# To find unknown sides

:

To find unknown angles :

a b c   sin A sin B sin C
SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES 1.2 Use Sine Rule to find the unknown sides or angles of a triangle.

sin A sin B sin C   a b c

Task 1 : Find the unknown sides of a triangle when two of its angles and one of the corresponding sides are known. (1) Diagram 1 shows the triangle ABC. Answer :

BC 8 .2  0 sin 75 sin 400
BC 
Diagram 1

8.2  sin 750 sin 400

Using the scientific calculator, BC = 12.32 cm

Calculate the length of BC. (2) Diagram 2 shows the triangle PQR

Diagram 2

Calculate the length of PQ. (3) Diagram 3 shows the triangle DEF. D 15 cm 600 E 350 16’ Diagram 3 F

[ 8.794 cm ]

Calculate the length of DE.

[ 10.00 cm ]

(4) Diagram 4 shows the triangle KLM. L K 420 0 63 15 cm Diagram 4 M Calculate the length of KM.
[ 11.26 cm ]

Solutions of Triangles

1

(5) Diagram 5 shows the triangle ABC.

ABC  180 0  40 0  75 0  65 0

AC 8 .2  0 sin 65 sin 40 0 BC 
Diagram 5

8 .2  sin 65 0 0 sin 40

Using the scientific calculator, Calculate the length of AC. AC = 11.56 cm (6) Diagram 6 shows the triangle PQR

Diagram 6

Calculate the length of PR.
[ 6.527 cm ]

(7) Diagram 7 shows the triangle DEF. D 15 cm 600 E 350 16’ Diagram 7 F

Calculate the length of EF.

[ 17.25 cm ]

(8) Diagram 8 shows the triangle KLM. L K 420 0 63 15 cm Diagram 8 M Calculate the length of KL.

[ 16.26 cm ]

Solutions of Triangles

2

7. [ 3.00 cm (10) Diagram 10 shows the triangle ABC. Calculate the length of BC.Task 2 : Find the unknown sides of a triangle when two of its angles and the side not corresponding to the angles are known.2  0 sin 47 sin 550 BC  11. [ 5. D 720 E 5.810 cm ] (12) Diagram 12 shows the triangle DEF.9996 cm or 10. Diagram 10 Calculate the length of AC.517 cm ] (11) Diagram 11 shows the triangle PQR. BC = 9.6 cm 510 F Diagram 12 Calculate the length of DE.189 cm ] Solutions of Triangles 3 . (9) Diagram 9 shows the triangle ABC. Answer : ABC  1800  47 0  780  550 BC 11.2  sin 47 0 0 sin 55 Diagram 9 Using scientific calculator. [ 4.2 cm P 28 0 250 R Diagram 11 Q Calculate the length of PQ.

[ 11.5774 C  35. D 3. Answer : A 10 cm 600 B Diagram 1 C 15 cm sin C sin 60 0  10 15 sin C  10 sin 60 0 15 Find ACB. 0 R Diagram 4 [ 36.110 ] Solutions of Triangles 4 .Task 3 : Find the unknown angles of a triangle when two sides and a non-included angle are given.360 ] (3) Diagram 3 shows the triangle DEF.090 ] 12. 13 cm P 10 cm 130 Q Find QPR. sin C  0.5 cm Diagram 3 F (4) Diagram 4 shows the triangle PQR. (1) Diagram 1 shows the triangle ABC.5 cm 430 24’ E Find DFE.5774 C  sin 1 0.270 L (2) Diagram 2 shows the triangle KLM 15 cm K 9 cm 500 Diagram 2 M Find KLM [ 27.

3 cm R 55 0 7.150 ] Solutions of Triangles 5 .6041 A  sin 1 0.(5) Diagram 5 shows the triangle ABC. D 6. [ 138.84 0 ABC  1800  1100  37.6041 A  37. K 4. sin A  0. P 12.7 cm Find PQR. 340 E 4.16 0 (6) Diagram 6 shows the triangle KLM.7 cm F Find DFE. Q Diagram 8 [ 94.640 ] (7) Diagram 7 shows the triangle DEF.460 ] (8) Diagram 8 shows the triangle PQR.8 cm M Find KLM.2 cm L Diagram 6 250 2.160  32.4 cm Diagram 7 [ 124. A 14 cm Answer : 1100 Diagram 5 C 9 cm B sin A sin 110 0  9 14 9 sin 110 0 sin A  14 Find ABC.

