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Works Cited Primary Sources

"American Encampments at Saratoga." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Nov. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/treasures/images/s21b.8.jpg>.

This is an American battle map showing us the encampments on the American side of Saratoga. This gives us an idea of the plan of action the Continental Army was about to use that would eventually lead them to victory in the Battle of Saratoga.

Baldwin, Jeduthan. "Memorandum of Agreement Between Colonel Kosciuszko and Captain Jeddiah Thayer." Letter. 7 Dec. 1777. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 20-22. Print.

This letter is a contract between Kosciuszko and Thayer. It details the pay and rations of the men contracted to construct Kosciuszko's forts

at West Point. This letter helped us better understand more about Kosciuszko's time at West Point and what resources he had available to him to build the fort at West Point.

"The Battle of Saratoga - A First-Hand Account." The Battle of Saratoga - A First-Hand Account. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.earlyamerica.com/revHYPERLINK "http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/2004_summer_fall/saratoga.ht m"iew/2004_summer_fall/saratoga.htm>.

This image provides us with a visual representation of General John Burgoyne This is a portrait of him from the shoulders up. It gives us a general idea of how he looked like before the battle of Saratoga.

"[Brigadier General Simon Fraser, Portrait]." [Brigadier General Simon Fraser, Portrait]. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Nov. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005689506/>.

This source is an image of John Burgoyne's right hand man, Brigadier-General Simon Fraser. It shows us his appearance as well as his posture.

Burnet, I. Letter to Governor Mathews. 5 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters of The American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 79. Print.

This letter gave us more details about Kosciuszko's, especially his involvement in the Southern States during the American Revolution. The letter helped us understand Kosciuszko's contributions to the American Revolution.

"Creating the United States - Exhibitions - myLOC.gov (Library of Congress)." Creating the United States - Exhibitions  myLOC.gov (Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://myloc.gov/ExhibHYPERLINK "http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/creatingtheus/Pages/default.aspx"itions/

creatingtheus/Pages/default.aspx>.

This webpage provides us with many primary source documents and letters. Many of the letters are after the battle of Saratoga, but many are important to the understanding of the American Revolution, and explain the impact of our Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, and other important documents.

"Declaration of Independence (1776)   Thomas Jefferson (primary Source Document) | Historymartinez's Blog." Historymartinezs Blog. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2012. <http://historymartinez.wordpress.com/2011/04/12/declaration-ofindependence-1776-thomas-jefferson-primary-sourcedocument/http://historymartinez.wordpress.com/2011/04/12/declaratio n-of-independence-1776-thomas-jefferson-primary-sourcedocument/>.

This image is a digital copy of the Declaration of Independence. This document made America its own nation. This document was the

reason many Americans were fighting the war. For freedom and for prosperity.

The Encampment of Troops Led by John Burgoyne. Digital image. Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/item/gm%2071000664>.

This map is a gallery of many maps that the British used. These maps show us the position of the British troops on many of the days of the Battle of Bemis Heights early in the month of October. This gives us knowledge on the British’s plan for their final stand at Saratoga.

"Exhibition Items - Battle Joined - Exhibitions - myLOC.gov (Library of Congress)." Exhibition Items - Battle Joined  Exhibitions - myLOC.gov (Library of Congress). N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2012. <http://mHYPERLINK "http://myloc.gov/exhibitions/creatingtheus/declarationofindependenc e/battlejoined/pages/slobjectlist.aspx"yloc.gov/exhibitions/creatingthe

us/declarationofindependence/battlejoined/pages/slobjectlist.aspx>.

This source provides a gallery of primary source images that give us a wealth of information on the Battle of Saratoga, as well as the many other battles that were fought in the Revolution. These battles give us a basic understanding of how Saratoga sent the downward slope of Continental loses into an upbringing of American victories.

Gates, General Horatio. Letter to General John Glover. 2 July 1778. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 26. Print.

This letter explained the importance of the fortifications Kosciuszko was building at West Point and how vital they really were to the American cause. The letter showed us the strategic importance of West Point and its Military Value.

Gates, Horatio. Letter to General George Washington. 21 June 1780.

Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 42. Print.

This letters showed us how valuable Kosciuszko was to the American cause. In this letter Gates asks for Kosciuszko's service by name for his southern campaign telling us that Gates had a large amount of respect for Col. Kosciuszko and his accomplishments.

"General Burgoyne." General Burgoyne. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2001697119/>.

This image is aside view portrait of the Battle of Saratoga and this also gives us an idea of what General Burgoyne looked like during the time after the Revolution, when he returned to England. This image is used in our website.

Green, Nathaniel. Letter to Kosciuszko. 10 July 1783. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977.

154-55. Print.

This letter tells us about the advice Greene offered to Kosciuszko on how to get his back-pay from congress and offers to help Kosciuszko get his pay. This letter helped understand the why Kosciuszko did not immediately return to Poland at the conclusion of the War of American Independence.

Greene. Letter to Colonel Carrington. 19 Oct. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 124. Print.

We learned from this primary source letter that during the war the Continental Army obtained war materials from the local populace to aid the war effort. These items were returned or auctioned off at the end of the War. It also provided us with additional information about Kosciuszko contribution to the war in the south.

Greene. Letter to Colonel Polk. 15 Dec. 1780. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 50. Print.

This letter informed us that Kosciuszko would perform vital reconnaissance for the American Army while he was in the Southern States under the command of General Gates.

Greene. Letter to George Washington. 29 Dec. 1780. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 52-53. Print.

This letter supports the conclusion that Kosciuszko provided vital reconnaissance for the American Army. It also provided us with a first-hand account of the beginning of the Southern Campaign under General Gates.

Greene. Letter to Governor Burke. 12 Aug. 1781. Kosciuszko Letters in the

American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 6265. Print.

This letter provided us with vital information about the Southern Campaign in general and more specifically Kosciuszko’s involvement in it.

Greene. Letter to Kosciuszko. 16 Feb. 1781. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 59. Print.

This letter was another order to Kosciuszko during the Southern Campaign; it showed us the role Kosciuszko played during the Campaign.

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to General Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 14 Mar. 1801. MS. N.p.

This letter allowed us to conclude that Thomas Jefferson and Taduesz Kosciuszko corresponded regularly after the American Revolution. It gave us more information about Kosciuszko’s time in exile and his views on events like the French Revolution.

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to General Thaddeus Kosciusko. 28 June 1812. MS. N.p.

This letter gave us more information on Kosciuszko’s time in exile. We also learned more about Thomas Jefferson's and Kosciuszko through this primary source letter which also gave us contemporized accounts of major historical events.

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to General Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 2 May 1808. MS. N.p.

This letter gave us picture of Kosciuszko’s situation while in exile. It gave us more details about the friendship between Thomas Jefferson

and him. It helped us better understand the relationship between the two men.

