# 12–6. A ball is released from the bottom of an elevator which is traveling upward with a velocity of 6 ft>s.

If the ball strikes the bottom of the elevator shaft in 3 s, determine the height of the elevator from the bottom of the shaft at the instant the ball is released. Also, find the velocity of the ball when it strikes the bottom of the shaft. Kinematics: When the ball is released, its velocity will be the same as the elevator at the instant of release. Thus, v0 = 6 ft>s. Also, t = 3 s, s0 = 0, s = -h, and ac = -32.2 ft>s2.

A+cB

s = s0 + v0t +

1 a t2 2 c 1 (-32.2) A 32 B 2 Ans.

-h = 0 + 6(3) + h = 127 ft

A+cB

v = v0 + act v = 6 + (-32.2)(3) = - 90.6 ft>s = 90.6 ft>s T Ans.

© 2010 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

12–10. Car A starts from rest at t = 0 and travels along a straight road with a constant acceleration of 6 ft>s2 until it reaches a speed of 80 ft>s. Afterwards it maintains this speed. Also, when t = 0, car B located 6000 ft down the road is traveling towards A at a constant speed of 60 ft>s. Determine the distance traveled by car A when they pass each other.

60 ft/s A B

6000 ft

Distance Traveled: Time for car A to achives y = 80 ft>s can be obtained by applying Eq. 12–4. + A:B y = y0 + ac t 80 = 0 + 6t t = 13.33 s The distance car A travels for this part of motion can be determined by applying Eq. 12–6. + A:B y2 = y2 + 2ac (s - s0) 0 802 = 0 + 2(6)(s1 - 0) s1 = 533.33 ft For the second part of motion, car A travels with a constant velocity of y = 80 ft>s and the distance traveled in t¿ = (t1 - 13.33) s (t1 is the total time) is + A:B s2 = yt¿ = 80(t1 - 13.33)

Car B travels in the opposite direction with a constant velocity of y = 60 ft>s and the distance traveled in t1 is + A:B It is required that s1 + s2 + s3 = 6000 533.33 + 80(t1 - 13.33) + 60t1 = 6000 t1 = 46.67 s The distance traveled by car A is sA = s1 + s2 = 533.33 + 80(46.67 - 13.33) = 3200 ft Ans. s3 = yt1 = 60t1

5

please don’t drive! v1 44 ft/s d Stopping Distance: For normal driver.75 s before he or she can react to a situation to avoid a collision. Tests reveal that a normal driver takes about 0. For a drunk driver.75) = 33. + A:B y2 = y2 + 2ac (s .s0) 0 02 = 442 + 2(-2)(d . The stopping distance can be obtained using Eq. determine the shortest stopping distance d for each from the moment they see the pedestrians.33. . 12–6 with s0 = d¿ = 132 ft and y = 0. the car moves a distance of d¿ = yt = 44(3) = 132 ft before he or she reacts and decelerates the car.12–15.0 ft and y = 0. 12–6 with s0 = d¿ = 33. + A:B y2 = y2 + 2ac (s .0) d = 517 ft Ans.1% alcohol in his system to do the same. If such drivers are traveling on a straight road at 30 mph (44 ft>s) and their cars can decelerate at 2 ft>s2.0 ft before he or she reacts and decelerates the car. the car moves a distance of d¿ = yt = 44(0. The stopping distance can be obtained using Eq. It takes about 3 s for a driver having 0.132) d = 616 ft Ans. Moral: If you must drink.s0) 0 02 = 442 + 2(-2)(d .

905(t¿)2 . A ball is thrown with an upward velocity of 5 m>s from the top of a 10-m high building. tA = t¿ . .81t¿ . One second later another ball is thrown vertically from the ground with a velocity of 10 m>s. Kinematics: First. Determine the height from the ground where the two balls pass each other.81)(t¿)2 2 (1) h = 5t¿ . (sB)0 = 0. we will consider the motion of ball A with (vA)0 = 5 m>s. and ac = -9.10 = 0 + 5t¿ + 1 actA 2 2 1 (-9. Thus. A+cB sB = (sB)0 + (vB)0 tB + h = 0 + 10(t¿ . sB = h.905(t¿)2 + 10 Motion of ball B is with (vB)0 = 10 m>s.4.54 m t¿ = 1.1)2 2 (2) h = 19.10) m. Thus. (1) and (2) yields h = 4.81 m>s2.905 Solving Eqs. A+cB sA = (sA)0 + (vA)0 tA + h . (sA)0 = 0. tB = t¿ .4.81)(t¿ .•12–17.1 and ac = -9.1) + 1 ac tB 2 2 1 (-9.81 m>s2.68 m Ans. sA = (h .14.

