Glossary of Sanskrit Terms for the Ayurvedic Practitioner

November 2004 by Marisa Laursen and Robert Talbert

This reference guide evolved naturally out of our studies of Ayurveda and deepening interest in the original language of this sacred science. It was compiled with the loving intent of helping to make the ancient language of Sanskrit more accessible to students and practitioners of Ayurveda. This reference contains the terms used in the primary textbooks utilized by the California College of Ayurveda plus terms drawn from a variety of other sources. The language of Sanskrit is vast, and this guide represents only a starting point for one’s studies. It is the intention of the authors to provide updated versions as a continuing reference.

Om Namaste

Marisa Laursen:

Rob Talbert:

A abadha abhyanga abhyaïga That which produces constant discomfort. Ayurvedic massage; specifically, the application of herbal oils to the body and its subsequent absorption into the body. abhyantara krimi abhyantara snehana abhysyandis Advaita Vedänta Advaita Vedänta äbhyaïtara snehana Herbs which block the channel of rasavaha srota, causing congestion. One of the three systems of thought in Vedanda philosophy popularized by Shankara. It teaches that the manifest creation, the soul, and God are identical. This non-dualist form argues that we are the whole and that parts are simply illusion. agni Fire; the force residing within the body that creates digestion; responsible for the transformation of one substance into another; metabolism. Agni is contained within pitta. agnidosa agnisadana aham brahmasmi ahamkara ahara rasa ajna ajna chakra ahamkära ähära rasa äjïä äjïä chakra faulty agni Herbs which reduce appetite. I am Brahma (in Vedanta philosophy) Sense of self or separateness; loosely translated as ego The elemental form, or essence, of food (the quality of the food as opposed to the food itself). Command The sixth chakra, located in the region commonly called the "third eye" between the eyebrows. The "command station" of the body and mind. Contains the qualities of subtle ether. akasha akruti aksepaka alochaka pitta ama älochaka pitta äma äkäsha äkruti Ether; the idea of connectedness or space; the space that exists between all things. The volume and tension of the pulse Convulsions. Subdosha of pitta. Digests light/visual impressions. On higher level, related to perception. Resides in eyes (pupils). Toxic residue that is left behind as a by-product of poor digestion. Internal parasites. Internal oleation.


ama vata amadosha amasaya amavataghana amavatham ambu ambuvaha srota

äma väta ämähaya

Rheumatoid arthritis (vata carrying ama into the joints). The vitiation of poorly digested food. Stomach Anti-rheumatic herbs. Anti-rheumatic herbs. Water The channel that carries water; also called the udakavaha srota; the water metabolism system of the body, consisting of all the metabolic functions that regulate retention and elimination (those functions residing outside of the urinary system including the production of ADH by the pituitary gland, insulin by the pancreas, and the desire for water contained within the palate); it originates in the kloman (pancreas) and the palate.

amla amrit anada anagni sveda änada

Sour Sacred nectar; the highest form of ojas; the source of immortality and eternal bliss. Also called soma. bliss, absolute joy Non-direct fire fomentation; therapeutic actions that do not require a formal source of heat, including exercise, wearing heavy clothing, wrapping a patient in blankets, exposure to the sun, and fasting.

anahagna anahata chakra ananda anandagni anähata chakra änanda änandagni

Laxative The fourth chakra, located at the center of the chest. Contains the qualities of the air element. Bliss The agni that metabolizes ether, which in this context is pure joy. Faulty metabolism causes diseases that are spiritual in nature such as unhappiness, dissatisfaction and a feeling of separation from God.

anandamaya kosha

änandamaya kosha The bliss sheath; it makes up the majority of the causal body; contains the anandagni, which is responsible for metabolizing ether.


An atypical migraine headache (atypical due to the pattern of pain). Ananta is the name of the serpent upon which Lord Vishnu rests; in pictures of the great God, the serpent rises up from the back of Lord Vishnu's head; so does a headache of this type.


anga angamarda-prashamana anna annagni

Root meaning "limb, portion", as in Ashtänga Yoga Anti-rheumatic, analgesic herbs. Food The agni which metabolizes food. The annagni consists of the jathagni, the dhätu agnis and the bhüta agnis and is responsible for metabolizing the earth element and converting it into the building blocks of the body. Faulty metabolism causes physical disease.

annakitta annamaya kosha

The remains of food in the large intestine. The food sheath or food body; our physical body which is built from the food we eat. The dominant element within its structure is the earth element. Contains the annagni which is responsible for metabolizing the earth element.

annapurna annavaha srota


" One who gives nourishment", The Goddess of Food. The channel that carries food; originates in the stomach; the first half of the digestive channel (from the mouth to the end of the small intestine).


Internal fire; the most important of all the agnis. Also called jatharagni (digestive fire) and antaragni (internal fire).

antarayama antarmukhi yoni vyapat anubandha anuloma anulomana-vilomana anupana anupasaya anupasaya anuvasana basti apana vayu apara ojas apäna väyu

See dhanusthambha. Severe vaginal pain that is supposedly due to engaging in sex after a heavy meal and/or unusual sexual position. That which transmigrates from one body to the next (the subtlest aspect of who we are; our soul). Mild laxative, carminative. Alternate nostril breathing. The medium used to carry herbs into the body. Examples include water, milk, honey, alcohol, ghee, and sesame oil. See upasaya. Discomfort; also called asatmya. Tonifying basti. Subdosha of väta. Downward and outward moving air. Responsible for elimination of waste. Resides in the colon. One of the two types of ojas (the other being para ojas). Dwells in the vessels next to the heart, and when diminished, affects the immune system, resulting in illness.


It has the appearance of a stroke and may be caused by gross trauma such as a head injury or minor trauma such as sleeping on an uncomfortrable pillow. the third limb of Yoga. The term can also mean tetanus. Discomfort. ashaya ashöa Ashtanga Hridayam äshaya Vessel The number eight (8). Written by Vagbhat in the 7th century AD. arishta arka arocaka nidana artava artavaha srota äriñhöha arocaka nidana ärtava ärtavaha srota Medicated wine made with a decoction. originates in the ovaries and uterus (the female reproductive system). Also called ekayama. a condition caused by injury to cranial nerve VII. Pain in half the head. artavajanana artha aruci asana asara Asatmya asava ärtavajanana Herbs which promote ovulation/menses. there may be two Vagbhats). See dhanusthambha.apas apasmara apatanaka apatantraka ardhavabhedaka ardita äpas Water. Diagnosis of anorexia (loss of appetite) Egg The channel that carries menstrual fluid and ovum. Epilepsy. Ashtänga Hridayam (Añöäïga Hådayam) One of the three most important books in Classical Äyurveda (the other two are the Caraka Samhita and the Sushruta Samhita). 4 . Refers to yoga postures. Vagbhat may be the same author who wrote Ashtanga Samgraha (although this is uncertain. A popular example is Kumari Asava. Prosperity anorexia äsana Posture. Example: Ashöänga Yoga (the eight limbs of yoga). See dhanusthambha. Non-useful components of metabolism. äsava Medicated wine made with freshly pressed herbal juice. Water extract prepared from distillation. also called anupasaya. consists of the fallopian tubes. Hemifacial paralysis or facial palsy. the idea of flow and liquidity. uterus and vaginal canal. which is useful for reproductive and digestive complaints and liver tonification.

asthi dhatu asthi dhätu One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. the membrane that precedes asthi. helps build asthi (bone). Salt from the earth 5 . See Räja Yoga. Resides in the purisha dhara kalä. hair. The channel that carries posaka medas or unstable medas prior to becoming asthi dhätu. this may be the same author who wrote Ashtanga Hridayam (although this is uncertain. Corrective enema. our spirit or soul. Lithotrope. atanka aticarana yoni vyapat atisara atma vichara atman atulygotriya atyagni atyagni audbhida ätman atésära That which makes life miserable. when the strength of the digestive fire is too high. also called paurusha granthi.Ashtanga Samgraha Ashtänga Samgraha One of the three supplemental (or "lesser") classical Äyurveda books (the other two are the Madhava Nidanam and the Sarangadhara Saàhitä). Psychological function is to "stand tall". The term refers spcifically to Räja . ashtänga means eight limbed Urinary stones. Hyperactive agni. teeth. Ashtanga Yoga ashtapana ashya asmari asmari bheda asthi asthi agni Ashtänga Yoga (Añöäìga Yoga) ashöa äçmaré "Eight limbed yoga". Prefix meaning eight. Written by Vagbhat in the 7th century AD. Also called tikshnagni. consists of bones. Diarrhea The process of dispelling of illusion In Sänkhya philosophy. Swelling and pain in the vagina caused by excess intercourse (physical irritation). Composed of air and earth. originates in the fatty tissues of the hips and buttocks. provides framework. nails.g. the health of this agni determines the health of asthi. e.Yoga which contains eight limbs or steps. the aspect of god that resides within each of us. asthi saushiryam asthila asthivaha srota Osteoporosis Prostrate gland. Embrology. attain stature. Bone A dhätu agni. carrier of väta (bone porosity) and kapha (bone element) doshas. High agni. there may be two Vagbats).