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to General Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 13 Apr. 1811. MS. N.p.

We learned more about Thomas Jefferson's friendship with Taduez Kosciuszko from this letter. It is primary source and gave us information about Kosciuszko's time in exile abroad. It also gave us contemporized accounts of major world events like the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to General Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 26 Feb. 1810. MS. N.p.

This told us that Kosciuszko and Thomas Jefferson were good friends and kept correspondence long after the American Revolution had ended. We learned more about the two men's friendship and

Kosciuszko time in exile in Switzerland.

Jefferson, Thomas. Letter to Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 30 Nov. 1813. MS. N.p.

This letter provided us with valuable information on Kosciuszko's time in exile. It also increased our information on the friendship between Thomas Jefferson and Taduesz Kosciuszko. We also leant about Kosciuszko’s views on the French Revolution through this letter which was described by Jefferson.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 14 July 1784. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 175. Print.

This letter is Kosciuszko farewell to his friend General Greene before his journey back to Poland. It showed us that he formed many close friendships with his comrades in America and would miss them. it also told us that Kosciuszko cared about his homeland or else he

would have stayed in America where he had lived for the past nine years.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Gist. 28 June 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 72. Print.

This letter helps us better understand the Southern Campaign and Kosciuszko’s involvement in it.

Kosciuszko. Letter to Haskell. 15 May 1789. Kosciuszko Letters during the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 185. Print.

In this letter Kosciuszko caught up with a friend from the American Revolution. This showed us that he stilled cared about America and his American friends even after a year back in the "Old World". It gave us more information during the time prior to the War of the

Second Partition.

Kosciuszko. Letter to John Tayler. 3 Jan. 1779. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 29. Print.

This letter was written by Kosciuszko to ask for rations at West Point .The spelling and grammar of the letter showed us that Kosciuszko had many difficulties learning the English Language while in America. It also highlighted to us how foreign America really was to Kosciuszko.

Kosciuszko. Letter to Richard Varick. 10 Aug. 1780. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Seum of America, 1977. 45. Print.

This letter told us that Kosciuszko enjoyed his time at West Point building the fort there. It also gave us an approximate date for when he left for the Carolina's to join General Gates.

Kosciuszko. Letter to Williams. 26 Aug. 1784. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 181. Print.

This letter was Kosciuszko's first writing after returning to Europe. We learned that Kosciuszko was "homesick" after leaving America and did not like Europe when he returned. It showed us that Kosciuszko had grown to like America and did enjoy the first few months after returning to Europe.

Kosciuszko, Thad. Letter to General Greene. 10 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 82. Print.

This letter gave us more information on the Southern theater of the war. It also informed us, it describes Kosciuszko going out on patrol, and that he was given command over bodies of soldiers at various times, unusual for an engineer during this time period.

Kosciuszko, Thad. Letter to Major John Armstrong. 3 Mar. 1779. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1777. 31. Print.

This letter showed us that Kosciuszko developed many friendships with his American comrades that would last for the remainder of the war. It also showed Kosciuszko’s personality, that he was an amicable person who quickly gained many friends, even in a place as foreign as America.

Kosciusko, Thad. Letter to Richard Varick. 30 Nov. 1779. Kosciusko Letters of the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 38. Print.

This letter provided us with insight into the day-to-day life of Kosciuszko at West Point. It also enlightened us to the severe weather conditions in the area around West Point during the winter.

Kosciusko. Letter to General Greene. 28 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 118. Print.

This primary source letter provided us with additional information about Kosciuszko’s involvement in the Southern States during the American Revolution. It also gave informed us about the latter years of the war in the Southern states in general.

Kosciuszko. "The Evacuation of the British from Charleston." Letter to General Greene. 9 Dec. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters during the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 143-49. Print.

This letter provided us with a very detailed account of the British evacuation of Charleston and the end of the War in the south. it completed the chronology of Kosciuszko’s involvement in the Southern theater

during the American Revolution.

Kosciuszko. Letter. 15 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 88. Print.

This letter showed us the importance of being able to obtain provisions for the American Army regularly. This letter told us how Kosciuszko would sometimes be used to obtain supplies for the American Army

Kosciuszko. Letter. N.d. Kosciuszko Letters of the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 104. Print.

This letter showed us that Kosciuszko had considerable authority in his position of Colonel even if he was subordinate to generals. It also gave us more information about Kosciuszko’s involvement in the Revolutionary War and the role he played in the Southern Theater.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 17 Nov. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters during the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 127. Print.

In this primary source letter we learned about a spy expedition lead by Kosciuszko near British occupied Charleston. It told us how Kosciuszko prevented a British attack near on American force near Charleston. It also gave us a clear picture of the progression of the war in the southern states.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 18 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters of the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 91. Print.

This letter helped us better understand the day0today activities in the American Army. It gave us more information on Kosciuszko’s role in the Southern Theater of the War.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 2 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 76. Print.

This letter showed us Kosciuszko’s kindness to the AfricanAmericans he came across while in America. It confirmed what was aid in secondary sources that Kosciuszko advocated for the rights of all men regardless of race.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 20 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters of the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 94. Print.

This letter reminded us that during the war a significant portion of the American population supported the British. It also increased our knowledge of the Southern theater and Kosciuszko’s role during the later stages of the American Revolution.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 26 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 101. Print.

This letter showed us the importance of espionage during the revolutionary war and how each side bribed members of the other to switch sides. This also gave us more information on Kosciuszko’s involvement in the Southern Theater of the Revolutionary War.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 29 Nov. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 130. Print.

We learned more about the British preparations for the evacuation of Charleston from this primary source letter. It helped us better understand the American Revolution in the Southern States. It also told us more about Kosciuszko’s involvement in the war past Saratoga and West Point.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 29 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 112-13. Print.

This letter showed that Kosciuszko was responsible for transmitting secret intelligence from local spies to General Greene. It also gave us information on the evacuation of Charleston. We received additional intelligence about Kosciuszko in the Primary source.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 20 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 97. Print.

This letter gave us more information on Kosciuszko’s role in the Southern states during the Revolutionary War. It showed us the importance of logistics during the Revolutionary War and importance of having sufficient supplies for your army.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 4 Dec. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 133. Print.

This letter told us that Kosciuszko faced a problem during late 1782: a shortage of men this limited his ability to harass the enemy. It also told us more about the conclusion of the Revolutionary War, especially the war in the south.

Kosciuszko. Letter to General Greene. 6 Dec. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 138-39. Print.

This letter told us about several British deserters and how the British moral was starting to wane during the last months of the war. It also gave us more information about their situation near Charleston. We also retrieved more information on Kosciuszko’s contribution to the

American Revolution.

Kosciuszko. Letter to Greene. 18 June 1783. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish American Museum, 1977. 150. Print.

