DNA Tribes® Digest June 27, 2011

All contents © 2006-2011 DNA Tribes. DNA Tribes® DNA Tribes patent pending analysis is available exclusively from DNA Tribes. All rights reserved.

DNA Tribes® Digest June 27, 2011 Copyright © 2011 DNA Tribes®. All rights reserved.
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Table of Contents:
 

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1  Genetic Analysis of the North Amerindian World Region ............................................................. 2  Historical Background ............................................................................................................ 2  Genetic Analysis of the North Amerindian World Region ..................................................... 4  New Populations for June 2011 ...................................................................................................... 6 

Introduction
Hello, and welcome to the June 2011 issue of DNA Tribes® Digest. This month’s feature article explores relationships of the North Amerindian genetic region that characterizes populations near the Great Plains and Mississippi River of North America. This includes tribal nations of the United States and First Nations living in neighboring parts of Canada. Best regards, Lucas Martin DNA Tribes

DNA Tribes® Digest June 27, 2011
Web: www.dnatribes.com; Email: dna@dnatribes.com Mail: DNA Tribes, P.O. Box 735, Arlington, VA 22216

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Indigenous societies living here developed nomadic lifeways based on hunting herds of buffalo (American bison) throughout the Great Plains (see Figure 2). marked by the Black Hills of South Dakota. a traditional Oglala Sioux who told his story to the writer John Neihardt (author of Black Elk Speaks). DNA Tribes® DNA Tribes patent pending analysis is available exclusively from DNA Tribes. this includes Native Minnesotan (Sioux and Chippewa) populations as well as Cree populations of Saskatchewan. dogs were used to help in the hunt and to carry supplies with each band.DNA Tribes® Digest June 27. VA 22216 Page 2 of 6 . Genetic Analysis of the North Amerindian World Region Historical Background The North Amerindian characterizes indigenous populations characterizes populations near the Great Plains and Mississippi River of North America. and nomadic buffalo hunting societies roaming the expansive landscape of the Great Plains (see map in Figure 2). Box 735.com.dnatribes. Email: dna@dnatribes. indigenous Plains nomads swiftly developed a dynamic horse based culture. Geographically. However. Based on available tribal samples. the North Amerindian genetic region includes populations of the Great Plains of North America. Originally. Canada (see map in Figure 1). This unique way of life was described in the memoirs of Black Elk (Heȟáka Sápa). Arlington. larger circles mark sacred sites related to native religious traditions. 2011 Web: www. in other cases. DNA Tribes® Digest June 27. All rights reserved.O. This area is also known for spoked circular monuments known as Sacred Hoops (sometimes known as “Medicine Wheels”). Some smaller stone circles identify spots once used for tipi shelters. An enduring icon of these mobile cultures is the conical tipi or animal hide tent (similar to lavvu and chum tents used by indigenous Uralic peoples of Europe and Siberia). These tribal populations live near the contact point between two indigenous lifeways rooted in the geography of eastern and central North America: maize growing “Mound Builder” societies settled along the Mississippi River Valley. Figure 1: Map of some tribal samples affiliated with the North Amerindian genetic region. 2011 All contents © 2006-2011 DNA Tribes.com Mail: DNA Tribes. P. also known as the “Interior Plains” physiographic region. These flatlands encompass a vast area between Canada and Texas. after contact with Spanish settlers near the Desert Southwest and Mexico.

and Chickasaw nations whose traditional lands are in the Southeastern United States.DNA Tribes® Digest June 27.C. Seminole. P. Box 735. 2011 All contents © 2006-2011 DNA Tribes. the mound building Mississippian Culture (including the northerly Oneota culture listed in Figure 2) flourished. VA 22216 Page 3 of 6 .dnatribes. Between approximately 900 and 1450 CE. Chippewa.com Mail: DNA Tribes. These indigenous cultures (both nomadic and settled) continue to the present day as modern tribal nations of the United States and First Nation of Canada (see Figure 3). Creek. Email: dna@dnatribes. These include indigenous peoples such as the modern Sioux1. Mississippian people also shared traditional iconography known as the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex (S.). All rights reserved. 1 DNA Tribes® Digest June 27. and Osage nations. Choctaw. suggesting a possible migration or expansion from the Eastern or Midwestern United States.com. Ohio and Louisiana (the Biloxi and Ofo languages). linked by an extensive trade network in a wide area of eastern North America.E. these Mound Builder societies were disrupted near the time of European contact. Figure 2: Map of indigenous cultural links related to the North Amerindian genetic region. DNA Tribes® DNA Tribes patent pending analysis is available exclusively from DNA Tribes. but also in Virginia (the Catawba and Woccon languages). possibly by climate changes of the Little Ice Age and later by new diseases introduced by early explorers. Less well known is that Siouan or Siouan-Catawban languages were spoken not only in the Great Plains. as well as the Cherokee. However.O. Arlington.C. 2011 Web: www. Blackfoot.

