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For the benefit of business and people
LCIE has produced this booklet to help its clients and provide useful information for manufacturers, technicians, engineers, fitters, marketing staff and end users. This handy guide has been designed for quick and easy reference. Readers will find concise answers to any queries they may have about the regulations concerning equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres. To cover certain aspects in more depth, LCIE has also created a number of technical assistance modules, ASSIST PRESS, together with a series of FORMATEX training sessions. These have been developed to provide clients with relevant and up-to-date information.
hazardous areas ➜ Degrees of protection. correlation with NEMA standards ➜ ➜ ATEX 94/9/EC Directive (March 23 1994) Classification of equipment by group and category ➜ Conformity assessment procedures ➜ Marking of equipment ➜ Essential safety requirements ➜ Other applicable directives ➜ Contents LCIE’s clients Services offered by LCIE Index 1 . assessment ➜ Site inspection and control ➜ Technical assistance ➜ Fields covered ➜ 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 6 6 7 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 13 14 15 16 ATEX directives The Directive 99/92/EC The ATEX 94/9/EC Directive ➜ ATEX assemblies and installations ➜ ➜ Certification Standards and types of protection Meaning of marking codes ➜ Marking temperatures. expert analysis. gas groups.Contents Introduction Services provided by LCIE Certification ➜ Examination in accordance with ATEX 94/9/EC Directive ➜ Special tests or tests to foreign standards ➜ Training ➜ Audits. studies.
Examination in accordance with ATEX 94/9/EC Directive LCIE is recognized by the European Commission as a notified body (identification no. protection principles.Brazil: UCIEE .: UL .Test Safe .Simtars . use and installation of equipment s manufacture according to standardized types of protection: d. safety devices.A.S.Australia: QAS .U.Services provided by LCIE Certification LCIE is approved by the French Ministry of Industry to certify a wide range of electrical equipment. The organisation of the training sessions is run by BV. The main subjects covered are: s regulations. e. protective systems. o. marking. In the framework of reciprocal agreements. the CQST.FM FM APPROVED Services provided by LCIE . LCIE is approved by French accreditation committee COFRAC .Argentina: BVA LCIE is also authorized to perform tests by the Japanese Ministry of Labour (TIIS) by the SIPAI.. 0081) for all modules of this directive. p. i. m. and as such may examine equipment. classification of equipment. hazardous areas. specific marking.Laboratory section (Test sector) for tests on equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres (accreditation No. controlling devices and regulating devices. Training FORMATEX training sessions are regularly run by LCIE or on company premises. 1-0311). LCIE carries out verifications and tests according to the standards in effect in the following countries: ® .Canada: CSA . 2 . components. q. dust s Directive 94/9/EC: principle. the PCEC (China). and by the KGS (Korea). conformity assessment procedures. Special tests or tests to foreign standards LCIE performs equipment tests to international (IEC) or foreign standards.
studies. measurement. chemistry. LCIE examines all types of electrical and electronic equipment in the following fields: rotating machines s transformers s telecommunications s detection. Site inspection and control Inspections which are generally performed on-site are based on the following documents: s s s s s National regulations European standards EN 50014 and above French standard NFC 15100 (risk BE3) European standard EN 60079-14 International standard IEC 60079.14 Technical assistance Technical assistance provided by LCIE particularly concerns: s s s identification of hazardous areas verification of equipment with respect to hazardous areas ASSIST PRESS Fields covered Under the certification procedure. special explosion tests. assessment Fields covered include standardization development. etc. quality assurance and electrostatics. analysis s control and signalling s lighting s electrical connections s heating s Over 5. expert analysis.). risk research (thermodynamics. heat science. 3 . numerical simulation.Audits. mechanics.000 certificates have been issued. to very different kinds of manufacturers.
