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com News Full Complement of Material Evaluation Courses now available Advanced Ultrasonic Certification Documents at Lavender Training Centre! Approved PCNs certification programme for Phased Array has now been approved courses and exams will be available from 1st January 2005. Contact Steve Lavender for a copy of the new document. This compliments the PCN programme for Time of Flight Diffraction which is already available.

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Level 3 Online Assessments

Please choose the online assessment you wish to use. Each assessment contains a number of multiple choice questions, which once completed can be electronically marked. Back to Module List

1. Which of the following types of magnetic field exhibits no external flux leakage in the absence of discontinuities?

Vectored Longitudinal Circular All of the above exhibit external flux leakage 2. Which of the following materials will have a permeability slightly greater than that of free space? Iron Aluminium Copper Gadolinium 3. What is the value given in SI unites for the permeability of free space? 1 0.72 Tesla 5 Gausss 4 x 10-7 Henries/M 4. When a ferromagnetic material becomes magentised under the influence of an increasing stronger magnetising force, which of the following occurs? Domains become larger and fewer in number

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Time of Flight Diffraction Courses

Domains become smaller and fewer in number Domains become smaller and greater in number Domains become larger and greater in number 5. Which of the following would constitute a low reluctance preferential path? Non metallic inclusion Ferromagnetic particle Copper Air 6. When carrying out magnetic particle inspection, flux density is generated into the ferromagnetic material being inspected. One unit of flux density is the gauss. How many webers per square metre equal one gauss? 0.72 10-4 2 x 10-6 0.00072 7. The right hand rule shows which of the following relationships? Electron flow from negative to positive with a magnetic field parallel to the current flow Current flow from negative to positive with a magnetic field perpendicular to the current flow Electron flow from positive to negative with a magnetic field parrallel to the current flow Current flow from positive to negative with a magnetic field peroendicular to the current flow 8. A ferromagnetic material with a steep initial curve will have which of the following properties? Low permeability Low coercivity High reluctance The material will have all of the above properties 9. When magnetising with alternating current, a lagging effect occurs where by the magnetic flux density within the metrial lags behind the applied magentising force. What is this phenomena called? Retentivity Reluctance Hysteresis Permeability 10. Direct induction will always generate which of the following types of magnetic field? Circular Longitudinal Vectored All the above could be generated 11. The curie point is the temperature at which a ferromagnetic material will become paramagnetic and as such loose its high susceptibility to magnetisation. What is the curie point temperature for cobalt? 770 Degrees Farenheit NDT Level 3 Training Courses in VT, MT, PT, RT, ET, UT, TOFD, Basic. Suitable for ASNT/PCN/Employer Based.

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1130 Degrees Farenheit 770 Degrees Celsius 1130 Degrees Celsius 12. The magnetic flux lines which flow through a bar magnet form closed loops but can be broken by which of the following? A change in permeability A non metallic inclusion A crack None of the above will cause a break in a flux line 13. The earth itself has a magnetic effect which can affect ferromagnetic materials. Which of the following best describes this magnetic effect? Mono-Polar Bi-Polar Multi-Polar Circular Magnetic Fields 14. A fault in magnetised material will best be detected when it lies in which of the following directions? Parallel to the magnetic field Perpendicular to the magnetic field Parrallel to the magnetising current Perpendicular to the magnetising force Both parallel to the magnetic field and perpendicular to the the magnetising force Both perpendicular to the magnetic field and parrallel to the magnetising current 15. A change in which property of between the material being inspected and the discontinuity to be detected generates flux leakage? Conductivity Permeability Oxidisation Hysteresis 16. Which of the following materials would be considered to be have a permeability much greater than that of air? Aluminium Bismuth Zinc Gadolinium None of the above have a permeability much greater than air 17. Which of the following flux leakage curvatures will have the greatest attraction for magnetic particles? Low Curvature No Curvature

Highly curved Curvature has no effect on magnetic particle attraction 18. A discontinuity which generates flux leakage on the surface of a ferromagnetic material will have a high factor for which of the following properties? Permeability Reluctance Retentivity Both reluctance and retentivity 19. Which of the following decribes a Hall Effect Element Sensor? Two coils placed mutually perpendicular A P-N junction within a semi-conductor Current carrying semi-conductor crystals Coils wound around cylindrical ferrite 20. Which of the following materials will have the largest relative permeability value? 0.9% Carbon Nickel (99% annealed) Cobalt (99% annealed) Aluminium > Check Your Answers

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