We learned that Kosciuszko did not collect any of his pay until the end of the Revolt unary War from this letter. It also told us that Kosciuszko was beginning to prepare to return to Poland after the End of the American Revolution.

Kosciuszko. Letter to Williams. 15 Aug. 1783. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 161-62. Print.

In this letter Kosciuszko provides relationship advice to a friend. It gave us insights into Kosciuszko’s personality and character. We also learned how he viewed romantic relationships from this letter. It

provided us with more information on Kosciuszko' time in America before returning to Poland as well.

Kosciuszko, Taduez. Letter to Col. Phillip Van Rensselaer. 26 Nov. 1779. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 36. Print.

This letter showed us the primitiveness of the living quarters at West Point before the Forts were completely constructed, it also clarified that West Point was not a major military base before Kosciuszko stared to build forts there.

Kosciuszko, Taduesz. Letter to John Taylor. 14 Sept. 1778. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1777. 28. Print.

This letter details how Kosciuszko is unhappy at West Point because all his Yankee friends are fighting with General Washington. This

letter helped showed us the human side of Kosciuszko and to see the personality of the man behind the victory at Saratoga

Laurens, John. Letter to General Greene. 6 Aug. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 75. Print.

This letter denounced Kosciuszko’s attack on a British fort. It showed us that Kosciuszko made was prone to mistakes too and that he was human like everyone else.

Letter to General Greene. 11 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. N. pag. Print.

This letter was a primary source from the Revolutionary War. It enlightened us on Kosciuszko’s involvement in the American Revolution and the procedures used by the American Army to transport materials through the countryside.

Letter to General Green. 4 Oct. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters during the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish American Museum, 1977. 122. Print.

From this primary source letter we learned about the weakening in British morale and manpower in the colonies towards the ends of the war. It also gave us more details about Kosciuszko’s involvement in the southern states.

Lewis, Morgan. Letter to Christopher Yates. 17 May 1780. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 40. Print.

This letter revealed to us that the defenses at West Point were extensive, more extensive that we previously though as the Americans even blocked the Hudson River with a chain of logs according to this letter.

Long, Nicholas. Letter to General Greene. 19 Feb. 1781. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 60. Print.

This letter shows us more about Kosciuszko’s involvement in the Southern Campaign during the Revolutionary War. It detailed Kosciuszko’s arrival at the town of Halifax, helping us to create a timeline of Kosciuszko’s involvement in the South.

Mathews. Letter to Major Burnet. 6 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters of the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 80. Print.

This letter helped us learn more about the progress of the War in the south. It also increased our knowledge of the American Revolution and how Kosciuszko helped the war in the south

Moris, Lewis, and Greene. Letter to Taduesz Kosciuszko. 1 Feb. 1781. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 58. Print.

This letter is how us an order for Kosciuszko. This letter showed us that as a colonel Kosciuszko was not incredibly high up in the chain of command. It also expanded our knowledge of Kosciuszko’s role in the Southern Campaign.

Morris, Robert. Letter to General Greene. 19 Dec. 1783. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 158. Print.

This described the financial difficulties Kosciuszko faced preparing his return to Europe. It also gave details about Kosciuszko’s life between the time he the end of the revolutionary war and his return to Poland.

Morris, Robert. Letter to General Greene. N.d. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 156. Print.

We learned that Kosciuszko need a financial loan to fund his return trip to Poland. It showed us that Kosciuszko was not wealthy by any means and that he wanted to return to Poland. This letter provided us with more information regarding the period after the American Revolution.

Scammell, Alexander. Letter to Major General Heath. 30 June 1779. Kosciuszko Letters In The American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 34. Print.

This letter orders more masons to be sent to Taduesz Kosciuszko to help construct the forts at West Point. This letter showed us the how the Americans valued West Point and that a large number of people were needed to create the fort

Tenant, J. Letter to Colonel Kosciuszko. 27 Sept. 1782. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 105. Print.

This letter gave us more information about Kosciuszko’s involvement in the latter stages of the American Revolution. It also showed us that large fractions of the American population actively supported and aided the British, including members of the Continental Army.

Traill, David. "Teaching With Documents: Images of the American Revolution." Archives.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Nov. 2012.

<http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/revolution-images/>.

This webpage contains a primary source sketch of the winter of Valley Army Forge. It shows the intense cold and hunger that the Continental led by General George Washington.

The United States. Letter to Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 31 Mar. 1783. Kosciuszko Letters during the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 159. Print.

This letter is a receipt for Kosciuszko’s pay from the Government of the United States of America for his service during the American Revolution. It gave us more information on Kosciuszko’s financial situation at the end of the American Revolution.

Williams. Letter to General Greene. 4 Dec. 1781. Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution. Chicago: Polish Museum of America, 1977. 6667. Print.

This letter gave us more details on the Southern Campaign and Kosciuszko’s involvement. It also told us that Kosciuszko had to endure a painful rash during part of his time in the Southern Colonies

Kondratowicz, Daniel. Allegory of Kosciuszko. 1818. Oil on canvas.

National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting gave a visual of Kosciuszko to use in our website. It also gave us more information on Kosciuszko: what we looked like and how the artist viewed Kosciuszko.

Korsinski, Josef. Portraits of Thaddeus Kosciuszko. 1790. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting gave us a visual representation of Kosciuszko to put on our website about Saratoga. This painting was painted in Kosciuszko's lifetime so it provided us with the most accurate representation of him out our sources.

Kosciuszko in the Prison Liberated by Tsar Paul I. N.d. Oil on canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This image shows Kosciuszko being feed by Tsar Paul I. It showed us

the quarters Kosciuszko lived in while imprisoned and his physical state while in prison. We also used as a visual in our website.

Kosciuszko. N.d. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting was useful as a visual aid for our website. It also helped us picture Kosciusko's physical characteristics. We learned more about how the artist and poles in general viewed Kosciuszko through this image of him.

Kosciuszko. N.d. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

This painting provided us with an image of Kosciuszko to use in our website. It was helpful as it provided a visual aid and helped our website look better

Kosciusko. N.d. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting gave us another visual aid to use in our website. It also gave us an idea of how Kosciuszko’s physical appearance.

Leopolski, Wilhelm. Marching of Kosciuszko's Insurgents through the Countryside. 1885. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting gave us another visual of the Kosciuszko Uprising to use in our Website and also provided us with information on the revolt. It showed us that a large portion of Kosciuszko’s army was made up of peasants.

Mateo, Jan. Kosciuszko at Raclawice. N.d. Oil on sketch board. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

We learned more about the Battle of Raclawice though this painting and the Kosciuszko Uprising. It allowed us to see the violence of the

battle through the artist's eyes and provided us with a visual for use in our website.

