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Improve your punctuation in english

Improve your punctuation in english

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Published by MIkey Black
manual de imbunatatire a punctuatiei in limba engleza
manual de imbunatatire a punctuatiei in limba engleza

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: MIkey Black on Feb 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/06/2013

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The comma was introduced into English in the sixteenth

century and plays a very important part in punctuation.

However, it must not be used instead of a full stop. If you

write a sentence with two main clauses separated by a

comma, it is wrong. Either put a full stop between them or

use a conjunction to link them.

My name is Bob, I live in London.

VARYING YOUR SENTENCES / 55

This is wrong. It should be:

My name is Bob. I live in London.

or

My name is Bob and I live in London.

The two clauses could also be separated by a semicolon.

There will be more about this later.

My name is Bob; I live in London.

Using commas

Commas can be used for the following purposes:

◆ To separate items in a list. Remember there must be

‘and’ before the last one.

I bought some pens, a pencil, a file, a pad, a ruler and an

eraser.

◆ To separate a list of main clauses.

Jack was doing his homework, his sister was practising the

piano, their father was reading the paper and the baby was

crying.

◆ To separate the subordinate clause from the main clause

when starting the sentence with a subordinating con-

junction.

Because she was ill, she stayed at home.

56 / IMPROVE YOUR PUNCTUATION & GRAMMAR

◆ To separate a subordinate clause in the middle of a main

clause.

The dog, who was barking loudly, strained at his leash.

◆ After a participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence.

Looking out of the window, she realised it was raining.

◆ To separate phrases in the middle of a main clause.

The girl, tall and elegant, stepped into her car.

There will be more about commas in the chapter on

dialogue.

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