External oleation Native healer. The strength or force of the pulse. basti shodan bayha snehana bhagat bhasma Herbs which cleanse the bladder. bhayaja bhedana bhedaniya bhrajaka pitta bhritya bhuta bhüta bhräjaka pitta Fear Mild purgative. laxative. Herbs which increase strength and are tonifying. then cooking it until it becomes an ash. jam or jelly. avalambaka kapha Subdosha of kapha. element. Basti literally means bladder. These are more expensive and powerful than herbs. laxative. Located in chest (heart and lungs). Resides in skin. Related to attachment and holding on to things and to weight gain. child caretaker or guide. temperature. Digests touch. and in Äyurveda the term is used to mean enema (a bladder was traditionally used as the device that holds the liquid used in enemas). pain. Cloudy Knowledge of life. Mild purgative. An oxide prepared by purifying a substance. A treatment in which a person reclines in a bathtub filled with hot water and herbal decoctions. ayus (life) and veda (knowledge). Most are not allowed in the USA. usually a metal. The term for a parent. "that which manifests as matter" 6 .aum avabahu avagha sveda see Om Paralysis. either purifying (niruha basti) or tonifying (anuvasana basti). External parasites. See dhanusthambha. Enemas fall in two categories. pressure. avaleha avila Ayurveda B baddhodara bahaya krimi bahirayama bala balya basti ävila Äyurveda Sweet candy. Not considered a traditional part of Ayurvedic medicine. Protects lungs and respiratory tissues. Intestinal obstruction. Subdosha of pitta. Oils may be added as well.

Moistens mouth. béja mantra A seed mantra. brahaman brahmacharya brihat panchamula Brihat Treya brahmacharya The combination of unmanifested pure potential and pure consciousness that exists prior to creation Sexual restraint The five great roots. Consists of the Caraka Saàhitä. Chanted. 7 . It is Agnivesa's teachings which makes up the bulk of what is known about classical Äyurveda. there are five. jalagni. tejagni. bodhaka kapha Subdosha of kapha. part of the dashmool formula used for niruha basti. Caraka was himself a great physician. the essence of all other mantras. of all mantras. Chanting a bija mantra increases the rotation of the chakra or the frequency of präna moving through the chakra and enhances and heightens its functions. Located in mouth. the purpose of which is to increase the internal strength of the patient. Thus. who was one of the six students of the great sage Atreya. this is called a bija mantra. and prithviagni). The three most important books in Classical Äyurveda.bhuta agnis bhutonmada bija mantra bhüta agnis The elemental agnis. Considered the greatest of all the classical texts on Äyurveda. Possession by evil spirits. At the center of the lotus is a primary energy that is symbolized by a letter in the Sanskrit alphabet. it contains the teachings of the sage Agnivesa. Intellect Herbs which benefit the intellect and memory. Protects mouth from heat of food and roughness of food and chewing. The ancient people of India described chakras as having the shape of a lotus flower. Responsible for aesthetic taste. increases fat and muscle tone. saliva. tonifying pancha karma treatment. Written by Caraka. brimhana brimhana chikitsä buddhi buddhi smruti prada C Caraka Samhita Caraka Saàhitä Make heavy. Tonification therapy. one for each element (akashagni. vayagni. and the Ashtanga Hridayam. Sushruta Saàhitä. they have the most power.

cooling to the body. and these chakras serve as an energetic template of the nerve plexuses that function in the physical body. promote vision. Mobile Herbs that induce vomiting. Herbs that benefit the eyes. the ocean within which we all are connected.catur The number four (4). Also called ksatodara. Consciousness absolute. There are seven charkas. A condition of perforation of the intestine resulting in abdominal swelling. Herbs which alleviate burning sensations. sand. a technical term referring to the transcendental Self beyond the three states of waking. wood. ordinary subtle energy and a heightened subtle energy. Powdered herb. usually a powdered formula of herbs see chikitsä Consciousness Colic pain Herbs that are refrigerants. in Vedanta. Anti-emetic herbs (reduce vomiting) Herbs that scrape away ama. chikitsa chinamsuka chikitsä Treatment Piamater (The delicate and highly vascular membrane immediately investing the brain and spinal cord). Chakras have the potential to generate two qualities of energy. Example: caturtha ("fourth". Usually caused by the intake of sharp objects. See udakodara. Eyes. 8 . chakra Part of the subtle nervous system (the nädis are another part). a type of breathing that occurs near death. chakradhara chakshushva chaksu chala chardi chardi-nigrahana chedana chidrodara An oil treatment in which oil is poured over the chakras. bone or nails. also an expectorant. dreaming and sleep). chinna chit churna (choorna) cikitsa citta çüla D daha-prashamana dahashamaka dakodara chürëa (cürëa) cikitsä Cheyne stokes respiration which occurs in terminal states of illness.

Another term sometimes used for tetanus is ardita. the herbal compound dañamüla (dashamula) "ten roots" The heart-to-heart connection between a mother and her embryo whereby the embryo is able to communicate its desires to the mother through the channels which carry nutrients. That aspect of life that keeps the body from decaying God-given purpose dhätu dhätu agni dhätu srotas Tissue Tissue agnis. Habitat Artery See nadi. there are seven in all. e. the sixth limb of Yoga. deha-samshodanas desa dhamini dhamini dhamini dhammillaka dhanustambha dhanusthambha Herbs that induce vomiting. antarayama. Channels through which the dhätus move as they are being formed.g. Also called a Bi-cardiac state.dandaka A condition in which there is gross stiffness of the body. The mental contemplation and retention of information into memory. Cerebellum. vata and kapha invade all channels and tissues of the body. Example: dashmula (the ten roots formula). and each leads to a kalä (membrane). dhara dharana dhari dharma dhatu dhatu agni dhatu srotas dhärä dhäraëä To pour or flow concentration. looking for signs and symptoms of disease by observation The number ten (10). sometimes refers to a type of convulsion. where the body bends forward and bahirayama. Tetanus. there are seven. where the body bends backward. in this way the heart of the mother and the heart of the fetus are connected. considered incurable. prefix meaning 10. the seventh limb of Yoga. Also called apatantraka or apatanaka. Arteries. dhuma dhyana dhüma dhyäna smoke inhalation therapy Meditation. There are two kinds. Sometimes means tetanus. one for each of the major tissues of the body. darshana dasha dashadauhrda daña- Philosophy. observation. Endurance 9 .

literally means faulty or to cause harm. Example: ekamüla (one root theory). are also considered in these dravyas. the basic knowledge necessary for treating all imbalances in the body. Deodorant. Prefix one. which is a concomitance of panchamahabhootas and atma (the soul or the consciousness). although they only do so when they are functioning abnormally. Liquid Substance. they maintain the good health of the body and guide all of the normal bodily functions draksha drava dravya dravya guna drakñha Medicated wine. A herbal therapy technique where only one herb is given to the client ("putting all your eggs in one basket"). The number one (1). ekayama See ardita. time of administration and various preparations of these dravyas. When functioning normally. The term is used synonymously with pharmacology. Food items. dravyagunashastra The branch of knowledge that deals with the dravyas (drugs as well as diet) that help in the maintenance of health and alleviation of diseases in the purush (human body). daily practices. the singular reality or transcendental Self beyond the multiplicity experienced by the unenlightened ego-bound individual. The number two (2). pitta and kapha). Haritaki(Terminalia chebula) and Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) are often canditates for this technique. Example: dvipada sirasana (two feet to head yoga pose). matter The qualities of a substance.dinacharya dipana (deepana) dosha dépana doñha Rejuvenation of the mind. actions. Digestive stimulant. 10 . dugdha dhara durgandhyanashana dvi E eka Milk as the base (instead of oil) in shirodhara. a fermented decoction or infusion. ekamula ekamüla Literally means "one root". like drugs. dose. the action of kindling agni Three main forces which govern the body (väta. although the principles of dravya guna are the foundation for all sensory treatments. It also deals with the properties.

benefits all three doshas. Teacher. a description of its movement based on comparing it to the movements of different animals. powder of a dried liquid. and carries into the body whatever it is mixed with. 11 . odor The practice of gargling with medicated oil to strengthen the gums and voice. Herbs which increase fertility. Small intestine disease. lump or diverticulosis. heavy. 2. It's easy to digest. The summer season Diseases of the female reproductive system. Pharyngitis. Ulcers. Tumor. Three basic qualities of nature. sattva. Diseases of the uterus. ghrita grahani grahi grishma guhyaroga gulma gulma guna gunas guru guti (gutika) H hådaya halimaka hamsa gati guöi gréshma A perparation of ghee (clarified butter) in which herbs are infused or boiled into the ghee. tamas. rajas. binds stool. It is sattvic and has the unique prabhava of raising agni without aggravating pitta. Anti-diarrhea. Herbs which stimulate labor. Mind Hepatitis C or malignant jaundice The quality of the pulse is likened to the movement of a swan. Tablet or pill. the primary description of a kapha pulse. The movement of the pulse. laryngitis. 1. one through whom one finds a channel to God.ela F flatus G galaugha gandha gandusha garbhada garbharoga garbhashayya sankochaka gati elä Cardamom Excessive accumulation of gas in the intestines. one who removes the darkness of ignorance. ghana ghee Pill. Abdominal tumor Quality or properties. Smell. The clarified oil of butter.