1200 B m>s y = 2-0.0 m>s For the interval 200 m 6 s … 300 m.© 2010 Pearson Education.200 300 .1200 = 24.02s + 6)ds y = At s = 300 m. y = 0. ydy = ds y s 0 L L 0 ydy = 0.02s + 6) m>s2 a = (0. v = 0. A 2 -0.01sds y = (0. At s = 0.100(200) = 20.0.0 = s .2 = s .1s) m>s At s = 200 m. 0 .200 a = (. NJ. Construct the v–s graph. Upper Saddle River.0 2 . without permission in writing from the publisher. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. in any form or by any means.02(3002) + 12(300) .01s) m>s2 Y s Graph: The function of velocity y in terms of s can be obtained by applying ydy = ads.0 For the interval 200 m 6 s … 300 m. All rights reserved..2 a . For the interval 0 m ◊ s<200 m. Inc. ydy = ads y 20. a (m/s2) 2 200 300 s (m) a s Graph: The function of acceleration a in terms of s for the interval 0 m … s 6 200 m is a .0 200 .02s2 + 12s . *12–48. The a–s graph for a jeep traveling along a straight road is given for the first 300 m of its motion. No portion of this material may be reproduced.0m>s L s ydy = 200m L (-0.5 m>s 34 .

(1) and (2). second A+cB y = y0 + vyt + 1 2 at 2 y 1 ( -9.22625 t1 = 30 sin u + 1.905t1 2 (3) projectile.0. Thus. and For the motion of the ay = -g = -9.1. A+cB 1 2 at 2 y 1 y = 0 + 51.30 sin u .4.5)2 2 (4) y = 0 + 60 sin u(t1 . without permission in writing from the publisher.06 (6) 72 .5) + y = (60 sin u)t1 . vx = 60 cos 60° = 30 m>s.905t1 .47. x0 = 0. Thus. vy = 60 sin 60° = 51. A second projectile is then fired with the same speed 0.96t1 .96t1 + (-9. NJ.30 sin u . A projectile is fired with a speed of v = 60 m>s at an angle of 60°. and ay = -g = -9.22625 60 sin u . At what position (x.1 (5) Equating Eqs.81 m>s2. + A:B x = x0 + vxt x = 0 + 30t1 (1) For the motion of the second projectile.22625 Equating Eqs.© 2010 Pearson Education.905 t1 2 + 4.905t1 2 = (60 sin u)t1 . in any form or by any means.5. y0 = 0.0.47. and t = t1. Determine the angle u of the second projectile so that the two projectiles collide.22625 (60 sin u . y) will this happen? y v 60 m/s 60 u v 60 m/s x y x x-Motion: For the motion of the first projectile. Thus.96 m>s.96t1 .1.4. Thus.0. vx = 60 cos u.905t1 2 + 4. Upper Saddle River. vy = 60 sin u.5) (2) y-Motion: For the motion of the first projectile. 12–90.4.5) t1 = cos u 2 cos u . 51. x0 = 0. 30t1 = 60 cos u(t1 . (3) and (4). All rights reserved. and t = t1 .81)t1 2 2 y = y0 + vyt + y = 51.81 m>s2.905t1 . y0 = 0. Inc.81)(t1 .0.4. + A:B x = x0 + vxt x = 0 + 60 cos u(t1 .0.. No portion of this material may be reproduced. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.06)t1 = 30 sin u + 1.5 s later.

