dengue prevention | Mosquito | Microbiology

Dengue Prevention

What you need to know…

What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is a virus infection caused by the dengue virus. There are 4 kinds of dengue viruses.

Close-up of an Aedes mosquito

Aedes mosquito

Aedes Aegypti

Aedes Albopictus

Symptoms of Dengue Fever Example of a skin rash due to dengue fever .

•The mosquito is attracted by the body odours. most active during dawn and dusk. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar. •Aedes are day-biters. This is because they need the protein found in blood to produce eggs. carbon dioxide and heat emitted from the animal or humans. . •The female Aedes mosquito searches for suitable places to lay their eggs.Do you know… •Dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever are the most common mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. •Only the female mosquito feeds on blood.

Life cycle of the Aedes mosquito 1-2 days Pupae Larvae Eggs 4-5 days 2-3 days Stagnant water .

..How Do Aedes mosquitoes Transmit Diseases. Mozzie bites an infected person Healthy person comes down with dengue fever Infected mozzie bites a healthy person .

This is what you can do to help… .

Prevent Mosquitoes from Breeding! Remove ALL sources of stagnant water. . Deny the Aedes mosquito of any chance to breed.

Potential Breeding Grounds .

Tree Holes. Unused toilet bowls and cisterns 7. Choked roof gutters 5. Discarded receptacles 4.Common Mosquito Breeding Grounds Artificial containers (man-made) 1. Aircon Tray and dish rack tray 8. basins 3. Leaf axils. fallen leaves 3. Concrete drains Natural containers 1. bamboo stumps 2. water-storage jars. Ground Depressions All these sites require constant inspection !! . Pails. Gully Traps 6. Flower vases and pot plates 2.

Potential Breeding Grounds Flower Pots Flower Pot Plates .

Potential Breeding Grounds Overflow cistern of the WC Gully Trap .

Potential Breeding Grounds Collar of the toilet bowl .

Potential Breeding Grounds Hardened soil of potted plants Tree holes .

Potential Breeding Grounds Plant axils .

Potential Breeding Grounds Scupper drains Bamboo pole holders .

Potential Breeding Grounds Road side drain Barbeque pit .

Potential Breeding Grounds Canvas sheets .

Potential Breeding Grounds Discarded receptacles .

Potential Breeding Grounds Air-con tray .

Potential Breeding Grounds Roof gutters Litter Bins .

The 10-Minute Mozzie Wipe-Out Exercise .

gov.nea. 5 Easy Steps •Change water in vases/ bowls every other day. *You can view the list of retailers carrying sand granular insecticide at the following webpage: http://www.sg/aedes/insecticides .1. •Add sand granular insecticide* to water.

5 Easy Steps •Remove water from flower pot plates every other day.2. .

3. 5 Easy Steps •Turn over all storage containers .

5 Easy Steps •Inform your parents or any adults in your household to cover bamboo pole holders when not in use. .4.

5 Easy Steps •Clear blockages and put Bti insecticide in roof gutters at least once a month .5.

Add in prescribed amounts of sand granular insecticides to stagnant water. Remove these structures if possible. .What Else Can You Do… Check your landscape structures for any water retention & mosquito breeding regularly.

Use of the Anti-mosquito valve .

If you are going on holiday or vacating your home… .

•Seal off all floor and gully traps •Cover all toilet bowls ..If going on holiday.

.If going on holiday.. Leave your contact number with your neighbor so that the NEA can contact you should there be a need to inspect your premises urgently.

friends and neighbours know about the dangers of breeding mosquitoes .Spread the dengue prevention message to others… Let your family.

socks. long pants and long-sleeved shirt Use mosquito repellents Mosquito coils Mosquito nets .How to Prevent Mosquitoes Bites Wear shoes.

you can visit the website at www.sg .For more information.dengue.gov.

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