The nädi that runs from the base of the spine (the muladhara chakra) to the left nostril . Upper extremity. as it is associated with the water element. It is also called the "lunar nädi". Cold infusion (aka shita kashaya). pitta hara. Pacifies Turmeric A type of prameha in which the urine is pungent and yelloworange. cosmic prana See neti See udakodara. Heart disease. and increased movement within it increases the "watery" emotions such as love. and is mixed with lasika (lymph).hara haram haridra haridra meha hasta hasti meha haridrä (suffix) Reduces as in väta hara. An ancient Vedic deity. typical of kapha-type diabetes mellitus. and kapha hara. and deep feeling. hridaya dhärä kalä The pericardium and endocardium (the membrane which surrounds the heart). Herbs which aid the heart. Heart. Vata-type diabetes insipidus. hemanta hidhma or hikka hikkanigrahaka hima hrdroga hrdya hrid roga hridaya hridaya dhara kala I ida nadi éda nädi hådroga hrdayam hidhmä or hikkä The winter season Hiccups Reduces hiccups. the urine is very sweet like sugar. 12 . The digestive fire. This is a condition where each baby a woman tries to bear dies at birth or shortly thereafter. without force. attachment. Also called kayagni (bodily fire) and antaragni (internal fire). Its energy is cool. ikshü iksu meha Indra J jala neti jalodara jatghni yoni vyapat jatharagni jätharagni Sugar cane Type 2 diabetes. Heart disease. the most important of all the agnis. a type of prameha in which the urine is passed continuously.

a reflection of the Divine. smell). vision. built according to specific instructions. also called vepathu. Chorea. connected to the physical plane. Reduces fever. world age Pleasure (as a goal. Liberated soul The lower aspect of the soul. according to Mémämsa philosophy. Anti-pruritic. Herbal paste. other terms include ardita and tandava. 13 . A well-oiled patient lies down on a bench in the hut for 20 minutes. Restorative. it means the pursuit of pleasure and ecstasy. World cycle. touch. 1) Membrane 2) Time 3) Black A type of prameha in which the urine is like black ink. taste. Demulcent. vitalizer. In Sänkhya philosophy. Prolapsed uterus. aids the throat. That which keeps us alive Knowledge or wisdom. Tremors. Parkinson's disease.jatismara jentaka sveda Sattvic individuals who can recollect the events of past lives. with a clay oven inside in which special herbs are burned. sould. Jaundice or hepatitis A. jihva jiva jivaniya jivanmukta jivatman jivita jnana jnanendriya jvara jwara jwaraghna jwarahara jyotish K kala kala meha kalashanja kalka kalpa kama kamala kampa vata kampana kampavata kanda kandughna kanthya käma kämala kampa väta kalä käla meha jïäna jïänendriya jévanmukta jévätman jéva Tongue. often the term used for Parkinson's disease. Fever Reduces fever. Vedic astrology. That which torments. Individual consciousness. the primary goal of the senses). A special hut. the five sense faculties (hearing. Tremors due to vata.

its qualities are heavy. aids breathing and cough. grasping. 14 . kaphaja krimi karaìa karam karma karmendriya karna purana karnini yoni vyapat karsana kasa kasa roga kasahara kasa-svasahara kashaya (kashayam) kathina kathinya katti basti katu kayagni käthinya kashäya käsa käsa roga Parasites in the digestive tract. elimination). walking.kapalabhati A fairly aggressive form of pränayama involving forcibly expelling air from the lungs as the diaphragm and abdominal muscles contract. procreation. The application of an oil pool to the back. the five faculties of action (speech. 2) The action of a substance. Bodily fire. one of the eight factors determining the utility of food. the digestive fire. Hard The consistency of the blood vessel wall. kapha The force behind the structure and stability of the body. the elements are water and earth. a potential site of relocation. In Sänkhya philosophy. Method of processing. Cleansing Cough Bronchitis Reduces cough. The practice of placing oil drops in the ear. Aggravates 1) The force that binds the soul to the cycle of life and death. Also a term for mucous. the most important of all the agnis. keshya kha khara khavaigunya khä khära khävaigunya Promotes healthy hair. smooth and soft. Decreased or absent menses. khya To realize. Pungent taste. cold. Also called purishaja krimi. Expectorant. Space Rough A weak or defective space within a tissue or organ where a pathological condition is likely to begin. Also called jatharagni (digestive fire) and antaragni (internal fire). moist. static. Astringent taste or decoction. its root is in the upper stomach.

kumar kopana kosha koça Pancreas Pedriatic Ayurveda. they are annamaya kosha. manomaya kosha. (suffix) Increases. Protects lining of stomach against acids. Sheath or layer. according to Vedanta philosophy. hatred. and anandamaya kosha. Cough due to chest injury. alkaline extract. and kapha kopana. ksara meha ksataja ksatodara ksaya kshara kshaya kshira ksudra A type of prameha in which the urine is like alkali (strongly basic and caustic such that there is burning). Subdosha of kapha. Decreased dosha. Located in stomach. that part of Ayurveda which deals with child rearing. to diminish. Consumption.kitchari. Plant exudate or resin. A type of headache which is due to a parasitic infection which arises due to an overindulgence in unhealthy foods and improper food combining. A title by which a child is addressed. krimi krimighna krimija-siratapa kåmi Parasites Anthelmintic. kloman (kloma) komar bhritya komar. energetic fields of vibration that correspond to the five elements in their subtle form which are physical manifestations of creation. kitcheree kledaka kapha klesha kicharé A meal of basmati rice cooked with split yellow mung dal ( 3 : 1 : 0. Heavy breathing. pitta kopana. "Sat" and "Chit" which are not physical. antiparasitic. childhood illness and their treatment. tissue depletion. Alkali. See chidrodara. as in väta kopana. vijnanamaya kosha. Part of samsarjana karma. clinging to life). egoism. The five affliction of humanity (ignorance.25 water:rice:dal). and each is a layer of our existence. wasting of the body associated with tuberculosis. There are two additional layers. There are 5 koshas. attachment. pränamaya kosha. 15 .

Salt Salty. as used in a bhasma made of iron. sprains and arthritis. At its heightened level. Decoction (made by boiling the hard parts of herbs). Penis. A patient sits on a chair or lies in a bed over the bowl. The herbs are heated with hot iron balls. also called medra. Reduction therapy. Make light. kundalini energy kundaliné energy An energetic template of physical sexual energy. it is not sexual but is the force that activates the chakras and causes them to function on a higher level. Madhava Nidanam and the Sarangadhara Saàhitä. thereby altering perception and experience. the purpose of which is to either decrease the quantity of a dhätu or purify a dhätu. Light laghu païchamüla The five lesser roots. Herbs which reduce fatty tissue and support weight loss. There are openings in the bed or chair to allow heat to penetrate into the body. 16 . lagnu (lagu) laksana lala meha langhana langhana chikitsa lavaìa lavana lekhana lepa lingum lohama lohitaksya M laìghana chikitsä Light A type of prameha in which there is slimy urine with threads like saliva. part of the dashmool formula used for niruha basti. used for strains. The three supplemental (or "lesser") Classical Äyurveda books. Iron. purifying pancha karma treatment. though. upon which the charkas are often stated to be "strung like lotuses".kumbhi sveda A treatment in which a bowl is placed in the ground and filled with a decoction of herbs. A condition resulting in ammenorrhea accompanied by burning and emaciation. Kundalini moves through the central nädi called the sushumna nädi. reduces bulk. kushtagna kwatha (kwath) L laghu laghu panchamula laghu treya kwätha Herb which eliminates skin disease. consisting of the Ashtanga Samgraha. Body paste.

also occurs in terminal illness. majja agni majjä agni A dhätu agni. this is a type of vaginal pain specifically described to be due to a prolapse of the uterus and vaginal muscles. the membrane that precedes majjä. the health of this agni determines the health of majjä. it is considered the major text on pathology and the diagnosis of disease. a type of prameha in which urine resembles honey and is sweet. 17 . great Intelligence. Vata-type diabetes mellitus (type 1). muscle fat and bone marrow. majja dhara kala majjä dhärä kalä The membrane that holds bone marrow and the majjä agni. ego). A medicated oil consisting of the four fats ghee. madhu madhu (madhura or mathura) madhu meha madhumeha mahaMahad mahan mahasneha mahat mahavaha srota mahävaha srota mahän mahä- Honey Sweet taste. glycosuria. juvenile diabetes. One of the three supplemental (or "lesser") classical books on Äyurveda (the other two are the Ashtanga Samgraha and the Sarangadhara Saàhitä). Written by Madhavakara. "The great dyspnea" (difficulaty breathing). The Great Channel. Narcotic herbs. consisting of the annavaha srota and the purishavaha srota (the entirety of the digestive channel from mouth to anus). the cosmic aspect of the intellect which also contains the individual intellect (Buddhi. sesame oil. mahayoni vyapat Similar to vatiki yoni vyapat.madakaraka madakari madhava nidanam Herbs which create sleep. Diabetes insipidus. Resides in the majjä dhara kalä. All the cosmic laws that make up the intelligence of the universe according to Sänkhya philosophy. helps build majjä.

