You are on page 1of 119
The, , Airgun ~ from _ e ) =) Va M( WS oo Target ((( a G. V. Cardew & G.M. Cardew Contents First Published August 1995 t Reprinted June 1996 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS . i FOREWORD eee TRODUCTION Chapter 2 ‘THE FOUR PHASES Phase | - Blowpipe Phase Il - Popgun Phase Ill - Combustion Phase IV - Detonation . The Nitrogen Experiment Chapter 3 THE SPRING Calculating the spring power Spring life Other types of spring Chapter 4 THE CYLINDER Chapter 5 THE PISTON Chapter 6 ‘THE PISTON HEAD Chapter 7 THE AIR Calculating the Pressure Calculating the Temperature Chapter 8 THE TRANSFER PORT The Air Gun from Trigger to Target Contents Chapter 9 ‘THE BARREL Barrel Length Pellet Fit The Muzzle Rifling Barrel vibration Lubrication . Defects Chapter 10 RECOIL ....... True Recoil. Rocket Effect ‘Spring Recoil Twist Recoil... (Chapter 11 LUBRICATION . Chapter 12 EFFICIENCY The Spring The Piston The Air Chapter 13 TUNING SPRING GUNS Chapter 14 PNEUMATICS Chapter 15 CHARGING PNEUMATICS Toggle Lever . . The Projector Chapter 16 RELEASE VALVES AND REGULATORS The Air Gun from Trigger to Target - 107 115, 116 118 118 . 121 131 . 135 142 148 151 Contents Chapter 17 CARBON DIOXIDE Chapter 18 PELLETS AND PELLET TESTING Wind Tunnel Water - Table Destructive Testing Pellet Deformation Spiraling Chapter 19 ‘THE PELLET'S FLIGHT ‘Spark Photography Theoretical Ballistics Ballistic Tables Chapter 20 ACCURACY Chapter 21 ‘THE MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITY Chapter 22 ‘THE FUTURE CONVERSION FACTORS INDEX The Air Gun from Trigger to Target