guide API 653 Cert Prep 4. When visual inspection is performed. c. 15 foot-candles. MSTS 33 August 2012 . When visual inspection is performed. the amount of light needed for general viewing should be at least: a. The minimum dwell time for this test is: a. 10 minutes. 30 foot-candles. 6. 100 foot-candles. b. d. the amount of light needed for inspecting small anomalies should be at least: a. 15 foot-candles. 4 hours. 30 foot-candles. 50 foot-candles.
2. 5. 2.2) a (4. 17.2. 18.2.3) 10.3) d (4.2. Section 5 1. 14. 13.2. API 12A API 620 API 650 API 651 API 652 API 2000 API 2015. a (5.3) d (4. 8. 4. b) CUI – water wicking up (5.2.5) c (5. 7. API 2016 UL-142 d (5. 8.4) d (5.3.2) d (5.1) a (4.3) b (4.2) b (4.3) b (4.3) b (4.1) a (5.2.API 575 Study Guide – Answer Key API 653 Cert Prep Section 2 1.2) d (4. 15.2) b (4. 4. c (3.4) a (5.1) e (5. 6. a) Sulfurous (5. 3.2. 4. 3. 25. 11.4) b (5.3.1) a) settlement so that soil contacts shell.2.3) c (4. 24. 21.1) e (5. 12. 2.4) d (5.2) a (5. 22.2.1) 6.3) a (22.214.171.124) a (5.4) e (5.2) c (5.2) b) Water vapor c) Oxygen Section 4 1.4) d (5. 12.3) a (4. 9.5) a (5.4) b (5. 13.3) d (5. 5.2) a (126.96.36.199. 2. d (5.2. 23.3) 7.3) c (188.8.131.52.3) b (5. 17.2. 9. 19.3.2. 3.2.1) c (4. 5. 8.2. 15.5) MSTS 1 August 2012 . 6. 7. 14. 10.1) b) Acidic c) Marine Atmosphere Section 3 2. 11.2. 16.2) a) hydrogen sulfide vapor (5. d (4. 20.3) a (5. 16.
2.8.2. (continued) a (5.1) b (7. 31.2.2. 37. 33.3) d (7.8.5) b (7.2.2. 3.6) a (7. 15. 4. 27.2) a Likelihood of Failure b Consequence of Failure (6.2.7) a (7.2.API 575 Study Guide – Answer Key API 653 Cert Prep Section 5 26. 28.1) b (6.6) d (5.8.6) a (5. 13.6) c (7.2.8. 24.7) c (7. 27.4) a (7. 38.2.2. 30. 8.2. 11. 22.1) c (7.3) a (7.2) c (6. 5. 20.4) d (7.1) c (7. 28.6) d (7.1) a (7.2) a (184.108.40.206. 36. 220.127.116.11.1) a (7.3) c (7.2) a (6.5) b (7. 10.8. 10.2.8.8) b (7. 7. (continued) Section 7 9.1) d (7. 2.5) b (7. 2. 5. 30. 19.8. 16.2. 4. 18.104.22.168) d (6.2) b (6.2. 32.8. 18. 14.2. 9. 29.8) d (7.2.2) a (7.8) b (7.6) b (7.4) b (22.214.171.124) a (6.1) b (7.2. 6.1) d (6.7) d (7. 26.2. 25. 7.5) c (7. 11.8.1) MSTS 2 August 2012 . 39.8. 34.2) d (7.2.2. 6. 126.96.36.199) b (7.5) b (7.4) d (7.6) e (5.2. 21. d (6.2) d (6. 35.3) a (6.1) d (7.8.4) Section 7 1. 12.2) d (7.6) c (5.1) c (7.2.5) a (7. 29.3) a (7. 8.6) c (5.2. a (7. 13. 12.5) Section 6 1. 3.3) e (6.8.4) c (7.8.2.
49. 57.10) c (7. 61.3.3) d (188.8.131.52. 93.10) a (7.4. 62.2.4. 48.10) c (7.2.3) a (7. 91. 63.3.3) c (7.4) b (7.3.1) a (7. 94.3. 77. 83. 81.9) a (7.6) d (7. 59.API 575 Study Guide – Answer Key API 653 Cert Prep Section 7 184.108.40.206.2. 101. 82.3.3. 90.3) d (7.9) c (7. 72.4) d (7.2) c (7.2.9) a (7. 75. 74.3. 69. 76.2.10) a (220.127.116.11. 55. 87.4.2. 67. 54. 96.3.9) c (7.4.4) d (7. 89.3) c (7. 95.4.2) b (7.4. 45. 78.3) c (7.4) a (7.4) b (7.2. 73.10) b (18.104.22.168) d (7. 22.214.171.124) a (7.9) b (7.3) a (7.3) d (126.96.36.199) b (7.2.3) a (7.2.3) a (188.8.131.52. 80.6) a (7.3) a (7.3. 85.2. 70.3) d (7. 184.108.40.206) a (7.2) c (7.2. 56. 68.2.1) c (7.8.9) d (7.2. 100.4) d (7.10) c (7. 99. 65.3.7) MSTS 3 August 2012 .4.3) b (7.3. 58.3) c (7.3. 41. 64.4.4) a (7.1) b (7.10) d (7. (continued) a (7.2. 98. 50. 46.9) a (7.1) b (7.1) c (7.2.9) d (7.3) d (7.4. 97. 42.2.1) d (7.3.2) d (7.9) b (7.3) c (7.4. 53.4) c (7. (continued) Section 7 71. 51. 44.2. 60.4.2) b (7. 79. 84. 66.3) b (7. 52.4.5) d (7. 47. 43.9) b (7. 86.10) a (7.
(continued) Section 8 1.2) MSTS 4 August 2012 .4.5) c (8.4. 6.API 575 Study Guide – Answer Key API 653 Cert Prep Section 7 102.8) b (7.4.2. 103. 105. 3.1) c (8.7) b (7.1) c (8.1) a (8.5) a (7. 107.1) b (8. 4. 220.127.116.11. 108.4. 5.7) c (7.7) a (7. d (7. 109.4.8) c (7.2.1) b (8.4. 2.9) a (7. 104.
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