Upper Saddle River. (1) and (3).4.30 sin u = 1.905 A 7..3998) = 222 m y = 51. Substituting this result into Eqs.57° = 57. Ans. (6)). without permission in writing from the publisher. 73 .© 2010 Pearson Education. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.3998) .06 49. (5) (or Eq. x = 30(7. Inc. 12–90.3998 s 2 cos 57.47. No portion of this material may be reproduced.1 60 sin u . u = 57.22625 = 2 cos u .96(7. NJ.39982 B = 116 m Ans.57° = 7. in any form or by any means.1 Ans.22625 Solving by trial and error. (5) and (6) yields cos u 30 sin u + 1. t1 = cos 57.6° Substituting this result into Eq. Continued Equating Eqs.57° .51 cos u . All rights reserved.

determine its average velocity when it goes from B to C.98i .(21.21i . y 30 45 30 m C B A x . 30 . rB = (30 sin 45° .45j} m.21i .765i + 13.30 cos 75°) .rB = (28.30 cos 45°) .21j} m rC = (30 sin 75° . A particle travels along the circular path from A to B in 1 s. 30 .0)i + [(30 .21j) = {7.30]j = {28. Thus.88i + 6.30 cos 75°]. If it takes 3 s for it to go from A to C.98i .0)i + [(30 .30]j = {21.765i + 13. Position: The coordinates for points B and C are [30 sin 45°.30 cos 45°] and [30 sin 75°. (vBC)avg = 7.765j) .21.1 Ans.72j} m>s ¢t 3 .7.•12–81.45j ¢rBC = = {3.7.765j} m Average Velocity: The displacement from point B to C is ¢rBC = rC .21.

ds = v dt.t) dt.20 = = 0 m>s2 ¢t 20 . t2 = 20 s. s1 = A1 = 1 (5)(20) = 50 m 2 s2 = A1 + A2 = 50 + 20(20 .5) = 350 m s3 = A1 + A2 + A3 = 350 + 1 (30 . This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.© 2010 Pearson Education.20 5 20 30 t (s) a = From the v–t graph at t1 = 5 s.20)(20) = 450 m 2 The equations defining the portions of the s–t graph are s t 0 L 0 … t … 5s 5 … t … 20 s 20 … t … 30 s v = 4t.. t s = 2t2 s = 20t .450 46 . in any form or by any means.5 ¢v 0 . without permission in writing from the publisher. Draw the s-t and a -t graphs for the motion. and t3 = 30 s. No portion of this material may be reproduced. NJ. ds = v = 2(30 .50 t 50 L ds = 5 L s 20 dt. Inc. The v -t graph of a car while traveling along a road is shown. •12–61. v (m/s) 20 0 … t … 5 5 … t … 20 20 … t … 30 a = a = 20 ¢v = = 4 m>s2 ¢t 5 ¢v 20 . s = -t2 + 60t . ds = v dt. ds = v dt.t). 350 L 20 L 2(30 . v = 20. 0 L ds = s 4t dt. All rights reserved.20 = = -2 m>s2 ¢t 30 . Upper Saddle River.

(vA)y = 110 sin 30° = 55 ft>s. + A:B xB = xA + (vA)xt 350 = 0 + 95.7 ft .6742 B 2 Ans.2 ft>s2.674 s y-Motion: Here. h .12–95.30 = 0 + 55(3. determine the height h ramp B must have so that the motorcycle lands safely.26t t = 3. yB = h . and ay = -g = -32. and (vA)x = 110 cos 30° = 95.2) A 3. yA = 0. If the motorcycle leaves the ramp traveling at 110 ft>s. x-Motion: Here.674) + h = 14.30.26 ft>s. xA = 0. xB = 350 ft. Thus. we have A+cB yB = yA + (vA)yt + 1 a t2 2 y 1 (-32. Thus. A 110 ft/s 30 30 ft 350 ft h B Coordinate System: The x–y coordinate system will be set so that its origin coincides with the take off point of the motorcycle at ramp A. using the result of t.

Horizontal Motion: The horizontal component of velocity is (y0)x = 80 cos 55° = 45. vA 80 ft/s B A 45 10 d A + : B sx = (s0)x + (y0)x t d cos 10° = 0 + 45.2)t2 2 sy = (s0)y + (y0)y t + [2] Solving Eqs.89 ft>s.89t [1] Vertical Motion: The vertical component of initial velocity is (y0)y = 80 sin 55° = 65.The initial and final horizontal positions are (s0)x = 0 and sx = d cos 10°. . respectively.53 ft>s. The initial and final vertical positions are (s0)y = 0 and sy = d sin 10°.568 s Ans. A golf ball is struck with a velocity of 80 ft>s as shown. (+ c ) 1 (a ) t2 2 cy 1 d sin 10° = 0 + 65. respectively.53t + (-32. Determine the distance d to where it will land. [1] and [2] yields d = 166 ft t = 3.12–102.

