ME 2305 –Applied Hydraulics and Pneumatics

Notes on Lesson
Class : III – Year Mechanical Engg., A & B Section, 2009 Batch.

1

Index
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Class Test Plan Self Study Topics Class Seminar Topics Weekly Assignments Open Book Test Notes on Lesson
 Lecturer Hour Activities  Tutorial Hours Details

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Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 – 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 to 84

7. Doubt Clarification Session8. Recap Session Details –

Slide 85 to 87 Slide 88 to 91
2

Class Test Plan
S.No. Test No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I II III IV V VI VII VIII Date 11.07.2011 01.11.2011 22.11.2011 05.09.2011 19.09.2011 26.10.2011 10.10.2011 29.10.2011 Unit I Pumps (Gear, vane, Piston) DCV, PCV Accumulator, Intensifier FRL, Compressors, Air control valves Fluid Power Circuits Cascade methods PLC Syllabus

3

2. 4. 5. Unit I II III IV V Self Study Topic Losses in pipes. 3. Valves and Fittings Rotary Actuators Relays & Solenoids Properties of Air Failures and Trouble Shooting 4 . 1.Self Study Topic S.No.

5. 2.No. 1. Unit I II III IV V Class Seminars Topic Application of Pascal’s Law (3 application) Hydraulic Actuators Application of Intensifier Circuit Properties of air and compressors Application of Fluid power Circuit 5 . 4. 3.Class Seminar Topics S.

6  Assignments carries 20 % of internal marks .  Assignments should be written only in the college assignment notebooks.  Doubts related to the assignments can be cleared at any time.Guidelines for Writing Weekly Assignments  Assignments should be submitted on or before the last date before 10.  Viva questions will be asked during the submission time.M.  Assignments should be neat and legible. If not answered then that assignment should be repeated again.  Assignments should be written using blue or black pen.  Assignments should be collected back on the next day of submission.00 A.

of 12 dig. Draw the Diagram of Gear. Date Of No. Vane and Piston Pump Explain Cylinder Cushioning Draw the DCV. Assign. FCV (Min.Weekly Assignment Plan Ass.) 15-Aug-11 22-Aug-11 29-Aug-11 10 1-Sep-11 Explain any 3 application of Hydraulic circuits 5-Sep-11 Cont … 7 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30-Jun-11 7-Jul-11 14-Jul-11 21-Jul-11 28-Jul-11 4-Aug-11 11-Aug-11 18-Aug-11 25-Aug-11 Assignment Last Date of Submission Advantage and Application of Fluid Power 4-Jul-11 Systems Various Fluid Power Symbols (Min of 30 Symbols) 11-Jul-11 Any 3 Application of Pascal's Law . Vane and Piston Pump 8-Aug-11 Differentiate Gear.Explain 18-Jul-11 Explain the basis of Hydraulics 25-Jul-11 Explain the various losses in pipes. PCV. valves and 1-Aug-11 fittings.

Assign.Ass. Date Of No. Assignment Last Date of Submission 11 12 13 14 8-Sep-11 15-Sep-11 22-Sep-11 29-Sep-11 Explain Intensifier Circuit Explain FRL Explain Air control valves 12-Sep-11 19-Sep-11 26-Sep-11 Explain Sequence and Synchronize circuit 3-Oct-11 15 16 17 18 6-Oct-11 13-Oct-11 20-Oct-11 27-Oct-11 Draw A+B+C+D+D-C-B-ADraw A+A-B+B-C+C-D+CExplain Fluidics Logic Gates Explain ladder Diagram 10-Oct-11 17-Oct-11 24-Oct-11 31-Oct-11 07-Nov-11 19. 03-Nov-11 Explain Low Cost Automation 8 .

3. 1. 5.No. Unit test I II III IV V Only Diagrams and circuits Application of Pascal's law Pump and valve diagrams Hydraulics Circuits Cascade and pneumo Circuits Hydride Circuits 9 .Open Book Test Plan S. 4. 2.