For equipment already in place end-users have three years to assess their Ex safety level in order to determine whether it can be kept in operation as such or need to be updated or partially retested. new equipment should have proven their compliance with the 94/9/EC Directive. When producing product or assembly the manufacturer has the duty to determine the conditions applicable to the equipment.: Refineries. medium big size assembly. The Directive 99/92/EC concerns the end-users e.g.. who generally is the end-user. the construction and for the progress of certification. of course includes the new assemblies in relation to the conditions that may affect them e. changing the organisation. Before starting up. The Directive 94/9/EC ATEX Guide for this Directive gives the way to conduct this assessment. When it is a product made in serie. or replaced. he shall obtain the necessary information (ex. It is defined that the zoning responsibility lies on the shoulder of the end-user.g.g. temperature condition. of its units. gas compressing-units.g. revamping them or putting in operation assemblies that due to their intended use bring their own zoning. of small.: of products. This Directive stipulates that as of June 2003 new equipment bought by the end user shall be conforming to Directive 94/9/EC. ATEX directives 4 . The ATEX 94/9/EC concerns the manufacturers e. All these tasks may be subcontracted provided the manufacturer keeps the whole responsibility. existing zoning). he defines the category applicable to its product. This. A manufacturer is the person responsible for the design. from its customer.: changing its progress. This means he must update the zoning of its premises every time a change affecting the zoning occurs e. They have to determine whether their equipment have to be submitted to the Directive. When he produces a specific product.ATEX directives Two ATEX directives are existing.: existing zoning.
…) The end user has the responsibility of the explosion risk analysis (zoning) * If the end user makes for its own use he has the same responsibilities as a manufacturer ** Parts not certified (To be certified or not) 5 . installer. assembly manufacturer.ATEX assemblies and installations Scope of the 99/92/EC Directive Installations The end user must certify the component after inclusion of additional parts Assembly Scope of the Directive ATEX 94/9/EC* The manufacturer is responsible for evaluate the conformity of his product Component Equipement ATEX directives Others Parts** WARNING! The manufacturer may perform the assembling at end user facilities EX Responsability limit between the manufacturer and the end user: (Manufacturer.
Standards and types of protection EN/CEI 61241-0 EN/CEI 61241-1 EN/CEI 61241-4 EN/CEI 61241-11 EN/CEI 61241-18 Cenelec IEC ELECTRICAL PRODUCTS Gas Dusts Type of protection symbol Cenelec/IEC Type of protection symbol EN 60079-0 EN 50015 CEI 60079-0 CEI 60079-6 .protection by intrinsic safe mD .liquid immersion PRODUITS NON ELECTRIQUES Type of protection symbol Concept EN 13463-1 EN 13463-2 EN 13463-3 EN 13463-4 EN 13463-5 EN 13463-6 EN 13463-7 EN 13463-8 general requirements fr d g c b p k CENELEC: European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization .IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission . CEI 60079-1 CEI 60079-7 CEI 60079-11 CEI 60079-15 CEI 60079-18 EN 60079-1 EN 60079-7 EN 50020 EN 60079-15 EN 60079-18 EN 62013-1 EN 60079-25 EN 50050 CEI 60079-25 CEI 60079-26 d .protection by enclosure pD .general requirements tD .increased safety i .flameproof enclosure e .general requirements o .encapsulation .cap lights (mines) syst. .flow restriction enclosure .powder filling Certification Each type of protection corresponds to a specific concept.CEN: European Committee for Standardization 6 .intrinsic safety n .electrostatic spraying equipment .control of ignition source .inherent safety .oil immersion It is essential to know which standards apply to equipment according to the type of protection chosen.equipment for zone 0 CEN .protection by encapsulation EN 50016 CEI 60079-2 p . – intrinsically safe systems .concept category 3 apparatus m .pressurization .flameproof enclosure .constructional safety .pressurized apparatus EN 50017 CEI 60079-5 q .protection by overpressurization iD .
Meaning of marking codes Certification The Community marking is of fundamental importance as it indicates the suitability of equipment for use in the hazardous areas concerned. including hydrogen. acetylene and carbon disulphide Temperature class: maximum 85°C for an ambient temperature of 40°C EEx de II C T6 Its full meaning must therefore be understood. Equipment protected by pressurized enclosure and containing intrinsically safe associated apparatus 7 . Used in: surface industries Gas subdivision: most critical category. Equipment complies with to types of protection standardized by CENELEC (European standards) Types of protection used: d: flameproof enclosure e: increased safety EEx p[ia] II C T6 SYST II Intrinsically safe system for surface industries.