C vA A 8m uA 1m d 4m A+cB yy = (y0) + ac t 0 = yA sin 40° + ( -9. The initial and final horizontal positions are (s0)x = 0 and sx = (d + 4) m.7 m Ans.23 cos 40° = 13. Also.2 m>s t = 1. find the distance d where the boy must stand so that he can make the throw. Vertical Motion: The vertical components of initial and final velocity are (y0)y = (yA sin 40°) m>s and yy = 0.81) t [1] A+cB 1 (a ) t2 2 cy 1 8 = 1 + yA sin 40°t + (-9. + A:B sx = (s0)x + (y0)x t d + 4 = 0 + 13. respectively.97 m>s. . The boy at A attempts to throw a ball over the roof of a barn such that it is launched at an angle uA = 40°.23 m>s = 18. respectively.195) d = 12. [1] and [2] yields yA = 18. The initial vertical position is (s0)y = 1 m.81) t2 2 sy = (s0)y + (y0)y t + [2] Solving Eqs. Ans.12–106.97(1. Determine the minimum speed vA at which he must throw the ball so that it reaches its maximum height at C.195 s Horizontal Motion: The horizontal component of velocity is (y0)x = yA cos uA = 18.

e.•12–113. at = 0. a = an = 7.5 m>s2 while rounding a track having a radius of curvature of 200 m. v2 r n = 38.. Thus. Determine the maximum constant speed a race car can have if the acceleration of the car cannot exceed 7. its tangential component of acceleration is zero.7 m>s .5 = v2 200 Ans. Acceleration: Since the speed of the race car is constant. i.

and its speed for a short period of time 0 … t … 2 s is v = 3(t + t2) ft>s.1 ft>s2 ds = v dt 2 Ans. . A car moves along a circular track of radius 250 ft. where t is in seconds. How far has it traveled in t = 2 s? v = 3 A t + t2 B at = dv = 3 + 6t dt When t = 2 s. at = 3 + 6(2) = 15 ft>s2 C 3(2 + 22) D 2 v2 an = = = 1.296)2 = 15.12–119.296 ft>s2 r 250 a = 2(15)2 + (1. L ds = 0 L 3 A t + t2 B dt ¢s = 2 3 2 t + t3 d 2 0 ¢s = 14 ft Ans. Determine the magnitude of the car’s acceleration when t = 2 s.

Determine the speed and the magnitude of the truck’s acceleration when t = 4 s.60 m>s2. dt dy = 0 L 0.20 m>s Ans.037 m>s2 r 50 The magnitude of the acceleration is a = 2a2 + a2 = 21.91 m>s2 t n Ans. y = 0. . its speed is then increased by at = (0.2t2 + 4 B m>s When t = 4 s. apply Eq. an = y2 7.2 A 42 B + 4 = 7. 12–20. The truck travels along a circular road that has a radius of 50 m at a speed of 4 m>s. 50 m Velocity: The speed y in terms of time t can be obtained by applying a = dy = adt y 4 L m>s t dy . To determine the normal acceleration.4t) m>s2.602 + 1.202 = = 1.4(4) = 1.•12–141.0372 = 1. where t is in seconds. For a short distance when t = 0.4tdt y = A 0. Acceleration: The tangential acceleration of the truck when t = 4 s is at = 0.