9362 Given that ACB is an obtuse angle.580 B  1800  110. C  110.42 0 sin 37 0 AC  AC = 8.420 AC sin 32. find the length of AC.42 0  9 sin 37 0 9 sin 32. [ 2.9362 C  sin 1 0. (1) Diagram 1 shows the triangle ABC.952 cm ] Solutions of Triangles 6 .580  370  32. Answer : A 370 14 cm B Diagram 1 C 9 cm sin C sin 37 0  14 9 14 sin 37 0 sin C  9 sin C  0.018 cm (2) Diagram 2 shows the triangle KLM 9 cm K 7 cm M Diagram 2 40 0 L Given that KLM is an obtuse angle. find the length of ML.Task 4 : Find the unknown side of a triangle when two sides and a non-included angle are given.

[ 9. 460 R [ 2. find the length of DE.3 cm Diagram 5 9.2 cm M Given that KLM is an angle in the second quadrant of the cartesian plane. [ 5.5 cm P 6.(3) Diagram 3 shows the triangle DEF. D 8 cm 420 E 11 cm F Diagram 3 Given that the value of EDF is greater than 900. find the length of QR.9 cm Diagram 4 Q Given that PQR is an angle in the second quadrant of the cartesian plane. 8. find the length of KL.707 cm ] (5) Diagram 5 shows the triangle KLM. K 23 0 L 17.686 cm ] Solutions of Triangles 7 .040 cm ] (4) Diagram 4 shows the triangle PQR.

Solutions of Triangles 8 .

[ 9.475 ] (3) Diagram 3 shows a triangle with sides 5 cm .3) cos 67 0  PRQ = 67 .SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES 2. P x cm Q 12.3 cm 670 16. (1) Diagram 1 shows the triangle PQR such Solution : that PR =12.4 cm = 262.3 cm . [ 7.2 Use Cosine Rule to find the unknown sides or angles of a triangle.3 2  2(16. a = b + c – 2bc cos A b2 = a2 + c2 – 2ac cos B c2 = a2 + b2 – 2ab cos C 2 2 2 b2  c2  a2 cos A  2bc 2 a  c2  b2 cos B  2ac 2 a  b2  c2 cos C  2ab Task 1 : Find the unknown side of a triangle when two sides and an included angle are given.1 x  262. 13 cm and an included angle 43 .4 2  12.21 R Diagram 1 Find the value of x.61 x  16. QR =16. 5 cm 430 E 13 cm Diagram 3 x cm Find the value of x .4 cm and x 2  16. R x cm 750 P 5 cm 5cm Q 7 cm Diagram 2 Find the value of x. (2) Diagram 2 shows the triangle PQR such that PQ =7 cm.946 ] Solutions of Triangles 8 .4)(12. QR =5 cm and  PQR = 75 .

302 cm ] (7) Diagram 7 shows a triangle with sides 6. [ 4. 10.656 ] Solutions of Triangles 9 . [ 5. R 2. 7 cm C A 0 53 6.23 cm 750 31’ P 5.51cm Diagram 7 x cm Find the value of x .(4) Diagram 4 shows the triangle PQR.312 cm ] (6) Diagram 6 shows the triangle PQR.3 cm Diagram 4 B Find the length of BC.40 cm Diagram 6 Q Find the length of PR.967 cm ] (5) Diagram 5 shows the triangle KLM.51 cm and an included angle 360 39’ . [ 5. 5. 6. [ 6.8 cm K 4 cm Diagram 5 480 L M Find the length of LM.21cm 360 39' 10.21 cm .

