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Malinda_Oracle Report 6i Tutorials 1

Malinda_Oracle Report 6i Tutorials 1

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Published by Malinda Ramadhani
Oracle 6i developer for Beginers.
prepared by Malinda Ramadhani
Oracle 6i developer for Beginers.
prepared by Malinda Ramadhani

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Published by: Malinda Ramadhani on Feb 13, 2009
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05/10/2014

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Oracle Developer 2000

Report 6i

Report Developer
Reports Developer is a powerful enterprise reporting tool used to build reports that dynamically retrieve, format, and distribute information stored in the database. Reports Developer enables you to: • Web publish high quality reports. • Perform unlimited data formatting. • Take advantage of application server based reporting. • Meet us er needs with an integrated business intelligence solution. Reports Developer Tools Reports Developer provides a builder that enables you to easily construct sophisticated reports and a server that enables you to securely publish reports to your users. • Report Builder • Reports Server

Report Builder: Use Report Builder to design professional, production-quality reports . You can create reports in a combination of styles and publish them in a variety of widely used formats, including HTML and PDF. Report Server: Use the Reports Server to securely publish production-quality reports. Using the Reports Server in conjunction with Oracle Web DB, you can control access to reports and administer your Reports Servers from a Web interface. You can also use the Reports Server to distribute reports through CGI-compatible Web servers.

Supporting Reports Developer Tools Reports Developer includes additional tools to automate and manage application development tasks . • Graphics Builder • Project Builder • Proc edure Builder • Schema Builder • Query Builder • Translation Builder

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Graphic Builder: Use Graphics Builder to build applications that enable end users to visualize data and interact graphically with a database.

Project Builder: to build applications that enable end users to visualize data and interact Use Graphics Builder graphically with a database.

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Procedure Builder:
Use Procedure Builder to edit, compile, test, and debug PL/SQL.

Schema Builder:
Use Schema Builder relationships. to create, copy, modify, and remove database objects and their

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Classification: Internal

Query Builder:
Use Query Builder to build database queries to use in your applications.

Translate Builder:
Use Translation Builder to translate your applications into over 40 languages.

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Classification: Internal

Fea tures & Benefits
• • • • • Administering Reports Security through WebDB XML Output Integration with Oracle Express Runtime Customization Using XML Reports Server Database Queue

Building application
With Reports Developer, you can write an application once, and deploy it unchanged in a two-, or three-tier environment. Bec ause the Reports Server provides the the necessary application foundation services (e.g., database and transaction management, exception handling, load balancing, and record caching and lock ing), you can confidently deliver highly secure, reliable, and scalable business-critical applications to the Internet. To benefit from the latest Reports Server performance enhancements, you simply redeploy with the latest Reports Server – you don't need to rewrite your applications, or even update them. Reports Server Web-based Configuration

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Classification: Internal

Graphics Server Web-based Configuration

Benefits of Productivity Features In order to meet competition, avoid obsolescence, and seize opportunities, a business mus t be able to: • Respond rapidly to new or changing information needs. • Produce applications that end users can learn quickly. • Develop and maintain applications at reas onable cost. Reports Developer provides many features that help new developers become productive right away. Experienced developers benefit from these features too. Visual Design Advancing computer technology has placed enormous power on desk tops. Reports Developer uses this power to let you work the way you think. • Object navigators • Layout editors and prev iewers.

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Classification: Internal

Object navigators: give you the "big picture" of your projects, reports, charts, and database Object navigators items. An outline format lets you expand or collapse individual areas.

Layout editors and previewers:
Layout editors and previewers show you what your des igns look like as you make them.

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Classification: Internal

Wizards Wizards help you build reports and charts by asking you for all the basic information needed in an easy-to-understand format. You can then use these components as they are or customize them. You can also use some wizards to change existing components.

Templates A template is a report or chart that you can use as a starting point for your own applications. The applications you create from a template inherit the template's characteristics. Templates promote a consistent look and feel by assuring that all items of a given kind start from the same point.

