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Wood

Wood

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List of Indian timber trees

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

There are over 150 species of timber which are produced in India. Following are the chief varieties of timber trees which are used for engineering purposes in India: Binomial nomenclature Characteristics, Usage and Status

Common name

Colour

Density ¹

Location

Aini or Aangili

Artocarpus hirsutus

Yellowis 595 kg/m³ h brown

Elastic, close-grained, and strong. It takes polish. It can be Maharashtra,Andhra used underwater. It is Pradesh,Tamil used for ordinary building Nadu,Karnataka, Kerala construction, structural work, paving, furniture an d so forth.

Arjun

Terminalia Dark arjunaTerminalia 870 kg/m³ brown[1] elliptica

Central India

It is heavy and strong. It has such uses as beams, rafters, and posts.

Axlewood

Anogeissus latifolia

930 kg/m³

Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra,Madhya Pradesh,Bihar, Uttar Pradesh

It is very strong, hard and tough. It takes a smooth finish. It is subject to cracking.

Babul

Acacia Whitish niloticasubsp. indi red ca

835 kg/m³

Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Bengal,Guja rat, Uttar Pradesh

It is strong, hard and tough and it takes up a good polish. It is used for such products as bodies and wheels of bullock cart, agricultural instruments, tool handles, and well curbs.

Bakul

Mimusops elengiMimusops parvifolia[2]

Reddish 880 kg/m³ brown

Some parts of North India

It is close-grained and tough. It is used for making cabinets.

Bamboo

FamilyPoaceae, tribe Bambuseae

Throughout India, especially Assamand Bengal

Not actually a tree, but a woody grass, it is flexible, very strong and durable. It is used for scaffoldings, thatched roofs, rafters, temporary

Orissa It is coarse-grained. Coconut Cocos nucifera Reddish brown Throughout coastal India Takes polish. structural work and so forth. and so forth. The aerial roots are utilized for such items as tent poles and well curbs.bridges. It may be Kerala. It is used for making cheap furniture. It is. piles. badly twisted. railway carriages. railway sleepers. Tamil Nadu It grows straight. Karnataka constructions. Deodar Cedrus deodara Yellowis 560 kg/m³ h brown Himalayas.Vulnerab le[3] Casuarina Casuarinaspp. Requires preservative treatment. Uttar Pradesh. boat building and furniture. Banyan Ficus benghalensis Brown 580 kg/m³ Throughout India It is strong and durable only under water. It is used for ordinary building construction and for cart wheels. furniture and as formwork in concrete construction. durable and strong but difficult to work. It possesses distinct annual rings. Tamil Nadu. Used as poles. Andhra Pradesh. Termites (also known as white ant) do not easily attack it. Madhya Pradesh. . It is often used for scaffolding and posts for temporary structures. Maharashtra. used for building Maharashtra. Bijasal Pterocarpus marsupium Light brown 800 kg/m³ Karnataka. packing boxes. Punjab. Reddish 765 kg/m³ brown Andhra Pradesh. however. It is strong and fibrous. Uttar Pradesh Deodar is the most important timber tree providing soft wood. It can be easily worked and it is moderately strong. Madras. Benteak Lagerstoemia parviflora 675 kg/m³ It is strong and takes up a smooth surface. Kerala.

It has been variously used for ordinary house construction. and door panels. carts. railway wagons. Endangered[4] Himalayan Elm. Maharashtra. and so forth. bridges. it can be seasoned easily and it is durable and not likely to be damaged by white ants. Kerala Hopea is extremely strong and tough. Maharashtra. Difficult to work. carriage. It is used for door and window frames. agricultural instruments. It even resists penetration of nails. Penaga Lilin. Irul. it also requires slow and careful seasoning. It is used for railway sleepers. Kerala. yokes. Orissa.Least concern[8] Jack Mangifera caesia. It is used for such products as furniture. Tamil It is compact and even grained. and railway sleepers. piles. Pyinkado Xylia xylocarpa 830– 1060 kg/m³[7] Karnataka. It is used for ordinary house construction.Gambar Gmelina arborea Pale yellow 580 kg/m³ Central India. Mesua Reddish 960– brown[5] 1060 kg/m³[6] Ironwood is durable though it is very hard and is not easily worked. and boat building. Indian Elm Ulmus wallichiana Red 960 kg/m³ Throughout India It is moderately hard and strong. . railway sleepers. Andhra Pradesh. Hopea Hopea parviflora Light to deep brown 1010 kg/m³ Madras. heavy and durable. Gangaw. well curbs. Ironwood. It is moderately strong and easy to work. South India It can be easily worked and is strong and durable especially when used under water. Tamil Nadu It is very hard. and heavy construction. It is difficult to work. Mesua ferrea Bosneak. Yellow. darkens 595 kg/m³ Karnataka. agricultural instruments. piles. paving blocks. However.