Marking temperatures. its gas group must be known and its temperature class must be compared with the spontaneous ignition temperature of the gas mixtures concerned. Place of use Group : CENELEC / IEC Mines susceptible to firedamp I II A Surface industries II B II C Certification Marking temperatures Continuous presence Intermittent presence (normal operation conditions) Zone 1 (gas) Zone 21 (dust) Classification of hazardous locations Occasional presence (abnormal operation conditions) Zone 2 (gas) Zone 22 (dust) Temperature class (CENELEC / IEC) Group II Maximum surface temperature 450°C 300°C 200°C 135°C 100°C 85°C T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 Explosive atmosphere The maximum surface temperature of equipment must always be lower than the ignition temperature of the gas present in the hazardous area. France Zone 0 (gas) Zone 20 (dust) Canada (CEC) 1 USA (NEC) 2 Cl I Div 1 / Cl I Zone 0 (gas) Cl I Div 1 / Cl I Zone 1 (gas) Cl I Div 2 / Cl I Zone 2 (gas) Cl II Div 1 (dust) Cl II Div 1 (dust) Cl II Div 2 (dust) Cl III Div 1 (fibres) Cl III Div 1 (fibres) Cl III Div 2 (fibres) (1) CEC : Canadien Electricity Code / (2) NEC : National Electrical Code 8 . IEC. gas groups and hazardous areas Group/class/zone Canada and USA Gaseous mines D-CI I Div 1/2 II A-CI I Zone 0/1/2 C-CI I Div 1/2 II B-CI I Zone 0/1/2 B-CI I Div 1/2 II C-CI I Zone 0/1/2 A-CI I Div 1/2 Representative gas Methane Propane Ethylene Hydrogen Acetylene Gas groups To ensure equipment can be safely used in hazardous areas.Europe.
9 .5 mm Ø or more Wire 1 mm solid objects 1 mm Ø or more Wire 1 mm Dust-protected Wire 1 mm Dust-tight (1) National Electrical Manufacturers Association (US) Note: enclosures to NEMA standards 7 to 10 concern equipment for hazardous areas.5 mm Ø or more Tool solid objects 2.Degrees of protection IEC 60529 IP Index Second figure indicates protection against water penetration Index Enclosure protection indices Full enclosure protection is often required. 0 1 0 1 Non-protected Vertically falling water drops 2 3 4 54 5 5 6 7 8 6 Jets of water from any direction Powerful jets of water from any direction Immersion Continuous immersion 2 3 4 First figure indicates protection against dangerous access and solid foreign objects Certification Correlation between IP (IEC) and NEMA1 250 standards Vertically falling water drops when enclosure tilted up to 15° Spraying water up to 60° from vertical Splashing water from any direction IP 10 IP 11 IP 14 IP 52 IP 54 IP 56 IP 67 NEMA 1 NEMA 2 NEMA 3R NEMA 5-12-12K NEMA 3-3S-13 NEMA 4-4X NEMA 6-6P Non-protected Back of a hand solid objects 50 mm Ø or more Finger solid objects 12. either in the standards concerning potentially explosive atmospheres or for other specific needs.
© LCIE .92260 Fontenay-aux-Roses .France Tel: +33 1 40 95 60 60 .10/2004 .fr .com Design and production: Inventive — Photograph: Le Square des Photographes .Fax: +33 1 40 95 86 56 firstname.lastname@example.org. av du Général Leclerc .For the benefit of business and people 33.All rights reserved .lcie.
dust Gas. mist. (LCIE identification no. dust Gas. 0081). dust 10 . dust Gas. vapours. mist.Classification Equipment is classified by group and category according to its intended use Level of protection Very high level High level Very high level High level Normal Group I Group II Z 0 (gas) / Z20 (dust) Group II Z 1 (gas) / Z21 (dust) Group II Z 2 (gas) / Z22 (dust) Group I Fault protection Comparison with present practice and IEC Category of equipment Inflammable substances LCIE is notified for all modules of this new approach Directive (annexes III to IX). vapours. vapours. mist. 2 types of protection or 2 independent faults 1 type of protection Normal operation 2 types of protection or 2 independent faults 1 type of protection Habitual frequent malfunction Required level of protection Apparatus group I (mines) ATEX 94/9/EC Directive Apparatus group II (surface) M1 M2 1 2 3 Methane. dust Methane.
