a

2a

a
a

a

diameter

Cyclic quadrilateral

a

a + b = 180°

b

Find the value of x and y.

a

a
20°

x = 20° y = 55°

x

O y 55°

Find the value of x and y.

a
2a

radii
x 35°

x = 35° y = 70°

O y 35°

Find the value of x and y.

x = 360 - 240°
60°

a

b

= 120° y + 60° = 180°

240° O x 120°
A C

y = 180° - 60° = 120°

a

y
B

2a

chord

3 4

5 6 8 5 12 13

10

8 15

17

7 24

25

SK 3.1b 1

K

In the figure shown, the chord PQ is perpendicular to the diameter KL. (b) Is PM = MQ? (c) If the radius of the circle is 5cm and OM = 3cm, find the length of PQ.

O

3
P M a L

5
solution

Q

(a) Yes, PM =MQ (a)

a² + 3² = 5² a² + 9 = 25 a² = 25 – 9 = 16 a=4 PQ = 8

SK 3.1b 3

solution

P
5cm

M

12cm

Q

(a) MN = 5+5 = 10 cm (a)Yes,
minor arc PQ = minor arc RS

O R

c
N S

(c) 5²

+ 12² = c²

c² = 5² + 12²
PQ and RS are two equal chords. The line MON passes through the centre of the circle O. OM = 5cm and PQ = 24cm. (c) State the length of MN, (d) Are the minor arcs PQ and RS equal? (e) Find the radius of the circle.

c² = 25 + 144 c² = 169 c = 13 radius = 13