N.d. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

This is painting of Taduesz Kosciuszko, a national hero in Poland. It told us what Kosciuszko looked like. This source also provided us with an image to use as a visual aid on our website as well.

Portrait of Taduesz Kosciuszko. N.d. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting provided us with a visual to use on our website to show the viewer what Kosciuszko looked like. It also gave us information on how Kosciuszko was viewed, a noble soldier fighting for just causes.

Portrait of Taduez Kosciuszko. N.d. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting provided us with a visual to use on our website to show the viewer what Kosciuszko looked like. It also gave us information on how Kosciuszko was viewed as a romantic idealist.

Schiekart, Karol. Portrait of Taduesz Kosciuszko. 1802. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting was useful because it allowed us to put a visual representation of Kosciuszko on our website.

"Live Auctions Online." ICollectorcom Technologies Upcoming Auctions. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2012. <http://www.icollector.com/Portrait-ofBrigadier-General-Simon-Fraser-867238_i5545794>.

This is a color portrait of Brigadier-General Simon Fraser. This gives

us an idea of the visual appearance of a British Redcoat. It is a portrait from the waist up.

"Plan of Carillon Ou [sic] Ticonderoga: Which Was Quitted by the Americans in the Night from the 5th to the 6th of July 1777 /." Plan of Carillon Ou [sic] Ticonderoga: Which Was Quitted by the Americans in the Night from the 5th to the 6th of July 1777 /. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/resource/g3804t.ar300200/>.

This is a British battle plan for the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga. The map provides landscape details as well as troop movements and other pieces of valuable information.

"Plan of Encampment for the British." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/resource/g3803s.ar118600/-t>.

This image is a map of the plan of the encampment and position of the army under His Excelency. Lt. General Burgoyne at Swords House on

Hudson's River near Stillwater on September 17, 1777 with the positions of that part of the army engaged on the 19th of September. 1777. This gives us extensive info on the landscape and shows the Hudson River.

"Plan of the Position Which the Army under Lt. Genl. Burgoyne Took at Saratoga, on the 10th of September 1777, and in Which It Remained till the Convention Was Signed." Plan of the Position Which the Army under Lt. Genl. Burgoyne Took at Saratoga, on the 10th of September 1777, and in Which It Remained till the Convention Was Signed. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/resource/g3803s.ar117800/>.

This is a British battle map of Saratoga. The map provides building locations and other geographical features of the land. This gave the British a better understanding of the battlefield they would be dealing with, but this was not enough to win the battle in the end.

Position of the Army on the 8th Octbr. 1777. Digital image. Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/item/gm%2071000660>.

This image is a battle map of Saratoga, showing the positions of the British army on October 7, 1777 before the Battle of Bemis Heights. This map gives us a good idea on what the British's plan of action was for the battle.

Portrait of Taduez Kosciuszko. N.d. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting provided us with a visual to use on our website to show the viewer what Kosciuszko looked like. It also gave us information on how Kosciuszko was viewed, a noble soldier fighting for just causes.

Portrait of Taduez Kosciuszko. N.d. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in

Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting provided us with a visual to use on our website to show the viewer what Kosciuszko looked like. It also gave us information on how Kosciuszko was viewed as a romantic idealist.

Schiekart, Karol. Portrait of Taduesz Kosciuszko. 1802. Oil on Canvas. National Museum in Warsaw, Warsaw.

This painting was useful because it allowed us to put a visual representation of Kosciuszko on our website.

"Social Studies for Kids." Social Studies for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Oct. 2012. <http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/>.

This image is a map of the Battle of Yorktown. It shows how the French fleet cut off the British reinforcements and without them; the British would have won the battle. The French joined the American's

side due to Saratoga, so the war would not have been won if not for the Battle of Saratoga being won by the Americans.

""Williamsburg, April 29, 1775"" "Williamsburg, April 29, 1775" N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2007681478/>.

This is a firsthand account of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, where the famous “shot heard 'round the world" took place. This document is a primary source letter of a man involved in the battle.

"Yahoo! Search - Images." Yahoo! Search - Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A0PDoTEweghR TysArR.JzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzbGsDa W1n?back=http://images.search.yahoo.com/search/images?p=battle of bemis heights&ei=UTF-8&fr=yfp-t-634-s&tab=organic&ri=5>.

This is a primary source image of General Benedict Arnold storming th e British fortifications at the Battle of Bemis Heights. It shows a good perspective of the situation that occurred.

Secondary Sources

"235 Years Ago, Washington’s Troops Made Camp at Valley Forge." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 19 Dec. 2012. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.history.com/news/235-years-ago-washingtonstroops-made-camp-at-valley-forge>.

This is a video on the encampment of George Washington's men at Valley Forge. It explains the conditions he faced and how he solved some of them, like disease with vaccination.

"475px-HoratioGatesByStuart_crop." - Tea Party Command Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. <http://teapartyorg.HYPERLINK "http://teapartyorg.ning.com/photo/genjames-f-amos-patriot/next?

context=latest"ning.com/photo/genjames-f-amos-patriot/next? context=latest>.

This image is a modern day interpretation on the famous general of Saratoga, Horatio Gates. It depicts him in his military garnets and shows him in happiness sitting on a stool. We use this image in our website.

"American Revolution War." American Revolution: The Battle of Yorktown. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://www.britishbattles.com/battleyorktown.htm>

This webpage provides us with several images that were beneficial in the completion of our research. The images are used in our website. The first image is of the Americans storming the British fortifications at the Battle of Yorktown. They are overwhelming the British with their vast numbers. The second image is of the French regiments marching into Yorktown to support the Continental Army on the final siege.

"The American Revolution - (Important People)." The American Revolution - (Important People). N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2013. <http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/people.aspx>.

This website provides us with a list of all the main generals, revolutionists, congressmen, etc. along with short biographies on each of them. This also provides us with a basic understanding of the American Revolution in general.

"American Revolution: Major General Horatio Gates." About.com Military History. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/AmericanRevolHYPERLINK "http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/AmericanRevolution-Major-General-Horatio-Gates.htm"ution-Major-GeneralHoratio-Gates.htm>.

This is a biography on the main general of Saratoga, General Horatio Gates. He led the Continental Army during the battle and is credited with Taduesz's idea for placing cannons on hills and other things that he did not come up with.

"The American Revolutionary War." The American Revolutionary War. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2013. <http://www.revolutionary-war.net/>.

This website provides a wealth of information about the American Revolution, including a timeline of the entire war with important battles, events, and milestones in the upcoming countries American Revolution.

"Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. Benedict Arnold Papers, 1765-1886: Guide." Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801. Benedict Arnold Papers, 1765-1886: Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://oasis.lib.harvard.edu/oasis/deliver/~hou01257>.

This website provides us with a massive collection of primary source documents on many Saratoga generals and Continental generals in general. This proved to be helpful, though many of the letters were unintelligible. The collection is provided by Harvard openly for research.

