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Friday lunchtime lecture - How can Open Data Revolutionise your Rail Travel?

Friday lunchtime lecture - How can Open Data Revolutionise your Rail Travel?

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Friday Lunchtime Lectures at the Open Data Institute. For our fourth lecture... How can open data revolutionise your rail travel? The release of open data on public transport over the last year has laid bare the the secrets of cheap fares, true timekeeping records and the best alternative routes the official journey planners don't tell you. Jonathan Raper, digital geographer and founder of Placr, will draw back the curtain on this new era and reveal how you can make the most of it.

Friday Lunchtime Lectures at the Open Data Institute. For our fourth lecture... How can open data revolutionise your rail travel? The release of open data on public transport over the last year has laid bare the the secrets of cheap fares, true timekeeping records and the best alternative routes the official journey planners don't tell you. Jonathan Raper, digital geographer and founder of Placr, will draw back the curtain on this new era and reveal how you can make the most of it.

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Published by: Open Data Institute on Feb 01, 2013
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06/02/2014

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How  can  open  data  revolu0onise   your  rail  travel?

 

Jonathan  Raper   CEO,  Placr  

Outline  
Revolu,onalising  your  rail  travel  means  answering   these  ques,ons  first…   •  Who  controls  the  railways?   •  How  is  the  industry  structured?   •  Who  pays  for  the  railways?   Then  we  can  drill  down  on  the  issues  that  ma@er…     •  How  do  we  monitor  punctuality?   •  How  do  we  get  the  cheapest  fare?   •  What  are  the  cool  new  apps/services?  

Your tax

Who  controls  the  railways?  

Your fares

Courtesy: Network Rail

How  is  the  industry  structured?  

How  are  the  railways  funded?  
•  “Network  Rail…  operates,  maintains,  renews  and   develops  the  infrastructure  to  deliver  the   outputs  that  governments..  wish  to  buy”  ORR   •  High  Level  Output  Spec  is  what  government  buys   •  “Delivering  a  Sustainable  Railway  2007”  specifies   service  levels  etc  that  will  be  funded  CP4  09-­‐14   •  Periodic  Review  08  by  ORR  matched  task  &  funds  
–  Next  PR  this  year  for  CP5  

•  NR  also  borrows  for  capital  investment  

The  governance  problem  for   railways  
•  •  •  •  •  •  •  DfT  only  buys  services  at  a  high  level   Almost  all  ToCs  are  monopolies  on  each  line   ORR  tolerates  self-­‐regula,on  by  ATOC   Passenger  Focus  have  influence  but  no  power   The  industry  is  fragmented  and  complex   Very  li@le  informa,on  escapes  the  industry   Passengers  are  nihilis,c  about  system  

Some  tweets  
•  Ahh  #firstcapitalconnect  -­‐  trains  appear  on  the   KingsX  board  but  it  doesn't  mean  the  train   exists  -­‐  silly  me  [@JerryMarwood]   •  @FirstCC  We  all  know  Ally  is  a  robot.   Automated  answers  heh  heh  [@penaltyfare]   •  @FirstCC  I  used  to  get  the  909  from   letchworth  and  it  always  arrived  at  912  so  FCC   cleverly  made  that  train  the  912  but  then   arrived  at  914  [@tumsguide]  

Role  of  Na,onal  Rail  Enquiries  
NRE  are  a  service  of  ATOC   Set  up  to  provide  phone  service  at  priva,sa,on   Funded  by  TOCs,  who  are  part-­‐funded  by  taxes   Developed  organically  to  run  a  web/API  service   Un,l  2012  a  monopoly  supplier  of  all  rail  data   Network  Rail  movement  data  now  #opendata   NRE  s,ll  exclusively  collect  opera,ng  data  from   TOCS  that  enhances  its  feeds   •  NRE  license  rail  data  @  £1.50/app   •  •  •  •  •  •  • 

Role  of  NRE  in  passenger  info  
•  What  passengers  want  
–  Train  ,mes  for  free  on  web  and  good  value  apps   –  Fares  info  to  get  the  cheapest  ,cket(s)  for  journey   –  Integrated  transport  op,ons  

•  What  NRE  say  their  aims  are  (with  some  simplifica,on)  
–  “to  increase  ,cket  sales   –  to  grow  our  registered  customer  base   –  to  con,nue  our  dominance  as  the  #1  web  site  in  travel   –  Improving  speed,  accuracy  &availability  of  informa,on   –  keep  the  cost  of  informa,on  to  ToCs  down”  

What’s  the  solu,on?  
•  Informa,on.  Lots  of  it.  From  open  sources.   •  Arm  the  consumer…  and  open  up  the  industry:  
–  Timetables  to  analyse  service  pa@erns   –  Real  ,me  data  to  monitor  delays   –  Fares  data  to  iden,fy  savings  eg  fare  spliing   –  Integra,on  with  other  transport  data  eg  bus  

•  Developers  can  help  with  this…  can’t  they?   •  Placr  created  h@p://transportapi.com/  for  this  

