Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial

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Mastercam X5 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Copyright: 1998 -2010 In-House Solutions Inc. All rights reserved Software: Mastercam X5 Author: Mariana Lendel ISBN: 978-1-926566-78-8 Revision Date: October 13, 2010 Notice In-House Solutions Inc. reserves the right to make improvements to this manual at any time and without notice. Disclaimer Of All Warranties And Liability In-House Solutions Inc. makes no warranties, either express or implied, with respect to this manual or with respect to the software described in this manual, its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for any praticular purpose. In-House Solutions Inc. manual is sold or licensed "as is." The entire risk as to its quality and performance is with the buyer. Should the manual prove defective following its purchase, the buyer (and not In-House Solutions Inc., its distributer, or its retailer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing, repair, of correction and any incidental or consequential damages. In no event will In-House Solutions Inc. be liable for direct, indirect, or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the manual, even if In-House Solutions Inc. has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. Copyrights This manual is protected under International copyright laws. All rights are reserved. This document may not, in whole or part, be copied, photographed, reproduced, translated or reduced to any electronic medium or machine readable form without prior consent, in writing, from In-House Solutions Inc. Trademarks Mastercam is a registered trademark of CNC Software, Inc. Microsoft, the Microsoft logo, MS, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation; NSee is a registered trademark of Microcompatibles, Inc.; Windows, Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.

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.......................................Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Contents Getting Started ............................................................................................. C-1 Quiz Answers .... 4-1 Tutorial #5 .......................................................................................................................................................................................... B-1 Creating/Editing tools .................................................................................................. 5-1 Tutorial #6 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6-1 Tutorial #7 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1-1 Tutorial #2 ...................... 10-1 General Notes .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-1 Tutorial #8 ................................................................................................... 2-1 Tutorial #3 ..................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1 Tutorial #4 ............................................................ 9-1 Tutorial #10 ......A-1 Tutorials Tutorial #1 .................. 8-1 Tutorial #9 ..........................................................................D-1 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial ...........................

 Mirror the part to create the other 1/2 of the part. This tutorial takes approximately one hour to complete. drill and tap the holes. The Student will create toolpaths consisting of two setups:  An open pocket toolpath to remove the material in the open area.  The contour toolpath will be part of setup #2 The Student will simulate the toolpaths using Mastercam's Verify and Backplot by:  Defining a 3-dimensional rectangular block the size of the workpiece.  Create lines on an angle knowing the starting point and angle. location.  Running the Backplot to see the path the tool takes to cut the part. spot drill.  Contour remachining toolpath to cut the material which the open pocket left.TUTORIAL #31 TUTORIAL #3 Objectives: The Student will design a 2-dimensional drawing by:  Create arcs polar knowing the diameter. by defining the offset direction and distance. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-1 .  Create parallel lines.  Create fillets knowing the radius size.  Running the Verify to simulate the tool cutting from a solid model.  A circle mill toolpath to remove the material in the arc. start and end angles.  A contour toolpath to remove the material at the parts exterior.  Three drill toolpaths to.

Page|3-2 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .

From the keyboard. press Alt + O keys simultaneously to hide it. Repeat this command to make it visible again. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-3 . Make sure that the Grid is enabled. The Operations Manager to the left of the screen can be hidden to gain more space in the graphic area for design. It will show you where the part origin is. Figure: 1.SETTING UP THE GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE TUTORIAL #31 GEOMETRY CREATION STEP 1: SETTING UP THE GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE Before starting the geometry creation we should customize the toolbars to see the toolbars required to create the geometry and machine a 2D part.0. See Getting started page A-6 for further information. See Getting started page A-4 for details.1 NOTE: We will create 1/2 of the geometry.

5 inches. Page|3-4 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .1 Create the 1. hit tab and enter a Start Angle of 0. the visual cue of the cursor changes as shown.1. radius.5" diameter arc Create Š Arc Arc Polar Š Š [Select position for the center of the arc]: Select the Origin. start point or angle and end point or angle. Step Preview: 2. Figure: 2.1 Š Make sure that when selecting the origin. Š Input a Diameter End Angle of 1.TUTORIAL #31 STEP 2: CREATE ARCS POLAR CREATE ARCS POLAR In this step you will learn how to create arcs polar. To create arcs polar you need to define center point.0 degrees and a of 180 degrees.

Figure: 2. Š Select the Fast Point icon from the Auto Cursor ribbon bar .0 degrees and a End Angle of 180 degrees. NOTE: During the geometry creation of this tutorial.25 inches. 0. hit tab twice and enter a Start Angle of 180 degrees.3 Š Choose the apply button to continue. of 90 degrees and Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-5 .2 Š Choose the Apply button to continue. select it undo a step by mistake.25. Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point. Š Enter a Diameter of 0. Š Input the value 1. To delete unwanted geometry. Figure: 2.CREATE ARCS POLAR TUTORIAL #31 Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point. You can undo as many steps as needed.5 inches. If you delete or . hit tab and enter a Start Angle of 0.0 and hit enter to place the Arc center point. Š Select the Origin for the arc center point.1.1. if you make a mistake you can undo the last step using the Undo icon . just use the Redo icon first and then press Delete from the keyboard. Š Enter a Radius an End Angle of 1.