"Battle of Bunker Hill." Battle of Bunker Hill. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012. <http://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/gastudiesimages/Battle%20of %20Bunker%20Hill%207.htm>.

This image is of a portrait of the Battle of Bunker Hill, a very important battle in the American Revolution. This image gives us an idea of what occurred. The British were charging up the hill and were getting fire rained down on them.

"Battle Of Saratoga - Sept & Oct 1777." The Battle of Saratoga. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2012. <http://www.saratoga.com/aboutsaratoga/battleof-saratoga/>.

This webpage provided us with a brief summary on the two battles that took place at Saratoga and the overall result of the battles. These battles were Freeman's Farm and Bemis Heights.

"Battle of Saratoga." Military Science (ROTC):. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2012. <http://www.wpi.edu/academics/military/saratoga.html>.

This website provides us with a summary of the Battle of Saratoga, along with the approximate times of each of the events that occurred during the two battles of Saratoga.

"Battle of Saratoga Turns the Tide." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012.

This documentary is a short clip explaining the Battle of Saratoga, along with some needed statistics on the battle. It explains how without the victory at Saratoga, the French would not have come to

our aide and we would have most likely have lost the Revolutionary War.

Battlefield", PLEASE NOTE: regarding "Views from Saratoga. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 18 Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nps.gov/sHYPERLINK "http://www.nps.gov/sara/photosmultimedia/Views-from-SaratogaBattlefield-Gallery.htm"ara/photosmultimedia/Views-from-SaratogaBattlefield-Gallery.htm>.

This gallery of paintings contains different views on the landscape around the area of the battle. These are all secondary sources but some of them proved to be useful.

"Benedict Arnold 1741-1801, American." Fine Art America. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.

This image is a younger image of Benedict Arnold. It seems to be a

little past time, but still gives us a very good visualization of Arnold pre-revolution.

Billias, George Athan. George Washington's Generals. New York: W. Morrow, 1964. Print.

This book provided us with a great deal of knowledge on the generals involved in Saratoga and also of all the generals that served under George Washington's army.

Billias, George Athan. George Washington's Opponents: British Generals and Admirals in the American Revolution. New York: Morrow, 1969. Print.

This book is a compilation of college papers on all of the British generals that were in combat during the American Revolution trying to end the attempt of the rebellious colonies to gain freedom.

"Causes of the American Revolution." About.com American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2012. <http://americanhistory.about.com/od/revolutionarywar/a/amer_revol ution.htm>.

This website provided us with a timeline that gave us a background on the American Revolution and the events that led to us declaring war and eventually independence.

"A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875." American Memory. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2013. <http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage? collId=llslHYPERLINK "http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage? collId=llsl&fileName=008/llsl008.db&recNum=20"&HYPERLINK "http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage? collId=llsl&fileName=008/llsl008.db&recNum=20"fileName=008/llsl 008.dbHYPERLINK "http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage? collId=llsl&fileName=008/llsl008.db&recNum=20"&HYPERLINK

"http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage? collId=llsl&fileName=008/llsl008.db&recNum=20"recNum=20>.

This document is a translated copy of the treaty between France and America which started the Franco-American Alliance. The document provides us with the exact terms of the alliance between France and America.

"Collection." Browse the Collection. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://americanrevolutioncenter.org/collection/browse>.

This gallery of images provides us with visuals of primary sources. These pieces show us what weapons were used during the fight and the craftsmanship put into each and every one of the pieces. It also contains bowls and other dishes and/or utensils that were used during the battle.

Cuneo, Ernest L. "Taduesz Kosciuszko: The Hero of Two Continents."

Polish National Alliance. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://web.archive.org/web/20040507015946/http://www.pnaznp.org/koscHYPERLINK "http://web.archive.org/web/20040507015946/http://www.pnaznp.org/kosciuszko-bio.htm"iuszko-bio.htm>.

This website provides us with a biography of the sorts that explains why Taduesz Kosciuszko was such a major influence in American and Polish history. It also gives us an excellent quote by a student that we enjoy. "It is one of the ironies of history that had General Thaddeus Kosciuszko been born with a name as easily pronounced as General Robert E . Lee, Ulysses Simpson Grant or John J. Pershing his name would resound throughout Western Civilization as one of the foremost military geniuses of all time"

Ellis, Joseph J. American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic. New York: A.A. Knopf, 2007. Print.

We learned about the American Revolution and its many battles. It

also gave us information about the founding of a Republic in America. It gave us an overview of the battles in the Revolution giving us valuable background knowledge about the Revolution. We This book also explored a connection between the events during the American Revolution to the formation of the American Government.

Fauvel. "The Surrender of General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga, 7th October 1777." Allposters.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://wwwHYPERLINK "http://www.allposters.com/-sp/TheSurrender-of-General-John-Burgoyne-at-the-Battle-of-Saratoga-7thOctober-1777-Posters_i1589909_.htm".allposters.com/-sp/TheSurrender-of-General-John-Burgoyne-at-the-Battle-of-Saratoga-7thOctober-1777-Posters_i1589909_.htm>. This is a portrait of John Burgoyne's surrender at Saratoga. The image gives us a look at the ceremony that took place after John Burgoyne's defeat, which was the handing over of every officer’s swords to the Continental Army. This proved to be a major boost in morale and helped American gain more recruits.

"- Find A Grave Photos." - Find A Grave Photos. N.p., 16 Dec. 2002. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=pv>.

This image is of Daniel Morgan. It shows him in his military officer's uniform and is a portrait of his waist up. He is in serious thought.

"Full Text of "Memoir of Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Poland's Hero and Patriot, an Officer in the American Army of the Revolution and Member of the Society of the Cincinnati"" Full Text of "Memoir of Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Poland's Hero and Patriot, an Officer in the American Army of the Revolution and Member of the Society of the Cincinnati" N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2012. <http://www.archive.org/stream/polandsheropat00evanrich/polandshe ropat00evanrich_djvu.txt>.

This is a modern interpretation on a collection of memoirs by Taduesz Kosciuszko. This provided us with a wealth of first person information interpreted into a modern view for us to provide an

opinion of.

Furneaux, Rupert. The Battle of Saratoga. New York: Stein and Day, 1971. Print.

This book gave us great accounts of the the Battles of the Saratoga campaign. we gained greater knowledge of the Battle of Freeman's Farm as well as the Battle of Bemis Heights. The maps contained in the book was infinitely helpful in understanding the progress of the campaign, and they also allowed us to individually review each British Army during the Campaign. in short it was invaluable during the creation of our website.

"General Howe." General Howe. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2003675648/>.

This image is a primary source portrait of General Howe. It gives us an idea of his importance in the Revolution and also provides us with

a basic understanding of his physical appearance.

