Exposure Equivalencies

ƒ32
ƒ22
ƒ16
ƒ11
ƒ8
ƒ5.6
ƒ4
ƒ2.8
ƒ2.0
ƒ1.8

500

250

125

60

30

15

8

© opyleft 2004

1000

ƒ1.4

5´ 4´ 5´ 10´ ƒ8 7´ 10´ 13´ 20´ 42´ ƒ11 ƒ16 ƒ22 5´ 3.Hyperfocal Distance Lens 20 mm 24 mm 28 mm 35 mm ƒ32 1.5´ 7´ 5´ 3.5´ 10´ 7´ 5´ 15´ 10´ 8´ 30´ 21´ 15´ 50 mm 53´ 27´ 107´ 78´ 39´ 80 mm © opyleft 2004 .5´ 2.7´ 2.

Darken Water .Portaits .B&W Filters Red Adjust: 3 Stops Spectacular Skys Brilliant Sunsets Reduce Haze Deeper Textures Deep Red Adjust: 4 Stops Black Skys Reduce Haze Green-Yellow Adjust: 2 Stops Natural Foliage Natural Outdoor Portraits Yellow Adjust: 1 Stop Natural Effects to: .Deeper Texture Blue Adjust: 2 2/3 Stops Increase Haze © opyleft 2004 .Less Haze .Darkened Sky .Landscapes .Sunsets .Marine water .Sky .Foliage .Textures Deep Yellow Adjust: 1 1/3 Stops Enhanced Effects to: .Brilliant Susets .

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 00 © opyleft 2004 .

100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 C M Y K 255 230 204 179 153 128 102 77 51 26 R G B © opyleft 2004 .

8 ƒ4 4 ƒ5.4 ƒ2.6 5.Exposure V alue (EV) Value -6 Starlight only -5 1/4 Moonlight only -4 1/2 Moonlight only -3 Full Moon -2 Snowscape & Full Moon -1 Dim ambient artificual Light 0 Dim ambient artificual Light 1 Dim Distant City Lights 2 Lightning/eclipse of moon 3 Fireworks 4 candles/christmas lights 5 Normal Indoor Lighting 6 fair/amusement parks 7 Indoor sports/spotlights 8 store windows/Nightclub 9 Spotlight Stage Acts 10 immediatly after sunset 11 sunset in open shade 12 heavy overcast 13 cloudy-bright light no shade 14 weak hazy sun 15 bright hazy sun 16 bright daylight/sand/snow 17 man made light 18 man made light -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 ISO ISO 100 200 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 - ƒ1.8 2.0 ƒ2.6 ƒ8 8 ƒ11 11 General Exposure ƒ16 16 ƒ22 22 2s 6m 4m 2m 1m 30 s 15 s 8s 4s 1s 4m 2m 1m 30 s 15 s 8s 4s 2s 1/2 s 2m 1m 30 s 15 s 8s 4s 2s 1s 1/4 s 1m 30 s 15 s 8s 4s 2s 1s 1/2 s 1/8 s 30 s 15 s 8s 4s 2s 1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/15 s 15 s 8s 4s 2s 1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 8s 4s 2s 1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 4s 2s 1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 2s 1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 1s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 1/2 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 1/4 s 1/8 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 1/8 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/15 s 1/8000 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/30 s 1/8000 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/60 s 1/8000 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/125 s 1/8000 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/250 s 1/8000 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s 1/500 s 1/8000 s 1/4000 s 1/2000 s 1/1000 s - RED Shutter Speeds are the optimal settings for the (EV) © opyleft 2004 .4 1.0 2.

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