III.Class :1 18. Scope for the project work. 10 .06. IV. V. Objective of the Subject Need of the hydraulics and pneumatics Industrial applications Advanced technologies. Brief explanation on unit I.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to subject & syllabus review Introduction about the subject. II.

2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to fluid power     Explanation about Fluid. 11 . Application of fluid power. Explanation about Fluid power.Class : 2 20. Advantage and disadvantage of fluid power.06.

06.Class : 3 20.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Advantages of fluid power  Detailed discussion on the advantages of the fluid power system. 12 .

06.  Simple circuit of those systems.Class : 4 23.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Application of fluid power system  Various applications of the fluid power systems. 13 .  Merits and demerits of those systems.

Class : 5 25.06.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Types of fluid power systems  Classification of fluid power system  Brief description of fluid power system  Merits and demerits of the fluid power system 14 .

General types of fluids      Fluid and its classification Properties of the fluids.06. Application of fluids and the hydraulic fluids.Class : 6 Date : 27.2011 Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Properties of hydraulic fluids. Advantage of the fluid properties Properties of the hydraulic fluids. 15 .

 How to differentiate the various fluid power symbols. 16 .2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Fluid power symbols  Various fluid power system symbols and explanation.  Practices to draw the various fluid power symbols.06.Class : 7 27.

Working of the hydraulic components and circuits. 17 .2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Basics of hydraulics     Basic hydraulic circuit.Class : 8 30. Functions of the hydraulic components.06. Basic essential components.

Applications of Pascal’s law     Basics of the Hydraulics.Class : 9 02.07.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Basics of hydraulics. 18 . Pascal law Various applications of the Pascal’s law. Student Seminars.

derivation and application. Reynolds’s number.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Laminar and turbulent flow.07.  Reynolds Number – Experimental setup.  Difference between Laminar and Turbulent Flow.Class : 10 04. equation and its application. Darcy’s equation  Explanation on laminar and turbulent flow with application and examples.  Darcy's Equation – derivation. 19 .

2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Laminar and turbulent flow.Class : 11 04. Reynolds’s number. Darcy’s equation Application.07. Problems and applications with real time examples 20 .

 Effects due losses in Valves.2011 Date : Unit : I Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Losses In Pipe. 21 . Valves And Fittings  Various connecting devices in the Hydraulic Circuits.Class : 12 07.  Efficiency of the system.07.  Effects of leakage and losses of oil.  Effects due to losses in Fittings.  Effect due to losses in pipes.

22 .07.  Working Procedure of the Rotary and reciprocating pumps. Pump Classification  Simple laws on pressure and volume.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Pumping Theory.Class : 13 09.  Various types of pumps and descriptions.  Basics of Pumping Theory.

and Darcy equation.2011 Date : : I Period : 3 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test I : Unit I topics  Basic Hydraulic circuit and its component explanations.  Applications of Pascal's law 23 .  Properties and application of Fluid Power system. turbulent.  Various losses in Hydraulic circuits.Class Unit : 14 11.  Brief Explanation on laminar. Reynolds number.07.

Various losses in Hydraulic circuits. Properties and application of Fluid Power system.07. Reynolds number. Applications of Pascal's law 24 . Brief Explanation on laminar. and Darcy equation.Class Unit : 15 11.2011 Date : : I Period : 4 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test I : Unit I topics      Basic Hydraulic circuit and its component explanations. turbulent.

Class : 16 14.07. 25 .  Various types of the Gear pump.  Derivation for efficiency calculation of the gear pump.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Gear pump construction and working of pumps pump performance  Basics and working principle of the Gear pump.  Application of the gear pump.  Merits and demerits of the gear pump.

Class : 17 16.  Efficiency calculation of the various gear pumps.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Gear pump construction and working of pumps pump performance  Brief Explanation on the various types of the gear pumps and its operating principle.07.  Merits and demerits of the various types of the gear pumps. 26 .