NR  train  movement  feeds  
•  003-­‐moves{"event_type":  "ARRIVAL”,"gb@_,mestamp”:   "1358780700000","original_loc_stanox":”   ","planned_,mestamp":"1358780700000",",metable_varia,on":"0","original_loc_,mestamp":"", "current_train_id":"","delay_monitoring_point":"false","next_report_run_,me":"1","repor,ng_st anox":"00000","actual_,mestamp":"1358780700000","correc,on_ind":"false","event_source":"A UTOMATIC","train_file_address":null,"planorm":"","division_code":"60","train_terminated":"false ","train_id":"072G54MP21","offroute_ind":"false","varia,on_status":"ONTIME","train_service_co de":"13569815","toc_id":"60","loc_stanox":"07132","auto_expected":"true","direc,on_ind":"UP", "route":"0","planned_event_type":"ARRIVAL","next_report_stanox":"07136","line_ind":""}  |   2013-­‐01-­‐21  15:04:09  |  2013-­‐01-­‐21  15:04:09   002-­‐cancella0ons  25739787  |  0002      |  561d0540-­‐ee1e-­‐012f-­‐9605-­‐00163e000001  |  632O31MY21   |   {"train_file_address":null,"train_service_code":"22710001","orig_loc_stanox":"","toc_id":"26","de p_,mestamp":"1358796120000","division_code":"26","loc_stanox":"63201","canx_,mestamp":"1 358849100000","canx_reason_code":"YI","train_id":"632O31MY21","orig_loc_,mestamp":"","can x_type":"AT  ORIGIN"}  |  2013-­‐01-­‐22  10:06:05  |  2013-­‐01-­‐22  10:06:05   001-­‐ac0va0ons  1679921  |  0001          |  C                              |                                        |  2013-­‐12-­‐06                |  321A42MO21  |   2013-­‐01-­‐21                    |  2013-­‐01-­‐21  11:05:15  |                                    |  2013-­‐01-­‐21  14:15:00    |  22108001                      |  65         |  00000                              |  MANUAL                    |  P50657        |  NORMAL                    |  O                          |  32000                              |  1A42M           |  2012-­‐12-­‐10                    |  1415                        |  38260220-­‐ee20-­‐012f-­‐9605-­‐00163e000001  |  MANCHESTER   PICCADILLY    |  LONDON  EUSTON                            |  VT                |  2013-­‐01-­‐21  11:05:19  |  2013-­‐01-­‐21  11:05:19  

• 

• 

•  Requires  high-­‐speed  consump,on  of  stream  and  cross-­‐

TransportAPI architecture
Raw   data   Feeds
Real-time

Maps Cache Joins Data tables

Geolocate

Cloud servers

Lookups Keys API Stop/station data

App

Displays Content Processing `   App logic

Updating

transportapi  gallery  

What  do  we  want  now?  
•  Ini,al  data  releases  have  enabled   us  to  start  up  services  eg  feeds   for  CityMapper  >>>   •  Level  playing  field  for  businesses   •  Liberalised  data  market   •  Open  data  driven  innova,on   •  Open  fare  data  expected  soon  

Level  playing  field  
•  Access  to  the  rest  of  industry  data  streams:  
–  Short  term  cancella,ons  etc  Tyrell   –  Rolling  stock  forma,on  etc  Gemini   –  Cycle  policies  

•  Full  details  be@er  enable  us  to  launch   informa,ve  apps  about  your  travel  

Liberalised  market  
•  Open  up  commercial  interface  to  new   approaches  to  the  market  
–  “Liverpool-­‐London  by  train  on  a  Friday  night.  Fare   spliing.  Double  the  journey  ,me  at  a  third  of  the   price.  Not  an  op,on  on  Nat  Rail  Enqs  @Madprof  

•  Enable  innovators  to  find  the  best  deals  and   reliable  services  for  your  journey,  and  then   fulfill  their  order  without  onerous  T&Cs  

Open  data  innova,on    
•  Need  to  enable  new  insights,  build  confidence   e.g.  OpenTrainTimes  map  visualisa,on   •  New  ways  to  view  performance  measures  

Prototype  open  train  ,mes  

FixMyTransport  

New  metrics  from  apps  
•  Apps  will  create   independent  streams  of   data  about  the  railway  
–  Typical  performance  cf   expected  performance  

•  Placr  already  been  asked  by   press  to  give  independent   view  of  performance  e.g.   h@p://tube-­‐radar.com/  

Apps  as  probes  
•  Smartphones  can  use   apps  as  probes  for  
–  Train  progress   –  Accelera,on/decelera,on   via  phone  sensors  

•  Can  check  publicity   claims  

Train  lateness  map  
transportapi.com  

Fares  
•  Fares  are  about  to  be   released  as  open  data  by   Rail  Se@lement  plan   •   Will  become  possible  to   mine  the  data   •  New  role  of  informa,on   facilitators  to  fare  portals  

In  summary  
•  Open  data  can  drive  
–  Accountability   –  Reduc,ons  in  cost   –  Disrup,ve  market  influences  

•  Placr  hope  to  play  a  key  role  with  
–  New  apps/services   –  Easy  data  distribu,on   –  New  value-­‐added  feeds  

Contact  
h@p://www.placr.co.uk/   jonathan.raper@placr.co.uk   @Madprof  

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