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Classification: Internal

Data model
Data Definition objects in data model:

Queries: A query contains a SQL SELECT statement that retrieves data from the database for your report. Non-linkable queries: A non-linkable query is a detail query that contains column objects that prevent the query from being linked to via a column-to-column link. If you attempt to create such a link, a message dialo g box displays, which prompts you to choose whether to create a group-to-group quer y (using the parent groups), or to cancel the operation. A non-linkable query displays in its title bar. Instead, you can create a group-to-group link between the two queries and add a WHERE clause to the child query’s SELECT statement, using a bind variable to reference the parent column.

Groups: Groups are created to organize the columns in your report. When you create a query, Report Builder automatically creates a group that contains the columns selected by the query. You create additional groups to produce br eak levels in the report, either manually or by using the Report Wizard to create a group above or group left report.

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Classification: Internal

Columns: Database columns: A database column represents a column that is selected b y the query. For each column that you select in your qu ery, Report Builder automatically creates a column in the data model of your report.

Formula columns: A formula column performs a user-defined computation on another column(s) data, including placeholder columns. Formula columns should not be used to set values for parameters.

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Classification: Internal

Report Level

Group Level

Placeholder columns: A placeholder is a column for which you set the datatyp e and value in PL/SQL that you define. You can set the value of a placeholder column in the following places: * The Before Report Trigger, if the placeholder is a report-level column * A report-level formula column, if the placeholder is a report-level column * A formula in the placeholder's group or a group below it (the value is set once for each record of the group)

sort columns: A sort column is used in an Express Report to sort Express dimension values. For each dimension selected in the Express query, Report Builder automatically inserts a corresponding sort column in the data model of your report. A sort column contains the Express index to the corresponding dimension value. Summary columns: A summary column performs a computation on another column's data. Using the Report Wizard or Data Wizard, you can create the following summaries: sum, average, count, minimum, maximum, % total. You can also create a summary column manually in the Data Model view, and use the Property Palette to create the following additional summaries: first, last, standard deviation, variance.

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Classification: Internal

Note: For group reports, the Report Wizard and Data Wizard create n summary fields in the data model for each summary column you define: one at each group level above the column being summarized, and one at the report level. For example, if a report is grouped by division, and further grouped by department, then a summary column defined for a salary total would create fields for th e sum of salaries for each division and each department group (group-level summaries), and the sum of all salaries (report-level summary).

Report Level

Group Level Para meters: Referencing columns and parameters: You can reference user parameters, system parameters and columns as either bind references or lexical references . Bind references: Bind references (or bind variables) are used to rep lace a single value in SQL or PL/SQL, such as a character string, number, or date. Specifically, bind references may be used to replace expressions in SELECT, WHERE, GROUP BY, ORDER BY, HAVING, CONNECT BY, and START WITH clauses of queries. Bind references may not be r eferenced in FROM clauses or in place of reserved words or clauses. You create a bind reference b y entering a colon (:) followed immediately by the column or parameter name. If you do not cr eate a column or parameter before making a bind referen ce to it in a SELECT statement, Report Builder will create a parameter for you by default. Eg: SELECT ORDID, TOTAL FROM ORD WHERE CUSTID = :CUST SELECT NVL(COMMPLAN, :DFLTCOMM) COMMPLAN, SUM(TOTAL) TOTAL FROM ORD GROUP BY NVL(COMMPLAN, :DFLTCOMM)

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Classification: Internal

Lexical references: Lex ical references ar e placeholders for text that you embed in a SELECT statement. You can use lexical references to replace the clauses appearing after SELECT, FROM, WHERE, GROUP BY, ORDER BY, HAVING, CONNECT BY, and START WITH. You cannot make lexical references in a PL/SQL statement. You can, however, use a bind reference in PL/SQL to set the value of a parameter that is then referenced lexically in SQL. Look at the example below. You create a lexical reference by enterin g an ampersand (&) followed immediately by the column or parameter name. A default definition is not provided for lexical references. Therefore, you must do the following: Before you create your query, define a column or parameter in the data model for each lex ical refer ence in the query. For columns, you must enter Value if Null, and, for parameters, you must enter Initial Value. Report Builder uses these values to validate a query with a lexical reference. Eg: SELECT &P_ENAME NAME, &P_EMPNO ENO, &P_JOB ROLE FROM EMP P_ENAME, P_EMPNO, and P_JOB can be used to change the columns selected at runtime. For example, you could enter DEPTNO as the value for P_EMPNO on the Runtime Parameter Form. Note that in this case, you should use aliases for your columns. Otherwise, if you change the columns selected at runtime, the column names in the SELECT list will not match the Report Builder columns and the report will not run