managni The agni which is responsible for the metabolism of fire.majja dhatu majjä dhätu One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. spinal cord. Composed of water and earth. consists of the nervous system and anything that fills an empty space within the body. depression. feces. peacefulness. calm. Muscle mämsa dhärä kalä The membrane that holds mämsa (muscle) and the mämsagni. blood). mamsa sarpi mämsagni mämsagni Medicated meat soup. 18 . consists of muscles. mämsa dhätu One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. Psychological function is fullness. helps build mämsa. Faulty metabolism causes mental disease. majja meha majjavaha srota majjävaha srota A type of prameha in which the urine is mixed with marrow. primary carrier of väta dosha. the membrane that precedes mämsa. it is constantly metabolizing the energies coming from our environment into our bodies and our mind. bone marrow. Also includes the sclera of the eyes. selfconfidence. according to Sushruta Saàhitä it originates in the nerves. anxiety. Resides in the mämsa dhara kalä. provides courage. originates in the bones and joints of the body and supplies the nerves and bone marrow. Composed mainly of earth and some water and fire. such as the brain. which in this context takes the form of sensory impressions. grief. A dhätu agni. a carrier of kapha dosha. fortitude. mala mala stambhana mamsa mamsa dhara kala mämsa dhätu mämsa Waste Herbs that stop the flow of waste (urine. The channel that carries posaka asthi or unstable asthi prior to becoming majjä dhätu. serum and capillaries. completeness. mämsavaha srota mämsavaha srota The channel that carries posaka rakta or the unstable rakta prior to becoming mämsa dhätu. according to Caraka Saàhitä it originates in the ligaments and skin (the upadhätu of mämsa dhätu). Psychologically. ligaments and skin. the health of this agni determines the health of mämsa.

One of the most well known is the sacred sound Om (or Aum). a word. Faculty of cognition and action.manas manasika manda The limited mind projected by ahamkara. so it is the carrier of feelings and emotions as well. Its related tissues are the liver. Conditions which originate in the mind. sugar. According to Caraka Saàhitä. 1)slow. located in the region of the solar plexus just above the umbilicus. and believed to tune one into the Divine. resides within the mind. the primary description of the pitta pulse. the primary astral body. refers to the entire mind. It contains the managni. marica Black pepper 19 . or a phrase) that is used in meditation. A sacred syllable or sequence of syllables (sometimes a name. The feel of the pulse is likened to the movement of a frog. spleen. often assigned by one's guru. when the strength of the digestive fire is too low. It is the channel through which the body is created. which is responsible for metabolizing fire. yet it is subtler. which has led some authors to include the brain as a part of manovaha srota. Has no physical location. and ghee. The mind sheath. mantha mantra (mantram) A mixture of flour. pancreas and small intestine. Part of samsarjana karma. The third chakra. Channel of understanding. dull 2) A meal of drinking only the lukewarm water in which white basmati rice is boiled ( 16:1 water:rice). Contains the qualities of the fire element. mandagni manduka gati manipura chakra mandüka gati manipüra chakra Low agni. these are the channels that connect the mind to the senses. manjista meha manobuddhivaha srota manomaya kosha manovaha srota A type of prameha in which the urine smells foul and is slightly red like manjista. The channel that carries thought. it can be seen as the channel that exists between the physical body and the astral body and through which astral impressions move.

moksha mridu mrudu mudhagarbham mudra mudrä Liberation of the soul from the cycle of life and death. the fatty tissues of the body. Herbs which are rejuvenatives for the mind. originates in the kidneys and adipose tissues of the body. Massaging these points helps to remove energy and toxic blocks from the body. Soft. also improving the function of internal organs. A dhätu agni. sattva. the goal of our higher nature. medhya medhya rasayana medo dhara kala medohara medovaha srota medo dhärä kalä Herbs which promote intellect. Resides in the medo dhara kalä. arteries. tendon bone and flesh meet. Lubricates tissues of body through oiliness. kapha. Also it can be where väta. consists of fat (composed primarily of water). Reduces blood lipids. The membrane that holds fat and the medagni. These points can be used to heal or to harm. mastiska. pitta. matulungua mastulunga avarnana kala medagni Brain and cerebrum. Meninges. It can be seen as the ritualistic path of Vedic knowledge. founded by Jaimini. One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. One of the six orthodox doctrines of philosophy (shad darshan) of Hinduism. They are strong energy centers and are somewhat similar to acupuncture points. carier of kapha dosha. A gesture or arrangement of the fingers used in meditation for communication between body. There are 108 marma points in our body. medas medas dhatu medas dhätu Fat. Psychological function is the ability to love and receive love. medra Mimamsa Mémämsa Penis.marma Points on the body where veins. the membrane that precedes medas. also called lingum. helps build medas (fat). The channel that carries posaka mämsa or unstable mämsa prior to becoming medas dhätu. 20 . the health of this agni determines the health of medas. mind and consciousness. rajas and tamas meets. Soft Malposition of the baby in utero.

urinary purgative. it originates in the bladder and penis. or root. müträghäta mütragranthi mütra-jnana mütrakåcchra mütrakrichra mütrala mütrasamgrahaniya müträshaya Urinary retention syndromes. although it is commonly understood to originate in the bladder and urethra.mukka paka mula muladhara chakra müla Ulcer Root creates the foundation for a person's psycho-spiritual development. The habitual holding of urine which causes vata to move upwards causing severe pain and distention. debilitated. chakra. according to the Sushruta Saàhitä. or penis causing the penis to feel heavy. Mild pain in the bladder due to the holding of urine. The mixing of urine and semen in those who engage in sexual intercourse whle having the urge to urinate. Diuretic. carries water (kapha) out of the body. Contains the qualities of the earth element. mülädhära chakra The first. Thick. Herbs which increase urine formation. ureters. 21 . A tumor occurring inside the bladder which produces symptoms similar to a urinary stone. mütra-vishodana Urinary antiseptic. non-unctuous (non-sticky) urine. it mutra mutra jathara mutraghäta mutragranthi mutra-jnana mutrakåcchra mutrakrichra mutraksaya mutrala mutrasada mutra-samgrahaniya mutrashaya mutrashukra mutratita mutratsanga mutravaha srota mütra Urine. bladder and urethra. reduces urination. The urinary bladder. and dehydrated. consists of the kidneys. mutra-virechaniva mutra-vishodana N mütra-virechaniva Strong diuretic. Dysuria. urethra. Dysuria or painful urinination. Residual urine left in the bladder. mütravaha srota The channel that carries urine. difficulty passing urine. Diminished urine in the aged. Urinary astringent. Located at the base of the spine.

Cause. The mind is the sum total of all the nädis. maximizes absorption of präna. mind or spirit. Amenorrhea (lack of bleeding) Nasal drops. Pulse diagnosis. nädis are subtle nerve channels. nadi vijnanam nädi vijïänam The reading of the pulse. clears nasal passages and sinuses. Nadi bears different meanings in different texts. Alleviates all the doshas from the neck up. spinal cord and nerves as a separate dhatu. Diagnosis Hypnotic 22 .000 nädis. nadi dhatu nadi pariksha nadi svedana nädi pariksha nädi svedana Some texts refer to the brain. The application of an oil pool over the eyes. it is commonly translated to mean nerve. Classical yogic texts state that there are 72. an energetic template of the nerves through which präna (subtle energies) flow. understanding the causitive factors of a condition. used to detect existing or potential states of health and disease in a person's body. nasa nashta rakta nasya Nose. but can also mean subtle channels or channels in general.nadi nädi Part of the subtle nervous sytem (charkas are another part). sinuses and nasal passages. A special type of steam therapy in which steam is applied through a hose connected to a pressure cooker while the patient is either lying on a massage table or sitting in an upright positon. nava The number nine (9). néla neti netra basti netrahita nidana nidanam nidrajnana néla Blue Cleansing of the nose with warm salty water using a special neti pot. Other terms used synomously with nadi include dhamini. Example: nava karna dravya (the nine causative factors of the universe in the Vasisheshika school of philosophy). These channels permeate the entire subtle body. Herbs which aid the eyes. similar to Western term etiology. sira and srota. treats diseases of the head.

