1. What factors to consider for site selection?

Ans : District classification, Transportation facilities, Manpower availability, industrial infrastructure, community infrastructure, availability of raw water, effluent disposal, availability of power, availability of industrial gas, site size and nature, ecology and pollution. 2. What are different standards? Ans : Most commonly use standards are as follows: Sr. Standard Description 1. ANSI B18.2 Square and hexagola head bolts and nuts 2. ANSI B16.3 Malleable iron threaded fittings 3. ANSI B16.4 Cast iron threaded fittings. 4. ANSI B16.9 Steel buttwelding fittings 5. ANSI B16.11 Forged steel socketwelding and threaded fittings 6. ANSI B16.25 Buttwelding ends 7. ANSI B16.28 Short elbow radius and returns 8. MSS-SP-43 Stainless steel buttweld fittings 9. MSS-SP-83 Pipe Unions 10. API 605 Large diameter carbon steel flanges 11. ANSI B16.1 Cast iron pipe flanges and flanged fittings 12. ANSI B16.5 Steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings 13. ANSI B16.47 Large diameter steel pipe flanges and flanged fitts. 14. ANSI B16.20 Ring joint gaskets and grooves for pipe flanges 15. ANSI B16.21 Non metallic gaskets for pipe flanges 16. API 601 Metallic gasket for refinery piping. 17. API 5L Specification for line pipe. 18. ANSI B16.10 Welded and seamless wrought steel pipes 19. ANSI B36.19 Welded and seamless austenitic stainless steel pipe 20. ANSI B16.10 Face to face and end to end dimensions of valves 21. ANSI B16.34 Steel valves, flanged and buttwelding ends. 3. What are various temporary closures for lines? Ans : Line blind valve, line blind, spectacle plate, double block and bleed, blind flanges replacing a removable spool. 4. Where jacked screwed flange is used ? Ans : For spectacle discs, one flange is jacked screw flange. This flange has two jacked screws 180 degree apart which are used to create sufficient space between flange for easy removal and placement of line blind or spectacle blind. 5. What is double block and bleed?

Ans : Two valves with bleed ring in between with a bleed valve connected to the hole of bleed ring. 6. Where blind flange is used ? Ans : It is used with view to future expansion of the piping system, or for cleaning, inspection etc.

TOWERS 7. What are crude oil ranges? Ans : Crude oil BP Range: 100F-1400F, lightest material: Butene below 100F, Heavier materials- upto 800F, Residue above 800F. 8. What is batch shell process? Ans : feed, heat,condense,heat more,condense, low quality. 9. What are types of towers? Ans : Stripper, Vacuum tower, trayed, packed towers. 10. What is chimney tray? Ans : It’s a solid plate with central chimney section, used at drawoff sections of the tower. 11. What factors to consider while setting tower elevation? Ans : NPSH, Operator access, Maintenance access, Minimum clearance, reboiler type , common area, type of support, Tower dimensions, type of head, bottom outlet size, foundation details, minimum clearances. 12. How to located tower maintenance access nozzles ? Ans : At bottom, top and intermediate sections of tower, must not be at the downcomer section of tower and in front of internal piping. 13. How to located feed nozzle ? Ans : Must be oriented in specific area of tray by means of internal piping. 14. How to located temperature and pressure instruments ? Ans : Temperature in liquid space, at downcomer side and pressure in vapor space, in area except downcomer sector.

1. What are the steps in selection of valve? Ans : What to handle, liquid, gas or powder, fluid nature, function, construction material, disc type, stem type, how to operate, bonnet type, body ends, delivery time, cost, warranty. 2. What are functions of valves? Ans : Isolation, regulation, non-return and special purposes. 3. What are isolating valves? Ans : Gate, ball, plug, piston, diaphragm, butterfly, pinch. 4. What are regulation valves? Ans : Globe, needle, butterfly, diaphragm, piston, pinch. 5. What are non-return valves? Ans : check valve, 6. What are special valves? Ans : multi-port, flush bottom, float, foot, pressure relief, breather. 7. What materials are used for construction of valves? Ans : Cast iron, bronze, gun metal, carbon steel, stainless steel, alloy carbon steel, polypropylene and other plastics, special alloys. 8. What is trim? Ans : Trim is composed of stem, seat surfaces, back seat bushing and other small internal parts that normally contact the surface fluid. 9. Which standard specifies trim numbers for valve ? Ans : API 600. 10. What are wetted parts of valve? Ans : All parts that come in contact with surface fluid are called wetted parts. 11. What is wire drawing? Ans : This term is used to indicate the premature erosion of the valve seat caused by excessive velocity between seat and seat disc, when valve is not closed tightly. 12. What is straight through valve? Ans : Valve in which the closing operation of valve is achieved by 90degrees turn of the closing element. 13. What pressure tests are carried out on valves? Ans : Shell-hydrostatic, seat-hydrostatic, seat-pneumatic 14. What are available valve operators? Ans : Handlever, handwheel, chain operator, gear operator, powered operator likes electric motor, solenoid, pneumatic and hydraulic operators, Quick acting operators for non-rotary valves (handle lift). 15. What are two types of ball valve? Ans : Full port design and regular port design, according to type of seat, soft seat and metal seat. 16. What are ball valve body types?

Ans : Single piece, double piece, three piece, the short pattern, long pattern, sandwitch and flush bottom design. 17. Why ball valves are normally flanged? Ans : Because of soft seat PTFE which can damage during welding. 18. What are butterfly valve types? Ans : Double flange type, wafer lug type and wafer type. 19. What are types of check valve? Ans : Lift check valves and swing check valves. 20. What are non-slam check valves? Ans : Swing check valve, conventional check valve, wafer check valve, tilting disc check valve, piston check valve, stop check valve, ball check valve. 21. Where stop check valve is used ? Ans : In stem generation by multiple boilers, where a valve is inserted between each boiler and the main steam header. It can be optionally closed automatically or normally. 22. Where diaphragm valves are used ? Ans : Used for low pressure corrosive services as shut off valves. 23. What is Barstock Valve? Ans: Any valve having a body machined from solid metal (barstock). Usually needle or globe type. 24. What is BIBB Valve? Ans: A small valve with turned down end, like a faucet. 25. What is Bleed Valve? Ans: Small valve provided for drawing off liquid. 26. What is BlowDown Valve? Ans Refers to a plug type disc globe valve used for removing sludge and sedimentary matter from the bottom of boiler drums, vessels, driplegs etc. 27. What is Breather Valve? Ans: A special self acting valve installed on storage tanks etc. to release vapor or gas on slight increase of internal pressure ( in the region of ½ to 3 ounces per square inch). 28. What is Drip Valve? Ans: A drain valve fitted to the bottom of a driplet to permit blowdown. 29. What is Flap Valve? Ans: A non return valve having a hinged disc or rubber or leather flap used for low pressure lines. 30. What is Hose Valve? Ans: A gate or globe valve having one of its ends externally threaded to one of the hose thread standards in use in the USA. These valves are

used for vehicular and firewater connections. 31. What is Paper-Stock Valve? Ans: A single disc single seat gate valve (Slide gate) with knife edged or notched disc used to regulate flow of paper slurry or other fibrous slurry. 32. What is Root Valve? Ans: A valve used to isolate a pressure element or instrument from a line or vessel, or a valve placed at the beginning of a branch form the header. 33. What is Slurry valve? Ans: A knife edge valve used to control flow of non-abrasive slurries. 34. What is Spiral sock valve? Ans: A valve used to control flow of powders by means of a twistable fabric tube or sock. 35. What is Throttling valve? Ans: Any valve used to closely regulate flow in the just-open position. 36. What is Vacuum breaker? Ans: A special self-acting valve or nay valve suitable for vacuum service, operated manually or automatically, installed to admit gas (usually atmospheric air) into a vacuum or low-pressure space. Such valves are installed on high points of piping or vessels to permit draining and sometimes to prevent siphoning. 37. What is Quick acting valve ? Ans: Any on/off valve rapidly operable, either by manual lever, spring or by piston, solenoid or lever with heat-fusible link releasing a weight which in falling operates the valve. Quick acting valves are desirable in lines conveying flammable liquids. Unsuitable for water or for liquid service in general without a cushioning device to protect piping from shock. 38. What is diverting valve ? Ans : This valve switch flow from one main line to two different outlets. WYE type and pneumatic control type with no moving part. 39. What is sampling valve? Ans : Usually of needle or globe pattern, placed in branch line for the purpose of drawing all samples of process material thru the branch. 40. What are blow off valve? Ans : It is a variety of globe valve confirming with boiler code requirements and specially designed for boiler blowoff service. WYE pattern and angle type, used to remove air and other gases from boilers etc. 41. What is relief valve? Ans : Valve to relieve excess pressure in liquids in situations where full flow discharge is not required, when release of small volume of liquid would rapidly lower pressure.

53. 44. division of flow with isolation facility. For 8” and higher size. What is metal seated lubricated plug valve? Ans : A plug valve with no plastic material. . minimum pressure loss. for minimum pressure loss. 51. float inside valve raises to close the valve and stop flow of water. heat exchanger or dryer. What are three patterns of plug valve design? Ans : Regular pattern. 46. It can also remove air from system. in which case.42. What is safety valve? Ans : Rapid opening(popping action) full flow valve for air and other gases. What are the uses of three-way valve? Ans : Alternate connection of the two supply lines to a common delivery vise versa. short pattern and ventury pattern. attached on pad type nozzles. which rises with liquid level and opens the valve to control water level. 47. 49. What are inverted plug design valve? Ans : Plug valve with taper portion up of plug. What is foot valve? Ans : Valve used to maintain a head of water on the suction side of sump pump. operated by float. area almost equal to pipe bore. 52. reactors and vessels. but when water reaches valve. where grease is applied to contacting surfaces for easy operation. What are short pattern plug valve? Ans : Valves with face to face dimension of gate valve. What are flush bottom valves? Ans : Special type of valves used to drain out the piping. 54. What is regular pattern plug valve? Ans : Rectangular port. 43. as a alternative to gate valve. 48. basically a lift check valve with integrated strainer. isolating one safety valve. air flows out of system in valve open condition. By pass of strainer or meter. 45. smooth transition from round body to rectangular port. reversal of flow through filter. What are types of flush bottom valves? Ans : Valves with discs opening into the tank and valves with disks into the valve. Used in drip legs. What are ventury pattern plug valve? Ans : Change of section through the body throat so graded to have ventury effect. What are uses of four way valve? Ans : Reversal of pump suction and delivery. What is float valve? Ans : Used to control liquid level in tanks. 50.