4 Š Select the OK button to exit the Arc Polar command Š Use the Fit icon to fit the drawing to the screen . Step Preview: Create Š Line Š Endpoint .25". Select another point to the right of the small arc to create a horizontal line. STEP 3: CREATE HORIZONTAL LINES In this step you will learn how to create horizontal lines. Š Select the horizontal icon NOTE: Once this icon has been selected you will only be able to create horizontal lines. Figure: 2. Š Select a point to the left of the large arc. Page|3-6 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .75". Enter a value to offset that line in the Y-Axis direction of 1. Š Repeat this same step creating a line offset in the Y-Axis direction of 0.TUTORIAL #31 CREATE HORIZONTAL LINES Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point.1. . Š Select the Apply button to continue .

Step Preview: Create Š Line Š Endpoint . Š Select a point to the right of the small arc. Š Repeat this same step creating a line offset in the X-Axis direction of 3. Š Choose the apply button to continue. Enter a value to offset that line in the X-Axis direction of 1.0.0".1 STEP 4: CREATE VERTICAL LINES In this step you will learn how to create vertical lines. Select another point above the original selected point to create a vertical line.75". Figure: 3. . Š Select the OK button once complete . Š Select the vertical icon NOTE: Once this icon has been selected you will only be able to create vertical lines. Š Pick the Fit icon to view all of the entities Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-7 .CREATE VERTICAL LINES TUTORIAL #31 Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point.

1 STEP 5: TRIM TWO ENTITIES In this step you will learn how to trim two entities to each other. Š Select the trim 2 entities command Page|3-8 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .0. Step Preview: Edit Š Trim/Break Š Trim/Break/Extend and ensure the option to Trim is enabled .TUTORIAL #31 TRIM TWO ENTITIES Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point. Figure: 4.

TRIM TWO ENTITIES TUTORIAL #31 Š Select the two lines.3 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-9 .0. Figure: 5. This is a preview of what is going to be trimmed and lets you select another entity if necessary. Figure: 5.2 Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point.0. Š Repeat the step selecting the lines as shown.0.1 NOTE: When selecting the second line you will notice the lines change to a hidden line style. Figure: 5.

Step Preview: Edit Š Trim/Break Š Trim/Break/Extend .1 Š Select the OK button to exit the trim command .0. Š Select the trim to point command and ensure the option to trim is enabled Š Select the line as shown and then select the Origin as the point to trim to. Figure: 6. If the point that you enter does not lie on the selected entity. Page|3-10 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #31 STEP 6: TRIM A LINE TO A POINT TRIM A LINE TO A POINT Trim to point trims an entity to a point or any defined position in the graphics window. Mastercam calculates the closest position on the entity and trims the entity to that.

0.1 Š Pick the second line endpoint point roughly in the area as shown. Figure: 7.CREATE LINE ENDPOINT TUTORIAL #31 STEP 7: CREATE LINE ENDPOINT Create Line Endpoint lets you create lines from a selected endpoint or intersection to a selected point at a given angle.0.0 inches and Angle to 5. NOTE: Ensure the vertical or horizontal is not enabled.00 degrees. Step Preview: Create Š Line Š Endpoint Š Select the intersection point for the first endpoint. Figure: 7. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-11 . Š Choose the Apply button once the values have been input .2 Š Change the line Length to 3.

Figure: 7.0.4 Š Change the line Length to 3.5 Page|3-12 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .0.3 Š Pick the second Line Endpoint point roughly in the area as shown.0 inches and angle to 175. Figure: 7.0 degrees.0. Figure: 7. .TUTORIAL #31 CREATE LINE ENDPOINT Š Pick the intersection point for another line. Š Select the OK button once the values have been input Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point.

Ensure the fillet style is set to Normal and trim is enabled. Figure: 8. Step Preview: Create Š Fillet Š Entities Š Enter a fillet radius of 0.0.1 Š Select the two angled lines. Figure: 8.0. Š Select the Arc and Line.2 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-13 .CREATE FILLETS TUTORIAL #31 STEP 8: CREATE FILLETS Fillets are used to round sharp corners.25.

5 Š Select the OK button to exit the create fillet command . Š Select the two lines. Figure: 8.0.125 in the ribbon bar.4 Š Your drawing will appear as shown up to this point.0.3 Š Select the Apply button Š Input a Fillet Radius of 0.0. Page|3-14 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Figure: 8. Figure: 8.TUTORIAL #31 CREATE FILLETS Š Pick the angled line and the vertical line.

Figure: 9. Š Select the line as shown.1 Š Pick the Delete icon to remove the line.DELETE THE CONSTRUCTION LINE TUTORIAL #31 STEP 9: DELETE THE CONSTRUCTION LINE Delete the construction line to remove it from the graphics user interface. Step Preview: Š Xform Š Mirror Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-15 .0. STEP 10: XFORM MIRROR Mirror entities by reflecting them symmetrically with respect to a defined axis or point.

