Quadratic Functions

• Quadratic functions (parabolas) have the following form:

The lowest or highest point on a quadratic graph is called the vertex.

• •

The x-coordinate of the vertex occurs at This vertical line also forms the axis of symmetry of the graph, which means that if the graph were folded along its axis, the left and right sides of the graph would coincide.

In graphs of the form

if a > 0, then the graph opens up.

If a < 0, then the graph opens down.

This horizontal line also forms the axis of symmetry of the graph. can be written as • The vertex occurs at the point (h. which means that if the graph were folded along its axis.• By completing the square. The y-coordinate of the vertex occurs at . quadratic functions can also be horizontally symmetric • • The furthest point to the left on this graph is called the vertex. the form . if a > 0. k) and the axis of symmetry is the line x = h. • In graphs of the form if a < 0 then the graph opens to the left. the top and bottom parts of the graph would coincide. then the graph opens to the right and .

Example: 1 Evaluate the quadratic function F(x) = 2x2-5x +3 Solution: The given function F(x) = 2x2-5x +3 Where a= 2. b = -5 and c = 3 To graph the quadratic function.5 (1) +3 = 0 Points (1.1(2) + 2 = 8 Points (2.25) + 3 = 3. f(1.125) Example 2: Evaluate the quadratic function F(x) = 2x2 – x + 2 Solution: The given function F(x) =2 x2.25 + 3 = -0.25. b = -1 and c = 2 To graph the quadratic function.25)2 -5(1.1(0) + 2 = 2 Points (0.125 Vertex (1.5(0) + 3 = 3 Points (0. -0.x +2 Where a= 2.25) = 2(1.25 Plug x = 1.2) 2 Plug x = 2 f(2) = 2(2) .8) .1) To Find vertex x = -.> x =1.0) 2 Plug x = 2 f(2) = 2(2) .5 (2) +3 = 1 Points (2. Plug x = 0 f(0) = 2(0)2 . Plug x = 0 f(0) = 2(0)2.3) 2 Plug x = 1 f(1) = 2(1) .125 – 6.25 in function.

5) x = --.25)2 -1(0.25 Plug x = 0.875 Vertex (0.25 in function.875) .125 – 0.25+ 2 = 1. f(0.167.> x = 0. 1.25) = 2(0.1(-1) + 2= 5 To Find vertex Points (-1.Plug x = -1 f(-1) = 2(-1)2 .25) + 2 = 0.

If the projectile reached a maximum height of 100 feet when t = 3. where p and q are positive constants. in feet. q). p) and (1. Its height after t seconds is given by the function .Practice Questions 1) The graph of and the graph of the line k intersect at (0. then what was the height. of the projectile when t = 4 ? (A) 62 (B) 70 (C) 85 (D) 89 (E) 90 3) Determine which of the graph represents a quadratic function. Which one of the following is the smallest possible slope of line k ? (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) 2) At time t = 0. a projectile was fired upward from an initial height of 10 feet. .

0.2x + 1 B) y = x2 .5) C) Vertex (2.x2 . 0.33. 0. 0.x2 + 2x + 1 5) Evaluate the quadratic function F(x) = 3x2 –2 x +1 A) Vertex (0.7) D) Vertex (3.3.8) .2x + 1 C) y = x2 + 2x + 1 D) y = .667) B) Vertex (1.A) Graph 1 and Graph 4 only B) Graph 1 only C) Graph 1 and Graph 4 only D) Graph 4 only 4) Which quadratic function best represents the graph? A) y = .33.

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