DV2

(0.00163)(4.769)
=
= 42,918
µ 2v 2 (0.0001820)(0.0009952)
0.33
0.33
f2 = 0.25 =
= 0.0229
Re 2
(42,917 )0.25
f +f
0.0229 + 0.0229
fm = 1 2 =
= 0.0229
2
2
V + V 4.242 + 4.769
Vm = 1 2 =
= 4.506
2
2
From Equation 4, find the magnitude of the expression
∆L Vm V
fm
D 2 v

∆L V 2 
(p1 − p2 ) − f
 A = w (V2 − V1 )
D 2v 

Re 2 =

(p1 − p2 ) − f ∆L V

2

w
(V2 − V1 )
D 2v A
(1,536,000 − 1,498,800 ) − fm ∆L Vm V = (4792.2)(4.769 − 4.242)
D 2 v
∆L Vm V
fm
= 34,675
D 2 v
=

and when the known values are substituted,
∆L Vm V
 ∆L  4.506 
fm
= 0.0229

(4792.2 ) = 34,675
D 2 v
 0.00163  2 
∆L1− 2 = 0.2286 m
Continuation to succeeding increments.
The conditions at point 2 that have just been computed are entering conditions to the next
increment of length, in which the saturation temperature drops to 38 C. Table 1 presents a summary
of calculations near the entrance to the tube and as the temperature approaches the evaporating
temperature of 5 C. The cumulative length of the capillary tube required for the specified reduction
in pressure 2.118 m.
Table 1 – Capillary-tube calculations in Example No. 1
Position

Temperature,
C

Pressure,
kPa

x

1
2
3
4
5
6 – 31
32
33
34
35
36

40
39
38
37
36
---9
8
7
6
5

1536.4
1498.8
1461.9
1425.8
1390.3
-------657.65
637.90
618.61
599.78
581.38

0.000
0.008
0.016
0.023
0.031
-----0.194
0.199
0.204
0.209
0.213

Specific
volume,
m3/kg
0.000885
0.000995
0.001110
0.001230
0.001355
----------0.007660
0.008048
0.008452
0.008873
0.009309

6

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Velocity,
m/s

Increment
length, m

Cumulative
length, m

249.85
249.84
249.84
249.84
249.83
-------249.18
249.11
249.03
248.95
248.86

4.242
4.769
5.320
5.895
6.496
------36.71
38.57
40.51
42.52
44.61

0.02286
0.2013
0.1770
0.1565
-------0.0097
0.0085
0.0075
0.0066
0.0049

0.2286
0.4299
0.6069
0.7634
------2.089
2.098
2.105
2.112
2.118

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