You are on page 1of 38

Construction of Hot Asphalt Mix

3th Year, Civil Engineering

By

Dr. Ashraf El_Shahat


Faculty of Engineering, Zagazig University

2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Lecture 1

Production of Hot Mix Asphalt


(HMA)
Dr. Ashraf El_Shahat
FAE_ZUN
2011

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Quality Control of Mix Production


Production

Placement

Compaction

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Production

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Objectives
The production of good asphalt mix
using the appropriate percent of
aggregate and asphalt to achieve the
required specifications

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Hot Asphalt Mix Plant


Continuous

Batch

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Batch versus Continuous Plants


No
1
2
3
4
5

Item
Calibration
Quality
Production
Projects
Cost

Batch
By weight
Low
Batch
Medium and Small
Low

Continuous
By volume
high
Continuous
Big
High

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Batch Plant
Asphalt
Cold Belt

Cold Bins

Mixing

Dryer
Flame
Hot Belt

Silo
FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Production

Fine Agg.

Bin 3

Bin 2

Bin 1

( 3/4

( 3/8

3/8 )

No.10 )

( Finer
No.10)

Coarse Agg.

FAE_ZUN
23/2/2011

HMA Production

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Batch Plant (Cold Bins)

FAE_ZUN
23/2/2011

HMA Production

Batch Plant (Dryer)

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Batch Plant (Dryer)

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Batch Plant
Hot Bins

Mixing Chamber

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Sieves

Sieve 1
Sieve 3/8
Sieve No 10
Sieve No 40

Aggregate
Weighting

Over Size

FAE_ZUN

Bin 1 Bin 2 Bin 3 Bin 4

HBin 1

HBin 2

23/2/2011

HBin 3

HBin 4

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Mixing
Unit

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Control Unite

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Continuous Plant
Asphalt
Cold Bins

Flame
Dryer

Silo

Conveying Belts

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Continuous Plant
Aggregates

HMA Production

23/2/2011
FAE_ZUN

10

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Continuous Plant

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Continuous Plant (Temperature)

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

11

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Lecture 2

Quality Control of
HMA Production
Dr. Ashraf El_Shahat
FAE_ZUN
2011

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Objectives
The production of good asphalt mix
using the appropriate percent of
aggregate and asphalt to achieve the
required specifications

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

12

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Production

Fine Agg.

Bin 3

Bin 2

Bin 1

( 3/4

( 3/8

3/8 )

No.10 )

( Finer
No.10)

Coarse Agg.

FAE_ZUN
23/2/2011

HMA Production

Blending of Aggregates
B.No.1
65%
Sieve No. Av. 0.65
1.5
100
65
1
100
65

100
65

88
57
3/8
74
48
No. 4
49
32
29
19
No. 10
11
7
No. 40
No. 80
7
5
N0. 200
6
4

B. No.2
25%
Av. 0.25
100
25
100
25
100
25
100
25
100
25
100
25
56
14
19
5
12
3
9
2

B.No.3
10%
Av.
0.1
100
10
100
10
100
10
100
10
100
10
100
10
100
10
100
10
68
7
7
1

Combined
Aggregates

Specs (4C)

100
100
100
92
83
67
43
22
15
7

100
100
100
80 - 100
72 - 90
52 - 72
35 - 55
12 - 30
7 - 18
2-8

HMA Production

23/2/2011

13

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Quality Control

Dryer (Gradation , Temperature)


Storage (Cold, Hot)
Sieves (Size)
Asphalt.
Mixing (Temperature, Time)

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Dryer

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

14

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Dryer
- -
-

FAE_ZUN

23/2/2011

HMA Production

Sieves
No of hot bins depend on the
available no of sieves inside the
plant. The sketch show that
there are three sieves 1, 3/8
, No. 10 and No. 40
then there are three hot bins
HB1, HB2, HB3, HB4
Sieve 1
Sieve 3/8
Sieve No 10
Sieve No 40

Over Size

FAE_ZUN

23/2/2011

Bin 1 Bin 2 Bin 3 Bin 4

15

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Sieves


) (Bin
.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

HB4

HB2

HB3

FAE_ZUN

23/2/2011

HB1

HMA Production

16

Aggregate
Weighting

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Mix
Blending

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Blending of Aggregate
Sieve
Size

Inch
(65%)

3/8 Inch
(25%)

Fine Sand
(10%)

JMF

JMF
Tolr

JMF
Limits

SPECS
Limits

Inch

100

100

100

100

100

100

Inch

87.7

100

100

92

..