Figure: 10.TUTORIAL #31 XFORM MIRROR Š Create a box around the part. Left click and hold the mouse down.1 Š Select the End Selection button.0. Page|3-16 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Figure: 10. Š Pick the Clear Colour icon to re-set the drawing colors to the original system colour Š Your drawing will appear as shown. Š When the Mirror dialog box appears enable Copy and choose the option to mirror about the X axis. drag the mouse down to the lower left area of the part and left click again.2 Š Select the OK button to exit the Mirror dialog box.0. .

NOTE: There is no step preview for this step because the drawing will appear the same. Figure: 11.3 STEP 11: JOIN ENTITIES Join entities is used to join collinear lines.0.JOIN ENTITIES TUTORIAL #31 Figure: 10. arcs that have the same center and radius.1 Š Once those entities have all been selected pick the End Selection button. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-17 . NOTE: If you move your mouse over those entities now they should appear as one solid entity.0. Š Edit Š Join Entities Š Select the entities as shown.

1 File Š Save As Š File name: "Your Name_3" Š Select the OK button to save your file. Page|3-18 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #31 STEP 12: SAVE THE FILE SAVE THE FILE Figure: 12.0.

SUGGESTED FIXTURE: TUTORIAL #31 TOOLPATH CREATION SUGGESTED FIXTURE: NOTE: In order to machine this part we will have 2 setups and output 2 NC files. SETUP SHEET: Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-19 . To view the second setup see page 58.

Š Use the Fit icon to fit the drawing to the screen Figure: 13. The schematic model of your machines components.0. you select a Machine Definition before creating any toolpaths. Figure: 13. For a Mill Level 1 exercise (2D toolpaths) we need just a basic machine definition.1 Machine type Š Mill Š Default Š Select the plus sign in front of Properties in the Toolpaths Manager to expand the Toolpaths Group Properties. The machine definition ties together three main components.2 Page|3-20 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Š To display the Operations Manager press Alt + O.0.TUTORIAL #31 STEP 13: SELECT THE MACHINE AND SET UP THE STOCK. SELECT THE MACHINE AND SET UP THE STOCK. The control definition that models your control capabilities and the post processor that will generate the required machine code (G-code). In Mastercam. It acts like a template for setting up your machine. we will be using the Default milling machine. The Machine Definition is a model of your machines capabilities and features. NOTE: For the purpose of this tutorial.

4 Program # is used to enter a number if your machine tool requires a number for a program name. Figure: 13. Assign tool numbers sequentially allows you to overwrite the tool number from the library with the next available tool number. plunge rate. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-21 . Override defaults with modal values enables the system to keep the values that you enter. (First operation tool number 1. Second operation tool number 2. Feed Calculation set From tool uses feed rate.0. etc. TUTORIAL #31 Š Select Tool Settings to set the tool parameters. retract rate and spindle speed from the tool definition.SELECT THE MACHINE AND SET UP THE STOCK. Š Select the Bounding Box button near the bottom of the Stock Setup page.3 Š Change the parameters to match the screen shot as shown. Figure: 13.) Warn of duplicate tool numbers allows you to get a warning if you enter two tools with the same number. Š Select the Stock setup tab to define the stock.0.

TUTORIAL #31

SELECT THE MACHINE AND SET UP THE STOCK.

Figure: 13.0.5

Š In the Expand dialog boxes enter 0.125 as shown. This will add 0.125" of stock on each side of your model. Figure: 13.0.6

Š Select the OK button to exit the Bounding Box.

Page|3-22

Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial

SELECT THE MACHINE AND SET UP THE STOCK.

TUTORIAL #31

Š Input the overall depth of your stock model. Figure: 13.0.7

The Stock Origin values adjust the positioning of the stock, ensuring that you have equal amount of extra stock around the finished part. Display options allow you to set the stock as Wireframe and to fit the stock to the screen. (Fit Screen)

NOTE: The stock model that you create can be displayed with the part geometry when
viewing the file or the toolpaths, during backplot, or while verifying toolpaths. In the graphics, the plus shows you where the stock origin is. The default position is the middle of the stock. Click on the corner of the part to set it as the stock origin. Š Select the OK button to exit Machine Group Properties. Š Select the Isometric view from the graphics view toolbar to see the stock. Š Use the Fit icon to fit the drawing to the screen .

Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial

Page|3-23

TUTORIAL #31

OPEN POCKET

Š The stock model will appear as shown. Figure: 13.0.8

NOTE: The stock is not geometry and can not be selected.
Š Select the Top view from the view toolbar to see the part from the top.

NOTE: There will not be facing toolpath because the stock is already to size.

STEP 14:

OPEN POCKET
Open Pocket Mastercam automatically enters and exits the pocket through the opening.

