The Japanese Period (1941-1945

Philippine Literature

Historical Background
• Philippine Literature was interrupted in its development when Japan conquered Philippines • Philippine literature in English came to a halt. • Almost all newspapers in English were stopped by the Japanese except for the TRIBUNE and the PHILIPPINE REVIEW.

Historical Background
• Brought an advantageous effect on Filipino Literature, which experienced renewed attention because writes in English turned to writing in Filipino. • Juan Laya, who used to write in English turned to Filipino because of the strict prohibitions of the Japanese regarding any writing in English. • The weekly LIWAYWAY was placed under strict surveillance until it was managed by a Japanese named Ishiwara.

Historical Background
• In other words, Filipino literature was given a break during this period. • Writers wrote:
– – – – plays Poems short stories etc.

• Topics and themes were often about life in the provinces.

Filipino Poetry During This Period • Common theme of most poems during the Japanese occupation was: ۰ Nationalism ۰ Country ۰ Love ۰ Life in the barrios ۰ Faith ۰ Religion ۰ Arts .A.

is short and covers a wide scope in meaning. is second. KARANIWANG ANYO (Usual Form) 1. TANAGA 3. . this ᵜ ๏ Like the of free verse that the the beginning of and a poem HAIKU. It was → Each line had 17 syllables and the also allegorical in ๏ The first line had 5 syllables.Filipino Poetry During This Period Types of poems emerged during this period: 2. ๏ rhyme. five. and the ๏ The Haiku is allegorical in meaning. third. made up of 17 syllables divided into three lines. meaning. is short but it had measure book. HAIKU → Like those mentioned earlier inJapanese liked. 7 syllables.

. . Flores ACTIVITY DEFINITION If you are given a Saber chance to be one-edged Noun a heavy. usually you be? Why? used especially curved. by cavalry. love. what would slightly sword. Dragonfly You’re pulling a saber The flowers shivered When you approached Invitation Lonely grass By the quiet river Come.Haiku By Gonzalo K. an insect.

Rizal. the letter was read by Iñigo Ed Regalado. Palay  Read the Tanaga with heartfelt feelings. You’re a • HeIfgraduatedpressed be the ears  you are in the University of the who’s the best reader Let Dr. this time. architecture. Malabon. beautiful pearl national language. • showed his talent in poetry through a love letter for a secret lover. read the letter. and it was later (Individual) • cousin. But stood up again two best readers. Gagto to the judge Philippines with a degree in the field of You sigh. name. he also a supervisor for the War hey! actions. Gagto) decide the  Let the whole class blew Who bowed when he wind(except • After publishing. the class.II. • began writing poetry in earnest and using Ilaw Silangan as his pen And bore gold. 1943) ACTIVITY AUTHOR • was born on 23 January 1897. Leonardo Diangson.Tanaga ni Ildefonso Santos (Liwayway. among . Dr.  Let the two best readers battle again by reading the • finished his studies as a first professor in Pilipino at the National Teachers College. Oktubre 10. He’s a behaved palay published in the newspaper Ang Mithî. with facial expressions and Tanaga. Shell but • Before WorldShall. in Baritan.

Haikus By Rodolfo S.catsup. BEAUTY DEATH A wind unseen.. bones and skulls. Coin. PROGRESS JUSTICE You chill comrade dragonfly Flip a coin: crown or king..please you put a tiger in “Not guilty!” your tongue SOME POEMS LOVE Pill much catsup. sauce Black coffee in the morning hypocrisies: And headachesis not there. hiding hand of time. then neither crown nor king. Rosales SOME POEMS POETRY Too much Unevaporeal Corporeal. on the what is not there. Tooin the evening spice. a fiery fever to become. broken guitar. spice. Never. sauce hypocrisies: blood. forever! a sound unheard: a rusty hinge. hiding what at noon. . bold.

pivotal consideration or factor. Fiery Adjective intensely hot Hinge Noun that on which something is based or depends. Rosales DEFINITION Corporeal Adjective of the nature of the physical body.Haikus By Rodolfo S. . bodily.

. five. 7 syllables. Rosales ACTIVITY Create your own Haiku about Grace Christian College REMEMBER that a HAIKU is: ๏ ๏ made up of 17 syllables divided into three lines.Haikus By Rodolfo S. The first line had 5 syllables. ๏ The Haiku is allegorical in meaning. the second. and the third. is short and covers a wide scope in meaning.

 Many of the plays were reproductions of English plays to Tagalog.  The big movie houses were just made to show stage shows. . Filipino Drama During the Japanese Period  The drama experienced a lull during the Japanese period because movie houses showing American films were closed.  The translators were:  Francisco Soc Rodrigo  Alberto Concio  Narciso Pimentel.B.

and HIGANTE NG PATAY .B. Filipino Drama During the Japanese Period  They also founded the organization of Filipino players named Dramatic Philippines. Julian Cruz Balmaceda – wrote SINO BA KAYO?. Clodualdo del Mundo – wrote BULAGA 4. SA PUTI 3. Jose Ma. Francisco Soc Rodrigo – wrote SA PULA. DAHIL SA ANAK. Hernandez – wrote PANDAY PIRA 2.  Few of the play writers are: 1.