AC = 16 cm and BC = 17.17] (3) Diagram 3 shows a triangle ABC where AB = 13 cm. A 13cm 16 cm C B 17. ABC is a triangle where Solution : AB = 13 cm. (2) Diagram 2 shows a triangle ABC where AB = 11 cm. AC = 14 cm and BC= 15 cm.Task 2 : Find the unknown angle of a triangle when three sides are given.67cm 16.5 cm Diagram 3 Calculate BAC [ 73.38  15 cm Diagram 1 Find BAC . 13 2  14 2  15 2 cos BAC  A 2(13)(14) 13cm 14 cm =0.5 cm.41] (4) Diagram 4 shows a triangle ABC where AB = 12.78 cm and BC= 19. [ 83.67 cm. (1) In Diagram 1.3846 C B BAC  67.97 cm C Diagram 4 Calculate BCA [39. AC = 16. A 11cm 13 cm C B 16 cm Diagram 2 Find BAC .97 cm.17] Solutions of Triangles 10 . A 12. AC = 13 cm and BC= 16 cm.78 cm B 19.

AB = 8. [108. A 8.96] (7) For triangle ABC in Diagram 7. A 13cm 16 cm C B 17.07] (6) In Diagram 6.23 cm and PQ = 5.19] Solutions of Triangles 11 . [31.5 cm P 12.5 cm Q 18.23cm C B 14.45 cm 2.7 cm Diagram 6 Calculate the smallest angle in the triangle.5 cm Diagram 8 Calculate the second largest angle in the triangle.56 cm. AC = 11.23 cm and BC= 14.45 cm.33] (8) For triangle ABC in Diagram 8. PQR is a triangle such that PR = 6.7 cm.56cm 11.5 cm. AC = 16 cm and BC= 17. RQ = 12. PQR is a triangle such that PR = 23.5 cm and PQ= 18. R 6.51 cm.40 cm. [93.23 cm Q P 5.40 cm Diagram 5 Find RQP . RQ = 2.5 cm. AB = 13 cm.5 1cm Diagram 7 Calculate the largest angle in the triangle. [61. R 23.(5) In Diagram 5.

Solutions of Triangles 12 .

ABC is a triangle with AC= 6 cm.67 cm ] 2 5 cm Diagram 2 Find the area of  ABC.. ABC is a triangle with AC= 6 cm. (1) In Diagram 1. ABC is a triangle with Solution: AB= 6 cm. A 6 cm B Diagram 1 Area of ABC  1 (6)(9) sin 53 2 = 21. ABC is a triangle with AC= 6 cm.56 cm2 6 cm B 78 C [ 14. A 53 9 cm C Find the area of  ABC (2) In Diagram 2. 1 bc sin A 2 1 = ac sin B 2 = Task : Find the area of a triangles given in each of the following. B 8 cm 120 C 6 cm A Diagram 3 Find the area of  ABC. BC = 5 cm and ACB  78  . (3) In Diagram 3.5 cm 250 C [ 20. BC = 12.5 cm and the reflex angle ACB  250  . B 12.1 1 ab sin C 2 1 Use the formula ab sin C or its equivalent to find the area 2 of a triangle.78 cm ] 2 6 cm Diagram 4 A Find the area of  ABC. Solutions of Triangles 12 [ 35. (4) In Diagram 4.Area of ∆ = SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES 3. BC = 8 cm and ACB  120  .24 cm ] 2 . AC = 9 cm and BAC  53 .

2727) =28. (b) the area of the triangle.910 (b) 33. ABC is a triangle such that AC = 7 cm.46 cm2 ] Solutions of Triangles 13 .79 2 2 =35.5 cm .5 cm A Solution: (a) 12. [ (a) 76.66 cm2 ] (7) In Diagram 7.5) sin 71. (b) the area of the triangle [ (a) 24.21 (b) CAB  180   28. ABC is a triangle such that AB= 11 cm . (b) the area of the triangle. 1 (6)(12. CBA =sin -1 (0.830 (b) 69. AC = 15 cm and ACB=4534’.5 6   sin CBA sin 80 sin CBA = 6 sin 80  12.62 cm A 15 cm 4534' C 11cm B Diagram 6 Find (a) CBA.(5) In Diagram 5. ABC is a triangle such that AB= 12.5 = 0. AC = 6 cm and ACB=80. AB = 15 cm and ACB = 11530’. B C 80 6 cm 12. A 7cm 15 cm 11530' C B Diagram 7 Find (a) CBA.21  80  =71.79 Area of  ABC= (6) In Diagram 6.4727 Diagram 5 Find (a) CBA.