Toolpath Preview:

Toolpaths Š Pocket

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Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial

OPEN POCKET

TUTORIAL #31

Š If a prompt appears, Enter new NC name, select the OK button to accept the default. Figure: 14.0.1

Š When the chaining dialog box appears, choose Partial as the chaining method. Figure: 14.0.2

Š Select the first entity. Figure: 14.0.3

Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial

Page|3-25

Š Select Tool from the Tree view list.5 NOTE: Mastercam updates the pages as you modify them and then marks them. Figure: 14. the Pocket icon will be selected. 14.0. in the Tree view list.4 Š Choose the OK button to exit the chaining dialog box.TUTORIAL #31 OPEN POCKET Š Select the second entity. Š Click on Select library tool button.0.1. with a green check mark.1 Š Select the None button and then under Tool Types choose the Flat Endmill Icon. Figure: 14.1 Select a 1/2" Flat Endmill Š Select a 0. Figure: 14. Page|3-26 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Š Select the Filter button. Pages that are not changed are marked with a red circle and slash. Š In the Toolpath Type page.5" Flat Endmill from the library and set the Tool parameters.

Figure: 14.OPEN POCKET TUTORIAL #31 Š Under tool diameter pick Equal and input a value 0.1. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-27 .5. Figure: 14. Š In the Tool Selection dialog box you should only see a 1/2" Flat Endmill.3 Š Select the 1/2" Flat Endmill in the Tool Selection page and then select the OK button to exit.2 Š Select the OK button to exit the Tool List Filter.1.

In the Comment field enter a comment to help identify the toolpath in the Toolpaths/Operations Manager such as the one shown above. Open pocket cutting method starts the toolpath at the open end of the pocket and cuts from the inside to the outside. You may change these values as per your part material and tools. Retract rate and Spindle speed are roughly based on the part material Aluminum and HSS tooling.4 The Feed rate.TUTORIAL #31 OPEN POCKET Š Make all the necessary changes.2.1. Page|3-28 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Figure: 14.1 Pocket Type lets you select from a list several pocket types which are based on your pocket geometry. Plunge rate. Open Pocket Mastercam automatically enters and exits the pocket through the opening. 14.2 Cut Parameters Š Select Cut Parameters and make the necessary changes. Figure: 14.

4 Entry Motion Š Select Entry Motion and pick Off as the entry motion used. We do not need an entry motion because you will be plunging the tool off the material. Figure: 14.3. When using open pocket the cutting method is set to Open. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-29 .1 Cutting Method determines the cutting method. Stepover percentage/ Stepover distance sets the distance between cutting passes in the X and Y Axes as a percentage of the tool diameter. 14. Mastercam plunges the tool to the pocket depth at the start of the toolpath.3 Roughing Š Select Roughing and make the necessary changes. Changing this value automatically adjusts the stepover distance.OPEN POCKET TUTORIAL #31 14.4.1 Off turns off any entry helix or ramp moves for the pocket toolpath’s roughing passes. Figure: 14.

Page|3-30 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .5. 14. This way we won’t waste any time waiting for the tool to get to its cut depth. Figure: 14.TUTORIAL #31 OPEN POCKET NOTE: We are using Off because the tool will plunge off the material.1 For more information regarding these parameters please see page 28 in Tutorial #2.5 Finishing Š Select Finishing and make the necessary changes.

Figure: 14.6.6 Lead In/Out Š Select Lead In/Out and disable this option.1 14.1 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-31 .2. Input a Max rough step of 0.OPEN POCKET TUTORIAL #31 14.7. Figure: 14. Š Enable the option Keep tool down.7 Depth Cuts Š Choose Depth Cuts and enable this option.

Enable this option and input a break through amount of 0. Figure: 14.1 Š Select the OK button to exit the Pocket parameters. 14.9.9 Linking Parameters Š Pick Linking Parameters and make the necessary changes.1. Figure: 14.TUTORIAL #31 OPEN POCKET 14. This values is always a positive number. Page|3-32 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .1 Break Through allows you to specify an amount that the tool will completely cut through the material by.8.8 Break Through Š Pick Break Through from the Tree view list.

2 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-33 .0. If the operation is not selected choose the Select all operations icon Š Select the Backplot selected operations button .BACKPLOT THE TOOLPATHS TUTORIAL #31 STEP 15: BACKPLOT THE TOOLPATHS Backplotting shows the path the tools take to cut the part. As you backplot toolpaths. Figure: 15. Š You can step through the Backplot by using the Step forward or Step back buttons. Y. This display lets you spot errors in the program before you machine the part. Mastercam displays the current X. and Z coordinates in the lower left corner of the screen.0.1 Š Select the Isometric view from the view toolbar to see the stock. Š Select the Fit button Š You can adjust the speed of the backplot. Figure: 15. Š Select the OK button to exit Backplot . Š Make sure that the toolpaths are selected (signified by the green check mark on the folder icon). Š Select the Play button in the VCR bar. Š Make sure that you have the following buttons turned on (they will appear pushed down) to see the tool and the rapid moves.