81) A t2 B 2 Eliminate t from Eqs [1] and [2].0. 4 Acceleration: When t = 0.2612x. Inc.4389 = 23. from Eq.25 s. respectively. [1]. Therefore.8391 . All rights reserved. Ans.94 m>s2 an = a cos a = 9.128(0.1306x2} m = {0. The ball is kicked with an initial speed vA = 8 m>s at an angle uA = 40° with the horizontal. The initial and final vertical positions are (s0)y = 0 and sy = y. dy dy = 0. •12–153.25) = 1.131x2} m The tangent of the path makes an angle u = tan-1 Ans.81 sin 23. From the figure.532 m.128 m>s and the initial horizontal and final positions are (s0)x = 0 and sx = x. y = f(x). 119 .0.70° = 3. we have y = {0.8391x .2612(1. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.532) = 0.81 cos 23.143 m>s. y vA = 8 m/s uA A 40 x y x Horizontal Motion: The horizontal component of velocity is (v0)x = 8 cos 40° = 6.143t + 1 (a ) t2 2 cy [2] 1 ( -9. + A:B sx = (s0)x + (y0)x t x = 0 + 6. and then determine the normal and tangential components of its acceleration when t = 0. Here.128t [1] Vertical Motion: The vertical component of initial velocity is (y0)y = 8 sin 40° = 5. respectively. = 0. Upper Saddle River.98 m>s2 Ans.0.532 m.4389 dx dx and the tangent of the path makes an angle u = tan-1 0.81 m>s2 and is directed downward. A+cB sy = (s0)y + (y0)y t + y = 0 + 5. without permission in writing from the publisher.0. at = a sin a = 9. x = 0 + 6.70°.25 s. Find the equation of the path.644 = 42. in any form or by any means. a = 23.8391 .© 2010 Pearson Education. 3.33° with the x axis. No portion of this material may be reproduced. NJ..70° = 8.70° with the x axis. At x = 1.839x . The magnitude of the acceleration is a = 9.

Ans. Determine # the angular rate of rotation u of the radial line r and the magnitude of the car’s acceleration.r u2 = 0 .400(0.075 rad>s \$ u = 0 # \$ ar = r . u vu = r u = 400a u b # 2 v = 6(0)2 + a400 u b = 30 u = 0.25 ft>s2 Ans.075) = 0 a = 2(-2. r 400 ft r = 400 ft vr = r = 0 # r = 0 \$ r = 0 .25)2 + (0)2 = 2. The car travels along the circular curve of radius r = 400 ft with a constant speed of v = 30 ft>s.•12–169.075)2 = -2.25 ft>s2 # au = r u + 2 r u = 400(0) + 2(0)(0. .

25 m 2 The boy’s radial component of velocity is given by yr = (y0)r + (ac)r t = 0 + 0. If the platform is rotating # at a constant rate u = 0.410 m>s2 Ans. \$ # \$ Acceleration: When t = 3 s.ru2 = 0.5 .25(0. we have # \$ ar = r .600 m>s2 Ans. \$ # au = ru + 2ru = 2.2.5 m>s2. the boy runs outward in the radial direction from the center of the platform with a constant acceleration of 0.22 B = 0.2 rad>s.2) = 0.450 m>s Ans.50 m>s The boy’s transverse component of velocity is given by # yu = ru = 2.25(0) + 2(1.5 m/s2 1 (0.25 A 0.5) A 32 B = 2. Applying Eq. r = 2.2) = 0.12–170. Starting from rest.25 m.5(3) = 1. . determine the radial and transverse components of the velocity and acceleration of the boy when t = 3 s.2 rad/s r u 0. r = 0. r = yr = 1. Velocity: When t = 3 s. Neglect his size.50 m>s. the position of the boy is given by s = (s0)r + (y0)r t + r = 0 + 0 + 1 (a ) t2 2 cr u 0. u = 0.5 m>s2. 12–29.50)(0. Ans.