Drip tight shut off not possible. 61. higher pressure drop. 64. Where plug type disc globe valve is used? . with sleeves of rubber or PTFE. wye-body globe valve. temperature limitation. How to install a globe valve ? Ans : Globe valve should be installed such that the flow is from the underside of the disk. borged or barstock body and bonnet. anti static design possible. 65. 62. sw or threaded. for on off applications. plug type disc globe valve. What are types of globe valve? Ans : Angle globe valve. manufacturers standard. 68. for very low service pressures like isolation of hose connections. What is pinch valve? Ans : Similar to diaphragm valve. composite disc globe valve. to reduce turning effort. loose plug type for plug renewal or needle type for finer control. flow control. same design as globe valve. What are Teflon sleeved plug valve? Ans : PTFE sleeve between plug and body of valve. 63. 57. What is dimensional standard for plug valve? Ans : API 599. smaller sizes. 60. 56. What are eccentric plug valve? Ans : Off center plug. Cast iron body. Graphite seat for high temperature applications. What is pressure balanced plug valve? Ans : With holes in port top and bottom connecting two chambers on top and bottom of plug. low turning effort. What are globe valve disk types? Ans :Flat faced type for positive shutoff. moves into and away from seat eliminating abrasive wear. What is angle globe valve? Ans : Ends at 90 degree to save elbow. 67. 59. disc can be integral with stem. 58. What are permasil plug valve? Ans : Plug valves with Teflon seat instead of sleeves. minimum friction. manufacture standard. can handle clean viscous and corrosive liqiuids. on off action. Reducer port: One size less than the connected pipe. which get sqeezed to control or stop the flow. corrosive and abrasive service. 66. with disk nut at the lower end and handwheel at upper end. What are characteristics of globe valve stem? Ans : Always rising design. inside screw. double disc globe valve.55. Usually flow direction is marked on the globe valve. What are globe valve port types? Ans : Full port: More than 85% of bore size. What is needle valve? Ans :Full pyramid disc.

for erosive fluids due to smoother flow pattern. single disc single seat gate or slide. Full port has to be specified in bom. double disc wedge.Ans : For severe regulating service with gritty liquids such as boiler feedwater and for blow off service. What is lantern ring? Ans : It’s a collection point to drain off any hazardous seepages or as a point where lubricant can be injected. split wedge. 73. 70. steam turbine and gas engine. 2. bellow sealed bonnet. A U-bolt and clamp type bonnet. How Centrifugal compressors work ? Ans : Highspeed impellers increase the kinetic energy of the gas. What are the types of bonnets? Ans : Bolted bonnet. 71. PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE COMPRESSORS 1. used for control valves. it is in the middle of packing rings. What are port types for gate valves? Ans : Full port and reduced port. Where WYE body globe valve is used ? Ans : In line ports with stem emerging at 45 degree. rotary lobe. rotary vane. Centrifugal and Axial. converting this energy into higher pressures in a divergent outlet passage . rotary screw. double disc paralles seats. plug gate valve. 74. single disc parallel seats. How to close a gate valve ? Ans :Turn the handwheel in clockwise direction. breechlock bonnet. What are types of compressor drives? Ans : Electric motor. on a single shaft. Default is reduced bore. liquid ring compressors. dynamic. for low torque. 3. What is double disc globe valve ? Ans : Has two discs bearing on separate seats spaced apart. 72. screwed on bonnet. 69. pressure seal bonnet. gas turbine. union bonnets. solid flexible wedge. What are the types of compressors? Ans : Positive Displacement. 75. What are types of gate valves? Ans : Solid plane wedge.

Condensate pump. What are the compressor housing design points? Ans : Floor elevation. Safety. What are the types of seal oil system? Ans : Gravity and pressurized.called a diffuser. Vertical split case. all branches close to line support and on top. Isolate line support from adjacent compressor or building foundations . Strainer. building width. gas re-injection and process compressors. Break out flanges in both inlet and outlet to remove casing covers. Seal oil consoles. 5. What are compressor suction line requirements ? Ans : Minimum 3D straight pipe between elbow and inlet nozzle. What factors to be considered while designing compressor housing? Ans : Operation. 11. PSV in interstage line and in discharge line before block valve. simple line as low to grade as possible for supporting. Pulsation dampner. What are the auxillary equipments of compressor? Ans : Lube oil consoles. knock out pot. 6. What are the types of compressor cases? Ans : Horizontal split case. Wast heat system. liquid pumping. Popular because can convert large amounts of heat energy into mechanical work very efficiently. Air blowers. 4. 7. Maintenance. Where gas turbine drive is used ? Ans : Desserts and offshore platforms where gas is available. Economics. Inlet air filters. gas lift. Large volume of gas at moderate pressure. volume bottles. What are necessary parts of inlet line of compressor? Ans : Block Valve. Inter and after coolers. 8. hook centerline elevation. compressor suction drum. 4D 12. 13. 9. building elevation. 10. analog study. What points to be considered for reciprocating compressor piping layout? Ans : High pulsation. Straightening vane in inlet line if not enough straight piece in inlet line available. Surface condensers. What are types of steam turbine and why are they popular? Ans : Condensing and non-condensing. increases based on inlet piping layout. for gas transmission. Climate conditions.

lugs. 18.14. maintenance. operator access. 16. outlet. Distribution piping. DRUMS 15. 21. Curtain wall structure (Temperate climates). outlet. instrument should be set in the quiet zone of the vessel for example on the opposite side of the weir or baffle or near the vapor outlet end. 19. agitator. 22. . What are the types of compressor shelters? Ans : On ground with no shelter. saddles for horizontal drums. level instrument. drain. What is preferred location for level instrument nozzles? Ans : Away from the turbulence at the liquid outlet nozzle. although the vessel is provided with a vortex breaker. manhole. Vortex breakers. What are necessary nozzles for pressure vessel? Ans : Inlet. legs. Open elevated installation. level guage. What are drum internals? Ans : Demister pads. temperature element. vent and for steamout. temperature element. pressure relief. overflow. What are necessary nozzles for non-pressure vessel? Ans : Inlet. What are drum elevation requirements? Ans : NPSH. Baffles. manhole. Elevated multicompressor structure. minimum clearance. What is preferred location for steam out nozzle on drum? Ans : At the end opposite to the maintenance access. What are drum supports? Ans : Skirt for large drums. agitator. drain. Open sided structure with a roof. pressure gauge. 17. 20. vent. and steamout connection. What is preferred location for process nozzles on drum? Ans : Minimum from the tangent line. common platforming.

preferable at the top section of drum 25. preferably on the bottom section of drum. What is preferred location for drain? Ans : Must be located at the bottom section of drum. What is preferred location for vent ? Ans : AT the top section of drum at the end opposite the steam out connecton. . What is preferred location for pressure instrument nozzle on drum? Ans : Must be anywhere in the vapor space. 26.23. What is preferred location for temperature instrument? Ans : Must be in liquid space. 24.

The pressure from the upstream side or "tap" of the orifice plate is compared to the downstream pressure. Even for a wind to blow. Other orifice-type metering devices are used to limit a flow within a certain range. It is clamped between special flanges in a section of straight pipe and centered in the pipe so that the fluid flowing through the pipe also passes through the hole and then proceeds on down the pipe. I'll just leave it at that. totalisation. there has to be a low pressure and a high pressure. Since it is known that pressure drop and velocity are related the measured pressure drop across the known orifice is used in the flow calculation. This is actually a smaller diameter tube which does the same as a hole in a flat plate. These are called metering devices. but does it better. Site Map 06 Oct An orifice. Differential pressure transmitters (DPT's) utilize this principle to measure this pressure difference and transmit the pressure difference signal to a process indicator or controller. QUESTIONNAIRE. speed. . Here is an example of one type. This signal is processed by the indicator (meter) and scaled or integrated to engineering parameters like flow rate. The working principle is simple and flow is measured using the differential pressure principle. volume etc. A flat metal disc with a known diameter hole is called an orifice plate. using specific formulas for the particular type of application and medium (gas or fluid).What is orifice (in piping term) and what is the function of orifice in pipes? Posted by: ANTONY in Piping Questions. Industrial application of venturi meter and orifice? i would be glad if the answer be in detail . there is a high pressure upstream and low pressure down stream. in general is an opening. The two special flanges both have a small hole ( called a tap) drilled thru the sides and on into the pipe opening where the flow is passing. This is common in variable orifice control valves where a tapered plug changes the size of the orifice opening. In piping it is usually a special device used primarily to measure or restrict the flow of a fluid. Hence if there is a flow (created naturally or artificially). and anybody can explain me the application of orifice in the car? Venturies and Orifice plates are widely used in industries to measure the flow rate of gases and liquids. In refrigeraton a common metering device called a capillary.. Another less common orifice plate application in piping is in flow restriction in the event of a pipeline rupture.

venturies and orifices generate a differential pressure which if integrated with time. Piping Book. Piping Questions. aeronautical.3? 2. Explain why the reducer should be so. and can be used in any industrial. 4. the reducer of a pump suction piping will be in bottom flat position. A P&ID shows a spec break (at Flange) between carbon steel & stainless steel specification. Site Map 01 Oct TYPICAL QUESTIONS FOR PIPING ENGINEER’s KNOWLEDGE TESTING Please help to answer this Examination? 1. automotive.3 scope break occurs? 3. speed etc. There is a steam piping with low pocket but without steam trap.1 & ANSI B31. Which of the following piping system is more health hazardous. Can you explain in detail three or more major differences between code ANSI B31. Where exactly the ANSI B31. There is a power plant inside a Process refinery. can then be used to convert into any engineering parameter like flow rate. domestic or just about any field which comes to imagination. 6. In what circumstance. What will be worst consequence of this layout? 5.To summarize. quantity.1 and code ANSI B31. What additional arrangements you have to make for that dissimilar material flange joint? . A) Fuel oil piping b) Process piping with Caustic c) process piping with HF acid d) Sulphuric acid piping. 0 comments QUESTIONS FOR PIPING ENGINEER Posted by: ANTONY in Design basis. Piping Design system.