Š In the Operations Manager both operations are selected. Figure: 16. Š Set the Verify speed by moving the slider bar in the speed control bar as shown.TUTORIAL #31 STEP 16: VERIFY THE TOOLPATH VERIFY THE TOOLPATH Verify allows you to use a solid model to simulate the machining of a part. if any exist.0. Š Select the Play button to start simulation. and shows collisions.1 Page|3-34 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . If the operation is not selected choose the Select all operations icon. Š Choose the Verify selected operations icon from the operations manager. The model created by verification represents the surface finish.

Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-35 .1 Chain selection Toolpaths Š Contour Š Enable the Last button in the chaining dialog box this will reselect the geometry we chained in the previous toolpath.2 STEP 17: REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS Contour Remachine removes the material where the previous tool couldn’t fit. Toolpath Preview: 17. Figure: 16.REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS TUTORIAL #31 Š The part will appear as shown up to this point.0.

1. Š Click on Select library tool button. Š Under tool diameter pick Equal and input a value 0. with a green check mark. Š Select the Filter button as shown.TUTORIAL #31 REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS Figure: 17. Š In the Toolpath Type page.2 Select a 1/8" Flat endmill from the library and set the Tool parameters Š Select Tool from the Tree view list. Figure: 17. the Contour icon will be selected.2 NOTE: Mastercam updates the pages as you modify them and then marks them.1. Page|3-36 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .1 Š Select the OK button to exit Chaining. Š Select the None button and then under Tool Types choose the Flat Endmill Icon. Pages that are not changed are marked with a red circle and slash.125. 17. in the Tree view list.

1 Š Select the OK button to exit the Tool List Filter.REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS TUTORIAL #31 Figure: 17. Figure: 17.2 Š Select the 1/8" Flat Endmill in the Tool Selection page and then select the OK button to exit.2. Š Make all the necessary changes as shown. Š In the Tool Selection dialog box you should only see a 1/8" Flat Endmill. Figure: 17.3 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-37 .2.2.

1 Page|3-38 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Figure: 17.3 Cut Parameters Š From the Tree view list. Figure: 17.4. select the Depth Cuts Parameters.4 Depth Cuts Š From the Tree view list.TUTORIAL #31 REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS 17. Enable Depth cuts and input a Max rough step of 0. 17.3. select Cut Parameters and ensure the settings appear as shown.05 as well enable the option to Keep tool down.1 For more information regarding these parameters please see page 36 in Tutorial #2.

Figure: 17.5 Lead In/Out Š Select Lead In/Out from the Tree view list.6 Break Through Š From the Tree view list.5. Figure: 17.1 17. Select the copy button to copy the parameters from the entry to the exit options. Disable the option to enter/exit at midpoint in closed contours.1 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-39 .REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS TUTORIAL #31 17. select Break Through and make the necessary changes. Enable the option to Adjust start of contour input a length of 100% and choose the option Extend.0%.6. Enter an arc radius value of 0.

7.TUTORIAL #31 REMACHINE THE POCKET CORNERS 17. Figure: 17.1 Š Once complete pick the OK button to generate the toolpath. Page|3-40 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Š To Backplot and Verify your toolpath see page 33 to review these procedures.7 Linking Parameters Š Select Linking Parameters and input the Depth as shown.

Mastercam calculates an entry arc before approaching the perimeter and then a similar exit arc. You can add enhancements such as multiple passes. After milling the center of the circle.1. multiple depth cuts and helical plunge moves as well fine tuning the entry and exit arcs.1 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-41 . Mastercam will pocket out a circular area of the diameter and to the depth that you specify. Toolpath Preview: Toolpaths Š Circle Paths Š Circle Mill 18. Figure: 18.CIRCLE MILL THE LARGE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 STEP 18: CIRCLE MILL THE LARGE HOLE Circle mill toolpath is used to mill circular pockets based on a single point.1 Select the Geometry Š When the Drill Point Selection dialog box appears choose Entities.

NOTE: Pick the 1/2" Flat Endmill from the tool page to use the tool for this toolpath.2.1. Figure: 18. Figure: 18.2 Š Choose the OK button once the arc has been selected. Š On the Toolpath Type page Circle Mill will be picked. Page|3-42 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #31 CIRCLE MILL THE LARGE HOLE Š Select the arc.3 18.2 Select the 1/2" Tool Figure: 18.1.1.

1 Roughing select to activate roughing passes and apply a step-over amount and helical entry move to your circle mill toolpath.3.3 Cut Parameters Š From the tree view list select Cut Parameters ensure the parameters appear the same.1 Start Angle sets the angle where the helix bore toolpath begins.CIRCLE MILL THE LARGE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 18. Helical entry creates a helix at the center of the circle to begin the roughing motion.4. Figure: 18. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-43 . If this option is off the helix is turned into linear segments. Use this option to create shorter NC files. Figure: 18.4 Roughing Š Enable Roughing and ensure your parameters appear as shown. 18. Output arc moves writes the entry helix to the NCI file as arcs.