Part of samsarjana karma. no disease can affect the body. pachanas pada padadaha padaharsa Herbs which digest ama. When strong. The sensation of pins-and-needles in the feet due to a vata and kapha disturbance. "om" is the most sacred of all words. The energetic template of kapha. The sensation of burning in the toes. Composed primarily of earth and water (qualities similar to kapha). Produced from the essence of shukra. the same sound as the one heard internally as a result of practicing yoga. no-mind state Arachnoid membrane. Lower extremity. Converts food to the form that can be absorbed. Regulates body temperature. the second limb of Yoga One of the six orthodox doctrines of philosophy (shad darshan) of Hinduism. O odona ojas A meal of plain basmati rice ( 2:1 water:rice). inference. founded by Gautama. the fire of digestion. Observances. the force that keeps the tissues healthy. It means arugment or analyiss. A type of prameha in which the urine is blue. State of pure existence. the essence that gives the tissues and the mind strength and endurance.nidrakara nila meha nirama niruha basti nirvana nisarika niyama Nyaya Nyäya nirväna Herbal sedatives. Without ama Purifying basti. brings on sleep. analogy and testimony. The subtle immune system. Most important fire. According to the Vedas. Om (aum) The primal sound. It outlines four methods of arriving at the truth (pramänas) which are direct perception. the sound or vibration from which the entire universe emanates. Used by Hindu yogis to represent the vibration which pervades the entire universe. P pachaka pitta pächaka pitta Subdosha of pitta. Resides in the small intestines and lower half of stomach (the home of pitta). 23 .

the single most powerful healing therapy utilized in Äyurveda. purva karma. pancha karma païcha karma Five primary preparations of herbs including swarasa (fresh juices). and is the container of life itself. water & earth. There are three components to the process. A condition in which the vagina becomes swollen and painful. the five associated organs are the anus. Any diminishment in volume would result in instantaneous death.padma gati païca paka pakvashaya shula pancha päka The pulse of enlightenment. pradhana karma. 24 . phanta (hot infusions). fire. felt under the kapha finger. The speech of eternal wisdom. kwatha (decoctions) and kalka (moist bolus or paste). hima (cold infusions). païcha karma pakväshaya shüla The five sense organs païcha Also called Shodhana.g. air. penis. then rebuilds internal strength (ojas). prefix meaning five. hands and mouth. e. Digestion Colic Passage That which is born from sinful acts. Strong reduction therapy. This is the superior type. Used only on strong patients. with a yellow or blue discharge. eliminates ama and excess doshas. feet. pancha jnanendriya païcha jïänendriya The five potentials for action (potential organs for motor experience). according to Mémämsa philosophy. and prashat krama. The five great elements: ether. other texts state the five sense organs. paramatman paravak parinama paripluta The higher aspect of the soul. beyond One of the two types of ojas (the other being apara ojas). The number five (5). Transformation and decay due to time and motion. pancha karmendriyas pancha karmendryani pancha kasayas pancha maha bhutus pantha papma para para ojas païcha karmendryani païcha kasayas païcha maha bhütus Five motor organs. connected to purusha. it dwells in the heart. Example: païca karma (the five actions).

its principal quality is heat. Part of samsarjana karma. The decoction is poured through a hose or a can with many small holes above the patient's head. pitta dhara kala pittaka pittodara pizzichilli pitta dhärä kalä The membrane that holds pitta and the raktagni. This is a condition of burning and ulceration in the wall of the vagina. pashat krama Patanjali pattiki yoni vyapat Pätaïjali Rejuvenation. An oil treatment in which oil is poured onto the body through a hose and massaged into the body. pliha pliodara posaka dhatu pléhä posaka dhätu Spleen Splenic (pléhä) enlargement. and discrimination. The force in the body that is responsible for digestion and metabolism. although it is also light. It is also called the "solar nädi" and is associated with the fire element. and stimulation of this nädi increases the fire of the intellect increasing reason. pista meha pitta pitta A type of prameha in which the urine is thick like corn flour and white in color. paurusha granthi payu peya phanta picchila pinda sveda pingala nadi pingalä nädi peyä phäëöa Prostrate gland. Name of the celebrated sage who created The Yoga Sutras. unstable and sharp. This is the heaviest oil treatment and therefore the most nourishing.pariseka sveda A shower of medicated decoctions used after an oil massage. its elements are fire along with a small amount of water. see rasayana. The unstable portion of ahara rasa 25 . The local application of a pinda or bolus (small round mass) which is warm. This is most likely a vaginal infection that has become systemic resulting in fever. A meal of drinking thin rice liquid ( 8:1 water:rice). also called asthila. Herpes simplex is a form of pattiki yoni vyapat. slightly oily. Oily. sticky. The nädi that begins at the base of the spine within the muladhara chakra and ends at the right nostril. perception. Hot infusion. Rectum. Its energy is warm.

these include direct perception. basti. considered a prabhava of some herbs. Intellectual blasphemy. and thighs ocurring in girls too young for intercourse. pradara pradarahara pradhan karma prajashatapana prajnaparadha prakarana yoni vyapat prakriti prakruti prakåiti Pure potential for matter (unmanifested potential). an action not easily explained by its qualities. 1) Life-force energy 2) One of the subdoshas of väta 3) Breath 4) One of the energies controlling the functioning of the subtle body (the other two are tejas and ojas). pramanthi prameha Herbs that remove excess doshas at a cellular level. Polyuria (excessive urinary volume) and diabetes. virechana. the failure of the intellect. gives substances unique healing capabilities. the soul's guna (sattva. Not all types of prameha are diabetes. analogy and testimony. this is determined at conception and does not change throughout a person's lifetime. Leukorrhea. Herbs which aid menstrual and vaginal disorders. calves. the energetic template of väta responsible for circulation within the subtle energy field and for the movement of the subtle body through the subtle universe. but diabetes is a type of prameha. pramehaghna prana präna Herbs that reduce blood sugar. pramanas pramänas Literally means "proof". rajas or tamas) in its seed form. reduce miscarriage. There are 20 types of prameha. The four methods of arriving at truth as outlined in the Nyäya philosophy. 26 . crimes against wisdom Pain following intercourse in the back. prana vaha srota präna vaha srota Respiratory system. Herbs that promote conception. inference.posya dhatu prabhava posya dhätu prabhäva (prabhäv) The stable portion of ahara rasa Special action of a substance. The five classical actions of pancha karma (vamana. nasya and rakta mokshana). a white discharge from the vagina. The inherent ideal balance of the three doshas within an individual.

pranavaha srota pränavaha srota The channel that carries präna. pratyahara pratysyaya pravahikahara prevepana prithvi püjä purisha dhara kala purishaja krimi pratyähära pratyçyäya Withdrawl of the senses. See kaphaja krimi. the bridge between the physical body (annamaya kosha) and the astral body (manomaya kosha). rejuvenation following pancha karma. Original or primary väyu because life force energy (präna) must first come into the body. the idea of solidity and mobility Ritualistic meditation. through the process of digestion. sinuses. It contains the pränagni. kapalbhati. Excessive shaking. Faulty metabolism disturbs the präna and causes physical and mental disease. also extracts and absorbs a large amount of präna. purisha dhärä kalä The membrane that holds feces and bone. also relates to the colon which. Associated with movement of thought and intake of emotions. done with devotion and affection. a Hindu ritual worship designed to concentrate on God. the fifth limb of Yoga Common cold Herbs which manage dysentery. Resides in the brain and moves downward into the chest. it is where väta is metabolized. solar pränäyäma. inward moving air. it is where asthiagni resides. prithvé püjä Earth. which is responsible for metabolizing water. lunar pränäyäma. the fourth limb of Yoga. Rasayana. pranagni pränagni The agni which metabolizes water (water is the container that präna is held within when it is confined to the body). pranayama pränäyäma Culivation of breath. Breathing practices such as alternate nostril breathing. pranamaya kosha pränamaya kosha The breath sheath. The bed is made with warming grains and leaves combined with spices and herbs. prasada praschat krama prastara sveda The useful components of metabolism. bronchi and lungs). usually refers to the respiratory system (nasal passages. A special bed in which a patient lies after oleation.prana vayu präna väyu Subdosha of väta. originates in the heart. 27 .

the home of väta dosha. niyama (observance). rajata rajayaksmadi rajoni vriti. 28 . samädhi (integration) rajah rajas Menstruation Action.purishavaha srota The channel that carries feces. or ksaya. liver and spleen. Räja . präëäyäma(cultivation of breath). The path contins the following eight steps: yama (restraint). one of the four most important yogic paths towards union with God. The purpose is to remove toxic blood from the body and stimulate new blood formation. purva rupa Q R Raja . sosa. dhäraëä (concentration). Also called rogarat. Blood Emmenagogue (promotes menstruation). Contains the fire element. or basic qualities of nature. God. distraction. Bloodletting. rakta meha rakta mokshana A type of prameha in which the urine is blood red. its system is presented by Pataïjali as described in the Yoga-Sütra. Hypertension (high blood pressure). brings ama and any excess doshas present in the body back to their sites of origin in the digestive tract so that they can be removed by the procedures of pradhan karma. which together make up the excretory system and is the second half of the mahavaha srota. dhyäna(meditation). as used in a bhasma made of silver. asana (posture). one of the three gunas. pratyahära (sense withdrawal).Yoga "The royal yoga". One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. Also involves blood vessels. Preparatory techniques for pancha karma. Purusha purva karma pürva karma Pure potential for consciousness (unmanifested potential). Tuberculosis.Yoga pürvarüpa Early signs and symptoms of a condition. consists of the large intestine and rectum. Menopause. rajonivrit rakta rakta bhrisaranas rakta capa vriddhi rakta dhatu rakta dhätu räjayakñma Silver. Applied to the mind. which distracts people from their true nature as spirit. invigorates tissues and the mind. turbulence. rajas is the state of mind dominated by lots of activity. consists of blood/ red blood cells. in Western terminology this is called the prodrome.