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Data links: Data links relate the results of multiple queries. A data link (or parent-child relationship) causes the child query to be executed once for each instance of its parent group. When you create a data link in the Data Model view o f your report, Report Builder constructs a clause (as specified in the link's Property Palette) that will be added to the child query's SELECT statement at runtime. You can view the SELECT statements for the individual parent and child queries in the Builder, but can not view the SELECT statement that includes the clause created b y the data link you define. Note: Oracle Reports does not support data links between queries that contain column objects. If you attempt to create such a link, a message dialog box displays, which enables you to choose whether to tell Repor ts to create a group-to-group query instead (using the parent groups), o r to can cel the operation. If you want to create a link between any type of column and a column object, you can manually type the SQL statement using the appropriate column alias(es).

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Layout Model
Layout Objects in reports: Fra mes: Frames are used to surround other objects and protect them from being overwritten or pushed by other objects. For example, a frame might b e used to surround all objects owned by a group, to surround column headings, or to surround summaries. When you default the layout for a report, Report Builder creates frames aro und report objects as n eeded; you can also create a frame manually in the Layout Model view.

Note: Frame n ame always starts with ‘ M_ ’.

Repeating frames: Repeating frames surround all of the fields that ar e created for a group’s columns. The repeating frame prints (is fired) once for each record of the group. When you default the layout for a report, Report Builder creates r epeating frames around fields as needed; you can also create a rep eating frame manually in the Layout Model view. For your understanding, consider there are more than 50 records in a table. Now when you have only the frame you can display only one record.

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Classification: Internal

For eg: Without repeating frame :

Sno. Name Empid Dept 1 Dinesh 56971 GE With repeating frame : Sno. Name Empid Dept 1 Dinesh 56971 GE . . 50 Vishnu 56973 GE

Note: Repeating Frame name always starts with ‘ Define repeating frame inside main frame. R_ ’.

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Classification: Internal

Fields: A field is the layout container for each column in the layout. A field is owned by the object surrounding it, typically a repeating frame, unless the field is a summary (in which case it is owned by a frame).

Parameter Form field: Parameter Form fields are layout containers for parameters used on the Runtime Parameter Form.

Boilerplate: Boilerplate is an y text or graphics that appear in a report every time it is run. Report Builder will create one boilerplate object for each label selected in the Report Wizard (it is named B_ Column name). Also, one boilerplate object is sometimes created for each report summary. A boilerplate object is owned by the object surrounding it, unless otherwise noted.

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Classification: Internal

Anchors: Anchors are used to determine the vertical and ho rizontal positioning of a child object relative to its parent. The end of the anchor with a symbol on it is attached to the parent object. Since the size of some layout objects may chan ge when the report runs (and data is actually fetched), you need anchors to define where you want objects to appear relative to one another. An anchor defines the relative position of an object to the object to which it is anchored. Positioning is based on the size of the objects after the data has been fetched rather than on th eir size in the editor. It should also be noted that the position of the object in the Layout editor effects the final po sition in the report output. Any physical offset in the layout is incorporated into the percentage position specified in the Anchor property sheet. Anchor restrictions : • An object may be anchored to only one other object. • Matrix objects, anchors, and the mar gin cannot be anchored to anythin g (i.e., they may not be the parent or child object for an anchor). • A repeating frame th at is the vertical or horizontal repeating frame for a matrix cannot be an chored to another object, but other objects may b e anchored to it (i.e., it can be the parent but not the child object for an anchor). • Nothing can be an chored to a hidden object (an object with Visible set to No). • Moving an anchor also causes the two objects it anchors together to move. • Objects cannot be ancho red together in such a way that they h ave a circular dependency. • To copy an anchor, you must select the anchor and the two objects it anchors together. If you select the anchor by itself, nothing will be copied to the paste buffer. If you select the anchor and one of the objects, only the object is placed in the clipboard.