6.1 Page|3-44 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .5.1. Input a Break through amount of 0.TUTORIAL #31 CIRCLE MILL THE LARGE HOLE 18. The depth cuts will only be applied to the roughing portion of the toolpath. Figure: 18.6 Break Through Š Select Break Through from the Tree view list and enable the option.25 and enable keep tool down. Input a Max rough step of 0.5 Depth Cuts Š Choose Depth Cuts from the tree view list. Figure: 18.1 18.

7 Linking Parameters Š Select Linking Parameters from the Tree view list.1 Š Select the OK button to exit the Circle Mill Parameters.7. Figure: 18. STEP 19: SPOT DRILL THE HOLE Spot Drilling the holes allows you to start the hole. Š To Backplot and Verify your toolpath see page 33 to review these procedures.75. Toolpath Preview: Toolpaths Š Drill Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-45 . Set the depth to -0.SPOT DRILL THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 18. In this operation we will use the spot drill to chamfer the hole before drilling it.

the Drill toolpath will be selected.0.3 Page|3-46 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .0.2 Š Select the OK button in the Drill Point Selection dialog box once you have picked the arc.TUTORIAL #31 SPOT DRILL THE HOLE Š In the Drill Point Selection dialog box choose the option Entities. Figure: 19.1 Š Select the small arc. Figure: 19. Figure: 19. Š In the Toolpath Type page.0.

SPOT DRILL THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 19. Š To be able to see just the spot drill select the filter button. Figure: 19. Š From that list select the 1/2" Spot Drill. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-47 . Š Click on Select library tool button. Š Under Tool Types select the None button and then choose the Spot Drill Icon.2 Š Select the tool in the Tool Selection page and then select the OK button to exit.1 Select a 1/2" Spot Drill from the library and set the Tool parameters Š Select Tool from the Tree view list. Figure: 19.1. Š At this point you should only see Spot Drills.1.1 Š Select OK button to exit the Tool List Filter dialog box.

1.2. Dwell sets the amount of time in seconds that the tool remains at the bottom of a drilled hole. Figure: 19. Page|3-48 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #31 SPOT DRILL THE HOLE Š Make the necessary changes to the Tool page.3 19.2 Cut Parameters Š Select Cut Parameters and make the necessary changes.1 Drill/Counterbore recommended for drilling holes with depths of less than three times the tools diameter. Figure: 19.

1 Š Select the OK button to exit the Depth Calculator. Figure: 19. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-49 . Š You will now see the depth we calculated for the spot drilling operation set in the Depth field.05 and hit Enter to calculate the Depth.25+0. 0. Š To Backplot and Verify your toolpath see page 33 to review these procedures.SPOT DRILL THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 19.3.2 Š Select the OK button to exit the Drill/Counterbore parameters. ensure clearance is enabled and set the Top of stock to zero. Figure: 19. Š To input the depth select the Calculator icon . Š Input the following equation in the Finish diameter area.3.3 Linking Parameters Š Choose Linking Parameters.

Figure: 20. Page|3-50 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #31 STEP 20: DRILL THE HOLE DRILL THE HOLE In this example we will drill the holes to a specified depth.1 Š This option will automatically select the hole for you based off the selection from the previous drill operation.0. Toolpath Preview: Toolpaths Š Drill Š In the Drill Point Selection dialog box choose the option Last. Š Select the OK button in the Drill Point Selection dialog box to accept the drill point.

Figure: 20. Š From that list.1. Š At this point you should see a list of drills. For the Tool Diameter select Ignore. Figure: 20.1 Š Select OK button to exit the Tool List Filter dialog box. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-51 .2 20.DRILL THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 Š In the Toolpath Type page. Š To be able to see just the Spot Drill select the Filter button.2 Š Select the tool in the Tool Selection page and then choose the OK button to exit.0. select the NO. Š Under Tool Types select the None button and then choose the drill Icon. the Drill toolpath will be selected.1 Select a #7 Drill from the library and set the Tool parameters Š Select Tool from the Tree view list. Š Click on Select library tool button.1. 7 Drill as shown. Figure: 20.

change the drill cycle to Chip Break and input a 1st peck value of 0.1. Figure: 20. Retracts partially out of the drilled hole to break material chips. Page|3-52 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .3 20.2.1.TUTORIAL #31 DRILL THE HOLE Š Make the necessary changes to the Tool page. 1st peck sets the depth for the first peck move which plunges in and out of the material to clear and break chips.1 Chip Break drills holes with depths of more than three times the tool diameter. Figure: 20.2 Cut Parameters Š Select Cut Parameters.

75. Figure: 20.1. Š To Backplot and Verify your toolpath see page 33 to review these procedures. Figure: 20.3.1 Š Select the OK button to exit the Drill/Counterbore parameters. Input a Break through amount of 0.4 Tip Comp Š Pick Tip Comp and enable this option.DRILL THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 20.4.3 Linking Parameters Š Choose Linking Parameters and input a depth value of -0.1 20. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-53 .

TUTORIAL #31 STEP 21: TAP THE HOLE TAP THE HOLE Tap cycle Taps right or left internal threaded holes.1 Š This option will automatically select the hole for you based off the selection from the previous drill operation. Page|3-54 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Toolpath Preview: Toolpaths Š Drill Š In the Drill Point Selection dialog box choose the option Last. Š Select the OK button in the Drill Point Selection dialog box to accept the drill point.0. Figure: 21.