Goodrich, S. G. "The Siege of Yorktown." Map. Plan of the Battle of Yorktown. Philadelphia: J.H. Butler &, 277, Pennsylvania. 1. A P ictorial History of the United States. Web. 25 Nov. 2012.

This map is a battle map of the location of troops before the Battle of Yorktown. This map provides us with positions of British soldiers and the British fleet, the position of American soldiers, and the position of the French soldiers and the French naval fleet.

"History of Poland." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. <http://history.howstuffworks.com/european-history/history-ofpoland3.htm>.

This image is of a digital map describing and explaining the three partitions of Poland. This is helpful to our research because Kosciuszko assisted in the revolt that wound up causing the Second Partition.

"InfoPoland - the Polish Academic Information Center." InfoPoland - the Polish Academic Information Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2012. <http://info-poland.buffalo.edu/classroom/LHYPERLINK "http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/LFigs/Fig4.pdf"Figs/Fig4.pdf>.

This source is a recent map of Poland during the American Revolution, including the various chunks of land that were being annexed by Russia at the time. This map gave us an idea of why Poland was revolting against Russia.

"John Burgoyne." John Burgoyne. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nndb.com/people/238/000050088/>.

This site provides us with a good summary of the life of the British general's life, John Burgoyne. He lived from 1722 to 1792 and died on the date of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, which proves to be ironic, though he did not die on the exact year, but on the

date.

Ketchum, Richard M. Victory at Yorktown: The Campaign That Won the Revolution. New York: Henry Holt, 2004. Print.

We learned extensively about Yorktown from this book, which provided us with a comprehensive account of the campaign of the that won the American Revolution. We also learned about the connections between the American victory at Saratoga and the victory at Yorktown: without the alliance secured by the victory at Saratoga, Yorktown would not have been the decisive battle it was.

Kościuszko, Tadeusz, and Metchie J. E. Budka. Autograph Letters of Thaddeus Kosciuszko in the American Revolution: As Well as Those by and about Him Connected with That Event Found in the Collections of The Polish Museum of America and Published with the Aid of The Legion of Young Polish Women as Part of The Bicentennial Publications. Chicago: Polish Museum of America,

1977. Print.

This book, abbreviated in our website and citations as, Kosciuszko Letters in the American Revolution, provided us with five dozen letters by, to , or about Tadeusz Kosciuszko. It provided us with tons of valuable primary source information about Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Through these letters we learned about Kosciuszko's involvement in the American Revolution: his role at Saratoga, his construction, and his job in the southern theater. It gave us a portal into his inner personality and his innermost thoughts.

"Kosciuszko's Victory at Raclawice: A Defining Moment in Polish History." Kosciuszko's Victory at Raclawice: A Defining Moment in Polish History. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/raclawice.html>.

This website provides us with a summary of Kosciuszko’s uprising. He had early success, defeating several enemy armies, but he was eventually defeated, captured, and Poland partitioned.

"Kosciuszko,WestPoint." Kosciuszko,WestPoint. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://www.polamjournal.com/Library/Biographies/Kosciuszko_Wes tPoint/kosciuszko_westpoint.html>.

This website gave us a summary of the reason Taduesz Kosciuszko's fortifications at West Point provided a strategic victory at the stressful point when the British marched on West Point. This also provides a battle map of West Point along with some details.

Kunasiewicz, Stanisław. T. Kosciuszko W Ameryce: Opowiadanie. Chicago, IL: Drukiem I Nakładem Władysława Dyniewicza, 1907. Print.

This book provided us with another people outlook on the polish colonel, Thaddeus Kosciusko. She mentions his massive contributions to the battle of Saratoga and how without him things would have been

different.

"Learn." Fort Ticonderoga. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2012. <http://www.americanrevolutioncenter.org/connections/fortticonderoga>.

This image is a modern day photograph of Fort Ticonderoga, which was taken over by the British during the Saratoga campaign. This fort is what showed Taduesz's engineering genius with his retreat to a hilly area while clear cutting trees to make natural road blocks.

"Legacy America." Battle of Brandywine. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.legacy-america.net/>.

This image is a painting of a battle that occurred within a short time frame after Saratoga. This image is of the Battle of Brandywine. It shows the Continental Army defending themselves from an attack from the British.

"Legacy America." Legacy America. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2013. <http://www.legacy-america.net/2012/07/07/this-day-in-history-july7-1777-american-revolution-battlHYPERLINK "http://www.legacyamerica.net/2012/07/07/this-day-in-history-july-7-1777-americanrevolution-battle-of-hubbardton-vermont-british-and-germanhessians-surprise-attack-patriots-retreating-from-ft-ticonderoga/"e-ofhubbardton-vermont-british-and-german-hessians-surprise-attackpatriots-retreating-from-ft-ticonderoga/>.

This is an online article about the Battle of Fort Ticonderoga; It explains the actions taken by the Continental Army in their attempt at victory.

Marston, Daniel. The American Revolution, 1774-1783. Oxford: Osprey Pub., 2002. Print.

We learned more about the American Revolution from this book. It

provided also gave us information on the Battles of Lexington and Concord. It let us learn about the American Invasion of Canada and the many failure and supply problems it faced moving through New York state and Quebec.

Met, A. Crucial American VictoryHere in the Autumn of 1777 American Forces. "History and Culture." National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 20 Dec. 2012. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. <http://wHYPERLINK "http://www.nps.gov/sara/historyculture/index.htm"ww.nps.gov/sara/ historyculture/index.htm>.

This is an entire history of the American Revolution, including quotes and other useful pieces of information. It gives us a complete understanding of Saratoga.

"Milestones in the Life of General Thaddeus Kosciuszko." Milestones in the Life of General Thaddeus Kosciuszko. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2013. <http://www.polishamericancenter.org/KosciuszkoMilestones.html>.

This website provides us with an entire timeline that spans from his birth in 1746, to the military life, adventures, and prestige moments in Thaddeus Kosciuszko's life, to his death in 1817.

"The Military Genius of Taduesz Kosciuszko." The Military Genius of Taduesz Kosciuszko. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/military.html>.

This is a summary of Taduesz Kosciuszko's involvement in the American Revolution. In 1777 he was sent to Fort Ticonderoga to prepare defenses there, however because his superiors refused to follow his advice to position cannon above the fort the British drove the Americans from the fort after placing cannons on the heights above the fort. The Americans retreated to Saratoga, NY and Kosciuszko’s selection of Bemis Heights as the location of the American troops allowed them to repulse several British attack and defeat the British, capturing, a whole British army and causing France to enter the war.