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Classification: Internal

• An anchor cannot be resized. • An anchor must always be on top of the objects it anchors together (i.e., it must be one or more layers above the parent and child objects). Report Builder prevents you from moving the anchor to a layer below its parent and child objects. • You cannot use Align, Align Objects, or Size Objects from the Arrange menu on anchors. Examples: Centering fields horizontally Centering fields vertically

Collapse Vertically and Horizontally

Collapse Vertically example

Keep With Anchoring Object

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Parameter Form
The Report Editor's Parameter Form view enables you to create a Runtime Parameter Form for your report. You can select pre-d efined system parameters for your form using the Parameter Form Builder, or you can create yo ur own. Painting region The painting region is the area in which you can create, modify, position, or delete objects while viewing their graphical representations on the screen. The painting region of the Parameter Fo rm view is comprised of physical pages(contains Boiler Plate, fields, graphics). You specify the size of each parameter form page and the number of pages using the Report property sheet (double-click the report's node in the Object Navigator).

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Property Palette The Property Palette has an outline-style interface that enables you to view, locate, and set object properties. The Property Palette features: expandable and collapsible nodes In-place property editing Search features Multi-selection Complex property dialogs The ability to invoke multiple instances of the Property Palette. In Data Model:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

In Layo ut Model:

In Parameter Form

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Classification: Internal

Sample Property pallet for Frame:

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Classification: Internal

Live Previewer
The Report Editor's Live Previewer view enables you to preview and inspect your report output page by page. Yo u can also work directly with the report output to customize and refine the appearance of your report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Tables Used
Product_master:

Sales_order:

Sales_order_details:

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Classification: Internal

Data’s in Table
Product_master

Sales_order

Sales_order_details

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Classification: Internal

Relation b/w tables

Product_master

Sales_order

Sales_order_details

Product_master Sales_order Sales_order_details Product_no Primary Key - Foreign Key S_order_no Primary Key Foreign Key

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Tabular Report (Using wizard)
A tabular report is the most basic type of report. Each column co rrespon ds to a column selected from the datab ase.

Query:
Select* from product_master

Steps:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

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By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Final Output:

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Classification: Internal

Data Model:

Layout Model:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Tabular Report (Manual Report)

Query:
Select * from product_master

Steps 1:

Steps 2:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Steps 3:Go to Property pallet of group and then change the name as “

G_p ”.

Steps 4: Create a main frame. Go to property p alette and chan ge vertical & horizonda elasticity as “ Expand ”.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Steps 5: Now create a repeating frame inside main frame. Also sets its vertical & horizontal elasticity as “ expand ”. Then set the source to “ G_p ”.

Step 6: Inside repeating frame create fields that is to be displayed in report. Right click each field and set the source f rom group attributes. Also set vertical & horizontal elasticity as “ expand ”.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Step 7: Now run the report. By pressing

Note: While manually creating a layout remember the order of creating its objects. 1. Frame 2. Repeating frame inside Frame 3. Fields / boilerplates One more thing, your main frame should not cross the 7 inches in the rules. This applies both horizontally & vertically.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Summary Column (Report Level)
Reset At The Reset At property is the group at which the summary column value resets to zero (if Function is Count), null (if Function is not Count), or Value If Null (if the column has one). Reset At has a list of values containing valid reset groups. Reset At determines if the summary is a running summary or a periodic (e.g., group-level) summary. Values Page Is used for page-lev el summaries. The summary is reset between p ages Report Is used for summaries that apply to the entire rep ort, such as gr and totals. The summary is reset after the r eport (i.e., it is never reset). <names> Is a valid group name. The summary is reset after each record of the group. Applies to summary columns.

• The reset group of a summary column may be its group or any group above its group, including Report and Page. • To ensure that page summaries behave in a predictable way, make sure each record fits on a single page, o r if that is not feasible, force each new record to print on a new page. Reset At - Restrictions Reset At is only editable for summary columns. Summary columns that are owned by a cross-product group cannot have a Reset At of Page. If a summary has a Reset At of Page, then the sizing of the field or boilerplate object that displays it must be fixed. If a column has a Reset At of Page, then an y fields that use it as a source must be contained in repeating frames that use the column's group as their source. A Reset At of Page will not work for reports that have multiple repeating frames associated with a group that is involved in the summary. One common case of this is a matrix report. As a result, matrix reports cannot have page-level summaries.
By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

For multiple summary columns that are in child groups that share the same parent group, a Reset At of Page may produce incorrect results. If your data model contains multiple child groups with a shared p arent ( e.g., master-detail-d etail), summary columns with a Reset At of Page may give unexpected results. Steps Consider the tabular report above. Follow the Step 4: In data model click steps 1 to step 3 in above example.

for creatin g summary column.