In a typical tie-in where should the spectacle blind be inserted? a) after block valve and towards existing plant b) before block valve and towards new plant. QUESTIONNAIRE. “Stress intensification factor (SIF)” Where do we use this? Explain this term. whose thermal expansion is higher among the following? A) Carbon steel b) Stainless steel c) Duplex steel d) Cast Iron e) Galvanized 0 comments PROCESS PLANT / UTILITY TERMINOLOGY Posted by: ANTONY in Piping Design system. Draw a typical steam trap station layout and explain why the existence of a by-pass line around the trap is not a good idea. How many types of piping speciality items do you know? Why it is called a piping special? Why not we include them in standard piping specification. Site Map 03 Jun PROCESS PLANT TERMINOLOGY . Explain what is a “Double block & Bleed” valve? Why we need a bleed valve? When do we use this? 11. Explain why. How many types of these SIF’s exist? 13. What is your first reaction ti this and how do you rectify it? 8. A stainless steel piping specification mentions Galvanized carbons steel bolts. When all design parameters are same. when the condensate is returning to a condensate header? 10. Process plant Layout. 9. Piping Questions. 12.7.

Asphalt s one of the products that is classified as a heavy hydrocarbon and is not produced in a gasoline plant. propane and butane are extracted as products. Hydrocarbon The hydrocarbon compound contains hydrogen and carbon. One such product widely demanded today is plastic. They may be 200° or more in diameter and will contain the plant’s charge stock for several days. kerosene. propane. jet-fuel. butane. Chemical Plant The chemical plant takes semi-refined products from refineries and gasoline plants and reprocess them. Hydrocarbon compounds are numerous and form the basis for petroleum products. Tank Farm The tank farm is the area that contains the huge storage tanks of the refinery and gasoline or chemical plants. The tanks are usually isolated from the main processing units in case of fire.Process Plant Terms Refinery A refinery is a plant that takes crude oil as its feed or charge stock and converts it into the many petroleum products that people use. The tanks also store the plant’s products. Chemical plants make many ingredients in modern medicines. piping systems refineries and gasoline plants transport hydrocarbons or utilities. This system burns waste gases and also collects and burns relief valve discharges. fuel oil and asphalt. since a gasoline plant starts with a vapor. Sometimes blending in other products and converts them into certain chemicals which may be sold as a finished consumer product. At . Flare Systems The flare system transports vapors (via a piping system) to a flare stack which is very tall and has a flame burning at the top. In general. so heavier products cannot be made. until the shipment goes to the consumer. the heavier hydrocarbons do not exist in its charge stock. But. Again gasoline. in this case it is also act as a Petrochemical plant. They exist mostly as vapors and liquids but may also be solid. Gasoline Plant The gasoline plant takes natural gas (a vapor) as its charge stock and separates the vapor’s heavier products out and re-injects the lighter gas (methane) into a pipeline or perhaps into the gas field it came from. Some of these are gasoline.

It is also sold as a product to heat homes and fires furnaces in private business. The steam then goes to the different plant units in the piping systems which use the steam. . some of which are below. There are four basic groups of instruments. pressure. Many students think they have seen steam. if it did not burr. Fluid means something that will flow-something not solid. What they have seen is the condensate condensing out of the steam. Heat generates steam in fired boilers or heater which will make many different steam pressures and temperatures. gas and electricity. Another piping system collects this condensate. a refinery or other plant has many more. it would pollute the air. This is waste gas burning. Fluid Most students may think of fluid as liquid. Piping directs fluid flow. Condensate As the energy in steam is used. While a home has water. Fuel Oil Fuel oil is another utility that refineries make and partially consume. Process Plant Utilities: The utility is a refinery’s service portion. They cannot actually see steam: it is invisible. but it can also be a vapor. the steam turns to condensate. flow and level. namely temperature. So the condensate is in a constant cycle from steam to condensate to steam. Steam Steam services many plant items. They apply heat and convert condensate (pure water) to steam (a vapor).night the flare stack usually stands out -sending flames high into the air. which is returned under a row pressure to a collection point and is pumped through the boiler tubing and converted to steam again. Instruments Instruments tell the operator what is happening inside a vessel or pipe. That is where the term condensate” comes from. but they haven’t.

as the moisture would harm the instruments. the pipes must slope to cause flow.Explanation PIPING QUIZ & ANSWERS Piping Questions and Answers 0 comments . Drains An underground utility collects drains from funnels or catch basins and. This slope is usually 1 foot per 100 feet of tine or greater. Most plants also have more than one drain system.Instrument Air A utility that operates the plant instruments is instrument air. Since no pressure is in this drain piping. Like the steam and condensate system above. it comes out boner-much like water from a hot water heater in a home. The drainage system must twist and turn to miss all the process equipment foundations. It can be very difficult to design drain systems. They may have an oily water sewer a storm water sewer and an acid sewer. which has been compressed and dried to remove. The acid sewer collects acid drains and drips. which exchange heat. The oily water sewer handles the oily drips and drains. Cooling Water Cooling water cool various streams in a plant. This water then returns to the cooling tower. There may be many other types of separate drain systems. this is a constantly c system. The storm water sewer collects surface runoffs from rains. in a separate piping system. transports them to a disposal point. A piping system distributes this air. which cools the water. Utility Air Utility air drives air motors and blow air on objects to clean them. You May like these too Piping Components . they must miss all other underground items. all its moisture. Since they run underground. such as some barbers blow cut hair off customers with air hoses. and then is ready for more circulation into the unit. The water starts at a cooling tower and is pumped through a piping system to exchangers.

ANSI B16.34 Steel valves. What are different standards? Ans : Most commonly use standards are as follows: Sr. 17. ANSI B16. ANSI B16.10 Face to face and end to end dimensions of valves 21. ANSI B16. QUESTIONNAIRE. effluent disposal.19 Welded and seamless austenitic stainless steel pipe 20.5 Steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings 13. ANSI B16.10 Welded and seamless wrought steel pipes 19. API 5L Specification for line pipe. What are various temporary closures for lines? Ans : Line blind valve. spectacle plate. ANSI B16.20 Ring joint gaskets and grooves for pipe flanges 15. site size and nature. 18. ecology and pollution.PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE Posted by: ANTONY in Download. ANSI B16. ANSI B16. Transportation facilities.4 Cast iron threaded fittings. availability of power. industrial infrastructure.3 Malleable iron threaded fittings 3. Piping Questions. community infrastructure. 2. MSS-SP-83 Pipe Unions 10. 14.9 Steel buttwelding fittings 5. double block and bleed. Manpower availability. blind flanges replacing a removable spool. Standard Description 1. ANSI B16. ANSI B36. ANSI B16. ANSI B16. availability of raw water. API 601 Metallic gasket for refinery piping. availability of industrial gas. Piping Book. . ANSI B16.47 Large diameter steel pipe flanges and flanged fitts. Site Map 28 May PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE 1.28 Short elbow radius and returns 8. ANSI B18. 3. API 605 Large diameter carbon steel flanges 11.1 Cast iron pipe flanges and flanged fittings 12.11 Forged steel socketwelding and threaded fittings 6. Piping Design system.21 Non metallic gaskets for pipe flanges 16. ANSI B16. line blind.25 Buttwelding ends 7. MSS-SP-43 Stainless steel buttweld fittings 9. 4. ANSI B16. flanged and buttwelding ends. Piping Hand Book. What factors to consider for site selection? Ans : District classification.2 Square and hexagola head bolts and nuts 2.

What is double block and bleed? Ans : Two valves with bleed ring in between with a bleed valve connected to the hole of bleed ring. foundation details. 8.heat more. trayed. 10. What are crude oil ranges? Ans : Crude oil BP Range: 100F-1400F. 14.condense. What is chimney tray? Ans : It’s a solid plate with central chimney section. Tower dimensions. Residue above 800F. packed towers. lightest material: Butene below 100F. How to located feed nozzle ? Ans : Must be oriented in specific area of tray by means of internal piping. What are types of towers? Ans : Stripper. heat. type of support. common area. 6. or for cleaning. type of head. used at drawoff sections of the tower. How to located temperature and pressure instruments ? . bottom outlet size.4. one flange is jacked screw flange. TOWERS 7. inspection etc.upto 800F. 11. What factors to consider while setting tower elevation? Ans : NPSH. Operator access. Where jacked screwed flange is used ? Ans : For spectacle discs. reboiler type . Minimum clearance. Where blind flange is used ? Ans : It is used with view to future expansion of the piping system. This flange has two jacked screws 180 degree apart which are used to create sufficient space between flange for easy removal and placement of line blind or spectacle blind. must not be at the downcomer section of tower and in front of internal piping. 12. What is batch shell process? Ans : feed. low quality. Maintenance access.condense. 5. Heavier materials. 9. Vacuum tower. minimum clearances. 13. top and intermediate sections of tower. How to located tower maintenance access nozzles ? Ans : At bottom.