"Military.com Content." Military.com Content. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2012. <http://www.military.com/ContentHYPERLINK "http://www.military.com/Content/MoreContent/1,%2012044,%20M L_polish_bkp,%2000.html"/MoreContent/1, 12044, HYPERLINK "http://www.military.com/Content/MoreContent/1,%2012044,%20M L_polish_bkp,%2000.html"ML_polish_bkpHYPERLINK "http://www.military.com/Content/MoreContent/1,%2012044,%20M L_polish_bkp,%2000.html", 00.html>.

This source gives us a history of Kosciuszko saying that Kosciuszko was a brilliant polish engineer who fortified Philadelphia, delayed the British advance during their advance from Saratoga, fortified Bemis height during the battle of Saratoga allowing the American army to triumph, he also fortified West Point.

Minks, Louise, and Benton Minks. The Revolutionary War. New York: Facts on File, 1992. Print.

This book gave us an overview of the American Revolution. it also gave us more details about the ending of the War including the Siege and surrender of the British at Yorktown, We learned more about the effects of the American Victory from the saratoga campaign as well.

Mitchell, Joseph B. Decisive Battles of the American Revolution. New York: Putnam, 1962. Print.

We learned about the major events during all the major battles of the American Revolution. It gave us information on washington's failure at the Battle of Brandywine Creek and its impact on the Revolutionary War. It gave us more details about the Battles at Saratoga and how it changed the course of the American Revolution.

Nash, Gary B., and Graham Russell Hodges. Friends of Liberty: Thomas Jefferson, Taduesz Kosciuszko, and Agrippa Hull. New York: Basic, 2007. Print.

This book that explains that Taduesz Kosciuszko, Thomas Jefferson, and Agrippa Hull. It explains a lot on their friendship and each one's personal accomplishments, as well as provides us with several quotes.

Nester, William R. The Revolutionary Years, 1775-1789: The Art of American Power during the Early Republic. Washington, D.C.: Potomac, 2011. Print.

This book provided us with an overview of the American Revolution, and we learned more the creation of the American Republic after the American Revolution had ended. It also showed us how the Battle of Saratoga affected the overall course of the American Revolution

"Opening Causes and Events of the American Revolution." Opening Causes and Events of the American Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <http://www.usahistory.info/American-Revolution/>.

This is the 11th chapter of an electronic book on the history of the U.S.A. This provides us with background information on the Battle of Saratoga along with many other scandals and battles in the American Revolution.

"Patriotic, Historical & Genealogical Links." Patriotic, Historical & Genealogical Links. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2012. <http://www.virginia-sar.org/vassar/links.htm>.

This image is a portrait of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. This image shows the expression on the Congressmen's faces. They seem happy and accomplished.

"Polish American Cultural Center." Polish American Cultural Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. <http://www.polishamericancenHYPERLINK "http://www.polishamericancenter.org/Pictures/KHouseIn.JPG"ter.org/Pictures/K-HouseIn.JPG>.

This image is a modern photograph of Taduesz Kosciuszko's bedroom as it was left and preserved in Poland to be a national tourist attraction.

Reviews, Kirkus. "The Battle of Saratoga." Google Books . N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://books.google.com/books?id=vFlvGwAACAAJ>.

This review of the book, "The Battle of Saratoga" by Rupert Furneaux, by Kirkus Reviews. The review gives us an excellent quote stating that the win at Yorktown was "the child of Saratoga."

"Revolutionary War Battle of Hubbardton Commemoration - Hubbardton Battlefield State Park, Hubbardton, VT - Boston Events INSIDER: What to Do in Boston." Revolutionary War Battle of Hubbardton Commemoration - Hubbardton Battlefield State Park, Hubbardton, VT - Boston Events INSIDER: What to Do in Boston. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2012. <http://bostoneventsinsider.com/bostonevents/2011/0706/revolutionary-war-battle-of-hubbardton-commemoration.htm>.

This is a photograph of a re-enactment of the Battle of Hubbardton, Vermont. This battle was probably the only real battle fought in Vermont during the Revolutionary War.

"Revolutionary Uniforms." Revolutionary Uniforms. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2013. <http://www.oocities.org/gmierka/code/revolutionuniforms.html>.

This image is a drawing of a continental regular. It provides us with a better understanding of the uniform and layout of a Continental soldier during the American Revolution. The image is used on our website as a comparison.

"Revolutionary Uniforms." Revolutionary Uniforms. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2013.

This image is a drawing of a continental regular. It provides us with a

better understanding of the uniform and layout of a Continental soldier during the American Revolution. The image is used on our website as a comparison.

"Revolutionary War Museum - 1777." Revolutionary War Museum - 1777. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/1777.html>.

This website has a photo gallery and provides us with a minor timeline of the Saratoga Campaign. It also provides several primary source images that we used in our website.

"- - SideshowCollectibles.com." Sideshow Collectibles RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.

This image is of a British Redcoat. This is used as a comparison image in our website. We are able to materialize a basic understanding on how a British soldier was outfitted during this time period.

"Surrender at Saratoga." Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2012. <http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/revolutionimages/images/burgoyne-saratoga.gif>.

This primary source image is a surrender image of Saratoga. This image is the header of our entire website and provides us with what seems like a general idea of what occurred after the defeat of General Burgoyne. This image shows Benedict Arnold and John Burgoyne facing each other while Horatio Gates is explaining the terms of the surrender and keeping a brawl from occurring. The image is very influential in our research.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko (1746 - 1817)." Taduesz Kosciuszko (1746 - 1817). N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2013. <http://europeanHYPERLINK "http://europeanhistory.about.com/library/weekly/aa062201b.htm"hist ory.about.com/library/weekly/aa062201b.htm>.

This is a biography about Taduesz Kosciuszko that provides us with a plethora of information involving his many uprisings and wars that he was a part of and/or led. It also says many things about the experiences he had in the military and in his brief stay in prison.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko (1746-1817)." Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music & Wayback Machine. N.p., 2009. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://web.archive.org/web/20071016174059/http://polishworld.com /polemb/>.

This is a brief summary of the polish general Taduesz Kosciuszko and his contribution to the battle of Saratoga. Kosciuszko fought in American Revolution, was responsible for the American victory at Saratoga the turning point in the war for American Independence. He then helped organize the Polish Army in the War of The Second Partition.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko: A Polish Son of Liberty." Taduesz Kosciuszko: A Polish Son of Liberty. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/son.html>.

A brief summary of Kosciuszko’s life. After failure at marrying his beloved, Kosciuszko traveled to America to aid in that country's fight for independence, he fortified Philly, sent to Fort TI. and delayed British on the Colonial retreat from TI. at Saratoga his careful placement of colonial defenses allowed the Americans to defeat the British the first major American victory of the war. Afterwards he fortified west point and later went on to fight for Poland’s independence, but ultimately failed.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko Gallery -- MonumentsClick on Image for Enlargement." Taduesz Kosciuszko Gallery. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/monuments.html>.