80-100

80-100

3/8 Inch

73.8

100

100

83

79-87

72-90

No. 4

49.4

96

100

66

62-70

52-72

No. 10

29.0

55.6

100

43

40-46

35-55

No. 40

10.5

18.8

100

22

19-25

12-30

No. 80

7.4

12

68.2

15

12-18

7-18

No. 200

5.7

8.5

7.4

4-8

2-8

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

17

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Cold
Bin

Cold
Bin

Cold
Bin

Bin 1

Bin 2

Bin 3

Minus
No10

3/8 No10

3/4 3/8

PUG
MILL
%
Passing
100

3/41/2

8%

8%

8%

8%

1/23/8

9%

9%

9%

9%

16 %

17 %

92

83

3/8No 4

17 %

17 %

1%
No 4

No10

66

13 %
23 %

23 %

23 %

10 %

43

19 %
Minus
No10

43 %

14 %

43 %

43 %

10 %
25 %

65 %

10 %

43 %

100 %

40 %

17 %

100 %

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

Example

Blending Percent is 17%, 40%, 43%


Batch Weight is 2000 kg/hr
OAC is 5.2%
Asphalt Weight = 2000* 0.052 = 104 kg
Aggregate Weight = 2000 104 = 1896 kg
%

Agg Wt

Accumulated Wt

Asphalt Wt

Bin 3

17

323

323

--

Bin 2

40

758

1081

--

Bin 1

43

815

1896

--

Asphalt

--

104

--

104

100

2000

1896

104

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

18

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Extracting Test of HMA


% Passing

JML

JMF

Sieve Size

100
92.4

100
80-100

100
92

3/4.
1/2.

)Bin 3 (17

83
65

79-87
62-70

83
66

3/8.
4

)Bin 2 (40

45
35
20
12

40-46
19-25
12-18
4-8

43
22
15
6

10
40
80
200

)Bin 1 (43

: ) (/ :./ ).(JMF
: ) :/ ( ).(JMF
: ))()( (
) (JMF .
FAE_ZUN

23/2/2011

HMA Production

Extracting Test of HMA


() ) (
:
= ) = * (/
) ( -:

Agg Wt

Accumulated Wt Asphalt Wt
--

323

323

17

Bin 3

--

1119

796

42

Bin 2

--

1896

777

41

Bin 1

104

--

104

--

Asphalt

104

1896

2000

100

Total

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

19

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

QA of HMA
) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( - ) (

FAE_ZUN

HMA Production

23/2/2011

? Questions -

NCAT
HMA Production

FAE_ZUN

20

23/2/2011

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Placement of
Hot Mix Asphalt
Dr. Ashraf El_Shahat
FAE_ZUN
2011

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

Placement of HMA

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

21

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

HMA Transfers

FAE_ZUN

25/2/2011

HMA Placement

HMA Transfers
) (Trucks
.
) (
.
.
:
.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

22

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

HMA Placement

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

Finisher

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

23

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Finisher

: ,-.
:
: .
:

FAE_ZUN

25/2/2011

HMA Placement

Finisher
W
V

H
)(Sin

\
:
)(
g

lm .
%

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

24

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Quality Control of HMA Placement


:
)(.
)(.
)(.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

QC of HMA Placement
Placement Continuity
g

-:


FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

25

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Placement Continuity


:
= ) (
) /(

)/(

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .

FAE_ZUN

25/2/2011

HMA Placement

Example
/
./ .
.

= ) (
= . = ( .) ./

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

26

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Placement Temperature

)(

<

FAE_ZUN

25/2/2011

<

HMA Placement


FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

27

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.


% .
/ :
)/ = ( )/ ( )(/
\ g
.\
m .
/....................................

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011


lm m-:
.

.
:

= lm = = . = . = /. lm = . = . FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

28

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.


:
= /  =  , = = = // - lm = ]). = *[/(-

25/2/2011

HMA Placement


lg \ .
./ )(IRI

> ) (,

> ./ ) (,

- ) (.- .

-./ ) (-.

- ) (-.

-/ ) (-

- ) (.-

.-/ ) (.-

< ) (.

< ./ ) (.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Placement

25/2/2011

29

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

Pavement Compaction

GOOD COMPACTION LEADS


TO GOOD PERFORMANCE

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011


.
.(Shear Strength)
.(Waterproofing)
.(Oxidation)

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

30






3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.



.

.

FAE_ZUN

26/2/2011

HMA Compaction


%
.

.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

31

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.


: .

.


FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011



)
( )(
).(Kneading Action


.


.
FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

32

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.


-


)/( )

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011


)
( .
)
(
.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

33

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.

FAE_ZUN

26/2/2011

HMA Compaction

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

34

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.


\ .

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011


l
 g
.
l g
.
.
\
\ .
FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

35

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.


)/(


FAE_ZUN

26/2/2011

-----

HMA Compaction


)
(
.
.





-
-
-/
-
-
-/
-/
-/
-
-/
-/
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
--

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

36

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.



:
:
.
:
.

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

37

3rd Year Civil Eng.

Construction of HMA.



-:
. =
= ) ( ) /
. = /
. .%

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011


? Questions -

FAE_ZUN

HMA Compaction

26/2/2011

38