SEE ALSO: PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . gas turbine.Ans : Temperature in liquid space. PDF Download. Piping Questions. rotary lobe. What are types of steam turbine and why are they popular? Ans : Condensing and non-condensing. What are the types of compressors? Ans : Positive Displacement. Large volume of gas at moderate pressure. converting this energy into higher pressures in a divergent outlet passage called a diffuser.VALVE (PART 2 OF 3) 0 comments COMPRESSORS & DRUMS PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE Posted by: ANTONY in Download. How Centrifugal compressors work ? Ans : Highspeed impellers increase the kinetic energy of the gas. dynamic. Popular because can convert large amounts of heat energy into mechanical work very efficiently. Centrifugal and Axial. at downcomer side and pressure in vapor space. steam turbine and gas engine. in area except downcomer sector. Drum. . rotary screw. 3. 2. 4. QUESTIONNAIRE.VALVE (PART 1 OF 3) PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . Site Map 05 May PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE COMPRESSORS 1. liquid ring compressors. What are types of compressor drives? Ans : Electric motor. rotary vane.

building width. Inter and after coolers. 6. hook centerline elevation. gas lift. Surface condensers. What are the compressor housing design points? Ans : Floor elevation. gas re-injection and process compressors. Isolate line support from adjacent compressor or building foundations 14.5. Air blowers. PSV in interstage line and in discharge line before block valve. building elevation. Strainer. for gas transmission. What are compressor suction line requirements ? Ans : Minimum 3D straight pipe between elbow and inlet nozzle. Climate conditions. compressor suction drum. Straightening vane in inlet line if not enough straight piece in inlet line available. Maintenance. Safety. What are the types of compressor cases? Ans : Horizontal split case. What factors to be considered while designing compressor housing? Ans : Operation. volume bottles. 8. Seal oil consoles. What are necessary parts of inlet line of compressor? Ans : Block Valve. Inlet air filters. What are the types of seal oil system? Ans : Gravity and pressurized. knock out pot. Where gas turbine drive is used ? Ans : Desserts and offshore platforms where gas is available. What are the types of compressor shelters? . 10. What are the auxillary equipments of compressor? Ans : Lube oil consoles. analog study. Pulsation dampner. What points to be considered for reciprocating compressor piping layout? Ans : High pulsation. Break out flanges in both inlet and outlet to remove casing covers. 4D 12. liquid pumping. all branches close to line support and on top. increases based on inlet piping layout. 9. Wast heat system. Condensate pump. 7. 13. Economics. Vertical split case. simple line as low to grade as possible for supporting. 11.

minimum clearance. What is preferred location for level instrument nozzles? Ans : Away from the turbulence at the liquid outlet nozzle. What is preferred location for steam out nozzle on drum? Ans : At the end opposite to the maintenance access. outlet. legs. vent. 17. vent and for steamout. outlet. manhole. temperature element. maintenance. drain. 23. operator access. saddles for horizontal drums. 21. overflow. Open sided structure with a roof. temperature element.Ans : On ground with no shelter. agitator. Open elevated installation. pressure gauge. 18. What is preferred location for vent ? Ans : AT the top section of drum at the end opposite the steam out . manhole. What are drum elevation requirements? Ans : NPSH. What are drum supports? Ans : Skirt for large drums. What are drum internals? Ans : Demister pads. What is preferred location for process nozzles on drum? Ans : Minimum from the tangent line. drain. agitator. 16. 20. Elevated multicompressor structure. pressure relief. and steamout connection. level guage. Vortex breakers. common platforming. 19. Distribution piping. DRUMS 15. instrument should be set in the quiet zone of the vessel for example on the opposite side of the weir or baffle or near the vapor outlet end. 22. What are necessary nozzles for pressure vessel? Ans : Inlet. level instrument. Baffles. although the vessel is provided with a vortex breaker. Curtain wall structure (Temperate climates). What are necessary nozzles for non-pressure vessel? Ans : Inlet. lugs.

area almost equal to pipe bore. 24. What is regular pattern plug valve? Ans : Rectangular port.VALVE (PART 1 OF 3) PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . Piping Questions. as a alternative to gate valve. preferable at the top section of drum 25. What is preferred location for pressure instrument nozzle on drum? Ans : Must be anywhere in the vapor space. 26. Piping Book. .VALVE (PART 3 OF 3) 0 comments PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . Site Map. What are ventury pattern plug valve? Ans : Change of section through the body throat so graded to have ventury effect. Valve 15 Apr 51. 52. preferably on the bottom section of drum.VALVE (PART 2 OF 3) PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . What is preferred location for temperature instrument? Ans : Must be in liquid space. What are short pattern plug valve? Ans : Valves with face to face dimension of gate valve. for minimum pressure loss. See Also: PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . What is preferred location for drain? Ans : Must be located at the bottom section of drum.VALVE (PART 3 OF 3) Posted by: ANTONY in Download. 53.connecton. minimum pressure loss. smooth transition from round body to rectangular port.

moves into and away from seat eliminating abrasive wear. Cast iron body. For 8” and higher size. 58. with disk nut at the lower end and handwheel at upper end. 56. Usually flow direction is marked on the globe valve. low turning effort. 62. Where plug type disc globe valve is used? Ans : For severe regulating service with gritty liquids such as boiler feedwater and for blow off service. minimum friction. 61. 68. 67. temperature limitation. for on off applications. 59. for very low service pressures like isolation of hose connections. manufacturers standard. on off action. Drip tight shut off not possible. anti static design possible. 66. which get sqeezed to control or stop the flow. same design as globe valve. What are globe valve disk types? Ans :Flat faced type for positive shutoff. 64. What are inverted plug design valve? Ans : Plug valve with taper portion up of plug. wye-body globe valve. What is angle globe valve? Ans : Ends at 90 degree to save elbow. What are permasil plug valve? Ans : Plug valves with Teflon seat instead of sleeves. smaller sizes. double disc globe valve. to reduce turning effort. What are globe valve port types? Ans : Full port: More than 85% of bore size. manufacture standard. inside screw. How to install a globe valve ? Ans : Globe valve should be installed such that the flow is from the underside of the disk. What is dimensional standard for plug valve? Ans : API 599. sw or threaded. What are eccentric plug valve? Ans : Off center plug. disc can be integral with stem. borged or barstock body and bonnet. Graphite seat for high temperature applications. higher pressure drop. 57. 55. Reducer port: One size less than the connected pipe. What is pinch valve? Ans : Similar to diaphragm valve. What are characteristics of globe valve stem? Ans : Always rising design. What are types of globe valve? Ans : Angle globe valve. corrosive and abrasive service. . 60. plug type disc globe valve. loose plug type for plug renewal or needle type for finer control. What is needle valve? Ans :Full pyramid disc. What is pressure balanced plug valve? Ans : With holes in port top and bottom connecting two chambers on top and bottom of plug. 63. 65.54. composite disc globe valve. flow control. can handle clean viscous and corrosive liqiuids. What are Teflon sleeved plug valve? Ans : PTFE sleeve between plug and body of valve. with sleeves of rubber or PTFE.

27. 74. breechlock bonnet. for low torque. Where WYE body globe valve is used ? Ans : In line ports with stem emerging at 45 degree. driplegs etc. single disc parallel seats. Default is reduced bore.VALVE (PART 2 OF 3) Posted by: ANTONY in Download. What is BlowDown Valve? Ans Refers to a plug type disc globe valve used for removing sludge and sedimentary matter from the bottom of boiler drums. 75. union bonnets. single disc single seat gate or slide.VALVE (PART 1 OF 3) PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . What is double disc globe valve ? Ans : Has two discs bearing on separate seats spaced apart. 72. What is lantern ring? Ans : It’s a collection point to drain off any hazardous seepages or as a point where lubricant can be injected. Full port has to be specified in bom. double disc wedge. used for control valves. it is in the middle of packing rings.69. What are the types of bonnets? Ans : Bolted bonnet. split wedge. How to close a gate valve ? Ans :Turn the handwheel in clockwise direction.VALVE (PART 2 OF 3) 0 comments PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . Site Map. 73. A U-bolt and clamp type bonnet. screwed on bonnet. pressure seal bonnet. for erosive fluids due to smoother flow pattern. Valve 15 Apr 26. 71. double disc paralles seats. What is Breather Valve? Ans: A special self acting valve installed on storage tanks etc. plug gate valve. vessels. to release . solid flexible wedge. What are port types for gate valves? Ans : Full port and reduced port. SEE ALSO: PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . What are types of gate valves? Ans : Solid plane wedge. on a single shaft. Piping Questions. 70. bellow sealed bonnet.

vapor or gas on slight increase of internal pressure ( in the region of ½ to 3 ounces per square inch). WYE type and pneumatic control type with no moving part. 32. Such valves are installed on high points of piping or vessels to permit draining and sometimes to prevent siphoning. What is Drip Valve? Ans: A drain valve fitted to the bottom of a driplet to permit blowdown. WYE . What is Flap Valve? Ans: A non return valve having a hinged disc or rubber or leather flap used for low pressure lines. placed in branch line for the purpose of drawing all samples of process material thru the branch. 31. What is Hose Valve? Ans: A gate or globe valve having one of its ends externally threaded to one of the hose thread standards in use in the USA. 35. operated manually or automatically. What is Slurry valve? Ans: A knife edge valve used to control flow of non-abrasive slurries. 40. installed to admit gas (usually atmospheric air) into a vacuum or low-pressure space. 30. or a valve placed at the beginning of a branch form the header. either by manual lever. What is Throttling valve? Ans: Any valve used to closely regulate flow in the just-open position. These valves are used for vehicular and firewater connections. 29. What is Spiral sock valve? Ans: A valve used to control flow of powders by means of a twistable fabric tube or sock. Unsuitable for water or for liquid service in general without a cushioning device to protect piping from shock. What is sampling valve? Ans : Usually of needle or globe pattern. 33. What is Root Valve? Ans: A valve used to isolate a pressure element or instrument from a line or vessel. 34. What is Paper-Stock Valve? Ans: A single disc single seat gate valve (Slide gate) with knife edged or notched disc used to regulate flow of paper slurry or other fibrous slurry. What is Quick acting valve ? Ans: Any on/off valve rapidly operable. What is diverting valve ? Ans : This valve switch flow from one main line to two different outlets. 39. 36. Quick acting valves are desirable in lines conveying flammable liquids. 37. spring or by piston. solenoid or lever with heat-fusible link releasing a weight which in falling operates the valve. 28. What is Vacuum breaker? Ans: A special self-acting valve or nay valve suitable for vacuum service. 38. What are blow off valve? Ans : It is a variety of globe valve confirming with boiler code requirements and specially designed for boiler blowoff service.