This is a gallery of the many different statues in the honor of Taduesz Kosciuszko all across the U.S.A. in recognition for the great man's achievements.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko Gallery - PortraitsClick on Image for Enlargement and Commentary." Taduesz Kosciuszko Gallery. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/portraits.html>.

This gallery is a gallery of Taduesz Kosciuszko portraits, paintings, and sketches. We use many of them in our website. It also provides us with information on the artists and many facts about Taduesz. This proved extremely beneficial in our research.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko Gallery of PaintingsClick on Image for Enlargement." Taduesz Kosciuszko Gallery. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/paintings.html>.

This is a collection of paintings of Kosciuszko taking his oath to liberate Poland, reviewing his troops before battle, and his capture at the hands of the Russians.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://www.history.com/topics/tadeusz-kosciuszko>.

This is an extended summary by the History Chanel about Taduesz Kosciuszko and his involvement in Saratoga. This provides us with valuable information about his life after the revolution and many quotes that we use in our website.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko Pages." Taduesz Kosciuszko: A Military Genius. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2013. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/main.html>.

This website is a solid secondary source that provided us with a

decent summary of Kosciuszko's accomplishments after the American Revolution when he left for Poland to support a rebellion that was occurring within a relevant time frame of the Post-Revolutionary Era.

"TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO." TADEUSZ KOSCIUSZKO. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.halat.pl/kosciuszko.html>.

This is a collection of different articles from many different books, encyclopedias, web pages, etc. It provides us with a lot more information on Taduesz Kosciuszko, and different view on him from many different people and walks of life. It really aided us in our research on the topic.

"Taduesz Kosciuszko: Timeline." Taduesz Kosciuszko: Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. <http://infopoland.buffalo.edu/classroom/kosciuszko/timeline.html>.

This is a basic outline of Kosciuszko’s life and focuses on the battle of

Saratoga. Lists his schools and Alma Mater, as well as his time studying engineering in France, where he was exposed to infectious enlightenment ideas after that it goes into detail on his contributions in the Saratoga Campaign i.e., choosing terrain, building defenses, and delaying British advance. Also has his participation in the rest of the war, War on the Second Partition, and HIS uprising.

"Tag Archive: Battle of Hubbardton." Legacy America. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2012. <http://www.legacy-america.net/tag/battle-ofhubbardton/>.

The image on this webpage was very influential to our research. It shows an image of the Battle of Hubbardton, Vermont. This battle was commenced around the time of the capture of Fort Ticonderoga by the British.

"Thaddeus Kosciusko." Thaddeus Kosciusko. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.virtualology.com/virtualwarmuseum.com/revolutionary warhall/THADDEUSKOSCIUSKO.COM/>.

This site provides us with a good summary of Taduesz Kosciuszko's involvement in the Polish revolts in the time after the American Revolution. He eventually had to summit and the revolts ended in failure and Taduesz's exile from Poland.

"Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial." Ushistory.org. N.p., 2012. Web. 2 Jan. 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/tHYPERLINK "http://www.ushistory.org/tour/kosciuszko.htm"our/kosciuszko.htm>.

This website provides a short description and an excellent image of Taduesz Kosciuszko. This site tells us the location of his memorial and why he was exiled to Switzerland. It also provided us with other links to more sources.

"Thaddeus Kosciuszko." Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello Blog RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2012. <http://www.monticello.org/site/jefferson/thaddeus-kosciuszko>.

This website provided us with an overview of Taduesz Kosciuszko's involvement in the Revolutionary War, along with a works cited page that led us to many more sources that we used to further our knowledge on our topic.

"This Day In History   September 11." N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2012. <http://www.legacy-america.net/2011/09/11/this-day-in-historyseptember-11/>.

This source is a webpage with a digital image on it of the Battle of Brandywine. The Battle of Bradywine had happened a few months before Saratoga and had ended in another Continental Army loss. This image shows the Continental Army in an open field standing their ground against a British Army storming up to them.

"Timeline of the Revolutionary War." Revolutionary War Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2012. <http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/revwartimeline.htm>.

This source is a timeline of the many battles that were fought during the American Revolution. It gives a very detailed, up to date, timeline on the Revolution as well as the many other events happening during the war as well. We used this page to help build the statistics page.

"United States." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/113530/Thesurrender-of-Gen>.

This image is the header image for our website. It is a colored version of a primary source image of the surrender of John Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga, in which he is discussing the terms of the surrender and relinquishing his army to the successful Continental Army .

"Unusual Historicals.” Cowards: Benedict Arnold. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. <http://unusualhistoricals.blogspot.com/2011/04/cowards-

benedict-arnold.htHYPERLINK "http://unusualhistoricals.blogspot.com/2011/04/cowards-benedictarnold.html"ml>.

This source is a brief summary of Benedict Arnold's involvement in the Revolutionary War, but also explains why Benedict Arnold is referred to as a traitor. He almost sold West Point to the British in an attempt to make himself rich. This is what mainly gave him his infamous title.

"The Unusual Story of Thaddeus Kosciusko." The Unusual Story of Thaddeus Kosciusko. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://www.lituanus.org/1986/86_1_03.htm>.

This is a biography explaining the spirit and energy of Taduesz Kosciuszko. This document gives us another look at the man who is Taduesz Kosciuszko.

"WarMuseum.ca - Wars on Our Soil, Earliest times to 1885 - The American Revolution." WarMuseum.ca - Wars on Our Soil, Earliest times to 1885 - The American Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2012. <http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/gallery1/revolution_e.s html>.

This website gave us a digital image of the Snow Campaign patterns, led by General Benedict Arnold, which he lost all the battle in. This was America's attempt to capture Canada. It failed terribly.

"West Point History - Home." West Point History - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.usma.edu/wphistory/SitePages/Home.aspx>.

This is a brief history of West Point. What it mentions is the importance of Taduesz Kosciuszko's defenses that he set up. He was the main reason West Point was kept by the Continental Army.

"Who Was Kosciuszko?" Who Was Kosciuszko. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2012. <http://www.mtkosciuszko.org.au/english/who_waskosciuszko.htm>.

This is a website that gave us an interesting piece of information. Taduesz was so important that he has a mountain in Australia named after him. This gives us an even bigger idea of how important Taduesz Kosciusko was.

"Women of the American Revolution - Frederica De Riedesel." Women of the American Revolution - Frederica De Riedesel. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.americanrevolution.org/women/women9.html>.

This is a biography of the wife of a German general who fought at Saratoga. She later wrote a dairy with extensive entries about Saratoga, “The Journal of Baroness Fredericka von Riedesel”

"YC Professors Publish Colonial Book Series." YC Professors Publish Colonial Series. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.york.edu/news/colonial_series.asp>.

This webpage is a collection of excerpts from a book series titled "Colonial Settlements in America," that gives us a description of New York during colonial times and Revolutionary times.