alterative herbs. helps build rasa. plasma (the watery component of blood). Resides in liver. consists of all bodily fluids (plasma. rasavahini Capillary 29 . rasa dhatu rasa dhätu One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. menses). Pneumonia Pneumonia The channel that carries posaka rasa (the unstable portion of rasa prior to becoming rakta). originates in the liver and spleen. Imparts color. the membrane that precedes rakta. 2) bodily fluid. Also called rudhira or that which carriers the red blood cells and hemoglobin. Blood purifying. often used synonymously with blood vessels. spleen. aid anemia. In the subtle body. provides a sense of satisfaction. 1) Taste. A dhätu agni. Blood purifying. rasa is the substance that provides satisfaction. the health of this agni determines the health of rasa. originates in the heart and blood vessels and includes lymphatic vessels. raktaja krimi raktasthivi sanniat raktasthivi sanniat raktavaha srota Systemic parasites that travel through the blood. Herbs that increase blood. the membrane that precedes rasa. lymph. astringent herbs that stop bleeding. chyle. Resides in pitta dhara kalä. "the juice of life". alterative herbs. A dhätu agni. It can also mean sap.rakta pradhara rakta prasadana rakta rodaka rakta samgrahaka rakta shodaka rakta shodana rakta stambhana rakta stambhana rakta vardhana raktagni Abnormal menstrual bleeding. alterative herbs. gall bladder. the health of this agni determines the health of rakta. rasa shastra rasa vidya rasagni Medicinal use of metals The application of alchemy toward healing. Hemostatic herbs (astringent herbs that stop bleeding). rasavaha srota rasavaha srota The channel through which ahara rasa flows. Blood purifying. Hemostats. Resides in the sleshma dhara kalä. breast milk. Hemostatic herbs (astringent herbs that stop bleeding). helps build rakta. primary carrier of pitta dosha. mercury or vitality. ranjaka pitta rasa (rasam) raïjaka pitta Subdosha of pitta. blood. In the subtle body. primary carrier of kapha dosha. Hemostat (stops the flow of blood).

See rakatavaha srota. Vulnerary (firms tissues and organs) Herbs that stimulate taste. Sweat glands. dry. A specialized form of tonification that follows purification such as pancha karma. sight The seasons of the year. Roughening. The terms tapa and shula are also used synonymously for pain. clinical manifestation of disease. Digests and makes sense of sensory input. anger and the light provides wisdom and clarity. Depilatories. nourishes all dhätus and builds ojas. courage. rasayani rasi rechana rishi rochana roga rogarat roma kupa roma sanjanana roma-satana roopana ruchya rudhira ruksha (ruksham) rukshana rupa rutu rutu S sadhaka pitta sädhaka pitta rüpa rüksha roma küpa Lymphatic Quantity Strong purgative. A seer. brain. food sadhana is the action of making the consumption of food sacred). Fire of sädhaka pitta gives off light and heat. 30 . Herbs which stimulate appetite or a flavoring agent. a special term meaning "that which promotes longevity by preventing aging and by making the body young again". one of the openings of the ambu vaha srotas Herbs that promote hair growth. heat provides passion. Subdosha of pitta. sadhyasadhyata Prognosis.rasayana rasäyana Rejuvenative tonic. that which gives rise to pain or disease. Pain. burns illusions away from truth. Rough quality. Also called pashat krama. sadhana The process of making action sacred (for example. Season or time of the month. Resides in the mind. Signs and symptoms. That which overpowers. an enlightened Vedic sage.

they lie deep within our personality and affect our deepest belief systems. balances and stabilizes the other väyus. as in food combining. It's meaning is "thousand petaled lotus". Normal (balanced) agni Subdosha of väta. rekindling of agni. located at the crown of the head (also called the crown chakra). balanced prakruti. giving us our tendencies and creating our basic reactions to the world. 1. sämudra samyoga san sanair meha Sea salt Combination. Pathogenisis of disease. the subtlest ether of all. With ama 2. tridoshic. Truth A type of prameha in which the urine passes slowly with little effort. Generated by karma. Absorption and pure awareness. integration. nutrients and oxygen into the bloodstream. venous blood to the heart. Usually used after pradhan karma (the five actions) of PK. Balancing air. a balanced state of supreme intelligence. The ideal. 31 . A balanced state of body. the ether of the ocean of consciousness itself. Contains causal ether. it's the "air that stokes the fire". they set the stage for our life. Graduated re-administration of diet.sahasra padma chakra The seventh chakra. Governs absorption. Channel of consciousness. the disease process from its earliest causal stages until complete manifestation. moves from periphery to center. the eight limb of Yoga. Balanced. Resuscitative. Resides in small intestine. mind and consciousness. saindhava sakara sama sama prakruti samadhi samagni samana vayu samäna väyu samädhi Rock salt Urinary gravel (pieces of stone passing through the urine that may cause mild pain and blocked flow). samanya samjna-stapana samjnavaha srota samprapti samsarjana karma samskaras sampräpti Purvarupa which disappear at the onset of the actual disease. Carries sensory impressions to the brain. In the mind.

the main description of the vata pulse. Temporal headache. as they grew to maturity. it teaches that the univers arises throught the union of prakriti and purusha. and could be an observation made of lesbian women. the cultivation of satisfaction. sannipatikodara santosh sapta sara sarangadhara saàhitä sära Contentment. The feel of the pulse is likened to the movement of a cobra. sarkara sarpa gati sarva sarvaroga nidanam çarkarä Urinary gravel (pieces of stone passing through the urine that may cause mild pain and blocked flow). with no sugar present. general The general understanding or diagnosis of pain or disease. The number seven (7). which is the result of all three doshas becoming vitiated. The condition was considered incurable. As a dualistic philosophy. Example: sapta dhätus (the seven tissues). Written by Sarangadhara sometime between 1200-1500 AD.sandha yoni vyapat In the ancient texts it was observed that some women. did not like men. leads to infertility. Herbs that restore consciousness. 32 . results in menorrhagia (painful menstruation). sandhaniya sandhi vata sandra sandra meha sangya sthapana sankhaka Sankhya Sänkhya sandhi väta Healing. One of the six orthodox doctrines of philosophy (shad darshan) of Hinduism. founded by the sage Käpila. sannipatika (sannipata) sannipatika yoni vyapat Tri-dosha (all three doshas are involved) This condition. it is famous for its reference to pulse diagnosis and is the first to bring mention to this art. Literally means "enumeration". Healthy essence One of the three supplemental (or "lesser") classical books on Äyurveda (the other two are the Ashtanga Samgraha and the Madhava Nidanam). Osteoarthritis Dense A type of prameha in which the urine is thick when kept overnight.

turbulence. or basic qualities of nature. a mild reduction therapy which is generally performed on a patient who is not strong enough for pancha karma procedures. palliation therapy (tonifying while purifying). The six philosophies of life: Sänkhya. The company of the wise. the support of others on our journey. these three layers make up the threefold reality of Purusha itself. Peace of mind. this corresponds to präna-tejas-ojas. absent of any distraction. Applied to the mind. and in the physical body. shankhaka shanti sharada sharbata A type of headache precipitated by a pitta-provoking lifestyle and low ojas. Yoga and Vedänta Make balanced. Palliation therapy. Clarity. the cultivation of bliss. pure. pacifies doshas without expelling them. Where the distant edge of the anandamaya kosha (the subtlest aspect of human creation) blends with the final two layers of existence (sat and chit). it is what exists beyond the illusion of creation. shad darshan The number six (6). One of the three gunas. Example: shad darsana (the six philosophical systems). Its overall effect is that of a gentle cleanse. ignorance. shabdha shad shad Shad Darshan shamana (samana) shamana chikitsa shamana chikitsä Sound prefix meaning six. sattva is the state of mind that is clear. a transcendent state of mind immersed in the perfection of creation. Nyäya. satva Sun-dried paste prepared from a cold infusion which is set in the sun until all the water has evaporated and the concentrated herbs become solid. Vasisheshika. Mémämsa. Syrup 33 . satmya satsang sattva Comfort.sat sat-chit-ananda sat-chit-änanda All-encompassing. Sat-chit-ananda is literally absolute existence-pure consciousness-perfect bliss (on lower levels. to väta-pitta-kapha).g. see upasaya. in the subtle body. e. The autumn season. absolute truth. purity.

the most refined of the seven dhatus. Swelling in both feet. head Head. smooth. Pure Reproductive tissue. Pain-relieving herb. also called shiro roga or shirah shula. Make go away. Herbs that reduce swelling. 2) A type of pranayama that is cooling to the system. Warm oil poured onto the forehead. Herbs that reduce swelling. promotes clotting. To hug Purifying. A dhätu agni. includes main practices of P. The application of warm medicated oil to the forehead over the sixth chakra. Laxatives. Headache. also called shirah shula or shiro tapa. Medicated oil applied to the shaved head.K. inhalation is through a curled tongue. the membrane that precedes shukra. anti-inflammatory.shastra sheeta (seetha) sheetali shirah shula shiro shiro shiro roga shiro tapa shirobasti shirodhara shishira shita kashaya shita purva jvara shita virya shitali shlakshna shlesma shodana shodhana shodhana chikitsa shonitasthapana shoolahara shotha shothaghna shothahara (sothahara) shramsanas (sramsanas) shuddhi shukra shukra agni shéta pürva jvara shita vérya shétalé çhirobasti çhirodhärä çhiro shéta Science Cold A form of pranayama. A head oil application where oil is held on top of the head for some time. containing the essence of all other dhatus. shodhana chikitsä See pancha karma. Cold infusion (aka hima). Slimy. Hemostat. Resides in the shukra dhara kalä. 34 . The late winter season. Headache. helps build shukra. anti-inflammatory. 1) Cooling virya. expel feces prior to complete digestion. the health of this agni determines the health of shukra. also called shiro roga or shiro tapa. Headache. reducing.