Used in drip legs. but when water reaches valve. in which case. What are three patterns of plug valve design? Ans : Regular pattern. What is foot valve? Ans : Valve used to maintain a head of water on the suction side of sump pump.pattern and angle type. 48. reactors and vessels. short pattern and ventury pattern. 50. SEE ALSO: PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . What is float valve? Ans : Used to control liquid level in tanks. 47. What is safety valve? Ans : Rapid opening(popping action) full flow valve for air and other gases. attached on pad type nozzles. air flows out of system in valve open condition. 49.VALVE (PART 3 OF 3) 0 comments . when release of small volume of liquid would rapidly lower pressure. division of flow with isolation facility. reversal of flow through filter. 44. where grease is applied to contacting surfaces for easy operation. used to remove air and other gases from boilers etc. What is relief valve? Ans : Valve to relieve excess pressure in liquids in situations where full flow discharge is not required. 43. What are types of flush bottom valves? Ans : Valves with discs opening into the tank and valves with disks into the valve. 45. What is metal seated lubricated plug valve? Ans : A plug valve with no plastic material. By pass of strainer or meter. 41. heat exchanger or dryer. What are uses of four way valve? Ans : Reversal of pump suction and delivery. It can also remove air from system. basically a lift check valve with integrated strainer. isolating one safety valve. operated by float. 42. float inside valve raises to close the valve and stop flow of water. which rises with liquid level and opens the valve to control water level. What are the uses of three-way valve? Ans : Alternate connection of the two supply lines to a common delivery vise versa. What are flush bottom valves? Ans : Special type of valves used to drain out the piping.VALVE (PART 1 OF 3) PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . 46.

foot. 5. alloy carbon steel. breather. gun metal. construction material. What are wetted parts of valve? Ans : All parts that come in contact with surface fluid are called wetted parts. non-return and special purposes. Piping Hand Book. how to operate. Which standard specifies trim numbers for valve ? Ans : API 600. stainless steel. bronze. body ends. 10. What are isolating valves? Ans : Gate. gas or powder. 13. 6. regulation. liquid. special alloys. flush bottom. 3. What are functions of valves? Ans : Isolation. What are special valves? Ans : multi-port. back seat bushing and other small internal parts that normally contact the surface fluid. What pressure tests are carried out on valves? Ans : Shell-hydrostatic. What are available valve operators? . bonnet type. 8. carbon steel. 11. stem type. What is straight through valve? Ans : Valve in which the closing operation of valve is achieved by 90degrees turn of the closing element. pinch.VALVE (PART 1 OF 3) Posted by: ANTONY in Download. fluid nature. disc type. 9. polypropylene and other plastics. plug. piston. diaphragm. What are the steps in selection of valve? Ans : What to handle. cost. What are regulation valves? Ans : Globe.PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . What are non-return valves? Ans : check valve. warranty. butterfly. Piping Questions. 2. float. pressure relief. when valve is not closed tightly. Valve 15 Apr PIPING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRE 1. pinch. delivery time. What materials are used for construction of valves? Ans : Cast iron. piston. butterfly. What is wire drawing? Ans : This term is used to indicate the premature erosion of the valve seat caused by excessive velocity between seat and seat disc. seat-hydrostatic. seat-pneumatic 14. 12. 4. needle. seat surfaces. 7. ball. What is trim? Ans : Trim is composed of stem. function. Site Map. diaphragm.

What are ball valve body types? Ans : Single piece. conventional check valve. Site Map . powered operator likes electric motor. 19. wafer lug type and wafer type. It can be optionally closed automatically or normally. What is BIBB Valve? Ans: A small valve with turned down end. double piece. Piping Hand Book. What are types of check valve? Ans : Lift check valves and swing check valves. Why ball valves are normally flanged? Ans : Because of soft seat PTFE which can damage during welding. 18. sandwitch and flush bottom design.VALVE (PART 2 OF 3) PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . pneumatic and hydraulic operators. 16. 23. 20. the short pattern. 24. 21. wafer check valve. Piping Questions. PDF Download. Piping Book. piston check valve. gear operator. like a faucet. soft seat and metal seat. SEE ALSO: PIPING QUESTIONNAIRE . long pattern. chain operator. What are non-slam check valves? Ans : Swing check valve. What is Barstock Valve? Ans: Any valve having a body machined from solid metal (barstock). according to type of seat. handwheel. ball check valve. 22. What is Bleed Valve? Ans: Small valve provided for drawing off liquid. Pipe Support. where a valve is inserted between each boiler and the main steam header.VALVE (PART 3 OF 3) 0 comments PIPE RACK / WAYS & RACK PIPING Training Posted by: ANTONY in Download. Where stop check valve is used ? Ans : In stem generation by multiple boilers. What are butterfly valve types? Ans : Double flange type. 15. Where diaphragm valves are used ? Ans : Used for low pressure corrosive services as shut off valves. Usually needle or globe type. solenoid.Ans : Handlever. stop check valve. Quick acting operators for non-rotary valves (handle lift). What are two types of ball valve? Ans : Full port design and regular port design. 25. three piece. 17. tilting disc check valve.

23 Mar INTRODUCTION   PIPE RACK Pipe Rack design criteria Shapes Future Space Width of Pipe Rack Clearance  Pipe Rack Loading RACK PIPING Positions of Lines (Process & Utilities) Hot Lines & Cold Lines Bigger Size Lines Pipe Spacing Anchor Bay Unit Battery Limit Expansion Loops Pipe Route  Trays Download the file  .

Piping Questions.Pipe fittings.Piping guide 0 comments . welding.Piping book.Technorati Tags: Pipe Rack. Piping Design system. Site Map 23 Mar Introduction Piping materials: Metallic & Non-metallic Metallic piping manufacturing process Pipes specification: Pipe size :Dimensions & Schedule Numbers Pipe fittings: Types & functions of fittings Pipe connections: Threading.expansion loops.Rack Piping. Piping Hand Book. flanges Gasket Piping symbols & drawing Hydrostatic testing VALVE AND PIPING PIPING Contents Piping coating & insulation Pipe Supports & restraints Maintenance of piping system Download The File Here Technorati Tags: Valve & Piping Training Book. PDF Download.pipe route 0 comments VALVE & PIPING Training Book Posted by: ANTONY in Download.width of pipe rack. Piping Book.PDF Download.Piping download.pipe rack deisgn.Valve Selection.Piping training.

ProEngineer Piping Fittings in Wildfire 3. There is temperature.8 C) on the low side. Equipment failures can lead to the potential for fire. April 1998. Stress Related Design Factors Temperatures in piping systems may range from well over 1000o F (537. Process plant Layout.wildfire 3. years down the road can and will depend on what is done up front by all the members of the design team during the design stage. On the other hand. In a very high percentage of the time it is not the pipe that is the weakest link. These factors will come in many forms and at different times. Diehl. Software Tutorial 12 Mar Pro Engineer Piping Fitting in Wildfire Technorati Tags: pro engineer. Misalignment problems caused by expansion (or contraction) in a poorly designed system can result in major equipment failure.0 Posted by: ANTONY in Piping Questions. plant shutdown and loss of revenue. Site Map. Stress problems become all the more complex because two or more of these will exist at the same time in the same piping system.0. it can confirm a good design” (Improved Pump Load Evaluation. Stress training 11 Mar There are five basic factors that influence piping and therefore piping stress in the process plant. Piping Questions. force and vibration. Note this: the pipe is normally stronger and/or less vulnerable to damage than what the pipe is connected to.pipe fittings. proper analysis will identify bad design and potential problems in a piping system design. COADE Engineering Software. pressure. At this point it should be emphasized that the success (or failure) of the plant’s operation. Site Map. Piping Book. Each extreme on the temperature scale and everything . Inc Houston. weight. The main objective of the focus when dealing with problems related to piping systems is not normally the pipe itself. “While analysis cannot create a good design. Piping Hand Book. Pumps are just one examples of equipment to which pipes are routinely connected. By: David W.” Hydrocarbon Processing. TX). An important point to remember.8 C) on the high side to below -200 o F (-128.3d model 0 comments Piping Stress Related Design Factors Posted by: ANTONY in Pipe Support.