NVM Gonzales. . Liwayway Arceo. Narciso Ramos.C. Among them were Brigido Batungbakal. Alicia Lopez Lim. The Filipino Short Story During the Japanese Period The field of the short story widened during the Japanese Occupation. Macario Pineda. Many wrote short stories. Ligaya Perez. Serafin Guinigundo. and Gloria Guzman.

. Jose Esperanza Cruz.C. The Filipino Short Story During the Japanese Period The best writings in 1945 were selected by a group of judges composed of Francisco Icasiano. Antonio Rosales. Clodualdo del Mundo and Teodoro Santos.

The Filipino Short Story During the Japanese Period The following got the first three prizes from the selection:  First Prize: Narciso Reyes with his LUPANG TINUBUAN  Second Prize: Liwayway Arceo’s UHAW ANG TIGANG NA LUPA  Third Prize: NVM Gonzales’ LUNSOD NAYON AT DAGATDAGATAN .C.

. the spirit of nationalism started to seep into their consciousness. Philippine literature in English experienced a dark period. ๏ The few who dared to write did so for their bread and butter or for propaganda. ๏ Writers felt suppressed but slowly. Philippine Literature in English (1941-1945) ๏ Because of the strict prohibitions imposed by the Japanese in the writing and publishing of works in English.D. ๏ Writings that came out during this period were journalistic in nature.

Romulo who won the Pulitzer Prize for his bestsellers ̶ ̶ I SAW THE FALL OF THE PHILIPPINES I SEE THE PHILIPPINES RISE ̶ ̶ MOTHER AMERICA MY BROTHER AMERICANS . Philippine Literature in English (1941-1945) ๏ While some continued to write.D. the majority waited for a better climate to published their works. ๏ Noteworthy writer of the period was Carlos P.

Philippine Literature in English (1941-1945) ๏ F. Laurel published Forces that Make a Nation Great . Icasiano wrote essays in The Philippine Review ๏ Carlos Bulosan’s works included: ๏ THE LAUGHTER OF MY FATHER (1944) ๏ THE VOICE OF BATAAN ๏ SIX FILIPINO POETS ๏ Alfredo Litiatco published With Harp and Sling ๏ Jose P.D. B.

LIKE THE MOLAVE (Poetry) by Rafael Zulueta da Costa 2. Arguilla (Short Story) 3. HOW MY BROTHER LEON BROUGHT HOME A WIFE by Manuel E. Lopez (Essay) 4.D. Philippine Literature in English (1941-1945) ๏ The commonwealth Literary Awards gave prizes to meritorious writers: 1. LITERATURE AND SOCIETY by Salvador P. HIS NATIVE SOIL by Juan Laya (Novel) .

. Roman A. De la Cruz and Elisa Tabunar. Philippine Literature in English (1941-1945) ๏ President Manuel l.D. ๏ Radio broadcasts echoed the mingled fear and doubts in the hearts of the people. ๏ Other writers of this period were Juan Collas (1944). Quezon’s autobiography THE GOOD FIGHT was published posthumously. Tomas Confessor (1945).

The March of Death By Bienvenido N. Santos .

poet and nonfiction writer. AUTHOR Bienvenido N. • lived in the United States for many years where he is widely credited as a pioneering Asian-American writer. Philippines. • family roots are originally from Lubao. Manila. Santos • was a Filipino American fictionist.The March of Death By Bienvenido N. Santos (1911–1996) . • born and raised in Tondo. Pampanga.

whip. stick etc. Mangle verb to spoil.. especially as punishment. ruin.The March of Death By Bienvenido N. mar badly . Hedge noun a row of bushes or small trees planted close together. Especially when forming a fence or boundary. hedgerow: Peculiar adjective distinctive in nature or character from others. Santos DEFINITION Flog Verb to beat with a whip. scourge.

. Uncle Has a garden hedge in front of the his house that smells fragrantly. Santos Bienvenido CHARACTER MAP Troubled that his brother might be included in death march from Bataan to Capas. Celia Sat in the window and witness the suffering of the Filipinos who were marching in front of her house to Capas.The March of Death By Bienvenido N. Bienvenido’s brother Brother of Bienvenido who might be included in the march of death.

The March of Death By Bienvenido N. Santos EVENT MAP Of the infamous Death March from Bataan to Capas in March 1944 in the States while in anxiety over a brother. .

Recalling the things he and his brother did in the roads when they were younger that’s being used then by the marching Filipinos on their way to Capas.The March of Death By Bienvenido N. gave him hope. . Reminiscing made him regret but at the same time. He poured out his sorrow in this story. Santos SUMMARY Bienvenido was in the United States during the Japanese occupation. he was troubled that his brother might be included in the statistic. When he learnt of the high death rates of the Bataan march. that his brother is alive and they would be able to walk again in the same road in one April morning.

Santos OPEN MIND It is very distressing and heart-wrenching to anyone when a person you love is in some threat of danger. you would save your love one for any price even if the price is yourself as long as your love one will be saved. . If possible.The March of Death By Bienvenido N.