Š Click on Select library tool button.1 Select a 1/4 .20 RH Tap from the library and set the Tool parameters Š Select Tool from the Tree view list.0. Š At this point you should see a list full of taps. Š From that list select the 1/4 .2 21. Š Under Tool Types select the None button and then choose the Tap RH Icon. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-55 .2 Š Select the tool in the Tool Selection page and then choose the OK button to exit.20 Tap RH. Figure: 21. Under Tool Diameter select Ignore. the Drill toolpath will be selected.1. Figure: 21.TAP THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 Š In the Toolpath Type page. Š To be able to see just the spot drill select the filter button.1. Figure: 21.1 Š Select OK button to exit the Tool List Filter dialog box.

3 21.1 Tap Cycle Taps right or left internal threaded holes. Figure: 21.1. Figure: 21.TUTORIAL #31 TAP THE HOLE Š Make the necessary changes to the Tool page. Page|3-56 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .2 Cut Parameters Š Select Cut Parameters. change the drill cycle to Tap.2.

4 Tip Comp Š Pick Tip Comp and enable this option.1 Š Select the OK button to exit the Drill/Counterbore parameters.3.4.1 21. Figure: 21.3 Linking Parameters Š Choose Linking Parameters and input a depth value of -0. Input a Break through amount of 0. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-57 . Figure: 21.1. Š To Backplot and Verify your toolpath see page 33 to review these procedures.75.TAP THE HOLE TUTORIAL #31 21.

Š Setup Sheet: Page|3-58 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .TUTORIAL #31 SUGGESTED FIXTURE: TOOLPATH CREATION SUGGESTED FIXTURE: NOTE: In order to machine this part we will have 2 setups and output 2 NC files.

1. Figure: 22.1 Š Right mouse click on the toolpath group and select Edit selected operations and then.CREATING AND RENAMING TOOLPATH GROUPS TUTORIAL #31 STEP 22: CREATING AND RENAMING TOOLPATH GROUPS To machine the part in two different setups. Figure: 22. we will create them under different toolpath groups with different NC names.1. To be able to post process separately the operations of each setup. select Change NC file name.1.3 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-59 .1 to highlight it and rename it "Setup #1.2 Š Enter the new NC name: Setup #1. 22. we will need to have two separate programs." Figure: 22.1 and NC file Š Click two times on the Toolpath Group .1 Rename the current Toolpath Group .

Š Right mouse click on the Setup #1 and hold the mouse button down. A message will pop up asking you if you want to delete the toolpaths. Select Yes from this message. Š Create a new Toolpath Group. it does not clean out an enclosed area.4 STEP 23: CONTOUR TOOLPATH Contour toolpath removes material along a path defined by a chain of curves. Figure: 22. A Contour toolpath only follows a chain. Rename the toolpath group "Setup #2". This will create a new toolpath group and copy the toolpaths below.1. Drag the cursor below the insert arrow and select Copy After.TUTORIAL #31 CONTOUR TOOLPATH Š Select the OK button to accept the new NC name. At this time with the toolpaths selected press delete on your keyboard. Toolpath Preview: Toolpaths Š Contour Page|3-60 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .

the Contour toolpath will be selected. Figure: 23. Figure: 23.2 Š Select the OK button to exit the chaining dialog box.0.CONTOUR TOOLPATH TUTORIAL #31 Š Leave the default settings in the Chaining dialog box as shown.3 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-61 .1 Š Select the chain and ensure the chaining direction is the same. Figure: 23. Š In the Toolpath Type page.0.0.

Š Scroll down and select the 1.1 Pick a 1. Š Click on Select library tool button. Š Make all the necessary changes.2 Page|3-62 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .0" Flat Endmill.1. Figure: 23. Figure: 23.1.TUTORIAL #31 CONTOUR TOOLPATH 23. Š To be able to see all the tools from the library disable Filter Active.1 Š Select the tool in the Tool Selection page and then select the OK button to exit.0" Flat endmill from the library and set the Tool parameters Š Select Tool from the Tree view list.

Figure: 23.1 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-63 .3 Depth Cuts Š Select Depth Cuts and enable it.2.1 Roll cutter around corners inserts arc moves around corners in the toolpath None guarantees all sharp corners Sharp rolls the tool around sharp corners (135 degrees or less) All rolls the tool around all corners and creates smooth tool movement.5 and enable Keep tool down. Input a Max rough step of 0.2 Cut Parameters Š Select the Cut Parameters page and make the necessary changes. 23. Figure: 23.3.CONTOUR TOOLPATH TUTORIAL #31 23.

05.TUTORIAL #31 CONTOUR TOOLPATH 23.1 Page|3-64 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .4 Lead In/Out Š Choose the option Lead In/Out and input an Overlap value of 0.4. Š Make any other necessary changes. Figure: 23.