On the other hand piping systems with pressures approaching full vacuum are also not unusual. Flexible routing is the first and by far the cheapest and safest method for handling expansion in piping systems. Force. No matter what the designer or the stress engineer does they cannot prevent the action caused by heat or cold. sch. when you connect the pipe to something. This may cause the failure of a pipe support system or it may cause the damage or failure of a piece of equipment. If not identified and the proper action taken. Stress results in forces at equipment nozzles and at anchor pipe supports. Expansion or contraction in a piping system it self is not so much a problem. Other ways. Primarily. shape. and the expansion that causes it. Piping systems with pressure as high as 35. The pressure (or lack of) in a piping system effects the wall thickness of the pipe. When the pipe is anchored or connected to something at both ends you absolutely will have expansion induced problems. is best handled by a more flexible routing of the piping. When you increase the wall thickness of the pipe you do two things. you increase the weight of the pipe. However we must remember that for an expansion joint to work there must be an opposite and equal force at both ends to make the element work. Second.3 C) over the arctic winter. Expansion induced problems in a piping system is stress.000 psi in some plants are not unusual. An example of this would be in piping that is installed in an arctic environment. stress will cause failure to equipment or elements in the piping system itself. The piping is installed outdoors where it is subjected to -100 o F (-73. First. force (as related to piping systems) is the result of expansion (temperature) and/or pressure acting on a piping configuration that is too stiff. dimensions. The pipe will expand and with both ends loose it would not be a problem. In the hot sun piece of pipe can reached 150 o F (65. The problems that temperature causes is expansion (or contraction) in the piping system. With low or vacuum systems there are also other ways to prevent the collapse of the pipe wall. you increase the stiffness of the pipe thus the stress intensification affecting forces. Among these the primary method is the addition of stiffening rings. 40 vs. The other way is the use of higher cost and less reliable flexible elements such as expansion joints. However. There will also be times when both high and low temperatures can occur in the same piping system.in between brings its own problems. As we all know if a bare pipe was just lying on the ground in the middle of a dry barren desert it will absorb a lot of heat from just solar radiation. Increasing the wall thickness of the pipe is the primary method of compensating for increases in pressure. . Stiffing rings may be added internally or externally depending on the commodity type and the conditions. 160) will not generate the same stress.5 C). even if only one end is connected you may begin to have expansion related problems. There are a number of ways to handle expansion in piping systems. Two piping configurations with the same pipe size. Some people suggest that force can be reduced by the use of expansion joints. temperature and material but with different wall schedules (sch. Force in piping systems is not independent of the other factors. Six to nine months later it is finally commissioned started up and may operate at five or six hundred degrees. Expansion or contraction in a piping system is an absolute. depending on many factors include changing to a different material. Stress will exist in every piping system. Pressure in piping systems also range from the very high to the very low. This tends to compound the problem rather than lessen it.

any attachments. The weight of a piping system at any given point is made up of many elements. Thinking about every one of these items should be as natural as breathing for a good piping designer. However there are times when the piping (weight) is supported from a vessel or other type of equipment. There is also the test media (e. the fittings. Site Map.Stress Training Posted by: ANTONY in Pipe Support. Piping Questions.design factors. . These include the weight of the pipe. hydrotest water) or the process commodity whichever has the greater specific gravity. there is acoustic (or harmonic) vibration caused by the characteristics of the system itself. Stress training 11 Mar Piping Designer Stress Training What does the piping designer need to know? Piping design is more than just knowing how to turn on the computer. You may also interested in Piping Designer . Piping Book.Weight in a piping system is expressed normally as dead load. period. how to find the piping menus and the difference between paper space and model space.piping stress. and the insulation. Piping systems are heavy. Typically the only place severe vibrations will be found is in piping connected to equipment such as positive displacement reciprocating pumps or high pressure multi-stage reciprocating compressors and where there is very high velocity gas flows. g. Everybody involved in the project needs to understand this and be aware that this weight exists and it needs to be supported. the valves. Then. Ninety-nine times out of a hundred this weight will be supported from a structural pipe support (primary pipe support system) of some kind. appropriately. what else does the designer need to know about piping design besides how to connect a piece of pipe to a fitting? Here is a list of some of the most basic of things that a good piping designer should know. Vibrations will also occur in piping systems and come in two types.Stress Training Technorati Tags: Piping desing.piping design factors 0 comments Piping Designer . There is the basic mechanical vibration caused by the machines that the piping is connected to. So.

· Vessel piping – The piping designer also needs to understand about the connecting. Routing for flexibility means (a) do not run a pipe in a straight line from origin to terminus and (b) building flexibility into the pipe routing is far cheaper and more reliable than expansion joints. supplemental training may be required. filters or any special equipment to be used on a specific project. · Expansion of pipe – All designers must understand that they need to treat a piping system as though it is alive. pipe fittings. exchangers. · Routing for flexibility – The piping designer must understand how to route pipe for flexibility.· Allowable pipe spans – All designer need to know and understand the span capabilities of pipe in the different schedules for a wide variety of common piping materials. · Rack piping – The designer needs to understand that there is a logical approach to the placement of piping in (or on) a pipe rack. · Weight and loads (live loads and dead loads) – The piping designer needs to understand the effects of weight and loading. · Equipment piping – The piping designer needs to know the right and the wrong way to pipe up (connect pipe to) different kinds of equipment. They need to be able to recognize when downward expansion in a piping system is present and is adding live loads to a support or equipment nozzle. the logic still applies. compressors. They need to know that nozzle loading is important and does have limitations. This should include the most common sizes. · Expansion loops – The designer needs to understand and be able to use simple rules and methods for sizing loops in rack piping. flanges. It does not matter how wide or how high the rack or what kind of plant. That growth and movement must be allowed for and incorporated in the overall design. schedules and materials. When a new project introduces a new material with severely reduced span capabilities. Routing for flexibility can normally be achieved in the most natural routing of the pipeline from its origin to its terminus. They need to be able recognize when there is going to be a concentrated load. This includes pumps. carbon steel. supporting and guiding of piping attached to vessels (horizontal or vertical) and tanks. The spacing of the lines must also allow for the bowing effect at the loops caused by the expansion. Starting from one or both outside edges the largest and hottest lines are sequenced in such a manner that allows for the nesting of any required expansion loops. They also need to have the weight tables for other materials or a table of correction factors for these other materials vs. They need to have access to basic weight tables for all the standard pipe schedules. valves for steel pipe. It has a temperature and that temperature causes it to grow and move. The process of expansion in a pipe or group of pipes will also exert frictional forces or anchor forces on the pipe supports they come in contact with. They need to know and understand that everything has a weight. Not just of that specific line but for all other lines close by. .

cheers. Technorati Tags: Piping training. Liquefying natural gas makes it feasible to transport by tanker and to store it in preparation for re-gasification and delivery to markets. For Sample initial few pages are pasted below.Piping stress training. For Download Click here . Piping Questions. Piping Book. Site Map. Zip Download 23 Feb  This Presentation covers the basics of LNG. What is LNG? LNG is natural gas which has been condensed by cooling to approximately -160°C and is stored at atmospheric pressure. and lot of questions are answered.piping flexibility 0 comments Introduction to LNG Posted by: ANTONY in Download. What is Acid Gas? Acid gases are those that produce acids when dissolved in water and include both CO2 and H2S. They need to understand what each one is along with when to and when not to use each.· Cold spring/Pre-spring – Designers should understand the basics rules of cold spring and prespring.. Why liquefy natural gas? Converting natural gas to a liquid reduces its volume by about 600 to 1. Note: Sour Gas is a gas stream containing significant quantities of H2S or CO2 or both.

Piping Hand Book.Explanation .LNG Book 0 comments Piping Info Site Map Posted by: ANTONY in Download. Flanges and Fittings Dimensions in Excel 14. Introduction to LNG 13. Piping Slide Chart PDMS Commands Piping Components .Mohinder L.Technorati Tags: LNG Guide. PDF Download. Zip Download 21 Feb 1. Piping Hand Book . Piping Questions. PIPING QUIZ & ANSWERS 7. Piping Hand Book Data 3. Nayyar 5. Piping Book. Pipe Support. Design of Piping Systems-MW Kellogg 4.Natural Gas. Piping Quiz 9. Pipes.LNG Introduction. Engineering Reference Excel Book 12. Pipe Support Design and Standards 2. Site Map. Process Plant Layout and Piping Design-Roger Hunt 6. Chemical Industries Definition Book 10. Piping Design system. Engineer's Hand Book 11. Process plant Layout. Piping Questions and Answers 8.

Pipe fittings. PDF Download.Chemical defiition book. Go to following link and download the file http://tinyurl. Eccentric Reducer with Flat Side Up (FSU)is used in Pump Suction.PDMS Latest Commands Technorati Tags: Piping Material. Eccentric reducers ii)Concentric reducers Answer: i. Eccentric reducers = Pump suction to avoid Cavitation. ii. Explain. Air pockets may form if concentric reducer is used at pump suction. which results in Cavitation. Piping Book. Piping Questions.ebook.Piping hand book.Excel download. (Yes / No). To avoid this problem.5D (Where “D” is the diameter of the pipe) Normally where do we use the following? i..com/cws2fj You May be also interested in .engineering reference 0 comments Piping Quiz Posted by: ANTONY in Download. Answer: No. Concentric reducers = Pump discharge. To maintain elevation (BOP) in rack. and cause damage to Pump. vertical pipeline etc.Piping data book.Piping quiz.pdf download. Concentric reducer is used in pump suction. Site Map 16 Feb Piping Quiz.Download piping material. Useful piping quiz What should be the radius of long radius elbow? Answer: 1..