BC =11 cm and AC=8 cm. AC = 14 cm and BC= 15 cm. ABC is a triangle where AB= 30 cm. BC =25 cm and AC=20 cm. (b) Area of  ABC = 1 (11)(15) sin 31 30 ' 2 = 42. [ (a) 59. 25 cm B [ (a) 82. (9) In Diagram 9. C 8cm A 11 cm 15 cm B Solution (a) cos B  112  15 2  8 2 2(11)(15) =0. ABC is a triangle where AB = 13 cm. (b) the area of  ABC. ABC is a triangle where AB= 15 cm.(8) In Diagram 8.49 (b) 84.82 (b) 248.86 C 20 cm A 30 cm Diagram 9 Find (a) the largest angle.00 cm ] 0 2 Solutions of Triangles 14 .8545 B = 31 30’ Diagram 8 Find (a) the smallest angle.04 cm ] 0 2 (10) In Diagram 10. (b) the area of  ABC. (b) the area of  ABC. A 13cm 14 cm B 15 cm C Diagram 10 Find (a) the second largest angle.

BC = 4cm and CG = 3 cm. H E G G Solution: HC= 6 2  3 2  6.708 F BD = 6 2  4 2  7.211 D A B C HB = 4.708) = 0.44] Solution of Triangles 15 .69 2  3 2  7.810 cos BHC  The diagram above shows a cuboid with a rectangular base.810 2  6. Find  BHC (2) H G 7. [74.8589  BHC = 30. Given that AB = 16 cm.708 2  4 2 2(7. BC = 4cm and CG=3 cm.810 E F D C A B The diagram above shows a cuboid with a rectangular base ABCD. Given that AB = 6cm. ABCD. Find  BHC [10.98] (3) H G E D F C A B The diagram above shows a cuboid with a rectangular base ABCD.810)(6. Given that AB = 6 cm. Find  BGD.2 Solve problems involving three-dimensional objects Task (1) : Answer all the questions below. BC = 4cm and CG=13 cm.SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES 3.

03 cm and  ABG =110. H G The diagram on the left shows a cuboid with a rectangular base ABCD.02.02. CG = 6.2 cm and  BGD =41. Given that BC = 8. Given that DG=6.4.42 cm.91 cm ] Solution of Triangles 16 . E D F C A B [ 4. BG=7.772 cm ] 5. Find the length of AG.2 cm. AB = 12. H G The diagram on the left shows a cuboid with a rectangular base ABCD. Find the length of BD.1 cm. E D F C A B [ 17.

Solution of Triangles 17 .

74 (b) 25. FGH is a straight line and G is the midpoint of FH. (b) the length of LN. Task : Answer all the questions below. L 13 cm M 16 cm 31o O 18 cm N Diagram 1 Calculate (a)  LNM. (1) Diagram 1 shows a trapezium LMNO.23 cm (c) 52.SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES Further Practice with questions based on SPM format. (c) the area of triangle EGH.99 cm ] 0 2 (2) In Diagram 2. (b) the length of EG. (b) the length of BC. BCD is a straight line.62 (b) 11. 0 2 [ (a) 111. [ (a) 52. A 32o 7 cm 10 cm B C 5 cm D Diagram 2 Find (a)  ACD.80 (b) 3. (c) the area of triangle ABD.62 cm ] 0 2 Solutions of Triangles 17 .67 cm (c) 118.769 cm (c) 28. [ (a) 24.50 cm ] (3) In Diagram 3. E 14 cm 16 cm F 10 cm G H Diagram 3 Find (a) EFG. (c) the area of ∆OLN.

(c) the area of triangle ACD. (c) the area of quadrilateral KLNM. [ (a) 12. BCD is a straight line.(4) Diagram 4 shows a quadrilateral KLNM.73 (c) 141.65 cm ] 0 2 (5) In Diagram 5.92 cm (b) 31.75 cm ] 0 2 (6) In Diagram 6.74 (c) 13. (b) MNL. [ (a) 54. Diagram 4 Calculate (a) the length of LM. QRS is a straight line. Diagram 6 Calculate (a) the length of AB. (b)  CAD.17 cm ] 0 2 Solutions of Triangles 18 . (c) the area of triangle PRS.678 cm (b)84.157 cm (c) 74. (b) the length of RS.31 (b) 4. [ (a) 6. Diagram 5 Find (a) QPR.