com. DNA Tribes® DNA Tribes patent pending analysis is available exclusively from DNA Tribes. 2 DNA Tribes® Digest June 27.2 Results are summarized in Table 1 and illustrated in Figure 4. Figure 3: Map listing some (of many) tribal nations with historical and cultural links to the North Amerindian genetic region. Box 735. A map illustrating the genetic world regions presently identified by DNA Tribes® analysis can be viewed at: http://dnatribes.8% Table 1: Genetic contributions to the North Amerindian world region. Genetic Analysis of the North Amerindian World Region Genetic contributions to the North Amerindian world region were identified based on autosomal STR data.O. All rights reserved. VA 22216 Page 4 of 6 . Email: dna@dnatribes.DNA Tribes® Digest June 27.com Mail: DNA Tribes.4% 16.0% 11. 2011 All contents © 2006-2011 DNA Tribes.html.1% 5. Arlington. World Region  Ojibwa  Athabaskan  Mayan  Arctic  Gran Chaco  Other  Genetic Contribution  41.3% 0.com/populations. 2011 Web: www.4% 25. P.dnatribes.

VA 22216 Page 5 of 6 .pdf.0%) might express contacts with Mesoamerican populations involved in the early development of maize (corn) agriculture. The largest contributions identified were from two adjacent regions of North America: Ojibwa (41.1%). 5 For more about genetic links in Mesoamerica. see: http://dnatribes. 2011 All contents © 2006-2011 DNA Tribes.dnatribes.pdf. Email: dna@dnatribes. the Gran Chaco link (5. P.com/dnatribes-digest-2008-10-25. Figure 4: Genetic contributions to the North Amerindian genetic region. Box 735.3 For instance.0%) and Gran Chaco (5. All rights reserved. see http://dnatribes. including populations living near the Great Lakes. The Ojibwa contribution (41.com.5 These genetic links suggest the possibility of some direct population contacts with maize growing civilizations of Mesoamerica (perhaps via the Gulf of Mexico and mediated by Mound Builder cultures of the Mississippi River Valley).pdf. DNA Tribes® DNA Tribes patent pending analysis is available exclusively from DNA Tribes.com Mail: DNA Tribes. not necessarily limited to populations speaking Athabaskan languages.4%) suggests links with the Desert Southwest. as well as nomadic contacts with cultures near the southern part of the Great Plains (near present day Texas).com/dnatribes-digest-2009-06-27.4%) suggests substantial contacts with populations living in the northeastern part of North America. Arlington. Discussion: Results in Table 1 indicate genetic links with several neighboring regions. For more about the Arctic genetic region. The Mayan link (16. genetic similarity to modern Athabaskan speaking peoples (such as Apache and Navajo) could express links related to the spread of maize agriculture.O. results also indicated genetic links with two regions of Central and South America: Mayan (16. see: http://dnatribes. The Athabaskan contribution (25.4%) and Athabaskan (25. Results also indicate another North American contribution from the Arctic region (11. DNA Tribes® Digest June 27. 2011 Web: www. This might express contacts with northerly indigenous populations of present day Canada.3%).com/dnatribes-digest-2011-05-31.DNA Tribes® Digest June 27.4 In addition. Lastly.3%) might express a relationship with contact routes related to modern tribal peoples of South America.4%). 3 4 For more information about the Athabaskan region.

Romania) (278) Global Diaspora Communities:        Afro-Caribbean (Abaco. Bahamas) (87) Araraquara.com/order_addons. Box 735.O. 2011 Web: www. Namibia) (26) San (Southern Africa) (138) Southeastern Bantu (South Africa) (50) Sudan (485) European:    Austria (219) Hungarian (Cluj. India) (74) Tajik (Afghanistan) (127) Turkmen (Afghanistan) (70) Uzbek (Afghanistan) (119) Yusufzai Pathan (Rampur. All rights reserved. Bahamas) (92) Afro-Caribbean (Grand Bahama. Brazil (403) Mixed (South Africa) (97) East Asian:    Hui (Qinghai. 2011 All contents © 2006-2011 DNA Tribes. VA 22216 Page 6 of 6 . Bahamas) (133) Afro-Caribbean (Long Island. Email: dna@dnatribes.html. China) (377) South Asian:         Ansari (Bhadohi.com. Bahamas) (112) Afro-Caribbean (Exuma. P. New Populations for June 2011 New Populations: DNA Tribes is pleased to announce the addition of several new populations to our global database: African:      Herero (Windhoek. Arlington.DNA Tribes® Digest June 27. India) (104) Updates: Updates to incorporate these new populations are available for order through our secure checkout system at http://dnatribes. DNA Tribes® DNA Tribes patent pending analysis is available exclusively from DNA Tribes. Bahamas) (111) Afro-Caribbean (Eleuthera. Romania) (146) Szekler (Covasna.dnatribes. DNA Tribes® Digest June 27. China) (2975) Kadazan-Dusun (East Malaysia) (154) Manchu (Liaoning.com Mail: DNA Tribes. India) (117) Hazara (Afghanistan) (63) Pashtun (Afghanistan) (77) Qureshi (Lucknow. Namibia) (13) Khoe (Windhoek.

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