 Application of the Vane pump. 27 .2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Vane pump construction and working of pumps pump performance  Basics and working principle of the Vane pump.07.  Merits and demerits of the Vane pump.  Various types of the Vane pump.Class : 18 18.  Derivation for efficiency calculation of the Vane pump.

Class : 19 18.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Vane pump construction and working of pumps pump performance  Brief Explanation on the various types of the vane pumps and its operating principle. 28 .  Efficiency calculation of the various vane pumps.07.  Merits and demerits of the various types of the vane pumps.

 Application of the Piston pump.  Various types of the Piston pump.  Merits and demerits of the Piston pump.07.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Piston pump construction and working of pumps pump performance  Basics and working principle of the Piston pump. 29 .Class : 20 21.  Derivation for efficiency calculation of the Piston pump.

 Efficiency calculation of the various Piston pumps. 30 .  Merits and demerits of the various types of the Piston pumps.07.Class : 21 23.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Piston pump construction and working of pumps pump performance  Brief Explanation on the various types of the Piston pumps and its operating principle.

Class : 22 25.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Variable displacement pumps  Basics and working principle of the Variable displacement pump.  Merits and demerits of the Variable displacement  Various types of the Variable displacement .  Derivation for efficiency calculation of the Variable displacement .  Application of the Variable displacement 31 .07.

 Derivation for efficiency calculation of the hydraulic actuators.07.Class : 23 25.  Application of the hydraulic actuators Unit : II Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Linear hydraulic actuators 32 .2011 Date :  Basics and working principle of the hydraulic actuators.  Merits and demerits of the hydraulic actuators  Various types of the hydraulic actuators.

2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Types of hydraulic cylinders. Single acting. double acting  Various Types of Hydraulic Cylinders.Class : 24 28. 33 .  Single Acting Cylinder and its performance measurements.  Double acting Cylinder and its performance measurements.07.  Working principle and the applications.

2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Special cylinders like tandem.Class : 25 30.  Rod less Cylinder. 34 . telescopic.  Cylinder Cushioning.  Tandem cylinder.  Telescopic cylinder.07. cushioning mechanism  Various types of special cylinders and its applications. rod less.

– Radial Piston Pump.Class : 26 01.11.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test II : Pump  Any Three Questions – External Gear Pump. 35 . – Cylinder Cushioning. – Balanced vane Pump.

11. ◦ Radial Piston Pump. ◦ Balanced vane Pump. 36 . ◦ Cylinder Cushioning.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test II : Pump  Any Three Questions ◦ External Gear Pump.Class : 27 01.

37 . vane and piston motors  Rotary Actuators – types and its various applications.2011 Date : Unit : II Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Rotary actuators :gear.11.  Vane Actuator and its Various types.  Gear actuator and its various types.Class : 28 04.  Piston actuator and its Various types.

2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Director control valve – 3/2 way valve      Valves Application of Valves. Various types of valves. Principle of DCV 3/2 way DCV.11.Class : 29 06. 38 .

11.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : 4/2 way valve  4/2 way DCV 39 .Class : 30 11.

40 .11. Check Valve. Various other valve.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Shuttle valve – check valve     Various other Direction Control Valves. Shuttle Valves.Class : 31 11.

Pressure reducing valve. Various types of pressure regulating valves.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Pressure control valve – pressure reducing valve      Pressure Control valve and its applications.Class : 32 11. Working principle of the PCV. 41 . Pressure control valve.11.

11.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Sequence valve. Flow control valve – fixed and adjustable      Working principle of sequence valve. Flow control devices and its applications. Various flow control valves. Fixed flow control valve Variable flow control valve. 42 .Class : 33 13.

 Solenoid valves.  Ladder diagram and its applications.  Relays. Ladder diagram  Electrical control valves and its advantages.  Various electrical control valves based on applications.11. 43 .Class : 34 18.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Electrical control solenoid valves. relays.