prostate gland. according to the Sushruta Saàhitä it originates in the testes and breasts. Cold 35 . seminal vesicles. a central notion of Buddhism. a category of herb specific to Äyurveda. Lead. Intestinal antispasmodic. head. Medicated milk. consists of reproductive tissue. sperm. siroroga sirsa jala sisa sita Herbs which increase sperm count. Head tremor. and according to David Frawley it originates in the testes and uterus. according to the Caraka Saàhitä it originates in the testes and pudendum. Vein. Medicated ghee Medicated oil Mystical powers A type of prameha in which the urine contains sand-like particles. Composed of highly refined water. the emptiness or void. Also see nadi. Psychologically. ovum. the path that sperm travels from the testes until ejaculated by the penis. shukrala shukra-shodana shukrasmari shukravaha srota çukräçmari A Sanskrit term for an herb that increases sperm count. carrier of kapha dhätu. shukravridhikara shula shula prasamana shünya siddha dugdha siddha ghrita siddha taila siddhas sikita meha sira sirakampa sirasakta. Purifies the semen. Contains that shukra agni. as used in a bhasma made of lead. The channel that carries posaka majjä or unstable majjä dhätu prior to becoming shukra dhätu. the terms roga and tapa are also used synonymously for pain. Pain. Seminal types of asmari (urinary stones). Head disease.shukra dhara kala shukra dhatu shukra dhärä kalä The membrane that holds semen and creative potential. prostrate fluids. ovaries. semen. Cerebrospinal fluid. the ability to sustain creativity (sexually and creative projects). contains the essence of all other dhätus. shukra dhätu One of the seven "dhätus" or tissues. Example: shünyatä. The number zero (0).

"I am that". Provides lubrication in joints. 36 . stanya-jnana stanya-shodana sthira sthula sucimuki yoni vyapat sthüla Lactagogue.sita meha slaishmika yoni vyapat sleshaka kapha sleshma sleshma dhara kalä smriti sneha snehana snigdha so-hum sokaja soma soma roga sonita sthapaha sosa spandin sparsha sramahara srota so-hum A type of prameha in which the urine is sweet and very cold. the term for oil therapy 2) Love Unctuous. The membrane that holds kapha and the rasagni. A mantra used in harmony with inhalation and expiration to enter into meditation. The channel that carries breast milk. Static Gross This is a condition where the vaginal canal is narrowed. Mucous or phlegm. Channels in the body. synonymous with kapha. Itching in the vagina accompanied by the discharge of pale. plural for "srotas" (bodily systems or channels). Grief See amrit. Subdosha of kapha. but has its origins in the wall of the uterus (so there is a direct connection between the breasts and the uterus and both should be treated when there is a problem with milk production). slimy blood (mucous mixed with blood). restrains or stops flow. provides joint stability. Purifies mother's milk. oily. some are gross and some are subtle. stimulant. srotämsi stambhana stanya vaha srota Bodily channels. In some texts. Endometriosis Hemostat That which causes drying up and loss of tissue Quivering. medicated ghee and oil 1) Oleation or fat. Obstruction. Loss of memory. increases milk. consists of the lactation ducts within the breast. allows for "fluid" motion. srota is used synonymously with nadi. Touch Energy compensator. astringent. The ears are also called srota. Located in joints.

It also contains much information on anatomy and physiology and on philosophy. beauty sürya süryävarta 1) A type of prameha in which the urine looks like beer with a clear head and thicker bottom part. 2) The sun. originates in the adipose tissue of the body. suçruta saàhitä sushumnä nädi A migraine headache. Written by Çushrut. Heat therapy. permeates small spaces. 37 . Subtle. sukshma (sookshma) sundara sura meha surya suryavarta suryavarta sushka yoni vyapat sushruta samhita sushumna kanda sushumna nädi sükshma A type of prameha in which the urine is mixed with sperm. Arises from the first chakra (muladhara chakra) and is the energetic template of the spinal canal. penetrating quality.sukra meha Considered the second most important book in Äyurveda (the first is the Caraka Saàhitä)."sva" means self and "stha" means established. çväsa Dyspnea (difficulty breathing). causing an increase in circulation. the sebaceous system of the body consisting of hair follicles and skin pores. Beautiful. Vaginal dryness leading to pain. As it does. svarabheda nidana Diagnosis of hoarseness of voice. It is the only classical text to list the names and locations of the marma points. Self The second chakra. The channel that carries sweat. Perfect health. located in the region just above the pubic bone. it is best known for its expositions on surgery. Contains the qualities of the water element. 1) Headache following exposure to the sun. A headache which is worse with exposure to the sun. the sun god. Awakened kundalini energy flows through the sushumna nädi. increases body temperature. 2) Sun. it interacts with the chakras resulting in the transformation of consciousness. Spinal cord. "established in the self" . Also can refer to asthma. sushumna sirsaka sva svadhishtana chakra svarabheda nidana svasa svastha svedana chikitsä svedavaha srota svedana chikitsä Medulla oblongata. Its significance is given the highest importance as all of the charkas are understood to be strung upon it like lotuses.

usually mixed with spices. Sweet taste. diaphoretic. tamas is a state of mind where there is little activity.swarasa swarya swasahara swedana (svedana) swedanajnana swedu T taila takra takra dhara tala tamaka /tamaka svasa tamas täla tamaka /tamaka çväsa Fresh juice. darkness. ignorance. vagina. Chorea. the guna of air). the guna of ether). the mind is dull and ignorant of its connection to God. one of the three gunas. diaphoretic. the guna of fire). touch (sparsha. The use of dry sources of heat such as bricks or sand to apply fomentation (best for kapha). sound (shabdha. watered down yogurt. Rhythm ( as with pulse diagnosis). brain. fomentation. Herbs that induce sweating. nerves from heat generated by critical thinking and heated emotion and from movement of thought and nerve impulses. Bronchial asthma Inertia. Subdosha of kapha. Herbs that are beneficial to the voice. using medicated oils. Oil Indian buttermilk. taste (rasa. Protects (lubricates) mind. or basic qualities of nature. the guna of earth). Thou are that (Vedanta philosophy) 38 . tamogunas tamra tandava tanmatras tanmätras Herbs that dull the mind. root energies for sensory experience. The temperature of the pulse. Indian buttermilk as the base (instead of oil) in shirodhara. The potential for sensory experience on the subtlest level. the guna of water) and smell (gandha. Applied to the mind. or over the eyes. sight (rupa. Herbs that induce sweating. Resides in head/brain. as used in a bhasma made of copper. Copper. fomentation. Herbs that make breathing easy. other terms include ardita and kalashanja. tarpana tat twam asi An oil treatment in which an oily cotton ball is inserted into the ears. tapa tapa sveda tapamana tarpaka kapha tapamäna Pain. the terms shula and roga are also used synonymously for pain.

a special Ayurvedic preparation of ghee and bitter herbs. odorless. prefix three. fundamental principle". Bitter Bitter ghee. Herbs that aid the skin. Pushes upward. tikshna tikshnagni tikta tikta ghrita til trataka tri tridosharam (tridosha) trisna trisna-nigrahana twachaya twak U udakä udaka meha tékshna tékshnagni Sharp. tåiñëä Thirst Reduces thirst. Example: tridosha (the three doshas). tejas 1) Fire 2)The idea of light. Also called jalodara or dakodara. Tejas is responsible for metabolizing psychic or subtle impressions. Alleviates all three doshas. A condition of ascites or a fluid-filled abdominal cavity. Skin. Every Indian philosopy contains a certain number of tattvas as the basis of its system of thought.tattvas "Truth. The number three (3). there are twenty-five tattvas or fundamental principles. Water Kapha-type diabetes insipidus. true being. and has a possible slight sliminess and turbidity. white or clear. Also called atyagni. In Sänkhya. the energetic template of pitta. when the strength of the digestive fire is too high. High agni. the focal point is a ghee lamp placed one arm's length away. sesame träöaka Candle gazing. heat and transformation 3) One of the energies controlling the functioning the subtle body (the other two are präna and ojas). irritant. 39 . Principles upon which all of creation rests. not sweet. udakavaha srota udakodara udana udäna See ambuvaha srota. a large volume of urine that is cold.

Upward and outward moving air. Energy that motivates action. Hyperthyroidism. Hot vata. Literally. digestion. Secondary tissues. Belching. The local application of a poultice used to bandage an affected limb. Mental disorder. Warming virya. Frothy menstrual blood caused by the suppression of natural urges. additional information has been gained through the trial. a general väta alleviating measure suggested for Raynaud's Disease. insanity. also anger. motivates expressions through the use of the muscles and voice. A hot herbal decoction or infusion is added to flour. Rules of intake (guidelines for healthy eating). 40 . If successful (upasaya). Resides in the throat and chest. Hot.udana vayu udäna väyu Subdosha of väta. Responsibility Prolonged expiration and an inability to exhale. Complications Poultice. which is useful for altering the treatment plan. An attempt to verify the diagnosis through the proper administration of treatment. Trial and error. Also called satmya. The paste is then applied hot to the skin or joint. reduces hives. judgement. "that which gives comfort to the patient". a generalized term for a wide variety of problems that might occur in the digestive system. cleansing. the diagnosis is confirmed. Paraplegia Sweatbox or steam tent. If unsuccessful (anupasaya). psychotic disease. upashta upayogasamstha upayoktra urdhva urdhva jatru granthi urdhvarga amlapitta urustambha ushma svedana ushnodaka usna (ushna) usna virya usnavata usna vérya ürdhva jatru granthi Genital organs. hyperacidity. Regular intake of hot water throughout the day. "upward moving air". udara roga udarda-prasamana udavarta udvritta yoni vyapat unmada upadhatu upadravya upanaha upanaha sveda upasaya unmäda upadhätu Abdominal pain. Anti-allergy. Gastritis.