the # angular velocity is u = 2 rad>s.2 sin 60° A 22 B D .5) .149)2 \$ r u = 30° = = -15. Inc.149 m>s # vu = ru = 1.8 m>s2 Ans.r2 \$ S m>s2 r = C r At u = 30°. and the angular acceleration \$ is u = 1.1492 + 3.5 rad>s2. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.861 Velocity: # vr = r = 2.861 A 22 B = -23.861(2) = 3.392 = 25. and through the slot in the arm.861 4 C cos 60°(1.20)2 + 11.20 m>s2 \$ # # au = ru + 2r u = 1. 134 .(2.5) + 2(2. The peg moves in the curved slot defined by the lemniscate.1.r u2 = -15.39 m>s2 Thus.30 m>s Acceleration: # \$ a r = r . All rights reserved. NJ.149 m>s r u = 30° = 1. the magnitude of the peg’s acceleration is a = 2ar 2 + au 2 = 2(-23. r2 (4 sin 2 u)m2 r P O Time Derivatives: # # 2rr = 8 cos 2uu # 4 cos 2uu # r = ¢ ≤ m>s r \$ # \$ # 2 a rr + r2 b = 8 a -2 sin 2uu + cos 2uu2 b \$ # # 4 A cos 2uu .722 m>s \$ u = 1. Determine the magnitudes of the velocity and acceleration of peg P at this instant.861(1. •12–173. At u = 30°.149)(2) = 11.. Upper Saddle River.2 sin 2uu2 B . in any form or by any means.76 . the magnitude of the peg’s velocity is v = 2ar 2 + au 2 = 22.© 2010 Pearson Education. No portion of this material may be reproduced.7222 = 4.861 m (4 cos 60°)(2) # = 2. Ans. without permission in writing from the publisher. r u = 30° = 24 sin 60° = 1.76 m>s2 1.5 rad>s2 u # u = 2 rad>s Thus.

12–199. Upper Saddle River. All rights reserved. a. vA = vB = -5 m>s. in any form or by any means. (1) and (2) yields 7sE . Thus. (2) (1) B C A+TB 7vE .© 2010 Pearson Education.sA + sC = l1 and (sE .2sC = l2 Eliminating sC from Eqs. a. Thus.14 m>s = 2.2vA .sB . the length of the two cables written in terms of the position coordinates are sE + (sE .sA) + sC = l1 2sE . Position Coordinates: By referring to Fig. and sC are sB + 2a + 2sC = l1 sB + 2sC = l1 . determine the speed of cylinder B. 7vE . sB. NJ. without permission in writing from the publisher.sC) = l2 2sA .sC = l2 Eliminating sC from Eqs. vA = 5 m>s.sC) = l2 3sE .14 m>s c 154 . Inc. vB + 4(5) = 0 vB = -20 m>s = 20 m>s c Ans.2sA .. vE = -2. Position Coordinates: By referring to Fig.2a + 2l2 Time Derivative: Taking the time derivative of the above equation. Determine the speed of the elevator if each motor draws in the cable with a constant speed of 5 m>s.C 2 A -5 B D - A -5 B = 0 Ans. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. (1) and (2) yields sB + 4sA = l1 . the length of the two ropes written in terms of the position coordinates sA.sB) + 2(sE .sB = 2l1 + l2 Time Derivative: Taking the time derivative of the above equation. 12–198.2a and sA + (sA . If end A of the rope moves downward with a speed of 5 m>s. (2) B (1) 5 m/s A A+TB vB + 4vA = 0 Here. No portion of this material may be reproduced.vB = 0 Here.

determine (a) the time needed for d = 0. sB = 2. Thus. where t is in seconds.07 s vA = .0.1355. Ans.0656) = 5.5(1.5t2 = 3 Set u = t2 0.5t2 = 1.0656 = 1..5u = 3 The positive root is u = 1. D B A d 3m C For A: sA + (sA .5t2 : vA = 0.5t3 : sA = 0. without permission in writing from the publisher. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. t = 1.125t4 : For B: aB = 5 m>s2 . The motor at D draws in its cable at aD = 5 m>s2. The motor at C pulls in the cable with an acceleration aC = (3t2) m>s2.0656)2 = 0. 160 . Require sA + sB = d 0. in any form or by any means. All rights reserved. 12–210. If both motors start at the same instant from rest when d = 3 m.125t4 + 2.sC) = l 2vA = vC 2aA = aC = -3t2 aA = -1.605 m>s vB = 5(1.5t2 . Upper Saddle River.33 m>s Ans. NJ. vB = 5t . Ans. Inc.125u2 + 2. No portion of this material may be reproduced.© 2010 Pearson Education. and (b) the velocities of blocks A and B when this occurs.