Step 5: Right click summary column ”

CS_1 ” for property palette.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Step 6: In property palette you can see the column type is “ data type is “ Number ”.

summary ” and the default

Now select the “ function ” as your choice such as sum, count, max, min etc.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Step 7: Now go to “ Layout Model ”. There create a field and assign source as CS_1 as below.

F_3 go to its property palette

Step 8: Run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY
Classification: Internal

Summary Column (Group Level)
Consider the manually created tabular report abov e. Follow the example. steps 1 to step 3 as above

Step 4: Before Creating a summary column inside a Group, Select that grou p and then create summary column. . In data model click this icon for creating summary column.

Step 5: Right click the cs2 and go to property palette.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Now select the “ function ” as Count and “ Source ” as “PRODUCT_NO”.

Step 6: Now go to Layout model create a field “ property palette and set its source as “ CS_

F_4 ” inside Main frame an d go to its

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 7: Now run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Conditional Formatting
Using the Conditional Formatting and Format Exception dialog boxes, you can specify output formatting attributes (font and/or color) for a selected layout object based on conditions that exist. The conditions that you define are called format exceptions . You can display the Conditional Formatting dialog box from the Live Previewer view o r Layout Model view in any of the following ways: Double-click the object to display the Property Palette. Under the General Layout node, click the Conditional Formatting value field (labeled ¼). Display the pop-up menu (right-click in Windows) for the object. Click the object, then choose Format Conditional Formatting. After you specify conditions and formatting for the current layout object in the Format Exception dialog box, the entire definition is exported to a PL/SQL format trigger. If a format trigger already exists for the layout object, the definition in the Format Exception dialog box overwrites the existing trigger code wh en you confirm the Report Builder prompt. You can edit the format trigger manually via the PL/SQL Editor; however, if you subsequently modify the definition using the Format Exception dialog box , Report Builder displays a prompt to overwrite the ex isting format trigger. Consider the above report for demo. Step 1 to step 6 is same as above.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 7: Go to “ Layout Model ” right click any object in the report, click “ Formatting ”.

conditional

\

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Now set the condition and format as per your wish.

Set condition for COST_PRICE field also. Then run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Formula Column (Report Level)

Query:
select product_no , qty_on_hand , cost_price from product_master

Now create report manually using normal steps. Step 3: In data model

Now click

this icon for creating a fo rmula column. Then click the repo rt.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 4: Now create Formula column by pressing this icon click property palette.

. Then right click “

CF_1 ”,

Click the “ PL/SQL Formula ” tab. Write the following code in the functio n. Code: return :CS_1 * 0.125 ;

Then Press “ Compile ” button to check code is write or not. If sucessfully completed Close the window. Note : While reteriving the v alue from any layout object put “ :” in front of object name.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 5: Noe create a layout in layout model.

Step 6: Run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Formula Column (Group Level)

Query:
select product_no , qty_on_hand , cost_price from product_master

Step 1: Create the report in usual manner. Step 2: Now go to data model for cr eating summary and formula column.

Step 3: Now select the group and click Formula co lumn icon .

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Right click “ CF_1 ” and click property palette. Then click “

PLSQL Formula ” tab.

Then in the PLSQL editor write the following cod e. Code: return (:qty_on_hand)*(:cost_price);

Step 4: In the same way create a summar y column at report lev el.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 5: Now create one more formula column at report level.

Code: return :CS_1 * 0.125 ;

Step 6: Move to Layout model to create layout for objects.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 7: Now run the report.

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Placeholder Column (Report Level)

Query:
Select product_no , qty_on_hand , cost_price from product_master

Step 1: Create the report in usual manner. Step 2: Now create a group level formula column, report level summary ( placeholder ( CP_1 ), and formula column ( CF_2 ). CS_1 ),

CF_1:

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CS_1:

CP_1:

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CF_2:

Step 3: Now create layout for this report in layout model as below.