Indra's flash of lightning or his "thunderbolt. Tin. toughest and most fibrous of the three membranes (meninges) covering the brain and spinal cord). VI. It means "difference" and organizes the world into nine dravyas or substances. aphrodisiac (literally. A group of herbs used in a similar fashion to the vataskadi group of herbs. fat. ojas is generally not produced in great quantities). 2. as used in a bhasma made of tin. This is a condtion where semen is discharged from the vagina a week after intercourse. "the sexual power of a horse"). vajra vak våkkä valaya vamana vamini yoni vyapat vanga varasika Diamond. the extent of the nourishment ends at the shukra dhätu (when tonification is applied without prior purification. founded by Kanäda. Speech. also a category of herbs that induce vomiting. very strong tonification. stiffness of the thighs. Dura mater (the outermost. Urinary enema. and breast milk disorders. 41 . vajikarana vajikarana therapy Reproductive tonic. They are known to correct kapha. vaidya Vaisheshika Ayurvedic physician One of the six orthodox doctrines of philosophy (shad darshan) of Hinduism. varnya varsha varshä Herbs that aid the complexion. A basti applied to the vagina (vaginal douching). uttara basti V vacate gana 1." said to have been made from th bones of the seer Dadhéchi. however. The origins of cranial nerves V. These herbs are similar to calamus in their qualitiesand include ginger and turmeric. Tonification with herbs and formulations usually used in rasayana therapy but not applied after purification. Kidney Sore throat. Vomit.usnisaka Pons (a rounded eminence off the ventral surface of the brainstem. The rainy season or monsoon season. VII and VIII are at the border of the pons).

Circular movement of urine in the bladder. compassionate. Includes kutki. Air. colic and hemorrhoids. and vidanga. Diverticulosis Influenza. A rajasic personality type. A group of herbs that pacify vata. teaching Herbs that reduce pain. rhinitis. Parkinson's disease or tremors. Muscle fat. A type of pramena in which the urine is mixed with muscle fat. 42 . It is the basis of Jïäna Yoga or the Yoga of Knowledge. Sprained or strained ankle. dry. also called kampa väta. vayasthapana Vayavya vayu veda vedanasthapana Vedanta Vedänta Väyavya väyu Herbs that promote longevity. The force within the body responsible for all motion. One of the six orthodox doctrines of philosophy (shad darshan) of Hinduism. analgesic. vata asthila vata basti vata gulma vata slaishmika jwara vata vyadhi vatakantaka vatakundalika vataskadi väta asthila väta basti väta gulma väta slaishmika jwara A condition whereby a tumor forms between the rectum and bladder which blocks urination. its elements are air and ether. vati vatiki yoni vyapat vaöi Pill This is a condition where there is a pricking pain in the vagina along with the expulsion of gas and a discharge of frothy menstrual blood that is red or blackish. subtle and rough. founded by Bädaräyana. calamus. The spring season.Varuna vasa vasa meha vasanta vata väta Someone who is sattvic. Diseases of the nervous system. fever. loving. its qualities are light. cold. mobile. the idea of motion Knowledge. its root is the large intestine. Difficulty urinating due to the habit of suppressing the urge to urinate. black pepper. pitta and kapha. Shaking as in being off track or out of alignment. good for abdominal tumors. vedas vega vepathu vepathu vega vepathu India's ancient books of wisdom Rate (as with pulse diagnois).

Clear 43 .vidahi Potency or action (warming or cooling). Post digestive effect. Anti-poison. Doshic imbalance Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) Vaginal itching likely caused by a mild and sometimes chronic vaginal infection. digestionincreasing (sour taste) and purifying (pungent taste). The agni responsible for metabolizing air (air in this context is knowledge and its organization in the mind). Faulty metabolism results in confusion. although this is a less common definition. Vidari kand is an example of this group. discriminate. weight loss. the other is strength. body aches and coughs. Virya has two meanings depending on context. Part of samsarjana karma. Pungent. sour and salty rasas have a warm virya and generally pacify väta and kapha and increase agni. deduce. Sweet. forceful elimination of feces. and discern. disorganization and poor discrimination. useful for tumors. vijnagni vijnamaya kosha Gastric irritant. Comes from the root "paka". veeryam) vérya visaghna vishada Purgation. Contains the vijnagni which is responsible for the metabolism of air. which provides the capacity to reason. meaning digestion. vikasi vikäsi The intelligence sheath. vidaryadi gana A group of herbs that is nourishing and alleviates vata and pitta. nourishing (sweet taste). bitter and astringent rasas (tastes) have a cool virya and generally pacify pitta and decrease agni. There are three long-term actions noted in Äyurveda. This is the long-term action that a substance will have on the body after it is digested. The buddhi (intellect) resides within this sheath. virya (veerya. vikruti vikruti vilepi vipaka (vipakam) vipluta yoni vipluta yoni vyapat virechena vikåuti vélepé vipäka Expansive current doñha imbalance (as differentiated from prakåiti or life constitution) A meal of drinking thick rice soup ( 4:1 water:rice). the bridge between the astral and causal bodies.

Liver. the first limb of Yoga The name of the god of death. vyavis W XYZ yakrdhalayudara yakrit yakrtottejaka yakrut yakrut roga yaksma yama Yama yatra yava Herbs that act rapidly. Vows. Anti-carminative Herbs that aid the healing of wounds. Moves from center to periphery. told to pass cultural and spiritual knowledge from generation to generation. carries sweat to outside of body). Nephritis (inflammation of the kidney). Herbs that reduce pain. "Diffusing air". a synonym for the pulse. Force the moves the joints. Barley 44 . Liver (yakrit) enlargement. Major role in circulation (arterial circulation. The liver. Contains the våttis Disturbances within the mind. viñhuddha chakra The fifth chakra. Purvarupa which do not disappear at the onset of the actual disease. immunity. Resides in the heart (center of circulation). Forgiveness. sometimes the agni is high. Herbs that increase virility. restraint. analgesic. cholegogue. Liver stimulant. Liver disorders. vulnerary. located in the region of the throat. aphrodisiac. Increased dosha. movement of thought. Symptom complex or syndrome. Herpes zoster or shingles. nerve energy. Universe. vyäna väyu Subdosha of väta.vishmagni vishuddha chakra vishva visista visphota vistambhi vranarupana vrata vrata katha vriddhi vrikka shotha vrishya vrittis vyaasthambhana vyadhikshamatva vyana vayu viñhmägni Variable agni. Holy journey. literally forgiveness of disease. qualities of the ether element. an ancient Vedic spiritual tradition of women. sometimes low. Vow stories.

45 . A meal of rice and split yellow mung dal soup. Disorders of the genitourinary tract. Ultimately. Part of samsarjana karma. präëäyäma(cultivation of breath). a holistic system of refining the body. It outlines an eight fold path that includes: yama (restraint). it is well-being. propounded by Pätaïjali. and the spirit in unison. peace and bliss. the 1) Union or balance. Diseases of the female genital tract. dhyäna(meditation). asana (posture). One who practices yoga. specifically of the vagina. pratyahära (sense withdrawal). niyama (observance). Yoga One of the six orthodox doctrines of philosophy (shad darshan) of Hinduism. Vagina. 2) "Combination" when used in reference to herbs. blissful. samädhi (integration) yogi yoni yoni vyaapat yonivyad yusha yuñha One who is enlightened. dhäraëä (concentration).

1997. August 2003. Macdonell. Swami Sada Shiva. Marc. January 2003. Part Two. Grass Valley. Georg. Student’s Textbook. 1996. translation 1989.References Feuerstein. Lad. Bayville. Massachusetts. Vasant. Textbook of Ayurveda. Shambala Encyclopedia of Yoga. Massachusetts. Shambhala Publications. Ingrid. 1998. 2001. 5th edition. New Mexico. Clinical Ayurvedic Medicine. The Ayurvedic Press.. 1986. Ayurveda Holistic Center Press. Albuquerque. Shambhala Publications. Halpern. New Mexico. 2001. Marc. A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration Accentuation and Etymological Analysis Throughout. Tirtha. Vasant. The Encyclopedia of Eastern Philosophy and Religion. The Ayurvedic Press. New York.. . Secrets of the Pulse. California College of Ayurveda. Arthur Anthony. Student’s Textbook. The Ayurveda Encyclopedia. California College of Ayurveda. Halpern. California. Fischer-Schreiber. Part One. Manohar Publishers & Distributors. New Delhi. Albuquerque. Boston. Grass Valley. Inc. Inc. Lad. 4th edition. California. Boston. Principles of Ayurvedic Medicine.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful