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ME 312 Project #1 – System Analysis and Optimization February 25, 2005 Due: March 15, 2005, at the 11:59 am, Dr.

Krause’s office in box. Report in Memo Format A coal-fired, steam power plant operates on an ideal reheat-regenerative Rankine Cycle with one reheater and two feed-water heaters, one open and one closed. The system is shown in Figure 1. Steam, at 40 kg/second, enters the high-pressure turbine at 15 MPa and 620 deg. C and the low-pressure turbine at 1 MPa and 600 deg. C. The condenser pressure is 5 kPa. Steam is extracted from the turbine at 0.6 MPa for the closed feedwater heater and at 0.2 MPa for the open feedwater heater. In the closed feedwater heater, the feedwater is heated to the condensation temperature of the extracted steam. The extracted steam leaves the closed feedwater heater as a saturated liquid, which is subsequently throttled to the open feedwater heater. The coal has a heating value (energy released when the fuel is burned) of 27,500 kJ/kg. We can assume that 80% of this energy is transferred to the steam in the boiler. Determine the following: a. A T-s diagram for this cycle showing the saturation lines b. The fraction of steam extracted from the turbine for the open feedwater heater c. The fraction of steam extracted from the turbine for the closed feedwater heater d. The total heat rate input for the cycle, kWatts e. The pump input power required, kWatts f. The net power output of this cycle, kWatts g. The cycle thermal efficiency, %. h. The amount of coal needed, tons/hour. i. Complete a selection of better extraction pressures, for FWH, by using the method noted on the next page. Has the cycle thermal efficiency improved?

Figure 1: Schematic of the System (see page 558, Figure P9-86, in your Textbook)

As a “rule of thumb. ∆Tcond to FWH = ∆Tboiler to FWH . 400 Steam T [C] 300 233. 500oC and exhausts at 10 kPa. Example: An ideal regenerative steam power cycle operates so that steam enters the turbine at 3 MPa. Two closed feedwater heaters are to be used.9 C 200 3000 kPa ∆ Τ = 62. etc.85 C 0 0 2 ∆ Τ = 62. Select starting values for the feedwater heater extraction pressures.” the extraction pressures for the feedwater heaters are chosen such that the saturation temperature difference between each component is about the same.68 C ∆ Τ = 62.2 kPa 100 45.68 C 10 kPa 4 6 8 10 12 s [kJ/kg-K] .68 C 815 kPa 136.Improving Cycle Efficiency by Selection of Extraction Pressures for Feedwater Heaters The extraction pressures for multiple feedwater heaters are chosen to maximize the cycle efficiency.

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