1429)2 = 0.0.01 b = 66.1 a 0.732j] m>s2 (aB)n = [2.1429j] m>s2 Thus.959 m>s2 and the direction angle ua that aB/C makes with the x axis is ua = tan . the tangential and normal components of car B’s 100 acceleration and the acceleration of car C expressed in Cartesian vector form are (aB)t = [-2 cos 60° i + 2 sin 60°j] = [-1i + 1.25 cos 30° i + 2. Inc.© 2010 Pearson Education.25 m>s2.5i . Upper Saddle River. in any form or by any means. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.5 Ans. NJ.5i . •12–217.57° 0. Thus.012 = 18. the magnitude of vB/C is given by vBC = 27.25 sin 30° j] = [1.9486 Ans.125j) = 3j + aB>C aB>C = [0. aB = aC + aB>C (-1i + 1. vB 2 r Ans. the magnitude of aB/C is given by aB>C = 20. Car B is traveling along the curved road with a speed of 15 m>s while decreasing its speed at 2 m>s2.5 m/s2 r 100 m 30 2 m/s2 15 m/s B C A 45 3 m/s2 30 m/s Velocity: The velocity of cars B and C expressed in Cartesian vector form are vB = [15 cos 60° i .1 a 17.6 m>s and the direction angle uv that vB/C makes with the x axis is uv = tan . 165 .9486i .9486i + 1.5i + 17.94862 + (-0.99j = -30j + vB>C vB>C = [7.52 + 17..99j] m>s vC = [-30j] m>s Applying the relative velocity equation. All rights reserved. At this same instant car C is traveling along the straight road with a speed of 30 m>s while decelerating at 3 m>s2. Ans.12. Acceleration: The normal component of car B’s acceleration is (aB)n = = 152 = 2. vB = vC + vB>C 7. without permission in writing from the publisher. No portion of this material may be reproduced.01j] m>s Thus. 25 m/s 1.9486i + 1.1429 b = 8.12.15 sin 60° j] m>s = [7.2° 7.125j] m>s2 aC = [3j] m>s2 Applying the relative acceleration equation.732j) + (1. Determine the velocity and acceleration of car B relative to car C.

Inc. in any form or by any means. At the instant shown. cars A and B travel at speeds of 30 mi>h and 20 mi>h. respectively.9 c Ans.3 cos 30° = (aB>A)x 1200 cos 30° + 1333. (20)2 = 1333.0° au 554. without permission in writing from the publisher.9)2 = 1. aB>A = 2(554. •12–221.© 2010 Pearson Education. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist.9° au 20 Ans. (aB>A)y = 1705.1( (aB)n = 17.32 c vB>A = 2(20)2 + (17.5 mi>h u = tan . while A maintains a constant speed. determine the velocity and acceleration of B with respect to A.3 sin 30° = (aB>A)y A+cB Solving (aB>A)x = 554.3 + A:B -1200 sin 30° + 1333.1( 1705.3 0. Ans. If B is increasing its speed by 1200 mi>h2.32 ) = 40.3 mi A vB = vA + vB>A 20 30° h = 30 + (vB/A)x + (vB/A )y . Ans. No portion of this material may be reproduced. vB vA 20 mi/h 30 mi/h B 30 0. All rights reserved.32)2 = 26.7 : . Upper Saddle River.9 ) = 72. : c + A:B -20 sin 30° = -30 + (vB>A)x 20 cos 30° = (vB>A)y A+cB Solving (vB>A)x = 20 : (vB>A)y = 17.7 169 .79(103) mi>h2 u = tan ..7)2 + 1705.3 aB = aA + aB>A 1200 30° h + au = 0 + (aB>A )x + (aB>A)y 30° : c 1333. NJ.

Ans.9 s = vA>B 21.714j} ft>s vA>B = 2( -20.12–223.0° b 20.2(20 t)(15 t) cos 75° t = 36. . Two boats leave the shore at the same time and travel in the directions shown.61)2 + (+6.1 ( 6.714)2 = 21. Ans. If vA = 20 ft>s and vB = 15 ft>s.68 Ans. vA A B 30 O 45 vB (800)2 = (20 t)2 + (15 t)2 .7 ft>s u = tan .9 s Also t = 800 800 = 36. How long after leaving the shore will the boats be 800 ft apart? vA = vB + vA>B -20 sin 30°i + 20 cos 30°j = 15 cos 45°i + 15 sin 45°j + vA>B vA>B = {-20.61i + 6. determine the velocity of boat A with respect to boat B.61 Ans.714 ) = 18.