02" finish pass.5 Multi Passes Š Select Multi Passes.CONTOUR TOOLPATH TUTORIAL #31 23.02.1 and number of Finish passes to 1 with Spacing of 0. Š Enable the option to Machine finish passes at the Final depth. enable the option. This will have the system make a rough pass and then proceed with a 0.1 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-65 . Set the Number of Rough passes to 1 with Spacing of 0. Figure: 23.5.

Figure: 23.6 Linking Parameters Š Select the Linking Parameters from the Tree view list. Page|3-66 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .75. Set the Depth to -0. Š To Backplot and Verify your toolpath see page 33 to review these procedures.TUTORIAL #31 CONTOUR TOOLPATH 23.1 Š Select OK exit the Contour parameters.6.

NC in the last item of text for operation #7. Figure: 24. choose the option Edit selected operations and then pick Change NC file name.RENAME NC FILE TUTORIAL #31 STEP 24: RENAME NC FILE The contour operation in Setup #2 kept the NC name from Setup #1. Š Right Click on Operation #7. Figure: 24.1 Š When the Enter new NC name dialog box appears select "Setup #2".0.2 Š Select the OK button apply the changed NC name to operation #7.3 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-67 . Š The result you should see Setup #2. We need to rename this operation. Figure: 24.0.0.

Š Select the Post selected operations button from the Operations Manager.0. Edit enabled allows you to automatically launch the default editor. Page|3-68 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Š Select the OK button to save Setup #2 NC file. Š In the Post processing window make the necessary changes. Š Select the OK button to continue.1 in NC File enabled allows you to keep the NC file and to assign the same name as the MCX file. Figure: 25. if they are not use the button Select all operations the Operations Manager.TUTORIAL #31 STEP 25: POST THE FILE POST THE FILE Š Ensure all operations are selected. Š Select the OK button to save Setup #1 NC file.

3 Š Select the red "X" box at the upper right corner to exit the editor.0.0. Figure: 25.SAVE THE UPDATED MCX FILE TUTORIAL #31 Š A window with both NC programs will appear. Figure: 25. STEP 26: SAVE THE UPDATED MCX FILE Š Select the Save icon . Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-69 .2 Š To view the two files as shown in the graphic above select window and pick Tile Horizontal.

TUTORIAL #31 Page|3-70 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .

Š Create Line Parallel. Š Create circle center point.CREATE THE GEOMETRY FOR TUTORIAL #3 EXERCISE TUTORIAL #31 CREATE THE GEOMETRY FOR TUTORIAL #3 EXERCISE Use these commands to create the geometry. Š Create fillet entities. Š Create Tangent Lines. Š Fast Point to locate arcs. Š Create 1/2 of the geometry. Š Edit Trim/Break Two Pieces. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-71 . Š Create Vertical and Horizontal lines.

Drill the 3/4" Hole. Š Use Depth Cuts. Š Choose a cutting method. Š Disable Lead In/Out. Š Choose a 3/4" Drill. Machine the Pocket. Š Enable finishing and set the necessary parameters. Š Entry Motion set to Off. Š Use Depth Cuts. Š Entry Motion set to Off. Š Set the Pocket type to Standard. Š Input a Depth according to the drawing. Š Disable Lead In/Out. Š Enable finishing and set the necessary parameters. Š Use a 1/4" Flat Endmill. Š Set the Pocket type to Open. Š Enable Tip Comp. Set the machine properties including the stock setup. Š Set the Depth according to the drawing. Š Set the Cycle to Drill/Counterbore. Š The cutting method will be set to Open. Š Remove the material in the open pocket.TUTORIAL #31 CREATE THE TOOLPATHS FOR TUTORIAL #3 EXERCISE CREATE THE TOOLPATHS FOR TUTORIAL #3 EXERCISE Create the Toolpaths for Tutorial #3 Exercise as per the instructions below. Š Use a 1/2" Flat Endmill. Š Disable Break through. Š Enable Break through. Page|3-72 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial . Š Set the Depth according to the drawing.

Š Enable and set the Lead In/Out parameters. Š Set a Break through amount. Remove the Material around the part (Contour 2D) Š Select the 1/2" Flat Endmill from the Tool page. Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-73 . Š Set the Depth according to the drawing.CREATE THE TOOLPATHS FOR TUTORIAL #3 EXERCISE TUTORIAL #31 Setup on 2nd Fixture. Š Set your compensation direction according to your chaining direction to ensure your tool is cutting on the correct side of the part. Š Enable Multi Passes and set Parameters. Š Enable Depth cuts.

TUTORIAL #31 NOTES: NOTES: Page|3-74 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .

TUTORIAL #3 QUIZ TUTORIAL #31 TUTORIAL #3 QUIZ Š What does Open Pocket cutting method do? Š What does Contour Remachine do? Š What does the Open Pocket cutting method do? Š What is the process used to be able to post different operations as different programs? Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial Page|3-75 .

TUTORIAL #31 TUTORIAL #3 QUIZ Page|3-76 Mill Level 1 Training Tutorial .

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