Injection Molding: Injection Molding is a process, in which a polymer is heated to a highly plastic state and forced to flow under pressure into a mold cavity, where it solidifies. BLOW MOLDING: Blow molding is a modified extrusion and injection molding process, wherein a tube is extruded, clamped into a mold with a cavity much larger than the tube diameter, and then blown outward to fill the mold. Extrusion blow molding: (1) extrusion of parison, (2) mold is closed, (3) the tub is blown to take the shape of the mold, and (4) mold is open to remove the part Compression Molding: In compression molding, the work piece (pre-shaped part, volume of powder, mixture of liquid resin and fillers) is placed in the heated mold and is formed under pressure. Compression molding of thermosets: (1) charge is loaded, (2) charge is compressed and cured, and(3) part is ejected and removed Transfer Molding: Transfer molding is a similar to compression molding process, but the charge is placed not in the die cavity but into a chamber next to the die cavity. Pressure is then applied to force the material to flow into the heated mold where curing occurs. Transfer molding of thermosets: (1) charge is loaded, (2) soften polymer is compressed into mold cavity and cured, and (3) part is ejected and removed Thermoforming: Thermoforming is a process in which a flat thermoplastic sheet is heated and deformed into desired shape. The classical process involves the use of vacuum and is called vacuum forming Vacuum thermoforming: (1) a flat plastic sheet is softened by heating, (2) soften sheet is placed over the mold cavity, (3) a vacuum draws the Sheet into cavity. (4) after cooling and solidification, part is removed and subs trimmed
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