I / II M1 (mines) 1 (surface) I / II M2 (mines) 2 (surface) or Electrical equipment or internal combustion engines (March 23 1994) Non-electrical equipment EC inspection of each unit by NB 1 Annex IX or EC inspection of each unit by NB 1 Annex IX For the latter. EC declaration of conformity by manufacturer or representative II 3 (surface) Conformity assessment procedure Involvement of (NB) 1 Marking 1 NB: notified body 11 .Conformity assessment procedures EC type examination by NB 1 Annex III and or Product sample inspection by NB 1 Annex V and or Inspection of product quality insurance by NB 1 Annex VII Conformity to type Tests under responsibility of NB 1 Annex VI Internal production inspection File sent to NB 1 Annex VIII Internal production inspection Annex VIII or EC inspection of each unit by NB 1 Annex IX EC type examination by NB 1 Annex III Inspection of production quality insurance by NB 1 Annex IV Procedures for assessment of conformity (various possible cases) LCIE is competent to perform EC type examinations and to assess production and product quality assurance systems. notified bodies use identical specific reference systems like EN 13980. These reference standards are based on ISO standards: ISO 9000(1994) or ISO 9001(2000).
: EEx d II C T6 12 .g. equipment must carry specific marking for potentially explosive atmospheres. in particular by specific marking for types of protection. Equipment group: for surface Equipment category: present zone 1 Gas Dust … II 2 G and D marking Identification number of notified body (where appropriate) Use of equipment in potentially (LCIE: 0081) explosive atmospheres ATEX 94/9/EC Directive This marking is to be supplemented by all relevant information.Marking of equipment Example In addition to the required marking. e.
along with others presently being drawn up. 1996. 13 Essential safety requirements . It should be noted that the Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC. modified by 91/368/EEC. ➜ Machinery Directive 98/37/EC. modified by 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC mandatory application as from January 1. modified by Directive 93/68/EEC) explicitly excludes equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres. Equipment covered by the Directive 94/9/EC must also meet the requirements of the other relevant Directives: ➜ Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC) 89/336/EEC. electromagnetic or other sources ➜ Risks caused by software ➜ Explosive atmospheres caused by the presence of gas. 93/44/EEC and 93/68/EEC application as from January 1. Manufacturers must nevertheless guarantee that their equipment fully complies with current safety regulations. LCIE is a notified body (B1-B2 safety components) Other Directives must also be taken into account in certain cases. such as those concerning simple pressure vessels (87/404/EEC) and gas appliances (90/396/EEC).(March 23 1994) Essential safety requirements: These cover a wide field. 1995. 89/392/EEC. ➜ Integrated safety principle ➜ Specific conditions of inspection and maintenance ➜ Environmental conditions ➜ Marking ➜ Instructions for use ➜ Choice of materials ➜ Design and manufacture ➜ Potential ignition sources s sparks s flames s electric arcs s high surface temperatures s acoustic energy s radiation: optical. LCIE is a competent and notified body for this directive. fully detailed in annex II of the new Directive. vapours and mist ➜ Explosive atmospheres caused by the presence of air-dust mixtures. The rules defined in the Low Voltage Directive may serve as a guideline.