Class : 35 20.  With Circuits. 44 . Ladder diagram  Various electrical control valves based on applications. relays.  Ladder diagram and its applications.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Electrical control solenoid valves.11.

check valve and sequence valve – Ladder Diagram.11.2011 Date : : III Period : 3 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test III : Valves  Any 3 Questions – 3/2 DCV valve – Pressure Reducing valve – Shuttle valve.Class Unit : 36 22. 45 .

Class
Unit

: 37 22.11.2011

Date

:

: III Period : 4 LH / TH : Topic : Class Test III : Valves

 Any 3 Questions – 3/2 DCV valve – Pressure Reducing valve – Shuttle valve, check valve and sequence valve – Ladder Diagram.

46

Class

: 38 25.11.2011

Date

:

Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Types of accumulators, sizing of accumulators

   

Accumulator. Application of Accumulator. Various types of accumulator. Sizing of accumulator.

47

Class

: 39 27.11.2011

Date

:

Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Accumulators circuits

 4 Application circuits of accumulator.

48

Class : 40 29.11. 49 .2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Accumulators circuits  4 Application circuits of accumulator.

11.  Application of Intensifiers.2011 Unit : III Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Intensifier.  Operating principle of intensifier.  Intensifier. applications of intensifier.Class : 41 Date : 29. 50 . intensifier circuit.

09.2011 Date : Unit : III Period : 7 LH / TH : TH Topic : Intensifier – applications of intensifier – intensifier circuit.  Intensifier – application circuits 51 .Class : 42 01.

52 . properties of air      Pneumatics.Class : 43 03.09. Properties of Air. Comparison of hydraulics and pneumatics. Need for pneumatics. advantages and disadvantage.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to pneumatics. Application.

2011 Date : : III Period : 3 LH / TH : Topic : Class test IV : Accumulator & Unit Intensifier  Any Three Circuits with flow diagram. – Application of Intensifier. 53 .09. – Application of accumulator.Class : 44 05.

09. – Application of Intensifier.Class Unit Topic : 45 05. – Application of accumulator.2011 Date : : III Period : 4 LH / TH : : Class test IV : Accumulator & Intensifier  Any Three Circuits with flow diagram. 54 .

2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Compressors     Compressor Working principle Types of compressor Application. and disadvantage of compressors.09.Class : 46 11. 55 . Advantage.

09. lubricator unit  Construction and working principle of Filter. Regulator and Lubricator.Class : 47 10. 56 .2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Filter. regulator.

quick exhaust valves  Air control valves and its application circuits.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Air control valves.09. 57 .Class : 48 12.  Quick exhaust valves and its application circuits.

58 .Class : 49 12.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Pneumatic actuators  Pneumatic actuators.09.  Various types of the pneumatic actuators.  Application of pneumatic actuators.

Class : 50 15. 59 .2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Fluid power circuit design  Various types of fluid power application with circuit designs.09.

Class : 51 17.09. synchronizing circuit. penumo hydraulic circuit. penumo hydraulic circuit.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design. 60 . sequential circuit     Various speed control circuits. sequential circuit.

2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test V : Compressor and valves  Various types of compressors.  Circuits using pneumatic valves 61 .Class : 52 19.09.

2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test V : Compressor and valves  Various types of compressors.  Circuits using pneumatic valves 62 .Class : 53 19.09.

Class : 54 22.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : TH Topic : Speed control circuits. synchronizing circuit design. sequential circuit     Various speed control circuits. 63 . synchronizing circuit.09. penumo hydraulic circuit. sequential circuit. penumo hydraulic circuit.

synchronizing circuit. 64 .09. sequential circuit. penumo hydraulic circuit. synchronizing circuit design. sequential circuit     Various speed control circuits.Class : 55 24.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Speed control circuits. penumo hydraulic circuit.