Pipeline Transportation system for liquid hydrocarbon & other liquid. C. D.4 . Site Map 16 Feb Much awaited PIPING QUESTIONAIRE Pls follow the link and download the PIPING QUESTIONAIRE pdf file. G. The American National standard institute (AISI). E. ASME B31. D.3 (iii) B 31. What is the ASME code followed for design of piping systems in Process piping (Refineries & Chemical Industries)? (i) B 31. The American welding society (AWS).5 (iv) B 31. http://tinyurl. B.Fuel Gas Piping. B. ASME B31. ASME B31.com/bbmfyg For example: 1.2 . The American Water Works Association (AWWA). Piping Questions. The American Petroleum institute (API). .Process piping.9 Answer (II) 2. The American Iron & Steel institute (AISI). 3. F.1 (ii) B 31.3 . Which American institute standard does piping engineer refer? Answer: A. The American Society for Testing and materials (ASTM).Piping Questions and Answers PIPING QUIZ & ANSWERS 0 comments Piping Questions and Answers Posted by: ANTONY in PDF Download. C.Power piping. What is the different ASME 31 code for pressure piping? Answer: A. ASME B31. The American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME).1 .

Non. ASME Section VIII : .Gas transmission & distribution piping system. ASME Section IX : .Welding & Brazing qualification. ASME B31. F.destructive Examination. H. 4. E. ASME Section VI : .Recommended rules for care & operation of heating boiler. Please make use of it. There are lot of questions and answers are available.Refrigeration Piping. F. ASME Section IV : .Rules for construction of pressure vessels.Rules for construction of power boiler. ASME B31. ASME Section II : .Recommended guidelines for care of power boiler.E. Part C – Specification for electrodes & filler wire.9 .Slurry transportation piping system. C.5 . ASME B31. ASME Section V : . ASME section I : . ASME Section VII : . H. D.Building services piping.11 . Part A – Ferrous materials. See also PIPING QUIZ & ANSWERS 0 comments PIPING QUIZ & ANSWERS Posted by: ANTONY in Piping Questions.Materials. (Division I & II) I.Rules for construction of Heating Boiler. What are the different sections of ASME code? Where these sections are reffered? Answer: A. G. Part D – Properties. B. Part B – Non-Ferrous materials.8 . Site Map 16 Feb Piping QA FLUOR DANIEL PIPING QUIZ & ANSWERS . ASME B31.

per Fluor Daniel standard. 3” and larger. and what pipe size ranges is involved. Field Weld is made somewhere other than the fabrication shop. for pipe spools that are to be shop fabricated? 3” diameter and larger <2. per Fluor Daniel standard. Define what piping is considered rack loaded. Assuming it to be a box. What is the pipe size range. Describe three things you must consider when locating a field weld and why they must be considered.1/2” and larger> 2. <Press fit should be avoided to ensure piece mark fits shipping box> 6. Define a field weld (FW) and when it is used. Describe these two situations and describe the undesirable result if you do not avoid them. Piping in the PIPERACK that crosses two or more supports. Skewed placement of the piece mark within the shipping box could result in crowding out other piece marks. Used to connect two mark pieces (or components) together. Define what piping is considered field assembly. there are two situations that you must avoid in regard to the box and the mark pieces within. All shop fabricated piping spools (mark pieces) are shipped from the fabrication shop in a geometry that is defined by length.Piping QA 1. Off-the-shelf components that make-up a piping assembly and do not require cutting and / or welding <If no field fabrication is required> 4. and height. 5. What is the pipe size range. . for pipe spools that are to be field fabricated? 2” diameter and smaller 3. Piece mark must fit within the shipping box otherwise it may not be transported. per Fluor Daniel standard. width.

Field Fit Weld is a weld made somewhere other than the fabrication shop. This additional length gives the field variance for adjustment when the location of the connecting point is not known. Preferably made in the horizontal 8. Size of spool piece to ensure it fits shipping box and can be transported. what is the construction (fitting type) of: Pipe size range 2 ½” and larger? Butt-weld Pipe size range 2” and smaller? Socket Welded Pipe size range 2” and smaller? Screwed or Threaded 10. Describe a field fit-up weld (FFW) and when it is used. Economics: Made in a location that would lessen or eliminate the need for additional scaffolding. Piping QA Self-supporting so temporary supports are not required during construction. What is the minimum (not absolute minimum) distance between welds that Fluor Daniel likes to use? 3 inches 11. Made on the smaller side of a reducer. Per Fluor Daniel standard. distance b/w welds .Accessibility: The weld must be in a place that is accessible to the welder Constructability: The weld must be placed so the constructors can position the piece mark prior to welding. <May require field alteration> 9. What is the absolute minimum distance between welds (used only as a last choice)? Pipe Size (NPS) Min. The fabrication shop adds additional length of material to the spool piece.

Why do piping designers care about the HAZ? . is the HAZ? ¼” or 1” 15.1/8” 3/16 1 /4” 1/4 3/8" 5/16 1/2" 7/16 3/4" 1/2 1" 11/16 1 1/4" 13/16 1 1/2" 15/16 2" 1 3/16 2 1/2" 1 9/16 3" 1 3/4 3 1/2" 2 4" 2 1/4 5" 2 3/4 Half the outside diameter of pipe (6” and larger) 12. What do the letters HAZ mean? Heat Affected Zone Kavimagi Page 3 of 13 13. What is the effect of the HAZ? Weakens the material (pipe wall) Piping QA 14. How far from the weld.

What are the pressure ratings of cast iron threaded fittings? 125# 250# List the wall thickness for pipe. Std Wt. Sch 20. What are the pressure ratings of forged steel threaded fittings? 2000# 3000# 6000# 19.If two HAZ’s overlap each other it may result in failure of the pipe 16. Sch 30. When is the HAZ considered in threaded construction? When threaded connection is seal welded 17. starting with the thinnest wall to the heaviest wall: Carbon Steel & Alloy steel (13 schedules) Sch 10. Sch 40. . What are the pressure ratings of malleable iron threaded Fittings? 150# 300# 20. What are the pressure ratings of forged steel Socket Weld Fittings? 3000# 6000# 18.

Sch 10S.the thinner the wall. Sch 120. Sch 140. If one 4” carbon steel pipe is schedule 40 and another 4” carbon steel pipe is schedule 80…. Sch 80.Sch 60. Sch 100. the shorter the length the line will span. Sch 80S Piping QA 22. XXS Stainless Steel (4 schedules) Sch 5S. Sch 40S. . XS. What is the technical term used for the sag in pipe caused by gravity and how does affect piping design? Deflection It govern the amount of pipe span <causes leakage at flanges> <causes stress on pipe> 23. Which has the greater sag and why? 4" sch 40 has the greater sag because its wall thickness is less than the wall thickness of the sch 80 . Sch 160.

top flat swages or reducers and why? Used at the final reduction on a pump end suction line. that has two or more supports within that run. Which lines qualify for loading/stuffing Lines 3" and larger that cross two or more pipe supports. When/where do you use eccentric. Line size changes When is swage used for a line size change? When reducing from or to socket welded or threaded construction on at least one end. Piping QA . Pipeway/Piperack loading/stuffing drawings. more material= more weight Which requires fewer support point and why? 4" sch 80 because it's thicker wall allows it to span farther.Which weighs more and why? 4" sch 80 because it's wall thickness is more than that of the sch 40. <more rigid / stiffer> 24. bottom flat swages or reducers and why? In any horizontal run of pipe. When/where do you use eccentric. To maintain a common bottom of pipe elevation for the two line sizes. When is a butt-weld reducer used for a line size change? When reducing from or to butt welded construction on both ends. It reduces the amount of ground area taken by storage of pipe 25. reducing the number of times support is needed. Why is loading/stuffing done (the advantages)? It provides an early start for construction.

it will be where a size change is required and there is insufficient space available for an elbow and a reducer or an elbow and a reducing flange . <Space limitations> Why would a short radius butt-weld 90-degree ell not be used? It is easy to "lose" a short radius elbow if shipped to the jobsite or fabrication shop with long radius elbows of the same size. the resulting change of direction is no longer 90 degrees but is a non-standard angle suited for the piping geometry requiring it. <Used on vertical pipe to maintain common back of pipe> When do you use butt-weld reducing 90 degree elbows and why? Normally it is not FLUOR piping practice to use reducing butt-weld 90 degree reducing elbows. Additional tracking effort may result to keep the short radius elbow from being "lost" or used inadvertently where it was not intended to be used. or stress approval . or process review.or if the client requires it. adjacent lines interfere with each other after the line size change. Why would a short radius butt-weld 90-degree ell be used? To adhere to FLUOR piping practice 000 250 2650 where it states 10" and larger elbows at a nozzle of a vertical vessel are short radius (decreases the "l" dimension so a standard vessel pipe support can be used).all taking time that would not be taken for a long radius elbow. <when pressure drop is a concern – short radius elbow has more pressure drop. side flat swages or reducers and why? Used when two equipment connections are so close that the two connecting. When/where do you use eccentric. What is a trimmed ell and when is it used? A trimmed elbow is a butt weld 90 degree long radius elbow that is cut and beveled to match the original bevel. . the lines may clear. 26. Often the use of a short radius elbow requires client approval.To prevent cavitation of the pump. If they are used. If they are side flat toward each other.

Describe a reinforcing pad and when it is used? Reinforcing pads are made from the same size. A stub-in connection is the same as a stub-on connection as far as the resulting geometry and material goes. The header will have a hole cut in it that nearly matches the outside diameter of the branch pipe. but the construction is different. What are the two documents (not specifications) that will tell a piping designer when branch reinforcement is required? . Branch table 28.if it is not. the branch pipe is contoured (fish-mouthed) to match the curvature of the header to which it will be connected (a fillet weld). the stub-in is generally 90 degree and other angles are possible.but the resulting geometry is the same as a stub-on. Stub-on connections are generally 90 degree. Reinforcing pads are used at stub-on and stub-in branch connections and occasionally at support trunnions when specified by the stress sketch. Describe a stub-in connection and when it is used? Fluor piping does not use the stub-in construction. if required per the line list or if required per the branch chart in the piping material specification.Trimmed elbows are used when a line routing must have a change of direction that is not satisfied by a 90 or 45-degree elbow or by elbows being rolled or offset. Client request 29. The branch pipe is inserted into the hole in the header and is connected via a fillet weld. Like the stub-on. The branch pipe may or may not be contoured to match the inside diameter of the header . but can be other angles. Describe a stub-on connection and when it is used? A stub-on connection is a branch connection made to a header without the use of fittings the connection is made from pipe. 30. The stub-on connection is not the same construction as a Piping QA stub-in connection . wall thickness and material as the pipe header to which they are welded. What document (name and 5-diget number) does a piping designer refer to determine what branch connection to use? Piping material specification 31. then it is a straight cut. A hole is made in the header that should match the inside diameter of the branch pipe.