SNPE .Montabert .Canada .Cetal .Barksdale .ICI .Peperl und Fuchs .Landia Leroy Somer .Balston ..Primagaz . They have all trusted LCIE.Litwin .Atochem A..Sicme Motori .Exxon .ABB Process Analytics .LCIE provides certification and assessment for companies all around the world .Mc Dermott Mannesman .Matsushima .Philips .Italy .Thermodyn .Du Pont de Nemours .Parker ..Siemens .Etirex .Mettler Mobil Oil .Hewlett Packard .Hoechst Honeywell .Motorola .United Kingdom .SPIE Trindel .Singapore .Denmark .Rhône Poulenc .Entrelec Esso .Lorilleux .Souriau .Auxitrol .IFP .Crouzet .Kestner ..Tuboméca .ELF .Butagaz Capri Codec .SFIM .Russia .Tokheim Total .Woodward Governor Yaskawa… We certify and evaluate Industry trusts these companies.Saab Marine .Telxon .Japan The Netherlands .Indonesia .Norway .Fisher Controls .Georgin .BP .Cégélec .DTS .Kienzle .Ciba Geigy Clemessy .Ametek .ASCO .KSB . Belgium .Shell .Foxboro ..CDF Chimie .Gaz de France .Petrel .Alfa Laval Alstom/ACEC .CEA .Maréchal .Le Las .SBM .Krohne .Haver & Boecker .Solvay .Nuovo Pignone Otic Fisher et Porter ..Naphtachimie .Elsag Bailey .Fillon Pichon ..Rotork .ABB .Ecans Eckardt .GEC Alsthom .Stahl .FIR .Enraf .DCAN .European Union .Nippon Steel .Raychem .Germany .EI .Bartec .Cray Valley .Masoneilan .VeederRoot .L’Oréal .Hartmann & Braun .Rolls Royce Rosemount Analytical .Sammode Sanofi . .Roussel Uclaf .Hungary .A puissance 3 . 14 .Bovar .Sweden Switzerland . Join them in full confidence.Air Liquide .Merlin Gérin .Fluidystème Foster Wheeler .Gorse GTIE .Sogelerg Solar Turbines .Pompes Mouvex .Intertechnique .Jeumont Schneider Joucomatic .Finland France .Whessoe Varec .T.Atlas Copco .Endress & Hauser .Icare .Thermon France .Saunier Duval .X.Sony .KEM .CE Nancy .Télémécanique .Schulz und Heinisch .Sereg Schlumberger Serete .USA … … 3M France .Kodak Pathé ..Procon .Technip Technor .
FORMATEX sessions.lcie. assemblies. standardization development. FM. systems. Technical assistance s s Certification procedures. others. BS.com 15 . training s Quality insurance. Audits. special explosion tests. IEC. Certification / EC type examination s Equipment. zoning. at LCIE or on site. components. MIL.Services offered by LCIE Testing according to foreign standards s CSA. UL. assessments. Services offered by LCIE Further information: Customer Service Department ATEX Contact: Tel : +33 1 40 95 63 11 Fax : +33 1 40 95 89 37 www. Identification of standards. risk analysis. electrostatics. surveys. site inspection. studies.
assessment 2 3 10 2 10 11 11 2.references LCIE .fields of activity LCIE . 8 9 11 2 3 14 2.site inspection LCIE . Australia.services provided LCIE . quality assurance. 15 Index LCIE .expert analysis. studies. special tests LCIE . 12 2 10 11 9 10-13 13 9 3 10 13 8 3.technical assistance 16 . USA.Index Approved body ASSIST PRESS ATEX 100A directive Canada.electrostatics. Japan. Argentina Categories of equipment EC declaration of conformity EC type examination marking Certification Classification under New Directive 94/9/EC Conformity assessment procedures Correlation between IEC (IP) and NEMA standards Directive 94/9/EC (ATEX 100A) Electromagnetic compatibility directive (EMC) Enclosure protection degrees (indices) Equipment for hazardous areas Equipment groups Essential safety requirements Gas groups Hazardous areas IP degrees (IEC 60529) ISO 9000(1994) or ISO 9001(2000) standards LCIE . 7. 15 3 3 3. Brazil.
training Low Voltage Directive Machinery Directive Marking codes Marking temperatures Modules (annexes to Directive 94/9/EC) NEMA standards (correlation with IP indices) Notified body Protection indices (IP) Quality assurance (production and product) Reciprocal agreements with CSA. 5 17 . 10. TIIS and FM Rotating machines. transformers Special tests Standards and types of protection Zoning 2 2 13 13 7 8 2.LCIE . 13 9 11 2 3 2 6 4. 10 9 2. 11.tests to foreign standards LCIE .
Notes Notes 18 .
Notes Notes 19 .
Notes Notes 20 .
LCIE cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions it may contain.This booklet has been prepared with care and the information provided in it is given in good faith. The use or interpretation of the information contained in this booklet is the sole responsibility of the user. .
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