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Bridget's SIOP Long Lesson Plan

STANDARDS: LESSON TOPIC: Setting Language Goals CONTENT OBJECTIVES: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to discuss the need for setting goals, and will have the knowledge necessary to create their own language goals. LANGUAGE OBJECTIVES: By the end of the lesson, students will


have listened to other non-native speakers talk about their reasons for learning English have read a short article for general meaning about the how to achieve goals have talked with each other about goals, why they set them, and the ways they can meet them be able to write a list of conditions they must meet in order to succeed in accomplishing their language goals

LEARNING STRATEGIES: making an analogy, grouping configurations, graphic organizer, dividing large tasks into smaller tasks, setting deadlines for completion of tasks, monitoring your own progress KEY VOCABULARY: strategy, objective, goal, progress, desire, commit, achieve, motivate, persistent, unless, only if (bold = AWL, underline = K1) MATERIALS: Prezi, graphic organizer, YouTube clip, article, vocabulary bingo, poster with quote MOTIVATION (building background): (5 min) T introduces herself and students. T shows Ss a picture of a soccer goal on Prezi. I think you all recognize this. What do we call it when you get a soccer ball in this? ...Yes, a goal. Have you heard this word used in any other way? In English, when there is something in the future we want to work toward, we call this a goal. (1 min) I'll give you an example of one of my own goals. This week, my goal was to complete two essays. In order to achieve this goal, I had to get up early, go to the library, stay up late, and

turn off my internet. With the person sitting next to you, talk about a goal you completed recently. Talk about each step you took to achieve that goal. (directions shown on Prezi) (3) T asks for an S to volunteer this information. (1) PRESENTATION (language and content objectives, comprehensible input, strategies, interaction, feedback): (1 min) So, today we are going to talk about personal goals. It is important to set goals so that we can improve, especially with language learning. T asks for a student to read the language and content objectives listed on the Prezi. PRACTICE AND APPLICATION (meaningful activities, interaction, strategies, practice & application, feedback ): (26 min) Transition: In English, when we talk about goals, there are certain words we use frequently. T introduces vocabulary as is shown on Prezi, first asking students if they can come up with their own definitions; if not, a written and oral definition will be provided for them. Each vocabulary word has an example sentence in which unless and only if are used. T asks students to repeat each word. (7 minutes) So, in order to figure out what our goals should be, we have to figure out what we want first. Let's watch a short video of English language learners talking about why they want to learn English. Youtube clip: (Watch a total of two times = 3 min) What were some of the reasons people in the video had for learning English? Transition: Often there is only one path we can take if we want to achieve our goals. To express this idea that there is only ONE condition in which we can get a certain result, we can use the word unless and only if. There are several ways to use these words, but for today we will use them to talk about the future. T shows Prezi with examples. Both unless and only if can occur at the beginning of sentences. But if you put only if at the beginning of a sentence, you have to follow extra rules. So let's only use it after the main clause for now. We use unless to say what will happen if something else does not happen. It is kind of like saying except if (give example) Usually, unless is used with a negative. (refer to example) You already know what only means. It comes from the word ONE. There is only ONE way something can be true. Only if is similar to if, but it means the result in the main clause will

occur only in the time, place, or situation mentioned in the clause following only if. (give example). (5 minutes) So, let's watch the video again. Here are some phrases from the video. Try to rewrite these phrases to express the same idea, but using UNLESS and ONLY IF. (T assigns partners for each student to work with) (3 minutes) T puts instructions and sentences up on Prezi: Write the following sayings using unless or only if: I would like to work for some companies that work in Canada and the USA, and I have to speak English very well to work for them. I believe that English is very important nowadays as you cannot continue studying without using English. I think English is the most important thing for politicians or diplomats. Transition: OK, so now we know something about setting goals, we'll read a short article giving advice about how to achieve our goals. T passes out articles. Students read aloud to each other in pairs. T walks around to see if Ss have any questions related to vocabulary or comprehension (4 minutes) Ss will then choose the three steps they think are the most important, writing why they think so using unless and only if. Instructions and an example will be shown on Prezi. (4 min) REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT (review objectives and vocabulary, assess learning): (7 min)
Alright, so who has a question they want to ask me? Vocabulary BINGO: T will pass around a blank table on it with a total of 9 empty spaces. The students will choose 9 vocabulary words they want to put in the boxes. I will give definitions, synonyms, antonyms, or omit a word in a sentence; students have to choose which word they think corresponds to what I say. The first student to get three in a row, three in a column, or three diagonally wins.

If time: Does anyone have a personal goal that they would like to share with the class? EXTENSION: (1 min)
I know that I procrastinate very often. I know the steps I need to take in order to accomplish my goals, but I always say I will do it later. Actually writing down what you need to do in order to achieve what you want is a good first step! T gives students their homework assignment.

4 For homework, students will fill out a graphic organizer detailing the specific conditions they must meet in order to achieve their goals.


Read the following passage for general meaning. Then answer the questions with your partner. To achieve your dreams and live a life you love, goals are very important. Goal setting and goal achievement are easier if you follow these six steps for effective and successful goal setting. 1) You need to deeply desire the goal. The starting point of all achievement is desire. Weak desires bring weak results. You will achieve your dreams only if you are very persistent. 2) Picture yourself achieving the goal. Human beings can change their lives by changing their attitudes. What will your achievement feel like? How will your life be different as a result? Unless you can picture yourself achieving the goal, you will not reach the goal. 3) Make a plan for the path you need to follow to accomplish the goal. Create steps to follow. Identify a critical path which defines the key accomplishments along the way; you will succeed only if you accomplish the objectives on this list. 4) Commit to achieving the goal by writing down the goal. Writing something down is the first step toward making it happen. Write down the planthe steps you will take to achieve it. Somehow, writing down the goal, the plan, and the deadlines usually makes you motivated to start. The goal will not seem real unless you write it down. 5) Establish times for checking your progress in your calendar system. If youre not making progress, you need to assess the reasons why. Look at all of the factors that are preventing you from accomplishing your goal and develop a plan to overcome them. Add these plan steps to your calendar system as part of your goal achievement plan. You will achieve your goals only if you are continually making progress. 6) Review your overall progress regularly. Make sure you are making progress. If you are not making progress, hire a coach, find the support of loved ones, analyze why the goal is not being met. Dont allow the goal to just fade away. Figure out what you need to do to accomplish it. This six-step goal setting and achieving system seems simple, but it is the most powerful system for accomplishing your goals. You just need to do it. Good luck! Adapted from:

Which steps do you think are the most important to setting and achieving your language goals? With a partner, choose which three steps you think are the most important. Discuss why you think these are the most important. Give reasons why using unless and only if. Example: I think step 6 is the most important, because unless you are aware of your progress, you will not know if your plan is working. Homework: Fill in the boxes based on two of your personal language goals. What is my language What steps have I What steps do I still Sentences with unless already taken to need to take to goal? / only if achieve this goal? achieve this goal?
Bridget's example: My goal is to improve my listening skills in Spanish. I have taken communication classes in Spanish. I need to hear Spanish spoken around me very often. My listening skills will not improve unless I hear Spanish spoken around me very often. OR My listening skills will improve only if I hear Spanish spoken around me very often.

Choose 9 words from the vocabulary list and write one in each box. If you hear me give the definition of one of the words you have written, put an X through it.