Saj Lauraceae Dark 880 kg/m³ brown[10] Karnataka. Tamil Nadu It is heavy and hard. Tamil Nadu It is strong. Lauraceae. It is most often used for cheap furniture. White ants do not attack it. boat building. railway carriages.with age Nadu. boat construction. Maharashtra. Madhya Pradesh. Bengal. door and window panels. Deep gray 560– 720 kg/m³[11] Throughout India The mango tree is well known for its fruits. Mahogany Swietenia spp.[9]Jackfr heterophyllus uit Yellow to deep brown 800 kg/m³ [9] Karnataka. Jarul Light Lagerstroemiaflos reddish -reginae gray 640 kg/m³ Assam. It is subject to cracking and attack by dry rot. Andhra Pradesh. It takes a smooth finish. Maharashtra Hard and durable. It is durable under water. it can be easily worked. Bihar. It is moderately strong. toys. Andhra Pradesh. Artocarpus Keledang. railway sleepers and structural work. It is durable under water and in damp conditions. It is most commonly used for furniture. hard and tough. boat construction. platforms of wooden bridges. door panels. cabinet making and musical instruments. however. Kathal. pattern making and cabinet work. White ants do not attack it. It is used for such purposes as house construction. It takes a good finish and is used for house construction. It has many uses including plain furniture. It is easy to work and it maintains its shape well. it cracks if exposed to direct sun. Reddish 720 kg/m³ brown It takes a good polish and is easily worked. Kerala. Mango Mangiferaspp. . well curbs. It is used for piles. cart making and scaffolding. Orissa. Kerala It takes a good finish and maintains its shape well. Kerala.

It is used for furniture. Palm Arecaceae Dark brown 1040 kg/m³ Throughout India It contains ripe wood in the outer crust. and for paving material. It is strong. White pine is light and straight grained and is used in the manufacture of matches. Pine Pinus spp. The colour of this ripened wood is dark brown. It takes up a clean finish. It is used for pattern making. Oak Quercus spp. It is used for preparing sporting goods. Pine wood is hard and tough except white pine which is soft. It is turned and carved easily. Nagpur It is soft and even grained. cabinet work. Karnataka. with straight silvery grain. tough and elastic. rafters and joists. It maintains its shape well .packing boxes. door panels and well curbs. tough and close-grained. It is a handsome wood that takes up a high polish. It is heavy and coarse grained. Red cedar Red [1] 480 kg/m³ Assam. Rosewood Dalbergia latifolia Dark [1] 850 kg/m³ [12] Kerala. tennis rackets and cricket bats. Yellowis 865 kg/m³ h brown Oak is strong and durable. It decays easily if it comes into contact with soil. It can be well seasoned. Palm is used for furniture. It is strong. Maharashtra. durable and fibrous. Brown 650 kg/m³ Punjab It is strong. Tamil Nadu. panels for doors and for windows. Mulberry Morus spp. Mulberry is typically used for baskets and sports goods like hockey sticks. frames for doors and windows. Madhya Pradesh. roof covering.