Make a scenario wherein your loved one is being threatened to be killed. Santos ACTIVITY TIME Group yourself in two groups. . How and what will you do stop it? Act it out.The March of Death By Bienvenido N.

To My Native Land By Tarrosa Subido .

pass on. Bequeath Verb to hand down. not presently workable. or schemes Scheme Noun a visionary or impractical project. nourishment. frank acknowledgment or admission. views. or unpractical ideas.To My Native Land By Tarrosa Subido Visionary Adjective given to or characterized by fanciful. Avowal Noun an open statement of affirmation. Sustenance Noun means of sustaini9ng life. DEFINITION .

To My Native Land By Tarrosa Subido SUMMARY The author. death then seeming imminent. Tarrosa. the country denied thereby of their various talents and services. wrote this sonnet during the Japanese Occupation. . Impressed by the common sight of fellow Filipinos dying in their youth or prime. the author made haste to write down her feelings for her native land.

To My Native Land By Tarrosa Subido OPEN MIND To know that my death is about to happen.. Because I would be leaving behind my family. I would feel desolate. whom I love dearly. I would spend my last day to fight against the Japanese occupation. I would fight them. I would have do anything I can. full of regret. literally. and probably. But if there’s no tomorrow. not to be submissive to them. . fearful.

To My Native Land By Tarrosa Subido ACTIVITY What would you do if you only have one day to live? (individual) .

My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan .

My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan AUTHOR  was born in the village of Mangusmana Barangay Sto. Philippines. 1913 – Heart.  went to the United States to find work to help his farmer parents. 1956) . Niño located in Binalonan.Bienvenido N. September 11.  was an English-language Filipino novelist and poet who spent most of his life in the United States.  His best-known work is the semi. Santos autobiographical America Is in the (November 24. Pangasinan.

used. surreptitiously or by stealth.. . secret Impasse Noun a position or situation from which there is no escape.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan DEFINITION Furtive Adjective taken. deadlock Granary Noun a region that produces great quantities of grain. etc. done.

My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan SUMMARY The town was suffering from poverty and hunger because of the plaque of some disaster that wreck their plantations / businesses. . Burick. He would not do anything. exercise it and sometime slept with Burick. but caress Burick. It was during this time that Bida’s father stayed at home and just sat everyday with his fighting cock. Bida’s mother and sisters can’t find odd jobs and there was a threat of famine across the town.

Bida’s father asked where did the mother got the “good” chicken.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan SUMMARY Bida’s mother one day got angry with his father and tried to kill Burick. “Where do you think I got it?” .. After eating a lot of chicken. as they have eaten a chicken for quite sometime. and was about to get more. she cooked a wonderful pleasant meal with chicken and bitter melons. His mother replied. The family ate heartily most especially Bida’s father. Bida’s mother had her revenge as one day. but Bida’s father saw it and got to prevent it in time.

Loves Burick more than anything else by taking tremendous care of it.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan CHARACTER MAP Bida The only son left at the house. Bida’s mother Francisca Very patient. Bida’s sister. Took care of Burick when told by his father. Bida’s father Made money by cock-fighting. . Usually takes care of Marcela. Went door-to-door to do odd jobs to have money / food for the family.

It won the family a house three years ago. . CHARACTER MAP Strange man from a neighboring country. Sometimes sleep with bida’s father Kanaway Burick’s father.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan Marcela Burcio Bida’s youngest sister. Burick Bida’s father’s fighting cock and the only healthy living thing in the family’s household. Owns a black fighting cock. It’s being served the choicest rice.

It would be unbearable for me to sit idle and watch my family struggle that’s why I will strive hard to be good to help them.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan OPEN MIND If I were Bida. . I would find a job to help my family from poverty.. I would look for any legal job as long as I earn money to buy necessities for my family.

_ _o_ _ 2 levels: Level 1 Level 2 . 1.Common in Metro Manila .known chicken dishes The first person on your utmost left side will start to count 1. Then sauce.Internationally.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan Level 2 . 3. ACTIVITY Afritada Fried Chicken Chicken Adobo Tinolang Manok Lechon Manok . next person on her right will start again with 1 then 2 until each 2. Guess the name of each chicken dish.known chicken dishes. You could laurel student has a number. It has a lot of soy then the one on her right will count herself number 2. leaves for flavor.Internationally.

Internationally. . 3. Origin: India Origin: Spain Hainanese 1. Uses kari paella Yellow Japanese:鳥 Chicken 3.Chicken Terriyaki 2.known chicken dishes ACTIVITY 1.My Father’s Tragedy By Carlos Bulosan Level 2 . mixta Chicken Persian 2.1. 3. Persian name: 2.Chinese Name: 海南雞飯 Origin: Japan Chicken 2. Origin: Persia 1.Origin: Chinese/Singapore 1. Curry 照り焼き Kebab Chicken 3. NamePaella in Kabob Jujeh 3. Spanish name: podi 2.

Thank you for listening!  .The End.

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