Class : 56 Date : 26.09.2011 Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VI : Fluid power Circuits  Any three circuits with flow diagram – Various speed control circuits. 65 . – synchronizing circuit design. – sequential circuit. – penumo hydraulic circuit.

– synchronizing circuit design.09.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VI : Fluid power Circuits  Any three circuits with flow diagram – Various speed control circuits. – sequential circuit. 66 .Class : 57 26. – penumo hydraulic circuit.

09.Class : 58 29.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Design for simple applications using cascade method  Cascade method – circuit design procedure and application 67 .

10.2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Design for simple applications using cascade method  Cascade method – circuit design 68 .Class : 59 01.

2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : Design for simple applications using cascade method  Cascade method – circuit design 69 .Class : 60 03.10.

10.  Application circuit for hydro mechanical system  Application circuit for hydro mechanical servo system.Class : 61 03.  Application circuit for servo system. 70 .2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Servo systems – hydro mechanical servo systems.

Class

: 62 06.10.2011

Date

:

Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Electro hydraulic servo systems & proportional valves

 Application of circuits using electro servo system  Application circuit using proportional valves.

71

Class

: 63 11.10.2011

Date

:

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to fluidic devices

   

Fluidics devices. Application of fluidics Working principle of fluidics Advantages and disadvantage of fluidics.

72

Class

: 64 10.10.2011

Date

:

Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VII : Cascade Method

 Cascade circuit design

73

2011 Date : Unit : IV Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class Test VII : Cascade Method  Cascade circuit design 74 .Class : 65 10.10.

2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : simple circuits  Application circuits using fluidics. 75 .Class : 66 13.10.

2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : TH Topic : simple circuits  Application circuits using fluidics.Class : 67 15.10. 76 .

 Electro hydraulic pneumatic logic circuits.Class : 68 17.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Introduction to electro hydraulic pneumatic logic circuits  Logics  Logic gates.10. 77 .

10.Class : 69 17.  Ladder diagram design procedure.  Components of ladder diagram.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Ladder diagrams  Ladder Diagram. 78 .  Ladder diagram for an application.

79 .10.Class : 70 20.2011 Date Period : 7 : Unit : V LH / TH : LH Topic : PLC  Basics of PLC  PLC application. merits and demerits.  Low cost automation using PLC.

80 .Class : 71 22.2011 Date Period : 3 : Unit : V LH / TH : TH Topic : PLC  Low cost automation using PLC circuits.10.

Class : 72 24.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Applications in fluid power control  Various application of fluid power control circuits.10. 81 .

10. 82 .Class : 73 24.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : TH Topic : Applications in fluid power control  Various application of fluid power control circuits.

failure & troubleshooting  Failure and trouble shooting of various fluid power circuits.Class : 74 27.10.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Fluid power circuits. 83 .

2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Class test VIII : PLC  Low cost automation. 84 .Class : 75 29.  PLC with ladder diagram.10.

II and III.  A Overview of the subject. 85 .2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 3 LH / TH : LH Topic : Doubt Clarification Session  Any Doubt in Unit I.Class : 76 31.10.

10.  A Overview of the subject.Class : 77 31.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 4 LH / TH : LH Topic : Doubt Clarification Session  Any Doubt in Unit IV and V. 86 .

Class : 78 03.2011 Date : Unit : V Period : 7 LH / TH : LH Topic : Doubt Clarification Session  Doubt on any topics.  A overview of the subject recap.11. 87 .

Class : 79 Date Unit : Period : LH / TH : Topic : Recap Session :  A overview of the subject recap. 88 .

Class : 79 Date Unit : Period : LH / TH : Topic : Recap Session :  A overview of the subject recap. 89 .

90 ..Class : 79 Date Unit : Period : LH / TH : Topic : Open Book Test :  As mentioned.

Open book test and Recap done till the last day of syllabus completion 91 .

Thank U All the Best to get Good marks in the Examination. 92 .

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