Sandalwood Santalum spp. and bridges. It is . White or 930 kg/m³ Red It has a pleasant smell. Siris Albizia spp. this wood is strong and tough. It is durable Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh. Vulnerable[13] Sal Shorea robusta Brown[1] 880– 1050 kg/m³[14] It is hard. It is difficult to work but it takes a fine polish. ornamental carvings and so forth. and mallets. fibrous and close-grained. It is used for furniture and other ornamental works. Orissa It is used for railway sleepers. Dark brown North India Hard and durable. under ground and water. Maharashtra. posts. Tamil Nadu. beams. Bengal. It Karnataka. Uttar Pradesh. Bihar. and for cheap furniture. and furniture. Maharashtra. It is used for furniture of superior quality. shipbuilding. wheels. It does not take up a good polish. Bengal well curbs. Assam. White 450 kg/m³ All over India It is a loose grained. the match industry. is commonly used for Kerala. Nagpur. Light in weight. Assam. It can be easily seasoned. It is used for well curbs in salty water. Vulnerable[15] Satinwood Chloroxylon swietenia Yellow[1 6] 960 kg/m³ Central and Southern India It is very hard and durable. Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo Dark 770 kg/m³ brown[1] Mysore. well curbs. Andhra requires slow and careful Pradesh. It is close grained. Orissa Also known as shisham or tali. It is durable and handsome and it maintains its shape well. cabinet work. it is used for packing cases. inferior quality wood. It Karnataka. agricultural instruments.Orrissa and is available in large sizes. Siris wood is difficult to work. seasoning. Vulnerable[17] Simul Bombax spp.

Spruce Picea spp. and carriage shafts. sport goods. It is among the most valuable timber trees of the world and its use is limited to superior work only. Teak Tectona grandis Deep yellow 639 kg/m³[19] to dark brown[18] Central India and Southern India Moderately hard. tool handles. 480 kg/m³ Spruce wood resists decay and is not affected by the attack of marine borers. Its development is very slow but it ultimately forms a massive appearance.used for high quality furniture. It is elastic and close grained. poles. twist and warp. It is a beautiful tree for avenue and gardens. It can be easily seasoned and worked. teak is durable and fire-resistant. These qualities make it suited for such uses as boat building. It is used for piles under water and (formerly) for aeroplane construction. It is however liable to shrink. bridge piles. It is strong and durable. carts and brick burning. Tamarind Tamarindus indica Dark brown 1280 kg/m³[citat ion needed] All over India Tamarind is knotty and durable. well curbs. It is used for agricultural instruments. . It takes up a good polish and is not attacked by white ants and dry rot. sugar mills. It does not corrode iron fastenings and it shrinks little. It is a very good material for decorative works and carvings. piles. Its fruit is also very useful. Sundri Heritiera fomes Dark red 960 kg/m³ Bengal It is hard and tough. plywoods. railway sleepers and so forth. It is difficult to season and work.

Toon. ¹ After seasoning at 12% moisture content  Flora of Madhya Pradesh Indian Mangrove                           Caucasian Maple Himalayan Maple Singkrang Lobed-leaf Alangium Sage Leaved Alangium Wild Mango Netted Custard Apple Sugar Apple Mango Kakkar Brazilian Pepper Cashew Chironji Tree Indian Ash Tree Ylang Ylang Ashok Batino Crape Jasmine Mexican Oleander Woolly Dyeing Rosebay Frangipani pink Frangipani red Nag Kuda Madagascar Palm White Frangipani Common White Frangipani . It is used for such products as furniture. It is light in weight. Red Cedar[20] Toona ciliata Reddish brown or 450 kg/m³[20] dull red[1] Assam It can be easily worked. cabinet making and door panels. packing boxes.

                                    Devil Tree Sea Mango Indrajao Peacock Chaste Tree Chaste Tree Tree of Life Asian Bushbeech Parrot's Beak Teak West Indian Elm East-Indian Screw Tree Looking Glass Mangrove Bothi Scarlet Sterculia Pale Sterculia Buddha Coconut Java Olive Spotted Sterculia Large Leaf Looking Glass Tree Guest Tree Kanak Champa Fiddlewood Arni Gamhar Wild Tamarind Moulmein Rosewood Pongam Tree Badminton Ball Tree Tree Bean Jerusalem Thorn Jhand Algaroba Prickly Padauk White Locust Tree Rain Tree Agati .

                  Common Sesban Tipu Tree Sweet Chestnut Woolly Leaved Oak Blackjack Oak Governor's Plum Coffee Plum Mountain Sweet Thorn Chhal Mogra Fried Egg Tree Dandal Ginkgo Himalayan Tree Hydrangea Pisa Nelthare Indian Bay Leaf Cinnamon Meda .

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