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Step 4: Now run the report.

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Parameter Form (Bind Reference)
Query: select * from SALES_ORDER_DETAILS where product_no = :PRODUCT_NUM Step 1: Create the report in usual manner.

As we have used bind reference in the query, automatically the “ created.

User Parameter ” is

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 2: Now go to the parameter form. Then create a field using this icon

.

Then right click the field and go to its property palette.

Now select the source as “ PRODUCT_NUM ”. You can think why product_num. This is because it is the bind reference used in SQL “ SELECT Statement ” in QUERY.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 3: Now go to “ layout model” to create a layout for the report as below.

Step 4: Run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Now select the product number as your choice.

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After selecting press “ Enter ”.

Sample Output 2:

Sample Output 3:

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Break Report (Without Joins)
Break report is created when you want the repeating values for the column to be printed only once. Thus the break report are efficient only wh en the select statement includes a column, called a break column containing at least one value which repeats over multiple records. Query: select * from sales_order

Step1: create the report in usual manner.

Step 2: Now click the “ ORDER_STATUS ” from the group “ G_S_ORDER_NO ” and drag it above the group as below.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 3: Now go to the layout model & create a layout for this report.

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Step 4: Now run the report.

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Break Report (With Joins)

Query: SELECT sales_order.s_order_no, sales_order.dely_date, sales_order_details.product_no, product_master.description, product_master.unit_measure, sales_order_details.qty_ordered, sales_order_details.qty_disp FROM sales_order, sales_order_details, product_master WHERE sales_order_details.s_order_no = sales_order.s_order_no AND sales_order_details.product_no = product_master.product_no AND sales_order_details.qty_ordered > sales_order_details.qty_disp

Create the report in usual manner. Create a break group “ “S_Order_no ” & “ Dely_date ”

G_1 ” which has columns

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Now create a layout as shown below.

Then run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Master-Detail Report
A simple Master-detail report contains two grou p Master group & detail group .

For each master record fetched, relative d etail records are fetched. Therefor e its ver y similar to break repo rt. If you use default tabular layout the master-detail report will look like break report.

Concept: Break & master-detail report can result in similar outputs but they require different data model objects. Break report uses one query and two or more groups. Master-detail repo rt contains two queries each of which has at least Relationship between two objects is established by using Query with Query with Primary key column is called foreign key column is called one group.

data link( outer join ).

Parent query . Child Query .

Layout: Master-detail report uses default master d etail layout in which master record s are displayed across the page with the labels to the left of the group field. Detail records appear below the master record in standard tabular format.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Tables Used : Client_master

Salesman_master

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Data’s in table Client_master

Salesman_master

Table Relation

Column Sales_order Client_master Salesman_master Client_no Primar y Key Foreign_key Salesman_no Primar y key Foreign Key

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Master Detail Report

Q_Master: SELECT s_order_no, s_order_date, dely_date, dely_type, client_master.name "client name", dely_addr, salesman_master.salesman_name "salesman name" FROM sales_order, salesman_master, client_master WHERE sales_order.client_no = client_master.client_no AND sales_order.salesman_no = salesman_master.salesman_no

Q_Detail: SELECT s_order_no, description, unit_measure, product_rate, qty_ordered FROM sales_order_details, product_master WHERE sales_order_details.PRODUCT_NO = product_master.PRODUCT_NO

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 1: Create a report in usual manner. Write query into data model and name it as Q_master and Q_d etail. Then create a link between the query. Select the primary key column in “ G_master ” then click the following icon and drag the lik connect it to detail query then link is created. Set all summary column reset as to “ G_MASTER ” in property palette.

Step 2: Now go to

Tools

report wizard.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 3: Then Run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Matrix Report
A matrix report is a summary report that presents the desire data with across the topand do wn left side. The data in middle like spreadsheet. bottom and right side. Cross Tab ” report. headings

The totals are displayed across the A matrix report is referred as “

A matrix report is cross tabulation of 4 set of data: 1. 2. 3. 4. one set across the page. one set of data do wn the page. one set of data is cross product. one set of data is filler.

