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Bi 1( 4):

Tnh nhanh:
A = 1 + 3 - 5 -7 + 9 + 11 ... - 397 - 399
B = 2100 - 299 - 298 - ... - 22 - 21 - 1

15. Chng minh rng:


a) 12 13 ... 1 2 1
5

9.

b)

2007

4
1
a) Chng minh: 1 n
a a n a(a n)
S1 = 1 1 ... 1
1.2 2.3
99.100
2
S3 = 2 2 ...
10.12 12.14
999.1000

1
1
1
1
3 ...

2
2
5
6
2007
5

S2 =

4
4
4

...
1.5 5.9
2001.2005

10. Tm xN sao cho

11.

5
5
5
2005

...

1.6 6.11
(5 x 1)(5 x 6) 2006
2
Cho P = 2 2 ...
1.3 3.5
(2n 1)( 2n 3)

Chng minh P < 1, n N*


12.

a)

Chng

minh

N,

>

ta

1
1 1
1
1
2

n -1 n n
n -1 n

b)

dng

cu

(a)

hy

chng

minh

99
1
1
1
99
2 2 ...

2
100 2
3
100
202

13. Tnh gi tr biu thc : S =

p dng tnh:
P = 3 3 ...
1.6

6.11

3
96.101

Q =

1
1
1

...
1.4 4.7
2002.2005
1
1
1

...
1.2.3 2.3.4
98.99.100

14. Tnh gi tr biu thc sau:


A = 1+

1 1
1
1
2 3 ... 2006
2 2
2
2

B =

1 1 1
1
1
2 3 ... 100 101
3 3 3
3
3

1 1
1
1 ...
3 5
999
1
1
1
1

...

1.999 3.997
997.3 999.1

C =

15. Chng minh rng:


a) 12 13 ... 1 2 1

b)

1
1
1
1
3 ...

2
2
5
6
2007
5

5. Chng minh
a) 1 1 1 ...

b)

7
1
1
1 5

...

12 21 22
40 6

2007

51 52

6. Cho S =

1
1
100

6 6
6
...
15 16
19

3. Cho hai phn s

1
n

1
(n
n 1

Z n > 0). Chng

t rng;
1
. 1 =
n n 1

1
- 1 .
n n 1

p dng tnh:
1
2.3
1
+ 1 + 1
90 110 132

a)

1
+ 1 ... 1
3.4 4.5
99.100

b) B =

1
+1 +1+1 +
30 42 56 72

Bi 17. Chng minh cc phn s sau l cc phn s ti gin:

a) A

12n 1
30n 2

b)B

14n 17
21n 25

Bi 18. Tm x nguyn cc biu thc sau t gi tr nh nht:


a) A x 1 2008
2

b) B x 4 1996

c) C

x5
x4

5
x2

d)

Bi 19. Tm x nguyn cc biu thc sau t gi tr ln nht


a) P 2010 x 1

2008

b) Q 1010 3 x

4
x2 2

Bi 20. Chng minh rng:

c) C

x 3

d)

1 1 1
1
2 2 ...
2
b)
2
2 3 4
1002
1 1 1
1
B 1 ...
6
2 3 4
63
1 3 5 9999
1

c) C . . ....
2 4 6 10000 100
1 2 22 23 ... 22008
Bi 21. Tnh tng S
1 22009
a) A 1

Bi 18. Chng minh cc phn s sau l cc phn


s ti gin:
a) A

12n 1
30n 2

b)B

14n 17
21n 25

Bi 19. Tm x nguyn cc biu thc sau t


gi tr nh nht:
a) A x 1 2008 b) B x 4 1996
2

c) C

x5
x4

5
x2

d)

Bi 20. Tm x nguyn cc biu thc sau t


gi tr ln nht
a) P 2010 x 1
d) D

2008

b) Q 1010 3 x

4
x2 2

Bi 21. Chng minh rng:


1 1 1
1

...

2
22 32 42
1002
1 1 1
1
B 1 ...
6
2 3 4
63

a) A 1

b)

c)

x 3