To guarantee. without failure. Piping QA ANSI number or other industry number (API. What is the pipe size range in which all flanges are not? 26 inch and larger List the information to be placed on the isometric that will fully describe a non-standard flange and what is the reason we would include this information? Reason for including the information. What is the pipe size range in which all flanges are standard? 24 inch and smaller 33. the flanges are compatible.Stress sketch Line list <Branch chart> 32. Information to be placed on ISO. MSS) Size Rating Facing Outside diameter of flange Bolt circle diameter Bolt hole diameter Number of bolt holes Flange bore Material Bolt hole orientation .

41. How is cast iron flange attached to steel pipe? The flange is threaded on. What facing is required on a steel flange that will be bolted to a cast iron flange and why? Flat Face There is a risk of breaking the cast iron flange if it is bolted to a raised face steel flange. What fitting (not flange) must be used in lap joint construction and what are the names of two the types of these fittings? Stub end <Lap joint stub end> ANSI & MSS 40. how many welds are on a van stone flange? Zero. What are two pressure ratings of cast iron flanges and what are the ratings of compatible steel flanges? 125# Cast iron to 150# steel. how many welds are on a slip flange? Zero. What is the difference between a van stone flange and a slip on flange? The shape of the contact point where the face of flange contacts the lip of the stub end is rounded on the van stone flange and is square on the slip on flange.a less expensive carbon steel flange may be used in lieu of a stainless steel flange. 37. 38. In lap joint construction. . In lap joint construction. 39.Flange thickness 35. 36. What are two reasons for using lap joint construction? To reduce the cost of components . 250# cast iron to 300# steel. Flange can be rotated to aid in bolthole alignment.

Raised face Flat face Ring joint Tongue and groove Male & Female 45. List the faces of steel flanges. List the ratings of steel flanges. List the types of steel flanges.Piping QA 43. Weld neck Slip on Threaded Socket welded Van stone Reducing Expanding Blind <Lap joint> <Orifice> <Slip on reducing> 44. 150# 300# 400# .

WAFER . How are flange boltholes oriented on flanges on horizontal line? Boltholes straddle the vertical and horizontal flange centerlines Valves are used for three basic flow functions (not control valves or pressure safety valves). What are the two styles of butterfly valves in flanged piping and their associated type of bolt? A. How are flange boltholes oriented on flanges on vertical line? Boltholes straddle the north-south-east-west flange centerlines 47.STUD BOLT/MACHINE BOLT .CAP SCREW 50. Function BLOCK THROTTLE CHECK <Start / stop> <prevent back flow> Type GATE/BALL/PLUG/BUTTERFLY <needle> – BLOCK GLOBE <plug or butterfly or needle> – THROTTLE CHECK – CHECK Piping QA 49.600# 900# 1500# 2500# 46.STUD BOLT/MACHINE BOLT B. LUG TYPE . SWING . What are the two main styles of check valves in flanged piping and their associated type of bolt? A. List three functions and the type of valve used for each function.

STUD BOLT/MACHINE BOLT 51. If a valve hand wheel projects into an aisle way. 57.B.CHAIN OPERATOR Too low .A GEAR OPERATOR . If a pressure safety valve downstream of it. WAFER/SPLIT DISC . What is the minimum clearance between the outside diameter of a valve hand wheel and the next obstruction? Three inches 53. the valve is open and the relief valve can function properly. the valve is open and the relief valve can function properly. What manually operated item is added to a valve that is either to large or is to high a pressure to operate and how do you know it will be required (give the name of the specification)? . If a pressure safety valve has a block vale upstream of it. what is this direction and why? . what note must appear on the P&ID relating to this block valve and why? • CSO (car sealed open) or LO (locked open). what note must appear on the P&ID relating to this block valve and why? • CSO (car sealed open) or LO (locked open) • To help ensure that the valve is open during normal plant operation so that if a condition resulting in overpressurization occurs. Not using a ladder or platform. • To help ensure that the valve is open during normal plant operation so that if a condition resulting in overpressurization occurs. 56. to what elevation must the bottom of the hand wheel be raised above HPFS (High Point Finished Surface) or platform? 6'-6" plus or minus 3" (6'-3" to 6'-9") 54. how is a valve operated that is: Too high . The piping downstream of a pressure safety valve that discharges to a closed system must be routed in a specific direction.EXTENSION STEM 52.MATERIAL SPECIFICATION 55.

What is the end preparation for the end tailpipe of a pressure safety valve discharging vertically to atmosphere and why? • Square cut/plain end • There is no need to bevel or 45-degree chamfer because it is unnecessary cost. • 1/4" diameter • To drain the collection of rain water in the open tailpipe that if allowed to collect could obstruct the free release of pressure 61. valved and plugged connection in the area between the block valve and the pressure safety valve. what size is it and why is it added? • A weep hole. When a pressure safety valve discharges vertically to atmosphere. 62. 63. describe the purpose and operation of this valve. what is the purpose of the rupture disc? The rupture disc isolates the relief valve from the potentially corrosive atmosphere of the system to be protected . If a pressure safety valve has a rupture disc upstream. 60. Piping QA 58. If a pressure safety valve has a small.horizontal to horizontal.protecting the stem from corrosion.67 x outside diameter (in inches) of the Tail Pipe = the height in feet. excluding accessibility. What is the formula for calculating the free standing (unguided) length of a tailpipe of a pressure safety valve discharging vertically to atmosphere? 1.thereby closing the valve and preventing the free release of pressure. So no liquid can collect and possibly obstruct the free release of pressure. . <horizontal or downward> • This is to prevent the disc falling into the port if the stem corrodes .• Routed in such a manner as to free drain into the collection header. how is the vale hand wheel to be oriented and why? • The handwheel is to be located within the lower 180 degrees . 59. what must be added to the lowest part of the tail pipe. If a pressure safety valve has a downstream block valve.

69. 64. What is the minimum clearance between the top of the diaphragm on a control valve and the nearest obstruction above it? . To keep the spring out of any liquid that could corrode the spring. 67. The spring on a pressure safety valve must be oriented in which direction and why? • Vertically upward. In a control valve manifold with block valves upstream and downstream of the control valve. Why is this done? To protect the tubes of the exchanger from splitting due to overpressurization of the system when the valves upstream and downstream of the exchanger are closed. what is placed between the upstream block valve and the control valve and what is its purpose? • 3/4" valved & plugged bleed valve. If a control valve manifold has a bypass line what is the distance between the bypass valve and the main line and why? • Minimum distance. 65. What is the most common body style for control valves? Globe 68. the relief valve can be safely removed for maintenance. Piping QA 66. 70. causing a rise in pressure. Cooling water piping at the channel side of a shell and tube heat exchanger that is located outside in the sunlight will typically have a THERMAL RELIEF VALVE located between the exchanger nozzle and the block valve. Sunlight can cause a temperature rise of the trapped liquid. • To prevent a dead leg in the bypass line. Per Fluor Daniel Standard.For bleeding pressure and venting any trapped commodity so. what is the rule for establishing the height of a tailpipe of a pressure safety valve that discharges to atmosphere? The top of a tailpipe discharging to atmosphere must be a minimum of 8'-0" above any platform within a 25'-0" radius of the tailpipe. • To drain and depressurize the volume of trapped liquid for the safe removal of the control valve for maintenance.

they can be bolted together. What is the preferred configuration of the breakout spool piece and why? • Preferred configuration is with an elbow. When a control valve and its downstream block valve are the same size and rating. Who determines the size of the bypass valve? Process Who determines the upstream and downstream block valves? Process Piping QA 75.1’-0” (12 inches) 71. • If the boltholes permit .rotate the block valve so the interference is gone. Also give me two solutions that could correct the problem. • It is easier to remove than a straight spool piece that requires a flange spreader. What possible problem can occur when these two valves are bolted together? The handwheel of the block valve may interfere with the topworks of the control valve. If you are establishing the overall length of a control valve main fold for allocation of space and you do not have a vendor drawing giving the face to face dimension of the control valve. The "l" shape allows gravity to aid in its removal. . B. what valve will you use as a substitute face to face dimension (assume the control valve is 6”3003RF)? • A 6"-300# GLOBE VALVE OR PIPING PRACTICE 000 250 2701 • <17 ½ inches> 76. In a control valve manifold with upstream and down stream block valves A. Who determines the size of the control valve? Process 73. What is the breakout spool piece for? Easy removal of the control valve. 72.

and. the heat could cause a small explosion. if necessary add a spool piece to give the necessary clearances. injuring the welder. What are two industry terms when a threaded connection is also welded? Seal welding Back welding 79. • <place valve in the vertical> 77. . what are two others? • Clearance for rodding out the drain." If thread compound/pipe dope is present and the connection is to be seal welded. and why should it not be used? • Thread compound or "pipe dope. 78.• Add two flanges back to back. There are three things that establish the height of a valued drain (bottom of drain top of finished surface). What must be used on a threaded connection if it is to receive the weld referred to in question 69. • Clearance required for the addition of a bucket to catch the liquid. One thing that sets this height is Fluor Daniel standard (6”).

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