Different types of matrix report. a. Simple matrix. b. Nested matrix. c. Multi query matrix with break. d. Matrix break.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Matrix Data Model 1. Number of queries: Matrix report requires 4 groups with any no. of queries. If you build report with one query you need at least 3 groups. If you build with multiple queries you need at least 1 group. 2. Group Structure: Matrix reports are built with 4 or more groups: a. Two or more dimension groups: It’s a cross product group. The information in this group is sometimes referred as “ Ma trix Labels ”. b. One or more Cross Product group: The cross product group contains all possible combination values of the dimension group. This group is represented as intersection of repeating frames of do wn & across dimension group. c. One cell or filler group: The cell group contains actual information that is represented in the cells of cross product. For each interception of dimension group th e cell values contain zero, one or multiple values. Summary Column : While creating the summary column you need to indicate the followin g: a. The frequency o f summary i.e. the dimension gro up to which it belongs. b. The order n which to compute i.e. top to bottom or left o right.

Matrix Layout : Matrix layout model should consists of following layout objects: 1. At least 2 repeating frame one with print direction down & another with 2. A matrix object created for cross product group. 3. Boilerplates for each column & row of values as well as for summaries. across .

Matrix / Cross Product Object

:

A matrix object defines the intersection of two repeating frames. To cr eate a matrix object press the following .

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Matrix Report (Using Wizard)

Query: SELECT product_master.description, sum(sales_order_details.qty_ordered) "quantity", to_char(sales_order.s_order_date,'mm') mth, to_char(sales_order.s_order_date,'mon') mthfull FROM sales_order_details, sales_order, product_master WHERE (sales_order_details.s_order_no = sales_order.s_order_no) AND (sales_order_details.product_no = product_master.product_no) GROUP BY to_char(sales_order.s_order_date, 'mm'), product_master.description, to_char(sales_order.s_order_date,'mon') ORDER BY to_char(sales_order.s_order_date, 'mm')asc

Step 1: Create a query in usual manner in data model.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 2: Now select the “ description ” in G_description and drag that column to upper left.

Step 3: Similarly select “ right.

mthfull ” from the group G_description and drag that to upper

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Now rename the group as follows: G_description as G-quan tity G_1 as G_description Step 4: Now click the following icon as G_countquantity. to create a cross product group and name that

Click the icon and select the groups G_description & G_mthfull.

Rename G_2 as G_ count_quantity.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 5: Now create a group level summary column countquantity.

Set the properties to following: Product order : G_description G_mthfull (Since this is a filler cell). Function : Count Source : quantity Reset At : G_mthfull (Since we are restricting the count o f quantity every month)

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Set the properties to following: Product order : G_description Function : Sum Source : Countquantity Reset At : G_description (Since we need to sum singly item qty for all month)

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Set the properties to following: Product order : G_mthfull Function : Sum Source : Countquantity Reset At : G_mthfull (Since we need to sum all item qty for all month)

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 6: Now create a layout using report wizard.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Output :

Layout Model for Matrix report:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Matrix Report (Using Wizard)

Query: SELECT product_master.description, sum(sales_order_details.qty_ordered) "quantity", to_char(sales_order.s_order_date,'mm') mth, to_char(sales_order.s_order_date,'mon') mthfull FROM sales_order_details, sales_order, product_master WHERE (sales_order_details.s_order_no = sales_order.s_order_no) AND (sales_order_details.product_no = product_master.product_no) GROUP BY to_char(sales_order.s_order_date, 'mm'), product_master.description, to_char(sales_order.s_order_date,'mon') ORDER BY to_char(sales_order.s_order_date, 'mm')asc

Create the report as p er above example.

Steps 1 to step 5 are same as above.

For differentiating I have changed the n ames of Groups as follows: Countquantity as filler cell Sumcountquantityperdescription as qty_on_hand_all_months Sumcountquantitypermthfull as qty_per_months

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 6: Draw a layout fo r the matrix report in layout model.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Property Palette : Field F_1: Field F_2:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Field F_3:

Field F_4:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Field F_5:

Field F_6:

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

Step 7: Run the report.

By:Malinda Ramadhani TANZANIA EDUCATION AUTHORITY Classification: Internal

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